Archive for: December 2013

A survivor: Visionless Kiir must be charged for the Crime against Humanity

BY: Peter Gai Manyuon, NAIROBI, DEC/26/2013, SSN;

For those people who have witnessed the massacre killings of the Nuer people in Juba will without hesitation call for International Criminal Court (ICC) to investigate Kiir and his Government officials and make them answerable for the atrocities in the entire Republic of South Sudan.

Because people like Kiir himself, VP Wani Igga and foreign minister Marial Benjamin were the very people who were sending comments that incite the violence in Juba and even in Unity State, Jonglei and Malakal.

President Kiir was telling people that those of Dr Machar and his groups plotted a (failed coup) and that word alone annoyed the supporters of Dr Machar to rise up and begin looking for Dinkas in Unity, Jonglei and Malakal respectively and he (Kiir) was also advocating for 1991 which was the misunderstanding between Dr John Garang De Mabior and Dr Machar.

Moreover, some like Wani was just fueling the current crisis of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) by saying that Dr Machar and his supporters have no support from the people in the republic of South Sudan because, if his word was realistic, how come the three States that are the heart of South Sudan were captured by the soldiers loyal to Dr Machar and his supporters?

Someone like Marial Benjamin was talking like some one who was protecting his position because what he said over the BBC yesterday Wednesday was a pure lie that does not need attention from any one.

Marial was just known as a political survival that is very weak in the administration and etcetera and people have labelled him as some one whose brain had been blocked up by alcohol because whatever he said has no basis at all in South Sudan context.

I had been analyzing the leadership of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) and Kiir’s way of leading the people of the Republic of South Sudan for long time and some elements within South Sudan have taken me wrongly which is not the case and I hope right now my analyses have become the realities and factual.

The ongoing crisis that have killed good number of Nuer Community in Juba is an indication of the failed leadership that is accompanied by a groups of crocks that lack intellectual dynamism and good will about the people of South Sudan.

However, having been in Juba for the one week when fighting started from the Presidential Republican Guards in juba on the 15th of December 2013, people thought that it was an army issue that does not need civilians but more interestingly, the soldiers loyal to Kiir Mayardit started killing the Nuer from door to door.

Many people were gathered in the houses and killed automatically without any reasons and their main agenda was to eliminate the Nuer which will never happen in the history of the world and the South Sudan at large.

Places where Nuer people were killed like Chicken:
On Monday the 16th of December 2013, the President of South Sudan announced over the Electronic Media that all civilians should remain in their houses from 6:00 am to 6:00 pm on Tuesday.

People thought may be no one will kill one another and people accepted the decision of the President and citizens remained in their places without movement.

Then, surprisingly, soldiers loyal to the President Kiir began looking for Nuer in their houses and killing them one by one which completely confused the whole situation in the Country.

And from Monday the 16th of December 2013, Tuesday 17th and Wednesday 18th, these were the times they were killing civilians from Nuer and if they found you, you are a Nuer with some marks on the face, you will be killed.

They also reached to the extent of asking people in the Dinka Language and once you don’t know Dinka Language, you will be killed instantly.

Nuer people were killed in Gudele, 107, Manga, Korwilliam, New site and Jabel Kujur where my own relatives were killed and I was captured and taken to prison for some days in Gida (Military Hqs) near where fighting started in Juba.

I graciously thank God Almighty that I have survived from President Kiir Military Intelligence (MI) in the Juba Genocide after they killed three of my relatives.

While I was under arrest for the whole week in SPLA General Quarters (Gida), thank God, that the Intelligence disagreed with each another on whether to kill me or not. They couldn’t agree so I was released and right now I’m out of South Sudan.

More articles are on the way, just fell free to contact me through my email to explain to you the incident because I was in juba and I have seen it through my two Eyes.

The Author is Independent Journalist and Columnist for South Sudan News Agency and Juba Monitor Newspaper Daily. He is currently lives in Nairobi Kenya and he can be reached; southsudanjournalist@gmail.com

John Garang’s Son blames Kiir for conflict

From Kampala’s New Vision Online. By: Samuel Ouga and Raymond Baguma, First published DEC/23/2013, SSN;

Question: In your view, where did the events in South Sudan start from?

Answer: We have to go back further than December 6th. The problems in South Sudan started way back in 2011; after South Sudan independence. A constitutional Review Commission was formed in South Sudan. After the signing of the CPA there was an interim constitution. The interim constitution was for the interim period from 2005 to 2011.
In 2011 we now had a transitional constitution. By 2014 we are supposed to have a permanent constitution.

For this a constitutional review commission was formed and mandated to consult the people of South Sudan on a wide range of issues including how they want to be governed. But the Commission was poorly funded and its mandate expired in 2012 without achieving much.

It’s time was extended but still poorly funded, therefore making it impossible to fulfil its objectives. To me this was an indicator that there will be no national elections and a sign that this government is moving towards a dictatorship.

After independence there was a lot of euphoria that many people of South Sudan failed to see the subtle moves towards stifling democracy.

The SPLM was in a period of transition from a liberation movement into a new reality of operating as a political party. SPLM was reviewing its Bush war guiding documents whose geo-political context had changed. Back in the bush way days the SPLM articulated in its documents a context of a united Sudan. But South Sudan gain independence and the context changed.

With this were also problems as the Chairman of the party; President Salva Kiir frustrated efforts to review the current constitution, rules of procedure and how the national convention would be held. For instance, in the convention, one of points of contention is the system of voting for the Chairman by show of hands rather than through secret ballot.

The group of 13 progressive party leaders led by Dr. Machar rejected this among other provisions, because people could be intimidated by security during the voting process. So the document was not passed because after the passing of this document SPLM would then be registered as a political party. So SPLM today has not yet been registered as a political party.

The parties act; an important instrument that will regulate party activities, was passed by parliament and forwarded to the president for signing. But up to now it has not been signed into law.

These are indications that the president is becoming more authoritarian and that there will be no elections. Because you can’t just wake up one morning and say let’s have elections.

There are due processes that have to be followed. For those who are more educated and understand political science, they knew a long time ago that things were not going well, but sometimes you have to give people time to see what the realities are.

This group that has now been accused of mounting the coup has over time also raised concern over among other things the unconstitutional sacking of governors deemed critical to the current government and imposing hand-picked governors on the people of South Sudan because he wants all governors to be on his side so that they can doctor the results of the national convention.

According to our constitution when a governor’s seat falls vacant there should be elections within 60 days. But instead, Chairman Salva Kiir unconstitutionally imposed hand-picked Governors on the people of South Sudan.

When he sees a governor not doing his bidding, he removes that governor by first accusing him of something. Like he did to the Governors of Lake state, Western Upper Nile state…who were falsely accused and sacked. Like when he sacked the whole cabinet. He accused the top leaders of having stolen money yet he had no evidence.

Why would you do that? It’s like defamation. Why didn’t he charge them in courts of law? He was just doing this to ruin their political image in the eyes of the people.

When in reality the office of the president has borrowed US$4.2 billion. Members of parliament are not aware of details of this loan because they were not informed about it. Nobody knows where it was borrowed from or what the money was used for.

There is nothing to show for it and yet the people of South Sudan are left to finance this loan. Since the oil started flowing government employees have not been paid. It’s a situation where somebody has to say something. Like the Americans say, you can’t keep pissing on people and then you tell them its raining.

This group of 13, on the December 6th, called for a press conference. Before that we all know that he sacked the entire cabinet. He sacked the Vice president. Actually the national convention was supposed to happen before that.

It was so close to the national conference where if you didn’t want Dr. Machar to be your deputy, because you chose him in 2005 and again you chose him in 2011 as your running mate, didn’t you know about the atrocities of 1991 for which he accuses Dr. Machar of?

When were reconciled as a movement in 2002 we had left that behind us in 2002 and we had started a process of reconciliation. Until 2005 we came together with Dr. Machar as a movement. When the CPA was signed we came with Dr. Machar as a member of the SPLM. So why would he bring up the 1991 massacre now?

President Kiir now keeps referring to Dr. Riek Machar as the prophet of doom and keeps mentioning the 1991 massacre. The 1991 incident is being used to politicise things on tribal and to remove attention away from his mismanagement.

The Group of 13 are not saying that they are the benevolent ones, what they are saying; for instance during the press conference The Governor of Lake state who was sacked by Kiir said; “we have all failed including us seated here together with you in government. It is only our children who are going to study in good schools in East Africa. When we fall sick we are air lifted out of the country. It’s our children who are eating ice cream. The children of the local people are not eating ice cream. Let us all seat down and have a dialogue and see how to resolve the leadership crisis and see how we can move forward.”

So they were calling for a peaceful reconciliation, because after sacking the entire cabinet there was mounting tension.

President Kiir, after meeting Khartoum allied militias who were fighting South Sudanese people, he came back and sacked top Generals of the SPLM who had fought in the bush and instead integrated the people from Khartoum into the army. This created a lot of tension.

The group of 13 said, let us resolve these issues from within the party, instead of us forming another party through dialogue. But President Salva Kiir saw all this as a threat. Because he is aware that what happened to Thabo Mbeki in South Africa, could also happen to him in a national conference.

Because if he is unseated as the chairman of SPLM, that another person like Dr. Riek Machar or any other person would become the new leader of the party before the elections. He knows he will be defeated. If he Chairman Salva Kiir claims that Dr. Riek Machar is the prophet of doom then why not go ahead with the elections?

Because it’s up to the people of South Sudan to decide. He should have faith on the people of South Sudan. If he knows he is popular then why can’t he let the convention go ahead? If you want to stay in power you don’t throw away your party.

He is trying to compare himself to other African leaders who have stayed in power for long. Saying the “So and so has stayed in power for long so why not me.” But those people have not thrown away their parties. Those African leaders who stay in power for long use their parties. It’s the delegates in their parties who vote them to come back.

It was not unconstitutional but the sacking of the cabinet was bad politics. The national conference was so close. If he didn’t want the vice president he would have gone to the national conference. By doing this, you foment tribal divisions.

After the sacking of the vice president you would expect an outbreak of tribal conflict. But the vice president pleaded with his people not to orchestrate violence.

It would not have been a smart move to mount a coup since he has support from most of the delegates and Dr. Machar, had the president cornered diplomatically. Salva Kiir wanted to foment tribal violence by sacking the vice president. Any lay person in South Sudan would have known that if you sack this person you would foment tribal violence.

So Salva Kiir has now achieved through this alleged coup what he wanted to achieve through the sacking of the vice president because this draws attention away from the problems, he can now declare martial law and suspend civil liberties. He has now achieved what he wanted.

What really happened in Juba, the 13 political prisoners on the December 6th, declared that they would hold another press conference to tell the people of South Sudan about what is really happening.

Tell them how the President was running a one man show, micro managing the government and not allowing other people to do their work. After hearing this, President Kiir scheduled a national liberation council meeting on the same day.

The group of 13 then said since we want a peaceful means of solving these issues let’s then go and have dialogue within the same meeting. But when they went there they were informed that the only issue on the agenda was the passing the basic document and nothing else.

When it came to discussing other business they kept insulting them. The same thing happened on the second day. Realising that the meeting was not constructive the group of 13 decided not to show up for the meeting on the 3rd day.

Coincidentally there was an argument between members of the republican guard. A small argument between the presidential guards escalated into a gun fight that spread to other units. Apparently there was a rumour that an arrest warrant had been issued for the arrest of Dr. Riek Machar.

On Monday the president appeared on TV in full military uniform saying he had foiled a coup attempt. That he was in full control. There should have been more investigations. Because you can’t go and arrest politicians when there is a military coup. You first arrest the military commanders and find out from them.

But the way they rushed to arrest the politicians and threw them in Jail raises questions. Up to now they have not been taken to court or allowed to access their lawyers. Our constitution states that suspects should be brought to court within 48 hours. They have not been charged.

They have not been given legal counsel. They are being detained illegally. One gets the feeling that everything was pre-planned because it happened so quickly. This is irresponsible leadership. The president of the republic started using genocidal language like calling people cockroaches.

Sometimes he speaks like it’s okay for some people to attack others. He can’t continue referring to people like “Those people of 91.” All the people of South Sudan know what he means. I will not tell you, but the people of South Sudan know what he means. There is a recording where he sanctioned violence. This is on record.

Recently during a memorial service of 80 people who were killed as result of cattle rustling by another tribe, while comforting the mourners, President Kiir told them in the mother tongue (Dinka), that “You people have allowed this to happen and yet you are the ones holding the spears.”

If you translate this, what he was actually telling them was that “the minister of defence is from your area. How do you let yourselves to be attacked?”

It’s like he has allowed the people of that area to use national resources to go against other people of South Sudan. He also mentioned that when such people use to attack “our villages my people came to me and asked what should we do? I told them organize yourselves. And they organised themselves and attacked those people. And up to now they have never come back to our village.”

That is bad politics. That is inciting violence. So it’s the president who is the chairman of SPLA who has been inciting violence. He speaks one thing and does another.

Another important point is that the group of 13 has been writing to the office of the president asking for them to meet through the office of party Secretary General.

The reason that made them call the press conference on December 6th was because they have it on record, of them sending letters to the chairman for dialogue several times but the chairman kept ignoring them and kept falsely accusing them. These people had reached out to the chairman for dialogue.

When the president kept on accusing them falsely and they would keep quiet the president took it as a weakness. There was silence and the people didn’t know what was happening. He was the only one talking saying these people were thieves. But when does the buck start with you Mr. President? When do you take the blame?

You have been reshuffling your cabinet since 2005 and blaming everybody else. Can you take responsibility and say “People we have failed. What can we do?” These sacked people who fought for South Sudan have been humiliated. They have never been given any kind of military decoration. Nothing.

You could say that south Sudan is a young nation. Many African countries like Uganda, Kenya, and South Africa have offered us training opportunities for capacity building, but government selects and sends the oldest people who are going to retire in two years.

They are so old that they get bored in class and only go to enjoy the per diem. For a development of a country you develop the human resource and the human resource develops the country.

So they are wasting state resources. They are there because it is favoritism and a way of rewarding people for loyalty. They don’t get sent there in order to build a human resource.

South Sudan is two years old; but there was an interim period of five years when the guns fell silent and there was a time for nation building. On top of that, we did not just fall from the sky. We were in a liberation movement that had liberated territory bigger than the Republic of South Sudan today. We had a history of administration in the liberated territory that we could have transformed into the new political reality.

But what the President did when he took power was to first throw away the party. And that is a story for another meeting because that goes back to 2004. I am sure you are aware of the Rumbek meeting in 2004.

Question: You mean when Dr. John Garang apologized…
Answer: Yes, they had a meeting in Rumbek and they were reconciled. There was tension between Salva Kiir and Dr. John (Garang). When Dr. John died, they had just reconciled. In Kenya when Kenyatta died, President Moi said ‘Nyayo.’ But what happened in South Sudan is that Salva Kiir did not do ‘Nyayo.’

So, if we go back to 2005, this is where the SPLM got derailed. So we have to go back to 2005 and put the train back on the tracks. Otherwise the train cannot move.

Question: From what the Rumbek meeting and the reconciliation, do you think President Salva should have followed that path as well of reconciliation?

Answer: Definitely. Not only that; but even after the reconciliation with Riek Machar, there was a committee that was enacted to conduct something called the ‘South-South Dialogue.’ This is something like South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. During the reconciliation with Riek Machar in 2002, the South Sudanese had their own way to come together and resolve their conflicts.

There were no outside forces or interests that came in. South Sudanese have the capacity, and they have proven it in the past, to come together and solve their differences. In 2005, we got derailed and the process of south-south dialogue did not continue.

This is what was supposed to be. But it did not happen. Why it did not happen, I don’t know. This tension has been there since before the independence of South Sudan. But people have been exercising responsible leadership. Nobody wanted to be on the bad side of history.

People were waiting for independence; and after we can solve whichever differences we have.

Question: To what extent has ethnicity contributed to the existing tensions?

Answer: There is that dimension and it’s very real because people are killing each other. But I will say that it is in the interest of somebody who is fomenting it. If you look at the 13 political prisoners, they are from different region of South Sudan.

The tribal dimension comes in when somebody is trying to use it as a way of escalating the violence. It’s almost like hate speech coming from the President’s mouth. The year 1991 is a sad chapter in the history of South Sudan. But the President is talking about the 1991 tragedy in the context of the ‘prophet of doom.’

Yet the President should be talking of the 1991 tragedy in the context of reconciliation and truth.

It was the President’s bodyguards in Juba who went house to house executing people because of their tribe. Yes, it has a tribal dimension but in the context of it being used by the regime in order to create chaos and declare martial law and suspend civil liberties.

Question: Do you think it would have been different if Dr. John Garang was still alive?

Answer: There are no ‘what-ifs’ in history. But of course it would be different. There would still be a lot of challenges but the difference is that he was a person who was committed to his leadership and took it seriously. He would not have slept. I watched him as a leader during the war days.

He was always constantly educating himself. This is what leadership demands. You have to always be ahead of the people. This is what our President lacks. He does not take his job as a leader seriously. Otherwise, he would have constantly tried to find ways of solving the challenges.

Question: And the current role being played by Dr. Garang’s widow, your mother Rebecca?

Answer: It is up to her, but I think she would rather be a business person. She has been in that leadership position for 20 years with my father leading the movement. She knows the stress and hardships of leadership. If the people of South Sudan were managing, you would not hear from her. Through the private sector, you can do more for the people.

Two years ago, she started farming, cultivating sorghum. In the first harvest, she made at 300-400 percent more in a year than what she makes in government. She can be a leader in the private sector. But it is because the vision of the movement has been hijacked by people pretending to be using the vision on one hand while doing another thing.

They are using the family of Dr. John Garang to say that Salva is doing the right thing. With this, you get a crisis of conscience at some point and have to say something. When you see something you have contributed to being deliberately destroyed in your name, you have to say something.

So, she has been forced back into politics because at least, not because of her desire for political power.

Question: There were reports that she had been arrested. Is she safe?
Answer: She is at home. They have not harmed her. But if you go out, vigilantes can do anything. I don’t think there is any kind of presidential order for her arrest. They have respected her because within that group there are people who are trying to advise the president that this is not the way.

The senseless were saying that she should be arrested. But I think sense prevailed and they said they would not arrest her. I think if she tries to leave the country they will arrest her. So, she decided to stay home until the situation subsides.

Question: How about you? Are you not threatened?

Answer: I am in danger. Not to say from direct orders of the president. When a leader makes reckless statements, I am in danger from vigilante groups. I could be mugged. I am in danger yes; but God is good.

Question: How do you think what is taking place in South Sudan will end? Will it be an all-out war or reconciliation?

Answer: It depends on the seriousness of the parties involved. Of course our priority is to have a peaceful resolution. We hope for the best. When we reconciled in 2002 with Machar, there were no outside forces involved.
I am confident the people of South Sudan will do it again and reconcile but it depends on the seriousness of the groups.

Question: Machar has been quoted as saying that the only negotiation they can have is to negotiate President Kiir’s departure. Do you think this will bring peace or escalate tension?

Answer: Well that’s what he said. We are all human beings. This is what negotiations are about. Now we are going to enter into negotiations under IGAD. We shall see.

Question: Do you think President Kiir still has legitimacy given what has taken place?

Answer: He would not have legitimacy but for the sake of reconciliation and national unity, I think there are many components. In the case of Kenya, many people died but they found a way to resolve it. If mishandled now, it can lead to more violence.

There are people who said they would never allow Riek Machar to lead South Sudan. But if you say we are democratic, and then say that you can never allow him, you are denying people their civil rights and liberties. The people of South Sudan are not stupid.

Question: Do you have any political ambitions?

Answer: Sometimes you have to be what you have to be during certain situations. Under normal circumstances, I would rather be in the private sector. You go where your soul needs you most. If my country needs me I will not hesitate to answer that call.

Answer: Do you think from this crisis, South Sudan will emerge stronger?

Answer: Yes, people have been exposed and they will be stronger. Whether it’s a case where we will reconcile, we will become stronger. Where the party splits, we will still be strong because the enemy within would have come out. Still the party will be strong.

Question: Is your mother Rebecca Garang supporting Riek Machar?

Answer: Mama Rebecca is not supporting Riek Marchar. Both of them declared their interest to contest for the chair of the party during the national convention. They became allies and what they are pushing for is for the national convention to take place.

And if the national convention takes place, they will compete against each other. And one of them will emerge victorious and the rest will shake hands. This is the spirit of democracy we want to bring to SPLM. So they have become allies. But they are trying to present it as if Mama Rebecca is putting her weight behind Riek Machar.

She is not putting her weight behind Riek Machar. They are allies. Their interests convinced each other and politics is about interests. The crisis began because people were denied their rights. That they should not contest against Salva during the primaries because of some issues of 1991.

If Mama Rebecca had jumped on the tribal bandwagon, then ethnic violence that occurred would have been much worse. The fact that Mama Rebecca and Riek Machar are allies, gives people hope that there is national unity.

There is a group that is supporting the President. They call themselves Dinka elders. And their objective is not to allow the Nuers to take over power. In a way the alliance is what is making the situation not to break into genocide.

New Vision Online.

Message to Actualizers of Doom: President Kiir and Dr. Machar

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, DEC/25/2013, SSN;

It’s an undeniable fact that South Sudanese former Vice President, Riek Machar, and South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, have done something most of us will not find easy to forgive. They’ve reminded us of the past nightmares and caused unspeakable bloodshed!

Intentionally or unintentionally, they caused Jieng and Nuer to turn against one another with vengeance …and they’ve now turned young people against one another on social media.

The conscientious and strong-minded youths have resisted mental tribalization; however, many youths have been divided along tribal and clannish lines. They are calling themselves names and writing statements they’ll regret tomorrow when sanity returns.

I blame the leaders for starting the mess and I also blame the young for being overly gullible and markedly credulous!

As most of you know, I’ve always criticized President Kiir’s leadership; however, I’d accepted the fact that he’s a humble person being misled by power-seeking people around him; and that he’d soon see the truth and change the country for better. I was being too optimistic!

And I’ve always believed that Dr. Riek Machar has seen a lot of needless bloodshed when SPLA/SPLM split in 1991…and that he would never, ever support armed rebellion in South Sudan again. I was wrong! Riek’s support of the rebellion is unforgivable. I am a living witness of 1991 atrocities as I lived through it to the end!

Besides, violent removal of the president should have no place in South Sudan no matter what!

Riek Machar
We all know that President Kiir had turned autocratic and a little lax when it came to meaningful transformation of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) into a well-functioning political party. In addition, we all know that you and your colleagues had given President Kiir enough chances to do the right thing.

There’s no doubt VP James Wani Igga and President Kiir have made fun of you in their public addresses instead of showing true leadership. Arguably, the events leading to the mutiny and the mutiny itself can’t be blamed on you and your colleagues per se!

However, you’ve lost sight of the truth you wanted to establish. It’s one thing to ‘democratize’ SPLM and South Sudan, and it’s another thing to support a rebellion. Supporting another rebellion is a mistake you’ll never recover from whether a peaceful settlement to his crisis is arrived at or not.

Jieng and Nuer tribes suffered immensely as a result of your rebellion, with Dr. Lam Akol in 1991, and these two communities are suffering as a result of a rebellion you now support. A lot of blood is in your hands: 8 years after 1983 and 8 years after 2005!

Your only redemption is to bring this conflict to a speedy end without any political benefit going to you personally.

You failed to have civilians protected in areas controlled by SPLA commanders who’ve pledged allegiance to you. Civilians were slaughtered in the towns of Akobo, Bentiu, Bor and violent deaths in other places like Pariang and Abiemnom.

Why didn’t you unequivocally instruct your commanders to protect civilians? Why didn’t you even send a message of condolences to families who’ve lost loved one…be they Jieng or Nuer?

The deaths of innocent civilians remove any nationalist and moral conscience in you! You reflected yourself as a power-hungry and callous man who’d do anything to get to power! Redeem yourself in unequivocal terms!

President Kiir
I know it’s painful and even wrong for senior members of your own party to criticize you in public. There’s no country in the world where people from the same political party criticize themselves viciously and irresponsibly in the media.

I agree with you that Riek Machar was wrong in publicly criticizing you. Riek, first as South Sudan VP, and as the chairman of SPLM, could have used internal avenues to solve internal party problems. I believe these are some of the ways you’ve been wrong.

However, Mr. President, you are the president of South Sudan and exemplary leadership should come from you. You’ve failed miserably in this regard. Remember, you are a president of international caliber and what you say is heard all over the world.

It’s therefore imperative that you do some research before any public addresses. Saying things you can’t prove only makes fun of your personality and the presidency of South Sudan. Kawajat need proofs for one to maintain credibility!

If people around you can’t research the facts you say in your speeches then FIRE them.

Admittedly, the members of SPLM Political Bureau, who disagreed with you gave you enough chances and time to do the right thing. Instead of you showing leadership, you resorted to abuse and foul language not fit for the presidency.

When the dissident group came out on December 6, 2013, your VP, James Wani Igga, instead of acting like a leader, resorted to abusive, childish language against the SPLM members…calling them ‘disgruntled.’

To give you benefit of the doubt, these members postponed the rally to give reconciliation a chance but all you did in the National Liberation Council meeting was to act irresponsibly by using divisive language causing some of the said SPLM members to walk out of the meeting in protest.

To add pepper to a bad wound, on December 15, 2013, after the mutiny, you came out, not as president of South Sudan, but as a military General ready for war. That was irresponsible! Whoever told you that should be FIRED!

The saddest part of it all was that you came out and called the mutiny a ‘coup’ without providing verifiable proofs that what happened on December 15, 2013 was actually a ‘coup.’

Don’t say anything you can’t prove! Never believe anything you’re told without any proof. This is a world of proofs! Factual evidence should be your strength; assumption will bury your leadership and give grounds for your prosecution.

The world hasn’t condemned what you called ‘attempted coup’ because you’ve not provided them with any PROOF and what you continue to say is plain nonsense. Not condemning the ‘coup’ is a big embarrassment to you and South Sudan.

Without doubt, you mishandled the affairs of SPLM and you mishandled the events after the mutiny and now a lot of blood is in your hands. Unless you bring the perpetrators of Juba atrocities to book immediately!

The sooner you end this crisis the better life would be for you or else, ICC would come snooping for evidence to put you away with your naïve rival, Riek Machar.

Never, ever, ever say something you can’t prove. How could your body guards allow someone to shoot outside NLC venue and get away? Why didn’t your body guards either pursue that lone soldier or shoot him!

If someone actually shot in the air outside NLC meeting and your body guards let him run away, then you have to investigate your body guards and someone got to pay. Otherwise the world would just assume you made it up!

You haven’t actually told the world what exactly happened at the army headquarters. Why did the Tiger battalion, a unit of the presidential guards, shoot themselves leading to the mutiny and then armed rebellion?

Your intelligence officers need to give South Sudanese and the world proofs of where the coup was plotted, who was present, what was said etc. South Sudan’s intelligence leaders should present documents, audios, secret video recordings of the coup plot.

Without these proofs, Mr. President, you are setting yourself up for ICC investigation.

If all the things you say come from your advisors then FIRE them because they are setting you up for failure and public ridicule.

Kuir ë Garang is an author of seven books including “South Sudan Ideologically” and “Is ‘Black’ Really Beautiful?” For contacts see Twitter: @kuirthiy or his blog, www.kuirthiy.info

When we finish killing our citizens, who’re we going to rule?

BY: Abraham Deng Luth, USA, DEC/25/2013, SSN;

Dear my fellow citizens, please, pray for Jieng people in Malakal! I am hearing very disturbing news! To my fellow citizens from Nuer, urge your people in Malakal to refrain from killing civilians. Do your best to stop this war and urge Dr. Riek to accept dialogue; it is not a good idea to overthrow President Kiir but he can step down if his conscience tells him so or the parliament can act.

Otherwise, let’s wait for 2015. So, our current issues have several solutions but overthrowing Kiir by force is not one of them.

This is because if one of your own, a nuer, comes to power today, you will not want the Dinkas or the Equatorians to do what you are doing today?

Overthrowing an elected president is not a good precedence for a nation that wants to develop itself.

This unwarranted war is a waste of our national resources in terms of its countless lives and economic apparatus! The aggression has gone wild and people are killing each other like they don’t want to live with each other again at all! This is sad!

More Jieng people are being killed. This is evident in Akobo, Bor, Bentiu, and now in Malakal. So, please, stop the killings. You have made your points and you are heard. So, let’s sit down and talk.

President Kiir may just call it a quit to save lives and let the Nuers take over! There seems to be several forces acting on the Nuer militia and their aggression seems to be non-stop (suicide mission i.e. The Nuers vs. The Nation)

These forces, as one of my Nuer friends told me, are successive marginalization policies (that the Nuers are treated like a second class citizens), president kiir’s dictatorship styles, Juba Killings and Ngundeeng’s prophecies!

To my Nuer brothers and sisters, I do not know much about Ngundeng’s prophecies but from what I heard, one of them was that many people will die before South Sudan can be a better nation for all but I think enough have died.

The president is calling for dialogue. Ngundeeng’s prophecies can also be achieved through dialogue. So, please, stop the violence and let’s try to sit down and talk ourselves to peace and the nation we want to build together.

The president needs to see this violence with a new frame; it has nothing to do with what or how it started! It has taken a form and life of its own! Addressing it needs a new thinking, a fresh look!

The President can do the following things to help create viable conditions for dialogue:

1. Apologize to the Nuers for the atrocities committed in Juba by his security apparatus
2. Apologize to the people of South Sudan for his misrules
3. Tell the people of South Sudan that he is ready to step down if that is what people would want to see to stop killing each other
4. Issue amnesty to Dr. Riek and his forces and release the detainees
5. Ask for a dialogue and reiterate his willingness to step down unless the people want him to continue until 2015
6. Announcing that he is not going to run for re-election in 2015
7. Call for a meeting of all South Sudanese political and social forces to discuss the ways out of this mess
8. Ask for a full support of the peace process by the regional and international communities
9. Stop the use of force and only participate in war when attacked (ceasefire)
10. Stop involving other countries, militarily, in South Sudan affairs unless they are neutral and not supporting one side.

Dr. Riek will need to do the following things on his side as well:

1. Apologize for the loss of innocent lives as a result of his forces aggression on civilians
2. Order his forces to stop aggression toward the Dinkas
3. Accept ceasefire: stay where he is now and no more advancement and attack
4. Accept dialogue
5. Commit himself to the peace and reconciliation that he started a while back in the areas that he controls
6. Ask for a full support of the peace process by the regional and international communities
NB: If these are done and a peace is achieved, the South Sudanese people may support the pardoning of criminal charges.

Abraham Deng Lueth, B.S, MPA,
Community Support Specialist/Mental Health Technician
Truman Medical Centers
Behavioral Health Emergency Department
1000 East 24th Street
Kansas City, MO 64108
Work Phone: 816 404 3828
Cell Phone: 816 550 8985
Work mail: abraham.lueth@tmcmed.org.
Personal Emails: brhmlueth@gmail.com and lueth21@hotmail.com

Obama Administration isn’t on the side of South Sudanese people

BY: DR PETER KOPLING JOSEPH, RSS, DEC/24/2013, SSN;

While the people of South Sudan will forever be grateful and remember the American people for the support they have given our nation without which we could have not achieved independent south Sudan, it must be said clearly that, under Obama administration’s watchful eyes and economic and moral support, Kirr has transformed himself into an absolute Dictator without sticks being raised from Washington DC to deflate his ego.

While Kirr lied and accused his political opponents for a failed coup, it is Kirr who has committed the factual and first coup against democracy and the people of South Sudan through the following:

1) Kirr has restricted free press, the cardinal pillar of democracy and killed one of his most prolific critic, beloved son of south Sudan, Isaiah Abraham, others like Elhag Paul can continue to truthfully write from diaspora.

2) Kirr rendered the National legislators a rubber-stamping body rather than a second branch of government. He threatens to dissolve them if they do not approve his nominations and initiatives.

The Judiciary, non-existent. Opponents are jailed indefinitely without charges.

Kirr removes democratically elected governors at will, by doing so; the remaining governors themselves have become toothless like the national assembly and lost independence thus are mere stooges.

3) Kirr slanders his political opponents, like honorable Sule and jails them. Thus no one dares criticize.

4) Peaceful demonstration under Kirr results into life bullets being fired with impunity into unarmed civilians, as were in Wau, Moli Tokuro with no consequences to his security forces.

5) Kirr’s tribal strongmen uses state power to achieve their tribal agendas, bullies the entire south Sudan, grabbing others tribal lands by force, displacing traditional and constitutional owners of tribal lands all over South Sudan, as highlighted by the utter torture of the Madi people in Nimule by the armed tribesmen of the president, where the natives have taken their case to the president numerous times without a single response.

6) Other parties have no chance of flourishing in South Sudan.

7) His security forces killed political opponents in Wau and in Nimule then turn around accused community leaders opposed to his agenda of murders and jailed them without charges and perpetually.

8) The very party of the president, SPLM, is rendered worthless and can not hold their functions, mandates declared expired raising frustrations in senior members as seen below.

In the extraordinary meetings held by the founding fathers and mother of the SPLM held in Juba just days before the war crimes committed by the president against the Nuer Women and children, many of the Senior SPLM speakers revealed very disturbing inner workings, but yet already noticed by the public, of the Kirrs government.

I was very much moved by many of them. I was struck by how smart these people were. The eloquent Madam Rebecca Nyandeng, the widow of the late leader, Dr Garang De Mabior, gave me hope. Indeed it is said behind a great man is a great woman! Indeed if there were democracy in our country, these men and women can rebuild our country, as they were the visionaries that fought for it.

It also made me realize that Kirr’s tribal gangs do not represent but rather hijacked the Dinka people for the benefit of Kirr and his gangs. Thus the crime committed by this gang is not of Dinka but Kirr and Kirr alone and his gangs.

Mrs. Garang stated, truthfully, that in every party, there are differences and certain things are resolved internally, however she revealed that the chair refused to give them audiences in order to iron these difference as such they are left with no other means to do so than take their case to the public which in itself infuriated the president, so what are these leaders suppose to do?

Now just consider this, if the very founders of our nation, who fought shoulder to shoulder in the bush with Kirr all these years cannot get audiences and can not be heard by him, and are utterly frustrated declaring “this is not what they fought for,” how then of the little peoples of the nations?

The man has become an absolute Tyrant.

She further declared, “there is no democracy in South Sudan, there is no free press.”

Indeed there were those who were fearful to even attend that meeting and did not show up. The right to assemble is another pillar of democracy and party leaders are fearful to hold meetings!

What more should we say, this from the great Thomas Jefferson, “When the government fears the people it is democracy and when the people fear the government it is Tyranny”, how truthful that is!!

The members also revealed that, since the oil started to flow in May 2013, the parliament, ministers and the people of South Sudan do not know where the money is and what is being done with it.

When asked, the president stated 4.5 billion dollars was borrowed during the austerity measures and are now being paid to the point they are not even paying salaries.

But Riek, who was vice president during much of the austerity measures and helped put it together does not recall that much money was borrowed.

So there it is, do we need to say more that the man, Kirr, is the man, he is the parliament, the judiciary, the treasurer, he is all and all is he.

Mr President Obama, this is the government of Kirr you want to force on us? He has eliminated and closed all channels of democratic intercourses.

He frames those opposed to him and jails them. The fateful December 15 night of the massacre he brought on the Nuer people, was started and carried out by his personal tribal Militia, the so called Republican guards.

Why do we need such guards in south sudan?

And he turned around as has become his signature and framed his opponents and jailed them. Riek was lucky to have escaped, Kirr Militia went to Riek’s house and killed women and children left behind and riddled the house with bullets.

Is there any doubts in your mind that they would have killed him rather than arrested him alive, Mr. Obama?

Now where is the logic that Riek must not act in self-defense and that of the people of south Sudan who are under subjugation and dislodge this monster that has grown in our very own backyard?

What democratic recourses are there left, Mr. Obama, for you to say, this man must not be removed and if so you will suspend support?

The answer is NONE.

Mr President, the support you give, especially financial, goes to kirr’s pockets as does the oil money, so withholding your support won’t hurt us but him.

In fact the way your support has been upto this stage, it hurts us the ordinary people by not demanding from Kirr strict accountability and sticking to democratic principles and rule of laws.

Indeed if you are for the people of South Sudan, you should ask Kirr to step down, elections convened and he, Kirr must face ICC for war crimes he committed in Juba against innocent Nuer, women and children.

Mr. Kirr has become an absolute and dominant Bull in the cattle camp, who charges mercilessly at the sight of any and all other bulls, holds absolute right to procreation, while not allowing any other bulls to even graze nor lift up their gaze.

Mr. President, the bull must be taken down before the cattle camp is filled with calves with congenital defects of Tyranny.

Dr Peter Kopling Joseph

“He who maintains silence in the face of a massacre is a murderer himself.”

Synthesis and Analysis of the Current Crisis in South Sudan

BY: ATHIAAN MAJAK MALOU, RUMBEK, LAKES STATE, DEC/24/2013, SSN;

Historical Roots
The current political crisis which has also taken ethnic dimension has its roots in 1991 split within the then Rebel Organisation called Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) now turned the Ruling party.

Since its inception in 1983, Dr John Garang, the founder of SPLM/A had been running the movement or liberation struggle affairs in an autocratic manner which invited criticisms from his colleagues in the then SPLM’s Politico- Military High Command.

A group led by Dr Riek Machar, Dr Lam Akol and Gordon Kong staged a coup d’état against the leadership of Dr Garang. However, the other 8 members of High Command (including Salva Kiir) stood with Dr Garang. So it was 9 against 3 and as a result the coup failed and the Nasir faction of DR Machar allied itself to Khartoum to fight against Torit faction of Dr Garang.

It was during this period the government in Khartoum was able to successfully drill oil in Unity and Upper Nile states under protection of local militias. The proceeds from the sale of oil were used by Khartoum to acquire sophisticated military weapons including Russian made high altitude Antonov plane that became notorious in aerial bombardment of towns and villages in the rebels controlled areas of Sudan including Darfur; killing, maiming and displacing scores of civil population.

The two rival factions were able to join ranks again 8 years later. In this respect, a conflict may drag on for years unless serious efforts are immediately exerted to contain it at the early stage.

Political Superstition
A Nuer prophet by name Ngundeng who lived in the turn of the last century is believed by many Nuer people to have prophesied about the future of South Sudan. One of these prophesies was that Ngudeng mentioned that a left-handed person with gap in his upper teeth will lead south Sudan to independence. The two features: left-handedness and the gap in the middle of upper teeth are observable in Dr Riek Machar.

In fact, it is widely believed that it was this superstitious prophesy that motivated Dr Riek Machar to claim the leadership of SPLM/A from Dr John Garang in 1991.

Up to now, in an apparent attempt to bolster his stature as a leader of Nuer or South Sudan for that matter, Riek Machar is keeping in his possession a ceremonial stick once carried by Ngundeng.

The famous stick is made from the root of tamarind tree and decorated with copper wires. It was looted by the British colonial troops early in the last century before being returned to South Sudan in 2009 by British academic Douglas Johnson.

Somehow, Dr Machar managed to hold onto it though many suggest the right place for the stick should be national museum or the shrine of Ngundeng, if any.

Awalad Garang vs Awalad Kiir
Awalad is Arabic word which literally means boys of……. In 2004, just few months before the signing of Comprehensive Peace Agree (CPA) that brought an end to Sudanese Civil War, there happened a disagreement between Dr John Garang and Salva Kiir who was Garang’s deputy in SPLM/A leadership hierarchy.

This dispute also spread into the rank and file creating what became known as Awalad Garang and Awalad Kiir.

The dispute did not, however, last for long because it fitted Dinka against another Dinka. Elders and comrades, including Riek Machar, initiated dialogue and the dispute was resolved amicably.

2015 Elections and SPLM‘s Leadership Succession
As a political party, SPLM holds its national convention every 5 years. The last convention was held in May 2008; so, the next convention should have taken place in May 2013. It couldn’t take place because of political wrangling within SPLM leadership.

Rumour had it that one of Awalad Garang (a Dinka from Kiir’s state of Warap) who was a government minister at the time went to Dr Riek Machar, who was Kiir’s Vice President and told him that President Kiir was not going to contest in 2015 elections.

The news motivated Dr Machar to proclaim his intention to vie for SPLM chairmanship and by implication contest for the top job on SPLM ticket, come 2015 elections. Although the news of president kiir not vying for next election came in handy, going for the top job is something Dr Machar has been nursing.

In an interview he conducted with a Ugandan newspaper few years back, he categorically stated that he believes in terms limit. This was construed as a gesture to president Kiir who has already had two terms-6 years of interim period (2005-2010) and 5 years of transitional period (2011-2014). Up to now, president Kiir has been at helm of South Sudan top job for 10 years.

Dr Machar and many others believe that Kiir has done his job. He has implemented CPA and Referendum successfully. He should therefore gracefully leave the seat and give chance for others to deliver.

In a nutshell, succession politics is the bone of contention, not ethnicity or tribalism. Tribal clashes are just side-effects of doing tactless politicking in unpretentious and highly militarised (armed) political communities.

July’s Ill-fated Government Reshuffle
Though reshuffle is a normal practice of changing guards within the system of governance, the one which took place within the government of South Sudan in July 2013 was plagued with a lot of rumours, conspiracies and uncertainties.

First, it was associated with Khartoum’s rulers because many of the new faces that came to government were among those who worked with Khartoum government during the war. Officials within Khartoum government did not hide their happiness with the changes in Juba.

The exit of people like Pa’gan Amum and Deng Alor from the government was music to ears of Khartoum’s officials. Khartoum believed that the two who had been involved in many negotiation sessions between Khartoum and Juba are hardliners and therefore obstacles to normalisation of relationships between the two countries.

This reshuffle was also seen as fitting Awalad Garang against Awalad Kiir as all those believed to be Awalad Garang lost their portfolios.

Inspired by the role they played during the war of liberation, Awalad Garang didn’t receive the intention to isolate them lying done. Instead, they resorted to holding press conferences pointing out what had gone wrong within SPLM and the government.

Though Dr Machar was not among those originally dubbed as Awalad Garang, he associated himself with them, since they were removed at the same time.

Based on party hierarchy, Dr Machar became the leader of 15 or so disgruntled politicians whose arrest was ordered by the government after events of 15th December 2013.

Intentional Violation of the Constitution
It has been observed in the recent past that some of decisions made by president Kiir were clear violation of the constitution. One clear example was the dismissal of state governors who were elected by the people without replacement through the same democratic process. It happened in the three states of Lakes, Unity and Jonglie.

Illegal removal of elected officials was, at one point, questioned by Dr Machar which put him at loggerhead with the president. Similar violations of established institutional regulation happened within the SPLM.

The Straw that Broke the Camel’s Back
SPLM National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting held in Juba on Saturday, 14th December 2013 was the straw that broke the camel’s back. Rumour had it that President Kiir prepared his speech for NLC before he attended Mandela’s funeral in South Africa.

When he came back, he shared the speech with one of his ministers who suggested that there some key points missing that needed to be added to the speech. The minister did his addition in the course of the night and in the morning he updated the speech to the president.

The speech later appeared to be in bad taste, because it didn’t show any reconciliatory tone between the two SPLM groups as expected.

Instead, the president lambasted Dr Machar, who was sitting next to him as a traitor, who had betrayed the cause of people South Sudan during the war of liberation, when he broke ranks with Dr Garang in 1991 and joined Khartoum.

Many observers and analysts believe that the speech didn’t go down well with Dr Machar and his followers, especially the tribesmen from Nuer.
The NLC meeting was scheduled to continue for 3 days. However, Dr. Machar and some of his supporters didn’t attend Sunday’s session.

The party documents for which the meeting was called were passed thoughtlessly, without regard to dissent or even genuine queries.

To the majority NLC participants who were driven by none other than mob thinking, it was democracy being exercised. But democracy is multi-faceted, defining it from different angles.

Though it’s theoretically defined as the ‘rule of the majority’, it should put into consideration the needs or concerns of the minority, so that there is equilibrium. Any democratic process which misses this point, risks being defined as, “the tyranny of the majority.”

Conclusion
If it was a coup d’état or a mutiny on the night of Sunday, 15th December 2013, as it is now being debated by the parties in the conflict, it was triggered off by the way National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting was organised and conducted, though political tension between the two belligerents had been simmering for long.

What I’ve narrated above are the root causes of the current crisis in South Sudan. Anything which is happening now in the forms of tribal conflict, displacement, fail-state, etc., is the side effects of the real disease.

By:
Athiaan Majak Malou

The author has formerly served in the government of Lakes state of South Sudan as the County Commissioner for Yirol East and state Minister for education. He can be reached at: athiaanm@yahoo.com

President Salva Kiir is to blame for the current Crises

BY: Joana Adams, RSS, DEC/24/2013, SSN;

Former US envoy to the Sudan and South Sudan, Princeton Lyman, has taken off his diplomatic hat and squarely blamed South Sudan president Salva Kiir, for the current violence engulfing the country in a BBC interview, says Sudan Tribune (23/12/13). Mr. Lyman has just publicly pronounced what many world leaders have privately admitted.

The people of South Sudan and the world at large have been watching in horror the potentially deadly event unfolding in the new republic since March 2013 when the X-VP turned rebel leader Riek Machar and other leading figures in the SPLM Politburo expressed their desires to unseat him from the chairmanship of the SPLM party in preparation for the upcoming presidential/general elections in 2015.

Since South Sudan is a democratic republic and not a hereditary monarchy, it is the constitutional right of every citizen to contest for the highest office in the land.

It is absolutely shocking that the president who was himself elected by the people would become so enraged about being challenged politically.

Since then the President went on the rampage by:
1. Unconstitutionally relieving the VP along with the entire cabinet in August 2013.
2. Unconstitutionally suspending the Secretary General of the SPLM Pagan Amum
3. Blocked every avenue for dialogue within the SPLM by refusing to convene the SPLM Political Buro meeting to internally discuss SPLM and to set agenda for the Liberation Council meeting.
4. Issued an order to dissolve SPLM structures namely the Politburo and the National Liberation Council forcing the press conference on the 6th Dec by those opposed to him and also affected by this monumental dissolution.
5. And finally convening a surprise meeting of the NLC to divert attention from and obstruct a public rally to be staged by the opposition forces within his party. Riek and company suspended the public rally in response to calls from religious leaders, attempted to attend the NLC meeting but were further humiliated by an ignorant and arrogant president Kiir which resulted in their walk-out.
6. A day later it now transpired that Kiir ordered for the presidential guards to be disarmed and then only the Dinka presidential guards to be rearmed which directly led to the military confrontation between Nuer and the Dinka members of the presidential guards.
7. He further gave a criminal instruction to his militia to indiscriminately attack and kill Nuer soldiers, civil servants or citizens in Juba.

With this brief narrative, it is very clear that President Kiir is to blame for the violence that has engulfed the country.

Specifically, President Kiir must be investigated on the charges of inciting and authorising ethnic cleansing in a desperate attempt to silence Riek’s opposition to this dictatorship.

Even before these latest developments which have unfortunately led to loss of innocent South Sudanese lives, President Kiir has proved beyond any reasonable doubt that he is unfit to be a leader of all South Sudanese.

By his own statement he confirmed that he is a president for his Dinka Warrap clan when he told them in an exclusive gathering which he addressed in Dinka, rephrased here, that, “this power I have belongs to you…..you fought and died for it and now some people want to take it away from you,… will you accept it?”

How on earth can any sane president who was voted into power by all the nearly 70 southern tribesmen and women, make such a shocking statement?

To me, by this statement alone Kiir has shown as we have always suspected that he is nothing but a tribal chief.

Our young country needs a president who will have the heart to accommodate all the southern peoples and treat them equally.

During the eve of independence in July 2011, President Kiir demolished the Interim Constitution and created a Transitional Constitution which has given him all the state powers.

In effect, President Kiir is the president of the republic, the chief justice of the Supreme Court, the speaker of the assembly, the commander in chief and the chief of staff of the SPLA, the governor of the bank of south Sudan and the minister in charge of the national security.

He is also the standing governor of all the 10 states of South Sudan!

Even the Transitional Constitution 2011 does acknowledge that South Sudan is a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society. The CPA and the Interim Constitution 2005, gave South Sudan a framework upon which a just and fair society could have been founded through equitable sharing of power and wealth whether by ethnicity or by states.

President Kiir and his advisor, fake lawyer Telar Ring, have totally disregarded the interests and political needs of other communities and have wrongly sought to promote a sectional hegemony which is totally unseen in the short history of South Sudan.

This being the case, the people of South Sudan with exception of those who have directly benefited under the patronage of Kiir, have totally lost trust in the ability of Kiir to continue to be the president of the republic.

I personally support the call of the opposition urging him to step down to allow resolution of the crises created by him.

Kiir is the principle suspect in this turmoil and hence cannot be a part of the solution.

Yes, ultimately the crises can only be solved through political dialogue but such dialogue should be properly planned and not rushed into.

Rushing into any negotiations will be tantamount to squandering the only opportunity that now prevails to once and for all correct the political situation in the country.

Since this is a national issue and all of us have stakes in it, my suggestions to the opposition are as follows:
1. Do not focus on short term personal or group interests but national long-term interests of South Sudanese.

2. As far as it is politically expedient, an interim national government must be formed to prepare the country for elections 2015. Under no circumstance should the elections be postponed.

3. An Interim Constitution should be put in place to restrict the powers of the president especially the powers to remove elected governors.

4. The presidency should be restructured to accommodate our ethnic/regional diversities.

I’m of the opinion that the current president be moved to the position of head of state with ceremonial powers and executive powers be invested in a prime minister to be deputised by two deputy prime ministers, all the 3 must come from different former regions of south Sudan to give semblance of political power sharing between the regions.

5. Powers of the states must be restored as was under the Interim Constitution 2005.

6. Powers of the legislature should be restored.

7. The national government must be a lean government; and revenue must be diverted to the states for real infrastructure development and provision of services. The scenario of the national government spending 90% of the national budget should never be repeated.

8. The second chamber of the assembly the Council of States should be disbanded.

The leader of the opposition rebel group, Dr. Riek should be mindful of those who recently joined his fold for personal gains.

Some of these formers ministers have participated in looting our national resources and some are arch-tribalists who are there to seek personal protection from foes from Salva’s camp and may stand against any genuine political transformation in our fledging nation.

It will be a gross mistake to negotiate just for ministerial positions to accommodate them.

What the country wants is real democracy, freedom of speech, personal security, provision of basic services and equal opportunities in resources allocations as well as allocations in national and state political and executive structures.

Controlling the powers of these political comrades may earn you some internal opposition but in the long run it may earn you trust of the country.

After all you have already raised the people’s expectation by enumerating your 6 points against the current regime of Salva Kiir.

The long suffering people of south Sudan will want to know that unlike Salva Kiir, you will not let them down but will deliver on your promises.

Joana Adams
RSS

Sad Christmas and Hopeless New Year in South Sudan

BY: James Okuk, PhD, Juba, DEC/24/2013, SSN;

De-celebrations of an unhappy Christmas in many parts of the nominally Christianised South Sudan is real. No longer does the White Angel say “peace and life be upon you!” It is only the Black Lucifer that has been saying “war and death be upon you!” The agents of the dark Lucifer are now the very so-called leaders who used to sit in the front benches in the churches of South Sudan. Alas!

Instead of Christmas laughter filling the air it has being human blood and tears crying on the ground! The bad chicken has come home to roost so painfully.

The whole world had to shake its head in disgust and throw up it arms in despair when it looks to the newly discovered brutal and brutish nasty nature of some South Sudanese. Vanities of vanity!

Is it the very South Sudan that thrilled us with the happy ululations of peaceful and successful referendum in January 2011?

Are they the very South Sudanese who amazed with admiration the whole world in the evening, the night and the morning of the celebrations in the streets of Juba in July 2011?

Is it any longer a joyful independence? Has it become a sorry leadership?

Where did things start to fall apart? For how long are things going to remain fallen?

Cry my beloved country! Mourn my beloved people! It is indeed the unhappy Christmas that lost its meaning in South Sudan. It is a hopeless New Year 2014 that went back to the dark ages of human history.

Not only have we spoiled Christmas and New Year for ourselves in South Sudan but also for the friends and concerned Christians/humanists worldwide. A bitter human paradox!

How do we bring the Republic of South Sudan back to the civilised age of human dignity?

It doesn’t make sense any longer to identify who killed who and who was killed by who. The more you make sense of senseless killings and counter killings, the more emotional it becomes for demand for additional blood and painful tears spilling in South Sudan.

An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth has disabled South Sudanese with an ugly outlook in the face of the rest of the world.

It is normal in some ethnic cultures of South Sudan to emotionally fight and kill first before sitting down for logical dialogue later.

There is no place for morality and future prospects. It is ‘now’ and ‘now’ with whatsoever cost.

And the ‘now’ has to be connected with heartless revenge, avenge and looting of whatever can be seen on the side of the perceived enemy or on any suspected crossings.

The civilised world has not understood this yet. They are still theorising while things have fell apart and more are still falling apart.

When the madness of mass killings and looting stops, and when jungle justice had established itself, perhaps it would be the time to collect the human skulls in one place.

The buried South Sudanese in single and mass graves have to be allowed to decompose and get dried up so that their skulls could be brought to a museum as a reminder in future.

It would be the time to tell the generations to come about how dear lives of South Sudanese were not valued after the declaration of their independence.

In sad times like this, political analyses tend to be meaningless. In deadly and anarchical situation like what the Republic of South Sudan is going through, narrating what had happened does not solve the problem but brings more trauma.

What is urgently needed now is not addressing the root causes but the symptoms first. That is, stopping the madness of killings and looting immediately.

But who is going to help South Sudan with painkillers in this tormenting moment?

The United Nations under Chapter Seven is limitedly helpful. Leave alone protecting the civilians but they are even unable to protect their own lives from being lost in this trying situation.

The United States of America, the United Kingdom and the rest of nations can only afford to evacuate and protect their own citizens in South Sudan to a very limited capacity.

The Government of the Republic of South Sudan has been paralysed by its own absurdities and internal contradictions. It can no longer protect all its citizens with trust and without ethnic discrimination.

The rebels have taken Nuer’s ethnic dimension and they cannot guarantee security to the Dinka and other Non-Nuer’s ethnicities. For them everything is Upper Nile, Nuer and Oil. The rest will settle itself later. It is no longer SPLM or SPLA.

Hell has been let loose and nothing is seen but atrocities after atrocities emanating from absurdities. Kalashnikov has to die naturally of old age on 23rd December 2013 but at the same insane time with South Sudanese. His invention of the most deadly killing machine known as AK47 has really facilitated the South Sudanese atrocities. What a man!

No amount of any eloquent speech could help now even if Dr. King Jnr., Mandela and Gandhi have to resurrect and talk to South Sudanese at these satanic moments.

No amount of verbal or written statements could help either. No talk of peace could be a way out now except military intervention for more war of containments.

If Americans are really the friends of South Sudanese, they should intervene immediately via military means to stop the blood bath. The current heartbreaking situation shall not end except by more war.

War from Super power is the only strong message that will deter the warring parties to revert to peace in South Sudan.

I call for immediate military intervention from the concerned members of international community. There is no any other option left to save the remaining dear human lives in South Sudan. Can any World Leader hear me!

If Dr. Machar isn’t dead, peace won’t ultimately be realized in S. Sudan

(NB: The website completely dissociates itself from the author’s choice of the title of the article, but respects the author’s right and responsibility in his choice of words. Editor)

BY: Awumtiaidit, SOUTH SUDAN, DEC/23/2013, SSN;

Riek Machar’s clandestine thirst for top seat is not unusual. It is something he aspired for since he joined the SPLA/SPLM. For those young and uninformed readers, it was in the summer of 1984 when my battalion graduated at Bong-ga training camp in Ethiopia and discharged for liberation operation in Sudan.

We met Riek Machar on the way to Bong-ga, and he began to inquire how the SPLA/SPLM hierarchy was formed, particularly what merits that were considered in nominating top leaders.

The softly speaking battalion commander tried to explain while Riek kept on interrupting how Dr Garang and Karbino Kuanyin Bol got on to the top of the Movement.

My late friend Akoon Baak and I listened to the discussion at far with amusement and concluded that this guy, in the person of Riek Machar, will one day do anything, at any cost to secure leadership.

Why beginning to talk about leadership while he is going for training? We asked ourselves.

Onto the operation field, we fought many battles with Jallaba, though lots of my comrades are no longer here, we won many wars. To cut a long lecture short, it was in 1991 when the very man comrade Riek made his long held intention finally known to all.

Without remorse, he declared his rebellion at the time our Movement was trying to come to terms with impromptu departure from Ethiopia base. For a simple thing (leadership) he could talk over with Late Garang or either the high command, he took arms against our people and joined deadly hand with the arch-enemy of RSS. This resulted in the infamous Bor Massacre and recaptur of towns by Jallaba that were under SPLA.

Dr Riek unrealistic act gave Jallaba an upper hand in the fight because all our resources were withdrawn from Juba to save Bor civilians from Riek’s forces.

The current defence minister and the late Lt. general George Athor Deng Dut took it upon themselves and flushed Riek’s rebels out in less than a week. Shamelessly, Riek left his White army in imbroglio and took to Khartoum and apologised that he could not be able to defeat Late Garang.

Jallaba welcomed him and mistreated him, given he did not do to the best of his ability what he vowed he would do….destroying southerners.

In Khartoum, Riek was faced with humiliations of all sorts, he then left unceremoniously to Join Late Garang he once accused of totalitarianism.
Late Garang forgave him and the most generous man, Lt. general comrade Wani vacated his seat for the hungry and angry wolf to take it. Without the slightest compunction he grabbed it.

Analysis of what took place in the night of Sunday, 15/Dec/13 and its resemblance with Riek past history.

Let me take you back a little bit so that you sufficiently get the gist of this paper. When Late Garang passed on, we all were called for a meeting to the New Site town in Eastern Equatoria. The motion was how to forge a robust future for our state in the wake of Dr Garang’s death.

As I vividly remembered, the meeting was tense especially on who will succeed Garang. We all spoke, beat about the bush and didn’t get into the core of the issue as the atmospheric situation in the hall was threatening.

Dr Riek was rumoured to have put his name forward for a leadership bid. He sat at the corner of the hall and was not saying a thing. Also, those who didn’t talk much until almost to the end of the meeting were Kuol Manyang (the current defence minister) and Salva Kiir.

Kuol came in his full army attire wearing two pistols and gloomy red eyes on. Realising no one wanted to mention who will succeed Late Garang as leader of the Movement, he stood up, cleared his throat and said, “comrade Salva take the chair, this is not time to discuss leadership, we will do it when the right time comes”.

Three deputies were nominated these include Riek Machar, Wani Igga and Malik Agar. Riek left the venue unhappy man on the day.

Failinge to secure top office he yearned for, he (Riek) began to sabotage the leadership. Instead of delivering service, he used the post to advance his 1984 and 1991 motives. He refused to be loyal to Salva Kiir. He abused his powers running amok of not controlling what he said and to whom he said it.

Riek’s differences with Salva were known by regional media far and beyond. I supposed Riek is a married man who knew how fragile house issues are secretly discussed and kept hush-hush as much as possible.

Blinded by power, Riek doesn’t see what he is doing wrong. Instead of wreaking the havoc inside the presidency, he had himself thrown out so as he either goes and forms his party, or patiently wait and contest the leadership.

He wasted no time, got underground and planned a coup with some relieved former minsters and governors (Taban Deng and Chol Tong). The coup botched and was easily brushed off by Kiir’s militia (formerly known as presidential Tiger Guards).

For the record this militia in the name of presidential guard were the ones who killed revered columnist Isaiah Abraham and Kiir is yet to pay the price for this.

Nevertheless, those going around in Juba here and elsewhere disputing the coup are Riek’s followers, make no mistake about them. Riek had been thinking how to coup this post since 1984. He is a congenital liar who said one thing, and does the exact opposite.

He is never a democratic person he claims he is. That said, it is obvious ultimate peace will never be realised in the Republic of South Sudan until Riek is dead. He becomes a national liability and deserves to go.

Borland cannot be made a leadership battle field.

Whatever it is, comrade Salva is not the man I knew right from training camp to the war time period. He was actively proactive and therefore, was put in charge to overseeing the Movement’s intelligence and security portfolio. He committed mistakes but was doing fairly well than now.

What am trying to arrive at here is:
What in the name of hell, Mr. Kiir, would you put in charge the most tribally oriented Gatdet as head of the army division eight at Bor? Gatdet is an oscillator and never deserves to be in the national army let alone commanding one.

How did you forget, Mr. Kiir, this is the same narcissistic Gatdet from Commando battalion we used to know back at Bong-ga, let alone his in-and-out culture of rebellions? Gatdet’s Bor rebellion is now number eleventh, or twelve times of going against people of South Sudan.

English people say past behaviour is the best predictor of future behaviour, Kiir and his men miss this fact big time. Locating army base full of them militias in Bor amid civilians and putting in charge the known apostate was a weighty mistake.

Bor civilians are now made to pay high price for leadership greediness they know nothing about. It is unfortunate RSS is cursed with leaders who never care about people they are ruling. All they care for is what goes into their protruding bellies, what a shame!!

UNMISS and its dirty political involvement in the RSS affairs:
UNMISS mandate consists of this amongst others: to support the Government of the Republic of South Sudan in developing its capacity to provide security, to establish rule of law, and to strengthen the security and justice sectors. Unfortunately this organisation is behaving to the contrary.

One, the time civilians were slain in recorded numbers at Twi East and Bor County early this year this UNMISS literally refused to follow the Murle marauders. It never provides the service it is paid for. In addition Bor civilians are uprooted as I write from their home because there is no adequate security, something we expect UNMISS organisation can provide as RSS has completely failed to offer the most needed security.

Two, the organisation is quick to condemn any retaliation done unto Murle, while it goes mute when Murle killed civilians either in Nuerland or Borland. This makes UNMISS a one sided organisation and so could not be fully trusted.

Third, it is widely speculated that when the coup failed in Juba, Riek and Taban were sneaked into the UNMISS compound for their safety. To worsen the case the same UNMISS smuggled them out of Juba and dropped them off somewhere around Bor. So why is UNMISS doing things that are not part of its job description if I may ask?

To sum it up, RSS government has to do something extraordinary to rescue children who are dying of hunger and cold in the bushes of Bortown. RSS has to work very hard to making sure Dr Riek is permanently removed.

The more he is at large killing civilians will go unabated. He is a brutish vampire who could not rest until there is blood he sees flows. This is what he is good at setting tribes against each either. He did it before and he did it again now!!

(President) Salva, you have done all you can, good or bad for southerners since Anya-nya 1 and the SPLA/SPLM. I therefore recommend you retire peacefully and take rest. We are in 21st century and we have 21st century human resources.

The boys we took to Ethiopia and on to America are RSS pride, few of them who are here in Juba are doing tremendous job regardless of their tribal affiliations. They will carry on the remaining part.

Down, down, Salva Kiir, down, down Riek Machar. Long Live RSS, long live lostboys of South Sudan.

Awumtiaidit is an SPLA/SPLM veteran

Maker Mayek’s too simplistic Perception of Jieng and Nuer People

BY: Kuir ë Garang, CANADA, DEC/22/2013, SSN;

Maker Mayek Riak’s article on SSN dated December 20, 2013 is an interesting and worthy read. What I appreciated the most from that emotional, polemical and personalized article is the fact that Maker criticized his own tribe, the Jieng. This is a positive step if all tribes adopt it. If we start to sincerely hold ourselves responsible for whatever we do then South Sudan would be a better place.
Thus: Nuer-Nuer criticism; Jieng-Jieng criticism; Bari-Bari criticism; Acholi-Acholi criticism; Zande-Zande criticism; Nyangwara-Nyangwara criticism; Didinga-Didinga; Uduk-Uduk criticism…etc.
It therefore goes without saying that there is indeed much cultural dynamics wrapped around the manner in which each and every tribe treads through every aspect of our society. These cultural matrices influence our views in Ethics, politics, economics, health, modernization, metaphysics, religion and perception of governance and power.
Like any other tribes in South Sudan, Jieng and Nuer have had their world view affected by their cultural perceptions. Their grasp of foreign ideas and languages is also affected by their cultural realities.
Among the Jieng people I belong to, the Twï of Jonglei (always erroneously included as Dinka Bor because of their past inclusion in the now defunct Bor district) some of us have a problem pronouncing ‘l’ and ‘n.’ Chinese have the same problem too. Instead of saying ‘morning’ you hear ‘morling’; instead of saying ‘one’ you ‘ole’.
This is something Maker’s section of Jieng doesn’t have. Even Twï’s neighbors (Bor, Hol and Nyarweng) don’t have that problem. There are cultural things Maker’s section of Jieng does that we don’t do. There are words we have as Twï of Jonglei that Maker’s section of Jieng doesn’t have.
In the end, Maker needs to be patted on the back for that courage because not many people in South Sudan would do that regardless of what tribe they belong to.
However, a word of caution would be appropriate for Maker in regard to his simplistic presentation of the realities of the Jieng and Nuer people and his use of the premonitory and superstitious word, ‘cursed.’
I won’t waste time with the word ‘curse’ because of its superstitious nature. However, Maker presented Jieng and Nuer people as if they are some kind of homogenous tribes. Internal differences and realities can’t give anyone any ground to over generalize ethnic realities.
Simple differences are presented above.
To make it even worse, Maker uses his family’s example as an exacting fact of the Jieng’s and Nuer’s realities. This is not only factually irresponsible, it is misleading.
For Maker’s account to be taken seriously, he should have given a fact-based contrast between these two tribes and other tribes in South Sudan. How different in terms of cultural tendency to violence are shilluk, Murle, Toposa, Madi, Kuki, Bari, Moru and other tribes from Jieng and Nuer?
Well, Mundari and Bari fight over cattle raiding, Bira fights Didinga over cattle…etc.
A responsible account would have presented a contrast between the tribes in question and any other tribes in terms of how their cultures influence perception of economics, politics, power, violence and so forth.
While Maker’s emotional outburst is understandable, his polemic could have been presented in a more believable manner. These communities, and every community in South Sudan, need intense soul-searching and self-criticism in order to move the nation forward. However, this is something that needs to be done in a responsible and informative manner because some people use them for references.
We shouldn’t undermine our intellectual roles by presenting writings that can be seen as comedy by others. Jieng and Nuer are the largest tribes in South Sudan and their dirty laundries are easily known nationally and internationally

Those who know the history of South Sudan, even simply beginning with Anyanya I, would understand that tribal violence and ethnic barbarity isn’t restricted to Jieng and Nuer. So restricting this violence and barbarity to Jieng and Nuer, majority of home not ascribing to them, is wanting!
Some Jieng people are culturally closer to Nuer than they are to other Jieng. Hol and Nyarweng of Duk County have some things in common with their Nuer neighbors than they have with Twic of Warrap or Bor of Bor County. A good examples are names: Gatluak, Chuol etc.
Even the Jieng of the former Bor District, now the counties of Duk, Twï and Bor, who have the closest social tie and good neighborliness than any Jieng tribes, are dialectally and culturally different. Their dialects are distinct! Kuol Manyang and Nyandeng de Mabior speak very different and distinct Jieng dialects. Nyandeng being Twï and Kuol being Bor. To outsiders, and given lack of information regarding what their ethnic realities are, they are referred erroneously and simply as ‘Dinka Bor.’ This is partly due to superficial presentation of their realities and history by outsiders.
To generalize the Jieng and Nuer as having been ‘cursed’ and to use one’s filial realities to generalize a human population is irresponsible. While the writer had good intentions, he shouldn’t do that at the expense of facts and truth. Feeding people with emotive falsity is as bad as the evil one intended to get rid of.
Jieng and Nuer, by all accounts, need to criticize themselves, however, they have to be responsible in relation to how they do it so that others learn appropriately from them.
We shouldn’t confuse children upbringing and tribal realities. My older brother used to beat us up badly but I don’t see that as related to his being a Jieng (Twï to be precise). It was part of how children were raised then. And I still believe he was and still a good brother and human being. He’s helping hundreds of injured civilians in Juba as a medical assistant.
Let’s tell the truth but responsibly! The problem in South Sudan is not Jieng or Nuer people! And even if Jieng and Nuer people were to go, the same problem would still persist in form of other tribes.
The problem is greed for power, incompetence and tasteless individual human personalities. Tribal violence is triggered and taken advantage of by politicians and their greed for power. It’s not the genesis of our problems per se. Tribalism and tribal hatred only become instruments of political interest and aspirations!
Political differences are easy tribalized and people slaughter themselves in hundreds if not thousands as the case is now in South Sudan.
Innocent civilians don’t start this mess and they don’t kill one another because they feel like it or they’ve been cursed. It’s the greedy, selfish and imbecilic politicians who take advantage of the situation.
Maker, his friends and his family; Kuir, his friends and his family are Jieng people but they are neither cursed nor do they ascribe to violence and tribalism.
Let’s criticize responsibly!

Kuir ë Garang lives in Canada. You can contact him on twitter: @kuirthiy