Archive for: February 2014

South Sudan’s money doing miracles not in Country but outside

BY: Morris Kuol Yoll, ALBERTA, CANADA, FEB/28/2014, SSN;

“Put your money where your mouth lies”, said the Good book. Apparently, South Sudan is not putting its money where it would fuel its economy through local investment and banking system.

Money made in South Sudan or money pumped into the country from the Diaspora source is in turn outsourced from the country by foreign banks and forex bureau agencies.

Likewise, many South Sudanese, in the country, are banking their money in foreign banks. Indeed, officials and normal citizens having families in the neighbouring countries are outsourcing money through money transfer to support their families overseas.

Hence, real investments from money made in South Sudan are therefore seen in neighbouring countries and foreign nations, which deprive a young nation the development it desperately needed.

Three years ago, before our independence, I said that foreign Banks and Forex bureau operations in South Sudan were a bad thing.

However, someone who styled himself as a banker, in response to my concern said that there was nothing wrong with foreign banks operations in the country.

I am no expert in the area and was dwarfed in this regard. Even so, it is distinctly not right to institute or accept monetary systems that pump money out in the country with no control.

Of course, there is an eerie part to foreign banks outsourcing money in the country. And for this reason, I felt my concern was misfired and South Sudan’s sovereignty violated by scams.

It is okay for foreign banks to operate in a country provided that a Country is aware of exploitation that ensues and how to restrain it.

However, South Sudan [is] a young and inexperienced nation that has not yet adequately developed laws to deal or stop smart and sly money defrauded by international corporations.

What I want to say here is that South Sudan is being exploited by foreign investors and its citizens that prefer banking their money in foreign banks.

That is: investors make money in the country and then pump it out for banking in foreign countries where real investments in constructions and various businesses are made.

Besides, our people are enticed by these foreign investors and banks to bank their money outside the country through foreign banks branches in South Sudan.

As well, our neighbours from Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, Congo, etc. went to South Sudan where they make money with ease and get it out of our country with ease.

Not the least, many South Sudanese send their kids abroad, especially neighbouring countries, to study, taking cash made in South Sudan along with them.

These acts of outsourcing money drain South Sudan monetarily and enrich neighbouring countries where the money is banked, spent and invested.

In 1998, I visited Kenya. To say the less, Nairobi was a scary place to be. The city was full of trash and litters with little homeless kids lingering around corners of each street, whereas the city trash mounds were inhabited by little thugs born and raised in the garbage mounds.

Else, I will never forget the burning eyes looking at me and my wife as we were waiting for the city bus, or out pour of blames directed at my wife by relatives that were astonished and maddened in seeing her wearing gold earrings and necklaces on streets of Nairobi.

Economically, Kenya was suffering and many of its people were destitute. However, in 2010, when I visited Kenya, things had changed drastically for better. I saw new infrastructures erected and construction booms.

And to my surprise, Kenyans had changed. There were no more burning eyes staring at strangers. On one hand, there was no fear of wearing jewelries on the streets of Niarobi and my wife felt at ease and secured in wearing her gold earrings and chains. On one hand, those little thugs on the streets were less seen, and as well, the streets of Nairobi were cleaner and less littered.

Apparently, Kenya’s economic boom is not due to Western countries investments since western’s economies were facing huge economic meltdown of the century: it got to be South Sudan’s money.

Clearly, money from South Sudan is doing miracles it isn’t doing in South Sudan, but in the neighbouring countries- Kenyan and Uganda, and Ethiopia are good examples.

A sensible country must control money that is pumped into its system through its own national banking system, but South Sudan is not doing that, which disadvantages and deprives it from development badly needed throughout the country.

It is a high time that South Sudan must consider controlling monetary circulation within South Sudan for local investments by limiting outsourcing of money to foreign nations.

Our country authority should limit foreign banks operation and encourages national banking operation throughout the nation.

As well, citizens should be encouraged to bank in their national banks. Equally, foreign money transfer agencies in the country should be made to follow certain laws of the land designed to limit huge transfers of cash out of the country.

Limiting huge money transfer out of the country will also reduce corruption by those who steal and bank money out of the country.

In short, there is closer to a million or more South Sudanese in the Diaspora. These people send lots of money to South Sudan to support their families and relatives.

When I was in South Sudan, I saw multitudes of people overfilling Dahabshill agency every day, lining up to receive money sent to them abroad.

If South Sudanese local banks seize this opportunity and control these hard currencies flow into the country, they would use this money for local investments.

Our government should encourage its citizens to bank their money in the country, and most importantly encourages national banks and local banks to invest in infrastructures badly needed in the country.

It is not foreign banks or any foreign investments that would boast our economy, but significance investments made locally by our banking system that would bring a viable development needed.

Not the least, we have seen foreign investors, during this crisis, packing and leaving the country. Indeed, they left with their money, made in South Sudan and would come back again after peace to make more money and pump it outside the country since the South Sudan is not yet stable, security wise.

Controlling money to circulate in the country, strengthening local banking system in the country and encouraging local banks in South Sudan to invest in infrastructures, would address current infrastructures and properties destruction perpetuated in Unity State, Juba, Jongelie and Malakal by current war after peace agreement is ascertained.

Morris Yoll, is a south Sudanese Canadian residing in Alberta. Morris could be reached @ myoll2002@yahoo.com

Equatoria: Wake up & take lead to defend South Sudan posterity

BY: WANI TOMBE, South Sudan, FEB/28/2014, SSN;

There comes a time, in men’s lives, to defend the present, and safeguard the future, for posterity, with their precious blood and lives.

When the very survival of the self, is fatally threatened by intentions and conducts of other human persons, notwithstanding, whether the said threat comes from a blood brother, a life-long friend, or a fellow citizen.

Then, it becomes an obligation to suspend those relationships, saturated in positive rapport and amity, and then, activate intentions and conducts, which are meant to preserve the self, so that, this self can preserve other vulnerable lives and selves, which look up to this threatened self, for positive protection and well-being.

A dead father, or a dead elder brother, or/and a dead uncle, all of these dead bodies cannot safeguard the positive present and future; for living dependents and future posterity.

A father, or an elder brother, or/and an uncle; who has been rendered ineffective, due to cumulative disabling conditions, whether these conditions are political, economic, financial, security and military conditions; cannot also safeguard the presents and futures of living dependents and posterities.

When a living father, or a living elder brother, or/and a living uncle, have allowed the absolute destruction and usurpation of comprehensive infrastructures and super-structures, upon which, current vulnerable dependents survive; and future posterities to survive on, through political inaction, legal inaction, civil inaction, and martial inaction, then, the presence and history, shall not forgive these living relatives.

Also, the current living dependents and future posterities, shall not also forgive them.

When living fathers, or living elder brothers or/and living uncles; have the brains, the muscles, the wills, the reasons, and the wisdom, then, they must singularly and collectively take action, to prevent the comprehensive destruction of the said structures; for the sake of those others; whom, they brought into this world, as their dependents, and those who shall come into this world, because of their human reproductive roles.

No men, ever born of Adam and Eve, are cowards. Men are men, and they shall always die as men, in the way that men die; when defending comprehensive interests of their loves ones, and their dependents.

Men cannot unscrupulously sacrifice their loved ones for squandered sovereignty. National sovereignty is the sum total of units of sovereignties, that all of us carry as human persons, and citizens of the Republic of South Sudan.

Therefore, no men shall sit on the fence; while other men are dying defending these said units of individual sovereignties, in order to protect, the sum total of national sovereignty.

Is it not time to defend the present; in order to safeguard the futures of posterities?

The political, social, cultural, tribal, ethnic, security, economic, financial, technological, psychological, military and religious consequences of the last nearly nine (9) years; of gullible reliance; on the abstract social contract, within governance parlance, in South Sudan, have taught all of us lessons we shall forget to our own detriments.

These nine (9) years have also proven to us, the evidences we shall ignore to our collective perils.

These last nine (9) years have also pointed out to us, all relevant milestones and signposts, leading to our collective dark futures.

Therefore, is it not time to defend the present in order to safeguard our collective futures?

The Republic of South Sudan had missed out dangerously to our collective contributions and the result is what we are now harvesting.

We have lost; and continue to waste precious human lives of our women, children and men.

It is now clear that the political and military situations on the ground in South Sudan need a third voice, and a third point of view.

Not a third voice or point of view that emanates from the same one body, which divided itself into three parts, like an amoeba.

It has been a mistake, from 2005, to surrender the political and military fiduciary duties of South Sudan into the hands of others, who appear not to have the comprehensive interests of all the peoples of South Sudan, in their political and military hearts.

Securing the sovereignty of South Sudan, does not mean that, others have the free for all licenses, for the total destruction of South Sudan.

There is a need for a third voice and a third point of view which speaks for all the peoples of South Sudan.

It appears that, when a reasonable peacemaker comes in to stop two men, armed with iron rods, from battering themselves to death, he must come in with an iron rod of his own.

It is time to pick up the torch of reason in Greater Equatoria and show the way forward for the peoples of South Sudan.

South Sudan cannot function efficaciously without the all reasonable historical role of Greater Equatoria.

No one is claiming any clairvoyance powers but historical evidentiary variables are there to sober our angry reactions to this suggestion.

The women, youth and men of Greater Equatoria, with positive collaboration of those reasonable others– in Upper Nile and Bahr El Ghazal– must all come together, so that, together, we can stop the extant carnage and establish an interim government which is for the peoples of South Sudan.

No tribal police, no tribal armies, no tribal military intelligence organisations, and no other tribal security organisations; and no usage of comprehensive resources of South Sudan for group and individual interests.

We must come together for the establishment of community police in Greater Equatoria, in Upper Nile and Bahr El Ghazal, manned by sons and daughters of these regions.

This shall do away with disappearances and other unlawful conducts against our peoples.

We must come together to stop death squads in Juba, Malakal and Wau. We must develop the voice of reason sustained by the will and power to defend this voice of reason.

We do not want foreign soldiers in our land. We do not want foreign soldiers crossing our lands to kill our brothers all over South Sudan.

We are mature and adult peoples; who can solve our internal problems without foreign soldiers.

We do not want to hand over South Sudan to posterity in such a fractured fashion; disintegrated into hostile tribes and groups.

YOU THE WOMEN, MEN, AND YOUTH OF EQUATORIA, WAKE UP AND TAKE THE LEAD; IN SECURING A PEACEFUL GREATER EQUATORIA; AND A GREATER EQUATORIA WHICH IS A TEMPLATE FOR GENERAL PEACEFUL AND DEMOCRATIC SOUTH SUDAN.

Wani Tombe Lako

South Sudan: Kiir’s intransigent government on peace

BY: Yien Lam, SOUTH SUDAN, FEB/28/2014, SSN;

To begin with, does anyone think South Sudan government wants a viable peace in the country? The answer of this question as of my view point is a big NO. It does not want peace to be in the country. The government has been and continues to be uncompromising in all grounds that would lead to the peace settlement in the nation we all love.

This has been the case since the IGAD signed the cessation of hostility with it and the rebels on 23rd of January this year. This agreement was thought and intended to subdue the South Sudan crises.

It was viewed as the good sign for the problem to be resolved. This was the hope in the mind of many if not most in South Sudan as well as all peace loving nations around the world.

Despite the effort being putted on this issue by IGAD, the government and its ally were able to sneak out its troops in order to violate the cessation of hostility signed in Addis Ababa in above mentioned date by attacking rebels’ positions in Leer, Gatdiang and countless others in greater Upper Nile including those who fled from Juba via lake state in February.

These were the clear violations of cessation of hostility by the government. In all of these cases, however, the rebels responded as self-defense until recently when they see the ceasefire as the toothless child who has nobody taking care of and answering the call accordingly.

When you come to the judgment, who do you blame?

To me, I blame the government because it was the one that intensely chose the war than the peace in order to recapture the places that were held by the rebels. This was the intention of the government to violate the cease fire.

If that happens as it had, what kind of peace should be achieved while the government weighs ferocious attack against the rebels held territories?

Should a sane person think for the peace while the government that supposed to respect cessation of hostility does not? Probably not!

This government does not need peace as proven by its activities above. There is no doubt about it as people should have thought. It does not respect whatsoever to other jurisdiction like IGAD.

It does not revere the law of any kind. That was why it violated the ceasefire. It judges other rules as its own in which the government power solely based on one person.

If Kiir’s government was aware about outside world, it should have done what is best for the people of South Sudan than choosing what is worse for them.

Due to heedless thought, his sycophants decided to violate the cessation of hostility because they knew that it is a toothless one and they have a backing of Yoweri Museveni of Uganda.

In addition, the release of the detainees has been a top issue to achieve the peace in which the government persistently refuses to do so, while it has been a hope in everybody minds that the political detainees will be released by Juba without precondition attacked to it because there was no coup.

This has been the expectation for so many people. But Juba refuses and remains defiant to listen to international community rather than Yoweri Museveni songs of war.

Because Juba chose to value Yoweri Museveni of Uganda than the international community, it hung on its gun not to let detainees go as world reacted on behalf of their release.

If that is so as world sees it, how would it be possible for the peace to survive in such situation? In the view of many, Peace cannot survive because it was the government intention not to set the detainees free as it has been the case for so long.

In this scenario, should South Sudan achieve peace without discharging those detainees? In my view, it should not because there was no coup as it has been widely known around the world.

If that is so, what should be the reason for the government to hold them while the case is no longer a coup as it erroneously said it is? This would be ridiculous to continue as such right!

In addition, this government needs not to be trusted in any ground because it is always talking peace that does not translate into reality. There will never be peace in south Sudan as long as Yoweri is still kiir’s helper.

It is mere propaganda and rhetoric that it always uses to bluff the public view. This has been seen often in South Sudan. It is not new to South Sudanese at all.

However, keeping detainees in prison in juba for the crime that they did not commit is a tactic that will never yield fruits of peace for the days to come if not months.

You cannot keep people in Jail because they are having different opinions with you as it has been the case in this situation. As the matter of facts, the issue of not releasing the detainees has been engineered outside the country in pretext of coup by the kiir’s mentor yoweri Museveni.

This has been and continues to be a factor that will interrupt peace process in south Sudan because the country is being run by foreign president and the country’s president acts as the vice president as we speak.

If the careful look is not being taken, the IGAD peace will remain as toothless as it is for the months to come. Pressuring the man who has nothing with peace will not work. That is why everything that was done in term of negotiation has not been implemented in juba.

Likewise, it would be better for the IGAD to console kiir’s boss in Uganda to intervene. Otherwise, kiir’s team has no way to achieve peace in the country without Yoweri Museveni.

This is an advice that I can offer to IGAD. Other than that, there will be no way to achieve peace in South Sudan while leaving the real president of the country behind.

Moreover, peace cannot be achieved in the country without withdrawal of UPDF in the land of South Sudanese. UPDF factor is a issue that contributed greatly to the problem of the nation because kiir and his likes do not want Uganda troops withdrawal in the country.

If that is so as IGAD knows it, how would peace be achieved in the country governed by foreign leader? Believe it or not, kiir and his president yoweri are not aligning to bring peace in South Sudan.

Their intransigence to make peace is being seen clearly. In this scenario, kiir is being viewed as the incompetent leader whose job is to bring yoweri to do the job that he does not know how to do.

This has been seen and only adds fuel to the fire for peace to survive. This in a fact, makes the matter worse in the country than ceasing it.

Not only that, kiir has shown his inability of being the leader of the country. He does not care for the people of South Sudan than his dictatorial position that he holds. That was why he brought in Mercenaries intentionally to kill his own people indiscriminately by using cluster bombs.

If he is the president of all people in the country not his own kin, he should not have used Cluster bombs on one ethnic group because he should have thought wisely as the leader of the country not a leader of his own kin and position.

If you are out there hoping for the peace in Kiir’s South Sudan, drop it. The man who got advice and military help from the dictator cannot make peace in the country.

It would be better for you to have second thought about your future. This man has been advised to the maximum by his mentor to use whatever necessary to subdue individuals. This was why they intentional used a banned weapon.

He has no problem and he will continue to bluff the IGAD for the days to come if not months.

Finally, peace cannot come and will never be in South Sudan till kiir and his likes completely abandon their intransigence along with their ally Uganda president Yoweri museveni who made the Country of South Sudan to be his own.

Peace negotiation with kiir only without his boss in Uganda will be like a food without salt. If an IGAD is really serious about the peace and wants to achieve it in South Sudan, it must involve kiir’s boss in order for the peace to come.

Otherwise, it will be a waste of time negotiating with Kiir without his boss being informed.

The author is concerned South Sudanese and can be reached by Lam981@hotmail.com

Actualizing the Signs of a failed State: Another Somalia (Part I)

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, FEB/26/2014, SSN;

Tit for Tat
I’m still very optimistic that South Sudan will not be like Somalia. However, there are many grave signs that South Sudan will find it difficult to move anywhere given the mindset of the two opposing sides.

There are basically no leaders on both sides but a bunch of self-serving opportunists; some of which are either making names for themselves or settling old scores.

Aleu Ayieny and Telar Ring Deng are hitting back at Pagam Amum for having advised President Kiir to have them dismissed from SPLM in 2008. We all know why Pagan is being targeted and only a dumb law brain would not put that into account.

President Kiir is too naïve to see that Amum wouldn’t be convicted in a court of law in which real law and justice is practised.

Who doesn’t remember what Aleu Ayieny told Pagan in 2008? Who doesn’t remember that Telar and Aleu blamed Pagan Amum for their dismissal?

People like Northern Bahr El Ghazal governor, Malong Awan, who is Kiir’s very close ally, hates Dr. Majak D’Agoot with passion.

Malong and Bol Madut made a lot of noise to late Dr. John Garang de Mabior in the late 1990s to have Majak removed from Bahr el Ghazal as the area commander.

With influence on Kiir now, it’s no brainer Majak is now being set up for death or political vilification. Only lawyers who’d want to shame the profession of Law in South Sudan would convict people like Majak and Amum.

We also know the well-documented dispute between President Kiir and Oyai Deng Ajak. Their enmity goes back to their years in Operation Jungle Storm (OJS) in the 90s when SPLA was almost finished by Omar El Beshir and the fundamentalist National Islamic Front (NIF).

It’s no brainer Kiir, as the total man now in South Sudan, would want to show Oyai Deng Ajak that there’s a new boss in town.

There’s no more Dr. John Garang to help Oyai!

I don’t understand why President Kiir, a man praised by his peers in the SPLA and SPLM as a very humble man, doesn’t see that indicting the remaining four political prisoners is a dark spot on his political legacy.

The president is trying to prove his accusers right. Yes, he’s just done and good job!

We live in a world of ‘proofs.’ The case against the four political detainees is dirty. It has so much hate mixed with it! It has a very bad history dogging it! Give it up Mr. President, ku coxe baai piny! (safe the nation!)

Lies, lies, lies! Ateny Wek!
We all know that politics is about lying. Clever lying! However, there are lies that transcend that ream of livable lying.

The presidential spokesperson, Ateny Wek Ateny, who doesn’t seem to know his real role, talks without checking his facts.

He’s obsessed with the ‘failed coup attempt’ and ‘Riek Machar’ that he’s forgotten that he was hired to present the presidency and President Kiir in a respectable light.

Ateny has succeeded in embarrassing the president. Bravo Ateny! You’ve presented President Kiir with remarkable buffoonery! Why do these guys hate the president this much?

Every word coming out of Ateny’s mouth is a great embarrassment to the president of the republic of South Sudan. I urge Mr. Ateny to either research his facts before going to the media or resign.

He’s a great embarrassment to the president; however, no one seems to care because Kiir’s allies are after destroying the president and his legacy!

Wake up Mr. President! Yiin Riak! (You’re being destroyed by your close friends) Lo baai (go home!)

Lies! Lies! Lies! Moses Ruai Lat!
In the same light rebels’ spokesperson, Moses Ruai Lat, is another lies processing mind. Any town captured by rebels is left destroyed and the civil population left terrorized or killed.

But Ruai minces no words in claiming the rebels don’t kill civilians. Who then kills civilians and destroys these towns?

Bor, Bentiu, Malakal, Leer and Mayendit… all destroyed. Who actually destroyed these places if the rebels claim they didn’t?

Is God destroying these places? Is some devilish ghost doing the job?

If the rebels know their forces are destroying towns and killing civilians, then why isn’t anyone being held accountable. The rebels are projecting themselves as a thuggish and murderous lot with no political agenda.

It’s time the rebels started to act like people who say what they claim. Let’s see you protect civilians instead of terrorizing them.

Let’s see the rebels hold accountable those who commit atrocities! Let’s see the rebels being serious about inter-tribal dialogue!

Mr. Lat is very articulate and I hope he’ll tell us how the rebels can reconcile being ‘pro-democracy’ and ‘pro-destruction’ at the same time!

Blame Game!
The government blames the rebels and the rebels blame the government. While the guns are killing innocent civilians, the lies are killing the future of South Sudan and destroying any iota of hope for a possible end to this idiotic war.

The government is not able to protect Nuer in Juba. MPs are in the UN compounds and Nuer ministers sleep in fear. Yet the government is lying to us that it’s in full control.

Everyone would be at home in Juba with no one in the UNMISS compound if we had a government.

The government claims they’ve arrested over 100 people who committed crimes against Nuer civilians in Juba! We need to know these faceless people and we need to know who commanded them to kill.

Otherwise the government isn’t serious and Nuer people will not take the government seriously!

The Rebels have too committed atrocities of unspeakable magnitude but none of Riek’s supporters has ever called the media to address these issues!

Ruai and Gatdet Dak should address the atrocities committed by Rebels in order for the public to know they are serious about ‘democratizing’ South Sudan.

How can you blame the government if you are committing the same atrocities with mindless banditry and savagery?

Stop being bandits or stop the ones among you who are committing atrocities! Show that you care! Show that you are not some puppets and mindless loud speakers!

I also urge President Kiir to get out of the compound and talk to the people. Let the lies stop. As you hide in your mansion in Juba, Aleu Ayieny, Telar Ring and Makuei Lueth are busy destroying your legacy!

The world now sees you as a mindless, dictatorial president because of these people! Wake up or you’ll end up in prison! Free yourself from the likes of Telar!

One Ethnic Group as a fighting force
I have no any idea what Riek’s end game is. Riek had a genuine political case until he supported a rebellion.

While I agreed with Riek and his colleagues in the SPLM’s Political Bureau that change and transparency was important, I don’t agree with the current rebellion regardless of what it’s being claimed to represent.

Civilians are being killed and Riek is not even showing any iota of remorse. I’ve never seen or heard a single press release sending a message of condolences to South Sudanese of all tribal and political stripes.

How does Riek think he cares about South Sudanese? When does Riek think he’ll start being a national leader?

A national leader doesn’t rely on one tribe! If you can’t convince other tribes to join you then give it up! You are destroying Nuer!

Riek should know that using a uni-tribal fighting force removes any veil of any fight for a national agenda.

If other tribes aren’t supporting the rebellion then it’s time for a rethink of that step.

Relying militarily on one ethnic group is to condemn the Nuer who support him to total annihilation, just like Riek said of John Garang’s tribe in 1991.

What’s Riek’s end game? He let his colleagues in the SPLM down by supporting a rebellion. He’s now seen that the released political detainees have refused to join his group in the peace talks.

It’s time Riek stopped projecting Nuer people as a nationality prone to rebellion. It’s time Riek stopped using innocent young Nuer people for his political agenda.

It’s high time Riek calls his own sons and daughters to come and fight alongside him and stop using poor Nuer sons and daughters for his selfish interests.

Stop! Stop killing young Nuer people! Who will develop Nuerland if you’re sending innocent Nuer to go and kill innocent civilians?

Who’ll develop Nuerland if you are sending young Nuer sons and daughters to be slaughtered by paid Ugandan mercenaries?

If Riek cares about young Nuer sons and daughters then he should tell them to lay down arms and come to the negotiating table. The sooner Riek stops the bloodshed the better.

As much as I still remain optimistic, I’m afraid South Sudan risks being another Somalia!

Kuir ë Garang is a South Sudanese author, poet and writer currently living in Canada. For contact visit www.kuirthiy.info.

South Sudanese Elites & Illiterates in twin objectives: A nation bleeds by Herself

BY: Gabriel Garang Atem, JUBA, FEB/24/2014, SSN;

Two decades of war eroded social progress, institutions and torn tribal cohesion in the country. The independence of July 2011 provided an opportunity for the people of South Sudan to reap what is called commonly known as ‘peace dividends’ – social services, security, development and peace.

The events of December 2013 have halted the flow of social services and redirected the resources and manpower of the conflicting parties to war – an expensive affair that is causing immense damage to weak social infrastructure, systems and development programs that were initiated during and after the interim period of Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

Already the death toll is high and outflow of refugees to neighboring countries and displaced camps is at its highest since peace was signed in 2015.

The war is on and the destruction is unfortunately done and continues to be done.

Since independence in July 2011, the country has witnessed various forms of rebellion that resulted in loss of lives, and property.

However what is critical is the scale of destruction, the nature of destruction and the forms.

On many occasions, government forgave the insurgents; rewarded them with government positions and integrated them into the national army and in some cases; resources were mobilized towards peace conferences and seminars.

All these efforts were noble but have not brought stability as an end envisaged product nor reduced the impact of criminal activities on the citizens.

The key problem facing South Sudan is an education access gap. When missionaries came in the 19th century, much of what is currently making up South Sudan was inhabited by pastoralists’ communities whose lives entirely depended on hunting, animal husbandry, traditional farming and wild fruits gathering.

All these forms of economic activities required to some extent a degree of hostility – a true survival of the fittest.

As a result of this life setup, children abduction and cattle raiding became the central forms of commercial activities.

During the war, between 1983 – 2005, the traditional form of commercial competitiveness took a new twist as weapons enhanced enterprisation of criminal activities.

This led to high scale of economic and social destruction which further widened the social cohesion gap between communities.

The animosities of war and enterprisation of criminal activities were imported to the new political and socioeconomic dispensation in South Sudan after independence.

For over two decades of war, there has never been a formal education system for South Sudanese, and during and after the interim period, the government priorities have been centered around security, governance and institutions’ creation leaving education at the periphery.

In reality, South Sudanese citizens are largely the same pastoralists of the yesteryears.

However, two things have changed; enterprisation of criminal activities has increased as result of weaponry, and pursuit of ‘twin objectives’; power by educated elites and petty robbing by the illiterate citizens.

The twin objective hypothesis has in part united communities to jointly pursue criminal and inhumane commercial enterprises.

While the elites fight for power and money, the illiterate and vulnerable are available for mobilization with an aim to revenge the old misdeeds and loot.

The pursuit of twin objectives by different interest groups within a community and wide spread of weapons are the main cause for inhumane and heavy destruction happening in South Sudan.

Nothing explains this than ‘peace and reward dichotomy’ that has being going on between the rebels and the government; the senseless killings of civilians and looting are acts of illiterates to achieve their objective.

My hypothesis is that actually, the twin objectives are complementary but at times conflicting.

The killings and destruction is mostly used by illiterate and small raiders to scare off their prey may at most harm the achievement of objective by the high end raiders.

Nothing illustrates these better than ongoing conflicts between the government and the rebels in South Sudan.

While the illiterates rejoice at destruction and killing of opponents, the leaders are more reserved as at times, they might be held accountable or might reduce chances of ascending to power or vice versa.

South Sudan is unique, it problems are because of it. Though there is a growing population of educated citizens, they are product of the past, their association with the past – experiences and folk tales continue to drag and educate their minds the South Sudan way.

This is illustrated by how all act. During the December 2013 event and afterward, civilians were being targeted and resources destroyed. On the internet, the educated youth burn green leaves and beat drums to announce war.

The nation was divided right along their experiences and folk tales. Worst enough, when missionaries came, the pastoralists used to send their uncooperative, indiscipline and lazy kids to school.

South Sudan being a pastoralist’s nation, largely its current leaders could be ‘community rejects’ with no leadership abilities to work for the good of the nation.

The viability of South Sudan must be built on true solid foundation. South Sudan must create a new nation by educating a new crop of people, people educated in class and not through biased folk tales. This will have many benefits, one it will create a true middle class that is self-reliant, sober and less pollutant.

Kenya though very tribal, its educated middle class is its tower of peace that holds it together during 2007 election violence.

Second, though highly resources endowed, South Sudan will not develop and grow without human capital. Singapore, India and other Asian countries demonstrated that human capital is first amongst natural resources endowments.

Thirdly, growing an educated population will create informed citizens, democracy and public policies are key ingredients for country’s progress but both are functions of education.

Today, debates and issues of public interest get distorted – no one can truly and faithfully read or interpret issues for others and keep his interest at bay.

Till such times, merit is recognized and reward, those who speaks issues will be kept away which is not good for the nation. The country must disconnect its new generation from old pollution.

Technology is moving to India because of its hi-tech youth, Kenya has been held together by its educated middle class, Singapore that was at par with East Africa economies in 1970s is already playing in the first class economic league.

The future of South Sudan must be based on its realities; the future must be separated from the past. Those of us whose cows were stolen, relatives killed and homes destroyed in 1990s though educated had bias reading. South Sudan must know it true self, keep the past away and create South Sudan for future.

Gabriel Garang Atem is an Independent Economic Commentator. He lives in Juba and can be reached garangatemayiik@gmail.com

SPLM in the carnage of civilians in South Sudan

BY: Aluong Deng Bul, SOUTH SUDAN, FEB/25/2014, SSN;

In the personality of Gen Salva Kiir Mayardit, SPLM is an empty political entity with a leadership void and a liability to the people of South Sudan. SPLM had lost track in between translating its programs into national agenda and running a genuine stable state with inheritable functioning institutions.

This guerrilla mass movement which turned into a ruling political party on signing the CPA found itself mesmerized with achievement of peace which was essentially attributed to its only brain, Dr. John Garang De Mabior.

With his sudden death, SPLM became a political orphan with nowhere to rely on in terms of brains but faced a well-built National Congress Party NCP, a partner in the implementation of the agreement.

SPLM had never had any semblance of structures of governing a modern state but only had a guerrilla war council whose members later on turned into parliamentarians.

The only governing tool these guerrilla generals who later turned into politicians in a matter of night had were stories of war fought, and that became a short lived story.

Constituencies had huge expectations to be met by these self-anointed politicians.

President Kiir and his former VP Dr. Riek Machar got themselves engulfed in meeting seas of people’s expectations yet they were literally political orphans of their own ignorance, especially Salva Kiir, Garang’s most preferred long time close friend and deputy chairman in the SPLM.

He also proved himself the worst in terms of knowledge gained from late leader Dr. Garang whom many described as charismatic leader.

Kiir’s long time association with Garang would have been an added advantage compared to his current empty handedness in leadership styles.

Those who inherited the party upon the death of Dr. John Garang found themselves hypnotized given the absence of desired skills in managing a modern state.

The personality of President Kiir as bandwagon in the SPLM vision had none to offer other than continual bragging-reciting expired credits of having stayed on in the movement without lifting feet anywhere, something which saddened movement’s prostitutes or those who bowed cheaper in the course of liberation struggle.

Dr. Riek Machar, the de facto leader of those described had ever found himself no equal to Salva Kiir in terms of leadership skills though the movement had a queued seniority based on date of arrival during its formation or date of joining the movement in 1983.

Former vice President Dr. Riek Machar, a self-proclaimed heir of ancient Nuer divine leader-cum Prophet Ngundeng Bong had reluctantly accepted to work as Kiir’s subordinate.

Kiir, suspicious of himself, knew that and vice versa. The two great Nuer and Dinka opportunists rocked the boat sailing South Sudan to implementation of CPA.

Salva Kiir, like his former vice president could hardly concentrate in overseeing affairs of the South in the collegiate presidency in Khartoum.

Dr. Riek was left behind to plant his fame to take leadership, something which made Kiir restless in Khartoum.

Machar on the other hand found no time to concentrate in building inheritable modern state structures. He too was busy weighing on Kiir’s weaknesses.

The SPLM as a party found itself turned into bedbugs, killing its own supporters in order to elongate it fragile life.

Translating SPLM guerrilla political programs into running affairs of autonomous region stalled on explainable account. The two men could only busy themselves in the fight to holding onto and taking of power.

President Kiir who hardly takes initiative in face to face confrontations in resolving leadership crisis, failed to face his vice president in his unwanted behaviors.

Kiir thought exposing Dr. Riek to public would either exonerate his reluctant sluggish leadership.

Riek on the same account had foolishly too thought failure of government would only be attributed to Kiir as an individual.

In Riek’s view, Kiir was just a dead log before a sailing boat, thus he deserves no place in nation building theatre.

His only prayer was to let chaos reign so that public outcry could easily frustrate him to pave way.

As somebody who hardly sees where he had gone wrong, Kiir held on to power through supports of non-constituencies’ politicians he single-handedly brought to cabinet.

In 2010 Sudan’s general elections, majority of those Kiir accused of coup now, failed to secure parliamentary seats, thus presidential powers plus SPLM 5% allotted powers to the chairman, redeemed them from shame of losing elections in their constituencies.

It was in the same 2010 general elections that SPLM’s civilians’ carnage in the name of protecting the Golden boys started.

Late George Athor Deng felt cheated in favour of Kuol Manyang, the current minister of defense. SPLM had already mastered the art of killing people in the name of preserving the golden geese.

Thousands of people perished in Jonglei and Unity states in Deng’s related rebellion.

Without understanding complex power struggle within the ruling SPLM, one would always remain an outsider who sees South Sudanese as chaotic and ungovernable.

The issue at hand is the party with sluggish ideas which could hardly be improved upon. The party could not exert effort to review its programs without Dr. John Garang, and this is where one would arrive at a conclusion that there can’t be a rejuvenated SPLM without Dr. Garang.

SPLM is indeed an evil of the people of South Sudan.

If President Salva Kiir who brags about pronouncing himself as a founding member of the party in 1983, you wonder the level of knowledge he had at the time given that human being keeps on improving and perfecting in aspirations.

The harsh reality the current party leadership can go to bed with is that late Garang founded the Movement alone while those claiming membership in it were just mere bystanders in the process.

The end is justifying the means. Another harsh reality they should also go home with despite occupying high echelons in the party for long, is that they were mere spectators in the daily running of the movement, and as such they don’t have what’s needed to transform this deformed party.

In order to keep public on lack of developmental programs, the SPLM thugs had to manufacture this war as a means of lengthening their political lives, something NCP has perfected in Sudan.

True, Atrocities were committed against Nuer in Juba, but why those against Bor Dinka?

BY: Kwai Rekaboam Akech Kwai, South Sudan, FEB/24/2014, SSN;

Many commentators and critics alike are only calling for the release of prisoners. While a call for the release of all political prisoners is a genuine one, why we shouldn’t we call equally on Dr. Riek Machar to respect the lives of the faultless and innocent people of South Sudan irrespective of their tribes affiliation?

His forces have subjected people to frequent vicious cycles of violence; many of whom suffered unbearable death before the eyes of the very people who claim to be liberators and freedom fighters.

This is clear hypocrisy at its best! The lives of those Nuers killed in Juba are of course very important, and so do the lives of people murdered in Akoba, Pariang, and Bentiu and Bor town.

South Sudanese educated ones must write with balance in condemning all atrocities regardless of their tribes. I have heard many commentators and politicians condemn only massacre of Nuers in Juba. But what about the cycle of toxic violence done in Bor, Akoba, Bentiu and Malakal?

Those people were viciously and inhumanely murdered in those towns, and their deaths are identical to ones murdered in Juba. Their extermination should be equally condemnable.

We must condemn all inhumane acts equally if we want genuine peace and reconciliation to prevail over all biases; otherwise, we may have a long-drawn-out cycle of vengeance, God forbid!

The genuine questions I must ask as a citizen of Bor County are where did we go wrong with the Nuer community?

Why are Nuers killing our innocent people? Is there anything we are doing as a community that is thwarting the Nuer quest for top leadership of South Sudan?

Why did the White army massacre the poor residents of Bor County indiscriminately?

Did someone tell them the presidential guards allegedly accused of massacring Nuers in Juba were from Bor? What is the rationality behind the annihilation of Bor County, or other Jiengs?

Does Riek Machar really want to rule South Sudan without the Bor Community?

One wonders why he allowed such deplorable atrocities to be committed among the very people he claims he is fighting to free?

One can claim to be democratic and condone the atrocities committed in Bor Civil Hospital and Bor Cathedral Church only amount to dishonesty.

Allowing such atrocities to take place in Bor Civil Hospital, Bor Town Cathedral Church, and villages around Bor Town while one is silent does not translate into moral, democratic, and ethical ideals.

Dr. Riek Machar must recognize a good and respectful leader must endeavor for greater good for all people, regardless of their tribes’ affiliation.

Nelson Mandela gained international respect because of his good intentions when he was fighting for freedom for all South Africans.

After spending decades of years behind bars while his people were butchered by the white South Africans, He wasn’t vengeful.

His good leadership accorded him a world class commemoration last year!

I wonder why some writers compare Riek with Mandela? I am curious about this because Dr. Riek Machar has been called the Nelson Mandela of South Sudan.

What a disgraceful comparison to such iconic leader.

In my opinion, he is closer to Adolf Hitler. Just as Hitler aimed to eliminate all Jews, Riek is aiming to eliminate all Bor people.

If this is not true, why is he silent about these atrocities? His silence on the killing of innocents, and the action of his militias in Bor Town has clearly demonstrated unkind intentions toward the people of Bor County!

Otherwise, why is he not restraining his people to not kill civilians in Bor County and other parts of South Sudan?

The crimes committed at Church, Bor civil Hospital, and homes are very inhumane for a well-educated Briton engineer like Riek to condone.

Lastly, the mentality of those who are fighting for him does not lend him good respect across Bor, let alone South Sudan.

Dr. Riek must come clean on why the very people he commands commit such unspeakable and callous crimes in Bor County, but remains silent this long.

His silence during the events incriminates him equally with those committing crimes.

I am equally not happy with the government in Juba. Should Riek Machar abandon his desire for the top leadership today?

It would be obvious to see them rushing to the podium delighted to give presidential pardon and amnesty immediately without thinking of what harm Riek has inflicted on ordinary citizens.

We have seen this with the Yau Yau case and many others if antiquity is anything to go by? It would be alright for them as long as their throne is untouchable.

A call for peace and reconciliation must be done by all citizens.

All South Sudanese must rise above their tribal lines and advocates for a just and peaceful South Sudan; otherwise we will all die like a bunch of fools altogether! South Sudan is much bigger than any tribe.

We must condemn both leaders equally regardless of our tribal affiliation.

Anyone who has followed the sequence of events in South Sudan closely would not only blame Dr. Riek, but the government as well.

The authorities acted negligently and arrogantly without professional skepticism from the beginning of this current political crisis and they should be culpable for what has happened under their eyes.

Facts about chain of events:
Dr. Riek was removed as chairman of truth and reconciliation committee.
Delegated powers stripped
He was sacked as vice president
Attempts to push him out the party were made.

Do you see anything wrong here? These processes were seen by his supporters as an attempts to suppress him politically.

It is in this context that I refuse to accept to call what happened in December 15th a coup!

Kwai Rekaboam Akech Kwai
Internet banking specialist at Republic Bank & Trust company
Reachable at akeckuai@yahoo.com

Why SPLM detainees chose no party on Peace process!

BY: Dhoal Tuolual Larjin, USA, FEB/24/2014, SSN;

The SPLM detainees chose to take a no party decision that could not alleviate their case and the cause to change of Juba dictatorship government. Although they had been trying for years to reform the government with Dr. Machar but never reached the goal, this perhaps could be due to their leadership styles.

I have grounded most factors that influenced their decision were due to fear of being handed over to Kiir by the president of Kenya if they chose to join the SPLM in Opposition.

I think their decision may save them getting into trouble with president Kenyatta’s deal with Kiir.

Obviously, now they will have less help in the peace process because they will be distrusted by both sides.

It is a depraved decision because it betrayed their comrades who shared most of their political creeds about South Sudan.

Furthermore, these SPLM ex-detainees also feared that the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) will hand them over to Salva Kiir, and also because they have no protection from people or supporters on the ground, they feared they will still be transferred back to Juba government.

Dr. Machar was pushing to release them from the Kiir government detention not the IGAD. I believe they got released based on military threats from SPLA in Opposition not the political pressures.

Another argument for the SPLM detainees taking such decision was that they wanted to form a different political party because of opportunities seen in the transitional government proposed to be formed based on neutrality.

The interim government was suggested to settle the armed violence in the country in order to allow people go for 2015 election. They were thinking that they would fit in the formation of this government during the interim period.

Apparently the international community is pushing to form the interim government without either Dr. Riek or Kiir.

Even though these SPLM detainees are interested to advocate much of changes in the interim government, they are forgetting that most of them will not qualify if they remained in a neutral position; they would only benefit much if they are taking a side.

I think SPLM detainee leaders will not qualify to lead interim government. The South Sudanese people have been sufficiently cautioned of the huge amounts of money lost in the Kiir government during their time serving with Kiir.

Remember, president Kiir had already accused them grand corruption before removing them from power.

The South Sudanese people wanted Kiir to step down from power not to install an interim government.

On the political support, the detainees have been sharing deals about reforming the government with Dr. Machar but now they would not be trusted because they will be considered as schemers by the two sides.

I am afraid that they will end up being pushed to live their lives out of government from this time. One would argue that Salva Kiir would benefit on their decision because they claimed Dr. Riek was a tribal leader because of self-interest without mass supporters.

I think neither Kiir nor Dr. Machar will gain any thing significant from their decisions.

Dr. Riek has surprisingly already won the mass support of armed protection from all tribes specially the Nuers and there will be no need of these detainees at this time of war.

Dr. Machar having the ground support will do without them for they will be more of losers than him, Machar.

They decided to abandon Riek Machar by going as a no-party group due to fear of resistance rebellion will be of no gain at all.

Some of these detainees might already be thinking that Dr. Machar would not succeed to topple Kiir’s government.

Some people thought these detainees have been pushed by IGAD to take these decisions, but I would say IGAD has nothing to do with their decision because it is a mediator.

IGAD, however, does not intimidate any party.

Others tend to reason the decision was the fear that the four remaining political detainees will be exterminated by Juba government if they learn that they are joining the rebellion.

I think having no party will not release the remaining four.

Finally in conclusion, I plead with the SPLM political detainees to immediately reverse their decision if they want to maintain their political settlement under the principle umbrella of the SPLM in opposition.

Dhoal Tuolaul Larjin was an associate professor at local universities in Juba. He fled the country because of the ongoing war. dtuolual@gmail.com. Dhoal Tuolual Larjin, BA/MA political science. Currently working on his PhD-USA

Museveni stands accused for war crimes in South Sudan!

BY: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, FEB/24/2014, SSN;

Museveni of Uganda, whose mercenaries are fighting alongside Dictator Mayardit’s ‘Gulweng,’ had for many years used the banned cluster bombs in his war against the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) who fought in northern Uganda. If the LRA were evil, unfortunately M7s cluster bombs did not differentiate between who is a LRA combatant and who is an Acholi farmer.

The turn has now come to South Sudan, and again since UPDF mercenaries joined in the senseless war in south Sudan, there has been much skepticism on what would happen next.

Now there are mounting evidences of usage of cluster bombs found by the UNIMISS, especially so around the embattled town of Bor, capital of the war ravaged Jonglei state.

The investigation into this act of war crime ordered lately by UN Security Council is a step in the right direction.

Museveni must understand that when he chose to push his UPDF mercenaries into south Sudan, it was the oil dollars that he was after.

But wars even have rules. Enough what he did in Gulu (northern Uganda) and Goma (Eastern Congo) and managed to walk away with mass murder!

For good reasons every finger remains pointed at the direction of the Ugandan dictator and warmonger, “Abu Tagia” or “ Abu Sala” – Museveni, when it comes to these cluster bombs.

His long track records of using banned weapons to fight his wars first in northern Uganda, then his other mercenary wars in D R Congo, and CAR says it all.

Funny though, Museveni is trying very hard to push the blame on Salva Kiir who probably authorized it if not approved the use of such weapons against his own citizens.

Any way, common sense says it is either Museveni or Museveni and Mayardit.

Meanwhile the world community should understand that it is an established fact that crimes against humanity are ever since on the increase following President Kiir Mayardit’s ethnic cleansing of the Nuer tribesmen in Juba.

When a head of a state sets the pace of human lynching, you can imagine the rest.

Surprisingly many members of the UNSC continue to show lukewarm positions on the crisis in South Sudan.

But let’s hope that the latest discovery of cluster bombs usage by the UPDF mercenaries will end this lethargy by the international community to begin a new page of punishing criminals and perpetrators of human rights abuses.

No doubt the investigations which Col Paddy Ankunda is trying to pull away from will hopefully bring compelling evidences to the international community, how Uganda succumbed to blood money and chose to do an unprofessional job.

(ST- “Ugandan army won’t take part in cluster bomb investigation: spokesperson -20/02/2014” link: http://sudantribune.com/spip.php?article50027)

Of course one must ask, “Who is Museveni’s enemy in his war in South Sudan”? The answer is simple. It is the people of south Sudan whom Museveni has come to kill.

This probably justified to him his use of cluster bombs, for as long as his enemies can be any south Sudanese.

A thorough investigation into the cluster bombs issue is bound to expose the political marriage between Salva Kiir & his partner in crimes Yoweri Museveni, as a relationship aimed at committing war crimes and crimes against humanity that undoubtedly characterizes the ongoing south Sudan’s post-independence civil war.

Across the Atlantic, the Obama administration should move swift to close the noose on this duo who claims the honour of being the liberators of their people while the fact on ground shows that they have undone every bit of it by now playing the roles of lethal oppressors and fascists.

Museveni has tract records of war crimes and he must be ordered out of South Sudan or even forced to do so before he thinks of using other more lethal weapons of mass destruction like the mustard gas etc. The guy is dangerous indeed.

At this juncture who is that person who cannot see that now with Gadhafi and Saddam Hussein all gone to their final resting places; it is obvious that this Banyamulenge disaster, Museveni, doesn’t mind replacing them.

The world must be on the watch, for indeed a monster has risen in the Great Lakes region. This man called Yoweri Kaguta Museveni needs to be attended to.

Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. A concerned South Sudanese citizen and he can be reached at: justinramba@doctors.net.uk

South Sudan: The Rule of Law and its Supremacy

BY: Cde. Bramatali Wani Lo-Lipo Lo-Lisi, JUBA, FEB/23/2014, SSN;

As I continue to profoundly and justly reflect on my beloved Country, adulterated and betrayed as manifested by the lurid, ugly and horrid events of Sunday, 15 December 2013 hitherto; this time I chose to contemplate issues around The Rule of Law.

In my apposite notion, just to delimit, it is legislative, executive, judiciary as well as civil society decisions based on application of known legal principles.

Allegedly and for real, South Sudan legal principles are enshrined in the “Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011;” it is the supreme law of our independent sovereign State; remember, NOT the “Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan (ICSS), 2005” which with all that came with or in it is defunct since it has been repelled!

Perhaps, all will by and large concur that A. V. Dicey is credited for the fame of “the rule of law” in modern times.

Nevertheless, development of this legal concept can be traced through history to many ancient civilizations, including indigenous Europe, Asia, and Africa including South Sudan.

In indigenous African wisdom, it is regarded that superlative form of government is that ruled by the erudite chief (ibid, 2011, p. Art. 98 (b)(d)).

This is augmented by the adage: the chief’s wisdom emanates from the people in whom the sovereignty of the Constitution is vested (ibid, 2011, p. Art. 2). And what is our reality?

In Europe Aristotle completely opposed excessive powers by any highest powers-that-be beyond defending and serving the rule of law.

I am sure Aristotle questions and teaches us to query any excessive powers accorded presidents (ibid, 2011, pp. Art. 3(1), 101). As the cliché states: absolute power corrupts absolutely, I agree with Aristotle; do you?

Roman statesman Cicero said, “We are all servants of the laws in order that we may be free.”

That is valid in South Sudan, for as citizens in whom constitutional sovereignty is vested and in whose will authority is derived if there are grievances against the President irrespective of his/her immunity (legibus solutus) (ibid, 2011, p. Art. 103 (1)) you can sue him/her (ibid, 2011, p. Art. 20).

This is the concept of the Supremacy of the Law: all persons and governments are subject to the law. “I’m fully accountable to the law … The most important Office in America is the Office of the citizens, Not, the Office of the President.” (Barack Obama, Bama, 19 November 2012).

Besides, “in America, the law is king. For as in absolute governments the King is law, so in free countries the law ought to be king; and there ought to be no other.” (Paine, 1776)

Modern legal theorists inform South Sudanese to make prospective and well-known laws with characteristics of generality, equality, and certainty (formal approach).

Therefore, the absence of at least a known Government Gazette threatens our laws as “bad laws”.

Then in contrast, South Sudan is a Society under rule by law where the law is a mere tool for Government, which suppresses – no check against abuse of power (rule of law) (substantive approach) – have those putrid episodes that we are in to date illustrated something here?.

For that reason, it should be abundantly understood that the rule of law can determine the quality and good governance of South Sudan. All Government agents should have confidence and abide by the rules of Society.

As citizens we should trust the quality of our social contract enforcement by the police and the courts that should reassure us prospect of respect for the law for peace to flourish.

All government functionaries, including the President (The Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011, p. Art. 99, the Justices of the Supreme Court, and all members of National Legislature, pledge first and foremost, to uphold the Transitional Constitution.

These oaths demonstrate the superiority of the rule of law as opposed to the rule of any human leader. Do we realize that supremacy or have we made ourselves as persons absolute?

The separation of powers is key here – the independence of judiciary and parliamentary autonomy, which provide social, economic and cultural conditions conducive to human dignity as well as: equality before the law, accountability to the law, fairness in the application of the law, participation in decision making, legal certainty, avoidance of arbitrariness and procedural and legal transparency.

How about “Our: two-tier parliaments – the Council of States (CoS) and the National Legislative Assembly (NLA) – are they aware of this critical fact vis-à-vis the discharge of their duties and responsibilities?

To what extent have they been causal factors to the current excruciating debacle experienced by our State up till now?

The judiciary in South Sudan as a transitional and developing country tends to be inferior to the executive.

This threatens the rule of law and it can produce “judicial corruption,” which is more dangerous than “executive corruption,” in contrast to corruption by private actors, for it strangles effective court systems thereby rendering them useless to civil society in situations of unfair government spending and executive impoundment of previously authorized appropriations.

In South Sudan today perhaps including Juba, there are tells of arbitrary arrests; secret trials; indefinite detention without trial such as the case of the so-called failed coup detainees; cruel or degrading treatment or punishment the “genocide” committed notwithstanding.

These were horrifying occurrences of the erstwhile oppressive Sudan that we together in different ways dedicatedly combated.

South Sudan and her people have suffered so profusely then; thus, such should be the least despicable barbarisms to mate against any citizen of South Sudan.

Remember that we are a volatile transitional State with all the fragilities so much caution is demanded.

Today we have important law called South Sudan Political Party Act, 2012. Consequently, the South Sudan Political Party Council and South Sudan Electoral Commission have been decreed.

So the stage is set for registration of political parties for the first time in Republic of South Sudan.

Alas, no sooner had this procedure been honoured than the SPLM, alleged “Ruling Party” caused and plunged the entirety of the State of South Sudan into blood-letting!

Who is responsible the Fellow Compatriots? Who is a nationalist then?

It is a trying moment for us as a Country; it is a make-or-break moment, beware! However, all citizens and governments should be responsible and commit to creation of a perpetual peaceful State of South Sudan that will tick in the community of States.

Chiefly, the “SPLM” as a majority party Not the “Ruling Party” in power today has the onus to provide leadership and so lead. So, quickly legitimize the constitutionalism to ensure constitutionality of the transfer of power and our ability to find successor leaders.

In this regard, my meticulous researched position is: – South Sudan demands none but a Federal Constitution above all else.

Besides, clearly inform the people that the military, the SPLA, is a national servant under the masses, the civilians (ibid, 2011, p. Art. 3 (1)) and Not an army of any political party irrespective of past links whatsoever!

The writing is valiant on the wall that intimidation or corruption in the declared upcoming electoral process are intact nonetheless should be avoided at all costs.

Let us unite in common purpose to support and stick to the Rule of Law in all circumstances in all places and in all times.

I suppose that the National Police Service (NPS) must be made truly national in character so it should have or adopt a strategy while performing their duties and functions in pursuit of the rule of law. While policing they should know that minimum legal instruments exist at their disposal.

In addition to the Southern Sudan Code of Criminal and Civil Procedure, 2008, TCSS restrain arbitrary or unjust exercise of Police including other security agencies’ powers of arrest, search and seizure and use of force (ibid, 2011, p. Art. 155 (3) (5) (6)).

Otherwise, there seems a growing trend of tribalism in the National Police Service (NPS), other security and organized agencies hence defeating the national vision so far (ibid, 2011, p. Art. 155 (1)).

Recruitment must not base on nepotism or social-welfare or appeasement – consideration of important benchmarks such as education, moral turpitude and other relevant eligibilities is fundamental.

Particularly, the failure to indeed decentralize (ibid, 2011, p. Art. 155 (1)) the police only help precipitate the rise in violent crimes in the Country as such the role, administration and scope of police authority will increasingly come under question and may lose public legitimacy.

The National Police Service (NPS), other security and organized agencies in my view entail a protection department whose mission includes providing protection for executives such as president, vice president, speaker, ministers, governors, commissioners, visiting foreign dignitaries, and other high-ranking individuals.

That is necessary because such individuals are entrusted with fundamentals of public assets and liabilities.

Sometimes it is laughable though in South Sudan of the current moments that all these security aides of the State are utilized as private guards moreover paid by our public coffers.

For example, citizens of South Sudan are being harassed, attacked and most cased killed in cold blood by criminals of whatever sort defenselessly while public hired and paid security persons could be next guarding some “boss” within the same realm of society; what a shame and scandal!

All in all, our President, the Fountain of Wisdom, is not subject to a person but in no uncertain terms to Almighty and the Law of the Land.

This is a demonstrative validity of the concept of the rule of law and Supremacy of the law – all persons, President inclusive, and government are subject to the law.

Therefore, in order for the law to exhibit its full prowess in South Sudan, it is suggested that it must be a good and operational law.

Thus, we demand for effective and farsighted parliaments and good law-enforcement agencies as the police in South Sudan.

NPS therefore should rise to the occasion to enforce the law, protect property and life, and limit proliferating civil disorder around South Sudan hitherto.

South Sudan Government should expedite establishment of a Government Gazette in order for our laws to be prospective and well-known with characteristics of generality, equality, and certainty to circumvent the present gross abuse of power (rule of law).

All Government institutions, functionaries, agents including NPS should have confidence in and abide by the recognised legal regime in our Polity and similarly all the citizens should trust in their participation in quality fulfilment of their part of the bargain of the national social contract thus keen partners like the international community should solicit extra facilitation accordingly. God Bless South Sudan!

Cde. Bramatali Wani Lo-Lipo Lo-Lisi
+211 95 528 5356
Juba, South Sudan