Archive for: October 2013

Towards Overcoming Peace-building Absurdity in South Sudan (I)

QUOTE: How can there be reconciliation when the president seems poised for a war by recently graduating a battalion of personal body-guards from his Northern Bahr al-Ghazal State tribesmen dubbed “republican guards?” South Sudan is already replete with army and police personnel, with more than half of our national budget committed for their upkeep. Tongun

BY: Tongun Lo Loyuong, South Sudan, OCT/22/2013, SSN;

Frankly, I can’t wait for the day when I won’t be compelled to discuss anything absurd about South Sudan issues anymore. It drives me mental. Especially when it is self-perpetuating for instance that, the peace-building path that is being treaded in the land is a bull (which by and large has failed to appreciate South Sudanese socio-cultural dynamics), but the powers that be keep insisting for it to be milked!

Unfortunately under such a misguided bull-milking insistence, discovering milk in South Sudan will continue to remain farcically fanciful.

It is therefore, morally dutiful, if it kills me to continue shedding more light on this madness as my token to salvage a more culturally sensitive lasting peace with justice and promote a more effective post-accord peace-building, state-building and nation-building in South Sudan that is locally grown and owned, and hence sustainable.

Since much space and time was devoted to diagnosing peace-building absurdity in South Sudan as explored in “the Absurdity of Peace-building in South Sudan (I, II and III)” articles (posted on my blog:, it only does justice to spend equally as much time and space articulating the prognosis to these ills. The present series of articles on towards overcoming peace-building absurdity in South Sudan is aimed at achieving just that by addressing the question: whose peace are we striving to achieve in South Sudan?

My hunch on account of the preceding explication of peace-building absurdity in South Sudan articles is that some hearts and minds may have already been swayed. And conclusions have probably been reached that peace-building as has been practiced in the land is primarily concerned with global peace and security (national interests and national securities of foreign geo-political giant states active in the region). It is much less concerned with South Sudanese security as a people. What is probably therefore, anticipated here is more fleshing out of this claim.

Speaking of fleshing out, this reminds me of a side story about one of my former professors, who used to remark every time he graded my research papers for his class that: “where is the meat?” Eventually I came to realize that this man will always ask for more meat as a pretext to give me (A-s) no matter what. I thought to myself one day I was going to go jokingly tell him that I was a vegetarian, but I hesitated since I could already anticipate him hitting back that “but I am not a vegetarian!” Thought it was funny! Sometimes South Sudanese issues must be taken with a pinch of humor, indeed. Else it is depressing.

Humor aside, and back to the fleshing out of the response to the question of whose peace? The premise of the dominant technical, liberal, democratic peace or conflict management theory as previously noted, define peace-building activities and processes in South Sudan. It is primarily based on the ill-advised assumption that “with one less conflict too many, comes more regional and international peace and stability.” Within this theoretical framework, the quest for peace as dominantly practiced this way in conflict settings around the world is arguably an outward rather than an inward looking process.

It is assumed in the case of the Sudanese conflicts, for example that peace and security in Sudan, and by extension in the region and the globe at large, lies in brokering the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) at all costs. And even better, a geographic separation of the South from the North into a sovereign and independent state will serve well the purpose of keeping such a peace.

More peace-keeping again as previously stated, can then be consolidated by a rush to implement and tick off a series of boxes that enlist, inter alia, the conduct of democratic elections, establishment of rule of law institutions, protection of human rights, reformation of the security sector and the promotion of a free market economy.

Elsewhere in an article entitled “Overcoming Tribalism in South Sudan (I),” (see my blog:, I have explained my reservation with why the premise of separation as a conflict resolution practice much like the premise of conflict management of Sudanese conflicts, is ill-informed. However, it must be qualified that in itself such an outward oriented peace-building process is not entirely flawed. It is ultimately the goal of any reasonable peace intervention that it arrives at a more peaceful and secure world.

Arriving at such a world is rightly generally accepted can be greatly enhanced by multiplying democratic states the world over. This as general consensus dictates must be centered on the promotion of democratic ideals and universal values that uphold the human dignity, as primarily enshrined in the universal principles of human rights of the United Nations Charter and other human rights instruments contained in international treatises and conventions, and regional organs, such as the Banjul Charter.

But while these universal rights are inalienable, trouble or the devil is in the details of how to ensure they are uniquely nurtured and context specific democratic nations are built around the world. This is related to the age-old question concerning the importance of cultural relativity of human rights and democracy debate, which will again be fleshed out in “towards overcoming peace-building absurdity in South Sudan (II).” The importance of cultural sensitivity of human rights and democracy debate is particularly pertinent to those complex, religiously and ethnically diverse societies of the likes of South Sudan.

It is common knowledge that South Sudanese cultures have for far too long fallen victims to distortion and ethnic fragmentation by protracted armed conflicts. In this vein, South Sudan cannot be construed as what is generally accepted as representative of a “nation,” say after the Western nations. Because this is the case, South Sudan cannot similarly be expected to thrive in Western-type democracy.

While South Sudan is “badly in need of democratic political environment in order to hold together its society of multiplicity,” as the former South Sudan’s vice-president is recently quoted as imploring, what this democracy should look like is what should keep us busy in the run-in to our first ever national democratic elections in just over a year time.

For one, few will disagree that the April, 2010 national elections failed to exemplify a free and fair democratic exercise and therefore, must be avoided. For another, a negligible some will dispute the conclusion arrived at on the role played by that election process in contributing to the further militarization of our society and the proliferation of political violence across identity lines and other political interest syndicates in South Sudan.

Democracy practiced in that manner in South Sudan is a curse rather than a blessing. Because of the contested claims about the credibility of the 2010 national elections, and by implication the legitimacy of the sitting government in Juba, South Sudan has since slowly but surely been dragged into a looming all-out political violent carnage that awaits but a spark.

On this account, the fact that our international partners continue to insist on working with a government that has come to power under questionable democratic circumstances and that has horribly performed in delivering human-dignity preserving services is disenchanting.

What is more, this aptly also speaks to the idea that our international partners seems to send out the impression that they do not give a dime about how the country is being (mis)governed and the state of peace and stability in it. For them what really matters it can be concluded, is that the country does not slide into outright anarchy, which in other words is a product of the conflict management mentality of maintaining rather than building peace.

Here the real deal is therefore, that as long as South Sudan remains relatively intact, then its risk of undermining our partners’ interests in the region more generally is negligible, and therefore these international actors will continue to slack.

The view that it is regional and international peace and security rather than human security that pre-occupies the minds of our international interlocutors is held by the prominent political scientist, Bruce W. Jentleson, as for example expressed in his treatment of “American Foreign Policy: The Dynamics of Choice in the 21st Century.” In it he observed that during the Cold War American foreign policy intervention strategy was guided by “ABC (Anything But Communism)” maxim.

And after the Cold War, the strategy was upgraded to “ABT (Anything But Terrorism)” maxim, which basically means democracy my foot unless global war on terror is involved. Egypt may be seen as a case in point, if political Islam is equated with terrorism, which some Islamophobes do.

I have recently came across credible sources that alleged that the utterly reprehensible Nairobi Westgate terror attack that claimed over 60 innocent lives last month was probably orchestrated in South Sudan by way of the terrorists entering Kenya from it.

If confirmed, perhaps this will serve those with high stakes in the region some food for thought on the potential destabilizing effect to regional and international peace and security South Sudan will provide, should current un-democratic and conflict-exacerbating governance status quo remains in Juba.

For a fitting contextual exposé on new war ideology and tactics, and what goes on in the mind of agents of such attacks, read my article written exactly one month prior to the Westgate unfortunate tragedy, and entitled, “the Tragedy of Humanitarian Intervention in South Sudan,” (again easily found on my blog: ).

Moving on, Jentleson’s view also serves to explain for instance the recent all too familiar public condemnation by the United States Ambassador to South Sudan of the latest cycle of inter-communal brouhaha in Jonglei State. Though it is commendable to publicly condemn any practice of indiscriminate butchering of civilian population, it is not enough to continue to cling to what increasingly seems like a professional condemnation—a technical and routine procedure that even seems to recycle a standard public condemnation text designed for such tragic incidences!

Even more, it is agonizing, particularly to victims and their relatives to be served with yet again pledges of a commitment to “continue our work with the government of the Republic of South Sudan to address the pressing security and humanitarian needs in Jonglei State.” What government are they talking about working with?

As stated above and elsewhere, it must again be reiterated that the government of South Sudan under Kiirdith, has relinquished whatever was left (if any) of its democratic credentials and has lost popular legitimacy by virtue of failing to discharge its basic responsibility to protect its citizens, if only that.

The president does not even issue public condemnations in the wake of such innocent killings of South Sudanese let alone visiting the sites and consoling surviving victims and relatives of the deceased. The only work with the government of South Sudan our partners should be seriously contemplating is to exert more diplomatic pressure on Juba that goes beyond isolation, to include preparations and assistance with our constitutional making process and the conduct of the next general elections, as we begin counting down for post-Kiir democratic Republic of South Sudan.

Despite recent gestures of “reconciliation” in the release of political prisoners, including advocate Peter A. Sule, who should not have been arbitrarily imprisoned for almost two years without due process in the first place, only a naïve or a fool will allow themselves to be taken for another ride yet again by president Kiir and company.

How can there be reconciliation when the president seems poised for a war by recently graduating a battalion of personal body-guards from his Northern Bahr al-Ghazal State tribesmen dubbed “republican guards?” South Sudan is already replete with army and police personnel, with more than half of our national budget committed for their upkeep.

Could not the president have instructed the finest of these gallant men and women in uniform to be selected and be formed and professionalized into an elite brigade or two of Republican guards, particularly when the poor continue to live under austerity measures?

There is a way in which South Sudanese are unnecessarily being made to hold their breaths with the unpredictable and unforgiving nature of our political terrain, particularly since the independence came, which is a grave cause for concern for those who are sensible.

Violent carnage is inevitable and genuine peace-building is yet to see the light of the day as long as Kiirdith continue to be advised that Juba can be transformed into a foster child—a dictatorial hybrid offspring (Ibn al-haram) of Kampala and Khartoum! This is South Sudan and South Sudanese we are talking about here, people whose identity is historically reputed for a culture of resistance.

May be reconciliation too will come after him. Walai lakin? If the Americans think they have a DUI (driving under influence) problem, South Sudan has an even bigger DUI (decrees under intoxication) problem.

At its core one of the fundamental factors fuelling our violent conflicts has always been what may be described as “proximate causes.” From my experience, probable causes of Sudanese conflicts have received little attention in contexts where the causes of Sudanese conflicts were being academically presented.

This includes a serious failure to consider political leadership deficiency and lack of visionary statesman, as well as corruption and bad neighborhood, which together further aids and abets in the creation of the post-CPA volatile political space in all the four corners of Sudan and South Sudan.

Michael E. Brown’s forceful study on causes of internal conflict entitled “The Causes of Internal Conflicts: An Overview,” comes to mind on the role of proximate causes in the multiplication of Sudanese and South Sudanese armed conflicts.

Of particular relevance in Brown’s study is his discussion of what he described as “catalytic factors” or “proximate causes of internal conflicts.” Brown classified these catalytic factors into what he called “elite-triggered” causes of internal violence, which he points out can be “internally-driven” by bad or corrupt leaders, and “domestic problems,” which are “externally driven” by bad neighbors and bad neighborhood.

Arguably, in South Sudan and indeed in Sudan, while popular grievances existed most notably in the peripheries, violent transformation of simmering conflicts is often accentuated by bad and corrupt leaders. Towards overcoming peace-building absurdity must begin by lending listening not just hearing ears to this reality.

For those appealing for more meat, hold your breaths. More meat on towards overcoming peace-building absurdity in South Sudan (II), particularly as it relates to the appreciation of South Sudanese socio-cultural dynamics mentioned several times already in recent pieces, and what it entails will be served next time around. As for the vegetarians, well but I am not a vegetarian! Stay tuned.

Tongun Lo Loyuong is reachable at; and can be followed on twitter @TongunLoLoyuong.

Day of Misery and Gloom in Nimule


As I write, the unpopular Nimule Town Council has been officially inaugurated on 22nd October 2013 with the beneficiaries: Governor Louis Lobong Lojore and his friends in crime – Ambassador John Andruga, MP Jerome Surur, MP Avelino Bilal, Dr. Anne Itto, amongst others and their slaves, Mr. Daudi Kisire and his Nimule company, must be patting themselves on their backs for having succeeded in their evil plans.

For the rest and majority of the Ma’di people, it was a day of misery and gloom. For the plan to grab their land is on its way to be fully effected. The opportunists have fulfilled their evil schemes as their masters (the land grabbers) have told them to do.

The fact remains that this is a plan of few coward individuals. I dare you, Mr. Governor, you and your musketeers: if you are men and women enough to come in front of the Ma’di people and in a democratic way ask them whether they would like to have Nimule as a town council, the vote will be an overwhelming majority for a NO vote. That is why you decided to use the back door for pushing through your project.

For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? (Mark 8:36).

Money you have received, yes. To you, it could have looked enticing, lucrative and promising but you have lost the trust and the respect of all Ma’di people.

You are traitors (especially you, Mr. Jerome Surur, the project implementer and Dr. Anne Itto, the initiator of the project) and you are worse than the devil itself.

The facts speak for themselves and this evil you have committed against your own people will follow you like your shadows to wherever you go and will follow you all your lives to your graves and will follow your children and to your grandchildren for the bear insults and affronts on your behalves.

Without shame, you are now asking the religious leaders to organize the Ma’di people for reconciliation. Reconciliation for what?

Who is reconciling who and for what?

The Ma’di people do not want to reconcile with any of you, your sins are unforgivable.

And you want to use your power to silence us from voicing our issues. You say you are hurt by what the Ma’di people are writing about you.

We, the majority of the Ma’di people, should be the ones to cry out loud that we are hurt for you have taken away their land for “a few pieces of silver.”

We warn you not to pull even a single hair from a Ma’di. We want to see all the people you have arrested, those you are threatening with arrests, those you wrongfully said defamed you by their writings and all of us to be safe.

We have reached our boiling point and the consequences will be great if you dare touch any one of us.

All we want is the NTC project of ours should be officially withdrawn without any conditions or pre-conditions before anybody can talk of reconciliation, if any.

And all we ask for as Madi people is the repatriation of IDPs and their animals, clear border demarcation of Ma’di land and granting of our county (Pageri County) as we have been refused access and chased away from Magwi County.

I call on all Ma’di people not to be deceived by these cunning individuals to accept their call for reconciliation. We want the whole of Madi land for yourselves but not its people. Have the land through your NTC project.

What do want from the rest of the Madi people after you and your cheque payers have taken Ma’diland through your NTC project?

Those singing the reconciliation song are planning for failure. All Madi people: young or old, at home or in diaspora are all disappointed by the actions of the few individuals towards them. Reconciliation MUST start with the truths.

The pro-NTC people MUST first tell us who started the NTC project, how much they were paid for it and why they killed chief Ajugo of Nimule payam?

When they publicly tell us the truths, they MUST ask us to forgive them. And if we decide to forgive them shall we then reconcile with them.

These are the terms of the reconciliation they have ask for. Short of that let the Ma’di elders and religious leaders forget what they so call “reconciliation”.

Finally, for the Ma’di people are not there just to be used to satisfy the undying egos and selfish greed for power of the pro-NTC group.

You have starting it and you should find a way of clearing your mess.

Martin Oluku, Juba, South Sudan (

End the History of Negligent: The Crises in Twic East County warrants National Government intervention


The current flood and tribal conflict in Jonglei and Warrap states warrant state and central government interventions. The government of South Sudan should and must accord its citizens full protection. Numerous attacks of civil populations have occurred and continued to occur in Jonglei State and there have been no government responses.

Arguably, more people die today in South Sudan than during the liberation Struggle. Have we learned anything from the previous tribal conflicts? It must be made clear the government of South Sudan can collapse if the international and internal pressures continue to mount significantly on the Kiir’s administration and especially if the tribal conflicts and merciless killings of innocent civilians continue.

Warning, the government will only survive if it discharges its core functions, and maintains law and order.

Flood disaster is a major concern. Although other parts of South Sudan are affected by the overflowing Nile waters, the the scale and magnitude of this disaster is yet to be known. Besides flood disaster in Twic East County and the current rampant insecurity is exacerbated by lawlessness and state of anarchy.

The flawed disarmament government policy has created loopholes and placed thousands of people in precarious environment. The government of South Sudan has struggled to annex effective violence-reduction techniques since the time the Referendum was conducted.

Now still, there is no clear policy from the government of protecting its citizens. We frequently mourned, cried and grieved with thin shreds of hope that the central state and local governments will create policies, and means of bringing criminals to justice, executing murderers to deter future criminals and most importantly reduction of violence by a few percentage points.

Apparently the government had no remedial and viable policy to curve killing and death of its citizens. The ensuing collapse of the central government force residents revert to local forms of conflict resolution; and escalate killings, child abduction and cattle raiding.

This country that emerged from the wreckage of war is so rogue (failed) that she does not remember Torit and BorTown, two shining cities that make all citizens of South Sudan proud. So what renders the government of South Sudan delusional or has it been confused by array of issues its faces?

I must reiterate that it is the responsibility of the government of South Sudan to ensure security of its citizens and put in place remedies of natural disaster and this means it must implement Emergency Preparedness Policy to reduce and remedy man-made and natural disasters.

The government must meet the perceived basic conditions and responsibilities of a sovereign government. Obviously, this government has lost its control of Jonglei state, and this may have worrying implication that the whole national government had lost its legitimacy in Jonglei.

The people of Twic East and people of Jonglei state are sick of hearing their loved ones killed or ruthlessly murdered. The constant killing of the innocent civilians is caused by the government’s inability to ensure safety of its citizens.

Common characteristics of a failing rogue nation are government ineffectiveness to practically control its citizen’s reckless behaviors and inability of government to control widespread criminality, insecurity and provide rule of law.

It is incomprehensible, and unimaginable to learn that over 3000 Murle youths armed to the teeth attacked Twic East County, raided cattle, burned villages and massacre hundreds of people in Ajuong Payam and Pakeer. The death toll stands at 150 and it continues to rise.

It is mind boggling, and deeply sad that this tragedy happened in country where the government claims an absolute sovereignty and good governance. If this killing was to occur in another country, some officials would have resigned from power and criminals would have been brought to justice but it happens in South Sudan, life will continue as usual.

Our beloved government had lost the meaning of life, its essence and destiny. It is heart breaking.

The flood disaster and mass killing orchestrated by Murle have severely impeded and destabilized life in East County. There could be potential outbreak of water borne diseases; unknown number of cattle could die, huge population is displaced, elders and children are threatened by the disaster, hundreds of homes have been destroyed by the flood and death toll continuing to rise.

The threat post by this crisis is immeasurable. This case study of flood disaster in Twic East County could potentially be applied to other counties situated in the Sudd region and affected by the flood. It is obvious that the state government’s emergency preparedness might be different from one county to other counties because the emergency preparedness largely depends on state and local resources that its set aside for the purpose of natural and man-made disasters.

It is worth noting that the South Sudan government emerged from ruins of wars, therefore its institutions are still structurally weak.

On the one hand, the president continues to load citizens with series of speeches, and many projects after projects are proposed and it is not absolutely clear whether all the promised programs are implemented. Now the disaster hits, the public is confused and no senior official knows where the disaster assistance will come from come.

Given these realities, it is imperative to develop a comprehensive national government program to curb tribal conflicts and disaster’s reductions. For how long will the government of South Sudan officials continue to appeal to None Government Organizations (NGOs)?

The government of south Sudan must define the strategic objectives. The strategic objectives that underpin our national critical and vulnerable areas and key asset for its protection effort, identifying and assuring the protection of those infrastructures and assets that we deem most critical to the livelihood of the people for instance, crops, cattle, and homes. The national government can ensure that the health, safety, economic and security of its citizens.

Both Current flood and Twic East attack on Ajuong and Pakeer Payams caught the county unprepared. The level of the Nile water is rising and continues to rise, while people that have moved to higher ground are killed by Murle Youth.

The Commissioner blamed flooding on the rising level of water from the River Nile and Hippopotamuses that destroyed regular Dikes at night while grazing on both sides of the dikes. The repercussion of flood calamity has affected the whole county.

The demographic at the highest risks are elders and the children. Just like any other counties in South Sudan, Twic East County was rebuilt from the ruins and the remnants of the 21 years of War. Hence, any outbreak of new diseases besides, water borne diseases could potentially exterminate the populations.

If the government of South Sudan does not act now, people of Twic East County could be decimated by the flood. This county is just like any other county in South Sudan, the Twic East County owed enormous debt to the government of South Sudan. A debt that either current government or next government will never pay back.

Yet this government is aware of the ongoing reported tribal conflict and catastrophe and never contributes a dime or soldier as part of a disaster relief.

The flood had claimed the lives of 600 people and Murle has killed over 150 people. This nerve racking crises can naturally warrant’s government interventions.

However, the history of South Sudanese tribes indicated that they protect their people, honor and respect the death of their love ones. I urge our government to anchor the government on the traditional values and norms, where the death of one person would trigger government concern. The government must do whatever it can to protect, prevent and mitigate issues and crises that its citizens face.

I urge members of Twic East community in the United States who have been conducting series of meetings to continue in their fund raising efforts for disaster relief and I also appeal to the donors, friends, and our own members to contribute funds toward the victims of Murle Youth attack in Ajuong and Pakeer Payams and flood disaster efforts in Twic East Count, Jonglei State, and South Sudan.

The author teaches political and History at Career college, former Nebraska legislative assistance and passionate advocate of responsive government that observes rules of law, and guarantees citizens protection; as an important principle of democratic government. Besides, he is specialized in Public administration and policy.

By Gabrial Pager Ajang
He can be reached at

EES Government planned for illegal inauguration of Nimule Town Council


Like any other South Sudanese citizen, the day when Independence was declared on 9th July 2011, I was overwhelmed and found tears running from my face all the way to my chest when the then speaker Honourable James Wani Igga read the declaration speech.

I knew we had obtained our respect, dignity, freedom and liberty at last. Today like any other fellow citizens in South Sudan when the Ma’di people enjoy the peace, justice, liberty and freedom well deserved as prophesied by our fallen hero late Dr John Garang, I look back and say, my sacrifice as an SPLA soldier to pick up the gun as opposed to the pen and fight for my nation has well paid off the sacrifice I made.

That sense of peace, freedom and justice became short lived and has sent me in a state of shock with the unfolding events happening in Ma’di land, particularly in Nimule. The Eastern Equatoria State (EES) government came up with Nimule Town Council (NTC) conversion plan.

Rather than consulting with the Ma’di people, particularly the Nimule clans who are the rightful owners of Nimule, EES government delegates met a handful of local businessmen in a nightclub and plotted the scheme. When the Ma’di heard about this, they summoned their local MP for Nimule, Mr. Aventore Amure Bilal for further enlightenment and further discussions about the plan.

In that meeting which was attended by many Ma’di people from all walks of life to include engineers, local authority expertise, lawyers… etc, the attendees of the meeting voted with the overwhelming majority of 513 against NTC introduction and a minority of 16 voters for the introduction of the town council before proper assessments, consultation, demarcation proposals, compensation plans, benefits of the scheme in terms of employment, population influx with its associated crimes and so forth are at hand.

Ever since this unpopular NTC came to light, meetings upon meetings have been held between the community and the chiefs and their local MPs with all the feedbacks being sent in forms of memos or documents to EES Governor Luis Lobong Lojore.

The Nimule payam chief, Livio Ajugo, after several meetings with the community realized the need for further consultation as the impact of imposing the town council on his people would be great and uncompromising if the NTC is forced on the Ma’di as it were proposed.

Shortly after announcing withdrawal of his signature in that decisive meeting of 24/08/13 in which he named and shamed all those who paid bribes in order to see to it that the NTC is urgently imposed on the Ma’di as soon as possible, he was gunned down by unknown persons when returning home on a night out watching football with friends.

Ajugo’s killing can only be explained by the exposure of the names of those involved in the money payments. In order to keep quiet further exposure of what other dirty deals went behind the closed doors in relation to the dirty scheme of NTC, the illegal selling of the Ma’di land, the dirty games of the Internally displaced persons (IDPs).

So the EES can only win by doing a dirty game. This saw Daudi Kisire, a local businessman, a self proclaimed businessperson in the name of John K Maire who fans the fire in Torit where Deputy Governor Jerome Surur, immediately takes action in the constant absence of the undergraduate Governor Luis Lobong who is studying in Kampala.

Torit puppet MP Bilal, hungry local businessmen Daudi Kisire, Inyani Jackson along with the die-hard IDPs whose dirty schemes against the Ma’di nationals are to wipe the existence of the Ma’di from their heritage land, all have to protect their interests – money and power.

I believe the killing of chief Ajugo brought the NTC scheme to a halt and of course this became an embarrassment to the EES who paid huge monies to see to the completion of the plan. The failure of the NTC can only mean something to the three categories of people:

1. The EES governor who lost monies paid him in bribes and his failure to deliver the huge chunks of land or plots they have promised the land grabbers.

2. The local businessmen and women who have been promised business deals.

3. IDPs whose hidden agenda is to forcefully occupy Ma’di land and establish a dynasty in Nimule and push the Ma’di from their ancestral land where they will enjoy peace and basic subsistence to across the boarder, an act of mass injustice against the Ma’di.

Barely 2 months after chief Ajugo’s death and the killer(s) still at large, the EES government pressurized to deliver by the hungry underworld land-grabbers, has announced a town clerk.

Governor Luis Lobong is dying to install his brother-in-law David Eriga as Nimule Town Clerk to seal the scheme of land-grabbing, forceful land selling in order to ensure he remains in power, an act of corruption of its highest level at the expense of the Madi people.

It is also crystal clear the EES government knows that it will fail to secure a majority vote regarding the NTC implementation plans in its current state.

I would like to make it clear for record purposes that we the Ma’di in principle have not refused the town council as we know it will bring development and employment opportunities to our land. In fact should this be a government scheme to boost development in Magwi County, then town council status should be awarded to Magwi, where the headquarters is.

We the Ma’di wrote to the EES governor demanding the repatriation of the self-proclaimed Dinka Bor IDPs and their cattle that is a constant source of destruction of our crops and pollution of the up coming town.

Secondly we demand the granting of our Pageri County, which we were tipped of as approved but awaiting sorting of austerity measures before announcement.

If there is no budget for a county so much desired and rightfully deserved by a people is denied, why does the government so much desire to impose the town council on a people it does not care about its welfare?

The fact the Ma’di people were not informed about the inauguration ceremony shows clearly that EESG has hijacked the people of Nimule and held them hostage.

As I write the generally mood in Nimule is like in funeral place, the only visible people one can see on the streets in Nimule or at inauguration ceremony are boda-boda riders who had been brought from Elegu, Uganda, to escort the delegations that accompanied the designated town clerk, and commissioner of Magwi, just few to mentioned.

For boda-boda riders from Ugandan side this is an opportunity for making money, as I was told each one of them was paid an amount of 500 SSP and free full tank of fuel. This EESG project has been imposed on Ma’di though the plan was rejected by the majority of Ma’di people.

Finally Torit has succeeded in its agenda which it has pushed it through, what I don’t know is the consequences that will follow the days after. As I said before, the mood in Nimule right now is like in funeral place.

Earlier on I talked to an old man in his 70s in Nimule who expressed his disappointment and he said, “the noble called for further consultation fell into deaf ears in Torit.” He farther said right now in Nimule people are scared about the Pro-NTC and fear to speak openly as the threat for more arrests is going on.

The so-called democratic Republic of south Sudan remains in theory, but practically we are at the mercy of dictatorship of Mr Louis Lobong Lojore, an ex-seminarian who by chance became a governor without sound academic background.

As I write the inauguration ceremony is on going today in Nimule, this was done without informing the community and the people the town clerk is supposedly coming to work with.

I wonder whether this is how democratic south Sudan for which late Dr. Garang died for, or if this is the new beginning of Kiir’s empire, where critics and writers like Isaiah Abraham were silenced by a single bullet and till to date his killers are still at large.

Importantly, this is not only Ma’di issue, this is a national issue. The people of south Sudan will one day wake up from their sleep and find Kiir is everything, as we have already seen recently how he forced the parliament to endorse his vice president without legislative procedural background check.


Okudra Paul Ojjali, Business man in Nimule.
Okudra Paul Ojjali

SSHURSA condemns attack on Twic East

From: Biel Boutros Biel
Subject: SSHURSA condemns attack on Twic East
Country: USA and South Sudan

Message Body:
SSHURSA Press Statement: For Immediate Release: October 20, 2013, SSN;


The South Sudan Human Rights Society For Advocacy(SSHURSA), condemns in strongest terms possible the deadly attack on the people of Twic East County in Jonglei State that happened today October 20, 2013. The attack targetted one cattle camp at Ajuong Payam and two cattle camps at Paker Payam. SSHURSA sends also its most heartfelt condolences to the entire Twic East Community and particularly to all families of the victims. Sources SSHURSA spoke to on the ground stated 42 persons including children and women have been confirmed dead and 44 people wounded with 5 children abducted.

“The situation is deadly, the attackers used AK 47 and Rocket-Propelled Grenades(RPG)” the County Commissioner sadly told SSHURSA. He believed the attackers were rebels of General David Yauyau operating in Jonglei State as in response by the limited police force against the attack, one person among the attackers has been killed and identified as from the Yauyau’s rebels. Sources on the ground revealed to SSHURSA that the presence of the rebels was realized in the area and appeals were raised to the higher authorities of governments in the state and National levels to deploy the national army, the SPLA but nothing was done.

As SSHURSA strongly condemns the attack, it also gets concerned with the reckless handling of the security of the citizens by the Government of South Sudan. The attack on Twic East would have been prevented if South Sudan has a caring government. The negligence in protecting the people and their property is a fundamental failure of the government. The security of the people always remains as a first and serious responsibility of a responsible government but South Sudan’s, has shown the contrary. Article 53 and Schedule A of the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011 directly task the Government with the responsibility to provide the security to the people and their property in South Sudan. The right to life is the first right which leads to the enjoyment of all other human rights and as provided under Article 11 of the Constitution and under international human rights law and isntruments which oblige the state to observe. Such a failure is unacceptable because the government cannot exist without the living citizens. SSHURSA condemns in strongest terms possible such negligence by the people’s government.


(a) To the Government of South Sudan to:

(i) immediately deploy the national army in Twic East County to protect the citizens and prevent regular attacks in the area.
(ii) strengthen the presence of the SPLA forces in Jonglei State’s insecure Counties that have suffered frequent and preventable attacks by the rebels and cattle rustlers.
(iii) devise honest and peaceful mechanisms to address the rebellion in Jonglei state to bring frequent attacks permanently to an end.
(iv) continue working genuinely to reach peaceful solutions to tribal conflicts in Jonglei state and deliver tangible services that will change the lives of the warring tribes to abandon savagery.
(v) maintain continued presence of the SPLA in all insecure states in South Sudan.

(b) To United Nations Mission in South Sudan(UNMISS) to:

(i) deploy immediately UN troops in Twic East County to prevent further attacks.
(ii) maintain continued presence of UN peacekeeping troops to protect people and their property in insecure and vulnerable areas which the government of South Sudan has always failed to provide with security.

(c) To the States and National Legislative Assemblies to:

(i) raise a hot motion against the government for its inability and negligence to protect the citizens which is its first responsibility under the Constitution.
(ii) impeach any Minister or any personnel of any office whose responsibility is to protect the people and their property in South Sudan but has failed to do so.
(iii) genuinely get concerned, leaving politics aside, think about the lives of their constituents and viability of South Sudan as a state in transition, work with grassroots communities and put tough pressures on governments for peaceful solutions to stop the frequent deaths in Jonglei state and South Sudan generally.

(d) To the Twic East and other Communities in Jonglei State to:

(i) remain calm and avoid any revenge attacks despite the deadly attack on them
(ii) respect all the times the importance of human dignity and life.
(iii) work for unity and peaceful co-existence with each other for better South Sudan.

(e) To rebels of David Yauyau and others in South Sudan to:

(i) respect human rights and respect closely the right to life
(ii) respect the norms, rules and principles of the International Humanitarian Law.
(iii) end rebellion and pursue peaceful means with the government as the only best solutions to resolve conflicts among the civilized people.

SSHURSA is a non political and nonprofit making National Human Rights Organization founded in 2007 by South Sudanese Lawyers and Law Students at Makerere’s Law Development Centre (LDC), Kampala Uganda. For more information on this statement or about SSHURSA contact:

1. Biel Boutros Biel: Executive Director, Tel. +16464318960, E-mail:,, New York, USA.

2. Beny Gideon Mabor: Senior Project Officer: E-mail:, Juba, South Sudan.

Bor People Victims in Kiir’s Political Manoeuvres

BY: David Kuol Arok, Australia, OCT/19/2013, SSN;

We, the Bor people, have always been known for fair-mindedness. But in recent political fall-out in Juba, president Kiir has finally found his allies among us. The one section of Bor tribe whom he looks upon has lost both logic and common sense.

It’s those who claim themselves victims of repressive rebel movement that has killed their people. And if you asked them how many people were assassinated? They could only mention one possible example, and that is the death of late Martin Majer Gai Ayuel.

However, let’s not be naïve, Kiir has never been fair to all of us, and his recent appointment of Jonglei State Governor, Kuol Manyang Juuk, to the country’s defence ministry is basically because he finds him useful just as the political tool to be used eventually in removing the current SPLA army Chief of Staff, Lt.Gen. James Hoth Mai in a nearer future.

This appointment is not just a random process; it is both politically and desperately an attempt by a confused president who is determined to clinging to power at all cost whatsoever, with a long political calculus that we, the Bor Dinka, would remain enemies with the Nuer people forever.

Undoubtedly, General Hoth Mai has strongly opposed any involvement of the South Sudan army in a political process, and one vivid example is his refusal to integrate several hundreds presidential guards trained at Luri Bridge without his knowledge.

Here again, it has surfaced that Mr. Gabriel Jok Riak is the leader of this private army (the recently trained presidential so-called Republican Guards) that’s predominantly selected and recruited from president Kiir’s own home of Warrap State and related Northern Bhar el Ghazal State.

In view of the recent political developments, had it not been for former vice-president Dr. Riak Machar’s willingness for peaceful political transition, only God knows how we, as a nation, have evaded one catastrophe very similar to the Rwanda genocide.

In the aftermath of the removal of Dr. Machar from office, there was a speculation that John Luk Jok, a Nuer, was considered for appointment as vice-president, but he, John Luk, was wise enough to turn the consideration down and the vacancy went unfortunately to a weak comedian because he is from Equatoria region and therefore fits the political narrative.

Besides, do you think Kiir cares much about Bor South? No, of course, basically because there is no prominent political rival in that region that is the primary reason Kiir is willing to offer them an olive branch for political convenience.

But, unfortunately, Bor North and Nuer who have individuals ready to assume the presidency are left languishing under the bus.

Dear friends, I am not against any political appointees but let us refrain from politics that pit us against any faction in South Sudan.

Kiir is a spoiled or rotten apple, and now he is more determined to smear us with his political dung.

So, let all Bor people remain united, strong and vigilant. No more political enemies!

David Kuol Arok
Country: Australia

Operational Major Daudi Kisire’s war on Ma’di: A Bleeding nation

BY: David Kanyara Aju, South Sudan, OCT/17/2013, SSN;

Since the death of chief Ajugo on 08/09/13, the Ma’di people have been crying in agony over the loss of their son of the land, the pain couldn’t get any better with the killer(s) still out at large.

We the community have been failed by the Eastern Equatoria Government (EESG) and the security organs that have yet to show their true colours to a nation in mourning. Business as usual to them meant rounding up for interrogation of gatherings of anything more than two persons in the village-turned-town of Nimule and its surrounding villages in a new form of terrorism that hit Ma’di in the wake of forcing the unpopular Nimule Town Council (NTC) on the people.

Where the EESG’s arm of ruling fell short in Nimule, self-imposed agonizing aunt, Dr Anna Itto, had Ma’di sure duties of the state carried out by a small boy in the name of Daudi Kisire.

A son of a farmer/businessman, late Araki, opportunist Daudi Kisire, a 1990s Muslim convert due to hardship in the Uganda refugee camps, has landed another job in the new Republic of South Sudan.

Allegedly, as a caretaker of the businesses of Dr Itto in Nimule and a few other government elites, he is always seen ‘hanging out’ with her whenever she visited Nimule. When he is not doing his own businesses, he surely is taking up building contracts, clearing vehicles and other goods for these elites he is involved with in other unclassified deals!

Kisire, his brothers Anyala and Mangara, and cousin Abi have now added to their portfolio a family Limited company of ‘Internal Security’, a security organ within the national security.

This group of organized criminals has ramped up their desire to ‘catch’ the killer(s) of chief Ajugo. In actual fact, what they are doing in their nightclub meetings has been the fulfilling a dirty political agenda against the Ma’di in a bid to appease the EESG, a scheme where money exchanged hands for the undemocratic implementation of the NTC.

Their go-between allegedly is none other than Nimule Payam MP, Aventore Amure Bilal, a man who has lost self-esteem selling his fellow nationals for peanuts.

The Nimule thugs, who are also local businessmen have now taken the law into their hands and are cruising the streets of Nimule looking for any community member who attended the 24/08/13 Nimule-held meeting organized and chaired by the late Nimule Payam chief.

In that decisive meeting on 24/08/13, the late chief Ajugo named and shamed a few people who are involved in the NTC saga. These are local businessmen and businesswomen who have been sponsored by the EESG in order to see to it that the NTC was established.

As a result, MP Bilal who occupies the Torit seat lost his mandate with the people when he chose to represent the Ma’di minority in the likes of local businessmen Kisire and his henchmen who have become the right hand men of EES.

The community denounced Bilal and his representation publicly when it downed on them that he did not only abuse their trust but he also sold his own soul.

By standing out to do the legs’ work, Kisire and his henchmen are protecting the vested interest of the likes of Dr Anna Itto, a political recluse in the circles of the Ma’di and Mr. John Anduga who allegedly failed to assume his position in Zimbabwe mainly due to incompetence but also equally due to lack of obvious funds for embezzlement in his new job.

This network of criminals has managed to flourish this far completely unchecked because the one jigsaw piece that was missing was indeed a character none other than the quite elusive and deadly John Andruga with his handy and free access to the high ranking security organs.

He allegedly fed them with falsified information about the events in Nimule Which led to the deployment of heavy Army presence in Ma’di.

Whilst EES Governor Luis Lojore ruled the state remotely from his university campus in Kampala where he is studying for his degree course, his Deputy, Jerome Surur, a himself a Ma’di, meekly carried out all transactions in favour of his boss.

Embarrassingly, up to date, he is even neither sure why the Ma’di leaders and elders were arrested, nor does he know who ordered their arrests.

Mr. Surur is surrounded by fellow brethren John K. Maire and Oreste Todo (both men having failed miserably in USA and the latter having allegedly embezzled community funds before running off to Torit), who have just been accommodated in their jobs in order to serve the inner circles.

With Todo managing the direction of investment in Torit, he couldn’t have sealed the development deals any better! Maire, allegedly is being deployed as Protocol Director to Pageri of all the places, can only serve one protocol person in the Anna Itto home town.

In this network where the beneficiaries have varied interests and gains ranging from political favors, power and control to financial gains and watching each other’s back has been the play in diverting or obstructing justice for late Ajugo.

Amidst all the physical, emotional and psychological sufferings brought on the Ma’di community, the plan to commence NTC is intensified shortly after announcing this undemocratic transaction over the national radio.

In the meantime, businessman turned security organ operative, continued to terrorize the nation by night. The much-feared Kisire and his alleged dark powers was never called to account for his whereabouts nor summoned for interrogations because he has become the untouchable.

He is the one who oversees business for the elite government officials. The catalyst in the equations! So long as the EESG remains in power, Kisire and his right hand man Anyala cruise in their vehicles ensuring those in the cells are tortured while he and his men add more to the list of the detained as the prophetess’s words came to pass.

None of those named by chief Ajugo before his death have ever accounted for their whereabouts.

The very MP Bilal who said whether the Ma’di liked it or not, the NTC will be implemented, and yet he has not been questioned as to what he meant by that statement.

Not a single man or woman from those proposing NTC was ever brought for questioning. So the very people who were pro NTC have become innocent Gov. Luis Lobong’s stooges who are rounding up whoever tickled their fancy for arrest.

Unsurprisingly, they have now stooped as low as planting secret pictures of a servant of God in the name Priest (Padre) Joseph Otto whom they want to capture on charges of causing unrest in the community. ]

Since when did prayers cause unrest?

Did Ajugo’s killing bring about a windfall? Well, before the decaying process even began on Ajugo, as our people would say, the EESG had already announced the NTC and has gone to appoint one in the name of David Eriga, the EES Governor Luis Lobong’s Madi brother-in-law in the position of Nimule Town Clerk.

It is worth mentioning that Mr. Eriga deserted his post as Nimule Payam chief to take up a more lucrative job in Kapoeta. Whilst in Kapoeta, he took with him the salary of the post he deserted leaving his successor to work for free while he earned double salary.

It remains a wonder if in-law Eriga will come back with double salary to his new post since he has the immunity from big brother!

Since individuals that paid bribes were publicly spelled out in that 24/08/13 meeting, it is worth letting the wider community members know where the tornado that swept the whole nation came from.

The men that are walking freely in the land even when the EESG is aware that money exchanged hands prior to the death of Ajugo are as follows:

* Daudi Kisire is a businessman original from Mugali. This head of the Mafia is also known as Mr. Major. He entices people to fall into his trap by giving and caring.
* Inyani Jackson, a businessman from Mugali who paid 5000 SSP towards NTC. He is Lieutenant to Kisire and also the master brain of the group. He is deadly when you cross his path.
* Yanga, another businessman and Lieutenant of Kisire.
* Gwanya, a businessman from Mugali is the owner of Motherland hotel. He is rather quiet, difficult to place his role.
* Andwe, another businessman from Mugali who owns the Royal Palace Hotel. He is one of the richest in the group. Seems to be a good guy who probably took a wrong step and got stuck in the mud.
* Ogili, a businessman from Loa who is a new recruit whose role is not yet clear.
* Abi, a cousin to Kisire is another Mugali recruit who works as the driver to the team.
* Taban, from Moli is a security officer and the owner of vehicle number EE 075B that was allegedly used in kidnapping Angu Abdalla from Uganda. (It is allegedly said that Kisire, Angu and Taban are the likely people that took part in Angu’s arrest).
* Augustine Omony, a security officer in Nimule who is most likely behind the arrests in Nimule
* Konyuru Geoffrey, another Mugali chap who does the leg work for the group.
* Taban Oliver, a businessman from Opari paid 15000 SSP upfront towards NTC.
* Anyala, younger brother of Kisire also a businessman is there to watch big brother’s back.

I do not have the full names of every one of them involved in this dirty deal but for those of you in Nimule, you probably know what I mean. I do not recall all the names of those who paid up for the illegal NTC. And for those of us who were in these meetings you can watch the unfolding trend of events for yourselves.

It is worth noting that some peculiar deaths occurred notably as:
1. A teacher by the name of Jino Lou went for a follow up after improved health suddenly died.
2. Soon after Ajugo’s murder, chief Simone Idro of Anjara payam died after short sickness.

Both these two community members had changed their minds about this NTC pending wider consultation as agreed by the community.

As long as the Ma’di elders and leaders remain dead silent or locked up in the cells, the EESG will continue with its agenda of implementing the NTC at the expense of the innocent bleeding and suffering of the Ma’di.

Unless the political gallants stop the ‘divide and rule’ tactic of the EESG, and as long as huge monies continue to exchange hands, Ma’di people will continue to pay heavier prices.

EESG is there to fulfil the words of mouthpiece Bilal when he did say in one of the community meetings that: “Whether you like it or not, the NTC will be implemented”, Bilal 2013.

One question I beg to ask is where will you as a Ma’di fit in the land once it has been consumed by your greed and forever lost to the vultures you symbolize?

Whatever your motives, just remember: “Do not move an ancient boundary stone or encroach on the fields of the fatherless.”

David Kanyara Aju;
concerned community activist.
” A voice for voiceless”

Rule of Law versus Rule of Man: Where is South Sudan?

BY: Biel Boutros Biel, USA, OCT/17/2013, SSN;

President Salva Kiir Mayardit stated in 2012 that: “……our struggle was to make human rights a reality in South Sudan; therefore, as an independent nation, we must strive to build our new nation on values and principles of our Constitution and human rights ideals”

However, two years of its independence, South Sudan remains a country in which our leader uses power to oppress and dictate interests of the governed contrary to the Constitution.

Prof. A.V. Dicey believes that rule of law means, “equality before the law and that no one is above the law.” Arguably, Justice Prof. George Kanyeihamba states in the affirmative that: “A government which performs any act which is not supported by any law, is as guilty of violating the rule of law as an individual or a group of them who take the law into their own hands.”

There is no freedom of speech, expression and media. In November 2011, Destiny Newspaper Editor Ngor Garang and his deputy Dengdit Ayok became the first victims. Dengdit wrote an article entitled; “Nyan Bany” (Daughter of the President), criticizing the marriage of the daughter of the first family to an Ethiopian national.

He asserted that this marriage would lead to the leaking of national secrets to the foreign land through the daughter as there are no secrets between a couple. That landed the editors more than two weeks’ detention by the National Security.

Kiir’s family could have used the civil law to sue the Newspaper if they believed the article defamed them but they didn’t instead used sword over the helpless editors.

Other victims of abuse of rule of law included Isaiah Abraham. He was gunned down on December 5, 2012, due to his views on looming dictatorship. Dr. Marial Benjamin, the former Minister of Information and Broadcasting (now the foreign minister) made wild promises for government’s speedy investigations of the case, yet no perpetrators have been held accountable to date.

In May 2013, former BBC Correspondent Alfred Taban and editor Michael Koma were detained for 8 hour-interrogations and 3 days’ detention respectively. The orders came from the former Deputy Minister of Interior Gen. Salva Mathok Gengdit.

He claimed defamation in an article published by Juba Monitor run by the two journalists in which Bul-Nuer community accused the Minister of murdering their late young man Banyjioth Mathoat Tap.

The late was found dead on March 30th 2013 beneath the premises of the Minister and with blood stains thinly pinning the lines inside to the Minister’s premises. That created more confusion than one would imagine though!

In Juba alone, John Louis Silvio, civil society member Modessa Wiyual Manytap, Reverends Manasse Matayo, Idris Nalos Kida and David Gayin, were mysteriously disappeared, but were believed to have been picked up by the Military Intelligence or National Security agents.

President Kiir has removed the elected governors of Lakes and Unity states as allowed by the unpopular provision of Article 101(r) of the Constitution that empowers the President to remove the State Governor and dissolve the State Legislative Assembly in the event of an emergency that threatens national security.

In Unity State, there was no any emergency that threatened national security and so did the Lakes state that has up to now thin pockets of clannish clashes which do not amount to an emergency that threatens the national security.

Shockingly to the public expectations, Jonglei State Governor Kuol Manyang Juuk who has failed to curb insecurities which continue to claim thousands of lives of innocent civilians as he failed to devise better ways of curving tribal clashes along side rebellions could have been the one removed long time ago.

Instead, however, President Kiir recently removed him and promoted him to a National Defence Minister. In all his acts, the President is expected to respect the Constitution.

To the contrary, so far no gubernatorial elections have been held within 60 days as required by Article 101(s) of the Constitution.

Recently, President Kiir also ordered the Parliament to endorse the new Vice President Hon. James Wani Igga and the new Speaker Hon. Magok Rundial respectively without any obedience to the Constitution that establishes the Parliament.

Lakes State imposed military caretaker Governor and Upper Nile Governor as empowered by the President have undermined through threats the State Parliaments. The list is endless.

The noble question that should be asked by any sane South Sudanese is: where is the rule of law?

South Sudan ruling party instead stands with the rule of man!

President Kiir has chosen to govern in a way that dishonours his people’s struggle for liberty while publicly talking about the importance of human rights.

The situation requires action and our silence is a betrayal of those who died to make us live today.

Elie Wiesel firmly once stated;

“I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.”

So what is required now? The Parliament should impeach the President and calls for Presidential elections within 60 days.

We should wake up from this deep sleep and ask tough questions including: why did we fight Sudan for over two decades?

Courageously, we should discuss the kind of Constitution we want, which protects and preserves the gains and the will of the people and not that glorifying the President as a “semi-god.”

The document must be passed through a referendum. A commission for the Implementation of the Constitution should be formed. Civil Society, religious institutions and academic think-tanks, should hold more discussion and debates in leading the ways for good governance.

The diplomatic missions and friends of South Sudan at international arena should support democratic efforts through financial assistance and open critique of the evils. They should push for strong institutions which promote rule of law and human rights.

The Anti-Corruption Commission must be supported and by law, an Anti-Corruption Court is established to try corruption cases.

An independent Constitutional Court must be set up to deal with all human rights violations. The Law Reform Commission must be well structured to start reviewing the jungle laws including the Penal Code to conform to democratic transformation.

If nothing positively happens per se, then a regime change must be a remaining option.

Finally, Arch Bishop Desmond Tutu warns us when he states: “If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor, if an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse, and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality.”

It is my considered view that to save ourselves and for posterity, we must act now not tomorrow!

Biel Boutros Biel is Lawyer, The Executive Director of South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy and Co-Chair of National Human Rights Forum with South Sudan Human Rights Commission. He has served as columnist (JUNGLE REFLECTIONS) at The Sudan Tribune Newspaper and former reporter of The Citizen English Daily. He is currently a Visiting Scholar in Human Rights Advocates Program at Columbia University, New York City, USA. The views expressed here are his not of the institutions he is associated with. He can be reached on:

Rampant corruption in Juba


It’s very intricate to decimate a perversive corruption unless there is change of leadership in Juba regime, which has intensified due to the lack of good leadership. This allow corruption to be established across institutions and to become difficult to eradicate.

The mere change of leadership would be a better approach to get rid of this perversive corruption. However some government officials inciting corruption stated that, “why would I be fret whilst my children study aboard? They will finished study and return back home to work in government or other private sectors to enrich themselves and their children.”

These officials are saying this because they crave to push the President into the sea and Mr Kiir does not notice their plans yet. These officials sit down in special hotels and talk politics plotting how to trounce Dr Riek Machar and his political allies come 2015 Federal election.

Mr Kiir has made a huge mistake when issuing his monotonous decree pardoning Dr Lam Akol without a reason. Dr Lam Akol did nothing that will require pardoning. The decree issued to pardon Dr Lam Akol is perplexing because the president does not know when to use a decree.

Acceptably, Mr Kiir pardoning of rebel leaders is good but not opposition leader Dr Lam Akol who did not rebel against the government.

In actuality, Dr Riek was the one who used to accuse Dr Lam Akol of supporting the rebels in Upper Nile which was delusional. This might be the reason behind Mr Kiir pardon of Dr Lam Akol.

However, no being sceptical, but it seemed that Mr Telar Deng had politically influenced Mr Kiir to issue such decrees. Apparently, Mr Telar Deng has been acting like the President because of their close comradeship.

This means whatever Mr Telar Deng said the President used it as healthy advice and good for his leadership. Mr Telar Deng is a tribal person and he had supported the President to issue decrees sacking Dr Riek’s and dissolving the whole cabinet.

Whilst Mr Telar Deng is seen as very corrupting on the president, he, Telar, is certainly a saviour for his administration. As much as the Kiir administration believed in Telar, this explains why he was brought closer to the president.

Arguably, Mr Telar’s appointment to the current position will surely bring more destruction than good.

Telar is protecting SPLM leadership not to be taken over by any other person other than Mr Kiir since when Telar saw Dr Riek expressing his willingness to run for the country’s top seat.

Cynically, Telar commented by informing Mr Kiir that, “you are keeping your foe in your compound. This is a man who had annihilated innocent civilians but now he is talking of change whilst he is not a chairman of the party.”

However, what occurred in Juba was a personal political interest game by Telar who personally engineered the sacking of former cabinet ministers and vice-president, Dr Riek.

By all this tactic by Telar, he has cleverly positioned himself to maliciously gain from president’s ignorance.

For Mr Kiir, apparently, this guy called Telar is the saviour for SPLM-led government. But, it seems Telar’s intention is not to work for the benefit of the government but for himself.

None of these political elites are worried about this perversive corruption which only keeps them rich.

This perversive corruption will not come to an end except when Southerners elect an appropriate leader in 2015 general election. Once the South Sudanese elect this leader their aim will be achieved in combating corruption and tribalism in the country.

However, the goal of the president’s closer allies in the corruption saga is the self-destruction of Mr Kiir legacy itself.

The current president lacks genuine democracy because he is surrounded by wolves. These wolves like Telar always give Mr Kiir wrong advice regarding the true state of affairs in South Sudan because some of these individuals care only about their agenda of looting the country’s resources coupled with the lack in providing good governance to the people of South Sudan.

These looters-cum-officials have embezzled public funds by depositing substantial amounts of several millions US dollars in their foreign accounts. These officials deceived Mr Kiir about how to run the country with dead persons ideas.

Apparently, this is what constituted Mr Kiir not following the vision of SPLM/A. This have been a character of those corrupted leaders, they are not worried of other peoples’ lives including those who liberated this country through the referendum. Also the SPLA lack getting their salaries on time.

However there is no scepticism that this country has fallen in the hands of few elements. Those who were actually combatants during the war did not benefit because they were deprived by the corruptors in SPLM led government.

Many people are getting their salaries whilst sitting in their villages not even reporting themselves but still received their salaries. This shows that corruption has roots in the top leadership.

So, who is that person who would talk about corruption whilst the president himself pays less attention on it?

If Mr Kiir wants to linger longer as a president then he should never try to fool people that corruption has no place in his government which is not an illusion.

Corruption is not that simple to eliminate unless there is the right mechanism in place. This desires a tactic to eradicate corruption from the government institutions.

However, the difficulty is tribal allegiance that’s so deeply embedded in government institutions which is an obstacle to elimination of corruption.

Sometimes the blame goes to the president not because he is directly involved in corruptions but due to his lack of action to stop such misappropriation of funds.

But, however, his ineptness to bring those involved to account for the embezzled money might confirm allegations that these culprit officials are actually conspiring together with Mr. president Kiir to loot the country.

However, sometimes if a child grows up alongside his father he naturally doesn’t bother himself much to do things on his own as he always relied on his father but when his father dies, he will continue to do what his father used to do. This child is likely to be misinformed because he has no idea of his own confidence.

What makes it intricate is the fact that Mr Kiir had left without learning much from our late John Garang’s when he died. Our late Garang would have sent the current president to a revolutionary school to learn more political theories like the others when attended.

Possibly, this is what makes it difficult for Mr Kiir to solve problems like corruption and tribalism.

Mr Kiir is very nice person to lead our country if he does not listen to those advisers surrounding him. Those advisers gave him decisive advice that polarised citizens and they are doing it because of their own political agenda.

Advisedly, the president should revisit his decisions prior issuing a decree. For instance Dr Lam is not a foe to the people of South Sudan. Instead, Dr Lam Akol wants a modification and democratic rights for every citizens.

For some supporters of the president, Dr Lam Akol is seen as an enemy… this needs to stop. The country needs all her daughters and sons to contribute so that citizens will have genuine democracy and complete provision of necessary services.

Juach Garang is a concerned South Sudanese living in Perth, Western Australia. He can be reached at

Disadvantage of the use of force: South Sudan case


BY: Juol Nhomngek, MAKERERE UNIV., KAMPALA, OCT/11/2013, SSN;

The use of excessive force against citizens is inhuman. Citizens of South Sudan are human beings and what is inhuman is foreign to them. The supreme law of South Sudan is very clear, the right of the citizens must be respected and upheld, which is the only way to achieve peace and lasting stability. Lasting peace will never be achieved through the use of force.

The way to achieve stability, Constitutionality and the rule of law is to respect the law and the rule of law themselves. Army generals must come out of the war hangover to the realities of the modern societies.

It is surprising and disappointing at the same time to see some of the army generals who fought bitter war with the North to protect and restore the dignity of South Sudanese turning around to violate the same principles on which the values of that war they fought were founded. I will explain those values shortly.

However, these army generals behave as if they are above the law. Nobody is above the law even the president himself is not above the law. The fact that the President seeks the approval of the parliament when he appoints any person through decree shows that he is not above the law. Law must take its course unfettered because it is shaped by history.

Nevertheless, these army generals behavior shows that they have learned nothing from history of Sudan.

They are wolves in sheep’s clothing; behaving as politicians externally but internally are full of militaristic attitudes that make them undermine all human values.

To put it clearly, justice, freedom, equality and dignity are the foundations and cornerstone for the Republic of South Sudan and there is a hope that if the leaders stick to these principles as guiding stars in the route of governance, the country will achieve unity, peaceful co-existence and prosperity and becomes a different nation from Sudan.

Therefore, the upholding of values of human dignity can only be achieved if the spirit of the law of the Republic of South Sudan is observed. One of such factors is turning the Country into the Police State where leaders run it by the “rule by law”.

The “rule by law” means the use of law to suppress people and ensure that they submit to the wishes of the leaders although such wishes are contrarily to their welfare. Some of the States in South Sudan have in fact achieved the status of typical Police States.

As things stand now the citizens in Lakes State are under every day curfew in every place and everywhere they are not allowed even to say anything in the place. The people in Lakes State stay under incognito and whisper all the times if they show disapproval of any government activity. The Lakes State Government is an example of the government that is ruling by law.

The fact is that there is no where on earth the Head of State can turn around to say that if the elected Members of the Parliament are not doing what he or she wants them to do then they can be dismissed.

The questions such uncouth way of thinking invites are “what if the head of the government is not working according to the interest of the people? What if the spirit of Constitutionalism and the rule of law are being abused? Can the elected members of the Parliament allow the Head of the State to kill the aspirations of the citizens?

What is happening in Lakes State is repugnant to the rule of law and the spirit of Constitutionalism South Sudan. What Lakes State Government should know is that the State which suppresses the aspirations of the people through the use of force is doomed to failure in its quest for achieving the rule of law and order. The rule of law and order is achieved through observing the rule of law and order by the authorities.

Such a situation as what is happening in Lakes State is quite unfortunate and a disincentive to the healthy political development for South Sudan. It is very unfortunate because history has taught us that if the State is determined to achieve results of advancing its own wishes at the expense of the masses, there will be a risk of such a State descending into chaos and anarchy.

Somalia and South Sudan are such examples called failed states.

South Sudan should learn from history which teaches that force alone without policy and law to transform the society is counter-productive and will never create a stable democratic society. The respect of the rule of law should follow the use of force as soon as the factors that necessitated the use of force disappear.

Democracy in my opinion has nothing in common with the regular holding of elections but it has much to do with the way the leaders respond to the needs of the people and their welfare. The country can hold elections regularly but still not democratic in nature.

In Uganda, for instance, many regular elections are held but every time election is held there are many crises, which show that there is no democracy. Moreover, the welfare of the citizens of Uganda is deteriorating.

Coming back to South Sudan, the President of the Republic of South Sudan should take the complaints of every citizen seriously and not to abandon them to force because they prove to be a thorn in the flesh of the government.

I was very much disappointed with the recent speech of the President concerning Lakes State when he visited it. The president in his language appears to have resigned from addressing the issues of Lakes State, leaving the people of Lakes State ‘To Whom It May Concern.’

According to the President’s speech, the people of Lakes State should be subjected to serious torture so that they should keep quiet in fear and leave him in peace. Is it a better solution to South Sudan Problem?

The Questions I want to ask the President of the Republic, General Salva Kiir Mayordit is: Mr. President is it now that the people of Lakes State are known to be noise makers? Where were they during the war? Are the people of Lakes State experimental ground for the use of force? Remember what I have said above, force alone without policy is a dead policy.

Lakes State Citizens are South Sudanese and they need to be listened to. The president loves them when there was war but now they are being abandoned to suffer indefinitely without the aid of the nation. It is strange. The particular attention has to be paid to them instead of resigning and leaving them to extreme use of force.

Instead of unleashing force against South Sudanese who seemingly disturb the government in general, the Republic of South Sudan must address those specific issues that cause them to behave as such.

One of the ways to do this is to enlighten and empower the people economically because one of the causes of instability in the country today is poverty and redundancy. South Sudan must look for a way to engage its citizens in National activities and keep them busy all the times.

In democratic nation the opinions of individuals count and this can be achieved through empowering individuals economically, which further means that a nation must learn how to deal with its citizens on individual and group levels.

South Sudan must learn how to deal with people on the individual basis if it wants to promote equality and non-discrimination among her people. Leaders of South Sudan must learn how to dialogue with the individual in the Country because maintaining peace in the Country through the use of force is not enough to ensure peace and stability.

Permanent stability is often achieved through dialogue and understanding among the citizens and with the government.

The country which is run by necessity, will never achieve stability. The use of force like what is happening in Lakes State, Jonglei State and partly in Unity State is based on necessity and those States as a matter of fact will never see permanent stability unless the government in Juba comes down to find out what exactly do the people want in those States.

What people want can only be found if the government introduces social dialogue program and proper policy to address the causes of discontents among the people.

The country that capitalizes on the use of force will never develop and will always remain at the edge of the developed nations. The use of force is not a permanent solution to the problems facing the Country, but instead, it suppresses the discontent of the people, which in turn creates a “Social Time Bomb” that can exploit at any time.

The government, therefore, needs to respect the right of individuals as enshrined in the Transitional Constitution, 2011. Article 9 of the Transitional Constitution provide that the rights and freedoms of individuals and groups enshrined in the Bill of Rights in the Constitution shall be respected, upheld and promoted by all organs and agencies of Government and by all persons.

This means that the rights that are provided for under the international human rights instruments that South Sudan is a party to must be protected from abuse by anybody or leaders in South Sudan.

The welfare principle provides that the needs of the people are the overriding principle in the governance. If the Republic of South Sudan wants to escape the unfortunate history that was and still befalling Northern Sudan from repeating itself, it must take the issue of the welfare its citizens seriously.

In my view, the same discrimination is still a glaring fact in most of the States in South Sudan. There is a lot of discrimination still going on in South Sudan. For instance, in Lakes State, those who do not have power are targeted by the government policies.

For example, the recent policy of the Cater-taker Governor, General Matur to stop payment of salaries of the students who were released by the government to go on study leave specifically targets those who do not have somebody in power.

The same thing happened in Jonglei State during the time of General Kuol Mannyang. Such a policy is detrimental and should not be allowed to proceed unchecked. Since South Sudan is a decentralized nation, the government in Juba must have a firm control over all ten states.

However, when we come to the reality, Juba has allowed the Army Generals in politics to treat the citizens as they deem fit throwing the rights of such citizens into oblivion.

Some of the generals have gone to the extent of depriving the poor South Sudanese their right to employment. The generals can dismiss any person in the Government payroll without lawful procedure.

Some of them deny poor South Sudanese right to education by stopping their salaries with which they were released officially and which are the source of funds for their education yet the children of these generals are in schools studying through the same means they are denying others by stopping their salaries.

For instance, I know of certain big man in the government who has used his influence to secure the release of his son to go for further studies while his son continues to receive his salary from the government unaffected.

I also know a daughter of a certain big man who is always on leave while her money follows into her account. I know them all and if I were to list them, the whole leadership in South Sudan will be implicated.

However, the irony is that when the same generals see that the poor South Sudanese are struggling with their future by talking with the government to be released officially without using the backdoor as generals are doing, they are targeted and denied an opportunity. This is what is happening in Lakes State.

I know this is a very sensitive issue as I have been cautioned by many who are concerned about my welfare of pointing these facts out but that is not my concern because I do not care any longer.

My major concern is to see that services reach the common persons in South Sudan and to save the country from being personalized. The country can only be saved if whatever the government does is put in sport light and exposed to the masses so that they are aware of what the government is doing.

The citizens should not be blind folded all the times that South Sudan is a New Country. The issue of South Sudan being a new country is something judicially noticed and there is no debate about it.

However, when it comes to the judgement, South Sudan can be judged on the point of view of a reasonable person in the Third World Countries. It can be judged at the same scale at which the Third World Countries can be judged.

The resources it has are the same as resources any other countries in the Third World have. The people must therefore be put in light to know this fact so that they will be able to wake up and demand for the accountability on how their resources are used in South Sudan.

The government of South Sudan has a duty to inform the people on how their money, which they pay through taxes, is spent. The government is walking in a wrong path by feeding the citizens on the food of ignorance without enlightening them on the fact that they are the sources where government derives its income.

The people must know that power of the South Sudanese leaders from Juba to Boma level in different counties is derived from them since the leaders derive their power from the Transitional Constitution, 2011.

Article 2 of the Constitution provides that Sovereignty is vested in the people and shall be exercised by the State through its democratic and representative institutions established by this Constitution and the law.

The fact is that the Constitution derives its authority from the will of the people, which makes it the supreme law of the land that has a binding force on all persons, institutions, organs and agencies of government throughout the Country. This means that the authority of government at all levels is derived from the Constitution and other laws that derive their power from the Constitution and in turn all derives their powers from the people of South Sudan.

It further means that all the ten states’ constitutions and all laws must conform to the Transitional Constitution, 2011. The power of the government officials, which is derived from the Constitution, which in turn derives its powers from the people, must be exercised according to the interest of the people.

The core of the rule of law is that whether someone is an army general or very rich person, he or she must be treated equally before and under the law with that person who is on the street.

If I were one of those who participated in the war that does not warrant me to grab the land of someone or taking salaries of the weaker members of the society on the basis that I have a power. The rule of law must be respected by all irrespective of their status in the society.

However, it is sad to note that the Army generals who turned politicians do not respect the law. They do things as they wish. They must therefore, learn to respect the rule of law, which is the cornerstone of the civilized society.

The respect of the right of a person to life is determined by the ways the other rights are respected, which means that the right to life is the same as the right to livelihood.

Therefore, the government of the Republic of South Sudan must always be guided by experience of the past and try as much as people to protect her people instead of acting like a typical hypocrite. The use of force must be reduced and the rule of law should be given a chance to succeed.

NB// The Authority is the Fourth Year Law Student in Makerere Law School, Kampala Uganda; he can be reached through: Email:; Telephone: +256783579256