By: Vanivongo Sii, MAY/27/2015, SSN;
The plan of jieng elders under the leadership of president Kiir to chase the helpless indigenous people of Wau from their home to Central Arica and settle their Dinka people in Wau, started long time ago, but today the plan seems to be getting to its climax stage.
The killing of the paramount chief of Baggari in a gloomy situation, became an opportunity of targeting many people from Wau and the villages around under false accusation, arbitrary arrests are now being conducted, deployment of the forces are now taking place in many villages, oppression is widely committed in a final attempt to force the indigenous of the area leave their home and let the ground get prepared for the Dinka people to settle.
The long-term plan was designed by the Dinka elders in the sixties. Historically, the indigenous of Wau are the extension of the greatest African Bantu, by nature they are peaceful dwellers and hard workers, they believe in coexistence. They have special respect and honor for their quest and neighbors. They have never experienced violence among themselves.
It was because of this nature they became victims of slavery; many of their grand fathers were taken and sole in the markets around the world. Their neighbors Dinka started to come to their land in 1930,s as a result of trade exchange, bringing their milk and cattle in order to get salt and Beans. All regimes that came to the area, were not allowing them to stay in the town because of their today’s behaviors.
When Addis Ababa agreement was signed 1972, they get their ways into the town and received the civilize way of dwelling from their neighbors the indigenous of Wau. As their culture, they welcome their brothers and treated them as human being, but unfortunately they later turned against their brothers the indigenous, abusing the good treatment and recognition given to them, thinking of the domination, as far as chasing them from their home and occupying the land.
When they got into power 1972 after Addis Ababa agreement, the started disseminating the plan with the intention of putting it into reality. The Dinka of Marial bai whom were one day fed up of their brothers in Warrap and came to the north east of this peaceful land for temporary rest, were taken as a future key for the penetration deeply into land of the people of Wau.
It was not easy for the Dinka leaders to carry out the implementation openly, but right from that time, they were working under ground. Later ordinary Dinka started to disclose their will openly when the referendum was at the door, a number of them were promising the chasing of the people of Wau to Central African Republic as soon as possible when independence is achieve.
By this time, Jieng elders under the leadership of president kiir had a deal with Governor Rizik Zakeria Hassan of Western Bahr Elghazal State, a Fur (Darfur Region in the Sudan) by origin, to carry out the plan and hand over Wau to the Dinka in gradual stages, a good amount of money was issued for the implementation and he was promised to remain in his position as far as possible.
The whole plan came out clearly during the independence day, when the flag was raised in Juba at the level of the Republic of South Sudan and followed by the ten States, coming to the level of the counties; there was a problem in Wau.
At the time people of Wau county were about to raise their flag, the people of Jur River county former Tonj district whom were instigated by the Dinka, were also wanted to raise their flag in Wau county, while the Dinka of Marial Bai on the other side were celebrating the independence at the false Tomb beside the Post Office.
Aywil Longer, former deputy Governor, made this false tomb in 1994 when he was in power in an attempt of creating evidence for claiming ownership of Wau in the far future. At this junction, jieng found that, they have succeeded in creating suitable environment for pushing their project ahead, so they forwarded to Governor Rizik Zakeria, the proposal of transferring Wau County to Baggeri area and Jur River County to Niyanakok while Wau town was to be made a municipal under jieng Administration.
Governor Rizik Zekeria who is a contractor of the project, couldn’t justify fairly, but only stopped the two commissioners from raising the flag, putting the celebration pending.
Unfortunately, after few days, he came out with the memo to the council of ministers proposing the transfer of Wau County to Baggari area and Jur River County to Niayakok while Wau be made a municipal.
The representatives of Wau County in the Government had a consultative meeting with the intellectuals on the issue, the proposal was officially rejected in writing, signed by over 700 people and was handed to the government.
For the important and sensitivity of the issue, civil society of Wau County organized one-day conference at the Palica center in order to brief the grassroots, share discussion together and come out with one joint decision.
Everything was made clear in the presence of elders, Chiefs, Intellectuals, Women and youth. Deliberations took place, so the conference came out with one decision that is, Wau should remain at it’s motherland, and it is a historical responsibility of the people of Wau to defend this God gifted right.
Few days after the conference, the government arrested some chiefs and intellectuals who attended the conference, but when they proved to be practicing their rights provided in the constitution, they were released. The government still insisted to go ahead with the project.
By the mid of the August 2012, Governor Rizik Zekeri issued a degree ordering the commissioner of Wau County to move with his county to Baggari area and commissioner of Jur River to move with his county to Niyanakok and Wau be made a municipal.
The decision was against the will of the people of Wau, as a result, the youth of Wau County came out to protect the resolutions of Palica conference. They gathered at the Liberation square near Baggari road, to express their feelings in a peaceful demonstration.
Series of dialogues were conducted to reach solutions but with failure. Later the national security in an effort to get solution, invited the leaders of the youth for more dialogue, but unfortunately they were detained.
These behaviors provoked the youth to come out and block all the roads leading to Wau Town from Raga, Baggari and Tembura in efforts to get their leaders released.
Unfortunately the government instead of getting just solution it started with the opening of fire at the peaceful demonstrators at Rabi Mountain on The 8th Dec 2012, killing one person and 13 wounded.
The Situation provoked the people of Wau and made them to rush out the next day 9th Dec 2012 to express their feelings peacefully with leaves in their hands, but to their surprise, the government again opened fire at them killing 8 persons and 26 wounded.
Governor Rizik Zekeria ordered the dead bodies be taken to the forest and be burned with petrol calling them criminals, but with the efforts of religious leaders and civil societies, the dead bodies were taken to St. Mary Cathedral, prayers were conducted in a critical moment, and the burials took place at the Liberation square under gun point.
It was a first serious violation of human rights in this new born nation South Sudan, conducted in the eyes of the whole world in daylight, a clear violation to the constitution of the country.
The government instead of paying condolence and apology to the families of the victims, it planned to cover it’s crime and shame by sending a special force to Warrap state where a tribal war was taking place among the Dinka.
There, dead bodies of these Dinka were collected, taken to Baggari area, and then accusations was fabricated on the people of the area of killing those Dinkas.
Chief of the area was arrested with numbers of civilians. A big mobilization was conducted in the greater Bahr Elghazal on that accusation, thousands of Dinka were brought from Aweil, Rumbek and Warrap on lorries to make the use of this chance and participate in the battle of chasing the people of Wau from their home, but Almighty God made his miracle and defeated them.
On 24th Dec 2012, president Salva kiir in the incident paid a visit to Wau, while addressing his Dinka people who came from Greater Bahr Elghaza for the battle. Instead of paying condolence and apology to the people of Wau, he said that, Governor Rezik Zekeri did nothing.
Surprising, the president uttered that had he been around in Wau at that time, he would have lead the war and crushed the whole Wau in one hour!
By this time, the people of Wau got convinced that the regime in South Sudan does not believe in the principle of democracy, there is no room for peaceful expression, all rights provided in the constitution are not any longer working, the rule of law is not prevailing, the constitution is put aside and the country is functioning out of brains.
President Kiir in this occasion gave more powers to Governor Rizik Zekeria to arrest, torture and do whatsoever he wanted to do.
A wide campaign of arrests was carried out, a big number of intellectuals and officers of different organized forces from Wau sons, were arrested and put into the jail, some were falsely imprisoned, others sentenced to death and some were released and left at the places of their work without assignment.
All these were happening in the eyes of the National legislative Assembly, no any one in the government showed mercy on the people of Wau, they remained without protection of the State but only Almighty God.
Anyar Anyar, a Dinka of Marial Bai, who did survey one of the oldest cemetery in Wau for the settlement of his Dinka People, was appointed as Mayor of Wau and Zekeria Garang of the Jur River County as minister of infrastructure to fulfill the technical grabbing of the land. The two guys did a lot of mess.
In August 2014, the Youth of Wau County decided to join SPLM/A IO under the leadership of Dr. Riek in order to participate in the liberation of South Sudanese people. This decision annoyed the government; a campaign of arbitrary arrests was conducted, again numbers of intellectuals and youth were taken by the National security and put into jail accusing them of mobilizing people to join a rebellion, until today, some are still staying without any legal procedure.
Recently, the paramount chief of Wau county Angelo Baggari was killed in a gloomy situation. All indicators pointed at Governor Rizik Zekeria, the contractor of jieng project, a plan designed to let the way for the fulfillment of President Kiir’s dream of crushing Wau within one hour and deporting its people to Central Africa, as he declared on 24th Dec 2012 in Wau Stadium.
Today, arbitrary arrests are taking place, big numbers of people from Baggeri and Wau are arrested, forces are deployed in the villages around, people are under oppression, aggressive abuses are conducted, Dinka’s cattle keepers are getting nearer in preparation to occupy the land in case the government crushed the indigenous.
The situation seems to be like the final preparation for the fulfillment of jieng vision under the leadership of president kiir.
Wau is about to turn into a mass grave if not rescued.
Rizik Zekeria Hassan, mind you, those you killed in Wau on 8th -9th Dec 2012 are not criminals but democracy martyrs in the history of this new-born nation, their blood will bring the true liberation.
Kiir, you think you are the most powerful lion in East Africa, but remember, God the supreme power, who defeated you in Wau Dec 2012 in the hands of the poor, will still defeat you, and his name will be glorified over that peaceful land.
South Sudan Ngoginda