Archive for: December 2014

Government Militia Training Field Opened in Panyikwara, near Magwi County, Eastern Equatoria State

From: Micheal Okia Amuru, Magwi County, Eastern Equatoria State, DEC/20/2014, SSN;

Militia Training Field Opened in Panyikwara, few kilometers from Magwi County Headquarters.

Many South Sudanese likely cannot exactly locate where Panyikwara is. This is a place located in Magwi County in Eastern Equatoria State. The government of South Sudan has opened a militia training field here, recruiting young boys from the age of 13 among some elders who are joining massively. I would like to point out that this training is been carried for wrong reasons. The government of South Sudan has already lost legitimacy to rule the country; it’s absurd to see this kind of recruitment and training in this area.

The government of Eastern Equatoria State is mistaken to allow these kinds of activities in Magwi County. If the national army, the SPLA, are there, it’s their duty to defend the nation, but not recruiting young boys and innocent men to fight a war they don’t understand.

I am condemning it in the strongest terms possible and demanding that these individuals must be let to go home. These boys are the future of South Sudan; therefore their rights to education must not be deprived by teaching them false hope. Those men too have the duty of supporting their families; therefore, they have a lot to do than been an unpaid militia.

Louis Lojore Lobong, Governor of Eastern Equatoria State should dissolve this Training Field immediately. This time we will not allow the confusion of the 1980’s where the same SPLA recruited from around the same area just to hunt down one particular tribe.

Brigadier Johnson Juma Okot and Clement Otto must stop selling the boys and men in Magwi County to the government which does not care very much about its people.

Can those of Brig. JJ Okot and Clement Otto tell us what are the benefits of this government to our generations as Acholi?

Some people called themselves Holy in the Catholic Church. But I would like to point out that an-Ex Catholic Priest from the Apostle of Jesus by name Justin Oyet Bongomin is making the matter worse here at home by supporting JJ Okot, Clement Otto and others in their plan of killing innocent people without fault and without choice.

This ex-Catholic priest now resides in the USA. Instead of planning to bring development at home, I strongly believe with evidence that he is part of a convoy of the devils in the Republic of South Sudan.

Thank God he did not baptist any of my children.

However, since from the beginning of this Kiir government I noticed dozens of acts of evil, one of which infamously manifested itself in the Killing of the Nuer in Juba last December.

Long before this incident, there was apparent systematic killing of people from Madi tribe here in Maqwi County. In 2009 dozens of Madi where killed in their homeland which include Mulunge, Opari, Owyi Ki Bull, Amme, Moli, Natalingwa among others. The people of Madi were chased out of Magwi County Headquarters under direct order of JJ Okot and Clement Otto. The State governor played his role by covering up the killing.

In 1980’s the same recruitment by SPLA in this area ended up in a serious bloodshed between Madi and Acholi tribes.

Why do I condemn the current recruitment? I am one of the victims of 1980’s recruits centred in Owyi Ki Bull. In state of teaching us to fight the Arabs, Dr. John Garang taught us differently. His teaching ended with the assassination of Joseph Kibulu (one of the top South Sudanese Education Officer) which turned to be a very serious miscalculation.

My brothers and sisters who are still hooked-up with the divisive and fatalistic philosophy of JJ Okot and Clement Otto and their advisers have to reflect deeply about what actually is happening today in South Sudan.

In the first place, when the Madi elder politician Joseph Kibulu was assassinated by the SPLA, the same SPLA quickly dumped the blames on us. Although his killer was an Acholi, by then he was already an SPLA soldier.

Furthermore, tThe chief of Nimule was assassinated by the same SPLA/M over the contentious issue of the demarcation of Nimule town. At the same time his killers turned around and arrested all the Madi elders and intellectuals in the area and were all taken to Torit, and put in prison without trial.

Today, we are fully aware about the death of our Lady Cecilia Ote Oba. She is a lady who stands firm defending the right of Kakuwa people over their land. But what happened, she was assassinated by the SPLA/M from Dinka tribe. Her body was recovered chopped into pieces, dumped in garbage and half way rotten.

Long before her dead, chiefs and intellectuals including MPs from Yei were arrested, taken to Juba and were detained over the same issues (LAND).

Equatorians intellectuals who are still supporting this government are not ignorant that Dinka wanted to create imperialism in South Sudan. They can settle anywhere in the country. Take other peoples land and properties by force. Abuse Equatorian women without love, just to produce children.

Today people like James Wani Igga, Louis Lobong, Anne Itto, Isaac Obutu, JJ Okot, and Clement Otto are not ignorant that Dinka made it a tribal rule that no one other than Dinka will own a piece of land in their homeland. As of today, there is no Equatorian which owns a piece of land over there.

With this imperial kind of tribal rule, why can’t Equatorian politicians openly point out what the Dinka are doing to the people and to their resources in Equatoria which is terribly wrong. We are not that cheap.

I don’t hate anybody, but I hate poor government policy in Equatoria. I cannot sit idle by, watching JJ Okot, Clement Otto and State Governor Louis Lobong training militia in Panyikwara.

In the first place, what will these militias fight for? I believe South Sudan must be re-founded in a new covenant. There must not be any government-sponsored militia in Equatoria.

President Kiir recruited his own militia and they are indisputably responsible for the infamous Juba massacre last December.

Today, recruiting militia in Panyikwara means a lot to me. I am requesting all peace loving Equatorians to step up by publicly and wholeheartedly condemn such activities by the Kiir tribal government.

It might not be limited only here in Magwi County, but this militia recruitment could soon be enforced also and sooner in other places too.

Micheal Okia Amuru
Maqwi County-Eastern Equatoria State

“Power is not forever, it’s not a village thing,” Archbishop Lukudu tells Kiir

RADIO, DEC/16/2014, SSN;

Catholic Archbishop of Juba, Paulino Lukudu Loro, warned Monday that “power is not forever,” while urging South Sudanese people to accept they are ethnically divided and seek forgiveness.

Archbishop Lukudu was speaking at at a special service in Juba to mark the one year anniversary of the South Sudan Civil War in which the ruling SPLM government of president Salva Kiir, himself a Catholic, massacred thousands of Nuer citizens in Juba last December 15, 2013.

“Somebody wants to be in power forever? It is not like that. It cannot be like that. You have a period to serve, and once it is finished, go and enjoy your brothers and sisters, and you become a normal servant. It is for a period of time, it is never forever,” he said.

The special mass took place after a memorial march from Malakia to Saint Theresa Kator Cathedral where mourners wearing black remembered the dead by walking through Juba with “candles of peace.”

At one point during the mass, South Sudanese security personnel entered the church, searching for one of the suspected organizers of the peace march.

In the days prior to the peace protest, security personnel sought to prevent the march from taking place, but it went ahead anyway.

“I think they are misusing power,” the Archbishop told the congregation. “I think we are misusing power, we are overvaluing power, misunderstanding power.”

Lukudu stressed that leaders are mere “servants” who derive their power from the people, not by birthright.

“Power is a humble gift of service to the people at large through the voice of the people for some specific period of time and not forever,” he said. “It is not a thing of my village. Power is not from my village. It is not from my father. It is a vocation.”

Archbishop Lukudu cited the Pope in Rome as an example of a leader who views power appropriately.

“Our Holy Father the Pope generally calls himself the servant of the servants of God,” he explained. “He is the top leadership in the faith and the Pope calls himself ‘servant.’ Very correct. Leadership is not yours.”

‘We have ethnic problems’

The church leader went on to say that South Sudanese citizens must accept that they are divided by ethnicity.

“My brothers and sisters, at times we seem just to be burying our heads in the sand and we do not want to accept some realities of our situation,” he said.

“We need to recognize that we have a problem. We have tribal problems. We have ethnic problems.”

He said the problem of tribalism can only be addressed if it is acknowledged first.

“We must accept [our problems],” he said. “Then we should be able to address them peacefully, honestly, and correctly…rather than hiding them.”

The church elder closed his sermon by encouraging South Sudanese to begin reconciliation.

“Let us have the courage to say, ‘I forgive you. I am sorry. Forgive me, and I’ll forgive you,’ ” he said.

“Let us forgive one another, forgive and pardon, give and receive, so that we can be forgiven in this country…so we can begin a new life. Enough is enough, let us not again be bitter towards one another, we don’t want again to fight and kill ourselves.”

Lest we forget the hundreds of thousands who perished in Salva Kiir’s Juba genocide!

From: Peter Adwok Nyaba
Subject: December 15, 2013
Country: South Sudan, SSN;

Today, December 15, 2014, marks the first anniversary of the Juba massacre of ethnic Nuers ordered by President Salva Kiir Mayardit. It remains the saddest day in the history of South Sudan for it triggered the worst animal instincts, dehumanized us, that in a matter of moments we began to discriminate and decimate ourselves on the basis of ethnicity.

Initially, the Nuers alone were marked for death at the hands of ‘dutku beny’ or the auxiliary presidential guards recruited specifically for that purpose at the behest of President Kiir by Paul Malong Awan.

Nevertheless, any Dinka with facial marks as the Nuers suffered the same brutal fate. The village boys from Warrap and Awiel did not know that other Dinka people existed in Upper Nile or Jonglei. They also murdered a Chollo judge because they wanted to possess the Toyota V8 he drove.

Then, in a few days the mayhem spread like bush fire to other towns Bor, Bentiu, Malakal, Renk, etc., where now the Nuer in a similar fashion avenged their beloved ones against the Shilluk, Dinka, Nuer, Maaban, etc. The Shilluk also took on the Nuer; the Dinka took on the Shilluk, Nuer and Maaban.

In his desperation, President Salva Kiir Mayardit invited the Dar Furi Sudanese rebels [Tora Bora], the Justice and Equality Movement to join the war against Dr. Riek Machar.

He also invited the Ugandan People’s Defence Forces [UPDF] and their Helicopter Gunships whose gunners could not differentiate between the Nuers, Dinka, SPLA or White Army and bombed them without segregation, in a civil turned regional war with ill-defined political objective.

Nevertheless, characterized by vengeance and counter-vengeance, for no reason, in which innocent women, elderly and children without distinction, perished in a manner unprecedented in our wars not even when we fought the mujahedeen and the muralieen.

December 15, 2013 is the day for which, we must invariably lower our heads in shame to deflate our individual inordinately enlarged egos.

For that day imperceptibly exposed our five decades pretence and collective self-deception that we were one people fighting for liberation, equality, freedom and justice. On that day, inadvertently we denied our commonality, collective heritage and we forgot about neighbourhood or neighbour standing up to defend the neighbour in danger.

It was the day indeed our compatriots who after the CPA came back from the Diaspora quickly identified themselves as American, Canadian, British, French, Australian citizens as they stampeded to catch the airplanes evacuating foreigners from Juba, Bor, Malakal and other towns in South Sudan leaving us to finish the job killing ourselves.

Some of the perpetrators of the Juba massacre even evacuated to go back to Nairobi, Kampala, Australia and USA whence they came from. We know them individually and justice and accountability will not spare them when that time comes.

On December 15, 2013, we confirmed to our detractors that nothing but the common enemy in form of northern Sudan united us. We did not have a magnanimous leader since we lost Dr. John Garang de Mabior. Indeed, that tragic Helicopter crashed with all of us.

Comrade Salva Kiir did not fit into Garang’s shoes. He was not the Joshua once in 2005 the Archbishop of Juba Archdiocese described him. Therefore by thinking solely of himself and his power Salva Kiir did not invest much in keeping our people united.

For on December 15, 2013 he invited foreign troops to kill or people thus negating the independence and sovereignty for which our fore fathers and ourselves sacrificed over the decades.

One year on today December 14, 2014, the job is not finished. The killing still goes on unabated fuelled by intense hatred and the urge to finish the others as if we want to bury the country with the dead we killed. On the following days, our people voted with their feet travelling to Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia to the refugee camps.

However, the affluent ones, the potbellied linked to the Warrap mafia with connexion to the Central Bank of South Sudan made up with huge dollars bank notes to purchase real estate in Kampala, Nairobi, Addis Ababa and other regional cities in order to run away from the consequences of their conspiracy. They did not want to see the corpses they felled.

The poor land locked ones in Upper Nile and Unity states made it back to the Sudan; back to the squalid makeshift camps in the suburbs of Khartoum, Kosti, Medani, etc., suggesting yet that the Southern Sudan referendum and the independence vote they cast was the biggest mistake in their lives.

No! Our people made no mistake voting in the referendum for self-determination. Their leaders betrayed them! The leaders of the war of national liberation betrayed them.

All along the twenty-one years of revolutionary armed struggle and chanting liberation songs, the people had believed, and wrongly though, that their liberation leaders were different from the Arabized Northern elite who ruled the Sudan from Khartoum since 1956. The CPA transformed those liberation leaders into the people’s ‘oppressive-eaters’.

In eight years, by their performance in government, those leaders not only turned the people of South Sudan against each other in ethnicized conflicts, but also looted the country’s resources, drank the oil, killed the innocent, emasculated the burgeoning state institutions and transformed the country into a limited liability enterprise in order to facilitate and lubricate the looting.

Eight years of random and rampant looting, these liberation leaders stashed their loots in foreign lands, doubly denying the people the benefit of investment and job creation in the country. They built palaces not in the land for which the fought and died but in the neighbourhood or far afield in Melbourne, Sidney or Washington DC and San Francisco.

Not only that, but in the eight years these liberation leaders blocked, undermined, conspired against, chastised, elbowed out and ostracised their own comrades in struggle to enable personification of power and wealth. Some threw in the towel and left government posts in frustration.

Some rebelled and met their deaths in hotel rooms in the neighbourhood. Yet Salva Kiir pardoned some and awarded government purchased villas.

In the eight years following the CPA the best SPLA combatants registered as ‘unconfirmed names’ and were consigned to their homes – the revolution is over; and the ‘wounded in action’ registered in DDR projects which did not materialize as corruption also ate into the hearts and minds of the managers who arrived from the Diaspora.

The widows and orphans of former SPLA combatants ‘fallen in action’ registered as concubines to satiate the sexual appetite of the living colleagues now promoted to the general.

These generals were the former SPLA commanders and alternate commanders etc. Those among them who have no command or did not become ministers to access easy money [inflated parades in the commands] now engage in bad business in everything with foreign ‘friends’ ranging from rent-seeking; providing services that frustrated and prevented modernizing transport system and the provision of pipe water in Juba, because their Ugandan driven boda boda or Ethiopian/Eritrean driven water-tankers must make money.

Some ran, in collaboration with Ugandans and Congolese, brothels in Jebel Market dispensing HIV to unsuspecting adolescents. Some of them even ventured into higher education sector and with assistance of Ugandan conmen opened universities that awarded degrees to primary school dropouts. One of these universities in Awiel offered Bachelor of Legal Laws [abbreviated LLB] suggesting the people behind the project were fraudsters.

The patronage system informalized the economy lubricated by dollar notes available to relatives who sell it on the open Juba market [it would be a misnomer to call Black Market the umbrella covered street dollar vendors].

Free women, house-wives and young girls have been drawn into dollar business losing morals and morality as they conceive illegitimate children in the course of time.

Land became a commodity for which one could lose life. An engineer, a former Mayor of Yei were murdered over land to mention a few cases of land grabbing. The owner of ‘Rock City Hotel Complex missed death by whisker because the principal wanted to own the business.

Eight and half years of vanity was bound to culminate in December 15, 2013. It could not have be less than that for leaders who lost the SPLM vision and direction. The leaders ran the country based on political patronage of ethnic and regional lobbies rather than formal institutions.

Thus, after betraying the compatriots of the northern sector, the Nuba ad the funj whose bones litter South Sudan, these SPLM leaders betrayed the Abyei people and refused to stand with them to ensure the regional and international recognition of the successful referendum they conducted on October 31, 2013.

Therefore, the events of December 15, 2013 represent the anti-climax of SPLM as a national liberation movement. The events of December 15, 2013 mark the decline from the height of national liberation to the fragility and then the state collapse.

The events epitomize the end of Salva Kiir to the helm of the SPLM now split into SPLM [IG], SPLM {IO] and SPLM [FPD]. It could not have been otherwise given that Salva Kiir surrounded his leadership of the SPLM and the Government of Republic of South Sudan with Bahr el Ghazal [reader Gogrial and Awan] elders as the inner circle of the Jieng Council of Elders [JCE] since he inherited power in 2005.

President Salva Kiir, the first president of the Republic is adamant on his incumbency notwithstanding the precarious crossroads, between being and not, he has now placed South Sudan.

Now surrounded by a cartel of commercial interests, security barons and traditional leaders bent on enjoying power, wealth and influence Salva Kiir is constructing a despotism unprecedented in South Sudan and unparalleled in the region.

It is about time the people of South Sudan transformed this tragedy into its opposite as we commemorate the demise of hundreds of thousands of our people. Their death shall not have been in vain if we all rise to defeat ethnic chauvinism and bigotry, licentiousness, greed for power and wealth, as well as love of self.

These viruses plunged this country into this dismal situation. The conflict contours are now well defined. In Arusha the three SPLM factions [IG, IO and FPD] discovered and located the root cause of this political malaise locate in the SPLM leadership failure not in the ethnic configuration of South Sudan.

It is now clear; our people have nothing against themselves. The Dinka, Nuer, Shilluk, Maaban, Murle, Mundari, Balanda, Ndogo, Kriesh, name them have nothing against each other as a people. Their predicament springs from the manipulations by the political and military elite, which the war of national liberation catapulted to the helm, of their social, linguistic and cultural diversity.

The elite that put power and wealth over and above any human consideration, and which has put its tommy over and above the nation has consequently run down the country in less than eight years of brinksmanship.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit represents that elite leadership that hangs onto power oblivious of and fails to notice how the country is sliding down the drain.

Lest we forget, it is now time the people of South Sudan took the initiative. It is no longer the issue of Salva Kiir; it is the country and the nation at stake. The war should come to an immediate end through the concerted efforts of all peace loving South Sudanese.

It is about time that we rallied behind the resistance forces everywhere in South Sudan to route Salva Kiir out of J1 in order to salvage the country.

Organize do NOT Agonize! Lest we forget December 15, 2013!

Peter Adwok Nyaba
Pagak, Maiwut County, Upper Nile State
The Republic of South Sudan
December 15, 2014

The pains of 15th December 2013

BY: ELHAG PAUL, South Sudan, DEC/14/2014, SSN;

15th December is here, the day evil descended on Juba last year similar to 8th July 1965. It comes with those horrific memories of the murky atmosphere devised by President Salva Kiir. A deeply sickening environment that has traumatised the residents of Juba and the entire country.

15th December 2013 will remain an indelible stain in the history of South Sudan. It is the day that saw the beginning of the spilling of blood of innocent children, youth, women, men and elderly people and with it the destruction of a new emerging South Sudanese identity.

President Salva Kiir last year around this time facing leadership challenge from Dr Riek Machar in the SPLM lost his head unleashing his tribal militia on the Nuer people. While going to attend the funeral of Nelson Mandela in South Africa he fabricated an imaginary coup and imposed a curfew to isolate the Nuer and his opponents after which his militia went door to door murdering the Nuer.

    ‘South Sudan: A state that fell apart in a week’

Within a week, the Dootku Beny militia under the command of the Jieng generals: Marial Chinoung, Marial Nour, Salva Mathok, Aleu Ayieny Aleu, Paul Malong Awan and so on…. massacred over 20 thousand people mostly children, women, and the elderly.

This act of Jieng savagery has shocked the entire country. No South Sudanese ever expected one of its own ethnic groups to commit such a crime on another using the machinery of the state.

The contemporary history of South Sudan psychologically programmed the people to expect such acts from the Arabs of the Sudan but not from a supposed fellow South Sudanese.

Back then on 8th July 1965, the Arabs under the leadership of the UMMA party committed similar massacres in Juba and other towns against South Sudanese. Please see, ‘To achieve peace in South Sudan SPLM/A must be scrapped’.

The mass murder of the Nuer brought those ugly memories back to the minds of the people. A good number of people have asked the question: what is the difference between the Jieng and the Arab?

They say, in 1965 the Arabs massacred us en mass in Juba, Wau and Malakal regardless of tribe. Now the Jieng are doing what the Arabs did to us all. How can the Jieng ever be trusted with state power?

Hold on to this question, we will come back to it down in this piece in search of answers.

The day, 15th December matters because it is important to remember the innocent lives taken by President Kiir and his militia. Those were people who had nothing to do with the power struggle going on between President Kiir and Dr Riek. They were ordinary people going about their daily business only to find themselves targeted and murdered.

15th December remains a day of pain because the murdered have not been accorded justice. Their murderers are still holding the levers of the state and this is obviously why this important date will not be honoured and remembered now inside the country in the manner it deserves.

Today is the first anniversary of his heinous crime which is still ongoing and justice appears to be like a mirage. The adage, justice delayed is justice denied may be true in this South Sudan case.

So far, no reports of investigations into the ethnic cleansing by the UN and the African Union have been released. Why the silence?

Where is the transparency of these organisations over a crime that every South Sudanese knows about? Why are the perpetrators of this grave crime against humanity not been brought to book? What is going on?

In the 1990s the UN failed to prevent grave crimes against humanity only to regret after a huge damage occurred. The signs are that the UN has not yet learnt anything from its experiences.

The failure of the UN in Rwanda in 1994 and in Srebrenica (former Yugoslavia) the following year brought sharp reminder to the world that the brutality and savagery of yester decades and centuries have not been tamed by advance in science and culture.

To the contrary advance in both fields have become the tools to perpetuate the unimaginable crimes against humanity.

Modern media and broadcasting appliances were used in Rwanda in 1994 effectively to mobilise the Hutu extremists against Tutsi to a devastating effect, while in former Yugoslavia a supposed refined and civilised European country used its technologically advanced military to commit mass killing in Bosnia.

When Rwanda genocide happened in broad day light with UN watching while another war was ragging on in former Yugoslavia in which the Serbs were ethnically cleansing the Bosnians, the world leaders focused on the latter not giving the former any attention it deserved.

Bill Clinton in his biography, My Life, regretted his inaction. He writes, “The failure to try to stop Rwanda’s tragedies became one of the greatest regrets of my presidency.” (Clinton 2004, p594)

Nevertheless, the USA tried to ameliorate the post genocide situation by contributing to the mechanisms of social recovery in Rwanda. On the other hand the Former Yugoslavia situation led to the UNSC Resolution 780 which provided legal base for tackling perpetrators of the future.

The sad thing is that with all the above, South Sudan, in December 2013, that is 15 years later experienced same crimes against humanity seemingly without any concern of the world shown.

This suggests the journey to a more civilised world charted by the UNSC resolution 780 may not include the South Sudan case. Why is this?

The answer may be found in one short phrase: “African solutions for African problems”. This proposition obviously has an important history to it, the centuries old interaction between Europeans and Africans.

The abuse and disrespect the Africans experienced in this interaction are supposed to be brought to an end by letting Africans do things in their own way. Unfortunately and painfully as it is African leaders are abusing this noble principle by dancing around it and not applying it as it should.

Although the events of December 2013 constitute an international crime as defined by UNSC Resolution 780, the powers of the world happily allowed IGAD and the AU to take lead based on the said proposition.

This reduced an international crime to a continental issue removing the safeguards intended for global peace. This decision appears to reflect the coloured view of the world about Africans and the value placed on their humanity.

African Union and IGAD which should have acted robustly and fairly, sadly resorted to playing politics with the problem in South Sudan.

If these crimes against humanity committed by President Kiir and his tribal militia are not accounted for fairly and the perpetrators punished like the Nazis in Nuremberg in 1940s, the Hutus in Rwanda in 1990s and the Serbs, Croats, and Bosnian in the former Yugoslavia as ongoing now, the world should know that such crimes are then likely to recur in South Sudan in future.

There is no way that the people are going to forget the excesses of President Kiir and his tribal militia without justice being seen to be done.

If the world fails to take the duty of collective responsibility to bring the government of President Kiir to account, they may encourage other social groups with irresponsible leaders to take matters into their own hands which in my opinion is wholly inappropriate. The UNSC has a duty to act and it should do so.

One of the major problems of South Sudan is the culture of violence and abuse of state machinery by groups in power to promote their parochial interest. This is largely the outcome of SPLM’s wrong policies under Dr John Garang.

After his death, President Kiir continued with these policies to advance the interest of his ethnic group as opposed to promotion of the notion of “common good”.

The cleansing of the Nuer is supposed to protect this narrow interest. So it is not a surprise that right from 2005, the government of South Sudan failed to take the right path.

The government of South Sudan to the Jieng is a tool to be used to advance their interest. It is not about common good and the protection of all South Sudanese people. Aldo Ajo, a member of the notorious Jieng Council of Elders made this point clear in his recent interview with SSTV.

The Jieng are not interested in promoting peace, reconciliation and healing in the country. Just look at their prevarication in the peace talks and everything becomes clear.

President Kiir and his Jieng Council of Elders including the top military brass are engaged in total waste of time in Addis Ababa under IGAD while innocent people continue to lose their lives.

They forcefully talk of their commitment to peace, yet they obstruct every opportunity there is to bring peace. Why? The Jieng do not want to lose power and they will hang on to it until the people oust them by any available means.

The Jieng leadership is despotic. Despots don’t cede power peacefully as expected. They always act selfishly. To understand the behaviour of the Jieng, here is a quote from Ryszard Kapuscinski’s ‘Shah of the Shahs’ illuminating the mind of the despot:

“The Shah’s reflex was typical of all despots: strike first and suppress, then think it over. What next? First display muscle, make a show of strength, and later perhaps demonstrate you also have a brain. Despotic authority attaches great importance to being considered strong, and much less to being admired for its wisdom. Besides what does wisdom mean to a despot? It means skill in the use of power.

The wise despot knows when and how to strike. This continual display of power is necessary because, at root, any dictatorship appeals to the lowest instincts of government: fear, aggressiveness towards one’s neighbours, bootlicking. Terror most effectively excites such instincts, and fear of strength is well spring of terror.

A despot believes that man is an abject creature. Abject people fill his court and populate his environment. A terrorized society will behave like an unthinking, submissive mob for a long time. Feeding it is enough to make it obey. Provided with amusement, it’s happy.

The rather small arsenal of political tricks has not changed in millennia. Thus, we have all the amateurs in politics, all the ones convinced they would know to govern if only they had the authority. Yet surprising things can also happen. Here is a well-fed and well-entertained crowd that stops obeying.

It begins to demand something more than entertainment. It wants freedom, it demands justice. The despot is stunned. He doesn’t know to see a man in all his fullness – or rather, because it is lawless and it strives for appearance of legality. On this point it is exceedingly touchy, morbidly oversensitive.

Moreover, it suffers from a feeling (however deeply hidden) of inferiority. So it spares no pains to demonstrate to itself and others the popular approval it enjoys. Even if this support is a mere charade, it feels satisfying.

So what if it’s only an appearance? The world of dictatorship is full of appearance” (Kapuscinski, p115 kindle version)

The appearance of Juba regime of terror is captured by their baseless famous phrase “democratically elected”. This, of-course is a lie which the regime has stuck on to sell itself and hide its crimes internationally.

The fact that President Kiir engaged in ethnic cleansing, a grave crime against humanity, automatically disqualified his legitimacy as a president. He turned into a criminal and therefore whatever mandate he had before his horrific act evaporated. What does that then mean?

Technically South Sudan is ruled by people without mandate. Thus President Kiir, his cabinet and the SPLM-IG should not be making loud noise with the song of “democratically elected”. It is hollow; it is empty and a total nonsense.

Somewhere above I posed the question: how can the Jieng be trusted with power? With the information given I leave you to draw your own answer.

Dr Riek Machar, the leader of the armed resistance movement of SPLM-IO should actually be making loud noise about the illegality of the regime in Juba.

Unfortunately, he is not clued on. He has totally missed and failed to articulate this crucial point which should have been the centre of the talks in Addis Ababa. Pathetically he now advocates for the atrocities of President Kiir to be forgiven and forgotten for the sake of peace.

In his speech in Pagak he said, “To prevent this (ethnic cleansing) from happening and in order for us to save our people and country, we must seriously look for ways to achieve peace. We must be ready to exercise magnanimity [i.e. generosity}. We must forgive atrocities committed against us and likewise ask forgiveness from those we have harmed.”

Can South Sudan really become peaceful without accountability to the atrocities of 15th December 2013 which is still ongoing?

It is vital to remember that ethnic cleansing is still going on now as we speak. So 15th December 2013 is only the start date but it has not yet ended. Members of the Nuer tribe and opponents of the government are daily being arrested and disappeared throughout the country.

This dark ongoing episode is not only about the loss of Nuer and the Jieng. All the silent majority of the people of South Sudan equally suffered and continue to suffer emotionally, psychologically and mentally by witnessing these atrocities.

They too are victims and have rights to demand justice. They now live with damaging internal injuries. Therefore, it is not up to Dr Riek to dismiss the grave crimes against humanity in South Sudan for his convenience to accede to power.

Peaceful South Sudan can only be realised after justice to the victims and the injured living victims is done as in the cases of Nazis in Germany, Hutu in Rwanda and Serbs in Bosnia.

Therefore, it is only right that SPLM/A leaders too must be made to pay for their grave crimes in South Sudan. There should be no buts, ifs or disputes over it because in Arusha, Tanzania all of them in their supposed reconciliation and reunification meeting chaired by President of Tanzania voluntarily confessed and admitted responsibility for the crimes and destabilisation of the region.

The Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr Ban Ki Mon and the Troika have repeatedly said there would be no business as usual. It is hoped that they will make these words meaningfully and weighty for the sake of justice to the victims and peace in South Sudan and the region.

Human Rights Watch has already made useful suggestion on page 6 of their report ‘Ending the Era of Injustice’

Finally, South Sudanese must not allow these grave crimes against humanity to go without accountability. Once that is done and when President Kiir and SPLM are gone it will be necessary to erect a memorial for the victims of ethnic cleansing in Gudele in Juba to remind us of the scourge of SPLM and the ideologies of ‘born to rule’ and Jieng supremacy.

Such a memorial will serve as a national mourning site, educational centre for the young and act as a symbol of resistance to injustice, tribal ideologies and crimes against humanity.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]
Elhag Paul

Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders : We’ll resist our demise by all means

Tomorrow, 15 December 2014, marks the first anniversary of the coup attempt by renegade Riek Machar Teny and the power hungry cronies of the SPLM to overthrow the constitutionally constituted and elected system of our young republic.

We wish, first, therefore, to offer our deep prayers for the souls of all those South Sudanese and others, who lost their lives in this most unfortunately sad episode in the history of our young country.

Secondly, we regret that the investigation that the president of the republic and the commander-in-chief of our national army, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army [SPLA] had set up to investigate that very sad incident in the history of our young country has not yet published its report, for our people and the world to know the full facts of that situation.

We hope that when the report of this investigation is published, it will clear the contemptible innuendos that the enemies of our people have spread around, which deny that there was no coup attempt.

As the Council of Jieng, we want the Jieng people to know that the anti-Jieng [Dinka] conspiracy to demise the entire Jieng community marches on and to alert our people that we must all stand up to defend and protect ourselves from the world that seems so pleased to celebrate with our haters, our demise.

We alone are not South Sudan, nor are we the majority in South Sudan, to behave without regard to others. But we cannot accept that the others can ignore and cast us aside, by whatever means, including the force of arms, which Riek Machar Teny and those who support him have tried time and again.

As a community, we have sacrificed much for the freedom of this republic. Our fallen heroes in the liberation of this country cannot be disowned or ignored by anyone in this world, including those who now believe that they can cast the Jieng aside.

While our young men were falling on the front line of the war of liberation, our women and children were being captured into slavery, because we were on the front line of the war of liberation.

Now, others are saying that we must surrender to them alone, the fruits of our common endeavour. This is not going to be possible, while one single Jieng remains alive.

The hate for Jieng within the South Sudanese community is now very obvious, even to you, the few Jieng, who had been driven by anger and disagreement with the ruling system of South Sudan to join this movement of Riek Machar Teny, so clearly bent on the destruction of Jieng.

We cannot believe that you do not see the danger that is now engulfing the Jieng. We appeal to you to recognise this very clear threat to the survival of the Jieng and we appeal to you to return to the defence of the survival of Jieng and the young nation.

To Equatoria and its leaders, we merely want to say that we have taken nothing from you. If it is power sharing, it has always been us, the Jieng, who have recognised that we belonged together and it has always been the Jieng and no one else, who have always sponsored an Equatorian leader, even in the bushes of South Sudan, even while the two wars of liberation raged on.

It was the Jieng Anya-Nya commanders, who broke away from their own civilian political leadership to sponsor and support the military leadership of Joseph Lagu against their own Jieng leader, Gordon Muortat Mayen, because the Jieng wanted to get on with the war of liberation, rather than be part of an internal power struggle or political quarrels.

It was the Jieng who sponsored Joseph Lagu again, against Abel Alier, a Jieng leader, in the 1978 power struggle in Juba and who brought Lagu to power. Then look at what Lagu did; he turned around to dismiss and arrest the very Jieng leadership that sponsored him to power.

Lagu then united with the leadership of the North, the enemy that he fought, to sponsor Kokora for Equatoria against Jieng. Then came Joseph James Tombura, another Equatorian leader, sponsored by some Jieng leaders to appease Equatoria over Kokora.

Tombura ignored his sponsors and collaborated with Nimeiri and divided the South into three weak regions, giving Jaafar Mohamed Nimeiri, a vicious northern Sudan dictator, the opportunity to abrogate the autonomy of the South and forcing the second war of liberation, the outcome of which we do not regret.

Now, some Equatorians have joined hands again, with perpetual traitors, led by Riek Machar Teny and now think that it can again target the Jieng. We urge them to reconsider their support for the purpose of maintaining a coherent nation.

The IGAD mediators of the current conflict, which Riek Machar Teny has imposed on the people of South Sudan, are now trying to say that they too, can become the king makers over the people of South Sudan. Incredibly, the IGAD mediators now believe that they can constitute themselves as the power over South Sudan, instead of just meditating peace to end the conflict.

The well-known process of peace mediation is that if the struggle for power is the cause of the conflict, which is clearly the case with renegade Riek Machar Teny and his cronies, then the legitimate and the legal leader of the government of the day, which is Salva Kiir Mayardit in the case of South Sudan, is fully supported and asked to be magnanimous in power, to accommodate back to power, those who had challenged his authority and failed.

This is done, so that the challenger gives up his illegal arms to again become part of the constitutional system of the country. This is not what the IGAD mediators want to do. They want to abrogate the constitutional order of South Sudan and to replace it with their suggested most unconstitutional system. This is being attempted at the time when the constitutional order of the Republic of South Sudan is due for an election in only a few months.

We had appealed to the IGAD mediators on 5th September 2014, to maintain the constitutional system of South Sudan and assist the young republic to run elections due in 2015. This is the best way to replace the head of state of South Sudan and its parliament. If President Salva Kiir Mayardit is truly as unpopular as some in Equatoria and renegade Riek Machar Teny think he is, then the constitutional way out is the elections.

The trick now being played is obvious. If Salva Kiir Mayardit accepts to be side-lined by the IGAD mediators and not by the people of South Sudan through an election, we see clearly what the objective is. It is that when the mandate for Salva Kiir Mayardit runs out in July 2015, he will no longer have legitimacy. Any legitimacy that he may have at that point, will only be at the mercy of the IGAD mediators. Everything, including regional or even international trusteeship will all come to play at that point.

As Jieng elders, representative of the views of our wider Jieng community across South Sudan, we will not accept this and no one can fool us into silence on this matter. If the world is serious about peace in South Sudan, let them organise and supervise the 2015 general elections in South Sudan.

If whoever candidate we support is defeated in a fair and free election, including President Salva Kiir Mayardit himself, we will accept and recognize that result. If not, a change of regime in Juba, especially a change that will replace the elected system of South Sudan without an election, is totally unacceptable. We will resist it and oppose it, using all legitimate means available to the Jieng community across the entire republic of South Sudan.

May Almighty God guide us towards the fulfillment of our legitimate and just cause.

Long Live The Republic of South Sudan!

DEC/14/2014, SSN
Juba, 14 December 2014

South Sudan Nuer students & entire communities in Addis Ababa agree to commemorate the December 15 Juba massacre on time

From: Mekonen Tefere, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Speaking to the press on Sunday, December 14, 2014, the Nuer Christian Mission Network (NCMN) deputy chairperson Evangelist Yien Chagor elaborated that the commemoration day will take place on time per plan and as it happened in Juba.

South Sudan witnessed heavy loss of human lives, properties and physical infrastructures since December 2013. Meanwhile 1.5 million had been displaced and thousands of citizens reportedly had been killed. The International Crisis Group (ICG) said on its report published on April 2014 that Human rights abuses and other atrocities had been committed by both warring parties.

Evangelist Yien added that the event would start by 08:00am to late afternoon on Monday, 15 December 2014 at St. Mathew Anglican Church, Arat Killo. “We invite everybody, media houses and International Community to come and witness the commemoration.” Evangelist Chagor supplemented after the Church services at St. Mathew Anglican Church in Addis Ababa. He mentioned that community would use the day for fasting, prayer, lighting candles, and songs from Nuer hymnal as part of mourning.

In another development, the representative of Nuer Students Union in Mekane Yesus Seminary – Mr. Stephen Bol Pal disclosed that they [students] would first organize mourning at Seminary level before the public mourning kick-off at St. Mathew Anglican Church. The Seminary President Dr. Belay Guta welcome the move instead urged the Seminary’s communities to share the commemoration with South Sudanese students. “I appeal to the entire Seminary community to come and mourn with our South Sudanese brothers”. Dr. Belay said in the public gathering.

William Deng Ker Chagor, the Deputy Chairperson of the Students Union confirms that they [students] had printed Black Polo T. shirts with some wordings and a picture of a dead mother dragged by her son. “This black T. shirt indicates the blood of innocents Nuer who were targeted and killed in Juba.” Tot Jock Jith, the secretary for Students added.

Finally, Evangelist James Ret Lew, the Chairperson for Nuer Christian Mission Network calls for justice on those who committed the atrocities.

The authored can be reached on

Nuer Politicians in Kiir’s Government caught up between Self-destruction & Dirty Political Loose-ends

BY: Chuol C. Puoch, South Sudan, DEC/14/2014, SSN;

It was in October when Nuer politicians in Salva Kiir’s government convened a meeting with the president to seek assurance and define their fates before signing of any final agreements with the SPLM-IO.The meeting was called upon by the Nuer politicians and lasted for more than four hours because everyone was allowed to express his/her feeling and interest

Their concern was that the upcoming TGoNU would be a disaster to them since it will be regionally and ethnically represented and they will find themselves not only as people without region but also rootless and baseless as most of them are already disowned by their communities

In addition, Riek Machar in accordance with the peace agreement would become the Prime Minister who will run the government and eliminate those who acted against his cause during this conflict and especially the Nuer supporters of Kirr Mayardit.

Knowing this, they thought wise enough that it was the right time to decide their fate; they threatened President Salva Kirr that they would join the rebellion under Riek Machar since their communities are all there and would welcome them, which would eventually open for them a window of opportunity to participate in the upcoming TGoNU if he doesn’t assure them of their “political safety”

In the meeting, President Salva Kirr easily responded that he would protect their interest. “Your interest will never be affected; I will ensure all of you remain in your current position and add also more portfolios to what you currently have,” Kirr assured them

The long meeting ended with a proposal that the Nuer politicians, with help of President Salva Kiir, will form a “mini-parallel government” from within to protect their interests and encounter Dr. Machar’s group in the next governments.

Dinka Politicians reacted on the meeting outcomes

Few days after the meeting was concluded, some senior government officials including the information minister, Michael Makuey Lueth, Petroleum Minister, Stephen Dhieu Dau and Kuol Manyang Juuk of defense with attendance of some highly trusted MPs all from Dinka of Greater Upper Nile region convened a secret meeting to analysis the meeting outcome between the Nuer politicians with the President.

There are no clear details on how the meeting was conducted but a letter of grievances and rejection of the meeting outcomes between the president and the Nuer politicians was wrote and presented to the President with the title “We are all Dinka, we must be the protected inner and outer protector of Dinka interest”

“We are here by informing Your Excellency that we have categorically rejected the meeting outcomes you had few days ago with the Nuer politicians serving in this government” part of the letter read.

The basis on which the rejection came about was more concentrated to President’s promise to protect the interest of loyal Nuer in the upcoming TGoNU. Not only that, the politicians were not pleased by the fact that the Nuer loyal politicians be granted a chance to form a mini-parallel government within this government to work on “protecting their interest”.

That would clearly mean that even the loyal Nuer military generals in the field would automatically have their allegiance to the group directly and they will be directed toward protecting their interest instead of the nation’s interest.

“It is more than obvious that we are succumbing to plant weeds ourselves in our own garden; granting those group a chance to form a mini-parallel government would automatically mean that even the loyal Nuer general in the field will have their allegiance to the groups and they will be directed toward achieving and protecting their interest on daily basis rather than the nation’s interest” part of the letter read

As a result, the president called the three ministers for a dinner in his residence at J1 8 days later after receiving the letter. The Chief of General Staffs Gen. Paul Malong Awan of the SPLA-Juba and the Minister in the office of the President Mr. Awan Gol Riak were also invited for the same dinner and participated in the discussion.

The dinning gathering was called upon by the president to listen to the three top politicians and to strategize ways and mechanism to “utilize the strength” of Nuer politicians in the government since they threatened a possible defection to the rebellion should their interest be blocked.

The discussion was much more concentrating on how to utilize the political and military strength of the Nuer serving in the government. President Kirr assured the five fellow tribe-mate officials that his promise of protecting the interest of Nuer after the peace agreement was purely a political marketing.

“You know me very well since 2005, I did not even think that inu any of you would believe that I was frank to them” Said Kirr as all of them leaned back to their chairs smiling and laughing

The dinning discussion was concluded as follow:

Kirr to call upon the Nuer ministers again and direct them toward the preconditions and tasks before “protecting and achieving their interest” and to explain to the ministers (Nuer) that it would be better for them to exert more efforts to crash the rebellion once and for all than to have peace that will bring back the Nuer politicians in the rebellion.

A ministerial committee comprising mostly of Nuer politicians be formed and sent abroad to lobby against the looming sanctions targeting individual leaders and enlighten the world that the government is an inclusive government and should be recognized as a government of a sovereign state fighting some tribal politicians who are in need of power.

The ministers should also be tasked to deny that Nuer were not killed as have been reported on the media and by some human rights actors, to at least reduce the intensity of the looming sanctions.

Nuer military generals and troops be deployed to the Nuer areas still under opposition control and crash the rebellion

Renew their mobilization task to let those in UNMISS come out and mobilize Nuer youths from the region and the world to abandon their support to the SPLA/M-IO.

Some Nuer politicians should be sent to their respective Counties (especially those under government) to mobilize the communities to support Salva Kirr and fight against the rebellion.

There will be no mini-parallel government formed within this government to protect their own interest/

The meeting finally concluded that should the Nuer politicians succeed in helping to crash the rebellion militarily, they will then have their share of the cake representing the remaining Nuer community. Or should there be a peace agreement signed, the issue of protecting some group’s interest should never be heard “like it was never discussed” and they will later define their direction.

Another secret meeting convened between Kirr and loyal Nuer politicians

Few days after the dinning discussion between President Kirr and his five tribe-mate ministers, Kirr called upon the key Nuer politicians individually and explained the tasks and preconditions toward protecting and achieving their political interest as explained above.

The meeting was brief and direct and lasted for less than 1 hour because the main speaker was Kirr himself while the Nuer politicians were listening.

John Kok Ruai spoke on behalf of the group and he strongly stressed that crashing the rebellion would be the only mean to lengthen the reign of Salva Kirr and for them to achieve their political objective of representing the Nuer community in the government.

“I strongly believe that crashing this rebellion of Riek Machar would be the best option to lengthen your reign in power your Excellency, and for us to also protect and achieve our political interest of representing our community in this government” said James Kok Ruai.

Then, Kirr finally spoke and recommended that crashing the rebellion should be the priority as the dry season is just starting.

“Let’s destroy the rebel militarily and politically; let’s get rid of the white army with our maximum powers within and from the region, let’s clear all the remaining areas from rebellion and that must be spearheaded by you. Let that be our priority from now.

If we sign a final peace with the rebel, you must know that inu we are in poverty forever because I will not have these powers that I have now to protect your interest,” Kirr said to the group.

Few days later after the Juba conference of the SPLM-Juba, a ministerial meeting was convened to disclose the plans and appoint the team (mostly Nuer ministers) to lobby against the looming sanctions on Kirr himself and his government.

Caught up between Self-destruction and dirty political loose-ends

The group is caught up between unrealistic success of destroying their very own community and unpredictable political stability at the end of their game. The only window of opportunity for them would only be when the dream of crashing the rebellion, the SPLA/M-IO is realized. When the entire Nuer community is devastated and no sound minded person is living in it is what they are up to.

The question is, would the government be able to crash the rebellion in this dry season, and will these so called loyal Nuer politicians realize their dream of representing the Nuer community in the government?

In a nutshell, anybody in this world who thinks that this resistance movement call SPLM/A in Opposition would be crashed by Salva Kirr and his allies is a mad dog having some day dreaming.

The moment survived the last dry season’s serious fight when men were in the front with sticks and spears waiting for guns from the SPLA-Juba who would runs away and leave behind the guns for them. They survived and they took over a number of Tanks with AK-47 from Juba forces in all the three states of Upper Nile. They would go to battle with 3 – 5 bullets in their guns, yet the Juba troops have always been on run.

Who is that sound minded person to think that crashing this rebellion is like chewing some cooked beans? The movement is now stronger and stronger like it never been before, men are well trained and are given all the military supplies and equipment.

Moreover, should their dream of crashing this rebellion fail (in fact is unrealistic); I guess they must know by now what they will becomes like. Yes! That is how a traitor ends up always.

The TGoNU will be ethnically and regionally represented. If your head has some brain and nerves for thinking, come to think of it; you are currently holding four ministerial positions apart from the deputies and the other portfolios.

You know very well the SPLM in Opposition is more than 80% dominated by Nuer and they will get more than 40% share in the TGoNU. Be sure that the upcoming TGoNU will not be a Nuer dominated government where you will have a chance in that side while others are in this side holding the key position in the government.

H.E Gen. Salva Kirr is using you as the outer protector of the Dinka interest and his personal interest of remain in power for life.

In conclusion:

All of us must be alert that a traitors can apply all means of achieving his/her goal. They are human being with objectives and goals but not vision and direction.

They are like cars and boats; the moment they are filled with what they want, they can move to any direction that they are directed to by their drivers and at maximums speed they require to reach their destination in a short time possible.

They can be militant, they can be politicians and they can be everything we may not expect them to be. The moment they move an inch toward us, let’s move ten inch toward them. They are the real enemy.

“This Country may survive discrimination, hunger, humiliation, epidemics, etc. but I afraid we can’t survive a traitor”

Chuol C. Puoch, the author of this piece can be reached via email: or on Facebook: and on Twitter @chuolchot

Nuer Commemoration of Murderous incident of Jieng on 15th Dec. 2013 is a provocation of full scale war: Nuer vs. Jieng


The majority of the regional, international observers, friends and spectators of current events in South Sudan are perplexed and dismayed by the manner Nuers have been turning their guns against Jieng (Dinka).

Now that Nuers are again planning to commemorate the bloody massacre they inflicted on Jieng on 15th December 2013 and thereafter, it is a serious provocation which may lead to bloodbath between the two ethnic groups.

For the last several years till this day, Nuers are waging armed warfare against their fellow Nilotic tribes, Jieng in particular and in limited scale against others, whom they assume to be on the side of Jieng.

The Nuer armed struggle started with Anya-nya 2 led by late Col. Samuel Gai Tut and William Chuol Deang (Abdalla Chuol). Both men lost their lives in combat with the SPLM/A.

Dr. Riek Machar Teny stepped in to perpetuate Nuer struggle for leadership by staging an imaginary military coup of 1991 in Nasir against Dr. John Garang de Mabior who was then far away in Torit, a distance of about 600 miles south of Nasir. His movement was briefly known as “Nasir faction,” dubbed as South Sudan Independence Movement (SSIM).

However, Dr. Riek Machar Teny was utterly defeated by Dr. John till he ran to the enemy camp where he concluded the infamous “Khartoum Peace Agreement” with Arab dominated government in Khartoum, (from whom he was supposed to liberate the South). He moved all his Nuer tribal forces to Khartoum to fight against the SPLM/A.

However, the leaders of IGAD countries and representatives of Troika nations (USA, UK, and Norway) in preference of peace and unity of South Sudan nationals persuaded Dr. John Garang de Mabior, the founding father of South Sudan nation to pardon Dr. Riek Machar Teny together with Nuer armed militias to rejoin the liberation movement (SPLM/A).

Dr. Riek rejoined in 2002 leaving behind in Khartoum all his armed militias to continue fighting a proxy warfare led by Gen. Gabriel Gatwec Kan (popularly known as Tang-ginye), Gen. Peter Gatdet Yak who mutinied seven (7) times from SPLA and was granted amnesty seven (7) times by Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, Commander in Chief (C.I.C) of the SPLA as a token price for peace for rejoining the SPLA.

Every time he returned to the SPLA, he brought a huge armed militia force to be integrated.

The policy of appeasement and engagement for the wrong peace (peace at any price) could not hold nor bear fruits.

It was Brig. Lim Bol that triggered the first bullet against his fellow Jieng officers, NCOs and soldiers of the presidential guard unit on the 15th of December 2013. He killed over 300 Jieng officers and men who were with him on duty in cold blood.

In spite of the wide publicity among the Nuer all over the world that they were taking over the government as planned for several years the attempted coup failed miserably.

After repeated pardons, agreements and absorption of militias, Nuer constituted 75% of the SPLA soldiers. It is this huge number which motivated them to stage a coup, though they did not have technical know-how in the operation of the sophisticated military hardware.

Hence, few SPLA soldiers flushed them out from the Town forcing them into the bushes where they are now miserably struggling to conduct aimless guerilla warfare.

Upon complete humiliating defeat of Riek’s forces in Juba by the SPLA, the Nuers started to misinform their fellow men all over the world that “all Nuers in Juba were killed by Jieng.”

Thereafter, majority of Nuers in the SPLA in Bor, Akobo, Nasir, Baliet, Pigi, Malakal, Renk etc. instantly and spontaneously launched vengeance attacks by disarming and killing all Jieng soldiers as well as the unarmed civil population (women, children, old and disabled) in churches, mosques, hospitals and even in UNMISS camp bases.

If it was true that all indiscriminate killings were targeted against Nuers during the mob confusion at the incidents of December 2013 and beyond, how did majority of Nuer civilian population reach UNMISS base camps unhurt?

How could Riek Machar Teny, Taban Deng Gai with all their families and large forces of soldiers leave Juba without being apprehended?

Nuers deliberately intended to kill Jieng as they did in 1991! They repeated their well learned method of killing civilians in cold blood in Bor, Akobo, Malakal, Nasir, Bentiu, Baliet, Pigi, Renk and Juba as well as in refugee camps under UNMISS and in neighboring countries.

How long will Jieng tolerate persistent, absurd and inhumane elimination killings? If it is not fear of the Nuers, then time is about to come when Jieng may hold their breath to squarely face “all enemies from within South Sudan and those coming to invade” as declared by the 28th Extra-ordinary Summit of IGAD Heads of States.

Jieng as a people must by all means defend their territorial integrity, humanity and dignity and resist elimination and massacres by brutal enemies in order to survive and exist among independent proud nations of Africa and the world. END

Is South Sudan being put in chokehold through Sanctions?

BY: Taban Abel Aguek, RUMBEK, South Sudan, DEC/13/2014, SSN;

A few weeks ago a video footage of a Ugandan housemaid who badly tortured a one year old baby went viral. Having been shared thousands of times on the social media, the video sparked outrage worldwide. The video depicts the maid, Tumuhiirwe, kicking the little girl in the face and the stomach, stepping on her and dragging her cruelly out of the room.

Watching the painful acts on the helpless little girl, one finds anger and acrimony running down the nerves. But again, this sad this story of this rude Ugandan maid rightly portrays the world we live in. The hard fact is that there are heartless people the world over. There is serious disregard to sense and logic in the whole world.

Power and abilities are simply being misused everyday by those who posses them to trample on the weak. And justice is denied to those who seriously need it.

Nations, just like people, were not born on the same day. If people were born on the same day there would be no need for baby sitters. Likewise, if nations were born in one day then there would no reason to have some countries stand before the rest and lecture them ‘democracy’. South Sudan was born in 2011 courtesy of a peaceful referendum. So, had it been a human baby, South Sudan would now have been still a feeble child.

It should be a mandate of those nations founded hundreds of years ago to nurture and help younger countries to stand on their own. But is there anything of the sort by these older and stable nations?

Nothing! There is nothing younger nations need to look up to from the developed world. There is nothing that can liberate Africa even in the aids donated to Africa in billions of dollars every year.

World’s major organizations like UN, EU or the USAID are a sham. Most of such organizations have been, and are still, used to advance imperialism.

The giant nations try to strangle the weaker nations, make them kneel and demand that they do other their interests or simply face going the Libya way.

No one denies the efforts of some world powers in the creation of the country, South Sudan. But to help mid-wife a baby is one thing but raising the child through its growth processes is another.

After its birth, South Sudan immediately became a victim of competing interests between some of the world’s powers. All other things necessary for establishing a new country were ignored as interests took the front stage.

Chinua Achebe once said that the biggest problems with nations that have for centuries been fighting for freedom is finding where to begin after they finally achieve freedom.

As a result, what the friends of South Sudan needed to have done right after independence was to seal gaps of conflicts and help the country know how to begin. But since it was in the interest of some external parties and individuals in the West to see the regime of South Sudan changed by all means war never unavoidable.

It’s now almost a year since the war broke out. IGAD and other parties have been working tirelessly to bring peace in South Sudan. However, the efforts they have heavily exerted in bringing peace in South Sudan are worthy. However, people say that prevention is better than cure.

The best thing anyone needed to have done to this country was to help it avoid war.
But as South Sudan stakeholders pursue peace options, the country continues to be faced with the threats of sanctions.

Yet, South Sudan needs peace much more than sanctions. Those people who have been helping South Sudan factions fight the war must put hands together to deliver peace, not sanctions.

With sanctions, life is being forced out South Sudan. That means there is an attempt to put this country in chokehold so as to die miserably – just the Eric Garner way.

This brings forth the questions why and what this country should be punished for? Or does this simply confirm the game of politics? If so, why is global politics done with the lives of people?

Sudan’s president, Omar el Bashir, in a media report publicly admitted that some prominent western nations who had helped South Sudan secede have apologized to him. He added quite antagonistically in a speech to Sudan Farmers Association, published by many media outlets that the western countries are urging him to re-unite the two countries.

It should remain noted that one the UK secretaries held a closed door meeting with Beshir days after the war broke out in South Sudan. A lot more things went quite so fishy under the dark curtains of international diplomacy.

Out of short confusion Khartoum turned around to support rebels. Then a few months later some rebel fighters were captured carrying the flag of Sudan.

If the US policemen who strangled Eric garner to his death had listened to his “I can’t breathe” plea, he would not have died; and if justice was availed after his death there would have been no demonstrations across the United States.

Similarly, if anyone could dare listen to the echoes for a just peace in this country then there will be no reason to go all the rough road of sanctions.

A young nation like South Sudan can be viciously kicked in the face and stomach or dragged lifelessly out of their rightful path. It can easily be strangled and the jury may opt to go by the story of its choice. But every mistake committed here may not be recorded on CCTV like in the case of the rogue Ugandan maid, but it can be captured in the hearts of people.

Earlier, it has been revealed by some media outlets that there is a plan to place South Sudan under the UN trusteeship for ten years. If UN takes over South Sudan, then another successful ‘cold coup’ has been allowed to happen. But it can only come with tough consequences.

What peace the UN has been keeping in South Sudan shall come to close scrutiny, including its own mistakes and other clear violations committed in South Sudan against its own operational rules. Those who point fingers must see their faces in the mirror before they do so.

There is no tangible achievement by UNMISS in the post-independence South Sudan to even grand them a longer stay in the country, let alone giving them the trusteeship of the country.

The rebels of South Sudan have committed grave atrocities and mistakes that would provoke quick reprisals, but the UN until today played everything down. UN arms and ammunitions were seized in eleven trucks en route to war ravaged town of Bentiu early this year, which is a terrible violation against UN rules. But the UN simply admitted that it was a ‘mistake’ and the story just ended there.

Should UN commit such a grave mistake? Oh UN, why blame South Sudan for its own mistakes? To load arms and ammunitions in one truck can be a mistake, but doing it for eleven trucks cannot be a mistake.

The excuse was that the weapons were for Ghanaian forces in Bentiu. But can Ghanaian forces be taken unarmed to a war ravaged town without guns? What is the weight of a gun compared to weight of a bag? And since when did a bag become more important than a gun for a soldier?

For Ghanaian forces to be airlifted separately and their guns and ammunitions transported separately by land is unconvincing. The UN does give proper escort of wastes dump sites.

Why did UN leave arms and other important materials in trucks labeled ‘UN’ travel over hundreds of miles from the border without the usual personnel escort?

Regardless of that rightful argument, the UN or the US can still issue sanctions or order for the trusteeship of South Sudan. However, it should first tell the world what it has done about the rebels that shot down UN helicopter in Bentiu.

People also have their ears wide open to what UN has done about the fate of Indian Peace Keepers killed in Akobo by rebels and the confiscation and use of its vehicles by rebels in Bor early this year.

Without that, then UN in South Sudan will be without any business to be even in business. For UN to open its gates to the IDPs of the war it supported is nothing at all but an outright hypocrisy.

In the rush to open the gates for IDPs UN sought to settle some scores: to justify its existence in the country, to help send around the feeling of achieving the civilian’s protection and help balanced its accounts.

Much as thousands of lives were saved, the act of camping in the UN compound did sharply heighten ethnicity. Even in UN compounds, the Dinka and Nuer were made to know that that they are separated by arrows into separate positions by UNMISS. We live by what we are taught.

From the days UN opened it gates, it also helped closed the doors of trust between our tribes.

South Sudan is simply undergoing what all young nations undergo. However, it is being punished the way it cannot withstand. In that mad Ugandan maid there is a story of size and imbalance. In that poignant incidence, there is a story of secret eyes that lie within the vigilant hearts.

The US and UN have been to South Sudan the way the US jury has been to the black people in the USA. South Sudan already finds it hard to breathe in the hands of Al Beshir of Sudan.

With sanctions, it will be a complete choke-hold ushered out of no rightful justification. But still, if anyone believes sanctions can be the solutions to the current conflict then the way is very much wide open.

By the end of the day most parties shall agree that its giants controlling the world like the US and the UN need to update their own status, edit their images and change the view of their screens.

South Sudan is always prone to difficult breathe. They can be made not to breathe, but they continue to live…and march with the world.

Taban Abel Aguek is a South Sudanese citizen working in Rumbek. He can be reached through this email

Dr. Riek Machar’s Historic Speech At Pagak SPLM-IO Conference

December 10, 2014 (Nyamilepedia), SSN;

“South Sudan and its people are at a precarious crossroads between being and not being. The gains our people scored throughout the six decades of relentless struggle against the oppressive regimes are now at dire risk. There are people plotting to rob us of our independence and sovereignty. We must resist this attempt.

To prevent this from happening and in order for us to save our people and country, we must seriously look for ways to achieve peace. We must be ready to exercise magnanimity[i.e. generosity]. We must forgive atrocities committed against us and likewise ask forgiveness from those we have harmed.

We are holding this conference when we are about to mark the first anniversary of the Juba genocide carried out by President Salva Kiir against his people killing over 20,000 innocent lives of Nuer people in less than a week. The massacres against Nuer in Juba triggered the present civil war, which Kiir feigned as a coup against the state. Our people and the whole world know there was no coup. It all started as a political dispute within the SPLM Governance.

It escalated into a political crisis because Kiir refused to discuss the reforms needed to democratize the system. It is my belief that we must rise above this genocidal act for us to be able to unite our people, recreate the social capital and for us to create a peaceful, multi ethnic, prosperous and democratic federal state of which all of us will be proud of.

The SPLM political dysfunction started with Kiir’s assumption of SPLM leadership in 2005. This situation obtained and endured, however, Salva Kiir while knowing that things were not going right, would not allow his colleagues to intervene to rectify that situation.

Over the eight years of working together, President Salva Kiir thwarted our efforts to correct things on suspicion that we wanted to supplant him. This attitude of not recognizing and accepting his failure while at the same preventing others to function where he failed is at the core of the current situation in South Sudan. I have characterized this failure in seven areas namely:

Concentration of powers in the hands of the President, at the eve of the independence in July 2011, the CPA based democratic constitutions were thrown out and replaced with another concentrated powers in the hands of the President namely “the Transitional Constitutional of South Sudan, 2011;”

The President abused these powers and ruled by issuing decrees contravening the very constitution. He dismissed elected governors at will, etc.

Insecurity and ethnicized conflicts ubiquitous throughout South Sudan but more particularly in Jonglei, Upper Nile, Warrap, Lakes, Western Equatoria and finally in Western Bahr el Ghazal where in December 8, 2012 the police massacred unarmed demonstrators;

Poor Economic Planning Implementation – the government did little to stimulate the economy by implementing the planned programmes and its absolute dependence on oil revenues led to the neglect of other sectors of the economy particularly agriculture which is the mainstay of majority of South Sudanese. As a result South Sudan became a net importer of food commodities from the neighboring countries;

Corruption in government – the practice of nepotism in ditching of inordinately overvalued government contract to relatives and people hailing from particular areas and to those who gave bribes was a major source of corruption. The Dura saga epitomizes the corruption in government;

Tribalism or ethnicization of government – President Salva Kiir appointments whether in government, civil service or in the party do not reflect the ethnic diversity of South Sudan but tilted in favor of particular states.

SPLM dysfunction – instead of leading and directing the government, the government directs and leads the SPLM Party. Government decisions in the executive and legislature are not party decisions. This prompted grassroots verdict that the SPLM leaders have abandoned the SPLM vision and direction.

Regional and international isolation – the GRSS pursued an ineffective foreign policy which resulted to isolation of the country from friends. South Sudan is unable to stamp its presence in the IGAD, African Union and other regional or international bodies.

President Salva Kiir instead of opening up debate on these issues decided to stifle the discourse. In November 2013, he surprised every body by declaring that the party institutions and structures have been dissolved automatically except his office on the pretext that the convention was not held on time.

Consequently, he resorted to issuing presidential decrees which culminated to launching the military campaign on December 15, 2013. The objective of the military action was to stifle democracy and to eliminate his opponents in the part, and to institute a totalitarian regime. This act has now plunged South Sudan into a civil war.

It is unfortunate that President Kiir involved foreign troops in the war to fight on his side. The Ugandan Air Force has bombed our civil population in villages using internationally outlawed cluster bombs. The UPDF is still occupying South Sudan.

Also on the side of the government, the Darfuri and the SPLM-North rebels groups are in active combat operations against our forces. President Kiir has regionalized the civil war. He has also trained, armed and turned ethnic communities against each other. He is definitely striving to erode the social capital that bounded together our people for centuries.

Within the week of the rapture of violence in Juba, the IGAD region intervened to bring peace to South Sudan by offering its mediation. Despite the fact that the Nairobi Communique of the IGAD Heads of State and Government dated December 27, 2013 reflected an implicit support for Kiir’s coup narrative by endorsing Ugandan military intervention in what was essentially an internal matter, we accepted the IGAD mediation.

We sent a high-powered delegation to Addis Ababa under the leadership of Cde Taban Deng Gai. For the last eleven months, we have witnessed a lot of difficulties in the IGAD peace process, however, the talks have now reached a stage which prompted the convening of this conference.

Before I proceed I want to congratulate our negotiating team under stewardship of General Taban Deng Gai for their tireless efforts that made us reach to this stage.

The 28th Extraordinary IGAD summit convened on November 6, 2014 focused only on the structure and functions of the leadership of the would be Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) but also made undiscussed resolutions that were carried in a statement on November 9 to the effect that “the IGAD region shall, without reference to the warring Parties, take necessary measures, if need be, to directly intervene in South Sudan to protect lives and restore peace and stability,” should the parties fail to reach an agreement.

This is a dangerous trend that we must resist. We cherish our hard won independence and sovereignty. We vow to defend it!

In that Summit, we maintain that any peace agreement must tie the two principals with the responsibility of implementation of the would be peace agreement so that the reforms required to address the underlying root causes of the conflict are undertaken during the transition period.

We also accepted that the President shall chair the Council of Ministers against dropping the position of the Vice President, which could be a complicating factor in the relations between the President and the Prime Minister in as far as state protocol is concerned.

We objected to the proposal of creating positions of two deputies to the Prime Minister because we believe it is a deliberate attempt to destabilize the TGoNU and to prevent it from concentrating on the reform agenda.

We also objected to the retention of the position of the vice President for the same reasons. As you well know, we stand for inclusivity, and as such we think that other stakeholders can and shall participate in the TGoNU as ministers without necessarily enjoying special status.

I wish to remind you that the CPA and its implementation modality did not give the other political forces in the country any special status equating them with the NCP or the SPLM. You will discuss these matters in this conference as IGAD Peace Talks outcomes are the first topic in our deliberations.

At this juncture, I want to reiterate that we in the SPLM/SPLA, the resistance movement, are for a just peace. However, just peace comes consequent to addressing the root causes of the conflict. The root causes lie in the governance system as I stated above.

You know that concentration of powers in the hands of one person – the leader – created personified, rather than, institutionalized power resulting to bad governance and in actual fact it reflects lack of internal democracy in the ruling party. This leads to building a cult of personality, consequently creating frictions and conflict in the system.

The SPLM had experienced several splits because of this practice. In brief, allow me to enumerate these splits so that we learn and guide against repetitions of such practices..

The first conflict occurred in 1983 just at the inception of the SPLM. The resolution of that conflict led to reunification of the SPLM/SPLA with Anya-nya II in 1987. However, this reunification left the SPLM intact without changes to accommodate the new reality.

It was just a return to the fold. This generated contradictions leading to the Nasir Declaration of August 1991 on the Right of Self Determination for the people of South Sudan, and another split within the SPLM/SPLA.

The reunification of the SPLM/SPLA in 2002 still did not address the structural reorganization of the SPLM/SPLA. It generated the Yei crisis in 2004. The Rumbek conference was called to resolve what appeared to be personal differences between Dr. Garang and Salva Kiir Mayardit but did not address the structural causes of the contradiction.

President Salva Kiir has refused to learn from these experiences instead he has now instituted a security system to buttress his fascist rule. The Republic of South Sudan has now become a police state characterized by disappearances and assassination of dissenting voices and emasculated state institutions.

We, in the SPLM/SPLA, constitute an armed and political resistance to South Sudan sliding into anarchy and total failure. In this respect, our political programme shall entail the following:

1). The SPLM/SPLA calls for the institution of federal system of governance in which the states and the local governments shall be devolved more political, judicial and economic powers. We have renamed our country the Federal Republic of South Sudan and immediately establish 21 states based on the former districts during the colonial period instead of ten states;

2). The SPLM/SPLA shall implement Security Reforms affecting the Armed Forces, the National Security, the Police, the Correctional Services, the Civil Defence Services and the Wild Life Services in terms of their philosophy, mandate, mission and objectives to reflect the ethnic diversity of South Sudan in terms of the officer corps, men and women in them;

3). Undertake radical reforms in the judiciary and the justice administration system that will make the courts and dispensation of justice fair and accessible to the citizens;

4). Administrative reforms at the local levels to dovetail the traditional institutions of governance with the state governance institutions for peace and harmony in society;

5). Institute reforms in the political parties system to render them national rather that ethnic or regional in character. The SPLM/SPLA stands against politicization of ethnicity or ethnicization of politics as means or ladder to power and wealth;

6). Reform the civil service by depoliticizing and professionalizing it. The civil service is the backbone of the state. Recruitment, appointments and mobility within it shall be on basis of merits, experience and qualification;

7). Promote economic growth by investing the petrodollars in agriculture to stimulate the surplus potential in mechanized crop production, modernize animal husbandry to transform the enormous livestock from cultural to economic wealth. Introduce modern methods of fisheries and aquaculture in the rivers and wetlands. Organize and develop forestry and related economic activities including protection of Wildlife and other fauna for tourism and recreation;

8). Build modern physical infrastructure in cities, towns and villages. Construct inter- and intra-state highways, feeder roads, railways, high tension power transmission grids, fibre optics lines and microwave lines for telecommunication linking the different parts of the country and regionally;

9). Construct dams and hydroelectric power generation in addition to exploit the solar and wind energy to generate electricity for speedy industrialization of South Sudan and;

10). Encourage private sector as well as private public partnership to drive the development of South Sudan.

In conclusion, this is our party’s political programme for transformation and modernization of our society.