Archive for: December 2013

Machar, the Unrepentant Messiah

BY: David Kuol Arok, AUSTRALIA, DEC/22/2013, SSN;

Riek Machar pursuit of presidency is both a fascinating life account of the most ambitious idiot and a case study of the most stupid engineering PhD graduate in the world history. There is no any other time in history were everyone is eagerly waiting to understand this blood thirsty messiah past than the current unfolding annihilation of civilians in Bor-town by his loyalists.

Machar is 1984 University of Bradford mechanical engineering PhD alumni who later joined rebel group the Sudan People Liberation Movement/Army [SPLM/A].

Because of his disloyalty to authority and ambition, he breaks away from the SPLM/A led by charismatic late Dr John Garang de Mabior to form his own SPLM/A-Nasir dominated by his Nuer locals.

Due to his misjudgement in 1991, Machar spearheaded a deadliest attack in an attempted effort to expunge ethnic Bor-Dinka civilians in a belief that Dr John Garang led movement will be farther weakened and that will give him a hopeful chance to be the president of Southern Sudan [The Republic of Cush], the position he badly wanted in order to put his name in history book as one time president of The Republic of Cush with a help from his partner the National Islamic Front [NIF] of Omar el Bashir and Turabi – the very same government who severally took an ill-fated attempt to wipe out South Sudan [Cush] indigenous African population including his very Nuer ethnics.

In his pursuit of positions, Machar signed a short-cut agreement with Sudan Government in 1997 and became a leader of South Sudan Defence Force [SSDF].

Just three years of his dissatisfaction with NIF of Omar el Bashir, Machar formed a new insurgency movement which become Sudan People’s Defence Forces/Democratic Front [SPDF] a failed movement that did not offer him the position he desperately needed, and in 2002 Machar ignominiously re-joined SPLA led by Dr John Garang of Bor-Dinka people.

After unexpected melancholic death of John Garang in July 2005, Machar became a vice-president of autonomous Land of Cush and in 9th July 2011 after independence a position he continue to hold until 23rd July 2013 when president of the Republic of Cush, Mr Salva Kiir Mayar-dit dismissed him because of his disloyalty.

And on 16th Dec 2013, two years after gaining liberty of Cushitic, Machar routinely leads another splitter group dominated by his Nuer people who shamefully fail in an attempted coup to overthrow the elected government.

While he is on the run now, his forces are now slaughtering children and women of the ethnics Bor-Dinka a tribe of late Dr John Garang.

There is no any other person in The Republic of Cush that took Ngundeng myths of a left-hand and handsome brown politician from Nuer who someday will become president of The Republic of Cush, a prophecy Riek Machar claimed to himself.

But as time goes by, Machar is impatiently becoming unclear whether the left-handed who will become a president of The Republic Cush is another person and he decided to take a prophecy into his own hand by attempting coup to overthrow the elected government.

While the Land of Cush has experienced numerous setbacks in the past and the present, no single person will be attributed to most of these failures than Riek Machar.

In earlier 1990s SPLM/A was gaining momentum to retake whole Land of Cush into its control, a hope every Cushitic needed but it failed badly because of Machar break away to join Nation Islamic Front [NIF] regime in Khartoum.

And on 16th Dec 2013 Machar took another disastrous manoeuvre to farther bring the whole Land of Cush to her knees in the name of democracy and self-determination.

The significant contribution of Machar to the struggle for Cushitic throughout history until independence and through current governance to improve the situation in the country is the most awkward smile which is the only achievement he brought back from United Kingdom and Nyankawajah [Emma McCune] who help some people like Emmanuel Jal.

In a Biblical viewpoint, the history of suffering and redemption of The Republic of Cush is similar to Jews history. It took Jews 40-years in the wilderness even if they could see the beautiful greenish land of Canaan.

And since our history is connected with Jews, there is one significant difference and that is the wilderness. People of The Republic Cush have no desert to cross, nor is there any Red Sea to cross but it would not be surprising if the crossing of Red Sea by the Jews and the 40-years in the wilderness is manifested to people of Cush in a form of Riek Machar.

Jewish suffered hunger, loss the generation of life, but after their punishment is over, they cross the wilderness to the promised land of Canaan.

And unlike Jewish, when our punishment is over, we all the inhabitants of The Republic of Cush will go across Riek Machar to the promised land of milk, honey and peace.

David Kuol Arok
Country: Australia

Breaking our Silence: Good leaders care about their people!

By Machien Luoi, SOUTH SUDAN, DEC/22/2013, SSN;

Since December 15, 2013 – innocent South Sudanese civilians have been and are still going through hell in their ancestral land and country. In Juba most of the Nuer ethnic community members, families, relatives and communities of the accused for alleged “coup attempt” political leaders became victims of the South Sudan’s Presidential Guards and National Security personnel.

Now the same communities are becoming victims of armed SPLA soldiers fighting each other near and around populated towns. Disappointingly, talks about whether there was an attempted coup or there was not one dominates current South Sudan and the world discussions about the situation that unfolded and continues to spread throughout the country.

Every day and night innocent civilians continue to live in fear at home and in hiding while these talks seem to take precedence over apology for atrocities committed, sympathy for the bleeding communities and calls for peace, dialogue and an end to the situation.

This opinion article is a call on all our responsible citizens and leaders who are currently silent about the damage done to our country to stand up and to urge fighting political forces to cease hostilities, condemn discriminate killings and to dialogue for peaceful settlement of current conflict.

Since the incident occurred last week, vulnerable and unapologetic leaders from bleeding communities have been gathered to appear in SSTV to condemn the so called “disgruntled politicians,” while pledging their support to the leadership of the President on the matter (the incident of December 15, 2013).

This is not important at the moment. What is important is to condemn acts of ethnic killing in Juba, Bor, Akobo, Nasir and in Unity oil fields as well as any targeting of civilians anywhere in the country.

The so called “elders” have been silent either in celebration of victory of one side or denial of incidents that have taken away lives.

While such violence in our country has opened political positions for grab, political positions are less important than innocent lives that are lost every day as the two conflicting political camps’ loyal armies fight each other in highly populated towns in the Upper Nile Region.

While the conflict had started as non-ethnic conflict, for most of the detained politicians hails from different ethnic tribes in the country, the situation has trended towards that direction.

If that is not the case, then how can death of innocent civilians from mostly one ethnic group in Juba, the killing of mostly one ethnic group in Bor as well as other areas be justified?

How would the killing of civilians by armed groups from one ethnic community be explained, whether that is in Juba or Akobo?

Whether you call the Dinka armed men as SPLA and Gatdet forces as rebels, the truth remains that the composition of such groups are predominantly ethnic, Dinka and Nuer respectively.

This is the reality, unless one thinks they have something to benefit from this conflict trending towards ethnic divide, we should be concerned and be willing to press for immediate end to this situation.

As the circumstances deteriorate in this armed political fighting, control over security of communities is getting lost. Criminals and undisciplined citizens from communities affected by recent conflicts will seize the opportunity to kill, loot and inflict harm on innocent communities.

The blame will fall on those with political power leverage to get things right. Continued devastation of civilians lives as it is now is neither in the interest of the state nor any political leader, unless one thinks by targeting civilian killings a political objective would have been achieved.

Since December 15, 2013, many citizens have been stranded at UNMISS centers with less space and high congestions of populations. One can only conclude their health vulnerabilities will increase.

An immediate settlement of political disputes will ease civilians’ fears and boost their confidence to return to their homes. As long as citizens are aware of no dialogue between the warring parties, these fearful civilians will not return to their homes because of fear for re-escalation of tensions.

As a nation we must ask ourselves relevant questions to our ancestral land and country, and must not live behind the blanketed curtain of tribal chauvinism.

If we can’t prepare to dialogue, we must ask whether we must live side by side or we let these conflicts cause each tribe to ask for self-determination for their independence from the Republic.

Must we accept unity in diversity or assimilate and adhere to directives of the most powerful one community, the one that will tame all?

Should we accept to talk to each other or create a state of anarchy where no one political entity has control over others?

How shall we or our grand children feel visiting a Nuer or Dinka’s only massacre memorial sites tomorrow?

Is it difficult to imagine the physical, mental and emotional impact that our today’s acts will have in us and our coming generations?

Would it not be great if we had less national massacre sites than celebratory sites in our country tomorrow?

Our answers to these questions are important to the attachment we have with the state and how we look at each other.

It is not splendid to use current situation to gain political seats or enhance our ethnic egos. Human casualties and property damages have been done but dialogue and peace are never late to enter into.

It is in this regard that traditional leaders, retired political leaders, retired army officers, renowned academics, celebrated medical doctors, youth leaders, Non-profit leaders of South Sudan communities in the country and around the world need to intervene and persuade political leaders to dialogue.

We can’t afford anymore carnage. We suffered far too long through our enemies and in what we had done to each other. History is recurring, but must not let it all happen in our watch. Let us not do more damage to our nation for our own sake and that of the generations to come.

Come out now and call the fighting political forces to talk to each other. You must lead this from home. International Community can’t do it all for us and our innocent citizens.

The author is a South Sudanese and can be reached at

Self-proclaimed SPLM Leaders parroting: Why again spill brother-to-brother blood for nothing?

BY: Mabior Abraham, Juba, SOUTH SUDAN, DEC/22/2013, SSN;

First of all, I would like my readers, to allow me put across very clearly that whatsoever that has happened is not for any tribal cause of either Nuer or Jieng (Dinka), but purely from a disgruntled group of former leaders questioning present leadership style, and how things could be put right for the common good of all.

For those who have not known who they are: this is their hierarchy: Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Taban Deng Gai from Western Upper Nile (unity state), Majak D’Agoot Atem, Rebecca Nyandeng De Mabior, Gier Chuang from Jonglei, Pagan Amum Okiech, Oyai Deng Ajak, Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, John Luk Jok from Upper Nile, Chol Tong Mayay from Lakes, Alfred Lado Al Gore, Cirino Hiting from Central Equatoria, Kosti Manibe from Western Equatoria and Deng Alor Kuol from Abyei and many more under this clandestine group members across South Sudan.

This is not Nuer and/or Jieng (Dinka) issue or political problem as it is being propagated around the country and outside. It is merely politics of no need in making having been wrongly approached and displayed.

Why should we lose our brothers and sisters because of one or two persons political differences as this of 15th – 17th December 2013?

We have had enough of dear lives lost in millions for a good cause- the land and freedom that we can attest today as a country called South Sudan – ours!!

This began on December 6th, 2013, when more than fifteen so-called SPLM leaders staged a press conference in capital Juba after weeks of postponement going beyond political spectrum, and at some instances, these group members insulted the personality of the President and his states’ leaders.

Indeed, on December 14th, former vice president as a leader of unknown opposition group pulled out of National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting citing lack of dialogue space and unwillingness of the president with those loyal to his leadership.

Whatever happened during the 15th evening/dust-to-dawn of 17th December 2013 was an accumulated and brewed methanol spirit of March 2013 – Dec. 6th 2013 of the group’s persistent calls for quick transformation.

The nature, tune, manner, approach, vocal calls and chiding of the present SPLM leadership was not properly designed for a peaceful outcome, but rather this chaotic one.

“There is no way members of the same party can come out in the open to publicly accuse their own leader and discredit the same institution. I have never found anywhere. Unquote. Lual Bol Kuan, spokesperson of South Sudan Business community and SPLM member told Sudan Tribune on Tuesday 10th December 2013.

This is certainly correct. There is nowhere in the world that leaders of the same party would go publicly to call the very party that groomed, nurtured and fetched them to leadership during liberation days to independence period as having lost vision and direction when these people were participants of this same leadership.

“Biting the hand that feeds you will make you starve for a longer period than you could have thought doing so”.

This is true when on December 6th 2013 declaration leaders kept calling SPLM as having lost vision and direction. And that her comradeship is exhibiting dictatorial tendencies and pursuing misguided leadership, which has paralyzed this party functions.

Isn’t it paradoxically incorrect for the group to have called dismissal of the two former Governors of Lakes and Western Upper Nile (Unity) states as having been unconstitutional?

South Sudan Transitional constitutions article 101 (r) calls for dismissal of any state Governor in the event of national security threat, which indeed happened in both states of Lakes and unity.

Secretary General of SPLM party teacher Pagan Amum Okiech’s suspension and his subsequent dismissal were long overdue if party’s legal books were to exist or be followed strictly.

Since taking SPLM office as Secretary General, Pagan has never ever set foot in any state to preach about SPLM as a partly, or even make oversight visits of the SPLM structures for check of progress, successes, challenges and find ways forward. If he did, let him swear by God! The Group concluded their ugly argument with South Sudan epidemic disease, the crippling corruption case. Oh! Oh! Oh, Oh! If God were to strike on anyone who has squandered South Sudanese resources, none of them would live to talk about it.

Nevertheless, two personalities of this group were wrong to air out these instigating and igniting words: Quote, that Presidency of Gen. Salva Kiir is illegal, he is no longer legal president for the republic of South Sudan, because he has been violating constitution and his fellow Nuer community members are being targeted along Juba streets. Unquote. Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Sudan Tribune 18th Dec. 2013.

On the other hand, Maj. Gen. Peter Gadet Yak launched massive attack of SPLA barracks in Pan-Pandiar and Malual-chaat of Bor town from the dawn of 17th Dec.2013 and into night of 21th Dec. 2013. On whose orders and side is Gen. Peter Gadet Yak acting? Gen. Gadet Yak has been known for switching sides with Khartoum regime, Dr. Riek’s 1991 rebellion SPLAN mainstream; Khartoum which was primer foe of South Sudanese identity. For many times, Peter Gadet has defected and re-defected to Khartoum and SPLA. Before and after South Sudan independent, he has had rebelled against the system more than once, negotiate and returned to fold, however, he is rumored to have defected again since July 2013, when central command of the SPLA in Juba observed indiscipline in him for he doesn’t take or listen to orders. SPLA Commander-in-chief, Gen. Salva Kiir on number of occasions, has refused ordering for his arrest by the Headquarters.

Now that he has had launched well-coordinated assault and had harmed the SPLA battalion in Bor, which side is he acting on? Many South Sudanese would obviously concluded that he is on the side of Dr. Riek Machar Teny and his group, but conversely, this little author disagrees with whoever closing so.

Maj. Gen Peter Gadet Yak is known as a warlord of war-mongering attitude, greed and thirst for innocent blood since he joined Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) before 1983 SPLA/M war with Khartoum’s successive regimes. While in SAF, Khartoum sent him into Iraq-Kuwait war of 1980s. While there, he was termed as one of the black vultures of Sudan and brutal black man in the battle, for he did not spare any soul.

Again, in South Sudanese history of leaders death, he killed his a kin and commanders William Nyuon Bany and Kharibino Kuanyin Bol

So, this is the man South Sudan has in her soil and on mission for his dirty thirst for innocent blood.

We, as South Sudanese bound by all blood kinship, land and one country, it is important we forge a concert symbolic stand for togetherness, bury this present situation with whatsoever the past was and move on however, fractured our cohesiveness, brotherhood and sisterhood; still we have a future to mold and build together for great nation of South Sudan. Let’s forgive each other and forget whatever has happened these trying days of 15th – 18th December 2013.

Mabior Abraham lives in South Sudan, and reachable at

Dinka and Nuer are a sick and a cursed mob

BY: MAKER MAYEK RIAK, Australia, DEC/20/2013, SSN;

I will let you in on a family secret. Years ago when we were growing up with my two elder brothers, in some little village, deep in Western Yirol, our neighbours thought we were a bunch of sick and cursed children. We were notorious for beating the hell out of each other.

Actually, I was notorious for agitating for problems and then all I got was a proper beating. I had no physical strength to return the same treatment. So, I let my tongue do the job.

There were three of us. First, was our elder brother, whose acts of tyranny were akin to those of Admiral General Aladeen, the dictator of the fictional Republic of Wadiya in Sacha Baron Cohen’s film The Dictator.

Our elder brother’s main responsibility was to maintain law and order. He was a strong, brutish, and an unforgiving herd boy who ruled the house with an iron fist. We used to call him a herd boy because he had little regard for education despite our mum’s persistence to get him into the same business as us.

He loved the nomadic life; feeding on milk and occasional meat, wrestling for pride and bragging in colourful songs about his bulls. At times when he came home, he would wake up with roosters and he’d be singing about his bulls.

We detested his ways and mocked him for his rudimentary behaviours. But for records, he did give in years down the track and followed the path of education.

Our elder brother ruled the house with tooth and claw. Anyone of us who attempted to go against his rule would be punished severely – even to the disgust of our own mother who was in her own ways, a strict disciplinarian – but she thought our brother’s ways were too raw and cruel for our misdemeanour’s.

But other than urging restraint, our mother would often refrain from imposing her will on him as he was seen as the man of the house. The actual man of the house was far in some land unheard of fighting for the rights of the people. So, we had no choice but to put up his no – nonsense and an uncontested style of leadership.

And then there was the second brother, who was quiet, reserved but often would strike and run as fast as he could to escape any punishment. He was a very fast runner. Every time he struck – often with a stinging slap on the face, moreso, on me than anyone else, he would run for his dear life and kept away from home for a few hours until the anger subsided.

He would return and no punishment would be exacted on him. Our mother had this policy that once a past event, no matter how painful; it should never be talked about leave alone punishing this repeat offender. He exploited that policy right to the top of the tree. So, he got away without being punished often.

And then there was me. The skinny, short and strength-less kid whose tongue spat out the most spiteful and sharp insults that would make any calm headed person catch seizures of rage. I breathed venoms of suborder serpents. I was a bag full of mockery; picking up on the slightest of weaknesses and hit you hard with them. I’d roll on the floor with laughter at any time someone uttered something unintelligent.

I was the most perfect object for my elder’s merciless leadership. Every time I received a beating, which was not less than three times a day, I’d cry with the loudest voice possible with the intention of letting the neighbours know that I was being mistreated.

With the blend of these three different but yet notorious kids – as a collective, we earned ourselves the perfect village tag of sick and cursed children. We got the tag because we made the most but we got to grow to become some of the closest and successful brothers.

Which begs the question, are the Dinka and the Nuer the sick and the cursed children of South Sudan? The answer by any honest person, Dinka and Nuer or not, would be a resounding YES.

Here are a few reasons why I think Dinka and Nuer are the cursed children of South Sudan. Dinka and Nuer, back me up on this.

Dinka and Nuer are the same breed of a people. They share the same practices, cultures, behaviours and physical features. In fact, they are the exact prototype of each other. Yet, they hate each other to the 206th bone.

They maim and kill each other mercilessly. They rape their women and kill their children. They destroy their properties and retard their developments. They are the example of what brothers and sisters should not be. In that regard, they are the sick and cursed children of the same womb.

Dinka and Nuer leaders are greedy, vainglorious and myopic. They fight hard for leadership just to stuff their pockets with dirty money.

They don’t give a toss about their people. They like to eat rich to bulge stomachs and have fat necks as a sign of importance in the society.

They like to brag about themselves with their pitiful words of “beny” and “kuor” to satisfy their vainglory. They are so short-sighted to an extent that the retard their own progress.

They loot and rape blind their own development in broad daylight. They are the sick and the cursed children of South Sudan.

Dinka and Nuer youths are gullible. They bloviate tribalism and bear the fangs of a cobra. (bloviate- verb: to talk at length, esp. in an inflated or empty way).

They bite each other hard and mercilessly. They allow their tribal cocoons to overcome brotherhood and sameness. They are the douchebags of tribal “benys” and “kuors”. (douchebags: a pejorative term for an arrogant or obnoxious person)

They allow these fat necked tribal henchmen to use them to further small mindedness and fatten their stomachs at their expense.

They allow three selfish leaders (Kiir, Riek and Gadet) to piss on them as they wish but would never react to put these leaders in their rightful places. They are the sick and cursed children of South Sudan.

Dinka and Nuer are poor leaders when they are supposed to be the natural leaders of South Sudan. South Sudan has got more than 60 tribes but all we hear about are these two sick and cursed tribes.

At a time when the country was in a celebratory mood for the hard won independence, they are busy maiming, killing and bullying minorities in the country.

They are the dream wreckers. The South Sudanese dream which we were all yearning for when our flag was hoisted has been turned into a nightmare by these two tribes.

They are the sick and cursed children of South Sudan.

Dinka and Nuer need a proper exorcist to cleanse them of their demons. They are possessed. They are cursed and fully sick. They are the sick and cursed children of our country.

For the pain and suffering that innocent civilians are being subjected to at the moment, I can only say, let’s hope one day, we are cleansed of these bad spells.

Maker Mayek Riak is a Lawyer

It wasn’t a Coup – Salva Kiir shot himself in the foot

BY: Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, JUBA, SSN;

Sometimes ago I wrote on the SouthSudanNation website and made the conclusion that “the SPLM must be saved from itself lest it plunged the country into the abyss.” The events of the last two weeks seem to vindicate this prophetic statement. South Sudan is on the brink.

The current crisis started last year when Dr. Riek Machar, the SPLM first vice Chairman, declared his intention to contest for the SPLM Chairmanship – itself his democratic right, and was soon joined by Pagan Amum the SPLM Secretary General and Madame Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior member of the SPLM Political Bureau.

Instead of taking charge of the emerging situation as the SPLM Chairman Salva Kiir allowed matters to slide taking their course until the country was woken up to a presidential decree withdrawing delegated powers from Dr. Riek Machar.

Sooner thereafter more presidential decrees followed dismissing Dr. Riek Machar as Vice President, dissolving the cabinet and suspending the SPLM Secretary General and subjecting him to criminal investigation over corruption charges.

In the intervening period, two opposing trends emerged in the SPLM. The group in the government and that outside made up of most of the dismissed ministers and two unconstitutionally dismissed governors of Lakes and Unity states respectively. Efforts to reconcile the different trends came to nothing.

Finally, Dr. Riek Machar and group called the shots and on December 6th called a press conference in the SPLM House in whey they outlined the main differences and called on the SPLM Chairman Salva Kiir Mayardit to convene the Political Bureau in order to set the agenda for the anticipated National Liberation Council.

Dr Riek Machar also announced the public rally the group would hold on Saturday December 14th on Dr, John Garang Memorial Grounds. The SPLM General Secretariat also scheduled that day for the opening of the session of the National Liberation Council. The two SPLM groups seem gearing towards a collision.

This prompted the Dinka elders’ and the Church leaders to appeal to the two sides to postpone both the public rally and the NLC meeting and to give dialogue between the two a chance in order to reach a consensus on the contentious issues. Dr. Riek Machar et al acquiesced and released a statement to that effect.

The NLC meeting, however, started as scheduled on Saturday morning. His Grace Paulino Lokudu Loro, the Catholic Archbishop of Juba reiterated the appeal the Bishops had made earlier and called for calm and harmony.

In his opening speech, the SPLM Chairman made no reference to the internal contradictions that hampered the party functions since March and how to resolve them amicably.

On the contrary, he was bellicose, ignored the appeal of the Archbishop and deliberately referred to the 1991 split within the SPLM/SPLA as a reminder. In this context, I quote the following:

“in the light of the recent development in which some comrades have come out to challenge my executive decisions, I must warn you that this behaviour is tantamount to indiscipline, which will take us back to the days of the 1991 split.”

Chairman Salva Kiir apparently referred to Dr. Riek Machar ostensibly to put him in unfavourable light among the membership of the NLC and to discredit his demands for democratic reforms in the SPLM. This perhaps prompted Riek, Rebecca Nyandeng, and others to boycott the Sunday meeting incensing Salva Kiir into a frenzy, which became the most tragic incident in post war South Sudan.

On Sunday afternoon as the meeting of the NLC was winding up, President Salva Kiir Mayardit, the Commander in Chief of the SPLA, ordered Major General Marial Ciennoung, the commander of Tiger Battalion to leave the meeting venue in Nyakuron back to his H/Qs and to disarm his troops. Marial went and implemented the orders.

However, after dispersing the troops, he ordered the Dinka elements rearmed. The ensuing argument between him and his deputy, a Nuer, attracted the attention of some Nuer soldiers who happened to be nearby. A fistfight ensued between the storekeeper and some Nuer soldiers.

In the confusion, the Nuer soldiers broke into the store and armed themselves. This was the trigger of the fighting in Juba. It was a fight between the elements of the same Tiger Battalion, which makes the presidential guards, that lasted from Sunday night till Monday afternoon.

The rest of the fighting in other parts of Juba, which lasted until Wednesday was the presidential militia terrorising and butchering the Nuers, other Dinka elements presumed to be supporters of Riek Machar, Rebecca Nyandeng and Majak de Agoot.

On Monday, President Salva Kiir called a press conference. Clad in complete military attire, the President declared it was a coup and that the loyal forces has crushed it and were now pursuing the remnants.

The linkage of the fighting among the presidential guards to an attempted coup against the state carried by the president’s press briefing makes an incredibly clumsy story.

The absurdity of the coup story comes out clearly, with the deployment of the presidential militia hailing mainly from Warrap and Northern Bahr el Ghazal, who indeed are killing unarmed Nuers soldiers, civilians including women and children in Juba, on the presumption that they were Riek Machar’s supporters, that Salva Kiir inadvertently is pushing the country to the brink.

In Juba, many innocent Nuers, some of them government official, members of the NLC, but the majority are civilians women, youths, students and persons from other ethnicities have been executed either in their own houses or are taken under guise of being arrested and killed in ghost houses run by the National Security and Intelligence Service elements in the town. Their bodies buried in several mass-graves secretly by night.

Many people, including the Hon. Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly, whose children missed death by a whisker having been saved by a Dinka woman MP shocked by the killings in the neighbourhood, have run to the UNMISS compound for protection.

Many Nuers have left their homes and have gone to UNMISS or are hiding in the hotels in Juba.

In Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity states reprisals against elements of the Dinka nationality have been reported targeting those hailing from Bahr el Ghazal.

In Warrap state those who were calling for the removal of Governor Nyandeng have been branded coup plotters linked to Dr. Riek Machar.

There is a direct link between the events now unfolding and Salva Kiir’s power perceptions. When he toured the four states of Bahr el Ghazal in September, Salva Kiir made hate speeches against his former deputy Dr. Riek Machar and the former ministers.

In Akon, his hometown, speaking in Dinka, which SSTV aired, Salva had this to say, “…look, this power which I have belongs to you. You fought and died for it… now some people want to snatch it from me… we you accept it?” “Aci ba gam” meaning we will not accept, shouted the people back.

It was in this context of retaining power that he ordered Paul Malong Awan to recruit and bring to Juba three thousand young men, which now constitutes his presidential guards.

Now putting together the pieces, a clearer picture begins to emerge.

President Salva has been planning to forestall any democratic reforms in and institutionalization of power relations in the SPLM soon after July 23rd when he dissolved the cabinet and dismissed Riek Machar.

The recruitment of presidential militia from Warrap was to send home the message that power belonged to the people of Warrap and so they should protect it. The story of the coup was just a stratagem to cover his rejection of the appeal by the Church leaders and Dinka elders, and a ploy to arrest Riek Machar and close the chapter of dissent against his leadership.

The arrest of the former ministers was also to accelerate their removal from the government houses they are occupying in Hai Amarat. It is a very simplistic but dangerous game.

In a matter of a few hours, Salva Kiir succeeded to erode the social capital that bounded together our people for centuries.

Now Salva Kiir has come up with another story that it was not a coup attempt but that Dr. Riek and others had wanted to exploit the fighting in the Tiger Battalion for their political ambitions.

Salva Kiir has shot himself in the foot. This is incredible, President Kiir who on Monday was on TV screens worldwide announcing that his forces had crushed an attempt coup is now saying that it was not a coup.

Who again will ever believe Salva Kiir, the president of the Republic of South Sudan? God save South Sudan!!!!

Presidential Guards in Juba: Mistiming the Nation’s Zero Hour.

BY: Martin Garang Aher, AUSTRALIA, DEC/18/2013, SSN;

The eve of presidential guards’ clashes in Juba on December 14, 2013 trailed the long awaited convening of the Political Bureau by the ruling party, The SPLM; whose political party structures had adhered to linearity in the order and commissioning of business since 1994 when the first National Conventions was convened in Chukudum, Eastern Equatoria.

Business protocol of the party had been to convoke The National Convention, a gathering of several hundreds of delegates nationwide; The National Liberation Council, which is composed of no more than 275 members; The Political Bureau, whose membership stands at 27; and The General Secretariat, from where the start of the party national activities work their ways upwards through corridors of intervening powers.

The year 2013, however, introduced confusing changes. In the least, president Kiir on November 15, 2013 made a controversial dissolution of the party organs, a very surprising move that indicated was aimed at SPLM heavy weights who were recently part of the government, including Dr. Riek Machar; himself a self-declared aspirant for the party mantle for 2015 presidential elections.

Consequently, the convening of National Liberation Council (NLC), contrary to the anticipated Politburo, took priority but did nothing to alleviate already simmering political temperatures over party leadership. SPLM party wrangling had had immense impact on the nation’s viability three years into freedom.

As the president lambasted his opponents in NLC with claims of non-deviation from the movement since its inception, his deliberate reference to the 1991 Bor Massacre (already apologised for by Riek Machar and reluctantly forgiven by Bor communities), perforated old wounds and succinctly proclaimed a national doom in front of the ‘prophet of doom,’ as he later referred to Dr. Riek Machar.

From that point, armed elements commenced mistiming of events in what has led to death of scores of people, both civilians and military personnel. Civilians have so far become the underdogs caught in the crossfire, targeted for no reason or locked in their homes without food or water in Juba. Reports have hinted that the Jonglei capital of Bor had come under heavy gunfire with several deaths reported.

Either it was a coup d’état or security forces mishandling reassignments in their quarters, The SPLM has tarnished its reputation by putting innocent lives at risk. Whatever the truth in the recent government rhetoric, the rhyme and whine over state power from the leaders carry the blame for the current state of affairs in Juba.

South Sudan has a history of rebellions which had been made excessively ethnical during the decades of war of independence. It is a reality that can be seen in all aspects of life in the country.

It’s therefore the responsibility of the SPLM leadership to have acquainted itself with this reality by urging leaders to refrain from using ethnic cards in their power manipulations.

It is now apparent that the much internationalized marginalization of the people had been put to an end with the achievement of sovereignty. The unknown components of democratization have proved so alien to South Sudanese governing gorillas.

Tranquil years starting from 2005 to 2013 sowed hope that the country was in the best stage of democratic progression. This is not to dismiss David Yau, George Athor, and other rebels who were dissatisfied with democratization processes, service delivery profanation, and grand systemic corruption. Yet, the country was, by and large, seemed hopeful.

But cynics had a point. South Sudan had, nevertheless, continued to offer messianic credence to many who predicted her current affairs. A lot had been said about the people of South Sudan before the nation entered a defining moment in 2011; when for the first time, South Sudanese became their own masters.

Concerns ranged from inability of the people to govern themselves democratically, to possible intolerance of human rights. None of those predictions failed to prove wrong.

There have been concerns of possible ‘Somalization’ or ‘Balkanisation’ of the country. Such concerns were perceived by ordinary citizens as voices not so divergent from the clenched fists of a coloniser’s misconstructions of innate abilities of the people. But the people’s party has never been at par with the people.

Many South Sudanese are not in the know why The SPLM has become such a demigod that politicians fear to exit or lose it.

Clamouring for the SPLM tells ordinary South Sudanese that our gorilla-turned-politicians have nothing better to offer when conferred with state power, other than stressing liberation history through the party to predominantly uneducated masses in the rural areas.

There is no reason why the politicians who are supposed to be judicious and charismatic shy away from forming own parties to offer formidable challenge to the ruling elites which, in fact, is one way to peaceful resolutions of political squabbles.

There is equally no reason why the governing SPLM flayed party processes which are part of a democratic transformation.

If the politicians have faith in the people of South Sudan; a strong confidence and clarity on the policies they wish to implement for the people, then they should not have permitted the bloodshed for the past three days (Dec., 15th, 16th, and 17th), and days to come.

To South Sudanese army, civilians would have disciplined their politicians through the ballot box. You have mistimed their zero hour. END

South Sudan Crisis: The Bad, The Good, The Ugly & The Innocent Lives Lost!

BY: Kuir ë Garang (Author, Poet), CANADA, DEC/18/2013, SSN;

I’d like to express my sincere condolences to everyone who’s lost loved ones.
Inciting Tribalism: Not Jieng vs. Nuer but Government Forces vs. Nuer: Those comparing what is happening in South Sudan to 1994 Rwanda don’t understand the nature of what is happening in South Sudan. To call the issue Jieng vs. Nuer is to mischaracterize the situation. It was not the average Jieng civilians who were killing Nuer civilians in Juba. It was government security forces.

This problem was started by the government by calling the Mutineers Riek’s loyalists because of their ethnicity. It’s the government that tribalized the tension and no one else. Besides, why was the security force going house to house and why were they mostly Jieng? Where there Nuer forces among those who went house to house?

If this security force was made up of members from all tribes including Nuer, Nuer civilians would not have been targeted.

Now, whose fault is it that the security force was predominately Jieng people? Were there Nuers in the security force that went from house to house but allowed their fellow Nuers to be targeted? A presence of Nuer soldiers would have prevented this mess.

However, the government came out to talk to South Sudanese who have nothing to do with this mess!

Civilians didn’t start this and they are not the ones killing themselves. The government and its security forces started this mess and they have to end it.

No Evidence of a ‘Coup’
At the end of the day, we are the people to tell our truth. Our government has failed its people. And the politicians opposing the dictatorial and misguided leadership of president Kiir failed to properly read the mind-set of the president. Irresponsibly and tactlessly opposing a man who has no sense of genuine purpose is a disaster in itself.

However, the world has to know and properly contextualize what is happening in South Sudan. It’s not a ‘coup.’ A number of things need to be understood as facts don’t add up!

• The government has no documented proof of a coup plot: meeting place and word by word proof that it was actually a premeditated coup to oust the president. With a proof then we’d never forgive these politicians and they would be tried for treason against South Sudan. However, without any proof the government will be considered the problem itself and the president and the cabinet would be tried for treason against South Sudan should they be the ones who instigated the mess!

• The fight started among the presidential guard units, an elite force that’s supposed to be under the command of the president and his trusted folks. Why the fight started in the army headquarters is a puzzle as the government failed to provide a convincing answer. Opposing groups provide contradicting accounts.
• The ‘coup’ started in the army barrack rather than a place in which coups are mostly effective: president’s office, presidential palace or the state TV station.
• The claim of mutineers’ loyalty to Riek Machar is based purely on ethnicity as the soldiers who mutinied are ethnically Nuer so the government is the one that tribalized this disaster. What other criteria did the government use to establish that the mutineers are Riek’s loyals? And why did Nuer officers, and not Jieng officers, mutiny while the ‘coup’ plotters are not all Nuer?

• If this was a premeditated coup orchestrated by the arrested individuals, shouldn’t soldiers loyal to them be part of the mutiny too? Why weren’t soldiers loyal to the likes of Oyay Deng Ajak, Majak D’Agoot, Gier Chuang and the rest, part of the mutineers if they plotted the ‘coup’?

• The government’s only support to the ‘coup’ claim is the reported Saturday shooting outside the venue of the National Liberation Council meeting immediately the dissenting politicians walked out in protest. And the fact that these group have publicly criticized the president! Are these people really that stupid to meet publicly to oppose the president and then plot a ‘coup’ when they don’t have a strong grip on the military?

• It’s not clear if the mutineers clearly intended to oust the president and what they’d done in that regard to show that this is what their primary aim was. A mere mutiny isn’t proof of a ‘coup.’ For the government to retain some credibility it has to provide undeniable proofs.

• The implicated individuals except Riek Machar (who ran away for reasons he’ll have to clearly explain to South Sudanese) were arrested in their houses without any resistance and there’s no proof of their coordination of a ‘coup.’

What’s very clear and what no one can dispute is that a number of soldiers mutinied for a reason we are yet to clearly understand. It’s not clear in the events that followed and the ensuring fighting that the mutiny was geared toward removing the president. Machar, for argument’s sake, like president Kiir, could have taken advantage of the mutiny. However, as facts conscious people and people who need information from the government, a concrete proof is needed.

What needs to be Done Now
The president and his administration need to stop inflammatory statements to the media and call for a national dialogue as soon as possible to follow up on the recent promise in the today’s press conference. Innocent civilians, who have no idea what the politicians are talking about, are dying in great numbers. Civilians around Bor and surrounding areas are being subjected to what they have no part in. These people are still traumatized by the events of 1991 SPLA split. They shouldn’t suffer again under greed for power and leadership incompetence.

The president needs to:
• Release the detained politicians
• Call for national dialogue with a conscientious air of national unity. And stick honestly with what he said regarding his promised talks with Riek Machar today!
• Avoid abusive language and inflammatory language
• Stop the lies and stick with the truth by giving verifiable facts for people to analyse for themselves.
• Call for unequivocal protection of civilians regardless of ethnicity
• Remember that people who were killing Nuer civilians in Juba were not Jieng civilians but security forces who happen to be, intentionally or unintentionally, predominately Jieng.
• Make sure the security forces in Juba has a visible presence of soldiers from different tribes in order to ease the tension and anxiety
• Make it a priority to protect Nuer civilians in Juba and other areas of South Sudan that are predominately populated by Jieng
• Hold people who are responsible for the atrocities accountable as he said during his second press conference.

Riek Machar needs to
• Reach out to Gatdet and his forces and the entire Nuer community to prevent further ethnic bloodbath
• Reach out to Kiir, as Kiir promised to talk, through a mediator as soon as possible before things further deteriorate.
• Understand that history will not forgive him if another ethnic killing happen in something that implicates him whether he’s to blame or not. People will not remember that Riek Machar ran away because he was about to be arrested in the name of democracy. People will only remember that Riek rebelled in 1991 and innocent civilians were massacred and he rebelled again and in 2013 and innocent civilians are massacred …again. That’d be Riek’s history!
• Call for protection of civilians all over South Sudan, especially in Bor area. The Dinka of Jonglei suffered in 1991 and they are again suffering in 2013.

The sooner Riek and Kiir show a sense of leadership, responsibility and humility, the better things would be for the young nation. Otherwise, we are looking at the second failed state in Africa; a nation of warlords.

They owe it to the young generation and the country to straighten things out. What do they think would happen in 30 years when they are gone or too old to govern?

Twitter: @kuirthiy

From Dr. Adwok: Sorry Sir, It Was Not A Coup

BY: Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, JUBA, DEC/17/2013, SSN;

In the Editorial Analysis /December 16th/, Mr Peter Wankomo couldn’t have erred more in his analysis. A level-headed neutral person can easily see the bias and prejudice underpinning his wrong conclusions. It clear, Peter is relying either on sources in Juba who are not accurate in their reporting or the statements by the President and Dr. Martin Elia Lomoro, who also as a leader of SSDF has interest in SPLM tearing itself down.

First, I am surprised that Mr Peter Wankomo heaps blame and abuse on Riek Machar while by implication exonerates President Kiir. Peter at the same time “wonders why people like Lado Gore, Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, Dr. Majak Agoot, Dr. Manoja and the gang of the disgruntled become easy prey of Machar’s psychological and psychiatric obsessive personality disorders.”

It reveals to me that is not getting the facts well or the Editor is blinded by his perceptions of Riek Machar.

I am sure Riek Machar like many of us is prone to error of judgement and in many cases his decisions are not objective. That is why we departed ways with him in 1995 when he rejected the decision of his troops in Lafon to delink from the enemy to rejoin the SPLM/SPLA.

However, this time the debate within the SPLM was about democracy and how to make it work in our young republic.

How could we continue to hurl abuse and blame on Riek when he is calling on the SPLM Chairman to follow the internal regulations of the SPLM; how do we continue to criticise Riek for rejecting the unconstitutional dismissal of the Governors of Lakes and Unity States.

Separating issues is the root of objectivity and a social media like the must maintain this standard otherwise it will lose credibility.

Who is disgruntled? The assertion that the former ministers are disgruntled because they want positions amounts to misplacing the issues.

If I can talk for myself, I don’t think my problem has to do with being or not being a minister. The debate or rather the discourse to revitalize the SPLM and putting it back on the driver’s seat in public affairs is something democrats would support.

The SPLM dysfunction has reflects itself the dysfunctionality of South Sudan state and this explains why it has remained since July 9th 2011 under Chapter VII of the UN Charter.

All that people are clamouring about as failures of the Government of South Sudan are indeed SPLM failures. The SPLM failure to organize itself with functional organs and institutions sensitive to the concerns of the citizens; the failure to evolve a political ideology has resulted in the ethnicization of SPLM power politics; the failure to institutionalise power relations within the SPLM has result in autocracy and one-man dictatorship relying on ethnic lobbies and close business associates who have turned South Sudan and its state institutions into a limited liability enterprise.

These are the issues that have precipitated the current political crisis. Only the wilfully blind would categorise the issues we are raising as being disgruntled.

I live in Juba almost ¾ of a kilometre west of the old Army H/Qs, which now houses Tiger Battalion – the presidential guards. It is not true that “the fateful night started at Nyakuron where an unknown gun (man) fired at the SPLM National Liberation Council which was concluding its meeting attended by Kiir himself.”

It is about two kilometres from Nyakuron Cultural Centre to the Army H/Qs if one follows the tarmac through the University of Juba round about. If the unknown gun (man) fired at the SPLM NLC meeting what are the casualties? This is mere fabrication. The centre was awash with Salva Kiir’s guards and it would have been a massacre I can assure you.

The information we got is that President Kiir ordered Major General Marial Ciennoung to disarm his soldiers. Marial was at the closing session of the NLC. Left the scene immediately and called for a parade of the Tiger Battalion.

He briefed the troops and ordered them to surrender their arms. They obeyed and executed the orders and dispersed. Now in a mischief, the officer i/c of the stores opened the stores and rearmed the Dinka soldiers. A Nuer soldier, who happened to be nearby questioned this. A fist fight ensured between the two attracting the attention both the commander and his deputy to the scene.

They now could not control the situation as more soldiers came in and broke into the stores. The fight ensued and the Nuer soldiers managed to take control of the H/Qs. It was in the morning yesterday that SPLA reinforcement came in and dislodged the mutineers. This can later be verified and the truth will come out.

Now Peter, Military doctrine dictates that once a contingent of mutinous troops have been dislodged, appeal is made for their surrender and then disarmed. Those who remained loyal are also disarmed to prevent bad blood.

The loyal troops of Tiger, hailing mainly from Warrap and Awiel, have not been disarmed. In fact, they are the ones rampaging Juba, looting and shooting to kill any Nuer in the residential neighbourhoods.

A colleague of my wife Hon. Deborah Ajok, a Dinka, in the National Legislative Assembly called my wife to know about her situation informed her that the thing has turned tribal and had to intervene to save, by a whisker, the lives of children of Manasseh Magog Rundial, the NLA Speaker.

Can you see the mistake President Salva Kiir is committing letting his own militia on the loose?

This may be my last contribution on this website because as I said I waiting for the Police in order to join my colleagues in detention. However, I want to advise you, Peter, that we cannot go on blaming Riek Machar for 1991 or his defection to the enemy in 1996.

As I said earlier, it is a weakness because his concern was personal power. Now it is different. Since no leader has emerged to champion this course, why should we not assist him in realizing the democratic ideals?

The people of South Sudan have failed to manufacture a leader of Garang’s calibre that explains why we are recycling these leaders. We should admit it is the result of our shallow political culture.

You seem to be inclined to thinking that Dr. Martin Elia Lomoro may be the alternative. I cannot prevent you from entertaining that opinion but Lomoro, like Lam Akol who led the Oxford Circus in February 2003 were agents of the NCP strategy to scuttle the CPA at birth, has never been part of the struggle for the liberation of South Sudan.

He has been in the Government in South Sudan since 2005. Has he any moral high ground to call us disgruntled?

In case, I remain at large today or tomorrow, I will come back to you.

Kind regards

Peter Adwok Nyaba
A- SSTV: According to minister Michael Makuei, today, Tuesday 17, this is the list of those already arrested and in detention:
1- Oyai Deng, 2- Gier Chuong, 3- Dr. Majak Agoot, 4- John Luk, 5- Cirino Hiteng, 6- Chol Tong Mayay, 7- Ezekhial, 8- Deng Alor, 9- Madut Biar and 10- Kosti Manibe.

Those still wanted: 1- Alfred Lado Gore, 2- Pagan and 3- Reik Machar.
Press Release date: 18th Dec/2013

Yesterday the 17th of December 2013, around 12:10 PM South Sudan Local time, 9:10 GMT, the security personnesl by the order of President Salva Kiir, had stormed the house of my brother, Mr. Pagan Amum Okiech, in Thongpiny area (Juba Nabari) near Juba International Airport, adjacent to the UNMISS compound.
Few hours later before drafting this release, I learnt that my brother Pagan Amum and his body guard brother Akol Opinyjwok were arrested and taken to security head quarter at Jebel near Jebel kujur area when he called his wife.
Pagan Amum Okiech is former SPLM Secretary General and chief negotiator for post referendum outstanding issues between Sudan and South Sudan respectively.
Pagan has been under house arrest since the famous day 23rd of July 2013, when President Kiir, dissolved his entire cabinet, two weeks after Pagan’s comprehensive interview when he had criticized his own SPLM party and its leadership and described that they failed to deliver service to the public, which prompted Kiir to issues the party order suspending the SPLM Secretary General and prevented him from leaving Juba, not to talk in the public or gives a press to media which is a breach of transitional constitution of the republic of South Sudan. Kiir also ordered formation of a seven men committee to investigate him.
The family, public and international remained silent and patience during last four and half months hoping that these matters will be resolved amicably and the SPLMs are blend into a coherent unit and their ability to absorb differences to be their strength.
We, the family are sure and to inform the world that our brothers Mr. Pagan Amum and Akol Pinyjwok are in the detention of national security premises in Jebel, no thing to deny about.
We held the president of the republic Mr. Salva Kiir and the government of the Republic of South Sudan responsible for their safety.
I call upon free people of the Republic of South Sudan who unanimously voted for their freedom from the oppressor, IGAD, African Union, International community and peace loving people, to urge the leaders of RSS to solve their matters peacefully and to strongly condemn what happening in South Sudan.
Signed by:

Nyibil Amum Okiech; Melbourne- Australia

Contact: +61470369974, Email:

Is War a Force that Gives Us Meaning?

“Lechery, lechery, still wars and lechery, nothing holds fashion,” William Shakespeare in Troilus and Cressida.

BY: Tongun Lo Loyuong, DEC/17/2013, SSN;

I write this with tears in my eyes. I am saddened because Thanatous has yet again been unnecessarily invited to visit our people in South Sudan. I am grieved that our worst nightmare is now unfolding, and the carnage of war has been unleashed in our fledgling state.

For far too long we have cautioned against the practice of political brinkmanship and against this gloomy and somber day in our post-independence South Sudan. Even the stones would have moved!

I agonize for the hundreds of lives and counting reported to have been lost in South Sudan in just less than a day of partaking the vile potion of the narcotics of war and rampant killing of real human beings in the land!

I weep for my grandfather who has lost a daughter; my grandmother who has lost a son; my father who has lost a mother; my mother who has lost a child; and my child who has lost a mother, a father, a brother, a sister, a grandmother and a grandfather.

In South Sudan and indeed in the African culture, everyone is laterally related to anyone, irrespective of tribe. A human being died that night. I am ashamed and must cover myself in ashes. And I ask: Is war a force that gives us meaning in South Sudan?

The violence that has now engulfed Juba my home town is utterly despicable in the strongest of terms. This could have been avoided and many lives, including that of the innocent child hit by a stray bullet or a shrapnel could have been saved had we have statesmen and leaders who have a shred of humanity. This madness must end immediately.

Regrettably, our ceaseless appeals urging for calm and restraint and for dialogue as the only amicable mode for resolving political difference in South Sudan have not only gone unheeded, but have mostly been taken for feeble mindedness and cowardice.

Is war a force that gives us meaning in South Sudan then? We have even been subjected to stinging verbal abuse for merely imploring peace and civility and non-violent settlement of conflicts in South Sudan.

We have been called traitors and dogs, for appealing for assistance and robust humanitarian intervention by the international community in South Sudan.

We have been labeled Judas Iscariots, soft and spineless for only suggesting in service to peace and in support of democracy that president Kiir be given a second chance as a chairman of the SPLM and not necessarily a second term in the first office as that decision rests with South Sudanese in the ballot boxes come the next elections in 2015.

Now look at us. Worse still our constructive criticism on how peace building must be pursued to attain a lasting peace with justice in South Sudan has equally been met with hostility and suspicion, particularly by our international players active in our political space.

Apparently we have now made it into some watch list of potential troublemakers as a result of our writings. Recently, a decision to grant us access to open a new bank account in a country that we have just relocated to has been reversed at the last minute and after initial approval under the pretext that our name has somehow found its way into the watch list of our Big Brother across the Atlantic.

Warum? I have no outstanding debts, never borrowed, taken a loan or relied on any assistance or food stamps from the States that I have lived in throughout my entire time here in the West. I have no assets only a bicycle, and no mortgage only paying rents. I never evaded any taxes.

In fact I have left some money behind in all the bank accounts that I have had in the countries that I have lived, just to keep those accounts open. I have never infringed any law and order or had issues with law enforcement agencies, save being fined once for ridding my bicycle at night without lights.

I am not affiliated with any political party never mind extremist groups or ideology for me to be seen as a potential threat to the society. Now we are called as Western agents at home and seen as potential troublemakers and anti-west in the West. What a predicament. Unglaublich.

All the same, our frustration has been exacerbated by the current bloody political development and the intransigence exhibited by our “political leaders” at home that is now plunging the country deep into…. dare I say these tabooed words “abyss” and “chaos.”

It is an all around frustration incurred even by our so-called “intelligentsia,” the poets, political commentators and the PhD holders. It seems we have all taken from that narcotic of war drugs demonstrated in our blinded tribal allegiance which one can now conclude is practised even by the unborn South Sudanese child.

Is war a force that gives us meaning in South Sudan?

The numerous intellectual political commentaries that were served to elucidate on the much publicized press conference of the December 6th, 2013 that in less than two weeks has led us to these tragic days that we are now seeing in South Sudan, only managed to state the obvious.

Driven by parochial interests be them professional, tribal, political or alles zusammen, most of these opinion pieces only succeeded in telling us in different tunes, renditions and wordplays that SPLM is on the verge of collapse.

We are told what we already know that Machar’s camp is as corrupt and filthy as Kiir’s camp. We are persuaded to believe in that which we already believe that these fellows behave recklessly and irresponsibly like school boys.

We are prematurely served with that there are winners and losers as a result of yet another political blunder by Dr. Reckless Riek in instigating a failed coup d’état that has precipitated another bloodbath consistent with the man’s personality of the past.

Even the mainstream media has picked up on the one-sided story peddled by Kiir and cohort that this was a failed coup d’état, when there are clear contradictions in the story line that suggests that the truth has been bundled down, wrapped in a blanket and tucked away in the government’s failed coup d’état propaganda.

“The first casualty when war comes is truth,” Senator Hiram Johnson is cited as saying in “War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning,” by the veteran journalist, Chris Hedges.

Before Kiir held his press conference on the events leading to the eruption of violence and tagging a failed coup d’état to these events yesterday, the story was already out that the violence was instigated by a disagreement within the ranks and file of the presidential guards.

According to Sudan Tribune suspicious redeployment movements by Kiir’s newly minted “republican guards,” mostly recruited from his Dinka tribe and their attempt to take control of ammunition storage in the main military barracks in Giada sparked the violence as one of the guards who hails from the Nuer tribe refused to hand the keys over to the Dinka officer from Kiir’s “republican guards.”

Kiir himself in his conflicting press statement has lies and fabrication written all over. According to his statement, an unknown individual fired his rifle in the air outside Nyokuron Cultural Center while the president was attending the conclusion of the so-called National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting.

This was later in that same night followed by an attack on the main military headquarters near Juba University, to which he then quickly added “by a group of soldiers allied to the Former Vice President Dr. Riek Machar Teny and his group.”

How on earth has the president arrived at such a quick verdict indicting Dr. Machar in this and quickly linking it to the deadly 1991 incident that he reiterated that he will not tolerate? Is it 1991 that will not be tolerated or democracy?

It defies logic that Dr. Machar would risk launching such a move that is tantamount to political suicide in his part if it fails as it apparently did the way it did. Besides it makes more sense that such a move would have been executed while the president was outside the country.

Alternatively, such a story would have gained currency if the incident took place on the coming Friday night, the day Machar’s group has scheduled for their public rally.

It would have made a compelling case if security forces open fire on the civilian population who would have participated in the rally and resulting in violent eruption.

That may have been logical as precipitating the staging of coup d’état by the forces aligned to Machar, who would have probably justified such an action in the name of protecting civilians and maintaining law and order until a newly democratic government is elected and installed.

That would have been a great story, but not this. Indeed “…all my means are sane, my motive and my object mad,” thus says Captain Ahab in Moby Dick!

Sadly, the likes of Jok Madut Jok have revealed their true colors and where their tribal allegiance lies by quickly jumping on this bandwagon of what is clearly a hurriedly put together fabrication aimed at neutralizing political opponents, and assassinating any chance of democracy-building in South Sudan.

I am not trying to absolve Dr. Riek’s potential complicity or involvement in the violent mayhem now unravelling in Juba if proven. And indeed this cannot be done without impartial justice, rule of law and investigation taking their course.

But it is precisely here that I am baffled that the likes of Jok Madut Jok who until now I had much admiration and respect for could hurriedly emphasize Dr. Machar’s history of violence as if implicating Dr. Machar as behind instigating the violence and without giving space for due process.

Is inciting violence, injustice and war a force that gives us meaning in South Sudan?

Together all the reports on current bloody politicking in South Sudan have unanimously failed to point to the bigger picture and the democratic symbolism of the December 6th press conference and its counter-part held by government representatives on December 8th.

Moreover, confusion remains on the loose even within the ranks of professional journalism and state actors most of whom have bought into the attempted failed coup d’état bogus.

But some honest reports have acknowledged that they have no clue about what is going on, and concluded that all they do know is that something big is going down in South Sudan but it is difficult to put a finger in it.

Some fragmented lines on social media and facebook statuses have concluded that what is unraveling in South Sudan is the making of Kiir’s hell-bent on totalitarianism in staging violence and using it to eliminate political opponents.

But perhaps this is far fetched a conclusion. Others pointed out that this was an accident that spread like wildfire across Dinka and Nuer belligerents within the ranks and file of the SPLA, and that Kiir and company are potentially seizing the window of opportunity to settle political scores with their adversaries opposite the aisle. The truth lies in there somewhere.

But that much is clear. What is transpiring in South Sudan is a battle between democracy and dictatorship.

Ironically it was only two days ago that Mr. Jok has arrived at similar conclusion on facebook, mostly applauding the non-violent interactions of the December 6th and December 8th movements as articulated in their respective press conferences as a healthy sign of democracy and non-violent conflict resolution of political difference within the ruling party, only to recoil and implicate Dr. Machar.

Those of the public opinionates who have been crying loudly and often uncontrollably for positive social change and democracy in South Sudan, have equally followed suit by continuing to be stuck in what they see as lack of moral agency in the part of December 6th movement to call for change when they were complicit in contributing to the dysfunctional state of affairs in the South Sudanese State while they were in the government in the first place.

They ask, “why did you people not act when you were in the government only to act now when you have been booted out of the government?”

Though a legitimate expression, in a country like South Sudan where civil society is rudimentary much like everything else save for the SPLM party, it is confusion at its best to refuse a helping hand to democracy even if it is a dirty hand.

It seems not only has the party lost vision and direction, but the public too has succumbed to the same fate.

The saying holds true in South Sudan that “strike the Sheppard and the sheep will scatter.” But it must be reiterated that too wrongs do not make a right.

Even if the December 6th officials are as corrupt as or more corrupt than the December 8th movement, it is right and not wrong that they have initiated a significant democratic process that should have been embraced by all the advocates of democracy and positive social change in South Sudan.

Even if they are driven by power hunger and individual interests that clearly dominated their press conference, the bigger picture is that this would have set democracy-building and peaceful social change and transition of power in motion in South Sudan.

If we were to then launch another non-violent popular revolution to topple them when they fail us again, then so be it. But at least the seeds of democracy would have already been planted by the December 6th movement. Now only heaven knows where we are headed.

I therefore appeal to all South Sudanese and our leaders to end the violent carnage before it is too little too late.

I also urge the people of good will and members of the international community to urgently intervene and help us to end the violence and build a viable, peace, just, equal and prosperous democratic state in South Sudan.

As things stand there are no winners and losers, but only losers who are by and large the poor South Sudanese, particularly members of our gallant organized forces who have been winded to engage in armed violence across myopic political and tribal allegiance.

If this is another price we have to pay for democracy to take root in South Sudan then we are thankful for their selfless sacrifices.

But if war is a force that gives us meaning in South Sudan, then “only the dead have seen the end of war,” (Plato). God bless South Sudan.

Tongun Lo Loyuong is reachable at; and can be followed on twitter @TongunLoLoyuong. Numerous other food for thought and intellectual exercise on South Sudan’s issues can be found at:

Failed Machar’s Coup: “Prophet of Doom” blunders again and Kiir wins!


That it was a coup attempt that started on Sunday night the 15th of December in Juba to the morning of Monday 16th, can’t be refuted any more.

ADDRESSING A PRESS CONFERENCE in full military attire and surrounded by ministers and parliamentarians, Pres. Salva Kiir, in an exuberant mood of a victor, assured the citizens that yesterday’s coup attempt by the so-called disgruntled group of dismissed former vice-president, Riek Machar, has been crushed and several of the leaders were under arrest.

When asked whether Machar was implicated and his whereabouts now, the president categorically responded that Machar’s ‘disgruntled’ group was involved but he refused to reveal Machar’s fate, but then jokingly and sardonically added that if as widely reported that Machar was hiding in the American Embassy in Juba ‘then he must be in a safe place now.’

However, what pres. Kiir only revealed was that several of the ‘coup’ leaders were already under arrest and others are being sought. Then and only then, he added, would the entire list of the conspirators names be revealed.

From President Kiir’s mouth and anecdotal reports reaching the (which neither supports SPLM nor Machar’s group), the fateful night started at Nyakuron where an unknown gun fired at the SPLM National Liberation Council which was concluding its meeting attended by Kiir himself.

Then in a well planned succession of events, a mostly Nuer group of soldiers attacked the military Headquarters in Bilpham and around Juba University, killing soldiers and taking guns and ammunitions. These ‘rebelling’ soldiers reportedly were joined by former Paulino Matip’s soldiers and they then all gathered at the Military Headquarters at Lulugo.

It was from there that serious fighting and shooting persisted and reports direct from Juba confirm that fighting is still sporadically continuing with high casualities.

More calamitous now is the ongoing repercussions against those who took part in the debacle and even as minister Dr. Elia Lomoro seriously expressed grave concern against the retaliations and counter attacks, many lives are needlessly being lost as you read this comment.

From Kiir’s press conference and private reports, the number of casualties and fatalities is very high.

Now the government has declared a curfew in Juba from dusk to dawn (6pm to 6am) although the President stressed that civilians in emergency situations will be given exceptions and considerations to move.

By describing Dr. Riek Machar, the alleged leader of this failed coup, as the ‘Prophet of Doom,’ perhaps President Kiir is right on the spot, for how else can he be called.

In reality, Machar could best be described as the ‘Angel of Death,’ as whatever political venture his attempts, brings nothing but death, just more death to consummate his selfish ego to be a leader or president nobody really wants.

Machar is truly nothing but a narcissistic individual who is suffering from narcissistic personality disorder manifested as greed for leadership, for really how can one person twice in his life time precipitate such deadly crises?

One always wonders why some so-called educated people like Lado Gore, Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, Dr. Majak Agot, Dr. Monoja and the gang of the disgruntled become easy prey of Machar’s psychological and psychiatric obsessive personality disorders?

Democracy, yes, we all want to eat it like nyama chomo, drink it like beer, yes, we want good governance and accountability.

But, of course, we already have democracy, though a lame duck one, thanks to Machar’s own complicitous involvement with Kiir to scuttle this freedom until it started afflicting him personally.

Today in Juba and across the nation, we have semblance of democracy in the parliaments and councils of state. Are those dominating SPLM addicts serious about implementing the rules?

Yet our learned professors and doctors now criminally associated with Machar don’t know that democracy needs working institutions, and it needs to be nourished by the rule of law.

Minister Gier was in charge of security, yet he was totally insensitive to the prevalent absence of rule of law in the country.

Yes, in a democracy, powers must be vested in the constitution as the supreme law, yet how long did those of Machar insidiously prevaricated in passing the national constitution?

Yes, in democracy, such institutions needed the public protectors like an independent judiciary and a free media that are essential ingredients, did Machar while serving for so long in the government ever turned a glance at the blatant abuses in the country?

Machar as deputy chairman of the ruling SPLM never endeavor to strengthen participatory democracy in the country, yet now he is killing the whole country…

Why not emulate the Dr. Lam Akol way, form your own party and stand for elections without the needless resort to mortal consequences of a coup, rebellion, revolution, tribal warfare …..etc, etc.

Machar, regrettably, advertently and more stupidly, has only empowered President Kiir in his blinded greed for power and betrayal. Kiir, whether we like it or not, is now more popular and powerful than ever.

No wonder, Kiir demeaningly called Machar as the ‘prophet of doom’ and a betrayer of the people of South Sudan, by callously precipitating this criminal act.

Typical of a narcissist, Machar admittedly has no empathy or regret for all the Nuer blood being unnecessarily bled in actions of political futility.

What has Machar done for his Nuer relatives in his own political constituency in Unity State, as writer and critic, Kuir e Garang, pondered about these self-acclaimed, self-infatuated, mindless leaders?

In 1991, so much devastation occurred and Machar has showed minimal remorse, if ever. Yet he seeks personal or family aggrandisement for his wives and children.

Yes, what has he done for the children whose parents innocently lost their lives for Machar’s own neuropathic greed?

As the nation bleeds and innocent, impoverished citizens now suffering and being killed in Juba by Machar’s hired gunmen or the government, let’s hope for a speedy end to the carnage and torment.

If Machar and co-conspirators survive, let justice take its course. Should Kiir in the exercise of his powers does commit any crime or crimes against humanity in the deadly pursuit of Machar and Co. let their also be justice.

To Machar, if you’re now hiding, you’re are simply a coward, come out and confront the nation or you might end up the Muamer Gadaffi way.

How ironic, it was through Garang’s and Tinny Rowland’s benevolence that you got to know and deal with Gadaffi who unfortunately did not have the luxury of hiding in the American embassy.

Come out of wherever you are, there is absolute futility in encouraging your troops to keep fighting and keep dying.

If you are already dead, then let peace come upon the people of South Sudan and especially your own Nuer die-hard supporters who will definitely get the respite and peace, at least in their remaining miserable years.

For once in your stubborn obsession of leadership, let some one tell you that you already badly blundered once, give it up, quit politics and go into business or whatever. You are never a leader.

Your rich sons and wives will compassionately take care of you.

My sincere and heartfelt apologies to your supporters and victims. Amen