Archive for: February 2014

Brief background on root causes of on-going carnage in South Sudan

BY: DENG GATLUAK RIEM, Australia, FEB/11/2014, SSN;

As a child growing up in that impoverished part of Africa called South Sudan, I have always dreamed of a liberated, cohesive and fast-developing country. The dream was inspired by our early patriotic leaders who helped nurtured a generation of freedom fighters (who subsequently dominated SPLM/A and other liberation movements).

Yes, a country where all its citizens are equal and treated equally regardless of their tribal, religion or political affiliations, etc.

Indeed, that dream came true on 9 July 2011, and we were all (South Sudanese people) exalted when South Sudan’s name was added to the long list of sovereign and proud nations of the world.

That grand dream would have not been possible without the combined efforts of all South Sudanese political forces and civil society, within the former Sudan, South Sudanese students’ movements in the Sudan and abroad, and indeed, our gallant armed groups in former Sudan, Ethiopia and other East African countries.

All these groups were active participants in the war of liberation; they endured hardship and engaged the enemy (Sudan Government) at different intervals.

Some made unpopular decisions or alliances to survive and live to fight another day; others were lucky to be embraced by governments (Ethiopia and Uganda or latter Former Zaire).

For the sake of cohesiveness and unity, their efforts and contributions as well as sacrifices should have been acknowledged and celebrated with SPLM/A’s noble contributions.

Whenever we commemorate the independence of South Sudan, we should remember all the stakeholders from Lagu, Gai Tut to Dr. John and Mayardiit (the exterminator), who he clouded his legacy with heavy smoke of shame and corruption.

I’ve always been a strong believer in the promises, war propaganda and utterances of our various factions’ leaders, from the first movement [Any-nya 1] to Nairobi Declaration and subsequently, the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Their words were pinpointing to one goal, total INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH SUDAN.

I’m under no illusion and very much aware no matter how our differences and approach to the conduct of the struggle, yet, we as people, stood strong to defend our existence, culture and our goal remained the same.

South Sudanese worldwide participated passionately in the conduct of the referendum from 9 – 15 January 2011, and decisively voted for separation.

They collectively extinguished a fire that was first ignited in Torit and continued to burn in our hearts until the dream became a living reality on 9 July 2011.

People spoke and demonstrated beyond any uncertainty by the 98% vote for separation, that they are one people, one goal, eliminating any doubt that, there was a conflict of interest between those who were with the government and those who were with the rebels. One people one goal.

Unfortunately, the sweet reality before long turned into a horrible nightmare when SPLM with impunity hijacked the peoples’ struggle and the people’s cause and imposed itself as the only liberator, only active political party, reducing all the traditional political parties to mere spectators in a country in which they too, were instrumental in its liberation.

The deserved celebrity status accorded to our freedom fighters and particularly their commanders, elevated them to higher prominence (Garang, Kiir, Machar, Igga, Amum, Akhol, Alor, Agoot, Luk, Manyang and the list goes on and on with glittering characteristics and stories) as their names became synonymous with sacrifice, heroism and patriotism.

Do they really deserve that status or some stories were exaggerated to dishonestly claim greatness???

Well, with greatness comes great expectation. Many people were shocked to discover that our freedom fighters were just mere mortals who are institutionalised by a long and strong culture of corruption practiced openly in all the so-called liberated areas.

When South Sudan independence was declared, the whole country erupted in euphoric celebration. I was keenly following the procedures on television, the feeling I had which, I am convinced shared by 98% South Sudanese at that time, was immeasurable.

It was a great relieve to a long struggle of people who were humiliated and brutalised by their own government.

In that desperation, the people entrusted whatever little dignity left in them to the freedom fighters (SPLM) as the only hope for redemption. With their impeccable reputation and un-verifiable stories of heroism.

We (the people) had expected the freedom fighters to deliver and totally change the impecunious nation to live happily ever after.

Culture of corruption and the SPLM leadership

For self-enrichment and personal gratification, two competing groups within the leadership promoted the culture of corruption openly throughout the liberated areas:

1. Full-time Commanders, affectionately known as CDR (now turned Generals) were busy accumulating cattles, women, and war loots as well as engaging in numerous dodgy deals (including selling of ammunition and weapons to civilians).

2. Part-time Commanders who used to frequent hotels in Addis Abba, Nairobi etc (now turned politicians) affectionately addressed comrades, were also engaged in swindling of movement’s resources and other donations from friendly countries and business people.

Government of South Sudan

President Kiir did not disappoint us at all, even though, without any party room consultations, he formed a government that is marked for death and indeed, reflective of institutionalised culture of corruption and nepotism.

All his comrades were swiftly awarded senior positions to fast-track service delivery and developmental projects of the GOSS (Government of self service), and that is where the categorization of the people and the downfall of the mighty SPLM started.

When all their names appeared in the first government of South Sudan, we all heave a sigh of relieve, with this caliber of talent most assumed “a government of the people and for the people”.

That pride was short lived when South Sudan appear on the list of The 18 Most Corrupt Countries In The World.

SPLM vs. South Sudanese

The ascension of SPLM to power and its subsequent monopoly of the entire political and social landscape changed the mechanisms of peaceful co-existence between one people.

For the first time in the history of South Sudan, the immortalisation of one political party (SPLM) became the business of the government and the membership of SPLM the only sought-after ticket to employment, richness or security.

Confirmed vs. Unconfirmed

SPLA combatants were deliberately categorised as “confirmed” and “unconfirmed. All non-SPLA (including other armed groups) combatants were categorised as unconfirmed, others were absorbed and latter made redundant.

The so-called SPLA mainstream members were confirmed and retained their ranks or were even promoted to higher ranks.

Liberators vs. Liberated

All the South Sudanese who joined the movement (SPLM/A) for a reason or other were anointed as liberators, a title that allows them to embezzle, mock, rape, seize land and humiliate fellow citizen whom they claimed to have liberated.

This analogy created a massive schism in the whole society and completely destroyed any rapprochements between our peace-loving people.

Land grabbing

The practice of land acquisition through illegal and criminal means by the SPLM political elites angered and alienated many followers and reduced the indomitable SPLM political elites reputation to mere real estate brokers. Massive lands were grabbed in other parts of South Sudan a well.

Nepotism and tribalism

SPLM is a party wrecked by division and personality cult, to survive you must demonstrate your loyalty and veneration to the leadership to attain senior positions.

Dinkarisation of government institutions is a policy of dominance perpetuated by Dinka political elites.

Elimination of opposition

SPLM policies reject and dislike all forms of opposition, suggestion to party ideologues are considered treason and punishable by death.

The word reform does not exist in the party’s ideologues deliberations. Any cries by the SPLM Politburo members are always intended for political manoeuvrings and always falls on deaf ears, there are no democrats in the SPLM.

Fabrication and lies

The SPLM political and military machine perfected the theories of fabrication and lies:–
The movement was established on lies.
The policies of the SPLM successive government were all lies.
Mr Kiir himself is a lie; only God knows why he’s always trying to conceal his tribal marks, maybe he’s considering claiming his “Bagarah” tribal heritage.

Lam Akol connection

I’ve known Dr. Akol through acquaintances; he is a man of wisdom and conspiracies. Dr. Akhol is a divider and instigator by nature; he perfected the art of conspiracy theories and positioned himself as a “victim of circumstances”.

He initiated 1991 revolution and instigated the so-called Dinka massacre of Bor to finish off his political competitor Dr. Machar.

Now, he and his entourage are busy to eliminate his last political hurdle, Mr. Amum and General Oyai.

The only person, who could read his grand political conspiracies and treacherous activities, is Dr. John Garang who is now gone. God have mercy on us.

Deng Gatluak Riam – Australia

Kiir’s constitution as cause of this armed violence

BY: DENG G. BUL, Australia, FEB/11/2014, SSN;

I am not only saddened by this deadly armed violence but also feel ashamed. Having signed the transitional constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, the president stood in front of huge masses of people from all tribes holding the sacred book on both hands, kissed it and declared “Let all the citizens of this new nation be equal before the law and have equal access to opportunities and equal responsibilities to serve the motherland.”

Also in the same speech, he added “we have been bombed, maimed, enslaved and treated worse than a refugee in our own country.” A little over two years later, we are being bombed, maimed enslaved and treated even worse than a refugee in our country.

Sadly though, the enemies we face today are our two big brothers-the ever impatient Dr. Riek Machar and the cold minded but intolerant Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit.

Confusingly, the world has found itself yet again grappling with what it means seeing South Sudanese mercilessly killing themselves. Yet these same people had fought relentlessly against what they perceived as injustice committed against them by their other brothers in the far north.

I am not only saddened by this deadly armed violence but also feel ashamed and cannot walk with my head high even though my president once gladly said, now let’s walk without any fear. Shame has bent my neck, sir, and I walk in fear of shame.

So what went wrong in our young but impoverished nation? There are numerous reasons that plunged the country into chaos. However, grievances revolve mostly around the constitution.

The president has failed to honour the sacred book he once fell in love with. Our president is either making a mockery of the constitution or has disregarded it as the other paper- little piece of a dark-red book.

First, let me begin by reminding ourselves that our cry had always been lack of freedom. Lack of freedom from the Arabs’ islamization, arabisation, marginalisation, corruption (including nepotism), dictatorship, but haven’t we ended up practicising what we actually campaigned against?

We have in a real sense, become a monarch society, the worse governing system still exists in the 21ST CENTURY.

A country governs by autocratic decrees, not by a consensus. In other words we are the real enemy to ourselves. This is how.

Removal of elected state governors- Eng. Chol Tong and Gen. Taban Deng:

There is no doubt president Kiir is constitutionally allowed to remove elected state governor/s in circumstances of insecurity threatening national security and territorial integrity, article (101) (r).

The law prescribes it and should be accepted as such whether you agree with this provision or not, your acceptance of the law does not right the constitution; it instead confirms the existence of such law.

Article (101) (s) on the other hand authorizes the president to appoint a state care-taker governor who shall prepare for elections within sixty days of the occurrence.

However in an apparent setback to state citizens’ right, the president has intentionally refused to allow South Sudanese to exercise their constitutional right to vote for the next governor of their choice.

This is not only a clear violation of the constitution, but a message to those states citizens that the president views them not smart enough to choose a governor.

In more defining words, the president is regarding those state citizens as mere occupiers of the land, not forces to reckon with. Well, I do not think that I can be smarter than my boss, but if I appear to be, why not giving her my due respect?

People are his boss but President Kiir presents himself the genius, no matter what the constitution says he knows better. So why listening to the poor guys any way?

My question is, if the two governors were sacked just because of insecurity in their respective states, wouldn’t also be wise to remove former Jonglei state governor Mr. Kuol Manyang Juuk?

Was Jonglei a stable state during Kuol tenure? Whatever arguments the president or his supporters have in support of their boss’ decision only reinforce the rampage deficit of truth exist within the president’s quarter.

Appointing MPs instead of people electing them:
If I am right, then we may be the only country on earth where MPs are appointed by the president.

Article (56) (a) states that members of National Legislative Assembly (NLA) shall be elected through universal adult suffrage in free and fair elections and by secret ballot.

However to be fair to the president of the republic of South Sudan, his Excellency Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, I must first admit that appointing MPs was inevitable in some cases.

For example, those MPs who were made redundant and could no longer remain in the north after independence were constitutionally allowed to be politically accommodated.

However, feeling the devastating defeat at the aftermath of the parliament declining to confirm Mr. Telar Ring Takping Deng as justice minister, Gen. Kiir resorted to intimidating tactic telling the parliament that he would dissolve the house and let them roam the streets of Juba.

Seeing the threat and the little hope of making a living outside the government, the SPLM MPs mockingly clapped for the president and so the speaker and his two deputies were elected.

These appointment were illegal because article (69) (1) states that NLA shall elect a speaker and two deputies among members at the first sitting.

That to me was a desperate move by a politically squeezed president trying to claim authority through whatever means he could think of.

Having addicted to autocratic decrees and in a sense of victory over his opponents, the president made yet another illegal appointment replacing Joseph Nguen Monytuel with Nyuon Janguan as MPs for Mayom County.

Article (63) (2) requires the position be filled through a by-election organised by the National Election Commissions within sixty days following the occurrence of the vacancy.

In all these appointments, president Kiir, in a humiliating move, is telling his fellow South Sudanese that you either shut up or put up. Thus people’s right became the president’s right.

So does article (45) (3), every citizen shall enjoy all the rights guaranteed by this constitution” still holds? Was it a genuine declaration any way?

I will defer the answer to two gentlemen Mr Michael Makuei and Mr. Telar Ring to advise us on this matter.

Treason charges on the accused coup plotters Vs Defence of the constitution:
Article (4) (2) explicitly states, any person or group of persons who attempt (s) to over throw the constitutional government or suspends or abrogate this constitution commits treason.

Abrogate means to abolish by formal or official means; annul by authoritative act or to put aside. Now let’s think together then ask ourselves, did the president respect the constitution in all his actions or has he put it aside?

In my observation, he gradually became addicted to decrees, confusing the party for a country and seems to belief that he deserves the presidency as a natural result of his past contribution.

The president through his decrees has distorted the constitution, put it aside then acted as though he owns it? So he does commit treason, doesn’t he?

Precisely I blamed Kiir’s constitution as the cause of this armed violence.

Now that I have walked you through the above few paragraphs, I hope I have not only reminded you about what caused this armed struggle but have also informed those who had not been able to understand the nature of the conflict.

Everyone is aware that vast majority of our people rely heavily on third parties as means of acquainting themselves with what is going on in the country.

Some are being misinformed whereas others are being told not to listen to the news. That is wrong our people deserve no less; they must be correctly informed about what the South Sudanese Joshua is doing. This may be a crime in Juba; but I disagree, so read on.

Unsurprisingly, our Joshua has fallen short of the glory we accorded to him when he ascended to power back in 2005.

Essentially, it was an emotional comparison exaggeration of the man, for Joshua respected the laws of his Jews’ God.

In contrast our Joshua gets irritated by the mention of law near him, possibly because the anthropologist turned legal advisor is advising him not to bother himself with it.

It will be a great advantage for the president to pause and look back because this is no time to indulge in anger, while the country is going down the drain.

These are times for a uniting leadership, not times for reminding one’s political adversaries about what they had done in the past; for who would argue that we had been saints during the liberation war?

Didn’t commander Kiir and his comrades give orders to carry our horrendous crimes during the liberation war?

So the president’s self glorifying testimony of “have never betrayed my people” wasn’t only unhelpful but divisive by any standard.

The notion that somehow one evil is better than other should be discouraged. Gen. Kiir is no better than Dr. Riek; they are two devils that deserve hell.

What our young nation needs is apolitical type of leadership, one that condemns defamation while encourages trust building. END

Looking At Ourselves The Way We Know Not!

Let us be sober:To: The People of South Sudan
To: The Leaders whom we expect to meet soon

From: Edward Abyei Lino, (Prominent SPLM-er) FEB/07/2014, SSN;

QUOTE: ‘To stage a “military coup” has it’s own prerequisites, which, if not met then there would be no “coup”, which could be mutiny. Let us examine the composition of the SPLA to find out whether it was ever composed of one united entity and adhered to one doctrine.’

My dear, can we be sober! All the premeditated misdeeds we inflicted on ourselves were the very things which we had been visualizing throughout our scramble on power without any direction to guide our dreams and imaginations as to how we could build an engulfing future. And thus we missed the road to build our country!

We refused to see and take the right things people take normally to go forward. Most of us believed that our people were heading to the ‘valley of annihilation and death’ and we refused to see, heed and know how we should take life to continue living in a harmonious way.

Unto the dot, it seemed our clock had stuck and refused to move forward when that killing machine started to pound innocent lives! With clotted hands, whom can those wrongdoers greet or serve with honesty?

Honestly, some of us lost their intellect and went astray to do impossible horrors, believing to have sealed off themselves untraceable in the underground in secret caves, in this modern world of transparency.

Within a month over twenty thousands killed and over a million displaced, not knowing that we kept the whole world with open mouths, astonished by our brutality. Oh, no! We forgot to cover our dirtiest linen.

Please, position ourselves around ourselves and look attentively at the center of the events, which took and take place around us. Find and describe to ourselves as to how we relate to those events, depending on which low or high we stand.

And carefully measure the distance between us and those specific problems facing us, while imagining and visualizing the time and space we covered that close to those problems, which pushed us to commit those mistakes.

Did we really understand and experience the lessons we might have gained from all the events from which we now cover our faces whenever we attempt to talk? Now, why cover our faces!

I want to say truth cannot be given in secrecy, because truth, as a universal fact has to be given with clarity. Indeed, truth cannot be hidden nor is there a person left who can disseminate it from behind, unless it is kept deep in the satanic soul of an insane self-conceited person who lost route to Heavenly forgiveness.

Our universe gets squeezed, because we take catastrophes from personal prospective. Specially and most painfully, when one attempts to seek pardon from a poor widow, a child and those we lost forever crossing the Nile rowing, escaping to safety!

Today when we look at ourselves within our communities, which were exposed to maddening inhuman experiences only yesterday, we would deeply wonder at the nightmare which befell the nation and almost turned us into nation-less beasts.

We may break down, twist and bend expressing our sorrow, but to no avail. Oh! What a misfortune. Yes, quite many, many horrifying crimes were committed at daytime more than what happens throughout our nights.

In a flash, I rushed to Liberia and revisited how Samuel Doe was butchered and asked, why do it that way! I went to Sierra Leone and witnessed how Sierra Leoneans butchered themselves in the streets of Freetown, because of power!

I flew to Cote de Ivore to see how a President ended his democratic reign through greed and arrogance, driven naked out of the palace hands cuffed, for being the real robber!

I turned to Burundi and found how people there butchered themselves before that killing plague was exported to Rwanda! I stopped for a long time in Rwanda by heaps and heaps of speaking human skulls in Kigali, to learn about what genocide means and lessons drawn so that humanity should not forget.

Straight, I went to Hitler, to Cambodia, to Saddam, to Bokassa, to Idi Amin, to Mobutu, to Kony, to Ghaddafi, to Ali Saleh, to the Taliban and others to learn about what went wrong with us fighting ourselves over power.

Did we forget the millions who offered themselves for us to be free? I wish their skeletons could rise and speak to us, as to why we should be free people!

Looking at ourselves the way we like, we need to address ourselves in an objective way and measure the distance between problems and us! We need to know how to relate to the real issues around.

Look for instance: after about eight years of self-rule and independence why should pit-holes increase in Juba main market! Why should pipes not increase commensurate to the rapid growth of Juba and other cities! Why should electricity go blind for years! When shall our schools stand to educate our children!

Not a few people look at the experiences we went through in the last few years with admiration. There are disappointments, but we condone them because of fear and escape to hide in foreign lands. We need to review those major impediments.

After our independence lack of these projects should be the real problem for which we should hold the government accountable by the throat from top to bottom.

It is a weak debasing tendency to handle things halfway when we intend to free ourselves from trouble, see and take them as they appear in the liking of a narrator who does not know how to keep experiences, depending on what benefit to gain or loose emanating from personal prospective.

But some of us fear objectivity, in spite of the fact that subjectivity might kill a greedy person. The objective, are the people who can hold the torch and lead through right passages in the dark.

Imaginations, which emanate from lack of experience dominates our thinking to do things that cannot save our restless souls. That is why there are no intellectuals around to follow our national issues to their logical conclusions.

Why deny ourselves to give up our rights! Why forfeit our destiny to ignorance! Where are the intellectuals! What are they doing, bending submissively in the dark? Poor imagination seems to be a chronic disease. If we pay no attention to that, it could suffocate and fry us in that open pit of shame!

Many mistakes have been done which might lead us to more fighting and deepen our disunity and disintegrate! Precisely, this is the time for our intellectuals with living conscience to rise and lead the people. Let us rise above personal gains.

We need to examine our realities with broad open minds. Sensitive mishaps by nature happen discreetly like dreaming and grow wild in the process.

But when we sense or see things cracking around us, some self-proclaimed infallible individuals from among us would turn and rush to stick blames and curses on others, whom they believe to be blind, dump and stupid not to have seen or even participated in what happened.

“I am right, because I am here holding a loaded gun”, so do they claim! At the pick of that ruthlessness, those who considered themselves to be ‘lucky’ are those who ‘benefited’ through the barrel of those newly acquired guns, without knowing that they were closely observed and followed by the people they scared with the very guns, which were bought with public funds.

That was the reason why looting took place at random. Why should those who committed crimes forget that they were being watched at close range with contempt!

What is happening now is that, those on the top of events do not know, feel or sense to have committed any crime on the very people they left drowning in the swamps, while the wretched in the bottom are thinking hard about how to apprehend wrongdoers and have them taken to justice, which has become an international affair.

Let no one be irritated because we, the concerned individuals, through our misdeeds to our own people were the people who attracted the inquisitive eyes of justice!

Please, let us admit our mistakes. Have them corrected in a transparent process. Eradicate the trauma and reconcile. Our people must reconcile in a genuine manner.

I encountered a teenager a few months before that Juba massacre, who appeared to belong to one of the newly ‘privileged classes’ driving an elegant leather seated 2012 V8 Balloon. I heard him asking some of his colleagues about the availability of a 2013 Model to change his ‘outdated’ wind-dropped Balloon.

And there were other strange tails related to that story, as he was fuming with contempt against another guy from a presumed rivaling community who contested him and won the Balloon he chose, in a Mafia way.

To that fellow what happened was so disturbing! The news and literature he ran about this and that tribe or nationality were not forthcoming and quite alarming.

When our Archbishop spoke in Nyakoron Hall in the evening of the 14th December 2013, followed by Bishop Paride on 15th evening, they both raised concern about the dangerous stage people were passing through and both of them appealed to the President before all to take some practical steps to ease the tension.

Following that candid appeal, the President rose and went to kiss the holy ring of Archbishop Lukudu, followed a day later by shooting all over Juba and elsewhere!

Let me state that some well placed individuals did prepare to exterminate others, because of the ‘disturbing’ tribal appearances, perhaps, under the belief that, the other tribe should not exist unless under the domination of that bigger tribe!

But really, why should big tribes be protected anyway? Some people decided to hate others for no convincing reasons. There could be some unknown hidden facts with regards to this matter.

Facts if exposed would definitely withdraw the carpet from the feet of those who are fighting their people. The right time has started to draw near and nearer for every bit of shameful fact to be exposed.

As a newborn nation, we refused to follow the fact that we were being seriously observed and our deeds and misdeeds are well recorded; to which all our crimes, deeds, styles, hand prints and pictures have been added without our knowledge or consent taken. That was so, because we refuse to grow and learn from our mistakes and experiences. Come on let us be sober!

Indeed, quite many mishaps have been made from day one, since the formation of our interim government. Our friends came with sincerity admiring, to see how we could be assisted. But we received them very coldly when we turned down their advice about the involvement of notorious individuals, ‘prophets of corruption’, whom we decided to entrust with the formation of our first interim government!

We mishandled the formation and the building of the SPLM, the SPLA and security organs, as well as other organized forces. We dismantled them intentionally.

We mishandled our major developmental projects: water in Juba, electricity, sewage, airport, hospital and roads. We failed to constitute our civil service according to merits and have it modernized. We blindly failed to open schools and that is why we send our kids on scholarships to kindergartens in foreign countries!

We failed to build roads to Yambio, Wau, Aweil, Raga, Malakal, Renk, Nasir, Rumbak, Bentiu, Pibor, Torit, Kapoeta, Kenya, Ethiopia, Yei, DR Congo and CAR and failed to erect a single bridge on the Nile.

We failed to implement those projects, which could have absorbed thousands and thousands of our poor people in spite of the fact that we lavishly spent over seventeen Billion Dollars in the past eight years since 2005!

We failed to attract investors, and today we remorselessly admit to have misspent over two Billion Dollars on a single commodity called ‘corn’ or Dura! People hear about loans coming, but let people be told where did money go? Seventy-five dignitaries were declared to be corrupt, but were not taken to court!

Now I stand to believe, all the chaos and financial havoc, which took place in South Sudan, Juba in particular being the capital, could be one of the reasons, which has contributed to the current fighting between beneficiaries underground.

Some of us have messed up a great deal to the point of starting to believe that they own South Sudan, because of their being from this or that tribe! Stories that come from across the oceans tend to confirm that.

And that could be one of the reasons why some of those people embarked ruthlessly on destroying whatever local including human beings! They started to open fire with arrogance in Juba, the heart of South Sudan and Central Equatoria State, of whom many citizens were looted and killed in crossfire with intended recklessness, and in other areas far from their original homes undeterred by ethics, because they seem to believe to own everything, land and people!

So, how should people narrate the atrocities, which took place in Yei, Meridi or Mundri to other people! Should people deny that they never happened! Who shall compensate all the losses, which our people incurred in those forgotten areas!

No, no, no, as a leadership, we have committed gross mistakes. If it were me I would publicly apologize and resign, since I failed to keep my people united and started to loot, groom and arm one ethnicity against the other!

No, my dear no! South Sudan belongs to no one, but to all South Sudanese. South Sudan belongs to no single ethnicity but to all the ethnicities of South Sudan.

South Sudan belongs to no single leader, but to the collective leadership of the people of South Sudan. Fragile and backward as it is, the country can disintegrate before us as we see it happen!

Individuals do commit mistakes. Let us admit and see how to correct them. If I hate Riek, why hate the Nuer! If I hate Salva, why hate the Dinka or any other nationality in the world not even in South Sudan!

There are mistakes, which could be pardoned. But there are others, which cannot be forgiven or even forgotten when intended to endanger the very foundation on which a people, and not an ethnicity, had collectively agreed to erect their nation; won through hard and long legendary war of liberation in which they lost over three million people!

No, no, we need to stand up great, as we were, to continue the struggle. We need to leave behind us something meaningful for the coming generations. Let us rise and shoulder the challenge of palliating our pains and wounds to build our nation.

Today, we collectively need to do things that shall save our newborn nation. Let us not get drawn in tears or socked in sorrow. Let our South Sudan be born again. Let our country rise above whims of that person who wants to consume us raw then die poorer than any poor South Sudanese, whom some of us believe to have killed, but left unburied!

Our story is crystal clear and that, we have to develop a federal democratic republic where our people shall be free to adore and develop in peace.

Now we all know what happened. No lie shall cover the truth. All the mistakes that forced us across those hot waters were caused by some few individuals whom we now know and why they did that in different, but united way of which some are even agents to foreign dictators.

We also need to know what to do to correct the mistakes we inflicted on ourselves in the first place. And the most fatal of all our diseases is the disease of submissiveness to rulers, the way we were subjected to dominators!

That is one of the leftovers of Khartoum who take us for ‘insects’. We need to unite and rise against any soul that shall attempt to dominate us after our independence. Hei! Let us be sober.

To stage a “military coup” has it’s own prerequisites, which, if not met then there would be no “coup”, which could be mutiny. Let us examine the composition of the SPLA to find out whether it was ever composed of one united entity and adhere to one doctrine.

No, no, SPLA has never been a robust united force since we started to incorporate militia into it in appalling numbers. Each formation taken was not fully absorbed, in reality. But was left to wonder in uniform commanded by their previous untrained jihadist officers.

Each soldier was almost free to take whoever to choose to be commander! And in that process we lost the essence of command and control and therefore no discipline. Armies are nothing without discipline!

In reality, there was nothing called “SPLA”! Basically SPLA existed, but it was divided and shredded into tribal formations adhering to individual commanders, based on localized tribal understanding. That is why our Commander-in-Chief had to resort to his tribe to form his group!

Indeed, SPLA had one uniform, but belonging to different commands inside that uniform. Therefore, since they do not adhere to one command, how would they stage a coup! There are several command posts scattered in Juba. But in essence they are all “defensive” in their formations.

None of them had an “offensive” capability except one! In fact, that alleged coup was not there and those who briefed the President should change the language and call “a spade a spade”. I know it is not easy to do that. But how can people accept to take a “spade” for a “forklift”! In such a situation, let’s get trained to call things by their scientific names.

There was no coup and what happened was a very unfortunate killing chaos!

Militarism, which is currently being inculcated by militia and their equals into the minds and hearts of our civil population, needs to be curbed with a strong sense of urgency once things get settled. Militarism started to rise with an alarming passé into the psychology of the common person in South Sudan. We need to confront that with vigor.

During the war, to confront the SPLA, those Khartoum dominating governments constituted almost over fifty varying militia groups to fight that war by proxy, since 1983. That had negative impact on the lives of the common person in South Sudan until now!

That sort of jihadist militarism based on barbarism led to maximum self-disrespect: looting un-abetted, raping un-restricted, killing un-accounted for, as well as, not knowing the cause one was fighting for. It was a life constituted on the barrel of the gun, through which militias acquire life-sustaining incomes.

So far in the Sudan, since 1955 up to now not a single Sudanese soldier has ever been taken before justice for war crimes committed, except for the SPLA freedom fighters, of whom some were executed for crimes like rape, committed during the liberation. Accountability of the military and dealing with militarism should be taken very seriously!

Before President Museveni “smartly” expressed his support in confidence to this and to that side in our conflict, no sober person ever knew that he was going to be involved body and soul to one side in an internal conflict among brothers in South Sudan.

But he dashed in a barbaric way. His helicopters killed people randomly in a local conflict in which they understand nothing. Beside petro-Dollars, which had kept him running desperately after Ghaddafi, what pushed him into the swamps of South Sudan is yet to be discovered.

Now Museveni is there, while al-Bashier is desperately waiting to rape us. Lack of a formidable force to defend South Sudan has become evident, since SPLA has scattered to more than a direction and many of our fighters who fought the war of liberation deserted.

This is no more a secret. That situation needs to be attended to, beside the other organized forces. Yuweri is required to stop killing in South Sudan. Let him use whatever hair left under his creamy hat to fly out his gunships. Let his personal involvement not generate bad relations between our peoples. We need our people to live in peace and harmony.

We made a lot of mistakes in our recent past, which made some of us to grow wild in the process of usurping the power of the people for their own good. As a people, we were explicitly told that we should not be led into war again.

And that was the reason why we pulled out our advancing forces from Pan-Thou and almost offered the whole of Abyei Area for free after having abandoned its oil to Omer al-Bashier. Our rich Hofrat-Nahas remains a big challenge and we do not know when to have it incorporated.

But to the surprise of our people some myopic individuals were bogged down preparing for internal war, without knowing how long it shall take and from where to fund it! They simply usurped our public funds to finance that war.

But, to raise such legitimate concerns these days would definitely amount to unforgivable sin. The sin of knowing, understanding and exposing an open secret in which guns and bombs were fired in public, but no!

Let us say it, because it is a legitimate right of a freedom fighter, to say the truth when things go wrong, at any cost. On that steep twisted road we were pushed hard by unstudied individualistic notions. But now, let us correct our mistakes. We need to stand up free and do the very things free people do to be free.

In this regard, let us revisit the vision of SPLM, which we inherited soberly from Dr. John Garang de Mabior, we, all the legitimate heirs of our peoples’ struggle. A vision long watered by the pure blood of our martyrs, built over impossible years of our struggle.

A vision that confronted tribalism and I would re-call our Leader addressing the people of Bor in un-mince-able terms over Radio SPLA, when some started to behave in a dominating way.

He told them, if you do not change your attitude, he was prepared to unite all the tribes of Southern Sudan against them.

The Movement, the SPLM/SPLA, belongs not to one tribe, but to all the Sudanese people on equal basis. And he meant his words!

A vision that transcends over the boundaries of religious divides, tribalism, sectarianism, sectionalism, gender-ism and all the ‘isms’ that tend to place others below others.

A vision drawn to transfer our towns to the villages! A sound vision that should have used our oil to develop our agriculture and other human potentials!

In short, a vision irrigated with the blood of our most beloved mothers and children. A vision that kept us all united and led us to freedom.

Let us revisit our vision! Let us not over-lament for the loss of Bor, Bentiu, Malakal, towns and villages put under fire by us.

Hellish fires which we premeditated to light in our hearts against ourselves in the first place. Let us weep not. All that happened when we refused to be wise. So, let us be wise!

In those anticipated talks, South Sudan should emerge strong and hopeful. A new republic has to be born. We must unite and build our country on the firm basis of democracy, justice and peace.

I strongly believe we can make it as we did in the recent past. We need to revisit our interim Constitution.

Critically, let us examine our civil service. We have to sit down properly and come up with viable formulae for building a new formidable army, police and security institutions. We need to examine our justice institutions.

We must confront corruption. We need to direct our social institutions. We need to handle how developmental projects should be implemented equitably.

Oil can be a killing grace and as such, we need to revisit its extraction and disposal process on an equitable viable basis.

We need good education. We need to be gender sensitive. We need to come out against all the negative aspects of tribalism. We need to teach our citizens to understand the Constitution. We need our civil societies to flourish in our hearts.

We desperately need to attract investors. We need to structure our economy. We need to open our minds and hands for people of good will to come and assist us.

All the above and even more are what we expect to come up in our envisaged meetings, as a people yearning for what shall save us as individuals and together as a nation, in which people shall always pray genuinely for stability and peace…

Please, take my candid words seriously with sincerity…

Top them with my love to you all in spite of what happened!!!

Writer email address, Nairobi, Kenya

The South Sudan Crisis: Pres. Kiir & Dr. Machar the Cause

BY: Abraham Deng Lueth, B.S, MPA, USA, FEB/07/2014, SSN;

Many of my friends and colleagues have been contacting me about my position that the reformists are not linked by any evidence to Riek Machar’s rebellion and they asked me how I came to such a conclusion. Several other questions have been asked. Let me try to answer them in this narrative.

Who told me they are not linked: all the information that is out there in the public does not indicate any link to the rebellion. There is a link to the reforming of the party as presented on December 6. If anyone has any evidence linking them with Riek’s rebellion and not the numerous assumption drawn (something substantial), please, share.

Why Mobilization of the white army in big numbers in a short time: The white army was already organized and things such as the killings of Nuer people in Juba and the political tension in the country could have been mobilizing factors. YES, I think that Dr. Riek might had established contact and had asked the white army to stay ready for any action or to take part in his rebellion which came after the facts of the “alleged coup” in Juba.

Who gave the reformists the name? Well, on December 6, they were talking about reforms. In the prison, they have told the world that they are not part of Dr. Riek’s rebellion and they have denounced violence and even went further to urge the signing of the cessation of hostilities agreement and not to use their case as a reason to delay a ceasefire.

What are/were the reformists reforming? It is not the government but the SPLM party processes. The documents of the SPLM have not been transformed since 1994 and some of the processes need reform to make the rules of the game fair for everyone vying for the leadership of the party. This conflict was caused by the SPLM chairman’s dictatorial tendencies aimed at blocking key challengers and securing the post at all costs (including the loss of innocent lives as we have witnessed in Juba, Bor, Akobo, Bentiu and Malakal). The issue here is not about the reformists backgrounds.

Those in the government share the same backgrounds as the reformists. Therefore, this notion of presenting the reformists as bad guys is baseless. The issue is that within the SPLM party, some called for reforms and others did not like those reforms. The two sides needed to sit down as one party; debate the issues and vote to allow democratic way of doing things to decide the fate of those reforms.

Let South Sudanese not be fooled; both Kiir and Riek were preparing themselves and were doing parallel planning. If you closely look at President Kiir actions from recruiting and training of tigers (private army), to reducing of Dr. Riek’s powers, to firing of the whole cabinet, to dissolution of the PB and establishment of military relationship with Uganda, you cannot doubt that something was going on.

On the other hand, Riek was planning as well. He established a network of forces within the army as we have witnessed during this crisis. He clearly was planning something that will involve military conflict. This was his one-man’s plan that only his close aides might have known about. This is where Gatdet, James Koang and the other military commanders in Malakal come in and his close aides like Taban and the likes.

His second plan which he gave priority seems to have been political ally. That is where he sided with the other politicians who were detained on the agenda of reforming the party electoral processes. Nyandeeng and Pagan were also candidates as we know; so, the argument that the group was supporting Dr. Riek on December 6 is baseless.

The three candidates and the rest of the SPLM members who were pro-reforms within the party (not government) agreed that they will need to use nonviolent ways to push for party reforms. Is this wrong? That is when the December 6 conference was born. The rally idea was in the air but under condition that if the Chairman of the party does not listen to their call for dialogues. Kiir refused all that.

What we have seen, given the evidence known to the public so far, is the preemptive action by President Kiir to strike first (disarmament of the Nuer members of the presidential guards, rushing to the T.V to call the incident among the guards a coup attempt, killing of Nuers in Juba and accusing Dr. Riek and everybody else who was calling for reforms within the party) before Dr. Riek strikes. Note: I am convinced that if Kiir did not initiate the disarmament, there would have been no violence on December 15 and hopefully, now.
Dr. Riek, even though I am convinced that he had a plan, still had some political leverage to use by December 15 and who knows, may be his plan would have not ripen, had the right processes been followed or if it ripe, it would not have drawn significant support from the Nuer community, resulting in less effects compared to what we have seen.

Kiir had two options regarding the reform call; to do what he did or to open up for dialogues and solve the problems through peaceful means. He refused and instigated the violence. The killings of Nuer people in Juba made things worse and honestly, speaking; it became the strongest recruiting factor for Dr. Riek. Most killings in other areas were retaliatory killings even though they outnumbered the Juba killings; they were done with a retaliatory spirits by the Nuers. I condemn all killings by any side and more must be done to avoid future re-occurrence.

Dr. Riek followed the same route by activating his forces and rebelling against the government of President, Salva Kiir. He made wrong calls; stepping down of president Kiir and the likes. He, too, had options; take refuge somewhere and denounce violence or rebel and don’t attack and only defend himself when attacked; leave the civilians out of the conflict and call for talks to end the conflict. However, his rebellion came after the facts of the “alleged coup.” Moreover, whether provoked or not, it is not acceptable. The two leaders are the ones who have caused our country so many pains. Each of them knew what he was secretly doing. The thing is, none of them is saint and they all have the bloods of innocent people in their hands.

The reformists get their names from their platform; it is simply, English. What is clear, my fellow citizens, many of us know the truth but we simply refuse to admit it and that causes me to question our seriousness to build a nation together.

I say that both kiir and Riek are wrong and should be urged to end this violence immediately. The notion of cheering up the government and only condemning Riek is a very irresponsible position and history will judge that. This rebellion has involved, both, Riek and Nuer community in a unique way that needs a great caution to address it, even though it is denied.

What clearly is not the case is Kiir supporters are not mainly Dinkas but this is because people say, Kiir is an elected leader which is true but being an elected leader does not give the leader a ticket to act irresponsibly to cause harm to his or her citizens. Supporting him does not mean he cannot be told the truth. I support him because he is an elected leader. I would never want an elected leader removed the way Riek Machar is trying to go about. An elected leader can be removed through the act of an impeachment by the people’s government (in our case, the parliament). If kiir was a president in the West, he would have been impeached long time ago. However, I still tell President Kiir that he is wrong and that he caused the violence and he needs to do more to stop it.

A good solution that is in the nation best interest is the one that ends the conflict through nonviolent way and does it immediately so that the social fabric of the country is rebuilt back quickly. There is no military solution by either side. Delaying of a solution only polarizes and widens the effects of the conflict. If Kiir and Riek have a case or political boxing contest, they should do it another time and not this time to save our nation from a serious cleavage. This is what has been my concern.

Many tragedies have happened and all of us are touched by them in a unique ways. However, we don’t want that to be the order of things in South Sudan and particularly, in Upper Nile, all the times from now on.

Abraham Deng Lueth, B.S, MPA,
Community Support Specialist/Mental Health Technician
Truman Medical Centers
Behavioral Health Emergency Department
1000 East 24th Street
Kansas City, MO 64108
Work Phone: 816 404 3828
Cell Phone: 816 550 8985
Work mail:
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Where the Upcoming Peace Negotiations will be Won or Lost in South Sudan

BY: Tongun Lo Loyuong, GERMANY, FEB/06/2014, SSN;

Many reports have surfaced in the past days that suggest that the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD)—the regional agency mediating the peace process seeking to resolve the internal armed violence in South Sudan is fishing, among other things, for agenda to guide the second phase of the peace talks.

The process has been re-scheduled to kick off on February 10th, 2014, three days behind the initial schedule slotted for February 7th, 2014. But then again this is Africa.

Welcome to African local times! With that what follows is where the upcoming peace negotiations will be won or lost in South Sudan.

Plethora of burning issues can guide the political dialogue as presented in the previous article easily found in my blog (

This can be corroborated with other similar entries by numerous other analysts, without the need to fish in deep shore. All it takes is a mouse click away. Google and read, without Wikipedia as much as possible!

Chief among some of the consensus issues that have been highlighted and that can guide the agenda for the second phase of the peace talks is the need for a holistic and inclusive process.

A holistic and inclusive process that facilitates local representation of as many South Sudanese but also as many other regional and international conflict stakeholders as possible is the key to sustainability of any outcome of the peace talks.

It is common knowledge, however, that the idea of working with numerous conflict stakeholders is particularly unpleasant and challenging, and hence often subtly resisted by most state-actors tasked with mediating peace processes.

The mediation process that led to the signing of the comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) in 2005 is a glaring example of resistance to common sense and logic.

The CPA negotiation process shows how too many loud voices of key conflict stakeholder repeatedly appealed for inclusion in the process, but equally repeatedly and ultimately ignored, if only a Darfurian can testify.

The Troika guarantors of the peace process and IGAD, which was spearheading the mediation process as well as the dyad parties to the conflict, the National Congress Party (NCP)/National Islamic Front (NIF) and the Sudan People Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), all conspired to deny other grievance groups, political parties, civil society actors, traditional leaders and elders and women and youth a place at the negotiation table.

The Church was the only actor who played some role in the CPA negotiation process. But even then it was only allotted a marginal behind the scene role in the early stages of the process, such as in negotiating the release of prisoners of war (POW).

The Church was again called upon during the people-to-people peace and reconciliation process (P2P), from mid-90s to early 2000s.
The Church’s efforts ultimately managed to superficially reconcile the ethnically fragmented Southern house at the grassroots, but which paved the way for the reunion of SPLM/A, and its breakaway factions, and which bolstered South Sudanese position as a united formidable front at the roundtable.

The inclusion of the core provision of self-determination clause in the CPA was a direct outcome of the reconciling efforts and contribution of the Church.

But after that was accomplished with the signing of the Machakos Protocol in 2002, the Church too was quickly elbowed out of the way.

In brief, peace negotiators, particularly those provided by States tend to be lazy in identifying and inviting key conflict stakeholders to the negotiation table.

Often as Timothy D. Sisk has discovered in one of his articles entitled “Summary,” of a volume in a peace work journal, the mediators’ tendency to obscure facts in conflicts is a deliberate act.

Their biggest fear is that “extensive information searches during negotiation may reveal incompatibilities of interest that serve to escalate rather than resolve the conflict.”

The intention may be justified, but now look where such an eschewed peace process has led us?!

In a piece entitled, “The Many Dimensions of Catholic Peace-building,” Professor Scott Appleby, the Director of Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies defines peace-building, including peace negotiations as essentially processes and activities aimed at “building relationships at every level of society dedicated to non-violent transformation of conflict, the pursuit of social justice and the creation of cultures of sustainable peace.”

Elsewhere, in an article entitled “Strategic Peace-building: An Overview,” Appleby and his colleague, the renowned peace scholar and practitioner, John Paul Lederach, further argued that: “At its core, peace-building nurtures constructive human relationships. To be relevant, it must do so strategically, at every level of society and across the potentially polarizing lines of ethnicity, class, religion, and race.”

Another prominent peace scholar and practitioner, Peter Wallensteen also a colleague of Appleby and Lederach at the University of Notre Dame, goes further and stresses that, “peace-building in this case entails the reforming of state structures, and also bringing together factions that have been fighting for a long time. Issues of war crimes, reconciliation, as well as economic reconstruction are high on the agenda.”

Their views are particularly relevant to South Sudan’s current political violent trying times.

At the moment IGAD Secretariat is reportedly engaged in shuttle diplomacy and consultations with key conflict stakeholders to identify and agree on “framework, structure and organization of the second round of the negotiations.”

National healing and reconciliation, which is critical has been identified as key to the political dialogue, which is laudable.

But time will tell how far the IGAD mediators can go, who they are going to invite to the negotiation table and whether they have learned a lesson or two from the previous conflict exacerbating CPA peace process.

That noted the immediate background against which the IGAD fellows should premise their assumptions is the political power struggle at the SPLM party level that ultimately plunged South Sudan into deadly armed violence and has now become a national problem.

What that premise should look like is the topic of part two this sequel of articles. Stay tuned!

Tongun Lo Loyuong is a freelance policy analyst from South Sudan. He holds two Master’s Degrees with honors and academic excellence from the United States. The last of his two MAs is in International Peace Studies and Policy Analysis for Political Change, from the University of Notre Dame – Indiana. His research interest is in South Sudan’s governance and peace and conflict issues. He is reachable at”; and

Puppet Gov. Lobong betrays Ma’di on Dinka land occupation


As our nation is still mourning for the loss of lives in Juba, Bor, Bentiu and Malakal, and deadlocked in Addis Ababa to bring a lasting solution to our nation, in Nimule, Eastern Equatoria state, Governor Louis Lobong seemed to have no sympathy for our people who’ve perished in this meaningless war between Kiir and Riek.

The past two weeks have been tough in Nimule because the number of new influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has nearly reached 20,000 and the nearby village of Mugali just located 14 km away from Nimule was rocked with more than 2500 heads of cattle.

The new influx, who arrived to Mugali from Bor came with their animals, this new group nearly set the local people, who are farmers, into stiff opposition as the IPDs who are escaping the fighting in Bor came with their AK 47s guns and others carried with them heavy machine guns and even their women are also armed up to the teeth.

Thus one asks how come they do not stay in their land and defend their land with these lethal equipments of death they brought with them into the Madiland? Obviously, their government must have issued them with these weapons of terror.

Is it no wonder then that the tribes that have achieved peaceful way of life like the Madi now find themselves flooded by gun toting and aggressively wild people that are the authors of current loss of lives?

So after all, Paradise is where the so-called cowards tribe lives, which is now at risk of being turned into hell by these militarized tribal deserters as our hopeless puppet governor cares less!

However, this time the Ma’di people have decided not to grant any place even on humanitarian grounds to these aggressors, because the Ma’di previous hospitality to host the IDPs from Bor had been abused.

On top of the resultant loss of land and also being insulted by the IDPs and the visiting interior Minister Gen. Aleu Ayieng Aleu in November 2013, who supposedly is seen as a national figure, we the Ma’di people correctly think that he, Mr Aleu, has sided with his Dinka people.

By declaring that “there are no IDPs in south Sudan, you can’t be an IDP in your own country,” this is irresponsible statement coming from such a figure like the interior minister, is a mocking contradiction when today even their very government in Juba in which Aleu Ayieng Aleu is part of, is talking about IDPs taking shelter in UN compounds across the country.

So, if finally the government has recognized that there are IDPs in South Sudan, why does this not applied everywhere in the country except when it comes to the Ma’diland?

Is he implying the Ma’diland has now become a Dinka land, thus Dinka tribe people can not be called IDPs in Madiland?

This cynical perception by the government must seriously worry every South Sudanese including the Dinkas themselves.

The previous occupation by illegal IDPs is seen as cause for the natives of Nimule to remain in Adjumani refugee camps eight years after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

Clearly, the current government both at national and state levels have turned their deaf ears to solve the problem of IDPs in Nimule.

Majority of previous IDPs are arrogant, aggressive, and violent and many of them are armed even though they are no part of regular state security organs, the government fell short of disarming and indeed rather arming them.

In Nimule after weeks of consultation with state authority in Torit, nothing has been achieved though governor Lobong promised to relocate the current Dinka Bor who fled the latest violence and have sought refuge in Nimule.

What Lobong promised was that he would resettle these people in open places for their cattle in other parts of Torit county and others to be resettled in Kapoeta.

Both governor Lobong and the IDPs did not honor their commitments as part of agreement reached between them and Ma’di community in Nimule and Mugali.

Some of the IDPs who crossed to Dzaipi, Adjumani district in Uganda are abusing the system there and are very dishonest with their refugee status granted to them by their host nation in accordance to the Geneva Convention.

They the IDPs are registering in the camps and then coming back to grab land in Nimule.

This makes things difficult in Nimule as the prices of food stuff in the market have gone up since there is no regulatory set up to control overcharging by local traders.

And for Governor Louis and his disgraced unrecognized Nimule Town clerk, who is his brother-in-law, David Eriga, they are taking the advantage of the war to sneak in their unpopular implementation plan of Nimule Town council in the midst of the unrest in the country.

Instead of finding settlement for the IDPs who are now still crowded in Nimule school premises, this will make it hard to maintain sanitation issue that will breed into outbreaks of cholera and other hygienic related diseases.

On 28 January 2014, David Eriga, the disgraced town clerk brought in some surveyors to demarcate Nimule trading areas.

But when the landlords with some business owners asked the so-called surveyors to tell them who they were, they said they were sent by David Eriga to demarcate the area.

Seemingly, it was unclear for whom the surveyed land was going to be given. And who is sponsoring the demarcation program in Nimule?

Inevitably, fighting broke out between the traders, some of them were Dinka IDPs who previously settled in Nimule.

But this time even the Dinka denounced the authority of Eriga by saying if the Ma’di disregarded him (Eriga) and have refused the implementation of NTC, then don’t force it on them.

When the surveyors heard this they ran to the disgraced David Eriga, he Eriga decided to go with a handful of police as he and his boss the governor always do, as they are known for using state security to harass civilians as this is how the government in the new nation functions.

When David Eriga arrived at the vicinity he found the business land owners were all there, both Ma’di and Dinka, but instead of using formal approach as someone of his type may like to use, he instead resorted into force.

But this time the land owners stood their ground and Eriga escaped with some ‘good’ injuries and the policemen had to run for their dear lives too.

And shortly the traders in the town demonstrated with a strike by closing down their shops for three hours, this is a clear sign that Eriga is unwelcomed clerk in town he claims to be responsible in administering.

My dear countrymen and women, our own government is a curse to us, this is not time to demarcate land, issue of land grabbing is one of the problems that our country needs to address.

In Nimule I don’t know whether the high government officials in Juba know what is happening; in November during his visit to Nimule vice President Wani Igga and gov. Louis Lobong have all promised that the issue of Nimule needs free and fair referendum.

But unfortunately today the same governor Lobong who proposed the referendum is the first highest man in the state with authority in his hands abusing and robbing his electors from their ancestral land.

Lobong may have enriched himself with our state wealth, and has more than 60,000 herds of cattle, but for the poor people in Nimule all what they have is a small piece of their ancestral land.

Taking this away from them means they have no life and their children cannot survive anymore.

Governor and his police officer, Major Angelo, are terrorizing local people and have lawlessly indulged teimselves and have kept the Ma’di community leaders for more than four months in detention.

Sadly, most of these men have become paralyzed, today 11 of them have been released from Kobar prison in Torit but they suffered great deal of abuse, torture that have let three of them to become paralyzed, they cannot hold pens and they depend on members of their families to feed them.

And one is still held without charge in army barracks in Torit and had been assaulted while in prison, he was beaten badly and needed urgent medical attention, this fellow Lino Azza Marli, a two star army officer in SPLA.

But based on his ethnic origin of being Ma’di he is seen as less important that is why even though he was falsely accused, justice has been denied for his release.

It is time for heartless politicians the likes of governor Lobong should be told what is right without hesitation, it is time to claim back our nation from the hands of undemocratic politicians, Republic of south Sudan is and will be better off without politicians who came to offices without vision.

My brothers and sisters south Sudan is not north Korea whereby the whole country is made to live in terror of fears and decisions are taken for them by one man.

We can’t in Eastern Equatoria accept Governor Louis Lobong the puppet of Kiir and the undergraduate student governor to decide for us and lead us into kingdom of dark world; we have the best and highly learnt people in EES.

Governor Lobong since the day he took office more than two years ago did nothing than applying security apparatus in the state to abuse and silence the people who advocate for better lives for all.

Lobong, like president Kiir, has nothing to show for his years in office other than use of security apparatus against his people. Not a single inter-tribal conflict has been solved by this inept governor. Lobong has been a good for nothing governor and utterly useless!

To David Eriga, you are disaster, and curse to our ma’di community; you’re running a parallel administration, which has not been recognized by your people, the Madi.

You should recall that during the meeting with 11 clans of Nimule, they the owners of the land rejected your appointment and you were given ultimatum of two days to go back to Torit.

Now it seems, your boss Lobong is taking the advantage of what is happening in our country, thinking people are afraid or asleep.

My friend, we are watching you very carefully, please don’t follow the foot steps of Bilal and Jerome, these individuals have no reverence for our ancestral spirits which shall hound them and their children’s for what they did against our lands.

What about you? Please put the needs of your people first, because you can’t be what you are without your people. Know that what you are doing today shall not be forgiven, not today, not tomorrow! As for Lobing, down with him.

Inclusion, since the exodus of cattle was denied entrance & safe haven in Mugali, yesterday 3rd February they were spotted by the local people at Kerepi, a village situated approximately 46 km away from Nimule.

This is something that needs urgent attention from both Juba and Torit, both Kiir and Lobong should work hard to spare bloodshed in Ma’diland, as we are farmers we can’t afford to settle with cattle and their uncivilized owners.

Therefore, we are calling for urgent implementation of temporary settlement plan to take the Dinka to Torit or Kapoeta counties until calm returned to their homeland Bor.

We call all the Ma’di MPs both in Juba and Torit to table this issue of cows roaming and destroying crops of people in the Parliaments.

If this noble call is neglected by the authorities we the youth of Ma’di will take the matter into our hands and begin to murder the cows as they destroy our very livelihood.


David Kanyara Aju

Eastern Equatoria State, south Sudan.

Salva Kiir dug his own grave & it’s our mutual duty to bury him

BY: Chol Awek Wek, JUBA, FEB/05/2014, SSN;

It has been a nasty and fretting Christmas and New Year ever for the young and fragile nation to taste following the well planned genocide against Nuer civilians on 15/12/2103 in Juba by Kiir and his associates.

The incident came after a failed plan to disarmed Nuer soldiers deployed as Presidential guards at Jabel barracks in Juba and later fabricated and manipulated by Kiir to implicate his political rivals calling it a coup attempted.

Others view this as tit for tat method used by Kiir’s associates to eliminate Nuer tribes in revenge of 1991 Bor incident which Salva Kiir has got no business about it.

Others believed this as work of disgruntled politicians who are vying for positions and took advantages of this as political survival under regime of Kiir.

Not forgetting other regional allies sucked in as Museveni and Kenyatta who played deadly hard ball in this game by contributing financially and logistically in support of dictatorial regime led by Kiir to favour the way for their personal interest/benefit in South Sudan but not the regional interest as Museveni claimed for.

The conflict was designed purposely to assassinated Dr Machar as a person and as well as his kinsmen by Kiir masterminded by Museveni to block any democratic change in the region.

The move couldn’t surprise anyone as the matter of fact that, dictator Museveni turns to be the black horse in East Africa and prosecutor at the same time eliminating any good fruitful leader with the heart of uniting Africa and introducing the rule of law and democratic system.

Unfortunately, the conflict didn’t go as per their expectation and couldn’t distinguish the targets instead implicating the incumbent president as the proverb said, “what goes up also comes down.”

With that fact, Kiir and his associates have narrowed their minds to Dr Machar tribes as the only obstacle to their business which they lastly realized when it’s too late for them to refrain from.

It’s a surprise to every human being to believe that the massacre was masterminded by Museveni because of his personal gain and implemented by Kuol Manyang Juuk, the defence minister who is not fresh from school, but well aware of the past and the consequences of this war which will absolutely be put upon the incumbent.

According to UN report on South Sudan conflict, over 7500 innocent civilians were murdered in cool blood under the leadership of Dictator Salva Kiir Mayardit in Juba and 289 cases of sexual abuses/rapes mostly in government controlled areas excluding rebel controlled areas.

Other independent reports indicated that, Ugandan soldiers hired by Salva Kiir to committed these atrocities were singled out to be the most culprits in many government controlled areas especially in big towns such as Malakal, Bor and Bentiu where hundreds of thousand innocent Nuer sought refuge in UNMISS camps

With all these crimes exerted by social corruption committed by Salva Kiir regime in Juba, the matter seems to have sent clear signal to the whole nation as well as international community to pay good attention and record right from day one to the last day and hold those with the conspiracies in this mess responsible including Kuol Manyang and Information Minister Makuei Lueth who happened to be the driving wheel in Kiir cabinets.

Although Kiir as a person may insist by fabricating the matter calling it a coup attempt not knowing that he has dug his own grave and others folks waiting with wide smile as it is their mutual duty to bury him.

South Sudan is bigger than individual interest, hence the culprits will regret and wish if they were to predict the future (fools think that way) and refrain from first.

The author is concern South Sudanese living in Capital Juba and can be reaching through his

Madam Rebecca Nyandeeng Chol: A rebel supporter, a misunderstood reformist or a jealous former power-base?

BY: Kuir ë Garang (Author, Poet), CANADA, FEB/04/2014, SSN;

South Sudan is a tribalized and politicized society; something we should always see with critical ambivalence. Many people are politically aware and that makes it easy for the wrongs leaders do to be pointed out with ease.

In other words, political awareness is a positive development. However, when uncritical minds combine cheap politics with unexamined tribal and mythical sense of reality, then we should all be worried.

Since the incident of December 15, 2013, which led to senseless massacres of innocent civilians in South Sudan, many causal theories, accusations and counter-accusations have been floated around.

Some of these theories are mindlessly ridiculous, others merely questionable and others purely extra-terrestrial and unimaginable.

However, this tragedy has also brought out the best and the worst out of some politicians and leaders in South Sudan. Among the leaders slammed by many analysts, bloggers and social media bashers are South Sudan’s minister of information, Michael Makuei Lueth and the wife of South Sudan’s former president, Rebecca Nyandeeng Chol.

Nyandeeng has been severally criticized, libelled and even threatened with death and arrest. A certain ridiculous Kenya writer, Mbijiwe Mwenda, called for Nyandeeng to emulate Mama Ngina, the wife of Kenya’s first president.

This ridiculous and naïve writer doesn’t know that behavioural disposition should be considered when it comes to how one perceives political involvements and the stakes within a nation.

Every Kamau and Onyango; John and Becky, have become star analysts in regard to South Sudanese politics.

The question one has to ask oneself is why so much hate for Madam Rebecca Nyandeeng Chol? Is Nyandeeng a rebel supporter, a jealous former power-player or a misunderstood political reformist? Let’s analyse this.

Frustrated and Jealous?
There’s no doubt Dr. John Garang de Mabior was a giant of Sudanese and South Sudanese politics. He’d been actively and prominently involved from the late 1970s until his death in 2005.

For all we know, the family of Garang has been the centre of South Sudanese politics for over twenty years. They were untouchable and their name commanded both respect and fear.

However, after the death of Dr. John, the power changed hands. It’s not clear to us what Garang’s family thought would happen after Garang’s death, however, the centre of decision-making and the power-base, naturally speaking, became a different reality.

The family found itself distant or even distanced from the decision-making. President Salva Kiir, who was very close to Garang’s family during the years of struggle, became a man of his own. He chartered a course different from Garang’s, his predecessor.

Nyandeeng and the family realized that the importance they enjoyed in the past was fading or has faded. They were respected as the family of a great liberation hero and that was it.

The power centre had shifted; a reality anyone in their place would find difficult to deal with.

But one has to ask one self. With the current events and the way Garang’s family has been very critical of Kiir’s administration, one has to ask whether this is just a question of jealousy or national duty.

As we’ve heard from a number of Nyandeeng’s interviews, there’s an element of frustration with Kiir and his admiration.

But what does Garang’s family want Kiir to do for them to be happy with his administration? Is it good jobs in the government or political influence?

Or is it, as Mabior Garang loves to say, something to do with Garang’s Vision? But who put Mabior and Nyandeeng as the custodians of Garang’s vision? Has Garang’s Vision been reduced from a national ideology to a family affair?

The Garangs need to come clear of this!

It’s natural for Garang’s family to feel a tint of jealousy given the fact that they’ve gone from absolute importance to slightly important or somehow irrelevant.

However, the family has to be very clear on what they want or they’d just be seen as simply jealous given the fact that they now have no political influence in South Sudan except something for the history books.

National ideologies change all the time. If Kiir wants to change his political legacy through a different ideological ground, then that’s nobody’s business.

And if the Garangs want to challenge Kiir as political opponents, something generally acceptable in any democratic set-up, then they have to be very conscientious in pursuit of that goal.

Rebels Supporter
We’ve heard the interviews Nyandeeng has done. You’ll agree with me that the interviews are damaging to the government whether or not what she says is true. Without doubt, she’d put the government on spot and the government has a lot to answer for in terms of the current tragedy in South Sudan.

What many people need to know from Nyandeeng is her position when it comes to the current rebellion. She’s been very much critical of the government so much so that her position regarding the current rebellion has been lost in the there-was-a-coup-there-was-no-coup claim.

We’ve never heard Nyandeeng coming out publicly to condemn the rebellion that has led to the deaths of many innocent civilians. We can all applaud her for voicing out the slaughter of innocent Nuer civilians in Juba, however, Nyandeeng hasn’t actually played the ‘joker’ role she said she’d play.

She turned down the request by Riek Machar to represent the ‘SPLM/A in opposition’ but is that enough a dissociation with the rebels?

However, one wonders how Nyandeeng can play a joker role when she’s very critical of the government? A joker would have pointed out the mistakes and atrocities committed by both sides.

How do you call yourself a ‘joker’ when the only person you’re critical of is Kiir?

There’s no doubt Riek Machar was intentionally forced to flee, however, that doesn’t mean he had to form a rebellion.

Kiir has, with no doubt, lost any iota of credibility in the public eye; not even mentioning the international community.

Like it or not, Riek Machar was on the right path until he announced that he was leading a rebellion.

Nyandeeng therefore needs to separate her solidarity with Riek when it comes to political reforms prior to December 15, and her solidarity in the face of the current rebellion!

Any conscientious or mindless South Sudanese would assume anything but we need to hear it explicitly from Nyandeeng.

Does Nyandeeng support the rebellion? If not, then what’s her position regarding the rebellion?

Nyandeeng, as the joker she says she is, has not called a press conference in Juba or anywhere in East Africa, to express condolences to all the bereft, condemn violence on both sides and spearhead an independent path to peace in South Sudan.

Why can’t Nyandeeng show the way to peace by inspiring young women, girls and women leaders in South Sudan to inculcate the culture of peace in the young ones?

I know Nyandeeng’s heart is in the right place; however, the methods she’s adopted are very counter-productive.

Yes, standing up for people not from one’s own tribe is not only risky but rare in South Sudan. This is a credit to Nyandeeng!

However, giving interviews in foreign media and talking without first taking a pause to see what is worth saying and what’s not worth saying isn’t wise.

These interviews are only raising her political profile. They are doing absolutely nothing to help the suffering South Sudanese and the volatile political atmosphere in South Sudan.

I’d assume Nyandeeng doesn’t support the rebellion. Like her victimized colleagues, she only needed political reforms within the SPLM.

However, in politics, one has to be very clear or else any interpretation of one’s words can be detrimental to one’s political ambition and aspirations of the people.

A Misunderstood Political Reformist?
Uncle Elijah Malok Aleng wrote in his book, “The Southern Sudan: Struggle for liberty,” that he had to support Abel Alier instead of Joseph Lagu purely because they were not only Jieeng, but also from the same District, the then Bor District.

Lagu was Aleng’s colleague in Anyanya I liberation struggle and it would have made a lot of sense, in nontribalized societies, had he supported Joseph Lagu instead of Abel Alier.

Aleng’s argument was that had he supported Lagu instead of Alier, he’d have had no political future in the then Bor District (which by then housed the tribes of Bor, Twi, Nyarweng and Hol).

Such tribe-inspired political affiliation is the culture in South Sudan and it’s the same lens used to judge politicians.

For the Jieeng people, Nyandeeng should have acted like Uncle Aleng; to disavow any association with Riek Machar whatsoever.

Many people, except for the myopic, tribal linear thinkers, supported calls for political reforms within the SPLM. However, a number of people turned away from this line of thought when the December 15, 2013 mutiny ended up being a rebellion that’s now led to the senseless death of innocent civilians.

Like many politicians in South Sudan, Nyandeeng has a knack for speaking without first thinking about how any political utterance would be perceived.

Nyandeeng is accused; especially by some Jieeng people in Jongeli that her interview, immediately the shootout started in Juba, caused the destruction we’ve seen in Unity, Upper Nile and Jongeli states.

That’s a mindless claim! She spoke out about the slaughter of innocent Nuer civilians; something we now know is true.

While I agree Nyandeeng should have been very careful regarding how she passes her messages, it’s mindless to think that she’s a rebel supporter or that she brought about the death that befell the residence of Jonglei state capital and especially the residents of Bor Country.

At the end of January, Rebecca Nyandeeng Chol had an interview with a Kenyan news site, Kenya Today, and many people were quick to misconstrue what she said.

When she talked of the dichotomy between Ugandan troops and South Sudanese troops (which included both the government forces and rebel forces) by using the phrase ‘our forces,’ it was assumed by a good number of people that she meant rebel forces as ‘our forces.’

Anything Nyandeeng utters is assumed to be aimed at supporting Riek Machar in his rebellion. However, people seem not to see any difference between what happened prior and on December 15, 2013 and the current rebellion led by Riek Machar.

The saddest thing in South Sudan is that truth is only important if it benefits ‘us’ whoever the ‘us’ are. And you’re only a hero/heroine if you say what benefits ‘us’.

As much as some of the things Nyandeeng utters need to be checked and analysed to verify the truth and facts in them, we need to acknowledge that too much focus on ‘truth only by our standard’ is our main problem.

I criticize President Kiir and Kiir’s tribal supporters are up in arms. I criticize Telar Ring Deng and some people from Lakes state are up in arms. I criticize Riek Machar and some Nuer are up in arms saying ‘here is anything Jaang.’ I criticize Kuol Manyang and Makuei Lueth and some Bor people are up in arms.

I criticise Rebecca Nyandeeng and her son, Mabior Garang, but Twi people can’t do anything because I’m Twi myself. This is our reality and we are all guilty of it so let’s remember that when we criticize Madam Nyandeeng.

How many people in South Sudan would write to criticize people from their own tribes? The number is close to none. The Us-vs-Them divide prevents South Sudanese from being objective.

Nyandeeng has been, like Makuei Lueth and President Kiir, very careless in what she says and how she says it. This is with no doubt the culture of our uncultured politicians.

They all talk anyhow without first thinking about the would-be consequences of their utterances.

In essence, Nyandeeng has achieved what she wanted to do: present president Kiir as corrupt, hard-headed and incompetent.

However, she’s done poorly in terms of what her political position and utterances mean to the dead, the suffering civilians and the future of South Sudan.

Nyandeeng has allowed herself to be misunderstood. It’s now up to her to position herself as the mother of all and comfort the suffering masses in South Sudan; Nuer and Jieeng alike.

She should come and lead an independent humanitarian effort in South Sudan. She’s demonizing President Kiir and his government for good or bad. This is also the same thing Riek and the rebels are saying.

It’s therefore difficult not to be misunderstood in such instances. Nyandeeng needs to play the role of a mother as she claims!

Kuir ë Garang (Author, Poet)

Are South Sudanese Politicians really patriotic?

BY: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Makerere Univ. Kampala, FEB/04/2014, SSN;

It has never been a surprise to me. I expected such thing to happen since 2011 after the Independence based on the nature of our politics, which is much concerned with wealth and power than the well-being of the citizens our politicians represent.

Most of our politicians are much concerned with wealth and power more than improving ordinary citizens’ lives. This has been exposed by the recent attempted coup which was executed by its plotters blindly and as a result many citizens of South Sudan lost their lives.

The attempted coup revealed the true colours of Riek and his group. “Dr” Riek and his group were and are still very much concerned with power than observing what was on the ground. Any wise person would have not planned coup in such a fragile situation like that was prevailing in Juba.

In Juba the situation by then was very dangerous. There is a volcano-like situation that was going to erupt at any time if there was any slight trigger, which found its way through weakness of Riek.

The episode confirmed the reservation I have about Riek’s leadership. Riek is not a true patriot, neither is he a good leader and I do not think whether he will ever make a good leader because he does not reason before taking an action.

Such leaders who believe in taking power by force were good in history but not relevant for South Sudan now.

As I have stated that Riek is not a wise leader, if he were a wise leader, he would have assessed the conditions on the ground to assess the feasibility of his plan before planning and executing such deadly plan.

Now, thousands of people are dead, thousand more displaced while the country divided along tribal lines. Whom is he going to lead is the question of the day.

The action of Riek and his group has raised more questions in my mind than answers. One such question is whether Riek a patriotic leader who love South Sudan or does Riek loves South Sudan because he benefits from South Sudan?

Moreover, the most important question among those questions and which is the subject of this article is that has been disturbing since the occurrence of attempted coup on 15 December 2013 is about South Sudanese politicians in general and the question is: are South Sudanese politicians really patriotic? This article is an attempt to answer such a question.

In order to answer the above question, the starting point of this discussion is to explain what is meant by words “patriotic” and “patriotism” respectively, in order to make clear the subject matter of this article.

To make clear the subject matter of this article I have to emphasize that the subject matter of this article is whether South Sudanese politicians love South Sudan as a country or they love it because they are benefiting from it materially.

In brief, most of the South Sudanese politicians do not love South Sudan because it is their country but they love it simply they want to gain from it. Such materially motivated love makes them behave like mercenaries within the country, misappropriating resources according to their desire.

Most of our politicians are not patriotic enough. Being patriotic as I have stated above to be the subject matter of this article comes from patriotism which means “love for one country.”

In other words, patriotism is the special attachment one has for his or her homeland or a country, a person shows unconditional love towards his country.

Unconditional love for one’s country implies that a person loves the country not because he or she is working in or with the government but he or she naturally loves the country and is ready to make personally sacrifices for it. The country becomes holy land for one; a sacred land which one treasures above all.

This brings me to the most important point of differentiating patriotism from nationalism. Patriotism means loving one’s country, which does not end with the love of the country per se but it involves loving citizens of the country, defending the image of the country, work in the best interest of the nation, leaving a positive legacy behind for the country like what Nyerere of Tanzania and Mandela of South Africa had done and living moral lives.

Living morally means avoiding corruption and all its manifestations and instead being ambassador in wherever one finds himself.

While patriotism is the love of the country one has towards his or her country as explained above, nationalism means strong feeling towards one’s country.

Although both terms have one thing in common since both involve sacrifices for homeland or the country, but they differ in a way that patriotism has something to do with love, which is permanent and a part and parcel of a person while nationalism involves only feeling, which can dissipate easily when there is a serious temptation affecting the personal life in relation to the country. In most cases, our politicians show nationalism towards the country not patriotism.

South Sudan has been calling such politicians in its long history. In history of South Sudan most of the politicians that did not have the true love for South Sudan did not see the Promised Land.

Hence, South Sudan is likely to call those politicians who do not love the country. Some of the politicians like Riek Machar and others in South Sudan do not have any patriotism towards the country but instead causing death of all the citizens will be asked by the land of South Sudan for their betrayal.

They are behaving like mercenaries acting on behalf of occupier. They do not love the country but they only want to benefit from South Sudan, putting a burden on citizenry in general.

Their mission as the attempted coup exposed is only to get as much wealth as possible and if they do not get enough they have to climb to the top of the government and if denied because it is not yet their turn then they must use force to achieve such brutish dream at the expenses of South Sudanese citizens. That is very unpatriotic of them!

Riek Machar, for instance, only believes that his destiny is power and he sees himself a less citizen unless he becomes the president of the Republic of South Sudan.

If such unbridled dream is allowed to be realized by a person like Riek, how many politicians in will use force to become presidents, vice presidents or ministers in South Sudan?

Many, if not all; many of the politicians will struggle to ensure that they become like Riek Machar and the question such uncouth behaviour a raise here again is: are South Sudanese politicians really patriotic?

Of course not all of them. From the explanation of the difference between patriotism and nationalism as given above, it very clear that not most of the politicians in South Sudan have the spirit of patriotism but they only have the spirit of nationalism in the absence of patriotism. This is explained by the recent attempted coup of 2013.

The attempted coup by Dr. Riek Machar and his group to me is the summary of the behaviour of the majority of the South Sudanese politicians. Their true colours came out from the coup.

It is very clear now that some of our politicians love the government and the country as long as they are in the government but as soon as they are relieved of their duties although it was due to their faults they will start fighting against the government that they used to praise.

Since the attempted coup occurred, I have never been comfortable with politicians in the country and I began to suspect and doubt all of them as to what extent do they love South Sudan and this brings another question which is: Do we love South Sudan because we are in the government or is it because it is our country which many people gave up their lives for?

Most of our politicians as I have been repeating it in this article love the country not because they love it but because they are benefiting from it.

This is a behaviour rooted in history of South Sudan and it was one of the major causes of the corruption in the former government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) immediately after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and which has set bad precedent in our governance system.

Immediately after the signing of peace agreement that was followed by the formation of the regional government in South Sudan the politicians became like crocodiles corrupting the country while crying at the same time about corruption. Hypocrisy! Who are you betraying with kiss?

Due to unpatriotic nature of some of those politicians who were in the government then and some of them are still there now, the government of Southern Sudan was not able to control corruption due to fear that if those corrupt politicians are apprehended and brought to books, they would defect to northern Sudan, hence, destroying the referendum that was going to be conducted.

As a result, the aspirations of the people were held hostage by the unscrupulous politicians and millions of dollars were paid as ransom to hijackers through the unchecked corruption.

The corruption increased at a terrible speed and South Sudan became a self-help nation.

The politicians became corrupt to the extent that they lost African morality of fearing dead or anything associated to them. For instance, million of dollars were almost coffin out of the country under the theme of the dead person carrying in a coffin.

This was a highest degree of corruption that no any nation in the world has ever done.

Symbolically, South Sudan was dead and was carried in a coffin to Uganda and Kenya. It was killed by the politicians who love the country not because it is their country but because they benefit out of it.

After burying South Sudanese moral integrity in a coffin due to greed and social blindness, the politicians forgot why South Sudanese fought such a long bitter war.

Corrupt politicians took advantage of the situation and became so bold that they could silence any person who talked about corruption.

If I can remember well, there was a standoff when the plot of stealing money was discovered because the mastermind of the plot was not happy when money was stopped from crossing the border to the neighboring countries in a coffin.

One funny thing was that army who fought the war for independence of South Sudan was forgotten as those in charge of them began establishing themselves and their families. Many of those in charge began replacing the true soldiers with their relatives because there was no threat externally any longer and the army became a lucrative business.

The army became a source of income and those politicians who love the country because of the benefit they get from it began removing the real soldiers and replacing them with their own kinsmen and women.

The strength of the army was lost and the army as a profession became a usual business; a business that almost destroyed South Sudan two and a half years after the independence as was witnessed with the outbreak of coup on 15 December, 2013.

Despite such rampant corruption, the government was not able to do anything because of the fear that such politicians would defect to northern government and destroy the referendum if not allowed to feed on national resources uncontrollably. Such was a bad sign for the new nation.

As ordinary citizens complained of corruptions those hypocritical politicians that pioneered the government of South, and some of who are still in the government now and in prison were shedding crocodiles tears as they feasted on national resources.

Those politicians only preached very nice things how much they loved the country and how much they would like to build the nation yet their actions portrayed their true intentions towards the country. Their words became a poem of building a nation.

The intentions of these politicians as were portrayed by their actions were to personalize the national offices and used the national resources as much as possible for their own benefits and that of their families. Hammers were bought for their sons yet the ordinary citizens in rural areas were living below the poverty line.

Moreover, these kinds of politicians destroyed the country’s resources under the cover of loving the country. However, their inner motive was not to go unnoticed. As Jesus stated that what is done in darkness would be exposed in daylight, the same thing happened in South Sudan in 2013.

The superfluous love for the country by some artificial politicians in South Sudan has been exposed by the recent attempted coup which answered the question this article is trying to address which is: Are South Sudanese Politicians Really Patriotic? The answer as explained above is some are not.

Some politicians like those who planned coup and some who did not come out openly do not have the spirit for the love of the country.

They love the country as long as they are in the government while others do not show the love of the country unless they become presidents. Is that a true love?

The true is what is with the army of South Sudan. The armies of South Sudan except those who are intoxicated with tribal feelings love South Sudan unconditionally and they must be given credit for that.

For instance, the armies of South Sudan until the recent announcement from the president of increasing their salaries had been paid very little amount of money not because the government does not have enough money to increase their salaries but because their salaries were reduced by those who love the country because of material benefits.

Despite the fact that they were paid very little they are still able to defend the country as seen recently. The army has shown a greater love to South Sudan than any governmental department in South Sudan.

Instead of robbing the country like what many politicians do, they sacrificed everything they have including their lives for the country.

This is a true love that Jesus talks above in the Bible that no one can love his friends to the extent of laying his life for them. The army has shown a true love for sacrificing their lives for the benefit of South Sudanese and South Sudan.

South Sudanese must learn from the army of South Sudan who love the country unconditionally. I have been repeatedly mentioning the word “unconditionally” to emphasize the point I wanted to make that to love the country one does not need to be paid or have any some kind of benefits but instead there is a need for personal sacrifices to save the country. Love of the country is a natural love which is part of one’s right.

The right to belong to a country is enshrined in the international law, especially, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The right to belong to a country is an inherent right protected by law. This is the right individuals defend and it comes automatically as the natural love of the country.

Therefore, any person who loves the country because of some hidden motive will always meet with some fate. Most of our politicians who fought the war for the independence of South Sudan did not fight up to the end because they did not have a true love for South Sudan but were motivated by greed and strong feelings against Arabs.

As a result, such politicians did not fight up to the end because they did not know the reason why they were fighting for the liberation war or the independence of South Sudan.

No matter how much one can pretend to love the country, the pretence will be exposed with times when things become tough. This is what happened to Riek and his colleagues.

Dr Riek and his colleagues have been pretending that they love South Sudan, however, their actions were exposed, which meant that they did not actually love South Sudan because it is South Sudan but they loved South Sudan because Riek wanted to become president while others could become vice president and ministers. Is such a true love?

The writer is a student of Law in Makerere University School of Law and he can be reached through the following Contacts: +256783579256;

Western Diplomats need not only the evidence of an attempted coup but also the release of plotters

BY: Mabor M. Dhelbeny, JUBA, FEB/04/2014, SSN;

1. Introduction
The National Liberation Council (NLC), one of the SPLM‘s organs of legislature which its major task was to deliberate on the basic documents such as the manifest, code of conduct, rules and regulations including the constitution.

At this juncture, the NLC had scheduled it meetings from 9 December, 2013 but later adjourned up to 14 December for one reason or another. According to the constitution of the SPLM, the latter convenes its meetings first in order to set the agenda for the former.

It is suffice that the ruling party Sudan’s People Liberation Movement (SPLM) had all along been the guerrilla movement for some decades but wanted to transform itself and get registered as a political party in the newest country.

Christopher Zambakari confirmed (in Juba Monitor, Jan, 20, 2014 vol. 4 issue no. 10 at p.5) that “…such a transition will take time, given that the SPLM/A has existed as an opposition army for decades, the change nevertheless has to occur”.

For the last six years of 2008 convention, therefore the party is supposed to have held its next convention on May 2013 but to no avail. Analysts predicted that the failure of convention in its schedule time was due to power struggle within the ruling party.
This however, could have been the root causes of conflict that spread across the country which claimed thousands of lives and hundred thousand of people displaced according to UN estimates.

2. Facts of December 15, Incidence (coup)
After having heard the sad news of the PB dissolution as disseminated by the various media outlets during inauguration of the SPLM new house by the Chairman of the SPLM and President of the Republic Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, immediately tension sparked amongst the SPLM members of the dissolved structures, especially the PB members in which Dr. Riek was a member and the first deputy chairman of the SPLM who declared his intention to unseat his boss and to become the next SPLM flag-bearer candidate for the presidency come 2015 elections.

Surprisingly the dissolution of the SPLM dysfunctional organs however came after July 23rd 2013 reshuffled of the whole cabinet; sacked the VP and followed by the formation of lean government free from corruption that will be able to foster development; and to deliver services to the people of South Sudan. Such action ever taken by the President of the Republic was due to public demands and thus to restore confident.

The decision of the SPLM leader to dissolve political bureau and states’ secretariats had repeatedly come under strong criticism and thus received with mixed reactions by the public.

Of course in anger, there is no intelligence this aggravates the most senior members of the SPLM including ex SG Pagan Amuom to criticize the leadership’s decisions hence leading to his suspension.

The impulsiveness of the party chairman over the matter often worries his party members within the SPLM leadership. It might be what makes the group of the SPLM-in Opposition to think twice.

Perhaps Dr. Riek and his group got two plans, Plan “A”- and- Plan “B”. Plan “A” advocates for the SPLM reform and democratization but could hardly work as they called for the press on December 6th last year in order to highlight some differences including that the party has been hijacked, lost direction and vision.

Subsequently, the group also promises to hold a political rally on Saturday 14 Dec, but fades away as it collided with NLC meetings.
The group of the SPLM-in Opposition led by the 1st Vice Chairman and former V.P Dr. Riek Machar including Nyandeng Garang de Mabior and others held a press conference on the instant date in the SPLM premises where they have accused the president of ‘increasing dictatorial tendencies’, called him to promptly convene the political bureau meeting in order to set the agenda for the anticipated National Liberation Council and warned that failure to do so will lead ‘this country into chaos, disorder and abyss’.

After that, group of the SPLM-led government headed by the 2nd deputy chairman of the SPLM and VP H.E comrade James Wani Igga including former deputy Speaker of National Legislative Assembly Daniel Awet Akot held a counter-press conference on December 8th 2013.

In this conference, the latter group had considered the former group as the disgruntle politicians, corrupt and accused them of insulting President of the Republic.

Alas, insulting President or undermining authority by any person publicly or unlawfully, amounted to an offence which if committed and upon conviction shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, with fine or with both according to section 76 (b) of the Penal Code Act 2008.

Consequently, the group of the SPLM-in Opposition was held responsible by the group of the SPLM-led government due to their utterances such as ‘chaos, disorder and abyss’ threatening the integrity of the country.

Following the NLC meeting on Saturday 14 of December at Nyakuron Cultural Centre, the group of the SPLM-in Opposition turned up to participate with hope that there will be a reconciliatory dialogue as the church leaders were very concerned.

As a saying goes, “The teeth that laugh are those that bite”, and as such comrade Kiir the SPLM Chairman seems to have totally ignored the appeal made by the priests as entailed by the speech.

In his opening speech President Kiir has reminded the group with old bitter memories of 1991 in which he has been quoted as saying: “In the light of the recent development, some comrades have come out to challenge my executive decisions, I must warn you that this behavior is tantamount to indiscipline which will take us back to the days of the 1991 split”.

Of course this serious warning has prompted the group of the SPLM-in Opposition to boycott the 2nd day meeting on Sunday 15th December. Hence abandoning plan “A” which advocates for the SPLM reform and therefore resort back to plan “B” of military might as to ‘put the country into chaos, disorder and abyss’.

The question that poses itself is that did all the political detainees have knowledge about the second plan. If yes, then why they should not escape as did some of their colleagues.

This fact has been established by the sound of gun-shot from an Unknown Soldier around 6:30 p.m. at Nyakuron residential area, after the winding up of the NLC meeting and before the big fighting erupted in Military barrack attributed to have been the misunderstanding between the Republican guards of tiger battalion.

A lot of mutineers who planned at that Sunday night to overthrow an elected government have perished in the following morning before the government collapses. But till now as we speak the government did not.

On Monday the 16th December after heavy fighting in Juba city between forces loyal to Dr. Riek and government forces, President Kiir appeared clad in a full military uniform briefing the press in order to denounce the failure of attempted coup plotted by Dr. Riek and his group.

3. What is Evidence?
According to Black’s Law Dictionary (2007: 395) Evidence “means any species of proof legally presented at the trial of an issue, by the act of the parties and through the medium of witnesses, records, documents, concrete objects, and the like”.

As per the above-mentioned definition, the content of the group of the SPLM-in Opposition press release bears substantial evident or the truth which if submitted for investigation will either be proved or disproved.

The presumption of some words thereto which I have quoted including…’putting the country into chaos, disorder and abyss’ may remain as a significant fact, no matter how much small it may be until the contrary is proved.

Beware of this man’s politics. Dr. Riek’s words speak louder action of destruction rather than construction just like other prophets of spiritual gods on this earthly world. The live example is the 1991 split which caused a major setback of the SPLM/A movement.

The plotters of an attempted coup need to be seriously investigated of how their plans had plunged the country into abysmal state of devastation.

Section 4 of South Sudanese Evident Act, 2006 apparently defined “Evidence-as the means by which an alleged matter of fact, the truth of which is submitted for investigation, is proved or disproved; and without prejudice to the foregoing generality, includes statements by accused persons, admissions and observations by the court in its judicial capacity.”

Many statements of the accused plotters of coup deserved to be investigated and analyzed in reference to the above-mentioned legal definitions.

Hitherto, Dr. Peter Adwok in his series of articles he wrote on the website of admitted by disclosing that “the SPLM must be saved from itself lest it plunged the country into the abyss”.

The question that poses itself is whether or not the SPLM must be saved, by whom and how if the same elements are still wrangling for power?

Unfortunately, the country is now plunged into the abyss as Dr. Adwok prophesized. Is this not an evident?

Most of his articles I read ranged from the dates 17, 20 December 2013 and beyond after an aborted coup and soon after his released from the detention; he wrote another piece entitled, “The dynamics of the SPLM internal crisis,” published on the same website on the 9th January, 2014 in which he paraphrased “the style of Josef Goebbels that a lie repeated continuously become a truth.”

Any mutinies within the armed forces like that of tiger battalion in military barrack, south of Juba to destabilize the government is a mere evident of an attempted coup, leave alone that it has spread to some parts of the country.

You are in a weak defensive side, Dr. Adwok, instead praise the Lord your God that you are released without being investigated or charged with treason or an offence against the State in accordance with provisions of Art. 4 (2) of TCSS, 2011 and section 64 of Penal Code Act, 2008.

4. Conclusion
In the aftermath of the alleged failed coup, the Western diplomats instead to support the legitimate government by condemning it but rush to the inquiry of evident and demand the release of political detainees.

Such inquiry of evident or release of political detainees would not only impede the legal processes as investigations are underway but also undermine our supreme law of the land.

The Transitional constitution therefore symbolizes trust that must never and ever be betrayed or manipulated.

Will spirit and legacy of Dr. Garang guide all members of the SPLM in order to realize the vision, claimed to have been lost?

Indeed this has prompted me to quote what Dr. Lual A. Deng (2013:193) concluded as, “I nevertheless believe that the spirit of Dr. John will guide all of us in the SPLM/A to realize the vision of New Sudan and to protect his legacy as we have pledged to do it individually and collectively. History will judge us in fulfilling our commitment”, he added.

In case of any antagonism between South Sudan as a state and her citizens, there is always the guarantee that the Transitional Constitution, will act as an impartial judge to the warring parties.

Subsequently after the event of an attempted coup has been quelled, all South Sudanese citizens from various states have demonstrated in defense of the constitution as stipulated in Article 4(3) of the TCSS 2011.

Another disintegration of the SPLM-in Opposition, 2013 has been experienced again just like the SPLM-DC of 2009. What a curse?
Just only for power struggle which is tearing apart our beloved party.

So the embattled SPLM members need a serious reconciliation and national healings because their political discourse since March of last year would have not devastated the country had it been handled with proper care and management.

The author is a legal practitioner who lives in Juba. Email him at