Archive for: June 2014

Collaboration Government of murderers is unlikely to be acceptable

By: Daniel Amum Odwel, South Sudan, JUN/08/2014, SSN;

Quote: ‘When two thieves fight, the stolen things will be discovered.’
South Sudanese should learn from past history, that during inception of the Independence State, they just accommodated most notorious militias and incorporated them into the ‘national Army,’ SPLA, without thorough and scrupulous scrutiny of such groups with their ambitious high ranks.

That was a deadly mistake committed by irrational leaders who failed to articulate the consequences.

The leadership decision to accommodate those thongs of militias outwardly looks very nice as kind of solution for suspension of war for sometime but inwardly was dangerous.

When the leadership discovered that those militias were threatening to their continuation, they started to recruit their own militias from their clans as a hedge about them to encounter those militias which were more loyal to tribal commanders and not necessarily under the chief of staff or commander in chief himself, who is the president of nation.

Without compromise in judgment this was the real vacuum and bad beginning of the South Sudan.

Real SPLA was not a national army but a combination of tribal militias that ruined the nation financial coffers and the serve the cause of the tribe.

Exactly what happens like two elephants start fighting when each of these militias waged war on behalf of their tribesmen and not for the cause of the nation?

After escalation of war in Mid-December, the Government of South Sudan had sent out its MPS to their constituencies to enlighten the communities about the alleged coup d’état and to engage the public with unsound lies and encourage them to form defense forces to support the government in fight against renegade forces of Dr. Riak Machar.

In other words, the government of South Sudan gives each community green light to establish their own militias, and it was the pretext to each community to take the law into their hands.

This miscalculation has shown that the government of the South Sudan has accelerated chaos, insecurity and instability in the nation by supporting formation of militias.

To me it was a kind of cover up to what the President Kiir had created wrongly, such as recruitment of national security guards from his clan that destroyed his political image world-wide, for they were people who committed deadly atrocities in Juba in Mid-December.

Despite of a clear shortcoming of different groups within the system and outside, those perpetrators turned out to champion the formation of collaboration government without considering mass graves crimes which they have committed against ordinary citizens of South Sudan in a senseless war which they waged for political aspiration.

In case those mercenaries’ blood thirsty politicians agreed to form the government, surely that government will not last longer, because these infected wounds will open up again and circle of war will continue.

All involved parties should distance themselves from joining the coming government that’s in line with what Dr. Riak Machar says in Kenya.

This position needs moral determination and spirit of nationalism, unity and oneness. But blood suckers from both parties may not accept the idea of exclusion in coming government; for that will dry up their pregnancy bells.

This portrays the kind of leaders that we have who wished to enrich themselves with bloody money of innocent citizens who perished from madness of war. I could compare such leaders with Angelo Bada, who said one time that he ‘did not want to die poor like Aggrey Jaden.’ Those disgraced leaders are callous.

Personally I admired uncle Jaden for sacrificial death to the cause of his people. That patriotic determination offered respect and honour to his children rather than shame which is surrounding the children of parasites leaders, who sell their nation out for the sake of selfish interests.

Uncle Aggrey had died as nationalist, patriot, authentic and outstanding leader who knew his obligation and task entrusted upon him.

Today monstrous politicians begin crossing to opposition side not as contributors to national healing but as seekers to gain portion in distribution of bloody money.

Honestly, they were part of system since its inception, what failed them to transform what they wished to reform, and what explanation could they provide to the public?

Presumably such people realized that the queue is very long on the side of ruling party and it is short on opposition side.

Therefore, crossing will let them achieve their destructive aspiration when the cake of coming government is shared between warring parties.

Here I would like to express my dissatisfaction and caution to so-called Third Block, once upon time one of your colleagues quit SPLM when he felt a pressure and marginalization and formed his party.

In response to his decision you had criticism him badly and regarded him as betrayer, arguing that he’s supposed to do transformation he claimed within the party.

Not only that you accused him of being copy of NCP that was employed to cause instability and to destroy SPLM party and you leveled him as enemy of South Sudan. How do you term yourself by now patriotic or traitors?

What is the different between you and that alleged man?

The public had understood that when you felt furious of the consumption fire of president Kiir when you narrowly escaped definite death, your eyes were opened and decided to join the chorus song, ‘Kiir is dictator and must be reformed.’ Does it mean you were dimwit and blind when you’re still holding ministerial positions?

Public started to sense that untimely departure of Dr. John Garang left them with fierce wolves, who never care about the welfare of citizens for whom they shed precious blood in devastating war of liberation.

Most of opposition parties were in alliance with the system, this is why they never challenged and were unable to protest against mass killings which occurred in Juba.

In this connection, are they not part of criminal acts executed by the national security guards?

You were supposed to air out what happened, so that the citizens may know that you are their representatives in political arena. Indeed, your silence and dormant status is clear indication of involvement in the massacre, so you could not be neutral body to champion the affairs of the nation in coming government, your behaviours were quite inexcusable.

God has distance himself from our nation because the hands of wolves are defiled with the blood of innocent citizens, and their fingers full of iniquity, and their lips have spoken lies and their tongues muttered wickedness.

Wolves turned our nation into ruin and our inheritance has been turned over to strangers and homes to aliens. South Sudanese become orphans, fatherless and our mothers become widows.

Bodies of loved ones were eaten up by beasts or rotten without being buried. The remnant citizens were forced to live in inhuman environments in displaced, and refugee camps.

Despite of all these crimes inflicted on ordinary citizens, still the wolves are planning to form the government to continue sucking blood of innocent people without regret, even those who claimed to be heroes and liberators hunted us like birds and flung us alive into the pit and cast stone on us.

Those wolves’ heroes wrapped themselves with anger and pursued us with cruel motive to crush and slay us without pity.

The people of South Sudan lamented that they had became laughing stock of all people and their souls were bereft of peace and they had forgotten what is called happiness.

Indeed, the onslaught language used by wolves and opportunists against the government at this moment will not change the public opinion and they will not win back the people, because both opportunists and government are the same coin.

In reality, those wolves and murderous politician are nuisance and could not govern the people of South Sudan, unless southerners are numb to accept the formation of government by opportunists, for any rational and logical person cannot allowed himself or herself to be governed by people who murdered their loved ones.

I think this drastic resignations will not have full meaning to many citizens who are well informed about crimes committed, if it was done early could have deviated public opinions, and many people could have joined the chorus, ‘Kiir is deformed to be reformed.’

Blatantly, distancing yourself from the ruling party, or crossing to other parties or resigning from SPLM will not give you a credit and qualify you to lead us, but people will regard you as opportunists, because your position is bleak, for you were mentors and experts within the ruling party for years. You never spoke out despite things were happening before your sights.

Booming hotels in Juba promoting prostitution & other harms to citizens


You will not be surprised to discover that the whole of Juba city and its suburbs is being consumed by hotels. The author as well as the citizens of the country don’t read very clearly what this surprising development is meant for.

Is it a profit–oriented business development or does it take into account the social welfare of the citizens or community of South Sudan, this question is left to all of us to digest.

In Juba today you will not miss to see a hotel in any of the suburbs where you happen to pass by with residential buildings disappearing in favor of hotels.

The author could not establish the exact number or percentage of hotels in Juba due to some setbacks in research, probably from the reading of realities on the ground as we all know, over 80% of Juba could have been hotelised and if you want to attest to these facts look around where you live and you will start your statistics right there.

However, my argument is against these rampant hotels because of the following reasons:-

(a)- These hotels have become a tool for promoting prostitution here in juba. Why I talk of prostitution, it sounds offensive but it’s happening in the eyes of the public where your daughter or sister or wife is being taken there in broad daylight to be slept with without your notice.

Whereas responsible men have refused to spend nights at their homes with their families but have chosen to live in these hotels in order to have side dishes with brown nyabos of Uganda or Anycis of Ethiopian and Eritrea.

So what would you call this practice in your own words?

This act is what I refer to as prostitution because it involves the use of cash to influence someone’s will to have sex.

(b) Secondly, these hotels harbor criminals with criminal practices like counterfeiting money, document and selling prohibited goods like marijuana (Bangi).

(c) These hotels are being built in residential areas leading to displacement of the local people who sometimes end up not being relocated or given where to live.

And to make it worse, no restitution for them (displaced), because some of them (hotels) are located in residential areas and they are creating a noisy environment for the neighbors hence discomfort ability.

(d) Extinguishing fire using petrol, these hotels carry their own workers from their cradle land starting from the top management down to the kitchen denying our citizens their national right to work in foreign owned investments.

Therefore, such investments undermine our social security, economic status and cultural values.

The author, therefore, recommends that the foreign investors who are still to actualize their dreams of investing in South Sudan should take note of the following:-

I. That hotel investment is not the only profitable field in South Sudan and that there are other fields of investment in the Republic of South Sudan.

II. They should take into consideration the needs and expectations of the South Sudanese people before they invest in any field.

III. That the south Sudanese people want you (investors) to put much emphasis on agriculture infrastructures, education and industrial areas, we need schools, roads, hospitals, agriculture firms and industries but not hotels.

IV. These foreign enterprises like hotels and business firms must employ at least 50% of south Sudanese nationals at any cost in order for them to have good social relationship with the local communities.

Finally, too many hotels may cause more harm than good to our people and country. Therefore, investors should take into consideration the needs and expectations of the people of South Sudan but not profit-oriented principles first.

By Mangar Agok Marial
For comments,contact or call :0956378028/0955726597

Will Federal System of Government Stop Rebellion and Corruption in South Sudan?

QUOTE: “If you put the federal government in charge of the Sahara Desert, there’d be a shortage of sand within 5 years” – Milton Friedman

By: Deng Mangok Ayuel, South Sudan, JUN/07/2014, SSN;

The individualistic and ethnic dynamic, political impatience and resistance to political changes within the system of government by the same leaders who are now hungry for federal system of government, and the slogan, we are the ‘elites’ of SPLM, shall not make us a peaceful nation than a federal government.

If we are vulnerable to our ethnical and political deeds, is it easy to get federalized or have a real functional system of government we deserve in South Sudan?

And who are the ones calling for federalism? The old boys who initiated and implemented kokora in 1980s?

Same people in the same government who corruptly tainted our resources for years?

Our problem in South Sudan is not about the system of government – call it absolutism, abstractionism, centralism, federalism, Afrocentrism, or whatever.

The main issue is the nature of our politicians, political consortium within the same party and individuals’ powers in political game.

It’s also about the competition within the ruling party, greed for leadership by political subordinates and tribalism.

Federal government system instigated by the same people who have run the government of our country like their property could turn the entire country into one colossal political camp for dignitaries, believe me.

The so-called federal system, if allowed shall be the government of people for the leaders and by the leaders because they like it. They know what they will gain from it.

I don’t deter the principles of federalism but why was it initiated by kokoratists and renegades in the country?

Will federal system stop us from recruiting more white army and manthiang-anyor across the states in South Sudan?

This government shouldn’t row its people like a boat in the Nile. People are starving to death in the villages and camps, yet our people kept preaching what shall benefit them in the long run.

I am just curious. Why do we need a federal government? And why can’t politicians allow ordinary citizens to decide for the system of government which is good for them?

I partially agree with Bahr el Ghazal youths who opposed federal system of government.

These individuals, who called themselves Bahr el Ghazal youths are encouraged to individualize their political issues than generalizing the youths whose ideas, grievances in the states of greatest Bahr el Ghazal have never been listened to for years.

According to the youths, federal system of government will lead to insecurity or increase rebellion in the country.

The youth have also stated that federal government has failed in Africa {Nigeria, Ethiopia} and has been the key factor affecting the federal system in Africa.

However, federal system shouldn’t be political dogmatism in the baby nation. And who are federalists – uncle Konga, Equatoria MPs and Dr Machar’s political camp?

When there is a crocodile in the river, nobody is comfortable whilst swimming. I don’t believe federal system which didn’t work in Nigeria and Ethiopia, oppositely making it inevitable in South Sudan.

Federal system of government shall work in South Sudan after sometimes when the country is politically stable.

Federal system is not kokora but can be kokoratize if initiated by kokoratists.

The call for federal government has never been initiated by Equatorians alone as put by Jacob K. Lupai in his article titled, federal system of government in South Sudan not kokora.

There is no pastor who is supposed to claim that Jesus Christ has appeared to him in a dream, that he is the only one preaching the Bible well than million of preachers in the country.

If kokora was started by Equatorians in Equatoria and badly affected people from Bhar el Ghazal and Upper Nile, thereafter, will federal government work well under Equatorians initiatives?

I urge those who are seriously whisking up for federal system of government to give it a pause.

Federal system which was proposed and opposed may cause another problem among the youths in the country when political opinions daunt and repel regionally.

Deng Mangok Ayuel is a South Sudanese blogger and humanitarian worker, currently based in Unity State. He can be reached via

Kenya MPs want ‘Third Force’ S. Sudan leaders out of Nairobi Hotel


A group of MPs have demanded the expulsion of South Sudanese leaders from the expensive Windsor Hotel in Nairobi.

The Parliamentary Caucus on Human Rights members said the 11 leaders who were detained and released by President Salva Kiir’s government were engaging in selfish political re-organisation and not helping in the peace efforts.

They want Cabinet Secretary Joseph ole Lenku, who is in charge of the national security docket, to expel the leaders and demand they seek asylum by following normal procedures.

“The said leaders were to help in the peace process and the negotiations taking place in Ethiopia, and not live in opulence at the expense of the Kenyan taxpayer. They are engaging in selfish political re-organising that does not help South Sudan,” the MPs said in a joint statement.

They included Kibra MP Ken Okoth, Wajir South MP Abdulahi Diriye, Ndhiwa MP Agostinho Neto, Matungulu MP Stephen Mule and Senator Daisy Kanaiza.

They also criticised the government for accommodating the leaders. “Kenya should not let its territory be used by rebels for political reorganisation in the name of the “Third Force” that is housed in Windsor and also by friends and relatives of Dr Riek Machar,” the group said.

“South Sudan still has a legitimate government headed by His Excellency Salva Kiir, his problems notwithstanding. Kenya should therefore be working with the elected leaders of South Sudan,” the MPs stated.

They said any talks held in Kenya should be attended by both President Kiir and Dr Machar to avoid creating suspicions. “It is bad that a rebel leader in the person of Dr Machar should be given red carpet reception in Nairobi as that might portray Kenya as a partial peace arbiter,” they stated.

The caucus also wants Igad to pass a resolution to transfer the peace negotiations to Nairobi, arguing that Kenya midwifed the initial process and the regional body is chaired by President Kenyatta. This is part of amendments the parliamentary caucus seeks to make on a motion already before Parliament.

The MPs also want Parliament to form an ad hoc committee on the South Sudan to team up with the South Sudan MPs.

“Should we do the above, Kenya will be fairly overseeing the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement,” the MPs said.

They said President Kenyatta had failed as chairman of Igad by failing to ensure implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement.

Dr. Peter Adwok’s letter of resignation from SPLM to Pres. Kiir

June 1st, 2014
Comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit
Chairman of the National Liberation Council
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM)
Thro’ Comrade Dr. Anne Itto
SPLM Secretary General (a. i.);

Subject: Resignation from the SPLM

“The moment the activity of an organization becomes divorced from all theory; from all rational synthesis of the period and the ways of thinking that mould it, the masses are quite right to abandon that organization. The cynicism of the leaders will be paralleled by the scepticism of the militants and sympathizers, who have become passive spectators of a series of about-turns, whose coherence escapes them and over which they therefore no longer have any influence.” Debray (1974) A critique of Arms.

Dear Chairman Salva Kiir Mayardit
While our people, the people of South Sudan, are passing through these difficult times in their long history of struggle for freedom, justice, equality and prosperity, it is not possible for me to remain unperturbed by, indifferent or insensitive to this unprecedented trepidation, immense suffering, fragmentation and internecine fighting occasioned by the events of December 15, 2013.

I am writing this letter to you as Chairman of the SPLM and as somebody, I have known since 1986. First, I want to discuss my concerns in respect of the current political situation surrounding the SPLM as the ruling party, and our republic of South Sudan.

As a revolutionary, up to this point in time, I consider myself part of the SPLM and therefore equally responsible by commission or omission for some of the SPLM shortcomings, which have landed it into this awkward situation. In this connection, therefore, and without any reservation, chauvinism or shame I offer to self-criticize myself.

Mr Chairman, the vision of the ‘New Sudan’ and the political objectives of justice, equality, freedom and prosperity united us and indeed inspired many Sudanese, young or old, to join the ranks and file of the SPLM/SPLA since its inception in 1983.

The dynamics of the political environment did not permit the SPLM/SPLA to realize its New Sudan vision and had to compromise for Southern Sudan in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. As a Liberation Movement, the SPLM need not abandon its vision and political objectives of building justice, equality, freedom and prosperity in Southern Sudan.

This is because the ideals of social justice, equality, freedom, democracy and progress are equally applicable territorially to Southern Sudan as a subnational entity under the administration of the SPLM (2005–2011) as they were to the New Sudan.

The only explanation must be that the SPLM had eschewed these concepts and jettisoned its vision of the ‘New Sudan’ in a paradigm shift to ‘Southern Sudan’ in obedient response to external forces.

‘New Sudan’ disappeared imperceptibly from the oral or written literature of the SPLM without any debate.

Mr Chairman, the SPLM emerged from the poorest and underdevelopment sections of our society namely the peasants and pastoral communities. Its objective was to liberate our people from centuries of deprivation and neglect accentuated by enslavement and political repression.

The SPLM dominated the Government of Southern Sudan and those of its States since July 9, 2005. It had the necessary financial and economic resources coupled with resource injection from the international community during the interim period (2005–2011) to make a
difference in the lives of our people.

This was entirely under your leadership as the Chairman of the SPLM and President of the Government of South Sudan.

Neither the SPLM nor the Government of Southern Sudan had a socio-economic program that could absorb the billions of US dollars that poured into Southern Sudan from the oil revenues.

This explains how under your watch unscrupulous individuals laid their hand on, and stashed away in foreign lands, what you called in the letter to the ‘seventy five former and current ministers’, the missing four billions dollars.

I did not work with the Government of Southern Sudan during the entire interim period.

However, like many others who did not work for the Government of Southern Sudan, I nevertheless received the letter suggesting that when it became certain that the real thieves would not be apprehended – due to their proximity to your good self, you sent out the letter to smear the ‘clean ones’ in your government (2011-2013).

Put in another way, the inclusion of other was to make it difficult to identify the real culprits.

Mr Chairman, membership of the SPLM was, and remains, an honour. It is revolutionary duty and right. I view it as a position of sacrifice not privilege; that explains why at every occasion we honour the memory of those who have paid the ultimate price in the course of the war of national liberation.

I recall the relation of fraternity and comradeship we built, in the front line against the enemy, and that guided us to some extent in the liberated areas.

These relations could not have emerged without the sense of equality, justice and freedom among ourselves as revolutionaries as well as between our people and us.

The shunning of political organization and education in the SPLM, which projected militarism over other social and political processes in the course of national liberation, stunted the
growth and strengthening of these relations albeit they remained superficial.

The CPA and the tragic death of Dr. John Garang exposed a sad reality in our relations in the SPLM. The comradely relations faded as the SPLM engaged in government. This shows that the nature of the revolutionary message the SPLM espoused since 1983 was completely at odds with the class origins of some of our leaders (messengers) in the Movement.

It revealed that they had not fully converted to the liberation per se thus with the peace agreement and being in government, they indeed recovered their social reality and their natural relationship with their natural surroundings.

The wheel had gone full circle, to where we began.

The twenty-one years of chanting slogans of equality, freedom, justice and democracy was a façade to hide the atavistic reality of the political-military elite that emerged at the helm of the SPLM.

The post CPA South Sudan beat a retreat into the eighteenth Century era. Thanks to totalitarian regime into which the SPLM has hardened and ossified.

The Republic of South Sudan was born against a background that reflected the sad truth that the SPLM had abandoned the ideology that propelled it to popularity both in the country and abroad.

South Sudan’s current context of ubiquitous ethicized conflicts, insecurity in the rural and urban domains driven by land grabbing with impunity, corruption, disappearances and assassination of political dissidents, stagnation and lack of development, and now the civil strife has made the spectators of our context wonder what could have happened to the SPLM.

It all started with the tragic death of Dr. John Garang de Mabior and your ascension to the helm in August 2005, when relations within the SPLM began to deteriorate and turn to the worst.

Mr Chairman, you will recall that between August 2005 and October 2007, backbiting, double-crossing, double-talking and outright conspiracies against specific comrades in the leadership characterized the SPLM internal condition.

This culminated in the attempts during the SPLM 2nd National Convention 2008 to remove Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon and Pagan Amum Okiech from their positions as SPLM first deputy Chairman and SPLM Secretary General respectively.

The reasons for that attempt to remove the two leaders from the SPLM hierarchy were not sufficiently explained. The SPLM management of the General and Presidential Elections 2010 showed that the internal schisms had not healed resulting in the rebellion in Jonglei State.

The apparitions of these machinations hovered over the SPLM wheeling and dealing
until tragic events of December 15, 2013.

In fact, the tragic events that commenced with the mutiny in Tiger Battalion on the night of Sunday December 15, 2013 and their escalation into what is already becoming a civil war must be attributed to the political failure of the SPLM leadership to address the internal organization issues of the party.

It is inconceivable that you reduced to a struggle for power the disputes over democratic reforms in the SPLM. Political and ideological differences in a political party are inevitable.

However, they are resolved not through military confrontation but through democratic dialogue and debates aimed at uniting the ranks and file.

That the struggle for democratic reforms in the SPLM has resulted in the death of tens of thousands of our innocent citizens betrays an inner tendency to dictatorship the very antithesis of liberation, which united us in the SPLM.

This tendency to transform into docile uncritical mass the people of South Sudan can be gleaned from the authoritarian outbursts of the Minister of Information and Broadcasting preventing the media and civil society groups to document and report the crimes against humanity committed by security forces between December 16 and 20, 2013 in the residential suburbs of Juba.

The SPLM leadership and the Government of South Sudan have not to date acknowledged the massacre of ethnic Nuers in Juba. The SPLM government has not told the people of South Sudan the truth about what transpired on December 15, 2013 apart from the coup attempt
attributed to Dr. Riek Machar.

The people of South Sudan want to know the linkage between the coup attempt, which occurred in Tiger Battalion, and the massacring of the ethnic Nuers in the residential suburbs of Juba.

It was common knowledge that you mobilized, recruited and trained a private army hailing from Warrap and Northern Bahr el Ghazal, which you, on Saturday February 15, 2014, let the cat out of the bag while addressing the SPLM Youth League by these words, “the intention was to have a ‘reserve force’ to help the nation in the event of military action was needed.

When these people were in the training, they were denied everything. They were denied salaries, weapons and all things they were supposed to get because some people did not like the idea.”

This was blatant violation of the constitution. You cannot possess a private army besides the SPLA of which you are Commander in Chief.

Mr. Chairman, I want to discuss my situation and the decision to resign from the SPLM. Like all political parties the world over, the SPLM would comprise politically active members of our society.

The activity they voluntarily engage in correspondence to exercising rights and duties accruing consequence to their membership of the party. It is a result of proving one’s political capabilities that one acquires promotion to senior positions in the party and given other responsibilities in the government.

The SPLM consequent to its history and modis operandis emerged a military organization that eclipsed political activity from its inception in 1983 until the signing of the CPA in 2005.

The talk of its transformation into a mass based political party came to nothing and the period between the SPLM 2nd National Convention and its third was wasted.

The post CPA period witnessed mass demobilization and depoliticization of the SPLM under the guise of South-South dialogue. The SPLM jettisoned its ideological stance and forgot its political objectives.

Its internal situation deteriorated that the elections 2010 precipitated a tendency among many comrades to contest as independent candidates.

We remember with nostalgia the rebellions of George Athor and David Yaw Yaw in Jonglei and the rigging out by SPLM of some of its influential leaders.

The internal situation deteriorated further at independence of South Sudan 2011, with the massive influx into the SPLM of former NCP operatives and boot leakers, who have used their skills of leader worship in the NCP to seek power and influence in the SPLM.

They have now succeeded to elbow out the SPLM senior cadres some of who joined its ranks in
May 1983. The result is that the SPLM has lost not only its bearings as a national
liberation movement but it has also become oppressive machinery against the people of South Sudan.

People who fought the SPLM on the side of the enemy until 2005 now manage the SPLM affairs and are its decision makers. Their interest remained the destruction of the SPLM especially after the tragic death of Dr. John Garang de Mabior.

They belaboured to heighten the SPLM internal schisms until violence erupted on December 15, 2013. This violence resulted in demise of tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of our people. This war could have been avoided had you cared to listen to voices of peace loving people.

Together with other comrades, I was arrested and detained briefly in connection with these events. What looked a compassionate gesture to release me turned out to be a wicked stratagem to incarcerate me in oblivion and obscurity?

I am denied my passport and therefore could not be by the side of my wife, when she underwent a five hours operation in Nairobi Hospital.

The SPLM and Government propaganda depicted me as enemy and therefore many of my compatriots have been scared away from me. This is even after the government failed to prove before the Court its case against us for the so-called ‘failed coup attempt’.

The National Security Service refused to return my passports to travel for specialized medical attention. They told clearly that I have to remain in Juba to ‘feel the heat’, whatever it means.

My reading of this situation is that I shall remain the scapegoat for the December 15, 2013 events in view of the fact the other eleven detained political leaders have now all left the country courtesy of the President of the Republic of Kenya.

I also read ‘feel the heat’ as instructions from you as the National Security Service only receive orders from you.

Given these facts, and in view of the fact that the SPLM under your leadership is
prosecuting a civil war, I do not want, by virtue of being a member of the SPLM, to be privy to the some of the horrendous crimes being committed against the people of South Sudan.

I, also, do not want to be privy to the transformation of the SPLM into a totalitarian machine, and an oppressive regime that is destroying South Sudan.

I am therefore in all dignity and honour submitting my resignation from the SPLM as of June 1st, 2014.

Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba
June 1st 2014.

The ‘Federal System’ in South Sudan is not the solution

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, JUN/05/2014, SSN;

Since SPLM-in-Opposition declared their preference for constitutional Federal System in South Sudan, there’s been a lot of heated debate by South Sudanese in the government, in the opposition, in the media and on the street. Understandably, the discussion pits those who support it against those who don’t support it.

While I don’t have any problem with the Federal System per se, I don’t believe it’s going to solve any of our problems now and in the future.

It’s true that we need a complete overhaul of our political governance and social systems in South Sudan; however, we need to understand that for any systemic transparency to work, the leadership’s attitude, the citizen-citizen relations and the general understanding of power structure, have to change.

As long as the leadership’s attitude and its perception of power and the country remain the same, it doesn’t matter what system we institute in South Sudan, we’ll always remain in a mess.

Unless we have both a good system and good people in leadership, things will remain the same: bad. A good system and a bad leadership or a good leadership and a bad system are all the same: bad!

We need to understand also that a Federal System will not auto-create. The constitutional provisions that will create and inform it will still need the cooperation of all the stakeholders in the country.

It wouldn’t be a mere importation of foreign Federal Systems such as the one in Nigeria, Ethiopia, Canada, USA or any other federated governance system in the world.

There has to be internal, idiosyncratic realities to be put into account.

Since power in South Sudan is concentrated in the hand of one man, the opposition see the Federal System as another way to clip the presidential powers.

However, I personally don’t think a Federal System is what we need now. All we need is a well-informed, broad-based and structured decentralization of power.

What we have now is actually a form of a Federal System (even if it’s not constitutionally stated as such) as we have state parliaments and governments. It’s therefore important that state governments be given greater and functional autonomy.

This means that ministries such as Education, Agriculture, and law enforcement sectors should be given to the states.

Besides, there should be no presidential and national government’s interference in running the affairs of the states; such as the removal of the governors by the president or the president being consulted by the governor on the appointment of state ministers.

State constitutions should have constitutional clauses or provisions on how to remove or replace the governors. Since governors are elected officials, they need to be removed in the same democratic manner by the state parliament as stipulated in the state constitution.

And more importantly, there has to be a very well-regulated economic leeway for the states to create their own functional economic systems, internally and externally; nationally and internationally.

And as always in South Sudan, there are those who oppose the Federal System (taken at face value) because they assume the three southern states of South Sudan would use it as an excuse to bully residents of war-ravaged states just like what happened with the ‘Kokora’ in the 1980s.

Given the attitude of the citizens in these three states towards citizens of other states resident there, the concern is not an empty claim.

The three southern (Central, Western and Eastern Equatoria) states are relatively stable and have been less affected by war.

Given the way the eastern (Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity) states have been affected, some people see the Federal System as an unfair condemnation of the citizens of these states given the fact that the mess we are in wasn’t created by the citizens but by the same politicians who think they have a solution to the country’s problems.

It’s therefore conceivable that citizens in the three southern states, who complain a lot about ‘occupation of their ancestral lands,’ would use the Federal System to get rid of residents of other states in their states.

But let’s not forget, as I mentioned earlier, that the kind of the Federal System to be instituted in South Sudan, should it become possible, will be informed by a new constitution.

State-to-state relations, citizens’ travels and place of residence and the control over national resources will all be dictated by what is included in the constitution.

Let’s not just assume that because Canada has a Federal System and each province (state) has absolute control over its resources to the exclusion of other provinces then such a thing is going to be the case in South Sudan.

Competing interests will be there at the constitutional drafting time. The technical aspects would not be as easy as we romanticize them.

Each and every state will have to protect its interest by bringing to the fore social, economic and political generalities that favor them.

In no way will the Federal System decent on us in exactly the way we want it.

We’ve already seen Vice President, Wani Igga, backtracking on the Federal System, which he favored in 2011 (and oppose now) just because Dr. Riek Machar favors it.

And both President Kiir and VP Igga are saying that Riek isn’t the originator of the idea of the Federal System in South Sudan.

Wani claims Riek ‘stole’ the idea from ‘Equatorians’ while President Kiir says the Federal System has always been the demand of South Sudanese even before independence.

True partly, because the idea was first proposed by the ‘Southern Liberal Party’ with Buth Diu and Stanislaus Paysama in 1953 and later emphasized by the ‘Federal Party’ under Ezboni Mondiri and Father Saturnino Lohure in 1958.

So technically, everyone talking about the ‘Federal System’ now is ‘stealing’ and a ‘liar’ as per the VP reasoning.

These leaders need to know that it’s irrelevant when it was proposed and who proposed it first. The most important question is: IS IT GOOD FOR SOUTH SUDAN NOW? IF SO, THEN HOW? IF NOT, THEN WHY?

Watch a video commentary on
Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically.’ For contact, visit or follow him on twitter @kuirthiy

Is Pres. Kiir insane, mentally retarded or a cult personality? By

BY: Stephen Pajok Kong, RSS, JUN/04/2014, SSN;

This article asks the question, is Salva Kirr Mayardit Insane, Mentally Retarded or a Cult Personality? The author has concerns about Kirr Mayardit’s mental reasoning back during the time he was commander of Guerilla fighters in the liberation struggle. He used to be a long bearded commander, and according to the people who are his close associates Kirr promised that he will not cut his long beard until the independence of South Sudan.

In my opinion, I think the dirty long beard has been replaced by a brand of Dallas Cowboy Hat. The author recognized some disturbing warning signs after Salva Kirr came back from the memorial service of the world iconic leader Nelson Mandela known as Madiba at the time of his death in December 2013.

He looked a very depressed man, turned out with his evil plan to kill more than 20.000 innocent Nuer women and children. What had befallen our nation on December 15, 2013 will remain to be a history.

This paper will briefly state why we could debate the reason of insanity, cult personality and my personal appeal to Nuer volunteer fighters.

Let’s say what happened in South Sudan on December of 2013 did happen in a country like the United States, Canada, or Great Britain and so forth. There could have been a debate from Law Enforcement, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, sociologists, Anthropologists and Psychotherapists about whether Kirr Mayardit is criminal or not, or anything attributed to mental illness?

Although Kirr reveals some of the most predictable attempts to shift the blame by causing the most detestable crime against humanity, he manages to make some low-minded individual believed his evil plan for two days after Monday morning, when he give press conference about coup attempt, I quoted, “a group of soldiers allied to the former vice-president Dr. Riek Machar and his group attacked the army headquarters near Juba University. These attacks continued until this morning.”

Kirr describing Machar as a “prophet of doom who continues to persistently pursue his actions of the past.” Kiir made reference to the 1991 split in which the ex-vice president defected from the SPLM/A rebel group during its civil war with Sudan to pursue a called for South Sudan independence.

The reference to August 1991 incidence compromises only one purpose Kirr and his defense Minister Kuol Manyang wanted Bor community to know that Kirr Government is going to kill Nuer as a revenge for 1991 incident.

The blind supporters from Bor communities took it as a promise from Kirr Mayardit. But, what they do not know is Kirr’s blade cut both ways. They were blindly supporting Kirr during his rampage for three days regardless of a call from Mama Nyandeng to Bor Communities that the ongoing massacres of Nuer civilians have nothing to do with the 1991 incident.

Kirr and his whole government cannot stand a chance for the insanity defense, even though their action was the action of a madman the time it took to plan the massacre is well calculated.

Is Kirr a cult Personality President?
YES! If not all, the majority of the South Sudanese public will agree with me that Mr. Mayardit is a cult personality individual, before we wasted more time, let’s consult the expert about the definition of cult personality.

Cult Personality Leader. According to Oxford Dictionary cult of personality or personality cult arises when a country’s leader uses mass media to create a larger-than-life public image through unquestioning flattery and praise. Cults of personality are often found in dictatorships but can be found in some democratic as well.

A cult of personality is similar to general hero worship except that it is specifically built around political leaders. However, the term may be applied by analogy to refer to adulation of non-political leaders.

My intention here is not to make a diagnosis, I am just an ordinary citizen, like millions of South Sudanese who’re wondering about the mischief engulfing our young nation.

I for one can personally argue that there are many pieces we have grasped from Kirr psychological dysfunctional, many people who’d known him during the liberation, knew him as somebody who never successfully carried out a military operation.

What’s supposed to be his first Tiger operation ended in disgust, second Tiger operation ended the lives of twenty thousand (20.000) innocents Nuer women and children. Kirr left many South Sudanese families with a trail of broken hearts and shattered expectations.

The man is completely lacking conscience, compassion and feelings for others.

Many South Sudanese bloggers and writers know full well that Kirr can be anything. One Southern Sudanese writer by the name Chuol Chot Puoch asked this question: “Did you know that a chameleon changes only its skin color? We must be very sincere, faithful, careful and more importantly accountable when it comes to something that does away with a human life.”

Mr. Puoch, it is obvious Kirr is being a serious mendacious first President. For the last eight years Mr. Mayardit was always unsettled and only believes in what he choose to say.

Because of his notoriety of dictatorial or cult personality, he gauges the power of the masses and how to manipulate people by creating a believable ideology that allows him to develop and maintain power.

Kirr thinks he is larger than life. Everybody else in our country is corrupted, but him, according to Mayardit. He figured out if he makes too many decrees and reshuffles he will control the public employees to press him and believe in him. Or else there will be Republican Order No. RSS/RO/J/16/2013 issued by H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit to relieve you from your post.

Kirr has grandiose ideas of who he is, and what he can do if you do not worship him as your king. He has a strong sense of entitlement and excessive self-admiration.

To make comparison between Kirr Mayardit and historical president who was known to be Cult Personality. Let`s take Adolf Hitler of Germany and compare him to Kirr Mayardit of South Sudan.

Adolf Hitler had a frantic hatred of Jews. Kirr Mayardit has a long history of fanatical hatred of Nuer Nation. On January 31, 1939. Hitler gave public speech, in his speech Hitler warned Jews on what he would do if they started the II world war, Hitler already planned the war himself.

On Saturday December 14, 2013, Kirr Mayardit warns Nuer about what he would do if Machar started war. But Kirr already prepared to start the war himself. I quoted Kirrs warning here. `

“In the light of the recent development in which some comrades have come out to challenge my executive decisions, I must warn you that this behavior is tantamount to indiscipline, which will take us back to the days of the 1991 split.” Mayardit December 14, 2013.

Dealing with Kirr Mayardit is worse than fighting a terrorist who`s determined to blow up a bomb. Kirr put the onus of blame and guilt on others. According to Kirr Mayardit everybody is forcing him to do whatever he did. His record revealed that he previously had spilled too much blood of innocent and helpless Southerners.

In my last article about him I tried to paint a picture of what Kirr is up to. I give it a title “President Kirr s Tainted legacy`,” you can read more HERE

I discovered that the man has a motionless peculiar belief, different from all South Sudanese cultures and norms. His behavior is consisted with confrontation degenerated into dogfight liar and shallow emotion.

MY APPEAL to Nuer Freedom Fighters.
Dear all Freedom Fighters (Active or Volunteer) from Mayom Leer, Guit, and many others counties in Western Nuer. Ayod and Uror in Central Nuer. Dome, Ulang, Nasir and Longachuk to Eastern Nuer. Thank for choosing to die for the right cause.

The killing of Nuer women and children in our nation capital Juba by Dinka Militias called Dut-ku Bany and Guelweng is worth fighting for. The soldiers of Salva Kirr and Yuweri Museveni of Uganda who are frantically marching to face you in battle-fields are wrong.

This summer is already a gloomier summer in Nuerland than any other summer in Nuer historical account. But we have God on our side, even though Dr. Riek is routed out of Nasir, his fighters will drive toward Maker Gaguang. Nuer in a times like this was times that try men in soul.

Our volunteers first look forward to go to their homestead for summer planting. The men who stand the fight now earned the love and thanks from Nuer women and children who perished in Juba, and some still shivering in the jungle hiding from Salva Kirr and Museveni soldiers.

Some are crammed in UNMISS Concentrations Camps. Tyrant Kirr and Museveni are not easily conquered. Salva Kirr and Museveni Soldiers and mercenaries are in Bentiu, Ayod and Nasir and Longachuk, it seems the only thing you could do is to prevent them from going to Nuer Homestead to do mischief one more time against the innocent.

Nuer, this is another gloomier year. And this suffering is also based on fabrication by a liar. The particular liar caused the lives of many. Our forefathers have seen all the bad things against them and never held grudge against their offenders. I hope we will TOO. Machar said in peace you have to make compromises… 5/30/2014. We have been wronged. We forgive!

Stephen Pajok Kong

Why too many people discontented with Pres. Kiir’s Leadership Style?

By: Tong Kot Kuocnin, South Sudan, JUN/04/2014, SSN;

I have no doubt that our country has already been set ablaze by both president Kiir himself and his cohorts who have now turned against him in a leadership wrangling to which many SPLM senior members are on the row.

Some of whom have been very much shamed by being accused of having staged a coup in order to topple Kiir’s government and his other few colleagues, thrown into prison and brought to Court of Justice with barely no single substantial evidence to substantiate Kiir’s government’s claims of it so called coup attempt.

Meanwhile some of the other members fled Juba for safety which hitherto resulted into meaningless devastating useless war.

It’s somewhat difficult to circumvent and comprehend why many people within the ruling party are so much discontented with Kiir’s style of leadership doubling the number of defectors.

It is also an utmost dismay that a sizable number of people in the SPLM always said that Kiir is weak and incompetent to lead the State and hence he should be excused in order to allow someone who is highly educated, more competent, not corrupt, not a dictator and above all not so decisive when dealing with the issues of national concerns.

This was the feeling of Dr. Machar and his other colleagues, who up to just very recently became vocal about President Kiir weakness and his inability to act very decisively.

But the plot was not certainly captured by many people because its architect turned the issue which has national character into something owned by few individuals with grudges hidden in their hearts. This is a fact.

However, within the group they politically agreed to bring down president Kiir in a peaceful and smarter political way and not by a barrel of a gun but Dr. Machar, Taban Deng and Alfred Ladu were contrarily planning either way.

They thought that this leadership will be hijacked in the future certainly because Comrade Pagan who was a bit shining within the group was hotly contesting the same party position.

Comrade Rebecca De Mabior who has also shielded herself in Dr. Garang’s coat was too eagerly aspiring for the same post.

So this was seen by Machar as an impossible journey because he was crossing the river with leopard and the goat in his boat which he may not be able to control if the leopard takes heed on the goat, who may certainly eat it all while he is still crossing the river.

What about the rest of the members who were together with them? It is with no doubt that most of these comrades were ardent supporters and sympathizers of either side of the struggling political giants.

They had absolute hope with each of the mentioned political giants’ success in his/her political fight, so, they will get whatever political rewards they wants from.

It is this feeling of my comrades within themselves that led to fracture of the ranks and files of this great party into small groups of seven, four, and those at large.

Many people within the party claim that president Kiir has developed dictatorial tendencies. Comrade Pagan called him a creeping dictator, while the rest call him a crawling dictator who, if he learned how to walk would one day emerge as a complete terrible dictator worse like Hitler, Muhamar Gaddafi of Libya, Mohamed Hosni Mubarak of Egypt and many other African despots.

It was to be watered down politically before it hatched and grew out of its shield. Why many people are discontented with Kiir’s style of Leadership?

It is undeniable fact that the inner circle surrounding the president can’t be spared off this blame because it is their wrong advises to which the president acted on that has dragged the country into this political turmoil.

Consider first, that the economic inequality of the people of south Sudan to which very few groups of people became so rich over night planted the seeds of divisions and political wrangle among the most strong politicians and military Generals.

Consider second, is the fact that hand-picked weak and incapable leaders were placed on the neck of the people even if the people of that particular administrative unit don’t want him/her.

Consider the third, is the culture of appeasing and awarding too many militia groups with high ranks in the national army pushing away the proper army had provoked and generated the spirit of taking arms and killing innocent women and children with hope of being thereafter awarded with ranks and senior positions both in the army and other administrative units of the State.

These above, coupled with the fact that there is too much corruption and the president was loose in strongly putting to an end to the culture of stealing public funds that has outraged those who were unable to squeeze themselves in to scoop some funds meant for development for themselves.

Consider too, is the fact that most of the former ministers’ names were among the list of 75 accused of having stolen millions of dollars in the shadow from 2005 to 2012, seeing this as they were relieved off their active duties, felt threatened by the fact that they will be questioned of their past and some of whom may certainly be prosecuted for mismanagement and embezzlement of those funds.

This has triggered stiff resistance by these comrades themselves obstructing the change because the newly installed administration will not give a damn shit of their nonsense they did when they almost looted the state treasury in furtherance of illicit self enrichment of public funds.

Many people are discontented with president Kiir because he had in the first place allowed very few groups of people to be the only stakeholders and anything they said was the only and only right thing to go about.

Many people are discontented with Kiir’s leadership style because he has allowed the state treasury be looted at his watch by the very same people who have now lashed out at him leaving scores of people out of fence not as stakeholders but as mere spectators of the illicit drama that was taking place in Kiir’s Administration leading to political bursts in the SPLM house, hence engulfing the entire nation.

My brave comrade, president and a most respected elder of my time have thoroughly tainted his good and most admire image and reputation on bad lines which the history will remember as a man who fiercely fought against repressive, oppressive and despotic regimes of Khartoum but after independence, he allowed his house which he worked tirelessly to mint be infested by untreated pests who eat almost entire commodity in the house.

With all due respect Sir, we all know that governing the people of different cultures, different, characters, different thoughts and different behaviours isn’t easy but one thing will destroy your good name, reputation and standing in the eyes of the people of south Sudan i.e. appeasing few people with ranks in the army and senior jobs in your government will completely destroy our people, their social cohesion and above all our beloved country.

If you may show your teeth to each and everyone that you are not weak, you are not incompetent, you are not indecisive and you are not that cold and that you are not toothless but you have teeth that can bite any wrong doer, only then that our people will sleep well not again in fear of who X rebelling tomorrow and killing unaccountable number of innocent women and children and looting their entire properties and setting ablaze their shelters.

Try to help live in peace, stability and harmony they few that are left by senseless wars now. Try to rescue the few that are left by hunger and disease and do something to avert future death and suffering of these people.

Do all you can to unite our people for it is only in unity and peace that we can thrive stronger and develop our motherland. Have all the blessings.

Tong Kot is a practicing legal counsel at Deng & Co. Advocates and can be reached at:

IGAD on the issue of stakeholders

BY: ELHAG PAUL, South Sudan, JUN/04/2014, SSN;

When the IGAD took the role of mediator in the wake of the ethnic cleansing orchestrated by Ogreish President Salvatore Kiir at the beginning of the year, it came in naively not knowing exactly what to do. It counted on the media to bolster its image. It initially did everything through trial and error.

For example, the embryonic plan to use the CPA model of 2005 to solve the current crisis. This is further exacerbated by the fact they tried to patch up the SPLM so that it could continue its tyrannical rule of South Sudan. Please see ‘IGAD’s inadequate strategy in South Sudan’.

This was a complete waste of time and an indication that IGAD did not really know what to do. It was beating around the bush hoping it’s over hyped role would miraculously yield a peace deal.

Kiir’s SPLM detected the weakness and, lo and behold, they capitalised on it directing IGAD left and right down the alley way of failure.

Even people like Luka Biong who contributed massively to the failure of the system popped up as an authority figure on the problem facing the country drumming the revival of the SPLM as a solution.

Gradually, like an infant learning to walk, it stood up and fell and then stood up again and stumbled until it started to walk few steps with the aid of USA Secretary of State John Kerry.

After having gotten the confidence to walk through the agreement of 9th May 2014, it is now beginning to regress. This regression is exhibited in the criteria they have applied on deciding the composition of the stakeholders and which civil society organisations are to be invited for the talks.

The consultation process to identify the stakeholders and determine the composition of the participants leaves a lot to be desired. The IGAD team tasked with this process which landed in Juba on 28th May 2014 to say the least was clumsy and shambolic.

It did not show any professionalism in the consultation process.

One thing is certain at this point, IGAD is committing mistakes because it appears to be in panic triggered by shortage of time which it squandered.

As the talks are scheduled in the first week of June 2014, it wants to bring the stakeholders on time without having done any preparatory work of consultation right after the 9th May 2014 agreement was signed.

They left it too late only to realise that the task is enormous, hence the running around and the avoidable blunders.

IGAD has committed two serious errors which are very crucial in the whole process of the talks.

First, it has made decision about the size of the participating teams without any discussions with the stakeholders to take into account the needs of each group or team of stakeholders in terms of expertise and support work.

Secondly, it has chosen civil society organisations without even speaking to the most active ones in the country.

From the invite letters that IGAD has sent out to some political parties, it only asked for two-person teams to come for the talks. Surely, this is a token representation when compared to Kiir’s SPLM which has a team of over 24 participants, SPLM-in-Opposition which has 11 participants and the SPLM G12 which has 12 participants.

The first casualty here is the principle of equity and fairness. So IGAD falls on the first hurdle on the basics of democracy.

Serious talks about the fate of South Sudan intended to lay structures of democracy to curtail tribalism, and to promote peace with healthy representation of communities in the society can not be struck with the very culprits given huge advantage over the people’s (victims) representatives in the form of opposition parties and civil societies.

Moreover these talks cover a wide subject area which requires participation of experts in the various teams of the stakeholders.

For instance, each team of stakeholders would need an expert in federalism, an expert in healing and reconciliation processes, an expert in international and criminal law given the crimes obtaining in the country due to tribal political decisions in the country.

In addition these teams would require support workers. How then could a two-person team really be effective in the talks?

Is IGAD here not undermining its own objective and chances of success by placing obstacles on the needed resources in the talks?

The SPLM of Kiir uses government resources and thus has the luxury to master the resources it needs for these talks to fight for the status quo or something similar. The other SPLM groups equally have their own backers and resources they made when they were in the government to pursue their interest.

The only people who actually have lost and continue to lose out are the people of South Sudan because of the oppression they suffered from the SPLM and now being disadvantaged yet again by the mediating body which ought to understand the plight of the people.

The people are now left high and dry with token representation of two-person teams. All the factions of SPLM which are responsible for the chaos in the country now yet again are being rewarded with a massive advantage in all areas of the talks by none other than IGAD’s criteria of participation.

Why is IGAD biased against the stakeholders?
The most reasonable and acceptable composition of a team should consist at least of five persons to enable a positive contribution. I move on to the issue of the choice of participants.

The choice of the participants to the talks raises some serious problems. Although IGAD appears to have got it right with the choice of the political parties because this seemed to be based on those parties registered in then Sudan and they have since operated in South Sudan. Here, IGAD should be commended of its stance to inclusivity.

SPLM as usual with its vulture-like behaviour tried to undermine the principle of inclusivity by attempting to present a list of its satellite parties as the only stakeholders in the country.

The IGAD representatives in this encounter stood their ground. While this is a commendable job, IGAD faltered in its choice of civil society organisations.

Please see, ‘IGAD’S envoy wants ‘inclusive’ civil society talks’

The most prominent organisations operating in South Sudan like South Sudan Civil Societies Alliance and ‘South Sudanese Women for Peace’ among others have been excluded.

In addition the Diaspora and the group of professionals who submitted a document to IGAD have also been omitted. This omission is likely to deprive the talks in Addis Ababa of the invaluable resource needed, namely: the intellectual, experiential and the unique perspective of the South Sudanese people.

Surely, with this huge exclusion of key stakeholders, where is the inclusivity that General Sumbeiywo defended? General Sumbeiywo in standing up to SPLM’s selectivity by invoking the principle of inclusivity affirms the importance of implementing the agreement.

Why then is IGAD violating the very principle General Sumbeiywo invoked to silence the SPLM.

This error emanates from the fact that the whole process of consultation was not given a careful thought.

It was rushed through due to shortage of time and poor planning. It should be noted here that because of IGAD’s laid back behaviour and lack of pro-activity they have created a situation of two competing demands which has unfortunately crippled the process.

First, there is the need to achieve peace within a short period; and secondly there is the need to get the operational element of the process right. Each demand is very important for a sustainable peace in South Sudan.

Therefore, it would be prudent for IGAD to continue consulting with the stakeholders even at this late stage to address all the shortcomings raised here. This does not mean that the talks should be suspended. The consultation process can continue along side the talks with the necessary amendments injected into the talks.

The current token representation of the opposition political parties and the exclusion of some of the key players like the women, the Diaspora and the intellectuals does not bode well for the talks and the reputation of IGAD as a fair and professional organisation.

Now that the talks will resume on 5th June 2014, it should not matter. Still as argued above, IGAD can correct its mistakes by urgently:

1) Including the omitted civil society organisations, the professionals who produced a position paper and submitted it to IGAD and the representatives of the Diaspora.

2) Expand the current two-person teams to at least five persons to ensure effective and rich contribution.

3) Ensuring that the principle of equity and fairness are applied to the letter which means that all the teams participating must be of equal composition. No other groups regardless of their financial capability should be given advantage over the others.

Finally, IGAD should see this current situation as an early stage in the whole process of the talks. It is better to correct the mistakes now than to let it lead into an unfair outcome because of skewed representations which will not bring a lasting solution to the problems of South Sudan.
[Truth hurts but it is also liberation]

Elhag Paul

Me against my brother: The defection of General Dau Aturjong Nyuol

By: Martin Garang Aher, AUSTRALIA, JUN/04/2014, SSN;

President Kiir had of late made two appointments that would ensconce rebellion in the state of Northern Bahr El Ghazal in the form of pitting rivalries against each other. Of the significant appointment is that of the army’s chief, general Paul Malong Awan, who was uplifted from a gubernatorial position as a civilian governor, to the army top stratum.

Malong’s appointment and that of the caretaker governor of NBG State closed all doors on Dau, leaving him with only one way: that of rebellion.

Dau Aturjong became the latest South Sudanese military general to break ranks with Juba and join Riek Machar in circumstances that swerved from claims of personal security, marginalisation of his community and the state, intense political rivalry and superimposed nationalistic dream of good governance.

The news of rebellion of a well-respected general, much known for a high level of technicality in tactical guerrilla warfare than his wealth; the latter which he never had but dreamt of, just like future-hopeful citizenry, was made in a hotel in Nairobi, Kenya and carried to a resounding propagation by Paris-based Sudan Tribune which published a full version of the press release, SBS Dinka radio in Australia, which later interviewed the general in his language of comfort, and many other local and international media.

Like every other rebels from within and without of Juba who made their discontent apparent since president Kiir took office in 2010 in circumstances sympathetic to colonial breakaway from the Sudan, general Dau, singing to the tune of others before him, has a keen interest in removing president Kiir from power in the country.

He accused him of scandalous stewardship of the nation to catastrophe. Well, the nation is already in the abyss.

The question to ponder upon is how to get out of it, something that every leader in South Sudan who calls for arms insurrections finds difficult to undo because of inherent fears of retributions and other complications that arise from combatants and acquired allies with own political interests.

For now, General Dau has his finger on the trigger and has no time to droop down attending to the political opportunistic networks that weave around every step he makes.

Why did Dau really rebel? It is the question that South Sudanese who think that Aweil and Kiir are inseparable and one and the same, would want to know?

Many people want to know why Aweil, an area that contributed a river full of blood in the most unsurpassed and bizarre conditions during the war of liberation with Sudan, fails to decelerate in the war of political opportunism emanating from Juba.

As difficult as the questions are, so are the answers, and I think General Dau can provide hints. Dau was the area commander of SPLA forces in Northern Bhar el Ghazal in 1990s, a position he swapped so often with Paul Malong, sometimes in the uncanny lobby with the general headquarters where Malong won the army politics of appeasement and deployment.

Although Dau was popular in solid protection of the area against Marahaleen counter-insurgency units, mobilising local resources to buy uniforms for the battalions in his command in the periods when SPLA soldiers at the extreme peripheries of war in Aweil were completely ragged and indistinguishable from the poverty-stricken civilians they protected; and introducing the now famous ‘Toyota war’ among the Darfur rebels by purchasing numerous Toyota utes cars and transformed them into military fighting vehicles, Dau could not hold on to his position in Aweil.

He found himself transferred to the vicinity of Wau and replaced by Malong Awan.

Since both men are undoubtedly battle-groomed for battle madness that often result in successes, civilians in Aweil have always struck an understanding with Dau who remained a bad student of snobbishness much to their liking.

That is where he always picks an axe to grind with ‘King Paul Malong,’ as adorned by a few toadies with interests.

The bitter differences between Malong and Dau are national in character. President Kiir knows about them and with him on Malong’s side, there is no better ally for Dau.

When Dau was interviewed by SBS Dinka Radio from Australia, he said that it was the late John Garang that knew his mind and how he rationalised situations.

No wonder president Kiir saw a ‘Garang’s boy’ in him and played a one-sided favouritism in the fraternal battles of fame.

During the 2010 elections, the SPLM, too, under new masters who were busy setting up traps for themselves by setting them up for the future enemies of the party, disapproved of Dau’s nomination as a front runner for gubernatorial position in Aweil.

Dau went on to contest the elections as an independent candidate with no assurance of support from the core. To him, he won the majority votes only to receive swapped ballots, followed by a humiliating condemnation and accusation of rebelling.

For the second time, Malong ruled the state and kept Dau at bay in Juba. The hope, to everyone who watched Dau from afar, was that he would circumvent Malong in Aweil and find a consolation in what the country would offer him at the national level.

It never came to pass. What came to pass was that an enemy, ‘The King,’ was given the ‘knife’ at his expense.

Adding to his frustrations was an occasional presence of security personnel wolfing around his house in Juba, sometimes, firing a few aimless shot at it. For a man near a hostile core of politics, the stakes could not be any higher for making up his mind.

If anything, the assumed impression is that notorious army men do not like to be fired at in awkward positions. Their bravery has an underlying fear.

In a meeting held under a tree in Mapuordit, Yirol, in early 2001, and which was attended by Marial Nuor, a not-to-mess-around-with commander, a disgruntled soldier appeared from nowhere and cocked his gun so loud that everyone was taken by surprise in the meeting.

I did not know what he had in mind. But the first person to stand up, shouted at the soldier and ordered him disarm, was Marial himself.

Ask the late Karubino Kwanyin Bol why he moved around to every place with a pistol just like Yasser Arafat, he would tell you that nothing was certain.

In the case of retired general Dau, left without orders to give but a security report to make when fired on, the situation became less peaceful in Juba than in the bush: the only door that remained opened for him.

Had president Kiir wanted Dau to stay, he would have pushed him to Aweil as the caretaker governor. But that would anger president Kiir’s darling in his army chief.

Already a caretaker governor in Aweil in the person of Kuel Aguer Kuel closes all avenues for a rebellion rethink from Dr. Dhiew Wol. The two have truck-loads of colonial baggages they brought with them. The only difference is that they have unwillingly exchanged positions proportional to their past.

For the people of Aweil, it was the dilemma that forced Dau out of Juba. The question is not why he rebelled but who has he joined, and at what time did he do it. That is where he misjudged Aweilians and where his right answers started with a wrong formula.

From Kuol Manyang and George Athor, Malong Awan and Dan Aturjong, Taban Deng Gai and Angelina Teny, Riek Machar and Kiir Mayardit and others, the SPLM knows how to create rebels.

With Dau in the list, they might have created General Terrible.

Martin Garang is a South Sudanese living in Australia. He can be reached at