Archive for: April 2014

What next after Individuals’ Sanctions in South Sudan?

BY: Peter Gai Manyuon, JUBA, APR/08/2014, SSN;

What is clicking mostly in people minds among South Sudanese is who is going to be number one in the list of the criminals who will be given sanctions by United States of America (USA) in this scenario where there is rebellion in three states of the Republic of South Sudan and thousands are still taking shelter in United Nation Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) compounds across the Country.

Some people are coming out with predictions that are believable and other are unbelievable in a sense.

It might be good news to South Sudanese globally about the American decision to impose sanctions on individuals who have killed innocent civilians, raped, tortured, robbed other people’s properties and forced other people to eat human flesh in Juba last year December 2013.

And on other hand, sanctions justify that South Sudanese have failed to rule themselves in that sense simply because if South Sudanese were capable they should not have been given individuals sanctions at this particular period of time.

Well, based on my own psychological blackboard, curative thinking and the way I have visualized the ongoing order of giving sanctions by President Barrack Obama, it reminds me of what had happened in Libya in 2011, 20th October, where Muammar Gaddafi died miserably.

The question is; will it happen in South Sudan? And if yes, why don’t we think twice of the solution about the crisis before it is going to be too late? (Food for thoughts).

However Sanctions, in law and legal definition, are penalties or other means of enforcement used to provide incentives for obedience with the law, or with rules and regulations.

For the case of the Republic of South Sudan where criminality is the order of the day, Criminal sanctions can take the form of serious punishment, such as corporal or capital punishment, incarceration, or severe fines.

Within the civil law context, sanctions are usually monetary fines, levied against a party to a lawsuit or his/her attorney, for violating rules of procedure, or for abusing the judicial processes.

Sanctions on individuals

The United Nations Security Council can implement sanctions on political leaders or economic individuals. These persons usually find ways of evading their sanctions because of political connections within their nation like the case of the Republic of South Sudan.

Reasons for sanctioning globally, highlights

Sanctions formulations are designed into three categories. The categories are used to differentiate between the political contexts due to the global nature of the act.

First, Sanctions are designed to force cooperation with international Law. This can be seen in the sanctions placed on Iraq in Resolution No. 661 on August 6, 1990 after the initial invasion of neighboring Kuwait.

The United Nations placed an Embargo on the nation in an attempt to prevent armed conflict. Resolution 665 and Resolution 670 were further added creating both naval and air blockade on Iraq.

The purpose of the initial sanctions was to coerce Iraq into following international law, which included the recognized sovereignty of Kuwait.

The second category of design is those sanctions with the purpose to contain a threat to peace within a geographical boundary like what is happening in South Sudan where many lost their lives and others raped, tortured.

Moreover, the 2010 Iran nuclear proliferation debate is a contemporary example. The current United Nations Security Council passed on June 9; Resolution 1929 providing restrictions on missile and weaponry materials that could be used for the creation of destructive weapons.

This principle of restriction is to contain the possibility of Iranian aggression with in the neighboring region.

The third category involves the United Nations Security Councils condemnation of actions of a specific action or policy of a member/non-member nation. The white minorities declared a unilateral Rhodesian Independence on November 11, 1965.

The General assembly and United Nations in a 107 to 2 vote took to condemning Rhodesia on all military, economic as well as oil and petroleum products. The international display of disapproval forced sanctions onto the Rhodesian people but without a clear goal as to a remedy for the economic sanctions.

The three categories are a blanket explanation on the reasons sanctions are applied to nations but it does not go as far to say that voting members share the same political reasons.

It is often the case for many nations to apply self-interests with one or more of the categories when voting whether or not to implement sanctions.

Importance of Sanctions

According to my own analysis; Sanctions will act as alert to Juba government and the rebels to have no access to their private accounts that they might use to buy heavy weapons in other countries and to restrict movement of some individuals who are to lobby for the support as well.

Sanctions not only bring moral pressure to bear upon offenders, but also affect their materiel and other interests. They seem to be the principal means to cultivate law-abiding citizens.

Disadvantages of Sanctions

Some individuals will lose credibility and trust from International Communities and regional bodies as well and therefore others will end up like Col Gaddafi of Libya who was over thrown by NATO using military tactics and cases.

And it might not be far for the Republic of South Sudan to experience the same like what happened in other African Countries where Central African Republic (CAR) is part.

Moreover, Juba seem to be very annoyed with the current order by the first black President Barrack Obama and the rebels seem like they are okay with the executive order from United States of America (USA) because they never reacted like what the Minister of Information and Broadcasting of South Sudan did after sanctions were ordered for approval.

For those who have followed International politics globally and how the world is being governed in this twenty first century, you will find that all people are in the mess except God the almighty alone.

God help my people from this crisis!!!

Author is Independent Journalist and Columnist who had written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan; you can contact him through petergai2006@gmail.com

Search for Indigenous Solution to South Sudan Problem

BY: Jacob K. Lupai, JUBA, APR/08/2014, SSN;

On the 9th July 2011 South Sudan declared itself independent from the old Sudan after decades of bitter and devastating armed struggle that caused so much loss of lives and destruction of property. South Sudan celebrated with fanfare the end of half century of utter subjugation by neocolonial system of governance in the old Sudan.

It is not within the scope of this article to go into the details of half century neocolonialism in South Sudan. Suffice to say that barely two years of independence the people South Sudan started to experience problems of governance. It seems yesterday’s mentality of liberation with undisciplined volunteers has not yet changed into the mentality of fostering socio-economic development through discipline.

In 2005 after a comprehensive peace agreement with the government of the old Sudan, South Sudan became a self-governing autonomous part. The ruling party was the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) with its military wing, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) which had prosecuted a 21-year old war for the freedom of the people of South Sudan. The vision of the SPLM was clear. It was to establish conditions contrary to conditions in the old Sudan.

Some aspects of the vision include establishment of democracy and good governance. On democracy the SPLM vision is the establishment of democratic path of development which empowers and encourages active participation of all citizens at all levels.

On governance the vision is the establishment of good governance where the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority in the management of the country’s affairs at all levels shall be people-based so that individuals and groups have an effective say in management and in decision that affect their lives.

The vision of the SPLM couldn’t have been clearer.

South Sudan Problem

South Sudan problem is in fact the problem of the SPLM as a political party which should not have been the problem of South Sudan in the first place. However, as the SPLM is the dominant ruling party in government, the problem has become a South Sudan problem because of the split of the SPLM and defections from the SPLA that has become of national concern.

The problem started when voices began to be heard of poor service delivery by the SPLM led government. Cases of rampant corruption were also heard loudly. According to an opinion poll in Sudanic Magazine of March/April 2008 Vol. 1 Issue 2, the Government of Southern Sudan was perceived as 90 per cent corrupt. Arguably the disappointment with the SPLM led government started to grow.

The problem came to a head when there was a crack in the SPLM leadership. This was partly due to contradictions in what the vision of SPLM was and what was actually happening in practice on the ground.

The contradictions seem to have been too much that the SPLM leadership was categorically split right in the middle with one part as SPLM in Government and the other SPLM in opposition. The SPLA was also divided in loyalty. Some SPLA commanders and their men defected to the SPLM in Opposition with their equipment.

The split was no longer an SPLM problem but a South Sudan problem that had dragged in the United Nations (UN), African Union (UA) and the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) in the interest of peace and stability in the region and also to avoid a humanitarian catastrophe in South Sudan.

Attempts for a solution

As highlighted above collective efforts to reconcile the differences between SPLM leaders that were supported by the countries of the region, international partners and the African Union did not succeed. By the end of November 2013 tensions between the SPLM in government and the SPLM in Opposition increased. The SPLM in Opposition accused the SPLM in Government of dictatorial tendencies and unilateral decision-making.

The split in the SPLM leadership produced a violent confrontation. In Juba on 15th December 2013 various elements of the presidential guard started fighting in their barracks. However, the SPLM in Government was quick to describe the fighting as an attempted coup d’état perpetrated by forces allied with the SPLM in Opposition. The SPLM in Opposition on its part denied any involvement in the alleged coup d’état.

A delegation of the IGAD Council of Ministers supported by the UN and AU travelled to Juba in an effort to persuade the parties to settle their differences peacefully. A second IGAD delegation led by the President of Kenya and Prime Minister of Ethiopia visited Juba for the same purpose as that of the first delegation.

The efforts made by the President of Kenya and Prime Minister of Ethiopia culminated in the convening in Nairobi of an extraordinary summit of IGAD member states where three special envoys to support the Government of South Sudan and the SPLM in Opposition were named. The aim was to enable the parties to reach in an inclusive manner, a resolution to the problem and to initiate a dialogue by 31 December 2013.

Problem persisting

Events took a violent turn of intense fighting on 15 December 2013. However, people are now in April 2014 and it is now about 5 months since fighting started. The problem between the SPLM in Government and the SPLM in Opposition seems to be persisting. Now what do people think of the problem and its implication on the governance of the country?

The membership of SPLM is not the entire population of South Sudan and the SPLM is just one single party among many in South Sudan. Instead of relying on IGAD, the UN and the AU to resolve the split in the SPLM, it is also important for the people of South Sudan to look at themselves as a key factor in resolving the violent conflict that is tearing their country apart. South Sudanese need to be confident and self-reliant.

No solution should be imposed without an inclusive participation of all political parties for a consensus on the way forward in the best interest of South Sudan as a nation but not necessarily in the interest of an individual party. The international community should take note of this.

The split in the SPLM has caused much pain to people of South Sudan. However, it seems when South Sudanese are taking sides it aggravates the problem. There has to be a common ground to resolve the problem.

The common ground should be a progressive provisional government. Blaming either side vehemently is not the way forward but seeking a common ground is in the interest of national unity.

South Sudanese indigenous solution

The SPLM in Government and the SPLM in Opposition seem to be too dogmatic and only appear to care much about their leadership’s survival and power in the country. They are like two boxers in a ring each one wants to win by all means. The two boxers do not see a win-win situation as an option but an all knock out of the opponent for a glory in the ring.

South Sudan is bleeding with the people enduring untold hardships instead of enjoying the fruit of their bitter struggle for independence from Arab Islamic bigotry and tyranny in the old Sudan. As it were, the people of South Sudan seem to have been thrown from the frying pan into the fire. Can the people of South Sudan truly put on a cap of extraordinary nationalism?

The SPLM in Government and the SPLM in Opposition should be made acutely aware that their belligerence is an absolute liability for all in South Sudan. People need a leadership full of confidence, to give and take, and decisive enough to bring the peace for which people are yearning.

A win-win situation for the SPLM in Government and the SPLM in Opposition is possible where a progressive provisional government is headed by technocrats of proven integrity but excluding either of the belligerents.

When the November 1958 military regime of Ibrahim Aboud was overthrown through a popular civil disobedience, Sir el Khatim el Khalifa, an Educationist, headed the provisional government. Also, when the May 1969 military regime of Jaafer el Numeiri was toppled Djouzili Daffalla, a Medical Doctor, headed the provisional government.

Why is it so scary to allow South Sudanese technocrats, who may include politicians of integrity, to head a provisional government as a compromise in the face of unnecessary devastation of the country?

The belligerence in Addis Ababa peace talks could be the fear in individuals who think they may face charges for crimes committed against humanity because of their perceived contribution to the carnage caused by the unfortunate split in the SPLM and the defections from the SPLA.

I am confident that the people of South Sudan will accept the offer of immunity for the anxious SPLM leaderships in return for them handing over power to technocrats to head a provisional government for the benefit of all. This can be through a negotiation with open minds and hearts.

This will be a typical South Sudanese own indigenous and genius solution to the violent conflict and the bitterness the conflict has generated. This is in order for security and stability to return to our beloved country with minimum delay for people to go about their daily business with peace of mind.

Conclusion

People of South Sudan are of one destiny. It is only unfortunate that they seem to be lacking a clear direction provided by a visionary leadership that is very caring for each and every ethnic group in the land. This is because people are frequently inclined to be instinctively tribalistic.

We in South Sudan need decisive leadership that is seen to protect each and every South Sudanese regardless of ethnicity or region. Upholding the rule of law to the letter is paramount so that none feels injustice in the Republic of South Sudan.

In conclusion, we all need to strive vigorously to make South Sudan progressively free of those who are inclined to be instinctively tribalistic for the national unity of South Sudan to flourish like flowers with some of the most beautiful colours on planet earth. END

Embarrasing South Sudan: UNMISS, GOSS & the duped picketers

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, APR/08/2014, SSN;

With no question, United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), like South Sudanese civilians, has had it rough for the last few months. And this can be blamed on a number of factors. Regrettably, some of these factors include the following: UNMISS officials’ negligence, naivety; South Sudanese officials’ incompetence and vain arrogance; ignorance and blind support among South Sudanese populace. All these have the effect of embarrassing South Sudan.

UNMISS
When operating in a post-conflict environment, it’s imperative that one takes into consideration the ease with which politics can smell of militancy. Political rhetorics can easily turn into bullets with Jesuit fervor.

It’s therefore crucial that UN agencies take absolute care when it comes to their operations in countries that are prone to what economist Collier calls ‘traps.’

With that in mind, it’s very dangerous for UNMISS to allow room for recklessness; such as wrong labelling of military hardware. While mistakes are human, it’s very important that UNMISS does everything with surgical precision.

UNMISS has of course expressed regret regarding the wrong labelling, however, no one is going to rebuke it for carelessness and negligence. While South Sudanese government and uninformed South Sudanese citizens took the matter to uncritical and naïve proportions, it’s crucial to remember that UNMISS did a terrible mistake they should be castigated for.

Hervé Ladsous, UN Under-Secretary for Peace Keeping Operations, harshly criticized South Sudan government at the UN Security Council for its treatment of UNMISS staff and its head, Hilde F. Johnson.

While South Sudanese government acted with devilish immaturity, it’s important to note that UNMISS needs to account for its own mistakes as it’s headed by human beings, not some flawless robots.

Besides, Ladsous, Johnson and UN should note that South Sudan is not a country with 500 years of democratic tradition and liberal principles under its belt. Lack of experience and trauma of war let these officials down.

While there’s no excuse for the harsh treatment of UNMISS staff, UN officials should remember that South Sudanese officials need help rather than being criticized like officials of countries in the caliber of United Kingdom, United States or France.

UN officials should put into consideration the existing realities because we live in a real world. Embarrassing South Sudan in the manner Ladsous did is not only irresponsible; it also fails to put into consideration the recent past of the country.

I’m not excusing them here but, believe me, these blokes, as Australians would say, need help! All the folks, the ‘leaders’ in Juba, need help! They don’t understand the value of criticism! It beats me why but they just don’t!

Government of South Sudan
No one will ever question the fact that South Sudanese officials speak first then think later. The leaders are so fixed on the idea that what happened on December 15, 2013 was a coup attempt and anyone who says otherwise is either a rebel or an enemy of South Sudan.

This is the twisted mentality that’s ruling South Sudan. And it’s the same twisted mentality young South Sudanese have assumed. Oh Deng Pakeny (my clan’s, Adhiok rain-god) help South Sudan!

While the officials have every right to be upset regarding the wrong labeling given the fact that the country is at war, the way the officials handled the issue of UNMISS trucks in Rumbek, Lakes State, is embarrassing.

Given the way the president and some of his officials publicly lashed out at the UNMISS and its head, it’s no brainer the government was going to do all it can to prove its hypothesis about UNMISS.

When the trucks that were wrongly labelled were seized, the government didn’t wait for an investigation to find out what exactly happened and who did it. It’s conceivable that GOSS can do that to embarrass UNMISS.

With great fanfare, the determined officials took their cameras with their propaganda South Sudan Television (SSTV) to show the world the supposed proofs that UNMISS was supporting Dr. Riek Machar and his forces. These officials jumped to conclusion without investigating first.

This action has cost South Sudan enormously. We’ve lost the confidence of our most important allies; especially those who helped us realize South Sudan independence.

South Sudan is now desperate; signing agreements with ‘devils’ as Ethiopian foreign minister said. The officials and the government have embarrassed us enough.

Duped Picketers
South Sudanese are intelligent people. That’s unquestionable. However, when it comes to tribal and political allegiance, their intelligence is sacrificed or shelved.

While some of the South Sudanese who demonstrated against UNMISS and Ms. Hilde Johnson really believe in the truth professed by the government of South Sudan, some picketers were demonstrating out of tribal allegiance.

The former picketers are a mere herd who go where leaders tell them to go. They have no sense of mental independence and critical thinking. Truth, to them, is what the government says.

The latter group knows the government’s nonsense; however, they are imprisoned by their tribal allegiance to a point of stupid belligerence.

While the former group has no idea what it was saying, because some of them called for the exit of UNMISS from South Sudan, the latter group only wanted the exit of Ms. Johnson.

I can even agree with those calling for Johnson to call it quits because her working relationship with the GOSS is completely destroyed. Restoring it will be next to impossible.

However, those calling for UNMISS to leave South Sudan are just clueless Martians.
Before calling for UNMISS to leave South Sudan, these poor souls should have considered a number of things:

• During this tragedy, a number of our innocent civilians took (and some are still taking) shelter at various UNMISS compounds.
• Do these picketers still believe we can dismiss UNMISS from South Sudan and still be members of United Nations?
• Do these picketers know that it’s the same UN that is and will feed our brothers, sisters, mothers, uncles, aunts… in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan?
• Do these picketers know that being an independent country comes with responsibility in order to fit in with sovereign nations…to be assisted through development?

It’s sad to remember that these picketers take South Sudan to be the sayer of the truth they hold dear. However, I don’t blame these people much because they don’t know any better.

Those I blame is the government that mislead them and the educated tribalists who misplace the contents of their minds.

Those who only called for the exit of Johnson without calling for the exit of UNMISS are right in some ways because they see the importance of UNMISS; and the difference between individuals and organizations.

However, there’s one embarrassing fact they overlook. And this comes with the fact that tribal allegiance and support for the GOSS is more important than the lives of South Sudanese.

None of these people demonstrated when civilians were massacred in Juba, Bor, Akobo, Malakal, Bentiu and all the areas affected by the current crisis. None of these people demonstrated when Murle raiders butcher innocent civilians in Twi Country, Bor County and Duk County in Jonglei state.

None of these people demonstrate when civilians butcher themselves in Northern Bhar El Ghazal, Lakes State and Warap State. None of these people demonstrated when government opened fire on civilians like what happened in Wau in 2012.

None of them dare to demonstrate to show the government that displaced civilians are eating wild roots and leaves.

It’s embarrassing for South Sudanese to demonstrate against UNMISS (which has done a lot of good for us) in support of a government that’s destroyed our country, and don’t demonstrate against the massacres of innocent South Sudanese all over South Sudan and the utter destruction the rebels have caused in the three eastern states of South Sudan.

Is the support of the government more important than thousands of innocent lives? One demonstration in support of the displaced souls and for the lost lives would be honorable.

Kuir ë Garang is a South Sudanese author living in Canada. He’s the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically. For contact, visit www.kuirthiy.info END

Solution oriented conversations with Lt-Gen. Alfred Ladu Gore

BY: MARGARET AKULIA, CANADA, APR/06/2014, SSN;

“We will continue the struggle until we release South Sudan and establish the rule of law. You know African leaders. You know they are the most bankrupt. You know they don’t understand abstract issues which have to be translated into reality. They are either uneducated or people who do not care. They just want to perpetuate their own interests. So their countries continue to be underdeveloped even after so many years. The countries are stagnated and there is nothing good about their leadership. What they are doing is fundamentally wrong. It is morally wrong.”

Those were the words of Lieutenant General Ladu Gore in response to a number of specific questions I asked him after reaching him by phone in Addis Ababa recently, Ethiopia where the IGAD mediated peace talks between the government of South Sudan under the leadership of Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA) in Opposition had become deadlocked on March 3, 2014 while the ordinary people of South Sudan continued to suffer the most abhorrent forms of human rights violations!

I was delighted to learn that Lieutenant General Ladu Gore was now involved in the peace talks because the people of South Sudan couldn’t have a more democratic member of the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition to fight for their rights.

I had reached out to Lieutenant General Ladu Gore because I knew his tenacity to fight for the ordinary people.

Anyone who went to our Alma Mater, the National University of Lesotho in Southern Africa, during and immediately following Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s time there as a young university student heard about the “firebrand” makwerekwere who fought for “the people’s” rights.

During his time at the university, Lieutenant General Ladu Gore took on the abusive Basotho National Party Youth League and prevailed over the contemptuous young bullies!

Makwerekwere is a Sotho slang for foreigners and members of the ruling Basotho National Party Youth League had state sanctioned power to bully and terrorize everyone in the country of Lesotho but Ladu Gore would have none of that.

His tenacity to fight the roguery that existed at our Alma Mater is the same tenacity he brings to the current fight to the death to rescue South Sudan from crooks.

“So we are insisting that there should be an interim government to set up all the democratic institutions in order to ensure that next time, the elections will not be rigged. We must have a fundamentally important constitution that will guarantee the future of the country.”

Those were the “Trump Cards” I wanted to hear because they were decisive. They would determine if South Sudan becomes a model for the rest of Africa, another perverted so-called democratic African country or a fiasco.

They would also determine if the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition are fighting Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his cronies for actual democracy or deceiving the people of South Sudan and the world for purposes of installing themselves in power and continuing the abuse their “Liberation Party” cooperatively meted on many of their members and other South Sudanese until their shameful infighting became very public.

In other words, the people of South Sudan need reassurance that the current outlaws won’t be replaced by another set from amongst the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition!

During my phone conversations with Lieutenant General Ladu Gore, the sadness in his voice for the battered ordinary people of South Sudan was apparent.

It was the same emotion he conveyed during his campaign for the governorship of Central Equatoria State titled “Fundamental Change” which connotes a total overhaul of “systems” that perpetuate the monocracy that is to blame for pitting South Sudanese against each other instead of celebrating their cultural and tribal diversities.

Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s campaign for the governorship of Central Equatoria State dubbed “Fundamental Change” occurred in 2010, as the people of South Sudan contemplated seceding from Sudan.

However, the issues he sought to redress persist to this day because the current government is not a government of the people, by the people, for the people.

That time, Lieutenant General Ladu Gore captivated the people of Central Equatoria State with his election manifesto that promised vital change in South Sudan.

He had a “larger than life” vision for Central Equatoria and South Sudan at the time and that vision remains unshaken despite the current carnage and disruption to the building of a great nation!

“I want to make life better. And that is the change everyone needs and deserves,” Lieutenant General Ladu Gore offered during one of his campaigns while specifically promising a better quality of life, security, the rule of law, freedom from nepotism, good governance, unity of the people, employment, economic development, social services, housing and infrastructure, rural development, agriculture and food security, empowerment of women and achieving the millennium development goals (MDGs).

I have no doubt in my mind that the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition will prevail over Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his cronies but their actions in relation to Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s conviction to install an interim government tasked with setting up rock-solid democratic institutions and an equally rock-solid constitution to guarantee the future of South Sudan will be the definitive test that determines whether they are in this fight to the death to save South Sudan or to perpetuate their own interests!

A democracy is a government of the people, by the people, for the people. Consequently, if the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition is indeed fighting for democracy, they should consent to “the people” constituting an interim government of their designation without interference.

In other words, the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition is at a crossroads and its members have the power to save South Sudan and prevent it from total collapse in a ludicrous and humiliating way.

They can align their actions with the sophistication of Lieutenant General Ladu Gore who backs “the people” in constituting an interim government of their choice or they can emasculate the democracy they are currently “showing off” to the world in their infighting by bullying and murdering their way into becoming that interim government by force!

By backing the people of South Sudan in their wish for an interim government of their determination, the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition will be doing an unprecedented and heroic thing in Africa.

They will be setting themselves apart from Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his cronies and the contemptible “Banana Republics” that have devastated Africa since so-called independence from colonial powers.

Otherwise, members of the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition will automatically become contemptible cons despised by the people of South Sudan and the world.

Furthermore, their current uprising will be confirmed as the fraud disparagers thought it was all along. They will have blood on their hands and it will be their fault if South Sudan descends into anarchy and/or collapses as an otherwise great sovereign nation.

Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s vision dubbed “Fundamental Change” is precisely what is now needed in South Sudan and the point of the interim government that is being proposed by “the people” and supported by Lieutenant General Ladu Gore himself is to establish the rule of law, erect proper democratic institutions and sculpt a solid constitution that protects all South Sudanese including members of the SPLM/SPLA in Government and in Opposition.

With a solid constitution, democracy will be guaranteed and South Sudanese interested in running for elected office including the SPLM/SPLA in Government and in Opposition can stand for elections without being bullied and rigged out of elected positions the same way Lieutenant General Ladu Gore was rigged out of the elected position of Governor of Central Equatoria by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and his cronies.

Moreover such a constitution will guarantee the future of the country and proper democracy as Lieutenant General Ladu Gore himself avows.

Without rock-solid democratic institutions and an equally rock-solid constitution “owned” by all South Sudanese, there will be no end to South Sudan’s deadly game of “Russian Roulette!”

Instituting an interim government with highly skilled individuals is the only solution for averting total collapse.

It will ensure that South Sudan rises from the genocidal ashes, becomes a prototype for the rest of Africa and puts Africa’s “Banana Republics” to shame!

For the sake of South Sudan, the country the SPLM/SPLA “birthed” into existence, I hope that its members understand and agree that an interim government with highly skilled individuals is what is needed for their “baby” to morph into a beautiful “butterfly” with 64 beautiful colours signifying the beautiful tribes of South Sudan instead of it remaining an ugly, crippled and crawling “caterpillar” because of injuries inflicted by the very SPLM/SPLA that should be nurturing it.

I also hope that instead of fighting the suffering people of South Sudan, the SPLM/SPLA in Government and in Opposition colligate with them and support their wishes for an interim government so that they can be hailed as heroes instead of villains.

An interim government of “the people’s” fortitude will definitely pave the way for all parties including a “clean” and “repaired” SPLM/SPLA to run for democratic elections because individuals being proposed for the interim government are very learned and principled citizens of South Sudan.

It is a formidable task to build a country from scratch and/or lug it from the gutters that is why an interim government with highly skilled and learned individuals is paramount.

Needless to say, there are also advantages to building a country’s foundations from scratch because “the people” guided by the highly skilled and learned individuals being proposed for an interim government can sculpt a constitution any way South Sudanese choose.

Who says that South Sudan cannot be a federation of 3 states, 10 states or 64 states united by a common love for South Sudan if that is what “the people” choose?

Who says that South Sudan cannot have 3, 10, 64 leaders and a rotating Presidency if it will avert bloodshed and guarantee sustainable peace?

The people of South Sudan have been violated enough! They need to be protected from louts purporting to fight for democracy and then morphing into despicable outlaws too.

It is for this reason that I felt the need to hear Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s vision for South Sudan and prescription for the ongoing bloodbath in South Sudan from him directly and he didn’t disappoint me.

It is for the same reason that I am challenging the rest of the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition to emulate Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s conviction, love of democracy, love for the ordinary people of South Sudan and contempt for abuse.

The suffering people of South Sudan need the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition to demonstrate in no uncertain terms that they are in this fight to the death for actual democracy and not just to perpetuate their own interests!

“We are now in the heat of the struggle. It has not been easy but you know the ordeal I had two months ago in which I had to walk from Juba to Bentiu – a distance of 600 kilometers. At my age if I can walk that incredible distance, what is it that can defeat me? I had to do that. If I had not done that, I would not be talking to you. Salva Kiir would have lynched me. In fact that was the whole reason behind launching the genocide so that all those he perceived as critics or opponents would disappear.”

Lieutenant General Ladu Gore was referring to the 27 days it took him to walk from Juba to Bentiu starting on December 16, 2013, a day after the bloodbath that ensued following the so-called coup.

Bentiu was where a large contingent of the SPLA in Opposition was located and Lieutenant General Ladu Gore went there to regroup.

I think he realizes that you are a very strong candidate. He knows that you are a formidable opponent, I interjected, laughing hard as I recalled and jested about the stories I heard about Lieutenant General Ladu Gore at our Alma Mater, the National University of Lesotho.

The determined Ladu Gore had sent the abusive Basotho National Party Youth League terrorizing people on the university campus running to their “godfather” Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan with their tails between their legs!

“Yeah. Very well. Hmmm. Very well. He knows that well”, Lieutenant General Ladu Gore had replied before continuing.

“That is why he wants to get rid of us. You know. Some of us. But we will not allow that to happen,” he stressed.

Lieutenant General Ladu Gore is definitely on the side of “the people” and for him this fight to the death to rescue South Sudan is not about grabbing power. It is about changing people’s lives for the better.

He is a citizen of the world and he could easily have retreated to a pleasant opulent life in a peaceful country but he chose to brave the farinaceous wilderness of South Sudan so that South Sudanese could first attain independence and then enjoy the civil liberties relished by the South Sudan Diaspora in developing countries including the Troika countries (United States of America, Norway and the United Kingdom).

He is choosing to continue suffering with the people of South Sudan until they are free from the rule of terror. This self-sacrificial attitude speaks volumes about Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s character.

Without a doubt, he cares very deeply about the people of South Sudan and the rest of Africa and he is determined to win rights for them by force if he has to.

It is my hope that every member of the SPLM/SPLA in Government and in Opposition will reflect very deeply about what is happening in South Sudan and emerge from that reflection as a cheerleader supporting an interim government with highly skilled individuals instead of “forcing” their own “collective” on “the people”.

That way, South Sudan can morph from the current ugly, crippled and crawling “caterpillar” into a beautifully coloured butterfly comprising of all the 64 beautiful tribes of South Sudan.

I strongly believe that Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s prescription for sustainable peace and fundamental change in South Sudan is the solution for South Sudan provided that all the members of the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition also rally behind it.

There is ample evidence to show that Salvatore Kiir and his cronies have arrested South Sudan’s development. They seem to be satisfied with the mediocrity of a very ugly “caterpillar” but their lack of vision doesn’t mean that South Sudan should stay that way.

There are myriads of South Sudanese like Lieutenant General Ladu Gore who can be trusted to facilitate fundamental change in South Sudan because they care very deeply about people in general but the people of South Sudan in particular.

The country has a lot of visionaries inside the country and in the Diaspora. It has advocates for “the people” and very skilled individuals to steer the country into the beautiful African paradise and success story it is meant to be.

The only requisite condition is the interim government being proposed. Lieutenant General Ladu Gore supports an interim government of National Unity and so should the other members of the SPLM/SPLA in Government and in Opposition.

That is the only way they will reassure “the people” that they are not a bunch of wolves in sheep’s skins pretending to fight for democracy.

In an article titled “Machar says differences with Kiir not a power struggle,” Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon alluded to championing democracy as well.

“For me and us, the question is not who leads the country, but on the contrary, how do we lead our nation? This is what made me run up against solid-wall opposition from Salva Kiir,” Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon is said to have declared.

In the same article, he is also said to have accused Salvatore Kiir of “tragically hijacking” the whole nation, its wealth, the army and the ruling party (SPLM)” while stressing that “the people of South Sudan were the owners of the land and its wealth, thus they deserved constitutional order, the rule of law as well as free and fair elections.”

This is why Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon and the rest of the members of the SPLM/SPLA in Government and in Opposition need to “walk the talk” and not just “talk the walk!”

The IGAD mediated peace talks between the government of South Sudan under the leadership of Salvatore Kiir Mayardit and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA) in Opposition resumed on March 25, 2014 but they became gridlocked again.

However, if the SPLM/SPLA in Opposition rallies behind an interim government of the people, by the people, for the people and the people of South Sudan present a unified front in that regard, IGAD may not be needed after all.

Information about Lieutenant General Ladu Gore’s “Fundamental Change” campaign is located at http://www.theniles.org/articles/?id=211#sthash.rC5KXCel.dpuf
The article titled “Machar says differences with Kiir not a power struggle” is located at http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50552
Margaret Akulia is co-author of the sequel Idi Amin: Hero or Villain? His son Jaffar Amin and other people speak.
She brings to the South Sudan dialogue a multidisciplinary professional background including but not limited to “grassroots activism”.
Additional information at https://travellinglearningcircles.com/Save_South_Sudan.html

Dinkocrats going bananas in Juba on hearing president Obama’s sweeping sanctions!!

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, APR/05/2014, SSN;

Kiir’s minister of misinformation Michael Makuei was reported to have gone bananas on hearing president Obama’s authorization of the “ground sweeping sanctions” against all south Sudan’s warlords in government and in opposition, obviously including both President Salva Kiir and his ex-deputy Dr Riek Machar.

Makuiei who looks and behaves like someone fresh from the cattle camp is one of the many unpolished characters in Kiir’s current cabinet. A lawyer and judge by profession, there is hardly anything in his crude behaviours to suggest he had even seen a blackboard let alone going to school or holding a degree in Law from Sudan’s prestigious University of Khartoum.

His comments here sums it all:

“In the first place, I don’t know what are the criteria used by him (president Obama) to decide who (whether X or Y) has committed human rights violations or abuses,” he said

“The investigation has not yet started, and based on that investigation, this would have been the most appropriate time for him (Obama) to decide as to who violated and what action should be taken against them,” Makuei continued rambling.

You see, this is the same Michael Makuei who was involved in physical shovels and abusive words with the UNIMISS forces in Bor when his heavily armed guards were refused entry into the UN compound.

Do we really want to be told that this very minister is the first on Obama’s list of people who obstructed the UNMISS duty in South Sudan?

But see how he is reacting now and asking for an investigation to be carried out, as if he is just waking up from a deep sleep, and all that he did was a “sleep walking”.

On the other hand was it not his boss, the South Sudan’s Vice President, James Wani Igga, who addressed the SPLM mob as they demonstrated against the UNMISS in Juba, accusing the UN of being a colonialist organisation?

This is more than a gone case by the way. And we all know that the international community is fully behind Obama’s sanctions.

We also know that it only a matter of time before the remaining Oil production in Poluch, Upper Nile State is brought to a complete halt by the imminent rebel attack on the site.

With these glaring facts, Kiir and his dinkocrats are between a rock and a hard place.

They will have to both choose between using their cows’ dung for fuel, cows’ milk for food and export the cattle hides to fetch them the much needed hard currency.

Or with a local currency in a free fall and an economy that never ever existed, their other alternative will be to continue begging Museveni of Uganda for both food and endless military protection, crowning him as Master of the Dinka and Ruler of the Great Lakes region.

Which is the lesser of two evils, when the choice is in fact between the devil himself and the deep blue sea!

For those you who follow articles on South Sudan, there is a well written piece of Ed/Op under the heading “Kiir should plan his exit strategy: A Citizen’s Concern’s point of view, by: Abraham Deng Lueth, B.S., MPA, Kansas City, MO, USA, APR/03/2014, South Sudan Nation.

This beautifully thought through article, represents the author’s attempt to assist President Kiir with an exit strategy.

However the truth remains that Salva Kiir’s leadership has long been identified by many analysts as a system too deformed to be reformed.

And the only way for Salva Kiir to appreciate what the author has suggested to him is for something dramatic to happen.

As a less humiliating exist strategy after those who stood with the independence of South Sudan are turning their backs to him en masse, our friend’s advice is still not in any way an easy prescription that Kiir can adhere too, nor is it an easy pill for him to swallow.

But at this very advanced stage of his mental confusion, Kiir has obviously repeatedly made many wrong decisions than he had made right ones. It all boils down to his state of mind.

Thus anything new can only make sense to Kiir and his coterie if they underwent mind transplants first.

The truth is that these type of operations are not feasible even in the far future and South Sudan cannot be kept waiting forever when atrocities are being committed everywhere.

Instantly calling it quits after reaching this stage would have been the only logical thing to do.

Yet logic, like common sense, are things that have long left the country the moment these guys came the default rulers in the embattled South Sudan.

Hence, it is impossible for president Kiir to relinquish power voluntarily. Even if he were promised another chance to rule South Sudanese in the next world, he won’t do it.

Voluntarily stepping down is just too much for this dictator’s inner psychic which has long been mal-conditioned to recognise no any other possible successor.

Practically speaking, this dictator has very limited choices and I hope President Barack Obama sees it the way I see it.

To me Salva Kiir and his followers have only two exist strategies to choose from.

To cut a long story short, as things stand now President Kiir can either choose to exit power the Sadaam Hussein’s way or he chooses the Muamar Gadhafi’s way.

There is no any third option left for this dictator after he has caused the death of tens of thousands of innocent civilians!

Dr. JAC Ramba. A voice for the voiceless.

Pres. Obama proposed sanctions on South Sudan officials

Published APRIL/04/2014, SSN;

For Immediate Release April 3, 2014
EXECUTIVE ORDER

– – – – – – –
BLOCKING PROPERTY OF CERTAIN PERSONS WITH RESPECT TO SOUTH SUDAN

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,
I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, find that the situation in and in relation to South Sudan, which has been marked by activities that threaten the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan and the surrounding region, including widespread violence and atrocities, human rights abuses, recruitment and use of child soldiers, attacks on peacekeepers, and obstruction of humanitarian operations, poses an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States, and I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat. I hereby order:

Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person (including any foreign branch) of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State:

(i) To be responsible for or complicit in, or to have engaged in, directly or indirectly, any of the following in or in relation to South Sudan:

(A) Actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan;
(B) Actions or policies that threaten transitional agreements or undermine democratic processes or institutions in South Sudan;
(C) Actions or policies that have the purpose or effect of expanding or extending the conflict in South Sudan or obstructing reconciliation or peace talks or processes;
(D) The commission of human rights abuses against persons in South Sudan;
(E) The targeting of women, children, or any civilians through the commission of acts of violence (including killing, maiming, torture, or rape or other sexual violence), abduction, forced displacement, or attacks on schools, hospitals, religious sites, or locations where civilians are seeking refuge, or through conduct that would constitute a serious abuse or violation of human rights or a violation of international humanitarian law;
(F) The use or recruitment of children by armed groups or armed forces in the context of the conflict in South Sudan
(G) The obstruction of the activities of international peacekeeping, diplomatic, or humanitarian missions in South Sudan, or of the delivery or distribution of, or access to, humanitarian assistance; or
(H) attacks against United Nations missions, international security presences, or other peacekeeping operations;

(ii) To be a leader of (A) an entity, including any government, rebel militia, or other group, that has, or whose members have, engaged in any of the activities described in subsection (a)(i) of this section or (B) an entity whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order;

(iii) To have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, logistical, or technological support for, or goods or services in support of (A) any of the activities described in subsection (a)(i) of this section or (B) any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(iv) To be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order.

(b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except to the extent provided in this order and by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the date of this order.

Sec. 2. I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type of articles specified in section 203(b) (2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to 3 section 1 of this order would seriously impair my ability to deal with this national emergency, and I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by section 1 of this order.

Sec. 3. The prohibitions in section 1 of this order include but are not limited to:

(a) The making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and
(b) The receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

Sec. 4. I hereby find that the unrestricted immigrant and non-immigrant entry into the United States of aliens determined to meet one or more of the criteria in section 1(a) of this order would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and I hereby suspend entry into the United States, as immigrants or non-immigrants, of such persons.

Such persons shall be treated as persons covered by section 1 of Proclamation 8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions).

Sec. 5. (a) Any transaction that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

Sec. 6. For the purposes of this order:

(a) The term “person” means an individual or entity;
(b) The term “entity” means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization; and
(c) The term “United States person” means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.

Sec. 7. For those persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing this national emergency, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.

4 Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may re-delegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the United States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.

Sec. 9. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to submit the recurring and final reports to the Congress on the national emergency declared in the order, consistent with section 401(c) of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641(c)) and section 204(c) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1703(c)).

Sec. 10. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

BARACK OBAMA
THE WHITE HOUSE,
April 3, 2014.

Reconciliation & Peaceful Co-existence of People in South Sudan

BY: Jacob K. Lupai, JUBA, APR/04/2014, SSN;

On the 15th December 2013 gun fire flared up in the headquarters of the presidential guards (Al Qiyada) and within hours it spread across the capital of Juba. Precisely in two days, fighting had engulfed the length and breadth of Greater Upper Nile Region.

The uninformed in the world must have been wondering what on earth was happening in South Sudan with people who have just restored peace to their country after destructive wars and much bloodshed. Concerned South Sudanese must have also been wondering to where all this was leading.

For South Sudanese to turn the guns viciously against each other as people of one destiny was totally unacceptable. History may judge the people of South Sudan harshly.

In view of the massive destruction of resources and lives in such a short time that seems to be already polarizing people along ethnic or regional lines, the appropriate approach is reconciliation for a peaceful co-existence of the people of South Sudan.

The world is watching and will judge whether the people of South Sudan are mature and fit to govern themselves in contrast to the people of Somalia in the Horn of Africa. However, South Sudanese should be confident that they can govern themselves.

What is important, though, is to rise above ethnic and political differences in order to focus on nation building for prosperity for all.

Reconciliation and peaceful co-existence

There is unlikely to be short cut to peace in South Sudan without the process of reconciliation. For peace to take roots reconciliation should be based on the concept of equitable distribution of power and wealth, and observance of the rule of law.

A prosperous nation cannot be built on the basis of discriminatory practices whether knowingly or unknowingly.

South Sudanese must accept each other from the bottom of their hearts as citizens of one country. The crude scramble for power and economic domination will not be helpful in fostering the spirit of togetherness and national unity.

Here a federal system of government may offer a solution.

For a way forward South Sudanese may need to be sensitive about the world around them in contrast to ethno-centricism where one ethnic group dominates the affairs of the nation as though other ethnic groups do not exist. People should treat each other with humility as of one destiny.

Unless people rise above ethno-centricism as, for example, a Dinka protects a defenseless Nuer and a Nuer does vice versa, people are in for a very long bumpy ride to nationhood.

Although the present conflict has unfortunately taken ethnic overtones as Dinka versus Nuer, reconciliation efforts should be conducted among South Sudanese of different ethnicities to address grudges and under surface bitterness against each other.

Self-examination for a way forward

People may need to understand that mistakes have been made either knowingly or unknowingly. A way forward is for people to self-examine themselves and accept that mistakes have been made and to be acknowledged publicly.

For example, land grabbing has been perpetuated by the illiterate, semi-literate and the literate simply because of the seemingly misguided assumption that with their kinsmen in power the rule of law does not apply.

This seems to be confirmed when land grabbers are neither condemned nor persecuted often, a license to grab more lands of others.

Another scenario is where people claim they are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and then occupy the land of others. Sometimes the IPDs are armed and terrorise the locals. In such a situation IDPs are nothing but mean occupiers and oppressors.

Now how can such behaviors as land grabbing and forceful occupation of land of others promote national cohesion and unity? Only the naïve can think so.

Some shameless land grabbers will even go to court without legal papers of land ownership in an attempt to justify their grabbing of land from legitimate owners.

It is not difficult to understand why land grabbing is persisting. This is simply because land grabbers erroneously assume that as their kinsmen are dominant in the system, they are protected against the unprotected land owners.

With this type of crude behavior that is unfortunately being condoned, how can a prosperous, strong and united country be built?

Peaceful co-existence for unity

Reconciliation and peace can be realized in South Sudan when people rise above ethnic divide. The first few days of the fighting that sparked off in Juba on 15 December 2013 took an ethnic dimension.

According to the South Sudan Human Rights Commission (SSHRC) Interim Report on South Sudan Internal Conflict December 15, 2013 – Marc h 15, 2014, there were accusations and counter-accusations that the Dinka massacred Nuer in Juba and more precisely in Munuki 107 residential area and that the Dinka were massacred in Bor, Akobo, Bentiu and Malakal.

The conflict has produced two opposing parties, the SPLM in Government and the SPLM in Opposition.

The Report of 6 March 2014 of the Secretary General of the United Nations on South Sudan asserts that, “Both parties to the conflict have been responsible for ethnically targeted attacks on civilians and have failed to comply with international humanitarian and human rights law (p.7)”.

The UN Secretary General’s Report suggests that massive human rights violations might have been committed against innocent civilians because of their ethnicities. This clearly indicates the urgency of reconciliation to restore peace in South Sudan.

The talk of inclusive or interim government before any reconciliation with commitment to put things right may hardly produce the desired result. Reconciliation for peaceful co-existence must go concurrently with an agreement on governance.

Conclusion

Reconciliation is of paramount importance to create peace in South Sudan. Without reconciliation and a comprehensive peace agreement the alternative is likely to be a prolonged conflict that may lead to the disintegration of the country.

What will stop any of the Greater Regions of South Sudan to declare independence and then strenuously defend and protect it at any cost?

Arguably South Sudanese are not one people but are people of one destiny as evidenced by the overwhelming vote for independence in January 2011. The solid unity displayed in the referendum was a collective expressed fear of being second class citizen under the known discriminatory system of Arab Islamic Sudan.

As it were, the people of South Sudan vowed never to be marginalized again in their life time hence the vote for independence.

Now how can one in their right minds turn a blind eye to marginalization of others in independent South Sudan?

In conclusion, the basis of reconciliation in South Sudan should be the strong desire for a system that does not marginalize others through ethnic or regional hegemony. This is in order for people to live in harmony.

There are more than 60 ethnic groups and three Greater Regions in South Sudan. All should therefore be treated with sensitivity in promoting national unity. END

Kiir Guilty of False Allegation of Coup in Juba

BY: Manyok Mabiei, CHICAGO, USA, APR/03/2014, SSN;

From my field of Criminal Justice System, “a false allegation” is considered in which a person deliberately accuses another person of a crime that he did not commit and does so with the full knowledge that the accused person is not guilty of that crime. It is sometimes as a form of revenge, an attempt to divert attention away from a guilty side, or as a way for the accuser or accusers to prevail in an ongoing dispute.

The tactic for making false claims about a person’s behavior varies by jurisdiction in some places is treated as a crime in itself.

I consider a “false allegation” as a dangerous crime tough to over-weigh and approve beyond the facts of reasoning of mankind.

President Kiir Mayardit is a longest veteran of the Sudan People Liberation Movement and same time he is an elected President of South Sudan. There is nothing this leader was expected to learn from her nation and the whole world that he hasn’t learned from his long struggle in the bush.

However, Mr. Kiir Mayardit is ruling a nation with a dark style of jungle laws. The 1983 SPLA Manifesto has not been changed even though the South Sudan is fully an independent country.

As according to my understanding of the current Constitution of South Sudan there is no “term limit” for the President, which as a matter of fact caused violence in the nation.

Last July, President Kiir Mayardit reshuffled his cabinet and his party members at same time, though not the first time as President for 9 years, but this time including his Vice-President.

Well, Mr. President Kiir sacked his entire cabinet and fired all his ministers and deputy ministers, along with Vice-President Riek Machar Teny. No answer was provided for the entire cabinet reshuffle on July, 24, 2013.

A “presidential decree” from Salva Kiir, also ordered an investigation into the secretary general of his ruling SPLM party, Mr. Pagan Amum.

From my own presumption, the word “decree” use by President Kiir is unlawful to help the country. In any society of laws like United States of America, if president need any change, it can be approved by the Members of Congress and Senate. Then the request will work or it can die without return back to president.

It seems to me President Kiir is working alone avoiding his own cabinet and members of his party to share the public affairs. This seemed to me as a lack of confidence and mis-truth of fear to people around him as a part of problem.

Does any concerned citizen be blindfolded on that day that these politicians from top to bottom in the government were sacked and fired should go out and be silent without saying anything? I can say a person who is not in our living world can’t believe from that reshuffling that nothing could happen.

Besides, in mid-December Mr. President Kiir was overwhelmed with a lot of pressures within the party to a call general meeting. Saturday December 14, 2013 was a beginning of the first meeting in Nyakuron Cultural Center in Juba.

On day two Sunday, December, 15, 2013 there were “red eyes and hate faces” within the building as things were turning ugly as well. Mr. President Kiir mentioned in the meeting that, “some people were defected away in 1991,” such kind of language scared some of the politicians at that day without returning to the last meeting.

Monday, December, 16, 2013, was an ugly day in the history of South Sudan. President Kiir accused his Former Vice-President Riek Machar of a “coup” attempt, while Mr. Riek Machar was hiding in Juba from house to house to get exit, when things turned brutal.

Here is a right place I came up with this Title “Guilty of False Allegation Coup in Juba,” because Kiir side were presuming these politicians were not show up that day, maybe, they have plan “B” like a coup to overtake the government through military action.

If this was a planned “coup” by Former Vice-President and other politicians who were struggling to reform the system of Juba, why not these politicians were not found in one place during outbreak of violence in Juba?

As according to my understanding all these politicians were in Juba in their houses until the government ordered a warrant arrest, while other three escaped arrest including Riek Machar, Taban Deng, and Alfred Gore, who fled to Bortown at night.

If this was a planned “coup” maybe, Dr. Riek Machar was using plan “B” while the other politicians were not aware about his objective.

I still doubt that some of these political detainees could take the guns against their own people in terms of leadership.

What really happened in Juba might be “a coup” in some people[s minds, but I still doubt, as to say, “A political ideology,” of threat to the environment.

I will believe and join the believers of word coup if President Kiir Mayardit will not run in 2015. That’s the time I will agree as a “coup plotter” was designed by Riek Machar Teny with his allies in Juba.

Now, I will call it “a tactical scare allegation” to some of political candidates in coming election.

More to the point, some sources were described that there was no “coup” in Juba; because all the politicians were supporters of the South Sudan during struggle and referendum and they can’t make a coup to their own nation.

The United States and United Nations pointed out that there was no “coup” the time they look at it. Ms. Susan Page is Ambassador to the Republic of South Sudan from United States and she was invited to Northwest University in Illinois. She describeed much about the conflict in South Sudan.

Along the lines, it is difficult in my own view to make a “coup” to any leader came from Dinka side. It can happen, but it is dangerous to those who don’t think beyond the risk taken.

Similarly, Dr. Riek Machar was trying to overtake the liberation in 1991 against John Garang and he was failed to achieve power. To take power by force against Dinka man is a suicide in my own view.

It can be easy to make a coup against some of smaller communities in South Sudan, but it can be difficult to make a coup against a Dinka community leader through violence. This is bad to say, but it true from the nation I know where every citizen consider himself or herself as a tribal man or woman rather than consider himself or herself as a nationalist.

If December, 16, 2013 was a coup attempt against President Kiir through military action by Dr. Riek Machar, it could be worse nightmare and call it a 24 hour-President of South Sudan.

I know Riek Machar has not overall control of the military in South Sudan during an outbreak of violence.

This is a simple case there is no way the citizens should be fooled by individual because of self-interest in leadership. Dinka and Nuer had same similarities of culture background, since they were cousins in the history of South Sudan.

In term of braveness or aggressiveness no one can claim much better than other since in their competences in thousand years ago.

Dinka is a majority amongst 64 tribes, but does not mean that they can fight Nuer to an end in short period of time in South Sudan. That is a wrong assumption to do so; evenly Dinka is 3.8 million in South Sudan according a referendum records in 2010.

And to make calculation, 3.8 million against 1.6 million, it turns out that two Dinka and an extra would fight against one Nuer. This will not even solve the mass-conflict in South Sudan if people fight against one another.

This gives North Sudan a chance of happiness in the CPA agreements. But there is no easy solution the way I see South Sudan heading to. I don’t favor military solution should be answer, because there are a lot of consequences on it.

It is not a problem to any side to use self-defense between the government and rebel side, but there should be plan “B” in all sides.

It is not a bad idea to fight a long war with common enemy like before, but this war is a war of madness and greediness.

More to the point, there is no government that will function peacefully if there is a conflict between the communities. When I look at it, there is no easy solution, but there is an easy solution if government thinks wise enough to save the nation.

To avoid military solution will prevent a nation not to fall in long civil wars and sufferings.

If anyone is in Kiir’s position what will you do to make peaceful dialogue? I think the best tool to defeat your friend is just simply to thank and give him credit for serving his nation.

I will not agree with those who believed that the outbreak of violence in Juba was a “coup” while I called it a “political tactic to scare” politicians in the coming elections in 2015.

Manyok Mabiei who is currently in Chicago, IL. He is concerned citizen in terms of humanity and independent thinker. He is a one of the SPLA-Chapter Founders in Chicagoland as a leader and Former Red-Army of South Sudan in 1987. He can be reach manyokmabiei@aol.com.

Kiir should plan his exit strategy: A Citizen’s Concern

BY: Abraham Deng Lueth, B.S., MPA, Kansas City, MO, USA, APR/03/2014, SSN;

It has been my position since the very first days of the conflict that there was no coup and that the world has not recognized and will never come back and recognize it and it remains the fact up to now.

While I am so saddened by the conflict, its consequences and on the government of South Sudan for planning it against its people, I would not like to see President Kiir removed in power in an humiliating way.

President Kiir should plan his exit strategy because the conflict literally has forced him out. At this point, what is happening in Addis Ababa is not looking good on him. He needs to be seen as a peacemaker right now for him to leave with dignity, if there will be any, at all.

He needs to loosen up on the G7 participation and release immediately the G4 to join the G7, adopt a government of National Unity as his government position for bringing back peace in which he should be open to give a generous position to Dr. Riek in a power-sharing agreement.

His government needs to stop talking about the conflict and ‘coup’ but focus on peace and reconciliation.

He needs to soften up on holding onto power and resort to saying things like, if the conflict did not erupt, he would have stepped down but he does not want to set that precedence for South Sudan for a leader to be removed by force.

Therefore, as he recognizes that there were mistakes on his side and that Dr. Riek is denying the coup, he needs to open up to a honest peace and hence, a government of national unity to end the crisis.

President Kiir must know that the world community is united against him. That means, even those he thinks that they are his friends, today, can be used against him any time tomorrow.

For example, the newly signed cooperation with Egypt is nothing but a waste of our monies because Egyptian army is almost 50% influenced by the US and if the US and UN are not with him as his government seems to claim, then he is a man on an Island.

South Sudan government needs to stop fooling itself with all these relationships it is trying to forge with other countries in a desperate attempt to secure support from them.

President Kiir seriously needs to focus on South-South dialogues and reach out in a unique way to Riek’s camp.

Otherwise, at the end of the day, the world will unite and support Riek and remove Kiir, something we will all regret.

South Sudanese are also getting tired of the conflict and the continuous stubbornness on the side of the government to bring back peace as proven in the continued detention of the G4 and the unconducive engagements with the rebels and other South Sudanese stakeholders in the talks in Addis.

Many South Sudanese are supporting inclusive dialogues. The government should accept that without delay.

What all parties need to do in the talks is to categorize them into sessions.

We need peace and it must come from us, South Sudanese people. It is necessary for our own survival and well-being as a nation. END

Once finished with Juba Court, all eyes must move to The Hague!

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, APR/02/2014, SSN;

To be drunk with power is one thing. And to be drunk with alcohol is another thing. But to be drunk by both is completely in a class of its own.

Think about the above opening statement to this article and think about President Salva Kiir and his leadership styles. Then think about the degree of misery this intoxicated leadership and its followers of dinkocrats have plunged the nascent country into.

For sure President Salva Kiir Mayardit should end up in the Hague since all his fake witnesses have one after the other failed to provide any evidence to support the president’s allegations of the so-called coup attempt to overthrow his “rotten to core” dinkocratic government.

How much proof is needed to label this government as a government of liars when its own Military Intelligence chief accepts in front of the court that he has nothing to link any of the accused persons to the claimed December 15, 2013 coup attempt?

Again is it not enough proof that the coup was purely president Kiir’s own imaginations after his staunch supporter and tribesman who doubles also as the dinkocratic government’s minister of Interior, turns down the request from the court to witness against the so-called coup plotters?

A lay man like myself does not need a law degree to see the flaws in the Kiir and Wani -imaginary coup that was about to take in the world’s newest country.

President Salva Kiir has for a long time been suffering nightmares in his sleep as a consequence of his heavy drinking habit and political worries both of which are triggered by his poor leadership performance and record.

It has since long became everyone’s knowledge that the embattled president once suffered a nightmare where he saw himself being strangled to death by his late boss, the SPLA/M founder, Dr John Garang de Mabior.

This iconic figure of Sudan and South Sudan politics who mysterious died a plane crash nearly a decade ago must obviously disapprove of his successor’s leadership if he were to come back from the world of the dead.

The case in point here is how president Museveni of Uganda quickly moved in and pocketed Salva Kiir’s pathetic presidency we all know that it was his chopper that carried the great man to the world of the dead as it crashed over the mountain ranges between Uganda and South sudan killing everyone on board.

Following this superstitious encounter with late Garang’s ghost as claimed by what is now a paranoid president , Salva Kiir went on to force his entire cabinet into not only believe that he indeed involved in a practical and struggle with late Dr. John Garang’s ghost.

He also made them embrace the weird view which suggests that the superstitiously interpreted nightmares are indeed the work of his rivals and other anti government groups who want to unseat him from the presidential driving seat, and that there intended outcomes can equally be superstitiously mitigated as well.

What followed this crazy nightmare was an equally crazy government judgment and reaction, to say the least.

Tax payers money ( preferably referred to as Oil money, as all paid tax monies end in the collectors pockets) probably in the ranges of a couple of millions of dollars were misused to contract traditional Dinka witchcraft’s priests and other agents of the Satanic world.

These fellows went on for weeks performing every witchcraft in the book with the aim of protecting a president who is obviously suffering from” Delirium tremens”.

To this point all sorts of unthinkable and often unnecessary superstitious masquerades have been allowed and performed at the late leader’s burial ground, commonly referred to as Dr. Garang’s mausoleum in Juba under the State House’s directives.

If that is how this paranoid president responds to a nightmare possibly triggered by alcoholic delirium, it shouldn’t then surprise anyone to see him over reacting to yet another one that threatens to dislodge him from power. We are talking here about how sweet power can become.

However a nightmare then followed by real targeted kills, in fact an ethnic cleansing is no more a mere nightmare. This has gone to abuse other p’s rights to life. Thousands of them he ordered killed in his capacity as the country’s commander in chief (C-in-C).

The central argument here is, although Salva Kiir’s claims of a failed coup attempt is purely based on what he imagined in his sleep, his actions that followed were real and true. In simple terms it can be summed up as follows: “The claimed coup cannot be proved, but the target killings of Nuer civilians in Juba can be proved”.

Based on the above deduction Pagan Amum Akeich and other three comrades must be immediately set free.

The next step while the released detainees including the Group of 4, work with their lawyers to file their case against the dinkocracy regime and request for compensation, the international community should immediately start the indictment procedures against everyone involved in the target mass killings that begun in Juba and spread to other parts of South Sudan.

Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. A concerned citizen and a voice for the voiceless.