Archive for: January 2014

UPDF Occupation of Bor will never stop peoples’ fight for reforms in South Sudan!

BY: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, JAN/19/2014, SSN;

It was on Saturday 18 January 2014, when South Sudan quickly took to the platform to announce to the whole world that it has regained the key town of Bor from the opposition fighters.

However there seems to be a big rivalry over the whole development as Uganda was also equally quick to claim the credit for the same military takeover of Bor town which it referred to as a UPDF’s victory over rebels in South Sudan.

“It’s UPDF that captured Bor,” Ugandan army spokesman Paddy Ankunda told Reuters after first announcing the UPDF’s role on Twitter. “There was a lot of resistance but our force was overwhelming.”

On the same note, as if suddenly aware of the fact that they are being rapidly eclipsed by the Ugandans in what should have been rightly a sovereign duty of SPLM/A.

The announcement by forces loyal to Salva Kiir on the recapture of Bor town comes only when the Ugandan defense minister had twitted the whole world with the news that until today is being officially claimed as a UPDF victory in South Sudan.

Who can blame the Ugandans for a victory probably they are right to claim when the SPLM/A forces loyal to Salva Kiir are now a mere shadow of what the true SPLA used to be before the split.

And since the second fall of Bor town in the hands of the Opposition fighters, the pathetic pro-Juba SPLM forces have since been relegated to positions behind the more superior UPDF lines.

This being the case, where Salva Kiir’s loyalists were actually kept trailing behind the UPDF and thus had no any leading roles in this particular foreign (Ugandan) invasion of Bor, one cannot see why Paddy Ankunda was the first to tweet claims on the victory on Bor and not Kiir’s troops.

Isn’t it funny though for Philip Aguer, the spokesman for the government SPLA forces, to tell reporters that his forces who were walking behind the UPDF lines, have somehow miraculously defeated more than 15,000 forces of Riek Machar, while he (Aguer) continues to speak from the comforts of his office in Juba, the capital?

Philip Aguer, a pathological liar per profession, is setting claims over what is clearly a UPDF foreign invasion of a sovereign.

So what do you think of such a person who goes repeating statements like:
“The SPLA has frustrated Riek Machar’s plan to advance and attack Juba, and install himself as the ruler of South Sudan.”

I know that this so-called SPLM/A spokesperson [……….. the army being still active in politics] has to say all the staff he is saying in order to make a living, but then when did UPDF became synonymous with SPLA?

Anyway there is also the other aspect to this crisis represented by the ongoing negotiations talks in Addis Ababa, where the two warring sides maybe inching closer to ink the drafted ceasefire agreement.

When that happens, we will all thereafter be expected to live with the realities on the ground.

A very important point here is that we should avoid confusing between Bor Town exchanging hands, which is one thing and who actually now controls and will remain to control the rural areas of the Greater Bor, and subsequently the rest of the Jonglei State that lies outside this tiny.

What Philip Aguer and his cousin Paddy Ankunda are celebrating today, they need to be reminded to better understand that the limited victory, to which they both claim credit, is in fact no more than their forces physically being present now inside the embattled ghost town of Bor.

Nothing more, nothing less! After all this is a town that has changed hands four times so far in the four weeks since the fighting spread to Jonglei State!

On the other hand, it is no more a secret that the Uganda parliament is seeking answers from Ankunda and his boss Museveni on how they intend to sponsor this new UPDF military adventure deep into the swamps of South Sudan, and for how long is it planned to last.

Anyway that is for the Ugandans and their generals to iron out between themselves!

Unlike what the Ugandan president and his minister of defense have plunged their country into, the south Sudan’s opposition fighters in Jonglei and many other parts of country are indeed local boys and men who view this war as a war imposed on them and in return they must fight to protect their dignity, freedom and indeed their very survival!

In spite of its brutality, the imposed war offers for many concerned citizens a final and important opportunity to not only say no to Salva Kiir’s dreams of crowning himself as “President For Life” but also to abort the conspiracy of any possibility to establish yet another tribal dynasty of rulers in this nascent country.

It is important that the world knows this, for in spite of the early resort by Salva Kiir to internationalize the current crises by involving the Uganda military invasion on his side, the gallant fighters in the ranks and files of the opposition forces continue to fight for national reforms in the country in the complete absence of any foreign support.

They should indeed be commended for rightly having treated the situation as purely a south–south political crisis and even more so within what is in fact the ruling SPLM/A.

How often do we come across such patriotic fighters that are bent to win big battles while they have only themselves as their sole capital in all the fights with their enemy?

Unsurprisingly, it is this kind of selflessness that the wider section of the downtrodden masses look forward to in these men in order to clinch the anticipated victory.

To them (fighters for reform) this is a fight to humble the arrogance of those who continue to boast of being ‘born to rule and not to be ruled!’

Humbling the arrogant by whatever means is a pre-requisite to the attainment of the much talked about national healing and reconciliation processes in South Sudan, be it sooner in the year or later after years or decades.

At the end of the day, a UPDF occupation of Bor or any other towns in south Sudan will never stop the peoples’ fight for genuine reforms in the country!

Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. A south Sudanese citizen and a voice for the voiceless!

USA Responsibility in South Sudanese War

BY: Daniel Juol Nhomngek, KAMPALA, UGANDA, JAN/18/2014, SSN;

Something that started as power struggle within the SPLM-ruling party has now engulfed the whole nation into flames that is burning the nation down and the people are the ones paying exorbitant prices with their lives.
Thousands have been killed and war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed.

Children are dying every day. Women are being raped. Houses are being burned down; the scorched earth policy is being applied in the war, massive displacement of people have taken place and child-soldiers are being used.

Moreover, internal displacement has taken place at largest level and sufferings have taken a great toll on the ordinary citizens. Children are losing their future as education institutions are closed down.

The country that used to be flourishing as a business boom centre and every citizen in Africa wanted to be there is no longer there; the expectations of South Sudanese that came with the independence are gone as hopes are lost.

The expectations for bright future for South Sudan are replaced with fear, anxiety and uncertainty. The little development that country has experienced since 2005 has been brought down and destroyed completely.

The way the infrastructure in some states such as Jonglei, Unity and Upper States has been destroyed by war and it will take more years to reconstruct it to the same level that they were before the conflict began.

What will be the implication of that? The negative impact will be felt by the ordinary citizens for years to come.

As the country will embark on reconstruction of the destroyed infrastructure in the distant future after the war, the resources that were supposed to be invested in the welfare of the citizens will be used on the reconstruction of those states leaving people the way they are now.

As I write this article, lives of the people in rural areas in South Sudan have never been improved due to corruption. The corruption that took place in South during the interim period was one of the worst corruptions that the people of South Sudan have ever experienced since the struggle for independence began and as a result the people of South Sudan in rural areas are faced with peril of poverty and curable diseases every hour.

Women death at child birth and infant mortality rate are high. Nothing has been done to improve the economic and social welfare of the ordinary citizens. Things have been the way they were before independence of South Sudan.

Although there were no improvements in the welfare of the people there were still hopes that things would improve with time, which is not the case now.
Now, there is no hope for improvement of lives of South Sudanese in rural areas as politicians are using resources and human lives to achieve their narrow political agenda.

South Sudan has faced one of the worst political crises since the signing of peace agreement in 2005.

South Sudan, unless the world pays extra attention to its welfare now, it is heading towards political fragmentation the way Somalia was before the current government was put in place.

Somalia, since 1990s has never experienced political stability until recently when the world came to the realization that Somalia needed peace and her people are people like any other people in any part of the world.

Somalia is now a stable country, which means that the world has great role to play in conflict resolution in different third countries. What is bad with some of the world most developed countries such as the USA, the UK, Russia, China and France is that they exploit the weaknesses of small and weaker states for their benefits by either instigating or letting political crisis the way they want and in the process, many people are killed, and thousands displaced.

As soon as they see that they have got what they wanted out of the conflict, they come in hypocritically to curb political crises and restore stability after many have been killed. Look at what happened in Bosnia, Rwanda, Somalia in 1990s and the current crisis in Central African Republic.

The world began to see the problems of Central African Republic recently and labelled it that genocide was going to take place yet it has been there since last year when rebels overthrew the government.

What opened the West eyes or the UN eyes to see that there was a problem in central Africa which it did not see before is not clear. I am vexed. It appears that after exploiting them, the French Government then came to their senses that there was a problem is central Africa. That is hypocrisy!

The world must not play an ostrich politics of putting its head in sand and imagine that the danger is gone yet it will kill it.

What will the weak people face with problems do? Can they kill each other in large numbers if that is the language the world can hear in order to draw the world attention to their internal problems?

The position of USA and other developed nations in third world problems is not clear, what is clear however, is that they use the war as a means of benefiting from different countries leaving those countries in chaos and confusion and after having killed each other in large numbers they turn around now to bring peace.

This is truly a paradox of the most developed countries’ approach to problems of the third world countries. The most developed nations condemn the problems of third world countries yet they cause the same problems they condemn.

The problem is that the third world countries do not have voices in addressing their issues or the means of bringing derivative action against the most developed nations in the UN. The third world is condemned to wallow in political crisis eternally.

The same position of the most developed countries that was shown in Rwanda, Bosnia, South Africa, Philistine, Syria and Central Africa is being exhibited today in the conflict of South Sudan. The USA who ensured that South Sudan got her independence has now distanced herself from South Sudan crisis.

Like other countries, the USA is watching at a distance as massacres are taking place every day and the best it can do is only to lament that even small countries like South Sudan are not ready to listen to her or even take from her advice. That is hypocrisy!

Such attitude from the USA is disappointing, dismaying and irresponsible. What number of people does the USA want to be killed before taking strong staunch on South Sudanese politicians to go into peace and save few lives? Two millions or more to be killed before intervening?

Washington should not hide behind national sovereignty of South Sudan because South Sudan has not yet matured politically to be left alone. The government in Washington must put aside its own interests in South Sudan political crises to save lives and ensure that South Sudan develops democratically.

Otherwise, if the USA just sits behind and watch nonchalantly in the conflict of South Sudan, the blame will still come to USA because it bears moral responsibility and must do something to salvage South Sudan from sliding into genocide.

The writer is Student of Law in Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda; can be reached @ the following Contacts: +256783579256;

Pres. Kiir’s Self-Coup d’état as a power game!


Wole Soyinka once stated that “Power is domination, control and therefore a very selective form of truth which is a lie.” While south Sudanese were waiting for the outcome of SPLM National Liberation Council Meetings,
President Salva Kiir appeared suddenly in a ‘camouflaged tiger uniform’ (15th December, 2013) on the national television to announce a failed coup attempt against his government.

The president revealed the instigators who turned out to be comrades form his ruling party. In unprecedented rhetoric President Kiir labelled the coup plotters as criminals with history of staging coups. He informed the nation that the key suspect is the former Vice President, Dr. Raik Machar.

His Excellency, the Public Prosecutor and the Judge charged the conspirators and promised further investigations.

A political deception has been dramatised on the national broadcast. For a leader whose rule is dictatorship… power is a licence to corrupt, mislead and murder.

It is worth mentioning that the president and the senior members of SPLM were engaged in power struggle before National Liberation Council meetings. A breakthrough was needed by both sides. Therefore, power cunning games gained the momentum.

An auto-coup was an attractive option to the president‘s camp in order to take extra-constitutional powers. For instance, having the state of emergency in place would provide ideal conditions to execute the vicious purge.

In this scenario the so-called coup attempt was a smart way to expel definitely all the critics from the ruling party. Following the faked coup attempt the government immediately arrested SPLM senior leaders and declared curfew.

As a result of such a fabricated show, ethnic conflict has engulfed the young nation. The news of coup attempt ignited tribal killings which escalated to a dangerous rebellion.

The bloody conflict quickly spread to many parts of the country especially the Upper Nile Region. Who is going to prescribe the solution? So far some regional neighbours want to contain the crisis and others are planning to adopt the sick baby.

A notorious hyena is reported to have offered some assistance to the suffering child. In animal kingdom hyenas are famous for their greed and covetousness.

It appeared, beyond doubt, that harsh politics of ethnicity might have intoxicated the new leaders. They have gone publicly reviving the bitter memories whilst their supporters are exchanging Kalashnikovs and Rocked Propelled Grenades (RPG).

So the white lies and half truth of the regime have produced unnecessary lost of innocent lives.

Now the political turmoil is devouring the nation, the peaceful resolution should be sought carefully from professional doctors. Any double-standard approach by our regional and international friends will complicate the worsening the situation.

In conclusion, to avoid the occurrence of politicised conflict in the future our leaders must consider playing with different mechanisms such as multi-party system, political dialogue, and democratic elections.

These political practices will give the orphaned nation a healthy growth.
Although the south Sudanese people are known by many wonderful names (Dinka, Nuer, Acholi, Latuka, Madi, Zande, Shullik, and Bari…..etc,) the most important family name is the Republic of south Sudan.

Building it into a united and prosperous nation-state is an achievable dream if “cultural diversity” is appreciated as a blessing from Almighty Creator.

Different Leaders will come and go, but people and land will remain.

Long live United Republic of South Sudan
Long live the Great Martyr Dr John Garang de Mabior
Long live the fallen heroes and martyrs
Long live south Sudanese people

By Paul Deng
A Concerned south Sudanese from Malakal, Upper Nile State.

Pres. Kiir and Museveni Agreement: The facts

BY: Kolong Thieng, AUSTRALIA, Jan/17/2014, SSN;

My dear readers globally, I would like to bring into your attention about what is currently going on between the President of the Republic of Uganda and the small dictator in the Republic of South Sudan known by the name Salva Kiir. Many people are asking themselves what is behind the two gentlemen? And for your information, the two have agreed on some terms and conditions in order to make their progress to prosper well.

The agreement entered into on January 10th last year bears the signature of Defence Minister Crispus Kiyonga on behalf of Uganda and an unnamed South Sudanese official, whose designation is also not shown.

It also makes no mention of the signatories and witnessed by the commanders and foreign affairs officials of the two Countries. Realistically, who is this Commander and foreign Affairs official who signed on behalf of the Republic of South Sudan?

Base on my own judgment, the commander was General Hoth Mai, who is the current Chief of General Staff for the Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) and the former Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Mr. Nhial Deng Nhial.

The seven page agreement is silent on who would meet the cost of war but mentions that Uganda would use its own military equipment and allow it freely to move its militarily gear in to South Sudan.

Uganda also undertakes in the agreement to compensate any third party claims arising from acts or omission by its soldiers. But either South Sudan or Uganda shall make any claims suffered by its servicemen or for damage or lost of properties during the war.

It also makes no mention of compensation of families of the UPDF soldiers that might die in line duty.

Based on other issues, will President Kiir and his Counterpart Museveni survive from International Community?

The objective of the agreement based on the document they signed is to kill Nuer people in South Sudan and to use their guys “who are money minded persons to help us to fight them and afterwards no one will disturb you in leadership because other communities in South Sudan have no legitimacy in term of responding or opposing you,” President Museveni told Kiir.

Furthermore, one of the Ugandans that I studied with him some years back told me something on phone and email that entails the agreement between Kiir and Museveni on how they should share oil money in order to achieve their interest in time to come.

The agreement was designed in two ways: one was the money that President Museveni should get from the oil production in 2014 from Kiir government in Juba because Museveni is preparing for 2016 general elections where he is also looking for another term in the office and therefore cautioned his food friend (Kiir) to look into very fast before he sends any troops to South Sudan.

Second was the agreement on how much should each soldier get in a day, and in case a soldier died in the frontline, they agreed on one hundred dollar per a day to each soldier who will be in South Sudan.

Thirdly was the pocket money to the Uganda members of parliament especially National Resistance Movement stakeholders including the Speaker of Uganda parliament, and Kiir and Musevni agreed on 3 million Uganda shilling to be sent to each individual account so that they can approved the deployment of UPDF forces in the Republic of South Sudan without fail and that indeed happened.

The way I am viewing Presidents of the Republic of South Sudan Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit and Museveeni of Uganda, I got confused due to the fact that they made a gentleman’s agreement that has led to the loss of many Ugandans in the frontline between Juba and Magala where the forces loyal to Dr Machar and General Gatdet are at the moment.

According to rebels they have reported that they have killed many Ugandans in frontline and captured some of them alive.

Facts about their agreement:
President Museeveni was given million of dollars to be used as money for his campaign in 2016 elections and pocket money for president Yoweri and for bribing some of the members of the parliament that might bring noise to the people of the Republic of Uganda but particularly to the National Resistance Movement (NRM) members of parliament excluding the opposition MPs of the Republic of Uganda.

Reportedly, that happened because on Monday this week, money were allegedly sent to the various accounts of Uganda Members of Parliament especially the ruling party members.

And within the agreement they have indicated the amount of money to be given to each soldier day and they have signed the memorandum of understanding (MOU) based on the terms and conditions that no one from them will break in one way or the other.

Each soldier is getting one hundred (100) dollars equivalent to four hundred and fifty South Sudanese pounds (450) in a black market rate.

They further agreed that the Uganda Peoples Defence Forces (UPDF) and the Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) will be given the same uniform and fighting code in order to avoid confusion among the soldiers.

They also agreed on the elimination of the Nuer society in the territory of the Republic of South Sudan, by using their men who are money hearted people who will not think of their tribe and the integrity of their community.

President Museveni assured Kiir that the few Nuer who are still with you in the Army should be motivated in order for them to fight with their people so that, if any one claims we will be able to defend the interest of Uganda and South Sudan properly.

Furthermore, they also agreed on the people who were detained not to be released because two out of the eleven were killed by President Kiir after the meeting of IGAD in Juba last year December 2013.

They are fearing to release the rest because the question might come as to where are the rest of the political detainees, therefore they have agreed not to disclose the information to any one because he (Kiir) and Museveni are afraid of International Community.

What might fail their agreement?
Basically, when you look into the current fighting that is ongoing between Uganda combined together with Sudan People Liberation Army soldiers that are loyal to President Kiir and the Nuer Society, you will find that, President Museveni and the Ugandans will one day, one time will ask for the compensations from Kiir of his soldiers who have been lost in the fighting especially between Bor and Juba.

Based on what am projecting, Kiir leadership has come to an end even though what might be the perceptions of other people because we can just look at the current fighting that has spread all over the Country.

The momentum and the velocity that the forces that are in Central Equatoria especially in Magala from Dr Machar loyalists, you will agree with me that, no Army will defeat them because they have so far defeated more than 30,000 troops from Museveni and Kiir combined.

Keys recommendations:
The only possible way am seeing, is only for President Kiir to step down like the President of Central African Republic who resigned last week because the way am viewing the whole scenario is that most of the Nuer warriors have combined and no one will defeat them, I tell you.

Secondly, if Kiir is wise he should apologize to the entire Nuer community for what had happened, maybe he should be allowed to be in South Sudan territory after Juba is captured.

The author is currently living in Australia, he can be reached at

Museveni: The de facto president of South Sudan

BY: Weirial Gatyiel Puok Baluang, RSS, JAN/17/2015, SSN;

South Sudan has over 65 different tribes who speak different languages. These people are known for their diversity, hard work, courage, hospitality and many other unique cultural norms. The idea that a plan created by a Ugandan dictator can succeed in South Sudan is absurd.

Yoweri Museveni must first study the people of South Sudan, and only then can he be sure of what to do. The South Sudanese are brave people and are afraid of no man but God.

Therefore, dictator Museveni, who established himself as the teacher of a Kiir in Africa’s newest nation, must bear in mind that he lost the direction; Dr. Machar, the forced rebel, cannot be like the rest of East African leaders who fear him.

The south Sudanese (Nuer) whom he is trying to massacre again apart from Kiir’s 16, 17, 18, and 19 massacres are afraid of no man on earth but Almighty Father. They were massacred because it was planned for almost eight years and they were not in power.

That was the reason that they lost more than 4000 innocent Nuer civilians in vain, not because of their cowardice.

The involvement of Ugandan dictator Museveni is not a surprise to me since I had known him as the only leader in the whole world who has been ruling our country after the death of our late hero Dr. John Garang de Mabior indirectly.

The fact that President Museveni sent Uganda’s soldiers officially into South Sudan to fight alongside Kiir against the forced rebel Dr. Riek Machar Teny (the only threat to Kiir & Museveni) is ironical.

The international community and South Sudanese must know that the Ugandan president is the one who gave all these ill-guidance to Kiir and he is now assisting him with covert military assistance intended to deal away with Dr. Machar’s Pro-democracy SPLA who are the south Sudanese at the same time.

Museveni and his Kiir are the ones responsible for the massacre of more than 4000 innocent Nuer civilians who had nothing to do with the SPLM issues and most of them had never known about SPLM let alone its activities.

Now dictator Museveni is again touching the same wound that they have caused some times back by sending his troops to fight alongside Kiir’s Gelweng against the pro-democracy fighters and the Nuers as a result of tribal cleansing.

The Nuer whom some of them have been murdered by the two un-Godly friend (Museveni & Kiir) are not ‘WEWES'(Ugandans).

Appalling crimes have been committed against the Nuer civilians for no reason than their ethnicity by the two friends (Museveni & Kiir).

To the best of my knowledge the involvement of this dictator will not be the solution but fuelling it to the maximum.

It is a shame for the two presidents (Museveni & Kiir) to fights against south Sudanese with Jets and Helicopter in the civil war!

Where were this Uganda president and his jets Helicopters during the south Sudanese agains Sudanese army war in Heglig?

Dictator Museveni doesn’t want to lose the free oil money that he takes from his friend Kiir’s administration since 2005 unknowingly.

Kiir thinks that Museveni is freeing him by fighting alongside him but Kiir may be a slave to Museveni in case the two united forces UPDF & pro-Dictatorship SPLA of Museveni and Kiir respectively wins the military war against Dr. Machar’s pro-democracy SPLA.

This is a true analysis because in economics, when you are owed or you are given money to borrow by somebody than failure to pay them back in the due time you will automatically become the slave to the creditor.

It is ironical for any foreign country to exercise his/her military against our people (South Sudanese).

Kiir shows the signs and the symptoms of the weakest leader in the globe due to the fact that he is helped by the outsiders against his own people.

South Sudan is nothing to the eyes of the world because of our weak and coward president Kiir mayardit who turned to be one of the sons of dictator Museveni.

The world and the South Sudan in particular, must know that the Ugandan president is not an expert in any good governance; he is only an expert in dictatorship.

I want the good people of South Sudan to understand that Museveni is an experienced killer in Uganda, and we must tell him to stay out of our home dealings or else our nation will be another Somalia in our beloved Africa.

The people of Uganda are our African brothers and sisters; but Museveni is separating the two friendly countries by fuelling the current crises in our country that he has created.

Dictator Museveni is putting the south Sudan and Uganda future relations at doom due to the fact that his days on the earth are numbered because of the blood of the people he has killed in cool blood.

The blood of our great leaders, Dr. John Garang, George Athor and the rest will drive him to the grave as soon as possible.

South Sudan have got well-qualified leaders unlike Uganda that has only one man (the so-called Museveni).

I came across the world history but I have never seen a foreign intervention in another country’s affairs directly like what has been done by dictator Museveni of Uganda.

Museveni doesn’t like president kiir as seen in the entire step he has taken, Museveni a foreign president declares the capture of jameiza by his forces not the SPLA, what a shame to our president!!!

If all presidents were like my president kiir than there would have been no need of creating the country’s boundary. Museveni must not compare the south Sudanese with Ugandans, we the strong people of south Sudan we fought 22 Arab countries during the liberation days but we had never surrendered yet we gained our independence.

In conclusion, I as a patriotic son of this expensive nation, I appeal for my brothers and sisters in south Sudan and in diaspora to strongly condemn the direct involvement of president Museveni of Uganda which has a bad contribution on our future generations.

Remember our population during the 2008 census was less than Ten million but it will decrease in an increasing rate if this dictator Museveni involved militarily.

Furthermore, Ugandans must put in mind that their friendship with the south Sudanese got spoiled completely.

The author is concerned citizen of south Sudan: he can be reach through

Release the Political Detainees, Pres. Kiir!

FROM: Gabrial Pager Ajang, Political Science and History instructor at Wright Career College, and Former State of Nebraska Legislative Assistance

TO: Salva Kiir Mayardit, the president of the Republic of Sudan

Cc: Governors and citizens of South Sudan

Release the Political Detainees, JAN/16/2014, SSN;

Dear Pres. Salva Kiir Mayardit, you have guided this country through numerous difficulties and complicated times. We, the South Sudanese know that war would have broken out early had you not issued presidential amnesty to rebels. You have secured our referendum and declared independence.

In this country wrecked by warlords, you were able to integrate rebels into the SPLA, a policy that has secured peace and stability in South Sudan. It is important to point out that our military generals failed to transform these militias and SPLA into more of a professional and conventional army.

After you have guided this country for good 9 years, war broke December 15th, 2013. Unlike something we have seen before, in one month, over 200, 000 persons are internally displaced, 50, 000 people have to seek refuge in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda. Over 10, 000 people have been killed and disproportionate magnitude of devastation of this war is unknown and its effect on the neighboring countries is yet to be known.

We are at the peak of the worst humanitarian catastrophe ever. Mr. President where is your leadership brain? I condemned Dr. Riek Machar because he wants to kill his way into power! Do you want to kill more thousands to keep 11 people in jail?

In the following paragraphs, I will narrate reasons why I want political detainees’ release.

The conflict has plundered the country into economic stagnation. We have lost billions of dollars since war started. We have sacrificed 2.5 million people during the liberation struggles for land natural resources. Yet, this very mineral that we have sacrificed our people is destroyed in Unity state by people who paid ultimate price through their loved ones. This war is simply devoid of conscience.

Mr. President, the future of South Sudan lies in your hands. We have the richest country in the world with magnificent diverse natural resources. We have suffered for over 60 years, we cannot afford to suffer for another decades. Do everything you can in your power to secure peace and stability for the future of people of South Sudan.

The best and wise leaders get their best advice from their opponents. Hence, I would suggest you listen to those who oppose you in order to mitigate political crisis and bring war to an end.

Political disagreement requires a political settlement. I would suggest that you listen to leaders of countries that support us to secure our freedom and independence.

Listen to the good Western countries, for instance, United States and its ally. The United States Senate of Foreign Relations has issued a mouthful statement that South Sudanese government must release the political detainees or face economic and political sanctions. The United States and its allies simply want an end to bloodbath and displacement of people of South Sudan.

Mr. President, if you released the political detainees: first, it will not clear them of their criminals’ charges, secondly, it brings United States and its allies on your political sides, and third, you can press charges on them after the crises. United States and its allies can also help you to bring those who have committed atrocities and war crimes in Juba, Jongeli, Unity and Upper Nile States to justice.

Mr. President, if you release political prisoners, you will be in the best political position in South Sudan and at the global stage.

And if you do not release the political detainees, the United States and its allies could institute travel bans and asset freezes on senior leadership on both sides including you, as well as be prepared to extend those sanctions multilaterally to a resolution in the U.N. Security Council.

Political and economic sanctions will strangle the country to death. The UN peacekeeping forces could be withdrawn from Abyei and humanitarian assistance could be stopped. Border between the north and North may not be drawn.

You can understand, what started as political disagreements in Juba cannot be allowed to end the dreams and inspirations of the South Sudanese people. This war can end our dreams and aspirations if it is mishandled.

I believed that you can work with good people of South Sudan and World leaders to remedy this conflict while securing and advancing political and economic interests of South Sudan at the Global level. I urge you to take look at the cost and benefit of releasing political detainees in the context of securing South Sudanese interests.

Good leaders work to minimize policy that could harm his/her country or their society’s future. If you choose to keep political detainees in prison, and South Sudan could be sanctioned which could have long term economic and political impact on the next generation of South Sudan.

Besides, this ongoing war that has killed thousands and displaced over 200, 000 people, we have ACCUMULATED PROBLEMS of South Sudan. These accumulated problems warrant help from the United States and its allies. We need United States and its allies to bring war criminals to justice and cessation of hostilities.

We need help in developing better institutions of government, writing new constitution, elections and development of institutions that would work to minimize corruption. We cannot afford to lose the Western countries. The last thing South Sudan want is isolation.

Note: the United State has helped bring criminals in Rwandan, Bosnia, to Justice. Hence the United States will hold war criminals accountable in South Sudan. The United States has also expressed that they will continue to monitor situation in South Sudan, while engaging all the parties to start healing, peace, and reconciliations.

To conclude, I am writing to you because the people of South Sudan have entrusted their lives in you and it would be fundamentally essential to save them.

Mr. President, you have power to change course and ease suffering. Avoid this distraction from resolving real issues and challenges facing the country.

Release the political detainees to show the world that you are willing to forge new political settlement of the war. It will also show that you care for the suffering displaced persons. You can also layout conditions that will govern political prisoners outside prison.

On the other hand, it is fundamentally important for citizens of South Sudan to understand that the international community will help in the process of bringing those who have committed war crimes in Juba, Jonglei Unity, and Upper Nile States and initiate peace building.

They have pledged 368 million U. S. dollar to help. International Community will seek justice for all innocent civilians, and I think our government cannot afford to lose their support in this area.

The world calls for release of the political detainees only for cessation of hostilities and tomorrow, when the dust has settled down, the West can charge political detainees with war crimes if they are indeed guilty.

Let us not make decision through emotions. We need to work together for cessation of hostilities now and will seek for justices after war. And finally, we can initiate peace, healing, justice and reconciliations.

Gabrial Pager Ajang
Political Science and History at Wright Career College
Former State of Nebraska Legislative Assistance
He can be reached at

Ethnic Targeting, Widespread Killings: Human Rights Watch

JAN/16/2014, SSN;

(Nairobi) – Witnesses to the violence in South Sudan since December 15, 2013, have described how targeted attacks against civilians on an ethnic basis have taken place in both government and opposition-controlled areas. South Sudan’s government and opposition forces should both immediately end abuses against civilians.

South Sudan’s leaders, the African Union (AU), and the United Nations should also support an independent, credible, international commission of inquiry to investigate all alleged crimes since the conflict erupted. The UN should also impose a travel ban and an asset freeze on anyone credibly identified as responsible for serious abuses and violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, Human Rights Watch said.

“Appalling crimes have been committed against civilians for no other reason than their ethnicity,” said Daniel Bekele, Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “Both sides need to leave civilians out of their conflict, let aid groups reach people who need help and accept a credible, independent investigation into these crimes.”

Between December 27 and January 12, 2014, a Human Rights Watch research team in South Sudan interviewed more than 200 victims and witnesses to abuses in Juba and Bor. Researchers documented widespread killings of Nuer men by members of South Sudanese armed forces in Juba, especially between December 15 and 19, including a massacre of between 200 and 300 men in the Gudele neighborhood on December 16. Researchers also documented the targeting and killing of civilians of Dinka ethnicity by opposition forces in other parts of the country.

The targeted killings of civilians, looting, and destruction of civilian property by both parties to the conflict in locations across the country have contributed to the displacement of more than 400,000 people, according to UN estimates, in the past month. Many of the crimes committed after conflict broke out are serious violations of international humanitarian law and may constitute war crimes or crimes against humanity.

Fighting erupted in the headquarters of the South Sudan army’s presidential guard at around 10:30 p.m. on December 15, hours after a meeting of South Sudan’s leading political party, Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). The meeting was marked by extremely high tensions between President Salva Kiir, who is of Dinka ethnicity, and former Vice President Riek Machar, who is of Nuer ethnicity. Kiir had dismissed Machar, a senior SPLM member, as vice president in July and fired his entire cabinet. Machar had earlier that year indicated his intention to run for president.

The government also arrested 11 prominent politicians and members of the SPLM’s political bureau on December 16 and in the following days, alleging they were involved in planning a coup. The politicians have been detained for four weeks without formal charges or access to legal counsel, as far as Human Rights Watch has been able to determine.

Kiir has called the violence on December 15 an attempted coup by Machar and his allies, a charge Machar, who is now in an undisclosed location, has denied. However in the following days a number of senior army commanders from key locations in South Sudan rebelled against the government, leading to intensive fighting in Bor, the Jonglei State capital, and surrounding areas, the town of Bentiu and other locations in Unity State, and Malakal in Upper Nile State.

Delegates representing both Machar and the government are attending negotiations over a cessation of hostilities and other issues in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, under the auspices of the regional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). They have yet to agree to a ceasefire.

On December 24, the UN Security Council agreed to temporarily increase the troop ceiling for the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) from 7,000 to 12,500 and to increase the mission’s police force to up to 1,323, from 900. The UN should accelerate the deployment of these reinforcements and take other urgent steps to improve the protection of civilians, including better security around UNMISS compounds sheltering some 66,500 civilians displaced by conflict, Human Rights Watch said.

Peacekeepers should also ramp up independent patrols to all accessible locations in areas where they are operating and where civilians are in need. The location and timing of patrols should not be subject to government approval.

Human Rights Watch said it had received multiple reports of looting of medical and humanitarian facilities, and of some government denials of flight authorization to areas where people are in desperate need of aid. The South Sudanese government and leaders of opposition forces should ensure unhindered access by UN and independent humanitarian agencies to displaced and other civilians in need of assistance and protection. Both sides should respect medical and humanitarian facilities, material and staff, as required by international law. Anyone who blocks or otherwise doesn’t cooperate with independent humanitarian activities should be held accountable.

The AU decided on December 30 to establish a commission of inquiry. The AU should avail itself of UN experience with commissions of inquiry by asking the UN to promptly provide staff and support a team of international investigators and experts to investigate serious crimes committed since December 15, Human Rights Watch said. The commission of inquiry should report to both the AU and the UN secretary-general. In addition, UNMISS should bolster the investigative capacity of its human rights section and report regularly and publicly on human rights and humanitarian law abuses by all sides.

“The South Sudanese and the international community should show that we have learned the lesson history has taught us that without justice and reconciliation, residual pain from gross violations and other crimes are all too easily abused by those seeking power at any cost,” Bekele said.

Killings, Arrests in Juba
In Juba, clashes between members of the presidential guard of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) erupted during the night of December 15, 2013, and spread the following day into neighborhoods around the army headquarters, also triggering serious fighting in at least two other areas of the capital. However, much of the violence in the capital the following week was targeted attacks by Dinka members of South Sudan’s armed forces, both the police and army, against Nuer males, including civilians, Human Rights Watch concluded after interviewing more than 150 victims and witnesses.

The witnesses and victims provided accounts of soldiers and policemen conducting house-to-house searches for Nuer men focusing on certain neighborhoods in northwest Juba, such as Gudele, Manga, Mangatain and New Site and around areas where fighting began in southwest Juba. Numerous witnesses described seeing male family members, neighbors, or others shot dead in or around their compounds or as they ran for safety to other neighborhoods or to UN bases. In most cases reported to Human Rights Watch, witnesses described multiple killings.

“The soldiers shouted at my mum that if (the men) don’t come out of the house they will start shooting all of us,” a 21-year-old woman from the Mia Saba area said, describing one incident. “When they came out they started beating them, and shooting. They shot my brother in the leg. My uncle ran and fell in a shallow ditch. They shot him in the face.”

A 42-year-old bricklayer from the New Site neighborhood described killings by security forces: “They brought out five of my neighbors and shot them in the street. We ran, the soldiers said ‘stop’, we refused and they shot at us. I stopped to pick my son but he was heavy and dead. When they reached him they shot him again.”

In the worst single incident documented by Human Rights Watch, soldiers and policemen from around the Gudele and other nearby neighborhoods gathered hundreds of Nuer men during the night of December 15 and the following day and detained them in a building used by the police, near the junction that divides Juba’s Gudele 1 and Gudele 2 neighborhoods. Survivors estimated that between 200 and 300 men were jammed into a room so crowded and hot that several people collapsed during the day on December 16. At around 8 p.m., gunmen alleged to be government forces began systematically shooting into the room through windows on one side of the building, killing almost all of the people in the room, a few survivors said.

“It was very dark,” one survivor said, adding that he survived because he was shot early in the massacre. “The windows were opened and then they shot through them. It was just light from the guns and the sound of the shooting. They shot me in the inner thigh, I fell and then dead people fell on top of me.”

About an hour later, armed men with torches entered the room and shot again several times at people, apparently anyone who appeared to have survived, leaving the door open after they left. At least two survivors escaped during the night. The following afternoon, members of South Sudan’s National Security Service freed 11 others who had been protected when bodies fell on them and who had spent the day with the corpses. Several of the survivors had severe gunshot wounds.

“I thought I would go mad … for three days I could hear the screaming and the shooting in my head,” said one man who had been hiding near the site of the massacre. “I knew my brother was captured in there.”

Human Rights Watch talked to neighbors of various ethnicities who described with great distress the huge number of bodies they saw at the site on December 17 and their removal in large trucks on December 18.

Human Rights Watch also documented mass arrests during the week of December 16. Former detainees said they were among scores of Nuer screened for their ethnicity and then held, usually for between three and seven days, most commonly in army buildings or in a national security building close to the Nile River in downtown Juba. Most were arrested in their houses or on main roads as they tried to reach family members or safe locations. Victims showed injuries from beatings and described overcrowding, extreme heat, and a lack of food and clean water in the detention sites. Almost all who had been held in Juba suffered from a similar skin ailment that may have been caused by the extreme heat and overcrowding.

Four Nuer men, interviewed separately, also described being tortured by members of security forces who demanded information about Riek Machar’s location. The men said security forces lashed them, beat them until they lost consciousness or smashed the victims’ faces into the ground with a boot to the back of their head. Security forces took the Nuer men’s cars, phones, and money in most cases, and house-to-house searches were often accompanied by extensive looting.

Many of the Nuer interviewed said they still do not know the location or fate of male family members and friends. More than 25,000 Nuer were displaced by the fighting and attacks in Juba; many fled to two UN bases in Juba and say they are still afraid to return home.

The Events in Bor
Human Rights Watch was not able to conduct an on-site investigation in the town of Bor because of the ongoing conflict, but in early January researchers interviewed more than 50 people in Awerial, to which 84,000 civilians from Bor and surrounding areas fled following successive waves of fighting in December and January.

Witnesses described clashes between government and defecting anti-government security forces, indiscriminate attacks on civilians in densely populated areas, targeted shootings and attacks on civilians, and widespread looting and destruction in Bor. The civilian death toll is unclear, but many witnesses who had returned to Bor in late December said the streets were littered with dead bodies.

The conflict in Bor erupted on December 18. Forces loyal to General Peter Gadet, a prominent Nuer commander, took control of the town following events in Juba, triggering clashes within the army, police and wildlife services and in certain areas of town. The fighting caused thousands of civilians to flee to the UN compound in Bor, as well as outside the town.

Since December 18, Bor has changed hands twice, with the government regaining control between December 25 and 31. Opposition forces and armed Nuer civilians, referred to as the “white army,” control Bor and surroundings now, witnesses told Human Rights Watch.

Bor residents who fled the initial attack but returned soon after government forces retook the town on December 24 reported seeing bodies of both soldiers and civilians in several neighborhoods. Human Rights Watch viewed footage obtained by a local government official showing 28 dead bodies in various locations, including close to the UN base, and many witnesses interviewed in Awerial said relatives or neighbors were among the dead. At least two disabled war veterans were killed and their homes looted during the first attack.

A journalist named seven old or mentally ill people he had been told had been killed by Gadet’s forces in the initial attack. The journalist said he had seen the bodies of two of them, Majang Mach and Piel Mayen Deng, soon after the government recaptured the town.

Government forces retreated as Gadet’s forces, augmented by thousands of armed Nuer, including women and children, retook the town on December 31, 2013.
By some accounts looting and destruction of civilian property increased during the second attack by anti-government forces as they approached villages near Bor.
Many civilians received warnings of the approaching forces and fled into the bush and marsh areas surrounding the town, in some cases leaving behind elderly or ill relatives who could not run. “Those unable to run (from the rebels) were burned in their houses, including two elderly men, Achieng Mayen and Kuol Garang, and a paralyzed woman, Yanadet Garang,” a chief from an area just outside Bor told Human Rights Watch.

One mother of four said that armed Nuer aligned with anti-government forces killed her 70-year-old mother. “We came outside (of the house) and the attackers shot at us,” she said.

Witnesses also told Human Rights Watch of attacks by armed Nuer groups and soldiers who followed fleeing civilians into marshland around Bor, possibly to steal cattle from the large cattle camps. Many of those interviewed reported attackers had looted all of their cattle during the first and second attacks on the area, effectively stealing their primary source of livelihood. A 55-year-old community leader who had fled to the marshland from a village outside Bor said that on January 7 a combined force of Nuer soldiers in uniform and armed civilians had attacked the cattle camp where he had taken shelter, killing at least seven people including a seven-year-old boy, and stealing thousands of cattle.

The attacks on Bor’s Dinka community have reopened old wounds and revived ethnic divisions from atrocities during Sudan’s long civil war. In what was known as the “Bor massacre,” in 1991, largely Nuer forces loyal to Machar attacked Dinka communities in and around Bor, killing hundreds and displacing thousands. At the time, Machar had split from SPLA, then the South’s rebel force, and fought against it with support from other factions.

Attacks on Civilians Elsewhere
Human Rights Watch received alarming reports of targeted attacks on Dinka civilians in other areas of South Sudan, as well as credible reports of indiscriminate attacks on civilians during fighting in Bentiu and Malakal, but was not able to visit these locations in the initial investigation. The impact of conflict on civilians in these areas requires further in-depth investigation.

On December 19, large numbers of armed youth together with unarmed women and children, and accompanied by uniformed security forces, attacked a UN mission base in the town of Akobo, in Jonglei state, where around 30 Dinka, including disarmed soldiers and civilians had taken shelter, witnesses said. In the stampede on the base, two peacekeepers and an estimated 20 civilians and disarmed soldiers were killed.

Armed men also issued serious threats against Dinka seeking shelter in UN bases in Yuai in Jonglei state, where a UN helicopter was shot at as Dinka were being evacuated, and in Nasir, Upper Nile state, UN officials said.

Two Dinka staff at a base owned by the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Companyoil consortium described to Human Rights Watch how Nuer day laborers turned on Dinka staff and killed at least six men using batons and machetes on the night of December 16. Both witnesses said Nuer police on the base saw the violence and did not intervene.

Government response
President Kiir has acknowledged that ethnic targeting and killings took place in Juba and said in a Christmas day speech that those responsible would be punished. The chief of staff of South Sudan’s army, General James Hoth Mai, issued an order on December 21 to arrest a number of members of various armed forces suspected of killing “innocent soldiers and civilians simply because they hail from different tribes.” Some soldiers have been arrested but have not yet been charged.

On December 28, the inspector general of police for South Sudan, General Pieng Deng Kuol, established a five-member committee of policemen to investigate allegations of killings of civilians including media reports that “a great number of people were dragged into one of the police stations in Juba and murdered cold blooded inside the cells.”

On December 30, the African Union’s (AU) Peace and Security Council decided to establish a commission to investigate “human rights violations and other abuses committed during the armed conflict in South Sudan” and submit a report within three months.

The AU’s call for an international commission of inquiry is a positive step. Any such commission should be fully resourced and supported by United Nations and concerned governments. To be truly independent and credible, the commission should be mandated to report to more than one organization, for example to both the AU and the UN, and it should consist of international experts who have experience with South Sudan, forensic investigations, human rights and humanitarian law, and arms and munitions, Human Rights Watch said.

Help nurture democracy in South Sudan: An Open letter to International Community

BY: Akol Ayom Wekdit, GHANA, JAN/16/2014, SSN;

The international community runs the risk of docking South Sudan in an imposed, fake and cohesive peace as talks between the government and rebels in Addis Ababa are at snag following core differences. To expose this stark antagonism to more external pressure and tension is as bad as the root cause of the violence.

I would therefore call upon the international community to try other tools that contribute positively to negotiated settlements.

One would say the international community’s response to this stalemate is exaggerated and unacceptable. The world helped in bringing about South Sudan’s independence as some countries contributed immensely long before the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

The Norwegian People’s Aid, Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS), Oxfam, among other international humanitarian aid agencies, did commendable work during the war; they reached out to save the lives of the most vulnerable people at difficult times. We have shared both the good times and bad times with them.

To Norway and the United Kingdom whose selfless sacrifices have made an important bearing on humanity, you are great nations. Also, you do not have any major imperial or economic interests in our country – your help is true help.

However, political dynamics are subject to change depending on prevailing circumstances. I do not believe there is any shift in the international community’s perspective on South Sudan.

The issue in our country today is nation-building which primarily consists in establishing strong public institutions. This is essential in laying the foundation of this country; it instills a development process that rests on true democracy and rule of law.

With capacity inadequacies posing a big challenge for a country recovering from decades of war, you the international community should encourage us in building democratic institutions.

But as we slowly apply our democracy, do not push us too forcefully and do not poke your nose into our affairs. If that happens, there will be inevitable opposition to you. Stand by us to support our growth into full potential without any much constraint.

You should know that we reserve the right to cease accepting your assistance if you attach very tight strings. We do not expect to be strained just because we have eaten your cake. Right?!

Mutual interests of both world community and South Sudanese citizens should be the guiding principle of our relationship. No less, no more. The Bible says ‘do to others as you would have them do to you’. It is as simple as this.

We are mindful of the fact that democracy must be accepted without hesitations, which comes along with the burden of ensuring transparency and accountability. By accepting to be a democracy, albeit the challenges, we have the right to see accountability and transparency done on our land; otherwise, the democracy the international community is bringing to South Sudan is the wrong handout.

There are two particular issues worth making clear to the international community. These are:

Political detainees and threat of sanctions:

The Obama administration has threatened to impose sanctions on South Sudan if the government fails to release the eleven political detainees linked to the December 15 foiled coup. This is the least South Sudanese people expected of the United States, and has raised concern among citizens.

For the US to sanction an elected, legitimate government because of the demand of a few fugitives is the least thing we expected of a country of high morale integrity. It appears this is a clear case of evil defeating good.

It is advisable that instead of meddling with the domestic affairs of South Sudan and mounting undue pressure on the government to release these detainees, the US – and the international community – should rather look at the administration of justice and ensure that all judicial proceedings for the detainees are fairly done.

Through the many human rights institutions in South Sudan, including the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), the international community should ensure that the political detainees have good defense while facing prosecution.

Successfully monitoring the judicial process while calling for fair prosecution is the confirmatory test for the international community to approve or disapprove of the so-called dictatorial tendencies of the South Sudan government as opposed to inclination to the incoherent coup story.

The US’s criticism of the South Sudan government is merely reinforcing the detainees without ascertaining whether they are innocent or guilty. It is a highway to everlasting impunity, unless the government clearly maintains its stance not to release the detainees before trial.

Given the consequences of the hostilities, South Sudanese are safer with the detainees in prison and their release must cause unnecessary inconveniences.

In addition, reliance on a rebel version of the December 15 narrative is a sign that the US will not deliver good judgment on this case.

Therefore, the threat of imposing targeted sanctions on South Sudan if the detainees are not released is not only misplaced but an indicator of a hidden interest in favor of the rebels, unless it could be proved that the rebels had exhausted all remedies to bring about democracy were frustrated by the government so much that warfare was the last resort – and thus justified.

To say the least, imposition of sanctions will not bequeath a way out of the trouble, but is likely to add more fuel to the conflict.

Political detention is not synonymous with persecution. The government of South Sudan’s detention of the suspects linked to the crisis is consistent with best practice of good governance and rule of law.

In any country, suspects of treason are detained until they are convicted or acquitted in fair prosecutions. The government has also put it point blank that the whole matter will be handled in accordance with the constitution and laws in the country.

In any case, this should not cause alarms as long as these detainees are South Sudanese. No pressure should easily brush off the constitution.

Since the start of the rebellion, there has been immense suffering, displacement and killing of civilians across the country. Genuine concern is to revert to the peaceful days before the violence erupted, but this urge must not outweigh efforts to assure full recovery after the conflict.

By threatening sanctions, the US is not leveraging on the peace process but creating a clumsy atmosphere that may burst once again with outrageous outcomes.

To this day, there are many terrorists in Guantanamo Bay who have not been released until their trial in courts of law. Although the US has been releasing some of these detainees, terrorism has not come to an end. News of attacks and threats masterminded by terrorists in the Middle East and the world at large continue to pop up.

The South Sudan crisis is similar to this scenario. There is no single evidence that once the detainees have been released there will be no more violence in order for the US to make their release a big deal.

Why should US be concerned about South Sudanese coup plotters detained in Juba when it has a bunch of terrorists detained in Guantanamo Bay?

To put it straightforward, the devil behind the ongoing South Sudan crisis does not lie in the detained coup plotters but in Riek Machar’s ability to parade his tribal militias to fight the government and execute reprisal attacks against other nationalities in rebel-controlled areas.

With their mental picture of their usual inter-tribal war, militias go for unconventional warfare, killing innocent civilians and orchestrating atrocities instead of targeting army bases with the intention to overthrow the government.

The Western media’s presumption that the war has taken an ethnic course is only evident in the rebels’ acts. The rebel invasion of UNMISS compound in Akobo to kill all the Dinka who had sought refuge there shows a revolution gone wrong.

But this has not been echoed by either the Dinka civilians or the government forces and currently more than 10,000 Nuer displaced by the fighting in Unity State are seeking refuge in Warrap State (inhabited by the Dinka).

Therefore, the international community pressure on the rebels to unconditionally accept cessation of hostilities and commit to peaceful resolution of the conflict may bear fruits as compared to pressure on the government.

The story of 75 corrupt officials:

At such critical times as this revisiting the past to invent a solution becomes indispensable. The story of 75 top government officials allegedly owning huge money in foreign banks was so famous that it once caught the attention of the president.

The nerves of the BIG MEN were touched and what appeared to be general uneasiness seemed to have ruled, and subsided at least after some time. An urgent demand at present is for the international community in collaboration with global watchdog Transparency International to freeze the accounts of these officials.

It is stupid for politicians to aimlessly undermine the status quo for lack of service delivery when they held the country hostage during the years, diverting government money to personal accounts instead of delivering services.

President Kiir should once again be advised to rewrite the 2012 letter with clear intention to recover this much-needed national treasure. The formation of a lean government in July 2013 that lay off the present rebels earned him good recommendation.

An impending recommendation is in recovering the lost money. This goes with saying there is no more time for enticement. And the international community should help the government in effecting this request.

Last but not least, at this point, we acknowledge the positive contribution of the international community to the betterment of South Sudan. With the collaboration and goodwill seen over the years it is possible that a solution could be forged to remove the country from the current war.

However, it is important to note that South Sudanese can no more afford the cost of an imposed peace that could hatch into an all-out war.


The majority of our people also elected Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit by more than 90% as President of the Republic of South Sudan.
Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit is the legitimate President of South Sudan. He was democratically elected under the supervision of the entire World.

The regional, continental and international Communities have declare many times their rejection of any change of democratic governments by means of military force. This was the official position of the IGAD, the AU and the UN.

Those who are fighting against SPLM/SPLA and Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit are trying to oust a democratically elected government by means of military force. What they are doing is a crime. It is a violation of the will of the regional, continental and international organs.

It is the task of the international community and mainly the five permanent members of the Security Council of the United Nations to act urgently and strongly to stop this crime committed against the will of our people.

The United States, Great Britain, France, Russia and China should and the other members of the security Council should adopt as quickly as possible a resolution obliging the rebels to stop their military action against our legitimate government and our democratically elected President.

All means should be used to stop the bloodshed in our country. The international community must seize this opportunity to confirm its solid will to prevent any toppling of an elected government by military force.

Only such a firm political will is able to oblige the rebels to put down arms and engage a peaceful dialogue with the government to solve all other question.

The author of this article is a former Sudan tribune daily newspaper editorial secretary, and currently a daily columnist of an electronic newspaper base in Accra, Ghana. He is reachable through

Only the mentally dead would want to continue under Pres. Kiir!

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, JAN/16/2014, SSN;

While I believe that power should be transferred peacefully in our nascent if we are at all to develop, I don’t think that President Salva Kiir Mayardit is still relevant for the leadership of this rapidly disintegrating country known as Republic of South Sudan.

Who out there is waiting to be told that the peace talks between the delegations that represents the oppressive regime in Juba on one hand and those representing the new armed dissident group formed of the true sons of the land has stalled.

I bet by now you already know that the negotiators have failed to strike any deal. And how could, when IGAD which largely represents the interest of the rotten leadership in the region is given the mediation role?

Any lack of progress in the Addis Ababa talks has been largely a result of the inherent weakness and lack of impartiality by the mediation style offered by the IGAD team and their patronizing attitudes towards the dissidents’ position.

The main reasons for the stalemate in talks can be summarized as follows:

First on the list is President Salva Kiir’s unstable position on almost everything.

Secondly the position expressed by some irresponsible African leaders like Museveni of Uganda who has chosen to be a part of the problem than the solution, has also complicated matters the more.

Thirdly the dubious way how the Ethiopian lead broker shuttles his mission between Addis Ababa and Juba is also worrying.

For example how could it have convinced anyone that the mediator’s last few trips were a good mediation when his visit to Juba that was mainly to convince President Salva Kiir to deliver on a priory promise to release the political prisoners and have them flown to Addis Ababa to join the talks turned into him the mediator convincing the prisoners to accept to remain in detention and have nothing to do with the negotiations (be that a cease fire / cessation of hostilities or any others…

It was and still is Salva Kiir’s lack of understanding and appreciation for democratic principles in his SPLM/A, not ignoring its negative ramifications on the life of citizens in general is set to move in this nascent, that has without the least doubt set the pace for whatever destruction engulfing the country at the moment.

Things have always been crookedly done under Kiir’s leadership, while he only seeks the satisfaction of his ego to remain in power unchallenged and indefinitely.

For the people of South Sudan to breathe a new breeze of democracy, freedom of expression, the rule of law, Salva Kiir, his tribal militiamen and his Gogrial thugs of the secret security forces and wanton killers of innocent civilians must be brought down in whichever way and method!

They have continuously murdered and assassinated innocent civilians, intellectuals and politicians in the name of state security that is not there.

Salva Kiir is leading a regime that has killed and assassinated its own citizens than it has built schools or hospitals or employed the youth. His thugs must also go, first to the ICC, then to the dust bins of history. Here I rest my case!!!

Join us in the march to an inevitable change for a better South Sudan by spreading the word and sensitizing people in your communities to work for a people led change that they badly yearn for.

When this change comes, please my people remember to embrace it as it will be yours and never let go of it.

This is our walk in a long journey to free ourselves from the tyrant called Salva Kiir Mayardit and his Gogrial Kitchen cabinet and other puppet associates.

Can we the people of South Sudan now see an end to an over eight years of tyranny imposed on us by the so called liberators who turned oppressor?

The answer to this question lies in how you react to the wider call for the second liberation that is now in the making!

Neither Museveni or the indicted Uhuru and Al Bashir will prevent the people’s revolution in South Sudan from becoming a reality and move towards the full realization of its aims and goals.

Our eyes are set to achieve a country free of tyranny and One-man rule! We will win!

Can you get fair representation in the army or the security organs under Kiir? The answer is NO.

Can you get quality education under Kiir >? The answer is NO.
Can you get infrastructures under Kiir? The answer is NO.
Can you get clean water for all under Kiir? The answer is NO.

Can you get freedom of expression, freedom of press and true multi-party democracy under Kiir? The answer is NO.
Can you get a rule of law under Kiir? The answer is NO.

Can you get a government free of tribalism under Kiir ? The answer is NO.
Can you get a clear and genuine separation of state powers to executive, legislation, and judiciary under Kiir ? The answer is NO.

Can you get government transparency and accountability, under Kiir? The answer is NO.

Can you get tribalism, corruption, lawlessness, gender discrimination, kleptocracy, dinkocrasy, visionless, directionless leadership under President Kiir? The answer is YES and we are fed up with it. Enough is enough!

Open Letter to UN Humanitarian Coordinator: No Dinka IDPs in Ma’di

From the office of concerned Ma’di community and Youth association: World wide:

Mr. Toby Lanzer
UN Humanitarian Coordinator
Republic of South Sudan, Juba
January 14, 2014

JAN/15/2014, SSN;

Re: Do Not Resettle Dinka IDPs in Nimule or Ma’di Area.

Dear Mr. Lanzer, Firstly, Ma’di Community condemns in the strongest term possible the barbaric killings of innocent people in Juba and elsewhere who were targeted based on their ethnicity and purported link to the incident of December 15, 2013. We extend our heartfelt condolences and sympathy to fellow country men and women who lost their loved ones in the senseless atrocities widely suspected to have been executed by men in uniform entrusted by laws of the country to protect lives and property of citizens.

Mr. Lanzer, while we understand and share the pain of fellow citizens affected by the senseless violence and atrocities, we are deeply concerned and vehemently reject any plans involving the United Nations to settle IDPs in Nimule/Mugali or other areas in Ma’di land.

Such a plan will be RESISTED AT ALL COST NOT because we do not sympathize with fellow citizens but because of lingering problem of IDPs mainly from Bor who illegally continued to occupy land in Nimule.

And despite various efforts of the community spanning over the past eight (8) years, the government authorities (at County, State, and National levels) have deliberately refused to repatriate the IDPS to their ancestral home areas in Jonglei State.

Instead, the State government decided to arrest our community leaders who have been relentlessly pursuing peaceful solution with the government authorities and the IDPS themselves.

Our community leaders remain unlawful detained in Torit for over three months without charges filed against them in blatant violation of the National Constitution.

We unreservedly believe the continued presence of IDPs in Nimule represent a long term plan of individuals in the current government to unlawfully grab the land the IPDs currently occupy while denying access to the lawful owners of the land.

Below are some few points to make you understand what we are talking about.

1. IDPs from Khartoum and Dinka refugees from Kakuma camp in Kenya chose and were repatriated by IOM/UNHCR to Nimule instead of taking them to their homeland (Bor/Jonglei).

2. In 2006, the IDPs in Nimule agreed to Ma’di Community’s demand to be repatriated. All went well and the elders performed even a ceremony for IDPs to leave. The IDPs eventually refused to honor their commitment and instead opted to use intimidating tactics while the government continued to ignore the problem.

3. Following the signing of the CPA all communities in exile and displaced internally voluntarily returned to their home land except the IDPs in Nimule. Neither the government nor their leaders showed any interest to enforce the repatriation.

4. Orders from the President directing the IDPs to move their animals away from Nimule were also bluntly ignored by the IDPs. Instead, more cattle were brought from Bor to Madi area and being grazed in the national park with utter disregard to national laws.

5. UN officials acknowledged on record that the “problem in Ma’di area reached the highest level of government but the highest authorities in the land have no political will to act.”

With the above issues and many others, the government unequivocally lost the confidence of the Ma’di people. And violence thus far has only been averted by the commitment to civility of the Ma’di people and their quest for peace.

Unfortunately, it will be a grave mistake to assume that the community is incapable of resorting to other means to protect their right and that of future generations to their ancestral land.

We wish to remind the UN officials in Nimule, through your Office, that the so-called Town Clerk of Nimule neither has authority nor mandate of the community to negotiate on their behalf or allocate land to the government.

He is only a government civil servant, as per laws of the country, with no authority whatsoever in regards to land. Anyone dealing with the Town Clerk, as far as the Ma’di Community is concerned will be illegal, null and void.

We further strongly wish to advise you that the past experiences are very bitter and we are no longer going to further tolerate land grabbing, abuses and insults of our people.

More importantly, we are not prepared to sacrifice an inch of Ma’di land for IDPs and are ready to defend this position at ALL COSTS INCLUDING OUR VERY OWN LIVES AND YOU CAN COUNT ON THAT.

The wise decision for the UN and its partners in government will be to take the IDPs to other places.

Failure to take this advice seriously, the UN MUST prepare to share responsibility of inevitable consequences of unwise decision.

We thank you for taking this message seriously

John Batali Inyani
Community representative & and concern Ma’di Youth

CC: UN SGSR Hilda Johnson
CC: UNHCR Head Office, Juba
CC: Head Office, Juba
CC: Governor Eastern Equatoria State,
CC: Commissioner Magwi County,
CC: south Sudan council of Churches[ SSCC]
CC: UNMISS Head Office, Juba & All NGOs