Archive for: August 2015

Remaining Contentious Issues of Peace Accord: Jieng Council of Elders

The Republic of South Sudan
The Jieng Council of Elders

August 23, 2015, SSN;

Remaining Contentious Issues

1. Composition and Decision-Making in the Presidency:

– The first problem is found in Chapter 1, Article 9, Clause 9.1.1 & 2, which states that the President and First Vice President shall seek to reach an agreement on matters of Executive Administration and where appropriate involve the Vice President, especially if both the President and First Vice President agree to do so.

There must be a definitive provision that ensures that the Vice President is not sidelined and relegated. He should participate all the time without having to be invited.

– Clause 9.1.3 states that when there is a deadlock in the presidency, the matter shall be decided in the cabinet by 67% (two-third majority) and the decision of the Council of Ministers shall be final.

This provision simply stifled the working relationship of the presidency and carries the potential to breed frustration and conflict. The President usually has the last word.

2. Selection of Ministers and Deputy Ministers

– The agreement provides for lottery-like selection of ministries
– This has a potential to create potential problems and conflict.

3. The decision making in the Cabinet

– Like the presidency, the decision-making in the cabinet is mandatory to be 67% (two-third majority) to reach an agreement, it the absence of consensus. This is not a suitable arrangement.

– As stated above, it carries the potential for conflict and may frustrate the normal functioning of government.

4. The nomination of governors of three states, Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Unity State and the Power Sharing Ratios
– Chapter 1, Article 15, Clause 15.1 stipulates that the governments of the Upper Nile region would have to be reconstituted and that the Opposition shall nominate the governors of Upper Nile and Unity States, while the government shall nominate the governor of Jonglei State.

– The most obvious problem with this provision is that it creates a special status for three states without providing any proper justification. This has a potential to perpetuate conflict in the region and raise stakes for ethnic competition.

– Clause 15.2 of the same article, provides power sharing ratios for the three states as 46% for the GRSS, 40% Opposition, 7% FDs and 7% for other parties.

– The problem is why create a special status for the three states? This has the potential to stoke ethnic competition and raise tensions and potentially lead to internal fighting in the three states.

– What is more absurd is that the Upper Nile shall always feel that it has a special status and this does not bode well for the unity of the country.

5. The demilitarization of Juba

– Chapter 2, Article 5, Clause 5.1 talks about the redeployment of the army 25Km outside Juba to begin one month after the signing of this agreement and completed three months later.

– This is obviously a matter of sovereignty and there is no real justification for this, unless there is something sinister being hutched somewhere. Therefore, it is unacceptable.

6. The question of maintaining two armies for 18 months.

– Chapter 2, Article 7, Clause 7.1 discusses the unification of forces as a process that shall take 18 months.

– This is obviously problematic, as it is difficult to have two military command structures in one country. The proposal of the government was more reasonable, which talks about 90 days integration process and there shouldn’t be any need for extension, it shall be determined by the ceasefire mechanism.

– Those who insist on having two armies in one country should be treated with serious suspicion.

7. The issue of Hybrid Court of South Sudan (HCSS)

– Its jurisdiction and its powers are of tremendous concern.

– More importantly, Article 3, Clause 3.5.5 of the same chapter, when read together with Article 4 of this chapter, there are so many red flags that should be raised.

– Clause 3.5.5 talks about criminal liability, stating in no uncertain terms that no one shall be exempted from criminal responsibility on account of their official capacity as government officials, an elected official, or claim defense of superior orders.

– Article 4 (although the numbering is confused) of this chapter states that, individuals indicted or convicted by the HCSS shall not be eligible for participation in the TGNOU (Transitional Government of National Unity), or in its successor governments for a period to be determined by law, or, if already participating in the TGNOU, or its successor governments, they shall lose their positions in the government.

– If the two clauses above do not cause you concern, the analyses above is very clear. In fact, these are the two most dangerous clauses in this agreement more than anything else. If the government accepts this, it should rest assure that the president could be remove from power. No matter what the pressure may be, we should not accept these two clauses. It is better for the president to be arrested forcefully, rather than being sent off to foreign courts.

8. The powers and composition of JMEC
– Chapter 7 discusses the establishment of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC).
– Its composition, leadership, mandate and powers is seriously harmful to the nation, see clauses 2.1—2.4 for this.
– Clauses 2.5 and 2.6 talk about whom the chairperson shall be and how he will be appointed and who endorses its terms of reference.
– Articles 4 and 5 of this chapter discuss the institutions that JMEC shall oversee as well as the reporting mechanism. These articles are very serious; especially article 5 should be read carefully. It talks about JMEC reporting to IGAD, AU, UN SG and the UN Security Council. This is Trusteeship part supported by the provisions of Hybrid Court.
– Article 6, gives JMEC additional leverage to ask TGNOU to accede more powers to it in order to break deadlocks. Therefore, JMEC has supreme mandate in the agreement over the Constitution and other laws in the country. END

Who is and who isn’t fighting a senseless war?

BY: KON Joseph LEEK, 25/AUG/2015, SSN;

Almost everyone including top government officials say the above phrase in any public gathering in an attempt to pass the blame on the rebels. To them, the rebels deserve a full blame of the on-going conflict.

And so are the rebels in the other front or campaign of words – are struggling to make the government responsible for the crises not knowing that, when the war started, it started as the government fighting itself before they divided into two antagonistic parties (the SPLM-IG and IO) – where the current members in government claimed the coup attempt from the current rebels.

A claim rejected by the later as being familiarized by the former.

Now, it has become a blame game where many top government officials in any gathering or function make phrases like, “this is a meaningless war!”, “we are fighting a senseless war!” and so on, and so forth.

Are they certainly sure that they (we) are fighting a senseless war? And so, all the numbers that died and still dying in the army as well as the civilians died for nothing except if not that they were/are fighting a senseless war?

Thus, is there no reason at all for this war? Should the main reason for it be its “meaninglessness” and “senselessness”? If so, why do you guys go to Addis Ababa for? What do you go to negotiate then?

Isn’t this phrase (meaningless/senseless war) an equivalent of a story of a man that was kicked by a donkey and responded by kicking back the donkey which made the people around concluded that the man was thinking exactly like the donkey?

Isn’t the phrase corresponding a story of a man whose eyes were spit on by a lunatic who then acted in respond by spitting back to his (lunatic’s) eyes, something that surprised the spectators who then concluded him a lunatic too for thinking like him (lunatic).

We need to understand the irony of some words or else they back-fire. If the war which is generally blamed on Riek for causing it, and indeed is, is senseless and meaningless then why are we fighting?

If the rebels are senseless for starting this meaningless war, then why are we fighting? If the war is senseless, then its starter(s) is/are senseless too and I wonder where that (senselessness and meaninglessness) leaves the responder(s) (government).

I know someone somewhere is already thinking that I am rebelliously speaking but it is good sometimes not to be a victim of your own words. That is to talk till you contradict yourself unknowingly, hence it is healthier for one to be informed by he who loves him that, ‘sir, you are sailing far away from our right point’.

If he says “what” (Our polite way of pardoning someone), then call a spade a spade, not a big spoon – by saying, ‘sir, your statement is contradicting and you are confusing us’. This is what I am doing.

Riek himself ransacked my hometown several times directly and indirectly, there is no way I can hide under his umbrella though he can sometimes be accorded some truth despite being a lunatic, war maniac, a blood sucker, trickster, charlatan, liar and a womanizer.

But where the government I supported and voted is unable to express the “reasons” of the war and resorts by concluding that the war is senseless and meaningless will also make us conclude that, “its participants are senseless and meaningless too.”

What we clearly know is that the war is not senseless or meaningless as claimed by some government officials. It is a called for “war”. Riek hunted for it, and I guess he expected it. It deserved to be fought, because there was a forceful take-over trial by Riek who would have illegally ruled the country against the will/choice of the people had he succeeded.

So the people of the Republic of South Sudan have a right to stand up against the constitution’s invaders and defend it.

Another reason being the killing he has committed on the civilians of Greater Upper Nile and exiling of his own people into refugee camps in foreign countries – the very people whom he would have requested to vote for him in elections had he not attempted the coup and resorted to peaceful and democratic mean of power transfer.

With the above few and many others, why should someone somewhere still think that the war which is being fought is senseless? What is senseless is an imposed peace by the foreign powers to resolve it.

The war should not always be justified when we are fighting the Arabs, but anything that comes around to jeopardize our independence, freedom and rights is also calling for a deserving war.

Pump some sense of senselessness of this war into our brains before walking around and making such phrases. That phrase alone without other ingredients is not convincing enough.

You know, when we say sense; connection between the subject and the object should comply and should connect with the ideology.

And to explain your “sense”, you should have a better language of expression, where a “reason” should be relative with your claim or else, if not, someone somewhere may conclude that, “your claim has no SENSE in terms of LOGIC.”

That phrase was once said by one person who knew what he was saying and is now said a thousand times by hundreds of people who do not know what they are/were saying until it becomes unique no more, it just becomes a most boring-to-tears cliché– because we love to take up things wrongly instead of first learning their insights.

We very much duel our minds in “common sense, assumptions and emotions” not knowing that we are no longer there (world of common sense, assumptions and emotions). We now live in the world of principles/rules not common sense, Research not Assumption and Reasons not Emotions.

The writer is a commentator on contemporary South Sudan,
He can be reached on & 0927777006

‘This is an imposed peace meant for regime change, Kiir declares at signing of peace deal


For sure, watching president Kiir profusely sweating under serious stress and great reluctance before agreeing to initial the IGAD-Plus negotiated peace deal, South Sudanese should be extremely aware that peace is not anywhere nearer.

In no uncertain terms and words, while addressing Museveni of Uganda, Kenyatta of Kenya, Desalyan of Ethiopia and the Sudanese Vice president, a most unhappy and definitely belligerent Kiir declared that he had several reservations about the agreement and even intimated openly that there will be ‘no lasting peace’ in the country.

According to Kiir, there are only two options presented to him before signing the peace deal and these were either an imposed peace or continued war.

He further added that any problems that might arise will directly lead to failure of the peace process.

“Bentiu, the capital of Unity State has been attacked by Riek Machar and fighting is continuing as we sit here,” a visibly agitated Kiir announced.

An angry Kiir further told the IGAD-Plus leaders that leaders of his ruling SPLM are deeply concerned about some issues if peace is carelessly handled and managed as is seen today by the IGAD leaders and this will affect the whole region.

“We have deep and serious reservations on the peace process and the talks.”

According to Kiir, “from the intimidating messages we received, this peace agreement is meant for regime change,” intimating that the peace process is directly to change his government.

Kiir bluntly, while still profusely sweating and nervously removing and putting on his glasses, Kiir called for revision of some detrimental provisions designed and loaded in this agreement against the voices of the people, the political leadership and his so-called elected government.

Finally, Kiir uneasily declared, “with serious reservations, I will sign the document.”

However, Kiir repeated that they see many things we have to reject and the document

Interestingly, in a repetition of a quotation from former Sudanese president Numeri who when he was nullifying the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1983, a visibly angry Kiir quipped why the peace deal can’t be renegotiated.

“This peace deal is not the Bible or the Koran.” Kiir further added that even the Bible, there is always a new version coming up all the time.

Something wrong must be within this agreement document, Kiir declared, but they don’t want to be known.

It’s time to correct these things, he said.

As an example, Kiir accused the iGAD-Plus leaders for allowing Pagan Amum to change the Agreement by the altering of the ‘Former Detainees’ FD, which was changed into ‘SPLM leaders.’

Further, Kiir accused the IGAD-PLus that while he was never called in the agreement as commander-in-chief of the National Army, Machar was instead referred to as leader of SPLM Armed Opposition.

In conclusion, the angry president Kiir bluntly stated that while he’s not allowed to read the reservations of his government on the peace deal, however, he will give each one of the negotiators a copy to read.

“I call upon you regional leaders to stand with us during the implementation of this peace deal otherwise we will fail,” he ended his talk.

Will this peace last, what do you think?
SUMMARY- Key points of peace deal:

**Fighting to stop immediately. Soldiers to be confined to barracks in 30 days, foreign forces to leave within 45 days, and child soldiers and prisoners of war freed.

**All military forces to leave the capital, Juba, to be replaced by unspecified “guard forces” and Joint Integrated Police.

**Rebels get post of “first vice-president.”

**Transitional government of national unity to take office in 90 days and govern for 30 months.

**Elections to be held 60 days before end of transitional government’s mandate
Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing to investigate human rights violations.

From the BBC: AUG/26/2015, SSN.

As time passed and the temperature rose in the big, celebratory tent, the buzz of optimism started to wane.

Last-minute talks had been going on for hours – surely President Salva Kiir wouldn’t leave regional heads of state at the altar for the second time in 10 days?

The talking had been tough – the language of the leaders was strong.

When Kenya’s President Kenyatta said there was “no such thing as a perfect agreement”, it was clear it had been a tough day around a table.

People shouldn’t see “obstacles, but opportunity and hope,” he added.

Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni called South Sudan’s struggle for independence lea just war, but that this was “the wrong war in the wrong place at the wrong time”.

And then in a long, slow speech, pausing regularly to remove his glasses and wipe his face, it wasn’t quite clear if President Kiir was going to sign the deal or notis.

In the end he did, but any moment of statesmanship was lost in a piece of theatre.

He finally said he would sign only if the heads of state initialled a long list of reservations – which he then proceeded to do while photocopies of the list were handed out to the audience.

The regional leaders declined, but the signing went ahead. With renegade generals not signing up to the deal and much picking still to be done over the detail, there’s little here that would make the 1.6 million displaced people in South Sudan rush home.

Will South Sudan peace deal be worth the wait?

Before signing the deal, President Kiir spent hours in a closed-door meeting with the regional leaders.

Afterwards, he addressed the delegates, speaking at length of his unease about the deal and saying he wanted these reservations to be on record.

During his speech, South Sudan’s president mentioned areas such as the ambiguous structure and command of the South Sudan forces once the transitional government takes office in 90 days.
He also had issues about the power-sharing arrangements.

Fresh fighting that has erupted in the oil-rich town of Bentiu was a clear indication that rebels did not respect the deal they had so recently signed, he added.


From DailyNation of Nairobi, JUBA, WEDNESDAY/25/2015, SSN

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir has finally agreed to sign a peace deal and power-sharing accord to end a 20-month civil war, his spokesman said Tuesday.

Presidential spokesman Ateny Wek Ateny told AFP that the presidents of Kenya, Uganda and Sudan plus Ethiopia’s prime minister “will converge on Juba tomorrow morning for a one-day summit, and the President of the Republic of South Sudan will sign the peace agreement.”

The spokesman said, however, that the government was still unhappy with the accord, drawn up by the regional bloc IGAD.

“The government has some reservations… even if the President will sign,” Mr Ateny said.

South Sudan’s rebel leader Riek Machar, a former vice president, signed the deal last Monday, in line with a deadline to do so.


Both sides in the conflict have been facing the threat on international sanctions if they refuse to sign.

But Kiir only initialled part of the text, and his government slammed the accord as a “sellout” — saying it needed more time for consultations.

Key issues of disagreement include details of a power-sharing proposal between the government and rebels, which could see Machar return as vice-president.

Ateny also said the government was unhappy over calls to demilitarise the capital Juba, hand over greater powers to the rebels in the oil-rich Upper Nile region, and see foreigners in charge of a Monitoring and Evaluation Commission — the body that will police the implementation of the peace deal.

Sources in IGAD also confirmed plans for the deal to be signed in Juba on Wednesday, with Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, Ethiopian


Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn and chief mediator Seyoum Mesfin due to attend.

An IGAD official said rebel leader Machar would not be there because security provisions were not yet in place.

South Sudan’s civil war erupted in December 2013 when Kiir accused Dr Machar of planning a coup, setting off a cycle of retaliatory killings that has split the poverty-stricken, landlocked country along ethnic lines.

Marked by widespread atrocities on both sides, the war has been characterised by ethnic massacres and rape.

At least seven ceasefires have already been agreed and then shattered within days — if not hours — in the world’s newest country, which broke away from Sudan in 2011.

The peace proposal has been put forward by the regional eight-nation bloc IGAD, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, as well as the United Nations, African Union, China and the “troika” of Britain, Norway and the US.


The 72-page accord commits both sides to implementing a “permanent ceasefire” within 72 hours after signing.

Military forces also have 30 days to gather for “separation, assembly and cantonment” — or confinement to barracks, with their weapons secured in storage — with a security review ahead of an eventual reunification of forces.

All foreign forces in the war, including Ugandan troops backing Kiir, must leave within 45 days, while foreign militia forces, including rebels from neighbouring Sudan’s Darfur and Nuba mountain regions, must also be disarmed and sent home.

No troops are allowed closer than 25 kilometres (15 miles) to the capital Juba, with only presidential guards, police and guard forces protecting infrastructure can remain in the city.


The deal gives rebels the post of “First Vice President”, alongside the current vice-president.

That means Machar would likely return to the post he was sacked from in July 2013, six months before the war began.

Signatories also take responsibility for the war, “apologising unconditionally” for the tens of thousands killed.

A Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing will be set up to investigate “all aspects of human rights violations”, with a “Hybrid Court” — set up in collaboration with the African Union — to try crimes including possible genocide and crimes against humanity.

I’d be the first going to Juba after the peace, declares Alfred Lado Gore

Press Release: AUG/24/2015, SSN.

Salva Kirr has Zero capacity, making South Sudan a failed state, says Alfred Lado Gore. Those who have Zero capacity should be removed from the system because they failed us.

The deputy chairperson of SPLM and commander in- chief of SPLA General Alfred Lado Gore told thousands of South Sudanese who gathered at the peace rally in Addis Ababa Ethiopia.

Salva Kiir has zero capacity and that’s why he failed us. South Sudan need leaders with enough capacity to push this country forward. When we go to Juba, because we must go there, we should be well disciplined nationalists to make a significant change politically in our young nation.

The conflict in South Sudan is a national crisis which needs national solution and that’s why we need federalism, General Gore told the participants in Addis Ababa.

We need a good preparation for a total change in our country when we return to Juba because nothing would prevent us from doing it.

General Lado assured the public that he would go to Juba forsdt before his chairman as the advance team. I would be going to Juba and it would be only through my recommendation to allow our chairman to visit Juba.

Salva Kiir wants this war on tribal basis between Nuer and Dinka but this war is a national war because it killed everybody in South Sudan.

The current document that was signed is good for all of us even those who haven’t gone to the bush will have freedom when federal system is introduced. General told the people at the rally.

General Gore called for unity among south Sudanese practically, the opposition members. Our enemy now is not the government outside there, but those who are here among us trying to create division among us are the first enemy, he added.

Within the period of 18 month when we have our army separately, we should make use of it. Whatever percentage that we have been given now even if its 5% from all states in south Sudan, we shall make use of it properly to get 100% next time when elections are held.

Daniel Wour Joak, SPLM/IO representative to Norway and Scandinavia told the gathering that the opposition should have to accept this peace for the reason, we have many people specially Nuer and Shilluk who are now taking shelter under the UN protections sites or UNMISS across the country.

This is one of the reasons which make IO to signed peace. We need those people to come out and we need them to be free. When we signed the peace it doesn’t means that it’s the end of war but we should do it for the sake of our people specially the mothers who are now living in bad conditions in UN camps in the neighboring countries.

Nyayual Gatkuoth, who spoke on behalf of women said that we need to consider the suffering of our people in UNMISS Bases in Bentiu, Bor, Juba and Malakal. We should leave our differences behind and make good sacrifices for our nation. She added.



Speaking at the briefing in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, Machar said we did not signed peace for war to continue but to end it. “The signed compromise agreement will not be renegotiated because almost all the stakeholders signed the document including the IGAD PLUS, scivil society organization, Former detainees or FDs, Uganda president and faith groups.” He told Thousands of South Sudanese gathered yesterday at Desalengn Hotel in Addis Ababa for briefing about the signed compromise peace accord on 17 of August 2015.

Last week Kenya President Uhuru Kenyatta called the two heads of the negotiating teams on both sides in Nairobi to see if they could re-open the document for renegotiation but General Taban Deng and Nhial Deng Nhial rejected it.

We are for peace, we need a stable country where we should have real democratic elected government through ballot box after the pre transitional period. The current document addresses most parts on South Sudan conflicts such as federal system of governance, security arrangement, transformation on institutions and formation of hybrid court.

I am calling Salva Kiir to come to Addis by next Tuesday and sing his part for the peace to be restored in the republic of South Sudan.

If Salva fails and refuses to sign it, then the world would be forced to declare Salva Kiir as the enemy of peace. Machar added. SPLM party is for peace and we should aim for change in the republic of South Sudan, respect of human rights and culture diversity.

We would declare it to the whole world that we’re committed for peace, politically and economically, He said.

We need serious work on this peace where IGAD should work tirelessly to avoid sanctions which are at the corner to be imposed on our country. Sanctions are always difficult to be reversed, it take times to reverse it. Therefore I want government of South Sudan to sign peace to avoid arms embargo, travel ban and flight zone restriction imposed on our country.

SPLM I O has already kicked off the propaganda for peace here in Addis Ababa Ethiopia and we have to say yes for peace, Machar continued.

Foreign allied troops fighting alongside the government would be withdrawn from South Sudan territory within 45 days after the signature. It’s incorporated in this agreement. Juba will be demilitarized and the neutral forces would be formed.

Joint police on both sides and National security would be formed to take major towns specially Bentiu, Bor, Malakai as well as Juba. These neutral forces will be handled by joint command during the transitional period.

Contsruction and compensation funds will go for 3 years during the transitional government for the three states of upper Nile, Jonglei and Unity.

Issue of Jonglei state.
Several questions were raised about Jonglei and many were asking why it is given back to the government. In response, Machar stated it clearly that you cannot get 100 percent of your demands in negotiation, you should succeed somewhere and fail at some points.

First SPLM –IO was given 53 % in power sharing in three states of greater upper Nile including Jongle state and government with 33%, FDs with 7% and other political parties were given 7% but later on, figures changed, IGAD changed it to 40 % for SPLM-IO, 46% for the government, 7% for FDS and 7% for other political parties and gave the governor of Jonglei to the government of which we protested, but I-GAD said it made the decision.

Before I O was having zero percent in seven states of South Sudan but during the negotiation time, we got 15% in those states.

When I asked IGAD PLUS why they changed the first document? They said that it’s their decision Machar confirmed it to the mass of people gathered in Addis.

Stand Up With Governor BAKASORO !

BY: DR. Lako Jada Kwajok, AUG/21/2015, SSN;

The world is gradually getting used to the unthinkable taking place in the Republic of South Sudan. It’s apparent that some people there have special talents for the bad reasons. It seems more likely that South Sudan would be an endless source of dismay and ridicule as long as this regime remains in power.

It ranges from embarrassing its friends by lack of achievements whatsoever and rampant corruption, through committing atrocities against its own citizens and finally causing the unprecedented diplomatic scandal by Kiir refusal to sign the compromise peace agreement.

Who in his right mind would refuse to sign a peace agreement that stops the killing of his people on both sides of the warring camps ?! It is no wonder that South Sudan is becoming a laughing stock in the international arena.

The events of last week left even the layperson with the impression that South Sudan is being led by incompetent and self-serving people. It was obvious that the welfare of their citizens was the last thing in their minds if at all.

First there was confusion about the continuation of the peace talks. The Cabinet Affairs minister, Dr Martin Elia Lomuro stated over SSTV that the government delegation was being pulled out of the peace talks. He was actually deported by the Ethiopian authorities after entering the peace negotiation venue uninvited.

The ridiculous circus went on with the spokesperson for the the government delegation, Information minister Michael Makuei contradicting the Cabinet Affairs minister that the government delegation has not been withdrawn and was continuing to negotiate with the rebels.

He went on to accuse what he called as ” scrupulous media ” of spreading rumours. We know that a piece of information could be manipulated or changed while moving from one end to the other and this could turn into a rumour.

But Martin Elia was watched delivering the statement over the SSTV so it can not be a rumour and there is no such thing as ” visible rumour “. Salva Kiir was told by his inner circle to delegate V.P Wani Igga to sign the peace agreement document on his behalf. Only to change his mind within few hours to travel to Addis Ababa apparently following a call from president Museveni.

All these simply demonstrate how the so-called president has become a sort of a clown. However the final act that left the mouths gaping was Kiir refusal to sign the peace agreement document. The reason given was that he needs a couple of weeks to consult with his colleagues in the government before putting his signature on the document.

This is quite unusual and probably unheard of in the history of diplomatic agreements and treaties. The usual procedure is for the head of the delegation to go back for consultation prior to the principal coming down for signing.

But in this case the unbelievable happened as Kiir travelled back to Juba to seek approval from his colleagues. But now we know from Pagan Amum who signed the document on behalf of the G 10 that there was no excuse for Kiir not to sign as all consultations were done before coming to Addis Ababa.

It appears Kiir is not the final authority in South Sudan. Could it be that Kiir was seeking the approval of the JCE rather than his cabinet members ?!

But how is this going to play out in future should the government of national unity is finally formed. Would there be any world leader who would give any value to talks or agreements with Kiir knowing that he will still seek approval from the JCE?!

Coming to the main subject of this article, one day before travelling to Addis Ababa, Salva Kiir sacked 5 state governors from their positions including Governor Bakasoro. They were lured to what was said a ” National Soliderity Conference ” in order to release a statement condemning the IGAD-PLUS peace talks.

The governors were also asked to be critical of the western powers trying to impose ( white man peace agreement ). It is interesting that the ” white man peace ” phrase was coined by president Museveni in the Entebbe meeting of the so-called front line states on the 10/08/2015. So does it mean that the Ugandan president is now a co-ruler of South Sudan?

Leaving this aside and going back to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement ( CPA ) which ended up with the independence of South Sudan, Is there any reasonable person who would dispute the role of the white man in bringing that agreement into fruition?!

And by the way the white man engagement in the CPA was quite intense and sustained as compared to IGAD-PLUS peace process. Did any one including president Museveni, called the CPA a white man peace imposed on the South Sudanese people?!

Is it not abundantly clear that Kiir and his cohorts are just after satisfying their ego’s and personal interests ?!

Dismissing the governors is not the issue here. It is the singling out of governor Bakasoro and his detention. It is also the way this was carried out, as his wife stated that security forces stormed his house and looted money and property. Looting, brutality and property destruction have become the trademark of the security forces in South Sudan even when conducting a high profile arrest.

It is quite outrageous that Kiir’s illegitimate regime opted for this dangerous path. Bakasoro is a popular governor and has a wide following in Equatoria in general and in western Equatoria in particular.

So at the time when people are about to open a new page of peace and stability in the country, Kiir sticks a knife into the body of national unity by such unlawful act. So far no charges have been brought against him and yet he remains under arrest against the law of the land.

The 24 hours window of detaining a citizen without charges has already closed.

The news that the Equatoria caucus in the government demanded immediate release of governor Bakasoro without any conditions is very encouraging to the Equatorian masses and to the rest of the peace loving South Sudanese.

However we expect further actions to be taken within the next hours not days to keep the pressure on. It is now time for the Equatorians in the government to side with their people and face tyranny. There is a wealth of evidence that the regime does not enjoy any popularity whatsoever in Equatoria.

If they really care about their constituency and want to earn their respect then they should resign their posts if the regime refuses to release the governor. By doing so they will rehabilitate themselves and people would accept them with a big hug into the community, after all they are our lost lambs.

In fact this would be their best strategy for political survival and a chance presented to them on a golden plate. There is no meaning for life without dignity and being at odds with your community.

The last resort would be widespread civil disobedience all over Equatoria. Let Kiir and his JCE be left to soil themselves in the mud.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

IGAD-Plus and Peace Politics: Dateline without Deadline

“It is time we define governments in Africa as the responsibility, not the power” – Dlamini-Zuma

By James Okuk, PhD, AUG/22/2015, SSN;

On 17th August 2015 in Addis Ababa, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development for mediation of peace talks by the warring parties in South Sudan, known as IGAD-Plus, managed to conclude the twenty months negotiations. In the evening of the dateline set for the end of peace talks, the reinvigorated leadership of IGAD-Plus’s presented finally to the stakeholders the “AGREEMENT ON THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN”.

After ups and downs of the last minutes of peace talks politics, the agreement was initialed by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS), the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (In Opposition) known as SPLM/A-IO, and the SPLM Leaders known as the Former Detainees (FDs).

Unfortunately, the Political Parties of South Sudan were prevented to be in Addis Ababa to initial and sign the Agreement (though they welcomed it and stated their intention to sign it once given the opportunity to do so either in Addis Ababa or in Juba).

However, the GRSS postponed for two weeks the final signature of President Salva Kiir Mayardit on the document (pending the result of tactical further consultations or may tempers cooling at home). The president and his team have been given the benefit of doubts to prove their honesty within 15 days.

Good enough, the rest of the stakeholders, adherents, guarantors and witnesses initialed and signed the agreement with good faith.

The fact that the IGAD-Plus, powers from all corners of the world and most South Sudanese stakeholders have stood firmly together with one voice for ending the war and ushering peace, is a strong indicator that the GRSS has been left alone with no dignified choice at the end but to sign the peace agreement by 31st August 2015 in Addis Ababa.

Thus, the GRSS’ requested further consultations shall not have significance apart from mere registration of dissatisfaction and fear with some articles of the agreement, but which shall remain unaltered despite the protests. The dateline has not become a deadline for South Sudan! Good.

Despite the delay, there is still a great light at the end of the darkened tunnel. Peace is now outside from around-the-corner. Those who have been thinking that President Kiir is not committed to ending the war and bringing peace back to the country shall all get disappointed soon.

The evils that they might have been planning on the back of war situation shall get dispelled by the power of peace agreement that is going to be celebrated by all good-hearted people, both internally and internationally.

Anyone can call it a ‘forced agreement’ or a ‘bad deal’ but it will still be a congratuleable step for stopping the current devastating war and avoiding international humiliation!

There can never be ‘Bad Peace’ even if is achieved through unfair agreement. The awaited peace will bring the dignity of South Sudan back to where it had been from the time of its declaration of independence in 2011.

There shall no longer be desperate and dying South Sudanese at the congested inhumane UNMISS camps inside and refugees locations abroad. There shall not be threats of hunger. The children shall go back to schools. Rural hospitals and clinics shall reopen.

There shall be hope of livable livelihood and prosperity to all in all corners of South Sudan. Hard lessons would have been learnt.

The politics of peace talks is already over. What has remained for those who are still enjoying its hangover is nothing but emotional choice theory via frustration venom.

The Rational Choice Theory would dictate that the clever politicians should focus on politics of implementation of the signed peace agreement. Those who still want to continue with war or attempt to obstruct the implementation of the agreement shall be losers.

When the peace deal is finally signed and celebrated officially by all the designated representatives and permanent ceasefire within 72 hours is declared immediately, the 75-Page document shall become binding for implementation within three years (2015 – 2018).

The document comprises the Title; Table of Contents; Acronyms; Preamble; Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU); Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements; Humanitarian Assistance and Reconstruction; Resource, Economic and Financial Management; Transitional Justice, Accountability, Reconciliation and Healing; Parameters of Permanent Constitution; Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); Supremacy of the Agreement and Procedures for its Amendment; Signatories; and Appendixes.

Some articles of the agreement that have been stipulated under these headings are excellent, others are good and fair, but yet others are controversial and suspicious.

The preamble is excellent as it stipulates in writing the spirit under which the letter of the agreement is supposed to be implemented. It affirms the ideals of diversity, inclusivity, humanitarianism, reforms, collegial decision-making, transparency, accountability, rule of law, truth, justice, apology, reparation, compensation, healing, harmony, federalism, reconstruction and development that should become a norm by virtue of the advent of value of peace to South Sudan.

The preamble promises generically a peace that should make cats to lie in harmonious dignity in one territory with mice and rats.

The humanitarian and economy aspects of the agreement are good and fair in many aspects. The religious part of it is also acceptable to all the stakeholders as it focuses on reconciliation, forgiveness and healing in the warring communities so that the lost trust can come back so as to reweave the loosened social fabrics.

However, the power sharing aspect of the agreement is controversial, particularly for some selfish politicians and businessmen who are interested in holding or acquiring position seats for the sake of luxury.

This is where Machiavellianism is seen playing its principles of ‘the end justifies the means’ and ‘victory to the cleverest and the cunning’. This could get interwoven with the armed forces aspect of complications if not handled carefully with an eagle eye and sustained pressure from members of international and regional governments who have better leverages and stakes in South Sudan.

Regarding the security arrangements, the cantonments and demilitarization is not going to be a very easy affair unless the armed forces job is made less lucrative. The rebels may inflate their numbers but this shouldn’t be made a big deal as the mechanisms of the security sector reforms will catch up with them later. Juba and other capitals are not going to be demilitarized as it was proposed in the first draft compromise agreement.

What will take place shall be redeployment of forces to specific locations. The rebels might not like this provision but they have no choice but to put up with it.

The presidential guards will remain intact but pending reforms too. Military Barracks and Warehouses arms guards shall also stay put without limitation. That means the GRSS could redeploy as many soldiers into Bilpam SPLA Headquarters and Giyada as they wish (provided that they don’t come out to mingle with civilians while militarized with uniforms or arms).

There will not be foreign armed forces to neutralize the capital but only joint integrated police who shall also be deployed in Bor, Malakal and Benteu and in any other place in South Sudan with UNMISS’ Protection of Civilians (PoC) site. This is for building confidence in order to dispel fear of being harmed outside UNMISS’ premises when the civilians go back to their homes finally.

The unification of the warring forces shall be complete within 18 months so that no political leader goes to elections while owning a bullying military wing of his party. The SPLA name would also have been changed by then so that the newly reformed and standardized conventional defense forces of the Republic of South Sudan could take up their national duty in a rightful manner, far from regionalism or tribalism or nepotism. All the allied forces from neighboring countries shall leave South Sudanese alone.

However, the rotary choice of the executive positions within the agreed percentages of 53% for GRSS, 33% for SPLM/A-IO, 7% for FDs and 7% for Political Parties (who attended in June 2014 the IGAD’s Recognized Addis Ababa Symposium) is going to be very uncomfortable for the GRSS because the SPLM-Juba shall lose the grip on important some important ministries (like the Defense, the Security, the Interior, the Finance, the Petroleum, and the Foreign Affairs).

Some powers have been taken from the President and given to the First Vice President. The Incumbent Vice President (i.e., James Wani Igga) has nothing much to show for governance powers beyond commissions and smaller specialized institutions unless when delegated by the President but on condition of non-conflict with the duties of the First Vice President. However, this is not a surprise because Vice President is supposed to be part and assistant of the President and not a competitor of the First Vice President.

Both the President and the First Vice President shall not have absolute powers individually, because in case they failed to reach a consensus on an issue, the 67% and 23 quorum of Council of Ministers will have complete power over the divided Presidency in final decision-making on essential issues of governance and leadership.

Women can no longer be marginalized. Their 25% is now a right and not a benevolent duty from any male politician any more. They shall be in the Cabinet as full ministers and deputy ministers nominated by the principal stakeholders and appointed not by chance.

The National Legislative Assembly’s Speaker shall be from Equatoria but James Wani Igga shall have no option to switch from the Presidency to that post unless he resigns first. However, the replacement to the Vice President’s post shall not be guaranteed to go to Equatoria after he has left it. The concerned party (the GRSS) shall nominate any eligible South Sudanese from any region or from any gender to that vacant post.

At the states levels where the parliaments shall remained untouched; the SPLM/A-IO shall not have the upper hand in power sharing. Only the governors of Upper Nile and Unity state shall be nominated by the SPLM/A-IO while Jonglei State Governor shall be nominated by the GRSS.

The Ministers who shall serve under these governors shall be apportioned as 46% for GRSS, 40%for SPLM/A-IO, 7% for FDs and 7% for Political Parties who have been recognized by the IGAD. That means, the upper portfolios control in Greater Upper Nile shall remain with the GRSS party, in addition to overwhelming control of the rest of the seven states in other regions where the armed opposition (not specifically SPLM/A-IO because it could be REMNASSA, etc) shall be granted 15% share of executive power while the GRSS retains 85%.

All these are rewards to the rebellions but also to all factions of SPLM for having subjected South Sudan into crises. But given the dire quest for ending the war, this could be tolerated limitedly.

Any Member of Parliament at national or states level who has been dismissed shall be reconfirmed. However, the agreement is silent on the mode of replacement of those who have or who might have died while on parliamentary duty.

The national wealth (e.g., oil, gas, gold, timber, land, water, forests, fish, wild animals, etc) at the states levels shall not be left to the mercy of states governments. Revenues shall be centralized for the implementation of the agreement and accommodation of politicians and army generals. The desired equitable distribution of revenues in the spirit of sharing and rural community developments vis-a-avis population proportionality (call it taking towns to the people in the poor and destroyed villages) shall wait for later.

The IGAD-Plus in consultation with the stakeholders shall constitute a Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) as well as National Constitutional Amendment Committee (NCAC) to do the necessary for implementation of the provisions of the agreement during the 3-month pre-interim period and beyond. Other important institutions shall also be constituted or reconstituted (e.g., the National Elections Commissions, the National Constitution Review Commission, etc) for the same purpose.

All in all, if the SPLM leaders managed to unite by virtue of Arusha Reunification Agreement (which I doubt they will), the monopoly of power and wealth at the Presidency, the Council of Ministers, the Parliaments and the ten States shall become less sensitively controversial because the total share of all the SPLM factions shall be 93% and even more.

Otherwise, the SPLM with all its disgruntled factions shall remain volatile as groups competing perpetually for power and wealth monopoly interests. Their differences and conflicts in offices might trickle down to their militarized guards where history of 13 December 2013 might repeat itself. This is where the presence of neutral forces in the capital could make sense of safety predictability.

The Addis Ababa II Agreement seems to have come back minus the past glory of the dinosauric SPLM. This is good news for germination of multiparty democracy in South Sudan as each of the divided factions of the SPLM will soon find better ways of organizing and coalescing with others politically. The SPLM shall finally be archived in historical records and given the necessary past credits. Congratulations to IGAD-Plus!

However, the “AGREEMENT ON THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN” has not been written on hard stone because it is subject to amendment (but based on some stringent legal procedures). This provision is an acknowledgement that it is not a perfection document as there could be unforeseeable difficulties of implementation ahead.

Although the signatory phase of the agreement shall be commended, the implementation phase shall still have its hiccups, especially from the security arrangements aspects.

Some disgruntled politicians and splintered armed groups might still resist the spirit of the agreement and opt for disruptive saboteurs’ activities, thinking that they may have better gains for Other Armed Groups (OAGs) like what happened to late Gen. Paulino Matip during the implementation phase of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). Perhaps, this is where arms embargos during the peace time would make some sense.

It is observable that the courage from the South Sudanese warlords comes only from guns and ammunitions. But they don’t have any capacity of manufacturing such lethal power. Also most of those who are threatening the lifeline of the agreement cannot have the same courage of Somalis even when they promise Somalization.

I have never witnessed any South Sudanese putting a bomb on himself and getting out to a target un-shivering. Even those who are grinding their teeth now for seeing the President and other stakeholders signing an agreement that can bring peace back to the country will soon change their behavior and embrace sanity that usually comes with stability.

Big attention should not be accorded to their unfounded threats because some of them are already known for cowardice and propaganda as they depend on others for courage.

The frontlines states (Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia and Kenya) have already demonstrated commitment that they could help (collectively or individually) the Republic of South Sudan to be peaceful or to disintegrate totally if the rest of the world’s powers do not take the lead pragmatically beyond mere pronunciation of pressure and sanctions for spoilers of peace.

Also South Africa, Tanzania, United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Kingdom of Norway, the People’s Republic of China, the African Union Commission, the United Nations Security Council and the European Union have not been folding their ends when it comes to the crisis in South Sudan.

All of them have appended their signatures to be the guarantors of the agreement and would do whatever is at their disposal to ensure return of sanity of peace to South Sudan. However, what is critically required from these foreign powers is “The Responsibility while Protecting” the peace interests for the Republic of South Sudan and without conspiracy tactics or Plan Bs.

Viva for the upcoming of peace and justice to the born-again Republic of South Sudan!

Dr. James Okuk is lecturer and analyst in the area of politics. He can be reached at


August 19, 2015
CONTACT: Benjamin Okuka
PHONE: 734-335-4433


YPSILANTI, MI – On Sunday, August 16, 2015 President Salva Kiir Mayardit issued a decree dismissing Governors of four states. Major General Clement Wani Konga Gwollo of Central Equatoria, Colonel Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro of Western Equatoria, Major General Simon Kun Puoch of Upper Nile and Nyandeng Malek Deliech of Warrap state and replacing them with caretaker governors.

While the reason(s) for these dismissals are unclear, in the case of Gov. Bakosoro, it’s highly suspicious given the recent unrest in Mundri, Maridi, and Yambio, and Gov. Konga being an outspoken critic, as well as the proximity to the peace deal unfolding in Addis Ababa. Although the constitution grants the president powers to dismiss governors on grounds of national security, it appears these dismissals are purely politically driven by President Kiir and his government’s desire to consolidate power.

Furthermore it is unclear why Governor Bakosoro was detained and arrested in Juba, unlike the other governors. Until proven otherwise, we have been receiving reports that Governor Bakosoro is being subjected to possible torture, and humiliation. Hence, ESSCA-USA condemn in a strongest terms the arrest of Governor Bakosoro and calling for his immediate release. And we call on the President Kiir and Chief of Staff of the SPLA General Paul Malong Awan to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the governor. Until Governor Bakosoro is released, the government must announce on what charges the Governor is being held under and his whereabouts must be disclosed.

The dismissal and further arrest of Governor Bakosoro unnecessarily stirs up anger and frustration among the Equatorian population who hold Governor Bakosoro in high regard. This is a provocation to Equatorians and further indication that President Kiir continues to espouse an authoritarian form of government to intimidate and temp down any critics of president and this government.
Background on ESSCA-USA
The Equatorian South Sudanese Community Association–USA (ESSCA-USA) is a nonprofit community-based organization representing Equatorians in the United States. Equatorians in this context are defined as people who hail from the former Equatoria region located in the southernmost part of South Sudan. Currently, there are three states in Equatoria with a population of about 2.7 million comprising of 32 ethnic groups. This figure represents half of the 62 ethnicities in South Sudan.
ESSCA-USA’s vision is that of a united, self-supported and strong South Sudanese Equatorian community in the United States. ESSCA’s mission is to empower Equatorians in the USA through community mobilization, advocacy, education, and promotion of cultural heritage and self-help initiatives.

ESSCA-USA seeks to use whatever influence it has to improve the lives of the South Sudanese population through democracy, peace, rule of law, and stability. These are foundational pre-requisites for addressing the challenges confronting South Sudan, and expanding opportunities for the masses, and realizing the vision of South Sudan.

It’s time for President Kiir to show Leadership or Leave!

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, AUG/21/2015, SSN;

A few days ago the president, without explanation, removed five state governors, some of whom being elected officials. It’s very clear the president has advisors who either have no idea what they are doing, or the president does things while occupying his own world. Everything coming out of this presidency makes no sense. It’s dividing us and killing civilians by the day!

Anytime government officials talk of the legitimacy of the president, they invoke the fact that ‘he’s a democratically elected president.’ However, these tired minds fail to show that the country is running not only on idiotic parameters but also on undemocratic fatalism: no reverse gear!

We are just going and going and going in the wrong direction!

This president is perhaps going to be the worst thing to happen to South Sudan if he doesn’t change to salva-ge what is left of his presidency.

The constantly unexplained, unjustified, undemocratic and unjustifiable removal of elected governors not only reminds us of the oppression South Sudanese fought against for more than five decades; it also reminds us of the terrifying reality of the developing Musevenism in South Sudan.

Museveni is an old man with no wisdom and human heart; a man who not only fears opposition but mobilizes state resources against people who’d actually make the democratic process in Uganda meaningful!

And our dear president not only copied Beshir’s government structures and mannerism, he’s also sniffing the dirt under Museveni’s armpits. Very dirty!

Copying Musevenism is the death of South Sudan as a nation with economic and political functionality.

How can you call yourself a democratically elected president when you not only violate the constitution, but also act in an atavistic, undemocratic foolhardiness?

Criticism of government is not to be against the government. It’s a way of letting the government know how it’s performing in order to improve its service provision.

I’m in my 30s but I know this fact to be the reality of all successful governance in the world! How the hell can’t old men in their 50s, 60s and 70s know this?

When will you ever grow up to steer this country ahead in a mature manner? When are you going to stop acting like small kids?

Blaming Riek Machar for everything is childish! Without any doubt, Riek Machar is a man who’s ready to die for the sake of leadership. He’s shown his own dictatorial mannerism: 1991-1994 and 2015!

Dr. Lam Akol, Dr. Peter Adwuok Nyaba, Major General Peter Gatdet Yaka and Major General Gatkuoth Gatoath Oathnyany are living witnesses of Riek’s one-man leadership. But Dr. Riek Machar is not the president of South Sudan.

As the president, Mr. Kiir, you have to show leadership by taking responsibility of the peace process and successful implementation.

How long will you depend on mindless, heartless opportunists in your government and foreigners such as the heartless Museveni to make decisions for you? Outsiders can now intimidate us because of your failed leadership! Where in the world is peace forced?

I agree with you that signing a conditioned peace under duress is irresponsible and detrimental to the integrity and human valuation of the South Sudanese people; however, you’ve shown that you are anything but a leader.

Your decisions are not independent and every decision you make has always proven disastrous to the country!

Grow up (politically that is) or stop listening to opportunists! Or even better, pack up and go to Akon! And as you do that, tell Dr. Riek Machar too to go to Leer! It’s time for you two to start farming not politiking!

Nhial Bol Aken is still facing a devilish force more fatal and brutal than the one he faced in Khartoum! How can a son of the land feel worse and more oppressed in his motherland than in a foreign, oppressor’s land? Shame on you, Mr. President!

What happened to the good old Commander Kiir Mayardit? When did you go from a humble, less ambitious High Commander to a ruthless, unprincipled, cold-blooded, irrational General and President? I couldn’t figure that one out!

We used to watch you humbly pass by us in your then slim body, small goatie and Castro-style cap as we played football next to your compound in Itang. You had no cowboy hat then! What happened to that man of the people?

Unashamedly, you recently warned journalists that you’d test the killing on them because they are ‘against the country.’ “If anybody among journalists does not know that this country has killed people,” you said, then “we will demonstrate it one day, one time. … Freedom of the press does not mean you work against the country.”

And indeed someone fulfilled your warning. Moi Peter Julius of citizen newspaper is shot dead! Bravo, Mr. President?

Criticism is meant to improve the country not to destroy it. Anyone who points out the wrongs you do isn’t your enemy! Your enemy is the one who doesn’t tell you what’s wrong! You are a human being and you are bound to make mistakes!

You also, like Museveni, don’t condone criticism, or someone who disagrees with your point of view.

Are you the one who decides to arrest opposition figures and dissidents, or is there someone else who tells you that arresting the likes of Dr. Lam Akol of SPLM-DC and Governor Joseph Bakosoro is a good idea?

How democratic is preventing Lam Akol and Joseph Bakosoro from leaving the country? What democratic principle says that free citizens have to be prevented from leaving? Have you made South Sudan a giant prison?

Arresting opposition leaders, like Dr. Lam, is a work of wicked, frightened small men. What scares you in being criticized!

If any opposition figure says something that’s not true then send your officials to the media to falsify it and clarify your position by presenting factual evidence.

What’s the point of intimidating South Sudanese citizens? South Sudan is not a prison but you are making it one!

I warned Dr. Lam Akol a few years ago about the undemocratic nature of SPLM and your government, and he condescendingly responded by questioning why I said democracy hasn’t yet come to South Sudan.

He can now understand the value of my words as he languishes under house arrest, which is a function of your needless fear, obsession and incompetence.

Doing a good job is the best response against critics. Bring peace to South Sudan and initiate development programs and you’ll see that critics will have less or nothing to say in criticism.

Besides, stop making South Sudan a Jieeng kingdom and stop speaking in Jieeng in public like you did recently during Independence Day commemoration. I know some of your officials and supporters will run around saying: “But Riek Machar is doing that too!” Riek is not the president of South Sudan!

1- Most if not all state police commissioners are Jieeng.
2- Most of the ambassadors are also Jieeng.
3- The people whose decisions matter to you are also Jieeng.
4- The government delegation is headed by Nhial Deng, a Jieeng and the delegation is under the tutelage, control and influence of Makuei Lueth, another Jieeng.
5- SPLA spokesperson, Philip Aguer Panyang, is Jieeng
6- The face of SPLA on SSTV, Malaak Ayueen, is Jieeng

You are right when you, after taking over as Sudan’s First Vice President, stated that your car will be running with no reverse gear. The current destruction can only be explained by such a car. I advise you as such:

1 – Start accepting criticism as part of your governance system so don’t arrest politicians who disagree with you. You are not building a nation of single opinion where you lead an army of ‘opinionless’ robots.

2 – See those who criticize you not as against the country but those who’d want to hold you accountable in order to improve your service provision.

3 – Those criminally liable should be tried in a competent court of law not just arrested anyhow at whim!

4 – Stop removing elected officials without constitutional provision that supports such removals. That makes you a dictator regardless of what you say.

5 – Democracy doesn’t only apply to presidency but to all elected officials.

I understand we shouldn’t allow ourselves to be controlled by outsiders like America and Europe, but we shouldn’t destroy the livelihood of our people just because we want to resist external influence.

You are not strong enough and that’s why you recruited the assistance of Museveni’s UPDF so don’t think you have a chance against an international force that has been in existence for more than three centuries.

Kuir ë Garang lives in Canada. For contact, visit or follow him on twitter @kuirthiy

Peter Moi Julius: First Journalist shot & killed after Kiir’s murder threat


A journalist working for the New Nation newspaper and the Corporate Newspaper, Peter Moi Julius, was shot dead by unidentified gunmen in the Jebel area of Juba Wednesday evening.

Multiple sources have confirmed to Radio Tamazuj that Julius was killed as he headed home from work.

The incident comes three days after President Salva Kiir made a comment threatening to kill journalists for reporting “against the country.” Kiir made the statement at State House on Sunday before flying to Addis Ababa to attend peace negotiations.

At around noon Thursday a police ambulance brought the body to the mortuary at Juba Teaching Hospital.

At the hospital, Moi’s father Julius Kilong told reporters he found his son’s body near UNMISS in Jebel at a place called Hai Gomaroya after receiving a phone call at about 8:30 about the shooting. He said local residents told him they heard gunfire at around 8 pm.

Julius said his son was shot twice in the back but police prevented him from looking closer at the wounds. Photographs of the body reveal bloodstains on the left torso.

The elder Julius said his son had been with a girlfriend earlier in the night who lived in the same area as the journalist near the South Sudan Breweries Limited complex. He said he was unable to contact the girlfriend so far.

AFP news agency reported that his cell phone and money were not taken from his dead body which could indicate a targeted attack.

The head of the Union of Journalists of South Sudan (UJOSS) Oliver Modi said Kiir’s statement may have contributed to Peter’s murder. “This might also been taken by some individuals and then they acted to confirm what the president has said,” he explained.

“I would appeal to the president to give a press statement against his words so that the people of the Republic of South Sudan will get convinced of what he has said because now we have already started losing journalists,” he said.

Modi said he condemned the killing and said the security agencies are responsible for protecting all citizens including journalists. He called on the authorities to bring the perpetrators to account.

“This is not what the vision of this country,” he continued. “When we moved from 1955 up to date the vision is very clear to establish a new nation, and that was very clear in the words of the late Dr John Garang, moving from dictatorship of Khartoum regimes to a nation where we can guarantee freedom of expression, freedom of media.”

At least seven journalists have been killed in direct relation to their work in South Sudan this year, including journalists killed by unidentified gunmen during a January ambush of an official convoy traveling through Western Bahr el Ghazal state.

Earlier this month, the South Sudanese government shut down two newspapers and Free Voice, a group that is known for producing dramas aimed at promoting peace.

This article was updated at 15:57 on 20 August 2015.

Corrections: this article initially stated Moi Julius was found in Gudele – it was Jebel- and that Kiir made his remarks at the airport, when he had done so at the State House.

Photo: Moi Julius, Facebook


US and Britain push for UN sanctions on Salva Kiir regime


UNITED NATIONS: The US and Britain pushed for UN sanctions against South Sudan’s government on Tuesday, over its failure to sign a peace deal to end a brutal two-year civil war.

South Sudan rebel chief Riek Machar met a Monday deadline to sign the power-sharing agreement, but President Salva Kiir only initialled part of it and said he would return to the table in early September to finalise the accord.

US National Security Adviser Susan Rice accused Kiir’s government of a “failure of leadership” and said it had “squandered” another opportunity to end a conflict that has killed tens of thousands and which has plunged the world’s youngest nation into chaos.


“There must be consequences for those who continue to stand in the way of peace,” she said, calling for UN Security Council sanctions if the government does not sign the deal within 15 days.

On a recent visit to East Africa, US President Barack Obama threw his personal weight behind efforts to foster peace in a country midwifed into existence by Washington, but then, critics say, abandoned at birth.

The latest peace accord was brokered by the eight-nation East African Igad bloc, bolstered by the UN, the European Union, the African Union, China and other players, including Britain and the US.

At the UN headquarters in New York on Tuesday, countries weighed their next move.


“If the government will not sign up to the Igad-plus deal, then we must all be firm on our next steps,” British Deputy Ambassador Peter Wilson told the 15-member Security Council.

“We cannot sit by while leaders fight and their people’s suffering grows.”

The council last month imposed sanctions on six commanders — three from the government forces and three from the rebels — the first to be blacklisted by the United Nations over the conflict.

A travel ban and an assets freeze were slapped on the six men and the council is considering adding new names to the sanctions list, as well as an arms embargo.

But China, which has oil interests in South Sudan, said the government should be allowed more time to come on board.


“The best solution would be to reach an agreement,” said Chinese Ambassador Liu Jieyi.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon welcomed the signing of the deal by the rebel leader and expressed “his strong hope that President Kiir will sign the agreement by the end of the 15-day deadline”.

The Security Council is due to discuss sanctions on South Sudan at a meeting next Tuesday.

South Sudan has been torn by fighting between forces loyal to Kiir and rebels allied with Machar, his former deputy, since December 2013 and the violence has imploded along ethnic lines.

Nearly 70 percent of the country’s population is facing food shortages while nearly 200,000 terrified civilians are sheltering in UN bases. END