Archive for: February 2015

Why our ‘Intellectual Journey’ doesn’t lead to ‘a Coherent Political Ideology’

BY: Kuir ë Garang, Author, ALBERTA, CANADA, FEB/21/2015, SSN;

Charity begins at home and the originator of that charity most likely ends at home.
I was advised by some colleagues several times to join a certain policy forum. I refused three times citing the fact that the forum is too ‘elitist’ and most of the times the elites are out of touch with the average folks like me. When the reminders to join the forum became really constant, even from people I’ve not met personally but know me from my writings, I finally gave in and joined the forum.

My innocent assumption was that the forum would merely be a discussion or critiquing of policies that’d be beneficial to the country. I expected to see policy suggestions [only] and how they could be modified and perfected into usable policies for the government of South Sudan.

Naïve me! I was disappointed to realize that the debates were no different from those vexatious ones on my Facebook wall: circular, partisan, hypocritical, dishonest with education taken at face-value. Big theories are suggested without context! Partisanship is so much intellectualized that it takes one through rigorous analysis to discern disguised partisanship. My disillusionment became so intense that I had to unsubscribe from the forum in less than two weeks.

Believe me, if leaders argue with ‘take it or leave it’ conditionals then I wonder how the leadership we have (or are building) inside and outside the government of South Sudan can be salvageable. Leadership is about relationship building and bringing the best out of people (Corrales, 2007). The purpose of leadership, Corrales argues, can only be achieved through building of strong relationships. Are our leaders (inside and outside) the government doing that?

Even Dr. Nyaba, who’s done more through writing than anyone in South Sudan to highlight the problems we have in the country, does little to build relationships with ‘the other side’ or even within the Chollo community leadership. It’s always a blame-game (see IGAD’s ‘Peace Talks’ & Arusha Intra-SPLM dialogue).

Perhaps the RISC model (Rapport, Initiative, Structure and Commitment) can help in our leadership purpose; and that is, influencing our people into coalescence of canonical togetherness…or simply, doing good (Corrales, 2007).

If the learned, veteran politicians and the nation’s elites have the same mindset my younger Facebook friends have, then Kiir and Riek aren’t our major problem. It seems our ‘intellectophere’ is either irrelevant in national coexistence, or our national future is being intellectually crippled by intellectuals with holier-than-thou attitudinal ontologies.

We are learned but we don’t know how to give our knowledge context and relevant usability. We seem to have what cognitive psychologists call ‘declarative knowledge’ as opposed the helpful ‘procedural knowledge’ (Van Greenen, 2004).

And this reminds me of a very excellent article written by Dr. Adwok Nyaba (SSN December 30, 2014 http://www.southsudannation.com/our-intellectual-journey-towards-a-coherent-political-ideology) about ‘Our intellectual journey towards a coherent political ideology.’ Anyone who’s not read that article should do so in its entirety. The article pinpoints, with surgical precision, the problems in South Sudan and within SPLM. These problems range from poverty of democratic mentality and ideals, indifference to development of institutional capacities, incoherent sense of nationhood (post-1956 & post-2005), the infamy of militarism mixed with the malady of tribal essentialism, lack of essential development programs, the Siamese-twins problem of the SPLM-SPLA, the primal nature of our tribal relations etc.

We can all agree that Dr. Adwok’s article is very crucial to our structural, functional and governance problems in South Sudan. The question then becomes: are the power holders in South Sudan able to easily apply the content of the article? If not, then the appropriation of what Dr. Adwok wrote needs to be procured in a manner that’d make it beneficial to us through the power holders.

Pointing out the problem is part of the solution but devising how the problem should be tackled shouldn’t be left out. Without intersubjective understanding among the political actors, nothing can be possible. Institutions aren’t ‘brute physical facts’ as Stephen Krasner (1999) has said. They exist because people exist.

Political leaders are audience and consumers of intellectuals’ works. Understanding the general psychology, state of mind and intellectual capacities and consciousness of who is in power helps in devising mechanics and avenues of knowledge provision for purpose of ideological creation and reification.

Intellectuals (whatever that means) in South Sudan needs to remember that leadership is about relationship building and appropriation of knowledge with people-people relationships in mind. We in South Sudan seem to think of knowledge in the abstract or in self-serving appropriation!

Besides, we have the problem of hypocrisy in South Sudan. Most, if not all of us, are mired in what I call ‘stuck-in-the-past syndrome’ in South Sudan Ideologically (2013). And as Adwok highlighted, some South Sudanese leaders don’t want to let go the past and embrace future-relevant ideas and facts to develop the country. We are all stuck in the past in one way or another.

With no doubt, we have ten states in South Sudan. These ten states, midwifed from the previous three regions of Bahr El Ghazal, Upper Nile and Equatoria, are constitutionally recognized. However, most of us (Nyaba included) talk and write as if the previous three regions have constitutional relevance. These regions are stuck in our heads and we simply can’t let them go! Some of us talk of Greater Upper Nile and Greater Equatoria!

However, our intellectual and political integrity depends on saying things that make sense. We tend to ignore this fact; however, it exposes the hypocrisy we exudes on daily basis.

If the learned in South Sudan can’t let go this simple fact, then why do they blame the semi-illiterate generals and politicians, who can’t seem to understand that SPLM is now a political party and that SPLA is the national army.

No one should advise if he/she can’t lead by example! Greater Upper Nile is constitutionally defunct and exists only in our heads. If we have nostalgia for these three regions then let’s wait until we go back to them through the abolition of the current ten states. There and then can we have political and intellectual currency to utter that [Greater X…]! Let’s be consistent to be believable and respectable! What in God’s name is ‘Elders of Bahr El Ghazal?’

What’s the contemporary or constitutional relevance of Bahr El Ghazal to Lakes State and Warrap State? Nothing! The only relevance is a past that’s stuck in our heads!

Yet, we hope to develop ‘a coherent political ideology!’

Another good example of intellectual dishonesty and hypocrisy (in this discourse) comes from my own county (Twic East). Some potential intellectuals, who can help in the development of ‘a coherent political ideology,’ come out here as very hypocritical and untrustworthy, intellectually!

Twi people (or Twi Dinka) were part of Kongor District from the mid-1970s to mid-1990s and prior to that, they were part of ‘Bor District’ (Sammani, 1984). Kongor District is the one that is now divided into Duk County and Twic East County. The ‘Bor District’ housed (until mid-1970s) the Dinka sub-tribes of Hol, Nyarweng, Twi and Bor before being divided into Kongor District (Twi Dinka, Nyarweng Dinka & Hol Dinka) and Bor District (Bor Dinka & Thony Dinka).

These sub-tribes have distinct Ethno-dialectal differences (see Ethnology of Africa, 1930; Beswick, 2004) despite having forged a close existential relationship for centuries. Because they were part of the ‘Bor District’ they were known collectively as Dinka of Bor District (see Raymond Kelly, 1985, Willes & Douglas, 1995).

Sound intellectuals and politicians know that this close relationship, good neighborliness and brotherhood can be maintained without falsification of identities.

However, against the required intellectual integrity, the intellectuals among the four subtribes are mentally stuck with the old, defunct ‘Bor District’, which they left in 1970s. While the District was named after the now inhabitants of ‘Bor County’ (Kelley, 1985) the other three subtribes were erroneously referred to as ‘Dinka Bor’.

The inhabitants of Twic East County and Duk County are not ethnolinguistically ‘Bor.’ The Bor Dinka (now the inhabitants of Bor County) would call me ‘Cuir’ and President Kiir would be president Ciir!

Bor only applied to Twi people because of their administrative inclusion in the ‘Bor District,’ however, Twi intellectuals, while they apply research-based debates or methods in some aspects, refuse to apply the same method in the case just cited. You wonder why! They want to look politically good…but they know what that means in terms of intellectual and scholarly integrity!

There are tons of books to establish what I just cited (in addition to what elders can say). And Dr. Nyaba should probably ask the likes of Dr. Majak D’Agoot and Dr. Lual Achuek Deng (in the spirit of intellectual journey) the essence, intellectual and scholarly soundness of ‘Greater Bor.’ What historical facts (Oral or written) support ‘Greater Bor’ etymology? Is it an administrative area, a geographical area, or a dialectal group?

Consulting historians like Douglas Johnson may help! Here, intellectual soundness and historical-facts are sacrificed for political expediency or prudence. It’s not about scholarly establishment of facts, which is required, but political necessity. Is that the message to our youngsters?

And we wonder why we have incoherent political ideologies and a herd of confused young ‘intellectuals’; and some misled western scholars like Stephanie Beswick in Sudan’s Bloody Memory, who beautifully presents the correct ethno-histories and ethno-dialectal categories of the four subtribes but added that the ‘Eastern Dinka’ are now referred to as ‘Dinka Bor’. Or Deborah Scroggins, who says Kuol Manyang is a ‘Twic Dinka’ in her book Emma’s War (2004).

What does that say about our ‘intellectual journeys’, ‘incoherence’ of ‘our political ideologies’ and how we make political decisions? Is preferring political gentlemanliness over facts a good way to act as role models for the younger ‘intellectuals?

Sadly, this is the very problem we have in Juba! And as Peter Thatcher (2013) argued in Leading by Example, “Behaving with integrity is…about standing up for what is right however uncomfortable that might be.” To create a sense of togetherness through gigantic falsehood (or conscious misleading of uninformed masses) is to create a great disservice to our people, the integrity of our intellectual force and a blemish on our scholarly claims.

Does this tie in coherently with our ‘intellectual journey toward a coherent political ideology?’ Sadly yes!
We need to ‘live what we are thinking’ as Weldon Long said. Some folks in Kiir’s leadership see research-based or knowledge-based decision making as an inconvenience to their political agenda. They understand its value but it’s an ‘inconvenient truth’ as Al Gore said about the facts of climate change.

Democratizing SPLM would chip away on the powers of the president! Strengthening institutional structures for accountability would reduce the chance of the corrupt to embezzle public funds.

For younger learners like me, I’d love to see our leaders and intellectuals appropriate their knowledge in a usable manner, lead and live by example and take it upon themselves to embark on people-people creation of honest understanding.

I’d want to look up to leaders and intellectuals who don’t make decisions because of their convenience but because of certifiable facts future generation can learn from. If intellectuals make decisions because of convenience then why would we blame Kiir Mayardit?

If we are stuck with defunct administrative centers that no longer exist then why would we blame an illiterate commander, who sees the power of the guns as the only solution to his remaining relevant?

Even if SPLM had a sound political ideology, a coherent policy framework and feasible programs to implement, all would mean nothing if inter-tribal relations are still thorny or if they are informed by falsehood or conscious skewing of facts.

Our intellectual journey and coherent political ideology needs intellectual honesty, reduced partisanship and tribal essentialism; and application of reductionist appropriation of knowledge.

Theories can be understood or interpreted differently. And postmodernist theories (while ridiculed as ‘everything goes’) are a cautious reminder that positing something without providing context is to either leave one’s audience with confusion, or to have done nothing helpful at all in a functionalist sense.

If our intellectuals aren’t consistent or functionally honest in their intellectual outputs, then we can’t wonder much as to why our ‘intellectual journey’ doesn’t lead to ‘a coherent political ideology!’ It’s informed by politics rather that facts!

Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically.’ For the list of the cited works see the version of the article on www.kuirthiy.info

1. Beswick, Stephanie (2004) Sudan’s Bloody Memory: The Legacy of Slavery, Ethnicity and war in South Sudan, Rochester, University of Rochester
2. Corrales, Roman (2007) The Leadership Relationship, Quenzon City, Katha Publishing Co. Inc.
3. El Sammani, Osman Mohammed (1984) Dynamic of the Planned Change in the Twic Area, Berkshire: Ithaca Press
4. Kelley, Raymond Case (1985) The Nuer Conquest: The Structure and Development of an Expansionists System, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press
5. Krasner, Stephen D. (1999) Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy, Princeton, University Press
6. Nyaba, Adwok (2014) Our intellectual journey towards a coherent political ideology, South Sudan Nation, December 30 < http://www.southsudannation.com/our-intellectual-journey-towards-a-coherent-political-ideology/>
7. Scroggins, Deborah (2004) Emma’s War, New York: Vintage Books
8. Thatcher, Peter. (2013), Leading by Example, Bookboon.com (Kindle)
9. Van Geenen, Erwin w.G. M (2004) Knowledge structures and the usability of knowledge systems, Delft, Eburon
10. Willes, Charles, Armine (1995) Upper Nile Province Hand Book: A Report on People and Government in Southern Sudan, Oxford: University Press

Don’t just stand there: Do something about South Sudan! Part 1

BY MARGARET AKULIA, CANADA, FEB/20/2015,
(REFERENCED ARTICLES ARE LOCATED AT THE BOTTOM IN ORDER OF APPEARANCE);

“My life had become so unbearable that I was forced to take the perilous option of crossing our borders secretly,” Peter Abdelrahman Sule, the leader of South Sudan’s United Democratic Front Party had relayed in a communication he sent to very influential friends of South Sudan ahead of being granted expedited political asylum by the United Nations under Article 1(2) of the 1951 Geneva Convention on refugees yet again!

Before fleeing for his life and applying for political asylum, Peter Abdelrahman Sule had endured the most abhorrent forms of human rights violations under the so-called democratically elected government of Salvatore Kiir Mayardit.

A government that resulted from a cooperative Plebiscite and not a Presidential Election but disqualified itself immediately by violating the Interim Constitution of South Sudan in its entirety! REFER TO THE ARTICLE TITLED “PRESIDENT KIIR’S SPLM GOVERNMENT IS NOT DEMOCRATICALLY ELECTED“ AND THE INTERIM CONSTITUTION OF SOUTH SUDAN.

Peter Abdelrahman Sule’s only crime was insisting on a just society and promoting actual democracy, not the felonious version being ballyhooed by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his lawless cronies. He became a marked man when he campaigned for law and order in South Sudan and pursued his Blueprint for South Sudan which is premised on negotiation and consensus!

As an articulate lawyer with extraordinary communication, diplomacy and innumerable other indispensable skills and attributes, the Kitante Hill Senior Secondary School Alumnus who went on to pursue law at the University of Khartoum and years later post graduate law studies at the University of London, brings exceptional constructs and competences to the table.

His Blueprint for South Sudan is the actual solution for the carnage in the country and it echoes the agreement that was signed in Addis Ababa on May 9, 2014 by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon. REFER TO THE ARTICLE TITLED “JUSTICE PETER SULE ON A LEGAL AND GRASSROOTS SOLUTION FOR SOUTH SUDAN AND THE AGREEMENT TO RESOLVE THE CRISIS IN SOUTH SUDAN.

Since his days as a young and very bright Sudanese student at Kitante Hill Secondary School in Uganda, Peter Abdelrahman Sule has been an ardent believer in consensus building. That is the reason why his collaborative problem solving Blueprint for resolving the multiparty dispute currently unfolding in South Sudan echoes the agreement that was signed in Addis Ababa on May 9, 2014 by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon.

However, IGAD contravened that agreement by excluding him and the other stakeholders!

As articulated by him, the South Sudan carnage has transcended and gone beyond both Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon and their cohorts. Consequently, Peter Abdelrahman Sule’s Blueprint for South Sudan and the May 9, 2014 “agreement to resolve the crisis in South Sudan” need to be compelled at once.

Until his “prison break” from lawless South Sudan, Peter Abdelrahman Sule was not allowed by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his uncontrolled cronies to pursue the very Blueprint that will usher in peace, development, law and order in South Sudan. However, the people’s front is now able to implement Peter Abdelrahman Sule’s Blueprint with no qualms, unlawful restrictions and reservations.

This is because he is now protected by the United Nations, away from Kiir’s trigger-happy government and the hullabaloo about being democratically elected while criminals who double as security agents continue to break the law with impunity.

Peter Abdelrahman Sule’s Blueprint seeks to involve all the people of South Sudan from the ground up and not just the uncontrollable SPLM-cum-SPLA oligopoly that continues to wreak havoc on citizens and foreigners alike.

As he elaborates on his Blueprint for South Sudan and the world rallies behind this actual solution for the country, it is anticipated that the people of South Sudan and their friends will recognize who South Sudan’s actual leaders are.

Kiir and his cronies need to be obliged to stop latching onto a cooperative Plebiscite because a president who surrounds himself with criminals and allows some of them to double as Presidential Guards is unfit to lead a modern state like South Sudan. REFER TO THE ARTICLE TITLED “PRESIDENTIAL GUARDS ACCUSED OF INVOLVEMENT IN ARMED ROBBERIES IN JUBA“.

Integrally, the SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly is a criminal syndicate and therefore incapable of leading a South Sudan where law and order are paramount. To say that the wrangling and unruly so-called Liberation Movement is unable to guarantee civil and human rights and it is in a league of its own is an understatement.

Not even the United Nations as an institution that is unassailable around the world is spared the outlandish consortium’s irreverent conduct. This habitual iniquity is occurring while the so-called Liberation Movement that IGAD is bent on rewarding is continuing to commit the most abhorrent forms of human rights violations. REFER TO ARTICLES TITLED “SOUTH SUDANESE TROOPS STEAL BACKPACKS MEANT FOR CHILDREN”, “ROADBLOCKS ARE PREVENTING AID CONVOYS TO REACH THEIR DESTINATIONS IN SOUTH SUDAN: UN“, S SUDAN WARRING PARTIES BLOCKING FOOD DELIVERIES WITH ILLEGAL CHECKPOINTS: UN“ AND “PRES. KIIR, RIEK & THE SPLM ARE THE PROBLEM OF REP. SOUTH SUDAN”.

South Sudan under the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly is so lawless that even the legal concept of Diplomatic Immunity is violated with no scruples. Foreign diplomats aren’t exempted from the combine’s disordered behaviours. So why is everyone just standing there and doing nothing? Why on earth would IGAD want to hand over the country to such a depraved cartel? REFER TO THE ARTICLE TITLED “SHOTS FIRED AT US DIPLOMATIC VEHICLE IN S. SUDAN CAPITAL“.

The utter contempt for the rule of law in a country where thugs are emboldened to commit armed robbery while all eyes are on them, takes audacity and brazenness to a new tier. The reckless abandon with which South Sudan security agents currently assault lawyers as defenders of nomocracy while miming “ democratically elected“, “democratically elected“, “democratically elected“ gives new meaning to shamelessness!

The Interim Constitution of South Sudan is being contradicted with reckless abandon and yet everyone is just standing there and doing nothing. REFER TO ARTICLES TITLED “SOUTH SUDAN SECURITY RAID LAWYERS’ ASSOCIATION MEETING, ARREST JOURNALIST”, “LAWYERS’ MEETING IN WAU HALTED BY SECURITY PERSONNEL“, “SPLM-JUBA SECURITY REMAINS HOLDING JOURNALIST” AND “NATIONAL SECURITY SERVICE HAS BEATEN A JOURNALIST UNCONSCIOUS”.

A president who feigns ignorance about his own security agents breaking laws has no business being president of a contemporary country like South Sudan. One who grants criminal security agents immunity as they relentlessly violate the main yardstick of democracy which is freedom of speech and assembly has no business invoking democracy to latch onto a cooperative Plebiscite. REFER TO THE ARTICLE TITLED “SOUTH SUDAN PRESIDENCY SAYS NOT FORMALLY NOTIFIED OF REASONS FOR CLOSURE OF NATION MIRROR.“

To add insult to the country’s wholesale shame and injury to its unassuming people, Salvatore Kiir Mayardit appointed a fractious bully to the powerful position of Army Chief of General Staff and yet everyone is just standing there and doing nothing. REFER TO THE ARTICLE TITLED “OPINION: THE ILLEGITIMATE ‘KING’ IN NORTHERN BAHR AL GHAZAL.“

These are the anarchists IGAD is proposing to hand South Sudan to while the country’s neglected people continue to be assaulted by the same cruel nihilists. The regional organization is considering its condemnable proposal as a so-called Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders is crying foul and inciting the continuation of South Sudan’s vicious war. REFER TO ARTICLES TITLED “JIENG (DINKA) COUNCIL OF ELDERS: WE’LL RESIST OUR DEMISE BY ALL MEANS” AND “THE NUER SUPREME COUNCIL’S RESPONSE TO THE CHAIRMAN OF “JIENG COUNCIL OF ELDERS INTERVIEW.”

Revered elders in all African tribes scold and extricate themselves from thoughtless, lawless and cruel younger generations but not the Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders. That is the reason why to say that Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his so-called Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders have made South Sudan a laughing-stock is lax.

IGAD needs to be disqualified from mediating the South Sudan bloodbath with immediate effect. The regional organization has failed to bring about a peace agreement or deal with the root causes of the savagery in South Sudan because it contravened the May 9, 2014 agreement signed by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon.

Because of its lack of discernment, the organization and its affiliates are setting the stage for more lawlessness, death the destruction in South Sudan instead of securing a lasting peace agreement. REFER TO ARTICLES TITLED “ARUSHA RESETS SPLM FOR ANOTHER ROUND OF SENSELESS VIOLENCE” AND “SOUTH SUDANESE POLITICAL PARTIES CAUTION OVER PEACE DEAL”.

IGAD has not succeeded in resolving the conflict between Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon and their cohorts because it broke the rules of mediation by:
1) Taking the side of Salvatore Kiir Mayardit.
2) Imposing judgment on the issues being discoursed instead of facilitating a mutually acceptable settlement by ALL the stakeholders (in mediation, the mediator will not and cannot impose a settlement).
3) Imposing itself as a mediator in a dispute in which its members have financial and personal interests in the result of the mediation.
4) Refusing to defer the mediation to an objective forum.

Prior to imposing itself as the mediator, IGAD did not disclose any circumstance likely to create a presumption of bias. Moreover, the regional organization has enabled the conflicting parties to negotiate in bad faith by excluding the other stakeholders.

To salvage the object of the agreement that was signed in Addis Ababa on May 9, 2014 by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon, the South Sudan mediation effort needs to be reconstituted to include ALL the stakeholders, along with advocates from the African and South Sudan Diaspora.

Simply stated, all the people of South Sudan and not just a lawless SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly should participate in pulling South Sudan from under the rubble actuated by the very murderous cartel IGAD appears to be dead set on rewarding. IGAD countenancing the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly to act as judge, jury and executioner in dictating how “The people of South Sudan vs the SPLM cum SPLA” is adjudicated is immoral at best.

That is why the organization needs to be stopped from continuing to jumble the South Sudan Peace Talks. The world should not just stand there and do nothing about the criminal mindset that was responsible for the genocide that created the murderous domino effect that is now threatening to sink the entire East and Central African region as IGAD is doing.

Just standing there and doing nothing is tantamount to aiding and abetting genocide. It is recreating Germany’s Auschwitz Concentration Camp genocide, the Rwandan genocide and the countless other genocides that occurred because the international world just stood there and did nothing!

The people of South Sudan and their friends have good cause to replace IGAD in the South Sudan mediation immediately to avert bloodshed. Furthermore, IGAD does not have the authority to decide any issue for the people of South Sudan so it can be substituted because it has failed in facilitating the voluntary resolution of the dispute between the conflicting parties who now include REMNASA (The Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation).

Simply stated, IGAD’s immoral scheme to reward genocide will not go unchallenged! REFER TO PRESS RELEASE TITLED “REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT FOR NATIONAL SALVATION (REMNASA): IT’S OBJECTIVES” AND ARTICLES TITLED “S. SUDAN ARMY EXPRESSES CONCERN OVER DEFECTIONS IN W. EQUATORIA” AND “LAUNCHING THE PEOPLE’S FRONT TO OPPOSE THE GENOCIDAL SPLM CUM SPLA OLIGOPOLY IN SOUTH SUDAN!“

South Sudan’s defence minister, Kuol Manyang Juuk is very accurate in many of his statements in the article titled “S. Sudan army expresses concern over defections in W. Equatoria” but he couldn’t be more wrong when he said, “It is unfortunate that one of the well-mannered and highly disciplined officers at the ministry of defense could not stand the test of pressure, which is regretful.”

Losuba Lodoru Won’go’s defection has nothing to do with pressure but defending and protecting the suffering masses of South Sudan. Contrary to his erroneous superficial comments, Kuol Manyang Juuk knows what a formidable opponent Losuba Lodoru Won’go is. He is absolutely right in discerning that Losuba Lodoru Won’go’s “rebellion could undermine economic activities with neigbouring countries of Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) if he takes advantage of his knowledge of the triangle region straddling Uganda to the south of Juba and the DRC to the south west”.

If Losuba Lodoru Won’go had the ability to successfully defuse a Congolese rebellion of ethnic Kakwa in 2012, it is not far-fetched to anticipate the opposite. If Nuers from all over the world including ones from the Gambela region of Ethiopia can converge on South Sudan to defend their kin without the least bit of care for the restrictions imposed by transnational borders, it is not illogical to expect that Kakwa people, their relatives and friends from all the countries of East and Central Africa will descend on South Sudan to fight inhumanity.

Kakwa/Bari speaking tribes know that when a big man places his hand on his head, it signifies fear, hopelessness and defeat so it is anybody’s guess who is not standing the test of pressure in the innumerable defections from Salvatore Kiir Mayardit’s anarchic government to the opposing sides including Losuba Lodoru Won’go’s REMNASA (The Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation).

It is anybody’s guess which side is running scared when all that is needed to bring about sustainable peace in South Sudan by peaceful means is implementing Peter Abdelrahman Sule’s Blueprint for South Sudan and the agreement that was signed in Addis Ababa on May 9, 2014 by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon. REFER TO ARTCILES TITLED “SPLA-IO SHELL BENTIU WITH MORTARS” AND “S. SUDAN’S “COBRA” FACTION ABANDONS KIIR’S GOVERNMENT, JOINS REBELLION”.

Every conceivable group could take up arms against Salvatore Kiir Mayardit’s depraved government but why spill more blood when a reconstituted mediation effort that includes ALL the stakeholders, along with advocates from the African and South Sudan Diaspora can avert bloodshed. Why continue depending on a biased IGAD that is bogging down proper dialogue when a different forum can be speedily reconstituted?

Why should more precious lives be lost when a reconstituted mediation effort will ensure that every fair and just South Sudanese gets what they need and all the 64 tribes of South Sudan are guaranteed protection from murderous bullies? Why continue fighting when a reconstituted mediation effort can be a successful avenue for building consensus about the way forward in relation to rebuilding the country, proper accountability and proper restitution?

“Yi laga Kakwa/Bari kilo yi moro ku Lemi. Kuje ‘bayi”, I had encouraged Losuba Lodoru Won’go in a missive I sent him in Kakwa. The phrase loosely translates to we Kakwa/Bari speaking tribes fight with just cause. We don’t pick fights unnecessarily. We fight for justice and we fight evil. That is the reason why the karmic forces are always aligned in our favour.

There is no fear when you fight for justice. I had pursued Losuba Lodoru Won’go to convey that if he and his group REMNASA (The Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation) must fight Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his cronies in self defence and to protect the suffering masses of South Sudan, they should let the God of the Bible lead.

I had included a link to the Bible Stories of Exodus 17:8-13, Numbers 13:1 – 14:35, Joshua 1:1-9, 3:1-17, Joshua 6:1-27, Joshua 7:1-12, Joshua 7:14-8:29, Joshua 10:1-14, Joshua 23:1-24:28, Judges 4:1-9, Judges 4:10-17, 5:19-21, Judges 4:17-23, Judges 5:1-31, Judges 6:1-24, Judges 6:25-32, Judges 7:1-7, Judges 7:12-25, Judges 13:1 – 14:19, Judges 15:1-17, Judges 16:4-22, Judges 16:23-31, Luke 8:26-39, Luke 19:45-48, John 2:13-21, Matthew 27:33 – 28:20 and Ephesians 6:10-18 and encouraged Losuba Lodoru Won’go to learn from the stories and stay strong.

“Scroll to the bottom of the page to click on “Kakwa: Congo” or “Arabic, Sudanese Creole: Juba” and listen to the same stories recorded in audio format by clicking on the soldier with the sword and shield” I had instructed while praying that the South Sudan carnage will be resolved without firing a single shot and spilling more blood. This is because it is possible to resolve the conflict peacefully provided the complex mediation effort is reconstituted to include ALL the stakeholders, along with advocates from the African and South Sudan Diaspora. CLICK ON THE “GLOBAL RECORDINGS” LINK.

“I am just a simple person but moved by the suffering of our people” Losuba Lodoru Won’go offered in a reply missive where he explained why he picked up arms in defence and protection of the suffering masses of South Sudan who are “being killed daily in cold blood, harassed, looted and raped with impunity”.

“I am shocked with the way our so called leaders behave” Losuba Lodoru Won’go expressed before continuing.

“I asked myself. Why did we fight and separate from the Sudan? Was it to get a country per se? My answer was big NO. We fought because we felt we were not free, we were not treated equally and we had no opportunity to develop our natural talents as well as no democratic space to be equally represented in the governance affairs of the country we call our own”.

“Option one was to fix the problem if not then go to option two which is to separate. The same but even worse is happening in South Sudan now under Kiir. Our options are to topple him or fix the problem under a new interim leadership” Losuba Lodoru Won’go declared with conviction.

“I have decided with my team that we will continue till freedom, equality and democracy is attained in South Sudan so that we have a conducive environment where for the first time in history we shall have decent and quality education and health services with safe water for all South Sudanese children, women and men” Losuba Lodoru Won’go stated emphatically.

The solution to South Sudan’s current “free-for-all“ and total breakdown in law and order is ingrained in Peter Abdelrahman Sule’s Blueprint for South Sudan and Losuba Lodoru Won’go’s vision for South Sudan, both of which are complemented by proposals from professionals in the South Sudan Diaspora. The common thread is the stakeholder involvement implanted in the May 9, 2014 agreement signed by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon and guaranteed by Hailemariam Dessalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairman of the IGAD Assembly.

All of Peter Abdelrahman Sule, Losuba Lodoru Won’go and professionals in the South Sudan Diaspora accredit the importance of dialogue and participation by ALL stakeholders and not just a lawless so-called Liberation Movement that is bent on continuing to murder and short change the people they have abused and battered for decades. That is why the world needs to listen to the clarion call to replace IGAD in the complex South Sudan mediation which requires particular skills, extraordinary sensitivity, prudence and inside information.

Losuba Lodoru Won’go is standing up to the lawless bullies of South Sudan by taking up arms against them to defend and protect the suffering masses of South Sudan and I have every reason to believe that he has no intention of backing down! In fact I see a Nuer-Equatoria alliance that can and will obtain proper accountability and restitution for the callousness that has reduced South Sudan to killing fields instead of the ludicrous focus on a crooked power sharing deal.

Why should Salvatore Kiir Mayardit’s lawless government be rewarded with 53% of power and Riek Machar’s splinter SPLM cum SPLA be rewarded with 33% while everyone else gets nothing in an agreement that is not even worth the piece of paper it is written on?

Who gives a hoot about Wani Igga’s job of Vice President when the people of South Sudan are being murdered and violated with impunity? The SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly has violated the Interim Constitution of South Sudan in its entirety so it should not be rewarded with a power sharing deal that swindles the rest of the citizens. REFER TO ARTICLES TITLED “REBEL COMMANDERS RECEIVE ARUSHA DEAL WITH A FIST”, “NUER FIGHTERS REJECT ANY ARUSHA DEAL THAT KEEPS SALVA KIIR IN POWER, THREATEN TO FIGHT ON WITHOUT RIEK MACHAR IN THE MOVEMENT”, “EQUATORIANS IN EXILE REJECT THE STATEMENT BY EQUATORIAN BENEFICIARIES, GOVERNORS AND VICE PRESIDENT!”, “SOUTH SUDAN EQUATORIANS FIGHT VICE PRESIDENT IGGA” AND “SOUTH SUDAN DRAWS “REDLINE” ON FIRST VP PROPOSAL”.

Please Don’t just stand there: Do something about South Sudan! Forward this article to anyone.

Margaret Akulia is co-author of the sequel Idi Amin: Hero or Villain? His son Jaffar Amin and other people speak. She brings to the South Sudan dialogue a multidisciplinary professional background including but not limited to “grassroots activism”.
Additional information and registration for webinars at www.savesouthsudan.com
REFERENCED ARTICLES IN ORDER OF APPEARANCE

PRESIDENT KIIR’S SPLM GOVERNMENT IS NOT DEMOCRATICALLY ELECTED
http://www.southsudannewsagency.com/opinion/editorials/kiirs-government-not-democratically-elected

THE INTERIM CONSTITUTION OF SOUTH SUDAN
http://www.gurtong.net/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=SHBZGArJ8Ks%3D&tabid=106
http://www.sudantribune.com/IMG/pdf/The_Draft_Transitional_Constitution_of_the_ROSS2-2.pdf

JUSTICE PETER SULE ON A LEGAL AND GRASSROOTS SOLUTION FOR SOUTH SUDAN
http://pachodo.org/latest-news-articles/pachodo-english-articles/8645-justice-peter-sule-on-a-legal-and-grassroots-solution-for-south-sudan

AGREEMENT TO RESOLVE THE CRISIS IN SOUTH SUDAN
http://sites.tufts.edu/reinventingpeace/2014/05/10/agreement-to-resolve-the-crisis-in-south-sudan/

PRESIDENTIAL GUARDS ACCUSED OF INVOLVEMENT IN ARMED ROBBERIES IN JUBA
http://talkofsudan.com/president-kiirs-guards-accused-of-involvement-in-armed-robberies-in-juba/

SOUTH SUDANESE TROOPS STEAL BACKPACKS MEANT FOR CHILDREN
http://world.time.com/2014/02/04/south-sudanese-troops-steal-backpacks-meant-for-children/

ROADBLOCKS ARE PREVENTING AID CONVOYS TO REACH THEIR DESTINATIONS IN SOUTH SUDAN: UN
http://www.southsudannewsagency.com/news/top-stories/roadblock-prevent-aid-convoys-to-reach-destinations

PRES. KIIR, RIEK & THE SPLM ARE THE PROBLEM OF REP. SOUTH SUDAN
http://www.southsudannation.com/pres-kiir-riek-the-splm-are-the-problem-of-rep-south-sudan/
WARRING PARTIES BLOCKING FOOD DELIVERIES WITH ILLEGAL CHECKPOINTS: UN
https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/s-sudan-warring-parties-blocking-food-deliveries-illegal-checkpoints-un

SHOTS FIRED AT US DIPLOMATIC VEHICLE IN S. SUDAN CAPITAL http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article53051

SOUTH SUDAN SECURITY RAID LAWYERS’ ASSOCIATION MEETING, ARREST JOURNALIST
https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/south-sudan-security-raid-lawyers-association-meeting-arrest-journalist

LAWYERS’ MEETING IN WAU HALTED BY SECURITY PERSONNEL
https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/lawyers-meeting-wau-halted-security-personnel

SPLM-JUBA SECURITY REMAINS HOLDING JOURNALIST
https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/splm-juba-security-remains-holding-journalist
NATIONAL SECURITY SERVICE HAS BEATEN A JOURNALIST UNCONSCIOUS
http://upperniletimes.net/world/africa/national-security-service-has-beaten-a-journalist-unconscious/

SOUTH SUDAN PRESIDENCY SAYS NOT FORMALLY NOTIFIED OF REASONS FOR CLOSURE OF NATION MIRROR
https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/south-sudan-presidency-says-not-formally-notified-reasons-closure-nation-mirror

OPINION: THE ILLEGITIMATE ‘KING’ IN NORTHERN BAHR AL GHAZAL
https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/opinion-illegitimate-king-northern-bahr-al-ghazal

JIENG (DINKA) COUNCIL OF ELDERS: WE’LL RESIST OUR DEMISE BY ALL MEANS
http://www.southsudannation.com/jieng-dinka-council-of-elders-well-resist-our-demise-by-all-means/

THE NUER SUPREME COUNCIL’S RESPONSE TO THE CHAIRMAN OF “JIENG COUNCIL OF ELDERS INTERVIEW” http://upperniletimes.net/contributors/the-nuer-supreme-councils-response-to-the-chairman-of-jieng-council-of-elders-interview/

ARUSHA RESETS SPLM FOR ANOTHER ROUND OF SENSELESS VIOLENCE
http://www.southsudannation.com/arusha-resets-splm-for-another-round-of-senseless-violence/
SOUTH SUDANESE POLITICAL PARTIES CAUTION OVER PEACE DEAL
http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article53923

REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT FOR NATIONAL SALVATION (REMNASA): IT’S OBJECTIVES
http://www.southsudannation.com/revolutionary-movement-for-national-salvation-remnasa-its-objectives/

S. SUDAN ARMY EXPRESSES CONCERN OVER DEFECTIONS IN W. EQUATORIA
http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article53835

LAUNCHING THE PEOPLE’S FRONT TO OPPOSE THE GENOCIDAL SPLM CUM SPLA OLIGOPOLY IN SOUTH SUDAN! http://southsudannewsagency.com/opinion/articles/launching-the-peoples-front-to-oppose-the-genocidal-splm-cum-spla-oligopoly

SPLA-IO SHELL BENTIU WITH MORTARS https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/spla-io-shell-bentiu-mortars
S. SUDAN’S “COBRA” FACTION ABANDONS KIIR’S GOVERNMENT, JOINS REBELLION
http://www.southsudannewsagency.com/news/top-stories/s-sudans-cobra-faction-abandons-kiirs-government-joins-rebellion

CLICK ON “GLOBAL RECORDINGS” http://globalrecordings.net/en/script/en/420

REBEL COMMANDERS RECEIVE ARUSHA DEAL WITH A FIST
http://upperniletimes.net/south-sudan/times-nation/rebel-commanders-receive-arusha-deal-with-a-fist/

NUER FIGHTERS REJECT ANY ARUSHA DEAL THAT KEEPS SALVA KIIR IN POWER, THREATEN TO FIGHT ON WITHOUT RIEK MACHAR IN THE MOVEMENT
http://upperniletimes.net/news/nuer-fighters-reject-arusha-deal-keeps-salva-kiir-power-threaten-fight-without-riek-machar-movement/

EQUATORIANS IN EXILE REJECT THE STATEMENT BY EQUATORIAN BENEFICIARIES, GOVERNORS AND VICE PRESIDENT!

http://nyamile.com/2015/02/03/equatorians-in-exile-reject-the-statement-by-equatorian-beneficiaries-governors-and-vice-president/

SOUTH SUDAN EQUATORIANS FIGHT VICE PRESIDENT IGGA
http://chimpreports.com/south-sudan-equatorians-fight-vice-president-igga/
SOUTH SUDAN DRAWS “REDLINE” ON FIRST VP PROPOSAL
http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article53982

‘A government that wages war against its own people isn’t a legitimate government’

BY: ELHAG PAUL, South Sudan, FEB/20/2015, SSN;

At the beginning of this month a phenomenal declaration was made by the South Sudan Catholic Bishops which under normal circumstance should have caused political tremors. However, surprisingly this extremely important event passed on without South Sudanese noting its importance as one of the most potent weapons to end President Kiir’s government.

It would be an abdication of duty to refrain from bringing this topic back to the attention of the people of South Sudan because that would be tantamount to condoning the wrong going on in South Sudan.

“Citing a Biblical passage (Mark 10: 42 – 45) in which Jesus criticizes the ‘rulers of the heathen’ for lording it over their people rather than serving them, the Bishops argued that a government that wages war against its own people is not a legitimate government.” Please see, ‘Bishops declare that South Sudan ‘has abandoned God’”. https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/bishops-declare-south-sudanese-nation-has-abandoned-god.

This bold declaration by the South Sudan’s Catholic Bishops offers the quickest solution to the ongoing conflict in the country. However, it appears that the Intergovernmental authority on development (IGAD) has brushed it aside in its quest to see the SPLM/A warring parties share power and wealth at the expense of the people of South Sudan.

This of-course is not a solution in any way as it does not address the root causes of the conflict. It is only a postponement of the conflict to some future date.

IGAD needs to note that the government of President Salva Kiir is illegitimate as highlighted by the Bishops and therefore there is no ground for allowing IGAD to dictate things in Addis Ababa. President Kiir is a war monger. He started the war based on the lie that there was a coup. Please see, ‘President Kiir’s strategy to cover up ethnic cleansing collapsed in London.’ http://allafrica.com/stories/201402241137.html

In the middle of 2013 President Kiir recruited and formed his own personal tribal militia in Bahr El Ghazal in violation of the constitution and against advice of the then Chief of the Army, General James Hoth Mai. He then relocated this force of over three thousand men to Luri, a Bari village south west of Juba for further training around October of the same year.

In the first week of December 2013 President Kiir made speeches rekindling the emotive event of 1991 schisms between the Jieng and the Nuer in the SPLM then under Dr John Garang. This prepared grounds for the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer in Juba and country wide starting from 15th December 2013 and thereafter.

The Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation (REMNASA) in their document, ‘REMNASA: view on the South Sudan crisis and approaches to solving it’ provide the context for the grave crimes against humanity committed by President Kiir and the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE). http://nyamile.com/2015/02/16/remnasa-view-on-the-south-sudan-crisis-and-approaches-to-solving-it/

Having plunged the country into a senseless war and prevaricated for 14 months President Kiir is now contemplating further violence. He confided in one of the IGAD head of the states on 26th January 2015 that “when I come back from Addis Ababa don’t expect me to obey your rules.” Please see, ‘South Sudan talks adjourned without power-sharing deal’. https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/s-sudan-talks-adjourn-without-power-sharing-deal

“This war is evil”, the Bishops strongly stressed. This observation of the clergy is something that most people familiar with South Sudan would completely agree with. President Kiir due to his limited education seems to believe that he can do anything because believing he is a legitimate president, when in actual fact as already noted he is not.

President Kiir’s continued insistence to legitimise himself by singing: ‘democratically elected!’, ‘legitimate government!’, ‘democratically elected!’, ‘legitimate government!’ etc is simply a load of trash. It is crass and demeans the office of the presidency.

The regime has lied to itself and the people so much so that it now believes its own lies. Confronted with the fast approaching expiry of the fabricated legitimate period, they are running around like headless chickens. Initially, they tried to stage a fake election to refashion their legitimacy which did not work. With lightening speed they switched to the parliament to get legal extension to allow them to govern for two more years.

Will this work? No, it will not. The reason being the parliament itself has no powers to extend life of a government and itself. Dr Lam of SPLM-DC has already made this point clear in his article, ‘South Sudan opposition parties welcome election cancellation, condemn terms extension,’ published in South Sudan News Agency. http://www.southsudannewsagency.com/

Even if the parliament were empowered to do so, it has no legitimacy because among the MPs in the House, there are over 66 legislators appointed on the whims of President Kiir. For example the NCP (National Congress Party of President Omar Bashir) converts and others. These MPs do not have any constituency in the country. They are cronies of the president in corruption and abuse of power. They represent no one but themselves.

Further, the parliament is supposed to uphold the constitution and it has not done so since coming into life at the time of independence. President Kiir breaks the law left and right without the parliament holding him to account, for example, in the case of Panthou war and the formation of a private tribal militia funded by the state. The real test was the events of December 2013 when President Kiir committed grave crimes against humanity. No one in the parliament raised a motion to debate the ethnic cleansing of the Nuer to hold the leadership to account.

That parliament is a joke. It is a house of dummies. Whether the parliament extends President Kiir’s term or not, it does not matter. The whole government with its three branches of judiciary, parliament and executive have lost legitimacy and the South Sudan Catholic Bishops have now certified it. What more?

Dr Luka Biong Deng in his self serving or rather Jieng serving article, ‘Why government is right to postpone election is South Sudan’ tries hard to present the Dinkocratic system as a democracy seeking the right legal avenue to remain in power. This kind of antics does not wash. He and the Jieng controlled SPLM should shed the delusions and accept that their entire system is illegitimate with or without parliament approval. http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article54003

Now the South Sudan Catholic Bishops have given their verdict that President Kiir is illegitimate. They unequivocally stated that “a government that wages war against its own people is not legitimate government.” These words are weighty. Churches are known for discreet ways of approaching issues. Seldom do clergy make such statements unless the issue has really reached a critical boiling point endangering the country.

The declaration therefore is very significant because the Catholic Church represents a considerable percentage of South Sudanese people. The population of the Catholics in South Sudan according to World Christian Encyclopaedia is around 2.7 million people. This makes roughly 30 percent of the entire population of South Sudan. The other Christian denominations combined could make about 40 percent with the rest being people who practice traditional religions.

In South Sudan Christians do not segregate themselves according to their sects. They socialise and pray freely among themselves. They too respect all the clergy of the various churches. This is always evident in social occasions such as birth, celebrations, marriages, death and so on. In such occasions the Christian inter-mingle freely with each other regardless of their sects. This phenomenon is Characteristic of the South Sudanese, though it may astonish outsiders watching.

So the call by South Sudan’s Catholic Bishops would practically be taken seriously by all the Christians in the country. What does this mean? It means that the Church has expressed the will of its adherents who make up 70 percent of the country. Democratically speaking the edict of the clergy translates into a vote of no confidence in the government by majority of South Sudanese.

The illegality of president Kiir’s government is something that can no longer be disputed. His presidency from a legal point of view as well as on constitutional grounds can not stand. This view has been argued elsewhere exhaustively. However, with the church finding President Kiir illegitimate according to scriptures does not only concretise the facts but urges him to vacate the presidency at once.

Christians around the world must take South Sudan’s Bishops declaration as basis for action. The Vatican, Canterbury and others should now put pressure on their members of parliament s in their respective countries to ask their governments to cease cooperating with the ‘evil’ regime of President Kiir. This issue now is clearly more of a moral problem requiring instant action.

The South Sudanese Diaspora should now mobilise and wave the declaration of the Bishops to the clergy of their local churches as well as their members of parliament demanding their support in calling for their government to take action against the criminals in Juba. South Sudan’s Bishops recent declaration is a spiritual manifesto that no local church can ignore.

South Sudan’s Bishops declared position further means that the basis of the talks in Addis Ababa is now futile because there can be no grounds for negotiations with an illegitimate regime which basically, “wages war against its own people.”

Thus the talks in Addis Ababa should be re-opened under new impartial mediators, preferably under one or some of the eminent persons to bring all the people of South Sudan (stakeholders) to a table to hammer out an interim government with clear objectives.

In conclusion, the Bishops guided by the Holy Spirit have helped in shining light on the darkness in Juba. Now that the regime is certified as illegitimate it is up to the people to use this certificate effectively to realise a peaceful change in the country.

This said it must be remembered that the Bishops call is a duty to Christian people wherever they are to do their bit to rid South Sudan of evil. That evil is the SPLM/A in its totality.

In other words this call from the church endorses resistance against the evil doers in Juba for a humane and caring government that fears the Lord to be established to care for God’s people. So, “together let us once again make South Sudan a God fearing nation.

[Truth hurts but is also liberating]

Elhag Paul

elhagpaul@aol.com

“Tribalism will bury us if we don’t bury it”

By: Morris Kuol Yoll, ALBERTA, Canada, FEB/19/2015, SSN;

“Tribalism will bury us if we don’t bury it,” Vice President James Wani Igga asserted in his speech to South Sudan community gathering in Alberta-Canada during his visitation in 2012. By then, Mr. James Wani Igga was a speaker of South Sudan National Assembly, the third man in South Sudan’s “who’s who” in power series.

Mr. Igga visited Canada when South Sudan was in relative peace and the SPLM party, as well, united; yet he pronounced this statement. What did he know then?

Mr. Igga was a Speaker of National Assembly when uncontrolled corruption was at its peak; when anti-corruption committee could not execute corruption charges; when even those arrested on corruption charges were forcefully freed from jail by community members; when the President finally released a letter asking those who misappropriated public fund to silently return embezzled money with impunity; when some of government ministries were literally run by one tribe, from Minster to the office cleaner; when various tribal militias, like white army and Yaya’s Cobra rebels, were terrorizing villages; and when armed cattle raids were frequently conducted in broad daylight in many parts of South Sudan.

Mr. Igga toured North America and met South Sudanese in Diaspora knowing that he was a Speaker of a wild South Sudan National Assembly, a country that requires tremendous efforts to fix it or else the hell could inevitably break loose in the country in which case we all, in its aftermath, be buried in ruins of our rampage, beneath ashes of tribalism’s destruction.

Tribalism in many Africans countries is a problem, a political endemic, that squanders efforts in nation building, development, democracy, human resources, and peaceful coexistence of citizens of one country.

Mr. Igga stressed tribalism in our country; because it has caused ethnic divide, bad governance, racial hatred, violence, rebellion, nepotism, corruption, and could formidably result into collapse of our country if not tackle head on.

According to Wikipedia, “tribalism is a state of being organized, or advocating for a tribe or tribes.” In conventionality, it is a belief or actions in which one is more committed to his tribe than to his/her country, friends or other communities, (Wikipedia). This is true in South Sudan today.

Tribes are politically organized to advocate for tribal cause, interest and for tribal defense. The legacy of tribal loyalty could be attributed, in many aspects, to various Sudanese regimes that instigated regional and tribal politics, and as well, invented tribal militias during last civil war in the Sudan.

Before and equally during civil war in the Sudan, various Sudanese regimes in Khartoum encouraged both regional and tribal politics in Southern Sudan as another mechanism of weakening Southern Sudanese’s solidarity and also as an organized counterinsurgency method of fighting rebellion in Southern Sudan.

In this regard, northern Sudanese political leaders created and cosponsored divisions of southern Sudanese in 70s & 80s. Both Sadiq al-Mahdi and Neimeiri coined and deployed the idea of protecting non-Dinka minority from Dinka majority domination to weaken Southern Sudanese’s Nationalism.

Out of this policy, came out decentralization of Southern Sudan, later imposed by decree in 1982 by President Nimeiri. With decentralization in 80s developed strong anti-Nolitic feelings in Equatoria. Finally, ethnic divide, hatred and fighting between pro-re-division (Equatorians) and anti-re-division (Dinkas) resulted.

Hence, part of 70s & 80s slithered into infamous regional and kokora divide in which Southern Sudanese fought themselves on ethnic lines. It followed that, in 1983, President Nimeiri decreed September’s laws that abrogated Addis Ababa’s agreement which triggered second rebellion in which the SPLA/M was born.

Subsequently, Nimeiri and various governments of the Sudan after him initiated formation of armed tribal militias against the SPLA/M, and as well as against tribes, in Southern Sudan, accused of supporting the SPLA/M rebels fighting Sudanese regime at the time.

Shortly after the SPLA came to existence, the Sudanese regime and their allies, at the time, portrayed SPLA/M as a “Dinka movement” to prevent other tribes from joining it and on the same time accomplish formation of anti-SPLA/M militias on tribal line as counter-insurgency forces fighting alongside Sudanese Military.

After Bor’s Mutiny, Sudanese forces attack on Bor was backed by anti-SPLA Equatorian politicians and militia forces. At this juncture as well, the anti-Nolitics sentiments and harassments of mostly Dinkas and Nuers intensified in Equatoria. After Bor assault by the Sudanese regime, combinations of Toposa’s militiamen and policemen raided Bor areas in the aftermath of government attack. Dinkas of Bor organized defense force and repulsed the raid in which both cattle were looted and people, including women & children, were also targeted. The present of uniform Toposa’s policemen, found dead after the attack, led to suspicion of Equatoria region and the Sudanese political backing of Toposa militia raids of Bor villages.

Another militia formed in Equatoria against the SPLA was Mundari tribal militia. During Kokora campaigns, Mundari clashed with Dinka Bor in Juba. In the end, Mundari sustained death casualties and to their disappointment, they were not joined or help by the rest of Equatorians that encouraged Mundari initially. In event of Bor’s Mutiny and formation of the SPLA, some of the Mundari were persuaded by the Sudanese regime to form their militia against the SPLA and Dinka Bor. As pastoralist with grazing land dispute with Dinka Bor, Mundari militia was fascinated by the government’s campaign against Dinkas and joined the stratagem of war.

In Bahr El-Gazal region, the government of Sudan rallied Fartit tribes of Western Bahr El-Gazal to form militia against Dinka and Jurchol tribes. Hence by 1986, militia predominately Fartit tribes was formed in Wau, Bahr El-Gazal with government of the Sudan backing. It was an organized militia with objectives to ethnically cleanse Dinka and its related Jurchol tribes in Bahr El-Gazal.

The plan had about ten (10) Paramount chiefs from Fartit tribes signed documentations in which extermination of Dinka and Jurchol tribes was predetermined to ethnically cleanse Dinka and Jurchol tribes of Bahr El-Gazal. This militia operated in Wau in the mid 80s through 90s and up to 2005 when the agreement was signed. The atrocities and massacres committed by this militia were horrific in kind and thoroughly documented.

Similarly, in 1983 & 84, early struggle between the SPLA and Anyanya-II resulted into tribal killings between Nuer and Dinka tribes. Immediately after defection of Kerbino Kuanyin, William Nyuon Bany and Dr. John Garang from Bor Town, in 1983, the delegation of politicians from Bahr El-Gazal that joined them in rebellion was tasked to go to Bahr El-Gazal Region to recruit for soldiers.

While they were still in Bahr El-Gazal mobilizing and recruiting for Soldiers to join the rebellion, the disagreement and fighting between Akwot Atem’s group ( William Abdhalla Cuol, and Guei Tut) and Dr. John Garang’s camp (William Nyuon Bany, Kerbion Kuanyin Bol, Salva Kiir Mayardit, Arok Thon) erupted. Defeat by the SPLA, Akwot Atem’s Anyanya-II group, fled to Nuer-lands in the Upper Nile Region were the laid multiples ambush to refugees and recruits coming from Bahr El-Gazal regions to join the SPLA.

By 1985 the Anyanya-II, having established alliance with Khartoum and received guns and ammunitions, waged war on the SPLA. The Anyanya-II primary targets, in order to cut the SPLA’S recruiting supply line of Bahr El-Gazal, were multitudes of recruits and refugees coming from Bahr El-Gazal of whom majority were Dinkas. The recruits, having no arms to protect themselves, were cold bloodily massacred. The SPLA responded with enormous use of forces in retaliation against Gajaak Nuer who formed the backbone of Anyanya-II.

It should also be known that the Sudanese regimes did not only armed militias in Southern Sudan during civil war to systematically raid, loot, and target massacred Southern Sudanese tribes accused of supporting rebellion fighting against the government, however; it also purportedly armed Missiriya and Rizigeigat Murahaliin Arabs tribes of Kordofan and Dar Fur to commit ethnic cleansing in Southern Sudan during 22 two years of civil warfare in the country in conjunction with its tribal based militias, established and backed up, in all regions of Southern Sudan such as Fartit of Western Bahr El Gazal, Toposa, Lotuka, Mundari, and Acholi militias of Equatoria, Murlei militia of Jonglei, and Anyaya-II militia ( Friendly forces) of the Upper Nile region.

In this fashion, massacres and raids against tribes accused of backing the SPLA/M were carried out by Government’s tribal BASED militias throughout three great regions of South Sudan (Bahr El-Gazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile regions). In defense, various tribes in Southern Sudan formed tribal defense by forming tribal militias. Subsequently, killings in retaliation occurred repeatedly among South Sudanese tribes and outdid by 91’s ethnic target killings in Bor by Dr. Riek’s SPLA/M Nasir faction.

Hence, in South Sudan, today, both tribal antagonism against other tribes or tribal loyalty to one’s own tribes is very strong in all tribal groups of South Sudan. Most importantly, and to note, is the fact that South Sudanese tribes have tasted their own blood in ethnically killing themselves during civil war before Rwanda’s genocide occurred in 1994!

Indeed, tribalism was an intended political plot deployed by Sudanese regimes to discredit Southern Sudan from partition from the Sudan by using justified claims that Southern Sudanese are tribally divided and cannot form a nation of their own. In this regard, various Sudanese regimes sponsored tribal killings and persistently, time and again, claimed southern Sudanese will end up killing themselves along tribal line, because they know the seed of hatred they saw within social fabric of South Sudanese community.

By the time Liberia, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, and Bosnia’s genocidal wars began, in the late 80s and early 90, death in Southern Sudan by combination of ethnic cleansing, starvation and civil war had already claimed to two millions. And by far, death by genocide in Southern Sudan, from 1993-1994, was 2.5 +; exceeded a combined total of genocidal exterminations in Liberia (100,000 dead), Sierra Leone (about 50,000 dead), Bosnia Herzegovina (200,000-400,000 dead) and Rwanda (800,000). Yet, it is the least talked about genocide of all the above mentioned atrocious crimes committed against humanity of twenty first century.

Not the least, while the warlords of Bosnia, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Rwanda brought to the book of justice to account for their crimes committed against humanity, our warlords in two Sudans STILL run amok in the eye of justice, actively than ever, committing the same atrocious crime against humanity and hardly, still, noticed by radars of international court of justice. Such colossal destruction of human’s life with impunity, in Sudans, encourages bloodthirsty crimes and criminality of any degree imaginable in these countries.

Indeed, ethnic violence yet prevalence in South Sudan is due to the fact that warlords that committed atrocious crimes during the civil war escaped punishment for their crimes meted and instead rewarded with positions after peace agreement was signed, and above all are still heads of their organized killing squad forces, strong enough forces to reckon with.

In many aspects, stage in South Sudan for another round of ethnic cleansing is set: guns are in every tribe hands, tribal hatred at its zenith, and the fact that many of our warlords have tasted ethnic cleansing blood with impunity. Comrade, James Wani Igga, our current Vice president, as a conscious moral leader, knew about this dark side of us that is glowing in the dark, ready to consume us all and our country in its abysmal abyss.

He (Wani Igga) proved us right with December 15th, 2013, onslaught and its aftermath. It is now evidence that South Sudanese are tribally divided, polarized and coerced to hating and hunting themselves on tribal and ethnic lines by politicians who are playing ethnic or regional political cards to promote their political endeavours.

Borrowing from our past misdemeanours of tribal and regionalism divides, many of our leaders have found solace in their tribes and using tribal or regional slogans to justify their cause of struggle. This tactical tribal and regional ploy has driven many of our people to point of no return in hatred, and thus it is tragic. It is politically unhealthy for our country, in many aspects, to face tribal war. And surely it would not serve us better in the nation building whether we federate the country or practice democracy in the country. Not the least, it is a recipe for disintegration as a country.

With no doubt, after December 15th incident, many inclined to tribal divide with hope to revenge their grievance which is a potential doom to befallen us and the country should it be allowed to occur. Indeed, our country is ripe for violence, discrimination and worse types of rebellions (tribal rebellions). We have already witnessed destructions of this current civil strife in which our people have lynched themselves tribally (30,000 people dead just in weeks).

What would become of us if we let such obnoxiousness and inhumane onslaught lose to its maximum? Unbecomingly, violence, nepotism and discrimination have become part of our culture and daily life and that is why our country with billions of dollars it received within last ten years, still has no basics public services, schools, hospital, roads, etc.

What demons would any of us say it didn’t see in action during our last ten years of freedom or within last two years plus of our independence? We have seen power corruption that resulted into discrimination in either denying justice to those who needed it or denying able citizens to serve in the government or simply denying individuals employment where their potentials and know how would have blossomed into progress and success in delivering services needed by many in our young nation or denying able employment to simply make a decent living for themselves and families due to their tribal background.

We have seen nepotism that resulted into embezzlement that sucked the country dry and individual filthy rich, that resulted into unnecessary political disputes, and that has finally resulted into violence and ravaging civil war. And due to political instability created by unnecessary rebellions and corruption, we have lost credibility and international community’s trust that has deprived our country with needed investments.

What devil would we deny to have not courted our country? We have various tribal rebellions, tribal BASED cattle rustlings, land grabbing, disunity created by tribal allegiance, corruption nursed by its tribal roots and steered tenets, and tribal and regional enmity, etc… And as a testimony, we have recently sent 50,000 of our people into their grave by means of ruthless ethnic target killings.

Mr. Wani Igga, our current Vice President was right to say that “tribalism would bury us if we do not bury it.” With December 15Th incident, none of us could deny that our thirst for bloodletting and ethnic hatred have heightened when our nationalism as people of South Sudan is wounded and crippled by wantons met on tribal lines in this current civil strife.

Whereas, in most cases, our country’s course to its inevitable collapse, if we don’t divert from political tribalism advocacy, is wide and smoothly paved for its eventual expeditious demise!

With all dooms that threaten our country, the question one would ask, amongst many questions, in the light of tribulation facing us and our country, would be what then prevent our ruling elites from addressing tribalism despite knowing that “tribalism would bury us if we do not bury it?”

I do not have better answer to this question, but I could surely speculate that tribalism is used as political cash cow that accord recognition, positions and political following and protection necessary to get or hang onto power.

Hence political will to eradicate tribalism is also hampered by tribal loyalty. Else, I was ready to ask MY Speaker of our National Assembly, after his speech in 2012 in Calgary-Canada, as to what really stops him, as a Speaker of National Assembly tasked with responsibility of making laws of the land, from burying tribalism. But to no avail, my attempt to asking him this very question was impeded by protocol that prevented asking H.E. James Wani Igga questions after his delivered speech.

Equally, my attempt to privately meet him in the meeting hall to ask him this particular question was thwarted due to the same protocol setting. Nevertheless, I concurred with his “burying tribalism” remark; else we are doomed, as he alleged. Unfortunately, I see our government putting the cart before the horse. They are denouncing tribalism without laws made to hold accountable tribalism perpetuators.

With no doubt, tribalism is multifaceted, agile and humongous beast; yet we have to have courage and political will to fight it to exist and prosper in unity and harmony as a nation. First, we have to hunt it down with set of laws to legally kill it. And to bury it for eternity, we have to outlaw it; making it a capital offense.

Our National Assembly should devise bills that denounce and target tribalism and ethnic discrimination in order to effectively eradicate it. Laws that fight racial discrimination, tribalism and ethnic or racial profiling or abuse should be instituted and put to work by reprimanding ethnocentric culprits.

Our government should promote cultural integration of all South Sudan tribes and adoption of one national identity by embracing all our dialects and cultures as unique heritages of our nations. Equally, our Parliament should produce bill of rights and freedom that emphasizes on freedom of association and movement.

Not the least, there are complaints made about tribal lobbying allowed or promoted by central government. Hence tribal lobbying by tribal leaders should be discourage and instead promote formation of organizations that reflect our unity, diversity and national identity. We should be consciously aware that tribalism is the mother of all evils in our country.

In short, tribalism is deeply rooted in our country, and as well, it is a formidable threat to our progress, unity and coexistence as people in one country. Therefore, it requires political will in making tough decisions, back by actions, to up root it.

Morris K. Yoll is a concerned south Sudanese Canadian residing in Alberta-Canada. He could be reached at: myoll2002@yahoo.com, YollMKN@gmail.com or 403/228-3290. Preferably, Morris encourages contact via email.

Danish Church Aid Involved in Fueling Community Conflict in South Sudan

Feb/18/2015, SSN;

On February 13, 2015, the regime in Juba supported by Danish Church Aid (DCA) through RECONCILE INTERNATIONAL co-opted a few individuals (Emilio Igga and David Eriga) from the Ma’di Community to support a proposal in form of a “MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT” between the Ma’di Community and the Dinka IDPs in Ma’di area. This document if signed not only encourages mass tribal migration, land grabbing, and insecurity but legitimizes IDPs not to return to their ancestral land.

The Ma’di Community in Diaspora and at home rejects the document in its entirety and condemns DCA and RECONCILE INTERNATIONAL in the strongest terms possible for being part of fueling conflict, encouraging and legitimizing land grabbing in Ma’di Area in particular and South Sudan at large.

Issues of land in the Ma’di area are the responsibility of the Ma’di Community under the Leadership of Lopirigo Amb. Angelo Vuga Morgan and Lagu Jabakana Kodara, Deputy Lopirigo who is languishing in one of the secret detention centers created by the Kiir regime in Juba.

Government and NGO representatives have no mandate or responsibility to negotiate or sign any document on behalf of the Ma’di people.

The Ma’di People urges all its leaders (Youth, Women, Chiefs, etc) not to sign such a document; signing such a document amounts to not only the betrayal of the Ma’di people and mortgaging their ancestral land but initiates direct confrontation between the Ma’di People and their leadership and encourages the Ma’di People to resist and fight all levels (National, State and Local) of government in South Sudan.

The Ma’di Community calls upon DCA and RECONCILE INTERNATIONAL to immediately withdraw this document and cease from any further consultation on this matter.

DCA and RECONCILE INTERNATIONAL shall be held responsible by the Ma’di Community if they continue to support that leads to signing of the MOA.

The Ma’di Community calls on its members to remain vigilant and reject any interference from Government representatives and NGOs and to immediately expel DCA and RECONCILE INTERNATIONAL from Ma’di area. The interest of DCA and RECONCILE INTERNATIONAL is not peace building but rather to exploit the current crisis in the country to benefit them.

The Ma’di Community also calls upon DCA and RECONCILE INTERNATIONAL to immediately withdraw its personnel and programs from Ma’di area without any further delay.

The Ma’di Community further calls upon the peace loving people of South Sudan to reject DCA and RECONCILE INTERNATIONAL from carrying out activities in South Sudan. Their intention is not peace building but rather fueling conflict, encouraging and legitimizing land grabbing in South Sudan.

Ukuni Paulino
Community Representative
Nairobi, Kenya
Email: orialimu@gmail.com

Gen. Lul Ruai Koang, Machar’s ex-Spokesman defects to Kiir’s Army

For Immediate Release. February 18th, 2015, SSN;

The SPLM/SPLA office in Canada would like to take this opportunity to clarify some misinformation in the light of comrade Gen. Lul Ruai Koang’s defection to the Government of South Sudan under Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit as of 18th of February 2015.

In this regard, the people of South Sudan and especially the supporters of the SPLM/SPLA –Resistance Movement and the gallant forces of the Freedom Fighters under the able leader Dr. Riek Machar ought to know nothing but truth.

Therefore, it’s unfortunate to the public that Gen. Lul Ruai Koang has surrendered to the government of Salva Kiir and did not form alleged new Armed Group. The claim that Mr. Lul has formed a new Armed Group was a purge to confuse the general public about Gen. Lul Ruai’s surrender to the genocidal government that has killed 20, 000 innocent Nuer civilians in cold blood.

At the time of writing this press release, our SPLM/SPLA office in Nairobi, Kenya has confirmed that Gen. Lul Ruai Koang has made the pronouncement of his defection to the government in a public briefing organized by the Government of South Sudan’s Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.

While in the briefing, comrade Lul Ruai himself was accompanied by none other than Mr. Paul Malong Awan, the current Chief of General Staff in the Government of South Sudan, Mrs. Rachel Nyadak Paul, Deputy of Minister of Information and broadcasting in the Government of South Sudan, Gen. Philip Aguer Panyang, current Military spokesman in the government of South Sudan, Mr. Ghai Riam, former of Minister of Cabinet Affairs in Jonglei State and still with the government and Mr. Paul Bol who is also a staunch supporters of Salva Kiir Mayardit’s genocidal.

Besides, the people of South Sudan should also ascertain Gen. Lul Ruai Koang’s cowardice surrender to the genocidal government of South Sudan under along these lines in his press release:

1. “Cognizant that the ongoing civil war caused by December 15th, coup attempt has resulted to huge human losses of lives and properties;”
2. ‘Mindful that Dr. Riek is soliciting support from the Government of the Republic of Sudan in order to continue to destabilizing the country and
3. “Concerned that Dr. Riek Machar continues to obstruct peace by presenting impossible demands which in turn make it difficult to achieve peace in short time.”

These statements and circumstance of which Lul Ruai made his pronouncement are serious indications and proved that comrade Gen. Lul Ruai Koang has surrender to the same ruthless regime that he once rightful criticized of being genocidal and authoritarian to the core.
In closing, we would like to urges our people to remind calm and inform our supporters that Gen. Lul Ruai Koang has surrendered to President Salva Kiir’s genocidal regime alone.

And above all else, your movement, the SPLM/SPLA will never betray people’s cause on short change. We are committed and determined to bring lasting peace to South Sudan by whatever mean necessary.

To bring this lasting peace to realization, the SPLM/A shall ensure that the root cause to the conflict is addresses amicably and culture of impunity completely discarded once and for all.
Victory is certain and we are committed to stay the course!
Signed by:

The SPLM/SPLA office in Canada’s
PR office

Pres. Salva Kiir & Dr. Riek Machar: The Giant Political Savages In South Sudan!

BY: Mayak Deng Aruei, USA, FEB/15/2015, SSN;

The democratic semblances that President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar keep showering in are empty promises to the governed. Why talk about something that is never in their political dishes? The key to making South Sudan a better place for all would involve holding people accountable for their deeds.

For the last number of years, many meaningless amnesties have been offered by President Salva Kiir than his Government could afford. It is uncommon for South Sudanese, Africans in general to denounce their own, but fighting endlessly is a self-destruction that deserves condemnation from concerned citizens.

There would be little development in South Sudan, and in the years to come unless citizens take charge of their Country. The ongoing war in country is President Salva Kiir versus Dr. Riek Machar, and there is no doubt about that.

The War spiraled in South Sudan and progressed as a tribal conflict, pitting Dinkas against Nuers. You are about to enter into roaches infested holes, and you should be very aware. The following analysis will focus on security failures, bad governance and crush of nation’s economy by the Giant Political Savages of all times.

There are, and there will be times in the years ahead when citizens would be compelled to look back at the root causes of the raging war. It is of a prime importance for all South Sudanese to fight the political syndrome that keeps setting their country ablaze.

Almost four years after the independence, South Sudanese are still living in absolute poverty and insecure in the nation that they always wanted.

Whenever high-ranking politicians disagree on governing issues, the very people who pay highest price are the children, elderly and women. How long will South Sudan be led and governed in that political fashion?

In the aftermath of December 15, 2013, some ministers in the Government of South Sudan took rather unusual political routes, and remotely supported the destruction to take its course without entertaining proper intervention. The brutality witnessed after the Giants Political Savages collided in Juba is something that caught the world by surprise.

In South Sudan’s densely populated towns: Juba, Bortown, Bentiu and Malakal, mass-graves were discovered. Those shocking images of innocent South Sudanese killed in cold blood reminded us that stability of the new republic is some years away.

With their uncivilized political attitudes, they (Kiir & Riek) plunged our country into senseless/useless war ever, & behaved as if they were fighting a justifiable war. Only history, the nation’s history after they are six feet beneath the Earth will expose all that they have done to the Republic of South Sudan.

Whilst situation was so out of hand, negative campaigns went viral on the social media, and supposedly great minds on both sides of the conflict pushed the State toward the brink of collapse. The race continued, and reached the bizarre point where the swerve became very deadly. It was not too long before the evil buzzards cased our youths slain fighting senselessly.

Well, people may remember wizardry scheme that brought South Sudan to its knees in just a matter of hours. The Juba based Regime sent vice president James Wani Igga to meet Nigerian Prophet, T.B Joshua, and former vice president Dr. Riek Machar resurrected Ngundengism through Magician by name Dak Kueth, and whom many in Nuerland believed to have divine powers. The Magician officially became the commander of the spiritual world, and blessed his forces before they take on the SPLA-Government.

When irrationality is condoned by many people, magicians emerge and try to solve the puzzle. After the war broke on that Dark Day in the History of independent South Sudan, many fake prophets came out, and claimed to have divine powers to reverse the crisis or increase chances of winning the war!

Had anything been done in that regard? Absolutely none, the war proliferated and more civilians lost their lives throughout South Sudan. Adding to the mania were leaders from other organized Religions who were lured to make animals sacrifices on Dr. John Garang’s rest Site, something that JESUS Christ would not accept.

He (JESUS) was the last official sacrifice to the Humans Race. And for that reason, all the demonic performances done to deter the Late’s spirit were done to please the dictator in the making, and not God in the highest! Why look for some excuses/scapegoats while they were very aware of the consequences of institutionalized corruption?

No surprise, people in remotest parts of South Sudan have no access to information, basic needs, so they join rebellions without scrutinizing all the hidden agendas. The Messiah is not coming to South Sudan anytime soon, and skewed politics ought to be buried altogether.

Imagine people running to Kenya and Uganda for sheltering while there is no enemy, but themselves? This is modern time, and all South Sudanese should have learn how to coexist. Instead, everyone attached to the Government of South Sudan, states and local governments took part in those dirty tricks. That was the greatest disservice to the hard earned nation.

How selfish are South Sudanese leaders? Give them a break, they have never managed a country in the past. Shame on all of the people who massed troops to kill innocents and destroy their own houses for political reasons!

Let’s be realistic, all the politicians and Army Generals chained to silver-plate are inseparable from President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar. From day one, those leaders had internal conflicts, wrestled remotely, fought proxy wars on different grounds, but still kept their jobs untouched.

Now come the new group, the Gangs of 10 and the Group of 11. These people have always been within the reach of either President Salva Kiir or Dr. Riek Machar, but their stance were never known until all of them were removed from their posts.

Four months after the war, the jailed and the freed continued to dwell in the illusion that they were the most preferred leaders, so they distanced themselves from military confrontation owned by Kiir and Riek.

Although South Sudanese sympathized with them when they were in detention, their collective responsibility as part of the equation that capsized the Nation remained unchanged. Having been implicated in “attempted coup” and without concrete evidences, they denied all the charges categorically.

In every liberation struggle, there are people who command soldiers in the battlefields while others are tasked with political orientation. The SPLM/SPLA did all of that successfully, and all participants would have been regarded as freedom fighters. The Gangs of 10-11 were and still are the backbones of South Sudan despite them having contributed to disintegration of the State that they fought tirelessly all their lives.

Without discrediting former GoSS employees, the ongoing war is purely a struggle over the nation’s highest seat, the presidency. We know/should know that people disagree in politics, but reaching for guns when polls appear unfavorable is very silly. It was not long ago that Gangs of 10-11 were once the most preferred persons to the President, and all of a sudden, something changed and they all became enemies of the State.

Well, that conspiracy started in a period between 2006-2007, and where some in the G10 plus others who have remained loyal to the Government were called Garang’s boys (a masculine political term that annihilate women’s voices in the government).

As security conditions continued to deteriorate, millions of South Sudanese were displaced internally and hundreds of thousands took refuge in neighboring countries, making independence of South Sudan a mere joke. When we kill ourselves, we grieve and reorganize for more revenge attacks! There is no way that South Sudan can fix failed Systems by bullets.

Instead of teaching people to live as one people, some people have guts to prepare youths to kill themselves, and in the name of installing fake democracy. Had the war broke out in the Parliament, and in regard to particular Bill on the Assembly floor, millions would join hands to topple the said dictator. But waiting until one was removed from his post, and then try to jumpstart everything that was stalled in his watch is unacceptable, and only relatives would support the cause for they have something to gain or lose.

Salva Kiir and Riek Machar as Political Stars?

Make no mistakes, these people are gentlemen of our time. Why? They are highly respected by their communities, colleagues and all the folks they befriended in walks of life. They (Kiir & Riek) are polygamists like most African men, distribute resources to friends and relatives and keep their cultural norms too close to them.

With all of that, they take with them unrelenting flocks of people whenever they present some agendas for many people feel like losing so much. But, the price attached to such greatness are the lethal weapons that they use against their opponents. These people caused the destruction so quickly because they had armies and social capitals to attain their ends so easily. The losers in the War are the South Sudanese, and those Tyrants (Kiir & Riek) will never feel the pain.

Here is a general mistake: President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar are regarded to be better than unknown leaders. But, what does that really means to independent Thinkers in South Sudan? Why do people think that if not President Salva Kiir leading the nation then that would be Dr. Riek Machar?

Even though supporters on both sides of the conflict appears determined to be winning the war, conditions on the ground are not conducive for any kind of success. Much to the dismay of the world is that none of the leaders have any strategy to unite South Sudanese under one banner. As long as people are very divided politically, compromise is too far away.

There may be a break for one or two years, but the bitterness caused by the unthinkable losses would never go away. It is worth mentioning that Dinkas and Nuers are not enemies, and have no reasons to be fighting themselves, but Kiir and Riek’s political differences that brought them head to head. It would be very hard to restore trust between the two leaders(Kiir & Riek), and between Dinkas and Nuers. With such attitudes being propagated all over South Sudan, the change that the nation need would be so hard to achieve.

How did freedom to campaign freely slipped away from our democratic ideals? Well, President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar had a joint venture in narrowing political space, and they did it together when the two ganged against Lt. Gen. George Athor & sold him to foreign Killers on the southern side.

Now, ‘what goes around comes around.’ The very same friend who meddled in South Sudan’s affairs did it again when Dr. Riek Machar’s White Army was about to enter Juba. There is no doubt, both Kiir and Riek did lots of damages to the Republic of South Sudan.

They wasted nation’s resources buying political favors, and took no charge of security situation in the country. We know for a fact that people became too rich under both President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, yet soaring relationships among different competitors pushed the two off the Cliff .

Now, you see why core supporters of both agents of destruction would rather perish defending President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar. Looking at all the V8 Land-cruisers and phony companies attached to the Ministry of Defense, one would easily make sense as to why South Sudan-SPLA was incapable of combating enemies within the State’s territories.

At the end, the whole generation would be lost, and resources would be drained for absolutely nothing. Never should South Sudanese be fooled by statements such as: “democracy cannot be held hostage” and “I am fighting for true democracy in South Sudan”. All of those statements are rubbishes, none of these leaders is a Democrat led alone being in the position to protect the Constitution of the State or fighting to install democracy in South Sudan.

Look no further, the destruction of South Sudan is solely in the hands of President Salva Kiir and his former vice president, Dr. Riek Machar of the SPLM-in-Opposition. Of course there are innocent agents who are riding along with the Monsters, but their inputs into the ongoing crisis is something deeply rooted in desire to catch up with other political forces, a wealth based ambitious maneuvering.

Unless we all look critically into interests behind the madness, we would not be able to build a stable State, and in the name of South Sudan. It is our/should be our collective responsibility to build a peaceful nation, but full commitment to democratic ideals is needed than allegiance to particular politician.

Why Dr. Riek Machar is not good for South Sudan?

For more than nine years, Dr. Riek Machar served as vice president for the Government of South Sudan(GOSS), and all the ruins took their course while he was in charge of the Government’s institutions. It is time to unearth official record, and Dr. Riek Machar should know that he was the most favored person by President Salva Kiir Mayardit, may be a he feared him. Who knows?

There is this delusion where Dr. Riek Machar always think of himself as being destined for South Sudan’s presidency? Why look for prophecies while the guy has done everything that could make him a president in his own right?

In a nation where less than twenty-five per cent of the population is able to read and write, the PhD holder, with all the credits he has accumulated can ascend to presidency without much struggle!

The event of 1991 took more than two decades & victims of that ethnic cleansing cannot take another senseless killing without political reprisal. Now, he has tainted himself again in another bloodbaths, and time is against him. It has been a terrific year, and South Sudanese around the world have been gravely affected by the senseless carnage, and paying for unplanned expenses.

Although he(Riek) has some claims as to how the war started and who started it, whatever that happened afterward counts the most. Justice for the dead can only be attained by holding perpetrators accountable for their ill acts not by causing more deaths in the name of those killed in cold bloods. The Nuers who are supporting Riek Machar’s Movement have paid the heaviest price, and getting them to accept the Peace deal would require lots of counseling.

In the race for the August House, most of the young boys who fought along Bor-Mangalla Road are either killed or wounded. What would be the benefit for those families who have sacrificed their boys, and in the name of revenging against Dinkas who killed Nuers in Juba?

Does that sound like a good legacy? Preserving lives and improving lives must be above all, and his leadership must show some sense of being responsible. Had he opted out of South Sudan’s highest seat, work as reformist without interest/behind the scene, this war would have not occurred.

Why South Sudanese are fed up with President Salva Kiir?

Prior to South Sudan attaining its independence, many dissatisfied army officers waged fierce battles with the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan, but President Salva Kiir failed to address those issues on time. He should have known or be very aware that the world we live in today is full of many temptations, and his kids do need some recognitions in the future. The nation is more divided than any other time, and whoever will take over from him have lots of works to do. There is a great concern as to the breakdown of nation’s security and failure of government institutions to functions as in other countries. As of now, South Sudan’s national army is ineffective to protect integrity of South Sudan, and his Excellency, the commander-in-chief of the armed forces must take the blame for he allowed army officers to destroy the military. With little doubt, President Salva Kiir is a brutal Tribalist, and so is his former vice president Dr. Riek Machar of the SPLM-in-Opposition. The dotbany in the name of presidential guards have tainted his supposedly good name. Nobody can take away the good things that the President has done to South Sudan, but let’s see if history is going to be easy on him.

In his watch, tribal militias proliferated and were condoned by his administration. Here are the notable tribal militias in South Sudan: Ber Mor Ben, Mathiang Anyoor, Shilluk Defense Forces, Mabaan Defense Forces and Arrow-Boys plus the South Sudan Liberation Army(SSLA). All of those were formed in different times, but they should never have come to existence in a multiethnic nation like South Sudan. Mr. President, and his inner circle/leadership style provoked many of his colleagues(Lt. Gen. George Athor, Col. Johnson Oliny, Capt. Robert Gwang, Col. Gatluak Gai, Gen. Bapiny Monytuil, Gen. Puljang and others). After the SPLA failed to tackle them militarily, all were offered meaningless amnesties. We knew that a rebellion, led by charismatic leaders like Dr. Riek Machar and Gen. Peter Gatdet would destroy South Sudan, and it has surely destroyed our motherland.

One would think that President Salva Kiir has done enough for South Sudanese, fought all his life for the liberation of South Sudanese from Arabs-north domination, led South Sudanese to their nationhood and have reigned over them from August 2, 2005 till December 15, 2013. The very people who surrounded him since untimely departure of Dr. John Garang de Mabior have done lots of damage to the Republic of South Sudan. Having been the first president of the independent South Sudan, his family would have enjoy public supports, slide into public offices without difficulties. He has done so much up until his refusal to give up power, have ruled South Sudan for many years, more than the years Nelson Mandela has spent in power and more than all the modern American presidents. Now, why did he go that low and not opted out of South Sudan 2015 presidential election?. Believe it or not, he would have been the second Mandela in Africa or the whole world. But too bad, his political Advisors, and who put money first have dug his political grave and he will be known as the worse president in South Sudan. He(Kiir) would be known as the president who has salvaged his good name. Now and onward, he is officially President Salvage Kiir de Mayardit, the Liberator who ruined his goldmines unknowingly.

South Sudan must be reclaimed!

Through the Regional Body(IGAD), South Sudanese can reclaim their country from the ruthless Killers. It is no longer about two people contesting for the same seat, it is much complicated and people are perishing in big numbers. In displaced camps, most of the younger kids and the elderly are gone. The nation has been shattered, bones lying all over the empty Land and leaders continue to prepare themselves for more military confrontations. What do they really want? Forget about their legacies or what they have done in the past, they have destroyed every credit that they have worked for, and all should be denied fresh air, just like they have done to the deceased across South Sudan. There are many folks in South Sudan , and who can replace both President Salvage Kiir and Dr. Risk Machar. Somebody got to gear up, and unite South Sudanese to take charge of themselves if President Salvage Kiir and Dr. Risk Machar are unable to reach a political compromise within the next two months or so.
It would be beneficial for South Sudanese to deploy critical thinking in times like this, and divorce the two(Kiir & Riek) at all cost.

Day by day, the regime and the Rebels are strengthening their positions, and it would be really hard to convince citizens to accept a single solution given the withering away of nationalism in the minds of army officers on the opposing sides. The more propagandas become part of the conflict, the more difficult it would be for the leaders to convince those under their command, and to accept an unconditional compromises. There were instances where those who rebelled against the Government of Southern Sudan, South Sudan chose to rejoin the Government in different times. All of the deals signed by the GoSS and the Rebels involved huge amount of money and senior military ranks. For how long is South Sudan going to be doing that to every person who disagree or become dissatisfied with Government’s policies? The worse part to rallying behind both President Salvage Kiir and Dr. Risk Machar is that they have created death corridors, and all the coming generations will have tough times.

The Messiah is yet to return to the Land of Honey and Milk. The Rebels turned politicians were busy looting Oil’s money, chasing short skirts, and made no effort to make South Sudan a better place for all. Now, citizens have turned against themselves, killing innocents just to get by, and raiding cattle from neighboring communities. If the Government have failed to protect lives and properties within its reach, how can it possibly end rebellion? The Rebels group of Dr. Risk Machar have failed to deliver on their promises. Well, Peace is coming to South Sudan, but what will President Salvage Kiir tell the NATION in regard to all the money borrowed to fight senseless war? And what will Dr. Risk Machar tell Nuer families whom children have been sacrificed in the name of toppling Dinka’s led Government?

We know for sure that Dinkas and Nuers have nothing to fight for, but your unforgiving greed for more powers have fueled the Conflict. But one day, Dinkas and Nuers would be brothers again, and the damage you caused onto innocents will remain as dirty part of forced leadership on them. Both of you are political Savages because you have robbed many families(Dinkas & Nuers alike) of their loved ones, and that big wound will haunt all of you to your graves. There is no doubt in my mind that both of you are down to earth Tribalists, very good at training people to destroy South Sudan rather than teaching them to build a stable nation or protect integrity of the State. In his watch, government’s institutions were neglected and corruption institutionalized to the highest possible standard.

Just a quick reminder, my Nuer friends and some Equatorians call President Salvage Kiir illiterate while Dinkas and others aligned to the Government called Dr. Riek Machar, Dr. Death or Dr. Risk. Well, there is some truth to all those names because President Salva Kiir has been involved in crucial issues where he signed some Bills into law and later sent them back to the Parliament. e.g Security Bill. On the same hand, Dr. Riek Machar earned his name because he is known for presiding over merciless Killers. Now, you know/should why these folks are not good for South Sudan. Forget about your dirty tribal politics, and think about what South Sudan would/should be like in 2022. The whole world has been begging them for the entire course of the conflict, but all repeatedly declined to end senseless killing of innocent South Sudanese!

The alleged extension of UPDF for another four months has exposed the weakness of the SPLA-Government, something that the Rebels were too quick to exploit. What happened to the spirit that liberated South Sudan from Arabs-north occupation? So, our youths walks the streets of Kampala wearing the word ‘SHAME’ on their foreheads? And for all the good reasons to keep the war moving at a constant speed, the SPLM-in-Opposition continued to lure Government forces to join its files & ranks, and some lousy officers responded to that call? The recent declaration of all out war in Great Equatoria is a testimony that Dr. Risk Machar and his Cronies in the SPLM-in-Opposition are very determined to race South Sudan to ashes! Why are South Sudanese leaders such Gangs of idiots? How much suffering do leaders really want? The world was convinced that the proposed Transitional Government of National Unity(TGNU) in its recent format(Salva Kiir holding the presidency & deputized by Dr. Riek Machar) would get South Sudan back on its feet, and other details can be worked out a later date. But they continued to run negative campaigns and shelling their positions shamelessly. Rest in Peace everyone, the dead and yet to be killed by the ruthless Killers of our time.

In conclusion, I would like to thank all South Sudanese who have endured a lot under the joint leadership of President Salvage Kiir and Dr. Risk Machar. All South Sudanese must know the best of South Sudan is no longer in the incumbent president or his former vice president. Those leaders, with their unruly political culture, uncivilized manners, they should have never been entrusted with nation’s leadership in the first place. Without hesitation, President Salva Kiir is a president of doom and his former vice president Dr. Risk Machar is surely the “prophet of the doom.” There is no doubt in my mind, both leaders(Kiir & Riek) are too incompetent and fragmented to run a multiethnic nation like the Republic of South Sudan. We either walk together as one nation and fix the mess or fail as enough preparations toward failures have been done. If we(the youths) have learned anything from Kiir & Riek’s styles of leadership, then it is disruption of democratic processes, intimidation of political opponents and killing of innocents as a means to stay in power or ascend to the top! You have read the entire article, make your own judgment. Some people may take this piece as tears of a crying baby while others will use it as an intelligence to proof something unknown. Whichever way, come back to it six months from now.

-PEACE>>>>Dɔ̈ɔ̈r ke week Mïïth ke Junubiin!

The Author here is Mayak Deng Aruei, , a concerned South Sudanese and a doctoral student in Organizational Leadership: Organizational Development. He can be reached at Kongor.da.ajak@gmai

Memorandum on the Recent Clashes Between Mundari and Bari Tribes in Kworijik–Luri Jan.18th – 19th 2015

Central Equatoria Council of Elders in the United States of America (CECE- USA):

To Whom It May Concern:

The year 2015, marks the bloodiest year in the history of the two sisterly tribes of Northern Bari and Mundari of Terekeka County, in the Bari village of Kworijik–Luri. The tragic violence has resulted in 11 people killed, 10 wounded, and many others are displaced from Kworijik, Dijeri, Mulubur, Jopa and Komiru. The indiscriminate uses of firearms, by the Mundari cattle keepers, against the farmers of Kowrijik-Luri village, have brought about these tragic consequences.

This bloodiest and seemingly unprovoked violence has thrown relations between the two sisterly communities into deep darkness, once again. It is only the wisdom of the political leaders and other authorities that can shine a bright light on justice and resolution of this violent conflict for the good of the two fraternal communities. The Elders of Central Equatoria in North America (CECE-USA) are disturbed by this unfortunate tragedy.

For years the Bari and the Mundari communities have lived side by side in peace. Quite often, they had co-operated to combat foreign enemies who had tried to invade their lands. Unfortunately, after the independence of our young nation, the Republic South Sudan, the Mundari cattle keepers became more aggressive towards the host communities. The Mundari possession of firearms, in particular, while the host communities do not have the same, is at the root of their aggressiveness and intimidation of others. Undoubtedly, all the farmers are not free to cultivate, not free from fear, and not free to live. Instead of growing food for their households, and to supply the urban dwellers in Juba with their surpluses for the market, the Mundari cattle owners have continuously and intentionally prevented the Kworijik-Luri farmers to perform this crucial role. Ugandan and Kenyan farmers instead have become the lifeline for the survival of Juba. We have become dependent on them and we pay exorbitant prices for their low quality agricultural food products. We have also noticed many similar incidents which have been committed, by the Mundari cattle keepers, in other areas of the Central Equatoria State. So far, nothing has been done to resolve and to end these violent activities, peacefully and permanently. To prevent farmers to grow food, in order to feed South Sudanese, whether in Juba or elsewhere, is an unforgivable national scandal for our youngest nation, the Republic of South Sudan.

After lengthy and fruitful contacts, and discussions between CECE-USA and elders of both communities, Mundari and Bari, in Juba, we have received encouraging news, namely that both communities are aware of the consequences of failing to resolve this current and bitter conflict.

We the Council of Elders of Central Equatoria in North America have emphasized and agreed on the following resolutions and recommendations, to be acted upon immediately without any delay:

1. We want to make sure that the perpetrators must be brought before the law and the right procedures must be followed in order to prevent such tragic criminal acts, in the future again, and they must be put into practice. Peace or reconciliation without justice is a recipe (license) for more conflicts.

2. All the Mundari pastoralists, who occupy farming areas in Bari villages, should immediately return to their land (home) with their animals (cattle). The same should apply to the other pastoralists in the Central Equatoria State.

3. As stipulated in the transitional constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, Article number 173(6)(b) that the land belongs to the community. Only under the principle of eminent domain (public use), the government of the Republic of South Sudan can request a community’s land for the benefits of the public. We ask the established “SOUTH SUDSN LAND COMMISSION” to exercise its constitutional power to prevent any misconduct and illegal uses and misappropriations of lands that will result in tragic violence, such as in Kworijik, Jebel Ladu and Pojulu and other lands of the Central Equatoria State. Land is the soul, the history, and the cultural roots of an African community. It is in the land that the dead (ancestors) and the living live in harmony and in communion. The Arabs and other colonizers failed to deprive us of this cardinal attachment to land. Those who are tempted, with the power of the gun, must ponder over the lessons of history. As the African proverb says, “the moon moves slowly but it crosses the sky”. It may take sometimes for violent responses to provocations.

4. We call upon the Governor of Central Equatoria, Honorable Clement Wani Konga, to establish a permanent police post in the conflict areas of Kworijik, Dijeri, and Mulubur, which is fully staffed and reinforced. We believed that a permanent police post will provide law and order, and security to these areas.

5. We also call upon the joint committee of Bari and Mundari to continue the established dialogue to promote peaceful coexistence, and to resolve other disputes over the border lines between the counties in the Central Equatoria State.

We the undersigned Executive Committee of CECE-North America (USA) has obtained the consent and approval from the general assembly of the Central Equatoria tribes comprised of Bari, Mundari, Pojulu, Kakwa, kuku, Kaliko, Lugbara, Nyepo and Nymgwara in North America, to pursue and continue the current contacts and communications with the Elders, the government of Central Equatoria State and the other dedicated authorities in the Republic of South Sudan.

Signed By:

1. Mundari Elder: Alphonse Kenyi 2. Bari Elder: Francis Limbe

Copy to:

1. The President of the Republic of the South Sudan, His Excellency, Salva Kiir Mayardit

2. The Vice President, His Excellency, James Wani Igga

3. Governor of Central Equatoria, His Excellency, Clement Wani Konga

4. Member of the Parliament of the Northern Bari Payam, Honorable Thomas Gore,

5.Member of the Parliament for Legislative Assembly, Central Equatoria State, Honorable Paulino Laku Kedia

Notes: Central Equatoria Council of Elders, USA, is a civil society organization in United States of America. Its purpose and concerns are to support peace and development for the people of the Republic of the South Sudan.

The officers of this organization can be reached at email: franciswani6@gmail.com

Murle COBRA Forces join Machar’s SPLM/A-IO against Kiir

FEB/14/2015, SSN;

“On behalf of the COBRA forces, we declare our opposition to the regime of Salva Kiir Mayardit.” reads a declaration signed by the Commander of Greater Pibor forces, Col. Paulino Zangil.

In their Declaration to join the SPLA/SPLM, the COBRA reiterates that the government of Salva Kiir has massacred Murle Ethnic Group.In addition, the COBRA has accused Salva Kiir regime of dishonoring the agreement they recently signed.

The minority community believes that the agreement that established Greater Pibor Administration Area (GPAA) was all a hoax, and therefore, Murle declares Pibor as a Federal State, proposed by the armed opposition, SPLM/SPLA.

“The Greater Pibor Administration Area is a hoax. It is meant to deceive the people of Greater Pibor” Reads the statement.

“The Murle are for Federal System of Governance. We therefore declare Pibor as a State” the statement reads.

COBRA and Murle people have rejected to fight their neighbors and the SPLM/SPLA[IO] alongside allied forces of Salva Kiir, and now declares war against the government.

“We also reject the attempt by the regime to use the COBRA forces and Murle people to fight alongside it in this unjust war” Said Col. Paulion Zangil, the Commander of Greater Pibor Forces.

“The COBRA forces and the Murle People are for peaceful coexistence with their neighboring communities (Lou Nuer, Dinka, Anuak, Toposa, etc). As such, we condemn the regime’s tactics which promote ethnic conflict between neighboring communities” the statement reads.

According to their declaration submitted to SPLM/SPLA[IO], COBRA has officially joined the opposition and declares popular uprising against Salva Kiir government.

“We are announcing through this press statement our joining the armed struggle led by SPLM/SPLA under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar Teny” reads the declaration.

“We call upon all the people of Greater Pibor to join COBRA in the struggle. We also urge the rest of South Sudanese to rise up against the regime in Juba” the statement concludes.

This declaration was submitted and signed on Feb 13, 2015 by Col. Paulino Zangil, the Commander of Greater Pibor Forces through SPLM/SPLA.

Letting Juba into EAC would condone impunity: The East African Editorial

FROM: Editorial, The East African, Sat, FEB/14/205, SSN;

When regional leaders meet in Nairobi next week for their delayed EAC Heads of State Summit, one issue expected to come up for debate is South Sudan’s application to join the regional bloc.

Although the country does not meet the minimum conditions for membership, officials are expected to ask for a waiver on the basis that being part of the EAC will accelerate improvement in the required parameters.

“We always argue with our sisters and brothers in the EAC over why they want to wait for South Sudan to reach the level they want and yet these standards can be achieved when we are inside. It is possible to admit us so that other members can shape us in the way they want us to conduct ourselves,” says Barnabas Marial Benjamin, South Sudan Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation.

The EAC Summit should postpone a decision on the application. While this newspaper has empathy for the people of South Sudan, we do not believe that the leaders on both sides of the conflict that started in December 2013 have done enough to end the fighting.

The 1999 EAC Treaty sets out conditions for membership, including adherence to universally acceptable principles of good governance, democracy, rule of law, observance of human rights and social justice.

None of the EAC member states can be said to offer a perfect model of any of these qualities. In fact, many will argue that none of the member states fully adheres to universally acceptable principles in any of those areas. However, the civil conflict in South Sudan, which is a self-inflicted wound on the people of that country and on the conscience of humanity, cannot be simply brushed aside as growing pains.

The conflict, which is primarily a contest between warring factions of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, is neither about ideology nor fundamental differences, but simply about power and patronage. SPLM is a remarkable organisation that successfully resisted the tyranny of Khartoum to create a secure homeland for the people of South Sudan.

Having shown its military mettle, the SPLM must now prove that it is capable of governing and of being accountable to its people before it can be fully embraced by the region.

South Sudan’s first application to join the EAC, in December 2012, was rejected because of the risk of renewed war with Khartoum, the failure to hold democratic elections and the lack of a culture of democracy.

Since then the country has gone backwards, not forward, on building an inclusive state and an accountable government. To allow it into the EAC in spite of that fact is to celebrate impunity and undermine good governance.

The region has a long history of reaching out to support the people of South Sudan, but the country’s leaders must resolve their political differences and stop the fighting before they are let into the bloc.

Those who come into the EAC may not have the cleanest of hands but they surely shouldn’t come with hands dripping with the blood of their own citizens. END