Archive for: March 2015

‘Who will help South Sudan find peace?’

BY: Elhag Paul, Mar/10/2015, SSN;

The London Evening Standard paper recently ran a full page advert by Vice News asking: “Who will help South Sudan find peace?” file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/Vice_news_advert.pdf (after accessing the link, please minimise the advert to see the whole advert)

Looking at this advert one can not miss concluding that the soldier appearing in it must be in some form of a transport vehicle on his way to a mission. Clad in light brown camouflage usually worn by western armies operating in desert terrain, this dominant soldier looking directly at you with squarish solid face reveals emotions of anguish. He holds the object of his trade, an AK47 with the barrel facing downwards presumably for safety reasons. He is surrounded by “comrades” to his right and back with one standing whose head is cut out of from the advert.

The bottom of the advert carries the print: “YouTube/Vice news + 974,066.” Another message in large print, partly in red and partly in black stands out on the right hand side saying, “You don’t just watch the news.” Careful study of the advert reveals two main messages. The primary purpose is business. Vice News is advertising itself to increase readership and expand its share of the media market.

The message that may get imprinted in the readers’ mind subliminally here is that Vice News will keep you informed by bringing you the rarest of news from the remotest and dangerous spots of the globe. So, don’t miss out. Subscribe!

The second message which luckily is highly noticeable is the enlightenment of the Western masses about the plight of South Sudan. While Vice News is certainly promoting its business interest it is also doing a very good service to the people of South Sudan. The question, “Who will help South Sudan find peace?” alone will prompt readers to research what is happening in that part of the world and hopefully they may be able to help by writing to their members of parliament for the issue to be taken up and looked at appropriately.

Vice News’ question has come at the right time. It coincides with the failure of IGAD in mediating the peace talks in Addis Ababa. It is now abundantly clear to the people of South Sudan that IGAD will not bring any peace for numerous reasons. Please refer to, ‘IGAD’s inadequate strategy in South Sudan’

One complete year has now been wasted by IGAD in the erroneous belief that the re-unification of the rotten SPLM party will bring peace to South Sudan. This poorly researched if ever and baseless objective has now failed as expected with IGAD remaining discredited. This failure is likely to intensify the depressed state of affairs in South Sudan. One could argue that the current South Sudanese society in its collective is a disempowered society. The abuses it has undergone over the decades in the hands of Arabs of the Sudan and the SPLM in the latter part has deeply injured it and fragmented its constituent parts.

Independence in 2011 was looked at both locally and internationally as a chance to allow the society at last to have a healing space. Unfortunately, SPLM’s short sightedness coupled with its criminal mind and appalling behaviour pushed South Sudan into a very serious crisis in December 2013 leading into massive loss of life and displacement of nearly two million people.

Typical of SPLM leaders, President Salva Kiir, Dr Riek Machar and the entire SPLM machine do not care about the suffering of those displaced (within and without the country), especially those in the United Nations protection camps. What matters to them is their relentless pursuit of power. This is what preoccupies them. They are happy to destroy their tribesmen by arming them and unleashing them on each other in this endeavour without any concern for their safety and well being.

This senseless pursuit and vicious struggle for power combined with IGAD’s lack of creativity, lack of objectivity and poor mediation skills condemns South Sudanese to further destruction. Socially and psychologically broken, South Sudan’s confidence is taking serious blows from the bleak environment created by the massive failures of the three witches: SPLM-IG, SPLM-IO and SPLM G-10.

The loss of confidence in IGAD (and the international community) inevitably removes any hope the people of South Sudan have in the global structures to deliver peace. Those displaced people imprisoned in the UN Protection camps due to their ethnicities and political affiliations, and those in government controlled areas policed by the brutal security system are likely to suffer deep depression with the vividly disappearing hope.

Essentially the current system under SPLM/A as always only produces a state of paralysis, state of fear and powerlessness. The people basically are cowed down through violence to allow the beneficiaries of the system to loot the coffers of the state with impunity. This state of affairs further exacerbates the disintegration of the already broken social system.

The downside to this relentless SPLM’s terrorism (which has been going on for three decades) may lead unexpectedly to a violent uprising. All the things happening in South Sudan now are the classical ingredients of revolutions. The literature on revolutions point out that all revolutions start by decay of authority, misery and suffering of the people.

South Sudan indisputably is fast moving into that direction with the masses gradually shading their fear. Note, fear is the very food that nourishes terror and enables the SPLM to prevail. The moment the people stop fearing, that will be the end of SPLM/A in South Sudan.

The prospect of peace and stability in South Sudan indeed looks bleak under the SPLM. Even if the IGAD talks were to succeed in reconciling President Kiir and Dr Riek and re-unifying the SPLM, that would not bring the yearned for security and stability in South Sudan because essentially it would be the entrenchment of the pre 23rd July 2013 alliance of Jieng and Nuer responsible for the status quo: a vicious tribal dictatorship. All the reason Vice News asks the crucial question: “Who will help South Sudan find peace?”

This question from the outset appears to give the impression that the help must come from outside and this means the international community. True to a point, but the international community through IGAD has clearly failed and so far the world powers seem to have no appetite in decisively and conclusively sorting out South Sudan.

For if they truly wanted to help they could simply set up a new mediating body or better still a new facilitating body led by the imminent persons as already suggested in appeals to the Troika. Such a new initiative should then bring all the stakeholders to the table to hammer out a lasting solution for South Sudan.

The United Nations Security Council could easily do that but unfortunately there appears to be no will and the possible reason for this could lie in the historical interaction of Europeans and Africans. If the ethnic cleansing and the naked abuse meted on the South Sudanese people by the SPLM was outside the continent of Africa, the probability is that the UN would have invoked all the powers it has to hold SPLM to account with peace enforced as in the former Yugoslavia.

So, the real answer to the problems of South Sudan lies with the South Sudanese themselves. But as stated above, the people have been abused and disempowered. However, all is not lost. No need to despair.

With or without peace agreement among the SPLM/A, South Sudan as stated above is already ripe for a change one way or the other. The silent majority without doubt is disgusted and fed up with the SPLM tribal dictatorship.

What the people are missing now is the managed connectedness. The conversations that affirm togetherness, the sharing of information and ideas among the oppressed, the articulation of what the people want in this thing called South Sudan, which will provide the fuel for political action.

This should now squarely fall on the Diaspora and the silent leaders to facilitate if SPLM is to eventually be banished once and for all to achieve real freedom, peace and stability in South Sudan.

Which brings us to the diabolical project of SPLM reunification? This fiendish idea has all along been spearheaded by the Jieng because they stand to lose if SPLM is dismantled.

Initially it was Luka Biong who bugled it with the African National Congress (ANC) of South Africa and then the Ethiopian People Democratic Revolutionary Front (EPDRF) as healers. This went nowhere as it hit the buffers. Then the Jieng think-tank known as Ebony waded in with the support of foreign nongovernmental organisation (NGO) resulting into the Arusha SPLM meeting.

South Sudan Nation website has published a brilliant and incisive editorial piece on the issue. Please see, ‘Towards SPLM unification, again? What a tragedy for South Sudan’

However, it is important to try to understand why IGAD leaders give such a daft idea huge significance. Most if not all the countries of East Africa are led by mass political movements. For example, the National Congress Party of the Sudan, the Ethiopian People Democratic Revolutionary Front of Ethiopia, the National Resistance Movement of Uganda, Chama Cha Mapinduzi of Tanzania and so on. These political movements/parties have a false belief that they represent all of their people in their countries. They are unable to separate a country from a party.

This belief persists even when the evidence is glaringly in the open.
Take for example in Uganda, in addition to the NRM, there are more than 3 credible parties with varied ideologies yet this fact is ignored. Though this perspective is important in understanding the problem, it is a topic by itself and I will not dwell on it in this article. Suffice to say that for the purpose of this piece, the attachment element in it is what matters.

The real problem blinding the countries involved in brokering peace in South Sudan is the issue of attachment or sentimentality developed between the liberation movements in Africa and the people. This allowed these movements to achieve a politically unassailable status such as the Chama Cha Mapinduzi of Tanzania.

Because SPLM rightly or wrongly is seen as a liberation movement, the members of IGAD have taken it for granted that it represents the people of South Sudan and therefore it should not be allowed to perish.

In a sense the issue has become psychological and it depends on the subject of change and loss. The IGAD countries are terrified of change in South Sudan that sweeps SPLM away. The thought of SPLM atrophying scares the IGAD leaders because it exposes the vulnerability of these so called revolutionary movements. Thus it is seen as a contagious disease like Ebola which may infect them.

Look at it; all the movements/parties leading the IGAD countries have got their own problems and if they are to continue ruling they need to maintain the myth of invincibility. Therefore, SPLM must not be allowed to disappear and the best they can do is to patch it up.

As aging movements with mushrooming problems within them they are afraid of SPLM’s war with itself becoming a catalyst for speeding up divisions in their own movements/parties forcing a wider change in the region. This is something that the dictators of East Africa do not want at any cost.

To them if a “liberation movement” like SPLM can destroy itself without it being supported to unite and restore normality, it follows that their own movements may face such fate. This is a scary scenario for the dictators. Thus they do not want to see SPLM’s demise acting as an inspiration to their own citizens who may be enduring oppression like the South Sudanese.

Every change comes with a new situation which sweeps the old order away. What the new order brings to the dictators and their supporters is loss of power together with the unknown. The unknown generates or evokes a state of uncertainty and fear. Fear disables people and this is what makes change unwelcome to them, especially when what is coming or replacing the old order is not mentally imagined favourably.

Change always comes with loss. The system being thrown out is a loss to its leaders and supporters (beneficiaries). Loss comes with its own difficulties. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross (1926 – 2004) and others argue that loss occur in various situations. In death, and in separation of any sort temporary or permanent, it is met initially with denial, anger, and then blame before the final phase of acceptance when the inevitable is acknowledged. This is the bereavement process.

Now there are bereavement like situations that happen before the real loss. For instance, when somebody is struck with terminal illness like cancer. The moment the expected loss is announced, the intense pain resulting from the unexpected news bursts into denial, anger and blame and this may go on until the loss itself happens for the final part of the process of bereavement to be completed.

In politics such situation is very common because regimes and their supporters tend to know when their movements/parties’ decline and lose support of the masses; and also when the masses hate them and call for change as in the situation of South Sudan. When they sense this they basically sense atrophy of their beloved organisations and bereavement sets in.

They first begin to deny the reality and then angrily they move on to blame everybody for their predicament. This behaviour is now so common with the SPLM and its supporters. Just read the various comments in the South Sudanese websites to make full sense of the SPLMers bereaving. Their party is terminally ill and its health is fast deteriorating to death.

Therefore, the project of unification of SPLM started by Luka Biong and followed up by Ebony supported by IGAD is the initial process of bereavement. All of them are in denial of what is coming to SPLM as a “liberation movement”. They are in denial of SPLM’s already slow death.

They are in denial of the fact that SPLM does not represent the people of South Sudan. They are in denial that the people abhor the SPLM because it is a murderous organisation. They are in denial that the SPLM is a criminal organisation. They are in denial that the SPLM is divisive and has failed to govern. They are in denial that South Sudanese have other credible parties with capable leaders and so on and so forth.

Everything and everybody is to blame except the SPLM. This is the real problem of South Sudan under the mediation of IGAD. Unfortunately, IGAD and the other African countries like South Africa and Tanzania may not be aware of this blind spot because it is emanating from the unconscious mind of the organisation. They can not see it and they remain ignorant of it.

So, what can be gleaned from this behaviour of IGAD? The entire IGAD as an organisation may be depressed by the developing bereavement which may be affecting its ability to act rationally and objectively.

People familiar with knowledge of organisations as living entities afflictable by pathologies may easily see and understand the dynamics playing out here. This is the psycho-political perspective.

There is another perspective and that is the economic one whose core argument rests on the countries involved pursuing their own national interests only regardless of what happens to South Sudan. Please see ‘We must not hold South Sudan to ransom’ and ‘IGAD’s inadequate strategy in South Sudan’ whose URL appears above. Both perspectives appear not to offer South Sudan any hope as they do not take into consideration the welfare of South Sudan.

Given the above, IGAD should be pushed aside and a new body created to take the case of South Sudan forward. IGAD clearly is a pathological organisation needing help itself and should not be allowed to play havoc with fate of an entire country of approximately 8 million people.

Therefore, “Who will help South Sudan find peace?” The answer as stated is simple. South Sudanese have to help themselves to find peace. To understand why they must help themselves, South Sudanese need to familiarise themselves with ideas of Frederick Douglass (the American social reformer)in his historic speech, titled, “West Indian Emancipation” presented at Canandaigua, New York in 1857. For ease of reference here is the link

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul

IGAD Talks violate our right by imposing power-sharing among bitter rivals

BY: Benjamin Taban, South Sudan, MAR/08/2015;

Dear fellow South Sudanese, South Sudan is a democratic republic, the seed of this democracy was cultivated by the citizens in free and fair referendum in 2011, this is a democratic standard we have fought for over 50 years and truly millions of lives have not been sacrificed in vain.

In this respect, IGAD peace talks in Ethiopia is violating the right of south Sudanese citizen by imposing power sharing as a solution to accommodate two political rivaling individuals from one party the SPLM.

Power sharing in a democratic society such as South Sudan, should be attained by the ballot box not by the barrel of the gun. Unfortunately, IGAD is trying to undermine it by dividing people’s power to the SPLM/A alone disregarding other political parties who are part of this democratic society.

Allow not your power to be misused or abused; if you do, millions of lives were lost in vain. Salva Kiir is a democratically elected President of the Republic of South Sudan, the citizens of South Sudan from all ethnic background delegated him the power to protect and serve fairly and justly the people who elected him to the post.

For ten solid years President Salva Kiir did not serve the people nor did he protect them, instead he corrupted the National assets, divided the people and recruited a special armed militia force, ‘the Presidential guard,’ to murder thousands of South Sudanese citizens in Juba
from the 15th December 2013.

The SPLA forces under his general command as the Commander in Chief are right now fighting, killing and arresting south Sudanese citizens, where on the Earth of Democracy does the National Army kill the citizens it is supposed to protect?

As you all know, President Kiir has invited the Ugandan Peoples Defence Forces (UPDF) to fight the Nuer ethnic community just because they picked up arms to defend their civilian community and preserve their ethnic heritage.

Where in the entire world would a president allow foreign forces to enter a sovereign nation to
fight and kill his own citizens using cluster bombs; only in South Sudan.

Not long ago, thousands of Kenyans were murdered during political rivalry which includes President Uhuru’s Party, but the Kenyan Government at the time did not invite foreign forces to intervene nor did it use the National Army to kill Raila Odinga’s Luo tribe.

Unfortunately in South Sudan, the president in the watchful eyes of IGAD, uses South Sudan’s National resources the SPLA and money to fund the UPDF target and murder the Nuer ethnic community because they happen to be members of Dr Riek Machar’s tribe, the man who not alone criticized President Kiir’s leadership.

This is not the leadership you all suffered for during the fifty years war with Sudan, this is not the reason you elected President Salva Kiir Mayardit.

The power you gave to President Salva Kiir was to serve and protect south Sudanese people, you who elected him. As you all know, he has failed to serve and protect you.

The President cannot and should not be given an automatic extension of term of office by the IGAD without your consent; the President should instead step down at the end of his term of office in June 2015.

We must not condone such serious misconduct; you are the citizens of South Sudan who alone, have the superior power not IGAD, to sanction or reward the president.

If you allow President Kiir to continue in that office beyond June 2015, you are allowing the next President to follow the same pattern, if this happens, you have lost your independence and democratic freedom and you would have to live to regret for the rest of your life.

The IGAD Peace mediation based on the premise of power sharing within a democratic system of governance in South Sudan is a mockery and ridicule to democracy.

Where on the earth of democracy does democratically elected president, use national resources to systematically kill his citizens and desire to share power with the same people he tries to annihilate?

How can SPLM/A as one political and armed forces share power with itself, isn’t this a matter of power sharing between Salva Kiir of Dinka tribe and Dr. Riek Machar of Nuer tribe, what about the other competent and most credible men and women from the other 62 tribes of South Sudan, what will they share other than being given a fraction of 10%, is this what free, democratic and independent south Sudan means?

SPLM/A is not different from Beshir’s Islamic fundamentalist regime whom they fought to earn
democracy, equality and freedom of the very people now being tortured to death?

We should realise the power SPLM/A is trying to share is of those they have already murdered. Most of the people who gave Kiir’s Government the power to govern died in SPLM/A hands, some of their parents, children, brothers and sisters have become IDPs, suffering painfully in the UNMISS camps and many are in the refugees camps and many more are under threat of arrest in their own homes in South Sudan.

It is important that the peace negotiation in Ethiopia should focus exclusively on cessation of armed hostilities and peace not on power sharing. IGAD should know that Kiir’s mandate and legitimacy depends on his responsible use of the power delegated to him by the people, including those already murdered under his leadership, they elected him to protect and save, not rule, kill and destroy.

We must not allow the president to be misled by some of his colleagues in the government who are only interested in power sharing to continue oppressing and ransacking your wealth.

The president should realize that he is the only person responsible and accountable to south Sudanese people not the ministers and some politicians who even failed the last election. The reputation of the president is seriously damaged; his nationalistic credential is now questionable.

I fear tomorrow his colleagues will abandon him, instead they will enter in political prostitution with another to continue pursue of their interest, the President should step down so these political prostitutes will not continue with their selfish desires.

Don’t you know that hundreds of Dinka community are terrorised and killed every day in Lakes State alone under the watchful eye of the Governor handpicked by the President,
—-thousands of IDPs live under the protection of the UNMISS because they believe the president cannot protect them,
—-hundreds of citizens of Western Bahr Ghazal were systematically murdered by the Government security forces just because they opposed the transfer of their State capital,
—-Ma’di people were shot dead by SPLA army in Moli Tokuro and some in Panyikwara Magwi county by tribal militia forces sponsored by one of SPLA General, the right hand friend of the President from Magwi County,
—-traditional chiefs were too shot dead in Bahr Ghazal, Rumbek and Nimule; till this day nobody has been arrested for these crimes.

How long would you wait until you realise your fellow citizens are killed and tortured under the leadership of President Salva Kiir. There is nothing good the President can be remembered for, but the death of innocent people murdered by the SPLA under his direct leadership as the commander in chief.

There is no reason the president should continue, unless he wants to destroy all evidences of the massacred Nuer in Juba before he leaves the Government, this is what he wish to achieve as head of the Interim Government, otherwise what is it?

YOU South Sudanese people, if you are really honest and do believe in democratic and accountable government, YOU should call the president to step down peaceful to save the dignity of our new nation.

He should step down chiefly for what happened under his watchful eye and direct command, in Juba from the night of December 15th 2013, he is the president, he alone should take the responsibility of the current crisis NOT Dr Riek Machar who the world now knows is also a victim of President Kiir.

The president should take full responsibility for bringing the UPDF to violate the sovereignty of our country and for their role in murdering Nuer in Jongolei State which according to the UN using cluster bombs.

President Museveni is not the best role model because he did not assume his presidency by peaceful means but through the barrel of the gun, everyone knows how political opposition parties in Uganda have suffered over twenty nine years since he came to power.

This war is not Dr Riek’s attempt to fight for leadership, but a revenge by Nuer people, for their murdered relatives in Juba by the Presidential Guards and SPLA Army under the general command of the President, the Commander in Chief of SPLA.

Isn’t this enough for the president to do the honourable thing? Many millions in Equatoria, Upper Nile regions, including Lakes and Western Bahr Ghazal States believe he should.

The members of the Legislative assembly in Juba did not speak out in support of the people they represent, because most of them were appointed by the SPLM leadership of President Kiir.

That is why the the MPs in the legislative assembly in Juba did not condemned the murder of Nuer people in Juba and those suffering the brutality of this war, this evidently shows that the SSLA condone impunity in a democratic government which they are supposed to protect in the people’s Assembly.

Equally so, the Governors of Equatoria who are at least elected by their people, have also kept blind eye, they supported and protected the president throughout this period, they condoned the killing of innocent Nuer people in Juba, they failed to hold the president to account on behalf of the people they represent.

They were only concerned about protecting J.W. Igga’s Vice presidency position, even though he doesn’t represent Equatorians in that position other than serving President Kiir, where is the nationalistic duty of these Governors?

This is also how ALL the Governors have indirectly participated in protecting the president in this crime against humanity. It is true for other people in the position of power, they too have indirect hand in the death and suffering of the people and for making the country slip into destruction.

They should all be ashamed for denying justice to the victims and for encouraging the president to pursue his rule of injustice, tribalism and dictatorship.

Brothers and sisters in the various Government positions, former detainees and SPLA Commanders, you should look hard into yourself in the mirror, while doing so ask yourselves about the right and wrong of what is happening to your people, if it is wrong “Kindly tell the President to step down” to stop the magniloquence of Power Sharing.

Brethren, know that President Kiir alone is the problem to the current armed conflict and he alone can create the condition for true peace and reconciliation, he must put the people of South Sudan first before his, the only way he can do this is, by stepping down at the end of his term of office in June 2015.

Equally, Dr Riek and the former detainees must not play politics with the lives of the south Sudanese people from all ethnic backgrounds, for these tribes are the PILLARS of South Sudan as a nation, Dinka, Equatorians, Shilluk and Nuer tribes alone don’t make the South Sudan a strong nation but all the ethnic groups.

This war is not a political war, it is a war between the president and the people who elected him, ‘the citizens of south Sudan.’

Know that the president, by targeting the Nuer community has targeted all the ethnic communities, the PILLARS of the Nation and therefore, all south Sudanese people from the Dinka, Shilluk, Equatoria, Murle, Ndogo and all the tribes should raise their voices up loud to call for President Salva Kiir to peacefully step down to save the country from total destruction.

South Sudan is a country because of all the ethnic tribes, small and large; all has equal right and duty in protecting democracy as well as preserving the cultural heritage of their respective ethnic groups.

The SPLM/A In the Government (SPLM/A-IG) and In the Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) should instead call for an ‘’Interim Government for Peace, Reconciliation and National Unity without Kiir and Riek, NOT Transitional government of national unity based on power sharing.

They should allow the formation of the Interim Government through open nomination from credible and competent candidates from which the head of the interim government will be appointed independently by the south Sudanese people’s representative conference.

This open and inclusive approach will give people the right to participate in peace process, as suggested a National Representative Conference would be appropriate to take such responsibility and other issues of contention.

It is appropriate that the people should have the final say in this process in order to restore
their confidence and trust in the new administration and also in such difficult situation, the people must be allowed to exercise their authority as citizens.

Let us all accept the truth about this conflict without political bias and prejudice before we begin to protect President Kiir or Dr Riek for political reward through power sharing or because of our tribal affiliation with them.

The IGAD and President Museveni also need to understand and accept the truth about this conflict without political bias and prejudice before they continue to protect dictatorship and deny the crime committed against humanity just to protect the political and economic interest of their Nations at the expense of the lives of our people.

The hard truth without political bias and prejudice is, thousands of Nuer ethnic community were targeted and systematically murdered by the SPLA and the illegally recruited Presidential Militia under the direct general command of President Salva Kiir.

As a result of this the Nuer community protested and mobilized a resistance force to protect their people and decided to fight Kiir’s government. Self-defence in the court of law is not an upright crime, but this is not to defend the Nuer community from taking revenge on fellow countrymen the Dinka, in Bor, Malakal and Bentiu.

The Nuer elders would have to stand up soon to face the families of their victims when the environment is created for justice, truth and reconciliation to take place. It is however, important that the pain of Murle, Nuer, Bari, Ma’di, Shilluk, Moru, Dinka, Kakwa and other ethnic communities in south Sudan do not go in vein, the SPLM/A leadership should be held
accountable for the atrocities caused until justice is served.

The IGAD head of states and the International Communities including the TROIKA must listen to the TRUE voice of the people not the parties in conflict or their affiliates.

The power of democracy start with the people and ends with the people, so waste no time to encourage bloody war at this point, the SPLM/A have failed the people and country, help give power back to the people now before there are no people to uphold democracy.

Do not encourage dictatorship, corruption, human right violation and crime against humanity, but help the people to stand up to defend democracy, justice and human rights. The urgent thing IGAD should do instead is as follows;
— Help South Sudanese people to appoint a body to serve as pre-Interim Administration
lasting between 45-90 days, this could be done in consultation with community elders,
the power base of the country and the legislative assembly as symbol of democracy;
— Call for UN/AU Peace keeping forces to take overall control of security in South Sudan
mainly in the most troubled areas and Juba the capital to establish security control and
to create favourable environment for free movement and speech, this would allow
create a system to provide interim security control and restore the rule of law;
Form a credible Interim Government without Riek and Kiir to allow;
— Independent commission to investigate the cause of war and crime committed against
the citizens, without the influence of the two political leaders;
— The necessary reform to take place, leading to reconciliation, justice and true peace;
— Repatriation of refugees and IDPs, national census and general election to take place, a process that can save and protect democracy in the country.

Allow peace to come to South Sudan on two legs not on life support bed. THE PEACE AND FREEDOM OF SOUTH SUDANESE PEOPLE DEPEND ON YOU AND ALL OF US.

Benjamin Taban
For all concerned south Sudanese people
Building Alliance for Peace, Reconciliation and National Unity.

Kiir and Machar should be arrested & sent to exile to save South Sudan


This is simply a conflict between two small men — Salva Kiir and Riek Machar. They should be removed from the scene to allow their country to know peace. Fifty thousand killed. Close to a million displaced. All for what?

The war in South Sudan, which is well into its second year now, is a unique conflict because there is hardly a credible explanation for why the parties are fighting.

Many wars have some rational reason or at least an excuse for why the sides have chosen the path of armed conflict.

In South Sudan there is no grand reason. This is simply a conflict between two small men — Salva Kiir and Riek Machar.

They are both over six feet tall and have been around for decades. But the President and his former Vice-President have shown incredible short-sightedness and selfishness to lead the world’s youngest country, born amid so much hope, into a costly war.

These two men and their overblown egos simply could not agree how to share power.

In the event, they decided to turn to armed forces dominated by their own people, Kiir the Dinka and Machar the Nuer, in an attempt to hold or take power by whatever means.

The talks in Addis were always going to fail because, in attempting to impose the “Kenya solution” — power sharing between the main protagonists — the mediators failed to understand that the attitudes of the Kenyan and South Sudanese elite are very different.

The Kenyan power elite are the main stakeholders in the Kenyan economy. They can duel over power but ultimately do not want the country to burn because they will be the biggest losers.

And in Raila Odinga and Mwai Kibaki, Kenya was lucky to have two individuals who, in spite of the hard-line positions, were willing to back down and meet each other halfway.


In South Sudan, the situation is completely different. After many long years of war, the parties that formed the government just decided to loot almost every single coin from the coffers without a care in the world for their impoverished country.

In May 2012, Salva Kiir, under pressure from donors, wrote a letter to 75 officials urging them to return $4 billion (Sh360 billion) they had stolen within just one year of independence.

And as research by the campaigning group Avaaz has shown, most of that wealth is invested in Kenya and Uganda, meaning the South Sudanese elite see little to lose by letting their country burn over a totally preventable conflict.

The casual approach to the peace talks was summed up by commentator Charles Onyango-Obbo who pointed out that the luxury hotels in which the talks were hosted regularly ran out of whisky and the delegates were claiming a daily per diem of $250 to attend talks aimed at bringing peace to their own country.

It is time for drastic solutions. Kiir and Machar will never work together and see no problem with burning their country if the prize is power for themselves.

They should be removed from the scene and, as a report reviewing the conflict has suggested, the nation ought to be placed under a transitional committee to stabilise it and set it on the path to being a functional state.

In colonial times, freedom fighters who the colonialists saw as trouble makers were routinely arrested and sent to faraway prisons on islands or remote corners of the country.

Jomo Kenyatta, the great Cyprian nationalist Makarios III and King Prempeh of the Ashanti kingdom are among those who endured this treatment.

In those days, of course, the colonialists were looting their domain and were the villains. In South Sudan, the new rulers of the independent nation are the villains and the looters.

They should be removed from the scene to allow their country to know peace. There are few stories that I have covered where the collective energy and euphoria of those in attendance was more electric than the Independence Day celebrations in Juba on July 9, 2011.

“We have experienced what it is to be a refugee,” Kiir told the crowd that day. “We hope that this has been our last war and that our people will never have to leave the country to flee from insecurity.”

He and Machar have crushed those hopes. They are villains who do not belong anywhere near power but in a lonely exile far away from a land which is full of promise but which is hostage to these two incompetent egotists.

The Leaked Excerpts of AU Commission of Inquiry’s Report & IGAD’s Threat of Imposing a Govt. in South Sudan

By: James Okuk, PhD, Juba Univ., MAR/07/2015, SSN;

On March 7, 2014 and based on decision of the AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) and after consultations with different parties involved in the outbreak of the mid-December 2013 conflict, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma appointed a Five-Member Commission of Inquiry [i.e.
1) H.E. Olusegun Obasanjo – Former President of Nigeria,
2) Lady Justice Sophia A.B. Akuffo – Ghanaian and President and Justice of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights,
3) Professor Mahmood Mamdani – Ugandan and Executive Director of the Makerere Institute of Social Research,
4) Ms. Bineta Diop – Senegalese and AU Chairperson’s Special Envoy for Women, Peace and Security; and
5) Professor Pacifique Manirakiza – Burundian and Commissioner at the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights] to “investigate the human rights violations and other abuses committed during the armed conflict in South Sudan, and make recommendations on the best ways and means to ensure accountability, reconciliation and healing among all South Sudanese communities” based on the designated terms of reference: [i.e.,

1) Establish the immediate and remote causes of the conflict;
2) Investigate human rights violations and other abuses during the conflict by all parties from 15 December 2013;
3) Establish facts and circumstances that may have led to and that amount to such violations and of any crimes that may have been perpetrated;
4) Compile information based on these investigations and in so doing assist in identifying perpetrators of such violations and abuses with a view to ensuring accountability for those responsible;
5) Compile information on institutions and process or lack thereof that may have aided or aggravated the conflict resulting in violations of human rights and other abuses;
6) Make recommendations based on the investigation on the following:
a) appropriate mechanisms to prevent a recurrence of the conflict;
b) mechanisms to promote national healing and cohesiveness, particularly focusing on the need for all South Sudanese communities to live together in peace;
c) modalities for nation building, specifically focused on building of democratic institutions and post-conflict reconstruction;
d) and accountability mechanisms for gross violations of human rights and other egregious abuses to ensure that those responsible for such violations are held to account].

The Technical and Administrative Support Team for the Commission was based at the AUC Headquarters in Addis Ababa. The Secretariat established necessary contacts with the AU Juba Liaison Office, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Juba, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and relevant stakeholders, so as to enable members of the Commission to amply carry out their mandate and finalize the required report.

The 60-page report was presented to the African Union’s Peace and Security Council on Jan 29, 2015 but restricted from publication so that it doesn’t spoil the atmosphere of IGAD-led peace talks. According to the excerpts from the leaked report by Reuters:

1) South Sudan’s president Kiir and his rival Riek be barred from transitional government because both of them are responsible for the political collapse in December 2013 and “the organized massacres and the large-scale violence that followed.” The violence “ethnically cleansed” the capital Juba of Nuer, who then sparked revenge attack. The conflict reopened ethnic fault lines, pitting Kiir’s Dinka people against Machar’s ethnic Nuer forces. The United Nations and aid agencies accuse both sides of Kiir and Riek of ethnic-based massacres and grave human rights violations including widespread rape and executions.

2) Ministers who were in power prior to cabinet’s dissolution in July 2013 “be barred from participation in the transitional executive” because they were accomplices in Kiir-Riek conflict and could have been involved in corrupt practices against the development and welfare of the Republic of South Sudan.

3) An AU-appointed and U.N.-backed three-person panel to effectively control and oversee a five-year transition and creation of an executive for South Sudan that would place all oil revenue in an escrow account overseen by the African Development Bank.

4) An African Oversight Force for South Sudan made up of troops “without prior involvement or direct interest in South Sudan” that would be under AU command and “the overall charge” of a U.N. peacekeeping mission.

5) The African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights, instead of the International Criminal Court, be given criminal jurisdiction over “high state officials individually responsible for war crimes and/or gross violation of human rights.”

6) United States, Britain, Norway and IGAD are to blame for creating “a politically unchallenged armed power” and “unaccountable political class” who have been acting with impunity and legitimized “rule of the gun” in South Sudan through the 2005 CPA deal. Particularly, the United States supported Kiir until it lost confidence in him in late 2013. Washington had hoped he could oversee a stable, oil-producing, majority Christian state allied to the West in contrast to neighboring Muslim-led Sudan, which is hostile to Washington.

Now, by trying to connect the dots for sensibility of the report, you could detect from March 6, 2015 press release by the Ethiopian Prime Minister and Chair of IGAD after declaring the collapse of the latest session of Government-SPLM/A (IO) peace talks in Addis Ababa, that the region together with the UN could impose ‘by all means’ a transitional government for South Sudan by July 2015 (perhaps including the Cote d’Ivoire President Laurent Gbagbo ousting model, justified by his illegitimacy in holding power beyond elections mandate and Angola Jonas Sabimbi’s crushing model, justified by his intransigency on continuous rebellion).

This might mean that the recommended joint AU-U.N ‘trusteeship’ would be effected to oversee a five-year transition and creation of an executive for the Republic of South Sudan and place oil revenue in an escrow account overseen by the African Development Bank.

It could be sensed that such AU-UN sovereign controllers would rule the country in collaboration with some selected South Sudanese technocrats. What is yet to be known in details is whether the proposed AU-UN panel that shall be handed sovereignty of South Sudan would be doing it by ‘remote or proximity control.’

It shall be impossible for one country to have many governments claiming the same sovereign power at the same time. That is, how will the AU-UN imposed government operate inside the country successfully side-by-side with Dr. Riek Machar’s declared federal bush-government and with President Salva Kiir’s city-government?

How would South Sudanese technocrats who shall participate in such imposed alien government be perceived by the public? May be betrayers versus patriots, depending on where someone who judges stands.

The possible aliens’ intervention into the Republic of South Sudan is now imminent if our leaders don’t come into their proper senses and see politics clearly the way critical analysts see it. “By all means” would then mean including military takeover of the government of South Sudan by AU-UN peacekeeping forces and crushing the rebels’ government if it doesn’t comply with peace that is imposed by the superpowers.

Surely, our political leaders are to blame for this unfortunate situation of opening the country to aliens’ intervention. This would have not come if the internal front of all legal political forces were united for securing the dignity of their country. The price of disunity is always fall and collapse of sovereignty, nationalism and patriotism. We might even reach a day to say “there was a country” called South Sudan, God forbids!

However, perhaps, the stalled IGAD peace talks is going to be a blessing in disguise for the serious and concerned nationalists of the Republic of South Sudan (intellectuals, politicians, religious leaders, civil society leaders and ethnic sages) to rethink out alternative internal avenues of finding a lasting peace and rescuing the hard won independence dignity of the Republic of South Sudan from aliens’ or betrayers’ grabs.

The IGAD mediation deadlock on peace negotiations could open a ripen opportune for an urgent calling of an inclusive national peace and governance conference in Juba before the AU and UN reach the tipping point of taking over the country from both the government and the rebels by July 2015.

It could be learning by hard ways after our leaders have knocked their heads on hard walls of tough choices between war and peace, and after they have gotten humiliated and chickened by threats of sanctions. Keep crying my beloved country!

It is now time for the honest nationalists of the Republic of South Sudan to come together as soon as possible and deliberate on available avenues of securing a dignified fate of their beloved and embattled country, before giving a foolish chance to outsiders to decide for them via regrets.

It is high time to abandon politicized selfishness and embrace altruism for the common good of the new nation in the making.

Dr. James Okuk is a lecturer and political analyst in the area of politics. He can be reached at

Dr. Riek! …Now that “Convincing” is failing, try “Confusing”

BY: KON Joseph LEEK, South Sudanese commentator, MAR/06/2015, SSN;

A certain US president once said that, “if you cannot convince them, then confuse them.” …. What’s the strategy Riek has resorted to doing now?”

‘Salva Kiir lost his case in Arusha, he should just resign… He took the country to war because of that, now he comes and admits he is wrong, so why would he remain in power?’ radical Riek Machar told his apostles in Nairobi a day after the Arusha reunification.

Riek’s issue is a case of a vulture rejoicing over carcasses and corpses…. a sensible person would not insist on what he has failed to do since Dec, 2013. Who is delaying and denying you to remove him [Kiir] from power? It has now become a typical solo song that you sing and still responded to by the same you.

It is vividly clear that you are fighting a lone game, a game you will not win because you are playing against yourself, and you are not yet aware of that.

If Riek is talking of Kiir’s removal, it is clear that he means violent means, and South Sudanese are tired of that, we are now in peaceful resolution and he is again visioning to frustrate it.

What I belief he is doing is just a “bluffing” but not reality to the rebel generals who are not satisfied with the reunification’s agreement in ARUSHA.

The reunification only favors him since it was only focused on SPLM and the rest were not part. The Tanzania’s Chama Cha Mapinduzi [CCM] believes that the crises in South Sudan were generated from the SPLM power struggles but was all cracked by the dismissal of Riek Machar from the government with some of his subordinates [the chain he had constructed was broken – hence, provoking him to take up arms against the gov’t].

This is why they [CCM] decided to reunite the SPLM and again show them guidelines of how a party can be managed. This saw Riek, a rebel leader is reinstated back to his place as Deputy SPLM chairman.

The rest [Gatwich Dual, Gatdet Yak and others] became furious that if they were the ones who helped Riek to resist fighting the government since 2013 by mobilizing the youth to cover-up the governments guns’ nozzles, then who is Riek alone to be part of the “distribution” of which they were left out?

They insisted to choose between fighting the government to the end, until Kiir runs away from the seat or they rebel against Riek. Riek wouldn’t like anyone to fight the government to the end because to him, it is all politics and politics is not always straight. It zigzags and curves with a lot of U-turns through “belonging and bleeding” of the inferiors – Gatwei, Gatdet and other rebel generals are still not aware of that.

He [RIEK] too wouldn’t feel comfortable seeing anyone rebelling against him because they are the people he is using to get his interest and if they turn against him [RIEK], he would then be nobody. He can simply opted to committing suicide. So, he better use his mighty power of thinking to stay with them until his mission is accomplished – then drop them later

For Riek to convince these people is to CONFUSE them that, the agreements signed are all naïve, useless and a sham and would not ever come back to Kiir’s government unless Kiir is removed. He say these as a trick to the people he is militarily using as another political way for his “military fame.”

He is afraid to hurt them in any case because upon doing so, he would be declined militarily and his political strength would sink straight away.

He is doing this for now, and when time comes later, he would hasten run to JUBA leaving angry generals in the bush – like he always does.

In DUK County now, many GAWAAR and LOU-NUER youth are coming to graze their cattle around the swamps denouncing RIEK’s war.

Gatwech Dual, who is the chief of staff of Riek’s forces is being excommunicated and isolated by LOU chiefs because they [chiefs] believe that RIEK whose state [UNITY STATE] is relatively stable and has a lesser number of youth who participated during the crises [2013-early 2014] is looking forward to sweeping the LOU-NUER youths into the front-line against the government.

The chiefs see this as another RIEK strategy to prolong the war because, ‘if the former clan-chief of chieng-BUR [Gatwech Dual] is not appeased with a big post,’ Riek thought, “no one else can manage to mobilize the LOU youth because he [GATWECH] is one of the most respected and feared military generals in the area.’

And any war in which LOU have not accepted and participated in cannot be accepted and participated by the other Nuer on the grounds that they are the more aggressive and fearless NUER any military bright – NUER politician would want to use as in 1991. They were used through WURNYANG GATKEK LUOM [a spiritual leader from LAK Nuer – killed by the white army in 2006 during disarmament], and so is it in 2013 by the same person [Riek] through DAK KUETH DENG MAYEN [A Dinka from DUK, though migrated to GOGOOR/PIERI-WUROR county].

For the case of GATDET YAK, he is another desperate general who is losing ground in BUL [his clan in MAYOM county, BENTIU], he is known as a several-times-side-switching general, who is addicted to rebellion and defection, and any soul from his area is afraid to follow him because he starts this today and the other tomorrow like a violent lunatic, hence making you [follower] confused either to remain where he brought you or go back with him. ONLY a lunatic follows a fellow lunatic!

Riek is someone whom they [military generals] see as another loose politician who uses death as a tool of fame and position. He rebels with the members he influences to defect with him and again makes a U-turn leaving his subordinates on the other side like he did in 2001 when he came back with his wife and may be his secretary.

All the others came thereafter on their own – and he is still a role-model to many! He informs his subordinates and comes back without informing them again whenever he is rejoining – he often rejoins alone!

Those generals are the right people who have a full control of the army; RIEK is just an opportunist who is only exploiting their illiteracy and ignorance. If they decide to join the government today or if they are the ones to sign any peaceful agreement or cease fire with the government, you would see Riek hanging himself if he hates not being a president too much or automatically banishing/exiling himself from the country on his own.

Riek is in confusion of the word to entice the people, beginning with himself – that he can do it, then his wife – that he is a bold husband who cannot, and does not fail, then to his friends in the bush – that he is an animal of a man that gets what he wants and uses whatsoever means to make them confident.

Instead of being a politician who uses massive blood to get power, please try peaceful means this time around to challenge KIIR if you think he is the problem… for elections are zooming.

The writer is a commentator on contemporary South Sudan
He can be reached on & 0955091449

Crisis of IGAD Peace Talks: Why South Sudanese negotiating parties missed the 5th March 2015 Deadline?

By: Jacob D. Chol, Political science Faculty, Juba Univ., MAR/06/2015, SSN;

South Sudan dived into political and military chaos on the 15th December 2013 on what the Government’s account termed as a failed coup attempt and of which the opposition allies to Dr. Riek Machar argued as a triggered crisis meant to eliminate them. The crisis then got a helping hand from the region and the international community that put the South Sudan peace mediation talks under the custody of IGAD.

This came from the background that the IGAD had once successfully mediated Sudan peace process. In the beginning of the mediation, IGAD and international community efforts led to the signing of many protocols between the SPLM in the Government and the SPLM in the Opposition including the SPLM-Former Political Detainees (FPDs) known well as G10+. These protocols include the Cessation of Hostilities (CoH), the Implementation Matrix of the CoH, the Road Map to the Transitional Government of National Unity and finally the famous Arusha SPLM Unification Agreement as reinforcement to the Addis Ababa peace process.

Given that many rounds of Addis Ababa peace talks could not yield any ripened fruit on the implementation stages, the purported last round that mediation duped as “last Chance” and practically began on 23rd February and to end on 5th March 2015 with a comprehensive peace agreement appeared as another standstill affairs without peace to the war ridden South Sudanese.

It seems that the negotiators will just pack their briefcases from Addis Ababa luxurious hotels and return to Nairobi and Juba without peace. Then why is this case? Why is that a simple party squabbles could take one year and three months without headway? What are the hurdles in the South Sudan peace process?

This short analysis attempts to analyze three drivers that explain the standstill of South Sudan peace process. These drivers include misguided model, inconsistency in mediation procedures and zero-sum interests of regional and international community.

We begin our analysis at the misguided model of South Sudan peace process. The IGAD mediators for South Sudanese peace had just plagiarized a Sudanese peace process model forgetting that plagiarism is a deadly sin in academic milieu. Thus, the copycat of Sudan NCP-SPLM peace model to resolve South Sudanese family quarrels, complicated the peace process further.

For instance, the elements of two armies, wealth sharing and contracted debts could have not be discussed in one party bickers. What is the essence then, are the two standing armies going to protect and the defense the constitutions of countries or party leaders? Are they going to be parties or countries armies?

In peace theory underpinned by International Law, armies are meant for well-defined State not personal or political parties. Thus the idea of having two armies in the would-be south Sudanese peace accord is a misplaced ambition that had a serious negative ramification in sealing peace on time. The NCP-SPLM model was crafted brilliantly to serve the secession of the then Southern Sudan in offing for South Sudan. Unless the SPLM-IO is foreseeing secession tendencies to cave out certain region to qualify for a Republic.

Wait; is this what Dr. Riek and SPLM-IO fanatics want to do in the feasible future? Is Dr. Riek and Co. Ltd going to secede from South Sudan and maybe declare Republic of Greater Upper or Ngundeng Republic to warrant a separate army? How about the ethnic composition of the army? Is it not going to be homogeneous coterie militias outfit of the tribal white armies (Jiech Mabor) who comes from Dr. Riek ethnic backyard?

These should be self-reflections questions for the coiner of the two armies model to evaluate the future State disintegration and over-Somalization of South Sudan. On wealth sharing, one wondered of what wealth does Dr. Riek SPLM-IO want to share with Kiir SPLM-IG? Is it the oil of the Greater Upper Nile region? I thought there were clauses covering this in Petroleum Act 2012, particularly the 2% share that goes to oil producing States.

Subsequently, the argument of wealth sharing lacks any substance and it is inapt call. If anything, then It would better for the former and current Governors of the Greater Upper region, particularly the oil producing States of Upper Nile and Unity to be asked to explain where the annual 4% States share have gone to, instead of asking for wealth sharing for a political party.

Coming to the contracted debts, one may yes, the Government should make its debts public to the citizens including the opposition group. However, one interesting thing is that, the SPLM-IO may have as well borrowed some Hugh chunk of money as loans from their allies and of which they promised allies to pay back together with the Government loans when peace is attained, thus the famous dictum “contracted debts”.

Consequently, the misguided model could not enhance the realization of South Sudan peace on set date due to the aphorism of “one size fits all approach” does not augur well in attaining peace agreements.

Moreover, the second driver that could explain the shameful missing of peace deadline is inconsistency on mediation. In every mediation process there are always Declaration of Principles (DOPS) or Rules of Procedures (ROPs). These DOPs/ROPs were not strictly followed in South Sudanese peace process.

At the beginning of talks, South Sudanese opposition parties led by SPLM-Democratic Change (DC), Former Political Detainees (FPDs) and other civil interested groups were allowed as part of negotiations. I know, one may argue that multifaceted negotiations have never been successful given that number of parties’ involved and endless consultations associated with them.

But South Sudan case as I alluded to earlier, is a family dispute that exploded at the house of SPLM and therefore inclusivity was paramount. Given this oversight ting, the mediators accepted to bar out he opposition parties led by SPLM-DC and the FPDs.

Although the SPLM Arusha Unification Agreement revived the participation of FPDs in spirit of resolving the debacle using SPLM re-union therapy, the mediators re-invented the wheel and reduced the negotiation as a bilateral affair between the SPLM-IG and SPLM-IO. So lack of confidence in the mediation consistency is another daring driver that has keep party stand still in reaching peace agreement on time.

The third driver is the zero-sum interests of regional countries and divided attention of international community. Quick analysis of the interests of regional heavy weights gives a sense on how peace was hostage by segmented interests. We start with Uganda, the Republic of Uganda interest in South Sudan is linked to trade benefits and possible petroleum interest.

Since the independence of South Sudan, Uganda is reported to have acquired billions of dollars profits in trade with South Sudan. Moreover, the menace of LRA seemed to have smothered Uganda to South Sudan and bonded them as twin best allies. Kampala has often accused Khartoum of harboring and supporting dangerous LRA terrorist, a threat Khartoum stomached but again accused Kampala of supporting the SPLM-N rebels fighting to dislodge President Al-Bashir. These interests have kept Kampala historically closed to Juba.

On the other hand, Kenya is till beating its chest for having midwifed the then Sudan Peace process that later led to the Independence of South Sudan and thus in this South Sudan conflicts, Nairobi has always remained ambivalent in the treatment of Government, Rebels and FPDs.

This should not be a surprise revelation; Kenya foreign policy is embedded on non-antagonism and the principle of good neighborhood-ness and thus truth to that her ambivalent in regional conflicts is a guided decision.

Besides, United Republic of Tanzania, a cool socialist State has based her interests on snatching away South Sudan peace from Addis Ababa to her historical peace town of Arusha. Dodoma boasted for her recent well-concluded SPLM Arusha Unification Agreement though it has been thrown into the dustbin. Thus she belittles Addis Ababa for lack of experience in mediating internal political conflicts.

Tanzania mediation credence goes back to the successes of mediating Kenya post-electoral political fiasco that has led to rebirth in Kenya institutions and leadership and thinks that she is the best to resolve South Sudan political ignominy.

What is more, Ethiopia interest is dual diplomacy, however, her interest is tilted towards SPLM-IO support given the large presence of Nuer nationalities in Ethiopia. Connected to the thread is hydro politics interest, South Sudan recently has strengthened its ties with Egypt, which Ethiopia strongly detests.

Addis Ababa would withdrawal its diplomatic support from any country that comes closer to Cairo due the supremacy control over the Grand Renaissance Dam which has billions storage of volume of cubic water. Given that South Sudan is still chairing the Nile Basin Countries body, Ethiopia is closely monitoring her moves particularly her associations with Egypt.

In addition, Khartoum interests in the peace talks are quite obvious. Given that South Sudan is a special ally to Uganda, Sudan would treat South Sudan as an adversary especially the SPLM-IG and in lieu gives her support to the SPLM-IO. Moreover, the issue of each side alleged support to marauding rebels has deteriorated the relations of the two countries.

Pertinent to regional interests analysis is the Djibouti. Djibouti interests are all in oil pipelines. Djibouti wishes that South Sudan oil pipelines could pass via Ethiopia and thus to Djibouti. She has been waiting for the Government of Republic of South Sudan to formalize the LAPSET project so that her hope in ferrying South Sudan crude to Djibouti is made real.

Given the delayed of the Government to actualize the pipeline project to Djibouti and being a very poor country, Djibouti got hoodwinked by the SPLM-IO and informed that the pipelines would be extended to her territory once SPLM-IO get to the realm of power. The veracity of this affair is that, the representative of Djiboutian Government was embedded in Addis Ababa talks, serving as a consultant to the SPLM-IO on petroleum issues.

On the last analysis on the divided attention of the International Community, one could argue that the USA, UK and Norway (Trioka) are not reading from the same script. When the USA proposed individual target sanctions and approved by the UNSC, there were no notch-higher campaigns from UK and Norway, particular from their parliaments on the necessity of propelling individual target sanctions on South Sudanese leaders.

Hence, it is possible to elucidate that the Trioka has divided its support across the SPLM belligerents groups, namely, the SPLM-IG, SPLM-IO and FPDs. You could argue that Trioka would take breakfast with the SPLM-IG, lunch with SPLM-IO and dinner with the SPLM-FPDs. This divided attention could not coalesce in rallying around one interest, speaking in one voice and agreeing that enough was enough for South Sudan peace deal.

Regional and international examples had that a united international community can have a strong push toward successful signing of peace accords. For instance, the Northern Ireland Good Friday Peace Agreement was reached at the last minute when the international community chorused in one voice and introduced carrot phrase “departing train strategy” to refer to that reality the train was completely leaving and that it would never return again and hence anyone not joining the train would be left behind forever.

This also applied to the Bosnia-Herzegovina peace mediation that attracted the unity of the international community leading to the inking of Dayton Peace Agreement at the last hour. Although one can argue that the Dayton Peace Accord cannot be a good model given the challenges in its implementations, it tested the muscles of international community in supporting the Consociational Agreement.

Finally, it is plausible to conclude that the whole procrastination of realizing peace in Addis Ababa is causally linked to the misguided model that failed to diagnose the problem of South Sudanese, the inconsistency in the procedures of negotiations and the vested interests of regional and international community.

Deadlines have been set and missed. However, the missing of the 5th March 2015 is a big blow to South Sudanese leaders. In the last word of IGAD Chairperson, Hailemriam Dessalegn that the IGAD South Sudan peace talks have been adjourned indefinitely given a need to reinvigorate and reform the peace process, the reality of IGAD mistakes are right hereby being admitted.

Thus, in the next Submit of IGAD Heads of States and Governments that will perhaps determine the reinvigoration of South Sudanese peace talks, one can advise that the Stick of peace talks mediation should be given to United Republic of Tanzania for the very reason that its regional interests are only tied towards snatching peace and mediate it. Tanzania has a special experience of having successful mediation Kenya post-electoral Accord and the recent Arusha SPLM Unification Agreement.

Until a Peace Accord is reached soon or later, keep crying my baby beloved country!

Mr. Chol is a Reader and Head, Department of Political Science, University of Juba. He can be reached at

Exclusive: Bar South Sudan Kiir & Machar from transition govt – AU Inquiry draft

Exclusive: Bar South Sudan leaders from transition – inquiry draft
Reuters News | Mar 05, 2015, SSN

By Michelle Nichols and Aaron Maasho;

(Reuters) – LATEST: Peace talks between South Sudan’s government and rebels adjourned on Friday and there was no date set for the next meeting, a mediation official said.

UNITED NATIONS/ADDIS ABABA – A much-anticipated African Union inquiry calls for South Sudan’s president and his rival, Riek Machar, to be barred from a transitional government and for the oil-producing country to effectively be placed under AU control, say sources and a draft of the report.

The recommendations are directly at odds with a peace deal being negotiated that would retain Salva Kiir as president and appoint rebel leader Riek Machar as deputy. The two are holding talks this week in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on forming a unity government.

Fighting between forces loyal to Kiir and rebels allied with Machar plunged South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation, into a civil war in December 2013. At least 10,000 people have been killed and 1.5 million civilians displaced.

The inquiry blamed the United States, Britain and Norway for creating “a politically unchallenged armed power” by backing a 2005 peace deal that “ushered in an unaccountable political class”.

The findings were to be presented to the African Union’s Peace and Security Council on Jan. 29 but the body shelved publication of the report. The inquiry’s findings have not been released due to fears its publication could disrupt peace negotiations, say diplomats in the 54-state African Union.

Reuters obtained a 60-page draft of the inquiry, which a source close to the five-member inquiry panel said was produced in October. The same recommendations of barring Kiir and Machar from a transitional government were included in a new draft in January, the sources told Reuters.

Kiir sacked Machar as his deputy in July 2013, sparking the crisis. The United Nations and aid agencies accuse both sides of ethnic-based massacres and grave human rights violations including widespread rape and executions.

The United States supported Kiir until it lost confidence in him in late 2013. Washington had hoped he could oversee a stable, oil-producing, majority Christian state allied to the West in contrast to neighboring Muslim-led Sudan, which is hostile to Washington.

The conflict reopened ethnic fault lines, pitting Kiir’s Dinka people against Machar’s ethnic Nuer forces.

The violence “ethnically cleansed” the capital Juba of Nuer, who then sparked revenge attacks, said the draft of the inquiry obtained by Reuters.

The inquiry, led by former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, holds Kiir and Machar responsible for the political collapse in December 2013 and “the organized massacres and the large-scale violence that followed.”


The draft recommended that members of the South Sudan government, including the president, vice president and ministers in power before the cabinet’s dissolution in July 2013 “be barred from participation in the transitional executive.”

It called for an AU-appointed and U.N.-backed three-person panel to oversee a five-year transition and the creation of a transitional executive that would place all oil revenue in an escrow account overseen by the African Development Bank.

It recommended the creation of an African Oversight Force made up of troops “without prior involvement or direct interest in South Sudan” that would be under AU command and “the overall charge” of a U.N. peacekeeeping mission.

It does not specify how many troops would make up the force. There are already some 11,500 U.N. peacekeepers in South Sudan.

Fighting has continued despite a truce signed a month ago by Kiir and Machar, who aim to form a transitional government of national unity by July 9. The current peace talks in Addis Ababa will extend beyond a Thursday deadline set by mediators.

The inquiry blamed some of South Sudan’s problems on the United States, Britain, Norway and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, an eight-country Eastern African trading bloc known as IGAD, who were behind a 2005 deal paving the way for South Sudan’s 2011 independence from Sudan.

It said they helped to establish “a politically unchallenged armed power in South Sudan” that acted with impunity and legitimized “rule of the gun.”

Officials from the United States and Britain declined to comment on a document they said they had not seen. Officials from South Sudan, IGAD and Norway were not immediately available for comment.

The U.N. Security Council on Tuesday urged public release of the findings. The United States, Britain and Norway last month called for the report’s release.

The draft obtained by Reuters recommends that the African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights, instead of the International Criminal Court, be given criminal jurisdiction over “high state officials individually responsible for war crimes and/or gross violation of human rights.”

(Additional reporting by Louis Charbonneau; Editing by David Storey, Jason Szep and James Dalgleish)

Uncovered: Jieng Council of Elders sinister plot in Equatoria

SouthSudanLibertyNews, MAR/04/2015;

An informant from the office of the President Salva Kiir has alerted South Sudan Liberty news that a scheme has been put together to neutralize any further uprising in Greater Equatoria and Eastern Equatoria corridor in particular, given the strategic interest of the Jieng Council of elders in it particularly the Ma’diland.

In a closed door meeting held at the Presidential palace on February 25th 2015, chaired by the President himself, present were key members of the council of Jieng elders and top generals, mainly from the President’s home state, Warrap, none of the cabinet ministers from Equatoria were present, conspicuously absent was the national security chief Obutu Mamur.

This revelation coincided with the arrival of 100, 000 herds of cattle now freely grazing in farmlands between Kerepi and Loa, in the Ma’di land. Ironically, the destruction of these farmland is contrary to the President’s declared Policy of food security, aiming to make south Sudan the bread basket for East Africa, but at minimum to feed his people by this year, 2015.

Intelligent sources revealed to South Sudan Liberty news that these cows are raided from the Murle and the Nuer people, and the Jieng elders intend to use the Ma’di corridor for hideaways of these stolen cows.

They at first tried to use the Moruland but got stiff resistance with deadly consequences thus decided to move their cows to the Madiland now numbering in the hundreds of thousands, with Armed-to-the-teeth Dinka herdsmen. The ammunitions supplied by Juba.

This new revelations also explains the reason for the massive Dinka soldiers deployments all over the Ma’di corridor.

Since the arrival of these soldiers ahead of the cattle, intimidation and harassment increased, including the killing of unarmed woman in Opari on 26 December 2014, the killing of prominent businesspersons in Nimule and the burning down of Owiny-kibul on 23 February 2015.

Given the reported rebellion of Major General Martin Kenyi, the Jiengs council of elders resolved to turn the Madiland into grazing land and Jieng habitat for their cattle, owners plus the new influx of the Jiengs in the Ma’diland,

They urge the President to employ zero tolerance to totally disable the capabilities of the Ma’di people to neither protest nor retaliate.

The first part of this scheme involved the indiscriminate and massive arrests of the Ma’di youths of all ages fighting or none to include children as young as 13 years old.

Per the informant, these unconstitutional arrests of the more than 200 youths in the night of 10 January 2015, were part of this plan fabricated by the council of Jieng elders, promptly endorsed without questions by Kiir to wipe out the Ma’di from their ancestral land.

This plan partly failed due to more than unanticipated public outcries after the youths were arrested. The mistake Juba made included of not even sparing the men of God, the arrests of the four Roman Catholic Priests who ended up in Pageri Military barracks humiliated by Kiir’s men.

These so-called SPLA soldiers supposedly fought for 21 years for religious freedom for every South Sudanese but now they turned around and treated even Christian leaders like commoners strictly on the basis of their ethnicities.

All the arrested, including children, youths and the spiritual leaders were subsequently released after the plan could not be kept secret from the public domain.

The action brought in the UNMISS to investigate and some Ma’di elders asked the UNMISS to create a corridor of protections for their people as the government is now treating them as enemies rather than going after those who took arms against them.

To say the least, even the son of the founding father of SPLM/A who is now a rebel, has not prompted all Dinkas to be treated as the Ma’di are treated, complained some of the Ma’di elders.

The second phase of this scheme of war of intimidation included the arrest of the Deputy Supreme leader of the Ma’di people, Mr. Lagu Jabakana who was arrested, tortured without charges and transferred to Juba, held at unknown locations, whose condition remains unknown.

This same Jabakana was arrested and tortured in 2013, beaten until he suffered left sided body paralysis in Torit, only to be released without explanations or charges after the December 15, 2013 war outbreaks.

If a Supreme leader of the people is treated this way then, how about the commoners? It clearly shows the total disregard the Jiengs have towards the Ma’di people but how intent they are to clear the Ma’diland and possess it.

This according to the informant, who asked to remain anonymous due to fear of his life, the targeted arrest of Ma’di deputy and other senior elders like Ustaz Nasur Gobi Abdullah, the disappearance of business men like Bosco Wayi are part of the Dinka council of elders to reduce the Ma’di people into total submission.

They calculated that without proper leadership, the youths will lack organizational abilities with ensuing chaos. This will eventually give the power in Nimule to the Dinka who do not look at themselves as IDPs but rather legitimate owners of Nimule, with the hope of sending Dinka MPs to Torit as their population outnumbers the Ma’di people.

But, also to select security personnel mainly from the Dinka ethnic group to easily monitor and arrest the Ma’di people without resistance from the youths.

The Ma’di populations will then have been overcome by fear and submit to the Dinka authority without any retaliatory attempts, this then is how a perfect South Sudan looks like for the Jiengs.

This according to the informant are the ultimate goals of the Dinkas in Ma’diland in particular but Equatoria at large, thus the parallel legal systems set by them in Nimule with constant influx of their people in direct violations in spite of the protests of the locals.

The Third and final phase of this scheme includes compilations of names of every male and vocal female ages 13 to 18 and older.

This list is to be exhaustive of the entire Ma’di populations being in the Ma’diland, Juba, Yei or Torit, mostly the able bodies to be categorized as rebels of Gen. Kenyi.

The Jiengs elders are reported to have said, they got away and are getting away of ethnic cleansing of the Nuer by successfully labeling the Nuer as Rebels of Riek Machar, which gave them a free and blank checks that blindfolded the international communities as they carry on their genocide against the Nuer, in fact worse, with the help of international mercenaries.

This valuable lesson learned is now being applied in the uprisings in Equatoria, not only in the Ma’diland, but the list includes the Latuho, Mundri, Kakwa, Pojulo, Kuku, and Muru but currently heavily centered in Ma’diland where Jieng and their cattle are settled.

Once these youths are labeled as rebels then they can be arrested and killed with impunity while the international communities are watching. This is nothing but clear ethnic targeting, thus it ethnic cleansing.

What is alarming is, some of these names are reported only by first and second names such as Joseph Lagu, and there are tons of youths by the name Joseph Lagu. By intentionally putting out these two names, under them alone they can kill up to 200 or more young people, amounting to the biblical decree of King Herod who tried to annihilate Jesus by declaring all children under the age of two should be slaughtered.

This clearly reveals how dark this government is! Once this is achieved then the head of the Ma’di is not only cut off as in their chief was killed, their leaders arrested but also their youths whom their “teeth” were removed, now cannot bite back!

South Sudan Liberty News has seen the names of more than 200 Ma’di men; most have first and second names. Some of these names do not exist in the first place and they also include those who are dead more 10 years ago, as confirmed by local elders interviewed by our regional correspondent.

This shows these names are compiled by some people with the knowledge of the locals, possibly some of the locals tortured by the SPLA and still in custody or those bribed and employed by the Dinka to cause maximum havoc in Ma’di land.

These names give the government ground for massive genocide and targeted ethnic cleansing of the Ma’di people in the name of fighting rebels. The world is being deceived by a genocidal regime bent on evil plans not nationhood and by now has acquired experience in ethnic cleansing in the pretense of fighting rebels.

South Sudan Liberty news chose not to publish these lists but rather call out the Kiir’s tribal gangs and to alert the world bodies of these deadly schemes and intentions. We remain vigilant and watchful. We pledge to expose all the dark plans that we come across until our country is safe once again for all its citizens, from North to South and from East to west.

We long for the day when we shall say nationhood, it does not mean, a nation for a single ethnic group while others’ rights are taken away.

All South Sudanese must unite to denounce such schemes of ethnic dominance and ethnic cleansing! For what goes around comes around, do unto others, as you would have them do unto you!

Justin S Kwaje

Open Letter to Pres. Kiir & Riek Machar’s Adult Children!

BY: Mayak Deng Aruei, USA, MAR/04/2015, SSN;

The beautiful history of the Republic of South Sudan that many martyrs have died for has been tainted at the last part of the long struggle. There is no crucial time than this, and all of you must come out of your hiding and share the pains with your country-persons. It had been a terrible year of senseless war, your dads are equally responsible for the ongoing conflict in the Republic of South Sudan.

This letter is directed to you because South Sudan has been run by your fathers, and any future moves that you will make will be scrutinized by South Sudanese, especially your educated age-mates who witnessed every bit of the conflict.

I personally don’t know how many of you are out there, but you should be handful of you. To the readers, this letter was written in both first person and third person tone because it is a letter and a message to children of Elites the South Sudanese. Just tune the wires and enjoy the glitches!

The fate of South Sudan is very uncertain, and all citizens are rambling to find a viable solution to the stalemate caused by tribal hatreds. At the forefront are warlords, and who have been known throughout the liberation struggle as key holders to peaceful and stable South Sudan. What does not adds up though is their disconnection with realities of the modern State.

In your independent capacity, all of you (readers and kids in question) are presumed to be politically conscious and should be reading South Sudanese’ minds around the clock. Getting to the bottom of all the unfortunate events in South Sudan require heavyweight political and social Machines to refuel for a day-long hard labor.

There is going to be time where you will recognize the importance of South Sudanese and their togetherness. The slaughtering of many innocents by the opposing armies has diminished our nation’s capacity to accelerate needed developments or heal the wounds.

Any person of a sounds mind would be compelled to ask for forgiveness from the citizens, and for peace to take its course. There comes the need for concerned citizens to let people think of individuals who can change the political landscape should they choose to be part of the equation.

But, being wary of you is something legitimate, and well entertained by supporters on both sides of the political spectrum. An African proverb/saying in Kiswahili goes as follows: “mtoto ya nyoka ni nyoka.”

You may turn out to be like your dads, and we (South Sudanese) have rights to know you and be very ready for discomforts that you may cause.

Diverging from the pinpointing, some people will be asking this question: what does Kiir & Riek’s political rivalry and its subsequent arms race has to do with their children?

Well, their children are grown up, and their fathers’ political Goldmines are their lifetime treasuries. So, they should be part of whatever is going on in the Republic of South Sudan.

Had South Sudan been ruled responsibly by their dads, they would have slid into highest seats with little or no resistance from the general public. And for that reason, South Sudanese want to see what they (kids) are capable of, especially in a time like this when most citizens, flailed by the war are out of touch with nationalism.

Their (kids in question) busy lives should not make them invisible from the general public views. Who told them that children of nation’s leaders are to be off political radars? Unfortunately, something is terribly wrong with children of elites in South Sudan or may be Africa in general.

For the most part, some of those kids are busy with foreign born partners (exotic lovers), and Kiir and Riek’s children have been involved in this same episode.

However, that is not the theme of this article, but it has to be touched because their political future centers around what they do now, and for sure records are very loud in that regard. But, let’s have mercy on them and try to have them on the good side of the nation’s history.

Next to the an unmarked graves of all martyrs, you (kids) are the light or should be the light of South Sudan. You know/should know very well that South Sudan was won after enormous sacrifices, and some children whose fathers perished fighting successive Khartoum based regimes have not be given the benefits their fathers died for.

Mind you, this is not an inherited throne, and should not ring in your minds as such. There are so many twists that take place in all corners of life, and some unnoticed events may carry huge political prices.

I am still wondering what you make of your juniors (young boys across South Sudan) being made to fight unnecessary war?

It is very true that your fathers have made lots of sacrifices, and in the name of the Republic of South Sudan minus the ruins they have inflicted on the new republic, and as of recent years.

Knowing you only through the incidents laid above (marrying foreign nationals and causing troubles at your families’ Mansions) raises some questions as how you would be regarded come that time?

If President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and President Barrack Obama of the United States of America are using social media to get their political messages across, then why not you?

But hey, it is your choice, if you want to be hiding forever, then it’s your choice & you definitely own it.

The major concern as we go through the many catastrophes caused by the two leaders (Kiir & Riek) is how to get citizens back on track.

There is no doubt, everyone know that leaders comes and go, and their legacies, bad or good remains part of nations’ histories. And for sure, President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar are not exempted from the repetitive nature of the world’s politics.

In my mind are President Apollo Milton Obote and notorious President Idi Amin Dada of Uganda. They both reigned over Uganda, toppled themselves, and have been toppled forever.

If you don’t catch up with your fellow South Sudanese, you will be looked/booked down as enemies of the State(South Sudan), and your families will have woes just like those historical/prominent families in neighboring Uganda.

Do not let huge supports that your dads enjoyed across the nation galvanize your takes in the conflict.

As far as political maneuvers are concerned, records revealed that there will be no stability under your fathers, and if you don’t speak up now, or do something that would distinguish you from your fathers, then the little they have done will be shattered after the war.

You shouldn’t be hit hard, but your influences in a nation like South Sudan is needed now, and you surely do need to get involved before the light goes off.

Believe it or not, President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar are about to sign a historic Peace Accord on South Sudan, but that would not solve not even a single problem.

Since the beginning of this week (first week of March, 2015), and as the deadline is approaching, South Sudanese around the world are eagerly waiting to see the outcome of the last round of peace talk.

It should be noticed that level of mistrust is really very high, and that bitterness is likely to cause more unrests should the warring parties attempt to mishandle the remaining items of the Peace Agreement.

Moving downward, charming devils from the deadwood was a superstitious practice that saved some lives, but no longer make sense to the educated masses.

Just like other fragile States, politics in South Sudan is too fluid, and uncertain to some extent.

Back to the physical world, there is no reason to prick you too hard, but beware that your native land is in serious political and military crisis. Of course, there are other elites kids in the country, and whose parents are instrumental in the wrecking of the country, and you lead the way.

As a nation, we are searching for the right medicine to treat our beloved nation, severely wounded at the course of installing illegitimate democracy.

Here is how you can/should be instrumental: connect with South Sudanese youths around the world, discuss the way forward, organize charities works for the displaced persons in South Sudan, raise money for the desperate South Sudan children and have a delegation visit those children on your behalves.

There are lots of gears shifting going on in South Sudan, and I just wish some of you should be part of the whole wobbling in a better way.

Be informed that South Sudan is very different now, there are many educated folks who are politically informed, and if you don’t do something now, then things won’t be on your side.

Lastly, it doesn’t hurt or should never freeze balls for me to throw out some friendly advices, even though I don’t know who you are and what your future preferences are.

I only learned about some of you when it was reported that Riek Machar’s son (Teny) got married to a Polish girl, Kiir Mayardit’s daughter (Adut) married to Ethiopian national, a drama that sent some vocal Reporters to jail temporarily, and for talking about the President’s daughter exotic love.

In the midst of the ongoing war, Kiir Mayardit’s son (Manut) reportedly threatened family members in Nairobi, Kenyan police was called in & was booked in, later released when the whole thing went viral on the social media.

Now, you have learned the little I know about you as a private citizen. Again, waiting until your fathers finished with the wrecking of the nation or whatever they are doing to the nation of South Sudan is a terrible political drawback, and somebody got to give you a hint before the River dries up.

Whichever the case, South Sudan is your country, and all of you should embrace Peace under all circumstances. Also, remember that every generation has its elites, and you may be elites of your generation or be locked out completely.

If there are folks who read or scan the net on your behalf since money can do almost anything, then let them take all issues as national agendas, and not act as personal defenders/spy agents!

Overall, SOUTH SUDAN is now a battlefield where regional and international players just want to settle their differences. The Reserve (Oil and rare minerals) that we have beneath the blessed Land invite woes to engage themselves, and far away from their homelands.

If this article reaches you by any chance, then you ought to consider finding exit strategies for your dads. They have done more than enough damage to the nation of South Sudan, and they should leave politics as soon as situation allows.

There is nothing personal here because I don’t know you, but positions occupied by your families in South Sudan make people to think about you, and in your hiding places.

The reason as to why you were paired in this article is because every problem has two sides, and it happens that your fathers are the opposing sides of the ongoing conflict in South Sudan.

When Southern Sudanese, now South Sudanese took charge of their nation/portion of SUDAN, your dads hit a jackpot, and wasted time touring the world of wonders.

With that being said, nobody is charging you with any wrongdoing, but your political future rests on what your fathers have done.

Therefore, your voices, especially in critical times, are needed or nobody will listen to you in the near future. Enjoy yourselves to the fullest, but remember that South Sudan needs everyone’s input, and you should not be left out.

-Cheers ladies and gentlemen!

This letter was written by Mayak Deng Aruei, a doctoral student in Organizational Leadership: Organizational Development. He is the author of ‘Struggle Between Despair and Life: From Sudan Marshland Village, Child Soldiering, Refugee Camp and America.’ He can be reached at

South Sudan’s senior officials’ irresponsible use of language

BY: ELHAG PAUL, South Sudan, MAR/04/2015, SSN;

“These are people who must make their living by sucking the blood of other.” Michael Makuei, the minister of Information of the Republic of South Sudan roared in a press conference labelling the Human Rights Watch. His colleague Martin Elia Lomuro, the minister of Cabinet Affairs sitting next to him leapt in “mosquitoes” complementing the link of the dehumanisation process to which the former delightfully repeated “mosquitoes, yes.”

While the press conference held on 16th February 2015 to castigate the media and non -governmental organisations sounds hilarious, it is in fact very concerning. How has South Sudan descended to this level of thuggery? Do responsible people representing a state speak like that? Where is the etiquette of diplomacy associated with the conduct of state affairs? Painful to say but these two ministers have vindicated Gerrard Prunier’s observation and conclusion that South Sudan is governed by “idiots ….rotten to the core.” What these two have done has brought further disrepute to the people of South Sudan collectively. The world must wonder how a country of 8 million can allow itself to be led by such “idiots”.

Recently, the former president of Kenya Daniel Toroitich Arap Moi made a telling remark about South Sudan which could be construed as offensive as he appeared to question the very right of the people of South Sudan to self determine. His kind of speak echoes the language of the colonialists who flocked to the continent during the scramble for Africa sanctioned by the Berlin agreement of 1884.

Moi said definitely in anger that perhaps the people of South Sudan “were not ready for independence.” Though his comment self evidently is harsh, it is difficult not to sympathise with him given his own personal contribution in the liberation process. The irresponsible and criminal behaviour of the SPLM exasperates everyone and pushes people to say things they would not say under normal circumstances. Moi is likely to have assessed South Sudan based on the behaviour of SPLM not realising that South Sudan truly has other competent leaders suppressed by SPLM violence.

In reality South Sudan has all along been ready to self govern. The problem giving rise to Moi’s question is the fact that he Moi and all the other African leaders in the last 3 decades believed only in the SPLM as they still do now in the IGAD peace talks. They have refused to acknowledge and work with the real leaders in South Sudan who do not espouse the violent and tribalistic agenda of the SPLM. The former president would have done better if he said perhaps the SPLM was not ready for independence because this would be the truth given the organisation’s formative objective. Please see ‘Kenya’s ex-president criticises S. Sudan leaders over conflict’

South Sudan has competent world class leaders who could lead it smoothly without problems. For example, Peter Sule, Richard Mulla, Bishop Paride Taban and many others. South Sudan has unfortunately under the SPLM become the laughing stock of the world. Though this appears to be the case, in reality South Sudan has sons and daughters of high calibre meeting the world standard of leadership who can easily run the country competently and appropriately. The only thing preventing the qualified people from ascending to power is the violent nature of SPLM coupled with the decades long of Arab oppression that rendered the people helpless. Surely, the nonsense in Juba is bound to change for the better sooner or later.

The press conference held by the Ministry of Information was not necessary at all and there was no credible reason to hold it in the first place. The matter vexing the ministers could have been raised and discussed amicably with the head of UN Margaret Ellen Loj in their air conditioned offices avoiding the exposure of their crudeness and ignorance.

Both ministers are on record on numerous occasions chanting that South Sudan is a democracy. Surely democracies are comfortable and cool with the media. Democracies do not go out hunting journalists and shutting down radio stations etc simply because a political opponent has aired their views in them. Makuei’s misplaced anger is because Rebecca Nyandeng Garang was interviewed by Radio Miraya. He ranted “Miraya you are interviewing rebels. If it happens again we are shutting you down. And this must be made clear. We are shutting you down if you interview any rebel here to disseminate his or her plan and policies within South Sudan.” The intimidation and harassment comes out clear in this message. It basically boils down to an issue of control backed by threats of violence.

The contradiction in Makuei’s utterance is that he as a yester decade rebel has forgotten that rebels rebel for a cause. It is not for nothing that people take up arms. The government must be doing something seriously wrong. It is advisable for them to review themselves.

If President Kiir’s government is a democracy as they forcefully claim when it suits them, is there any need for ranting against the messenger (radio Miraya)? The primary role of media in a democracy is to facilitate the flow of information and ideas in order to enable citizens to assess the ruling party and also to assess the opposition parties. Media is a one of the key tools known worldwide that holds government to account. In addition media is a medium of education, and helps in developing the whole population generally.

Now to then try to control the media crudely like what the two ministers have done hugely undermine their claim to South Sudan being a democratic country. Granted the media has a vile side to it. For example in propaganda or character assassination it can proof to be a lethal weapon. But to deal with this problem a democracy resorts to the courts and not oppressive practice the type of which the duo displayed.

The sad part of this story is that the ministers concerned have publicly displayed their personal incompetence with the issue. They do not know that Radio Miraya was not just set up like a stall in a market. Even in a market a stall has to have a license from the local authority. The radio station in question is covered by a bilateral agreement between South Sudan and the United Nation. Which means the Ministry of Foreign Affairs would have the lead responsibility and not the Ministry of Information.

However, for any breaches of the agreement by either side there must be reference to the agreement. So the ministers having decided there was a breach, they should have passed the matter over to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to deal with. Or, the lest they could do was to consult with their legal advisers with reference to the agreement for appropriate measures before going to the street on riot. Had they done this, they would have saved themselves the embarrassment of a climb down by Makuei the following day when confronted by Ms Loj over the threats they made.

Makuei, the crude face and trademark of Dinkocracy ended up coiling his tail and assuring the UN that Radio Miraya broadcasts would continue according to UNMISS mandate as stipulated in the status of forces agreement signed between the UN and the government of South Sudan. All the bravado of the other day dissipated into thin air. What a disgrace? Please see ‘South Sudan UN chief Løj meets Makuei over Miraya shutdown threat’

This self inflicted humiliation would have been avoided were the Dinkocrats in Juba to be conscious enough to know that in this 21st century it is utterly useless to try to control the media. Virtually nothing can be hidden in this world of information technology. With the internet the globe has become so little that within minutes somebody as far away as New Zealand would know what is going on in the other end of the world.

Thus closing radio stations, killing and detaining journalists is not enough to silence the people and keep them ignorant of the government abuses and crimes. The panacea is simple, just do the right thing and everybody will be happy.

Which brings us to the abuse of this specific case. The current leadership in South Sudan, especially the SPLM party is heavily influenced by the behaviours of the rulers in Khartoum. The elites in that country are fond of dehumanising the people of African origin because they want the country to be perceived as an Arab country.

In 2012 at the height of the Panthou war ignited by President Salva Kiir, President Omar Bashir of the Sudan publicly called Kiir and the SPLM insects. The former was caricatured in the Sudanese media like a beetle with his head attached to a body of a flying insect being sprayed off by a fog of Piff-Paff insecticide. Piff-Paff is a brand name of the company that produces the insecticides in pressurised can in the Sudan. The simple genocidal message to the people of Sudan was that South Sudanese represented by SPLM government are not human beings and so they could be gotten rid off like flies.

In response the SPLM through Dr Anna Itto called President Bashir a mosquito. That was an unfortunate thing showing Anna’s ignorance of the magnitude of the issue. Instead of the SPLM leadership seizing the opportunity to make a political capital by exposing the genocidal mind of Khartoum establishment by pointing to such language as evidence of what was going on in Darfur, Nuba mountains and Blue Nile in that country they shot themselves in the foot. Please see ‘The Oyee deniers of truth in South Sudan’

SPLM sadly copied the abuser to proof itself equally an abuser. This recent exchange between President Bashir of the Sudan and Dr Itto of the SPLM is pertinent to what happened in the press conference hosted by Makuie. For the ministers to absurdly complement each other in the use of a dehumanising language against staff members of non-governmental organisations is very concerning. What precisely was their intent? Was it an incitement or a behaviour of ignorant people? If it is the former that then can be a crime. If it is the latter then they should not be representing the people of South Sudan.

It is pathetic that Makuei who is spoken of as a lawyer behaves like a bully in a cattle camp (Luak) with his colleague cheering him up. If President Kiir was a true leader with values and a true sense of right and wrong, these irresponsible ministers should be disciplined to give his ugly government a little face lift.

Irresponsible use of language by people in power is inadvisable. Just see what President Kiir’s repeated use of the emotive 1991 split in his speeches to the SPLM did in December 2013. It landed the country into mud and it is still stuck in it. In Rwanda in mid 1990s the use of language inappropriately was the catalyst for the subsequent genocide that cost nearly a million lives. The Tutsi victims were labelled in the local language ‘Inyenzi’ meaning cockroaches and this was spread through the media. To be specific, this vile message was broadcast through Radio Television Des Milles Collines (RTLM) and it circulated like a wild fire on dry grassland.

The crucial elements triggering the genocide in Rwanda were the use of dehumanising language and control of the media by the perpetrators.

The similarity with the reckless behaviour of the two Dinkocrats in their press conference to say the lest is shocking. They need to know that this is a very dangerous slippery slope to justify grave harm to other people. This is not to say the action of the duo could result into a genocide because their ranting was directed to a small community of NGOS. However this could make the community of the NGOs in South Sudan to become target of attacks something no normal person in their right sense would want to see happen at all.

That ignominious press conference symbolises the way how the institutions of South Sudan government are filled up with SPLM party apparatchiks and heartless opportunists without the right experience and knowledge for the purpose. A good number of them are blatant liars.

For example, Ateny Wek Ateny the presidential spokesman masquerades as a lawyer when in reality he is a drop out of a law school in the early stage of the course in Hertfordshire, an area east of England. Ateny educationally is a clone of Telar Ring Deng. Do you remember the story of the latter in parliament in relation to his appointment as a minister for justice? Was Telar confirmed to the post? No! If these people were not Dinkocrats would they be in government? I leave you to work out the answers for yourself.

Now think about how possible is it that a truly qualified lawyer can behave like Michael Makuei? Sensitivity in the use of language is the hallmark of the legal profession. How come then that someone who is a qualified lawyer would be so lackadaisical like the minister of (Dis)information? Do you remember his behaviour at the UN Protection Camp in Bor in April 2014? Was that really a behaviour of a lawyer?

If you add up his daily gaffes and the frequent crude presentations and scandals you are likely to reach an interesting conclusion of this man. One wonders how he could be a minister in 21st century if it were not for the Dinkocracy stringently applied by the SPLM in the country. As the rulers of South Sudan they only bring us shame, shame, and shame. Oh’ dear!!!

Now is it really necessary to have the ministry of (Dis)information in this day and age? This structure is an outdated thing which belongs to yester century. It should be abolished with its remit transferred to the ministry of culture as a directorate.

Hardly people talk of ministry of information in this modern world because it has become obsolete with the rise of information technology. Its purpose specifically was for state propaganda to disseminate and present the country in good light. A sort of public relation outfit. Dictators, innovative as usual quickly capitalised on its ability to shape and numb the collective mind in their interest seized on it and converted it into an instrument of repression/oppression, exactly what the Dinkocrats are doing.

SPLM wants to shut up the opposition but this is not going to happen. They can shut down the entire social media in South Sudan. It is not impossible. Yes, in theory they could especially given the oil cash but the draw back has serious economic repercussions that would be so dire that eventually it will bring them down. An outcome they strive to avoid but then becomes the inevitable. So it would be a defeatist or rather a suicidal approach to take.

Again if they opt to shut down the social media they will deprive themselves of the best available means and methods of harvesting intelligence. Social media overtakes radio stations and print newspapers. Therefore, shutting down radio stations and newspapers is not a solution to control information. The only way to control damaging information is by engaging your opponents with counter narrative which people in the west call ‘winning hearts and minds’. But to win hearts and mind needs the government to treat people equally with respect which Dinkocracy does not know.

Social media now delivers information directly to the audience in the comfort of their bedrooms, house vicinities, cafes, restaurants and everywhere via simple gadgets like mobile phones, IPADs, laptops etc. Thus the rebels or to put it correctly for that matter as in the case of South Sudan freedom fighters like Major Lasuba Lodoru Wongo, Dr Riek Machar and others will always be heard and communicated with right in the belly of the best (government controlled areas).

With this could the duo not see that they are time wasting trying to muffle Nyandeng? Patrick Dixon, the author of ‘Futurewise’ puts it succinctly that internet has taken power from the dictators and given it to the people. This is what democracy is all about. Note, the writing is on the wall.

Dinkocracy will not survive in the present world of social media. The holders of this vile ideology either tame themselves, go back to their luaks, and behave in a civilised manner or they face the gathering tsunami of South Sudanese anger in a peoples revolution.

The food for revolts is not what the rebels say or will say in Radio Miraya. It is what the government does – bad policies, bad practices and bad governance that feed rebellion such as the killing of Isaiah Abraham, Cecilia Oba, ethnic cleansing etc. The ugly and stinky information generated by acts of government in the form of abuses enables rebels to make their cases which then snowballs into regime change/revolutions. It is here that social media becomes a tool to facilitate revolts.

Paul Mason in his book ‘Why it’s kicking everywhere’ published in 2012 by Verso argues that “new technology underpin our ability to be at the same time more individualistic and more collective, it shapes our consciousness and magnify the crucial driver of all revolutions in the perceived difference between what could be and what is.” (p85).

In a nutshell this is the connectedness with all that is needed to fell a dictator and dictatorship.

For better understanding of the impact of social media in bringing down governments please watch the following videos: 1) Egypt’s social networking revolution.
2) Inside story – the tool for revolution?
3) Dictatorships and revolutions in digital age: people power after Tunisia, Eqypt, Libya
4) How social networking can spark revolutions: impact SMS, Twitter, Facebook on democracy, dictators

In conclusion, the press conference held by Michael Makuei has done more harm to the government of South Sudan. It has tarnished the image of the country and anybody who doubts the genocidal tendencies of President Kiir’s regime must think again. This regime of terror must go because it is a danger to itself, South Sudanese people and the international community.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul