Archive for: September 2014

Economic vulnerabilities that will milk South Sudan into sunset

BY: GARANG ATEM AYIIK, Independent Economic Commentator, South Sudan, SEP/29/2014, SSN;

1. Introduction
John Perkins in his book, ‘Confession of Economic Hit Man,’ explained how he and his colleagues designed economic assistance programs in Saudi Arabia that will make huge in-flows of petrodollars to United States; and make Saudi Arabia more intertwined to United State economy.
The objectives, according to Perkins, was to make US benefits from Saudi natural resources; and inhibits Saudi from implementing punitive economic policies against the United States as she did in 1970’s during the Yom Kippur war. John illustrated how Countries around world were made vulnerable to be submissive to United States.

The programs in Saudi took forms of capital intensive programs with long term contracts management and maintenance provisions to keep United States in business in Saudi. The programs according to John were intended to ensure United States milk Saudi to Sunset economically.

Though the above scenario has different connotation, its applicability to South Sudan is precise. South Sudan got her independence in July 2011. She formed a government on a background of emptiness in terms of infrastructure, social services, institutions and human capital.

This circumstance provides an opportunity for wrong policy prescription in forms of assistance programs designed to disadvantage South Sudan economy.

2. Economic Vulnerabilities
This article explores possible scenarios economic agents with interest in South Sudan can design economic assistance programs with an intention to milk South Sudan till Sun set; identify South Sudan economic vulnerability to monitor and propose policy recommendations.

A two decade war eroded South Sudan social services, institutions, human capital and work attitude. As a result of these gaps, immediately after Comprehensive Peace Agreement, well wishers and self seekers ran into South Sudan by air, land and rivers.

Ten years later, an arm of experts, advisors and businessmen are rooted in South Sudan. The legitimate concern is why experts, advisors and businessmen haven’t passed on their expertise and altitude towards the local people and institutions?

The failure of capacity building in South Sudan can be explained by two reasons; tactical behaviors by consultants not to pass capacity to locals so as to retain their jobs; and tactical behavior by public employees not to employ capable locals to reduce knowledge pressure underneath them.

I am not a believer of lack of capacity but capacity mismatch. The above scenario has serious economic implications.

First, South Sudan will be indebted to capacity building;
— second, local resources will be repatriated out in forms of salaries and profits putting pressure on South Sudan pound;
— third, lack of employment will increase, increasing social problems and these are typical problems of economic hit men – economic vulnerability.

Any public officer or institution that benefited in forms of economic assistance for more than two years, thereafter has no capacity is guilty of the above explained selfish behaviors.

You must have met those consultants whose souls almost fade when their contracts expired.

Rwanda and Singapore demonstrated that countries that have confidence in their young people; place them central to economic policy; and encourage local content and solutions make long economic strides than those that depend on outsiders—- reduction of economic hit man influence.

After all, John Perkins explained that consultants and international institutions are first for themselves and their masters. So why do policy makers place these actors central to South Sudan economic needs?

In 2012, pissed off by behavior of Sudan, South Sudan halted oil flow through Sudan. Though this was a onetime decision, its lessons live on. Whether oil flows through Sudan, Kenya or Djibouti, it is possible that economic interests and geo-economic dynamics can halt oil flow. This is an area vulnerable to economic hit men.

An economy that runs on one resource is like a driver on long road without spare parts. The uproar caused in Uganda, Kenya and around the world by recent circular by Ministry of Labor in regulating foreign nationals’ jobs in South Sudan points to possible economic and diplomatic war in case interests clash.

It is a clear manifestation of how those who come to help live to protect their interest. South Sudan needs to reduce economic vulnerability by developing good roads networks with all its neighbors for possible road transport in case the existing pipeline(s) is compromised; develop local oil refinery for local consumption and possible exports and improve road networks links to existing refinery plan; and diversify productive sectors from oil.

Lack of a pipeline, refinery and huge dependence on imports through Kenya subject South Sudan to possibility of bullying, arm-twisting and name calling with little alternative and economic breathing space.

Perkins explained how international financial institutions and consultants suffocated nations with natural resources for economic vulnerability. This is done through huge loans for submissiveness, geo-economics and politics. South Sudan needs strong institutions on public loans so that she is not suffocated.

In 1970s, Malaysia used to send her employees to Kenya Institute of Management for training in Kenya, more than fifty years later, Malaysia has enjoyed economic growth as Kenya continue to swim in poverty and underdevelopment.

South Sudan needs to conceptualize her economic path like Malaysia. In a world built on capitalism; in a world where consultants and international partners have different interests as explained by John Perkins in his book; in a world where Kenyans demonstrated against Chinese working on Thika road and condemned South Sudan for acting in her interest in the same circumstance, South Sudan is better off in the hands of her Citizens.

3. Conclusion and Recommendations
South Sudan interests are better in the hands of South Sudanese. The government needs to integrate this into migration, labor policy and education financing. Do we need a circular when a permit and visa can do the job silently?

If South Sudan doesn’t have capacity, why doesn’t South Sudan take money to Universities where capacities are made!

John Perkins demonstrated that countries with natural resources are more vulnerable to world geo-economic and political dynamics. South Sudan needs to place its people, business and capacity central to economic expansion and policies to address economic vulnerabilities.

There are lessons from countries like Rwanda, Malaysia and Singapore that South Sudan can learn. Whether to be like Kenya or Malaysia, South Sudan has herself to choose. Central is the manner and capacity to make economically conscience decisions.

Garang Atem Ayiik is an independent South Sudan economic policy commentator base in South Sudan. He can be reached at

Nuer Community petition against IGAD actions: To African Union


The Commissioner,


The Greater Upper Nile communities, particularly the Nuer condemned the IGAD Countries actions in the strongest term possible. Then, the entire Nuer community world-wide termed this act as ‘IGAD BLOOD- BATH PROJECT’ rather than what is believed to be a ‘proposal toward peace document’ in South Sudan crisis on Monday, 25thAugust, 2014 A.D.

Prior a well manufactured, planned, incited and organized killing of Nuer by Kiir- Museveni in mid-December in South Sudan, IGAD countries earlier failed to settle within its territories and beyond.

Look at how Sudan is going through,

Look at how Ethiopia is going through,

Look at how Kenya is going through,

Look at how Eritrea is going through although it withheld its membership from IGAD Countries for accusing its members of being toothless without actions,

Look at how Somalia is going through since 1991 which stabilized in 2013.

The worst of all, Uganda since early 1980s, especially a possible genocide launched against the Acholi people of Northern Uganda by Museveni regime for burning down houses into ashes for nearly 30 years.

The toothless IGAD, what can it achieve in South Sudan? So, amongst these countries elites, two are facing ICC charges and others are awaiting possible charges soon from the International Criminal Court ( ICC ) for Capital Crimes committed against people they claimed to have been ruling in their respective countries. Then, the biggest question was: can these elites be able to work for a peaceful resolution in South Sudan while charged for crimes committed against their own citizens? Think critically here……. If people failed to see, but the Almighty God in Heavens is watching!

Whereas before the December, 15 crisis: it was on Martyr Day, 30 July, 2013 after Dr. Machar was removed by Kiir from office on 23 July, 2013. President Museveni of Uganda was invited as the Chief Guest of occasion, during his speech; he lashed at Machar as somebody whose teeth have a gap between cannot grind well. He described Machar as somebody who does not see far for grooming for power. He told Kiir to use his style of leadership in Uganda when he ( Museveni ) was getting rid of the educated class in Uganda.

Thereafter in early September, 2013 Museveni started deploying troop to South Sudan in pretext that it was a join mission to patrol border areas between Uganda-South Sudan against Lord Resistance Army (LRA). While the initial troop was purposely to train Gelweng (militia) particularly drawn from Bhar el Gazal or private army of Kiir at his cattle camp in Luri near Juba, trained purposely to wiped off Nuer.

On 19 December, 2013 after the crisis, the second troop to South Sudan was deployed by Museveni in pretext to rescue Ugandans, protect the government of RSS from falling and prevent the possible genocide from occurring. The Nuer Community believed that Museveni had planned, incited and organized the genocide against Nuer because of his words and actions about South Sudan. Precisely, what were the interests of Museveni in South Sudan?

· President Museveni believed to have hijacked the leadership of Republic of South Sudan from Kiir;

· Key business sectors and NGOs fully occupied by IGAD natives, mainly Ugandans;

· Headquarters of United Nation Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) in Entebbe, Uganda. Why?

Question: Had elites worked for peace in their respective countries other than South Sudan?


Well, during the Modern Nationalism and New States in Africa as of 1935 to date, the elites had claimed to have been fighting for “freedom, liberty, justice, equality and pursue of happiness” across the Africa Continent. Indeed, as a result many African Countries gained independence from the Colonial masters in early 1960s-1970s which initially accused of squandering Continental resources. Because of what was termed as “early wind” which shall blow across the continent by the founding fathers like Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, Kwame Nkuruma of Ghana, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania and David Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia who had envisioned the Pan-Africanism Project, these elites actually had Africa at hearts and real freedom fighters!

Eventually, soon after enjoyed freedoms, some turned wild far more than the colonial masters.

Look at how Zaire (DRC) under Maboto Sese Siko had gone through!

Look at how Ethiopia under Col.Mengistu Haile Mariam had gone through!

Look at how Uganda under Idi Amin Dada had gone through!

Finally, at look how Northern, Central & Western African Countries are going through! A lot and thorough work need to be done by the Africa and its people. Africa should be a leading continent by its citizens and NOT ruled by the so called LEADERS! Just to mention a few.

The worst of all dictators in the 21st Century, Museveni and Mugabe of Zimbabwe who spent nearly 30years in Office who hardly give voice for changes in their respective countries ; henceforth, far more than ever before Museveni appeared to be the best Philosopher of Democracy in Africa, particularly IGAD Countries.

We quote from the most famous speaker of the 21st Century during 2008 US Presidential Election Victory; he said,” change will not come if you wait for some other person(s) or some time. We are the ones we have been waiting for. We are the change that we seek” – Barack Obama,

Profoundly, for where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. It is obvious that in most African Countries crimes against humanity, killings and other abuses, particularly in IGAD States which make them afraid of one day they might be held accountable for the same crimes committed in their respective Countries.So, we once again quote, “truth and truth alone will obtain a lasting victory” – Antoine Nicholas,

We, the Nuer people shared the same vision with the Founders of Africa Union (fathers) in regard to “justice, equality, liberty, freedom and pursue of happiness”. Ever since the inception of Government of Southern Sudan ( GOSS ) in 2005 to 14 December, 2013 where random shootings, killings, theft, lootings and other capital crimes committed in Juba while none ever been brought into book due to impunity for one reason or another. Who cares for justice and rule of law in Juba or Republic of South Sudan? Look! Prior what is known as “THE 2013 JUBA MASSACCRE” on Nuer there were also events that had occurred.

· Government of South Sudan committed crimes against Chollo ( Shilluk people ) in 2008-2009 by killings, raping girls, women, looting livestock and burnt down villages into ashes while displacing thousands to live as IDPs in North Sudan;

· The same government turned against people of Bull in Unity State after results of 2010 Elections, accusing natives there as aligning with Col. James Gatluak Gai, killing people, looting livestock, burnt down houses and displacing thousands more;

· Again, killing people of Lwac people of Khorfulus Payam, accusing them aligning with General, George Athor when rebelled against the government in Juba after results declared in favour of Gen. Kuol Manyang Juuk. Government organized targeted killings, mass rape of girls,women, looting of livestock, burnt down of villages and displaced many more;

· The worst of all government of South Sudan committed atrocities and killing at Kaldak during the Integration Process of the former SAF Nuer soldiers into SPLA ranks and file , where many innocent men, women and children were killed in pretext that the same forces were about to return the Tanks and heavy artilleries to North Sudan;

· Then, finally, another killing was of Murle of Pibor County, which most analysts believed to have scaled “genocide” against Murle tribe.

The essence was, based on the above facts, the government of South Sudan under Kiir turned deaf ears on the mentioned crimes against its citizens without accountability. Henceforth, South Sudanese under him have suffered far than the liberation struggle; and/or, we seek an angel to govern South Sudan!

Question: Was terror and tyranny of Kiir against its citizens been tackled by the IGAD?

State Emergency:

Soon after the retake of Malakal town by the government of South Sudan, Kiir declared the State of Emergency for the greater Upper Nile States (Unity, Jonglei and Upper Nile States). Then, indiscriminate killing of people continued for months without being questioned.

Question: Had the State of Emergency been lifted or extended?

The Africa problems by Africans Solutions Scenario:

When Kiir and his government committed the killing of Nuer from house-to-house in Juba, none of the International Community, including IGAD countries intervene into well-founded, planned, incited, and organized crime on earth against Nuer people. First and foremost, based on the Press release Statements by Special Envoys on South Sudan Conflict, they already fuelled and abused the power entrusted to them by the world at large by failing to address the root causes of the conflict. In solving any equation, you can’t just jump into solution, you first show out the problem on your paper work then, you finally have the solution of it. “A problem is a problem, and you can’t have a solution without solving the problem”. IGAD chose to be part of problem right from the beginning as its leaders were calling to help Kiir fighting the rebellion in South Sudan. This statement decision was not changed yet. It was proved on the ground when members of IGAD countries were fighting alongside government troop against SPLM/A-IO. It’s hard to solve a problem when you are part of the problem itself. As the dew waters the leaf in a yard, and as a shoot penetrates against the sunlight, the entire Nuer community was glancing how processes were going through in Addis Ababa on Peace Talks. Why afraid of addressing the root cause of a conflict? “A problem can be a problem if failed to identify it”. Why jumped into conclusion by only concentrating only in Transitional Government? Who told you that Nuer wants power from Kiir? Just for your information, Nuer held key government position until now across the country, there was a problem, and this problem it’s the mediators to ask the government of what initiates this chaos in South Sudan? It’s the government to explain better the root cause of a problem. Thus, it’s Chairman, Ambassador Seyoum Mesfin said, “Now the Matrix is signed, none of these warring parties have any excuse to once again initiate violence”. He continued, “in the midst of this crisis, if the parties have the luxury to initiate war, aggravate the situation, definitely the region, the African Union and International Community will not tolerate that. This is what they should know” We once again quote from him,” we call on the warring parties, particularly the SPLM/A-IO because they have not signed on the Protocol” said the mediator. “That shall not be used as a pretext to initiate violence and to violate CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES Agreement in full”. “We want them to fully honor that”, he stressed. “It is incumbent on them to end killing and violence”.

More importantly, the Ambassador has forgotten that Nuer contributed in blood to the freedom he is enjoying today in Ethiopia otherwise he forgot background of the existence Ethiopian history. Nuer joined with the Ethiopians to liberate Ethiopia from the colonial masters, mainly Italy.

· In 1896 Nuer helped Ethiopian won the BATTLE OF ADWA;

· Nuer helped fought the Italy right from SOBAT RIVER, currently ( Ulang, Nasir, Longechuk and Maiwut counties) and driven it to the Red Sea;

· In 1997 the Nuer again help fought Ethiopia at the well-known bloody border war with Eritrea which led to victory at the “BATTLE OF BADIME”, and its territory or border town ( Badime ) was ruled in favor of Ethiopia by the International Community;

What one say if independent countries, like Kenya, Uganda, Somalia, Burundi, Egypt, Zimbabwe, Rwanda and other hired mercenaries against a tribe. Like the Nuer prevailed in 18s Century against the colonial masters, they shall once again prevail in the 21st Century; victory is certain! When Kiir declared this crisis as it was between Dinka vs. Nuer, we only saw the above mentioned countries and their mercenaries who came thousands of thousands miles away from South Sudan at the battle field. Where were Dinka in the war front? If can just ask, what do these countries been fighting Nuer for? Why coming from thousands miles away to just fight a tribe? The Nuer community would want International community thoroughly investigate the involvement of these countries into a tribal or internal war. Hence, these countries have caused the following:

· Involved in the mass killings, rapes of girls, women, killing of livestock, burning down of houses into ashes, and many more crimes committed;

· The use of Cluster bombs and other chemical weapons on Nuer people, especially Uganda’s UPDF;

· Any future hazard on Nuer environment, diseases, famine and/or other disasters, the above countries be held accountable for their actions;

The so known as IGAD countries never care for peaceful resolution into crisis rather than adding the fuel on it because of the following:

· IGAD countries controlled the economic sector of South Sudan;

· IGAD citizens controlled the business sectors across the country;

· IGAD wanted refugees in its respective countries for provision of;

· Adequate services that might benefited its citizens, e.g. food Aid

· Employment from UN agencies and NGOs for their citizens;

· Empowerment of skills, trainings, workshops for their citizens;

· Construction of more schools, clinics, bridges and roads in their respective countries;

Based on the above facts and interests, can IGAD really negotiate faithfully for the South Sudan conflict?

Furthermore, Nuer wants this war to end immediately without delay. We quote from Dr. Machar, he said, “I would use this genocide committed against Nuer by Kiir and his government as a road map, reconciliation and peace to unite people in South Sudan, and should not be a tool to divide the nation as a whole”. Nuer never have heard a word of reconciliation from Kiir since THE DECEMBER 2013 JUBA GENOCIDE. He being the head of state, the primary and sole responsibility and peace in a country lies on him. Kiir would have done more than anybody so that peace prevails in a country.

Question: Was root causes that led to crisis in South Sudan been tackled by IGAD?

Peaceful Resolution as a Way forwards to Peace in South Sudan:

Nuer community wants to end this war peacefully in South Sudan. For the sake of peace, Nuer abandoned their areas for other places like Ethiopia because government under Kiir continues launching more offensive on Nuerland as now. So, we would again use the previous word that that” even a Nuer man at the cattle camp can be able to solve this crisis if puts at its venue, this was what we wanted IGAD to have done thus far”.

1. That Kiir stepped down from power for sake of peace and crimes he committed against people, that the healing and reconciliation process starts in across the country, the voices of citizens called for that;

2. Then, accountability begins for the crimes committed;

3. Open the way for healing, reconciliation, forgiveness and peaceful resolutions for people of South Sudan;

4. Unconditional withdrawal of foreign forces in South Sudan soil;

5. Formation of whatever government you might have called it be possible in South Sudan;

6. Establishment of Tribunal Court in South Sudan soon after the transitional government in order to deal with capital crimes committed during the war whether government or opposition side;

7. Unconditional compensation for people of greater upper Nile state, mainly the Nuer for the loss of their property across the country including Juba;

8. Change of a Venue of Peace Talks if IGAD fails to reach a consensus in dealing with conflict issues in Addis Ababa as it’s seen now;

9. South Sudan carries old wounds of wars which needs careful and very committed negotiations, not like the IGAD one, since 1820-2011 ( independence of South Sudan) that makes 191 years old with various wars fought, one tribe against the other for nearly 2 Century ( inter-communal fighting and cattle-raiding among the tribes) in South Sudan;

10. Involvement of IDPs in the UNMISS POCs Sites in Juba, Bentiu, Bor & Malakal to Peace Talks in Addis Ababa because their voices matter most in the negotiations, their presence can helps in peaceful process;

None, but not the least, the Nuer community once call the International Community, especially the United Nations Security Council ( UNSC ), United Nations Secretary-General, United Nations on Human Rights, South Sudan Friends, IGAD Partners, the TROIKA if the above points failed to be tackled, the Nuer would opt for a separate GREATER UPPER NILE STATE ( Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei) as an independent from the rest of South Sudan; and that could be possible if care is not taken in this scenario. Good examples were Cyprus, Kurds in Northern Iraq and Somalia Land. Should South Sudan become ungovernable or failed state as things stand now; Nuer can opt for a referendum or something else afterwards.

Recommendation: Unity of South Sudan is possible if the above issues are tackled in the negotiations.




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Govt. should create sustainable jobs through public private partnerships (PPP)

By: Eluzai Matata, South Sudan, SEP/26/2014, SSN;

The Government South Sudan (GOSS) is faced with multiple problems stemming from frustrations of citizens and workers nationally and internationally. Many are unemployed and live below the poverty line. The day-to-day livelihoods are scanty. Farms are run down by conflicts, thousands are displaced. Employment options are scant. Citizens are yawning for government stimulus plan, a bail out.

There are, however, institutional options the government can select from to create opportunities for the young and energetic working force whose current political, social and economic contributions in South Sudan are uncounted for.

The question is “what went wrong?” The jobs in South Sudan seemed to be only accommodative of school and graduate leavers.

The mass youths of South Sudan have very thin opportunity margin to break through the education qualifications and experience requirements placed by the government, private and Non Governmental Organizations (NGO) institutions.

Any conflict or post conflict nation diversifies its sectors of the economy to attract young people away from active conflict activities. The young will have wider growth and development options to engage in, rather always waiting for employments in the executive, legislative and judicial organs of the government.

The government ought to reaffirm its commitment to broaden space for investments that create jobs, increase national revenue and minimize on profit repatriation. Employments motivate and boost the morale of citizens. National and international public-private partnerships that are mutual in nature should be pursued.

Most of the key sectors of the economy that provide business services in South Sudan are run by foreign nationals. This include fuel stations, banks, fresh water supply, food supply, construction materials supply (timber, cement, paint, electrical equipment, iron sheet), oil exploration, just to mention a few.

They (foreign dominants) who work alone without South Sudanese do not contribute to sustainable development in the long term. In the event that foreigners switch off services, many South Sudanese needs and work comes to languish.

A case in point was when floods ravaged transport services and the 15th Dec 2013 conflicts eruption etc. the entire nation was short of fuel, fresh water, electricity, food, and the list goes on and on.

In some other countries (e.g. South Africa on mines; Zimbabwe on land redistribution, mining sector, Malaysia on aviation industry etc) the government embarked on nationalization of the key sectors of the economy to strengthen its political grip on power and attract the country’s societies closer to the government than to the private sectors.

They also worked to ensure that national economic sovereignty, ownership and control is attained. But for South Sudan, such a policy would increase existing outrage from our African allies, though it may remain pursuable should it be prove a viable option.

It should be noted that, the private sector leads to concentration of profits in the hands of a few. In the case of South Sudan where many private sector institutions are foreign, huge profit repatriation is inevitable.

If the government engaged into such investments, a lot more of financial, human and material resources would be developed and retained in South Sudan.

At the moment, I observe that our country is not at mutual footing with other countries. We have the potentials in human and natural resource base. We needed fair trade, transparent procurement and exchange of capital inputs, we need subsidies in agricultural inputs, we need trans-boundary agreements in natural resource management, and we need skills exchange for wider infrastructural developments.

South Sudan can move forward, if the following sector of economic growth and development are approached carefully.

List of Institutional Options for Public Private Partnerships (PPP) to Improve Employment Opportunities in South Sudan:
1. The Banking Sector: Commercial banks notably – Kenya Commercial Banks, Equity Ban Bank, Charter One, Ethiopian Commercial Bank; and Foreign exchange bureaus.
2. Education and health care development: primary, secondary and university growth and developments with unified curriculum for each level; primary health care, dispensaries, clinics and hospitals.
3. The Energy and Petroleum – retail and whole sales sectors: Fuel stations; promotion of Hydro electricity power; minimizing thermal electricity supplies; and the mining sector.
4. The transport sector: Roads: Public transportation using buses; Water: motor boats, ships, ferries and; Air: aircrafts efficiency as a high risk, but lucrative venture.
5. The food and drug sector: Revitalizing the agro-industries of South Sudan (Nzara Agro-industrial complex, Upper Talanga Tea Plantation, Aweil Rice Scheme, Yirol Shea butter factory, Mangalla Agro-Industry, Eastern Equatoria Development Project, Melut Sugar Factory, Wau Fruit Factory; and National Drug Authority and pharmaceutical companies.
6. Eco-Tourism and wildlife Conservation sector (payment for ecosystem services): Protected Area Administration – reestablishment of National Park HQs; Hotels and restaurants; and National Tour and Travel Guide.
7. Water and sewerage sector: Fresh water supply; and Sewage waste disposal and management.
8. Land and Property Rights Sector: Housing Finance Estates; mortgage, land banking; and property insurance.
9. Insurance sector: Health care insurance; motor vehicle insurance…
10. Logistics and procurement sector.

Conclusion: The fact the private sector is important in nation building does not mean the government cannot do business. Our government is now limited to employment opportunities to its national ministries, state ministries and county local governments!

Venturing into sole proprietorships (business managed only government staff under nationalization of the key economy sector) or parastatal (joint business ventures – public – private sector partnership) would help government to improve on development potentials for job creation, improves national revenue base from taxes, resolve in national gross domestic products (GDP), and national income per capita.

Hence, the need to redirect national education curricula that suits the current and future skills demands in the labour market.

Rather than expelling, the government should insist on accommodating more citizens in the international companies/ NGOs for employment opportunities requiring nationals. We ought to work together to reap from the benefits of globalization, under legal provisions.

Our members of parliament need to stand up to the current test of times by producing laws and regulations guiding foreign employments in South Sudan.

A clear legal and institutional framework developed, monitored and evaluated timely, will improve our national and international cooperation. No part of the world entertains illegal foreign employees.

Eluzai Matata is a South Sudanese Environment/ Natural Resource Development Professional. He can be reached at

Spare us from further humiliation & put the damn expat expulsion circular on the shelf


The minister of labour Mr Ngor Kolong Ngor in the government of South Sudan issued a circular last week demanding that NGOs and other private businesses in the country must expel those expatriates who are doing jobs that can easily be done by the host country’S nationals (HCNs) by 15 October 2014 and fill those vacant positions with South Sudanese nationals.

This sparked an overly malicious outcry from our neighbours particularly Kenyans and Ugandans with some media outlets in those countries going as far as calling South Sudan a “kid who doesn’t know how to appreciate” and or a “person who bites the hand that feed him.”

In addition, some individuals in social media from the aforementioned countries called South Sudanese as primitives and monkeys.

However, by looking at the current Kenyan president, his vice president and two former presidents and not to mention the influential opposition leader, Mr Raila Odinga, I see myself (black South Sudanese) not so different from Kenyans in term of colour. Thus the monkey-like insult is simply misplaced and phony.

Calling us “people who don’t appreciate” is also hypocritical, because if I sit down and try to reflect on what Kenyan people have done to South Sudanese during our 21 years civil war, I will not come up with a single good experience.

Kenyans have never been hospitable to South Sudanese despite the fact that the exponential growth of their economy in the last decade or so can be directly or indirectly attributed to South Sudanese.

In 1990’s UNHCR opened up a refugee camp in the middle of the most inhospitable part of Kenya (Kakuma) for South Sudanese refugees. Kakuma became the largest refugee camp in the world which created thousands of jobs for Kenyans.

The same UN turned Lokichoggio (a remote town in northern Kenya) into a coordination centre for South Sudan relief. Again thousands of Kenyans were employed, many small businesses including brothels were booming and Lokichoggio became a thriving major economic centre in Turkana district overtaking Lodwar.

Furthermore other better-off South Sudanese flocked to “down country” including Nairobi, Eldoret, Kitale…etc. and rented thousands of houses, they also took their kids to schools and paid schools fees.

Nevertheless, without appreciating the fortune which South Sudanese brought to Kenya, South Sudanese were openly subjected to some despicable harassments and police brutality.

For South Sudanese, walking down on a street in Nairobi became a warrant for a kidnap-like arrest and to be released one must pay ransom/bribe to the police, it became a way of life for South Sudanese living in Kenya.

It was only after the signing of the CPA in 2005 when Kenyans began to treat us like brothers and sisters. The change of behaviour came about because Kenyans saw the opportunity to exploit South Sudanese, it works.

The exodus to South Sudan has begun, vendors, “professionals” with faked certificates, thieves, prostitutes, you name it, flocked to South Sudan in search for wealth. You could hear them saying, “look at these stupid South Sudanese, we are sucking them up, kabitha, and they don’t see it,” “Hahah” and they laughed.

But can we blame them? We led ourselves down in the last nine years of combined autonomy and independence.

Had we built at least three major cross-country highways, had we built at least one major dam for both water and electricity, had we upgraded at least two major universities to the level of modern universities, had we at least laid down a foundation for modern farming, had we at least built one major food processing centre.

More importantly, if we had been loving and treating ourselves with respect, Kenyans would have at least showed us some respect.

However, at the moment they don’t see themselves in equal terms with us, our government may think there exists bilateral relation between Kenya and South Sudan based on mutual respect but in real sense there is nothing like that.

Kenyans know whatever we import from them including goods, health, education, and holidays is a result of desperation and not that we prefer them over other countries. This perception will continue until the time they see us producing 50% of the things we normally import.

We must, however, give credit where it is due, Ugandans were the only people who treated us with respect when we had nothing. No one was ever arrested on the street in Kampala because he/she was a South Sudanese, we were given the same right that Ugandan citizens have.

Therefore, they are the only people who have a very right to get angry with us if they feel they are being targeted or mistreated in South Sudan.

Back to the circular, the intention of the minister of labour was good, South Sudanese are loitering in Juba doing nothing while all the jobs are taken up by the foreigners.

No government in any country in any continent that would tolerate what is happening in South Sudan where the percentage of expatriates in the entire workforce is higher than that of the HCNs.

However as usual, the minister of labour like many of his colleagues in ROSS just woke up in the morning and begun issuing the circular without thinking it through. The circular was poorly planned and badly written which subjected it to multiple interpretations, assumptions and misconceptions.

Firstly, jobs that the minister would want to be reserved or vacated for South Sudanese should have been precisely defined. The continuous attempt by the foreign minister to clarify the circular make it even more confusing.

For example, the foreign minister in his effort to clarify the circular explained that “by executive directors, we mean executive secretaries and secretaries, and by public relations positions, the circular meant receptionists and other front desk workers, as well as protocol officers” (

This is embarrassing, where on earth can EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR mean EXECUTIVE SECRETARY? Yes English language is not our language and nobody expects us to speak it like the English people do but in writing, the errors we are expected to make would be grammatical but not writing different words with entirely different meanings and expect people to know what you mean which is totally different.

Executive director is the very top person who is responsible for steering the company, he/she is the one who makes decisions. Executive Secretary on the other hand is a person who keep the executive director’s briefcase (office manager).

Mixing or confusing the two positions indicates the lack of deliberation on the circular and that should be enough to discontinue it.

Secondly, the circular should have never been retrospective, that is, it needs not to apply to those foreigners who are already employed. The process of employing a new employee and training him/her takes a minimum of six months before he/she can do the job independently with confidence.

Thus giving businesses and NGOs one month to terminate their existing workers and hire new workers is dreadful. It will send a very bad message to businesses and that can simply scare away potential businesses from investing in South Sudan.

If the labour minister and the government led by president Kiir is genuinely caring about the rampant unemployment among South Sudanese and they want to tackle it retrospectively, here is what needs to happen:

— the government needs to introduce graduate program. To eliminate the chronic nepotism, the government can hire internationally renowned companies like Deloitte which is already in Juba to run the graduate program; or if the money is an issue, they can also ask UN or its affiliate like USAID to help in running the graduate program.

— The government will need to enter an agreement with all NGOs and private businesses in regard to how the graduate will be employed. In the agreement, businesses and NGOs will have to give the government the list of the positions which are currently occupied by expatriates’ employees, the government will then take the list to the graduate program coordinator.

— The graduate program coordinator who must not be South Sudanese will then advertise the positions and conduct all the employment process. The only graduate needed to apply will be South Sudanese, both at home and in diaspora.

— These graduates will then be taken by NGOs and private businesses and assigned the very person (expatriate) who is holding the position to train and make the transition as smooth as possible. This apprenticeship like training will need to continue for one year and after that the expatriate will need to be redundant and get his/her payout.

— While in training with the business or NGO, the government needs to pay this graduate for one year until he/she takes over from the expatriate. Businesses or NGOs must not be compelled to pay the wages of South Sudanese graduates while in training because the whole thing is not their initiative.

— To prevent private businesses and NGOs from exploiting such a system, any position that has become vacant must be advertised separately, it needs not be included into graduate program although it must as well be given to South Sudanese nationals.

— The aim of the graduate program would be to find competent South Sudanese who would replace expatriates in private businesses and NGOs, it would continue until there are no more expatriates holding common positions (positions other executive director) in those private businesses and NGOs which are operating in South Sudan.

— As with other expatriates who are holding nonprofessional positions, the government can just sit back and wait for each one of those expatriates to have his/her work permit expire and then refuse to renew it again.

Disclaimer: views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author. Agok Takpiny is a concerned South Sudanese in Melbourne Australia. He can be reached on

A Short Film Series – ‘IN MY TRIBE I BELIEVE’


Calgary, AB – September 23, 2014 – Telling community’s stories in a manner that reflects the actual voice of the community and in a manner that helps the community tackle its problems fosters the community’s positive standing in any socio-political arena. A community should be known by what it offers not by the perennial negativity in the media.

In Calgary, Alberta, a group of South Sudanese, led by South Sudanese author and writer, Kuir ë Garang, have decided to initiate a series of short films to tackle different issues in the community. The first topic the group started with is TRIBALISM, a topic South Sudanese are very much familiar with.

However, the films don’t deal with the obvious aspects of tribalism but on the subtle aspects of tribalism we usually ignore and which keep the evil of tribalism alive.

The series, “IN MY TRIBE I BELIEVE,” follows the story of the rocky relationship between Duku and Yar in relation to how young people exploit tribe in relationships without knowing that they are contributing to the very problems South Sudan is facing.

The films are meant to help South Sudanese communities all over the world to look at themselves and see how they are contributing to the evil of tribalism and how they could help in combating it. With no doubt, we tend to subconsciously discriminate based on our tribes; however, we deny it unless our actions are clearly pointed out to us.

The first two episodes of the series are now available online. Anyone can watch them on
• YouTube:
• On the producer’s website:
• On the films’ blog:

The films are written and produced by Kuir ë Garang, a South Sudanese author and writer living in Calgary, Alberta. They star the following young South Sudanese: Julia Daniel, Ruth Waiwai, Nyabuoy Gatbel and many more as the series develops.

Any questions can be directed to

Targeting of Ma’di business & community leaders by Dinka security: Where’s Minister Obutu Mamur?

From: David Aju Kanyara, JUBA, SEP/24/2014, SSN;

As the war enters its tenth month, South Sudanese undercover security dogs have caused significant miseries to the ordinary law abiding citizens of this great nation from North to South and from west to east. In the Ma’di corridor, this had started even before the outbreak of the Juba Massacre, Our Head Chief in Nimule was gunned down and as is the hallmark of the Juba government, this was a blackmail, they then twisted the stories leading to humiliating, jailing and torturing of our leaders including the supreme leader of the Ma’di people.

The horror has now returned in full swing hanging over the Madi people. The lawless security apparatus have now intensified their unlawful targeted arrests of Ma’di young people, men in general and business community in particular.

I wish to bring to the attention of the South Sudanese people, the number of our community members disappearing is alarming, this includes members of the business community, opinion and community leaders.

Many of the Ma’di business community in particular have been targeted, tortured, arrested, bullied, intimidated by Kiir security dogs operating in the peaceful Ma’diland where there are no rebel activities reported.

Since the beginning of August till September 12 -2014, there have been more than 7 high profile arrests of Ma’di businessmen, some have been detained in secret security locations for unknown reasons, families have not been informed neither are they given explanations.

Others have been snatched in bright daylight from their homes, taken to unknown location, interrogated by security forces for reasons never revealed to them, while others were harassed, beaten and made to pay high ransoms for their freedoms.

This is happening while the local offices of chiefs were not notified; some were hunted on their ways from their business locations back to their residential areas. The most recent alarming case has set the community in high alert and anger and since then no government representative nor the police in the areas came to inform the family about the disappearance of a prominent business man by name Bosco Wayi who has residence both in Nimule, Loa, and has businesses in Nimule and Elegu.

On Friday the 12th September 2014, in early evening, Mr Bosco Wayi, a well-known, respected Ma’di businessman since 1980’s and a law abiding citizen, who never hold any grudge with anyone nor with the security officers in the areas, was returning from Nimule where his main business is based, and while passing the Aswa River, a journey he repeated every morning and every evening for the last 7 years or so without having problems with traffic police.

On 12 September after passing the traffic police at Aswa river station as usual, this time it was reported that he was followed by men who according to eye witnesses dressed in traffic police uniforms.

The men in traffic police uniforms according to eyewitnesses followed Bosco Wayi up to Orobe village a distant of about 4 kilometer from Aswa River police station. The eyes witnesses have reported seeing the men in traffic police uniform stopping Bosco, and proceeded to beat him until he was unconscious.

They threw him and his motor bike into a white Toyota Pickup which arrived at the scene 15 minutes after the men in white police traffic uniform had stopped Mr. Bosco. After bundling him into the pickup they then headed back to the direction of Nimule.

The men in white traffic police uniforms were heard by the eye witnesses speaking in both Dinka and Arabic.

A woman who was passing by, coming from fetching water from nearby borehole heard Bosco crying in Ma’di “why are you killing me?” and “what have I done wrong to be tortured?”

According the woman who doesn’t want her name to be made public due to fear of repression, she said Bosco did not resist but he was pleading to be brought to Loa chief if there is anything he did wrong, but after the men in uniforms had cocked their guns and pointed it to Bosco’s head.

The cry subsided and at that point she said she too ran quickly to avoid being noticed and beaten by the men.

Since 12 September an attempt to look for Bosco through the public police office in Nimule did not yield any result, as the police there said they have no record nor a name of such individual in their custody.

This raised severe concerns about the security detention center where Bosco could be kept, and the question that begged to be answered is why traffic police are arresting and torturing people? Why traffic police are arresting someone passing the same route without breaking traffic law?

Since 12 September the people of the area and specially the family members of Bosco and his business associates are living in fear and they are worried that something bad has happened to their son, since the police in Nimule denied that Mr. Bosco Wayi has been brought to their custody, and they couldn’t confirm anyone arrested by their police on Nimule–Loa road.

The fact that these arbitrary arrests and tortures are happening exactly one year after the paramount chief of Nimule was gunned down cold blooded that fateful night of 8 September, whose death was blamed on Ma’di community elders by both governments in Juba and Torit, and since then innocent Ma’di Supreme leader, the ‘Lopirigo” Yaba Ret Ambassador Vugo and his deputy Lagu Jabakana and many other community leaders were falsely blackmailed by Juba Security with the help of Dr Anna Itto Leonardo and Amb. John Andruga Duku.

After months of nightmares in Torit prison the leaders were one by one released without any charges and there were no compensation by the government for the tortures inflicted on them by the prison ward while in Torit in particular. This was done to humiliate the Madi leaders to passiveness and their goal has been achieved!

The fact that this unlawful and targeted arrests are happening again, coinciding with the event of killing of late chief has raised serious concerns and furor, and perhaps the hard question that needs to be answered is what does the government gain by torturing Ma’di people who so far have been peaceful and have accommodated the Dinka internally displaced persons without violence despite the constant humiliations of the Madi people by the Dinkas in our ancestral land?

What is the objective of this Dinka led government towards the existence of minority tribes in South Sudan, but the Ma’di people in particular? Could it be that they are preparing another blackmailing in order to jail more of our people as they did last year, could it be they are provoking the Madi people to anger so as to give the Dinkas the excuse to massacre the Madi people as they massacred the Nuer in Juba?

We want our fellow countrymen to be informed about this evil the Dinkas are doing and planning in the Madi land.

Until the security officers who snatched Bosco on his motor bike brings him back unhurt and alive, we the Ma’di community will hold the Commander in Chief accountable for his indifference to the suffering of the Madi people who unanimously voted for him during 2010 presidential election.

President kiir is deaf and blind when it comes to Madi issues, hundreds of letters were sent to his office in regards to IDP roaming with their animals and AK47s in agricultural lands and in market places in Nimule, from the day the late Chief Ajugo was killed, to the forceful imposition of Nimule Town council designed to license and legitimize his Dinka cattle kraal to illegally remain in Nimule now 9 years after CPA and three year after south Sudan gained its independence.

Until now several people have been tortured and Bosco Wayi snatched on his motorbike by none other than Dinka security operatives in Nimule, while they, these Dinkas are unable to control insecurity in Warrap, Lakes state and the violent states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile.

Why are they importing their insecurity in all parts of South Sudan?

These abusive security personnel in Nimule and other Ma’di areas being paid by public money, have also targeted the people who contributed money to help the widow and the children of late chief Ajugo.

The question is why the government is targeting the individuals for helping a widow, while the government should have been the one looking after the family of the late because he was killed while on duty for this government.

Doesn’t this make it plain that the government was the one that gunned down late Ajugo for renouncing the bloody dirty game created by then deputy interior Minister Salva Matok?

We the community want to summon all the Ma’di politicians, Ma’di MPs both from Torit and Juba to press the security personnel and minister for the security of our people and all those that have disappeared.

We ask Mr. Obote Mamur to find out why the Dinka Security men grabbed Bosco and his whereabouts? What happened to him and others like him? Who ordered his arrest? What kinds of charges are brought against him… etc?

Until these are done in a constitutional manner, we will hold the police traffic at Aswa River station accountable, we will not cease until justice is done and Bosco is given back to us in healthy condition and we want the government to guarantee his security after his return.

Furthermore, we want anyone who is found guilty of carrying out these unlawful targeted arrests, tortures and intimidation on high profile Ma’di businessmen should be brought to face justice, and the government to stop repressions going on in Ma’di corridor against our business community and opinion leaders across the Ma’di land.

The Voice for the voiceless
David Aju Kanyara,
Juba, South Sudan

Cueibet County Community’s position on the ongoing crises in Lakes State

Date 22, Sept. 2014

To the government and the people of the Republic of South Sudan: Press Release

Mindful of our historically consistent and effective contributions to the cause of struggles and independence of the people of South Sudan; fully committed in supporting rule of law, democratic principles and democratically elected system of governance in the Republic of South Sudan; profoundly saddened by the ongoing blood-letting in the country both in the theatre of the political war of rebellion and in localized inter-community feuds,

We, the community of Cueibet county in Lakes state, the country at large and throughout the world do hereby condemn in the strongest terms possible:

1. Targeted killing of innocent people on the roads in private or public passenger vehicles, on motorbikes, on foot, in their homes, on their farms or in anywhere they are found;
2. We strongly reject any form of violence against anyone anywhere in the Republic of South Sudan in general and in Lakes state in particular.
3. We call upon all the feuding community groups or clans in Lakes State to cease all acts of violence, revenge or counter-revenge against one another; we urge them to reconcile and live in peace and harmony and unity as one people one nation!
4. We express our strong feeling of indignation on the way innocent town dwellers have been treated in their supposedly state capital Rumbek; people who have nothing to do with whatever transpired in the hands of individual criminals were forced to flee into places of safety for their own dear lives, and by the gangs of tribal fanatics who took it upon themselves to terrorize and instill fear in the citizens of the state.

Therefore, we hereby call upon the Caretaker Governor, Major General Matur Chuut Dhuol and his state government to use everything in their power to restore law and order in the capital Rumbek and ensure that all those citizens of Cueibet County or any others who feel threatened and insecure in their own homes and sought protection in UNMISS Compounds and Police stations are accorded due protection by the state government and enabled to return to their homes and resume their routine employment or business activities.

Failure to do so will call into question the viability and long term existence of political union between the people of greater Cueibet and greater Rumbek as the seat of the state’s Political power!

We further call for a comprehensive disarmament without any exception, of all the communities in Lakes state, Warrap and any other neighboring community groups who pose or may pose security risks to the disarmed communities.

Nonetheless, any disarmament exercise must be carried out within the confines of the rule of law and human dignity respected by the authorities and forces involved.

This is so because past disarmament exercises were done in a way which amounted to double standards, discriminatory in nature and abused some community groups at the expense of others who were and still are equally notorious in misusing arms they possess, causing insecurity in the region and sabotaging developmental activities.

In the same spirit, we urge all the people of Lakes state not to lose sight of their rich and historical contributions in developmental and political affairs of South Sudan; it is high time the people of the state in all their diversity begin to make a deep soul-searching reflection on what went wrong and begin to unite efforts to restore their loss glory, dignity and respect among the people of the Republic of South Sudan.

Last but not least, we appreciate the swift response by the national government which ordered its security apparatus to make the issue of security in Lakes state a priority; this response was long overdue.

We particularly appreciate the Minister of Interior and Wildlife Conservation, Honorable Aleu Ayieny Aleu’s efforts in regard to Lakes state crises and commends every positive step that he is taking to restore rule of law in the state and beyond.

We hereby assure the Honorable Minister, the government and the people of the Republic of South Sudan that the Cueibet Community is peace loving and conscious of their historical stances in the collective interests of, and with their people in South Sudan.

The community has always stood tall and proud in fighting for and defending national aspirations of the people of South Sudan.

Therefore, we stand ready to join hands with the government of the people for the people and by the people to safeguard national integrity and cultivate peace, harmony and unity of purpose among the people of South Sudan in general and Lakes state in particular.

Long live the peace and unity among the people of South Sudan; long live the aspirations of the people of Lakes state and South Sudanese in general.

Signed on behalf of the Cueibet community worldwide:
1. Deng Mayom Manyang
2. Deng Mador Koch Dengdit
3. Samuel Wel Maciek Major

Exploring every avenue for urgent peace in South Sudan

BY: Jacob K. Lupai, JUBA, SEP/22/2014, SSN;

Right now South Sudan is going through a situation of uncertainty that many must be wondering what may become of it in the next coming years. Depending on the level of pessimism, others may conclude that South Sudan is already a failed state and on its way to the dustbin of history.

However, it should be understood that the people of South Sudan are resilient and optimistic, and their optimism had sustained their protracted liberation struggle for fifty years (1955 – 2005) for freedom and independence. There is therefore no room for despair but to explore consistently every avenue in search of a lasting peace in South Sudan.

Without peace there is no way to create cohesion for sustainable national unity. South Sudan may ultimately disintegrate in the absence of an urgent peace. However, this will be unfortunate for the people of South Sudan who had struggled and suffered so much for their call for equality, justice and prosperity in what was then known as Old Sudan.

Basics of liberation struggle

A liberation struggle is not waged for fun simply to lose dear lives and property for nothing. It should instead be waged for a basic and fundamental call for equality, justice and prosperity.

A clear example of this was when South Sudan called for equality with North Sudan in the Old Sudan in the arrangement for independence from British colonial rule. As a blatant oppression of South Sudan, North Sudan made it a point to have all the senior positions in the South to be occupied by northerners. When the southern demand for a federal system was rejected by the North there was a bitter disappointment and widespread discontent in the South.

This was the genesis of a protracted liberation struggle against inequality and injustice perpetuated by the North. It was obvious for the people of South Sudan that they would have to make expensive sacrifices for ultimate independence.

As people of one destiny South Sudanese fought and died together in trenches for freedom as comrades and people of one diversified and colorful family, South Sudan. This spirit clearly made people of South Sudan what they are today, people of an independent country of their own.

Prior to independence this spirit of togetherness was manifested when Dr Lam Akol and Dr Riek Machar rejoined Dr John Garang for that great and historic achievement of the comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) of 2005 that restored relative peace to South Sudan and made the Old Sudan never to be the same again.

It was not clear whether without the unity among Dr Lam Akol, Dr Riek Machar and Dr John Garang there would have been any CPA that would have brought independence to South Sudan.

Era of relative peace

In the beginning of the CPA the people of South Sudan became euphoric. The CPA was seen as bringing conditions of paradise on earth in South Sudan. The rampant insecurity experienced during the northern colonial rule was to become a thing of the past. Indeed the beginning of the CPA showed signs of relative peace.

This, however, was short-lived as conditions began to deteriorate as though the post CPA government was not prepared for governance. Poor governance characterized this era. However, President Salva Kiir Mayardit asserted in no uncertain terms that unity was not made attractive and threatened that crossing the referendum date was a redline.

This is a shining legacy of Salva Kiir Mayardit which he should not squander for unwarranted petty leadership quarrels that have unfortunately turned violent.

The sheer determination for independence made people to deliberately turn a blind eye to many shortcomings of the post CPA government. Given the history of long wars of liberation, poor infrastructure, limited capacity for governance and weak state institutions, peace could have been short-lived.

Nevertheless, the CPA era was considered as a preparation for independence. Rocking the boat was not an option in the face of mounting insecurity, corruption, nepotism, land grabbing and arrogance.

Also, it was not uncommon to hear some simple-minded claiming they were the only instrumental in liberating the people of South Sudan from the yolk of the North. The so-called loud mouth liberators must have actually liberated themselves from poverty because theft seems to be their trademark.

Land grabbing as part of theft was on the rise with the government absolutely doing nothing, a sure license for rampant land grabbing.

Land grabbers who were identified as soldiers used guns to impose their criminal act of land grabbing with the government turning a blind eye, contrary to the government’s claim that no one was above the law.

It was very difficult to understand why was there such an outrageous indiscipline among soldiers who illegally occupied people’s plots of land when there was commander-in-chief, minister of defense and general chief-of-staff who were all supposed to be in full control of their soldiers in the effort to promote army-civilian cordial relations for national unity. It should be clear to those concerned that land grabbing won’t sustain national unity.

Independence of South Sudan

If anyone in the world doubts the unity of the people of South Sudan as people of one destiny they should think again and better look at the results of the referendum for independence. The results were 98.43 per cent Yes for independence and 1.57 per cent No for Unity of Old Sudan.

This also confirmed that there were no people as instrumental liberators for the 98.43 per cent of people who voted in the referendum liberated the South.

Arguably the people of South Sudan did not vote overwhelmingly for independence as one people but as people of one destiny. Those who think and talk of the people of South Sudan as one people are grossly misleading others.

The people of South Sudan fought for freedom as people of one destiny against oppression because this was the common denominator. After the CPA and independence there was little cohesion among the people as cracks began to appear.

The euphoria after the referendum and independence gave way to bitter disappointment as the people wanted their government to deliver security and basic services as the anticipated peace dividends. Despite the initial euphoria claims of corruption, nepotism, exclusion, and domination of government and business by some ethnic groups seemed to have eroded people’s enthusiasm in the government.

Above all the security of individual and property was and is of major concern. This has been the most important expected peace dividend. People have been disappointed with poor delivery of security. The government therefore has a lot to improve security.

Incident of 15 December 2013

The incident of 15 December 2013 should not have taken place if people had strictly adhered to the vision and mission of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM).

According to the SPLM Manifesto 2012, Comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit, the Chairman of SPLM, in his letter addressed to citizens of South Sudan said in part that, “Although South Sudan became a sovereign state on 9 July 2011, we still have much work to do to liberate our citizens from the ravages of poverty, lack of basic services like health care, education systems, and infrastructure and food security.

A new nation comes with new challenges. We must face those challenges with innovative solutions and a bold approach. We have no interest in repeating the mistakes of the rest of the world – indeed, we will learn from them”.

The above is an indication of no to war. For the vision of the SPLM it is to build an inclusive secular democratic developmental state, to spearhead rapid human and sustainable economic development and environmental green economy.

The mission of the SPLM is to construct a knowledge economy in South Sudan and to build a nation and a society inspired by peace, freedom, justice, unity, prosperity and progress.

With the vision and mission of the SPLM as shown above, how on earth couldn’t have the incident of 15 December 2013 been avoided. One thing might be certain. It was uncontrolled greed for leadership, power and hegemony, something contrary to the vision and mission of the SPLM.

The incident of 15 December 2013 risks tearing up the country with Upper Nile and Bahr el Ghazal poles apart, and Equatoria concentrating on peace and development as part of its well known characteristics.

Search for peace in South Sudan

There is no military solution in sight in response to the ongoing senseless war of destruction. People must be wasting their valuable time if they think a military solution is imminent. It is only unfortunate that events have turned ethnic as the vicious struggle for power between the Jieng and the Naagat ethnic groups seems to suggest, with tribal militias being employed with devastating effect. The vision and mission of the SPLM seem to have been thrown out contemptuously through the window.

The search for peace in South Sudan should be a national agenda but not restricted to those in government and opposition or to the Jieng and the Naagat as the only dominant participants. There are people who do not subscribe to such a senseless war of annihilation and destruction simply to maintain the status quo of either the Jieng or the Naagat domination.

Part of the mission of the SPLM says, “The SPLM will ensure democracy under the rule of law and good governance, to safeguard fundamental human, economic, social, cultural and religious rights and freedoms”. The question is how does this senseless war in conformity with this part of the mission of the SPLM?

It is clear that people may need to rise above personal interest for the overall prosperity and unity of the country.


It is not yet too late that South Sudan has reached a point of no return but only to disintegrate into three independent states of Upper Nile, Bahr el Ghazal and Equatoria as in the former Soviet Union or in the Balkans.

As the people of South Sudan had endured decades of destruction, the 9-month senseless war is nothing but a warning for the people to double their efforts in search of an urgent and lasting peace to save the country from utter destruction. It is possible that the country, led by an Equatorian may save the situation.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr Riek Machar have a legacy of being freedom fighters for the dignity of the people of South Sudan. Both had put their lives online to bring us to where we are today. It is therefore important that the two should think carefully.

In conclusion, to simply throw away the shining legacy of a freedom fighter that restored the dignity of the marginalized and oppressed poor of South Sudan is something that somebody should really think seriously about it.

People are looking at the two leaders for their humanity, irrespective of their individual ambitions, to save the country from complete destruction.

Jacob K. Lupai is the author of a new book, South Sudan, Issues in Perspective, which will shortly be launched in Juba, South Sudan.

Texas Chapter SPLM-in-Opposition: We’ll fight Kiir’s dictatorship

Date: September 22, 2014
Subject: Press Release
To: South Sudanese World Wide
From: The Texas SPLM Office in Opposition, SSN;

Dear Fellow South Sudanese,
In the last eight months we have been on the trail of the tragedy that stroked our country in December 15, 2013 to reach an informed decision. We did our homework to know the causes of the tragic event and concluded that there was no coup, but rather a “Consolidation of Power” and a conspiracy to block Dr. Riek Machar from contesting the presidency in 2015 and purge the rest of his group from political activities.

The coup was a “Bloody Lie” but the innocent Dr. Machar was demonized all over the country and the world by the President and his government. What was Dr. Machar’s crime? Was it asking for reforms inside the SPLM Party or asking for Democracy?!

The bloody lie brought foreign troops into the country to kill South Sudanese. The fabricated coup cost the South Sudanese people especially the Nuer community tremendous suffering and loss of lives in the thousands.

Since the Bloody Lie, the country had been in crisis and the crisis has become a national concern and no longer limited to Kiir and Machar, or Nuer vs Dinka.

Instead it is now a fight against the dictatorship of Salva Kiir and his henchmen. The lack of confidence in the government and the loss of trust among the people of South Sudan are now endangering the unity of our new country.

The establishment of dictatorship and Somalization of South Sudan is in the making. Like Somalia, tribes in South Sudan are arming themselves for survival and self-defense.

Instead of our government creating a peaceful environment to help South Sudanese people outgrow tribalism and promote “One nation and one people” as they like to say on SSTV, the government is turning the clock back to “Tribal South Sudan.”

Sadly, the President of the Republic of South Sudan himself, asked the Dinkas of Lakes State to not fight among themselves but rather to fight their enemy, the Nuers!!!

We the members of the SPLM Chapter in the State of Texas have been hoping and praying since 2011 for the SPLM-led Government of South Sudan and the SPLM Party to improve and reform to realize the dreams of the patient people of South Sudan.

We have been the apologists and been hoping against hope, but we can’t continue doing this anymore. The Kiir-led Government and Party are becoming dangerous and are endangering all the gains that South Sudanese had achieved through huge sacrifices.

We are hereby denouncing the leadership of Salva Kiir and pledging our allegiance to the SPLM-in-Opposition under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar, our hope for a Free, Just, Federal and Democratic South Sudan.

Why shift allegiance?
The indomitable people of South Sudan waged a half century “Liberation War” at a huge cost of 3.5 million martyrs for Liberty, Justice and Dignity.

We did not sacrifice so much to replace a master with another master, nor an oppressor with an oppressor. We did not come this far to put up with a self-centered genocidal government that exterminate anyone perceived as a threat to its hold on power.

Under the leadership of Salva Kiir, misgovernment and excessive crimes are committed against the people of South Sudan including murder, torture, rape, looting government coffers, robbing properties of minority groups with an unprecedented impunity.

Nobody is safe or beyond the reach of the National Security forces. Night break-ins, armed robberies and killings are in play every night.

The SPLM elites are making themselves rich by looting the government coffers. The SPLA commanders and their armies of bodyguards are terrorizing the citizens and violently grabbing ancestral lands from the defenseless villagers.

Their reason, “we liberated you so we can do with you as we wish”. Real freedom fighters shouldn’t expect to be paid or rewarded for their principled stand against injustice.

If freedom fighters are to be paid, how about starting with our martyrs who paid the ultimate sacrifice? All these crimes are happening under the leadership of Salva Kiir and he is doing nothing about it.

We the new Texas SPLM-in-Opposition Chapter will be the voice of the defenseless and suffering people of South Sudan. Our voice will be capable of conveying the true wishes of our masses without being intimidated by Dictator Salva Kiir and his security apparatus.

We will stand and pursue the following to the bitter end:
1. Liberty, justice, equality, dignity, and the unity of South Sudanese people.
2. Forcing Salva Kiir and his followers to step down and make way for the formation of an Impartial and Representative Interim Government.
3. Establishing a Democratic Federal System of Governance. A path for a just, secure, law abiding, developed and peaceful South Sudan where the agenda is controlled and dictated by the people.
4. Respect for fundamental human rights and freedoms of the individual, tolerance and coexistence of the culturally diverse South Sudanese tribes.

Despite the current horrendous crisis, the suffering people of South Sudan will prevail over Salva Kiir’s Dictatorship. We the SPLM-in-Opposition will rise to meet this national challenge and shall become the guiding model for the rest of Africa.

When we said a “Liberation War” we meant every word to the letter – we will fight to be free or die trying. It is divine, “Good will always conquer Evil” and justice will prevail in South Sudan.

Long live the indomitable people of South Sudan!
Long live the Federal Republic of South Sudan!
Long live the SPLM-in-Opposition and its Leadership!

May God bless Dr. Riek Machar with wisdom and courage to lead South Sudan out of this dark tunnel!

The struggle continues, and victory to the people of South Sudan!

1. John Paulino Lado, Chairperson
2. Gatjang Matai Deng, Deputy Chairperson
3. Alphonse Kenyi, Secretary General
4. David Mai Tang, Deputy Secretary General
5. James Ruach Dual, Secretary for Finance
6. Alice Oreste, Deputy Secretary for Finance
7. Charles Deng, Secretary for Information and Mobilization
8. Daniel Lolik, Deputy Secretary for Information and Mobilization
9. Mary Juma Sestilio, Secretary for Women Affairs
10. Mary Lungu, Deputy Secretary for Women Affairs
11. Gabriel Shallbreak, Secretary for Youth Affairs
12. Mele Becu Pitia, Deputy Secretary for Youth Affairs
13. Paul Biel Bichiok, Secretary for Crisis Management

Gaajaak Community in Ethiopia: Refuting fabricated defections

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Bol Ruac Rom, Chairman, Gaajaak Community, ADDIS ABABA, SEP/22/2014, SSN;

We, the Gaajaak Community members of Sudan’s People Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) in liberated areas, do hereby issue this press statement to refute the fabricated defection allegations of Major General Sadam Chayot Manyang and Cde. Bith Thiyang Yuot published by Tut Tongyik Gach on Greater Upper Nile Youth Forum, Salvatore Kiir Must Go social media and Nyamilepedia Website on September 18th, 2014.

After consultation with the allegedly accused General and the former Advisor in the Upper Nile Government on sat-phone by the Chairman of Gaajaak Community this Sunday morning, the duo had assured the general public in response to the fabricated lies on social media that “they are committed to fight the dictatorship regime through blood and Iron until their last bullet, those who contrive and mobilize on white lies are enemy of Federal Democracy and must be dealt with brutally”.

Maj. General Sadam Chayot Manyang went on to say, quote, “I will never spare the life of such blood sucker elements that live a gossip-life between towns and cities anywhere I meet them, unquote.”

We, the Gaajaak Community in liberated areas, would like to construe self-claimed defection of Yiey Puoch Lur, Andrew Bang Puk, Monyjiak Loang Kawkaw, Gatbel Ruot Gach, David Ruon Chan, Taidor Kojili and two others from Nasir and Ulang Counties appeared on SSTV yesterday as cheap betrayal to the cause of thousands innocent’s Nuer blood slaughtered, roasted and carcasses by SPLM-Juba.

The Chief traitor lost his younger sister, Nyachan Puoch Lur and her four kids, whose dear lives perished on January 18th, 2014 in Malakal by the same regime he claimed to have re-defected to. The group had lived a dichotomy between hunger and titles for months forcing them to switch their allegiance unconditionally.

In defense of former Minister Yiey Puoch Lur, who could no longer run to safe haven like any other senior government officials while in Canal, this community lost two brave sons, Simon Dobuol Tongyik, D/Director of Malakal River Transport and a Pvt. Bichiok Thowat Nyal, who were killed on January 11th and 14th, 2014 respectively.

“God, curse those who betray thousands innocent blood and Let the blood of fallen South Sudanese People bring into existence a Federal Democratic South Sudan.”

Chief traitor and his group, do you think trading with blood of family members and relatives to compensate for Luxury cars, blood money and a decent Job titles in a tribal, dictatorial and murderous regime like Juba is not demise on earth? Without hooks and crooks, you have blown up your own empire in this community until the days of the Tora.

Phone: 251 9 38 94 3233