Archive for: October 2015

LATEST: Uganda pulls troops out of South Sudan after UN warning

By AFRICA REVIEW Correspondent, OCT/12/2015, SSN;

Uganda has started pulling its troops out of South Sudan, 48 hours after the UN Security Council ramped up the pressure on warring parties to the conflict and their foreign allies.

In a statement issued on Monday afternoon, junior foreign affairs minister Henry Okello Oryem said Uganda would comply with a Security Council resolution passed on October 9 but participate in a multilateral ceasefire monitoring exercise.

“UPDF has with immediate effect from today started to pull out of South Sudan,” Mr Oryem said.

Uganda deployed its troops in South Sudan in mid-December 2013 to shore up President Salva Kiir’s government soon after fighting broke out with troops loyal to former vice president Riek Machar.

In Summary
*** Junior foreign affairs minister Henry Okello Oryem said Uganda would comply with a Security Council resolution passed on October 9.
*** A neutral force will be deployed in South Sudan once Ugandan troops leave but it is not clear yet how big the force will be or which countries will contribute soldiers to it.
*** The Security Council also said it was “anticipating with interest” the findings and recommendations of a report of inquiry commissioned by the African Union into the South Sudan conflict.

Although they were quickly praised for enabling the evacuation of foreign nationals and maintaining a balance of power between the warring factions, the Ugandan troops soon became drawn into the internal conflict.

Under a peace deal signed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, between Mr Kiir and Dr Machar on August 17, all foreign forces were supposed to leave South Sudan in 45 days. However, the Ugandan troops remained in the country after the deadline expired as both sides exchanged accusations over ceasefire violations, forcing the UN Security Council to intervene.

There are no official figures of how many Ugandan troops are in South Sudan, but at least 3,500 are believed to be based in Bor, the biggest base, with others deployed at the international airport in Juba, and in Nesitu, south of the capital.

NEUTRAL FORCE

A neutral force will be deployed in South Sudan once Ugandan troops leave, but it is not clear yet how big the force will be or which countries will contribute soldiers to it.

Apart from renewing the calls for foreign forces to withdraw from the country, the Security Council also expanded the mandate of the UN Peacekeeping Mission to South Sudan (UNMISS) until December 15 and authorised it to use any means necessary to protect civilians, monitor and investigate human rights violations and create conditions necessary for the implementation of the peace agreement.

The Security Council also said it was “anticipating with interest” the findings and recommendations of a report of inquiry commissioned by the African Union into the South Sudan conflict, but which hasn’t been made public since June when it was tabled.

The report is expected to apportion blame for some of the worst atrocities in the conflict in a country that gained independence from neighbouring Sudan four years ago after two decades of civil war.

In its resolution the Council expressed “grave concern” about reports suggesting there are “reasonable grounds to believe that war crimes and crimes against humanity, including those involving extrajudicial killings, rape and other acts of sexual violence, enforced disappearances, the use of children in armed conflict, and arbitrary arrests and detention have been committed by both government and opposition forces, and noting that such crimes constitute actions that threaten the peace, security and stability of South Sudan”.

The publication of the report could trigger an investigation by the International Criminal Court. END

SPLM-IO Dr. Machar and company speeches in Omaha, Nebraska, USA

By Lul Gatkuoth Gatluak, OCT/11/2015, SSN;

On Saturday October 3, 2015 South Sudanese and their American friends converged at Mid-America Center in Council Bluffs, Iowa. Since Friday October 2, an enthusiastic crowd had repeatedly commuted and assembled at Eppley Airfield to collect SPLM-IO delegation before they finally collect Dr. Riek Machar on Saturday.

The crowd was carrying posters with Dr. Riek picture, chanting with ululation and praising songs to show their gratitude to him eager to hear from him for the first time since the infamous war was ignited by the country’s president in 2013. Eppley Airfield staffs were greatly surprised of who is being much loved.

After warm welcome at the airport, the crowd proceed to Mid-America Center and found the audience seated ready to hear from their leaders. In the door way, chapter leaders from various States in the United States lineup in order to greet Dr. Riek one by one.

When the delegates sat down, Brown Both Bol who entertained the audience call the “DJ” to play Kang JJ and Gordon Koang Duoth songs before handing the mic over to deputy SPLM-IO representative to the United States Mr. Mariano.

The deputy representative asked the “DJ” to play South Sudan’s national Anthem before introducing Nebraska chapter chairperson to say a word of welcome. After that, the host call upon women league chairperson Nyagile Thot. Then, the SPLM-IO coordinator was called and thank the delegation as well as the fellow SPLM-IO members in the United States.

Subsequently, Mariano called upon the SPLM-IO representative to Washington D.C. Reath Muoch Tang to introduce the delegation one by one started from deputy chairman Afred Lado Gore, Angelina Teny, Taban Deng Gai, Dr. Dhou Mathok, Ezekiel Lol, Hussien Mar Nyuot, Stephen Par Kuol, Shejock, Peter, Sophia Pal, Agnes Nyoka Peter, Sandera Bona Malwual, Agel Machar, Martin Akushu, Martha Martin, Nyakuoth Tot, Nyamark Gai, Miyong Kuon, Rebecca Nyakier, Teny Riek Machar, Meer Riek Machar, Kim Riek Machar; among others.

After that, Reath call all chapter leaders to lineup in order to introduce and praise them for what they had done during this crisis, telling the chairman that these people are the ones who work day and night to collect fund from people to support the cause.

While Reath came to the point to introduce the chairman, Agel Machar who was so enthusiastic for the high turnout attending alerted the chair wanted to thank the audience. Below is Agel and all delegation statements.

Agel Machar: I would like to thank all of you here in Omaha Nebraska. We are very happy for you. All of you fought a great war as much as we did in Malakal, Bentiu, and all other places. I also would like to thanks Nuer community chairlady and all other leaders who came from very far places like Canada and all over the United States. We have been failed by some leaders in our country that why we are working extra harder day after day to bring much needed change so that each and every individual of us has a place in that country. Agel has also told the story and relate it to South Sudan crisis.

Sandera Bonna Malual: I am so happy to be here as part of the delegation. Some of you may surprise by my being here. I am here as an individual who opposed Salva Kiir murderous regime. In our SPLM-IO, I am a chairperson for women and child-development sector. In any institution, women are the back born of any development; without women, success is absent. In that regard, I would like to spend enough time with women and meet with them if our time would allow. Thank you!

Stephen Par Kuol: Viva, Viva SPLA, Viva Viva SPLM. I am very happy to be here. This is like a reunion to the family. I have a family here in Omaha. Other than that, we are very grateful to all of you for the contribution you have made in this crisis, keep up the good work. Viva, Viva SPLM; Viva SPLA. Thank you all very much.

Agnes Nyoka Peter: Thank you all very much for the warm welcome. I am happy to be part of the delegation. Our leadership is working day and night to ensure that peace prevail in our country so that we as a nation thrive especially those of you who are women. I urge all of you my sisters to participate in transitional government. This is our time as women to do good as the saying goes “behind any successful man there is a successful woman” let work hard to make this a reality.

Hussein Mar Nyuot: I am happy to very heretic am the chairperson for the relief in our movement. I was here last May and June where I spoke with many of you and thanked you for your contribution. I am only passing my greeting to you and announce that I will have a meeting with the team of relief representatives tonight. Thank you!

Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth: I would like to thank all of you for organizing this important event. Let me assure you that freedom is not free, you have to work hard for it in order to earn it. Thank you very much!

Dr. Dhou Mathok Ding: Comrade chairman, deputy chairman and all colleagues, good evening. I am not sure, is it evening at the moment? I would like to thank all of you for coming and also for the contribution you have made in term of money. We know you made a lot of sacrifices by giving us airtimes since this crisis started. This is a huge contribution similar to what your brothers and sisters are making in the frontline. Thank you!

Angelina Jany Teny: Viva, Viva SPLM; Viva, Viva SPLA; I am so happy to be here with the chairman, deputy chairman and all leadership of our movement. I have only few remark to make. First of all, I would like to thank each and every individual of you for contributing to the cause; that was a great sacrifices. As you all know peace has been signed, we still have a lot of challenges ahead of us. Implementation of the peace remain a challenge, which we all need to strive for and get it done. We need to make sure that reform is made so that horrors of 2013 does not occur again. I know you in Nebraska has also pay the price. Your relatives were mercilessly killed. Among those of lost their lives is my friend Lam Chuol Thechuong, he was a very dear friend of mine. He is also a husband and a father to young children among you here in Omaha. The fade of their lost will only be overcome by implementing this peace. I hope God change Salva Kiir heart and agree with the implementation of the peace. Thank you!

Taban Deng Gai: I would like to greet the chairman, the deputy, and all of you comrades. I am not going to talk a lot. I have only to points. One, when we voted during the referendum, all of us were bond together and voted 98% so that South Sudan must exist as a country. After we got our independence, we thought we should not fall backward, but the lack of vision befallen us. My second point is that, our community has large present in this country, in that regard, we are carrying a belief and a high hope that our first scientist will come from you here. However, we are hearing that our children are missing opportunity and do not take education as a priority. Please encourage them to stay in school and let them not be driven way by shortcomings.

Alfred Lado Gore: Comrade Chairman & Commander in chief of our armed forces, I am very happy to speak before you today. Thank you very much to all of you who give us a righteous welcome. This is a mandate, it’s a mandate not only to us as the leaders but to our leader Riek Machar Teny. Applause! Thank you very much for this huge number. I have never see a big number like this in diaspora. I want you to post pictures of this gathering so that Kiir and his group know what had taken place~laughters. Comrade Chairman, thank you very much for telling me to talk as much as I want. However, I will make it brief. I am very happy to be here. We are here for the cause. I am not going to talk about peace. I only want to tell you that we are fighting for the right cause. Applause! We are fighting for the freedom of our people. I do thank our soldiers who took courage marching to Juba and engaged with tyranny regime forces at Gadiang, some of them are no longer with us. We know our people had been butchered in Juba base on their ethnicity, we must stood firm and make sure that such a horror does not repeat itself. We must be the last movement that will fulfill our people aspiration. We fall backward because it happens that we had been led by brainless leader who is not different from those who are collecting cow-dung in villages. The main problem of South Sudan is the lack of the leadership. We must show Kiir that he is stupid. He is someone who could not be compared with Dr. Riek Machar. We have a lot of challenges ahead of us but we must confront and overcome these challenges. We need the leadership in South Sudan and show the world that we are disciplined. We have a task to rebuild the country but this task must be carried on by a leader who has a vision. We also have weaknesses. Our people all of them wanted to be kuar midit. We are following the leader. Dr. Riek is not just a leader for Nuer or any other tribe, he is a leader of all South Sudanese. I advise you to follow him. It is extremely important a nation that have sacrificed enough for 50 years of war must have people who care for its stability. This why we want you to come home, especially those of you who are educated so that we fulfill our parameters. We also need our women to participate. This is not a time when a women can serve in subordination posts. A woman can compete for presidency as Dr. Riek Machar. This is what Dr. Riek and I are fighting for, which mean we need more educated women in our country. So Mr. Chairman Dr. Riek, you have a task—our people need to hear from you about the peace. Please let welcome our commander in chief!

Dr. Riek Machar: I’ll hold it with my hand thank you very much, referring to Microphone. Well first of all, I would like to thank all those who receive us at the airport, Omaha airport. We are very happy, we did not expect that reception from the people of Nebraska, who had allowed you to overcrowd in the airport, or airport-men would be very surprise what is that? Because people were making loud noises and singing, so we are very happy. Applause! I am also very happy for the reception you are giving us in this hall, as you always give us here in Nebraska. Applause! I would also want to thank your other compatriots who had joint from neighboring States, such as, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, State-chapters from Kansas City or Kansas and Nebraska all those who have come, we want to thank you all of you for making an effort to come to meet us in this place; at least for us to meet, for us to congregate and for us to talk, thank you very much! Applause! I also would like to thank the foreigners of this State or this City, I was told there were two mayors who had an appointment to meet us but because we late, this meeting was not exist, so I want to thank them for expressing their interest to come as they initiated to meet us. They are citizen as well as you are citizen of South Sudan and also Nebraska. Applause! I had wanted my comrades to tell you some of the points that are important, some of points that have been neglected by comrades, I will try my best to evaluate them and oversee our time. I also want to thank chapter’s leaders who have come to Nebraska to interact with us in this occasion. I want to thank comrade Reath with his team for joining force with chapter leaders here and also the country coordinator of the chapters. I also want to thank comrade Miyong for receiving us in New York and for the good work they have done in New York to connect us with the United Nations. Applause!
We came here as a delegation because we were invited by the secretary General of the United Nations Mr. Ban K-Moon, and if he did not invited us, probably we would not have come and if we came we would come with very small team but because we were invited by the Secretary General of the United Nations, we decided to come as a big team so that we discuss our views with UN and the rest of other heads of States who had come, so I thank him!
There are two other reasons we came for, one, there is UN high level meeting on South Sudan. Applause! Secretary General told us on September 29, south Sudan will be recognized by the global partners and you should come. Applause! He said he told the world leaders to talk on South Sudan. And that is why he invited leaders of South Sudan, he invited President Salva Kiir and he invited us. This is because the peace agreement was signed. They want to know how they can help South Sudan. The world know that we are a very young country, and because we gone to war in every short time. A war that has divested our country. So the world want to express their solidarity on us. So we thank Mr. Ban K-Moon for what he has done to us. Applause!
We were also disappointed because the occasion was not organized for the SPLM/A-IO alone, it was also organized for the leadership of the government in Juba, but Salva Kiir did not come, and this is important because, if the Secretary General decided to called world leaders to come and talk about your country and you want to address the gathering very far through the video, it beg the question, how serious is that person? Laughers and applause! I want to communicate to you that the world want to help us. They want to help us of how we should implement the peace agreement. It is the accommodation of the peace agreement through the UN Security Council and this is what we came here for that number one.
Number two, you know the report, Obasanjo report. The AU have established a commission of inquiry on South Sudan, and the former president Obasanjo head the commission to investigate what had taken place and report it. There were a lot of grievances that should be discussed, and made public. With fresh fighting, the AU peace and Security Council wanted to know how they should bring peace. This report is important, it important because it is a part of the peace agreement, it addresses issues that IGAD think are important to be addressed, issues that are addressed are timely addressed, issues of accountability, justice and accountability, issues of national reconciliation and healing. For our people to reconciled, they want to know what happened in Juba started December 2013, what happen Bor, Malakal and Bentiu. And this is how the peace agreement come to AU and Security Council, they want to discuss the final document and make it a resolution to the public so we thank them very much. Applause! The world body want to know how south Sudan is ruled.
We cannot leave and go back to South Sudan without coming to you and inform you about what brought us here and most importantly the peace agreement we have signed what kind of peace is it? We need to inform you. We have informed our communities in refugee camps and neighboring countries who had sought refuge. Whether in South Sudan or neighboring countries. We had a quarter of one million who are forced by the war to leave our country in a very short time, less than two years, they ran to neighboring countries some are living in Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan and some had followed you to live in a very far away to where you have come. We had to form a delegation that visited Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, and also we kick it off in Ethiopia the information about the peace agreement, we also sent delegations to Cairo this is because we think this peace agreement you can live with it. It is not the best we got, but it is a minimum that you can live with, a minimum that can solved peace and security of South Sudan. Applause!
So we think we must come to you and talk to you about peace agreement. When we started, there were speeches praising you for what you have done. We want to insure that we congratulate you! You have made a lot of contribution with the small money you saved to support your family but, you make a decision to send some of those money to us on the ground. We thank you very much for that! Applause!
Some of you also who are writing in the internet help to expose the war in the media, writing a lot in the internet. Sometimes it very bitterness when you write. Bitterness we even think you are fighting a war in the internet. Applause! There are some foreigners who come to visit us and say, your people are fighting in the internet, they are an internet warriors. Applause and laughers! If peace is coming, we don’t want to leave you in that stage of war. We want you to use your pen to promote peace. Applause! You can see the bitterness of this war when the deputy chairman spoke, what did you see? Disappointment of what is in Juba, bitterness of what had happened in Juba. How do we move away from this bitterness? How are we going to make those in Juba understand that if we had signed the peace agreement, there is a need and hope to implement that agreement? So these are the serious challenges because all of us were surprised on the 15 of December by sound of guns in Juba on December 15, 2013. We want you to consolidate this peace. If the world see you to like peace, they will follow you. Be part of the peace implementation.
Why do we think this peace is good? One, we think the system of the governance should federal system. On our side we decided that former British counties will be transformed from counties to States. Each State can have its own rules that is why people of Nebraska called their State “Good Life”! You should have freedom of speech so that you should not be censored base on what you said. And you should also be arrested without good cause. Yesterday Salva Kiir decided to create 28 States. Boohoo! This is a violation of the peace. Why would you create States whom you refuse when we were negotiating? I hope someone told him to do that but this is the violation of peace, even the world will think that this man is not serious about peace. We don’t want to make a mistake Sudan had made during its independence. We need to reform economic security system and financial so that corruption is tackled.
Let me talk on security issue. We need to reform the government and all public institutions. We need the army which should be drawn from all tribes in South Sudan not only two tribes. The third issues of peace is the justice and accountability. There were people who had killed many people. The agreement said these people will be held accountable in court given that a hybrid court will be formed.
When I left Juba and travel through Bor, Gatdiang, Lou, and Gaatwar people were very angry for those who were killing innocent people in Juba. The person who killed people had used government resources. He started a tribal war. Even people who were arrested in Juba, only Ezekiel and Luk were Nuer but only members of one community were killed and this entail that Salva was aiming for tribal war. When 6 students were killed, Agnes was a member of the parliament. She left when she knew that government was killing people that when she quit the job. I think that government should not do that to the citizen. The same thing to Afred Lado he was threatened on the 6 of December when we talked about issues that concern the government. And there are many others that are being abused of trying to correct bad behaviors of the government. We are now have a choice of the peace, we think with this peace all abuses will stop. Then the questions is, how are we going to reconcile our people? These are the challenges we are facing and I want you to take these challenges. South Sudan will not survive if we don’t reconcile to each other. During the war we had never thought we must fall backward. But this happened. I want those who want to ask questions to ask very tough questions. We are very soon going to make preparation to repatriate our IDPS and those who are in United Nations protection camps. I will stop here and be waiting for your questions.
After Dr. Riek has done speaking, audience was just start leaving and nobody asked any question, due to the fact that they are very satisfied for the message they heard for delegation.

Very respectively,
Lul Gatkuoth Gatluak
The author is a political commentator on South Sudan affairs. He should be reach at lulgatluak7@gmail.com or simonlul2000@yahoo.com

Twenty-Eight States: A Pandora’s Box or enshrining of the Oligarchy?

By Marial Mach A’duot, OCT/11/2015, SSN;

From the narrowest sense of politics, offering bribes to dissidents in form of political or military reassignments is regarded as an easy fix for the rebellion and as a buying into the system the loyalty of those opposed to that system.

President Kiir has ushered in this approach in the grandest, but reckless form. Creation of more States is a political move by President Kiir and frankly speaking, a smart move for someone with entrenched interest in keeping the power, but it is going to hurt ordinary South Sudanese in the worst possible terms.

The reason I think that increasing the number of states is politically advantageous to the president’s political ambition rather than the ordinary citizens is this:

The recently signed peace agreement called for enormous shift of power to the rebels in Greater Upper Nile. At least two governors who are allies of the President in the States of Upper Nile and Unity were going to be affected according to the scribe in peace’s document.

Thus, creating more states would allow the power-sharing equation to remain as it is proposed. President’s Kiir allies will continue to keep their posts which mean loyalty to him.

The question however is, what does it mean in terms of political institutionalisation and the function of government in terms of service delivery?

My concern is not centred on the structural function of the government because there is already a model in South Sudan where political institutions functioned as elites’ clubs for salaries rather than for providing services to the masses.

So, political status-quo of states and their bureaucracy will be fine as it was with ten-states. What will not be so fine in my opinion is the real deal of systemic functions and delivery of services.

People who may be excited about this move dived into the argument of political decentralisation as the solution to our conflict, but I think otherwise.

Firstly, the experiences of the past have shown that ten-states where not only dysfunctional systematically, but were not delivering any services.

The clues about why they failed in their responsibilities are related to underfunding as well as incapability of those states to raise enough fiscal revenues to run some of their residual responsibilities which are not supposed to be concurrently funded in accordance with decentralised system of governance.

For example: the education sector. So, if that was the case, how would further political restructuring to twenty-eight States going to serve the purpose of governing effectively and efficiently?

What I think would be in abundance instead, is a self-coup declared by the leader to prolonged his reign of power and the political system incubating that authority. The best move we should have make is correcting the faults of governance by enacting counter measures not polarising the politics.

Obviously, the incoming states will be bureaucratised as the old ones with mosaic of administrative expenses.

If the budget of ten states was so less to build schools and run hospitals, where will the funding of twenty-eight states come from?

Or if the state leader might have been so corrupt to embezzle all the money, what is the new legislative power in place now to make sure funds will no longer be misappropriated?

Those elements are not there and that is why I believe creating more states is political rather than an intention of good governance.

In simple context, an accountable and efficient government is embedded in a complex web of interdependent conditions that require considerable time and effort to develop.

Our political institutions might have had time to develop that complex web, but it fall short of the basic standards that define effective procedures of governance.

Instead, it is broadly characterised into threefold; ignore, exploit and restructure the political culture and system.

The ignoring political notion in our system is exemplified not only by an inordinate unlawful possession of extraordinary powers by the elites, (both political and military), but also by a rudimentary system of governance barely detached from the cradle of military.

The revolving door of accountability and governance since the interim period constructed the exploitative models of governance and agents in these models discovering ways to exploit such systems.

Exploiting such a system, President Kiir’s government and coronas in different branches of SPLM have been acting as a bunch of military leaders who rode on tanks to power with little regard to governing responsibly.

The recent ‘decentralisation power’ as the political pedestrians claim, is in my opinion, the greatest decoy for political accommodation yet invented.

But accommodation is not where the problems lie. We need to be concerned about more irresponsible power in the hands of grumpy military junta in disguise of political nostalgia.

The beauty of power in mature politics is that it served the purpose of public well-being not interest of the powerful elites. That is not the case in South Sudan.

Power is used as the source of fiscal and political wellbeing by the leaders and their toadies who dance to the tune of any political changes not because it is ethical or have a capacity to serve rightful purposes, but they will benefit from it.

Therefore, twenty-eight states will function exclusively as executive accommodation posts at the expense of South Sudanese who would never otherwise obtain political appointment.

With less regulatory measures as we still tangled in the masses of the systemic flaws and corrupt mindsets, the function of those states will remain in the shadows of the old empire acting as the basis for exploitation by the same old leaders.

What President Kiir and his government should spend much time fixing is not the proliferation of power, but rather the effectiveness, efficiency and accountability of power already operating.

The government has been struggling to deliver public goods in order to avoid widespread social unrest and insecurity.

It has also failed to provide strong institutional incentives for political officials to be accountable to their citizens. We have had a system of powerful elites where the constitution is just an instrument for rewarding themselves and punishing the impoverished.

Thus, instead of topping-up the masses, President Kiir needs to focus on institutional reform and capacity development in all sectors in order to create an administrative change that is effective.

To achieve that there is a need to enact the code of professionalism in public administration. This is done in two ways: first, by employing right people in right positions through civil proceedings and in the context of law to ensure the systemic checks and balances as well as the overlapping oversights from other institutions such as independent judiciary.

And secondly, through political acculturation such as shifting away from military mindset and adopting different socio-political approaches that encourages the accountability and political processes alongside the quality of public good.

Marial Mach A’duot is a South Sudanese residing in Melbourne, Australia. He can be reached for comments at pandepiol@yahoo.com

Stop Kiir Tribal Terror

By Oyhath Aromi, OCT/09/2015, SSN;

Finally, Kiir has decided to hatch openly the real agenda behind his unilateral decree to divide South Sudan into 28 States: establishment of his tribe’s permanent control over other South Sudanese communities. Let there be no mistake about it, the real reason behind Kiir’s Order to create 28 states is exactly so he and his tribal zealots can execute their agenda of Dinka hegemony over South Sudan.

It is also the real reason why Kiir in 2014 illegally dissolved SPLM party structures and undemocratically extended his term in office in 2015.

In fact, a growing number of South Sudanese skeptics, this writer included, now increasingly believe that the SPLM/SPLM was originally created to realize a hidden Dinka agenda, a plot to dominate South Sudan forever.

We should recognize the man for what he is really up to. President Kiir, no doubt, is out in force to execute his real plan, which is forming a Dinka-controlled state no matter what.

The President and his tribal Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders, who in fact first circulated the 28-state scheme long before he put it into a Republican Decree last Friday, October 2, see in the recently signed IGAD-Plus mediated compromise peace agreement the beginning of the end of Dinka’s ambition to establish a Dinka-dominated country in Africa.

By bypassing legislative processes and unilaterally decreeing the creation of 28 states, Kiir and his tribal land grabbers want to let the whole universe know that their tribal agenda will not be undermined and that he and his tribal supporters behind him are pushing ahead with it anyway.

However, what Kiir just did, intentionally or unintentionally, by his undemocratic action to grab other tribes’ lands in the newly created 28 states, has unleashed his tribal terror and consequently opened the door like never before for the possibility of the young nation descending into total collapse, fragmentation and Somalization.

But Kiir and his lasting Dinka power dreamers are losers in this dangerous game that he’s just introduced, for he should know that the rightful owners whose lands he is stealing through the authority of state will stand their ground in defence of their ancestral lands or die.

Kiir should know better that his unjust tribal ambitions would have long been gone had it not been the unlawful intervention of the Ugandan “strongman”, Yuri Museveni, whom he cowardly bought with Southern Sudanese people’s money to rescue his tribal dictatorship.

A little Bit About Dinka:

Despite speaking one language and displaying similar physical tribal identification markings, historically the Dinka are not known to have ruled themselves as one people, let alone ruling over other ethnicities in South Sudan.

In fact, by nature the Dinka are an acephalous society, a form of medieval tribal society that doesn’t believe in the logic of consensus but in physical force and terror of powerful individuals or group of individuals.

Born and raised in the wilderness of cattle wanderers in the depths of South Sudan’s Bahr El-Ghazal region, President Kiir is a true embodiment of that acephalous, lawless culture.

Little wonder therefore that all Dinka-led governments have invariably been a total disgrace on South Sudan, with failure to deliver basic services, widespread corruption and looting of public resources by the ruling elites as recurring scandals, whether during the era of the Regional Autonomous Government for Southern Sudan from 1972 to 1983, during the CPA-mandated transitional period from 2005 to 2011 or the present failed state presided over by Mr. Kiir.

After the former Sudanese President Jaffer Mohammed Nimeri (May 1969 – April 1985) engineered the ascendance of Dinka to political power in the then southern Sudan region as the center-piece of his own calculation to divide and rule that region following the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972, Dinka found themselves in a position of authority overnight.

Suddenly they falsely began to speak of themselves as being “born to rule.”

And today, simply because the founder of the SPLM/SPLA, late Dr John Garang, happened to be a Dinka, Dinka tribal zealots are all over the place telling South Sudanese: “We liberated you”.

These are shameful, self-aggrandizing buzz words they use to justify their theft of public resources and to rule South Sudan as they so wish.

Defeat Tribal Terror:

Kiir’s tribal objectives to steal others’ land and to subordinate and terrorize the people of South Sudan through the creation of tribal dictatorship must be confronted:

1. The tribes whose lands Kirr is stealing and giving to his kinship must become acutely aware of his tribal agenda and get ready to exercise their universal human rights to defend their ancestral lands and dignity. This is the most reliable and most sustainable deterrence against the tribal land grabbers.

2. Local, national, regional and international organizations and nations, especially IGAD-Plus countries which helped bring the peace agreement recently signed by the parties to the conflict in South Sudan must take decisive action to prevent Kiir and anyone from standing in the way of peace in the young new nation.

3. To help stem tribal scheming and tribal dictatorship, during the transitional period, South Sudanese should be consulted through a referendum to choose which governance system they think should guide their country at the end of the transitional period.

The choice of majority of the people should then be written into a permanent constitution as the law of the land for the young nation.

A permanent constitution should not be written before a vote by the people on which governance system they prefer, for writing such a document before a referendum would be akin to putting the cart before the horse.

4. To act decisively against impunity and to deliver a powerful message to everyone that massacres of innocent civilians, rape and other violations of human rights as witnessed during the current conflict will not go unpunished, the hybrid Court that is provided for in the Peace Agreement should be allowed to execute its mandate to bring to justice anyone involved, no matter what position they occupy or which side of the conflict they stood.

Oyhath Aromi is independent occasional observer of South Sudanese and Sudanese affairs. This is his second appearance on the problems dogging South Sudan.

People of South Sudan and International Community reject Pres. Kiir’s Order establishing 28 States

BY: James Nguen, CANADA, OCT/08/2015, SSN;

On Friday 2nd of Oct., 2015, President Salva Kiir Mayardit announced the “Establishment Order Number 36/2015 for the Creation of 28 States in the Decentralized Governance System in the Republic of South Sudan.” People of South Sudan in the country and Diaspora and the international community were dumbfounded and taken aback after learning President Salva Kiir has once again made another erroneous, tribalized and ill-conceived republican order establishing 28 States in the war torn country.

The President’s republican order did not only violate the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement by Kiir himself and rival Dr. Riek for the resolution of South Sudan conflict, it’s feared the order would jump start the Somalization of South Sudan.

In the light of this Presidential Order, people of South Sudan in the country and around the globe have reacted against it negatively after realizing that their hopes for peace returning to the war torn South Sudan is implausible, trashed and thrown overboard by Kiir’s ill-advised order.

Subsequently, in unison and with the international community, they categorically rejected Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States.

They (South Sudanese) called the order many names including “ill-advised, “mean spirited” “clear violation of the Compromised Peace Agreement,” “unconstitutional,” ill-informed,” “rejuvenation of Kokora,” “unwise” “unstudied,” misappropriation of lands by Dinka and dinkanisation of South Sudan.”

Meanwhile IGAD-Plus, European Union, African Union and Troika have also condemned and strongly reject Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. The parties have called on Kiir to “revoke” and “defer” the order because it “violates and goes against the spirit” of recently Compromised Peace Agreement.

More in depth, lecturer of Juba University, Dr. Okuk and Dr. Lam Akol, the leader of Official Opposition in South Sudan have identified constitutional blunders referred to in the order.

For example, ‘Article 166(6) (a), (b) and Article 101 (b), (f), (k) and (u)” were wrongly quoted showcasing how poorly the document was hastily derived.

Mr. Okuk further pointed out the nonexistence of Kodok or Malakal Counties which also referred in the order and the two counties in Warrap and Lake States that became two independent States of their own in the new order.

Both Dr. Okuk and Dr. Lam stated that the order is a “violation of the IGAD-PLUS’ mediated Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, which was signed by President Kiir himself in Juba on 26th August 2015 and ratified later by the National Legislature so that it becomes supreme over the Transitional Constitution (2011 and amendments” and that the establishment of 28 States “may be suspected as rejuvenation of ‘Kokora’ but on tribal enclaves.”

With these serious flaws and unforgivable mistakes in the order, Dr. Okuk concluded by calling for the nullification and reversal of the order by Kiir because it undermines President Kiir’s constitutional stand.

More so, it is feared that the republican order would unquestionably jump start the balkanization of South Sudan.

On the other hand Peter Gai Manyuon in Nairobi Kenya, called the Presidential Order Establishing 28 States as a “dinkanisation … idea” and tribalistic Leadership characterized by primitiveness, nepotism and political materialism.”

Mr. Manyuon on his part also rejected the order and call on President Kiir to reverse the order because it violates the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement to the Resolution of South Sudan’ conflict.

David Blair reported that “President of South Sudan was accused of “violating” a peace agreement by unilaterally creating 28 new states.”

Also, the Raja County’s tribal leaders of Western Bar El Ghazal States have strongly rejected the order and condemned the annexation of Raja County to Northern Bar El ghazel State.

Tor Madira Machier in Egypt, Cairo, called Kiir’s creation of 28 states as a means to “promote ethnically based political hatred {campaign} among tribes, returning to war and it undermines IGAD-plus peace deal.” And therefore, it must be nullified.

Moreover, leaders of Greater Equatoria have rejected Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. The leaders stated “the President has broken his oath by not consulting the members of the National and State Assemblies that represent the people of South Sudan; and therefore, the President’s action to create 28 states is unconstitutional.”

The Equatorians’ leaders trashed the decree calling it a clear violation of the recently signed peace agreement and called on IGAD to intervene because the agreement states that “no party should be allowed to undermine the peace agreement by unilateral actions that are not stipulated in the agreement.”

Meanwhile, the SPLM/A –IO, the SPLM–Political Detainees, the South Sudan Civil Society, the South Sudan Faith Group and other partners in the Compromised Peace Agreement also condemn and strongly reject Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States.

In the released statements, they clearly stated that the Presidential decree is a “violation” of the Compromised Peace Agreement.

Further, the SPLM/A-IO stressed that “it is a clear message to the world that President Salva Kiir is not committed to peace and the Movement call on IGAD–Plus to take a strong position.”

The Troika (USA, Norway and UK) stated that “this announcement directly contradicts the Government of South Sudan’s commitment to implement the peace agreement it signed on August 26” and call on President Salva Kiir to “defer” the order.

Considering these strong opposition outcries, condemnations against the order and the flaws it contained, it is therefore self-evident that President Salva Kiir Mayardit has made a mistake for scrambling and partitioning of South Sudan’s 10 States to 28 new States.

The move is unpopular and must be annulled in order to avoid subsequent bloodshed in the country.

In closing, I personally echo the strong rejections of Salva Kiir’s Presidential Order Establishing 28 States. And I therefore call on IGAG-PLUS, Troika, African Union and Friends of South Sudan to remind Salva Kiir of dire consequences should this unconstitutional decree remained un-reversed in the next two weeks.

The decree does not only violate the recently signed Compromised Peace Agreement, it inadvertently called for the balkanization of South Sudan into tribal enclaves, and I am afraid the resultant of this unpopular decision would be an uncontrollable bloodbath across the country.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at jamesnguen@gmail.com.

Press Statement of Jieng Council of Elders Support on the Creation of 28 States

Republic of South Sudan
Jieng Council of Elders

Wednesday October 7, 2015

Press Statement of Jieng Council of Elders on the Creation of 28 States

The recent decision by President Salva Kiir to establish 28 states in the Republic of South Sudan has generated a great deal of excitement among our people, and rightly so. To many South Sudanese, the creation of more states fulfills long-expressed desire by our communities all over the country to be given control over the running of their own affairs.

By issuing a Republican Order 36/2015 AD that establishes these states from the former colonial districts with some slight modifications designed to reflect among other economic viability and security concerns, President Kiir proves that he seriously listens to the popular demand of our people, and we would like to congratulate him for this wise and timely decision.

Furthermore, we would also like to extend our sincere and heartfelt congratulations to our people for finally getting their demand answered and urge them to seize this great opportunity to advance their collective welfare and wellbeing.

In fact the establishment order the President issued greatly reflects the objective of this popular demand.

The SPLM vision of “taking towns to the people” which, the presidential order fulfills is anchored on the need to devolve political, administrative and economic power so as to improve livelihoods of the rural communities, reduce the size of the national government to free up more resources for use by state and local governments, promote economic and social development in the rural communities and encourage and attract national based expertise and deploy it in the states and counties.

In what amounts to nose-thumbing to the long-held and long-expressed demand of our people for a greater devolution of power, it has come to our attention that some diplomatic missions accredited to South Sudan are blatantly interfering with what is clearly our country’s administrative decision.

In the camp of the foreign powers that are hell-bent to meddle with our internal affairs include the European Delegation to South Sudan, and Troika (US, UK and Norway).

While we appreciate the help the governments represented by these missions have and continue to render in order to help the warring parties implement the recently signed peace agreement, we strongly demand that they completely stay out of our sovereign and independent administrative decision-making process.

Like any other sovereign and independent nation, the Republic of South Sudan deserves respect to independently make decisions that it deems to suit the interests and demands of its people.

Contrary to the unsubstantiated claim that President Kiir is somehow violating the Agreement for Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan by issuing an executive order, we see the creation of more states as making it possible to enhance peace and to end the suffering of our people.

As shown by the level of happiness our people have expressed towards this order, we would like to urge all the peace loving people here in our country and the world over to respect this administrative decision and push for the implementation of the peace agreement.

________________________ _________________________
Ambrose Riiny Thiik Joshua Dau Diu

Pres. Kiir’s Politics of Deception

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok, NOV/07/2015, SSN;

Last weekend, the South Sudanese people went to their beds stunned by president Kiir’s decree announced over SSTV. It amounted to a bombshell that caught everyone including his supporters off guard. Its effect is still reverberating across the whole political spectrum in South Sudan.

What president Kiir did is a clear violation of the peace agreement as the power sharing at states level is based on the current 10 states.

It’s also a violation of the transitional constitution of the republic of South Sudan “TCoSS” as the president has no power to create new states. There was absolutely nothing in the course of events that pointed out, even remotely, to the possibility that such a development could happen.

It is even more likely that some of his close allies in the government were unaware of his intention to expand the number of states to 28 prior to announcement.

Michael Makuei, the information minister and a staunch supporter of president Kiir, was urging all parties to implement the peace agreement one day before the presidential decree. The same day at the UN, vice president Wani Igga, reassured the world body that the government is fully committed to implement the peace accord.

President Kiir even addressed the UN assembly earlier by a video link, confirming the commitment of his government to the peace deal. So what was the reason of this sudden change of heart in a space of 24 hours?!

Some say his drinking problem might have gotten the better of him. Others say he is so desperate to cling to power that he could change the colour of his skin like a chameleon anytime and anywhere.

Another group of people think it is the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) scheming again. I tend to agree with the latter two views rather than with the former.

When you read through the presidential decree, you get the sense of an order that has been written hurriedly without proper scrutiny. The order is not on a headed paper and bears no presidential signature nor an official seal.

Furthermore there are even few grammatical or typing errors in it. The page numbering is handwritten which is unusual for a presidential decree.

The way the decree was presented on paper is below the standard of an order coming from the top office in the country. I wonder what the IGAD-PLUS mediation team would think if they demand a copy or given a copy by the opposition to substantiate violation of the peace agreement!

The decree reads – Establishment order for the creation of 28 states in the decentralised system in the republic of South Sudan. And further it reads – promotion of democratic principle of decentralisation and devolution of power to people.

The interim orders that come under order 9 reads – After coming into force, and in accordance with this order, the president shall appoint the state governors and state legislative assembly. Additionally it reads – All state institutions, laws, regulations and orders shall conform to and operate in accordance with the provisions of the TCoSS 2011 amended 2015.

The above account makes it clear that the decree brings nothing new to the current situation apart from increasing the number of states. There is no real change of the system of governance as the failed decentralised system will remain the order of the day.

The TCoSS would remain intact save the amendment in regard to expansion of the number of states. President Kiir’s powers will not be curtailed and he would probably enjoy issuing more presidential decrees including removing some of the yet to be appointed governors.

People should take a note that there is no mention of federalism anywhere in the decree. It is a misrepresentation of decentralisation to be perceived as federalism by the people.

The claim by the president that he was busy preparing for the referendum thus it resulted in a delay in creation of more states and devolution of powers, is nothing but a lie.

Certainly lying is not a new territory to president Kiir, we have seen him lying without blinking when he showed the “bull flag” to members of the national legislative assembly (NLA) in the aftermath of the Juba massacre. He claimed the “bull flag” belonged to the “coup plotters” led by Dr Riek Machar which turned out to be a big lie.

This is a calculated move by president Kiir in collaboration with the JCE. The benefit to his camp is two fold.

In the first instance, it’s a way to get into the driving seat following the humiliation of signing the peace agreement against his will.

It is also a way to boost the moral of his supporters by showing them that he is still in control.

On the other hand it is an effort to drive a wedge among the opposition and supporters of federalism and lure some into switching sides.

The layperson and certainly the overwhelming majority of our villagers don’t know the difference between the current decentralised system and federalism. Such people could easily be excited by their home towns being made state capitals following the recent presidential decree hence they would be more inclined to join Kiir’s camp come election day.

President Kiir and the JCE know that the advent of federalism to South Sudan means the end of their malicious plans. Therefore they would use what ever means or resources available to them to stop this from happening.

Deception, coercion, intimidation, murder and using the looted money to recruit supporters would be all in their arsenal.

They are already planning for the elections at the end of the transitional period. The presidential decree should be considered by the opposition as an early kick off of Kiir’s election campaign.

It remains to be seen whether the decree would be enacted or not by the end of the prescribed period of 30 days. Implementing the presidential decree will lead to collapse of the peace agreement, resumption of war and confrontation with the international community.

Does the president have the guts to do that?! And what will be the end result for the people of South Sudan?!

People must remember that Salva Kiir lost legitimacy as president of South Sudan at the end of 08/09/2014. He is now legitimate only after signing the peace agreement and until the end of the transitional government of national unity “TGoNU”.

Violating the peace agreement would nullify his legitimacy as president of the republic of South Sudan. I got a hunch that the president will defer implementation till after the elections and the expansion of the number of states to 28 will be his campaign message.

It will probably be the only message as he has absolutely nothing to run on in terms of achievements while in office in the last 10 years.

The opposition and supporters of federalism need to stay on course and avoid being distracted by the government desperate acts.

The main task is to explain to the people that the problem is not the number of states required but it’s the system of governance that needs complete overhaul and Kiir’s poor leadership that needs to be thrown to the dustbin of history.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

Western Bahr-el-Ghazal community in Diaspora rejects Kiir’s decree creating 28 states

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

By: Western Bahr el Ghazal Community in the Diaspora
wbgs.diasporacommittee@gmail.com

Subject: The Presidential Decree Creating 28 (Twenty-Eight) States in South Sudan

Date: October 5, 2015

On behalf of our community, we, concerned citizens of the Western Bahr el Ghazal in the Diaspora, unanimously reject the unconstitutional decree by H.E. President Salva Kiir Mayardit on 2nd October 2015, dividing South Sudan into 28 (twenty-eight) states.

After deep reflection and serious consultations, our rejection is based on the following reasons:

(1) This order violates the transitional constitution of South Sudan clearly stipulated in Articles 161 (3), (4) the procedures for the creation of new states. Article 3 (1) states that “This Constitution derives its authority from the will of the people and shall be the supreme law of the land. It shall have a binding force on all persons, institutions, organs and agencies of government throughout the Country”.

The people of South Sudan are not consulted. In addition, the current transitional constitution is dictated by 10 original states in the Republic of South Sudan. According to the constitution “States of South Sudan”: Article 161
(1) The territory of South Sudan is composed of TEN states governed on the basis of decentralization.
(2) The constitutions of the states shall conform to this constitution.
(3) State boundaries shall not be altered except by a resolution of the Council of States approved by two- thirds of all members.
(4) Names of states and their capital towns shall not be altered except by a resolution of the Council of States approved by a simple majority on the recommendation of the relevant State Assembly.

Therefore, the presidential decree of issuing 28 states automatically violates the constitution.

(2) The Parliament and the Council of States were not involved in this process. In a major decision like this, the head of state must involve the National Assembly (Parliament) of the current 10 states to debate and vote upon the decision, and if passed then the president will sign as law of the land. Unfortunately, this process did not take place. Never-the-less, the president has broken the constitution by ignoring the role of the parliament. In addition, any alteration or constitutional amendment to add new states must only be amended by the parliament and not by Presidential Decree as we all witnessed.

(3) This is a breach of the current Compromise Peace Agreement signed in late August between the government, the opposition movement, and other parties to the conflict. The president’s unilateral action is aiming to derail the agreement and we strongly reject this move. The people of South Sudanese have been calling for the establishment of a federal system of government and the creation of more states and counties, which was initially rejected by the president on the pertinence that there be popular consultation. So what changed the course of action at this moment?

(4) The drawing of the borders as presented by the decree will bring about more tribal conflicts, specifically, for us in Western Bahr el Ghazal State. We, the people of the state, have seen how part of our land is taken and given to other communities while our communal unity and our unique culture was broken. There are already tribal conflicts in Western Bah e Ghazal as well as in other states. The whole world had witness the heinous crimes that were inflicted upon our people in December 2012. These crimes were initiated by government operatives and which resulted in the killing of innocent people in broad daylight. Hundreds were injured, civilian properties were damaged, and many young adults and children were arrested and imprisoned – up to this moment. Nothing was done about these crises whether at the state or national level. And now, instead of reaching to these ethnic groups in term of reconciliation and forgiveness, the president is adding more problems by cutting a huge part of our land. Consultations with local communities are necessary for such a decision to come into effect.

We, the people of Western Bahr el Ghazal State, are people of peace, have a long history and tradition of peace, love and unity. But we often find ourselves marginalized and alienated by our own people. We have been calling for the creation of more counties given the size of our land, but we are taken by surprise that our land is taken away from us.

We, the people of Western Bahr el Ghazal State, strongly reject, without any reservations, the order of H.E. President Salva Kiir Mayardit, of creating 28 (twenty-eight) states in the Republic of South Sudan. We call the president to rescind his decree, and continue to follow up on the full implementation of the Compromise Peace Agreement, as signed by all parties, to the South Sudan conflict.

We, the people of Western Bahr el Ghazal State, call upon all the people of South Sudan, and Western Bahr el Ghazal in particular, to unite and stand firm, to ensure our constitutional rights are not stripped away.

Finally, we, the people Western Bahr el Ghazal State, call upon the international community to intervene, and save the recently signed agreement from collapsing.

# # #

Members of Western Bahr el Ghazal State in the Diaspora
wbgs.diasporacommittee@gmail.com

Kiir’s decision to create an additional 18 states is questionable at best

From: Juach Garang Bul , Perth, Western Australia, OCT/06/2015, SSN;

It was not until I awoke on Saturday morning and accessed social media when I discovered that president Kiir had issued a presidential decree extending the current ten States to twenty-eight, dividing South Sudan into ethnic States. This puzzled me, and I asked myself why the president would issue such a feudal decree.

The creation of more States is not that bad in and of itself, but it’s unlikely to do much to solve any problems either, nor was the current set up the primary cause for conflict in the young nation.

The decision should lie with the people of South Sudan, not the president alone. The people should have the final decision if they want twenty-eight states or not. There are some communities that should be given individual statehood, but not all of the communities that the President has indicated.

The claim of the majority of South Sudanese was to have a practical federal system in which all levels of governments rule themselves without interference from federal government. The creation of twenty eight States had not been demanded, as some of my colleagues have claimed.

As such, the president and his close cohorts came up with this decision against the demands of the South Sudanese people.

It is a decision that seems like a political intrigue to appease some political elites who want to revolt against the regime in Juba, and join Riek Machar.

It may also be a political decision made to purposely rift Dinka living in the Greater Upper Nile, vanquished by Nuer in the region.

As I see some of my colleague on social media celebrating the idea of creating twenty-eight states, I patiently wait to see how the President and his regime would implement the formation of twenty-eight states and give them the powers necessary to effectively govern themselves.

The idea of ‘taking towns to the people’ was, in my view, not to forge ethnic states based governmental system, but to deliver services in rural areas so that the people living there have access to facilities equal to those available to the people living in urban areas.

Facilities such as roads, which will connect State capital with its counties, and also allows local businessmen and women to buy their goods in towns and take them to rural areas, health care services, education and security etc. I think this was what the late John Garang meant by taking towns to people.

Believe it or not, it has been ten years since the Juba government, led by Kiir, came into power. Regardless, they have done nothing to implement the vision projected and well-illustrated by the late leader John Garang de Mabior.

The questions that should be asked by many sound minded elites are; ‘Why at this time in history has the government decided to ‘take towns to people’ by creating more twenty-eight States?’ and ‘Why at a time when the country is tearing itself apart along ethnic lines?’

To me, the idea of creating more states shouldn’t be the decision of one man, it should be made by the people of South Sudan through a referendum.

Politically, I often differ with the rebels’ leader, Riek Machar, like when he brought the idea of creating twenty-three states during the peace talks in Addis Ababa.

It was wrong then for one man to come up with his own idea and impose it upon the people.

Democracy is a form of government in which all laws are created by a general vote of a given society. This means that if there’s any feud in the mainstream government then the public has to decide through referendum whatever law is best for them.

This is how a representative and accountable regime works. I’ve seen some people congratulating the president for creating more states out of current ten, I ask them ‘what would be the benefit of having another eighteen states in addition to the ten that are already failing?’

Will the federal government create effective State governments to restart the economy, budgets and other forms of State bureaucracy?

Unless the federal government assures the people of South Sudan that it won’t interfere in the states affairs, then the whole idea point of creating more states will be undermined. I think the president and his government should explain how these twenty-eight states will operate.

The government in South Sudan, in theory could be described as a federal government, but it has failed in the past to give states the power to govern themselves.

In practice, it does allocate powers from federal to state government, and then to local government.

As such, a unitary system best describes the Juba’s regime, as it is a system in which government governs as a single entity.

The regime in Juba sacks out elected governors, and reappoints them arbitrarily. This makes me think that the presidential decision to create twenty eight States is not in the interest of the South Sudanese. Rather, it has been politically motivated to abrogate the peace agreement.

Think analytically; why would the President create more states while the current states are on the brink of collapse, and why this time when the country is about to achieved peace deal?

Is this really taking towns to the people?

Based on the model proposed by Kiir, all Dinka will have their own States and likewise to Nuer and many other tribes. What does this means precisely?

Is the President not encouraging Dinka vs Nuer sectarianism? Would it be possible for a Nuer to visit Dinka States? Could a member of any tribe live in another state without oppression, or without fear of being slayed?

I think the president is encouraging a tribal state which would make it harder for people like the Dinka Bor to co-exist with their neighbours, the Nuer.

For instance, in Jongelei States which comprise of Bor, Twi and Dukeen, these people used to be one people until the unending political struggles made them political foes.

What would guarantee that the Greater Bor people could live in peace amongst themselves and coexist with their neighbours, the Nuer?

I think this decision should be reviewed. It should be explained better to the people of South Sudan, how each state would operate. Will they still depend on federal government, or will they be able to handle issues on their own?

The merits of this decision are uncertain and it would be best to illustrate them to the people before we start celebrating.

Last and not least, why is the President making this decision at such a critical moment? Why not liaise with the people prior to dividing them into ethic states without popular consultation?

For me, I have no problem with having more states, but it should be a decision of people not the government alone.

We also should look at the reality of each State. Would they be viable in the long run given the situation of current ten states?

I think we should try to have peace achieved first, before trying to reform the federal system.

A nation is made up of people with strong bonds of identity, such as their tribe, but having tribal states would likely only encourage disunity.

By Juach Garang Bul, Perth, Western Australia

‘We, Dinka, have failed South Sudan:’ True words of Nhial Bol on Kiir’s tribal junta

Failed State, Incompetent tribal elites, Dictatorship and Murderous Military Junta tribal Government are not Myths in South Sudan: The True Words of Mr. Nhial Bol Aken, Transcribed by J. Nguen, CANADA, OCT/05/2015, SSN;

For the last 4 years, South Sudanese advocates time and time again came out openly and criticized Salva Kiir’s mismanagement of South Sudan state of affairs and rightfully called his government a tribal Government that’s only benefiting few crooks from Salva Kiir’s home State of Warrap.

At times, these few Dinka comfort themselves with blinded false dismissal and their line of defense is tribal rhetoric of African political discourse statement as if Africa is a tribe runs by clannist chiefs.

The truth is, some few Dinka open–minded youth and nationalist figures like Mabior John Garang and Dr. Dhieu Mathok and many others have joined this noble call and placed Salva Kiir’s government where it justly belongs, as a tribal enclave establishment for only few incompetent Dinka.

The justification of the claims is the Juba Nuer Massacre on the 15th of December 2013 by illiterate armed Dinka militias, trained and ordered to kill innocent Nuer civilians. The order to kill was directly from by President Salva Kiir himself.

Some have claimed that the strategy was meant to swiftly install Dinka’s government rule for life in South Sudan, which I cautiously agreed in part. The strategy’s must-do-list is to first clear misconceived imminent threat and this has failed considering the resistance and outcry in the country after the fact.

Another evidence of this tried tribal informed episode is the recent the partition of South Sudan’s 10 States to 28 States. Sad but I reserved this issue of “scramble and partition” of South Sudan to 28 States to my next piece.

For now, I must remained focus to Mr. Nhial Bol Aken’s media outburst against the die-tried Dinka government establishment.

Below is the transcription of Mr. Nhial Bol Aken’s own words on the SBS Radio originally and orally spoken in Dinka dialect.

The benefit of transcribing this important broadcast is for the world to understand and remain informed about South Sudan’ state of affairs in the eyes of a left out Dinka man from the looted nation’s cake by none other than his own tribesmen.

As such, I must say, I’m not a savvy linguist but rather a political advocate dedicated to unearth the truth, so as to nothing but truth can reveal about current South Sudan’s state of affairs.

On Sept 11, 2015, Nhial Bol Aken went on air alleging that his newspaper, “The Citizen,” was shut down simply because he, Mr. Nhial Bol Aken, did not support and stand with the Dinka government sponsored mission.

I say Dinka government if you will, because his newspaper was closed down by government’s security apparatus directed by the men from the top who happened to be Dinka by choice and who coerce Dinka and non-Dinka alike to support Dinka’s mission of domination.

For example, the Minister of Information in the Government of South Sudan, Mr. Makuei Lueth and some security apparatus informed Mr. Aken that he has not committed wrongdoing but his only mistake was that he “failed to stand with Dinka.”

Further, Mr. Aken was alleged to have questioned the logic behind this beat up tribal rhetoric by asking honest questions: “Where do Dinka stands? And what is the Dinka mission? If it’s a question of peace, it is already signed; and nobody would refuse peace and even Satan will not.”

Mr. Aken went on to say, “I find it logical that when someone asks anyone to stand with them at any point in any political discourse or otherwise is it naturally sound to ask what these people stand for in scheme of things, bad or worse and why such support is necessary? I believed our people, the Dinka in the government are confused.”

QUESTION: Is there a Dinka government or nation being fought purely for Dinka?
I, myself, I’ m confused because I don’t understand what our Jeng (Dinka) people in the government are doing.

There are threatening and killing people in the name of Dinka. I had a TV channel and the government used to take people from here to video tape on their behalf and broadcast it but at the end I decided I don’t want to be associated with hate speech.

What I don’t understand is what we the Dinka are doing? If it’s a question of food, we the Dinka are fighting for, then, I, Nhial Bol Aken cannot be party to that. Even, God said, human beings can find food anywhere so long there are healthy and working. Besides, during referendum, it was not Dinka community that voted for our independence but all South Sudanese have voted for this nation to exist today.

So, I repeat, if the question of tribe and food are what the Dinka (Jieng) are fighting for, then I’ m certainly not a party to that whatsoever.

Our people are confused and it’s only the question of food in their thinking. It’s not how to build this nation and have a prosperous South Sudan for all South Sudanese.

QUESTION: Is there a threat on your life?
Yes, my life is under threat. However, I come from a large family and if the government chose to kill me, and then let them do so. The most important thing that the Jieng community want to do right now is to unite in order to uproot those bad people who came into our midst.

These people are incompetent and incapable of running this country. They failed politically and as well as Dinka running the nation. Their sole goal is to die in power running a collapsed State. They have failed but they do not have the guts and courage of accepting failure.

QUESTION: You were supposedly investigated by South Sudan’s National Security apparatus, so at what point did these National Security personnel become a Jeng’s National Security, where they would coerce you to support Jieng’ interests? Were they trained as Jeng?
The National Security here in South Sudan is for Jieng and by Jieng. It’s like the way we used to run our affairs as Dinka in Dinka’s ancestral lands. This is how it is. I have been questioned by these security numerous times but there has never been a time I have been investigated or questioned by any other person from other tribes in South Sudan than Dinka. Therefore, this is the stark evidence of Dinka’ rule.

The Dinka are the ones running South Sudan Government. They occupied all positions in the government and yet the country is on the verge of total collapse. So, if they have failed like it has been the case here, why can’t they invite other non-Dinka to help them (Aken lamented).

QUESTION: What is Mr. Makuei Lueth saying to you as a Minister of Information in the Government after your newspaper was shut down?
Well, I do not blame Mr. Makuei Lueth. It’s only the security personnel running the affairs of South Sudan. There are above the law and listen to no one. I personally asked Makuei as to why newspapers in this country are being shut down? Mr. Makuei said, the security personnel told me that because you, Nhial Bol Aken didn’t pay taxation. Then, I represented to him the receipt of payment and he suddenly changed the question.

Well, “the security also said you insulted the government.” I subsequently answered Makuei in form of question, how did I insult the government. There was no proper answer provided.
Before, you fully answer this question, is the taxation issue a national security matter or ministry of finance?

Like I told you before, these people are completely confused. Makuei Lueth is working with those from Bhar El Ghazal Dinka (where President Salva Kiir comes from) and these people, they do not listen to no one, and this is the problem.

Even I told Makuei that when we were in Khartoum, Sudan, things like these were not daily occurrences. And all I would say, it’s only those who refused thievery that are being targeted and isolated in South Sudan.

When Sudan was one, we were complaining of humiliations, suffering and marginalization, what happened and why did we fight for the last 21 years then?

We allowed bad people to run the affairs of this nation. Did you guys ever hear of President Kiir visiting Gogrial where he was born and Bor to see suffering people, let alone other places? No. So, if the head of the State is afraid visiting States for security reasons, then, the question becomes how he is going to govern the nation?

For example, Abel Alier used to visit affected areas, those affected by natural disasters but Kiir never did. This is how things are in South Sudan. However, if they think luck and miracle will save them, there are lying.

QUESTION: Now, you are being targeted because you write about corruption and thievery in the office of the President and people were jailed and even dismissed, are these the things you are being targeted about?
This issue of corruption and thievery, it was the President himself who brought it up and wrote to 75 persons about corruption and thievery of 4.5 million dollars. When did it happen that it was me? It was not me. The mission of the media is dissemination of correct information; I don’t know why we should be targeted.

QUESTION: People say the reason you are still alive is because you come from Bhar El Ghazal and if you were from other community, you would be dead by now. Do you accept this as a correct statement?
No. What kept me alive to this day is my strong heart, not because I am from Bhar El Ghazal. People from Bhar El Ghazal are dying here daily. When you have strong heart, you will survive even though people have malicious plans against you. Sometime, people who have these malicious thinking about others people often find something that kills them.

I never killed anyone. Even, I never killed an insect. Why should I be killed and what did I do wrong that warranted my killing? What I was telling them is that, my people, stop looting and thievery. It’s a shame considering the greatness of Dinka community good name, to stoop this low, by stealing other people’s money. This is not a good thing and it has tarnished Dinka’s name for good.

Considering our good name as Dinka, it’s indeed humiliating that we the Dinka are now the ones stealing and being called thieves by others and even involved in these practices. We should be the ones setting good examples and not stealing.

As we have failed to run this country, then, we should openly admit it and give this noble task to those who can do it better than us.

QUESTION: Did any Minister in Government call you about this issue?
Yes the minister of public service and minister of higher education did call. A person who work for Public Service called me and said we would like to buy your newspaper, “The Citizen” to conduct our SPLM’ elections. I told him what is “The Citizen” is going to help you with?

First, the Central bank (Bank of South Sudan) has collapsed and security sectors are in a mess.

Second, you have the entire nation’s wealth, what is this Citizen newspaper going to help you with? However, if you insist, you can come and we will sit down and negotiate the sale. But, if you want to buy me off, I have my own time, not now.

And I also talked to Makuei Lueth and told him that it’s true that a foot soldier from Warrap State, where President Kiir comes from is more powerful in this country than a military General from other tribes, including generals from other Dinka sections and so you should stop fooling yourself.

QUESTION: Is it true that there is no Judiciary processes in South Sudan because there no court cases being presided over by independent judges?
It is not the question that judiciary has no function rather than the fact that people took the law into their own hands. They intentionally identified who should be disciplined by torture and who should be killed.

However, in this case, if a man keeps torturing a woman on a daily basis, there will be a time that woman will run away and leave that man, food and everything in the house. So, our problem as Dinka right now is everyone in South Sudan will desert us. We the Dinka as a community have reached a melting point.

QUESTION: So, what is the next step for you and what message would like to share with those who are going to listen to this recording?
I have decided and I am not returning to the media, particularly The Citizen as an editor. I am no longer a neutral. My message to our people is that let us unite and uproot these bad apples. From now on, I will speak openly.

QUESTION: You used to be a good reporter back in the days, are people not going to start laughing at you because you quit reporting and closed down your TV channel and now newspaper?
You know, in Khartoum, we were fighting the war of freedom and national independence but now, what are we fighting for? I’m not aware of the reasons we are fighting for and I cannot support failures.

I’m sure I’m not the only one taken aback by the problem we have in this country. Those of you who are in foreign countries are not happy as well. Our children go to foreign countries for schools because we do not have schools of our own.

Why do our people have to wander around like crazy in foreign lands yet we are wealthy? South Sudan is one of the richest countries in Africa because we are indulged with untapped massive natural resources. So, what we need is unity. We Dinka must sit down and decide our fate and we can do that collectively.

QUESTION: Now, if you are going to speak out, are you not going to be jailed because former Governor of West Equatoria was jailed and released?
Well, these people of ours are not afraid of anything. Even God, there are not afraid of God. If they were afraid of God, can they not save the lives dying in the ragged hospitals in Juba?

If they decided to jail me because of our nation’s affairs, be it, because I am not afraid.
The former Governor of Western Equatoria state was jailed and released, there are no laws followed. Why can they take him to the judge to be tried?

The last time I met Makuei Lueth, he told me the reason another newspaper was shut down was because it was for Nuer. It was supporting Riek Machar’s rebellion with money.

I told him openly that you were once in the rebellion, if you had money or someone has money for you at the time, would that money not be used to buy bullets? For example, would that newspaper, the one you closed down not use that money to buy bullets if they indeed have the money?

Makuei looked at me in the eye, but surprised because I asked that question. I told him yes, you were once in the rebellion and this is what you should do with money if you had the money at the time.

Besides, I told him, if the newspaper was mistaken why can’t you take them to court to be judged by a legal judge? Why do we have to humiliate ourselves this way when in fact we are from one nation? These people (Nuer) that you are treating like this will one day lead the ministry of information that you are leading and you will see.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at jamesnguen@gmail.com