Archive for: February 2014

After Juba Massacre, the declaration of serial killings

By: Bol K. Rom, RSS, FEB/16/2014, SSN;

A state of emergency is a governmental declaration that suspends certain normal functions of the executive, the legislative or any other rights of the people for a period of time. It orders all government agencies to implement emergency or President plans. State of emergency always declares by dictatorial regimes. It’s necessary in countries; but, not in a way it’s being applied by Dictators, as it is the case in Greater Upper Nile.

This state of serial killing or genocide, now ongoing in Greater Upper Nile, isn’t just a mere state of emergency as we hear from President Kiir and his likes.

However, there is a hidden objective behind that declaration. This objective is none other than ethnic cleansing. An ethnic cleansing in Greater Upper Nile, why?

Greater Upper Nile is a home region to most prominent political challengers—political rivals of Salva Kiir. These rivals are Dr. Riek Machar, Dr. Majak D’agot, Mr. Pa’gan Amum, Mr. Taban Deng, Ambassador Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, Mr. Gier Chuang Aloung, Mr. Oyai Deng Ajak, Mr. John Luk Jok…etc.

All these leaders hail from Greater Upper Nile. Annihilation of these mentioned personalities altogether may secondarily come into the mind of Serial Killing plotter—Salva Kiir Mayardit.

But, Kiir primary objective is to wipe out Dr. Riek Machar and his ethnic group, the second larger group in South Sudan at the first step.

He made it crystal clear in one of the meetings he attended in Warrap’s Akon district “We won’t enjoy for years the total freedom in an Independent Republic of South Sudan unless Riek Machar Nuer ethnic group is silenced in their behavioral search of seeking, leadership, freedom and justice for all.

The worse thing is that, Riek now wants to take your power. The power I have. Should I give it to him? “A cie be gam “his people replied back in Dinka, meaning in English power (leadership) will not be given to Riek.

Salva Kiir thinks if Nuer becomes controllable he would govern well for life without RIEK MACHAR’s ethnic group making resistance!

That was why Juba Massacre was ordered strictly against the Nuer. Juba Massacre, the ongoing killings in Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states are meant to silence the Nuer.

The SPLM’s Riek Machar group comprises of different political figures from different communities across South Sudan. Otherwise, all tribes including the Chollo, Bari, Dinka..Etc would have been targeted in Juba, Bor, Malakal and Bentiu. Without exception!

The state of present Genocide or emergency in Greater Upper Nile is declared for six months to complete the ambition. The ambition of having Nuer exterminated! Though, in a later date, a six months state of emergency in Greater Upper Nile was publicly announced in the month of January, on state-owned SSTV.

It was beforehand circulated to Dootku Beny forces—Kiir forces field commanders in Central Equatoria and Greater Upper Nile. It’s only a period of three months which was given, to complete Benydit’s aspiration.

“Come March the 30th, this year, I don’t want to see anyone from his (Riek) group be it a child, women, elderly or whatever”. A source close to inner circle disclosed it to the writer.

Systematically, indiscriminate killing is ongoing especially in Unity and Upper Nile states, carried out by joint foreign troops turned– government of South Sudan forces with such order in mind.

These joint operations being carried out by Kiir’s soldiers—his private army, UPDF, SPLM/A-N from Southern Kordufan and Blue Nile and JEM from Darfur. So these joint Operations are executing the order which was first issued in Juba on 15th Dec, 2013.

Col. Philip Aguer, SPLA spokesperson in his reply, when asked late last month by Journalists in Juba; over the allegations that Nuer people are being targeted by the SPLA in Greater Upper Nile.

He said and I quote “ Nuer people aren’t being targeted, and if they are, an overall responsibility could be blame on two Governors, Army Generals who are in charge of operations there.

Because, all the SPLA/SSLA Commanders currently in the field in Greater Upper Nile are Nuer, he lamented. In Upper Nile state you can find Gov. Simon Kun Puoch, Lt. Gen. Johnson Gony Bilieu, Maj. Gen. Lual Chuol and Brig. Gen. Buay Rolnyang all these are Nuer Generals now commanding the SPLA forces in Malakal.

Concerning Unity state, Dr. Nguen Monytuil is a Governor, Lt. Gen. Bapiny Monytuil, Maj. Matthew Pul Jang are the ones running the state right now” end quote.

I just cannot understand Philip’s statement. Did he mean Nuer Generals and soldiers are the one carrying out these immense killings in Malakal as well as in Bentiu?

If he means it this way, then what is a different between a government and those SPLA’s Nuer elements within? Tangible answers to these questions must be provided!

In retrospect, in 2011 a similar statement was also uttered by Malak Ayuen after when Brig. Gen. Gatwech Gai, a SPLA Officer, with directive from SPLA Headquarters failed to kill in cold blood Maj. Gen. Gabriel Tanginye in Northern Jonglei’s Kaldak area.

And I can also quote, just for public comparison “The people of Fangak always kill their Leaders, they killed Mr. John Kulang Puot, Chuol Deng Luth, William Nyuon Bany to mention but a few. All those leaders were killed in Fangak and by the people of Fangak.

Likewise, Gatwech Gai wanted to kill Gabriel Tang on 24th, April, 2011 for no good reason. Why, what is a problem? Why people of Fangak would always wish to kill themselves? It is not good at all.” End quote.

Brig. Malaak Ayuen was trying to dismiss allegations that GoSS/SPLA ordered Gatwech Gai to kill Gen. Gabriel Tanginye. He (Malaak) said Brig. Gen. Gatwech Gai, had only a Fangak-gene of killing each other as usual.

Equally, Col. Philip Aguer was in the same token trying to vindicate that Juba government is not killing the Nuer civilians in Greater Upper Nile.

However, a question is; who’s in reality killing the Nuer, burning, destroying their homes and properties, now in Unity and Upper Nile states? Looting UN’s agencies material goods! Are they Rebels? Are these statements uttered by two gentlemen literally nationalistic, realistic and governmental?

Make your point please by answering these questions for yourself. To me, as far as my knowledge is concern, Nuer people are being killed massively. Their homes are being burned to ashes, cattle are driven away and properties are also looted or destroyed by the government forces.

Whether or not there is a different between the government and the Nuer elements within that is none of our business.

This is what is happening in Greater Upper Nile. Therefore the question of who is committing these atrocities has been clearly communicated to the world. It is the so-called national legitimate government-turned Awan Chan’s in Juba.

Intentionally, the way in which these atrocities are carrying out is very hilarious indeed.

Yes, let me dig out something a bit in regard to Philip Aguer utterance and how the government works in Juba. President Kiir is blindfolding other non-Dinka people around him, Nuer included, that what is now in Juba with its all directives to the states are national Government’s directives.

And it should be considered as government for all. This notion is illogical. The government is not a national government which is representing the interest of all South Sudanese.

Practically, if you can follow up Juba government activities you will only see Gogrialians’ interest is advancing. President Kiir’s interest in particular!

Look, the fight against SPLA/M pro-democracy in Greater Upper Nile, even in Juba is being fought by all forces including the Nuer SPLA elements. Yet, Dootku Beny or Awan Chan’s forces are given or have extra rights— privileges to kill any Nuer that they could find whether or not in presence of Nuer’s SPLA/SSLA elements who are fighting alongside Kiir’s forces.

The Nuer big gluttonous stooges that are now holding up Kiir’s illegal government have all lost people in Juba Massacre and in ongoing serial killing in Greater Upper Nile. Some have lost even their own sons, daughters, family members and relatives.

What strange stories would they be if ever told! Thousands of Nuer people including children, women and elderly are murdered in cool blood in this civil war. Especially in Unity and Upper Nile states where Kiir’s joint operations are facing less resistance.

Unity state’s Mayom, Guit, Rubkotni, Koch and Leer counties are all turned into ashes by those joint operations. Thousands of people in these counties are being killed indiscriminately here and there.

On everybody watch, including their representatives in the National Legislative Assembly! These so-called people representatives or MPs in South Sudan’s Legislative Assembly aren’t representing the grassroots populations, but themselves.

Because there is no country on earth where its people representative in the National Assembly could fail to condemn the killing of his/her people in hundreds.

Every Nuer MP in the National Legislative Assembly has lost approximately about 400-500 or more people in Juba, Malakal, Bor and Bentiu Massacres from his/her constituency.

This accumulating number (s) can now sum up, more than thirty-eight thousands people in these massacres. Yet we haven’t heard about any condemnation by Nuer MPs starting from Speaker Magok Rundial downward.

Shame on those so-called Nuer representatives in the National Assembly! They weren’t elected by the people. Should this be the reason? Or is it the (Betim) oil money that rainstorm their mouths?

Moreover, in Malakal and Unity state Nuer children, women and elderly are being slaughtered in presence of the SPLA/SSLA‘s Nuer field commanders and soldiers without question.

We have just read Philip Aguer aforementioned and quoted statement. It isn’t Philip Aguer alone. Even the President Kiir is laughing at the Nuer people for they are the only people who are paying the prices of the current political violence! Engineered by him!

Salva Kiir declared the state of emergency—serial killings in Greater Upper Nile. And ordered what is happening in Unity state’s Mayom, Guit, Rubkotni, Leer,Koch, Panyijiar, Mayiandit and Upper Nile state, Malakal.

Whose stupidity is it now? Is it SPLA/SSLA Nuer elements stupidities, who are blindly executing Benydit’s directives?

Or should it be Kiir himself’s idiocy by ordering the killing of his own people whom even participated in voting him into the then regional (GoSS) office? Twisted the present bloody one! Yes, it is the SPLA/SSLA Nuer elements’ stupidities.

Because their people are being killed in the vein of chickens, homes burned possessions destroyed or looted with mass displacement while watching.

Why should you be blindfolded for such a long time without knowing the conspiracy of a beyond deformed regime against your people? If you aren’t stupid!

Or do you think it is a national government in force? Why are you accepting orders which are only targeting your tribe and not President’s tribe if it is the national government?

Is Salva Kiir an elected President? Can a President who knows he was democratically elected by the people kill the same people? Is Salva Kiir a democratically elected President of the Republic of South Sudan?

NO! Kiir was only an elected President of Southern Sudan Government and had governed Southern Sudanese as elected President for one year. Where he was later on in 2011 became interim Republic President based on South Sudan Political Parties consensus.

Read the South-South Dialogue Communiqué of October, 2010. So Salva Kiir has been a Republic of South Sudan President since July 2011, but he didn’t come through elections. Elections in the Republic of South Sudan are yet to take place, only in 2015.

Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit was rendered that power to promote the wellbeing of the whole nations. Instead, he has been using it for instigating tribalism, developed successfully a classic dictatorship which he eventually triggers against the Nuer ethnic group. Hence, invalided that July 2011 interim Republic Government of South Sudan.

Lastly and not the least, if you are among those who are in doubt or still believe that what is in Juba now is a national government then you are cheating your good self.

Please, you should change your mind now not tomorrow. Or else you’ll unknowingly hurt yourself by killing your own future legacy for nothing. As we are on this piece, should you get a chance to visit uprising affected areas and then have a critical look at Juba streets, all its deserted suburbs and the spirit in which our supposed national government is being ran.

You’ll un-intuitively agree with me that there is no Government in the Republic of South Sudan at all. It isn’t only Kiir’s Legacy that has been shattered but also the entire nations. What we are witnessing wasn’t in our minds during determinations days from 9th-15th January, 2011.

In conclusion, given the present mayhem in the country where fighting or uprising has escalated from Central Equatoria state to, Unity, Lakes, Upper Nile, Jonglei, Northern Bhar el Gazhal and Warrap states, seven states out of the country ten states. Killings continue in these seven states.

Then how could it hold water that the so-called states and national institutions legitimacies are still in place? A Government doesn’t equally provide its internally displaced persons (IDPs) with food and none food items because of tribalism.

These are IDPs of tribe X they will not be given assistance. A Government which its people have run away, about half a million flee to neighboring countries, like Kenya and Uganda etc.

Not only had that, the heart of the governments, which is the civil populations aren’t even in the government controlled towns and cities within the country.

Abruptly, in UNMISS’s compounds in Malakal, Bentiu, Bor and Juba. Others who did not manage to go to UNMISS’s compounds have had fled to places away from Government(s). In the bushes for safety! Such a government is disowned, for it becomes illegal and illegitimate government.

So to save thousands innocent people live in South Sudan. Salva Kiir’s current illegal Government must be replaced with another yet interim government! Because his Government’s legitimacy is already rinsed away!

The author is a witness to all processes of President Kiir’s ploy which has engulfed the country into present abyss or chaos. And a survivor of Juba Massacre—where over Thirty Eight (38,000) Thousands Nuer are believed to have been massacred or missing. He can be reached on or

Kiir’s Amnesty, Appeasement & Leniency will cause him his life or position


Amnesty is an official statement that sets free those who have been put behind bars for committing crimes against the State. It is usually granted by president. Amnesty may also mean a period when those who took arms against government are persuaded to give up arms in exchange for non-punishment.

An appeasement is an act of making an angry person quiet or calm and giving him what he wants. Or to avoid escalation of war by giving that country what it wants.

When SPLA forces evaded Panythou in 2012 international community, United Nations and African union condemned South Sudan and demanded for immediate withdrawal of SPLA forces from the area.

And instead compromise with evil that the regime in Khartoum doing; extension and encroachment of northerners into Southern territories and their aerial bombardments of civil population.

Although this is not part of my analysis, it expounds how dangerous the appeasement policy can be.

Leniency is the act of not being strict in imposing law and order and punishing the wrongdoers or culprits according to the law requirements.

When CPA was signed in 2005, there were number of militias fighting against SPLM/A. As a matter of necessity, it was a brilliant decision from the president to declare general amnesty to all Southern militias who were fighting alongside Khartoum regime.

The call brought people of South Sudan together and mitigated the endless effort of brothers in the North to polarize our people.

The president registered successes more than his predecessor and optimistic citizens appreciated president for the job well done.

Although I agree to the amnesty being granted by the president to various militias and rebel groups who were fighting the government.

Nevertheless, amnesty has proved beyond reasonable doubt that it is not healthy option for long term unity, peace and coexistence amongst tribes, and I would like to urge Mr. President to review his amnesty policy, appeasement and leniency.

I call for revisit simply because such policies are internally and externally being utilized by enemies of state stability and those whose interest is not met to the president’s disadvantage and downfall.

There are circumstances where such policies work well and there are situations where if granted it would be a complete disaster. For instance, let’s take the case of blood thirsty Peter Gatdet and analyze it critically.

Peter Gatdet has been switching sides since, such people are addicted to killing and use to chaotic life. They will never change however much you become lenient, appeasing and grant them amnesty hundred times never expect anything in return.

As I have mentioned it early on that amnesty can bring unity, stability and peace to the people of South Sudan, government should not absolutely rely on amnesty to foster long term stability but rather devise ways and mechanisms of granting amnesty and strategically plan for long term and lasting unity and stability of our country because amnesty serves short term purposes and it has been used wrongly by those who receive it.

The amnesty, appeasement and leniency have been wrongly utilized by senior SPLM/A members to discredit and contemplate the president as failure.

Apart from those who took up arms against state with an intention of being given amnesty after committing heinous crimes, there are many SPLM/A members who are tirelessly working day and night against government by simply taking advantage of the situation.

To make sure that what they are up to works successfully, many SPLM/A members in the army, police, prison, ministries and other departments in the government intentionally perform below standard in executing their duties to the expectation of people of South Sudan, and instead make president scapegoat of their failure.

The widespread corruption in the army, police, prison, wildlife, fire brigade departments and ministries by the SPLM/A members which amount to over 4 billion dollars has great repercussion on the government and ruling party.

Failure to take serious and disciplinary measures against the persons responsible of such crimes has worsened the situation further.

Non prosecution of single individual has created unimaginable immunity that gives green light to SPLM/A members to commit crimes with extreme and unbelievable impunity.

As a matter of dancing to the tone of truth most government officials need to be lectured about the difference between public property and personal property. No doubt that all begin with letter p, please let me caution you there is huge distinction between the two terms.

Sincerely speaking, president should have realized that this malicious game is playing out against him. I would advise that this cancer is not malignant you can apply chemotherapy and rid yourself of evils and bloodsuckers.

Most SPLM/A members are just liabilities to you and people of South Sudan where all these things are done on their expense. You are still popular though that popularity diminishes day by day due to your procrastination in tightening the nuts.

I was surprised to hear the government officials calling for West to condemn the attempted coup by former vice president and his friends.

It would have been wise to critically analyze the government relationship West instead of rushing and demanding their condemnation of coup.

It is undisputed that West especially USA, UK and Norway worked tirelessly to make sure that South Sudan secedes. As the say goes “nothing for nothing,’ West expect to get share of South Sudan vast resources apart from their cover “democracy,” which is used as an invisible hand in directing affairs of other countries and platform for neocolonialism.

As per now West is not happy with government of South Sudan simply because most contracts go East.

To make matters worse failure to take action against corrupt officials, lack of basic services to citizens and failure to establish strong institutions which are pillars of nation building amounts to ineffective use of resources for masses’ sake.

This has created bitterness of West with the government of south Sudan.

Although, issues of contracts and turning of deaf ears to Western advice are confidential and cannot be uttered openly, corruption and lack of basic services to the ordinary citizens which can be summarized into non performance by government has intensively being utilized against it in current crisis the country is facing.

To throw a bit of light on West media about their role, you should first of all know that they are controlled and funded by their respective countries.

And their purpose is to aid the foreign policies of their countries. So it was unwise to demand and expect medium like BBC to tell the true story or admit that there was a coup in South Sudan regardless of her government position on the crisis.

As many people describe them, West media are there to repackage, rebrand and tailor stories around the globe to suit and completely alter the public opinion in their respective countries and indeed global opinion at large.

Let me expound the dissatisfaction of some individuals with the government of South Sudan and the background game.

The rebels’ demand of releasing detainees without trial leave alone other charges like corruption, president to step aside and withdrawal of Uganda people defend forces.

All these are sophisticated moves masterminded by a player behind the scene and the ultimate aim is to eliminate somebody the player thinks he is not the right man.

To elucidate more on the withdrawal of Uganda people defend forces to pave way for peaceful and political settlement of current unrest in the country is just the creation of military balance.

Balance will lead to stalemate, power sharing and interim government in exclusion of president which I predict the rebels are definitely yearning for it seriously.

So what is the end game? The end game is what the top man and readers will analyze.

The writer is former Red Army of Tharpam who went to Ethiopia 1989, came to Sudan and lived in Nasir from 1991 to 1994, went back to Ethiopia in 1995 and came to Sudan in 1997.
Am now in Nkumba university 2nd year, (bachelors of procurement and logistics management)

A citizen’s Letter to the South Sudan’s Youth

A citizen Letter to the South Sudan’s Youth Organization for Social Development (YOFSD) and the SPLM Youth League (SYL): The South Sudanese Youth and their Roles in Mitigating the Current Conflict

BY: Abraham Deng Lueth, RSS, FEB/16/2014, SSN;

Dear fellow citizens,

The current crisis, no doubt, is as a result of the SPLM power wrangling. It then slightly changed to ethnic targeting by both sides of the conflict. Therefore, the social capital of our nation has been heavily, terribly and uniquely broken and it continues to bleed helplessly.

Moreover, it is undoubtedly clear that both leaders, President Kiir and Dr. Riek, have a hand in the creation of the conflict. How can the Youth, the future generation of the country, choose a side in this conflict and expect to build a united, loving and prosperous nation in which justice reigns?

To The South Sudan’s Youth Organization for Social Development
It seems like Social Development is one of the key words in your organization’s name. As a result of this conflict, the social fabric of the country has been terribly disturbed and that should be of a major concern to you as an organization.

How can it be re-amended? Is its rebuilding possible when you know the side you are taking has some serious contributions to the conflict?

There is nothing wrong with side-taking but with a situation such as what happened within the SPLM where two leaders, Kiir and Riek, decided to turn violent, they must be disowned, condemned and urged to stop the violence immediately and return to the table to negotiate out their differences.

To The SPLM Youth League
The SPLM has been terribly troubled and its solidarity is uncertain. What can you do to maintain its coherence and rebuilding of its damaged image to set it up to win national approval over other political parties in the country again?

The SPLM Youth League that is cheering up the government must know that they are not being nationalistic.

They are not being the country’s or people’s Youth but President Kiir’s Youth. This position is irresponsible.

Given the nature of the conflict and how it started, this is not a good position for the SPLM Youth League if they want a good future for the SPLM and the nation.

Are you encouraging the way the SPLM leadership has been handling the party leadership crisis that led to the current war in the country?

To all Youth in South Sudan and particularly, in Juba
Last time when the UN compound incident in Bor Town, involving the minister of information occurred, the Youth took to the streets and condemned the UNMISS representative; it was irresponsible.

The Youth have held several events lately where they missed the opportunity to condemn both sides of the conflict and the atrocities that have surfaced as a result of the conflict; that is irresponsible.

The Youth continue to miss the opportunity where they can present themselves as the real advocates for peace, unity and support measures that return the country back on the path to peace and development and this is again, irresponsible.

Any South Sudanese Youth entity needs to take a neutral or central position so that it can see all the irregularities on both sides of the conflict and condemn them. That is a position that will be good for the country.

The Youth should push the government to release the remaining 4 detainees (they have not participated in the coup if there was one, at all and their release will not only build confidence and trust in the peace process but they will have important contributions to make as well).

Their case is no different from the other released seven. Playing politics to continue to keep them is not in the best interest of the nation we want to build.

The people who have rebelled against the state (whether enforced on them or not) are those who ran away and are currently leading the rebellion.

The Youth can condemn these individuals and urge them to lay their guns down and join the talks to resolve their political differences.

They, too, should be allowed to explain themselves and contribute to the peace process as soon as possible.

The Youth should call for unwavering support from the regional and international bodies to help South Sudan, not one side of the conflict, to get out of this mess.

The Youth should urge all South Sudanese leaders (governors, commissioners, civil society leaders, church leaders, members of parliament, members of cabinet and more) to prioritize peace, “truth and reconciliation.”

South Sudan belongs to us all.

Do not become the Unfortunate Youth
I call on all the South Sudanese youth to avoid becoming what I referred to as unfortunate youth.

It is important that young people’s position in this conflict is based on the truth and principles that are of a nationalistic stand.

Doing anything contrary to this stand is unfortunate. After the conflict, our nation will have a daunting task of “truth and reconciliation” that will be very challenging due to the extent at which this conflict has disturbed our social capital (trust).

The Seeds Youth
This is a group that our nation needs right now. This is a group of Youth that does not shy away from telling president Kiir that he has a hand in the conflict.

Therefore, he needs to stop lobbying negative support (that causes him to think that he can continue to fight Dr. Riek to the finish).

It should urge the President to focus on finding viable solutions (releasing the 4 detainees, reducing Ugandan soldiers to important installations and prioritizing peace) to the conflict.

On the other hand, these Youth need to send Dr. Riek a clear message that says, NO to bullets and yes to negotiations.

Dear fellow citizens, if we have done what I have just narrated on day one and continue to do it today, we would have peace by now. Cheering up either side pushes more for war.

Please, let me end by quoting these nice statements by one South Sudanese Youth.

“You fanatics of backroom designed constitution for the dictator and authoritarian state, I and many like-minded individuals will tell the other side you don’t want the world to know. You believed the white lie that there was a coup; we will keep saying there was no coup at all. Our misguided president made it up to purge his political opponents.

Your state’s ministers go around stonewalling the international community to know the whole truth about the foreign Ugandan’s troop’s presence in SS, we will say yes, they are here fighting and killing our own people we brotherly disagreed with politically.

You preach ethnic hatreds and play our majority ethnic card as a winning political strategy to say Riek and his loyalists are pure evil and a source of our problem, ought to be physically eliminated, we say no. They are not!

Nuer and supporters are simply people just like us who want to seek their political interest. If you sit down with them and discuss politics civilly without attacking them first, they will not fight back.

In our severely divided society and violence-prone, it is only our innocent peasants living across our villages who come to pay heavy prices in human and material costs.

Our political power elites’ families don’t suffer. They don’t feel any pain. Their immediate families live abroad in million-dollar mansions.

All our leaders in SS on both sides are human vultures. They live off trading and selling human bloods for their material selfish needs.

They are all doing it. But then, the smart ones holding power don’t want to share any part of the blame.

They believe they’re living political saints. Their exceptional holiness attitude is beyond belief. They only want the praises, not the blame for their own mistakes. Social conformity is a rule of the game.

Well, until they somehow fairly get it right, we won’t stop thinking they are also hypocrites!

Call me a rebel, disloyal, traitor, and what have you. I’m perfectly fine with it. It is time to tell the truth as we know it. If it will cost us such labels, then so be it!”

You may not agree with most of it but it is actually a test of nationalism.

If you find most of it true, then you are a nationalistic youth, especially, when you are a Dinka.

If you find most of it negative, then you must check your stand because I am afraid, you are irresponsibly siding and you are not helping this conflict.

Do not be unfortunate youth who is just thrown around as needed. This piece challenges those who cheer up the government without recognizing its irregularities.

Remember, Dr. Riek must be urged to put down his guns and so is the government to stop pursuing the rebels. Both must respect the cessation of hostilities they have signed and work on the peaceful resolutions to the conflict.

So, my fellow citizens, revisit your activities and align them with the future you want to see for our nation.

The politics of victimizing opponents and barring them from political opportunities is a clear sign of tyranny that we should not entertain. END

SPLM Leaders lost in complexity of their wonderful ideology

BY: Morris Kuol Yoll, ALBERTA, Canada, FEB/16/2014, SSN;

Current divisions within the SPLM party revealed counter-accusations of its leaders, accusing one another of having abandoned the SPLM vision. Anti-Garang or the NCP elements within their ranks, attest as to views that might not have been adequately addressed or direction the SPLM leadership failed to have taken after Dr. John Garang de Mabior’s passing.

Else what are these fingers pointing all about? The bewilderment has made many speculate either the SPLM leaders are lost in their ideas or still haven’t settled with the fact that South Sudan is an independent country.

The divide in the leadership’s stand, in this regard, was clearly perceived when the SPLM chairman, General Salva Kiir, after having given blue light to Yasir Arman to contest as the SPLM candidate against Omar Hassin el Bashir in Presidential elections, ordered Arman to withdraw from the contest.

This particular episode insinuates the fact that there were [are] some SPLM leaders that opposed committing to the unity of the Sudan and those who curved to pursuing Dr. John’s mission to its conclusive end.

Clearly, the SPLM might have had internal struggle, uncertain whether to follow unity or separation. This says that South Sudanese owe success of Southern Sudan referendum voting for separation to the youth and civil society leaders of South Sudan at the time the leadership failed to give direction.

Eventually, it had occurred that Southern Sudan has separated from the Sudan contrary to the New Sudan ideology when some of the leaders view separation as a deviation from Garang’s New Sudan vision; a clear divide. This may be one of reasons some leaders of the SPLM still point figures to some of their colleagues in the leadership and accusing them of having diverted from the New Sudan ideology.

This dilemma is one of issues that still haunt Garang followers. The idea as to what the leadership of the SPLM will do to the rest of its proclaimed marginalized areas in the resolution of 1994, should Southern Sudan secede, was not conclusively settled when Dr. John was alive and neither answered before the SPLM led people of southern Sudan to the referendum.

This might have left some of the New Sudan advocates in kind of culpability or not the least feeling guilty of having betrayed Nuba Mountain, Blue Nile, and the rest of marginalized areas that struggled under the New Sudan’s banner.

Apparently, Southern Sudan independence has forsaken freedom of people who fought alongside South Sudanese for more than twenty years in search of liberty.

One could strongly argue that unity of the Sudan, which was a focus of the SPLM vision immediately stopped after southern Sudan successfully voted for separation in the referendum.

But it appears some of the SPLM leaders failed to make a paradigm shift in their thinking to translate the SPLM vision into a vision that addresses South Sudanese grievances after southern Sudan separated from the Sudan.

This is a distinction the SPLM leaders, wrapped up in the New Sudan vision, need to comprehend.

South Sudan has its maladies that need the SPLM deployment of their wonderful vision to treat instead of hoping to achieve, an ideology that is at this juncture, after independence of South Sudan, rendered illusive and delusional.

South Sudan is underdeveloped, a reason in first place, that gave birth to the New Sudan ideology. South Sudanese are impoverished with roof rocketing illiteracy. South Sudan has its “historical and contemporary diversities” like “the Old Sudan.”

With 63 tribes, Christians, Muslims and animists, South Sudan is multicultural and multi-religious country.

Not the least, corruption, tribalism and hegemony of bigger tribes like Dinka, Nuer, and Bari could possibly jeopardize liberty all South Sudanese fought for.

Hypothetically, this says, even if some of the SPLM leaders open South Sudan up to a possibility of reuniting two Sudans through confederation, then South Sudanese have to work hard first in federating their country to sell an attractive system to the rest of the Sudan that may have interest in joining unity with democratic South Sudan.

Else no one would buy into joining a tribalistic and backward state like ours.

It is imperative to do some thinking and questionings here as reflection on issues that seem to divide us or still haunt the SPLM party in particular.

The liberation of South Sudan started as separation of southern Sudan region. In other words, the liberation of the whole Sudan was later imposed on Southern Sudanese by imposition of the New Sudan ideology.

The quest for Southern Sudan separation was hijacked by our hero, Dr. John Garang deMabior himself to institute his NEW SUDAN ideology.

It should be known, here, that Dr. John did not peacefully convince southern Sudanese at the time to buy into his New Sudan vision, rather than using combination of his iron fist, persuasion, knowledge and personal charisma to enforce it.

Indeed, Dr. John later claimed having “fired” his first bullets on separatists! He urged separatists to fight alongside with him and to immediately stop when they feel that they have liberated what they think is Southern Sudan.

By that time, he promised that he, Dr. John and those who will follow him to liberate the rest of the Sudan, would gladly proceed onward, leaving contented Southern Sudanese with their liberated territory alone.

Dr. John died still advocating as to how his “New Sudan” ideology could make the whole Sudan better and stable.

Indubitably, separatists and Southerner Sudanese who inclined to separation were eliminated, hunted and silenced until referendum vote, when their voices were heard through ballet box, freed and vindicated them.

Hence, vote for separation of South Sudan was a resounding victory to silenced and prosecuted voice of separation of Southern Sudan during liberation struggle.

Here, one could question whether voting for an independent South Sudan was a deviation from New Sudan ideology? And if it was a deviation from the SPLM vision, then was it wrong? And if it was wrong, then who is to blame?

The disciples who failed to advocate unity after their boss died or the people who for long time endured subjugation and as such wanted to settle for separation as their liberty?

Besides, was it right for people of South Sudan to deviate from the “vision” that was geared toward unity of the Sudan by voting for separation?

I am asking these questions because I still don’t understand a claim that there is a group within the same SPLM that is anti-Garang’s ideology who has abandoned the SPLM vision alleged by Dr. Riek Machar’s group and loudly echoed by Dr. John’s family.

It is inconceivable for the SPLM leaders accusing themselves of being anti-Garang when in fact all Garang’s disciples were the ones running government prior to Dr. Garang’s death.

Perceptibly, they were in the government, army, etc. to carry out Dr. Garang’s legacy. But what did they do to show for it?

Arguably, the referendum vote brought separatists quest to an end. It is a journey of the UNIONISTS, as promised by Dr. John, which should continue!

One can say with no doubt that voting for separation was a deviation from the New Sudan Ideology and a right thing to do knowing that it would have been a political suicide committing southern Sudan to unity of the Sudan.

Despite difficulties we are facing as South Sudanese, the goodness of having separated South Sudan from the Sudan unity can be judged by how rapidly our people have changed for the best in the last eight (8) years of our independence.

We are not politically or economically stable but we are million times better than when we were in the unity of the Sudan.

If I am not mistaken, then I believe advocates of the “New Sudan vision,” at this movement, voted for separation of southern Sudan to be an independent country. I stand to be corrected here by disciples of the “New Sudan” ideology.

If my postulation is practical, then the adherents of the “New Sudan ideology” have to clarify whether they are not to be blamed for deviation in the New Sudan Ideology.

On one hand, if their intent was to see the Sudan united, then who stopped them when they were all ministers in decision making to pursue unity of the Sudan?

And if it is not the unity of the Sudan that is their bone of contention, but a failure to translate the SPLM vision to address South Sudan nation building, how the country should be governed, address lack development, tribalism, bad governance, insecurity in the country, democratization of the party or the country, etc.; then who or what stopped them from applying the SPLM vision to correct these grievances?

The SPLM leaders got answers to all these questions. They should let the public know, clearly, as to what is the nature of their disagreement instead of feeding public with war and confusion by opposing and grouping within one ruling party, the SPLM party.

A revolutionary conscious and responsible SPLM political party should first know what it is composed of and make efforts to accommodate and reconcile its differences, and above all value different views within its rank for its success and progress.

Since inception of the SPLM/A, South Sudanese knew that there were separatists and unionists under the New Sudan umbrella. Prior to the second civil war in the Sudan, Southern Sudan had at least two prominent political parties and perhaps dormant communists.

Politically, southern Sudan was balanced and happy ideologically. But in 1983, Dr. John managed to exterminate parallel political thoughts of Southern Sudan by grouping them inside closet of his “New Sudan ideology.”

The happy politicians were communists because Dr. John embraced Marxist’s ideology, which he later divorced when communism collapsed in 90s.

With resilience, Southern Sudanese embraced Dr. John’s vision and gave him a platform to promote his ideology unreservedly.

Therefore, during liberation struggle, the SPLM became a monolithic voice of liberation of Southern Sudan representing both separation of Southern Sudan and unity of the Sudan.

And as of recent, it is clear also that there are Garang’s boys, Salva boys, Riek’s group, etc.

It is safe to conclude that the SPLM party is a graveyard or heaven or hell for all souls of dead South Sudan political parties and ideas or a Pandora box where ills of all dead parties and ideas are stored.

As of today, South Sudan is literally a one party state because the SPLM vision has forcefully swallowed every party in the country. A party with such colossal political appetite to gorge itself with every political opposition, regardless of political garbage they represent, can have internal political upset in a democratic setting which the country is longing to achieve.

The conflict and bickering we are now seeing in the country is a resultant internal upset in the SPLM.

It is time the SPLM loosen its hold on politics in the country so that those political souls trapped inside the SPLM party air their thoughts or form their own political parties to represent their political aspirations and thoughts.

This is a time to call things: policies, objectives, mission and goals set to run the country with their real names, without ambiguity.

South Sudanese have achieved their goal and have suffered long enough to deserve this senseless war created by leaders of the SPLM power greed, hatred and reprisal.

They have attained their hard earned independence with 2.5 million dead, lost of limbs and not to mention impossible to quantify lost of properties and indignities.

It is time for the SPLM leaders to make a paradigm shift in their unity of the Sudan or power struggle thinking to translate the SPLM vision, mission and goals into concrete actions to address suffering and destitution due to poverty in the country, lack of development, lack of education, insecurity, and bad governance in the country.

For thirty years, South Sudanese have accorded the SPLM their submission, loyalty, and their blood to promote the SPLM vision. It is time for the SPLM leaders to reciprocate with goodness not with war or corruption, confusion, and hatred.

Morris Kuol Yoll is a concerned South Sudan Canadian citizen residing in Alberta Canada. He could be reached at

Blame Pres. Kiir Mayardit for the Crises in South Sudan

BY: Manyok Mabiei, Chicago, IL, USA, FEB/15/2014, SSN;

I accept to blame My President Kiir Mayardit in all the Crises in South Sudan

I would like to share the few weakness of South Sudan President Kiir Mayardit that I know since he took the power of Vice-President of whole Sudan and President of South Sudan.

All these mess happened in South Sudan are accountable to President Kiir because of his weakness without taking full action to defend the nation through the security.

First of all, President of South Sudan knows that millions of lives in his hand to take strong responsibility without taking soft decision.

I see some people press President is a good leader because he take soft decision without strong decision to frame things ahead of time and take action before it grown bigger. I call it as a part of weakness on him.

Secondly, President Kiir weakness in the country through the disaster happens in all the locations in South Sudan, he never moved his feet to those areas to comfort and condemn the killers that took action.

And to approve to you the disaster last year, we never seen our President Kiir Mayardit move his feet to condemn crime sense on the ground where Nuer Lou was attacked by David Yau Yau last year.

For examples, the killing of Nuer civilians by Murle in 2013 exceeding about 118 civilians lost their lives and President Kiir never stepped his feet on the ground to condemn the death and he was just made short speech in Juba.

Another recently approved disaster happened in South Sudan that continues, and we never seen President Kiir Mayardit walk his feet on the ground to witness what happened in these three states: Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile.

Well, if he fears about his life to go to Unity and Upper Nile State what about a close state like Jonglei heavily destroyed up to ground zero and lives gone.

I believe a strong leader must take risk than fear for his life as the good way ordinary citizens will keep you in power and respect your leadership ability of care of the nation.

Thirdly, all these disasters which occurred in the country much of them blamed on President Kiir, if anyone sits down and digs the ground what the root cause of matter before you go to blame heartless criminal Dr. Riek Machar Teny.

What you can analyse what was the root cause of the matter is very important before you judge recent crises.

What we see and pain in our hearts, South Sudan President made the soft decisions, and that’s why the crises move beyond and no recovery.

If you are leader of country you don’t need to take soft decisions, while millions of lives in your hand to be protect rather than you worry about your own life, while your civilians are venerable in other corners.

Another weakness of President Kiir by taking soft decisions last year and I was there in South Sudan, the time he called all the commanders to join the meeting in Juba on July and General Peter Gadet Yak was refused to attend meeting, while he is a junior commander and refuse to his boss order and President Kiir never take action on time.

We call it as part of naïve and soft decision maker is dangerous to lead 10 million people without good protection to the citizens.

However, Peter Gadet Yak who joined the government of South Sudan as rebel who killed (Kaunyin Bol and William Nyoun) and many others in South Sudan.

Mayardit welcome Peter Gadet Yak to South Sudan Government and Gadet Yak refused his soldiers to be integrated to the national army of South Sudan.

President Kiir accepted Peter Gadet’s decision to stay separate without integer with Goss soldiers.

Is that a good decision Dear Southerners? I reject such kind of theory to make soft decision on public affairs.

We heard that President Kiir gave his Junior Officer Peter Gadet Yak (1,000,000) $ dollars to establish himself in Bor, Panpandier within civilians.

Is that smart decision, dear Southerners, from our president to be soft and take things easy without framing the best decision to lead 10 million of Southerners in this promised land?

More to the points, President Weakness is accountable of all these crises in country because all the rebels who joined the South Sudan, after Independent in 2005-2011.

Mayardit promoted them into high positions and he retired all the veterans of the SPLA since 1983. He was assuming that the country is in peace, while his decisions brought the country down.

This is called slower and indecision maker.

Also, we heard that President Kiir was insulted by Former Vice-President Dr. Riek Machar, before he lost the position and he never take tough decision on time.

Furthermore, President Mayardit accepted another criminal David Yau Yau who killed hundreds of civilians in Jonglei and South Sudan armies last year and to accept to assign the peace doesn’t change anything after all.

Well, same David Yau Yau who killed hundreds of civilians and soldiers last year and as recently on Thursday, 5, 2014 in Kolnyang Payam and Ayidi Payam in Jonglei State.

Murle killed civilians that was confirmed exactly numbers lost in Kolnyang through this cruel attack hit 50 lives and 12 kids gone with them this week.

According some people on the ground including Dr. Agoot Alier has confirmed the number and they said the attackers were Murles.

I would like to inform my President Kiir to take tough decision in such environment of South Sudan and impose the law to eliminate any killer who took the lives of other human-being, so the criminals will fear to defect away and come back at same time to government and seek for the high force. Anyone who defects away must face trial beyond of reasonable doubt that the law work all over the world. If you take soft decisions, those rebels will take it, as grant move without fear to any consequences to face when they return back.

I support the idea of giving of green light to arrest Rebecca Nyandeng Chol Atem in South Sudan, while the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement was signed in last month ago called for both parties to stop negative propaganda in the media.

Now, it appears that Rebecca Nyandeng Chol Atem does not want to respected the agreement signed in Addis Ababa and now she continues engaging in negative propaganda attacking the Goss.

What she is doing is to encourage another violence to endanger the future of South Sudan.

I respected Dr. John Garang de Mabior as former leader of our party and I believe he is not happy now in his resting place with Nyan Chol Atem who is supporting Prophet of Doom Dr. Riek Machar who created a new flag to replace South Sudan flag designed by Dr. John Garang de Mabior in 80s.

I already disown her since last month on January, 25, 2014, that I approved her as a rebel who supporting Prophet of Doom Dr. Machar Teny.

There is no way she can be addressed in the last name of Dr. John Garang Mabior because of humiliation she made to kill our innocent civilians in Jonglei.

She claimed in her interview two week ago in Nairobi-Kenya that she had nothing to lose in this war in South Sudan. Nyan Chol Atem is the greediest woman; she is thinking that the SPLA Party is a family business.

She talked about lack of democracy in the party blaming president for that. While she is the one practicing dictatorship in the party for several things.

She is lucky to have a soft leader like President Kiir Mayardit, she should be arrested already without campaign in the Medias.

Words of mouth are dangerous than shots in the air, while rebels quote her words that is true Mother Nyan Chol Atem said Nuer are killed in Juba, while she never condemned anything in Jonglei.

Well, South Sudan Nation needs radical decision maker and not soft decision maker to eradicate South Sudan. We believe words are power tools, nowadays and quick responses in any problem take place in such kind of environment in South Sudan.

If you like to rule for many years like Uganda President and others, then, you need to frame things ahead and take tough decisions not soft decisions.

So, Dear President Kiir Mayardit, open your eyes widely and change theory of ruling the nation.

Dr. Machar & Individuals within SPLM: Another Road to Hell for South Sudanese

BY: Deng Mangok Ayuel, AWEIL, RSS, FEB/13/2014, SSN;

As you go along reading this piece, I urge you to remain a good reader. Our moral stand as good citizens is ever fading. This doesn’t mark the end of the world for us. Therefore, we should be good readers in order to understand the impact of our doings.

In my village of Udhum in Aweil West County, a good villager is he who knows where the tall grass grows, the source of his river and his neighbor’s safety. Most of us were born in the military barracks, which makes it difficult for some of us to tell the truth due to our backgrounds.

Many people lived in Khartoum and taught by jallaba (Arabs) that also make it difficult for them to accept the truth. We are different people with different ideologies in one country.

We need to reform our ways of doing things, live together as meant to be together. This is my personal take on individualism, Macharism, tribalism and SPLM-ism as problems for South Sudanese.

A man who would risk his life or the lives of others without a cause or for his own benefit lacks objectives. It is paining to remember the tragedies in life, unforgettable to see fellow citizens being murdered innocently by their own sons.

Who can remove immoral bromides with moral judgment in man?

Last week, my boss asked me to go to UNMISS compound to get security updates. However, I didn’t argue with him or refused to go to UNMISS because it’s our habit to rely on White man.

Within a few minutes, I walked to the UNMISS compound in Aweil. And before I reached the person, I wondered and asked myself the nature of security updates my boss is concerned about in my country that I can’t be able to know.

I should be the one to know more about security situation than a foreigner in my village because I am part of those who have been affected by the rebellion in the country.

Hence, we need to trust ourselves before trusting foreign media or agencies, lest we shouldn’t claim that UNMISS is running a parallel government within a sovereign state when they are the first people to get our local information on daily basis.

Western agencies usually wire information to the west minutely. We should take care. Information is a great traveler.

Do you know the estimated number of people killed since December, 2013 in the country? The UNMISS knows the number or believed to be a good estimator of our own problems. UNMISS is interested to estimate the lives lost, number of people exiled, IDPs and those involved in political crisis as ring leaders or causers, just for reference in their records.

We should prioritize our local apparatus and social media to report our doings than western media and agencies.

Whatever affects people directly in the greater Upper Nile affects all of us indirectly. South Sudanese shouldn’t be plunged into the abyss of despair by few people for their own gain.

We have learned that peace is never given by oppressor but demanded by oppressed. We fought with oppressor in Khartoum for half a century because we had been oppressed.

Uncle Joseph Lagu was the leader of Anyanya one, then came the SPLM with late Dr Garang who struggled to finalize a journey to the promised land, South Sudan. We are free at least.

Who is Mr Oppressor again in the baby nation? And is rebellion a force that gives us rights, fame and leadership in South Sudan?

Some of the leaders seem to be partially fond of immoral means to attain moral ends. The current political crisis is an unexpected historical turning point in the new nation. It was an immoral act – sensitively enemizing, rooting hatred among South Sudanese. We never wish to be misled any longer.

As Dr Machar murdered his country men and women to further his uncertain political dream for presidency, one may not cease to say that he has committed political career suicide by using white army to kill people in Jonglei, Malakal and Unity states.

Thereafter, South Sudanese shouldn’t help him to kill people, but encourage him to come back to answer treason charges.

Leadership aspiration, tribalism, democracy and rebellion cannot be packed out into pieces to ensemble political expediency. I don’t believe you can stand for freedom for one ethnic group of people and deny it to others.

It’s politically suicidal for Dr Machar to tribally take action against Dinka or other tribes, while trying to be the president for the nation. Political machine triumphs when a leader unites all people.

I don’t think President Kiir could one day say that the Nuer, Bari and Jurchol are bad people, for instance, while still aspiring for presidency.

I hold president Kiir as a man of integrity for the nation because I never heard him on TV talking ill about the Nuers or other tribes in the country.

The egoism, beliefs, old liberation stories, military backgrounds of some individuals within the SPLM shall take our country into superfluous end.

The SPLM is honored for job well done. It’s brought us a country. Does the SPLM also have rights to destroy its nation? The SPLM leadership is supposed to teach South Sudanese a culture of hope, love and harmony. SPLM is big and beautiful in our eyes. It’s a matter of time. It shall reform itself.

But the big challenge is how SPLM shall reform itself without a problem. The politburo should be vigilant this time.

Excuse me. Dinka is like any other tribe in the country. It shouldn’t be a fortune for Dinka to be the largest tribe in South Sudan, or be taken as fame, ways of avoiding the truth because of being someone from majority.

The Dinka, Nuer and other tribes might have good and bad individuals – or problem of one man or two people can’t take everyone to the hell.

As South Sudanese strongly believe in tribal norms, regionalism, partially negating modern world approaches to economical, social and political tribulations, however, it is hard for people to avoid enunciating tribally when defeated politically.

Tribal thinking leads to tribalism. I never wish to be called a Dinka in my doings. Dinka is my background, not my doings or action per my own thoughts, passion and objectives. Please avoid tribalizing when anything falls apart.

Tribes are primes of our cultural deeds or Africanism. President Kiir should be treated as president for the Republic of South Sudan, not a Dinka. For South Sudan to be a good place for all South Sudanese; there is a need for us to refrain from tribalism.

Many people from Dinka in Bahr el Ghazal worked in Bentiu and Malakal for NGOs but wouldn’t easily return to work in greater Upper Nile after they learned that Dr Machar’s power laddering turned a tribal quandary when he failed to secure the party’s top leader position.

The Nuers should calm down as South Sudan isn’t for Dr Machar or President Kiir. They should also impede to support Dr Machar.

When judging a man, one must bear in mind that there is no universal estimate for his inner weight of social approaches, politics and evildoing.

The SPLA has rights to fight anyone or group of people who armed themselves to act against the nation. It’s a duty for national army to protect the sovereignty and integrity of the country.

Is the SPLA a professional army? A lot needs to be done. The SPLA is full of former militias from greater Upper Nile. There is need for training in order to professionalize the army.

Moreover, ranking system should be authenticated to meet the need or legally match with military principles. The army should also be separated from politics – army’s generals should stick to military ethics to avoid loyalty to politicians because national army is for everyone.

White army or Dr Machar’s boys from Nuer were meant to fight for Dr Machar’s political war in order to enthrone him, or overthrow the legitimate government so that the interim government is formed in order to fulfill his dream for presidency if a failed coup attempt succeeded.

There is no need for a politician to recruit small boys to sustain his political legacy in a modern world. Well, some of these boys are those whose relatives were killed in Juba or greater Upper Nile but they were supposed to be comforted than being used to kill others or be killed like their relatives who died ingenuously.

As our leaders have sent their kids to Boston, New York, Sydney and Washington, it’s a hell for poor man who can’t afford to send his kids to Boston in order to avoid being used as tools by Dr Machar and others to fight their political war.

People lost beloved ones, property destroyed and many people exiled. Is it easy to reconcile? The causes of the political crisis are almost established. Those who have committed atrocities should accept their wrongdoings in order to feature the way for reconciliation.

Deng Mangok Ayuel lives in Aweil, South Sudan. He can be reached via He also blogs at

God, please hurry up & kick their arses!

BY: Margaret AKULIA, CANADA, FEB/13/2014, SSN;

God please hurry up and kick their evil arses the way you did King Belshazzar’s, I bellowed in Canadian slang. Don’t just sit there. Do something. Write on the wall, I “mouthed” with the audacity of a Christian rascal.

“There is a time for everything…” a voice egged me on as I continued to holler at God, indignant that He was allowing innocent South Sudanese to be massacred en masse during the conflict that erupted between the incumbent President of the Republic of South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit and the former Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon and their cohorts on December 15, 2013.

Are you even watching this? Do something, I continued to yowl at God.
This wasn’t the first time I had howled at God like that and I doubt that it will be the last because I have a very special relationship with God and He knows what a pertinacious Christian I am.

I had stumbled onto the very close friend from my past while frantically searching for a bandwagon I could jump onto to contribute towards bringing about sustainable peace, actual democracy, good governance, hard and soft infrastructure, economic development and all the great things South Sudanese deserve.

After scouring the World Wide Web for a day or two I did find a resolute bandwagon. It is a bandwagon full of very bolshy people like me – people who possess the doggedness I inherited from my great maternal grandfather Rembi of the Yondu Kakwa clan in South Sudan.

Stories abound about my great maternal grandfather Rembi during a galactic insurrection in Eastern and Central Africa during the greedy land grabbing scheme by the colonizers of Sub-Sahara Africa that became known at the Partition of Africa.

Great grandfather Rembi is said to have given the covetous colonizers a run for their money. I chuckle every time that story is retold because I delight in challenging abusive people the way great grandfather Rembi did.

The colonizers’ greed and abuse included forcing people who detest each other to live together. That preposterousness has now come back to bite people in the arse as Canadians would say, in reference to the baffling situation currently unfolding in South Sudan.

The night before the Cessation of Hostilities agreement (CoH) was reached and signed between the incumbent President of the Republic of South Sudan, Kiir and the former Vice President, Machar and their cohorts on January 23, 2014, I had spent most of the night having another intrepid diatribe with God.

They are playing you, God, and you are just sitting there doing nothing about it. The time is now. Kick their evil arses the way you did King Belshazzar’s or people are going to think their god is more powerful than you, I challenged.

Then I heard the same voice telling me to keep doing what I was doing.

I had completed combing through the “Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011” with a “fine tooth comb” and I was now skimming through Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Linda Thomas-Greenfield’s Testimony to the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on January 9, 2014.

The Testimony was dubbed “The Situation in South Sudan” and I zeroed in on one sentence.

“First, neither the United States nor the international community will countenance the armed overthrow of the democratically elected government,” Ms. Thomas-Greenfield chided in her Testimony.

Democracy? What Democracy? I gibed at Ms. Thomas-Greenfield’s preposterous proposition that there is Democracy in South Sudan.

If a Canadian Prime Minister or American President had the audacity to flaunt his or her constitutional rights and the word Democracy after orchestrating the genocide and mass murder that was unfolding in South Sudan, I would instigate and lead an insurrection the way my maternal great grandfather Rembi did.

The injudicious so-called leaders would know in no uncertain terms that Democracy is a government of the people, by the people, for the people.

They would know that Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in “the people” and owned by them not the other way around.

They would also know in no uncertain terms that in a Democracy, “the people” are the masters and the Prime Ministers and Presidents are the servants.

It is not the other way around as nascent African Presidents have it. They have Democracy backwards and their roguery must be stopped by “the people.”

In a Democracy, “the people” direct the agenda, not the other way around. In a Democracy, legislators are die-hard about defending “the people’s” rights. They fight for “the people” not themselves.

In a Democracy, legislators don’t accept bribes the way bogus African legislators do.

In a Democracy, legislators are not bullied or murdered when they challenge the Prime Minister or President because debate is encouraged and elevated not stamped down.

In a Democracy, there is freedom of speech because it is a citizen’s right. “The people” especially journalists are free to tell the truth and they won’t be murdered because the Prime Minister or President encourages “the people” to speak freely.

In a Democracy, the police, prosecutors, judges and the army belong to “the people”. They are “the people’s” friends. They protect and defend “the people” with their lives and they look out for “the people’s” best interests.

In a Democracy, the country’s judiciary is a highly esteemed independent entity. Not even the Prime Minister or President can interfere with it.

In a Democracy, the Prime Minister and the President is not above the law. If they commit a crime including contravening the supreme law of the land which is the constitution, “the people’s” police charge them with a criminal offence and then they are prosecuted like any citizen who commits a criminal offence against “the people.”

In a Democracy, a Prime Minister or President can never appoint themselves prosecutor, judge, jury and executioner because the judiciary is independent. That includes appointing themselves prosecutor, judge, jury and executioner of citizens they falsely accuse of treason.

“The people” can and will most definitely challenge such a contemptible connivance.

In a Democracy, any Prime Minister or President who obstructs justice commits a crime.

In a Democracy, anyone who makes a false statement in a legal proceeding commits a crime. That includes lying that a coup occurred when it didn’t.

In a Democracy, “the people” expect a Prime Minister or President to be an exemplary citizen not a crook.

In a Democracy, if a Prime Minister or President becomes lawless while in office, the only constitutional right they have is the right to due legal process, a fair trial and legal representation through an independent judiciary.

In a Democracy conniving to use the constitution to abuse “the people” is a crime.

In a Democracy, hatching up plans to use the constitution for mass murdering “the people” and committing atrocities against them is a crime.

In a Democracy when “the people” “insult” a Prime Minister or President, they understand that “the people’s” “insults” are actually instructions to their honorable servants.

In a Democracy, “the people’s” servants admit mistakes and learn from their mistakes. They don’t become demoniac and instruct “the people’s” police and army to kill “the people” who point out their mistakes.

In a Democracy, “the people’s” police, prosecutors, judges and the army are not above the law either. If they themselves commit atrocities and participate in morally reprehensible crimes including murdering “the people”, they are charged with criminal offences by “the people’s” police.

Then “the people’s” prosecutors go after them in full force the same way they go after a rogue Prime Minister or President.

In a Democracy if a Prime Minister or President orchestrates genocide and mass murder, they automatically forfeit their right to the highest position in the land. There is no debate or due legal process about that.

In a Democracy, “the people” have a constitutional right to strip a Prime Minister or President who does such a Satanic thing of the powers of Prime Minister or President since it was “the people” who gave them the powers they are abusing in the first place.

In a Democracy the nation’s resources belong to “the people”. Plundering them with depraved foreign and domestic acquaintances through clandestine agreements and operations is a crime against “the people.”

A criminal is a thug and if that thug is the Prime Minister or President, they cannot use the constitution to continue to hold onto the powerful position of Prime Minister or President.

The only rights they have in that situation are the rights that are guaranteed to all citizens – the right to due legal process, a fair trial and legal representation through an independent judiciary.

Consequently, if the disgraced outlaw cannot afford a lawyer because “the people” will have repossessed the wealth the criminal and their domestic and foreign partners in crime stole from “the people”, a lawyer is made available for them at no cost.

In a Democracy unleashing an iniquitous foreign army on “the people” is treason.

In a Democracy, fabricating treason is a crime.

In a Democracy a servant who becomes a brute is unfit to continue to be “the people’s” servant. They are automatically stripped of their status as a servant of “the people” and then prosecuted by “the people’s” prosecutors through an independent judiciary.

Suffice it to say that Democracy in the “Banana Republics” of Africa that are ruled by self-styled plutocracies doesn’t resemble actual Democracy in the least bit.

The closest those politico-economic oligarchs come to Democracy are dysfunctional or rigged elections followed by attempts to force onto “the people” the “quasi-kingdoms” that were disrupted by the predatory colonizers that my great maternal grandfather Rembi withstood during the land grabbing scheme that became known at the Partition of Africa.

To say that it is untenable to force a “quasi-kingdom” on a group of diverse citizens as some African despots are trying to do is an understatement.

However carving out a co-existence premised on respect and celebration of diversity is possible for “the people.”

In the case of South Sudan, the icing on “the people’s” cake is that there is enough oil to go around. However, “the people” must first boot out the piranhas who are trying to swindle them out of a prolific existence.

These piranhas must know in no uncertain terms that pillaging “the people’s” oil and leaving “the people” to languish in poverty will never be tolerated in South Sudan.

They can vamoose and go some place else but God will catch up with them there and kick their evil arses the way He did King Belshazzar’s because the time is ripe for that.

At the second round of peace negotiations between the incumbent President of the Republic of South Sudan, Kiir Mayardit and the former Vice President, Riek Machar, and their cohorts, it is “the people” who should direct the agenda not the conflicting parties.

This is because it is “the people” who have the correct solution for averting a catastrophe and a failed state.

Simply put, if the unresolved issues that precipitated the current carnage in South Sudan are not resolved correctly by allowing “the people” to direct the agenda and the underlying dark forces are left to run amok without being exposed by “the people”, South Sudan’s current “baby steps” and long journey ahead will be perilous at best.

Can South Sudan be saved? The answer is a resounding yes because the evil that pervades many African “Banana Republics” is not yet as entrenched in South Sudan.

Furthermore, “the people” of South Sudan know the solutions to the current carnage and they are quite capable of preventing South Sudan from tumbling down into the abyss provided the conflicting parties listen to them.

It will be foolish for the conflicting parties to push South Sudan into the deep chasm when the solution is as simple as listening to “the people.”

Margaret Akulia is co-author of the sequel Idi Amin: Hero or Villain? His son Jaffar Amin and other people speak.
She brings to the South Sudan dialogue a multidisciplinary professional background including but not limited to “grassroots activism”.
Additional information at: href=

Shedding Crocodile tears while South Sudan bleeds


The second round of peace talks between the SPLM Resistance Movement and the government of South Sudan which is supposed to commence today on 10th February 2014, in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa has been indefinitely postponed (next week) as result of lack of implementations of the previous secession hostilities agreed by the parties involved in IGAD mediation.

These include the release of all political detainees without any exception, immediate withdrawal of Ugandan troops, withdrawal of JEM and other SPLM/A-N forces which were invited officially by Juba government.

The participation of all stakeholders including civil society organisations, religious leaders, all various political leaders etc will make it more inclusive for all South Sudanese stakeholders.

Unfortunately, the seven released political detainees who were flown to Kenya on 29th January 2014, by the Kenyan authority have been denied participation in the peace talks by the Kenyan government with ill-advice from Juba.

As well as the release of the other four detainees demanded who are still languishing in Juba notorious state prison or ghost houses located at different locations in Juba town.

President Salva Kiir labelled them as coup plotters who allegedly attempted to overthrow his government along with Dr. Riek Machar, former vice President of the Republic of South Sudan now heading the SPLM/A Resistant Movement in opposition.

The other important key players in South Sudan politics whose presence being purposely denied by President Salva Kiir in Juba to take part in the peace talks are Madam Rebecca Nyandeng de’ Mabior – presidential advisor on Gender and Human Rights and widow of former President of the government of South Sudan Dr. John Garang de’ Mabior and Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba – former Minister of Higher education.

Peace in South Sudan cannot come to its logical conclusion because the stakeholders are categorically denied participation by the government in Juba and their regional allies.

This was just a ploy being fabricated intentionally by President Salva Kiir and his cronies allies both internally and externally to implicate the innocent accusers as coup plotters in order to justify their sinister plan against the potential opinions within the SPLM hierarchy.

Ironically, President Salva Kiir has succeeded in eliminating some of his potential enemies, the Nuer, by ordering head of his private army “Presidential Guards” Major General Marial Chenoung, commanding a force numbering 3000 soldiers stationed at Luri garrison – some few kilo metres from Juba town to systematically massacre Nuer civilians residing in Juba.

Initially, Nuer community have a population of not less than one hundred thousand including the government officials and other organised forces.

The death rates among the Nuer civilians following the fighting in Juba that occurred on 15th December 2013, within the Presidential Guards and subsequent massacres which happened on 16,17, 18 and 19 December is recorded by survivors as 10.740 death in total mostly children, women and elderly people.

Most of the victim’s bodies were dumped in River Nile while the rest of the bodies burned to ashes by using petrol whereas Red Cross and SPLA soldiers collected the rest of the bodies and buried them in mass graves as their murderers attempted to conceal evidences by dumping bodies in the River Nile or burning them to ashes by using kerosene.

President Yoweri Museveni has made the biggest mistake that he had never done in his lifetime before. As a former revolutionary fighter who fought many successive wars against political injustices right from Idi Amin, Milton Obuti and Tito Okello to free Ugandans from the yoke of dictatorship.

He cannot blindly support a murderer regime under leadership of visionless leader who does not differentiate between comrade and enemy.

In order for Uganda to qualify to wage a long lasting war for 30 years or more in South Sudan, Uganda must first recognise their legitimacy in South Sudan before committing resources and other internal implications including uprising and coup d’état in Uganda.

It is very costly and let President Museveni not take the war in South Sudan for granted.

In South – South conflict, it took Cdr. Samuel Gai Tut and Dr. John Garang de Mabior five good years as from 1983 – 1988 with losses of not less than twenty thousand lives for control of South Sudan while at the same time fighting their common enemy – Sudan.

It also took Dr. Riek Machar and Dr. John Garang 11 years following the split of 1991 – 2002 to reconcile their differences on how to champion the cause of the people of South Sudan against successive Khartoum regimes.

CPA came as a result of unity between Dr. Riek Machar and Dr. John Garang respectively after realizing that their differences would not serve their people’s common purposes.

President Museveni should give himself 20 years to win the war in South Sudan. But where will he be by then while he is aging.

The Nuer people fought the British Colonial Power with spears and eventually brought down Royal Air Force (RAF) in 1927 with their spears.

If he wants to know about the Nuer People of South Sudan, please led him read these two books “Shadow in the Grass” British in South Sudan from 1898 – 1956,” By Prof. Robert O. Collins or The Nuer Conquer, by Raymond C. Kelly – Michigan University Press 1985.

Let him not waste his time by supporting a loser. The British know Nuer People of South Sudan better then anybody and that is why they are not talking in Museveni’s warfare. Just wait and see.

Dr. Riek Machar is not Joseph Kony, Utu, Mobutu Seke seko nor El Shabab of Somalia. He has people fully and ready to die for him.

Yes, Museveni supported Dr. John Garang against Dr. Riek Machar as he is now supporting Salva Kiir against Riek Machar. But mind him that blood is thicker than water.

President Salva will one day join Dr. Riek as Dr. John Garang did it in January 2001, in Nairobi without President Yoweri Museveni’s consent.

The oil of South Sudan is their sole property. No matter who is going to manage it whether Slava or Riek, it will remain the same. At last, the beneficiaries shall be South Sudanese people.

Dr. Riek Machar for sure nor his associates being implicated in the coup d’etat were not involved at all.

They are all victims of political conspiracies being manufactured against them by their known political detractors who have been looking for loopholes all along to get rid of them as to give room to weak and wicked characters within the SPLM leadership to merge to top positions.

President Museveni should read the South Sudan politics clearly from how his friend President Salva Kiir is panicking and his calling for his intervention in internal affairs of South Sudan militarily within one week.

Unless Uganda stays in South Sudan for 100 years this is where his friends shall remain in power. As long as Uganda leaves South Sudan, they will definitely follow them the same day to Kampala. For they will not have any protection any more in the country.


He has already abused it by massacring over ten thousand innocent Nuer civilians in Juba in front of UN, foreign diplomats, NGOs agencies, human rights representatives, religious leaders, civil society organisations and all the stakeholders.

If he was to be a president in western world he should have automatically resigned the same day.

This elections of 2010, was done under a united democratic Sudan and had nothing to do with South Sudan, which was born later.

Kiir is a gross human rights violator who does not deserve to be honoured for he had abused his constitutional rights by offering his sole dignity to his foreign helper Yoweri Museveni of Uganda to protect his leadership.

He has sold our country to Uganda for protection period! A Dinka or Nuer has nothing in Kiir Mayardit business. He has sold us all. The unity of our divided and venerable people must be worked out without him.


As far as South Sudan is concerned, it is actually a former colony of Republic of Sudan until 2011, when South Sudan attained its independence on 9th July 2011.

The resources South Sudan have including the oil was exploited by Sudan before the independence. This should not be taken for granted by Uganda, which has nothing to do with historical sovereignty of South Sudan.

The same with Ethiopia, which shares the same historical and cultural relations with people of South Sudan where the Nuer who formed the majority in Gambella region have common cultural and historical ties with their kinship in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile States in the Republic of South Sudan.

The resources of South Sudan, which are mainly located in both Upper Nile and Unity State, Ethiopia and Sudan, have a great say over them.

If it is a matter of winning friends and allies by offering the oil at any price, Nuer in the three states of South Sudan have more rights to offer to any dealers at any rates. And this will be done if needs arise.

Both Ethiopia and Sudan should stop Uganda from meddling in South Sudan internal affairs. In order to bring this war to an end, Uganda troops must withdraw from South Sudan soil immediately.

Their presence does not solve our problems instead it is fueling the on-going conflict in South Sudan on tribal lines.

Uganda has taken sides in supporting the Dinka led government under leadership of President Salva Kiir Mayardit against Dr. Riek Machar Teny whose support draw mainly from Nuer ethnic group.


The two opposing parties must agree to compromise their differences for the sake of unity of the country with condition that the issue is solely left to them to resolve it.

Uganda must leave people of South Sudan alone. As far as their involvement to our internal crisis is concerned they do not need to be part of solution at all.

Uganda has taken side in the conflict and does not need to be part of solution.

The past Uganda’s involvements in regional conflicts starting with Rwanda, Congo, Central Africa Republic, Somalia and South Sudan, Uganda does not qualify to be a peacemaker in the Horn of Africa under IGAD mediation.

US and it allies should take notice of this appeal seriously as an opinion of the masses in the opposition areas and urgently take it into full consideration.

By: Daniel Wuor Joak
Executive Director, African Centre for Human Advocacy (ACHA)
ACHA is dealing with issues related to Democracy, Good Governance, Human Rights, Rule of Law, Accountability and Advocacy all over Africa Continent
The author was a former MP in (SSLA) & Minister of Education, Science & Technology in Upper Nile State, Malakal
He can be reached through this e-mail:

Melting of Traditional Glue: Homage to Killed Chiefs of Unity State

BY: Machien Luoi, NEW YORK, USA, FEB/12/2014, SSN;

South Sudan traditional authorities (Chiefs, Kings and Queens) are an embodiment of peace and stability at the grass-roots. They are the glue that connects our citizens to the government and augurs ‘people –to- people’ relations across ethnic folds.

Although artificially created by British colonial rule, institution of traditional authorities has served our people positively.

Traditional leaders have been the bedrock for which our resistance against colonial powers and opposition against the Sudanese-Arab state were anchored.

It is unfortunate that during peace, which they struggled to achieve, they are chucked aside and forgotten. It is sad that in crisis such as the ongoing one in our country, they are murdered in cold blood without any remorse.

On February 07, 2014 – Panyijiar County woke up to a surprise attack by elements of the army accompanied by armed civilians descending from the direction of Lakes State.

In that attack 29 people were killed, amongst them were old persons, women and children. Scores were wounded and many remain missing. The belligerents burned down what could burn and made it away with unknown herds of livestock.

In that incident most prominent retired Paramount Chiefs and very influential elders in Nyuong Community were among the dead. The writer who has known the two Chiefs and who worked with them recently is saddened by this sad news.

This opinion article highlights significance of our Chiefs and traditional leaders.

Most importantly, it is homage to these Chiefs (Late Chiefs Keah Tut Ngoal and Kerubino Nyuon Yar Buol) of Panyijiar County – Unity State, who met their death on February 07, 2014.

It is to be recalled that during our liberation war with Sudan’s Islamic-Arab state, between 1983 and 2004, our Chiefs and traditional leaders were the source of food, recruits and other resources for the SPLA.

I was conscripted to the SPLM/A as a child by a chief and so were many men across the country.

In the villages, SPLA collected taxes and fines in terms of grains, livestock and poultry, but could not be successful doing it without the consent or influence of the Chiefs.

Additionally, when judicial vacuums in the liberation structures were spotted, Chiefs were co-opted and acted as judges in their localities. This was clarified during the SPLM/A convention in 1994 where Chiefs were mandated to serve as judges at local levels.

As leaders in their communities, chiefs were a source of information on positions of the enemy. They were basically the maps we needed for navigation.

We relied on them to path-find our ways through jungles and arid areas of our country when insecurity engulfed much of our society.

They were charged with responsibility to accommodate SPLA in their homes, sometimes getting displaced for longer time.

When the army was out numbered in some battles with the enemy, Chiefs and elders mobilized their youths to fight alongside SPLA against the enemy.

Many of them offered their daughters to poor SPLA as wives for free understanding that the army had no dowry to pay.

Chiefs Keah Tut and Kerubino Nyuon were amongst war-time contributors to our struggle. War veterans from Muormuor, Koryom, Kazuk, Zalzal and even Intifadha who were accommodated and passed through Nyuong Nuer territory would remember these men for their contributions.

Even the sons of the Nuba and Blue Niles States who came down through Nyuong territory could testify to their support. These late Chiefs and those still alive are our heroes.

In peace, they were on ‘cross-fire’ mitigating conflicts between their own constituents as well as between their communities and SPLA when disputes arose.

After the 1991 SPLM/A split, Nuer and Dinka Chiefs were keen to put the conflict to bed. Between June 1998 and February 1999, Chiefs from these two communities met in Lokichoggio and at Wunlit in Warrap State to condemn the ethnic militarization of the split.

They opted to abandon politicians from their own ethnic groups in the name of peace and coexistence. Through their collaboration with the New Sudan Council of Churches (NSCC) Wunlit Peace Conference was convened and the “People-to-People” peace initiative was born.

Later, the conference was replicated across South Sudan. “People-to-People” peace process is today credited for creating conditions which culminated to the merger of SPLM/A warring factions in 2002 and for laying the foundation for unified communities to support the Naivasha peace process.

Chiefs Keah Tut & Kerubino Nyuon were among the founders of the Wunlit Peace initiative. In fact one of the Wunlit Peace Council offices was built and is now in located at Panyijiar County where they were killed on February 07, 2014.

After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed on January 09, 2005, Chiefs continued their unwavering support to the SPLM and autonomous Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS).

In May 2009 a Chiefs, Kings and Queens’ national conference was convened in Bentiu Unity State under the theme, “Together Toward our Destiny.”

At the time, CPA was under scrutiny, a disputed national census concluded a year earlier, shaky and nerve wrecking elections were looming and somewhat uncertain in 2010, and a referendum on our right to self-determination was less than two years away, but our resolve to get there needed assurances from our grass-roots.

In the Chiefs, Kings and Queens’ Conference, the participants confirmed their commitment to Unity of our people and declared unanimous support to our government in Juba in getting us to our “destiny.”

The elders pledged their undivided allegiance to the leadership to complete our liberation mission.

Chief Keah Tut had retired from the active duty by that time, but Chief Kerubino Nyuon Yar was among the participants.

I had the opportunity to attend the event, witnessed the enthusiasm, joy of grass-root unity and support to our nationhood as displayed by the leaders who were from all corners of South Sudan.

Grass-roots support to the SPLM government in Juba continued through to the elections. Chiefs Keah Tut and Kerubino Nyuon were die-hard supporters of the status quo and were against challengers who happened to be other political parties or Independent candidates.

It is needless to mention that these chiefs were alert about the risk of handing GOSS leadership to parties not signatory to the CPA.

They knew what would jeopardize implementation of the agreement to the “letter and spirit,” mindful of the National Congress Party (NCP) behavior at that time. The two Chiefs were at odds with many including their own relatives.

I can recall Chief Kerubino Nyuon wearing a white T-shirt with picture of President Salva Kiir wearing his Cowboy hat on and marked “Vote for Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit!”

Their own lives and their sons who stood with them were threatened. Some politicians are still bitter and hold grudges against them for their support to the SPLM leaders and government in that election.

During the referendum for separation of South Sudan, these Chiefs mobilized Nyuong community to vote for independence of South Sudan.

Based on statistics which are available in Referendum archives, there was only one (1) person out of the whole county population that voted for Unity of Sudan. The individual was later found to be an old person who had been confused by the signs on the ballot box.

We finally had our nation on July 09, 2011 and mission accomplished.

Again in April 2012 Sudan invaded our territories on the northern borders. The elders mobilized Nyuong Community to send in more than 75 cows, bags of mangos, sugarcanes, bundled dry fish in sacks, chickens and other items to support the army fighting in Panthou (Heglig), Panakuach, Jau and Techwin.

Chief Kerubino Nyuon Yar was a crucial asset in that mobilization. While on the Unity State and Lakes State relations, Chiefs Kerubino Nyuon worked closely with his counter-parts to bridge the ethnic divide, crackdown criminal activities of youths and inspire people to trade across state borders.

Most often getting support from international NGOS working in peace building, conflict mitigation and community security control to get his people live in peace with neighbors.

The Two Chiefs are well known to Lakes State Caretaker Governor Matur Chut Dhuol and to Justice Advisor to the President, Mr. Telar Ring Deng Takpiny.

With regards to their contributions to peace, this writer witnessed and participated in more than three conferences between 2010 and 2012 in Rumbek where Chief Kerubino Nyuon Yar was engaged in peace initiatives with his colleagues.

Not to forget that no single cow raided by Nyuong youths that was returned to Lakes State without hard work of Chief Kerubino Nyuon Yar.

Today, Tradition authorities, continue to deal with a lot of cases involving theft, murder, rape and other conflicts than the well paid lawyers in the State Capitals and National Courts in Juba.

They are the machinery that operates the traditional customary law systems reaching people our elites have lost touch with.

Despite their unequivocal contributions during war and in the last nine years, these true leaders have not received anything better in return.

During the war, Chiefs were punitively punished by the SPLA Commanders. They were gruesomely reprimanded for lack of efficiency in collecting food, gathering recruits and not satisfying other demands of the armed men.

In the hands of their own communities, they were held accountable for recruits to the army and victimized for loses suffered in the hands of the SPLA.

After installation of GOSS, some of them lost their jobs. Those who retained it were forgotten, kept in dark and only needed when their political support mattered.

Many of them today remain unpaid, often expected to find resources through court cases they preside over. Moreover, they have no pension-reward system plan.

Once done with tenure of service, they are expected to fend for themselves despite that their physical strength has left them. They are met by poverty right on their doors.

Many of them can’t afford to send their children to schools or afford a health care assistance. Life has not changed for their children who continue to be plagued by malnutrition and vulnerability to diseases.

Although cases they deal with are sensitive, Chiefs remain unprotected and vulnerable to murder by their own subjects.

Other times, they get relieved from their positions without due cause only to watch their jobs assigned to relatives and confidants of the political elites.

At times, Chiefs come face to face with harassment by government authorities for speaking out against unbecoming treatment of their subjects or themselves.

Their working conditions remain remote and most often not prioritized for improvement by governing elites. Many of them continue to operate under trees.

Worse of all, we murder them in cold blood when our tribal demons are aroused. Chiefs are killed when our ethnic tensions flare as if they started such conflicts.

To conclude, if our Chiefs and elders were judged by their contributions to our liberation, peace and stability, they would deserve better treatment and protection from the government they nurtured.

When they are killed and wiped out, we are denied grass-roots wisdom and influence needed to keep our societies together and strong.

Mistreatment of traditional authorities and their eventual disappearance from the society is regrettable and marks the melting away of the traditional glue that binds us together with government and across ethnic lines.

Obviously, in the view of current South Sudan crisis, Chiefs Keah Tut & Kerubino Nyuon Yar will have been resourceful in Wunlit Triangle Peace. They will be greatly missed in Nyuong Community.

Their contributions to “People- to-People” peace across the borders with Lakes State remain one of their greatest achievements.

Dear Chiefs Keah Tut and Kerubino Nyuon Yar, may your souls Rest In Peace (R.I.P).

Machien Luoi
Atlas Corps Fellow,
Serving with BRAC USA in New York City.

The author is a South Sudanese and can be reached at

South Sudan must restore justice, peace through dialogue & reconciliation efforts

BY: Mabor M. Dhelbeny, JUBA, FEB/11/2014, SSN;

Since 2011 the country had been experiencing a lot of rebellions after the disintegration. Some of these rebellions were addressed through presidential amnesty and pardons granted by the President of the Republic of South Sudan.

In accordance with the provision of article 101(h) of Transitional Constitution 2011, it says “the President shall confirm death sentences, grant pardons and remit convictions or penalties according to this Constitution and the law.”

Such function exercised by the head of our state was never made by any other African head of state like Uganda Museveni’s LRA, but President Kiir did it not only just to embrace peace and harmony in our country but also to thwart rebels’ plans of destabilizing South Sudan.

These rebels include SSLA, George Athor, and David Yau Yau. Some were crushed or perished before taking too long.

The era of the transition from a military based regime to a democratic viable state in the post conflict, demonstrates that the SPLM had lost ideal of democracy based upon a reconciliation of the values of equality and liberty.

Peace and reconciliation must be accommodated among all communities inhabiting South Sudan.

Analysts noted that some ethnic tribes had never tasted the fruits or dividends of peace since the inception of CPA, 2005 particularly the murle tribe of Pibor in Jonglei state.

As problems are bound by the interactions of man with another man, it’s better to sit down rather than to fight and iron out your differences on the round table.

So the two heavy weights comrades, President Kiir of the SPLM-led government and Dr. Riek, the rebel leader of the SPLM-in Opposition should take heed to lay down their arms and go for peace talk in order to address the worsening plight of South Sudanese people.

The salvation of our country lies not only through dialogue but also through democratic reforms. Only dialogue will settle these crises, for the dialogue is amusing but the plot is weak.

The most senior members of the party turned out to be disloyal to the SPLM leadership.

It disturbs the public when the mother party the SPLM/A which liberated the country or the marginalized South Sudanese people from the hands of oppressors (Arabs in the north) seemed to have failed to de-escalate their internal conflicts.

The question that poses itself is that had the SPLM been like this during the years of struggle, South Sudan would have not attained her independence.

Many people including the SPLM-Youth League were vocal to country’s peace, stability and reconciliation. Following the occasion in the University of Juba on January 30th 2014, Akol Paul, the chairperson of the SPLM-Youth League “has urged the South Sudanese youth to unite under an umbrella of patriotism and nation building rather than being misled into joining the conflict for tribal reasons”.

While Daniel Awet, the former deputy speaker of the National Legislative Assembly and a member of Political Bureau on the same function, “called upon the South Sudanese youth to practice being leaders of tomorrow and remain the backbone of the country and not to be manipulated by the politicians with personal agendas.”

A good start of our journey to reconciliation and national healing has now begun with government officials’ campaign.

So if the next phase of peace talk be inclusive of all representatives from the following groups such as women, youth, civil societies, elders, traditional and church leaders than chances of achieving peace and unity will be higher.

The significant role of civil society groups such as CEPO and the likes also need to be acknowledged in this scenario. South Sudanese civil rights groups should not be cowed by any threats as did some politicians during the past few years.

Instead they should be inspired to fight for equal rights as they endeavor to put South Sudan into a true democratic state free from ethnic violence.

Therefore such duties of citizens have been enshrined in Art. 46 (2) (b) of the TCSS, 2011 which says that “every citizen shall in particular promote peace, harmony, unity, fraternity and tolerance among all people of South Sudan in order to transcend ethnic, religious, geographical and political divisions.”

So each representative from each group deserves a right to participate in coming peace talks due to be held in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia.

Reconciliation means the process of restoring peace, harmony and relationship or friendship from one person to another.

The fact that we need reconciliation means that our relationship or friendship with Nuer, Dinka, or any other tribe in South Sudan was broken (Romans 5:10).

For us to accommodate peace and reconciliation, we must repent, confess and forgive one another.

When John the Baptist commanded the Jews to repent, people asked, “Then what shall we do?” John answered, “Let the man who has two tunic (sleeveless garment) share with him who has none; and let him who has food do likewise” (Luke 3:10-11).

Hence, people who are seriously affected or aggrieved should be remedied by the crises management teams after proper evaluation or assessment irrespective of their race, color, religion etc.

Economic injustice is another factor in our country, for it deprives people of free access to the creation of God. Therefore the demand of justice to redistribute the resources of our young nation must be examined.

For instance the two percent of oil revenue in Unity State which was meant for state’s development have ended up in the pockets of few elites due to lack of transparency and accountability.

What happened in our country is really a tragedy caused by the enemies of peace and sinners. No doubt that Juba has become a capital of witchcrafts who proclaimed to be doctors of healing misfortune, ascending to power and etc.

This however, has perversely caused the lives of others to be in trouble especially those who believe in them.

Nevertheless some people who rebelled against God just to follow their false prophets in search for power and wealth still continue but they do not know it consequences.

It has given birth to the senseless war which devastated the towns of Greater Upper Nile.

It’s better to think critically, revisit our bibles and learn the past events. Prophet Isaiah in the past had one time told the God’s followers who failed to obey His commands that “…your iniquities have separated you from your God; your sins have hidden His face from you so that He will not hear. For your hands are stained with blood, your fingers with guilt. Your lips have spoken lies and your tongue mutters wicked things. No one calls for justice; no one pleads his case with integrity. They rely on empty arguments and speak lies; they conceive trouble and give birth to evil” (Isaiah 59:2-4).

Such prophetic statements however have reflected our current situations now but what to do next.

Alas, let’s come back, kneel down and bow to worship our Lord. For the scripture reads, “Ask and you will be answered; knock and the door will be opened to you.”

Can we not ask our Father Who art in heaven to give us the lasting peace in order to restore justice!

Restorative justice is the process whereby victims, offenders and community are collectively involved in resolving how to deal with the aftermath of an offence and its implications for future (mediation UK 2002:2).

Of course it could be a tool for an effective conflict resolution and problem-solving approach. Because the conception of restorative justice system is that it seeks to balance the victim and community with the need to reintegrate the offender into the society and finally to make those who caused the harm acknowledge the impact of what they have done and give them an opportunity to make reparation.

I mean people who have committed atrocities, those who have looted properties, broke houses and segregated residents must face justice if proper investigations are done.

So it’ll be our collective duty after peace and reconciliation not only to relocate the IDPs but also to reintegrate the offenders or those South Sudanese people who have committed crimes into their respective societies.

For us to be law abiding citizen, justice must prevail. This is what the Lord says about justice, “Maintain justice and do what is right, for my salvation is close at hand and my righteousness will soon be revealed” (Isaiah 56:1).

If the government decides to release all political detainees before the court verdict, then the Lord of innocent South Sudanese citizens will not spare any politician or ruler in this country.

Because the scripture says, “Acquitting the guilt and condemning the innocent, Lord detests them both. It is not good to punish an innocent man or to flog officials for their integrity” (Proverbs 17:15, 26).

Suddenly, the author of this piece has missed his dearly relatives who lost their lives in defense of our nation after the war spread to other towns of Malakal and Bentiu.

But government should not take risk to exclude all the representatives of the above-mentioned groups to the peace talk, if we want the lasting peace to come in this country.

Occasionally politicians sometimes work for their own interests but the civil societies and church leaders as well as women groups will leave no stone unturned.

For the bible says: “Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit but in humility consider others better than yourselves.

Each of you should work not only to your own interests but also to the interest of others” (Philippians 2: 3-4). I think if we restrain ourselves from tribalism, nepotism and individualism then we will achieve nationalism.

The author is a legal practitioner who lives in Juba. Email him at