Archive for: March 2014

Fresh divisions stalk, make or break Juba peace talks

BY: FRED OLUOCH, (from The East African), MAR/09/2014, SSN,

IN SUMMARY:
*The EastAfrican has learnt that mediators of Igad have convinced some of the Troika countries — the US, UK and Norway — that their initial preference of an interim government could breed more conflict, and are now fine-tuning a plan to work with President Kiir to initiate political reforms.
*The peace roadmap contains, among other things, proposed reform of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) structures and management style, a review of the constitution and modalities for the scheduled April 2015 elections, with clear times lines on when they are supposed to be realised;

The third session of the South Sudan peace talks set to begin on March 20 is facing fresh challenges following growing suspicions in Juba that the proposed peace roadmap could limit President Salva Kiir’s powers.

The EastAfrican has learnt that mediators of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (Igad) have convinced some of the Troika countries that their initial preference of an interim government could breed more conflict, and are now fine-tuning a plan to work with President Kiir to initiate political reforms.

The peace roadmap contains, among other things, proposed reform of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) structures and management style, a review of the constitution and modalities for the scheduled April 2015 elections, with clear times lines on when they are supposed to be realised.

Initially, the Troika — the US, UK and Norway — were in favour of an interim government excluding both President Kiir and his rival Dr Riek Machar.

But Igad mediators and regional countries have been against the idea on the grounds that it could worsen the situation because the South Sudan army is made up of many former militia groups who could take advantage of the vacuum to curve out regions for themselves.

As a result, there will be a meeting between Igad diplomats and those from Troika on March 18 in Addis Ababa to discuss these proposals and take a common position ahead of the third session of the talks.

On Thursday, the 25th Extra-Ordinary Summit of the Igad Heads of State and Government in Addis Ababa authorised the deployment of a Protection and Deterrent Force (PDF) by mid-April 2014 as part of its monitoring and verification mechanism in South Sudan.

READ: East African leaders gather for South Sudan crisis summit

The summit also agreed that all Igad member states be accorded observer status and be allowed to participate in ongoing negotiations and the Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (MVM).

The leaders urged parties to the South Sudan conflict to comply fully with the Cessation of Hostilities (COH) Agreement and its implementation modalities, as proof of their political will and commitment to end the war.

They are also pushing the Juba government to release the four remaining detainees, in accordance with the Status of Detainees Agreement signed on January 23.

Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn who chaired the summit said: “We should say ‘no’ to spoilers who are not interested in peace. … We should all bear in mind that negotiations are about readiness to give and take.”

However, sources in Addis Ababa revealed that the US is still insisting that Ugandan troops leave South Sudan if any meaningful political solution is to be found.

Some of the proposals have not been received well in Juba, where there is growing suspicion that some Western powers are keen on seeing the exit of President Kiir by trying to impose conditions that would not be accepted to his government. The exit of Ugandan forces would leave President Kiir exposed.

These suspicions, combined with the discovery of United Nations trucks transporting arms to rebel held areas, saw Vice President James Wani Igga accuse Western governments of offering aid with strings attached and with hidden agenda to undermine recipient countries.

While analysts agree that President Kiir had been applying a military approach in the management of party affairs, his supporters argue that management of SPLM is an internal affair and that disputes within the party cannot be settled through the imposition of views by outsiders.

John Andruga Duku, a former South Sudan head mission in Kenya argued that outsiders can only give constructive ideas but cannot impose implementation because every country is peculiar and to try and impose solutions that worked in other countries may not work.

“We are getting concerned that some countries are trying to apply the Kenyan and Zimbabwe (that faced election disputes) solutions in South Sudan. South Sudan did not have disputes over elections but is facing a full-blown rebellion that needs different solutions,” said Mr Duku.

He argued that one of the reasons why there is violation of Cessation of Hostilities agreement of January 23 is because Igad has been lacking the financial and technical capacity to deploy robust monitoring team, which has given opportunity for those against the agreement to try and seek more territories.

Politics of regional integration: Why South Sudan joining EAC bloc is political & economic chicanery?

BY: Jacob D. Chol, Lecturer, U of Juba, MAR/20/2014, SSN;

The ferocious debates of South Sudan joining East African Community (EAC) bloc has tore the academics, policy practitioners & politicians and a more importantly and recently the citizens of South Sudan. These debates have been heightened with the recent appointment of the high level committee to negotiate South Sudan accession to the East African Treaty.

For those who do not know about the bloc, East African Community comprises of membership of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. The bloc has signed three important protocols: Customs Union, Common Market and Monetary Union.

South Sudan application was submitted on November 2012, given observer status and promised admission in April 2014.

But a question begs, is South Sudan ready to join EAC bloc now?

The country national interest prompted by realist theory or zero-sum game determines political and economic integration.

Once the country has measured and calculated the cost and benefits through critical research and analysis and finds benefits to outweigh the cost then it can start the process of educating its citizens about the potential integration and its national interest.

This is known as real politik. Thus South Sudan joining EAC should be analyzed on the pre-conditions of EAC constitutive treaty.

To phrase the treaty, article 3, section 3 lays out the following prerequisites for acceding to the bloc:
a) The interest member state must be committed to accept the community the way it was founded.
b) The interest member state must adhere to the universal principles of respect of human rights, fundamental freedoms, political & economic rights and rule of law.
c) A member state must be within geographical proximity
d) A member state must have modern and market driven economy
e) An interested member state must adhere to democracy and democratization.

If you look at the above pre-conditions, we can say with confidence that South Sudan meets number C but still building its institutions to achieve the other four pre-conditions.

However, given that the admission to regional integrations are determined by political game matrixes and interests of other members states, it is not surprising that other members of the bloc would with open arms admit the Republic of South Sudan.

But what would be the core benefits of South Sudan joining the bloc?

Well, as alluded to earlier, the interaction of members’ states in the EAC bloc is dictated by three essential protocols of Customs Union, Common Market and Monetary Union.

So, should South Sudan join then it has to ratify these three protocols to participate in the community activities, unless special exemptions are made which should also depend on the quality of negotiations.

A modest analysis of these protocols puts South Sudan at political and economic risks.

For instance, the protocol of Customs Union means that members of EAC have centralized payment of customs’ duties at one entry point.

For example, South Sudan goods can be cleared at coastal port of Mombasa; duties paid there and transport through Uganda freely till South Sudan.

This looks like an advantage given that the country is landlocked and has to rely on either Port Sudan or Mombasa’s shipment of its goods.

However, give it a critical look, this does benefit South Sudan economically. This is because the centralization of customs duties payment would require well trained and disciplined Customs officers to look at the interest of South Sudan at the pool of the customs duties paid at one point.

South Sudan does not have well trained, disciplined and non-corrupted Customs Officers who will take care of South Sudan revenues once paid.

Moreover, since the Custom Officers are neither trained nor exposed, they will be manipulated by the well trained and professional Custom Officers of other member states, particularly Kenya.

This will make South Sudan to score look in securing its customs revenues in the bloc.

Secondly, on the Common Market, the country will battle it out with the survival of its domestic industry.

To be sure, Common Market means reduction or elimination of tariffs duties in trade and investment opportunities amongst the EAC members’ states.

It means that there will be free flow of goods, services and persons to trade and undertake economic development in members’ states.

This means citizens of these regional integrated countries will move freely and do economic activities.

South Sudan in this Common market will be seriously disadvantaged, look now even before joining the EAC bloc, the domestic market of South Sudan is 70% foreign owned.

The population of members of EAC in South Sudan is closed to a million and it has already dominated ICT, financial, manufacturing, construction, hospitality and service industry and even will still dominate the virgin agriculture sector once the infrastructure and security situations turn better.

This further means that competitive giant multinational investors would push out South Sudan entrepreneurs, making them redundant and in lieu repatriate profits back to their mother countries as currently done by Kenyan banks.

Besides, the local labor, jobs done by the semi-literate and illiterate persons would entirely be taken over by the aggressive East African citizens as they have already done it in Konyo Konyo, Jebel and customs markets.

What is more, the literate population of South Sudan is 27% while that of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi stand at average of 71%.

Thus joining such highly complex and modern market will make South Sudanese be at serious demerit since they will lack skills in competing with highly innovative and intellectuals’ EAC citizens.

South Sudan is a consuming nation with single export that is oil commodity piped through Sudan.

With devastated domestic market that lack subsidies, the country will continue to imports basic commodities from the EAC members’ states spending all millions of dollars in abroad economies without domestic production.

This shall affect the real exchange rate, a condition known, as Dutch Disease given that one commodity export will lead to appreciation of dollar making the economy more pathetic.

Thirdly, on the Monetary Union, the country will be competing with the highly developed EAC economic institutions.

It also means that there will be harmonization of macro and fiscal policies for all the members’ states.

This shall be done through the East African Development Bank (EADB).

Looking critical at South Sudan economic institutions such as Central Bank and Ministry of Finance, there are no strong fiscal policies to regulate inflations & deflations such as public auction of security bonds, unified exchange rate and injecting of subsidies to markets.

Coupled with this, are lack of the stock exchange markets to encourage comfortable floating of shares and strong insurances companies to cover investments.

Since there shall be single currency and perhaps Shilling shall be legal tender for members in EAC bloc, South Sudan shall be in economic tsunamis due to reliance heavily on imports and inadequate reserves.

Monetary Union shall also affect national development strategy since unification of economic policies shall be effected.

For instance, Uganda in revival of EAC in 2000 was requested to change its Growth and Development Strategy model to suit what the others East African members have done.

Rwanda was compelled to adjust its National Economic and Development Strategy to suit others.

Since these countries of EAC have commonality of being agriculture producing states, it was with more ease adjusting their economic development paradigms.

However, South Sudan is a post conflict case with enormous petroleum, a rare resource in EAC and thus forcing to adjust its own National Development Plan would adversely affect its unique path of development and prosperity.

Finally, joining EAC bloc is a great idea but on a wrong timing given that South Sudan would not enormously benefits from its membership.

When I asked my students in a regional & political integration class in University of Juba whether South Sudan is ripped to join EAC bloc or not, 92% objected, not convinced of concrete benefits the bloc would add in social, economic and political progress of South Sudan.

However, it would be important for the recently appointed high-level committee on EAC to negotiate the position of South Sudan very well.

Given that 99% of members appointed are politicians, it is advisable that they constantly consult South Sudanese experts on regional integration so that they will not be handed over already prepared papers by experts in Arusha to only sign them off.

Moreover, accession to regional bloc is an important national matter that should not be rushed, at least South Sudan can prepare itself in the next five years so that it will have to benefit as a country and its citizens as well.

Before Rwanda acceded to the treaty in 2007, it created a Ministry of East African Affairs in 2004 to educate the Rwandese citizens about the benefits they were going to receive.

The Ministry with the experts carried out a nationwide survey and extensive research to critically evaluate the benefits in the community.

Even when Rwanda joined in 2009, it had negotiated very well two years’ exemptions in implementation of the Customs Union and Common Market.

South Sudan can borrow the Rwandese model so that it can socially, economically and political calculate the benefits of membership.

After the Customs Union, Common Market, Monetary Union, the last leg of EAC integration would be political federation.

Is South Sudan prepared for this? I do not think so!

Thus if South Sudan leaders do not critically analyze the pros and cons of acceding to the EAC bloc, widely consult experts and citizens on this national decision, then they shall be committing political and economic chicanery.

Mr. Chol is a Senior Lecturer of Regional & Political Integration at the University of Juba, founder and Executive Director of the Centre for Democracy and International Analysis (CDIA). A research and an academic think-tank based in Juba. He can be reached at dutsenior@yahoo.com

Making Sense of the Surge in Anti-Western Sentiments in South Sudan

BY: Tongun Lo Loyuong, GERMANY, MAR/20/2014, SSN;

Much has happened since the last time I posted an opinion piece. Most provokingly is the so-called arms trafficking scandal. The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) has come under intense and sustained fire for allegedly transferring weapons to rebel groups fighting the government of Salva Kiir.

As a result, the relationship between Kiir’s government and UNMISS mission has badly deteriorated and characterized by outbursts in anti-UNMISS and anti-Western sentiments by some elements at home and in some quarters abroad.

The lingering question is: what accounts for this surge in anti-Western emotions within government circles in South Sudan and its supporters abroad?

Officials in Kiir’s government allege that UNMISS and international humanitarian agencies are supporting forces resistant to the regime.

Most believe the UNMISS arms-cache seized by Kiir’s security agents in Lakes State, and which allegedly contained the banned landmines, but which proved to be mere fabrication, was meant to aid and abet the rebels in Unity State, making UNMISS complicit in fanning efforts aimed at toppling Kiir’s regime.

But UNMISS in an official statement has categorically denied these allegations and reiterated that the weapons shipment was destined for the Ghanaian peacekeeping contingent that has recently arrived to protect civilians in Unity State.

UNMISS further acknowledged that a “regrettable” labeling error has been committed in its part, which may account for the weapons being delivered by land rather than by air as agreed with Juba.

A high level panel of experts has since been dispatched from UN Headquarters in New York, to find out how the error was committed in order to prevent it from future happening.

Nonetheless, these efforts have not succeeded in mitigating increased hostility, harassment and restriction of movement of UNMISS and other like-minded humanitarian agencies in South Sudan by security forces and with it hindering the delivery of much needed humanitarian aid to the suffering civilian population in the conflict affected areas.

Reports have since emerged of manhandling and robbing of UNMISS and NGOs’ personnel and truck drivers delivering aid by security forces, including by the Ugandan ones.

Some local staff have even allegedly been threatened to spy on UNMISS and other humanitarian organizations or risk being arrested and detained.

Numerous anti-UNMISS and Anti-Western demonstrations have been held in several areas in South Sudan, including Juba, Yambio, Wau, and elsewhere by Salva Kiir’s hawks and affiliates preceding some of this anti-Western hostile mood in South Sudan.

Western Bahr El-Ghazal for instance, saw calls for the closure of humanitarian operations and field offices, as well as the expulsion of UNMISS from the State.

Likewise in Juba, the demonstrators were indoctrinated with hostile and inflammatory political rhetoric and lies against the humanitarian community described among others, as “colonialists” who must be confronted.

The governor of Lakes State is reported to have encouraged participants in an anti-UNMISS rally to consider UN peacekeeping force in South Sudan as “an enemy of South Sudan.”

Worse still, many armchair hawks and benefactors of Salva Kiir’s government who are enjoying the comfort and luxury of the very Western countries that serve them with bread and butter and bacon and eggs, have taken to social-media spitting venom against the West.

Most have joined in vocalizing the chorus being sung at home and calling for the head of Ms. Hilde F. Johnson of the UNMISS on a silver-platter or the ouster of UNMISS mission and other humanitarian organizations from the Republic altogether.

A handful of South Sudanese youth, presumably equally intoxicated by lies or are benefactors and sons and daughters of the regime residing in the comfort of Melbourne, Australia equally took to the streets against UNMISS and in support of their government’s version of the story on the alleged arming of the rebels by UNMISS in South Sudan.

Michael Makuei, the spokesperson of Kiir’s government and his minister of information seems out in full force to exact revenge on UNMISS.

Makuei, it has to be remembered, has recently fallen out with UNMISS personnel in Bor, where he was reported to have been denied entry into a civilian protection area while his bodyguards were wielding arms in defiance to UNMISS house rules and safety measures in the civilian protection sites to enhance security.

But for Makuei, that incident is now personal. The lawyer should know better and not be consumed with ignorance and emotions!

While the arms seizure seems to be at the center of the tension in Juba-New York relationship, there is more to Kiir’s government hatred of UNMISS and the West than meets the eye.

The West has failed to grasp that Juba has increasingly grown bitter with the West for failing to be persuaded that what took place on the forgetful night of December 15th, 2013 that triggered the violent mayhem in South Sudan was a failed coup attempt to topple “a democratically elected government.”

In the words of Wani Igga, the vice-president of Kiir, “no one knows why they [western governments] failed to accept that the government foiled attempt to remove the democratically leadership…we are convinced that there is a hidden agenda.”

Kiir’s coup narrative therefore, seems to snowball with every passing day of the violent conflict as the death toll multiply to more than 20,000 with almost 1000,000 others displaced while ceasefire continues to be blatantly violated and the civil war rages on unabated.

Despite lack of sufficient supporting evidence, the coup narrative is also important not only to delegitimize the cause of the Sudan People Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) in Opposition as undermining to “democracy” in South Sudan but also to squarely apportion the blame on the rebels for the ensuing massacres and for plunging the country into chaos.

Somebody must be held accountable and it is certainly not Juba, according to Kiir’s reasoning.

On this account, reports of human rights abuses, summary and targeted killings that points a finger of blame at Kiir’s regime in anticipation of justice and accountability before international law naturally do not augur well with Juba.

The negative campaign against the West and UNMISS is a defensive political ploy meant to discredit these actors and their subsequent indictments as a “colonial agenda,” “politically motivated” and so on.

It is a known tactic in keeping with the folk saying of “I will have you for breakfast before you have me for lunch.”

But my unsolicited advice to those presiding over anti-Western policies in Kiir’s cohort is that these policies are doing you more harm than good, while further distorting the already badly damaged image of South Sudan to the international community.

Instead of persisting in floating an imagined coup that never happened and illegally continuing on detaining and prosecuting the remaining four political detainees, Kiir’s government will do well to show an iota of leadership and courage by releasing these innocent souls.

It is equally a multiple personality disorder and a waste of resources and time to hire a public relations firm purportedly to enhance foreign relations with the West while at the same time promoting anti-Western sentiments at home.

Public relations must begin at home by beginning to amend the broken societal relationship and restoring trust in the government and between the people.

What is needed therefore is for Juba to demonstrate genuine political will through offering concessions in the negotiating table to the salvage what can be salvaged to rescue South Sudan from the current chaos.

Genuine reconciliation efforts in South Sudan must begin to be depoliticized by opening up a political space that allows all conflict stakeholders, including the released seven and the detained four to participate in the peace talks.

The fear and paranoia from the impending international justice and accountability for the tens of thousands of lives lost in this violent conflict can equally be negotiated and a compromise win-win solution for all can be reached in the roundtable.

Continued intransigence does no one no favor and certainly anti-Western and anti-UNMISS rhetoric only makes things worse.

Two wrongs do not make a right. Kiir and company must begin to claw their way out of this deep hole back into the light of commonsense!

Tongun Lo Loyuong is a freelance policy analyst from South Sudan. He holds two Master’s Degrees with honors and academic excellence from the United States. The last of his two MAs is in International Peace Studies and Policy Analysis for Political Change, from the University of Notre Dame – Indiana. His research interest is in South Sudan’s governance and peace and conflict issues. He is reachable at: tloloyuong@gmail.com.
For South Sudan news feed, follow him on tweeter @TongunLoLoyuong; and for more commentaries visit his blog at: http://tloloyuong.wordpress.com/.

The junk yard mentality drags Pres. Kiir back to another big cabinet!

QUOTE: “Is it the last kicks of a dying horse”?

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, MAR/20/2014, SSN;

It was barely eight months ago when President Salva Kiir tried to fool the world when he staged the July 23, 2013 president led coup in Juba. At first he dismissed all his ministers together with his long time deputy Dr Riek Machar.

Asked as to why such a mega purge? The president who was clearly hiding something, simply answered that he was seeking a lean government, given the country’s economic conditions.

Of course not only did the lean government became a reality, but it almost brought about an end to the current leadership as now symbolized by the inevitable disintegration of what was a loosely patched SPLA/M.

Today as I write, South Sudan is back to yet another big cabinet following the new “republican order,” another phrase for the over used “presidential decree” in which the president reversed his previous stand on lean government and brought back a king size cabinet of 57 ministers.

To say the obvious, the president is now doing everything in his capacity not to bring an end to the crisis that he personally begun in Juba on the eve of December 15, 2013.

What we are witnessing is a president that is struggling to survive by clinging to power even at the expense of his once declared principles.

Is going back to a king-size cabinet a good thing for a country whose only source of revenue is oil, and that oil industry itself is already down to one third of its total capacity?

And why should we be made to believe that the way out of our current political crisis only lies in have another very big cabinet?

In a country where even primary school drop outs are aspiring to become ministers, maybe president Kiir sees in what he is doing a way to pacify the ongoing rebellion from engulfing the whole country.

However, my question is why then create ministries for things we don’t do and leave things we do without any ministry?

Like all these things called tourism, investment, labour, defence, etc. we don’t have them! Do we?

Things like investment and tourism don’t go hand in hand with our national choice of instability, insecurity and inter and intra-tribal wars.

Again talking about the ministry of defence! This can turn out to be a mere duplication now that our capital city and other main installations and strategic towns are stuffed with the Ugandan UPDF mercenaries in the name of defending these places.

Also soon our country is set to play a host to some 15,000 strong mercenaries from the four IGAD countries – Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Burundi, leave alone the 12,000 UNIMISS troops already in the country.

Can’t it be seen that the country is being over defended to the extent that it has become defenceless.

The ministry of Wildlife & Fisheries! Yes this one seems to make some sense only that it has always been assigned the wrong role.

Who can’t see that South Sudanese are now wild and eating themselves like fish?

Hence the reinstated ministry of Wildlife and Fisheries should have indeed replaced the ministry of Interior.

What ministries does South Sudan actually need at this stage of its negative developmental indices?

You don’t have to be a Nano Physicist to answer this question. By the look of it, one can say that South Sudan has always been at war with over 2 million dead.

It badly needs a ministry for Funerals and Bereavement to say the least. This will suit our peoples’ life style that Salva Kiir’s government has prescribed for them!

Even the things that South Sudanese youth do every day and often take it for granted and here I mean cattle raiding/rustling (in fact cattle theft), has all through been a deadly game.

Don’t those they leave behind deserve government sponsored funeral sessions? Say every Saturday of the week?

The widows and mothers will obviously need some bereavement arrangements. Don’t they deserve that?

You see when we talk about issues like Peace, Reconciliation and Nation Healing…. bla la bla bla, we need to be serious.

For today as you read this article, South Sudan’s major mis-manager, the SPLA/M is at war with itself.

Not so long ago, the current SPLM/A–Opposition leader Dr Riek Machar was himself the person heading the National Healing & Reconciliation Process in his capacity by then as the Vice President of the country and a deputy Chairman of the SPLM party.

What later happened to him and that big dream of National Healing & Reconciliation Process, is everyone’s knowledge.

There is also the story of the charismatic ex-SPLM Secretary General who now languishes in the regime’s detention cell, facing a kangaroo court for crimes that keep changing names, details and magnitude each time there is a change in president Salva Kiir’s mood.

From the day the comrade was put under house arrest six months ago, every week the charges against him grown by geometrical progression.

It’s Pagan Amum Akeich, a common household name in both Sudan and South Sudan that I am talking about.

At a certain stage he was made the minister for PEACE and Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) Implementation with Khartoum.

Now following the FOUR RIGHTS AGREEMENT between Juba and Khartoum, Pagan Amum finds himself incarcerated to leave way for the likes of Telar Deng and Ateny Awek Ateny.

Maybe the Peace we badly need in South Sudan is now imprisoned with comrade Pagan Amum in that cell which only suits criminals but not freedom fighters.

The National Healing & Reconciliation Process too might have been dismissed together with Dr Riek Machar Teny!

Think of it objectively and you are likely to see for yourself the points I am trying to make here.

Or simply ask yourself– is it not these two, Riek Machar and Pagan Amum, each with his followers and supporters that president Salva Kiir would want to reconcile and reach peace?

At least as a starting point to a nationwide peace and the much talked about National Healing & Reconciliation Process?

The other thing that caught my eye is this ministry for Disaster Management and humanitarian… bla bla bla.

We can all remember well that since this ministry was first created some months ago, the country went from having a few disasters here and there to what can be called now a nationwide disaster.

Maybe it was a ministry for Manufacturing Disasters, but not managing it.

My question then is, “Has this too familiar ministry in any way controlled any disaster or is it that, it even escalated the already disastrous situation in the country?

The answer is obvious. However someone somewhere is busy manufacturing these disaster through poor leadership.

Maybe it is time that disasters go back to where they came from.

This ministry of disaster should be housed within the presidency, for it is there that all the disasters befalling the country are manufactured.

At least if it is kept there, there is a chance that it will catch up with the master minders!

So far the above could be some of the ways how any of these futile attempts at diverting people’s attentions from what is brewing in Addis Ababa can rightly be exposed.

Who doesn’t know that the popular quest for an interim government without the two (Kiir & Machar), has very much gained momentum in the Addis talks!

The other good news is of course none of the previous corrupt ministers who served under these two gentlemen will be considered in the interim cabinet.

In short if you have had yourself known as an honourable, or his/her Excellency, you are out of the interim period. The idea is to have an interim period free of any hangovers.

This is where the country stands now and not some dubious moves to remanufacture what was already diagnosed as unwise practice.

Didn’t we all agree that we wanted a lean government? If so why then this sudden return to the scrap yard?

The answer lies with the new politicians of the “Belly” who will be appointed in the few coming days join in the feast while the entire country is practically sinking at an unprecedented pace.

Dr Justin Ambago Ramba. Concerned south Sudanese citizen and a voice for the millions who remain voiceless in the country.

The IGAD & the Peace talks in Addis Ababa

BY: Yien Lam, RSS, MAR/17/2014, SSN;

To begin with, the proposed IGAD troop’s deployment in South Sudan is a one-sided case that cannot be accepted by any living creature ever. It is not good and should not be even discussed at all.

It is purely a political ploy intended to replace the UPDF in South Sudan that the regime wanted. The IGAD member states should have known that this will in fact hinder the peace process in South Sudan.

The organization should not have taken to an account one sided proposal in first place. It’s illogical and must not be taken into consideration.

In this matter, it would be better for the organization to be judicious when it comes to dealing with this issue of peace in South Sudan.

This issue is very interesting if not complicating. It is so, because it will rest the question of its neutrality in the peace process.

This will in fact complicate its ability to make peace in South Sudan as it initially intended to do. Its summit in the Ethiopia capital Addis Ababa on 13th of this month will be considered as hindrance toward peace.

It will also be viewed as the step backward instead, unless IGAD reverses its decision.

If I were the IGAD, I would have finished with the issue of the Uganda withdrawal from the land of South Sudanese as well as the case of the remaining four detainees first before doing anything else.

This would have been better start for the peace to survive in the country. Leaving these two issues as vague as they have been is a setback for the organization.

In addition, the organization should prioritize the issues and deal with them accordingly. Taking up one issue today and tomorrow move to the next without finishing the first one, will otherwise devalue its credibility in the future.

However, suggesting of bringing troops from the organization, in which some of its member states already have taken side in the conflict cannot and will never do any good in terms of peace.

This will obstruct if not exacerbate its process. One cannot negotiate with individual whose side has been seen overtly. This would only be seen as the mere tactic of the South Sudan regime giving the fact that it was the only one representing on the 13th summit of the IGAD. For that matter, it will otherwise be seen as the one way road.

As the matter of fact, if the IGAD is serious as it merely seems to be. It should not have its own troops in my view. It does not need it.

If the organization needs to have its boot on the ground as proposed by its summit, what would those troops do other than the UN peace keepers that are doing the exceptional job and being revered worldwide with the exception of the kiir’s regime?

Would that not be the protection of infrastructures and the oilfields as the South Sudan government wanted or what would be the role of such a troops?

In my view without a doubt, it would be the protection of the said infrastructures as well as oilfields.

If that is so, as it has been the intention of the South Sudan government, why would the government ask only the protection of infrastructures and oilfields rather than the protection of people?

Do you think such a government cares about the lives of its people than keeping itself breathing? Be the judge!

To me, I genuinely doubt the legitimacy of such a government as it sounds. In this scenario, I always enormously believe that government should always be there to protect its people.

But this has not been the case for this government of ours. This government cares more about the protection of resources than human lives.

The reason for this is obvious on the minds of many. It is because the regime buys foreign mercenaries in order to help it fight the rebels. It does not care for the people of South Sudan as many may have known it if not most.

This has been the case since South Sudan independence in 2011. It has long been the unwavering stance of the regime since then.

Nonetheless, for what I know so far, the government is supposed to be worried about the suffering of its people than infrastructures and oilfields.

If it only worries about such a things than the lives of human beings, that government has a fever that needs to be treated.

To be sincere though, I never heard a government of people saying as such ever. It is my first time to hear such a things being said by the government that claimed to be elected by the people of the South Sudan.

If this is the case as the regime claimed, why would it only care for the resources and infrastructures?

Believe it or not, this regime is trying everything it can to prevaricate to whomever it can entice in order to gain whatever necessary for its survival.

This is its intention. If the careful look is not taken by the IGAD, the peace process will never go forward. It will remain as such as it has been since January.

There will never be a change in terms of peace in South Sudan. You may believe it or not, this regime manipulation will tell you the rest of what you may be missed.

Finally, IGAD must be careful and keep its neutrality in this case if it needs to bring peace in South Sudan. Without doing so, it is going to be tough for it to go forward in peace process.

In addition, it needs to take its duty as serious as supposed to be. Otherwise, peace in South Sudan will be in jeopardy.

The author is concerned South Sudanese and can be reached at Lam981@hommail.com

Gov. Lobong & his Jonglei Counterpart ‘Animal mindset’ problem

BY: DAVID AJU KANYARA, East Equatoria State, MAR/16/2014, SSN;

Governor Luis Lobong of Eastern Equatoria State and the acting governor of Jonglei are now exerting their power to twist the position of Ma’di people in regard to the standoff between the Ma’di and the Dinka Bor IDPs currently in Nimule.

It is unfortunate that their theory of believing only those with the power on their hands and military backing have the ability to enslave the weak and the unarmed.

What they are doing, in simple terms, is an act of abuse to the citizens of Ma’di.

This Animal farm theory of invading other people’s privacy, disrespecting other’s culture, and forcefully occupying their land by the barrels of AK47s will further divide our country and place the unarmed civil communities in South Sudan in a disadvantageously unbearable situation.

The same theory of Animal farm supremacy applied recently in the capital of Juba by President Kiir that has bred nothing other than the insurgency in the country where 10,000 people lost their lives instantly in the hands of the very government that should have been their true redeemer.

Dinka by all means want to be masters of others. They do not believe in the theory of fairness and transparency, forgetting leaders are servants.

Due to their inability to deliver the country and incompetence to rule the country, we are now gradually witnessing the country sliding into a civil war that will see no end anywhere soon.

As for governor Lobong, he is a man without stance, a puppet and he will always remain a puppet to Kiir and a slave to the Dinka.

He is mischievously running around between Juba, Torit and Nimule carrying misinformation from Nimule to Juba.

Today he is saying the government of EES offered land to settle the current displaced persons from Bor in Torit and Kapoeta and the following day you will hear him saying the Ma’di people refused to give land to settle the IDPs on humanitarian ground— which humanitarian ground is that?

When the Ma’di people are still begging for their daily food from UNCHR in refugee camps in Adjumani, 9 years after CPA!

Does it mean the blood of Dinka is more precious than the blood of Ma’di people?

Why the government in Juba was able to send buses to transport the Ma’di people from Refugee camps in Uganda to vote for referendum and elections in 2010 if they are considered less important by the same government in Juba?

It is time we the Ma’di people stop putting up with this unreasonable intimidation by those obsessed with the mindset of animals.

Dinka will only listen to the language of war. See how they ran from the Murle.

Environmental Factors: You often hear the word environment, but do you stop to think what it really means, what it entails and how it affects you?

The actual definition of environment is the circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded.

Hereditary and Environmental factors of both Governor Louis Lobong of Eastern Equatoria State and the acting governor of Jonglei state are common in that the two men share the same culture of the nomadics.

As pastoralists, their mindsets are tuned within the cattle kraal. As such their ways of understandings are very limited to the animal behavior.

However much civilization tries to affect their ways, their behavioral connections will not allow them to disconnect from their hereditary environment and rudimentary mindset.

According to psychological studies our human behavior is much affected by the environment in which we are adapted to.

The two governors grew up in very hostile environments where they were taught that in order to survive they have be domineering over their opponents.

The stronger you are physically over your opponents, and the more power you exert on them, then your opponent will fear and bow down before you in adoration at the verge of worshiping you, they then become less harmful.

That becomes a conducive situation to raid their animals and defeat them from their grazing grounds. This is what the Dinka are doing in Equatoria more especially in Nimule, they are applying slow theory of expansion through consistent divide and rule theory on the indigenous people of Nimule.

If the above mentioned theory of psychology study is a fact, then it is true that the two governors won’t be able to adjust to the way of civilization which is quite different from the theory of heredity.

In modern civilization it is not how strong you are but is all about democracy and how rules of laws are applied that is what drives our lives in 21 century.

And is all about how connected you are to your constituencies but unfortunately this is not what we see in Governor Louis Lobong, as I write today on 15 March 2014, he and his counterpart from Jonglei injunction of crisis Management community (CMC) which is has not being recognized by anyone in the country.

They have forced a meeting in Nimule to push the Ma’di people to accept the illegal land grabbers and economical IDPs to officially remain in Nimule, even though reportedly calls were made by the Ma’di people for these people to be transferred with their cows to Torit county and Kapoeta but the IDPs rejected this offer.

Governor Lobong has had several meetings with Ma’di community in relation to issue of previous Dinka Bor IPDs in Nimule. Though the position of Ma’di is very clear, because Lobong’s mindset is based on the theory of survival, like his Jonglei counterpart, they still wish to force their way through to occupy Ma’di land.

The benefits of this callous act that cost the Ma’di their dear lives and continues suffering through destruction of their basic rights to exist in a nation of their own.

In addition, there’s constant humiliation at the hands of these ruthless uncultured Dinka which is two-folds: First and foremost, the success of this act is promoting the forceful occupation by the Dinka, displacing the rightful owners of the land.

The end result is the birth of a community full of crimes and discontent.

The second gain is for Lobong who sold his dignity and integrity in order to remain in power. By succeeding in this project, he remains in position of power – and that he will do even if it meant recruiting and sending all his Toposa youth to fight this baseless current war Kiir created in a quest to fulfill his motive of ethnic cleansing.

It is not only the Ma’di that are suffering but every non-Dinka is the grass in this plot and unfortunately stooges in the form of Lobong are adding fuel to the burning fire.

The issue of land and IDPs in Nimule has been a hot cake since 2008. Meetings upon meetings were held but we have not made any headway because the Dinka have inability of understanding and they believe in the theory that the stronger you are the weaker your opponent will become.

Just to be honest with ourselves, are there no other tribes in Jonglei? If there are, are they not being affected by the war? Why are they not running to Nimule?

Why only Nimule since Nimule is not the first point of border contact with Jongeli?

Those cows in Nimule are not from Jonglei, some of them were brought from Luri from president’s own kraal, and others belong to Koul Manyany and other top military officers.

The motive of keeping Nimule status quo is to provide grazing land for Kiir and his cronies in the ruling tribe.

In 2008, a joint meeting was held between the governor of EES Alonsio Ojetuk and his Jonglei counterpart Koul Manyany Juuk. The governor of EES sent delegation in Bor to meet his colleague to make some arrangements.

Among the members sent to Jonglei were former Magwi county commissioner brigadier General Emilio Igga and the current deputy governor of EES Jerome Surur and the meeting produced some resolutions; and they were as follows:

1. The government of Eastern Equatoria will provide the IDPs and their cattle with security protection to safely exit the corridor of EES.

2. The government of Jonglei State will ensure that all its citizens leave Nimule and other places occupied by them, i.e. they will send their delegation to enforce the voluntary repatriation process with the assistance of IOM/UN.

3. The central government in Juba with support of IOM/UN and will provide logistical support to transport these people with their cattle to their respective places.

Today we are in 2014, six years down the line of agreement to exit the previous IDPs. The President on his side did nothing simply because the Dinka are his brothers and family.

Governor Koul Manyany simply acted in a way to dishonor the agreement and he fooled his counterpart Ojetuk of EES to believe the Ma’di people during the war of liberation have left the land as such, the Ma’di have no right to complain about the illegal occupation by Dinka Bor.

Last year the people of Ma’di made their stance clear before the vice President that being agriculturists looking to implement modernized agriculture and develop tourist resorts, they have not enough land to give to cattle keepers to waste.

IDPs with 80,000 cattle roaming Ma’di land, a land meant to produce not only subsistence crops for basic needs but also mechanized agricultural crops of the nation.

So the Ma’di people unanimously agreed that all IDPs should be repatriated, move witnessed by the Vice President James Wani Igga.

When the efforts by the unpopular governor Lobong failed he opt to offer two settlement places to temporally settle the current IDPs, that is in Torit county and Kapoeta county where the community in those areas are nomads themselves rather than settling pastoralists within the farming areas which will generate conflicts.

But the coward Bor IDPs refused to share space and boarder with people who also carry AK 47s to defend their cattle.

Instead, they ran to their Dinka government in Juba to manipulate and counter-manipulate the deal in favor for them staying in Nimule, refusing the two settlement places offered for the IDPs to settle until calm returned in their home land Jonglei.

Unfortunately the dynamics in the land, mainly the Dinkas fueling it negatively has caused a lot of insecurity due to continued killing of the Nuer nationwide.

Now if the so called rebels intensify their actions and there came a wind of change, how much will Lobong urinate on himself when he can no longer urinate on our heads?

Author
David Aju Kanyara
Has previously wrote excessively about the issue of Ma’di and IDPs in different media outlets like southsudannation.com, southsudanliberty.com and David is a son of Ma’di and he believes in essence modern democratic system.
“The evil you do will remain with you, the good you do will follow you”

The December 15 Revolution: A Just Cause

QUOTE: “An author who was afraid to tell the truth about the ugliness of the regime and who tells about its viciousness after the regime had fallen off the throne shall be a dog that barks after the hyena had already gone. So the author should reflect the visions of a nation to the systems that reined at the time and not the government that comes after it falls.”

BY: Deng Bachech, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA, MAR/15/2014, SSN;

Let me briefly stress something important related to this topic. As South Sudanese writers or would-be-writers (commentators or columnists), we are afraid of telling the truth. It’s sometimes understandable to fear because of strange circumstances. But a writer with guts wouldn’t fear the consequences of his/her writings if he/she is constructive and objective, regardless.

Naturally, a writer writes what he thinks is morally right and just, and he should mean it. As such, our job is to correct things, and to expose the ugly and praise the beauty of government. Full stop!

Currently, we are in crisis but there are grounds for this. Anyway, I don’t wish to exaggerate the danger and I don’t wish to underestimate it at the same. If we may recall today the lessons of the war (from 1983 to present), it’s not because we seek retribution for the past, but because we are deeply concerned for the future.

The vital interests of all peoples in South Sudan demand that there shall never again be any possibility of violence. We want peace so badly.

The Causes and Consequences of Dictatorship

This country, we called South Sudan, is a highly prosperous country with an immense amount of both tapped and untapped resources, (be they human, physical, or economical); but it is tragically vulnerable to all attacks by an evil regime. This regime mechanically or deliberately creates a society of lame, docile, submissive and acquiescent citizens with no ambitions. Citizens thus become mere onlookers.

For many years, these people have been ripped of their natural potentials such as talents, knowledge and capacities against their hearts, desires and conscience; and ultimately turning them into cogs of regime’s political wheels of an endless vicious cycle. Therefore, the chains of problems in our country are unending.

Briefly, Salva Kiir’s dictatorship is the source of immeasurable calamities and suffering of our people. It breeds violence and incites hatred among diverse ethnic communities.

It also encourages police brutally; strengthens state security apparatus to intimidate and kill innocent citizens unlawfully.

It’s also blamed for the squandering of immense resources for the regime and its cohorts’ private gains.

It utterly suppresses democracy and constitutional orders; adopts more crafty and refined methods of exploitation, deceit, manipulation, and false propagandas; and uses selective arbitrary arrests of specific citizens.

It creates a wider miserable social gulf between the elites and ordinary individuals; and neglects, ignores and abuses people of human talents. Most ominously, the regime’s foreign relations with the outside world have become so corrosive and confrontational.

Therefore, things like these are graver threats to our young nation than we can imagine.

Politically, the regime really meant business to plan and apply devious means of engagement so as to erode core SPLM party’s principles from within so that any resistance or questioning would be viewed with contempt.

As a result, many may enter into party politics with rather hazy ideas and fear about how to solve problems, which disturb them. Hence they became passive and indifferent.

Supposedly, before and during Liberation Council or Political Bureau convention, the conducts of business of the party meetings should have been respected such that members would participate and cooperate on equal footing with wider publicity which would make it possible to keep all members constantly informed.

This would have looked a bit democratic, open and transparent. Because political discussion or forum is all about exchange of opinions and views as well as of charting a policy that makes fuller accounts of the interests of people and enabling members to fight actively for their interest.

Also, even though the party members had seemingly diverse interests, in the discussions they should have applied this cool principle of: “we can disagree without being disagreeable”.

But nothing like that in the political world of this Salva Kiir regime.

The Birth of a Revolution.

For how long shall we be silent? For how much longer shall we remain onlookers? But can we do it now? These are central questions that we must answer bluntly and critically.

I often hear people say, “It isn’t right time now for revolt”. Yes, you may set an alarm clock of your house-watch on your choosing and convenient time.

But time for a revolution isn’t and can’t be set with precision or for conveniences. It’s unpredictable and untimely. When its time arrives, you can’t rewind the clock or delay it.

Revolution is a historical phenomenon that, when triggered due to social injustice, it’s difficult to control. In the light of this, Martin L. King said, “Justice delayed is justice denied”.

Again Lenin once wrote that: “in those days the machine of state was, resting on a volcano, there were great stirrings in the depth of people’s consciousness and the air was becoming charged with electricity which unavoidably had to bust forth in a cleansing thunderstorm”.

So it’s now right time. We can’t wait any longer while the regime is perpetuating, and continues to perpetuate, cruel practices, sinking the ship of liberty of the people into the abyss of despair and misery. Enough is enough.

Therefore, the flames of the revolution which, ignited in the Presidential Guards’ Tiger Battalion in Juba, surely enveloped the entire country spreading like wildfire to the remotest areas wasn’t just a mere political squabble between Salva Kiir’s loyal soldiers and Riek Machar’s loyal soldiers.

The issue was bigger than that. It signified a profound social and economic upheaval. Yes, power-struggle was one of many key issues that played a great role; but it never would have been the immediate trigger of the revolution.

The fundamental issue was a “quest for democratic transformation” of the South Sudan society.

For the last few years, there were a great deal of debates within the SPLM on how to go about effecting a democratic change through peaceful process; but the President and his cliques didn’t allow that.

So the unexpected happened ostensibly orchestrated by the President himself. Thus pushing the suspected democratic reformers to the edge — the Revolution. A blessing in disguise, I would say.

So now the chapter of dictatorship is closed. The real revolution occurred with all its might and commitment, and still gaining momentum as witnessed throughout the country and around the world.

The road to democratic revolution is now clear, necessary and inevitable for rebuilding of the country. As a result, the date December 15, 2013 will go down in history books as a day of freedom.

However, I am well aware of the scale and complexity of the tasks ahead. That revolution is a historical process. It has no short cut, even if the victory is won in a day, still building a ruined society anew is not easy.

Rome wasn’t built in a day, as the saying goes. Because in the course of revolutionary action, there will always be certain setbacks, temporary retreats and even defeats are possible.

Even the gallant freedom fighters and supporters of the revolution are too aware of the costs and benefits. Therefore, we know that, we are in for a tough but promising ride.

However, that the quest for freedom, justice and equality are the most important moral ideals of a democratic society worth fighting for.

Moreover, I have not even the least of doubts that the sparks of December 15 incident were not only the flames of violence, but also the rekindling flames of patriotism, loyalty and unity.

This event marked a sharp turn in the history of South Sudan. Our revolutionary success will rest solely on mutual trust, respect and unity of all people, with no exception or exclusion.

Unity is a necessity and a cornerstone of our democratic society. Hence our efforts to bring about political change in the country are very promising.

We (the public) have denounced this brutal regime and its atrocious acts and policies.

The dictator, Salva Kiir—the perfidious enemy of democracy—will be defeated by a sober political genius with creativity, pragmatism, sensitivity, determination and selfless readiness for attaining a democratic success.

On top of that, in the meantime, we will reorganize our dear party (SPLM) after the overthrow of the unpopular regime and to bring about a stable, federal political system. This is our prime goal.

Unfortunately, there are few pessimists who often comment on the print and electronic media that a quest for power using violence is uncalled for; that one ethnic group can’t and couldn’t engage, confront or overthrow an elected government; or can’t fight a government composed of diverse ethnic groups in the country and that it is suicidal and impractical.

Well, the concerns and doubts of those pessimists are somehow legitimate. But first, for your info, experience teaches us that there had never been in world history that a tyrant can let-go power through peaceful means.

And Salva Kiir is an absolute tyrant. For example, the US, France, and the British had taught their tyrants great lessons, that’s why their countries are democratic to-date.

So in our case, every South Sudanese (who still hears and sees) knew the facts. And even within the SPLM party itself, members (big and small) had inexhaustibly tried every effort to convince Salva Kiir to reform the party, but to no avail.

So what could be the solution while the society was almost decaying and the country was on the verge of collapse? The solution was to pay him with his own coins. I hope, this answers your first concerns.

Second, it is not the majority who can stage protest but a select few whose conscience are aroused and who understand and feel the pangs of the beast’s cruelty, and those who are politically conscious and have the nerves and guts to confront a dictator regime head-on.

So “it’s not a big body that fights, but the fight in the big body”. In other words, in war it’s not the numbers that count but it’s the courage of the fighters that count.

Therefore, the Nuer had a right to revolt and fight against unjust government with unjust laws; because this unjust regime abused them.

And not only that, the Nuer were the first to start and join in a big number the past two rebellions of Any-Anya 2 (I972 & 1983). It’s a history repeating itself because they naturally don’t like injustice and humiliation.

Nonetheless, a regime change against the government isn’t specifically a Nuer issue but for all. Because the success of democracy and its fruits will benefits everyone, every ethnic group.

In addition, the Israeli Jews in 1948 fought hard to get the State of Israel and built it with the efforts of only very few individuals, who had love and loyalty, and the commitment to bring their nation into life.

So now what it takes to make a change is not necessarily the efforts of multitude, but the efforts of a few determined individuals.

The Change at the Door

So comrades, save the nation from destruction! This is a wake-up call. South Sudan is a country full of wonders. So it’s the duty, responsibility and obligation of its nationals with sense of belonging to this nation to solve these chronic problems.

The nation is now full of frustrated, hopeless and helpless youth and women. People always live in fear, with broken hearts and spirits.

Let’s fight this evil government with all our might and determination to act against it (injustice) in unison; while united in our hearts and spirits.

Let’s not be discouraged. The fall of Salva Kiir regime is nearing completion.

We are not cursed by God or anything. Don’t develop such degrading psychological thoughts in your minds. We are born optimists. It is this regime that crippled human consciousness; drained and wasted the intellects of the learned young South Sudanese—making them strangers, jobless and criminals in their own God-given land.

I can assure you that, all peoples of South Sudan of all ages and social standings have similar intentions, hopes and aspirations to live in peace and harmony.

Time is now. It was at first a matter of who could daringly carry the torch of freedom-light to brighten the darkness of Tyrant Empire.

Those of you who are now in Addis Ababa, Kampala, and Nairobi gave up their privileges and money from your offices in Juba, Bor and Malakal simply because you wanted to help your country.

It wasn’t because you’re coward, but fled to neighboring countries for safety reason, and later organize and fight back.

Also the Diaspora, who are disappointed, frustrated and angry because of bad governance and senseless killings of the innocent lives, have devoted the time, energy and knowledge for revolutionary struggle. Their efforts are remarkable and appreciated.

Together, we need this generation to unearth their buried or hidden treasures—skills, knowledge, experiences and abilities—to achieve excellence of their efforts and use all their resources to create a universal, democratic transformation.

We can’t leave this burden and passed it on to the next generation. But to accomplish this, it needs our unity to make a change.

For examples, the United State of America isn’t famous in the world for nothing but unity of its people. America is now an expert on how to bring and retain “best brains” of people from all over the world. That’s why it’s famous and powerful.

But sadly, here is in our country South Sudan, the best minds are labeled as strangers in their own land. And they often flee the land—and consequently, their minds are used in developing other countries.

It’s a common knowledge that: “when men are incapable, they conspire against the wise”. This is true of why the country is divided and in ruins.

So I must emphasize that, this current mess in the country is (was) a struggle between “the ignorant and the learned”, although this factor has been ignored by most analysts.

Put it differently, the ignorant majority rules over the learned few.

Conclusion.

It is true that South Sudan as nation, in this current situation, has cost many lives and properties unprecedented in history. But it’s the leadership to blame for this.

The country is divided, confused lost its mental compass, and obviously heading toward its own destruction.

It’s therefore now a right time to rescue the situation but not by retaining a dictator nor the intervention of the foreign agencies but by our own efforts and promises of a regime change.

Already, the December 15, 2013 Incident was the beginning of an end to country’s question. It evolved into a ‘Creeping Revolution”. So let’s embrace it and choose the road of wisdom and travel in unity to make this revolution as a success.

“You will lose direction as long as you doubt”—Dertogada, Yismake Worku. We are fighting a Just War because our Cause is Just.

Knowing that a genuine road to democracy isn’t always straight and smooth but rough, like life itself; there are many challenges ahead of us.

Some of you know that our country’s challenges are attributed to regime’s political dishonesty as well as the citizens’ lack of awareness of grave situation.

At this moment, the dictator regime has fully engaged in smear and scare tactics to tarnish the reputation of the revolutionary leaders and to paralyze the activities of the freedom fighters; and also to deceive the public at large of what truly going on in the country.

In fact, it devised and applied sinister methods and mechanisms:

First, the government-controlled media is fully loaded with historical falsifications and distortions of facts with regards to nation’s affairs.

Second, the regime has engaged in a confrontational diplomacy with and hostile attacks on foreign entities and their diplomats—an attitude which is bizarre and pitiable. This negative attitude towards the West (esp. the US) and the UNMISS is very disappointing, at least to us (citizens). It’s like “biting the hand that feed you” attitude.

Third, they constantly spread baseless attacks, propaganda and slander of our revolutionary forces.

Fourth, they instigated the fanning of ethnic hatred and killings, and intimidation, blackmailing and harassment of ordinary citizens.

These menacing tools reveal the obvious ————facts—social and political contradictions—and expose the regime to the world as morally and politically bankrupt.

Therefore, we will overcome those challenges by addressing and remedying country’s social ills, because we have a vision and dream.

There is no dream that can’t be made true or a vision to be realized, though it may take time. All it needs is a unity of people and of brains; and good leadership.

Once in power, the pressing national issues will be solved prudently.

More importantly, we will establish cordial relations with foreign bodies; and our foreign policy will be consistent in content and in spirit based on the principles of mutual interests and understanding between nations.

With regards to current peace talks in Addis Ababa, the SPLM-in-Opposition’s stand is very clear and their demands are firm. That the differences will be settled tactfully whenever and whenever they occur by peaceful negotiation in a tranquil atmosphere.

However, at the moment, we can’t express or guarantee any breakthrough by now given the prevailing attitudes of the regime.

Notwithstanding, the December Revolution’s foundation is rock-solid. And the road to freedom is becoming clearer and wider in every hour.

Guided by the principles of pure federal democratic system; protected by the laws of the land and international laws; convinced of unwavering mass support; defended by strong, committed and brave men in uniforms; supported and advanced by men and women of brains; assisted and motivated by people of goodwill; and led by Dr. Riek Machar Dhurgon, then it’s imperative that victory is near.

Dr. Machar is a professional driver, driving the vehicle of democracy with full gears (not missing a reverse gear) to our destination (destiny).

He was and has always been a passionate believer in South Sudan’s independence and who always wanted to utilize his experiences and expertise to change things for the better for average citizens.

In all fairness, among other achievements and credits to him, Dr. Machar will enter history as the architect and champion of self-determination for the independence of South Sudan.

As a leader, he possesses rare qualities of leadership among in South Sudan politics. He is a political genius and a natural liberal democrat—visionary, creative, dynamic, sensitive, likable and understanding; and above all, a man of common sense and brilliance of intellect.

For this reason, our revolution is in a safe hand and on the right track.

A month ago when I was in Malakal town, I keenly observed striking military maneuvers and formations of freedom fighters displaying courageous and daring acts of pride and invincibility which was magnified with battle songs.

I felt emotionally moved and electrified by their valor, simplicity, endurance and commitment.

I solemnly saluted my comrades-in-struggle and we chatted much more, with closing phrases: “This is a Revolution. No turning back. Only way forward. Only one option: No onlookers, Free Riders or Neutral — either you are with the Revolution or against it. No other way round. Victory is certain!”

The author temporarily lives in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He is reachable at dbachech@hotmail.com or dengbachech@gmail.com, phone: +251-934-285-029

The Nuer Massacre: I am alive, not dead

BY: J. Nguen, CANADA, MAR/15/2014, SSN;

It is now official that 6,430 innocent Nuer civilians were killed in Juba between December 15th & 19th 2013 by Dinka militias. Among them were children, women, and elderly. They all perished in the hands of their own countrymen and not Arabs.

They were butchered for no other reason than being Nuer ethnic group. This is the fact and the world is aware of it. Anyone of Nuer background dead or alive falls perfectly into this category according to some Dinka killers.

It didn’t matter to them whether a Nuer has different political party or political philosophy or not, you are licensed to be killed because you are Nuer.

It doesn’t matter whether a Nuer is/was a Salva Kiir’s staunched supporter or not, she/he deserved to dies no matter what. Nothing has helped and the sole mission of the killers was simple, to do away with Nuer at all cost.

For example, innocent Nuer’s children, women, men and elderly were rounded up and sent (killed) to heaven or hell for no apparent crime committed.

As things stands, the massacre of the Nuer ethnic group in Juba by Kiir Mayardit’s Dinka militias remains one of the vicious, ruthless, merciless and cruel killings ever happened in South Sudan history since its creation.

Many writers called it Nuer massacre; while others labelled it as heartless genocide. Whatever one calls it, it remains one of the vicious and regrettable summarily execution of Nuer gentle souls.

There was no single Nuer Soul spared by the Dinka killers. They killed whoever they found. Therefore, those who still deny the massacre were in fact the killers and Hitler like associates. They deserves nothing in return.

In the midst of the massacre, over 38, 000 or more Nuer civilians ran for their dear lives and are now taking refuge at the UNMISS’ compounds in Juba. The same development happened in Bentiu, Malakal and Bor where Nuer and some Dinka civilians were killed in their thousands in the md of chaos.

Those Nuer who escaped death in Leer, Mayom, Koch, Guit, Mayendit, Rubkona and Panyjiar, Unity State are now residing in the bush without food and safe drinking water.

Evidence showed UNHCR has not been able to help or made efforts reaching out to these suffering souls. If UN did it is secret, yet to be known. If they did and failed, it might have been the fact it was blocked by Kiir’s government in name of insecurity.

Regardless, this is a regrettable failure on UNHCH’s part. The UNHCH’s mandate is to reach out to the dying civilians affected by the conflicts.

South Sudan is no exception and United Nations would have acted to fulfill its mandate to alleviate the suffering people regardless of Kiir’s government murderous position.

As I write, civilians are dying in their hundreds of thirst and hunger in their hideouts in Unity State. As far as death toll and displacement are concerned, UNMISS has placed the death toll at 10, 000 and whereas more than 930, 000 persons reported displaced.

The death toll is more than what was estimated and so is the displaced.

Despite this extraordinary tragedy, some people still claim that there is a nation of South Sudan where nationhood can be cherished and protected when in fact there is none.

There is no functioning nation in South Sudan. There is no State government but Dinka tribe institution on vicious rampant and manic state.

In a nutshell, the Nuer massacre has not stopped in Juba and other parts of the country. It is indescribable and still happening every day in disguise of safeguarding failed national interest, which isn’t there, after the fact.

Sad thing is however, killers often dance. They dance after they slaughtered Nuer men, children, women and elderly in cold blood.

For instance, the killers danced after they killed innocent Nuer civilians in Bentiu and Leer town and this is the link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MU5LanAAxZw to prove my point.

Gravely, the triumphant in killers’ faces resembled the euphoria that ensued people after moon landing out of space during Apollo expedition. Sad! I never see people celebrating death of their own countrymen and women than Dinka killers.

The killers also danced when they deployed cluster bombs against Nuer civilians. What a shame on a dying nation!

Despite the untold suffering and senseless loss of innocent lives, I must remind Nuer remnants that the killers did not kill us all: I am alive, not dead.

To those who are celebrating innocent Nuer lives lost, you are evil beings. You deserve nothing but the same pains you enforced on Nuer. But rest assured, in hell or heaven, you will flatly fail in your senseless mission.

In term of written records, henceforward, I must assure my readers that I will not rest. I will continue to write about the Nuer massacre and that of others until I am no more. This is my honest pledge to all fallen heroes and heroines.

On March 5th, 2014, unarmed Nuer men and women were showered with live bullets and killed in cold-blood by Dinka militias once again.

The perpetrators cheaply placed the death toll at 5 yet more than hundred unarmed Nuer civilians were butchered.

Sadly, some were drag out of their hideouts akin to that of December 15th, 2013 massacre. Then, the victims were shots short range in the heads. The Killing was blamed on the soldiers’ payment issue which wasn’t true after all.

Thanks to eyewitnesses and abundant technology in our disposal. TRUTH has come out regardless.

Among the dead was General Gatwech Gai from Pangak Nuer. Sadly, Gen. Gai died in the hands of his own masters. Good to know that he was a die-hard failed Salva Kiir Supporter. Pathetic!

It is pathetic that Gen. Gai has died because he was Nuer even though he wholeheartedly fought alongside Salva Kiir’s government forces in Bor and helped them recaptured the town from the rebel.

Gen. Gai was hacked to death despite his selfless support to Kiir’s cause of Nuer extinction. I feel bad for this man poor’s soul though I detested his blurred thinking for not being realistic and forthcoming.

The fact is there is a lesson to be learned here. The lesson we learned is no matter how much one wanted to please the failed Dinka’s institutions and government, there are some satanic characters within who are bent to end your life no matter what.

On February 1st, 2014, after the dysfunctional cessation of hostility signed in Addis Abba, Ethiopia in January 23rd, 2014, Leer, Dr. Riek’s birth place was attacked and captured by pro- Kiir’s troops with the backing of the SPLM- N and Justice for Equality Movement (JEM).

Leer was ransacked and completely destroyed by pro- government soldiers. For instance, Leer’s hospital which existed for more 35 years and surrounding villages all were torched to the ground. Please see the report here: https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/thousands-bush-around-leer-%E2%80%98living-water-lilies%E2%80%99.

Frankly speaking, Leer has no operational importance than being a Dr. Riek’s birthplace. Its people have nothing to do with political madness in Juba then and now.

Some chiefs who refused to run for their dear lives were thrown to make-ship jails and were subsequently executed on March 5th, 2014.

The chiefs were all from Dok Nuer. Their names are Chief, Nhial Chakuoth Malek, sub-chief, Machek Ninrew Lieh and Chief, Gajang Gai Machar. The chiefs did not commit any crime than being Nuer.

This murderous act is rampant and out of control. Crimes punishable by hanging where there is rule of law are being committed in broad daylight against Nuer, while the rest of South Sudanese 62 tribesmen and women remained onlookers.

They shamelessly turn blind eyes on their own fellow citizens and watch them being killed by insane beings without saying enough. What a nation!

Evidence showed that some of the 62 tribesmen and women who are currently not being targeted by Dinka militias were blindfolded and falsely made to believe that there are good citizens and South Sudan belongs to them.

Out of this hopeless deceit, three arms of Equatorians’ youth have been mobilized and placed into various military training camps in the name of the national army.

While unknowingly, these youth are being trained to protect nothing short of Dinkanization of South Sudan.

The same tactic is underway among various minority tribes across South Sudan. Some people are being mobilizes falsely in the name of nationhood, yet, such a nationhood doesn’t exists.
Few facts to note contradicting nationhood naivety!
Do you know that 7 out of 9 appointed South Sudan Supreme Court judges are Dinka? In a nutshell, there was one Equatorian which after appointment was vilified, shamed and removed through uncounseled presidential decree for being smartest than her claimed bosses.
One Nuer, Judge Gatwech who also headed the dysfunctional anticorruption commission. Mr. Gatwech is now rotting in one of the UNMISS’ compounds in Juba because he was almost killed by Dinka’s militias during Juba Nuer massacre.
Now, tell me who is running this dysfunctional South Sudan’s Supreme Court? Dinka men who are led by none other than a junior judge Mr. Chan from Warrap, state where President Salva Kiir Mayardit hailed. Tell me, if this is your South Sudan government that you are about to die for?
Take South Sudan internal security agent and all its affiliates. The South Sudan Intelligent and Security Services runs by a Dinka man, Akol Kor as its director. All five personalities running this murderous organization are Dinka, four of which are from Bhar el Ghazal (head and deputy from Warrap and third man in line is from Lake) and other from Jonglei. Tell me, where are the rest of South Sudanese tribesmen and women if this is our country? How does this make you feel? Don’t you feel robbed, betrayed and marginalized or not?
Take again South Sudan’s foreign affair and diplomatic core. Among the eighty diplomats appointed and 67 out of 80 are Dinka. Nineteen out of the 21 diplomats deployed are Dinka. Guess what! There are also deployed in the most well to do countries and institutions which include USA, Norway, China, Russia, France, UK, German, Japan, Malaysia, India, UN, World Bank, IMF, EU, and Sudan… etc.
Again, where are the rest of 63 South Sudan tribes if South Sudan government is yours? Beside, where is the nationhood here, where you can be proud of and ready to protect? Do you now really see yourself in a nation where you blindly called yours?
Consider the financial district of Juba (banks, customs, chambers of commerce, and business community) and natural resources. There is no single other tribe man or woman in these institution. Dinka controlled these institutions from cleaners (tail) to heads. Look, where are you? Where do you see yourself in the nation building?
Finally, take immigration, police departments and military. Three men who take decisions on matters related to immigration are all Dinka. These men decide whether one should leave and be granted an entry to South Sudan or not. They decide would smuggle money out without being check.
This madness doesn’t stop there! All seven men who runs police department are all Dinka. They decide on matters regarding killing together with security apparatus. These people decide who should be beat up, left to die or thrown behind bars without due process. Is this really your South Sudan you are made to believe or you envisioned?
Last not least is the military. You know it and I need not to tell you anything about its operations and do on the daily basis. One thing to note though, you have seen Mr. Malaak Ayuen and Mr. Philip Aguer talking to you in Dinka dialect on supposed South Sudan national Television as if all South Sudanese are Dinka. What do you make of this?
I hope I jerked your memories and if you are a sane being, I am certain that you will revisit your elusive perceptions about South Sudan state of affairs. I left that you to decide.
Way forward
Despite all these inconveniences, sadly, some Dinka are not satisfied. They still think they can kill and grab other peoples’ lands as they pleased. Besides, good to note that some Dinka are also victims too. Those who spoke the truth and against self-driven hatred were either killed or exiled for good. Some Dinka communities have been marginalized too and told to shut up or else.
It’s sad to mention that fools have managed to drive South Sudan into abyss and divided it along tribal lines. However, the painful truth is, their system is set up to fail. My message to all of you is time has come for meaningful change. Your staying on the sidelines is not helping or shaping your long term survival or our survival as a nation. We must collectively grasp this opportunistic time to ensure better change.
Let the Nuer’s spilled blood bring down forces of tyranny because you will be next if you do not act now. Let’s demand a collective change and we shall collectively establish a platform where no single tribe in South Sudan has an upper hand over than others. Embrace a platform where no one deserves maltreatment or subjected to mistreatment. An environment where no single tribe is a bully, subjecting smaller tribes to unnecessary marginalization. A nation where smaller tribes shall have the same says as big ones.
A nation where killers are called by their rightful names and made to accept that the Nuer massacre in Juba rather than boring us with irrelevant rhetoric that some Dinka were also killed too in Bor, Akobo, Bentiu and Malakal, yet we are all aware that these and if any, were resultant of the Nuer Juba massacre.

J. Nguen is a South Sudanese living in Canada. He can be reached at nyolgaar@yahoo.con

Unpatriotic Government & the Sham Judicial System

BY: Kuir ë Garang, ALBERTA, CANADA, MAR/15/2014, SSN;

The case of the remaining four political detainees accused of plotting to remove President Kiir in the unsupportable claim of ‘coup attempt’ is going to take South Sudan to a new low. This is a mockery of the country and our judicial system.

The world has laughed at us more than enough and we are giving it another reason to laugh even louder. The accused, Dr. Majak D’Agoot, Mr. Pagan Amum, Mr. Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth and Mr. Oyai Deng Ajak, appeared in court in Juba on March 11, 2014 to hear the charges against them. The charges include the follow:

1. Treason against the state
2. Incitement of the masses
3. Causing disaffection among police or defense forces
4. Defaming the government of South Sudan
5. Undermining the authority of or insulting the president

However, those who advise President Kiir and those who encourage him to take the four men to trial don’t care about the image of the country. As long as they fatten their bank accounts and hit back at the people they don’t like, then all is good.

They care neither about the dying innocent civilians nor do they care about the impending descend of the country into Somalia-like warlordism.

Mocking the President

No one has enough humility and courage to tell the president that the coup attempt claim is not sustainable. People who care about this country would tell President Kiir the truth in order for peace to come to South Sudan. Our people have suffered more than enough for this senseless war to drag on for longer than necessary.

The world that helped us achieve independence has no reason to hate us. We just didn’t give them enough evidence to classify the incident of December 15th, 2013 as a failed coup attempt. Honor is in knowing when to say ‘I was wrong!” Honor is in knowing when to let things go for the sake of the people!

What happened on March 11, 2014 in Juba is a clear mockery of President Kiir. Whoever believes the trial should go on is mocking the president of South Sudan. The president appears like a mindless despot among his reasonable Peers.

The likes of the imbecilic Yoweri K. Museveni wouldn’t care about what’d embarrass our president. Museveni, like Riek Machar, is a man intoxicated by power and the feeling of being the strong man in the region. The mere feeling that he’d fall into insignificance makes him mad. Fortunately, he’s getting old!

Why would Museveni allow UPDF to announce the capture of Jonglei State capital, Bor, as a victory of UPDF instead of SPLA? If Museveni respected South Sudan and President Kiir, he’d have severely reprimanded the irresponsible general. UPDF was only doing a favor to President Kiir not liberating South Sudan.

South Sudanese government officials and the people involved in this sham trial, like Museveni, want to reflect South Sudan in a very bad light. They are mocking President Kiir and embarrassing South Sudan in the eyes of the world.

Selling the ‘Coup Attempt’ claim

Where in the world does a nation waste development money in a vain diplomatic mission to convince the world that a ‘coup attempt’ happened? If the available or presented evidence can’t convince the world to see it for what the government claims, then sticking with the unsupportable gives the world an image that is a disservice to the country.

Other nations are not kids or imbeciles to be hoodwinked. A responsible government would just give the world the evidence it has. It’s up to the world to rationalize it given the evidence they’d been presented with. Trying to convince the world is an act of desperation and incompetence: an unpatriotic mess.

The government is isolating South Sudan. The officials have turned their backs on our allies for no reason. The government is also projecting the county as a nation of those who don’t care about facts. This is going to cost South Sudan a great deal and further destroy the prospects of a prosperous South Sudan that’s respected the world over. What this government is doing is unpatriotic and treasonous. This is a government that doesn’t care about South Sudan.

They’ve not only allowed the rebels to destroy the country, they’ve also hired killer mercenaries to come and kill South Sudanese citizens.

A government that hires paid mercenaries is an unpatriotic government. A government that pays foreign soldiers and doesn’t pay its own army is an unpatriotic government committing treason against the state.

A government that pays foreign soldiers more than twice the salary of its own army with exorbitant benefit package is an unpatriotic government.

‘Kangaroo Court’

The President and his cabinet are convinced that what happened on December 15, 2013 is a ‘failed coup attempt’ and those being tried executed that ‘treasonous act.’

If the government defied the world powers that have centuries of intelligence gathering and data processing then it’s inconceivable it’ll listen to anyone who says something contrary to the official message.

These world powers have declared that there is no enough evidence to declare the incident in question a coup attempt. Sadly, the government of South Sudan stuck to its position. This is a disastrous Mugabism.

Will the government swallow a bitter pill if the court finds out that there’s no evidence to convict the accused? Will the prosecutor be brave enough and competent enough to declare that they can’t prove the ‘coup claim?’ This is highly unlikely.

First, the judges were selected by the government that’s already decided its position. And this selection wasn’t in any way screened for any possible conflict of interest.

So the judges, prosecution and the government are one and the same! How do you expect a fair trial in such a case? A-not-guilty verdict would be like insulting the government. It’d mark a turning point if a-not-guilty verdict is arrived at.

Going against what the president and the government hold dear would earn our judicial system respect of independence.

However, that’ll never happen given what we know about Pagan Amum’s case against the president.

If a press conference and a press release, all constitutionally allowed actions, are used as evidence in a court of law then you know this is a kangaroo court.

If a prosecutor tells the court that a recording, which was obtained illegally without any constitutional provision that allows it and the panel of judges doesn’t question its legality then you know this is a Kangaroo court.

A respectable panel of judges would have questioned the legality and admissibility of the recording on the first day of hearing.
The defense will raise this question but will the judges see it that way? We’ll wait and see!

Bizarrely, the minister of information and the government spokesperson, Honorable Michael Makuei Lueth, has already ruled on behalf of the government that the accused ‘should be hanged by the neck until they die’ and that the accused are not ‘political detainees’ but ‘criminals.’

If the government is already interfering in the judicial process then how do you expect a fair trial? The government has already home-brewed the verdict. It’s only putting this trial as a PR show to hoodwink the world.

Did anyone expect the government to select a panel of judges that’d rule against its position? The judges should have been subjected to a screening process to ascertain their independence and squeeze them for any conflict of interest!

Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically.’ For contact, visit www.kuirthiy.info or follow him on twitter @kuirthiy

South Sudan should be expelled from the UN & AU

BY: Joana Adams, RSS, MAR/15/2014, SSN;

I totally support the Norwegian government statement on Wednesday 12th March rejecting Juba’s claims over UN arms seizure calling it “unreasonable and groundless accusations.” The behaviour of the leaders and government of South Sudan towards the UN (UNMISS) and its staff in South Sudan is barbaric, embarrassing and totally unacceptable to most civilised but silent South Sudanese.

Hilde Johnson might not be an angel but subjecting her to constant harassment is a reflection of gender bias typical of male chauvinists dominating the failed regime of Salva Kiir.

If the fledging state cannot cope with demands and rules of modern civilisation necessary for the efficient operations of world agencies like the UN, South Sudan’s membership to the world body should be terminated; and put on probation subject to fulfilment of satisfactory requirements before readmission.

South Sudan has only been in existence as an independent state for less than 36 months and already the UN has faced more problems in South Sudan than ever recorded in other similar situations.

For over a week now, Juba has taken UNMISS and its head of operations in Juba, Hilde Johnson, to task accusing them over an alleged incident of seizure of UN truck in Lakes state loaded with weapons en-route to embattled Bentui.

Explanations by UNMISS that the weapons and ammunition belong to the newly arrived Ghanaian peacekeeping contingent and that its transportation by road rather than by air as per agreement was a regrettable error, failed to abet Juba’s furore over the incident.

Juba insists that the UN body operating in Juba is not neutral but is supporting the rebel group or SPLM/A-In-Opposition of Dr. Riek Machar.

I am not a fan of Hilde Johnson and indeed for some of us Hilde has had a rather cosy relations with regime in Juba which might compromise her role as an independent operator.

Nonetheless, she is not in Juba on her own accord, she is representing a world body of which South Sudan is a member and therefore, she deserves to be respected on that basis.

To disrespect Hilde Johnson is tantamount to disrespecting an agency we have voluntary chosen to be a part of.

We cannot have it both ways and therefore must decide whether we want to remain a part of the UN or opt to withdraw our membership. That’s what responsible people do.

The attack on Hilde Johnson and the UN at large, comes against the backdrop of a stinging attack by President Salva Kiir in January 2014, when he accused the world body of wanting to operate as a parallel government in Juba thus undermining his so called elected government.

Wasn’t it the government that rushed to ask for the UN forces in the country to be increased from about 8000 to 12,000 plus?

Isn’t it the UN that is protecting our civilians whom our government is unable to protect?

Isn’t it the UN that stood with the people of South Sudan and provided humanitarian assistance during the long bitter liberation struggle 1983-2004?

Isn’t it again the UN which is feeding our 80,000 or so internally displaced people inside the UN compounds as well as those outside the country in refugee camps in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan?

And now UN is forced to send in a probe team to conduct an investigation over the incident. What a waste of world’s resources and utter waste of time and energies to try and contain the unreasonable SPLM led government of Salva Kiir Mayardit.

To add salt to injury, James Wani Igga, the clown Vice President of Salva Kiir, who at long last, found his lost voice, has joined the bandwagon. He has declared to fight Western government accusing them of colonialism.

Wani, who is university educated unlike his primary school drop-out comrade Salva Kiir, is bewildered as to why the western countries have not bought their lies of a foiled coup.

The vice president should know that leaders in the western countries are accountable to their educated and enlightened electorates who demand evidence to support decisions of their governments, and therefore cannot just be told packs of lies and are expected to believe it without evidence, as thoroughly explained by El hag Paul’s in his award winning article posted on this website about Barnaba Marial’s failed UK mission.

If the said mission was so successful as the foreign minister wanted the government to believe and the government in-turn wanted the public to believe why nearly after one month is the vice president frustrated at the western governments and said as reported on ST, “no one knows why they{western governments} failed to accept that the government foiled attempt to remove the democratically elected leadership, he stressed.”

Even if the leaders wanted to support the lies of Kiir the western electorates will not let them. Also unlike in Juba, those countries have independent legislature and judiciary and can impeach reckless presidents or prime ministers.

So Wani Igga, before you join the bandwagon of unreasonableness, you now need to acknowledge that you and your belligerent comrade Salva Kiir are living in different time-zones from the West.

Leave the western countries alone. Don’t divert attention to those who one time assisted you and gave you the freedom and power you are now abusing.

Just because Khartoum that was perceived to be responsible for everything that went wrong in South Sudan is now your friend by force of circumstance, doesn’t mean that you have to find another scapegoat to blame for everything that is going wrong in South Sudan today.

You cannot be a leader and yet escape the responsibility that goes with it.

Throughout the liberation struggle and the interim period, SPLM/A has fed the nation on the diet of nothing but lies, but their lies are catching up with them.

They have perfected the art of manipulating the public by using the blame games. The worst culprit seems to be the governor of Western Bahar-el Ghazal Zakaria Rigzig who is ever ready to mobilise his citizens to chant anti-UN slogans.

This is reminiscent of Khartoum type of politics which reflects their emotional culture which we do not need in South Sudan.

The UN is in south Sudan because the government that cannot protect its own people nor feed them or provide them services.

What’s more, the government begged the UN to come as they are not begging the IGAD to deploy a force to protect oil fields.

If we had a functioning government the UN wouldn’t be here. Why is the UN not in other well run neighbouring countries such as Uganda, Kenya or Ethiopia?

South Sudanese leaders should stop creating public hatred towards the UN and other western countries or their leaders. We need leaders in the new republic who can take up responsibilities and defend their decisions or apologise to the nation when they get it wrong.

Wani Igga, people thought you could be a moderating influence on these extremist dinkocrats but you are a total disgrace and disappointment to the peaceful and progress minded people of Equatoria.

Why can’t you stand up to the president and tell him not to undermine your authority by allowing dinkocrats like Daniel Awet or Ateny Wek exercising more powers than you do?

Ministers in the national government usurp your power daily and are speaking on national issues with more authority as though there is no vice president.

Even a mere presidential spokesman is being sent to foreign countries to lobby on behalf of the government as if there is no vice president.

Do you lack self-confidence or is your docility a tactic of self-preservation? Whatever the case, you are no better than a Jieng slaves.

It is interesting that when it is about attacking scapegoats you quickly find your voice. Why do you want to fight some imaginary enemies “colonialists”, when you can start with the ones grabbing our ancestral lands right here in Juba?

If you can start by fighting this colonial dinkocrats like brother Alfred Lado Gore or walk out of a meeting as Obuto Mamur has reportedly done, then perhaps we can rekindle the hope for the beloved country.

It’s not in our culture to defecate in a plate we have eaten in or to bite the fingers that has fed us.

It looks totally out of character for you to stand there and declare war against the western countries- USA, UK, the EU. Leave such kind of empty propaganda to the hooligans.

It must mean something to be an Equatorian in this land of the blind. Please do not allow yourself to be used to tarnish the image of the great people of Equatoria.

With this sort of mentality who will ever come to your aid again?

Just because you have oil doesn’t mean that you can abuse the world with impunity. One day, someone or some country is going to stand up to you and say; you can go to hell with your oil.

Didn’t the North(Sudan) say so? Didn’t you have to lower yourself and beg them after your mock fight with them in January 2012?

South Sudanese leaders are nothing but selfish brutes. They want to antagonise the UN and certain western countries because any retaliation will not affect them and their families.

Most of our leaders have their families living in neighbouring countries such as Kenya and Uganda.

The foreign minister who was mocking the British during his visit in London in February paradoxically has his family living in London. This is true of many in Kiir’s government including his minister for Cabinet Affairs Dr. Martin Lomuro.

It would be interesting for the British Embassy here in Juba to establish whether these ministers are supporting their families in Britain or their families are defrauding the British welfare system in-spite of the millions they have stolen from the public purse in Juba.

If the Western countries whom Wani Igga has declared war against want to respond they should do so by freezing the accounts of these corrupt leaders who don’t care about the common men and women but themselves and their families.

If the families of these ministers including the president were in Bor, Malakal or Bentui, or Rumbek, they would not be beating the drums of war.

But they are happy to continue with the status quo because their families are hundreds or thousands of miles away, where they live in peace, and have access to education and health services among other privileges.

Their children will return one day to come and rule our illiterate children who will only be good enough to be recruited in the army to continue dying in the front lines.

It is important for the general public whose sons are sent to the front line or whose children are dying needlessly from government or rebel armed forces to wake up to these facts and say no to war and no to violence on our streets.

The Addis Ababa Peace Process
When the conflict erupted on 15th December and Kiir lost 3 state capitals, he quickly accepted for peace talks to be held in Ethiopia as demanded by the rebels under the leadership o f Dr. Riek Machar.

Kiir was scared not only that his government might collapse but there was a real possibility of the rebels coming to capture him alive in Juba.

But once Museveni agreed to send him troops to secure him and to secure Juba, he got a new lease of life.

When the UPDF started to help him recapture the towns of Bor, Malakal and Bentui the hitherto frightened commander in chief became emboldened and started to talk tough.

He not only brought charges against the political detainees but now is in the process of trying them for treason.

This is in spite of the regional and international outcry for the release of all the detainees and allowing them to participate in the ongoing peace process in Ethiopia.

Since the January 23rd Cessation of Hostilities Agreement, both the government and the rebel side traded accusation about violation of the Agreement.

But what is more worrying now for the nation of South Sudan is the president’s intransigence for continuation of the war demonstrated by his uncompromising attitude against peace and reconciliation.

If the president was for peace and reconciliation, as a principle partner to the peace process, he would show some measure of leniency and release the detainees and give chance to the peace process.

Unfortunately the president flanked by his mafia gangs he calls ministers or presidential advisors, seem to believe in the possibility of either isolating Riek Machar or having an outright military victory against him.

In other words, Salva Kiir wants to push for a win-win situation which is a very rare commodity in today’s world.

Apart from trial and error tactics it would be an exaggeration to claim that the government has a clear strategy to end the war.

This is reflected in the confusion and utter frustration at the pinnacle of the government.

On the one hand it’s trying to undermine IGAD mediated peace process by denouncing individual member countries or their leaders such as Ethiopia, on the other it is begging the regional body to send it troops to protect the oil fields and protect other national facilities.

After frustrating the peace talks in Addis Ababa, Juba confidently formed a so called high level SPLM committee to work on peace and reconciliation within the embattled SPLM party.

Unfortunately for Kiir, his advisers advised him to include Taban Gai, the chief negotiator on the rebel side whom he has not only dismissed from the party but who along with 6 others have been accused of treason!

When Dr. Justin Ambago exposed on this website(March 7th), the absurdity of including people who are not under his jurisdiction into the said committee; the President did what he does best: denied ever forming such a Committee.

It is very clear that by its deeds and words, the government in Juba is not seeking a genuine peace.

The world needs to realise that the unreasonable government of Salva Kiir Mayardit is not negotiating peace in good faith.

Let us not forget that it took the world 10 years to negotiate the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which brought the north –south conflict to an end in 2005.

If that is the sort of record of a people we can go by, then IGAD and UN and the international community at large has to braze its self for long haul.

The CPA talks got underway in earnest only when the then US peace envoy in John Danford released a report in 2001 which sought to hold both Khartoum and SPLM/A accountable should they not negotiate the peace in good faith. And it worked.

The US is today understandably lukewarm about directly engaging with leaders of the new republic, because of their unreasonableness. Not everyone wants to or has time to waste on people who seem to be living in another planet.

It is thus difficult to see who can weld such a “stick” to bring seriousness into the negotiating table.

The US had at onset of the mutiny threatened sanctions against personalities on both sides of the conflict, what is stopping them form carrying out the sanctions since the peace process is deliberately being impeded primarily by contradictory and unreasonable behaviours of the president and his ministers.

During the CPA negotiations, the leading personalities and their so called resource persons earned good daily allowances, enough to maintain their families in relative comfort while the rest of the suffering populations languished in hunger and poverty in the refugee camps or in the bushes of south Sudan.

Juba will be sending in a team of people for the negotiations to earn daily allowances to prop their meagre and irregular salaries in Juba to ease financial strains on ministers which will in turn relieve pressure on government.

In typical South Sudanese style, ministers and other constitutional post holders or even opposition political parties will be scrambling to be included in the peace negotiations not just to enjoy the relative peace and comfort of Addis Ababa but also the financial incentives to boost their take-home pay.

Thus the world needs to know that the peace negotiation is another weapon in the hands of Salva Kiir to use for bribing support within his beleaguered government.

Those who get chosen to go to Addis will feel loved by the president and those left out will work hard to be included to show they too are in the president’s inner circle. And the war will go on and on while the ordinary people suffer the consequences in silence.

The Trial of the 4 detainees
On Tuesday 11th March the SPLM led government has started the trial of the 4 detainees: Pagan Amum Okech, Oyai Deng Ajak, Majak Agoot , and Ezekiel Gatkuoth. This trial is an unfair trial for two reasons if nothing else.

First and foremost South Sudan operates a selective justice system. The principle of universality of justice demands that all must be subject to the same system of justice.

In this particular case, a principle personality who was present with all the accused in the December 6th Press Conference namely Rebecca Garang is exempted from prosecution.

There is no legal justification for this exclusion except a political consideration, which means that there is no equality of persons in the country.

If Salva Kiir can pardon Rebecca Garang for political reasons, for the same political reasons he should pardon these individuals.

Pagan Amum and Oyai Deng have unquestionable contribution for the liberation of our people from the yoke of Arab colonialism which unfortunately has now been substituted by dinkocratic colonialism. Furthermore they have been principle actors in the CPA implementation during the interim period 2005-2011.

These are not only comrades of Salva Kiir Mayardit but Kiir has wined and dined with them many times over.

By putting these gallant sons of South Sudan on trial, Salva Kiir has put himself on trial for humanity Whatever these people have done; cannot be worst that the personal responsibility Salva Kiir must take for bringing ruins on the country.

Oyai Deng has won battles against jallaba more than Salva Kiir ever did if any. These gallant sons of south Sudan are being personally persecuted by Salva Kiir because in my view they form the core of the so-called Garang boys.

Because of their personal competence and confidence in what they do, they are a threat to the self worth of Salva Kiir and therefore, Kiir must publicly humiliate them in a pathetic special kangaroo court to make his small ego feel big.

There is nothing we can do to rescue you guys but do not despair, take courage, the Lord Almighty will be with you in your darkest moments as you are tormented day in day out by satanic Salva Kiir Mayardit.

We also know that you have already been convicted by the State and the so called special court is just set up to pass its sentence.

No one can expect a fair trial and fair sentencing when the government calls on the judiciary to pass the maximum sentence.

What fairness is there when there is a premeditated outcome? And we can also see where the sentence is heading. Comrade Pagan has already been subjected to derogatory treatment and his human rights curtailed for over a year.

All of you have been tried by the public, the media, the SPLM special branch and now the so-called court.

In normal justice system, an accused remains innocent until proven guilty but in South Sudan’s dinkocratic justice system, an accused is guilty until proven innocent.

How can the accused prove himself innocent when there is no access to fair trial or representation? This is the reality of the world we live in and this is what every south Sudanese who want to live in peace and love with his neighbour must work to change.

The only way these people can receive fair trial is if they are accorded the opportunity to be tried outside the country in a neutral and non coercive environment.

And one actually wonders why the trial cannot be moved to Addis under the auspices of the AU.

No one ever comes back when they die. And therefore if anyone is to lose their lives, they must exhaust all options and fairness that could be accorded to them.

Denying these people justice will lead to a another scenario where the president will be subjected to torment by the ghosts of these comrades.

As for the group of 7 who have now been recalled back to Juba, you have your fates in your hands. You may be tempted to return simply because you believe you will get lighter sentences but by now you should know the unpredictability of Mayardit.

Your conditional release also puts the Kenyan president on the spot light. He has a tough decision to make to allow you to take asylum in any country of your choice definitely not Kenya, or to bring you back for the slaughter.

People of your calibre should know how to handle Mayardit. The choice is yours. As for President Uhuru Kenyatta one would expect him to do the decent thing.

In as much as Kenya needs to do business with Juba for the obvious economic benefits it has enjoyed since 2005, money is not everything hence I hope the Kenyan people will not like their government to release clearly vulnerable detainees into the hands of its unreasonable president.

Kiir had said that the reason he released these detainees into your custody was because he couldn’t guarantee their security in Juba. Only last night a ‘top’ military officer was gunned down in the centre of Juba , can Kiir promise safety of these people before they are returned to Juba?

If you cannot secure such guarantee, as a head of state of a sovereign country you and the other IGAD leaders should bring pressure to bear on Kiir including suspending his membership of IGAD and most importantly of the AU.

The neighbouring countries cannot continue to do business as usual with a regime that is slaughtering its own people. Membership of these bodies as well as that of the UN must be premised on fulfilment of internationally accepted norms or conduct.

Kiir’s government should be put on probation until it fulfils the basic requirement of belonging to a community of nations. It is high time the IGAD leaders differentiated between the needs of the people of South Sudan from the interest of a sinking president.

President Kiir has not accepted your demonstration of solidarity and goodwill in good faith. As long as he is concern, the neighbouring countries needs him because he is the rich guy on the block.

I hate to think that he might be using our oil money to throw his weight about in the IGAD block by bribing other leaders to be on his side.

To be sure that IGAD is not fuelling the conflict by empowering Kiir, they should not react emotionally or selfishly but take time to study this creature and his dinkocratic system, to ensure you do not create a monster amongst yourselves whose existence you will one day regret.

Juba behaves like a spoilt brat or the new kid on the block who demands underserved respect and importance or else. Because we have a president who is incompetent and feels deeply inferior he has a burning desire to be seen, and acknowledged.

It is said that Kiir is wondering why he cannot be respected and revered in his view as John Garang was. This is why he surround himself with cowards whom he calls his loyalists because these yes men and women worship him unconditionally and can do anything demanded of them.

Attention seeking has thus become the number one political strategy of the government. Like a new kid on the block they will cause as much havoc as necessary to be recognised including colluding with other bad guys on the block to push their views across.

This means attention seeking is their lifeline or blood line. It is what is making them go to sleep and wake up in the morning. Every morning they wake up to push on the old buttons or devise new ones to keep them on the headlines.

Today, its attacking the UN or ordering trial of the 4 detainees, tomorrow it will be issuing this or that decree. Everything is aimed at instilling fear among the citizens.

Any of these realities send chilling waves through spines of reasonable people. These people are so blood thirsty that they can do the ultimate: rob off these comrades off their young lives.

Whereas the rebels are insisting that their demands for releasing the detainees be met on the other hand this demand has now put the government on a stronger footing because it is using it to intimidate and blackmail the world.

To be able to stand up against Juba’s unreasonable intransigence we need to liberate ourselves from the bondage of fear of the unknown; bondage that the group of 4 may be summarily executed by Kiir.

We need also to free the UN and the international Community from this unreasonable behaviour of blackmailing the UN or the international community.

The UN or international community must be free to discharge its duty without being drug into impotence by a belligerent government that has never shown the ability to stand on its own two feet.

Salva Kiir released the detainees because he needed a breathing space and also deceive the world that he was genuine for peace.

Now that they have been guaranteed the UN force to protect the oil fields, their worst nightmare is over and they are back to where they were in January at the heat of the moment.

Salva Kiir and his mafia gangs in Juba ought to understand that South Sudan voluntarily opted to join the world body in July 2011 after its declaration of independence.

By opting to join the UN they have opted to play by the rules of the United Nations as a family of nations. The United Nations does and fulfils a number of functions in keeping peace in today’s world.

If the government of South Sudan doesn’t want to be a part of the world body, it should withdraw its membership and leave the world body to those who are matured enough to partake in world matters.

If I were to have a view, I would suggest South Sudan be suspended from the world body until such a time when it can demonstrate respect for a body they want to be a part of.

If Salva Kiir’s regime is isolated by the UN, AU, IGAD and the international community at large, it might be forced to think again and start talking peace in good faith.

It’s only then that the government of Salva Kiir will be able to seriously address the issues facing his country in earnest.

At the moment, he has too many people or agencies to use as scapegoats to cover up his incompetence and failures, thus avoiding and evading real issues which matter most to the people of South Sudan.

When Salva Kiir is left alone, or isolated from the world community, the South Sudanese will be able to feel the brute force of their dictator president and perhaps they can be moved to do something about him.

There is an armed rebellion, what is now left is an internal uprising for this hated government to collapse. END