Archive for: March 2014

Can tranquility be brought back to South Sudan by IGAD without UN?

BY: Yien Lam, RSS, MAR/26/2014, SSN;

Well, as the question needs thorough answer, mine is a big No. IGAD cannot and will never bring a tangible peace in South Sudan because some of its member states are deeply involved in South Sudan crises.

As a concerned citizen of this great Nation, I sincerely believe that peace will not yield any fruits because member states of this organization, Uganda in particular, are the one who hold Kiir’s horns to fail the peace miserably.

Without Uganda backing president Kiir, peace could have been achieved long ago. For that matter, I truthfully believe an IGAD in which Yoweri Museveni of Uganda is the member, cannot bring peace.

Uganda is preoccupied by interest in the country and the hatred of what would be a democratic system. For that reason, the Uganda leader sees it as the threat to his leadership.

That was why the cessation of hostility signed on January 23th of this year was violated by him and Kiir’s government repeatedly.

This is a pure and clandestine plan for them that the others know not about it. It was done so by that leader to ruin South Sudan on pretext of protecting the infrastructures of the country.

To prove that though, when the two violated the cessation of hostility that was signed on 23th of February this year, the IGAD did not do anything that could have ripple effect on cease fire because Uganda is a member of it that in fact, dictates most of its work.

This was what triggered the rebels to respond accordingly. They have seen IGAD of doing nothing in terms of keeping its commitment.

This is one of the reasons why the fighting still dragging on for nearly three months now.

When you look at this, how in the world peace could be achieved with Kiir’s government while Yoweri Museveni is already playing his game?

In other words, how can you deal with a snake without taking its venom out? Should that be possible?

To me, I honestly doubt the ability of that organization to produce the tangible result in terms of peace in the absence of the UN.

Likewise, IGAD should not be trusted in this matter because Uganda already has its boots on the ground taking the lead instead of fighting alongside with South Sudan army under the Great Lakes political ploy.

This is the very main factor that impedes the peace process because M7 has taken side and aided kiir with whatever his regime wants.

Would you not definitely question the integrity of this Organization that played the interest of some of its members?

IGAD member states are in fact the ones complicating the peace process in South Sudan if not jeopardizing it. Kiir has no power to neither refuse peace nor violate the cessation of hostility than what has been invested in him by the Yoweri maseveveni.

To be exact though, kiir does not have any Army of his own that he can count on rather than Museveni’s.

Realistically, Peace cannot be negotiated with an organization that lacks neutrality in my view. This would be like fighting a handcuffed individual.

Time for the truth to be revealed will come. This will only be a matter of time. Truth may be skinny. But will never die. Kiir and Yoweri Museveni of IGAD may do whatever they can in order to dictate the truth. But it will emerge at the end.

Moreover, Kiir and his mentor will not stop short of creating mendacity and defamation of anybody including UN as it has been the case in the news lately.

This is the new tool that they have got and will play whatever game they possibly find because they defy all world powers. What else should they be afraid of?

UN has no enemy in the world rather than South Sudan regime. It is always taking care of all lives around world equally. That is its work.

If I am not mistaken, this regime has been rehearsed badly outside its border that is why they falsify anything in order to make the world’s only best organization to look bad which will not happen.

However, The United Nations needs to be careful though. It should not allow its staff to be abused as such with no actions taken. This will not be good for its integrity in the world.

It must know that, all dictators are being deterred by the action. Without action as it seems to be the case in South Sudan crises, will only influence the abusers to do more in the days, months and years to come.

In contrary, UN must be the only mediator that could bring a viable peace in South Sudan because it has no interest of any kind whatsoever.

Its interest always is to save lives of human being which is not the case now in South Sudan since the cessation of hostility was signed.

If that is the reason or the meaning of the United Nations as I know, it will be good for the organization to speed its effort of resolving the South Sudan crisis than delegating its power to untrusted organization.

The toothless organization known as IGAD has been conquered by some of its leaders’ interest whose aim is for self-seeking rather than bringing peace in South Sudan.

For this purpose, I urge the international community to act as quickly as possible because IGAD has shown its colors as not only bias but also inactive organization whose member states have already interfered in the country affair.

Due to that, it cannot be trusted to bring peace in the Country. This is a very urgent message to the world’s body to act as soon as possible.

Otherwise, South Sudan will be football field for anybody.

Therefore, I urge UN to intervene sooner than later if it wants to save lives in South Sudan as it always does around world, it must step in for peace to be achieved in the country. Otherwise, peace will never be seen as long as it’s being led outside its border.


Executive Bail on Ex-Seven political detainees without Charges: Its Implications of Constitutional Rights in South Sudan

BY: Mabor Maker Dhelbeny, JUBA, MAR/24/2014, SSN;

In reference to the violated cessation of hostilities’ agreement which includes the status of political detainees signed on January 23rd 2014 between the government and rebel forces loyal to Dr. Riek and despite the mounting pressure from international community, foreign diplomats and civil rights activists, South Sudan’s government made a decision abided by the said accord and thus released only seven former SPLM leaders detained after the December failed coup attempt of last year.

Implicitly, some people usually misconstrued the term ‘arrest’ and ‘detention’. In this scenario the difference should be made briefly between arrest and detention.

‘An arrest’ means a person is deprived of his or her liberty by authority into the custody of law whilst ‘a detention’ means that the offender or accused person is held in secure confinement prior to trial or a person is put into prison for a short period of time not exceeding 24 hours, especially for political reason.

In such a situation of depriving a person of his or her liberty, the police have the responsibility to use only the reasonable physical force necessary to make an arrest.

Of course the necessary force was used by the police during the arrest of eleven politicians on December 17th 2013 although some people exaggerated it to have been extortion.

Since bail is one of the fundamental rights of an accused person, it should therefore be granted or denied in the exercise of judicial discretion.

In other words, the power to grant or deny bail is therefore a discretion exercised by judicial officers whose task is to apply the law in a given case under certain prevailing circumstances.

Bail, according to section 5(1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act No.5 of 2008 – means that “the money or sureties provided by the accused to guarantee that he or she shall appear in court at a later date or on call”.

In simple words, bail may mean a sum of money in which an arrested person or someone else puts forward as a guarantee that the arrested person will attend his or her trial in a court of law at later date, but if the arrested person does not attend it, the money will be lost.

In short a person granted bail undertakes to pay a specified sum of the amount to court if he or she fails to appear on the date set by the court (Oxford English Dictionary).

On 29 January, 2014 the Kenyan government has executed the bail, to bring the former seven political detainees under her custody without sureties based on the terms and conditions Juba and Nairobi have agreed thereto.

I think one of these terms is that the detainees should stay in Kenyan territory, though they have been allowed to participate in Addis Ababa peace talks.

This term of agreement has been in conformity with section 124 (1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act No.5 of 2008 – that “a case of release on bail of an arrested person shall be allowed by another person executing a bail, to bring the arrested person with or without securities”.

Nevertheless the step taken by the executive or the police to grant bail is unprecedented as it falls short of legal procedures and even the terms and conditions used thereof are deemed to have undermined the court’s jurisdiction under chapter X of the said Act.

Perhaps the former seven political detainees have an offence punishable with the fine only if at all according to the Investigator and that’s why the executive decided to release them on bail (s.125 of the same Act).

Notwithstanding that section 25 of Code of Criminal Procedure Act No.5 of 2008, vigorously empowered “the Justice Minister to stay the criminal proceedings against any accused on reasonable grounds after completion of an investigation at any stage of inquiry but before trial. The Minister may inform the Magistrate in cognizance of offence or court conducting such trial that he intends to stay proceedings.”

The fact that the eleven detainees were divided into three groups in which Group ‘’B’’ of seven politicians happen to be freed and en-route to Kenya have caused a lot of resentments to the public.

Since the trial has commenced on Tuesday, March 11, 2014 therefore the question that poses itself is that whether there are reasonable assurances that the arrested politicians (ex-seven SPLM political detainees) will appear before the court as required or not.

Whether the seven ex-detainees released on bail under the custodian of Kenyan government would take heed on call or ignore it to come back and answer their charges in the court.

In regard to who has jurisdiction to grant or to deny bail, either the executive or judiciary is a question of fact.

The power of Executive, particularly the police to release the accused person on bail without charges prior to trial had been in its existence for a number of decades.

Recently, the December 15th incident had demonstrated that the South Sudan police forces might have exploited their physical force unnecessarily towards the arrest of accused coup plotters.

This has been entrenched by Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba (SSN, 9 Jan, 2014) as such, “the arrest of the so-called coup plotters whose number rose to eleven began on morning of Tuesday December 17th the Minister of Interior and Wild life Force, General Aleu Ayieny Aleu at the head of a tank brigade went to arrest Hon. Gier Chuang Aluong in his house.

There, the force fired randomly in the house killing a police captain, nephew of Gier Chuang; his wife Adau had to escape through the back window and managed to get to the house of Rebecca Nyandeng Garang.”

The extensive powers of police however to arrest, to investigate the crime, to grant bail and to imposed the restrictions on the liberty of a person should constitutionally be reserved to the judiciary not the executive.

This may in essence, reduce the infringement of individuals’ rights embodied in the Transitional Constitution, 2011.

Such extensive powers to the police in order to impose bail conditions entail that the police will develop more capacity to put controls on people not charged with a criminal offence for an extended period of time.

Avoiding this constitutional rights implication and breach of individual’s right to liberty, a necessary mechanism must be adopted if not employed for the enhancement of liberty.

This should be in line with section 8(1) of the Police Service Act No. 4 of 2009 which says: – “in order to discharge the duties provided for herein, police personnel shall have the following powers, subject to the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act, 2008 and any other law in force: (c) carry out criminal investigations under the directives of Public Prosecution Attorney; (g) grant bonds and bails”.

Hence, to reduce the tension created by the constitution that allowed some executive members like police to have such powers.

In fact, the legal position that the accused person is entitled right to apply for bail but whether this constitutional right is respected by the court remains unquestionable.

It’s well articulated in the Transitional Constitution, 2011 article 19 (4) that, “a person arrested by the police as part of an investigation may be held in detention for a period not exceeding 24 hours and if not released on bond to be produced in court. The court has authority to either remand the accused in prison or to release him or her on bail.”

With the regards to the constitutional right to bail, the bail for capital offences like treason in the above case of eleven should be denied until after six months on remand had the right procedural aspects been followed by the executive.

This is what has been established by section 127(1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act No.5 of 2008, which says, “A person accused of an offence punishable with the death shall not be released on bail”.

Since granting or denying of bail is authorized by the court (judiciary), therefore the granted bail without charges on seven political detainees by the executive has constrained our legal system.

It has been pointed out in the case of Dr. Kizza Besigye vs. Uganda, Const. Ref. No. 20 of (2005) by the Constitutional Court: – “that the grant of bail is a discretion which the court exercises in accordance with the law”.

For court to grant the bail, an accused person must prove that certain exceptional circumstances exist which either justify his or her release on bail.

For instance, severe illness certified by a medical officer of the prison or other relevant institutions that the accused cannot receive enough treatment whilst in custody or detention.

But in case of an offence tried by both of the Lower Court and High Court for two months before trial, still court is obliged to release the accused person on conditions that it may think fit.

Does it mean that court may be the only institution or authority entrusted or vested with power to grant or deny bail through the exercise of judicial discretion, then how did the South Sudan government arrived at her decision to release the seven political detainees on bail, just after the investigations without charges?

The answers to this question are already mentioned but I’ll leave the rest of them to my dear esteemed readers.

Bail is however considered by the authority administering it under certain circumstances, either to be granted or denied based on the nature of charges against the accused person or if an accused person has previous criminal records in which he or she had been convicted several times before, he or she may be denied bail.

Such certain circumstances to be considered by the Public Prosecution Attorney, Magistrate or Court in granting or denying bail include: the protection of the public, the seriousness of the offence charged as mentioned above, the past criminal records of the accused and the probability of his or her appearance at an inquiry date for trial of the case according to section 128 of the said Act No.5 of 2008.

Indeed the executive (police) and judiciary (court) hitherto had been at an unfair demerit in power for competing to grant or release the arrested persons on bail, but especially in the case of eleven SPLM political detainees there’s controversy in the legal regime.

Therefore, the legal framework to be employed in order to achieve some objectives of South Sudan’s criminal justice systems and in case if the need may arise; the following suggestions are:

• The legislator must be advised to review the powers of police in regards to grant of bail, because if suspects are remanded in custody for six months before trial; hence this will create the environment for extortions from the accused persons by security agent in the sense that the accused persons will pay some of the mount in return to avoid incarceration.

• Judicial officers should not delay in the exercise of granting or denying bail, particularly in criminal cases so that the concurrence of powers between the court and police is avoided. This will ensure that the right of the accused person to fair, free and speedy trial is maintained. It may also act as a tool to decongest prisons, police cells and jails.

• Since an accused person is presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond reasonable doubt, he or she should be granted bail or be given an opportunity to prepare for his or her case. As it was pointed out in one of English cases, Woolmington vs. DPP (1935), that the case which set the law on how far the prosecution must prove its case to get conviction.

• As judiciary is the custodian of all the enacted laws, thus their implementation and application should encounter the aspirations of our people. In this respect the charges inflicted on the accused person as criminal offences which demand bail for six or two months before the trial, must be categorized and marked clearly to avoid inconvenience.

• In my view, there should be an amended article or clause in the next Permanent Constitution that provides as follows on bail: where a person is arrested in respect of criminal offence and for the case triable only by the High Court; if that person has been remanded in custody for six months before the case is committed to the High Court, that person shall be released on bail on certain conditions which the court may reasonably consider.

Otherwise clause 4 of the said article 19 in Transitional Constitution is not enough and thus there’s no law governing bail except Criminal Procedure Act, 2008 which falls short in description in terms of days or months of granted bail.

In conclusion, if the above-mentioned issues suggested are due to be implemented with immediate effect, then the maintenance of our criminal justice system will come through the exchange of balance act, protection of the accuser’s rights and assurance that justice is seen to be done is done.

Additionally, this case which seems to be very much interesting, may later on invite devil’s advocates who will express their opinions in order to provoke the debate in public domain, since the judges have avoided the trial in camera.

Lastly but not the least, the un-procedural grant of bail by the executive will be another implication of the court to proceed with the prosecution of the accused coup plotters as well as lack of substantial evident raised by the lead defence lawyers in the special court formed by the President of Supreme Court under the provisions of section 16 of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act No.5 of 2008.

The author is a Legal Practitioner who lives in Juba. Email him at

Museveni & Kiir: Will the two dictators ignite regional confrontation in East Africa?

BY: Lul Gatkuoth Gatluak, USA, MAR/23/2014, SSN;

In the history of the world, we have learned that, wars are caused by multiple factors. Some of these factors may include the competition over national resources, territorial integrities, religious idealism; power struggle between leaders or competitive groups, and intricate system of alliances, where individuals can secretly portent a deal aiming to promote an agenda known only to them.

This is an autocratic treaty Museveni and Kiir had concealed. For long period of time, East Africa has been engulfed with innumerable magnitude of problems. Decade after decade, thousands of people are regularly slaughtered from a number of conflicts and civil wars.

One perpetrator who help fuel these conflicts in East Africa is Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. For twenty-nine years, Museveni has involved in a systematical destabilization of the number of African countries, which include herein: the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Central African Republic, Sudan, Somalia and now South Sudan. His involvement in all of these countries have resulted in a horrific human suffering. African nations whom he destabilized view him as a Great War Criminal (GWC), who should be indicted to international criminal court.

If Charles Taylor had to be indicted for involving in Sierra Leone, how come Museveni can’t be held accountable for interfering in these African countries’ affairs, particularly South Sudan, where he had used poisonous cluster bombs. The same indictment would be issued to his counterpart criminal Salva Kiir Mayardit, who ordered the killing of innocent Nuer civilians last year in Juba.

Henceforth, the discourse of this article is to explore and highlight some perilous mischiefs caused by Museveni and his ally Salva Kiir in South Sudan to fight one ethnic group, “the Nuer”. How does these two dictators conjugal? Needless to say, readers will find their answer subsequently as they are reading along.

Before elaborating, one would first like to praise the United Nation Security Council (UNSC) for its immediate action of increasing the size of UN peace keeping forces to help protect civilians in South Sudan during the outbreak of the unrest.

In the same extent, another commendable action is the perseverance of the United Nations’ staffs on the ground, who are always being harassed by South Sudan government leaders and military personnel. Immediate examples are the harsh words used by Salva Kiir himself to the United Nation’s special representative of the secretary general Hilde Johnson, the head of the UNMISS and Michael Makuei Lueth confrontation to UN peace keepers in Bor town.

Amounted with current accusations that “United Nations is supplying SPLM/A-in opposition with ammunition,” which caused mass-protest in Juba and elsewhere last week and Kiir explicitly evoked the world-wide organization to leave South Sudan. These actions entail Salva Kiir’s regime discretionary and pity judgments. UNMISS present in South Sudan is not to afflict pain; it is there to consolidate peace and security mechanism, aiming at helping poor institutions in the country to establish viable conditions for development.

The presence of the organization should not be termed as a “parallel government” rather than a mutual gesture or symbolic of extracting South Sudan from decadence, misery, and poverty. Had the United Nation been absent from South Sudan and (UNSC) delayed taking necessary actions such as increasing the size of its peace keeping force, the death toll in Juba and elsewhere would not stand in the current written arithmetical figure; it surely would have been worse than it has been recorded.

Precisely, the outbreak of fighting in Juba on December 15, 2013, came as a sudden wallop or dejavu to both well-wisher friends of South Sudan, and South Sudanese ordinary citizens—given the fact that the country has just emerged from a long running civil war that claimed the lives of two and a half million people.

Apparently, nobody in their right-mind would project that South Sudan could have plunged into a dangerous civil disorder as early as two years. The deadly turmoil ignited by Salva Kiir had eventually escalated into a full scale civil war across the country few weeks after an insurrection, even though seven out of the ten states in the country seem to be slightly affected at the moment. Yet, clashes occur instantaneously inside these seven less affected states.

Besides dwelling much thoughts on how the incident occurred, one would like to dive down into the question that remain lingering in many people’s mind: what caused Yoweri Museveni involve in South Sudan internecine? In answering this question, it would be unnecessary to escape pinpointing the relation between Uganda and Sudan before South Sudan secession.

Initially, in the first Sudanese civil war, many South Sudanese refugees escaped to seek shelter in Uganda. While viewing the agony of the refugees, the neighboring State (Uganda), whose populace masses share the same ethnicity with South Sudanese, regards the war as pitting African Sudanese against Arabs.

That sensibility made them sympathetic with Southern Sudanese’ desire for secession. Thus, between the periods of 1983 to 2005, the two countries played tit for tat games. Each adversary decided to support each another’s rebel groups.

As time kept ticking, South Sudan’s unique relation with Uganda was later solidified by John Garang, who is “said to be a school mate” with Museveni back in the days in Tanzania. After untimely passing of John Garang, Salva Kiir inherited such a relation and further solidified it with the use of South Sudan oil money.

As a leader who does not have a vision on his own, Salva started to look up on Museveni for anything, just anything! He took all kinds of advice from him—including how to drag his feet in cementing dictatorial autocracy in the young country and leave his presidential advisors in limbo, liability in the sense.

One immediate example as far as the specification of how Kiir copy from Museveni is concerned is about a trip he paid to Uganda in 2011, few months after south Sudan earned her independence. While in Uganda, Museveni took him to his range and showed him all the livestock he owned there.

At the end of the adventure, Kiir became so hustler and wanted to go back to south Sudan and immediately mimic the remarkable range Museveni had just shown him. It is an excellent structured range which Mr. Museveni endowed for years on power with Ugandan money.

Upon arriving South Sudan, Kiir withdrew lump sum of money and ordered some sycophant Dinka compatriot to buy him cattle to establish a range for him outside Juba, which is called “Luri”. Museveni on his part, copied the big cowboy hat imitating his newly baptized dictator.

However, Museveni hat is white and Kiir hat is black. Previously during the war, Kiir wore a brown hat, and two of black hats he frequently wore recently were given to him by Americans—one by George W. Bush in 2006 and another one by John Kerry in 2008 after they have learned that the man liked wearing big cowboy hats.

Ironically, it became very hard to see him without those hats in public. Even one of his political opponent asserted onetime that “the president got nothing in his mind only that big black hat on him.” These political opponent’s words may currently find room after many people realize Kiir has failed south Sudan!

Due to Salva Kiir’s incompetency, the jubilation that accompanied South Sudan’s independence almost three years ago has vanished with no trace. The country’s first year as a nation has been a disaster. Many civilians have lost their lives in wrongful deaths that would have been prevented. Some of those wrongful deaths are the killing of civilians in Waw by military personnel after they rejected the idea of capital reallocation.

Second, the vis-à-vis endless retaliatory killings pitting Dinka-Bor and Murle, then Murle and Lou-Nuer, mostly during the interim period.

Third, the harassment of journalists which culminated into the death of Isaiah Abraham and the detention of Ngor Garang, Nhial Bol and political commentator James Kook among others. Last but not least, the reckless plan of oil shutdown that resulted into a sustained full-blown war with Sudan. If it was not because the United Nations has threatened of issuing a sanction, prolong military aggression along the border with Sudan would have escalated and that would have resulted into the death of thousands of civilians.

Furthermore, the country’s economy is nothing to be proud off, given the fact that during the oil shutdown, the country’s only source of revenue, economy was almost near collapse, adding to already absent of services such as public health, lack of paved roads and clean drinking water. The new country has highly suffered from a deep-rooted corruption, which makes the growth unlikely and worsen the matters for the countries’ citizens.

Majority of people live under mercy of God and had not tasted any fruit of nationhood. The nation’s wealth is concentrated in the hands of the few individuals, who should not get hungry again, even if they choose to stop working to earn money in their future life. These are the necessity Salva Kiir as a leader would spend enough time on changing rather than advocating for worse disaster and start the dreadful genocide of Nuer civilians.

What happened? And, was it a coup?
Many people since the outbreak of the crisis in Juba have been wondering whether a coup was indeed planned. As the matter of fact, no! There was nothing called coup. What happened on December 15, 2013, was not a coup or any sort. And the whole world has entirely come to consensus and denounced Salva Kiir’s claim that “coup d’etat was actually been planned against him”.

In order to illustrate on what happens, one must have to admit that, there is nobody who should give between better explanation beside the mother of South Sudan Rebecca Nyandeng De, Mabior and Dr. Adwork Nyamba. These two insider leaders had given explicit explication objectively without hesitation. To them, it was a lie. There was nothing called coup that has been planned.

Salva is the one who via to plunge the nation into the war. The genesis of this pandemonium took shape when members of the SPLM political bureau, which is the highest organ of the party met on March 5, 2013 in Juba. The organization’s higher body convened that meeting eager to prepare for the next awaited third SPLM national convention which had been scheduled to take place in May 2013. In that meeting-chaired by the chairperson Salva Kiir himself, in present of all senior members of the party, the deputy chairperson Dr. Riek Machar reveal his intention to run for the chairpersonship of the party.

Likewise, party secretary general Pagan Amum and Madam Rebecca Nyandeng De Mabior reveal their intention as well, wanting to run for the party’s top seat. In accordance with the party constitution, it has been stipulated, “every five years term, leadership of the party had to expire and the party must have to convene a national convention to either reinstall its current leaders or elect new leadership.” That statement gave room to whoever wish to contest for the top job.

However, the fact that Salva Kiir did not wants democracy to take root in the country, revelation of the contest became a crime. It cannot be seen anywhere in the world of democracy, except totalitarian or authoritarian countries like Salva Authoritarian South Sudan. Instead of finding ways and openly address issues raised by his colleagues, Kiir became extremely hostile looking for ways to destroy either Machar or Pagan solely for their intention to challenge him for party leadership.

First, Kiir rejected convening the convention. Second, he began shopping around for support once the disagreement turn ugly. This gone on until when he indubitably was fed by Museveni who offer him the idea of dissolving the entire government rather than narrowing his emotion to the above mentioned names.

Pagan, Ann, and others persuade him to agree with the conduct of the convention, all messages felt on deaf ears. Instead, he was planning for the danger.

Some of the good reasons why he plan for the including the following. 1, Salva train 15,000 troops from his clan, not all Dinka, but his own particular clan. This means, he has divided the nation and doesn’t trust the country national army. 2, He had decided to layoff all army generals and install only his confidence, fearing that, majority of these generals would not stood with him had he ignite the war. 3, He had paid South Sudanese oil money to UPDF, JEM and SPLM-N and command them to remain vigilant until the outbreak of the war. 4, He’s plan regional conventions aspiring of dividing the nation regionally and ethnically.

All of these plans are the indications that he was indeed longing and preparing for worse to happen.

If Salva did not prepare for war, how come he dress in military uniform on December 15, 2013 and didn’t condemn the massacre of Nuer civilians in Juba afterward? As somebody who do not have clear judgment, he and his lickspittles had only employed denial tactics, telling lies to the whole world in Juba that only rebel has committed atrocities in Jonglie, Unity, and Upper-Nile States.

Even just last month following international observers’ visit to Bor town, some of his flatterers inform the locals to cut plastic-sheets and scatter them everywhere around the town, symbolizing them as the remains of the dead bodies, while deep down, they are covering up Juba massacre, where large trucks were loaded for three days full with Nuer dead bodies. Some of whom were taken to grave sites dug will bulldozers, and others had been dumped in the Nile River.

Intentionally, they are working on blindfolding the whole world that atrocities were never committed in Juba. One of his flatterer Marial Benjamin is now touring the world handing money to key power holders as bribery in order for them to secure support. They have failed to realize that, outside world is not corrupt as they are in Juba, and they should be indicted for misusing South Sudanese money. An immediate example is the hiring of a Washington-based public relation firm to work on improving their diplomatic ties with the United States.

The leadership of the country is working against its own citizens. One is wondering how those whose children, brothers, sisters, mothers, fathers, best friends are killed, coping to continue working with the leader who order their killings. Sugarcoating the atrocity has gotten no room in today’s world.

We are not living in 1989 world, when student protesters in China were brutally massacred at Tiananmen Square in Beijing and the Chinese government had able to cover it up; or 1985 when Salva and his fellows massacred thousands of Gaatjaak, the movement and Derg-regim in Ethiopia cover it up and get away with it.

The world have learned from those dangerous past mistakes. Now the ball is rolling in front of the world’s powerful nations, to determine South Sudan way forward. We really mean it! If the holocaust or Jews massacre by Nazi of Hitler, Cambodia genocide by Pol Pot, Bosnian massacre by Serbian, Tutsi genocide by Hutu, Darfur genocide by Janjaweed militia, Kenya 2007 election aftermath, and so on and so forth, should be punished and perpetrators should face karmas, how come international community remain reluctance from charging Salva Kiir for the death of innocence Nuer civilians in Juba?

We hope in the meantime, he will face justice. They will not get away with it, although they are doing everything possible to resist voices calling for him to step aside. The government other tactical claim right now is that, “Salva Kiir is an elected president” that itself is insane. In fact, 2010 election was not about Salva Kiir.

South Sudanese were emotionally voted for the next awaited referendum and Salva happens to support their secession agenda over Dr. Lam Akol who seem to support unity of the country. There is no way Salva would win the election with that large margin 93% over Lam Akol who is more educated and democratic minded than him.

Could South Sudan internal conflict ignite regional warfare?
Definitely, yes! The skirmishes would ignite regional confrontation. Uganda in particular, could be the main cause.

There are many reasons why Yoweri Museveni can be singled out. For instance, just few days after the unrest has started, Museveni issued a threatening to Riek Machar to face military action if the later could not come to negotiation table with Kiir. He issued the warning while Ugandan defense force combat planes were already on the move arriving Juba responding to the deal both dictators has secretly signed in Kampala.

As soon as they start bombing rebels and the rebel leader Dr. Riek accused Uganda for its involvement, Museveni right away deny the charges and later admitted that Ugandan troops are indeed engaging in combat operations within South Sudan. He has only two justifications. Once, South Sudan destabilization threaten his country security and two, he has a unique interest in the region. If that the case, other neighboring countries would have similar interest as well.

For example, Sudan in which South Sudan break from, derives a large share of its government income from fees levied on the crude oil transported from South Sudan oilfields through the only existing pipeline in the region to oil terminals on the coast of the Red Sea. Then, Kenya and Ethiopia play vital interest roles as well.

What are their interests? Well, we all know, immediately after the oil shutdown, South Sudan opted to channel its oil production to Ethiopia heading to Djibouti and the other one going to be heading to Lamu Kenya which mean, oil in Upper-Nile State must be exported through Ethiopia all the way to port of Djibouti and the oil in the Bentiu must be shifted through Kenya to Lamu on Somalia border.

These two deals would similarly drag Kenya and Ethiopia to engage in South Sudan internal confrontation. Each country would like to support any side they think would move the country in the right direction that will successfully accomplish these demanded projects, which could benefit them at last.

Eritrea on its part is running successful hotels in Juba, helping its economy back home. All of these deals and benefits can drag the above mentioned countries to play role in South Sudan. At this juncture, Uganda must know and has to understand that others have their share values.

Additionally, Uganda is acting in promoting China’s economic interest in South Sudan. It is one of the main reason behind Museveni defiance of demands by the IGAD, Norway, British, US and many countries to withdraw his troops out of South Sudan. Sources are revealing that, Uganda will not withdraw soon from South Sudan; they are eager to stay on until after the election in 2015 when they know for sure, Salva has been reinstalled back to presidency, which majority of South Sudanese do not want to happen; that’s when they will withdraw.

The road to peace:
Following the outbreak of violence in Juba, IGAD, the East African regional organization, embark on bringing both parties to the conflict on negotiating table. While making consultations with the parties, Salva instantly voiced, he agree to precondition peace talks. However, Dr. Riek demand withdrawal of foreign troops out of the country, particularly Uganda combat forces, and the release of the political detainees.

Both IGAD and the International community vowed the young country should be saved from major escalation of the violence, aiming that, there is a window of opportunity to halt South Sudan from sliding into war and State failure. They think, the conflict would be stopped within days or weeks. Their wish was that they require the leaders of the new country to rise above narrow, tribalistic or empty failing politics and develop a national program that would help restored harmony.

Regrettable, one would like to state that, IGAD and the international community’s wishes will not come true quickly enough. President Salva Kiir and other members of the country’s political elites in government, close their mind, with the hope that, Uganda clustering bombs will crash the rebel to submission as quickly as possible. That hope made them drag their feet, while African and the international community mediators are in a race against time to seal the wound.

In that regard, Ethiopia and Kenya took the torch calling for the release of 11 detainees and for the cease-fire to be signed. They also began calling for withdrawal of Ugandan forces out of South Sudan.

As the result, out of the IGAD facilitation and the international community pressure, on January 23, 2014 the government and the opposition forces, signed a cessation of hostilities agreement in Addis Ababa Ethiopia; following weeks of intense negotiation-talks.

Rebel demands were adopted and agreed upon that foreign troops must indeed be evacuated and 11 allegedly detained politicians be released. As soon as the message reach Salva Kiir’s desk, he throw those demands away and only agree to release 7 out of the 11 detainees. Yoweri Museveni as well refuse to withdraw his troops. He even rejected the call of the international community mainly the United Nations, Norway, British and Ethiopian government among others.

As the second round of talks was convened, rebels asserted that, the first two demands hasn’t been implemented. If IGAD and the international community are indeed mean peace, let them pressure Salva to free the remaining four detainees and let Uganda exit from South Sudan. That call as well reiterated by the group-seven. Former detainees who got released and later convinced by the international community and IGAD mediators to stay away from joining opposition who established themselves as a resistance force.

Yet, Yoweri Museveni continue to refuse any proposal suggested by any group. This force Ethiopian prime-minister to warn Museveni that, “all East African countries have the same interest in South Sudan like him. Museveni right away encountered and reply by insulting Hailemariam Desalegn, saying, he (Museveni) “is not a classroom leader” referring to Desalegn who was a professor before running for public office.

These are harsh words a leader would avoid using to their counterpart before any serious diplomatic crisis.

After all these mingling, mediators were left in limbo. Later, they decided to make more consultations with Kiir, who still does not want to make ant concession. As thing stood at the moment, there is no sign of easy deal.

Salva went ahead for his own plans of charging the detainee in court for unfounded coup allegations; calling false witnesses to testify. He and his lawyers, went as far as calling upon those detainees who already been released to return to Juba to face some charges. He is also evoking on the United Nations to exit the country.

Lucky him, the African union and IGAD organizations, seem to support his agenda of having their troops deploy to the country in order to guard the oil fields, knowing that he could not survive on his own. Despite the fact that, majority of South Sudanese army are not with him anymore. Even those who are still in his control areas are silent opposition group supporters.

On Thursday March 13, 2014, IGAD countries held a summit chaired by Ethiopian prime-minister Hailemariam Desalegn and attended by presidents of Uganda. Kenya, Sudan, the Nuer Killer-South Sudan president, Djibouti and prime-minister of Somalia, strategize in finding ways prior to the resumption of peace talks between South Sudan’s rival parties scheduled to take place yesterday on March 20, 2014.

The outcome of their summit was that, IGAD and AU forces will be deployed to South Sudan to either protect more deaths or guard oil fields. To this author, the summit has felt short to tackle major steps which should help normalize the crisis. Already, the United Nations’ peace keeping forces have been deployed to the ground to thwart more deaths from recurrence.

IGAD countries’ decision, is a fulfilment of Yoweri Museveni mission that please only the government in Juba. They need to stay away from adding fuel to already burning flame. To the best of my knowledge, IGAD is failing miserably.

They fail to secure the release of four remaining political detainees who are now undergoing through preliminary court hearings and also fail to persuade Uganda, JEM and SPLM-N foreign troops to withdraw from South Sudan. Implementation of these demands, should be the prerequisite to a comprehensive detailing talks. If those demands are not going to be implemented, one is so afraid that the road to the durable peace will be very stiff and arduous, at lease IGAD and international partners channel their approaches.

Salva and his private army did horrific harms, which will take long time to heal. One had never see any regime that demolish homes as quickly as they did. Even when we were at war with Sudan for 21 year, consecutive regimes in Khartoum had never attempt to demolish South Sudanese politicians’ homes.

What are the solutions?
1, Salva need to resign, the country will never be stable again with him as the leader. 2, A new constitution had to be drafted by all political parties in the country and involve religious leaders and civil societies. 3, The term limits for the presidency need to be fixed to only two terms four year per-term not five. 4, The scheduled 2015 election had to be conducted under the guiding supervision of IGAD, AU and the international community. 5, An independence electoral commission could be nominated and multiparty system should be embraced.

Finally, it is a known fact that, in any conflict, war is not the solution. It is a barbaric activity which only bring loss of life and property. It can never resolve and dispute. However, there is a limit. When the problem has long crossed the limits—-you can’t do anything, there is no alternative at all.

For example, September 11, 2001 attack in New York and Washington, was a crime beyond limit. That’s why the United States—-went to war with Afghanistan.

Similarly, the killing of innocent Nuer civilians in Juba on December 15, 2013, is a massacre which should not be condoned without retaliation. However, we are for peace, and if IGAD, AU and the whole international community mean peace, let them force Salva Kiir to resign, if not, war is the solution. Salva has misruled the country for nine year.

The only good deed Salva has done, is the offering of amnesty to those who took up army. Otherwise the whole period is a mess. He lead the country through presidential decrees, whereby he appoint and remove governors, appoint and remove commissioners, appoint and remove all civil-servants including chancellors.

This is not the country we were dreaming for. We were dreaming for a South Sudan where the president must only appoint and remove his or her cabinets. Governors, members of the parliament, or commissioners, should be elected by the people and if the governor, member of the parliament or commissioner fail to execute their duties, a re-call election has to be issued so that people elect whoever is going to fill the vacuum.

Or a governor should be impeached by the state legislature, commissioner by the county-council, and school chancellors should be appointed or remove by the school-board not for the so-called presidential decrees. This is the kind of South Sudan we are longing for.

Authoritarian dictatorship has gotten no room and cannot take us anywhere. We reject it! We are all in it together. Many people are now educating the world that Nuer are fighting for power that is not true. They are only upset for the massacre inflicted on us by the president and rejecting the idea of authoritarianism.

Our quest has always been for democracy—-a democratic State, which will respect human dignity, fulfills individual needs and withdraws from power thirties tendencies. If one man wants to ruin it, let us deal with him!

Very respectively
Lul Gatkuoth Gatluak
The author is a political commentator who have written several articles on South Sudan. He is a member of Minnesota South Sudanese Taskforce, an entity that was created in respond ideally in the country’s current crisis. He should be reach at

UNMISS Shady deal in South Sudan: Else why supply UN forces with landmines, anti-tanks and anti-aircrafts?

BY: Morris K. Yoll, CANADA, MAR/22/2014, SSN;

It is said, “the there is no smoke without fire.” As of December 15th, 2013, South Sudan government has lost its trust in UNMISS Chief representative and has accused her of supporting Dr. Riek and his rebels’ activities in the country. Though a few South Sudanese feel sympathetic, and think that it is unfair to ask UNMISS representative, Hilde Johnson, to leave the country, there are many and serious accusations labelled against Mrs. Johnson to just let her stay as the UN mission representative without proper investigation of her actions.

However, recent UNMISS’S guns, including landmines, transportation from Juba to Bentiu, Unity State, via road, has caught many people’s attention and indeed has provoked many citizens’ anger against UNMISS and Hilde Johnson’s role in ongoing civil war in the country.

In essence, there are indeed too many accusations against UNMISS made by government of South Sudan that could prompt curiosity in wanting to know the truth than simply dismissing alleged allegations without thoroughly probing for benefit of doubt.

After December 15th, 2013 Juba’s incident, officials of government of South Sudan ceaselessly accused the Representative of UN in South Sudan of supporting Dr. Riek’s rebels.

First, following the coup attempt on December 15th, the government claimed that Dr. Riek was sheltered in Juba UNMISS compound and that he was later, respectively, transported to Jonglei, Akob, unity state and finally flown to Nasir by the UN helicopter.

On one hand, UNMISS never satisfactorily rebutted this accusation to settle it. After this allegation, series of accusations followed: it was alleged that there were 20 UNMISS cars including some armoured cars, in Bor, that were used by rebels to fight government troops.

However, UNMISS officials, in this effect, failed to disclose that their cars were apprehended by rebels until weeks later when the SPLA captured the UN cars used by rebels.

Subsequently, and as a result, the government of South Sudan accused UNMISS of supporting rebels, harbouring rebels in its compound and supplying rebels with weapons, UNMISS cars, and intelligent information.

Indeed, UNMISS later on admitted that rebels have in fact seized theirs cars including tanks by force. Such admission fueled public suspicion than watering it. It is viewed as illogical for rebels to apprehend more than twenty (20) UN cars without a fight with UN’S forces to prevent rebels from taking UN’S properties.

Whereas, the BIG why is: why then did the UNMISS authority remain silent without reporting this incident until their cars captured later by the government troops from rebels, which in turn forced the UNMISS to disclose that rebels took possession of the UN properties by force.

It followed, as well, according to the GRSS authority, that rebels elements were transported by UNMISS helicopters, and that uniforms were found in UNMISS compound, in Bor town, but UNMISS did not account for guns let alone where about soldiers that abandoned their uniforms.

On the contrary, UNMISS officials down played these accusations, and to this day, failed to offer a plausible explanations to clarify these accusations rather than dismiss or belittling the government accusations and concerns against UNMISS collaboration with rebels in the country.

Moreover, the government discovered defected soldiers possessing guns inside UNMISS compound which forced UNMISS to search for guns at its compound, in Juba. Not the least, defected government troops are still in various UNMISS compound.

Frequently, incidents in which defected soldiers or rebels coming out from the UN compounds to join rebels when towns changed hands and running back to the UN shelters when the town falls to government troops or incidents where defected soldiers coming out to cause some kinds of trouble, are reported both in Juba, Malakal and Jonglei but UNMISS appeared to brush off these accusations or concerns.

Unrelentingly, government of South Sudan branded series of accusations against UNMISS such like uniforms detected in UNMISS helicopter that where intended to be flown to unity state when it was under rebel; that UNMISS helicopter showing up unsuspected in an area off their limit while rebels and government troops were engaged in battle.

Also, that the security agents of the GRSS have recorded communication of UNMISS representative talking to Dr. Riek in which she said the IDP will join Riek forces to overtake Juba; that UNMISS representative, from its undisclosed sources-yet to be learned, declared that Juba was going to be overrun by rebels that led to many embassies leaving South Sudan, when in fact rebels were nowhere around or close to Juba; and that UMISS shared its satellites intelligence around Bor with rebels.

The above accusations were a few allegations made by government of South Sudan against UNMISS and its representative.

Unfortunately, many people dismissed these accusations made by government of South Sudan against UNMISS on ground that the government was looking for excuses to cover up December 15th incident or simply being unfair to UNMISS representative.

Such a presumptuous dismissal of accusations that are consistent and seemingly bearing elements of truth, is irresponsible and perhaps a blunder in failing to look critically as to why the government of South Sudan all of certain changed its positive attitudes toward UNMISS’S positive role in the country.

In other words, despite positive roles played by the UNMISS in the country, why did people of South Sudan, just recently, charged it with involvement in the country affairs?

Clearly, something unwarranted must have transpired to create distrust of UNMISS in the country.

Had authority of the UN responsible and the international community taken the government of South Sudan’s allegations seriously, the relationship between the UN representative in South Sudan, Mrs. Johnson, would not have badly degraded as it is currently.

The United Nations forces are composed of military units from various countries which contributed their troops to the UN Mission in South Sudan. It is possible that someone else, rather than Hilde Johnson, within the UNMISS, may be inclined to doing a shady deal with rebels in the country.

This says that instead of UNMISS representative ignoring concerns labelled against UNMISS by government of South Sudan, it would have made lot of difference if she were to investigate the allegations made to ascertain the truth for benefit of doubt and for cordial relationships of UNMISS with citizens and the government of South Sudan in order for UNMISS to achieve its objective in conducive environs.

Frankly, South Sudan government has valid concerns about UNMISS’S ambiguous roles in current rebellion in the country.

First, it was alleged that Hilde Johnson, the UN representative, who is a head of UNMISS in South Sudan, has friendly relationship with Dr. Riek Machar.

If it is true that she has friendly relations with Dr. Riek, then from series of events and accusations, Mrs. Johnson relationship with former vice president might have seemingly blindfolded her in realizing her boundary when it came to the affairs of South Sudan as a sovereign nation and much to say in failing to execute her mission in the country without taking side.

For some reasons, it took UNMISS longer time to document atrocities made in various areas held by rebels in Jonglei, Unity State and Upper Nile. Sadly, it took UNMISS longer time than normal too admit rebels mass murdering and target killing in Malakal, Jonglei, Akobo, Baliet, and Unity state.

Simply speaking, for someone in a higher position to make relationship to the point of compromising duties and mission is unprofessional to say the least.

If the UNMISS representative’s relationship with certain politicians in the country made her inclined to particular side in the conflict that has taken the country to the war, then concerns regarding her actions or inaction in addressing necessary issues that effect stability of the country should justifiably be made by the government of South Sudan so that the United Nations authority that appointed her looks into her alleged negative roles in the country affairs.

She was not send to befriend or to admire politicians in South Sudan, but to help in delivering service, needed by civil population.

South Sudan government and South Sudanese decried effects of Hilde Johnson’s relationship with Dr. Riek in the affairs of the country is not out of blue, but from evidences now confirmed by apprehended UNMISS guns transported via land, discovered, in Rumbek, by the Lakes State officials.

The United Nations authority, instead of backing UNMISS representative up, should take her to task in accounting for her duties and failures.

Clearly, people were slaughtered in various UN compounds in South Sudan but for some reasons it took longer than normal for the UNMISS to criticize those responsible and not the least failed to protect civilians which is one of its duties in the country.

Why? Instead, Mrs. Johnson resorted to silence in avoiding addressing issues of concern that had occurred at her organization watch. However, she found voice in denying her involvement in the affairs of South Sudan.

With her influence and capability of her connections, as the UN representation, valid accusations and concerns of South Sudanese citizens are ignored by the UN, but hers or UNMISS shady deal in the country buried successfully.

But it was not too long for her luck and the luck of those who are working day and night to destabilize South Sudan to run out. Finally an infamous guns transportation to the UNITY State via road uncovered the dark side of the UNMISS role in South Sudan’s demise.

On March 7th, 2014, South Sudanese authority in Rumbek caught UNMISS red handed. Various weapons including BANNED landmines [if the landmine accusation is true], anti tank and anti aircraft artilleries, were finally discovered in the UNMISS disguised food shipments to the UNITY State.

This discovery prompted the UNMISS to admitted having made a terrible blunder in transporting guns through the land instead of air as stipulated in UNMISS-South Sudan weapons shipment Agreement.

Putting delivery of anti tanks, anti aircraft and artilleries aside, why bring landmines into the country in first place? From last civil war, which lasted for 22 years, United Nations knows that much of South Sudan areas are infested with landmines and many people in the country suffered limbs amputations as a result of landmines.

It is ridiculous for the United Nations forces to bring in more landmines to be used in a country that is already suffering from landmines used during the last civil war instead of helping in identifying and removing landmines already existing in the country or helping in demarcating areas with landmines, in the country, for safety of the population and safe usage of the land for badly needed agriculture purposes.

In contradiction, landmines use was banned in 1997 by the UN, non-governmental organization, international organizations and governments.

It is horrendous that the same United Nations that forbids landmine usage to consider using landmines in South Sudan when their mission in the country is to ensure that food relieves reach the needy in the country and as well when the UN’s duty in the country is maintaining harmony.

Even though two peace keepers were killed by the rebels in Akobo during this civil war in South Sudan, it never occurred that the UN troops fought with either rebels or government troops to merit the United Nations forces using landmines around their base to fence off their enemies.

This begs questions: Why bring bloody banned landmines into the country if such a weapon is for the UN forces protection? The landmines incident proves implicitly that there is more to story given by UNMISS about guns shipments to Unity State.

Claiming that guns were intended for Ghanaians forces, but mistakenly transported via land, instead of transporting them through the air, is duplicity at its best! Why then were BANNED landmines in the shipment?

Besides, the real concern of many South Sudanese is not a question as to whether guns delivery was for the UNMISS forces, but insecurity in the area through which thirteen (13) trucks full of guns, ammunitions, and horrible landmines, were transported through, via road.

UNMISS knows lawlessness and banditry that is ruling much of South Sudan countryside, especially in the Lake State and the Unity State where these guns were transported through the land.

Any bandit could have been lucky to get his hands on those lethal weapons, which would have been an imagining threat to security of innocent people of South Sudan that are still suffering grievance and abuses of last civil war.

Hence, instead of down casting outpour of South Sudanese cries, anger and concerns, can the UN, international community and South Sudanese that take UNMISS’S mistakes trivially, accords concerned South Sudanese rights to fearing mutilations of landmines and of lawlessness that could have resulted from UNMISS’S blunder in the country?

Many south Sudanese have blindly joined a line of those who think South Sudan government has acted irrationally in accusing UNMISS representative, Hilde Johnson, of supporting rebellions in the country.

Some feel that Hilde Johnson is a citizen of Norway, a country that helped Southern Sudan and South Sudanese during struggle; therefore, in their narrow views, it is unfair to criticize Mrs. Johnson’s wrong doings in the country.

But how about her failure in following through delivery of weapons agreement signed with South Sudan government that has resulted in Rumbek weapons apprehension saga?

Not only did transporting weapons through road a violation of an agreement that stipulated that UNMISS weapons be delivered through air, but it is said that UNMISS did not, in fact, inform Ministry of Defence of South Sudan, as spelt out in the agreement, of bring weapons into the country nor did it submit, to any authority of South Sudan concerned, detailed list of weapons that were to be transported within the country to UNMISS base in Bentiu.

Is such a violation of an agreement that ensures safe shipment of weapons into the country and safe transportation of weapons inside the country really normal to be simply ignored?

All in all, it is true that Norway stood with Southern Sudan during struggle. But it should also be noted that those who set out to help Southern Sudanese during struggle had moral obligations to do so; they did not do it to ask for something in return.

Indeed, there are countries that did more in helping South Sudan during struggle but stay away from meddling in South Sudan’s affairs after peace agreement.

Canada is one of friends that helped Southern Sudan and never asked something in returned. Friends that help, but ask nothing in return are friends in needs and deeds not friends that attach strings to their assistance.

Some South Sudanese feel that Norway helped south Sudan got its independence, and because of this Hilde Johnson should have free ride in the country. These South Sudanese need to separate Hilde Johnson from Norway. She is not an Ambassador of Norway in South Sudan but a head of UNMISS in the country.

Her mistakes are her individual’s shortcomings not Norway’s. Her failures in South Sudan are the United Nations failures not Norway’s. This says that South Sudan or South Sudanese have no qualm with Norway but Hilde Johnson who failed to separate her mission in the country with her individual’s affection and attraction to certain politicians and their political quests.

South Sudan cannot be taken advantage of and then we feel it is okay. It would be absurd if not abnormal feeling fine, as citizens, knowing UNMISS has violated our sovereignty. A mistake that could possibly mess up the country more is not that simple. T

he UN admitted it as a serious blunder and we should make sure the mistake is investigated to ascertain the truth for benefit of doubt. It is not a question of supporting rebels, but how about if such weapons fall into rebels’ ambush and finally their possession?

Would the UN feel okay with it? And would someone on top of the UN mission in the country be left unaccountable for the mistake? South Sudan has right to ask Mrs. Johnson to leave or her actions investigated. And the United Nations authorities should investigate her mistakes because such mistakes discredited and disadvantaged the United Nations’ role.

It is even appalling for the United Nations to blame South Sudanese for protesting illegal transportation of arms into or inside the country. The United Nations authorities themselves have admitted as a terrible mistake committed by UNMISS. It should be understandable that South Sudanese have right to protest wrong doing by UNMISS.

Surprisingly, the UN is planning to scale down UNMISS duties in the country due to this incident. Withholding necessary training or depriving government of South Sudan of training necessary for nation building is a deployed punishment that will not help South Sudan recover quickly but would surely affect its functions instead.

Since UNMISS authority agreed to stay in the country, it is logical for it to continue its mission and duties in good faith to help South Sudanese build their nation.

In actual sense, South Sudanese are not against UNMISS, as an organization, but with individuals running the affairs of UNMISS in the country that have, apparently, inclined to doing shady deals that would potentially destabilize the country more.

Therefore, the United Nations should instead continue offering its invaluable services needed in the country, meanwhile investigate accusations and concerns raised by government of South Sudan for benefit of doubts and as well works in rebuilding good relationship with South Sudanese civil population in order for it to function in a conducive and productive atmosphere in the country.

The United Nations has peace keepers all over the global and mistakes, like one made in South Sudan, could potentially fuel any conflict anywhere not only in South Sudan.

Morris Kuol Yoll is a concerned South Sudanese Canadian. He could be reached at:

President Kiir’s despair and decent to witchcraft


The unforeseen consequences of the events of 15th December 2013 have left President Salva Kiir confused like a rabbit blinded by the headlights of an advancing car. Confronted with existential threat, he hopes the invisible forces of the underworld will protect him.

Adam Ashforth in his book, ‘Witchcraft, Violence, and Democracy in South Africa’ explains such confused state of mind by pointing to how a person creates a patent reality out of a state of fearfulness.

President Kiir has already lost touch with reality. He has slipped into a world of denial, uncertainty, suspicions, despair and fearfulness.

Practically, he is a paranoid man. Thus he presents serious problems to the state of South Sudan and its people.

Atieno Oduor makes this very point albeit in a different way. In her article titled, ‘Cut off Uganda Military Aid to South Sudan’s Kiir’, she states, “In short, South Sudan has entered a dangerous phase of uncertainty and instability that poses severe risk to its citizens and neighbours.”

The problem with Oduor’s assessment is that she erroneously pathologises the state of South Sudan and leaves the culprits untouched.

Instead of actually saying president Kiir poses danger to himself, the people of South Sudan and the neighbouring countries, she piles the blame on the state.

South Sudan, the state, is not the danger but those steering it are, and so Oduor needs to be clear and specific.

President Kiir and his tribal ideology is the real threat to the national security of South Sudan and the region.

The events of 15th December 2013 stem from the administration’s pursuit of Jieng tribal interest. The fallout has led to the destruction of the country.

The first casualty has been the authority and legitimacy of president Kiir itself. His powers and influence in the country has been much diminished.

The ethnic cleansing of the Nuer people that he sanctioned as expected degenerated into collapse of the army (SPLA) along tribal lines with some Nuer generals rebelling against the regime.

In the process, the rebels took control of a third of the country out of the president’s remit and writ. This lost territory has the potential to deny the regime oil revenue which is its main source of cash.

With the army (SPLA) in tatters without any ability to protect the country, president Kiir resorted to renting a foreign power, Uganda army (UPDF) to provide protection for him and the beneficiaries of the system.

Without this act of desperation it is doubtful whether the regime could have survived.

The downside to this rent-a-mercenary thing is that Kiir finds himself at the mercy of his cunning friend president Yowere Kaguta Museveni of Uganda who is well known for dirty intrigues.

Recently when Malakal fell to the rebels, Museveni flew to Juba for an overnight meeting with Kiir. It is understood that Kiir emerged from that meeting sick with migraine due to a one way lecture from Museveni.

The crimes against humanity which president Kiir’s militia committed against the Nuer people have tarnished his image beyond repair.

It is even more likely now that he may face the International Criminal Court. Careful analysis of the situation points to one conclusion: president Kiir’s political career is finished.

It is just a matter of time before this reality dawns on him and his followers.

Of all the above, the most serious concern is with the well being of the president himself.

He appears to be in a state of paranoia and this can clearly be seen from his latest over reliance on invisible forces of the spiritual world.

Given the president’s inability to grasp complex issues, the outcome of his political adventures has turned out to be difficult for him to grasp.

Typical of a person who believes in witchcraft he now attributes the catastrophe he unleashed in the country to some evil spirits.

In a sense he is in denial of the mess he created. In fact president Kiir has endured more than enough in ruling South Sudan without working state machinery but with support of Jieng magicians (Beny Bith or the spear men).

However, nobody else is to blame. This mess is his own making and his strong belief in tribalism.

The inability of the government to develop good policies, analyse domestic and international events to guide it, is down to the rampant tribal employment system that favours academic fraudsters like Ateny Wek Ateny, Telar Ring Deng and so on.

The invisible powers of Beny Bith to which president Kiir relied over the years appear to be limited and losing effect especially given the magnitude of the issues facing the country.

Stories in the streets of Juba spoken in whispers due to fear of government security agents allude to the president and his vice as ritualistic naked night dancers singing songs in strange language.

This practice is said to occur regularly in the president’s ranch in Luri, south west of Juba.

According to some scholars in the area of spirituality and mysticism, witchcraft and occult practices are associated with denial of reality and the apportioning of blame to others or other things.

For example, president Kiir deeply believes that power in South Sudan belongs to the Jieng and any attempt by any other non-Jieng to take power is unnatural.

Confronted by an ambitious Riek Machar who wants to compete for power, Kiir reacts crazily and sets the country ablaze.

Due to president Kiir’s inability to think clearly, he expects things to be normal in the country.

But now faced with the ugly outcome of his ethnic cleansing policies; Kiir is now in denial of his role in creating the mess and tries to attribute blame to evil spirits such as ghosts.

Interestingly he believes that the ghost of Dr John Garang, his predecessor is tormenting him. Reports say the ghost of late Dr Garang is terrorising Kiir to the extent that he can not sleep at night.

In addition to this, both president Kiir and his deputy Wani Igga are terrified of the story of Ngundeng.

Defeated by the philosophical message of Ngundeng, the duo took flight to Nigeria to find a counter to hold Riek Machar at bay.

They have now allegedly recruited the preacher, Temitope Balogun Joshua of SCOAN, into their arsenals to hold onto power and keep South Sudanese enslaved.

The official introduction of occultism into the affairs of South Sudan state raises a serious question.

President Kiir came to power in the Republic of South Sudan on 9th July 2011 by assuming power based on the outcome of the rigged election of April 2010 in the then Sudan under President Omer Bashir.

But now if the president and his deputy by default subject the presidency to the authority of some occultic spirits, to the extent that they become answerable to these spirits; or do things that these spirits demand – who then is governing South Sudan?

Who is responsible for the protection of citizens and the well being of the country?

Is it the clients (Kiir and Igga) of the occult, or is it the occultic spirits themselves?

If it is the latter, does it mean that South Sudan is no longer governed by its constitution?

Where do the people of South Sudan fit in this bizarre arrangement?

When leaders who falsely claim to be legitimately elected are answerable and led by occultic spirits in private mystic deals, where does democracy feature?

How can the people hold the occult to account to them since the occultic spirits are not the chosen representatives?

From these questions what seems obvious is the conflict between the beliefs in the occult versus the belief in democracy. This now appears to be the emerging problem in the state of South Sudan.

If the government represented by president Kiir and vice president Igga now itself is unsure of its existence and ability to protect its leaders to the degree that it resorts to seeking protection from witchcraft and the occult, where is the viability of the state?

Conventionally it is the state that has a duty to protect its citizens. When the leaders of government resort to occultic practices to protect their power, something is seriously wrong.

The fact that South Sudan is severely damaged by the SPLM ruling party under president Kiir speaks for itself.

The country is virtually ungovernable under total control of foreign power and rule of the occult.

President Kiir and James Wani Igga’s immersion into the world of occult effectively make them only symbolic leaders of the country.

This means that South Sudan in reality is a ship without a captain sailing in stormy seas because the president and his deputy are locked into a world of trance concerned about their individual battles with the ghosts of their previous leader and their victims.

Therefore, South Sudan needs to be rescued very quickly. The level of unreasonableness is just astounding.

This is echoed in the remarks made by the Norwegian foreign minister Mr Borge Brende when he said, “The unreasonable and groundless accusations that have been made against the UN mission in South Sudan the last few days are unacceptable.”

This highlights the extent to which the leaders of South Sudan are devoid of rationality.

Mr Brende was right in his remark because the overwhelming majority of South Sudanese also share his view.

The people of South Sudan see the behaviour of president Kiir and the SPLM government as totally warped.

This stance is clearly articulated in Joanna Adams’ incisive and piercing article ‘South Sudan should be expelled from the UN & AU.’

This piece vindicates the comment of Mr Brende. Diplomatically, the words of the Norwegian foreign minister amount to a vote of no confidence from the international community in the president Kiir and SPLM government.

Unbelievably, the regime seems to have not taken a note or even registered the seriousness of the damaging remark of Mr Brende.

The evidence to this is demonstrated by the non stop ranting of the schooled but not learnt minister of information Michael Makuei with his rented ruffians (in Bahr El Ghazal University and in the local business community).

The latest unreasonableness now comes from the minister of cabinet affairs Dr Martin Lomuro in relation to the IGAD talks in Addis Ababa.

Mr Lomuro shamelessly says the group of seven senior members of the SPLM bailed to Kenya; and the civil societies do not have a stake in the talks and therefore the government will not accept them to partake in the talks.

What does the use of the word stakeholder mean in context of what is happening in the talks in Addis Ababa?

The unreasonable behaviour of the regime should be seen in line with the pandering of the current leaders to the occult. They have become detached from reality domestically and globally.

Therefore, a new and neutral government as argued by South Sudanese and tabled by IGAD in Addis Ababa should take over power in Juba soonest to bring peace; address the immediate outstanding issues re democracy and prepare the country for the coming elections.
[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul

Greater Equatoria Council of Rights: Press Statement on the crises in South Sudan

Saturday, March/22/2014, SSN;

On behalf of the Greater Equatoria Council of Rights (GRECOR); we would like to make the following statements:-

1. The GRECOR, which is an umbrella of various political parties, NGOs, Women, Men, Youth and Children of Equatoria Region, hereby, declares that, as from today, Saturday, March 22, 2014, the current crises are no longer confined to political differences over the issues of leadership within the SPLM as the ruling political party in the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan (SRSS);

2. The political and military allegations, by various national, regional and international individuals, groups and organisations that, the said crises in the SRSS are due to political quarrels between the Nuer and Dinka tribes of the SRSS, are unfounded and untenable;

3. It is not true that, the Nuer as a tribe, in the SRSS, are the ultimate threat to the prosperity of the SRSS. The truth is that, lack of prudent leadership and the absence of attainable vision are the threats to the prosperity of the SRSS;

4. The core causes of the current crises in the SRSS and which are also the ultimate threat to the wellbeing of the entire peoples of the SRSS, are entrenched corruption, tribalism, nepotism, exclusion of others, lack of accountability, lack of transparency, misuse and abuse of comprehensive fiduciary duties and lack of meritocracy;

5. The perception inside the SRSS that, current negotiations, being mediated by IGAD, and other international partners, are basically negotiations between the Upper Nile and Bahr el Ghazal Regions, and in total exclusion of Equatoria Region, in the SRSS, is a recipe for future comprehensive instabilities in the SRSS;

6. The Equatoria Region of the SRSS has always been the stabilizer of comprehensive issues of governance in South Sudan since 1956 until 2005, when it has been comprehensively marginalised by the operationalisation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005 to date;

7. The ubiquitous absence of effective and efficacious participation of Equatoria Region, in the legislative, judicial, political, military, security, economic, financial, moral, and social administration of South Sudan from 2005 to 2013; due to dysfunctional operationalisation of the CPA, has fundamentally contributed to the extant symptoms of a failed State in South Sudan;

8. The GRECOR, with the total support of the peoples of Equatoria Region, reject the mobilisation of their sons and daughters, into various military and security institutions; in the SRSS, in order to fight against SPLM/A, under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar;

9. The GRECOR, with the total support of the peoples of Equatoria Region; of the SRSS, calls for, and encourages, the mobilisation of all women, youth, and men of Equatoria Region, to work together, with the other peace loving peoples of the other two regions, in the SRSS, for the creation of an stable SRSS, via the instrument of an interim government, with equitable representation of all women and men of the SRSS;

10. The GRECOR, in total support of political realism in the SRSS; supports the call for the establishment of an interim government, under the leadership of competent and capable South Sudanese Woman or Man, to steer the SRSS in this interim period, during which, all institutions of governance are reformed for the total interest of all peoples of the SRSS;

11. The GRECOR supports the call for the establishment of a federal system of governance in the SRSS, based on the former three regions of Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr El Ghazal;

12. The GRECOR calls for efficient application of lustration laws as instruments for building a peaceful SRSS which is at peace with herself and neighbouring countries in the region, and which respects international law for a peaceful regional and international coexistence;

13. The GRECOR calls for genuine engendering of the negotiation process to ascertain a just peace for the interest of all peoples of the SRSS; and

14. The GRECOR warns that, an unstable SRSS is already a threat to the peoples of South Sudan, and will be a threat to the regional and international peace and security, and as such, an all-inclusive and representative settlement in which; all peoples of the SRSS see themselves is a must.

How GRECOR intends to be part and parcel of the current negotiation process?

1. GRECOR is an integral part and parcel of South Sudan, and the issues identified by the SPLM/A, under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar are consistent with the comprehensive and detailed aspirations of the peoples of Equatoria Region in particular and the SRSS in general;

2. GRECOR does not hesitate to protect the interest of the peoples of the SRSS in general, and the interest of the peoples of Equatoria Region, which can only be realised within the remit of a functional and stable South Sudan; and

3. GRECOR shall participate in the negotiation team of the SPLM/A, under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar, but with a clear vision for total peace and prosperity in Equatoria Region as the stabiliser of South Sudan as land and peoples.

Thank you,
Col. (Rtd). Prof. Wani Tombe Lako Lokitari
Greater Equatoria Council of Rights (GRECOR)

What should we learn from our corrupted leaders?

BY: Mulana Deng, SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, USA, MAR/17/2014, SSN;

Young people often considered honesty to be a very important tool but often unrewarding and this is why it is important for us to learn from our elder’s current mess so that we should not repeat the same mistake in the future.

The current war and corruption in south Sudan should teach something more about our current leaders because they are more corrupted, tribal, out of touch, reality and will not accept any wrongdoing even when there are substantial evidences of their wrong doing.

The current corruptions incidences should teach us that, we the young generation of South Sudan needs to do something about this. As we all know that young are often the victims of their elder’s (politicians) corruption.

What should our young generation learn from the current situation and corruption South Sudan?

The conclusion that I am trying to voice here was also voiced in Transparency International Hungary’s (TI) “Átláccó” Festival, which was held in occasion of the International Anti-Corruption Day.

The conference pointed out that “Children are often the biggest victims of corruption: they are the ones who fail to benefit from services targeted at them due to the overarching corrupt practices worldwide.

What is even more worrying is that they have all the chances to learn wrong examples, internalize that this is how the world functions.”

There aren’t any differences with what is going on in our country South Sudan. Many our elders are taking advantage of the system because of their age and position.

Many tend to lower their age in order to look young but still enjoy the fruits their positions.

Their main goals are to enrich themselves, and most of them forget their duties of delivering the services to our people.

To make matters worse, they’re even forgetting the family of their men who die while protecting them during difficult day. There is no doubt that our young generations are the victims of self enrichment by our leaders especially the politicians.

During my college days one of my white colleague friends named Benjamin Brockmen told me that “older people are the most corrupted people in the world.”

Today, I don’t really think I would disagree with him after reading the letters that were sent to the seventy five individuals who were accused of the enchanting 4 billion dollars and the recent report of millions of dollars disappearing in Northern Bahr El Ghazal state.

With these few evidences, I have come to understand that Ben Brockmen was definitely correct on how older people are the most corrupted people.

Not only was Ben right about his comment, also, Szilvia Gyukó who is the advocacy director of Unicef pointed it out that “The first victims of corruption worldwide are the children? Not only are the ones who fail to access service, good due to a world enmeshed in corruption, but the also this is how the world functions. And so they have no chance to break out of the circle.”

This is very true that our young generation are being taken advantage of by our elders.

They are now the victims of war that occurred as misunderstanding and corruption tactics between our leaders in the Juba last year when Kiir suspended some of his cabinet of being corrupt.

This prevalence led them to call President Salva Kiir Mayardit out as being dictatorial.

Our young general have to do something about this because they are the majority and they should be fighting corruption in democratic way through institutional change.

They have a very important role in the fight against corruption, because they are the generation who grow-up in wartime, will bring the development and will have a power in shaping public opinion.

As we know today our country is at war with itself, public trust is at its lower level, and lack of inefficiency in public institutions.

Our young generation should learn to believe that their input is much needed in order to change this situation.

Moreover educating the young generation is indispensable and they should learn as early as possible the way to recognize corruption and the to act against it.

There is a humorless need to have South Sudanese Transparency and educational institutions to teach the youth and to guide the country into the rightful passage where there will be no corruption or tribalism.

Doing this would be an extraordinarily step because it will teach the young generation to fill the gap and to more acceptable anti-corruption educational issues and commitment.

Let’s not think that we have anti-corruption commission that was appointed by President Kiir administration, that anti-corruption commission is like an old dog without teeth.

Has any one being held accountable of any wrong doing amongst the seventy-five individuals accused apart from receiving letter to return the money?

In what land can a thief be the judge of his case?

Our leaders should learn from other countries like Kenya, Kenyan leaders after the death of Jomo Kenyatta, they forgot their task of taking care of their people.

This is the same thing that is happening in South Sudan. Our leaders has forgotten why we went to war with the North but they are more involved corruption like Kenyan former retire president Daniel Arap Moi and his cabinet who are known to be the most corrupted cabinet in Kenya.

Both had one similarity they are older generation and mainly corrupted whether in the bush or in Juba, our leaders are the same. The always blame western countries but failed to accept reality.

Corruption amongst our elders and failure to the accept the reality is in a serious stage, none of them is holy, as we learned last week about incident of money disappearing in Northern Bahr El Ghazal, at this stage no one knows who is clean and who is not.

But what one thing we do know is that the Northern Bahr El Ghazal incident of corruption was by those who are closed associates of the governor.

Even thought the governor has suspended his secretary general Hon: Garang kuot kuot and state ministry of finance’s director General Sabrino Majok Majok, none of these people will be held accountable of their wrongdoing because they are enjoying the elderly impunity.

Massive Conflict & Misuse of Resources in South Sudan

BY: Manyok Mabiei, CHICAGO, USA, MAR/22/2014, SSN;

Massive-conflict and misuse of resources in South Sudan is beyond repairs. South Sudan is a well-known as a country that ranks in the oil production countries in the world as well as one of the more productive countries. It is a diverse country with differences in religious beliefs including Christians, Muslims and others. Even though the country’s main language is English – a remainder of British colonial rule including 64 tribes with different dialects.

In fact, 64-tribes were not a root cause of massive conflict in South Sudan. There are even hundreds of hundreds of tribes from the neighboring countries like Kenya, Uganda, North Sudan, and Ethiopia had multiple tribes more than South Sudan, but there is a less conflict in their backyards.

The problem was enrooted from President Kiir leadership style the way he handling the nation through the absence of law in South Sudan as the root causes of this mass-conflict in the nation. It is a good idea to tell the facts, rather than foretells or admits them, when we are not alive.

This refers to those who think upside-down that the root cause of mass-conflict was fueled through tribal theory rather than blame current leadership style.

As well as some of us know that South-Sudan is divided between three major regions includes Great Upper Nile, Great Bhar-el-Ghazel, and Great Equatoria regions hosting the indigenous people of Republic of South Sudan. This mean a nation is well diverse with difference lifestyle of cultural rice in all three regions where people live in.

But this mass-conflict forces thousands of thousands of the Great Upper Nile civilians to leave South Sudan to the neighboring countries.

More importantly, what causes the challenges most people talk as an issue is corruption and power struggle, which are caused an ever growing massive-conflict beyond unrepaired and unrecovered in the nation in three months.

Well, some of the citizens judge things through their tribal perspectives rather than think deeply what will be the future of South Sudan, while we know that there is no anyone will come from nowhere to turn the system of South Sudan. This means same citizens who destroy it will do it again.

Massive-conflict is disappointed some of the citizens without considered themselves as they were not part of the nation identity. As well some of the citizens considered themselves as tribe identity, which is another root cause of mass conflict. Well, the rights and freedoms of individuals and groups enshrined as their rights should be respected, which can promote dignity for all in the nation.

However, my concern on this challenging is to remark the problems faced by the citizens of the South-Sudan. For sure, there are things affecting this nation including corruption, violence, and misuse of resources in South-Sudan. All these factors cause hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese with pride of hopeless to recovering from mass conflict in the nation they were fought for in two decades.

Some of the problems facing the nation, like bad policies in the country, have resulted in mass conflict among the citizens and government officials without deliver the good systems.

The vast majority of the citizens from the South-Sudan are poor and neglected from current leadership, while they are suffering from internal security and external security. This inequality and mishandle the root cause why the citizens react violently against those in charge – which shows the weakness inherent in the leadership style in the government.

More to the points, the citizens are struggle to gear an uphill battle for themselves – violently and politically through government – with poor system. The citizens and leadership are facing beyond unrepair, while it will take many years to build the confidents in this mass-conflict.

Specifically, citizens of this nation are suffering from misguide leadership that misuse the resources and abuse of power, which is dynamic towards the ongoing violence in the nation. This massive conflict, which is ongoing in South Sudan, was over fueled for those who struggle for powers, who misconstrue the nation in toward the unsafe direction.

I believe it will took the Republic of South Sudan some months and years to rebuild the truth among citizens from such kind of massive violence to get normal life. Nothing like you have a nation even though you’re alive in foreign countries, then you still have a sense of the nation to be proud that means you have a land.

But, what we recognized in current leadership style leading the nation behind sense of hopeless like they think they will leave nation tomorrow and others will come to rebuild the nation.

Since referendum and independence of South Sudan nearly 10years from now there was ongoing corruption and mismanagement of resources in the South-Sudan has existed for a long period of time and it has never ended. The leaderships have more benefits privately, while the rest of the citizens are facing uncovering system that led the nation toward the massive violence at the moment.

These dark days of this current leadership as the root cause to promote violence and misuse of revenues in South Sudan. The main issue in the South-Sudan is ignorance through mismanagement of the resources through government system – which remains as apart of massive conflict, in need of great attention to community’s leaders and world leaders to take action.

This is a big challenge, which exemplifies the corruption rampant in the government that leading the nation beyond unrepair’s. For example, the nation has remained poor nearly decade, since oil money and have become increasingly, while the nation never built some of important government properties.

The suffering from South Sudanese due to mishandle the nation issues, which forced the nation to massive violence. There are lack of several things – education, roads, bridges, jobs, and other necessities.

President Kiir and his administration controls over all subsurface of the resources, as well as they seem they are masters of land nearly decade, without shows the direct to connect between the citizens and the economic well-being of the civilians in the nation. This means (or should) that all issues in South-Sudan will/should inevitably become national mass beyond unrepair.

More importantly, the mass-conflict in the South-Sudan stems from the top such as the problems with the current leadership style without end the conflict. The tensions that have developed in the nation were caused by leadership in South Sudan and the misappropriation of revenues in the country – which have no interests for the people of South Sudan.

Broadly, leadership regime government has failed to resolve this massive crisis in country. There is a deep distrust in the leadership without concerning the government system and they feel less among local populations. So, from Juba leaderships cares little toward the venerable civilians who were displaced in their living homes.

In this massive conflict related to leadership control powers in the South, and the economy in general, is the intense competition for political gain. For example, politicians use their communities as the tools of political gain and that cause the massive conflict in nation.

This implies that massive conflicts and aggressive violence’s in the South Sudan is exert any negative effect on the national economy and local compasses of all South Sudan, and means that the government is turning a blind eye to massive violence in some of the states, especially the Great Upper Nile simply because they can gain what they needed.

This massive conflict affected the Great Upper Nile than other regions in South Sudan, while the Upper Nile region is most supplies of resource to support the South Sudan to survive through the oil revenues, but without that region the nation couldn’t survive.

The exploitation of leadership in the South-Sudan as a power struggle shows how deprivation, injustice and massive conflict will still continue in months and years to come. If the government can’t accept the peaceful dialogues and rejects military solution as wining point. There will be long process toward peace if the government from Juba Government and Rebel Forces will not agree in one point on time.

I believe if the government implement the good system there will be a chance to resort to mass violence and vandalism on time. The citizens of the South Sudan are an oppressed and exploited people, but it is hard for them to win the battle of good leadership.

How, to resolve the South Sudan mass conflicts that require far greater commitment on the part of the citizens and leaders who led the country. This means that the leadership from Juba and Rebel must operate fairly and transparently in the South-Sudan, with visible benefits to the local population within the areas.

Without serious and sustainable reforms to the country, the massive violence in the South Sudan will not end in short period of time. It will only increase more than we expected from now onward, before we reach an election in 2015, there will be more violence in even in oilfield as the rebel interest target point to weaken the government.

If President Kiir has a good heart he should avoid not listen to those who advise him through the negative agendas of winning a mass conflict through military solution. And he can make a good decision to step down if he loves his nation to recover from mas- conflict. I believe that it almost time to run out of possibility options like some others concern citizens’ concerns in this mass conflict in the South Sudan.

The government of South-Sudan needs to implement a better system to run the nation and avoid a massive crisis that affect the normal civilians who have nothing do with government system.

There are some of ordinary citizen’s needs only a good security from government like civilians who were chased away in recently crisis from their living places in Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Unity State.
It is very rare from some of the citizens to trust governmental system that shows less care towards their rights – in other words, their leaders in the Juba system as self-profits. The citizens will trust the government when a genuine system is enabled that treats the whole nation with better system to all compasses of South Sudan.

Finally, this require the citizens and active leaders of Southern-Sudan to work together to solve this massive conflict on time and to prevent dynamic corruption and mass violent toward beyond unrepair’s and recover.

I don’t believe in a theory your right should be negotiates by countries, while the South Sudan citizens were casted their votes for separation against North through the oppressor and limit of their rights.

By Manyok Mabiei who is currently in Chicago, IL and he can be reach He is a concern citizen in term of humanity and against destructors. He is a one of the SPLA-Chapter Founders in Chicagoland as a leader and Former Red-Army of South Sudan in 1987.

Central Equatoria State not parallel with National Government in Foreign Investment

BY: Jacob K. Lupai, JUBA, MAR/22/2014, SSN;

This is a response to an emotive and provocative article, “Why is States Parallel with National Government in Foreign Investment?” that appeared in the Opinion Column of The Citizen Vol. 8 Issue 701 of Wednesday March 19, 2014. The article was written by one Anthony Agiem Akot.

I read the article with keen interest as the author raised a number of issues, mostly challenging the constitutional powers of the States of South Sudan in relation to foreign investment.

According to the author foreign investment is the exclusive prerogative of the National Government.

It was apparent that the author did not mask his contempt for the States with reference to foreign investment.

He said, “With Independence of Republic of South Sudan almost two years time now, there have been parallel foreign investments approaches of the States with the National Government. It started with those of Central Equatoria State, Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, Unity State, Warrap State, Western Equatoria State etc to mention them that their Governors visited Capital cities and National Corporations of the host Countries to go and to make deals. Deals worth lot of millions of United States of America Dollars without consulting Central Government Agencies allocated such activities”.

The problem here seems to be too much imagination in the absence of objective reality.

The author asked sarcastically, “Is there any article or articles in our Constitution that allow States’ Governments to make such expensive foreign investment projects and programs agreements out of overall foreign South Sudan Republic policies?”

I am responding here with reference to Central Equatoria State. The other States mentioned by the author have capable individuals to respond on behalf of their respective States.

The Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011

From the article there seems to have not been sufficient familiarization with the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011.

In Schedule (C), Concurrent Powers, the Constitution is very clear in that the National and State governments shall have legislative and executive competencies on any matter such as “Subject to regulation by and approval of the National Government, the initiation, negotiation and conclusion of Bilateral and Regional Agreements on culture, sports, trade, investment, credit, loans, grants and technical assistance with foreign governments and foreign non-governmental organizations” can be undertaken.

What does one think of the Concurrent Powers in the Constitution? Was it an error on the part of Republic of South Sudan?

The Concurrent Powers in the Constitution suggest that with the approval of the National Government, Governors are allowed to solicit foreign investment for socio-economic development in raising the living standards of people in their respective States.

This is precisely how the States are taking advantage of attracting foreign investment for development.

I was amused when the author asserted that, “For our Country to avoid invitation of problems, States have no right to overstep their local boundaries for International boundaries responsibilities”.

Is it a problem seeking foreign investment for development to improve the standards of living at home?

Does it depend on the whims of somebody else to stop the States from seeking foreign investment in contradiction to the Concurrent Powers in the Constitution?

Central Equatoria State complementary to National Government

It can be said with confidence that Central Equatoria State is not parallel with the National Government in foreign investment. This should be clear to those who do not want to see Central Equatoria State developing as expected.

It must be understood that when the States are developing it is in fact South Sudan developing.

It is important that the States and the National Government should not be perceived as poles apart operating on different wavelengths.

The Republic of South Sudan is one country but with different levels of government. It is still too early for people to realize that a federal system of governance may help the Republic of South Sudan to resolve some of its burning issues.

However, it is fundamental that people should first reach a consensus on governance to resolve the ongoing crisis in the country.

Central Equatoria State is keen on development. The allegation that the Constitution of South Sudan is being abused by Central Equatoria State is very unfortunate.

Central Equatoria State is on record of abiding by its obligation to seek approval of the National Government for foreign business trips.

For example, a trip to China to conclude an investment agreement was approved by the National Government. How then could a knowledgeable person erroneously conclude that Central Equatoria State was abusing the Constitution of South Sudan?

On the contrary the endeavours of Central Equatoria State are complementary to the effort of the National Government in realizing socio-economic development in South Sudan in general.

Any State is home to any South Sudanese and the more a State is developed the better services may be delivered to the people.

Hopefully the strides Central Equatoria State is making in development do not make others to feel they are being left behind and so development in Central Equatoria State must be sabotaged.

We should all be positive about development in our respective States through foreign investment brought about by energetic and development-oriented Governors.


Playing politics is not helpful in our effort for national unity and sustainable development to improve living standards.

Although it was probably intended to score a point, the mention of Dr Riek Machar was irrelevant in relation to foreign investment in the States. Unlike Dr Riek Machar the State Governors are loyal to the National Government.

In addition the Governors have a constitutional right to solicit foreign investment with the approval of the National Government as indicated in the Constitution, Schedule (C), and Concurrent Powers.

So the claim that Central Equatoria State is abusing the constitution is erroneous and grossly misleading.

In conclusion, the article, “Why is States Parallel with National Government in Foreign Investment?” focusing on Central Equatoria State, seems to mask deep-seated pessimism and contempt for the powers of the States.

National cohesion cannot be achieved in this way. Positive thinking and culture of innovation may be helpful, and I hope people understand what national cohesion or unity entails when antagonisms fracture. END

Kiir’s Campaign of Deception

BY: Dr. Deng Bol Kuol, AUSTRALIA, MAR/22/2014, SSN;

It is now an open secret that the intransigence of the government of Gen. Salva Kiir, has not only made the Republic of South Sudan a laughing stock in the world, but it is incredibly becoming disastrous for the people of the Republic of South Sudan.

As a matter of fact, many people in South Sudan and their friends in the world have discovered the truth that there was no coup attempt and they have become fully aware that the military incident of 15/12/2013, was nothing but a ploy orchestrated by Gen. Salva Kiir and his group to get rid of their political opponents.

The astonishing thing is that the discovery of the big lie has made Gen. Salva Kiir and his associates hilarious or mad.

As a result, they instantly decided to launch a two-fold campaign of deception in order to sell their lies about the alleged coup attempt and simultaneously assassinate the characters of their political opponents before the expected elections.

The campaign of deception was led by the threats of Gen. Salva Kiir, when he said: “the world will regret, if they support the rebels”.

In other words, Gen. Kiir and his group are ready to fight the whole world, if it doesn’t believe their lies!

No wonder, one of the main targets of the campaign was Ms. Hilde Johnson, Head of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), who ethically and courageously refused to cover up the lie of the alleged coup and the genocide of Juba, which was committed by the militia of the brutal dictator.

Subsequently, Gen. Kiir and his group did not hesitate to accuse UNMISS of running a parallel government in South Sudan!

This behavior shows that Gen. Salva Kiir and others in the government were furious with UNMISS, because it is protecting (Nuer) people, who are called rebels by the government.

Thus, UNMISS became an obstacle in their crusade of ethnic cleansing of Nuer people. One example is the incident of the horrible Minister Micheal Makuei in the UNMISS camp in Bor!

Also, people like Mr. Wani Igga with his disgusting jokes and lies, the Horrible Micheal Makuei and the polite liar, Dr. Barnaba Marial jumped on the bandwagon and tried shamelessly and hopelessly to defend their lies about the alleged coup attempt and to cover up their ethnic cleansing of Nuer people in Juba but to no avail.

However, the young politician Akol Paul was exceptionally crazy to become the star of the campaign of deception through character assassination of Dr. Riek Machar and his colleagues.

In this context, Mr. Akol Paul was intoxicated by his new power to the extent of assuming the role of the de facto Chairperson of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM)!

If you have any doubt in your mind about that assumption, let me remind you that it was Akol Paul in a rally of the SPLM youth league in Juba university, who called for the dismissal of Dr. Riek Machar and others from SPLM party, and immediately Gen. Salva Kiir issued the Party orders!

All in all, the fatal outcome of the campaign of deception was Gen. Salva Kiir himself, because in the process of denial he has been unconsciously admitting the facts, which his stooges were trying to conceal from the world.

For instance, at a function organized by the youth wing of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) on Saturday 15/02/2015 in Juba, Gen. Kiir admitted the formation of his private army by saying: “the intention was to have a ‘reserve force’ to help the nation in the event of military action was needed.”

He also continued to accuse some officials in his government by saying: “When these people were in the training, they were denied everything. They were denied salaries, weapons and all things they were supposed to get because some did not like the idea,…”

Of course, this confession from Gen. Kiir proves the government ploy of the alleged coup attempt and vindicated Mama Rebecca Nyandeng and others who stated that Gen. Kiir had formed fifteen thousand militia force; mainly from Warrap and Northern Bahr el Ghazal states.

Although, these facts were denied by Brig. Malaak Aywein and others on SSTV; many people know that these are the soldiers who committed the massacre of Nuer people in Juba.

Furthermore, the campaign of deception includes the manipulation of the law.

This legal game was announced by the poor Minister of Justice Mr. Paulino Wanawilla when “he ruffled his feathers like an angry cock ready for the dirty fight” (the words of the prolific writer El Hag Paul in his wonderful article titled: The SPLM corrosive culture of victimization).

Unfortunately, Mr. Wanawilla accepted the humiliating assignment and disgracefully committed perjury by manufacturing false evidences to satisfy the desire of Gen. Salva Kiir, Gen. Wani Igga, Mr. Telar Deng, Gen. Kuol Manyang, Gen. Aleu Ayieny Aleu, Mr. Micheal Makuei, Dr. Martin Elia Lomoro, Dr. Riek Gai and others.

The scandal of this legal plot was exposed by the categorization of the political detainees into three groups according to their perceived threat to the government in Juba.

Otherwise, how can the political detainees be divided, when they were all arrested from their houses and accused of being plotters of the alleged coup attempt?

Perhaps, the only answer is that Kiir and his group are afraid from the political weight of Mr. Pagan Amum, military influence of Gen. Oyay Deng Ajak and Gen. Majak D’Agoot as well as the diplomatic strength of Ezekiel Gatkuoth. Thus, the Minister of Injustice was ordered to charge them with treason.

Moreover, we should not forget that the campaign of targeting the political detainees is not over yet. According to Gen. Salva Kiir; the seven detainees were released on bail and can be charged anytime, if there is evidence.

In other words, Mr. Wanawilla must continue his investigation and process of manufacturing false evidences to charge the enemies of the government with treason!

Eventually, the campaign of deception has reached its climax, when Gen. Kiir and his group defied the whole world, which was calling for the release of the remaining four detainees by sending them to court on 11/3/2014 in Juba.

The trial of Mr. Pagan Amum, Gen. Oyay Deng Ajak, Dr. Majak D’Agoot and Amb. Ezekiel Gatkouth shows the magnitude of the conspiracy, which was designed by Gen. Kiir and his group.

In fact, the trial of those innocent heroes and patriots on false bases will be the straw that breaks the camel’s back for Gen. Salva Kiir and his group in their desperate attempt to maintain power by hook and crook.

Hence, this historic trial is going to be a litmus test for the independence of the Judiciary Institution in the Republic of South Sudan.

In other words, the judges who are undertaking this challenging task will have to prove whether their court is a kangaroo or a fair one.

Definitely, the ball now is in the court of justice and the world will wait to see the verdict.

In spite of the intensive campaign of deception, the two crucial questions that certainly pop up from the ongoing destructive war will be: Who started the current war? And who is prolonging it despite the despicable catastrophic loss of lives and properties in the country?

Without beating around the bush, this war was started by Gen. Salva Kiir, when he ordered the disarmament of the Nuer soldiers among the presidential guards in order to execute his devilish plot to eliminate the people who are labeled to be enemies.

Similarly, Gen. Kiir is the one, who is prolonging the destructive war, because he is refusing to release the remaining four political detainees and rejecting the withdrawal of the Ugandan People Armed Forces as it was stated in the Cessation of Hostilities and Status of the Detainees Agreements, which were signed by the two warring parties on 23/01/2014 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Nonetheless, the most painful irony is the fact that Gen. Kiir, who committed the ethnic cleansing of Nuer tribe in Juba, is able to perpetuate his ethnic war by buying cheap politicians from different ethnic groups.

For instance, power and money hungry Shilluk politicians decided to support Gen. Kiir in his ethnic war despite the fact that he has betrayed and arrested three SPLM leaders from Shilluk tribe among others.

Those misguided Shilluk politicians worked hard to create a conflict, which pitted the Nuer White Army against the Shilluk tribe. As a result, many innocent people from Shilluk tribe were killed. What a disaster?

In conclusion, it is high time to inform Gen. Salva Kiir and his group the fact that their campaign of deception about the alleged coup attempt, has miserably failed, because it could not convince anybody in the world.

Therefore, the continuation of the war and the trial of the innocent political detainees will sooner or later confirm that Gen. Kiir is a compulsive liar and a dictator, who is too deformed to be reformed.

Deng Bol Kuol is a concerned South Sudanese. He can be reached at