Archive for: August 2015

REMNASA calls on IGAD-Plus to instigate fresh Peace talks for resolving the South Sudan’s crisis

PRESS STATEMENT: AUG/31/2015, SSN;

The Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation (REMNASA) wish to ask East Africa’s regional block (IGAD) to consider the view of the people of South Sudan and initiate fresh peace talks between the unified SPLM’s regime and other armed opposition fronts in the Country so as to brining lasting peace to the suffering people of South Sudan.

The called “Compromised Peace Agreement” signed by the SPLM-IG of Salva Kirr, SPLM-IO of Dr. Riek Machar and SPLM-FD of Pagan Amun is not worth to bring peace as it has been rejected even by the key members of the conflicting parties that signed the agreement.

Besides that, this agreement has already been violated within 24 years after permanent ceasefire was declared by the respective leaders of SPLM-IG and SPLM-IO as troops from both sides has irresponsible engaged in military warfare in Unity State as well Equatoria – which becomes clear indication that, the peace agreement will remain just on paper without effective implementation, and so the peace can be said as dead peace of IGAD-Plus.

Peace cannot be brought full in any nation by small portion of warring factions, and never will any peace be sustainable while others warring factions are not involved in sustaining it. REMNASA has disowned this peace agreement and so is Federal Democratic Party (FDP); and therefore, without inclusiveness of REMNASA and any other revolutionary forces, IGAD-Plus must not expect any peace, but full scale war.

What we are expressing to IGAD-Plus is that, we do not want war, we need peace and so we are calling on them to help us bring this peace we demand by considering to initiate fresh peace talks between those of us remained exclusive from peace agreement with the unified SPLM’s regime under the leadership of Salva Kirr and his deputy Dr. Riek Machar.

But if IGAD will ignore our calls then they will not stop us for using military options – that is full scale war against this regime – whereas, we are more than ready, willingly and capable incase if no positive respond from IGAD-Plus to our calls.

It is time that IGAD should not impose his will on us, but considers our wills as South Sudanese to resolve our internal problems. This peace is not sustainable because it was started wronged by IGAD whereas it limited the peace talks only between selective parties with objective of supporting these selective parties to continue to rule this nation, which is total against the will of the ordinary south Sudanese; thus, the called Compromise Peace Agreement attempts to address the problems of these selective parties, while leaving the real problems that causing crisis in our society unaddressed.

We would like to state to IGAD-Plus and South Sudanese at large that, those two leaders; Dr. Riek Machar and Salva Kirr are failed leaders who are the real problems of South Sudan, they have failed to work together as team and they will not even work together as team in this transitional Government of national Unity and this is a real threat, and worry that, this peace will not be sustainable.

In fact, they (Kirr and Riek) worked perfectly together to loot our national resources, and failed to work as a team to offer constructive political leadership to this nation, as well deliver services to meet the expectation of the suffering people of south Sudan.

We are therefore calling for the two leaders to be excluded from the Transitional Government of the National Unity and should they need to come back to lead, they should wait for the general election, and seek it through popular vote of the people.

Indeed, with those two in transitional Government of national unity, with their spirit of selfishness, they can still fail to sustain the Peace agreement IGAD-Plus is imposing on this nation, in the name of suffering people of South Sudan.

IGAD-Plus should recall that, the 2005 IGAD broked Comprehensive Peace Agreement was sustainable because iot was inclusive Agreement brought by all political factions in South Sudan; but this IGAD-Plus’s Compromised Peace Agreement is already failed because it is Exclusive Agreement by portion of waring factions – whereas REMNASA and other armed revolutionary forces such as FDP are left out, and in this regard, the International Community should not blame the people of South Sudan as people who don’t want peace because they (the International Community) has as of now from IGAD-Plus’s CPA failed to meet our demands as nation – that will help us find our sustainable peace.

If IGAD is interests to bring peace in South Sudan as it has been claiming, IGAD needs to bring full and complet peace and not half peace as this Peace IGAD believes it has brought top South Sudan.

Final, REMNASA is willingly to seek for alliance with every excluded faction such as FDP to ensure IGAD respond positively to our national calls for fresh peace talks with unified SPLM, or launch full scale war as option to bring peace to our people.

Signed

Col. John Sunday Martin;
Spokesman-REMNASA
E-mail: guerillalinks@gmail.com
Cellphone: +236-75172511

Signing a pact is a step forward: Now fight corruption mercilessly!

BY: Andrew K. Michael, South Sudanese, AUG/30/2015, SSN;

At 16:54 hours on 26 August 2015, H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan inked an accord signed earlier by Dr. Riek Machar of the SPLM-IO and a former detainees’ representative, Pagan Amum. The signing, which was witnessed by heads of states predominately from East African countries and Sudan, has ushered a new dawn for the people of South Sudan who have borne the brunt of war for the last 20 months.

With this peace agreement, people hiding for their lives in the swampy areas will think of returning to their homes in spite of having been reduced to ashes. With this peace agreement, the people of South Sudan will have a second chance to bring about reforms in their country.

With this peace agreement, the people of South Sudan can reconcile and reunite in diversity rather than divided by diversity!

For the first time in 20 months, the national television, SSTV, showed and hosted South Sudanese artists from all corners of the country, depicting diversity of the great nation ruined by war.

It was amazing to see those youngsters play because they know peace would once again bring happiness to the people whose livelihoods had been robbed.

Having signed the peace deal, how will the government ensure service delivery to the people?

How will it reconcile the people whose thinking, as they were made to believe so during the war, is ashamedly based on ethnicity and regionalization?

What frameworks will the government put in place to attain permanent peace?

Upon resigning and while moving out of the White House in his chopper, the 37th President of the United States (1969-1974), Richard Nixon, said these words: ‘’I will forget my past and look to the future’’.

He said these because he did not want the mistakes of his past to haunt him. He said this because when he capitalized on thinking about it, he would presumably not work for his future.

He would probably think of what to do to undo what had transpired in the wake of the Watergate scandal.

This wise decision is worth taking by the people of South Sudan. We, the people, need to acknowledge what had happened to us during the war, but do not need to capitalize on it.

We need to work toward building a peaceful country. This is only attainable by all, not only the president and government.

Needless to say, the government and opposition leaders must now stop finger-pointing and name-calling. This can only exacerbate the already fragile relationship.

It is time to work together as a people destined to achieve common objectives. We cannot afford to inflict more suffering in the people of this country.

We have come from far and now we have a chance to show to the world that we can only live in harmony. My fellow country men and women, let’s do that!

Let’s make this country a place we can call home! It does not help to say my brother X made a visit. It does help though, to work to correct all that was not done rightly.

Let’s do just that and we will become once again a great nation. All those countries we see today as if God had returned to install all the good roads, establish functioning institutions, also faced difficulties, including waging wars which claimed millions of lives.

Nevertheless, the people of those countries sat down and said NO to war! They said YES to democracy and accountability! We also can do that and do it NOW!

Mr. President, you are a symbol of national unity. If you did not know, you are like the flag and South Sudanese currency. Your decisions affect every citizen of this country in one or another. They can do so negatively or positively.

We, the people of South Sudan, have a lot to thank you for. Your handling of the fragile 2005-2011 interim period is one of them. The people of Southern Sudan were nervous at the time.

They thought things would fall apart between the then government of national unity and that of Southern Sudan. It ended so well, with us securing what we wanted: Sovereign state.

Whatever happened on the night of 15 December 2013 had happened and we need to move ahead.

The lessons learned during the last 20 months are numerous and it is time you demonstrate to your employer, the people of South Sudan, that you are an employee who delivers results!

The employer will keep observing your performance and based on this, your next signing of a job contract is at the discretion of the employer! We are watching!

They say ‘’one can create problem to bring change’’! Watch out, Mr. President. Beware of people who advise you.

It’s time you screen pieces of advice advanced to you by who you may think are your right hand men and women. A number of them might be eyeing your seat and in the process can instigate your failure by way of advice!

What do you think if someone asks you to refuse peace because of power? Why would someone choose war just to continue killing innocent people?

It’s time to say enough to embracing immunity. It’s time to act transparently. It’s time to task technical experts in key institutions to deliver services to the people.

It’s time to hold people accountable for their deeds! Proceeds from national resources should not NOW be pocketed by few in Juba!

We can no longer afford to embrace corruption in this country, for this is one of the ingredients of war and conflict of any sort. Get rid of it completely and NOW not TOMORROW!

Dr. Riek, we the people need your inputs in developing the country. Work with the President as friends, not as foes as people will keep preaching.

Remember you two are South Sudanese, not Nuers and Dinkas as our people like ethnic division that has reduced our country to nothingness!

We must put South Sudan lens, not ethnic ones! We must not use innocent boys as our shield during fighting. They deserve to be in schools. They need to work for their families, but not to be killed in frontline for what they do not know!

While delivering his victory speech in Chicago, the incumbent US President, H.E. Barack Obama, said: ‘’to those Americans whose support I have yet to earn, I may have not earned your votes tonight, but I hear your voices, I need your help, and I will be your president too’’.

Now, to those of you South Sudanese leaders, be it in the military and national assembly, we understand your point, but we now need to work together.

South Sudan is happy when peace prevails!

You are never famous because you fight wars. Instead, you are when you embrace peace. Stop inciting people, war mongers. I think it is high time the people rise up against those who want to continue fighting and condemn them strongly…

Young men and women, if there were anyone to leverage our leaders and our people to ensure prevalence of peace in this country, we are the ones!

Stop taking sides based on ethnicity and regionalization. Let’s preach peace in any forum we converge in. We are brothers and sisters.

Even during the then 21 years of war, we did not encounter a situation where we could not stay in certain parts of the country because of our identity. Never. This did not happen.

At the moment, a South Sudan youth needs to think twice before moving to some parts of his/her own country lest s/he will be killed! This should CEASE as we enter the post war era. Remember the word of Richard Nixon quoted earlier.

We must join in unison and sing a song of peace. From now henceforth, let’s unite in diversity! Let’s see ourselves as brothers and sisters from South Sudan, not through ethnic lens!

Thank you those countries who tirelessly worked towards the signing of this agreement. You encountered resistance from the war parties, but I assure you the people to whom this peace belongs are short of words to thank you.

We request that you continue working with the parties to ensure implementation of the accord during the 30 month period.

May God almighty help us to strongly grip this peace? Amen.

Andrew K Michael is South Sudanese citizen and can be reached at michaelkakuma98@gmail.com

Security Concerns in the Transition after peace agreement

BY: Dr. Lako Jada Kwajok, AUG/30/2015, SSN;

The completion of the signing of the compromise peace agreement has given South Sudan a golden opportunity for a fresh start. If this chance is managed in the spirit of patriotism and selflessness, then people may later look back at the previous period as a nightmare that befell the country.

It was a relief to many peace loving South Sudanese who constitute the overwhelming majority of the population. However we must not forget that the government in Juba was against the very thing that it was compelled to comply with.

The birth of peace was never easy and went through difficult labour that lasted for months. Like any newborn that came to life through difficult birth, it will be fragile with the risk of failure to thrive hanging over it unless it gets adequate nurturing and care.

It is now the responsibility of the South Sudanese people to make the agreement work. There is no such thing as “just peace” as the government would want us to believe when it is an effort to bring peace to the people of the same country.

They want a “just peace” for themselves so that the corruption could continue unabated and the criminals could be let off the hook.

We also must keep in mind that total peace is not achievable as long as there are other groups fighting the government.

Therefore the would be formed transitional government of national unity (TGoNU), should strive to establish dialogue for peace with REMNASA and any other fighting groups.

There are those who entertain the idea of spending heavily on weaponry with the naive belief of crushing the rebels. It will not work and we have an example in David Yau Yau group which is formed of members of a small tribe, the Murle. As everyone knows, the government had to make a deal with them in the end.

The compromise peace agreement however ushered in new dynamics to politics in South Sudan. There has been a lot of talk, movements and efforts towards SPLM re-unification in recent weeks and months.

As it stands, the efforts have not reached fruition yet despite the fact that some members of the G10 have already joined the SPLM in government. Thus when the TGoNU is finally formed it will be in essence a coalition government comprised of different parties with different agendas.

We hope the politicians would put national interests above party, personal and tribal interests. Unfortunately there is already bad blood between the parties even before the conflict.

If people don’t rise above personal grudges and personal interests then the going will really be tough. Salva Kiir has expressed his dissatisfaction openly and that he would sign the agreement against his will.

Army chief of staff, Malong is one of the driving forces against signing the agreement. The world have seen how the government organised demonstrations against peace with some ministers participating in them.

It was weird demonstrations as people worldwide are used to demonstrations against war but not against peace.

On the day he signed the peace agreement (26/08/2015) in the presence of the regional leaders, Kiir was visibly angry and clearly signed the document against his will. He went further to hand the regional leaders a list of reservations about the agreement.

It would have been more preferable if a neutral person was made to be president in the transition. A member of the clergy like our Archbishops or Bishops would have been more acceptable to all parties and more appropriate to preside over the transition.

That person would likely have a good chance of running a government composed of people with different views and antagonistic agendas.

There is a lot on the table that could be an impediment to cooperation and the smooth running of the government apparatus. For example, how will the TGoNU refer to the events that took place in December 2013?!

Would president Kiir and his camp maintain their line of argument that it was a coup d’etat?! And should they do that, would it not trigger conflict within the cabinet bringing the TGoNU into a standstill?!

On the other hand if Machar’s camp calls it rightly a massacre against the Nuer civilians, would it not lead to confrontation between the two rivals?! So with all this antagonism, how will the TGoNU work?! Only God knows !

Security during the transition is a worrying issue particularly to SPLM/A-IO. Despite the demilitarization of Juba, the SPLM/A-IO leadership would still be vulnerable.

This is because contrary to what was stipulated in the original proposed compromise peace agreement, the government can keep its military hardware and as many soldiers it wants inside Giyada or Bilpham provided they don’t come out in uniform or armed.

As you can see it will be too easy for Kiir to deploy his forces should he opt for a show down. Machar would be in a precarious situation to face up to the onslaught as he would have insufficient forces.

It will all be down to the foreign forces (guard force) that would be tasked with being a buffer force between the two sides. Its composition, number and level of armament would be crucial in deterring any thoughts of dishonouring the agreement.

It will be desirable if the UPDF is left out of the buffer force, after all they have been there for 20 months and will not function as a neutral force.

The total number of the force should be comparable to the number of Kiir’s forces in the barracks. The force should be armed with modern weaponry lest it will be helpless in standing up to a force armed with tanks and armoured personnel vehicles.

All that being said, we should not forget that some elements in the proposed force could be complacent. We have at hand the example of what took place in Abyei, when citizens were massacred by the Bashir’s forces in the presence of the UN and the Ethiopian forces.

Policing Juba city is another difficult and tenacious issue to deal with. With the current crime rate, Juba would rival cities like Johannesburg in South Africa or Medellin in Colombia, South America, if population size is taken into consideration.

What will be happening in Juba will not be confined to ordinary crimes only but will include political assassinations. We have already seen the assassination of the speaker of the western Equatoria assembly, Late James Bage Elias and the young journalist, late Peter Moi Julius, let the almighty God rest their souls in eternal peace.

With the bitter dissent and heightened rhetoric coming out from the Kiir’s camp, one can only expect the worse to happen. There is no doubt, the assassins would be in business unless a major security shake-up is implemented in the transition.

Juba has never been a safe place to live in since Kiir took office. Before that people used to walk the streets at night without fear. In the hot season, families used to sleep outside their rooms or huts without worrying for their safety.

Those exercises are now something of the past because you are not even safe within the confines of your room.

The reason is that due to tribalism and nepotism, the police force in central Equatoria state has always been under a Dinka chief of police. Even the small police stations in the residential areas are being led by Dinka officers.

They are not in those positions because of qualifications, in fact a significant number of them have no qualifications at all, some carry fake certificates and others could barely read or write or not at all. This is why policing of Juba has been a total failure and a disgrace for the regime.

It is time that policing Juba city should be handed over to the Equatorians. Firstly, it is their ancestral land and they have every reason and enthusiasm to work hard and keep it safe.

Secondly, they are well educated, better trained and well disciplined than many in the present police force.

Thirdly, there is a clear lack of etiquette among many in the ranks of the current police force. Policing is not all about beating people up and being a bully in the community. It is all about establishing good relations with the local community that will help the police in performing its duty.

The current police force is tainted with unruly behaviour and brutality towards the civilians. Primitive behaviour is also an issue that is unbecoming of the police force of our capital city.

The police force in Juba is supposed to show the good face of South Sudan therefore should be a well disciplined, well educated and civilized. All those attributes are in abundance among the Equatorian police officers.

There is no reason at all that can convince us that the Police chiefs in the Equatoria states, should not be Equatorians.

The Equatorian politicians and populations have a duty to prevent and reject the imposition of anyone not from Equatoria to take up the post of police chief. In fact the bulk of the police force in Equatoria should be Equatorians.

The same should be applied to the other states, for example the police chief and the bulk of the police force in Lakes state should be from the indigenous population. This will go a long way in cutting down the current crime rates and would allow the police to regain some lost grounds.

Also it will help in restoring trust in the police as people tend to be careful when dealing with their own communities.

The peace agreement has prescribed general elections to be held 60 days before the end of the transition. It is hoped that the 30 months which is the life span of the TGoNU, would give all the parties ample time to prepare for the elections.

Preparation entails establishment of a campaign organisation and mobilization of the grass roots. This will all need field work among the local population in all the states in South Sudan.

It is clear that campaigning would be a risky business for SPLM/A-IO in the states that it was allocated 15% power sharing. The issue will still be how could the opposition campaign freely without, intimidation, coercion or even risking their lives.

Expansion of the demilitarized areas to include major towns would have been more conducive to a peaceful campaign for all the parties.

Air travel using the government helicopters would pose a particular risk to the leadership of the opposition. They should not underestimate Museveni’s regime expertise that has been extended to the government.

What is clear is that assassination of any of the opposition leaders, God forbid, will witness the rapid unraveling of the whole peace process.

Signing of the compromise peace agreement has produced winners and losers.

WINNERS :

1. The South Sudanese citizens who have been yearning for peace over the past 20 months.

2. Dr Riek Machar who earned the position of a peace seeking leader in the eyes of the world by signing the compromise peace agreement without hesitation or reservation. His willingness to work with someone who tried to kill him only 20 months ago, exhibited his statesmanship.

3. The IGAD-PLUS peace mediators who are to be commended for perseverance.

4. President Salva Kiir as his signature earned him legitimacy. However his reservations have not been recognised by the international community.

LOSERS :

1. Paul Malong, the SPLA Chief of Staff, as he was very vocal against signing the agreement.

2. The Jieng Council of Elders ( JCE ) which has sent a letter to the peace mediators opposing the compromise peace agreement.

3. President Museveni of Uganda who tried to introduce changes to the agreement document in the Antebbe meeting of the so-called front line states. His lucrative deal with president Salva Kiir is coming to an end as the UPDF will have to go home.

Dr Lako Jada Kwajok

UPDF will not leave South Sudan, says Uganda foreign affairs minister

KAMPALA, Saturday Monitor, JUN/29/2015, SSN;

The Uganda People’s Defence Forces will not pull out of South Sudan despite the peace deal signed by President Salva Kiir on Wednesday that directs all foreign troops to leave the country.

The Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Mr Henry Oryem Okello, yesterday said UPDF presence in South Sudan is not bound by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (Igad)-mediated peace agreement and cannot withdraw.

“We are not pulling out. Uganda is not part of the agreement. We have a bilateral arrangement with South Sudan government like US has troops stationed in Japan,” Mr Oryem said.
Ugandan troops deployed in South Sudan in December 2013 following the outbreak of fighting between President Kiir’s government and the rebels of his former vice president Riek Machar.

The UPDF deployed in South Sudan at the invitation of President Kiir.

On Wednesday, President Kiir grudgingly signed the peace deal nine days after he had refused to sign the agreement that, among other things, requires all foreign troops to get out of South Sudan within 45 days.

“Warring parties agree[d] to a complete withdrawal of all state security actors allied to either party in conflict within forty five (45) days upon signing of this Agreement from the territory of the Republic of South Sudan with the exception of Western Equatorial State, based on agreements entered into by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan prior to the onset of the December 15, 2013 crisis,” the peace agreement says on foreign troops.

Western Equatorial hosts the headquarters of the African Regional Task Force, led by Ugandan military contingent, which is hunting the Lord’s Resistance Army rebels and its elusive leader Joseph Kony.

On Thursday, the UPDF spokesperson, Lt Col Paddy Ankunda, could not say whether they would be leaving or staying in South Sudan as per the provisions of the peace pact.
“I can only say that we have not received instructions to leave at the moment,” Lt Col Ankunda said.

Mr Oryem described the peace deal that is expected to end the 20 month-long hostilities as “a step in the right direction” much as President Kiir has expressed reservations about it.
The deal recognises Dr Machar as the commander-in-chief of the South Sudan Armed Opposition Forces, a provision President Kiir had fiercely protested, saying it was a creation of two armies.

Terms

• All military forces to move out of Juba and be stationed 25km away and be replaced by unspecified “guard forces” and Joint Integrated Police. Only presidential guards to remain in Juba.
• Elections to be held 60 days before end of transitional government’s mandate
• Rebel leader Riek Machar becomes “first vice-president”
• Transitional government of national unity to take office in 90 days and govern for 30 months.
• Fighting to stop within 72 hours. Foreign forces to leave within 45 days. END

Humanitarian Appeal by Shilluk Community in Diaspora: Forgotten Shilluk in Upper Nile State

To: H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, Secretary General,
Office of the Secretary General of United Nations,
885 Second Avenue New York, NY 10017, USA.

Date: August 24, 2015
Subject: The Forgotten Shilluk Civilians in Upper Nile State in South Sudan

Dear Your Excellency Ban Ki-moon:

We the undersigned members of the Shilluk community in Diaspora would like to draw your attention, the attention of the UN and the wider international community to the war crimes and crimes against humanity being committed in the Shilluk Kingdom by the dictatorial regime of President Salva Kiir of South Sudan.

We condemn in the strongest possible terms the horrendous crimes and violations of international humanitarian law being committed against unarmed Shilluk civilians in the Upper Nile State of the Republic of South Sudan.

We are deeply saddened by the continued devastation and denial of access of NGOs to provide food and medical supplies to the civilian population.

It is with considerable sadness that we write this letter to you, in the name of the thousands of defenseless, starving, sick and desperate Shilluk people in the Upper Nile State of South Sudan who are being bombarded daily by the ruthless regimes of President Kiir and Yuweri Museveni of Uganda who is shamefully actively supporting him on the ground.

We are aware that you are fully informed and aware of the government of South Sudan’s recent decision to deny humanitarian access and aid to civilian populations who have been caught up in the conflict zones and of the deliberate bombardment of civilian populations, schools and hospitals in Chollo areas by the governments of South Sudan and Uganda.

We would like here to mention some of the most recent human rights violations in Shilluk areas. For instance, after the recent government recapture Malakal, the capital city of Upper Nile State, from the rebels in July 2015, it used Ugandan-led air bombardments and deliberately targeted the civilian population including hospitals and schools in the towns of Kodok and Owaci where aid organizations were assisting people in need, destroying hospitals, schools and houses and killing civilians including children, women and elderly.

Entire Shilluk communities have been forced out from their ancestral homes by the repeated bombardments and they are now living under harsh conditions in the bush fearing for their lives.

Many of these civilians are facing dire humanitarian situation such as a lack of food, medicine, sanitation and shelter from heavy rains and other elements.

Again, in a separate incident in Kodok, a hospital run by International Committee of Red Cross was bombarded several times where approximately thirty patients lost their lives.

These barbaric incidents forced the Red Cross to withdraw from the area and left civilians vulnerable due to lack of health services. According to the International Committee of the Red Cross 12 civilians have been killed in Kodok as a result of bombing of the hospital and school by the government of South Sudan using Ugandan helicopter gunships.

On Saturday, July 18, 2015, a truck full of civilians’ mostly women and children was ambushed on the highway linking Malakal and Paloch by the so called Dongjol Dinka Militia supported by South Sudan’s government.

These civilians were on their way from Malakal to Paloch. The truck was travelling from Malakal and carrying goods and food aid for the IDPs at UNMISS in Paloch. The militias began shooting at the truck and killed two Shilluk civilians and dozens of others were wounded and brought to UNMISS health facilities in Malakal.

On May 24, 2015, the combined forces of the Padang Dinka SPLA of Akoka, Darfur forces and Blue Nile forces killed and wounded 28 Shilluk civilians near UNMISS outside Paloch. Many of the victims could not be recognized except for only three, identified as follows; Chan Charles Othow, Wilson Sabino Ayul, Ayual Ajak Adwong.

Again on May 25, 2015, about 30 Shilluk youth disappeared after they went to the town in Malakal and never return to UNMISS. Many assumed they may have been killed by the Padang Dinka SPLA.

In another recent incident, the killing of Shilluk civilians occurred on Sunday, July 26, 2015; when a Dinka counterinsurgency within SPLA government forces in Upper Nile State ambushed Shilluk civilians on the road between UNMISS at Malakal town and Makal village at about 8:00 pm at night. The civilians were coming from Wau Shilluk in search of food.

Four people were found dead on Sunday morning and one person was wounded and has been treated in the hospital in UNMISS compound.

Dinka SPLA forces continue to kill Chollo civilians and this is clearly an orchestrated ethnic cleansing which should be confronted by the international community.

Reports from sources in affected areas on the ground indicate that children, the elderly, and women are dying every day in Kodok, Wau Shilluk and many other areas in the Shilluk Kingdom in Upper Nile State due to lack of food and medicines.

Furthermore, the government of South Sudan is continuing to prevent the NGOs, UN agencies and other aid groups from reaching civilians in the Shilluk land who have been affected by the conflict. Under the international humanitarian law and the laws of war, the South Sudanese government is obligated to allow and facilitate rapid and unrestricted passage of humanitarian relief to civilians who have been affected by the conflict.

We strongly call on UN, IGAD, the AU, the Troika countries and EU to bring more pressure to bear on the government of South Sudan and its partner in crime, the Ugandan government, to immediately stop all forms of indiscriminate aerial bombardments against the civilian population in the Shilluk areas of Upper Nile State, to stop preventing the NGOs from delivering food aid to the civilians who have been trapped in the West bank of the Nile and for the Ugandan government to withdraw its forces from the area.

The Ugandan bombardment of civilian populations constitutes serious violation of international humanitarian law.

We urge the international community to act against the government of South Sudan and uphold the principles of international humanitarian law by ensuring humanitarian access and assistance to the civilian populations who have been affected by the conflict.

In recent weeks the government of South Sudan has intensified its offensive against the rebels in the Upper Nile State and surrounding areas. In this fight against the rebels, the government of South Sudan is committing serious human right abuses, pursuing scorched earth policy and committing war crimes against unarmed civilian populations who are not party to this conflict.

What is happening now in the Shilluk Kingdom is similar to what the same so called South Sudan army of the SPLA did in 2010 when they burned entire Chollo (Shilluk) villages, raped hundreds of women and girls and killed an untold number of civilians in Shilluk villages as reported in the following link:
http://www.aljazeera.com/video/africa/2010/12/201012237023933452.html

The UNMISS has moral obligation to fulfill its mandate to protect civilians in Malakal town and the entire Shilluk Kingdom from the violence by ensuring that peacekeepers are deployed in larger numbers to Malakal town and other areas in Upper Nile state.

Despite the fact that Malakal is under control of the government of South Sudan, South Sudan’s government has failed its responsibility to protect the civilians in Malakal, Kodok, Owaci and Wau Shilluk in Upper Nile State. UNMISS should provide more security to protect civilians and displaced people in its bases in Malakal and other areas in South Sudan.

What is happening in Upper Nile state is a crime against humanity whereby the killing of civilians continues and acts of terror, atrocities, destruction and looting of properties are committed by the very government forces who are supposed to protect the civilians.

Already many international observers are predicting horrific famine in South Sudan similar to the famine which occurred in 1988 where many lives were lost due to starvation. The following link provides an example of the desperate conditions of the civilians who have been trapped in the conflict in the Shilluk Kingdom in the Upper Nile State of South Sudan: http://www.france24.com/en/20150620-exclusive-south-sudan-fighting-displaced-nile-frontlines-malakal.

According to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) the hospitals in Kodok that were catering for the vulnerable civilian population were left with serious shortages of doctors and medical personnel because ICRC staff could not safely access the area.

In its recent report, UNICEF indicated that most of Shilluk civilians on the West bank of the Nile River are in dire need of humanitarian assistance. This link is the latest example of desperate civilian situation of those trapped in the conflict in the Shilluk Kingdom. http://news.yahoo.com/south-sudan-thousands-risk-starvation-amid-nile-blockade-111838300.html.

Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) and Doctors without Borders also reported the dire situation of the civilians and appealed for urgent humanitarian relief.

They and called on the government of South Sudan to allow unrestricted access to Malakal and surrounding areas so that aid agencies can provide urgent humanitarian assistance to thousands of people caught up in the violence in Upper Nile state. This is another Link to the reality of the situation: https://www.msf.org.za/msf-publications/south-sudan-msf-calls-urgent-humanitarian-access-to-upper-nile-state

We are therefore urgently appealing to the UN and the international community to act and rescue civilians in the Shilluk Kingdom.

The suffering of the civilian population in the Shilluk Kingdom continues to worsen due to continuing violence and lack of humanitarian assistance.

President Salva Kiir’s regime should know that under the UN Charter for member states, Article 56, they have a legal obligation to respect and ensure respect for human rights such as the rights to food, shelter and basic medical care for the civilian populations in the conflict.

However, It is clear that Kiir’s government continues to deliberately cut off humanitarian assistance to Chollo (Shilluk) civilian populations along the Nile, in particular on the west bank, including areas hosting large numbers of displaced persons in Wau Shilluk, Kodok and Owaci.

It is also clear that President Salva Kiir’s government is using food as a weapon of war to starving Shilluk civilians. This is the worst human rights violation under international humanitarian law and the world must act to stop the killing of civilians and save lives.

South Sudan government and Ugandan warplanes continue to bomb civilians in the Shilluk Kingdom of Upper Nile State as we speak.

Your Excellency, your intervention to stop the continuing genocide and crimes against humanity taking place in South Sudan and humanitarian relief for the civilians affected by the conflict is urgently needed.

Your Excellency, we believe your leadership can play a crucial role by putting pressure on the government of South Sudan to end its restriction of humanitarian aid for the people of the Shilluk Kingdom and to end the air bombardment against civilian populations.

In conclusion, we respectfully reiterate the following:

1. We urge your Excellency as Secretary General and executive head of the UN, to immediately establish a high-level inquiry and fact finding mission in affected areas with a view to thoroughly investigate these war crimes and to ensure that those responsible are held accountable.

2. We are appealing for urgent humanitarian relief for people in need in Shilluk Kingdom in South Sudan who have been affected by the senseless violence and ignored by the international community.

3. We are urging the AU, the Troika countries, EU and UN to put pressure on the government of South Sudan to immediately end restriction of humanitarian aid and the provision of food and medicine to the civilian population who have been affected by the conflict.

4. We call upon the IGAD-plus, the AU, the Troika countries, EU and UN to condemn these crimes against humanity and bring more pressure on the government of South Sudan and its partner in crime the Ugandan government to immediately stop all forms of indiscriminate aerial bombardments against the civilian populations.

5. We urge the IGAD-plus, the AU, the Troika countries, the EU and the UN to directly engage in the current peace talks and actively support efforts to bring about a peaceful settlement of the ongoing crisis and exert pressure on warring parties for an enduring peace in South Sudan.

With the warmest of regards,
Yours Sincerely,
Signed by the Chollo Community in Diaspora

USA
1. Mr. Michael Aban Kalkon
2. Mr. Othow Kur Awang
3. Mr. Jwothab Wanh Othow
4. Mr. Aban Pagan Othow
5. Mr. Otom Oluak Nyawello
6. Mr. Yusuf Apara Nawi
7. Mr. Chol Ocam Allan
8. Mrs. Lucia Peter Tug
9. Mrs. Teresa Nyaum Nawi
10. Mr. Oyot Samuel Ador
11.Mr. Bolis Agal
12. Mr. Charles Bartholomew Anyang
13. Mr. Ywomo Arop Byenyo
14. Mr. Augustine Afamet Ochoung
15. Mr. Okoth Omai Awak
16. Mr. Fabio Mathew Deng
17. Mr. Ongien Ojwok Ding
18. Mr. Omai Othow Ajak
19. Mr. Obwony Odhong Yowin
20. Mr. Sabit Okwagi
21. Mr. Francis Nyawello Chan
22. Mr. Lwanyo Padiet
23. Mr. Johnson Owaci Okwac Deng
24. Mr. Andrew Nijok BOL
25. Mr. Michael Yowdo
26. Mr. Peter Adieng Ding
27. Mrs. Kwach-Kwan Abwol
28. Mr.Lewis Dengangok
29.Mrs. Rita Saviro Ayik
30. Mr. Peter Opach
31.Mr. Emmnuel James Bol
32.Mr. Tyson Anny Laa
33.Miss. Niveen Anny Laa
34. George Pagak Akuey
35. Olanyi Amum Lueth
36. Benino Aban
37. Michael Chol Tip
38. Silvio William
39. Mrs. Nyaban Kiir
40. Mrs. Veronica Mojwok Ajak
41. Mr. Chan Aba Nyakwol
42. Ms. Nyachagjwok Chan Aba
43. Anna Chan Aba

Australia
1. Mr. Paul J.Kwajakwan
2. Mrs.Assunta A.Ajang
3. Dr. Banydhuro S.Oyay
4. Mr. John D. Kuldite
5. Mrs. Lucia A.Ajang
6. Mr. Chol K.Afaj
7. Mrs. Rebecca Y.Okaj
8. Mr. Simon A.Landid
9. Mr. Simon Arop Okyij
10. Mrs. Lucia John Obwony
11. Mrs. Luciano Ador
12. Achol Simon Othom
13. Mr. Francis Akic Ajang Yowm
14. Oudriko Mayoum
15. Alia Gakug
16. Mr. Peter Deng
17. Mr. Mojwok Pasqualla Mayom
18. Mr. Aban M.Lwanyo
19. Mr. Bob A.Bwogo
20. Mr. Kudit Geil
21. Nyachan Akoch
22. Rita J.Along
23. Maria Awak Joseph
24. Mr. Ezekiel R.Arop
25. Suzy M.Aban
26. Tertizeo Pasquale Adyankor
27. Rebecca S. Oyay
28. Suzy A. Okony
29. Mr. John Deng
30. Mr. Peter Awu
31. Maria Awu
32. Mer Kwajakwan
34. Tito Kwajakwan
35. Mr. Philip Awu
36. Mr. Othow Kudit Chalker
37. Mr. Tipo Mel
38 .Mrs. Elizabeth Atilio
39. Ashwill Mayiik
40. Mr.PachaiyPathum A .Nyikako
41. Mr. Orito Olami Awu
42. Dodo Daniel Mongo
43. Vivian Akol Ajawin
44. Ayak Yor Kak Bol
45. Mr. Isaac Ayul Deng
46. Mr. Victor Kutker
47. Mr. Chol A.Otor Nyajwok
48. Mer Anthony Kuol

Other locations
1. Mr. Simon Pagan Obur Ajak – Sweden.
2. Mr. Nyawello Pakwan – U.A.E
3. Mr. David Karial – Egypt
4. Mr. Wialliam Odwol Najok – Germany
5. Dr. John Tito Tipo Adibo – Germany
6. Mr. Youdo Abodayi Shawich – Germany
7. Mr. Joseph Chol lual deng – The Netherland
8. Mr. ONYAW SABAH ELKHEIR ADOUR – Finland
9. Dr. John Ojur Dennis- Malaysia
10. Mrs. Frieda Joshua Adieng –The Netherland

CC:
Mr. Barrack Obama- President of the United States of America
Mr. David Cameron- Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Mr. Tony Abbott – Prime Minister of Australia
Mr. Stephen Harper- Prime Minister of Canada
Mrs. Jens Stoltenberg- Prime Minister of Norway
Mr. Omar Hassan Al Bashir- President of Republic of Sudan
Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn- Prime Minister of Ethiopia & IGAD Chairman
Mr. Jean-Claude Juncker-President of the European Union
Mrs. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma – President of African Union

We hope that Nobody creates War again in South Sudan

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, 28/AUG/2015, SSN;

With a lot of jubilation and celebration while witnessing the signing of the IGAD-Plus long mediated peace agreement by the President of the Republic, many breathe with relief and hope that peace has come back home once again after a very destructive and costly useless and senseless war that was indeed unexpected and uncalled for.

It is and has been a belief of many of us who were born in the war, brought up in the war and even took up arms and participated in what then many world media houses termed as the longest civil war in Africa and indeed the world over, that we had enough of all the consequences of the war and it is high time that we enjoy the dividends of our hard won freedom.

But little did we know that someone somewhere was still unsatisfied of all the hardships, suffering, starvation, death and all sort of war related consequences that the people of South Sudan had endured for so long, ignited and set ablaze the little gains we had for the last nine years of our self rule as a region.

With all high hopes and determinations, the people of South Sudan put behind them all the odds the war had inflicted on them and chat their way forward in order to forge a new beginning for a prosperous South Sudan cemented by the precious blood of our fallen heroes and heroines.

These expectations didn’t last long as we again on the 15th of December 2013, slipped back into chaos and despair, turning nine years of the internationally concluded famous comprehensive peace agreement between the SPLM/A and Government of the Republic of Sudan, in Nairobi Kenya in 2005, robbing the state building efforts to dust.

On Wednesday the 26th of August, 2015, South Sudan’s President signed a regionally and internationally negotiated peace settlement since returning to military confrontations in December 2013 following disagreement over the manner and procedure of how party’s elections rules and regulations should be enacted.

It is our hope that the signing of the peace agreement will reduce daily violence and ongoing instability due to the ongoing undercurrents of conflict.

It is pertinently acknowledged fact that the provision of security is the number one priority of the government in peace-building and increasingly that the building and rebuilding of public institutions is a key to sustainability which constitute the successful political and governance transition which must form the core of any post-conflict peace-building missions and strategies in the war ravaged society.

In reflecting on the consequences of the current conflict, the disunity it has caused, hatred, segregation, nepotism and tribalised mindset it has shown is quite detrimental and hurtful. No unity and peace between the communities without dialogue in a society where each one sees another as an enemy instead of brothers and sisters.

Our main focus must be on how to forge and preserve both unity and peace among our communities in south Sudan in the context of which response to the demands for peace and unity should be thoroughly considered because the persistence of poverty within the opulence of a minority in a country marked by great neglect of humanity is a typical scandal, one of the serious situations that hinder the realization of one’s humanity, hence curtailing the quest for peace and unity of the people.

The current conflict reveals more tangibly the grudges that exist so far among the communities in our country. It is however one thing to understand the problems that motivated self consciousness among communities and it is quite another to have the will to merge together those conflicting and diverging views of those communities if those demands restraint and hence no commitment to uphold them.

This conflict is a litmus test to the capability and competency of the leadership of south Sudan and its people. The leadership must rise up and devise mechanisms to salvage the unity of the people and preserve peace, cohesion and love among all south Sudanese.

Our country is slivering at the verge of collapse due to grudges that have filled everyone’s heart in south Sudan. This is a challenge to our leadership where exist a prevalent tendency of using violence in appealing for community consideration which is a cynical pole that needed to be avoided at all costs.

Our peaceful co-existence is our common good and our future too because any political difference between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar shouldn’t be misconstrued as the problem between the Dinka(s) and the Nuer(s).

This must be treated as a difference between the two individuals and not the communities where they hails from, because each one of them is not the community. We hope that nobody creates war again in South Sudan for it is not in anybody’s benefit or interest.

Tong Kot Kuocnin is a Master of Laws (LLM) Candidate at the School of Law of the University of Nairobi who specializes in Law, Governance & Democracy. He is a practising Legal Counsel at Deng & Co. Advocates – Juba. He can be reached at: tongbullen@gmail.com.

IGAD-PLUS 17-August-2015 Kiir-Machar Peace Accord

S. Sudan faces long road to genuine peace despite signing agreement

By DANIEL K. KALINAKI, DAILYNATION, 27/AUG/2015, SSN;

The peace deal signed by President Salva Kiir and his rival Dr Riek Machar to end 20 months of fighting in South Sudan is a useful first step but many challenges remain for Africa’s youngest country.

First is the deal itself. President Kiir’s refusal to sign the deal in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on August 17 – the deadline set by the region and the international community, and the day Machar signed – was seen by many as a sign of strength. It was anything but.

Without the presence of Ugandan troops, hurried in to prop up his faltering regime when the fighting broke out in mid-December 2013, it is unlikely that Mr Kiir would still be in power. His inability to defeat the renegade forces military or isolate them politically left him weak and vulnerable to internal revolt from within his government.

It is not clear whether President Kiir would have signed the deal had the UN Security Council not threatened to take immediate action if he walked away from a peace process that had blown hot and cold until world powers, especially the United States, drew a line in the sand.

The terms of the deal, which broadly allow for a power-sharing transitional government, set up a demilitarised zone in the capital Juba and whittle down executive authority, reflect the power balance in the country but one that neither side acknowledges.

Mr Kiir must now hand over enough power to make the deal hold, while retaining enough not to undermine his own position.

Although Mr Machar was quick to sign the deal, he did so with his coalition beginning to fall apart, with key top commanders withdrawing their support for and confidence in him, and the peace process. His credibility and his place at the table depends on his ability to bring all or the most important renegades into the tent.

Secondly, the success of the deal depends on the ability of the two principals to find common ground in a movement with a long history of divisionism. This divisionism has long manifested itself in tribal warlordism and, since December 2013, in broad ethnic warfare between President Kiir’s Dinka and Machar’s Nuer communities.

The emotional wounds of the massacres of Neur in Juba and the reprisal killings of Dinka remain sore to the touch. To resolve this, the two main principals will have to do de-escalate their disagreements from a military to a political confrontation, and to build national consensus across tribal lines, and beyond the margins of the SPLA/M.

Yet, having fallen back to personal and tribal militia, a sadly routine modus operandi, this would require them to relinquish their power bases and show the kind of long-sighted nationalism that neither has hitherto demonstrated.

The warlords in South Sudan will have to be encouraged to hand over their personal militia into a new force that, with time and training, could slowly begin to look like a national army – one that doesn’t disintegrate into tribal militia at the first sign of political disagreement.

Thirdly, and in addition to this, the demilitarisation will have to be accompanied by a process of political reform to build the institutions required to check executive authority, such as Parliament, civil society and the media, while expanding the diversity of views to political actors and groups outside the SPLA/M.

The origin of the current crisis can be found in internal dissent over the rampant corruption, abuse of office and impunity within the government. Only deep reforms will cure the underlying governance deficit.

Crucially, improved governance will create the conditions necessary for those responsible for some of the most egregious episodes of violence, including the deliberate targeting of civilians by both sides documented by an UN Panel of Experts, to be held accountable.

Breaking this cycle of violence is important. “Lack of accountability for decades of violence during Sudan’s long civil war helped fuel the conflict,” Human Rights Watch notes.

ANY SERIOUS ATTEMPT

“Military and political leaders on all sides have failed to make any serious attempt to reduce abuses committed by their forces, or to hold them to account.”

Fourth, and most urgent, is the humanitarian crisis that the country has suffered for decades, and which the renewed fighting exacerbated.

According to the UN, thousands have been killed and 1.6 million forced to flee their homes. Many remain in UN-supported camps, too frightened to return to their homes. Resettlement of internally displaced persons and those who fled into neighbouring countries is a top priority, as is the provision of basic services in one of the poorest countries in the world.

The UN estimates that 6.4 million people are in need in South Sudan, including 2.5 million people without enough food to eat, and 235,000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

Rebuilding a country is a hard task in the best of times. It is extremely difficult in the current economic landscape where the price of crude oil, which contributes more than 90 per cent of government’s revenues, is at record lows and not expected to rise significantly in the foreseeable future. END

Hopes that Kiir-Machar Agreement will boost Justice, Peace and Reconciliation Processes

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Nairobi, 27/AUG/2015, SSN;

It has been in the best interest of all South Sudanese to live in peace and harmony and it has been a wish of every South Sudanese to see that justice, due process of the law and the true adherence to the rule of law, respect for human rights and dignity of human person will always prevail.

But quite unfortunate, there hasn’t been peace and stability in South Sudan. However, it is our hope that this time the signing of the IGAD-Plus proposed peace agreement by the adversaries will indeed prove to be an important shift and move toward a peaceful settlement of South Sudan’s conflict.

Hence, in the pursuit of peace and stability, the substantive issues which have and will always stir up misunderstanding and thus cause conflict and pose continuous instability of the country seem to have been roughly framed in haste to resolves the conflict.

Like his 1991 defection and rebellion with Dr. Lam and Kong against the then SPLA leader Dr. John Garang, Dr. Riek must this time put behind him his incessant lust for power at the expense of the people of South Sudan and work for a true and meaningful peace and stability.

It is clear that Dr. Riek has been an obstacle to peace and stability in South Sudan. This is clearly illustrated by Dr. Riek’s 2013 second rebellion under the pretext that Salva Kiir is a dictator who undermined democratic principles.

This has caused frustration in South Sudan at Dr. Riek’s intransigence. This frustration has been highlighted as a result of the shift in the opinion of the people of South Sudan not to join his call for overthrow of Kiir’s government or join him in the bush to topple the government by force including members of his tribesmen.

Justice and Peace are two different things but some people wrongly think that peace may lead to the attainment of justice which has been proved otherwise.

Reconciliation after peace and justice cement and consolidate lasting peace and stability.

However, no proper or strict application of laws as pillar paradigms of justice according to its letter may in certain circumstances produce untold suffering, hardships, detriments and even serious miscarriage of justice to those victims whose rights have intrinsically and blatantly been infringed.

As the application of laws is imperative on judges and/or courts, the proponents of justice became rude and indignant to see that justice is awarded to those who deserve it and not to those who incurred injustice.

Machar and subordinates and his sympathizers, you will find that no any single reason or motive which could warrant a person to wage war except to murder innocent people and loot the entire properties of our vulnerable people.

We must remember here that no peace will ever be realized in south Sudan without awarding justice to anyone who deserve it and no justice will ever prevail without proper and strict adherence to the doctrine of the rule of law and not rule of men when everybody is tied down under the yoke of injustice.

We must cease appeasing and awarding senior positions and ranks to those whose hands are numerously tainted with blood of others for the sake of fake peace which has now resulted into further suffering of our people.

To have lasting peace and stable society, we must sharpen the teeth of the law so that it could bite anyone who is in conflict with it.

Let the law bite at least one or two people this time just for the sake of our brothers and sisters who perished in the Nile running for safety to a safe place in Upper Nile.

Let the law bite one or two or even more this time for hundreds of people murdered mercilessly during this war of self satisfaction.

I sincerely and humbly urge our president and his cohorts, if his hands are clean, to leave no stone unturned in making sure that justice is done this time to our poor people who instantly became victims of the current useless and senseless war for power and control of resources which belong to all of us.

Let’s not betray our brothers and sisters. Bring peace but award them justice they deserved.

Tong Kot is a Master of Laws (LLM) Candidate at the School of Law, University of Nairobi. He also a Practising Legal Counsel at Deng & Co. Advocates – Juba. He can be reached at: Email: tongbullen@gmail.com.

Breaking the Silence on Crime of Stealing South Sudan Resources to build Uganda

BY: Juol Nhomngek Daniel, Uganda, AUG/27/2015, SSN;

Editor, Allow me to express my indignant, resentful and sad experience of what I have found out in Kampala, Uganda, concerning South Sudanese politicians. South Sudanese politicians unknowingly have subjected the nation to mercy killings by stealing the meager resources for their own selfish use.

As a matter of fact, it is sad to find out that South Sudanese politicians (both in the bush fighting against the government and currently in the government) are not patriotic since they do not love South Sudan as they love themselves.

The politicians of South Sudan are syndicates of miscreant gangs that have robbed the nation and her citizens of scarce resources for their own benefits.

This statement is proved by the fact that almost all big fish in South Sudanese political arena have built for themselves houses in Uganda that even the President of the Republic of Uganda do not possess.

Therefore, the questions are: where did they get the money to build such wonderful mansions? Were they not built with the money that was stolen from South Sudan?

Ask any ordinary South Sudanese citizens both within the country and outside it and they will bluntly reply by telling you that such houses are products of the stolen billions of dollars since 2005 to date.

In fact, the answer to the questions above is consistent with the hypothesis that three quarters of the houses found in Kampala and other places in Uganda and other countries in Africa and even outside Africa were or are built with the South Sudanese money.

The above assertion is supported by the fact that instead of building a nation with the monies from oil and others that poured into the country before and after the independence, these monies were and are still being diverted for personal use, and hence, leaving the country in tatters.

The nation has been left in tatters because of the fact that there are no good roads, hospitals and schools currently. Moreover, the politicians deliberately started the war over limited resources and power.

In fact, if one happens to go to the houses of any of the big politicians in Uganda here or inside South Sudan, it is not surprising to get not less than five expensive cars and modern style of buildings. Yet in rural areas, citizens are wallowing in the valley of abject poverty.

It is sad reality that citizens of South Sudan are still dying of curable and preventable diseases, while women are still being subjected to medieval and archaic treatment by patriarchal politicians and citizens who are unregulated by unwilling authorities or politicians to impose and enforce the law.

The reason for the politicians not desiring to enforce the law or maintain law and order stems from the truth that if citizens are protected by law, they will wake up to fight for their rights, which will create imbalance that will result into authorities or politicians losing out. Thus, it is logical to let the sleeping dog lie.

Of course, I do not blame these inhuman politicians of South Sudanese because they were never educated to know value of education, which connects to the knowledge of respecting the value of humanity.

Truly educated persons are not ones who get first class but ones who know the value of education. Hence, I do not blame South Sudanese politicians since they do not know what they are doing.

Rather, the blame lies on the government of Uganda and governments in other countries that allow South Sudanese politicians to steal money with impunity in order to build for themselves houses as seen in Kampala (Munyonyo and Muyenga) while leaving the country in degradation and deterioration.

All nations in which South Sudanese politicians and private individuals have houses should audit these politicians and individuals from South Sudan to save South Sudanese from the jaws of poverty caused by corruption and misgovernment.

In summary, it is important for me (as law student taught in Makerere University) to play my role as patriotic citizen to break the silence over dangerous and deadly corruption that has engulfed South Sudan.

Corruption contributed to the occurrence of the current war in South Sudan, which is the result of individual personalization of politics and resources, which in turn resulted into the disregard of the rule of law.

Unless the rule of law is observed and corruption as we see in form of the South Sudanese houses in Uganda is minimized or eliminated (which is impossible), the stability will never prevail in South Sudan.

It is important, therefore, to conclude that as the United Nations declared corruption as a crime against humanity, the corruption in South Sudan should be declared in the following words: STEALING RESOURCES OF SOUTH SUDANESE TO BUILD UGANDA WITH THEM IS A CRIME AGAINST SOUTH SUDANESE as human beings. Corruption is foreign to South Sudanese and what is foreign to them is inhuman.

By Juol Nhomngek Daniel, Former Law Student in Makerere University and South Sudanese Citizen residing in Kampala Uganda. He can be reached Via: juoldaniel@yahoo.com; +256783579256