Archive for: December 2013

SPLM in Crisis: School Boys on the School Playground!

BY: Kuir ë Garang, ALBERTA, CANADA, DEC/15/2013, SSN;

South Sudanese are becoming too simple-minded. Even worse, we’re starting to adopt a culture of ‘if you’re not with us then you’re with them.’ This Bushitic, Reaganitic and Thatcheritic political simplism wouldn’t be in anyone’s favor in South Sudan. No! South Sudanese society is more complicated than that simplistic, scare-tactic sorry politicking.

The current wrangling within SPLM is not only an embarrassment to the current leaders and the ‘party’. It’s also a desecration of liberation history and abuse to the fallen heroes and voices of the liberation struggle starting from 1947.

Who is clean in the SPLM? Who has built and developed his/her constituency to raise any voice against anyone? Leaving the government doesn’t translate into being free of corruption! SPLM leadership is corrupt to the core.

Good leaders don’t whine; they initiate methods that lead to resolution of the problems in hand regardless of how such methods affect their lives.

It’s time for the SPLM leadership to stop accusations and counter-accusations and come up with workable solutions to the country’s problems.
Stop telling us what we already know. We know what problems the country is facing and we know how incompetent SPLM leadership is! What we need to hear are appreciable strategies to solve the problems.

Riek Machar, Pagan Amum and Nyandeng de Mabior, among others, came out in force to accuse the party (mostly confused with the government) of failures of its leadership. The failure of the party (government) is apparent. We know it.

But we don’t know of anyone who’s come out to clearly spell out the best way out. We are sick of hearing complaints against Kiir and failures of the party by members of the same party!

Kiir Mayardit, Wani Igga and Kuol Manyang, in response to Riek and company, acted like school boys: “You abuse me, I abuse you! You tell me I’ve done this, I tell you you’ve done that!” How old are these people again?

If leadership is lacking in South Sudan, then what happened to the wisdom of tribal Africanness, of age? What happened to the integrity of the African elder man?

We all know 1991 was a disaster that almost derailed the people’s struggle. This is a historical fact Riek Machar and Lam Akol have to deal with forever; whether they are dead or alive; whether they like it or not.

However, reminding us of 1991 all the time is political blame and grand irresponsibility we don’t need. We need history mentioned to improve the country not to destroy it, to divide it and win apologists!

And then president Kiir is talking of having never ever betrayed the people’s struggle! Really?

Isn’t that same Kiir who was part of those sent by the Sudanese government to kill their brothers in Anyanya II in late 70s and early 80s?

Wasn’t it Riek Machar who convinced the same Kiir in 2004 to come back to the movement? Kiir almost betrayed South Sudan at the eve of CPA signing!

The saddest thing is that President Kiir is doing exactly what he accused John Garang of in 2004.

Mr. President, we are writing history down so protect your legacy!

Riek is corrupt and so is Kiir! Riek once betrayed the aspirations of the people! Kiir is betraying the aspirations of the people now!

Riek showed his incompetence in his handling of Nasir-group! Kiir has proven now beyond any reasonable doubt that he’s incompetent.

So gentlemen, we’ve seen you! Can you now sit and talk before you embarrass yourselves even more…..and destroy the nation?

Mr. Wani Igga, you terribly failed South Sudan in your response to complaints raised by the 14 members of the Political Bureau. Instead of acting like a leader, you acted like a teenage boy in a school back yard. You need to show leadership!

We know Riek Machar and the group are not any better. They are equally corrupt and they publicly criticize the party they assume to be protecting. That we know is wrong! They need to seek internal avenues to solve the problem.

However, what they are saying is the natural truth. SPLM is a mess and things need to change!

Small-minded people are saying Nyandeeng de Mabior is spoiling her legacy by standing with Riek Machar. They see Riek Machar as dirty and untouchable.

Well, they are either too self-righteous to acknowledge the problems, bigoted or they are those who see the world in black and white: “If you don’t agree with us then you agree with them.”

This is very common among the Jieng of Jonglei; especially the Nyarweng, Hol, Twi and Bor people. They are very self-righteous as if the world revolves around them.

Okay, a number of prominent liberation leaders come from their tribes: Dr. John was Twi, Arok Thon was Twi, Akuot Atem was Twi, Kuol Manyang is Bor, Majier was Bor….and Nyandeeng herself being Twi….among others.

However, that doesn’t make you better than anyone. Stick with ideas rather than personalities.

As much as we don’t like Pagan and company as they are, like Kiir and company, two sides of the same coin, we have to learn to acknowledge the truth.

Why convene National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting before the Political Bureau (PB) meeting? Leaders don’t avoid problems, they solve them!

Those bashing Nyandeeng need to grow up and look at what’s happening in South Sudan.

John Garang stood with Riek Machar in Nairobi and welcome him back after their bloody disagreement. He also made Riek Machar the third senior leader in the SPLM. Maybe we should blame John Garang for bringing Riek back to the SPLM. History is known, but it should not divide us!

Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically’ and “Is ‘Black’ Really Beautiful?” For contact see or follow him on Twitter:@kuirthiy

Current SPLM Crisis: Which group will win the party Leadership?

BY: Peter Gai Manyuon, Nairobi, Kenya, DEC/13/2013, SSN;

On the December 10th 2013 in Juba, the Vice President of South Sudan known by the name Comrade Wani Igga, also known as South Sudanese “Comedian,” denied the fact that there is any crisis within the Leadership of the ruling party (Sudan People Liberation Movement) following the press Conference that was organized by the first Deputy Chairperson of the party Dr Machar and his huge group that consisted of senior and experienced politicians in South Sudan.

And more interestingly, Igga dismissed the allegations as an attempt to “mislead those not following events in the leadership,” which is really confusing the huge audiences in the Republic of South Sudan.

However, when you make a comparison between the two groups, you find only confusion and internal war within the party that might lead to the end of the ruling party and the ruling regime.

Having contextualized the political crisis behind the ruling party known by the name SPLM will lead to something else rather than allowing democratization to take place within the party leadership.

Some people have taken it as a joke of the day but according to the way I have analyzed the agenda behind the scene, there might be a big problem that might either occur on the 14th of December 2013 or any other day, if am not mistaken.

Individuals writers have labelled the issue as something for regionalism which is not the case, one of the writer mentioned that the group with Dr Machar is full of the people from Greater Upper Nile which is not the case because when you look into the both sides of the splits, you realized people have mixed up which is good in the politics of the Republic of South Sudan.

Hence looking at the group of Machar that consists of the most known liberators and political cadres of the Sudan People Liberation Movement, for example, there is Dr Machar himself, Mother of the New Nation Mama Robecca Nyadeng, Pagan Amum, Alfred Ladu Gore, Taban Deng Gai, Dr Majak Agot, Adwok Nyaba, Gier Chuong Aluong, Former Ambassador Lul Gatkuoth, Deng Alor Kuol and many more.

You will find that this very group consists of people with strategies and also they have popularity from their backgrounds where they come from in the Republic of South Sudan.

Individuals Analysis from Dr Machar Group and Mama Nyadeng:
Looking at someone like Dr Machar, you find that he is most likeq by the entire Nuer Community globally with almost 99%, for example, you cannot decamp Machar from villages among the Nuer sub-clans and I hope most people can agree with me in this observation.

And among the entire Republic of South Sudan, he is also having more popularity than Mayardit himself, if you are disagreeing move to all the ten states of South Sudan, you will find my analysis is binding.

Host interestingly, the issue of the self-determination that Machar adopted from Hon. Both Diu who was the first Member of the Parliament representing South Sudanese by then have given him a recognition that will not be forgotten by the people of South Sudan.

Looking at the person like the Mother of the Nation, Nyadeng De Mabior, wife of the late Hero who signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the Leader of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) until his death in helicopter crashed in 2005, the Credit of Dr John Garang is counted as her right now in the Republic of South Sudan.

Also she is right now moving with the people who are termed as Dr John Garang‘s “Boys” and when you look into Garang Boys, you find that most of them were holding very senior positions in the government of South Sudan and most of them are still working in the government of Kiir as well.

Looking at someone like Taban Deng Gai who was a Governor of Unity State for almost a decade, James Hoth Mai who is still a General chief of General Staff of the Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA), Wiyai Deng Ajack the former Minister of the National Security in South Sudan, Gier Chuong Aluong former Minister of Roads and Bridges, Pieng Deng who is currently the IGP for South Sudan Police Service and many more, you will find that, she is surrounded by a strong sons that are all strategies in South Sudan.

More so, coming to someone like Alfred Ladu Gore who is liked mostly by almost every Equatorian in South Sudan, Ladu has 80% popularity within Central Equotoria State and he is also a senior Diplomat who knows International politics and regional politics as well.

And coming to Dr Adwok Nyaba and Pagan Amum, you find that these very guys have much popularity more than Dr Lam Akol Ajawin among the Chollo Intellectuals and Community as well.

Looking at that simple analysis, can you tell me that groups of Dr Machar will not succeed in their politics within SPLM?

Can you tell me, that Group is not very strong than kiir Mayardit’s group?

Individual analysis about Kiir Group and his vice Wani Igga:
In the group of President Kiir Mayardit, there is Kiir himself, Wani Igga, Magok Rundial, Dr Anna Itto plus smaller fellows who lack support from their constituencies in the Republic of South Sudan.

Kiir himself was a Leader of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) from the death of the late Garang up to date and also the President for nearly a decade in the Republic of South Sudan, where there had been insecurity, corruption, tribalism and nepotism.

You find that Kiir himself have decreased his popularity among the people of South Sudan in that sense.

South Sudan have been labelled as the failed state number four in the whole world due to weak leadership paralyzed by lack of good consultations and more so, South Sudan have been labelled as the third Country that is promoting corruption and tribalism based on the Transparency International research and findings globally.

Coming to Comrade Wani Igga, Igga have no support from the Bari people himself, he is the man who always moved alone in the politics without backup from his Community.

He had been the speaker for long time, and no single good legislation was passed in regard to the freedom of expression in South Sudan Legislative Assembly and he calls himself a leader of people.

How can you call yourself a leader of people when you don’t advocate for the will of the people of South Sudan?

He is just better known for his “comedy” in South Sudan. And worse of it, he does not have any percentage of support from other parts of the Republic of South Sudan.

Analyzing Magok Rundial who is the current Speaker of the South Sudan legislative Assembly, you find that the man is only liked by his family members not even the people of Koch County in Unity State.

He is in the parliament based on accommodation from President, he thought Magok might have support from the people of Unity State which did not happen and will never happen based on what I know as the individual person.

Furthermore, looking at someone like Telar Ring Deng who always survives through deals and fake papers that were identified by the legislation in the early July this year 2013 and more so (he) Telar lacks grass root support base from the Atut Community of Yirol West in Lakes State.

The question is: will President Kiir survive in the hands of those crooks that lack backup and good repetition from the faces of the South Sudanese Community?

Combined analysis about SPLM:
The current Crisis of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) that started early this year 2013, will lead to the political disintegration, instability and mistrust among the senior Members of the ruling party in the Republic of South Sudan and lastly it might affect the people of South Sudan in one way or the other.

Hence looking at the way the Press Conference that was organized on the 6th of December 2013 in Juba by the senior Members of the ruling party that include Dr Machar, Pagan Amum, Mama Robecca Nyadeng, Alfred Ladu Gore, Deng Alor, Gier Chuong Aluong, Lul Gatkuoth, John Luk, Taban Deng Gai and other dignitaries within the party, you can realize that things will not be fine in South Sudan beginning from 14th of December onward.

The current dissolution of the Sudan People Liberation Movement structures by the Chairperson of the party and the President of the Republic of South Sudan, General Salva Kiir Mayardit had caused insecurity, mistrust and lack of Integrity and Transparency within the party itself.

Analysis about South Sudan:
The issue of Kuarmidit in Nuer Language, Benydit in Dinka Language, Uthur Maduong in Lou Language, Matat among the Bari speakers will increase problems in South Sudan, every one wants to be a leader when he/she lacks intellectual dynamism or good leadership approach.

What a confusing situation is South Sudan heading to?

Key Recommendations:
The two groups should come together and find the solution regarding the leadership crisis within the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) party because pulling robes will lead to serious crisis that might take South Sudan to square one again, which no one wishes because war is not good for the same people who are known of the blackness and other indignities.

President Mayardit who is also the Chairperson of the party should really look at the South Sudanese people views over the convention of the party, most people are demanding for the election of the party leadership with a vigor and ululation.

Vice President Comrade Wani Igga should not use words that lack legitimacy when he is addressing the public because his repetition is low among the people of South Sudan as a whole.

He thought whatever he says is good but analytically, he always digresses from the realities and facts.

The way I have viewed the two groups that are trying to fight over the party leadership, they might not reach the last agreement from both groups.

The author is Independent Journalist and a Columnist, who had written articles extensively with South Sudan News Agency and Juba Monitor Newspaper daily on the issues of Democracy and Human Rights; you can contact him through; He is currently doing Research in Nairobi Kenya

Greed & Leadership Abuse: The SPLM political Instability

QUOTE: “Most of the mess that is called history comes about because kings and presidents cannot be satisfied with a nice chicken and a good loaf of bread (Jennifer Donnelly).”

By Lok Franco Kok, South Sudan, DEC/12/2013, SSN;

The development of political instability during the last few months evoked the strong message that the fall of the mighty SPLM system is imminent. The whole nation stands with ears erected, waiting what will be the outcome of the current political chaos in the Country.

What caused the crisis? In my view, greed was the main underlying factor. Some people believe that all political instability comes from inequality, nepotism, tribalism and corruption among ethnic diversity and different classes of people within our country.

Sadly, our leaders all too often seem to find ways to do what is in their own best interest rather than for the common good. Most of us are used to being led by people who used the power of the paycheck to force us to work for them.

We seem to relearn this lesson over and over again in every event and in every political misunderstanding but we failed to realize that we are being used for the individuals’ interests.

The average person struggles and suffers greatly while the powerful leadership lives in unimaginable luxury and privilege.

Finally, a breaking or tipping point occurs, people take side with whoever they think can settle them, giving them some little cash to blind them from seeing the importance of Nationalism.

People supporting just to demand reforms, and if all goes well, change happens for the better (at least for a little while), but some people are only interested to see their tribesman rule and do not care whether the man provides what is expected from him as a leader or not.

While I’m no political scientist or economist, it seems bizarre that politicians (as well as their friends and associates) just can’t get enough money, power, and control while doing what appears to be nothing for the millions who suffer.

Too often greed seems to get the best of those who have so many resources with them demanding more and more privilege, power and wealth.

It seems remarkable and unimaginable that some of our politicians if not all do everything in their power to ensure riches for themselves and their supporters without reasonable efforts to help others with fewer fortunes like our innocent citizens who are eager to see their beloved country develop.

Organized crimes, the weakness of the state and fragility of law enforcement institutions often give ground to bloom exposed criminals.

Bad management of public works, corruption, abuse of power, the weakness of institutions, non-observance of obligations an accounts, internal civil conflicts make-up the most important factors.

But how conscious is the civil society in a country where conflicts, racial and ethnic discrimination, social and political upsets, poverty, violent acts and lack of democracy exist?

Political unrest remains the main challenge that prevents our minds to concentrate on economic recovery, essential growth and various developmental projects in the country.

The security instability is preventing people from concentrating on the development of basic domestic needs.

We have watered the soil of the South Sudan nation with the blood of over a million people who died during the liberation struggle. This means that South Sudan has become an organic entity.

We didn’t water the soil of a mere geographical expression with our blood. The moment we decided to keep that entity together and shed blood for it, it became an organic entity.

So, some of the things that we are suffering are the growing pains of the experiences of bad memories of 1991 split of that same SPLM, which led to the loss of lives and properties in various regions across South Sudan.

I believe that there are many areas that we can be disappointed with the current leadership and their followers but dealing with them blindly could drag the country back to the old time, when women and children suffered greatly.

Once we embark on massive political change, we are initiating a process of massive political instability. That is why most countries go through piecemeal changes.

Nationalism is the common bond which could hold our people and nation together. Most of our people are proud that they belong to this country and are usually prepared to do what they have to do to defend it.

Loyalty, extreme however, can lead people to blindly follow the course of their leader, which is actually what we are trying to avoid in our country. Being loyal to South Sudan integrity can be the most important and is at least what I preach about.

In most countries, they tackle one or two and then move onto another one or two and go on like that. That is what most countries do because once you change the structure of the country, you change the institution and change so many things and they all have implications for the stability of the country.

The Author is South Sudanese reach for comments at:

Analysis of SPLM Rivalry Press Statements: Tough Choices between History and Future

QUOTE: “We are not leading this country, instead we have been managing crises. My Husband is dead and I am not enjoying now. But Salva Kiir does not call me to ask why I am not happy. I opened Dr. John Garang Private School in Juba to take care of myself and my children. Ministers are given titles in Juba but no resources for work. What the SPLM leadership is doing in South Sudan is not what we fought for.” – Rebecca Nyandeng Garang in Bakhita Radio, 10 Dec., 2013.

BY: James Okuk, PhD, Juba, DEC/10/2013, SSN;

1 – The Setting of the Press Statements:

On 6th and 8th December 2013 in the newly inaugurated SPLM House in Juba, subsequent press conferences were conducted by two groups of the SPLM leaders. The statements were read by the deputies of the Chairman of the SPLM, Dr. Riek Machar and Mr. Wani Igga. Coincidently or by design, Mr. Suspended SPLM Secretary-General Pagan Amum and Acting SPLM Secretary-General Ann Itto were the masters of ceremony respectively.

Heavy weights SPLM leaders were seen attending either or both of the press conferences. The Group 6th December was dominated by Greater Upper Nile SPLM heavy wrights while Group 8th December was overwhelmingly packed by Greater Bahr El Ghazal and Greater Equatoria SPLM heavy weights.

The first Group of 6th December called themselves the Political Burea (PB), the National Liberation Council (NLC), and Leaders of the SPLM: Their press statement was on a plain paper without heading, without reference number and without signature. They addressed their audience as Revolutionary Comrades, Members of SPLM, People of
South Sudan, and Members of the Press.

The Second Group of 8th December called themselves also as Political Bureau (PB) and National Liberation Council (NLC) Committee United under Chairman Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit. Their press statement was on a headed paper of SPLM General Headquarters, Office of Deputy Chairman, but without a reference number though signed by Gen. Wani Igga on behalf of PB/NLC Committee. They addressed their audience as SPLM Members, Citizens of South Sudan, Members of the Press, and Ladies and Gentlemen.

2 – The Objectives of the Press Statements:

The Objective of Group of 6th December was to enlighten the people of South Sudan on internal crisis that has engulfed the SPLM leadership and paralyzed its functions in the Government and in South Sudanese Society. They also wanted the public to know that the crisis started immediately after the tragic death of the SPLM “historical and eternal leader Dr. John Garang”, leading to targeting of his loyalists revered to as “Garang Orphans/Boys.”

Not only these, but also they wanted to inform the public about the true state of affairs in the SPLM and how Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit is driving the Republic of South Sudan into chaos and disorder.

Further, they wanted to bring to the attention of the masses of the people of South Sudan that Gen. Salva Kiir has surrendered the SPLM power to “Opportunists” and to “Foreign Agents.”

The objective of Group 8th December was to clarify few critical matters that will help throw light on the real situation and the intention of the disgruntled Group 6th December who lost power in the SPLM and in the government. Also they wanted to inform the public about the discredited and distorted facts about the SPLM leadership fabricated by some disgruntled elements within the SPLM.

Lastly, they wanted to remind the Group 6th December that they were in government for over eight years and the result of their leadership led to public outcry against corruption, rampant insecurity, failure to deliver services and demand by the people for change, which the President of the Republic responded to by reshuffling the government and making it lean.

3 – The Hypotheses of the Press Statements:

a) Group 6th December:

The first hypothesis of Group 6th December is that the Anti-Garang elements – both inside and outside the SPLM – encircled Comrade Salva Kiir’s leadership of the SPLM and of the Government of Southern Sudan, and as a result of this the SPLM position against the NCP in the CPA implementation got weakened, especially under the internal targeting and quarrels with the “Garang Orphans/Boys”.

The second hypothesis is that the decision-making process (especially appointment of ministers) was shifted from SPLM National Organs to Regional and Ethnic Lobbyists, to Close Business Associates and to One-Person Dictatorship of President Salva Kiir, hence, making the revolutionaries’ participation in the struggle irrelevant and also making the SPLM not to be a ruling party because:

a) He appointed SSDF leader as head of the SPLM government in the Cabinet.
b) He appointed infiltrators/converts from the NCP to be the speakers of the two
Houses of the National Legislature.
c) He did not care to appoint 2nd or 3rd tier SPLM leaders/cadres to
head the two houses of the National Legislature and also the Cabinet when he had
a problem with 1st tier SPLM leaders/cadres.
d) He demobilized the seasoned SPLA Commanders and made them
redundant so as to erase historical legacy of SPLM and
form his personal army in disguise of Presidential Guards.
e) He unconstitutionally dissolved the key SPLM organs (PB, NLC
and State Secretariats) and instructed the governors to appoint
their preferred delegates to the SPLM 3rd National Convention.
f) He intends to form his own political party closely linked to the NCP and
distantly de-linked from historic struggle of the people of South Sudan.

The third hypothesis is that efforts to transform and re-organize the SPLM from militarized guerrilla movement to a democratically civilized political party have totally been frustrated by the SPLM Chairman Salva Kiir Mayardit based on his personal volitions and on false grounds:

a) He has ignored grassroots views and demands between July and August 2012.
b) He could not call a meeting of PB to translate its resolutions into plans of actions of government, both in the executive and legislative branches.
c) He ignored collective leadership of SPLM and jettisoned all democratic pretensions to decision-making.
d) He paralyzed the SPLM General-Secretariat and completely immobilized the party.
e) He cut formal communication between the party organs at the National, States, County, Payam and Boma levels.
f) He made the government to drive the SPLM by using executive powers and relying on his Presidential Advisor even on party’s matters.
g) He withdrew by decree the delegated powers to Vice
President and 1st Deputy Chairman of SPLM Dr. Riek Machar.
h) He unconstitutionally dismissed the governors of Lakes and Unity States.
i) He dissolved the whole National Cabinet without consulting other SPLM leaders.
j) He suspended the SPLM Secretary General unjustifiably.
k) He aims to sideline and prevent SPLM historical leaders and cadres from participation in the SPLM 3rd Convention as he has categorized them to be “Potential Competitors” on SPLM top leadership.

The fourth hypothesis is that the government of South Sudan is misleading the public that it is servicing the 4.5 billion USD debt, while this is corruption (in addition to dura sage, shoddy roads construction contracts and defamation letter to 75 SPLM historical leaders/cadres), because it is not known where the loans were taken from and what was it spent on when the country has been in austerity measures.

b) Group 8th December:

The first hypothesis of Group of 8th December is that no one person or clique should claim more grip or ownership of the movement’s vision that was embodied and eloquently articulated by late SPLM leader Dr. John Garang.

The second hypothesis is that there is no crisis within the SPLM ranks and files except attempts of rebellion by the disgruntled clique who lost grips of power in the party and government and is now classifying SPLM members into caste tiers in order to scare and divide them ill-intentionally.

The third hypothesis is that Dr. Riek Machar was a founding member of the NCP in February 1989 while in Khartoum, yet upon his return the SPLM gave him the chance to rise within its ranks up to the position of Deputy Chairman, particularly after Cde Wani Igga sacrificed humbly to step down for him.

The fourth hypothesis is that Ministers are proposed by the Party’s Leadership, approved by the SPLM Parliamentary Caucus and vetted by the SPLM controlled parliament.

The fifth hypothesis is that the suspended SPLM SG should become humble enough to apologize for having failed the party, rather than raising the dust that adds more destructive problems to his charge sheet.

The sixth hypothesis is that the upcoming NLC meeting was called by the PB with a single agenda of passing the party’s basic documents.

The seventh hypothesis is that the disgruntled clique lacks moral ground to talk about corruption and deter the authorities from proceeding with the criminal cases at their disposal, and they are adopting indiscipline and public confrontations full of self-praises and character defamation of H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic and Chairman of the SPLM.

4 – The Conclusions of the Press Statements:

Group 6th December concluded that the unconstitutional actions of Cde Salva Kiir Mayardit undermine the hard won independence and sovereignty of the Republic of South Sudan as he has become a presiding leader of the NCP in South Sudan. They warned that the dictatorial tendencies of Salva Kiir and the dysfunctional SPLM structures are likely to create instability in the party and in the country and flung them into the abyss. They demanded from the SPLM Chairman to call for the meeting of the PB so that it can set the agenda for the NLC in order to:

a) Correct the deviations from the SPLM vision and direction.
b) Address the present challenges within the SPLM in order to revitalize and resort the SPLM to the driving seat.
c) Take the SPLM back to the roots to hold the steering wheel of two historical processes of nation-building and state-building.

Group 8th December concluded that Group 6th December is introducing strange vocabularies of divisions and culture indiscipline via media war into the SPLM. They seriously cautioned Group 6th December to desist inciting the Armed Forces of South Sudan against the President of the Republic (who is their Commander-In-Chief), and threatening creation of instability, chaos and disorder in South Sudan. They alerted the SPLM members and the entire citizens of the Republic of South Sudan to watch out against the disgruntled Group 6th December who are nothing but “selfish perpetrators” with no place in nation and state building.

5 – My take on the Press Statements:

In the first place, calling for rivalry press conferences that offer nothing but mud-slinging shots and dirty underwear-washing in public is not going to achieve a sustainable solution to the issues at hands within the SPLM party and in the entire Republic of South Sudan.

The two press statements by the SPLM rivaling Groups contain nothing significant apart from blames and reactionary complaints on personalities. One Group tried to present itself as Mr. Clean because its members remained in the government while the other Group was portrayed as Mr. Dirty because its members were reshuffled out. But both of them didn’t intelligently articulate pertinent issues for South Sudan.

Spilling the milk on dry sand and telling your leader to cry over it does not show sincerity and maturity in political statesmanship. The end result of such irresponsible culture and erratic behavior will be bitter divisions and ungrateful departures on toxic politics of lies, denials, fear, rage, retribution and malice.

The two press releases have confirmed some of our reservations that the SPLM is suffering from identity crisis and vision confusion. Who are the SPLM and What is the measurement of participation in the SPLM revolutionary struggle? Who owns the SPLM? If Cde Salva Kiir is not considered by the 8th December Group as SPLM leader in its historical form but a NCP in a disguised shape, then who is really the SPLM?

The Group 6th December defined the SPLM as an organization for the historical revolutionaries (called first tier) who should never be removed from top leadership of the party and government whatsoever the case. Who could risk to join such a caste party?

The Group 8th December defined the SPLM as the party of everybody who can be appointed by the President of the Republic to a government position regardless of the time (i.e., history) he/she joined or declared allegiance to the leadership of the party.

Grouping is a preliminary stage for forming a political party. What is happening now is a clear sign of times that the current SPLM is going to split officially into opposition and government camps before the advent of the upcoming 2015 elections. This is healthy and good for germination of seeds of liberal democracy in South Sudan. It is also good news to genuine nation-building. What is needed is to convince the two SPLM camps to do this in a civilized and peaceful manner. So there is no need to get scared of this phenomenon!

It has been observed and tested in a none-falsifiable manner that the SPLITS within the SPLM usually bring some good changes for fruitful future. The SPLIT of 1983 brought the SPLM Manifesto of Socialist United (New) Sudan. The SPLIT of 1991 brought the right to self-determination to the people of South Sudan through SPLM. The SPLIT of 2004 led to the SPLM signing finally all the protocols of the CPA.

The SPLIT of 2009 brought to the SPLM the credit of successful declaration of independence of South Sudan. Wouldn’t the SPLM possible SPLIT of 2013 bring genuine building of nation and the state in a democratic manner based on consensus of different spectra of South Sudan?

The SPLM is known for guerrilla tactics of fighting fiercely first and dialoguing amicably later. Also the SPLM leaders have been known for washing their dirty linens in public as a step in the direction of the split. No surprise at all! Thus, whoever thinks that things will go back to normal does not know the mentality of the SPLM leaders. They can reconcile but they don’t forget and forgive each others honestly. See in the above quotation how Rebecca Nyandeng continues to be emotionally bitter with President Salva Kiir!

The SPLM/A reality is a collection of different realities: the revolutionaries, the rebellious, the frustrated, the disgruntled, the conscribed and the defected elements. Can you expect a sustainable harmony in such a house with a heavy burning roof?

Though we know that it is not reasonable for a government existing in the world to declare bankruptcy, yet it would have been honoring for the government of the Republic of South Sudan to be clear and sincere to its citizens on answers to the “who” the “when” and the “why” questions on the debts.

If South Sudanese government ministers carry no resources except titles, who used the monies paid by the government of the Sudan to the SPLM in Juba between 2005 – 2011, paid by the donors in Oslo and other conferences and paid by friends and partners of the SPLM? If the list of 75 looters of over 4 billion USD is not real then what is reality of the few SPLM leaders who have become super rich in a short time possible? What made them tycoons if not stolen money?

The solution is to give each rivaling Group of the SPLM a big mirror so that they can reflect on themselves from top to toe. Do they desire the common good of South Sudan or they love only power and wealth for themselves? Can somebody who loves his country wish it a bad luck of chaos, disorder, instability and abyss?

Is the Group 6th December waging media war so that its members could force President Salva Kiir to have dialogue for reconciliation with them? Will they accept to abandon their declaration of competing with Chairman Salva Kiir over the top leadership of the SPLM?

If not then how will the reconciliation make sense unless President Kiir accepts to step down from SPLM leadership as well as from leadership of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan.

Up to now President Kiir is still a transitional President of the Republic of South Sudan. Why should he not be given one chance to contest the first elections in the new independence state and then serve a one-term as a full non-transitional President?

The 2015 general elections shall be the first elections in the independent South Sudan and it will be a good chance for Gen. Salva Kiir to contest and evaluate how popular he is among the independent people of South Sudan before he steps down, and perhaps, seek for fame similar to that of the worldly beloved late Madiba Nelson Mandela.

The SPLM leaders and supporters are in tough cross-roads to choose between being imprisoned into the past of SPLM historical legacy or being liberated to embrace the best future for the people of the Republic of South Sudan. It is high time for the SPLM to change its name so that it can match with the current reality of the Republic of South Sudan. The registration in the Political Parties Affairs Council will be a good opportunity for the SPLM to come into terms of this demand for name change.

What is happening now within the SPLM is not out of blue but evaporations of early elections campaigns. However, what would be desirable is for the rivaling SPLM groups to focus on issues rather than personalities.

Fierce attacks on personalities are not going to create conducive atmosphere for free and fair elections. Who can be comfortable when feeling insulted, especially when he is an incumbent President in a Third World, running for an election in a tribally and regionally charged politicized environment?

For those who want to compete with the SPLM Chairman Salva Kiir, it is advisable for them to know that if they failed or are failed to pass the post within the SPLM official organs they will not be allowed to contest in the general government elections on the SPLM tickets. They will not be allowed to become Honorable Ministers or Members of Parliaments in South Sudan.

But if they continue to think that they want to compete for the driving seat of the SPLM more than what Gen. Salva Kiir is doing, they would better think twice and call it quits earlier before it is too late.

They will be considered in a sarcastic manner as lost goats (an insult in some cultures) to be enticed back to the SPLM cheaply. Time for the SPLM is gone. It is the moment for South Sudan!

Dr. James Okuk lives in Juba and is reachable at

Dr Riek Machar: Please stop insulting the People of South Sudan


The widely advertised press conference of Riek Machar and group and the National Liberation Council meeting of General Wani Igga have all turned out to be utter disappointments.

Let us begin with Riek. He raised the hopes of the people and yet again he failed pathetically to deliver. This brings us to the routinely asked question: Is Riek a person with a pedigree of a leader? It is vital that this question is objectively answered if only to ensure that South Sudan does not once more find itself in a grip of another incompetent leader(s).

Riek’s press conference was neither convincing nor offering any hope to the crashed people of South Sudan. Almost 5 months since his sacking from government, it appears he has not really sat down to cogitate seriously about the problems of the country and those they collectively created including president Kiir as the leadership of the SPLM.

The reasons Riek and his group offered against president Kiir is to say the least laughable. These accusations are not new and actually South Sudanese up to village level are well versed with it.

The current schism in SPLM mirrors the one in 2004 with Kiir then in opposition against Dr John Garang. At the time, Kiir as the deputy of Garang was discontented with Garang’s management of the organisation. He shed tears that he was being sidelined, not considered and hunted by SPLA security.

He lambasted Garang with numerous examples of poor management of the movement. For example he asserted in the Rumbek meeting that “The chairman seems to have taken the movement as his own property.”

SPLM at that particular time was about to self-destruct but the prospects of the peace agreement with Khartoum and the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement played a very important role in bringing the protagonists together. With everybody tired of war and in anticipation of a government in Juba funded by share of the oil money Kiir and Garang reconciled.

The minutes of Rumbek meeting of 2004 shows the deliberation was honest. The meeting identified two thirds of the problems afflicting the organisation. Here are some quotes that give a glimpse of the chaos in SPLM:

“If we are National leaders, which I don’t believe we are because we have no cohesion with our leadership structure, let us be sincere with ourselves. After meetings are conducted, we run to foreign countries. There is no code of conduct to guide the movement.” (Kiir)

“Corruption as a result of the lack of structures, has created a lack of accountability which has reached a proportion that will be difficult to eradicate.” (Kiir)

“I also want to say that the movement is in the hands of few and many are alienated. National resources must be shared by all, no matter how small it is. The structures are controlled by a few minority group and this must be sorted out in Rumbek. This minority group is the problem, hand picking people must stop now because it is creating problems.” (Garang Mabil)

“On structures the only way to resolve it is through the national convention which should be convened as soon as possible” (John Garang)

“At the moment some members of the movement have formed private companies, bought houses and have huge bank accounts in foreign countries. I wonder what kind of a system are we going to establish in South Sudan considering ourselves indulged in this respect.” (Kiir)

“The Chairman has been everything ever since the movement started. I call upon the Chairman to work with people and not alone. The Chairman should know that he has been wrong because some of the members have not been telling him the truth. Some leaders should be blamed for not doing their part, for many have not been doing things properly. I repeat what Cdr. Salva said that Dr. John does not forget and forgive. So I want to say that those without guns are vulnerable. The Cdrs. Are secure because they have guns to protect themselves from the Chairman, but I ask, who is going to protect those of us without guns.” (Justin Yac)

From these quotes Kiir asserts that they are not leaders (he has proven it), that the movement has no systems and that the organisation is ridden with corruption. Mabil emphasises the problematic practice of group within a group and Dr Garang acknowledges the lack of structures. Justic Yac highlights the brutal nature of the organisation.

In effect SPLM internally has always been a chaotic organisation and this is what they imported into the government of South Sudan.

However, externally they projected a false picture of a formidable well managed organisation. This falsity is falling apart now because as Hannah Arendt in her book ‘On Revolution’ tells us that a king remains respected and obeyed so long as he is clothed. Once part of his body is exposed by lifting the cloth he loses all respect and with it power.

Therefore, a quick glance at the minutes of Rumbek meeting shows the problems of the SPLM since its inception under its two leaders: late Dr John Garang and now president Kiir. These problems are not new at all. They are in fact historically rooted.

What Riek et al did in their press conference was to amplify them for their own benefit. In doing that they shot themselves in the foot.

SPLM being what it is, a tribally dominated joint refused to learn from its weaknesses. When they came into government soon after the Rumbek meeting they were lucky to be gifted with a government appropriately funded by oil money.

Had they been foresighted they would have straight away organised the SPLM introducing membership fees to fund the activities of the organisation and to address the weaknesses identified in Rumbek. Swimming in petro-dollars the leadership forgot about addressing these serious issues.

Predictably what happened was a continuation of a culture everyone of the leadership decried: corruption, lack of structures, tribalism, abuse of power etc.

They opted to use state funds to manage and promote the SPLM in blatant abuse of power in order to weaken every opposition party in the country as they have done.

Please see my previous article ‘The Corruption Saga – the SPLM big Five Big Guns or the Quintet Squirrels’

So they continued with their ways promoting all the ills they identified. No wonder, it was a matter of time before cracks began to appear in SPLM as it did and indeed it has widened.

What was expected from Riek was first for him and his group to come clean on their contribution in the SPLM to the mess they have done to the country.

This is called taking responsibility and it is a measure of maturity and a sign that they have reflected and come to terms with their weaknesses. This would at least make the people to have a sympathetic look on them.

But as it is, this group seems not to have learnt anything and they are not better than president Kiir and his assortment of colourful allies. It highlights the saying that the leopard can not change its spots.

Secondly, it was expected that the groups’ challenge would be grounded on the president Kiir’s violations of the parties governing document with clear references to the violated clauses.

Thirdly, it was expected that Riek would unveil a clear programme of action to get the country out of the mess they created.

Fourthly and vitally, Riek needed to provide extensive explanation on what an administration under his leadership would do to address the pernicious issues of corruption, tribalism, killings etc… which they have been part of. Sadly enough, Riek incompetently did not even bother to delve into these core issues.

The inference inevitably must be this group is not ready to move away from their set behaviours and culture of abuse. They are only unhappy because they are not in the gravy train of president Kiir.

This group was happy being in president Kiir’s ‘rotten to the core’ government without any inkling. Majority of them did not speak out against any of the issues they are now accusing president Kiir of. In fairness, Pagan and Majak tried to do something but they stopped short.

Please see ‘my article ‘The Cogs of the Oyee Machine Desert President Kiir’

If this group really meant what is in their press statement they should have resigned from the government when abuses were going on under their watch.

For example, Gen. Oyayi Deng Ajak, was the minister for security when Isaiah Abraham was murdered. What did he do to ensure that the murderers were brought to justice? Why has he been quiet all along?

John Luke was the minister of Justice, what did he do to address the issues of investigation into the murder of Isaiah Abraham, the slaughter of Banyjoth Matoat Tap, the murder of police officers in Yambio, the rampant corruption etc?

Was it not John Luke who vowed not to see any prosecution of people accused of corruption? Again, was it not John Luke and Michael Makuie with Wani Igga who imposed the shoddy interim constitution on the South Sudanese people? What about Michael Makuie’s recent bravado with the media fraternity?

What have the members of this group done to exonerate themselves from the accusation of corruption and poor governance?

Riek’s press statement is deficient in elucidating his claim to have a ‘vision and direction’ for the country. Since March 2013 when he declared his intention to topple president Kiir in the SPLM at the SPLM Politburo meeting, Riek has not made any attempt to explain clearly what his vision and direction for the country is.

He just kept singing these words without providing any flesh to it. When the opportunity presented itself for him to clarify his position to the people on 6th December 2013 he ended up saying nothing.

This is a proof that Riek has no agenda at all for the country but ambition to accede to power at the expense of the people and whoever is thinking of voting for him and his group should review that position in light of this evidence.

What the people expected to hear was what type of South Sudan this group envisions? What methods would they apply to bring about their vision? How would it be measured and how would the man on the street benefit? How would they deliver basic services (health, housing, employment, education) to the people?

These are just few of the questions. In terms of ‘direction’: what ideology will guide their actions if they succeed in deposing president Kiir from the leadership of SPLM and by implication from the government?

Riek having failed in selling his case, the people of South Sudan should not waste their time on him and his group. They are essentially clowns of the Oyee machine and system. There are not good for South Sudan and South Sudan does not need them. Ciao!

There are more capable leaders who the people need to start interacting and focusing on. SPLM-DC has the potential to provide leadership but its main weakness lies in its name. Being an off shoot of the Oyee and carrying part of the Oyee identity in its name tarnishes its image.

Presently, brand SPLM in the mind of the average person in the country evokes a nightmare. It stands for corruption, lawlessness, disorder, chaos etc. Unfortunately by association of the name only, SPLM-DC may not be taken seriously by the electorate.

For its leadership to be noticed and taken seriously it will need to jettison the acronym SPLM to enable it to sell its vision to the country.

Looking widely there are potential leaders who have so far remained silent. These should be encouraged and supported to take the mantle of leadership to rescue our country.

In my article, ‘Vice President Gen. James Wani Igga’s Folly’, I briefly drew the attention of the readers to behaviour of two persons: Justice Peter Sule and honourable Richard K. Mulla. The duo is just an example of capable leaders out there.

The selfless and patriotic stand they took with the issue of the interim constitution prior to independence reveals the calibre of leadership that might just save the country.

In fighting for a democratic interim constitution, it can safely be inferred that these are people who seem to believe in fairness and justice for all the people of South Sudan unlike those (Riek et al) who imposed an oppressive document on the people and created a dictator in the person of president Kiir.

Had the people and especially the rubber stamp parliament heeded Sule and Mulla’s words of wisdom the current chaos would not have visited the country because president Kiir would not have had the powers to exercise dictatorship.

Their values obviously may have been influenced by their legal training and that should be highly welcome.

Turning to vice president Wani Igga’s several arranged National Liberation Council meetings for 22nd October 2013, 23rd November 2013 and 9th December 2013; none of which materialised. Every time Igga announces a meeting he insists it will happen only for the meeting to be cancelled at the last moment without any explanation.

He constantly inconveniences people and arrogantly moves on without any apology. Is this behaviour of a sane person? It smacks of someone who has lost touch with reality.

It appears that both the vice president and the president are operating in a world of their own. They are so immersed in their world of delusion to the extent that they can not see that they are alienating the people.

More and more it appears that the reason for the constant postponements of these NLC meeting is nothing but manifestation of fear of the unknown. They must be terrified of what might come their way should they hold it.

As the fight, in conclusion, is an internal SPLM thing and the two groups have disappointed and continue to disappoint, the people of South Sudan need to connect with the silent leaders. These silent leaders living among them experience the daily pain and therefore understand their sufferings and rights.

It is abundantly clear the Oyeeites are people who truly are out of touch with reality in South Sudan. They have no clue of the damage they inflicted on the country, hence Riek’s insulting press statement.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul

Power struggle within the SPLM ruling party

BY: JUSTINE LUPAI ELIAS, Helsinki, Finland, DEC/O8/2013, SSN;

The power struggle between the leadership of Sudan’s people Liberation Movement (SPLM) has intensified recently notably the difference between the president and his former deputy, Dr Riek Machar, who is also the deputy chairperson of Sudan People’s Liberation Army.

Since the President sacked Mr Machar and replaced him with James Wani Igga, the former speaker of the house, the two giants remained at loggerheads.

The matter got worse recently when the president was caught on camera stating that the party’s main political organs, the Political Bureaus [PB] and National Liberation council [NLC] have no more mandate to function because their mandates expired.

And, very conveniently, the only departments that are left to operate are the office of the president and the secretariat, and he the President is the only person left with power to appoint caretaker committee until further notice.

Essentially a rude awaking for anyone in doubt and denial that our president is now an absolute and a fully fledged dictator, not only gripping and reaching the lives of the entire nation, from corner to corner, from governorship to mere citizens but also, now of the sole national party.

Alas, he then has become the sole standing bull in the cattle camp.

This fact seemed to have prompted the former vice president, Mr Machar, to openly react to the president’s unilateral moves.

In his recent press conference in Juba, where the former vice president was vocal about what he declared, rightly so, the unconstitutionality of the president’s single handed management of the party without other SPLA/M party members.

During his recent press conference, in Juba, Mr Machar stated that in the meeting chaired by him as vice chair of SPLM party with majority of senior members of the political Bureau present, according to Mr Machar they were able to discuss important issues affecting the party, including the decision taken by president to dissolve the two organs of the ruling party.

Mr Machar reacted strongly by saying SPLM chairman had violated and overstepped his constitutional boundaries. He further said the President has no right to dissolve the party’s organs without consultation, and he Machar additionally warned that the majority members of the political Bureau would take action against Mr Kiir unless he reversed his decision.

This kind of unacceptable behavior of Kiir taking the country as his personal property is a clear act of flagrant dictatorship which has serious implications for our country’s stability, with possibilities of leading to more escalation of unrest, given specially that, elections fever is knocking at the doorstep of our Republic.

In my opinion, we the citizens of this great country deserve to know what is happening in our country as it will affect the lives of every single one of us and our families thus one person can not take our lives in his hands.

We are a nation striving for democracy and with many highly learned citizens in varied fields of academia, we don’t want to see another repeat of the same scenario whereby the entire country is held hostage by one man as was in the former and current Sudan, in the former Libya, Iraq and current Zimbabwe.

Haven’t we learned anything from these and many other disastrous path of a single man rule?

This ideology of centralized dynasty of one person making decision for the rest of us is an act that will suit the interest of one person and his associates.

The former Vice president, therefore, was within his right to question such abuse of power by the president.

The attainment of South Sudan’s independence was based on collective efforts from different people and ethnic groupings than the daily rhetoric uttered in the streets of south Sudan that “we are born to rule or we liberated this country.”

This misguided rhetoric should not be allowed to drag us into complete unrest and into another lost times for our peoples of this nation.

South Sudan is neither Mr Kiir nor the acting general secretary of SPLA/M Dr Ann Itto. Mr Kiir dictatorial behavior must not be tolerated and he must not be left to decide singularly for all of us.

We elected him and if he cannot set a good example of democracy as a president and cannot draw a clear road map to lead us till the next elections, then he has to relinquish power and if he refuses then he should be impeached.

The politburo should convene the SPLA convention so that the leadership election should be held accountable.

Otherwise we the members of SPLA/M party will lose interest in SPLA/M as our solid party and begin to seek for other alternatives.

What is happening within the ruling party especially within the inner circle of Mr president will soon explode. It is very clear Mr Kiir and the generals who surrounded him want to buy more time to delay the convention of political Bureau for their personal gains.

For those who surround Kiir, what matters to them is their salaries and power not putting the interest of the country first. One of the reasons he is delaying the convention is, he, Mr President, is trying to avoid direct confrontation with his former vice President who had been critical about how he the President is driving our country.

Secondly, Mr Kiir knows very well he may lose his legitimacy of holding onto power irreversibly, which is why he dreads to announce the date for convention.

It is most likely Mr Machar would unseat the President from occupying the seat of SPLA/M and, if Mr Machar unseated the president, he the president would have no legitimacy to contest in the coming elections.

This is the core to this delay tactic of Mr Kiir. Simply put, he is buying himself more time without holding the political Bureau convention until after the elections of 2015.

A well-calculated move, hoping that Mr Machar would be angered into taking an independent ticket, but it may look like Machar has sensed the danger of boarding on independent ticket.

If Machar were to decide to go on independent ticket the army would be use against him to intimidate and harass his supporters.

And Machar seemed to have played his game very wisely and intelligently which speaks very well of him by remaining within SPLA party and advocating for the party’s constitutional approaches while quietly capitalizing on the president’s mistakes.

This has and will earn him considerable number of supporters within the senior members of Political Bureau and nationally.

This will include people like the former South Sudan foreign Minister, Mr Deng Alor, Luka Biong who was the pioneer of Abeyei referendum, Madam Rebecca Nyadenge just to mention some few.

It is lamentable that despite the numerous examples of democracies that thrive in the world and in Africa and the numerous help our country received at her birth, the foundation of this our nation was laid crooked and poorly.

Right before its birth, our country has been crippled by the style of the president of “rule by decree” embedded in the constitution that allows him free hand and absolute power to fire even governors who themselves were elected by the people just as was the president.

The governors are employed and have contracts directly with the citizens, how can the president fire one he has no contract with?

There is iniquity in our constitution engineered with and by corrupt minds that have now ran our country into abyss from which only we the citizens can save it.

The president, therefore, should not be allowed to mishandle and manhandle single-handedly our party and nation. He must not get away with dictatorship. He must not be allowed to use our country as his personal milking cow.

He, Kiir, is not South Sudan and South Sudan is not Kiir and must be investigated for corruption scandals, suspicious killings and jailing without trial of citizens who are critics of his manner of governing and mismanagement of our resources.

Should he instigate unrest in order to remain in power and result into loss of lives, all must be done to ensure he faces International court of Justice.

Finally, for now, he has been and is above all and every law in the books of this great land, by design, in keeping with their abominable “We liberated you and born to rule” Agenda.

Author: Justine Lupai Elias.
Calling sin by its true name.

Helsinki, Finland.

Machar like Kiir & like others: The SPLM rot killing South Sudan

QUOTE FROM PRES. KIIR: “Why do you envy each other while you are members of the same (SPLM) party? What is the problem? Can you not work together to resolve issues peacefully among yourselves? Why are you in a hurry?……SPLM will rule this country for [a] hundred years. There are no competent political parties with which you can compete.” ST, SEPT/27/2013.


South Sudanese have been and are continuously being cheated, yes…. horribly being screwed by these unrepentant and unscrupulous gangsters who by their very role in the ‘Liberation’ have presumed the title of leaders of the nation in the ruling SPLM/A.

This is no exaggeration but a true expression by most South Sudanese of their current disgruntlement as there is palpably widespread anger in the country.

The entire SPLM/A Movement is now regretfully being remembered these days more for its awful inequities and scandals than for its now-fast-fading-from-memory heroic liberation struggle achievements.

After months of political infighting and instability, Dr. Riek Machar, the dismissed vice president, has unfortunately reared his head, once again, as the contender amongst the gang vying against current president, Kiir Mayardit, for the SPLM leadership.

Without any doubt, Machar and gang are nothing but opportunistic and myopic hypocrites who think that they can just easily exonerate themselves of the horrible failures of the SPLM and shamelessly stand up as the ‘new saviors’ of the nation.

As leader of the gang of disappointed kicked-in-the-butt victims of Kiir’s decrees, Machar’s own complicitous political criminality over the last eight years in the failed and murderous government under the once-adored Kiir, doesn’t justify his pretentious re-incarnation.

These people, Machar, Nyandeng, Pagan, Lado Gore, Deng Alor (I thought he is in prison by now, remember the fire equipment scandal?) and all, while serving as ministers, governors or top party bosses, actively and conscientiously abetted their very nemesis, president Kiir, in the absolute misrule of South Sudan.

Let’s be serious, all ye ‘comraiders’ of the SPLM: who amongst you ever raised your feeble voices against Kiir just one time when you were all malevolently enjoying the raping of the nation as ministers or as SPLM SG or top generals at Bilpham?

With the rare uniqueness of the likes of Lawyer Peter Sule or Professor Nyamlele Wako, who amongst you, ye SPLM/A money lovers and political prostitutes, had the balls to confront Kiir when he blackmailed you in the list of 75?

Now, since we all unanimously accept that President Kiir and the entire SPLM/A have completely failed the nation’s governance, services delivery and security, among many failures, the question being frequently asked is what was Vice-President Machar doing all those long years as things were ‘falling apart’ in the GOSS?

Moreover, as we sadly remember slain patriot, Isaiah Abraham on his blatant state-sponsored assassination, what did Machar, the now-holier-than-Kiir, or any in the gang do to bring those allegedly apprehended suspects to trial or in the well-publicised murder case of Engineer Lewis allegedly by the Major-General Marial Jok of CID, why has he evaded justice and all ye ‘comraiders’ did nothing?

Again, when the 4-billion dollar scandal was revealed by none other than president Kiir himself, what did Machar do to expedite the recovery or prosecution of the thieves of the peoples’ money by his own SPLM/A ‘comraiders‘?

Incidentally, wasn’t it the same Machar who on a visit to the USA strenuously refuted that it was less than 4 billions that might have been stolen by his own ‘comraiders?’

Come on, ye ‘comraiders’ of the SPLM/A, sincerely speaking, none of you has the moral compass or personal integrity or simplest humility to stand up and challenge Kiir since you are all collectively the same despicable rot that is surely and expeditiously killing our nation.

Machar was one time the minister in charge of the Juba Power, but after eight years, Juba is a village with no light or piped water…what an absolute debacle.

Nyandeng was once minister of communications in charge of roads building but was kicked out after dismal failure……still potholes on the roads in Juba and non-existent roads in the rest of the country…. but perhaps not surprisingly, she is questionably excelling only in her own family businesses.

Would it not have been more sensible and patriotic if she had built her schools in her own restless and depraved Jonglei state for those martyrs’ children whose fathers were first coerced by her husband into the SPLM/A in 1983 instead of her educating the progenies of the SPLM/A thieves and the aliens in Juba?

In all frankness, the biggest question that must be asked again and again is how CLEANER is Machar or any and all in the SPLM/A rot in comparison to the already and allegedly corrupted and failed Kiir?

If anything, all preponderating evidence indisputably reveals that Machar himself is seriously a close or perhaps even a better contender to Kiir himself as allegedly being one of the richest personalities in the country.

In fact, the SPLM/A is now an exceptional club of dollar multi-millionaires who’ve became very rich in a record short time unimaginable, including many of those Machar ‘comraiders’ now posturing as saviours of a nation they have collectively and rapaciously gang-raped.

The evidence is all there in Juba: the multi-storied buildings, hotels, banks, V-8’s and businesses they own and/or in collaboration with their criminal partners from the Arab Sudan, Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Nigeria, South Africa, Gulf Arabs, just name any…..

Furthermore, so many egregious crimes have been commissioned and committed by the combined Kiir-Machar regime in the eight years of their callous and untenable collaboration that should utterly negate Machar’s acclaimed innocence in the rotten system.

Today, the freedom we had yearned for and millions had died for over the many decades, is quickly dissipating, along with the vision of Garang.

More citizens are now wallowing in utter state of depravity and state of insecurity even in Juba, now the leading murder capital of the nation, whose scared men and women at night would rather defecate and piss in cans in the bedroom for fear of being killed going outside to the toilet.

In all frankness, the problem of our country is the entire ruling SPLM party which admittedly has lost and subverted the vision and goal of the liberation war.

As Frantz Fanon et al, stated on Africa, “that independence represented the capture of the State by local political elites who then used power to accumulate wealth.”

Questionably, this party, the SPLM/A, duplicitiously and criminally accorded itself millions from the national treasury as if it was their divine right.

Today, the SPLM/A party is sinfully and literally living off the blood of the cheated people of South Sudan, with thousands in the party machinery being paid by money looted from nation it has unforgivably immiserated.

Inevitably, whilst the SPLM/A is now on a self-destructive course and sooner rather than later, it’s going to self-implode with dire and fatal consequences for the country.

Interestingly, Machar has this eight-year cyclical leadership paranoia, an obsessive mental delusion that’s exaggerated by self-importance and presumption of leadership entitlement and posturing as if something divined unto him.

First, after exactly eight years of SPLM/A founding in 1983 under Garang’s leadership, the impatient and tired of waiting Machar, launched the infamous 1991 Split in the Movement that led to gross patricide and devastating retardation and fracturing of the SPLM/A.

Now again, it’s exactly eight years since 2005 when Kiir became President and SPLM/A leader, and now Machar is itching in his paranoid delusion for the leadership, as if predestined by some powers above, by leading a revolt against Kiir to become, by any means possible, the nation’s president.

There is cause for trepidation in the nation as the SPLM/A is facing a possible splinter and deadly revolt, once again, that might possibly torpedo our country into another repeat of tribal war of cataclysmic proportion.

Whether for Machar, Kiir, Pagan, Nyandeng or the entire SPLM/A rot, let’s pray no innocent blood be spilt again for the devilish ambitions of political reincarnation of these rotten SPLM/A personalities. END

Who Rules South Sudan: Petroleum versus Foreign Investment?

BY: Malith Alier, South Sudan, DEC/06/2013, SSN;

South Sudan this month organized an investment conference (December 4-5) in Juba for the first time in its existence, under the theme “Investment for Economic Diversification and Prosperity.” The country organized such investment conferences outside for example in Europe and America.

This is a possible solution to too much reliance on unsustainable petroleum since the era of CPA. The black gold was discovered in South Sudan in the late seventies however, the actual exploitation began around 1999.

It is believed that Khartoum developed to the level it is today thanks to the Southern oil. On the other hand, the South did not benefit much because of many factors; the raging war (from 1983-2002) in the South and the rampant corruption after CPA to present. The warlords were quenching their material thirst in a lawless environment.

Direct foreign investment was discouraged by insecurity and bad governance during peace time. Interestingly, the country has since seen influx of individuals from unstable neighbouring countries like Somali, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Others are from Kenya and Uganda besides those who elected not to return to the remaining portion of old Sudan after separation.

South Sudan is a country of possibilities. It has expansive endowments under and above the ground. It has only to do away with lots of its past like insecurity, backwardness and laziness if it wishes to shed the failed state tag of 2013, the same year the investment conference is organized.

Resource blessing or curse
Very few countries in Africa are able to fully benefit from natural resources without much ado. South Africa and Botswana are the case in point. The rest have encountered trouble as they exploit natural resources. The likes of Angola, DRC, Zimbabwe, Libya, Nigeria and many more are in this category.

South Sudan has therefore, many lessons to learn from these spectacular failures to properly manage her resources in the best interest of the country.

It is a commendable idea that south Sudan has edged closer to Botswana, a country that has a lot to impart to it. The country’s president visits the Southern African country this year, 2013 on the invitation of his counterpart, Mr. Ian Karma.

The Botswana president pledged to help South Sudan in the area of mineral development and management for economic development.

Our black gold is either a blessing or a curse depending on the way it’s managed. It is a blessing because God gave it to us directly under our feet. We have to enjoy full benefits from it with no external interference.

Various shortcomings prevent us from enjoyment of those exclusive rights; the issue of infrastructure, technology and skills suitable for proper petroleum and mineral management. The country has to look outside for them but in the process, it loses revenue.

It pays transit, processing and handling fees to the Sudan, an amount of 49 percent of total revenue. This was disclosed by the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining after resumption of production this year. Further, the Chinese, Malaysian and Indian companies working in the oilfields deduct their dues.

This means that south Sudan is left with about 20% out of this resource. This is no laughing matter. If this country was like a child as many politicians always say, it could keep crying for this unimaginable robbery by the Sudan and oil companies. But there is no immediate way out.

A production stoppage in 2012 almost brought the country down on its knees. The SPLM let government called for austerity regime and further embarked on massive borrowing. The Minister of Finance and Economic Planning under pressure to pay government employees salaries only disclosed this borrowing in November 2013. The loan is a little over forty million US Dollars.

Lack of foreside is to blame in this country. It was fully anticipated that separation was eminent. This was a fact after the copter crash that killed the only supporter of unity.

Mini-oil refineries should have been started during interim period. Failure to have constructed these mini refineries has not only deprived the country of domestic fuel production but it also deprived it of petroleum by-products. The country continues to import petroleum by products like jelly and creams in addition to diesel and petrol for domestic consumption.

The mining industry has many suitors due to its demand worldwide. A company called White Nile was among oil firms to arrive in South Sudan. This author at one point in 2005 condemned potential early investors for oil rush but neglect agriculture and other investment areas other than oil.

Foreign investment climate in South Sudan
South Sudanese complain about foreigners having dominated some sectors of business. The Ethiopians/Eritreans dominate restaurant and hotel businesses on the one and Somalis in oil and building material enterprises. The Nile water tank business which does not need a large outlay of capital is also a preserve of the Ethiopian groups. In the process the nationals are left waiting on end for salvation from their government.

In this world of cutthroat competition, it doesn’t matter whether it is nationals who are the most industrious or the foreigners. It comes down to hard work and ambition. South Sudanese can benefit from foreign investors if they pay attention to methods of doing business. Time cannot wait for them indefinitely.

Immediately after signing of CPA, observers of this country before, and during the war agreed that any investor cannot go wrong if they invest in any business here. This is true because the country lacks everything since Adam and Eve.

Look around and you will see virgin land, green forests, abundant wildlife, plenty of fish in the Sudd, innumerable cattle and the list is long.

What is even perplexing is the size of the population compared the vast land. According to the last census, the total population of south Sudan was put at 8 million. If the land size is about 600,000 km2 then it is thirteen (13) people per square kilometre. Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda population density are 67/km2, 82/km2 and 137/km2 respectively.

You can see that our neighbours have overcrowded their motherlands. The Ugandans and Kenyans are close to forty and fifty million respectively. The Ethiopians are over 90 million. Somalis have been displaced by wars.

Therefore, south Sudan can absorb the spillover from those countries.
The above-mentioned early investors have proved that south Sudan is a viable investment destination in the world. It can take less than seven days to register your business.

The foreign currency e.g. the US Dollar is not a big issue since the country exports petroleum. The investors have a choice either to bring manpower from their countries of origin or get local labour.

Many Ethiopian/Eritrean businesses bring their countrymen as work force. Although this cause uproar, it is convenient to the investor.

South Sudan image within and abroad
South Sudan is ranked among the most failed states in the world. It ranked 4th as the most failed state after a number of other countries all in Africa (Fund for Peace).

The country is not doing any better on corruption perception index. It ranked number 173 out of 177 countries on that index (Transparency International). It was unranked in 2012 maybe because of difficulty ascertaining information just after independence.

A failed state is regarded as having no control over its territory, erosion of legitimate authority to make decisions, inability to provide services to the citizens and finally inability to interact with other states as part of international community.

South Sudan is doing fine on many of these points. It has gained membership in many international organisations such as the UN, AU and is seeking membership in East African Community.

This is for the sole purpose of interacting with other states economically, culturally and diplomatically. It provides services to citizens in the whole country. It has established public sector and governmental institution for service delivery.

Service delivery is the new mantra in the government vocabulary today. The presidency is driving it.

PRESS STATEMENT: SPLM Leadership crisis

Revolutionary comrades, members of the SPLM
Our esteemed people of South Sudan
Distinguished Members of the Press


We, the members of the SPLM Political Bureau, National Liberation Council and SPLM leaders have called this press conference to enlighten our people on the internal crisis that has engulfed the SPLM leadership and paralyzed its functions in the government and in our society. The crisis started immediately after the tragic death of the SPLM historical and eternal leader Dr. John Garang de Mabior and manifested itself in the following:-

• The anti-Garang elements inside and outside the SPLM encircled comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit’s leadership of the SPLM and the Government of Southern Sudan [2005 – 2007]. This phenomenon compromised SPLM positions vis á vis the NCP in the CPA implementation and in many incidences General Salva Kiir retreated from positions negotiated earlier by Dr. John Garang. These elements using their relationship with General Salva Kiir targeted and ostracized certain SPLM leaders and cadres they nicknamed ‘Garang’s orphans/boys’ creating schisms and precipitating open quarrels within the SPLM ranks;

• The shift in decision making process from SPLM national organs to regional and ethnic lobbies around the SPLM Chairman when it came to appointments to positions in government; that membership of the SPLM and one’s participation in the revolutionary struggle became irrelevant. The SPLM is NOT the ruling party. In practice decisions are essentially made by one person, and in most cases directed by regional and ethnic lobbies and close business associates surrounding the SPLM Chairman;

• The efforts to transform the SPLM from a liberation movement into a mass based political party have totally been frustrated by the Chairman. General Salva ignored the grassroots views and demands garnered between July and August 2012 for the SPLM re-organization. The Political Bureau, the only organ that met nonetheless it had been difficult to translate its resolutions into plans of action in the Executive or legislations in the National Assembly, because of lack of collective leadership and the paralysis of the General Secretariat;

• There is no formal communication between the party organs at the national level and those in the States, County, Payam and Boma levels. The Government drives the SPLM rather than the other way round. The SPLM Chairman now uses his executive powers as President of the Republic, relying on his Presidential ADVISOR, to manage the SPLM and the country.

The crisis reached boiling point in March 2013 when General Salva Kiir cancelled the meeting of the National Liberation Council; issued a Presidential Decree withdrawing the delegated powers from his Vice President and First Deputy Chairman. Other decrees followed including the dismissal on false grounds of the Governors of Lakes and Unity States; the dismissal and appointment of a new Cabinet and the suspension of the SPLM Secretary General.

We want to assure our people that these were personal decisions by General Salva Kiir since neither the PB nor the National Liberation Council (NLC) deliberated on these decisions, which have far-reaching implications for the SPLM and the Country.

The SPLM Chairman has completely immobilized the party, abandoned collective leadership and jettisoned all democratic pretensions to decision making. The SPLM is no longer the ruling party. The leader of South Sudan Democratic Forum heads the SPLM Government Cabinet and recent infiltrators/converts from the NCP now lead the National Legislative Assembly and the Council of States respectively.

The Chairman did not care to appoint second or third tier SPLM leaders and cadres to occupy these positions if he had trouble with the first tier leaders. In the Army, General Salva Kiir Mayardit has demobilized the seasoned SPLA commanders and made them redundant.

This action amounts to erasing the historical legacy of the SPLM suggesting that comrade Salva Kiir is on trek to form his personal army, in the guise of Presidential Guards. General Salva Kiir intends to form his own political party linked to the NCP and has nothing to do with the historic struggle of our people.

As a result, the Chairman unconstitutionally dissolved key SPLM organs namely the Political Bureau and the National Liberation Council and the National and State Secretariat on account that their mandates had expired in May 2013. He has already instructed the State Governors, (instead of the State SPLM Secretariats,) to appoint their preferred delegates to the SPLM 3rd National Convention scheduled for February 2014.

The intention is to sideline and prevent SPLM historical leaders and cadres categorized as ‘potential competitors’ from participation in the Convention. This is a very dangerous move and is likely to plunge the party and the country into the abyss.

We want to bring to the attention of the masses of our people that General Salva Kiir has surrendered the SPLM power to opportunists and foreign agents who fought against the SPLM during the war of liberation and during the CPA implementation. These actions by Salva Kiir undermine the hard won independence and sovereignty of the Republic of South Sudan.

The SPLM Chairman and President of the Republic of South Sudan has recently given away hundreds of million dollars to the Government of Sudan at a time the Government of South Sudan is in acute financial difficulties represented by delays and non-payment of salaries. The Government of South Sudan is misleading the public that it is servicing the 4.5 billion USD debt. It is not known where these monies were loaned from and on what they were spent as the country has been under austerity regime since April 2012.

This is definitely a question of corruption that must be addressed together with the dura saga, the shaddy road contracts and the issue of the 75 letters of defamation of SPLM historical leaders and cadres.

The silence over the murder of the senior police officers in Yambio and Brigadier Kolor Pino in Pibor, the assassination of Isaiah Abraham and Engineer John Lewis and many other incidences of insecurity are stark cases of human rights violations, the breakdown of the rule of law and the miscarriage of justice.

The deep-seated divisions within the SPLM Leadership, exacerbated by dictatorial tendencies of the SPLM Chairman, and the dysfunctional SPLM structures from national to local levels are likely to create instability in the party and in the country.

For these reasons, and out of our sincere concern about the future of our people, we the SPLM members of the Political Bureau and the Leadership of the party, are obliged to inform the public about the true state of affairs in the SPLM and how General Salva Kiir is driving our beloved Republic of South Sudan into chaos and disorder.

In order to resolve this crisis, we call on the SPLM Chairman to convene the Political Bureau to set the agenda for the National Liberation Council so as to correct the deviation from the SPLM vision and direction. And address the present challenges within the SPLM with the view of revitalizing and restoring the SPLM to the driving seat.

The SPLM should hold the steering wheel of the two historical processes of nation building and state building.

Long live the struggle of our people
Glory and honour to our martyrs.
Long live South Sudan
Long Live SPLM
Viva SPLM Viva

December 6, 2013

Isaiah Abraham: There is God where there is no Justice!

BY: Deng Mangok Ayuel, SOUTH SUDAN, DEC/05/2013, SSN;

When the existence of freedom of expression is threatened, justice is also darkened and the truth begins to fade like morning dew. A year ago, Isaiah Abraham {Diing Chol Awuol} was assassinated in Juba. He was a prominent political commentator in the country. Who really killed him and where are the killers? Why are they not brought to book or are they above the law?

After Isaiah was killed, Dr Marial Benjamin, who was then the Minister of Information and Broadcasting announced on the SSTV that the suspected killers were arrested and will be brought to book.

Exactly one complete year has elapsed, so, how long does it take for these people to be tried in Juba of our times?

Was it a planned assassination?

No, no, one has not evidence or proofs to accuse anyone of an intrigue. But there is God where there is no justice.

Since these suspected killers weren’t or haven’t been tried up to this moment, the serious question remains: should South Sudanese activists and journalists keep on writing to die, go into exile or stop writing altogether?

Alternatively, should they die in silence or simply fade into the darkness to live longer in order to become storytellers for the next generation?

Finally, should they keep on fighting for their rights and the rights of majority?

In a multicultural, multi-ethnic and socio-political society, there are opposition and individuals with different opinions over the affairs of the parties and the country itself.

So, should we become enemies to ourselves or work together as one people for the benefit of South Sudanese?

The world of today is the world of critics, opposition, human rights activists. We must stand on our own feet to be counted in order to make others accountable.

Our legislative and judiciary systems shouldn’t hibernate while seeing others become vulnerable under powerful individuals.

If the judiciary system fears individuals in the executive and legislative systems in the country, then who are they going to convict at their courts?

Will it be a petty thief who shall steal a woman’s saucepan in the kitchen at night or the drunkard who shall insult a government official in the bars where people always drink to lessen the political fever of the day?