Archive for: May 2015

South Sudan Ambassador to Uganda, Samuel Lowate, a Political Orphan!

By: GatDakhar Kuoth, MAY/31/2015, SSN;

May 30th, 2015 witnessed a big turnout for South Sudanese living in Uganda to celebrate SPLM/SPLA 16th May, 32nd Anniversary which was organized by South Sudanese Students’ Union in Uganda at DI-ThIS World Hall in International University of East Africa Kampala.

The Students’ body in its capacity fights harder to maintain the broken society unity in adhering to an organization principles and objectives by being fair enough in avoiding divisive speeches from die-hard supporters from either government side or rebel sympathizers.

However, regardless of the above, Ambassador Lowate made a political blunder in trying to defend his government’s position in the peace talks with rebels by attributing all the obstacles to the rebel group forgetting that he was lecturing Students, activists, political commentators who are well informed on all political developments taking place in South Sudan.

In his narrative on the genesis of political crisis and power struggle within SPLM which took the country into abyss, the Ambassador felt short to give more insight on the true version of the matter.

He believed that there was a forceful short-cut to leadership by those of Dr Riek Machar which is more likely a coup d’etat but I am not really sure if the Ambassador is acting out of ignorance because when the SPLM leaders called for reforms on 6th/December/2013, the guest of honor he was accompanying to the 16th/May/2015 function, Mr. Deng Athorbei, was among the SPLM leaders who felt the need for reforms and organized the conference on 6th/ December 2013 which president his co capitalized on and term the group as coup plotters.

This cheap propaganda has got no customers because it was seen as political calculations meant to silence those with divergent views and nonconformist within the government and the alleged claim was dismissed and disregarded by Juba Kangaroo court.

On the other hand, the Ambassador claims to be more an SPLM senior member since the inception of the movement in 1983 than his colleague, Dr Riek Machar, whom he claimed to join the movement afterwards in 1985.

But the question is, is Ambassador Lowate’s claim authenticated to be true given the fact that Dr Riek was the one in charge of SPLM office in Addis Ababa in 1994 and he was the one welcoming Mr. Wani Igga during his arrival from Egypt as he joined the movement.

In the same related development as Ambassador Lowate explained to the audience who happened to attend the event that the SPLM hierarchical code banned the new comers to compete for higher position. Here the Ambassador got it wrong again as he is not aware on how the movement suffered internal splits.

The ideological warfare which divided the SPLM into two factions in 1991, Nasir faction spearheaded by Dr Riek Machar and Dr Lam Akol was for total separation of South Sudan from North whereas Torit faction under leadership of Dr John Garang was for unity of whole Sudan with the new basis.

The two factions merged together in 2002 to ink a comprehensive agreement (CPA), in which the merging has been used and mispronounced by opportunists like Ambassador Samuel Lowate as surrendering of the other party to SPLM, simply because they presumed it as a displacement of some vulnerable personalities like Mr. Wani Igga, something they used to cite as example on many occasions.

Those of Ambassador Samuel didn’t see the coming together of two parties as a blessing, rather they were worried of party hierarchical displacement brought by new arrangement which was done on the gesture of goodwill.

When the two powerful giants united (Dr John and Dr Riek) this put to an end the long civil war in Sudan. This came about when the status of referendum which Dr Riek Machar signed with Khartoum regime in 1997 was incorporated into the comprehensive peace Agreements protocols arrangements which led to the birth of Republic of South Sudan through a referendum in 2011.

Based on analytical facts as to shed more light on why Ambassador Lowate is a political orphan, the phenomenon of telling lies is the only way of survival and securing jobs nowadays in Juba which destroyed and undermined the dignity of the patriotism of so many national icons.

Therefore, the democratic transformation of leadership within SPLM was not attained due to incited speech and hurdles laid forwards by incumbent president Salva Kiir in attempt to resist the political bureau meeting which aimed to set agenda for SPLM national liberation council in Nyakuron Cultural Center before the crisis engulfed the country.

As in search for solution to this man-made catastrophe, the master and his servants are trying to brainwash the general public by throwing the failures of peace talks to the opposition as a cover up to their self-initiated and sponsored coup which I believed everyone at her/his level of understanding is aware that the sympathy tears that are being shed publicly by president and his likes are indeed crocodile tears and reflect mockery to the victims of December 2013, while deeply inside they are not ready for peace.

The Author is political Activist, he can reached at gatdakhar@hotmail.com

SPLM ex-detainees set to return to Juba and re-unite with Kiir

By FRED OLUOCH, TheEastAfrican Special Correspondent, May/30/2015, SSN;

IN SUMMARY:
The return — which is part of the reunification of the three SPLM factions as per the Arusha agreement signed in January — is seen as a major boost to President Kiir’s side after the government in March issued a decree of amnesty to all those in exile.
The adoption came as a result of diplomatic efforts by Kenyan and Ethiopian foreign ministers, plus mediators of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development, who in the past week consulted President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and President Kiir.
The new arrangement gives 10 former detainees, who were released after President Kenyatta intervened, a major role in reconciling the warring factions.
However, the rebels led by Dr Machar, said the former detainees were simply trying to gain relevance at a time when there was still increased fighting between the two warring sides.

Negotiators of the South Sudan peace process in Addis Ababa have adopted the Arusha Accord in a fresh bid to end the 17-month civil war.

The Accord — signed by those loyal to President Salva Kiir, former vice president and SPLM-IO head Riek Machar and party officials — seeks to reunite the three SPLM factions.

The adoption came as a result of diplomatic efforts by Kenyan and Ethiopian foreign ministers, plus mediators of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development, who in the past week consulted President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and President Kiir.

The new arrangement gives 10 former detainees, who were released after President Kenyatta intervened, a major role in reconciling the warring factions.

Five of the former detainees were scheduled to travel to Juba on June 1 for two-day consultations in a bid to reunite the three SPLM factions.

Former Cabinet Affairs minister Deng Alor will lead former Finance minister Kosti Manibe, former Justice minister John Luk, former Postal Services and Telecommunications minister Madut Biar, and Cirino Hiteng, a former minister for Culture, Youth and Sports.

Dr Hiteng told The EastAfrican that the former detainees would work to narrow the gap between President Kiir and Dr Machar and hasten the implementation of the Arusha Accord and the Addis Ababa process.

“We have remained moderate and have not been an obstacle to the peace process,” said Dr Hiteng. He added that after Juba, the group would visit Pagak to deliver the same message to Dr Machar.

The five were set to leave for Juba, accompanied by South African Vice-President Cyrile Ramaphosa, Tanzania’s Chama Cha Mapinduzi Secretary-General Abdulrahman Kinana, Kenya’s Foreign Affairs Cabinet Secretary Amina Mohamed, and Ethiopian Minister for Foreign Affairs Tedros Adhamon.

President Kenyatta on May 29 met the 10 former SPLM officials and former detainees, representatives and guarantors of the Arusha Accord.

Those in the meeting were Mr Adhamon, who is the chairman of the Igad Council of Ministers, Ms Mohamed, Mr Kinana, representatives of Igad and two special envoys from South Africa, Reddy Mampane and Mandlenkosi Memela.

Pagan Amum, the former SPLM secretary-general, said their first task was to unite the SPLM party and to deal with obstacles blocking the Igad process, which had not made significant progress because the South Sudanese leaders, including himself, had been stubborn.

The return — which is part of the reunification of the three SPLM factions as per the Arusha agreement signed in January — is seen as a major boost to President Kiir’s side after the government in March issued a decree of amnesty to all those in exile.

South Sudan Ambassador to Kenya Mariano Deng told The EastAfrican that the government had guaranteed the security of the former detainees based on the Constitution and had even allowed them a minimum of 60 soldiers from countries of their choice to witness their protection while on the ground.

However, the rebels led by Dr Machar, said the former detainees were simply trying to gain relevance at a time when there was still increased fighting between the two warring sides.

The SPLM-IO representative in Kenya Adel Sandrai said the credibility of the former detainees was dented because the conflict was brought about by the mismanagement of institutions that the detainees were part of.

The former detainees — who were among 11 politicians arrested in December 2013 for disturbance, and charged with treason — have been in exile in Kenya for over a year.

The initial seven were released in late January 2014, with the remaining four released in April after the government dropped charges against them. The four are Mr Amum, former security minister Oyay Deng Ajak, former deputy defense minister Majok D’Agoot Atem, and former envoy for Southern Sudan to the United States, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth.

The government maintains treason charges against Dr Machar, former governor of Unity state Taban Deng Gai and Alfred Ladu Gore, the former Environment minister, who are accused of being behind a coup on December 15, 2013. END

Peace-making & the Vague Modality of maintaining durable peace in post-conflict Societies: The case of South Sudan

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Lawyer, JUBA, MAY/28/2015, SSN;

Peace-making accomplished through international intervention has had little success in achieving sustainable and durable peace not only in South Sudan but in many war ravaged societies.

In December 2013, south Sudan slipped back into chaos and despair, turning nine years of the internationally concluded famous Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the adversaries ending the longest destructive war in Africa’s largest country, the Republic of Sudan, in Nairobi,
Kenya, in 2005, robbing the state building efforts to dust.

South Sudan is currently again at its second round of regional and international intervention since returning to military confrontations in December 2013 following disagreement over manner and procedure of how party’s elections rules and regulations should be enacted, immersing deep the new state that was charting its way forward despite numerous inter-communal feuds rocking and raging on incessantly in many states in Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile States respectively.

There is daily violence and ongoing instability in South Sudan, with an uncertain future due to the ongoing undercurrents of conflict.

This author will focus only on the role of the constitution-making in the political governance transition in South Sudan. It is pertinently acknowledged fact that the provision of security is the number one priority of the government in peace-building and increasingly that the building and rebuilding of public institutions is a key to sustainability which constitute the successful political and governance transition which must form the core of any post-conflict peace-building missions and strategies in the society.

As have been observed in many war ravaged societies like Liberia, Haiti, Kosovo etc, conflict cessation without modification of the political environment, even where state-building is undertaken through technical electoral assistance and institution or capacity-building, is unlikely to succeed.

This is exactly the south Sudanese scenario which has now facilitated and provided an avenue for returning to war not with remote enemy but with itself because a substantial proportion of governance has resulted in weak, corrupt or limited democratic platforms.

The design of a constitution and its making process can play an important role in the political and governance spheres of the country if designed in a way that ushered in democratic principles and not dictatorial colours which could result into destruction and future sufferings.

The designing of the constitution after conflict provides an opportunity in creating a common vision for the future of the country and a road map on how to get to a stable and peaceful tomorrow if not Eden.

A good constitution can be a peace agreement among the people of the country and act as a framework in setting up the rules by which new democratic will operate.

An ideal constitution can therefore accomplish many things. It can drive the transformative process from conflict to peace and can seek to transform the society from one that resorts to violence to one that resorts to political means of resolving conflicts or political misunderstandings.

It shapes the governance framework that will regulate access to power and resources which are all key reasons to conflict and disruption of peace and stability in many societies including South Sudan.

A good constitution must put in place mechanisms and institutions through which future conflict in the society can be managed and averted without a return to violence.

The content of a constitution and the extent to which it sets up a democratic process is quintessentially important than merely divide the spoils between political elites will impact the country’s chances of keeping long-term peace as well as the quality of democratic principles created or established through it.

The current conflict could therefore be said to be a product of the transitional constitution which has been designed to vest all powers in the hands of one man, hence resulting of its entrenchment into the constitution and basic rules of the governing party, the SPLM, hence setting ablaze the whole country.

This is true because in the immediate post-conflict environment, the adoption of a democratic regime can assist the country in resolving the struggle for power by providing an accepted standard of who is to govern the country and its people.

This standard is based and anchored on an open and fair competition for power which is structured around the popular vote and not through the barrel of a gun.

In the longer term, adoption of participatory democratic governance structures is such a best option to ensuring sustainable and durable peace in post-conflict societies like South Sudan.

The evidence to this however suggests that in established post-conflict democracies, ethno-political groups are more likely to protest rather than to rebel, hence minimizing internal violence and return to conflict on wide scale.

Therefore, the creation of a predatory, shadow or authoritarian government legitimized by constitution in South Sudan is responsible for current political turmoil, instability and return to conflict on wide scale jeopardizing the prospects for the future of the country and its people.

Therefore, initiating changes to the political culture of South Sudanese society has been one of the most difficult aspects of its post-conflict transition which requires substantial changes to shape and readjust the behaviour of the militarists as to roles, norms and expectations.

But South Sudan has overlooked on wide scale these more intangible aspects of peace-building and maintenance in favour of technical rebuilding and assistance which are nevertheless essential to building and maintaining long term peace and stability in the country.

Ushering in the question of power sharing during the periods of transition after the conflict is a solution only to the short term political solutions but a container for holding fertile breeding grounds for the future conflicts which would be more devastating and destructive than the resolved one.

This is because formal executive power sharing leads to fragile peace with minimal violence but without reconciling the adversary parties to the conflict or addressing the underlying tensions and mistrusts created by the conflict and the broken social cohesion among the communities.

The power sharing government model is vulnerable to collapse when parties pull out or even threaten to pull out if the terms and clauses of the conflict resolution are not met or implemented as to the letter.

Hitherto, the formalized divisions of power along identity or ethnic lines appear to entrench the ethnic and divisive positions that can fuel the conflict in the future from another angle rather than ameliorating the conflict.

This will enhance the role of ethnicity and provide breeding grounds for future conflict because other ethnicities would appear even more radicalized against others due to the fact that ethnicity became a useful tool to use in order to get popularity and positions in the government.

The comprehensive peace agreement concluded in 2005 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement the (SPLM) provides how to transit during the Interim Period and usher in the right to self-determination by the people of southern Sudan but felt short of how South Sudan should chat its way forward while transiting from Interim Period to its independence.

The accord also felt short to design the transition period for the new State and how to conduct elections in the new country, creating a vacuum and loopholes in governance, hence allowing the ruling party to monopolize the governance of the new state resulting into numerous violence and conflicts.

Therefore, if the conflict in South Sudan is resolved based on ethnic identity and ethnic lines, then it should be obvious that it is the suspension of the war in order to give momentum to the adversaries to get prepared for future devastating war and not the resolution of the conflict in its entirety.

If a lasting and sustainable peace is to be realized in South Sudan, it must not be based on ethnic lines but on the facts and issues constituting the outbreak of the conflict, addressing the roots causes of the conflict and provides strong and punitive avenues which may prevent the return to war and conflicts of the same scale in the country.

The root cause of this conflict has nothing to do with ethnic lines or identities but is more or less rooted down to principles and rules coated and shielded in dictatorial democracy within the ruling party.

Therefore, it resolution must move away from ethnicity and must not be connected with any ethnicities. It must be detached from any ethnic identity or ethnic lines which may create further conflict of devastating force in the future.

South Sudan is a home to more than sixty ethnicities and therefore, entrenching in legitimacy of two or three ethnicities will open up tunnels and windows for ethnicized government hence breeding more conflicts on ethnic lines which will devastates the country and its future.

Predictably, this conflict is the making of the government of South Sudan because since its establishment in 2005 to 2011, the government took the same path that caused the outbreak of the two wars, the Anyanya one and the 1983 SPLA rebellion against the oppressive and suppressive dictatorial regimes based in Khartoum which were predominantly Arab and their few allies in the Sudan.

It is the same character of the oppressive regimes in Khartoum that the government of Southern Sudan in Juba has inherited by devising the same modalities and criteria of resources distribution and governance based on divisive lines and an imaginable corruption on widest scale.

This conflict if not resolved well by the government by adjusting its ways of resources distribution and design new governance modalities, many wars will escalate as many are not happy as true stakeholders in the governance of their country.

The government must cease recruiting employees on demerits not on merits leaving out a sizeable competent, capable and highly educated number of people in favour of incompetent, incapable, corrupt and uneducated just in favour of mere individual loyalty of their political god’s fathers.

It is this manner of uneven and unequal distribution of resources and public participation that has precipitated and ignited this destructive and devastating war because since the creation and establishment of the government of southern Sudan in 2005 to date there has not been any delivery of the direly needed basic services to the poor due to recruitment of incompetent, incapable, corrupt and uneducated employees who are only loyal to their appointees and not the country.

Tong Kot Kuocnin is a Master of Laws (LLM) candidate at the School of Law of the University of Nairobi and a practising Legal Counsel at Deng & Co. Advocates. He can be reached at tongbullen@gmail.com.

SPLM/A-IO (USA) Elects New Leadership in free & fair elections

The SPLM Mission Office-USA, MAY/28/2015,

SPLM/SPLA (USA) elects new leadership in a fair and free elections Based on directives from the Chairman and Commander-In-Chief of the SPLM/A, Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon, delegates from the SPLM/SPLA states chapters in the United States of America converged in Omaha, Nebraska, on May 23, 2015 and held an election to elect the following SPLM/SPLA positions for the USA region:

I. National Coordinator;

II. Youth League Liaison Officer;

III. Women’s League Liaison Officer

The following candidates contested the elections for the three positions as above: Mr. Chuol Buor Tang who hails from the SPLM Chapter in North Dakota and Mr. Sabata Ramba, from the SPLM
Chapter in the State of Utah, contested the elections for the Coordinator position, and Cde. Matthew Dobuol Ruon from Minnesota, contested the elections for the Youth League position as the only candidate, whereas Mrs. Nyagile Thot and Mrs. Nyaruot Majiok, both from Nebraska, contested the elections for the Women’s League position.

The elections were supervised and observed by a supervisory team comprised of senior SPLM/SPLA leaders headed by Hon. Hussein Mar Nyuot, Chairman of the SPLM National Committee for Humanitarian Affairs, Hon. Agnes Nyoka Kenyi, Hon. Sophia Pal Gai and Mr. Martin Abucha and Hon. Reath Muoch, the SPLM/SPLA Representative to USA.

These SPLM/SPLA dignitaries happened to be on peace mission in North America and were delegated by Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon to undertake this important task.

An Election Commission comprised of Seven (7) members under the chairmanship of Mr. Mariano Mawein, the SPLM/SPLA Deputy Representative to USA, conducted the election process in which all
the delegates were issued ballot papers that were carefully designed to reflect the actual balloting materials used in elections. The delegates lined up in a queue upon which they mark their ballots and cast them in the ballot box. When all the voting process was completed, the votes were then counted and tallied by the Election Commission and the Supervisory team.

The final result of the elections were announced with the following contestants emerging as the winning candidates for the following positions:

I. Mr. Sabata Ramba/Coordinator Elect;

II. Mr. Matthew Dobuol Ruon/ Youth League Liaison Officer Elect-unopposed; and

III. Mrs. Nyagile Thot / Women’s League Liaison Officer Elect

All the three democratically elected leaders are expected to assume their responsibilities immediately.

The SPLM/SPLA Mission office in the United States of America, avails itself of this opportunity to congratulate all three leaders who have won their positions in a fair and free elections, and wishes them all the best of luck in their new assignments, and further assures them of its support in the discharge of their duties.

Signed by:

Santo Gabriel

Director of Information,
The SPLM Mission, USA

Equatoria position on resolution of current conflict: Agreement between SPLM-IO & Equatoria

Press release; MAY/27/2015,

Dear all; supporters, sympathizers of SPLM/SPLA and the general public, we would like to bring to your attention this press release on the issues of our country.

On 17 May 2015, the leaders of Greater Equatoria in SPLM/SPLA -IO and the leaders of Greater Equatoria serving in government have signed an agreement of ideas on the current crisis that state of South Sudan is passing through and formed a committee from the both sides after meetings that continued for three consecutive days in Kenyan capital Nairobi.

The committee agreed on the unifications of visions that will grantee the immediate implementation of federalism during transitional period as a system of governance in the Republic of South Sudan and comprehensive reforms in all National and state institutions.

In addition to overhaul reform and transformation of national army and the status of National capital city.

This document was signed by representatives of three Equatoria states leaders in government led by Justin Yako and in side of greater Equatoria’s leaders in SPLM/SPLA by Cde. Ramadhan Hassan Lako, the chief coordinator in office of the chairman of SPLM/SPLA-IO, Dr.Riek Machar.

Dear all, suporters and sympathizers; we are hereby affairming to you that the meetings convened by our leaders and those of Equatoria leaders in government of president Salva Kiir in Nairobi, Kenya last week does not reflect returning of any Greater Equatoria leader to the government in Juba and what has been circulating in social media and some websites for defections of Equatoria leaders within the revolutionary movement is just rubbish and baseless allegations.

It is considered as dangerous propaganda which is meant to defame the image of SPLM/SPLA-IO. LT. Gen.Alfred Lado Gore, the deputy chairman of SPLM/SPLA-IO and all leaders of greater Equatoria in SPLM/SPLA-IO are keen enough, remain committed and still loyal to SPLM/SPLA-IO under the leadership of Dr.Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon and they are committed to change the regime by any means possible.

They have no any intention to abandon the revolutionary movement after fighting the government for almost two years.

The leaders from both sides agreed to change the regime in Juba and it should be for immediate effect from now.

The document signed by the both sides will be handed over to IGAD member states, TROIKA countries, Africa Union, and European Union and United Nations and in addition to some African countries such as Nigeria, Chad, Algeria, South Africa and Rwanda.

Cde.Nyarji Jermlili Roman D/Spokesperson .SPLM Chairman Office
Addis Baba , Ethiopia.

Pres. Kiir and Gov. Rizik are planning to turn Wau into a mass grave in the context of Wau events

By: Vanivongo Sii, MAY/27/2015, SSN;

The plan of jieng elders under the leadership of president Kiir to chase the helpless indigenous people of Wau from their home to Central Arica and settle their Dinka people in Wau, started long time ago, but today the plan seems to be getting to its climax stage.

The killing of the paramount chief of Baggari in a gloomy situation, became an opportunity of targeting many people from Wau and the villages around under false accusation, arbitrary arrests are now being conducted, deployment of the forces are now taking place in many villages, oppression is widely committed in a final attempt to force the indigenous of the area leave their home and let the ground get prepared for the Dinka people to settle.

The long-term plan was designed by the Dinka elders in the sixties. Historically, the indigenous of Wau are the extension of the greatest African Bantu, by nature they are peaceful dwellers and hard workers, they believe in coexistence. They have special respect and honor for their quest and neighbors. They have never experienced violence among themselves.

It was because of this nature they became victims of slavery; many of their grand fathers were taken and sole in the markets around the world. Their neighbors Dinka started to come to their land in 1930,s as a result of trade exchange, bringing their milk and cattle in order to get salt and Beans. All regimes that came to the area, were not allowing them to stay in the town because of their today’s behaviors.

When Addis Ababa agreement was signed 1972, they get their ways into the town and received the civilize way of dwelling from their neighbors the indigenous of Wau. As their culture, they welcome their brothers and treated them as human being, but unfortunately they later turned against their brothers the indigenous, abusing the good treatment and recognition given to them, thinking of the domination, as far as chasing them from their home and occupying the land.

When they got into power 1972 after Addis Ababa agreement, the started disseminating the plan with the intention of putting it into reality. The Dinka of Marial bai whom were one day fed up of their brothers in Warrap and came to the north east of this peaceful land for temporary rest, were taken as a future key for the penetration deeply into land of the people of Wau.

It was not easy for the Dinka leaders to carry out the implementation openly, but right from that time, they were working under ground. Later ordinary Dinka started to disclose their will openly when the referendum was at the door, a number of them were promising the chasing of the people of Wau to Central African Republic as soon as possible when independence is achieve.

By this time, Jieng elders under the leadership of president kiir had a deal with Governor Rizik Zakeria Hassan of Western Bahr Elghazal State, a Fur (Darfur Region in the Sudan) by origin, to carry out the plan and hand over Wau to the Dinka in gradual stages, a good amount of money was issued for the implementation and he was promised to remain in his position as far as possible.

The whole plan came out clearly during the independence day, when the flag was raised in Juba at the level of the Republic of South Sudan and followed by the ten States, coming to the level of the counties; there was a problem in Wau.

At the time people of Wau county were about to raise their flag, the people of Jur River county former Tonj district whom were instigated by the Dinka, were also wanted to raise their flag in Wau county, while the Dinka of Marial Bai on the other side were celebrating the independence at the false Tomb beside the Post Office.

Aywil Longer, former deputy Governor, made this false tomb in 1994 when he was in power in an attempt of creating evidence for claiming ownership of Wau in the far future. At this junction, jieng found that, they have succeeded in creating suitable environment for pushing their project ahead, so they forwarded to Governor Rizik Zakeria, the proposal of transferring Wau County to Baggeri area and Jur River County to Niyanakok while Wau town was to be made a municipal under jieng Administration.

Governor Rizik Zekeria who is a contractor of the project, couldn’t justify fairly, but only stopped the two commissioners from raising the flag, putting the celebration pending.

Unfortunately, after few days, he came out with the memo to the council of ministers proposing the transfer of Wau County to Baggari area and Jur River County to Niayakok while Wau be made a municipal.

The representatives of Wau County in the Government had a consultative meeting with the intellectuals on the issue, the proposal was officially rejected in writing, signed by over 700 people and was handed to the government.

For the important and sensitivity of the issue, civil society of Wau County organized one-day conference at the Palica center in order to brief the grassroots, share discussion together and come out with one joint decision.

Everything was made clear in the presence of elders, Chiefs, Intellectuals, Women and youth. Deliberations took place, so the conference came out with one decision that is, Wau should remain at it’s motherland, and it is a historical responsibility of the people of Wau to defend this God gifted right.

Few days after the conference, the government arrested some chiefs and intellectuals who attended the conference, but when they proved to be practicing their rights provided in the constitution, they were released. The government still insisted to go ahead with the project.

By the mid of the August 2012, Governor Rizik Zekeri issued a degree ordering the commissioner of Wau County to move with his county to Baggari area and commissioner of Jur River to move with his county to Niyanakok and Wau be made a municipal.

The decision was against the will of the people of Wau, as a result, the youth of Wau County came out to protect the resolutions of Palica conference. They gathered at the Liberation square near Baggari road, to express their feelings in a peaceful demonstration.

Series of dialogues were conducted to reach solutions but with failure. Later the national security in an effort to get solution, invited the leaders of the youth for more dialogue, but unfortunately they were detained.

These behaviors provoked the youth to come out and block all the roads leading to Wau Town from Raga, Baggari and Tembura in efforts to get their leaders released.

Unfortunately the government instead of getting just solution it started with the opening of fire at the peaceful demonstrators at Rabi Mountain on The 8th Dec 2012, killing one person and 13 wounded.

The Situation provoked the people of Wau and made them to rush out the next day 9th Dec 2012 to express their feelings peacefully with leaves in their hands, but to their surprise, the government again opened fire at them killing 8 persons and 26 wounded.

Governor Rizik Zekeria ordered the dead bodies be taken to the forest and be burned with petrol calling them criminals, but with the efforts of religious leaders and civil societies, the dead bodies were taken to St. Mary Cathedral, prayers were conducted in a critical moment, and the burials took place at the Liberation square under gun point.

It was a first serious violation of human rights in this new born nation South Sudan, conducted in the eyes of the whole world in daylight, a clear violation to the constitution of the country.

The government instead of paying condolence and apology to the families of the victims, it planned to cover it’s crime and shame by sending a special force to Warrap state where a tribal war was taking place among the Dinka.

There, dead bodies of these Dinka were collected, taken to Baggari area, and then accusations was fabricated on the people of the area of killing those Dinkas.

Chief of the area was arrested with numbers of civilians. A big mobilization was conducted in the greater Bahr Elghazal on that accusation, thousands of Dinka were brought from Aweil, Rumbek and Warrap on lorries to make the use of this chance and participate in the battle of chasing the people of Wau from their home, but Almighty God made his miracle and defeated them.

On 24th Dec 2012, president Salva kiir in the incident paid a visit to Wau, while addressing his Dinka people who came from Greater Bahr Elghaza for the battle. Instead of paying condolence and apology to the people of Wau, he said that, Governor Rezik Zekeri did nothing.

Surprising, the president uttered that had he been around in Wau at that time, he would have lead the war and crushed the whole Wau in one hour!

By this time, the people of Wau got convinced that the regime in South Sudan does not believe in the principle of democracy, there is no room for peaceful expression, all rights provided in the constitution are not any longer working, the rule of law is not prevailing, the constitution is put aside and the country is functioning out of brains.

President Kiir in this occasion gave more powers to Governor Rizik Zekeria to arrest, torture and do whatsoever he wanted to do.

A wide campaign of arrests was carried out, a big number of intellectuals and officers of different organized forces from Wau sons, were arrested and put into the jail, some were falsely imprisoned, others sentenced to death and some were released and left at the places of their work without assignment.

All these were happening in the eyes of the National legislative Assembly, no any one in the government showed mercy on the people of Wau, they remained without protection of the State but only Almighty God.

Anyar Anyar, a Dinka of Marial Bai, who did survey one of the oldest cemetery in Wau for the settlement of his Dinka People, was appointed as Mayor of Wau and Zekeria Garang of the Jur River County as minister of infrastructure to fulfill the technical grabbing of the land. The two guys did a lot of mess.

In August 2014, the Youth of Wau County decided to join SPLM/A IO under the leadership of Dr. Riek in order to participate in the liberation of South Sudanese people. This decision annoyed the government; a campaign of arbitrary arrests was conducted, again numbers of intellectuals and youth were taken by the National security and put into jail accusing them of mobilizing people to join a rebellion, until today, some are still staying without any legal procedure.

Recently, the paramount chief of Wau county Angelo Baggari was killed in a gloomy situation. All indicators pointed at Governor Rizik Zekeria, the contractor of jieng project, a plan designed to let the way for the fulfillment of President Kiir’s dream of crushing Wau within one hour and deporting its people to Central Africa, as he declared on 24th Dec 2012 in Wau Stadium.

Today, arbitrary arrests are taking place, big numbers of people from Baggeri and Wau are arrested, forces are deployed in the villages around, people are under oppression, aggressive abuses are conducted, Dinka’s cattle keepers are getting nearer in preparation to occupy the land in case the government crushed the indigenous.

The situation seems to be like the final preparation for the fulfillment of jieng vision under the leadership of president kiir.

Wau is about to turn into a mass grave if not rescued.

Rizik Zekeria Hassan, mind you, those you killed in Wau on 8th -9th Dec 2012 are not criminals but democracy martyrs in the history of this new-born nation, their blood will bring the true liberation.

Kiir, you think you are the most powerful lion in East Africa, but remember, God the supreme power, who defeated you in Wau Dec 2012 in the hands of the poor, will still defeat you, and his name will be glorified over that peaceful land.

South Sudan Ngoginda

African Union demands South Sudan sanctions & arms embargo

Daily Nations: MAY/24/2015, SSN;

ADDIS ABABA: The African Union has demanded sanctions and an arms embargo be imposed on South Sudan’s warring leaders to stem an escalation in the country’s 17-month-old civil conflict.

“The people of South Sudan have already been devastated by war,” said a statement from the AU’s Peace and Security Council late on Saturday, warning “the current escalation threatens to unleash irreversible consequences for this young nation”.

President Salva Kiir and his arch-rival, rebel chief Riek Machar, have come in for fierce international criticism for failing to end a civil war that has been seen accusations of gross human rights abuses.

The UN Security Council has repeatedly threatened sanctions.

Warning of “untold suffering inflicted on the civilian population in total disregard of international humanitarian law,” the AU called on the Security Council’s Sanctions Committee “to designate individuals and entities” as well as for the “immediate imposition of an arms embargo.”

The 54-member AU’s council also expressed “deep disappointment over the failure of the leaders of the belligerent parties in South Sudan to rise above personal and factional political interests.”

South Sudan’s government launched a major assault against rebels in late April in one of its heaviest offensives yet, cutting off over 650,000 people from aid, with gunmen raping, torching towns and looting relief supplies, according to the United Nations and aid agencies.

The rebels retaliated with a major counter-attack, including an assault on Malakal, the state capital of Upper Nile and the gateway to the country’s last remaining major oil fields.

Thy government claims to be in full control of Upper Nile’s oil fields, although rebels have rejected the claim.

President Kiir has called proposed international sanctions “unproductive” and warned they would only “fan the flames” of war.

Washington’s envoy to the UN, Samantha Power, this week said the US was working with the UN to gather evidence for possible sanctions, condemning Kiir and Machar for their “shameful disregard for the devastating humanitarian crisis.”

The European Union and United States placed asset freezes and travel bans last year on commanders from both sides, but the sanctions have made little if any impact on the worsening war.

Over half of the country’s 12 million people are in need of aid, with 2.5 million people facing severe food insecurity, according to the UN. END

Collo Crisis: Truth about situation of Yuanes Okic vis-a-vis Johnson Olony

By Olany Amum, MAY/24/2015, SSN;

There are a lot of propaganda and lies going on these days regarding the situation of Yuanes Okic in relation to Johnson Olony. In order not to lose our sights on the truth that is intended to be hidden by some individuals with ulterior motives, the following facts need to be
made known to the public and for better sincerer judgement of the matters at hands based on straight records before Nyikang Wad Okwa and God the Almighty.

According to the agreed understanding for Chollo forces of Gen. Johnson Olony and of Gen. Aywok Ogad, their border was in Manyo County extending northwards and Fashoda County stretching southwards to Makal and Panyikang Counties.

This arrangement has been respected and the two separate forces managed to co-exist and coordinate their operations accordingly for the defence of the Chollo Kingdom before things totally fell apart between Johnson Olony and Salva Kiir on May 15, 2015 till now.

And even when the signs of felling apart became clear and Gen. Olony was pushed by Juba to the tight corner of rebellion due to injustice of Dinka solidaristic tribalism in favour of Padang alliance, Okic continued to urge Olony not to join the Nuer of SPLM/A-IO but to operate independently.

However, instead of continuing to cooperate and consult, Gen. Olony and his allies decided to resort to bullying and humiliating tactics by giving Okic an ultimatum to surrender or risk
being chased away from the Kingdom or killed.

They even employed cheap propaganda of tarnishing and assassinating Okic’s image by spreading lies that he has been bought and bribed by Juba to be a betrayer.

They even tried to carry on emotional sabotage within Aywok Ogad’s forces so that they can desert and join Olony and Nuer forces.

Not only these, but also more seriously, the joint operation of some Olony’s forces and Nuer proceeded, despite some gentlemen peace agreement with Abdallah Kur, to attack Okic’s garrisons in Ogon, Nyiliech! Adhwoy, Aweth and Kaka.

But still and in order to avoid more deaths and harms to Chollo people, Okic refused to fight back as he ordered his forces to withdraw and allow the ill-motivated attackers to occupy these places peacefully. Few of his soldiers were wounded.

And to the confirmation of the suspicion of the vague Olony’s Nuer alliance, more Nuer forces were seen deployed in big numbers to take over Kaka to replace Chollo forces.

For the Nuer and according to releases from their media, it is Olony who defected from the government side in order to join them under the over-all command of Dr. Riek Machar.

So far Olony didn’t refute this attribution directly apart from the poorly written press release No.1 that was circulated to the media by Mabior Garang in Narobi, Kenya on
behalf of Agwelek’s forces.

The heading of the second press release that enumerated the weapons captured in the government gunboat near Melut was even clearer on the direction that Olony’s forces are heading.

That is, they have declared themselves as a subset and part of the SPLM/A-IO, contradicting the first media release that they were operating independently.

Further worse, the Spokesperson of the Sudan People’s Liberating Army – Agwelek, Brig. General Nyagwal Ajak, announced over Radio Dabanga that they have defeated Okic’s militia forces in Kaka and many parts of Manyo County and are giving the scattered Chollo militia betrayers a hot pursuit.

But since Olony has cut all his contacts with Okic, the latter tried to contact Jockino Fidelo in the spirit of dialogue and understanding as he is said to have influence on the former.

Unfortunately, Jockino employed the same bullying attitude by telling Okic that it is too late for consultations because they have already gone to advanced stages with the Nuer of SPLM/A-IO and that nothing shall be helpful to Okic except unconditional surrender.

Other efforts of reconciliation are being tried by some Cholo Chiefs, Elders and other well wishing Chollo individuals but the bullying and arrogant attitude from Olony and some of his close advisors and supporters is still blocking any success.

Is there any understanding and compromise from Okic more than these when it is known that he has not been under command of Olony and Dr. Riek Machar?

Why should Chollo areas be liberated with blood from Nuer expansionists but later again handed back to them freely so that they can hijack the victories for their advantage as we have been reading and hearing from the SPLM/A-IO media these days?

Nevertheless, constructive efforts should still be pursued based on the following points and for a better way forward that will ensure that the Chollo will not come out as losers at the end of the current war:

1. There is no need for Chollo forces under command of Olony and Aywok to fight among themselves at this critical juncture. Instead, they should be persuaded to co-exist peacefully and with continuation of dialogue and coordination around the common Chollo interests
regardless of political or military affiliations.

2. Olony needs to come out clear to refute what the SPLA/M-IO is saying about him that he is a defector who has been made one of their top commanders. The involvement of the Nuer needs to be explained and clarified so that they don’t hijack Chollo victories or occupy Chollo lands through treachery of being unconditional allies, while in fact they want to revenge on Chollo by making the kingdom’s land a war theatre for the advantage of political scores of Dr. Riek Machar and with better leverage for Nuer chances to regain the power some of them have lost due to the tattering of Dinka-Nuer alliance post 2013 crisis.

3. Okic should maintain staying in his current garrison positions in Manyo County and should not collaborate with Dinka who may think of stabbing Olony in the back. He should be reminded that the attitude of Dinka is not very different from that of Nuer as the case of Markoni Okuc is still fresh in Chollo memories.

4. Olony and Okic should jointly declare the purpose of their war as that of the security of Chollo Kingdom and its historical territories vis-a-avis its right place in South Sudan, and that they are ready to negotiate with the legitimate government via external neutral mediator
to bring gains to Chollo Kingdom. They may name themselves officially as Chollo Kingdom Movement and appoint a political wing from Chollo learned intellectuals to strategize and represent them in a separate peace talks.

5. Chollo people inside South Sudan and abroad should mobilise humanitarian assistance and essential medicines to be dispatched to the Chollo forces controlled areas. They should also mobilise and encourage more Chollo to go on the ground and join the war of defence of the security and prosperity of the historic Chollo Kingdom.

Our Condolences to the lives of our lost heroes. May their souls rest in eternal peace.

Long Live Chollo Kingdom in South Sudan

The struggle continues.

Olang Amum
———————————————-
The writer is an expert on SPLM/A thieves, South Sudan greed, Regionalism, Tribalism, Clanism, Sectionalism, Empty pride, Villagezation of South Sudan by corrupted SPLM/A leaders and
Fragmentation of South Sudan by SPLM/A.

The Way forward for peace in South Sudan: Equatoria Community in UK

From: The Equatorian Community in the United Kingdom
To: The Chair of IGAD-Plus, C/o H.E Hailemariam Dessalegn, Prime Minister of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (IGAD, TROIKA, UN, AU, EU, and China)
cc The Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS), SPLM/A-IO, and Governors of Equatoria States.

Date: 10th May 2015

MAY/23/2015, SSN,
Your Excellencies,

Re: The Way Forward for Peace in South Sudan;

We, the Equatorian community in the United Kingdom, met in Manchester, England on 18th April 2015 and discussed the ongoing conflict in our beloved country.

We appreciate IGAD and the international community’s relentless efforts in finding a peaceful solution to the conflict in South Sudan. We note with great sadness that the ongoing conflict has caused untold suffering and looming humanitarian disaster to our people in the country.

We are also deeply disappointed that the parties to the conflict (GRSS and SPLM-in Opposition) have continually violated The Declaration of Principles and Cease Fire Agreements already reached.

It is our conviction that the solution to the current conflict does not lie in simple power-sharing modalities as trends of the ongoing negotiations indicate. However, we strongly feel that addressing the root causes of the war and in particular the inclusion of all stakeholders in the peace process – as stipulated in the IGAD Agreement of the 9th May 2014 – will bring meaningful, sustainable and just peace to the people of South Sudan.

In this document, we urge IGAD-plus and both the negotiating parties to seriously consider our assessment of the problems and the humble solutions offered. We have focused our attention on two main contentious areas: (1) Security, and (2) Governance.

1. SECURITY
The ongoing civil war has adversely caused severe insecurity across the country. Many citizens have been forced to leave their places of origin in search of peaceful settlements in relatively unaffected cities, towns and villages in Equatoria Region. The influx of these Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) has significantly impacted on relations between indigenous population and IDPs as the latter arrived fully armed.

Also, their presence and behaviours have consequently affected security situation in the area. The vices of insecurity, human rights violations, absence of rule of law, land grabbing and occupation, destruction of crops and so forth become rampant.

Besides, corruption and nepotism practised by key government officials including those in law enforcement agencies cause mayhem to ordinary citizens in Equatoria. This is because almost all the security sector in South Sudan is predominantly controlled by one or two tribes.

As Equatorian Community in the United Kingdom, we strongly urge IGAD-Plus and the two warring parties to take into consideration the following points:

i. Ending the War:
The negotiating partners are hereby urged to negotiate in good faith in order to settle the conflict amicably. The voices of Equatorians in the Diaspora, rebel- and government controlled areas must be taken into consideration. If given opportunity, Equatorians in the UK are willing to send their representatives to take part in the forthcoming peace talks.

ii. Reforming security sector:
The composition of the security services in South Sudan is to be restructured to reflect ethnic diversity in the country. The ten states should be allowed to employ and manage their own organise forces (e.g. police, prisons and game wardens). In addition, there must be strict control of arms; and all military installations/sites must be relocated at a minimum distant away from civilian areas.

iii. The military structure during the interim period:
It is proposed that the structure of the armed forces be reformed into the following four commands:
 A national command with equal representation from the three former regions of South Sudan, namely Equatoria, Bahr el Gazal, and Upper Nile. The leadership command of the national Integrated Armed Forces shall be representative of the three regions.
 Equatoria Division: commanded and composed of soldiers from Equatoria;
 Bahr el Ghazal Division: commanded and composed of soldiers from Bahr el Ghazal; and
 Upper Nile Division: commanded and composed of soldiers from Upper Nile.

In order to ensure that military power is not concentrated in the hands of one tribe or region to the detriment of the rest, it is important that future security arrangements and armed forces be divided into regional commands, with each of the three former regions of Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr el Ghazal take control of their respective security forces (Figure 1).
(Figure 1: Proposed security arrangements in South Sudan)

This structure for reforming the national army should be implemented during the interim period.
Currently, the army is dominated by only two ethnic groups. Our country would not have been plunged into this devastating war had recruitment into national army was handled on the basis of proportional representation of all tribes across South Sudan.

As a matter of fact, the ongoing war initially started along ethnic dimension – Dinka vs Nuer- whereby revenge killings resulted in tremendous loss of lives from both sides.

To make sure this scenario does not repeat itself in the future, the formation of the new national army and security services must be formed on the basis of proportional representation among the three regions of Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr el Ghazal.

iv. Return of all Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to their places of origin:
As soon as the ongoing war ends, all IDPs and their cattle must return to their places of origin.
—– Their presence in Equatoria causes significant insecurity and intercommunal conflicts between IDPs and the indigenous communities; left unresolved this could ignite future conflicts.
—– IDPs have contributed adversely in community relation in South Sudan, especially in Equatoria. This is because most IDPs are involved in land grabbing issues, conspiracy to out-manoeuvre the indigenous population, oppressed them and permanently occupy Equatorian land. ——– There is also the irreconcilable lifestyle difference between pastoralists’ ways of life of IDPs as compared to agricultural lifestyle of Equatorians.

v. Land issues:
Land laws should be reviewed to address respect for other people’s land. Acquisition of personal property(ies) including land must be carried out in a rightful and legitimate manner; by seeking consent of the rightful owners.

vi. Human rights:
We commend the efforts of the African Union Human Rights Commission for investigating possible human rights abuses in South Sudan. Furthermore, we appreciate the efforts and determination of the former President of Nigeria, Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo, for conducting investigation into atrocities committed, human rights violations, destruction of properties, other war crimes and their perpetrators. We therefore urge the chairman of IGAD to ensure the release of this report with immediate effect.

We believe that this report holds the key to bringing those implicated in committing the atrocities and other war-related crimes to face justice. We also urge IGAD plus to follow through the implementation of all recommendations in that report.

vii. Implementation of the UN Security Council sanctions
We thank the UN and its various agencies for their humanitarian support for the suffering people of South Sudan, the IDPs, those in UNMISS compounds and those in neighbouring countries.
We would also like to join other concerned members of the international community in supporting the UN Security Council resolution 2206 (2015) for immediate imposition of targeted sanctions against individuals and entities who are seen to be obstructing the peace process, and those responsible for committing war crimes.

2. GOVERNANCE
The governance problems facing the Republic of South Sudan can be summarised as follows:

 Tribal domination of the country by one tribe: The three organs of the state (judiciary, executive, and legislation) are dominated by the same tribe; the security organs are also dominated by the same tribe; and the country is slowly moving towards tribal hegemony.
 Human rights abuse: The killings of civilians are not addressed; there is rampant injustice with impunity.
 Corruption: The citizens are witnessing looting of state resources; and there is lack of accountability for loss of those national resources.
 Structure of states in the Country: The structure of the state needs to be reviewed to determine the viability of the current ten states versus the 3 former regions (Equatoria, Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile), and the recently proposed 21 states by SPLM-IO.
 Type of Leadership: The limitation of current leadership is the focus on positions, and ruling by decrees. We need to identify the systems of Federalisms that best suits independence of each regions/state in the country.

The Solutions
viii. Federal system of Governance: Federalism should be adopted as the system of governance in South Sudan.

Given the ethnic diversity and divergent political aspirations, coupled with vastness, remoteness and poor infrastructure in the country; the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) needs to adopt a new model of governance – FEDERALISM.

Under the present government, power and resources have been concentrated at central level leaving states and counties with limited abilities to exercise real local governance; to influence development, enforce laws and maintain security. Given that the current status quo is not working well, and therefore unacceptable, the interim period is a good time to pilot Federalism, which will be ratified in the permanent constitution.

We, the Equatorian community in the UK, add our voice to the call for federalism. This is because a genuine federal system will enable separation of powers between levels and organs of the government. This needs to be included in the peace agreement to be implemented by the proposed interim government of national Unity.

ix. Develop and adopt a shared vision for South Sudan:
As South Sudan is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, multi-lingual and multi-religious country, its existence as a just, united, peaceful and prosperous country will depend on recognition of the people of Equatoria and other ethnic minorities as equal stakeholders in the forthcoming peace talks. Strong foundation for nation building in South Sudan will only be realised if our leaders consider shared vision and responsibility for all the tribes in the country.

x. Inclusive Government:
All the 64 tribes must be represented in all the national institutions (Executive, Legislature, and the Judiciary). Proportional representation of all minority groups must be clearly outlined in the future constitutional review.

xi. Corruption & employment policies:
New employment policies need to be developed and adopted that will ensure adherence to equal opportunities in all government institutions. Laws against discrimination need to be enacted and there should be transparency in recruitment and appointment of public service officials, and the security sector. Employment must be based on merit where the best person for the job must be recruited.

Financial probity and accountability for the national resources must be instilled in all Government Institutions. This should be legally enforced.

The International community, including TROIKA, EU and other countries must exercise their influence to ensure that the financial support they give to the Government of the Republic of South Sudan are properly accounted for. As Diaspora community, we contribute through the tax system in funding the financial aid to South Sudan, and therefore we too demand assurance that our tax payers’ money is being used for the intended purpose.

xii. The Presidency:
Given that the current conflict has directly implicated President, Salva Kiir Mayardiit and former Vice President, Dr Riak Machar, – both leaders have failed the nation; hence they should step aside from leading the Transitional Government of National unity (TGNU) during the interim administration.

A new leader must be selected from one of the minority tribes in South Sudan, as a neutral figure to bring South Sudan together.

Equatoria has a track record of unifying the people of South Sudan and we therefore recommend an Equatorian to be tasked with the responsibility of leading the country during the interim period as President.

To avoid the issue of ethnic domination of the country in the future, consideration should be given in the permanent constitution to ensure that no President of the country serves more than two terms or 10 years. Term limits for the President must be 2 terms of 4 or 5 years, which cannot be changed by parliament, but by a referendum.

Secondly, the presidency must rotate among the three greater Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr el Gazal regions.

xiii. Elections: There should be free and fair elections after the interim period.

xiv. Chiefs: The traditional role of chiefs should be restored and recognised in the constitution. It has to be made clear that the chiefs are accountable to the people rather than the Government.

xv. Constitution:
The present constitution of South Sudan was written by the SPLM within the framework of the CPA and do not represent the principles and norms of an independent state. We therefore condemn it and call upon the forthcoming interim government to organise a constitutional conference for all stakeholders to review it and come up with a permanent constitution that is grounded on certain principles and norms agreed upon by all South Sudanese to form the backbone of governance and the supreme laws of an independent South Sudan.

In conclusion, we welcome the expansion of IGAD to IGAD-plus and we hope that you will now try to deliver the much needed peace for the suffering people of South Sudan. To realise this, we call upon the inclusion of all stakeholders, especially Equatorians in the forthcoming negotiation.

Signature:
Federico Awi Vuni
Chairman, Adhoc Committee,
Contact email: livi.hope@yahoo.co.uk
Skype: redbox08

SPLM/A-IO claims capture of Mundri, in Western Equatoria

Press release. MAY/22/2015.

Dear all: Freedom fighters, supporters, sympathizers both at home, the diaspora and the entire public, we would like to announce to you that Our forces have taken control of Mundri town of Mundri west county, Western Equatoria state this afternoon after fierce battle between government troops and SPLA forces under direct command of Col. Wesley Welebe and overall command of Maj.Gen.Elias Lino Jada.

Fighting is still ongoing as we file this report according to our military source within the scene.

In addition to this field report on May 19, 2015, our SPLA forces under command of Maj. Gen. Elias Lino Jada, the deputy chief of Staff for Administration and finance successfully launched a attack on convoy of government troops in Mvolo county in Western Equatoria.

According to the information we have at hand is that our forces had successfully launched an attack against government convoy at Rumbek road between Mabara and Mawaiya in Mvolo county of Western Equatoria state.

In this encounter, our forces have inflicted great losses on government troops both in equipments and lives. 10 soldiers are confirmed killed and wounded several others as well as two Toyota pick-ups which were transporting food supply are destroyed and reduced to ashes.

Separately today May 22, 2015, the SPLA-IO forces have launched another successful attack against government troops of Salva Kiir’s tribal militias in Mundri West county which resulted in killing of Mundri west county’s top official working as executive director of the area among other heavy loses.

Our forces are in control of the town right now and the fighting still going around the town is a mop up operation around the military barracks.

We would like to inform and call up on all our people, the civilians to stay away from military zones in Greater Equatoria region to avoid being reckless cross-fire victims and the leadership of SPLM/SPLA is very concerned about civilian safety in the area.

The latter operations that happened yesterday and today are carried out by SPLM/SPLA under leadership of Dr. Riek Machar Teny and not REMNASA as allegedly claimed by its spokesperson or wrongly reported by media houses and we call at all media houses to first confirm the source of information before publication.

Regards Nyarji Roman, D/Spokesperson and director of media Office of the chairman