Archive for: August 2013

Kiir and Wani-Igga government will get stuck in a few months time

BY: Mak Banguot Gok, AKOBO/JONGLEI State, AUG/30/2013, SSN;

President Salva Kiir Mayardit appointed James Wani Igga the new Vice-president of the Republic following a month of bewilderness on who’s to fill the Vice-presidency after Riek Machar got sacked. Dr. Riek was removed last month in a row after he declared his candidacy for both the SPLM Party Chairmanship and the flag bearer of the upcoming 2015 presidential election.

Dr. Riek made it clear to the nation that his decision to challenge the current president is healthy and democratic which, he (Dr. Riek) was ready to face Kiir throughout the process toward the election in 2015.

Dr. Riek reiterated his readiness and cautioned the current president about any unilateral decision to interrupt the process to the election.

Although Salva Kiir has been given freedom in his government to remove and appoint but, SPLM party has its different constitution which do not allow Salva Kiir to dissolve the structure and the leadership without approval of SPLM party nation-wide Convention.

Now, it’s only one and half year to conduct the nation-wide general election when people of South Sudan cast their vote for the leader of their own choice.

Patience is very important and it is what determines the end. In fact, the new cabinet including Wani is just a kind of political joke and, no hope in it whatsoever.

Hon. Wani Iga served for eight years in parliament as Right Honorable Speaker and all the achievements he supposedly made are only amusing his Deputy, Danial Awet Akot who is at the same time, the chairman of the Dinka Community.

Without any doubt whatsoever, every decision made in South Sudan National parliament under Wani Igga was affiliated only to the Dinka, particularly, the president’s and the Deputy speaker’s sections of Dinka Bar-Elghazel.

The $4 bln scandal remained pending because Wani was used by by Dinka Bar- Elghazel under Awet Akot, the Deputy Speaker to block the parliamentary debates about who’s involved in the saga and for the law not to prevail.

He, Wani, was just a toy and the Transitional Constitution which is irrelevant now to the president, was passed by the parliament during independence.

The decision to support the dictatorial constitution by the Legislative was in exchange of payment of 130,000 SS Pounds per each MP who voted for it.

The most weakest parliament in the world in his (Wani’s) era has been ever in the Republic of South Sudan.

Now, given the fact that Wani is appointed a new Vice-president for the Republic of South Sudan, although that was the last choice for president to accept Wani’s appointment as Vice.

The reason, unfortunately, being because almost all able men in the country have deserted the president and are working on his down-fall.

Now, Wani and Kiir are encountering with internal and external security threats, that alone are causing the two to loose their popularity. All related insecurity is an inevitable crisis which the new nation will justify their failure shortly.

Security situation over the States, particularly, the Jonglei issue will test Kiir and Wani’s credibility to really lead this nation without Riek Machar. The government is now engaging in unproductive projects that consume million of dollars to threaten the country not to realize the failure.

Wani will not make any contribution to solve problems in Jonglei and others. President, knowing that, he’s subjugated the parliament when constitution is followed.

The only way for him (Kiir) is an attempt of forging diversion of the real situation by threatening MPs to support his only Article (104-5) of the Transitional Constitution which gave him absolute powers to remove and bring in the weak of his choice.

Importantly, the Abyei Referendum has been turned down by Khartoum and are threatening South to declare war if unilateral mistake is made by Kiir and Wani.

It remains questionable to almost all the South Sudanese whether the SPLA army is today in position to protect the country’s territorial integrity given the fact of tribal inspiration has deeply penetrated into the army in uniform.

Also, immoral orientation has created counter-tribal enmity. You won’t be surprised to hear that human rights abuses on Murle community of Pibor County alleged by only the Nuer High Ranking officials despite the fact that only the Nuer foot soldiers fought Yaw-Yaw in defence of the weak government of Salva Kiir.

Moreover, the Army is suffering in unreachable remote areas while their families are starving on every street in Juba and the Counties. No money on time and the ration for daily consumption not available or, being diverted to other uses by Generals in the HQ and others barracks.

Tribal attacks in Jonglei will continue even more extremely, deteriorating not only versus Murle and the Lou-Nuer as usual, but shall involve several other communities like we hear of the Twice-East county of Dinka-Bor section being and might face many attacks from any tribe in Jonglei, notably from Murle.

Finally, even though Kuol Manyang has become the minister of Defence, it will not change anything, rather it exacerbate the security in Jonglei by using national army in defence only of Dinka-Bor interests. END

Mak Banguot Gok is an Investigative Journalist and Civil Society Activist currently in Akobo County and you can reach via

South Sudan’s Nationalist Leaders turned out to be Crocodile Liberators


Every era confronts its distinctive social and political dramas. From twentieth century until the beginning of twentieth-first century, the center stage has been frequently dominated by the struggle of the South Sudanese people, first for liberation from colonial rule and for development and for entry into the modern world.

When South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan’s Arab Muslim rule two-years ago, the euphoria that swept across the territory was infectious. It was best evinced by one of the nationalist leaders.

“We will achieve in a decade what it took other African countries a century,” he declared. “We will not rest content until we demolish miserable Khartoum structures and put in their places a veritable paradise.”

The nationalist leaders who won freedom for their landlocked country were hailed as heroes and allowed to continue in office without democratic process and deified. Currency bore Late John Garang’s portrait and statue was built to honor him.

Criticizing them became sacrilegious, and freedom and development promised by South Sudanese nationalist leaders transmogrified into a melodramatic nightmare. The nationalist leaders soon turned out to be crocodile liberators and quack revolutionaries.

After independence, true freedom never came to much of independent South Sudan. Now, for many people, the freedom and economic development promised them has become a starvation diet, unemployment and a gun to the head.

Thus, dissatisfaction and frustration have set in, and the fear of ending up in the hands of quack revolutionaries has been so high-lightened that some are abandoning their new nation and remaining in foreign countries which granted them refugee protection during the bloody civil war.

“I just cannot stay in South Sudan because it is not yet safe. If you go there, I am sure you will see some in uniform of soldiers running around with guns sticking out of their pockets, and I worry about my old parents I left behind,” said David Mawien.

Mawien returned to Canada recently from his native village of Alorwang in fragile Warrap state, where he spent a two-month holiday with parents and relatives. According to Mawien, citizens in the embattled new nation live in grinding poverty and cannot afford the high cost of electricity but what they want most is citizens’ security.

They also complain that the post-independence period is supposed to be the time of development, and yet their young nation has developed very little and is sliding backward. The outcome, general political instability and specific tribal and ethnic conflicts have made their contributions.

However, there is more to this explanation. South Sudan’s experience has outlined what some observers had already pointed out: diplomatic recognition and membership in the United Nations do not create a nation-state.

The southern state is only a hollow shell, lacking institutional structures which make a nation a viable and effective sociopolitical and economic enterprise.

In the absent of internal peace and functioning economy, some predict, it may never become a self-reliant nation-state. In order to achieve these fundamental elements, its economic and technical dependence on foreign powers has to be replaced by national activities, institutions of government have to be adopted or newly created, school systems have to be revamped and extended, and all these, plus a myriad of other tasks, have to be accomplished with relatively meagre resources.

Not surprisingly, the nation building is not an easy venture. It requires time to realize that nation building and institutions building are only empty exercises unless the attitudes and capacities of the people keep pace with other forms of development.

Mounting evidence suggests that it is impossible for a state to move into the global economic system if its people continue to live in an earlier era.

A modern nation needs participating citizens, men and women who take an active interest in public affairs and who exercise their rights and perform their duties as members of a community larger than that of the kinship network and the immediate geographic locality.

Modern institutions need individuals who can keep to fixed schedules, observe abstract rules, make judgement on the basis of objective evidence, and follow authorities legitimated not by traditional or religious sanctions but by technical competence.

The complex production tasks of the industrial order, which are the basis of modern social systems also make their demand.

Workers must be able to accept both an elaborate division of labor and the need to coordinate a large number of others in the work force. Rewards based on technical competence and objective standards of performance, strict hierarchies of authority responsive to the imperatives of machine production, the separation of product and producer, all are part of this milieu, and require particular personal properties of those who are to master its requirements.

Modern political and economic institutions alike make certain general demands on the people who work within them. They require a greater acceptance of personal mobility, occupational and geographic, a greater readiness to adopt to changes in one’s mode of working and living.

Indeed, a propensity to be an innovator, more tolerance of impersonality, of impartiality, and of differences which may characterize the diverse backgrounds of fellow employees in complex organizations.

Neither type of institution has much tolerance for passivity, but rather favors persistence effort and confidence optimism.

These and other related qualities are not readily forthcoming from South Sudan whose population is still rooted in traditional village agriculture, locked into near-feudal landholding patterns, dominated by self-serving nationalist leaders desperate to preserve their political power, dependent on inadequate public institutions and cut off from the benefit of modern science and technology as well as the stimulation of modern mass communication.

Fusion of the Political and Economic Power

On the South Sudanese contemporary scene, two striking phenomena are inescapable. The first is the towering importance and intrusion of politics into all spheres of human activity to the extend that politics and economics are inseparable.

Of particular significance is the fusion of the political and economic systems. Those who wield political power are invariably the same people who make decisions regarding the allocation of the resources: which development projects are built, where they are located, who get employed in those factories.

Therefore, the success or failure of a business venture very much depends on one’s political connections or whom you know in power.

The second is the peculiarity of the institution of government. Government, as it is known in Canada and the United States, does not exist in the world’s newest nation.

Leaving aside the democratic requirement that a government must be by the people and for the people, one expects at a minimum a government to be responsive to the needs of the people. Or at least, to perform some services for its citizens.

But even this most basic requirement for government is lacking in the new nation. Government as an entity is totally divorced from the people, perceived by the crocodile liberators running it as a vehicle not to serve but to fleece the citizens.

Dishonesty, thievery and peculation pervade the public sector. Public servants embezzle state funds and high ranking ministers are on take.

Early this month, a certain insider reported that all SPLM top officials have put up mansions, each costing hundreds of million of pounds; moreover, they often assign personal secretaries to do a serious shipping for them in Ugandan and Kenyan supper markets.

Public assets such as vehicles, buildings, businesses, machinery, and even food aid are sold out to party members, friends and closer relatives for peanuts.

Hundreds of million of pounds have been dumped in several foreign banks by the military wives and families of the government officials. But Mr. Kiir Mayaardit, a political head of crocodile liberators, is conveintly keeping quiet over it.

I collapsed into hysterical laughter a month ago when I read a headline in social media, claiming that Mr. Mayaardit has launched a war on corruption, because he knows that cronies are millionaires. Even power and money hungry politicians and illiterate military officers involved in financial scandals have never been prosecuted in court of the law.

He who conceals his disease cannot expect to be cured, says an Ethiopian Proverb. Yet for much of the post independence period, exposing a problem in South Sudan has always been impossible because of media censorship and continued suppression of dissent, and state of South Sudan Television.

Corrupt and incompetent federal and state officials corneal their embarrassing failures until the problems blow up in their faces and then it is too late to solve.

The government officials in South Sudan do not serve the citizens. The state has been reduced to a mafia-like bazaar, where anyone with an official designation can pillage at will.

In effect, it is the new southern state that has been hijacked by the crocodile liberators. They have monopolized both political and economic power to advance their own selfish interests, and not to develop their country’s economy.

Their overarching obsession is to amass personal wealth, gaudily displayed in automobiles and fabulous mansions. Helping the poor, promoting economic growth and improving the standard of living of the people is anathema to the ruling crocodile liberators.

Beyond this, political police are highway robbers and many of high court judges are crooks.

In normal, civilized society, the function of the military is to defend the territorial integrity of the nation and the people against external aggression. But this is not the case in South Sudan. The military is instead locked in combat with the very people it is supposed to defend.

In more than sense, armies in the country are a major cause for worry, and defence establishment takes the largest share of national resource allocation.

South Sudan is in the worst shape economically and socially. Poverty is rife because the ruling crocodile liberators have raped the national economy.

They have no knowledge of the art of government and will never bring the meaningful development in the country. They should be forced to return to White Nile, where they belong, not in the corridors of political power.

John Juac Deng, Sudanese journalist/ writer

John Luk Joak isn’t fit to be the Speaker of South Parliament

BY: Atem Philip Mabior, BOR, JONGLEI, AUG/30/2013, SSN;

It has now become public knowledge that the names of five candidates from Greater Upper Nile region were submitted to the President in order to choose one that shall be taken to the National Legislative Assembly for approval. The former Minister of Justice, John Luk Joak, is among the five candidates who seek to become the next Speaker of South Sudan parliament.

It has to be born in mind that any member of South Sudan National Legislative Assembly has a right to compete for the position of the Speaker. But the members of the Assembly have also a right to reject a candidate on moral, political and social grounds.

If a candidate is too controversial and has a history of not being candid, the August House has a right not to vote for such a candidate to become the Speaker.

It is a convention that a Speaker must be a man or a woman with integrity, morality and free from political corruption.

Although ceremonially, the speaker represents the whole house, it is politically the legislative voice of the party in power. In our context, the next Speaker would be the legislative voice of the SPLM party which is the party that has majority members in parliament.

Besides, the speaker’s official role is to moderate debates, make rulings on procedure, announce the results of votes, and the like. The speaker decides who may speak and has the powers to discipline members who break the procedures of the house.

There are so many reasons which disqualify Hon. John Luk to become the next Speaker of National Legislative Assembly. These reasons should not be taken lightly by the members of the Assembly because the Speaker has a power to determine the stability of the House.

In order for the three branches of South Sudan government to cooperate and function properly, there are so many reasons to question the candidacy and the suitability of John Luk.

The first thing which disqualifies John Luk to become the Speaker is the fact that he was (allegedly) the one who drafted the six points raised by Riek Machar against President Salva Kiir in March this year.

The six points John Luk drafted for Riek Machar are corruption, tribalism, nepotism, insecurity, foreign policy and lack of sound economic policies to develop the country.

It was John Luk who advised Riek Machar in a Nuer meeting to depose Salva Kiir from SPLM Party leadership because of the aforementioned six points.

Riek Machar had never thought to run against President Salva Kiir in the SPLM Party Convention until he was encouraged and awakened to do so by nobody other than John Luk Joak.

Everybody knows that Riek Machar was made to believe that the Nuer would be behind him because of the support of John Luk.

It was (allegedly) reported by a reliable Nuer source that John Luk assured Riek Machar to get the support of Lou Nuer in the military including Lou Nuer Prophet Dak Kueth should there be a military confrontation between him and President Salva Kiir.

After Riek Machar declared his intentions to run against President Kiir, John Luk pretended to have left his camp when he learned that Dr. Riek Gai Kok met with President Salva Kiir.

Since Riek Gai is a rival of John Luk in Akobo County of Jonglei State, he advised Riek Machar that he should return to Salva Kiir’s camp temporarily in order to save his ministerial post from being taken by Dr. Riek Gai Kok.

Actually, John Luk pretended to have returned to President Kiir not because he wanted to work with him in principle. But it was a tactic to conserve his position while working from within to fail President Salva Kiir.

Since it is true that John Luk is the architect and the intellectual author of the split between President Kiir and his former Vice-president Riek Machar, should he be nominated as the Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly?

Since John Luk was the very person who advised Riek Machar to rebel against the chairman of the SPLM Party, what would prevent him to encourage the supporters of Riek Machar to table an impeachment motion against President Kiir once he becomes the Speaker?

From a political point of view, the best way to depose President Salva Kiir from power is to nominate the architect of the six points as the Speaker to facilitate the supporters of Riek Machar to table a motion of impeachment.

If such a thing happens, the only way for President Kiir to save himself would be to dissolve the Assembly — a decision which has serious consequences internationally and domestically because it may lead to political instability.

What the enemies of President Kiir want is to see that he dissolves parliament so that he is projected as a dictator who operates without a legislative organ.

Given the character of John Luk and his temperament, he is capable of instigating such a political crisis in the National Assembly should he become the next Speaker.

Nominating John Luk as the Speaker of the Assembly is akin to releasing a Spanish bull in Chinatown in New York City!!!

John Luk himself is perfectly aware of his controversial politics throughout the liberation struggle of South Sudan that is why he didn’t mention in his Curriculum Vitae some of the bad political decisions he had taken in 1990s.

When he disseminated his CV to members of the Assembly on August 26, he didn’t mention that he was the one who drafted the Frankfurt Agreement between the SPLM/A—Nasir faction and the Government of Sudan headed by Dr. Ali El Hag.

In that agreement, John Luk prearranged the capitulation of the Nasir faction to be used by the enemy of the people of South Sudan against the SPLM/A—Torit faction of Dr. John Garang de Mabior.

The same way he drafted the Frankfurt Agreement of 1991 is the same way he drafted the six points that Riek Machar used in March, 2013 to declare in SPLM Political Bureau meeting that he would remove Salva Kiir from the party leadership.

Moreover, John Luk proved to be a dubious character who cannot stay in one camp for a long when he left South Sudan Independence Movement (SSIM) of Riek Machar in 1994 without resigning officially.

He, Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, William Nyuon and Ben Joseph Oduho formed a separate faction that later rejoined the SPLM/A-Mainstream.

One of the reasons he left Riek Machar’s Movement is because he was apprehended for (allegedly) instigating clan war between Lou and Jikany Nuer clans — a charge that was proven beyond a reasonable doubt in the court martial set up to investigate him.

His politics of duplicity reached its zenith when he joined South Sudan Liberation Movement/A (SSLM/A) of late Dr. Michael Wal Duany in 2000 without resigning officially from the SPLM/A—Mainstream.

Due to such a dishonesty, Dr. John Garang was forced to dismiss him from the SPLM/A and was stripped of all the military ranks of the Movement from a Commander to a Private.

Another reason why John Luk cannot become the Speaker of the Assembly is because when he was the Minister of Justice, he refused to draft a bill that could give Anti-Corruption Commission the power to prosecute officials engaged in malpractices and corrupt activities.

Despite his window dressings and publicity deception, he was totally against the prosecution of the companies involved in what is now known as the Grain Scandal.

It is (allegedly) rumoured that the reason he refused the companies involved in the scandal to be prosecuted is to protect his political friends.

It is also (allegedly) reported by a reliable source that was part of his office management that John Luk signed illegal contracts with oil companies when he was the Minister of Mining and Petroleum during the transitional period before the independence of South Sudan.

Those alleged contracts amounted to $150 million dollars and the money was not disbursed to public treasury. Those contracts violated the laws of bidding and ethical practices.

If he is now running to become the Speaker of the Assembly, perhaps, it is the right time for him to come out clean and tell the public the reasons why he awarded contracts to oil companies without following regulations.

Members of the South Sudan National Assembly also have a right to hear from the horse own mouth whether the allegations brought against him in regard to the oil contracts are indisputable.

The members of the Assembly must exercise wisdom and care in nominating the next Speaker of parliament because it is the most important institution in South Sudan that shall curb corruption by subjecting the executive branch to serious scrutiny.

The National Legislative Assembly exercises the following functions: overseeing the performance of the National Government institutions; approving plans, programmes and policies of the National Government; approving budgets; ratifying international treaties, conventions and agreements and adopting resolutions on matters of public concern.

The NLA has the power of summoning Ministers to answer questions of members of the Assembly on matters related to their ministries; interrogating Ministers about their performance or the performance of their ministries and approving appointments as required by the Transitional Constitution or the law.

Finally, the NLA has power of casting a vote of no confidence against the Vice President and any Minister; enacting legislation to regulate the conditions and terms of service of the Judiciary and its oversight mechanisms; and performing any other function as determined by the Transitional Constitution or the law.

In closing, one would seriously advise the chairman of the SPLM and members of the National Assembly that John Luk Joak has so many skeletons in his closet to be nominated as a Speaker.

Due to his history of duplicity, he is not a reliable person to become the Speaker of parliament.

If cooperation between the executive and legislature is crucial for smooth functioning of the government, John Luk is not the right candidate to become the Speaker because of the reasons enumerated above.

·The author is a civil servant in Bor town, Jonglei State and was an officer of the SPLM/A in 1990s. He could be reached at peterkiir@hotmailcom

How is South Sudan’s Economy doing?

BY: CHAP PHAN, Michigan, USA, AUG/29/2013, SSN;

With ongoing radical political changes across South Sudan spearheaded by president Kiir, and the introduction of supposedly technocratic cabinet members, it seems a perfect time to gauge how South Sudan had done economically in the last few years and make some generalized recommendations.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is generally used to gauge the health of a nation’s economy, generally speaking economic growth is supposed to be accompanied by some improvement in social living standards.

But as you might have expected, many social indications in South Sudan have not improved. According to African Development Bank, this year people living in poverty will increase from 51 percent to 80 percent, Infant mortality rate in South Sudan is projected to increase from 10 to 20 percent while school enrolment is expected to drop from 50 percent to 20 percent (African Development Bank Group, 2013).

All those social indications are telling us that many South Sudanese have not realized peace dividends in terms of better living conditions and rewarding jobs that they had hoped for in 2011.

The available data shows that South Sudan’s economy grew at an average rate of about 3.55 percent nominal growth, from 2008 through 2011, the young nation experienced deep slump in 2012, GDP plunged by 56 percent as the result of oil shutdown in 2012, showing that over-dependence on oil as the major source of revenue come with real cost.

To put this performance in perspective, on average Rwanda’s Economy grew at 8.2 percent annual rate in same years and Ethiopia’s economy grew at whopping 9.2 percent annual rate in same time frame.

A look at another important factor, inflation, which measures how fast prices rise; the picture is not good as well.

The average Inflation rate peaked at 59.2 percent in 2012 although it has declined considerably ever since (African Development Bank, 2012).

Discounting 2012 data due to oil and geopolitical shocks, 3.55 percent annual growth rate is anemic given all the resources in terms of oil revenues and foreign donations.

Other things being equal, South Sudan, which is much poorer, compared with Ethiopia or Kenya, is supposed to grow faster since the country is starting from low base and does not have huge depreciating assets.

For Instance, Afghanistan, which is a war-torn country like South Sudan, managed to grow it economy at 10 percent for the last 5 years without oil money.

Below is a four year (2008-2011) comparison graph of economic growth rate for selected few countries.

Figure 1.1

Source: world Bank development indications.

As the figure 1.1 above shows, South Sudan economy grew at 3.55 percent on average for the last four years (2008-2011), compared to Afghanistan at 10 percent, Ethiopia at 9.2 percent and Rwanda at 8.2 percent.

A 3.55 percent annual growth rate is not good enough to take South Sudan to a bright and more prosperous level, especially considering that population growth rate is not factored in.

South Sudan has a lot of catch up to do if the leadership dares to close economic gap with other African counties.


• Improve the overall security in the country. This requires that government has credible commitment to ensure integration of formal rebels into political and economic system to help address the underlying cause of rebellion; help the war effected areas by promoting economic activities to support peace and create stability for long term economic development.

• For a company to invest in any country the political system must be predictable, that means that transfers of power must be peaceful and in orderly manner.

Senseless killing of citizens does not promote national pride, it tears it apart. The killing of SGT Banyjiath, like the case of Isaiah Abraham, plus other voiceless victims, can lead to ultra-nationalism, which does nothing but inflict a mess on the international community.

Indeed, highly publicized regular political and other related violence discourage many firms from investing in south Sudan, no company wants to invest in a country that does not respect its own citizens.

The government must practice its monopoly of power to provide security for all it citizens, both internal and external security. Security is the foundation for peace and propensity.

• Improve the overall institutions and harmonize policies, and set priorites. Disarming and demobilizing former combatants is work that needs to be down, but it must be done in parallel with economic empowerment to prevent the recurrence of violence. Former combatants must be given incentives to love peace not war.

• Promote and pursue strategies that are designed and aimed at creating investment; productivity growth that enables people to live dignified lives.

This means that government needs to work with humanitarian agencies and other NGOs to induce them to moves away from food aid and to promote projects that encourage development.

South Sudan should not become a victim of aid trap; the tendency of aid to create disincentive to work, or create price distortion in market place while weakening local capacity.

• South Sudan has the benefit of having a huge young population, 72 percent of the population is under age of 30, according to (UNDP, 2013), but it must take advantage of its young population and create jobs; unemployed youth can easily become a source of resentment and instability in the community.

Investing in infrastructure and agriculture programs would increase economic activities for both short term and long term development and would help create a much needed labor intensive jobs for many young population that are in need of jobs while encouraging development in other economic activities i.e., transportation facilities, storage facilities.

• Re-orient government workers and weed out the incompetent ones to help improve efficiency and transparency in the government systems which will equally improve service delivery.

The rampant clientelism must stop; where workers are hired and fired based on kinship and political loyalty rather than on merit. There are sad stories of well qualified citizens that end up working for NGOs agencies as drivers simply because they don’t have some “big man” in the government, that is sad and it must stop.

This kind of practice deprives the country of highly and well trained professionals. Creating knowledgeable and capable work force will enhance the country’s performance in this globalized world and afford the country the respect it deserves.

• For immediate impact, South Sudan needs to target south Sudanese that are already trained i.e., high school graduates and university graduates. For example, high (secondary) school graduates are good candidates for entry level for police and community organization.

More aggressively, the government can target individuals that are already employed in foreign countries. This would make it easy to meet the needs of investors and therefore help attract the right industries and build capability for the local population.

South Sudan has well trained and educated population that is mostly in foreign countries…in East Africa, the United States, and United Kingdom.

There are good numbers of South Sudanese that are well educated and that are willing to go back and help rebuild the country if the government puts a good faith effort on the process.

Recruiting already trained South Sudanese from overseas will deliver immediate results and it will prepare the nation for reliable human resources that can retrain other south Sudanese, and in the long run this will enhance productivity.

Need to develop this immediate human resources should be tasked to all ministers. It’s sad that south Sudan has a high deficient in skilled manpower, yet the few well trained work in the areas that are unrelated to their specialized fields.

This mis-allocation of resources is something that needs to be fixed right away.

• South Sudan should diversify its oil customer base to mitigate future shocks in oil related disputes and encourages foreign direct investment in other sectors of the economy while increasing its international presence with purpose.

Final remarks.

This is not to discount some of the major milestones South Sudan has achieved, but people expectations have not been met, and certainly it would be unfair to suggest that people are worse off than 7 years ago, but at the same token it would be irrational to suggest that South Sudan is progressing at the right speed, economically or politically.

Until the government establishes its credibility on how it does business, private inflow or direct foreign investment will not be available, government needs to take economic growth seriously and promote growth strategies that have both short and long term underpinning, and only then that South Sudanese will pride themselves on having a truly independent state. END

Chap Phan live in Michigan, USA, he can be reach at

South Sudan interim country strategy paper, 2012-2014, 2013. African Development Bank Group.
SSCCSE., 2013. Southern Sudan Centre for Census, Statistics and Evaluation, Statistical Yearbook for Southern Suda
UNDP, 2013.
World Bank, 2013. World Development Indicators.

The August 28th, 1991 brought us independence!

BY: Simon M. Deng, JUBA, South Sudan, AUG/29/2013, SSN;

Exactly 22 years today, Nasir residents of Upper Nile State in South Sudan experienced this August 28th with mixed feelings. Civilians did not know what the split would bring to them. The town was buddy with rains that crowded roads with dulled water and mixed muds which lasted for days. UN agencies stopped dropping rations due to heavy rains. There was no enough food because most people did not harvest that year since they just returned from refugee camps in Ethiopia after the change of Ethiopia regime. The magnitude of the event itself was overwhelming in the town.

Though no cellphones and Internet for anyone in the town and the surroundings to inform relatives and friends about the episode, everyone appeared to have a way to convey the message across the controlled areas.

I just arrived few weeks before Nasir went through this change. The rebel movement that we knew, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), had split into two factions, the Nasir faction and Torit faction. The message that came from Keat Beek, the headquarters of the Nasir faction to town and other areas varied.

Everyone did not know what the change in the movement meant. There were fears of a war in town between rebel factions. Tensions were high and no one knew where else to go if war really broke out. But leadership in Keat Beek said no wars in town and people should mind their business which was great news, but it was unpredictable.

It is important to note the movement 22 years ago split because of differing principles and not on a tribal context. The Nasir faction supported self-determination for the people of the South Sudan. The self-determination included democracy and provisions for human rights.

The Torit faction, on the other hand, supported a unified, secular, democratic Sudan and wanted to end discrimination of its citizens based on religion or other natures.

Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Dr. Lam Akol, and Commander Gordon Koang Chuol led the Nasir faction while Dr. John Garang de Mabior and other comrades, including the present-day South Sudanese’s President, Lieutenant General Kiir Mayardit, remained in the Torit faction. The split had caused significant confusion and panic and galvanized civilians and soldiers on tribal bases, which was were not the intentions of the leaders as I stated above.

The right of self-determination for people of the South Sudan had brought Independent South Sudan on July 9, 2011 even though it did not come without a prize. The movement still has uncompleted works in order for the people of South Sudan to safeguard their long waiting freedom and development if we are going to have a “Democratic South Sudan.” This is if.

Some of these challenges are confirmed and enumerated by Dr. Riek Machar as six key contests during a meeting with members of the politburo on 5 March, 2013. These comprised of “rampant corruption, tribalism, economic problems, insecurity, poor international relations and the party’s loss of vision and direction,” (

Few months after the Split, I left Nasir to another nearby village and talked to an old man about the situation in Nasir since the split in the rebel movement. The old man explained that a Nuer prophet, Ngudeng Bong, had predicted many decades ago that this division would occur and that people of [South Sudan] would have their own government.

The old man continued and said the “prophet mentioned in his message that Dr. Riek Machar Teny would operate a nation under a tree and would be heard around the world.”

The prophet stated that Dr. Riek Machar Teny would hold up the flag of the South Sudan in front of the nations of the world, and I believe this indeed came true in 2011 when South Sudan President, Lieutenant General Salva Kiir Mayardit delegated Vice President Dr. Riek Machar Teny to present South Sudan as a new nation at the United Nations’ headquarters in New York.

What’s interesting enough is that the old man did not mention anything about South Sudan after the independence. The Nuer prophet, Ngudeng, probably did not prophesize whether South Sudan would be a democratic nation which respects democratic principles such as freedom of speech and human rights, as well as a prosperous nascent, or an autocratic nation, which is ruled by dictators under hostile laws that do not respect un-yes men opinions.

Good example is the selection of the current South Sudan Vice President, Mr. Wani Igga, a follower friend with less to offer effective leader. President Kirr wants another follower friend as a new speaker of the parliament which has failed to enact any significant laws to govern the country since 2005 under the former speaker.

According to Richard K. Mulla, an MP representing Mundri West county in Western Equatoria State, “the violation of the conduct of business, saying he suspected the executive leadership of interfering in the affairs of the assembly with the aim to impose a hand-picked speaker,” “A hand-picked speaker”!

Good leader does not intermediate his people but encourages them to follow his vision. It is important for South Sudan to have a visionary leader, otherwise, it would always be painful to live and remember South Sudan’s pasts when leaders are guided with emotions and tribal politics.

“The president came in with a bad mood and introduced to us Cde James Wani Igga for his nomination as the new Vice President. Then he started to threaten us with dissolutions and dismissals. After he finished with his threats nobody spoke and the meeting ended like that. We will now sit today as parliament to see what to do”

It is a shame for trusted MPs to fall short of their responsibility without showing leadership. Daniel Awet, the deputy speaker of the National Legislative Assembly, backed Kiir’s actions in an exclusive interview with Sudan Tribune on Tuesday. This is worse than enough for someone in this position to fail miserably just to score some tribal political points.

In conclusion, August 28th, 1991 is a day in South Sudanese history that would not be avoided since number one of the overarching goals is South Sudan Self-Determination which brought us South Sudan in July 9, 2011.

The principles for democracy, human right issues, fair government that treats citizens equal despites their tribal or religious contexts are daunting works for self-determinate South Sudanese to ensure the event August 28th 1991 did not happen in vain.

Simon M. Deng lives in Juba South Sudan. He can be reached:

The Making of a Tyrant Salva Kiir: Not yet Uhuru!

BY: Joana Adams, RSS, AUG/27/2013, SSN;

It is high time the SPLM tore down the misleading slogan of “equality, justice, freedom and prosperity for all,” which litters our streets and invades our public spaces. Recent events in the country have demonstrated that the president is a dysfunctional and fundamentally wicked man who is gradually stripping away our human liberties and dignities.

Human beings are by nature autonomous, it is the ability to make autonomous decisions which differentiates man from animals. It is for this reason that we must vigorously defend and protect our hard won freedom and independence.

Over the last 8 years, Salva Kiir, the man whom southerners thought was a “good-guy” in contrast to his predecessor, late Dr. John Garang, has gradually transformed himself into a national monster. We gave him the chance, because each time Salva did something wrong, we never called “a spade a spade” but gave excuses on his behalf, just as we did during the liberation struggle when we never wanted to “rock the boat”.

This mentality continued as late as 2010 during the general elections, when we had the chance to scrutinise his credentials but didn’t. By the time of re-writing of the Transitional Constitution 2011, it was too late to challenge President Salva or hold him to account. The incumbent had already consolidated his grip on power and very few dared to oppose him.

The lawyers whom the country thought they could rely upon, to use their professional expertise and judgements to deliver for us a Constitution worthy of the name, failed the nation. They chose to appease Salva Kiir to protect their jobs and privileges and gave Salva Kiir a Constitution which made him above the emerging nation’s supreme law. And now the president is using it with vengeance.

What is alarming is that within a short space of two years, Salva Kiir has turned the country which our people won with their blood and sweat into a personal kingdom. Initially the people of South Sudan wanted preservation of the federal provisions in the Interim Constitution 2005; they also wanted a clear separation of powers— firstly, between the three organs of the state: i.e. the executive, the legislature and the judiciary at the national level; and secondly separation of powers between the federal government and state governments.

They got none. Even the sacred Bill of Rights for which southerners fought consecutive Khartoum regimes, sacrificed and died in their millions for is being routinely derogated.

Just to emphasize the point, President Kiir has further damaged our nascent state institutions by appointing his relatives to head our judiciary and the Bank of South Sudan. Why are we surprised when injustice is the order of the day and millions of public funds are being siphoned daily into external private accounts and fake companies?

It has finally come to light that the President actually writes directly to these appointee relatives instructing them what to do, thereby, directly interfering with established institutional mechanisms and procedures. By so doing, he is not only violating our Constitution but is fundamentally dismantling the very foundation of our nascent country and its fledgling democracy.

In the most unprecedented manner in the short history of modern South Sudan, the president turned monarch rules by decrees. Worst of all, in peace time, southerners are being killed daily by their own security forces under the careful watch of the President.

We may not like it but it is fair to say that there is blood in the hands of the incumbent president, Salva Kiir Mayardit.

In deed there is no other way to describe Kiir’s regime other than that it is a system ”rotten to the core”; a statement which made the eminent Professor Nyamlel Wako, the former deputy minister of foreign affairs to be swiftly dismissed. This Professor who like many others abandoned his relative comfort in the US and answered to the call of nation building is now being humiliated and literally being made to roam the streets of Juba.

If there was no tribalism, the Professor should have actually been the then minister of foreign affairs to be deputised by Nial Deng and not the other way round.

The painful contradiction here is that whereas Salva and his inner circle are barking that there are no qualified southerners to run our systems, or develop policies, he is following the footsteps of former African dictators who were essentially anti-educated people, and did their part in forcing exodus of educated nationals into distant and foreign countries.

Today we are sadly seeing the learned from amongst us being silenced, eliminated or forced into exile in neighbouring countries. Extermination of our educated people who should be helping to lay the foundation for our economy, industry, technology, education, medicine… etc. should one day be accounted for.

In a short period of time, the president has become addicted to abusing power and abusing his people. If we thought that Salva Kiir would lead us to freedom from the atrocities, oppression, marginalisation and dehumanisation by Khartoum, and into the celebrated promised-land for all, we were mistaken.

Little did we know that our very own “liberators” in the form of Salva Kiir Mayardit, the boy from Warrap, would waste no time in turning our hard-won independence into a play-ground for testing his man-hood.

Salva Kiir can now remove elected governors at will. He has removed an elected VP his running mate during the 2010 general elections without observing the Transitional Constitution 2011, which requires him to secure 2/3 parliamentary majority should he desire to remove the former Vice-President.

I am not a supporter of Riek Machar, not yet, but this was unconstitutional and the truth must be said. Only people who have sold their souls and lost their consciences can celebrate when our Constitution is being violated.

True to the point, as people were still reeling from the political tsunami unleashed by sacking his entire cabinet and removing the elected VP, the newly emboldened President wasted no time in trimming the horns of Cde Pagan Amum, the Secretary General of the SPLM.

Salva Kiir has now clearly demonstrated that he is the absolute ruler in South Sudan. He sees himself as immune from the safeguards of modern democracies; does not contemplate any SPLM party rebellion or impeachment by his parliament.

If you are still not convinced, look at the arrogance and disrespect he treated elected MP’s. Instead of lobbying the MP’s in a civilised manner to support his nominee, Wani Igga, for the post of VP, without provocation, he lost his temper and threatened to “dissolve the parliament and make the lawmakers roam in the streets”, (Sudan Tribune 24th August 2013.

“The President came in with bad mood and introduced to us Cde James Wani Igga for his nomination as the new Vice President. Then he started to threaten us with dissolutions and dismissals. After he finished with his threats nobody spoke and the meeting ended like that. We will now sit today as parliament to see what to do”. What could they do? Within hours, the Parliament capitulated and like a spoilt child, Kiir got his way.

But Kiir needs to be reminded that he has no right to treat elected MP’s contemptuously just to boost his crumbling ego. By so doing he is not just disrespecting individual MP’s, governors, elected VP, and the list continues, he is disrespecting the will of the people of South Sudan.

If Kiir doesn’t respect our Constitution, he doesn’t respect our Institutional structures and mechanisms and clearly doesn’t respect our elected representatives, what gives him the right to rule over us?

The people have given him so much, not that he deserves it, not any more in my opinion, but what has he given back in return, in this social contract between the ruled and the rulers?

If he was frustrated because the Parliament rejected his nominee, infamous Telar Ring, in any game or competition, there are winners and losers.

Kiir is not only intolerant to criticisms but doesn’t expect to be challenged by colleagues in government. In short he is a very bad looser. In modern democracies, we need leaders who are emotionally balanced and can honourably accept defeats.

As we position ourselves for the upcoming elections, we now need to dissect the attributes of not just Kiir the man but also Kiir the father and Kiir the husband. If a president can charge at his MP’s and SPLM Parliamentary caucuses at that, what example is he showing to our army as the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces and what example is he showing to the country at large?

Some people might be stuck in the past but whether we like it or not we live in the 21st century and it is high time we start scrutinising not just the academic credentials of our prospective leaders but also their characters and the manner they present and conduct themselves in public. After all these people once elected will represent us at home and abroad, and this should concern us.

To prevent repeat of situations where some African despots in not too distant a past, showered bullets on colleagues in cabinet meetings, we need to weed out the emotionally unstable candidates in the public interest.

Kiir, Equatoria and Cde Wani Igga

We also live in an era where models of good governance to include participatory, inclusive and representative democracies – democracies that take into account the different political variables or diversities in a country; democracies that do not discriminate on the basis of ethnicity, religion or gender.

South Sudan is essentially a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural society. In Kiir’s latest cabinet, there is a gross under-representation of Equatoria which got only 3 out of 19 or 20 cabinet portfolios. I stand to be corrected but one ethnic group has 10 or 11 members while most of the 60 or so tribes that are unrepresented in the national government look on.

This situation is replicated in the security services, the judiciary and in the diplomatic services. Eastern Equatoria state has no ministerial representation apart from Obuto Mamur who sits in the presidency.

Could you imagine Warrap, Lakes or Jonglei states having no ministerial position in the federal cabinet? Hell would break loose!

And yet in his political machinations, Kiir is trying to woo the people of Equatoria whom he has marginalised and oppressed for 8 years by a simple vice-presidential post for Wani Igga. This is cheap politics.

If Kiir didn’t fall out with his former VP and SPLM guru Pagan Amum, he would never have remembered that the seat of his government is in the land of Equatoria. This is not the time to support the man who is allowing our people to be killed day and night in Juba and elsewhere in South Sudan.

Let us remember that history always repeats itself: once a dictator, always a dictator.

If we make the mistake to throw in our lot with Salva in less than a year after the election in 2015, we will be crying foul again. Let us be clear about one thing, Salva doesn’t want the people of Equatoria but only wants their votes come 2015.

If we support Salva then we must forever hold our peace when he moves in his tanks or brings in mercenaries to clear our land of people in not too distant a future.

Going back to the Wani Igga issue, the question one could ask is, what is that Wani can do as a Vice President which he couldn’t do as Speaker of the national parliament? Which position is more powerful in the eyes of Wani Igga?

Is Wani interested in personal glorification, and being called a good boy or as a good parliamentarian he should have been first and foremost interested in representing and protecting his constituents?

His very constituents are being butchered daily and he has not been able to offer them justice. After raising the expectation of the latest victims in his constituency by summoning the security ministers to account, he has abandoned them yet again.

Was Wani’s sudden appointment a sabotage to ensure that the perpetrators of these heinous double murders are left at large?

If Wani was more interested serving his people, then he should have remained in the Assembly to exercise the Constitutional mandate to hold the executive to account and especially to impeach the President over the many violations of our Constitution.

If however what he wants is being a yes man and to entertain the increasingly paranoid president with his famous song: baba ja…..blah blah blah, baba ja blah blah (my father has come….) then indeed being a deputy is what he deserves.

It must be said, moving from the third most powerful position in the country to the second most powerful position is not bad at all, it is a personal best for a man from humble beginnings. Good luck to comrade Wani.

No one would have taken Wani’s claim to contest for presidency in 2015 seriously and it is good that he has now declared otherwise. Wani Igga, it must be stated, is an individual who may represent the SPLM but does not represent Equatoria.

It is also important to read between the lines about Kiir’s malicious intention to divide the Southern people according to tribes or regions. There should be no ill feelings from our allies over the case of Wani.

It will be an over statement to assume that just because Wani Igga accepted the vice –presidency, reportedly rejected by Nuer nominees allegedly in solidarity with their dismissed kinsman, Riek Machar.

Wani’s acceptance of the rejected offer doesn’t automatically mean that Equatorians now all support Salva Kiir. That would be a gross overstatement. Equatorians are not just worth a vice-presidential position.

Infact accepting what has been rejected by others means that Wani was not the first or trusted choice of the President. This alone speaks volumes, but it is best to leave the matter to rest.

Not yet Uhuru

What we now need to focus on is to ensure that Salva Kiir is punished for his irresponsible leadership of our country over the last 8 years. Over the last 8 years, the SPLM government he presided over, did not only fail to deliver peace dividends in the forms of services, security and general development.

The SPLM government under the careful watch of the security officer turned president, has introduced new vices in our society. It will be fair to say that more people have died in the hands of the SPLM government than they did in the hands of jallaba at least in some quarters.

Places that didn’t know violence before are today routinely being rocked by senseless killings as if there is no government in the land. Speculations that these atrocities were being committed by security agents fell on deaf ears.

Kiir may come from a generation in South Sudan who believed that when you come from a so-called majority tribe then you are immune to safe guards of modern democracy.

In the theory of number politics, as long as you are from a majority tribe, you will always win, so unlike in Western democracies, you have no incentives to govern well.

Kiir has destroyed our institutions; he has destroyed our beloved federal constitution; he is destroying even the SPLM party. Quite astonishingly he is disabling our assemblies rendering them in effective. The good news is that this time there is no boat to rock, therefore we must stop Kiir and get things right come the next elections.

The war of liberation was fought by all communities in the territory called South Sudan not just Kiir alone. From the war archives of south Sudan we still need to see those battles Kiir led and won to justify elevating himself to the position of a hereditary monarch.

What we know is that he was a malleable follower who never had the courage to articulate his views on critical matters. At least late Dr. John Garang might not have won any battles but he did fight the war of ideas rather successfully.

These individuals and communities Kiir is oppressing and suppressing today have all sacrificed through blood and sweat for the freedom that we attained in July, 2011 which we are supposed to be enjoying today.

With good governance, there is enough land and natural resources for every South Sudanese now and in the future. We do not need to fight over land because every community in South Sudan has their ancestral land which government has no right to confiscate.

We do not need to fight over who should lead us because we have democratic processes to determine that, and it must be emphasized that the Constitution guarantees every southerner the right to compete for the highest office in the land.

National leadership is not for Dinka or Nuer alone. Every southerner from any community can aspire to become the president of this country if he/she has the ability and ambition to lead. It is not a crime to aspire for leadership position in your country specially that presumably no one is now a second class citizen in their own country.

Therefore it stands to reason that we should stop demonising those aspiring to contest for President, whether they are Lam Akol or Riek Machar or anybody else for that matter.

Leadership Attributes

But we need to be careful about our choice of leaders. We need leaders who though not necessarily PhD holders but must have sufficient education to comprehend and appreciate the complexities of today’s world and should be able to function autonomously in advanced technological era without always relying on advice of tribal mafia to the detriment of the nation.

We need leaders who can think with their heads and hearts and who can empathize with or feel the suffering of their people.

We need leaders who will promote equal opportunities for all and not practice indiscriminate tribalism or nepotism.

We do not want leaders who routinely allow or encourage guns to be turned against their citizens instead of using them to protect us and our borders.

We reject leaders who divide communities for political advantages or to square off old scores, whether this happened in 1991 or not.

If the history of the liberation war was clean I am sure the meticulous Dr. John Garang would have insisted on a whole set of Protocols on forgiveness and reconciliation. He didn’t which means no one was clean in the theatre of war. And this must include the late doctor, Salva Kiir, his former VP and other commanders.

History should not be remembered just to target individuals we do not like or wish are dead. The last 8 years has provided us with enough data to discern who is a good leader and who is not. This is what we should now focus on and not some tribally coated witch–hunting.

To conclude on this piece, Kiir has allowed atrocities to grow unabated in our land. He continues to violate even the Transitional Constitution 2011, which he imposed on us against our will.

Kiir is the champion of unprecedented institutional tribalism, not to mention kleptocracy with impunity. Under Kiirs leadership South Sudan has gained the reputation of a failed state and is also officially one of the corrupt countries on the continent.

He is on record for creating the fastest police state the continent has ever witnessed. This man is destroying the very foundation upon which our nation should be built, what further evidence do we want?

The gallant peoples of South Sudan fought wars with oppressors and colonisers spanning over a hundred years, starting with the Turco-Egyptians, then the Anglo Egyptians and finally the Northern Arabs. They had little or no education education and little weapons but fought with spears and arrows against machine guns but did not capitulate.

It is often said that no one can oppress you without your consent; even battered housewives have the choice to walk away.

It is now our responsibility as autonomous thinking human beings to stop Salva Kiir from damaging our country further and from destroying our dreams and expectations of a free, democratic, and prosperous country for all to enjoy not just a select few.

We owe it to ourselves, our children and grand children and the future generations at large. We owe it to the many who are aggrieved and denied justice. It is our responsibility to leave South Sudan a better place than we had found it not worse.

So that the dear sacrifices we have all made in blood, tears and sweat shall not go in vain. Because as Odinga Oginga, would have put it, for many people in South Sudan today, it is not yet Uhuru.

Who’s the right candidate to be Speaker of South Sudan Parliament?

BY: Gordon Buay, SOUTH SUDAN, AUG/26/2013, SSN;

Now that the Vice-president has been appointed without any protest from the SPLM Caucus in the National Legislative Assembly (Parliament) — unlike the cabinet reshuffle where there were criticisms labelled against Telar Ring Deng — one can say that President Kiir has taken over the reign of power and he is now in control of the SPLM Party.

The next task is to select the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly after former Speaker became the new Vice-president. Appointing a new Speaker must fulfill two conditions such as regional inclusivity and strong personality, who could control the August House given the attempts of the SPLM rebels (the supporters of former Vice-president) to destabilize the Assembly to fail President Kiir.

Being conscious of the fact that the President is from Greater Bhar-el-Ghazal and Wani Igga is from Greater Equatoria, the choice for the next Speaker is left to MPs of the Greater Upper Nile of the SPLM Caucus. The SPLM Caucus of Greater Upper Nile met on August, 24, to nominate a candidate that would be taken to the August House for confirmation as the Speaker.

However, they failed to agree on one candidate and the list of five characters was submitted to the Chairman of the SPLM to choose from. When the Chairman of the SPLM chooses one, the name of that person would be taken to the Assembly for approval.

To have a personality that would always bring pressure to bear on the SPLM rebels to adhere to the rules and disciplines of the party, one may argue that the President will have to take many factors into consideration in order to select the right candidate out of five.

The President has to find a strong personality among the five candidates of the Greater Upper Nile region who could manage the House infested by the SPLM rebels who are more rebellious that the Republican Tea Party in the United States.

Perhaps the President should try to have an audience with the five candidates of the Greater Upper Nile region by inviting them individually to give him more insight into how any of them who would be chosen will control the Assembly given the current turbulent situation created by the SPLM rebels who were reshuffled out from the government and they hold grudges against the President.

Selecting a strong personality who would be able to control the party’s rebels is significant for President Kiir to ensure the smooth functioning of the August House.

Among the five candidates of the Greater Upper Nile region, there are strong personalities with talent and experience who are competent enough to control the Assembly. Having been MPs, some of whom chaired committees, majority of them have shown the intellectual capacity to control the Assembly and ensure that the SPLM rebels in the House don’t paralyse the legislative organ.

Now that majority of the candidates are from Nuer tribe, it would be desirable for the President to critically examine their credentials, integrity, loyalty, trustworthiness and dedication to the SPLM’s goals and objectives.

With this in mind, it would not bring the President a lot of trouble to find out who the suitable candidate is after examining the political backgrounds of the five candidates since 1983. There is no doubt that the President shall pick a candidate who is both a strong personality and his loyalist who has never taken a cup of tea together with SPLM rebels.

Given the fact that the political agenda of the SPLM rebels is to destabilize the Assembly, the President needs a strong Speaker who shall deal with the party’s rebels in the Assembly in order to safeguard the smooth functioning of the August House.

The country is now faced with serious developmental challenges and therefore would need a very dedicated and strong personality that works as a team with the President and the Vice-president so that they can concentrate on tackling formidable problems facing the people of South Sudan.

The solidarity of the trio is the only salvation for the country to move forward and ward off all unnecessary criticism and rebellious attitudes of the SPLM tribalists.

Since 2005, President Kiir has never had a loyal and wise Vice-president who could assist him in resolving the developmental challenges facing the country. With the appointment of Rt. Hon. Wani Igga as the Vice-president, the people of South Sudan would soon realize the cooperation between the President and the new Vice-president.

No executive branch could function properly and carry out its duties if the President and his Vice are always at loggerheads on policy direction.

It should be made abundantly clear that President Kiir is competently managing the transition from former Vice-president to the new one very well. Those who erroneously thought before that South Sudan would collapse because the former Vice-president was removed are now feeling ashamed because all the negative stereotypes about the people of South Sudan are proven wrong. No single Nuer protested because Riek Machar was removed.

Instead the Nuer celebrated his firing because it is an opportunity for the Nuer elites to develop young politicians as future leaders of South Sudan. The Nuer older politicians who have skeletons in their closets have been obstacles to build young nationalist Nuer leaders.

Being conscious of the evil intentions of the SPLM rebels, it is important that the Vice-president Wani Igga and the Speaker who shall be selected should be fully conversing with principles of crisis management, i.e., playing an instrumental role alongside the President to immediately resolve and arrest problems that may interfere with the developmental goals and try to avoid any external influences that may frustrate the efforts of the President, particularly in bringing about nation-building and acceleration of developmental programs.

Coming back to the main issue of this article, which is about the right candidate that could control the Assembly, I would appeal to the President to consult with the Vice-president and some leading statesmen and retired politicians to advise him on the right candidate who may become the Speaker.

By so doing, he will have gathered an overview about who should be the right candidate to become the Speaker. It should be noted that the National Assembly is for all South Sudanese and it represents the aspirations and expectations of the people of this country.

Our people need a Speaker who reflects their wisdom and aspirations but also loyal to the President to ensure cooperation between the executive and legislative branches of government.

Given the divisions created by the former Vice-president, the people of South Sudan want a Speaker who will not encourage controversies, but who should only promote constructive criticism that ensure the democratic values and principles of the SPLM.

The people of South Sudan applaud the firmness of the President in forming a lean government after the reshuffling. There is no doubt that whoever he chooses will be unanimously endorsed by the August House as it was done to Vice-president Wani Igga.

We hope that the embarrassing situation which was caused by the SPLM rebels who subjected Telar Ring Deng to unnecessary vetting process will not arise. However, even if the SPLM rebels attempt to obstruct the confirmation of the new Speaker, it is now numerically clear that the SPLM rebels are the minority in the Assembly because the jobbists and the Lakes State’s politicians of fortune abandoned their alliance with the SPLM rebels after realizing that the people of South Sudan are behind President Kiir.

In conclusion, the President should choose a right candidate from the list of five submitted to him by the SPLM Caucus of the Greater Upper Nile region.

Despite the impeccable credentials of the five candidates, there are individuals who may not be accepted by the MPs from Greater Equatoria and Greater Bhar-el-Ghazal.

Therefore, the President must choose a candidate that he knows will be appealing to all members of the SPLM in three regions—a candidate who is also a strong personality to manage SPLM rebels in the Assembly. END

Fight the elephant and not the shadow: The real Wani Igga

BY: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, AUG/26/2011, SSN;

It is true that the recent appointment of Lt. General James Wani Igga to the position of Vice President of the republic of South Sudan has drawn different reactions from South Sudanese all across the ethno-political divide. However at the end of the day, the decision of who serves in a cabinet lies squarely with the ruling party, its leadership and its political structures.

Lt. Gen. James Wani Igga or “Lokonyeke” as he was popularly known to us in Rumbek and in Cairo (Shubra) is undoubtedly a hard working person. He is friendly too and an individual of great experience in life and politics since the days of the Sudanese Socialist Union (SSU) in Rumbek secondary school [1973-1975].

His years with the SPLA/M did the rest to elevate him to where he is now.

Without any wavering in my political opposition to the SPLM party’s visionless and directionless leadership which I consider as a national duty, I would like to register one thing and make it absolutely clear that I hold no personal grudges against any one individual.

After reading the many criticisms for and against Lt. Wani Igga’s ascension to the second powerful office in the country, and without any prejudices, I believe that many of the issues raised cannot even convince a sworn in opposition like me.

For the sake of a better South Sudan, I would want the SPLM party out of power today, and not tomorrow. However I found no rationale in all those criticisms being thrown at Lt. Gen. Wani Igga for not turning down the nomination for vice president when he has no reason to do that.

Those in the SPLM, who wanted the position of Vice President and lost it, will have to swallow the bitter pill that we always swallow when we miss to get something we seriously wanted. Or maybe join ranks in our humble but honorable opposition camps.

And remember, Wani Igga is not Telar Riing. He is a senior SPLM/A member and a Lt. General for that matter, unambitious to become a president and a peaceful man. How often do people get such loyal deputies? This time I bet the President got his choice well. He doesn’t want a hard-timer, and he just got for himself one.

President Kiir will now rule or misrule without any worries of someone stabbing him from behind. How do you like that?

Of course there are all these rhetoric about Lt. Gen. Wani Igga being a coward and a non-serious person. Does anyone buy into that? Do coward people go on to become army generals? Someone please tell me. And even if he were, how comes that president Kiir is not aware to the point that he can only be told by outsiders?

Our people, it is really very unfortunate that the way we do certain things reflects how crude we are. Because if any of these talks against Lt. Gen. Igga were to be true, then it would be true of the same SPLM/A that gave him the very high military rank and political positions of Deputy Chairman and Speaker of the Assembly.

Were those positions by any means meant for cowards or non-serious individuals? Or is the SPLM/A, an institution of cowards and non-serious individuals to have at its helm people who others refer to as cowards and non-serious?

Fellow compatriots, I understand that sometimes people tend to go off their minds when describing political rivals. However take some time out to rethink what you say.

There is no way anyone can describe president Salva Kiir Mayardit, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Lt. Gen. James Wani Igga, Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin, Justice Peter Sulle, Rev. David Yau Yau or any of those who are now in the centre of South Sudanese politics as cowards and non-serious individuals.

What these people have undertaken and are undertaking at the present moment in time is not a job for cowards and non-serious individuals.

We are all entitled to have our differences with anyone of them for real or perceived reasons. In politics many lines are drawn on the sand and can be redrawn in a different way any time when prevailing circumstances change. It’s not like getting wedded in a Catholic church.

What I expected to hear was something in the line of illegal amassing of wealth, properties or incidences of nepotism, favourtism or frank tribalism if any. But it seems that none amongst the aspirants to the post were free of all that I have just mentioned here. No wonder it was avoided all through by the various critics!

Don’t get me wrong, and I would have liked to believe you only that you are not being truthful. Of course a weak president and a weak vice president at the same time would have sent all the opposition celebrating if you were right. But is this the case in any way? Tell me, am I missing a celebration that I don’t know of?

The true problems of South Sudan now lie squarely in the South Sudan Transitional Constitution 2011 (SSTC2011) popularly known as “John Luk’s Constitution”.

Until we are done with that constitution, and replace it with a sound alternative, all our judgments and criticisms of president Kiir’s decisions will remain things only voiced without causing a real change on the ground.

Ever since this author have been drawing the public’s attention to the “Blackmail Politics” currently in use by president Salva Kiir Mayardit, to get what he wants.

The president is always quick to threaten those who want to see that the right procedures are followed, by reminding them that he can easily fire them – or send them to roam the streets as was the case just a few days ago with the SPLM MPs Caucus group.

Let’s not waste our time and efforts in fruitless attempts. Throwing our spears at the shadow of the elephant, hoping it might cause some damages, is just a wishful thinking at its best. Thus unless we are being superstitious, even a hundred holes in that shadow will never bring the beast down.

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. He can be reached at:

Parody on Salva Kiir: I’ve a vision

BY: Shamga B. John, SOUTH SUDAN, AUG/26/2013, SSN;

I am Salva Kiir and I have a vision for South-Sudan under SPLM.

Many members of the public and some political colleagues Like Risky Mosochist Taunted Devil or Riek Machar Teny Durgon as some ethnic followers call him, always make accusatory statements, labelling me as not being visionary. However, here in this piece I am categorically telling them that I have a vision – a corruption vision.

And before getting into details about my corruption vision here is a little anecdotal story about my key rival Dr. Masochist Taunted Devil:

Dr. Masochist is a natural criminal – highly talented in committing crimes under political umbrella. He is a kind of criminal who cannot achieve much without the help of rebellion, for he always need assassins, crooks, torturers, and manipulators.

On a closer look, what you take as a heroic clash between him and me when he was my vice is in fact a clash between uncivilized politics and the brutal exercise of power by criminals.

We are both criminals but he is worse than I am. I am just a thief and land grabber. However, he is thief, land grabber, rebellion inciter, and murderer. He could get away with the murders he has committed for years.

I can openly say natural criminals like him can even die with their dastardly deeds, and at the end of the day their crimes are not accounted for since we are both criminals, and can counter accuse each other

It would be better if there was a different system to catch people like him and may be me as well quickly and publicly humiliate them. Otherwise, they would integrate into the community, camouflaged in contemporary anonymity and start being active again, like he is now doing- he is now acting like a real politician when he simply deserve death penalty, while I only deserve jail.

He inconspicuously gets to churches for Sunday prayers, and moves about or wander stealthily in search of more preys. He dresses himself in a suit to look like smart, but I know he is just Mr. Masochist.

Dr. Masochist, like all his fellow predators evolved, knows how to stalk his victims by gaining their trust, pretentiously taking advantage of misdeeds by the right people like me. Sadist like him at grass root, do not wear their hearts on their sleeves. Instead, they hide behind a carefully constructed façade of normalcy.

Because of his psychopathic nature, a killer like him does not know how to feel sympathy for others, or even make relationships after worst he has caused to other. For example, his recent pretentious apology to those who’s loved ones he killed, plus his recent criticism of the very government he was part of.

Well, the apology deserving people have a responsibility for their loved ones, but I have a responsibility for my government and I kicked him in the ass come what may.

Masochist does not deserve any chance, he can only sit on the fence, and learn to simulate normal behavior by observing others. All his recent rhetoric and promises are just manipulative acts, designed to entice you into his killer trap, which is worse than my corruption vision.

Anyway, let’s get back to the topic, what is it to be visionary? Well, as far as dictionaries are concerned, vision as a term is defined as an ability to think about and plan for the future using intelligence and imagination.

Therefore, a visionary leader is someone with clear ideas or hope of how something should be done in the future. And as per the definition above to remind you, it does not mention anywhere if being corrupt with your oligarchic out of touch oldies is not a vision.

As far as I know as a major politician, being corrupt is a vision and is important. The true reason for it is that it creates a desire to get rich quickly by any means. I and my lovely out of touch oligarchic oldie colleagues are a little too old, and we do not have time to work so hard like in free and competitive societies to yield returns in the end.

It is only corruption that guarantees rapid change in financial conditions for us and our families. It also gives chances to practice debauchery and decadency. At least we are making up for the lost teenage time during the war.

What is it that is better than your strong whiskey, a girl friend minster, or a teenage girl round at your relaxation time? Whiskey, women, and a song here close, and you are the top man in country, wow! What else do you expect of yourself from this world? You are a teenager again at 76, amazing!

I know some religious zealots have threatened us with verses from the Bible, for example, Galatians 5:16-24. It says “But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh. For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against.” this is all bullshit.

This versus, 2000 years since they were said, and they are still hanging round here to threaten us. Well, it does not matter; we have a solution for them.

We have designed a society ruled by corrupt officials and the whole system of moral, ethical, and religious values is impaired. Everyone that pretends they can create a distinction between right and wrong and then choose the direction of right will try and try and try, but they will give up and finally try to join our oligarchic bro and girlie club.

Only that I do not know if it will be easy for them to make it through the barrier of socioeconomic difference between the highest ranked group where I am in, and the subordinate group where they might be in.

And as you can tell from the name of the club bro and girlie, we are not sexist in our SPLM system. We are inclusive. Awut Deng Achuil and Nunu Kumba have the same job titles as us, and have the same level of seniority and equal responsibilities as us, and the same level of salaries. The difference comes in only when you are junior SPLM or non SPLM because there is another system called patriarchy in place as you go down the ladder.

Patriarchy means that all patriarchal men and women like us in the SPLM should rank above all, while everyone else is subordinate and useless. At subordinate level all subordinate men are above subordinate women.

This in another word means that subordinate men in the socio-economic hierarchy get the best part of the kill always whenever there is. And it generally tells you that men (as a group) should benefit more from the injustices of patriarchy than women do (as a group). We do not care however they do it.

And as I said earlier there is a socio-economic barrier between us and them. Up there we have joined hands together and create that barrier to make sure the subordinate men and women do not penetrate the the hierarchy. We want to be always better than them.

We have to deprive them continuously so that they do not get time to look back and think of getting together to fight us. At least we want to make it look like India – nothing is wrong with producing outcasts or untouchables or poor colonies that should not be associated with.

Borrowing cultures from other social systems is normal, especially if they give upper hand financially.

To make sure that this corruption vision is accomplished there is a banking system created to give all the oil money to commercial banks; and foreign exchange bureaus. All of which we either own solely or have shares in together with foreigners to help keep the people continuously suppressed, and these foreigners are in to run them so that it does look like we are part of the ownership team.

At least Kornillo Koryom is there for this part of the vision, he is a trusted man on this.

Koryom is doing his job very well. He has hijacked the funding of all kinds of infrastructure by running businesses that only benefit us. While we are busy enriching ourselves we keep them (subordinates) busy with lies in order to make them hope for the better.

For instance, we tell them of new hospital in the capital, John Garang Memorial Hospital with free treatment for everyone in all states, new medical schools in ten states for university practical classes, tarmac road soon to be started a blood bank soon to be under construction in Juba et cetra.

8 years on and I can state clearly that corruption is at its best, the more best case scenario is that me and my oligarchic friends and my good for nothing MPs have establish ten commandments to make sure that our corrupt vision is obeyed and carried till our kids become politically mature and takeover.

And bellow the commandments go as follow:

Ten Commandments of SPLM or Sudan property Looting Movement under Salva Kiir:

1. Never be truthful with justice (allow your Aweil and Awan community to take the law into their own hands when thieves like Akuen are apprehended).

2. Camouflage true intentions, lies should be consistent (never change the intention, make promise each year but do not deliver).

3. Loot the treasury down to its feet (allow everyone, for example, Deng Athorbei, Gier Chuang, Pagan, Achuil, Akuen, and whoever else you know, to steal at will so that there is no one to take the responsibility to pursue another as everyone is a thief).

4. Nurture your power base with a continuous money shower (make sure that you have cartons of hard currency kept in residential home so loyalists can have access to the cake too whenever they like. They can steal if they wish to so in your residential compound).

5. Keep a solid grip on media and intelligence (train a bunch of semi-illiterate and illiterate fellow alcoholic idiots like gelbeny, and station them nearby, to protect your crime syndicate. That makes it easy prevent free speech).

6. Keep the media out of your bedroom (drink these semi-illiterate and illiterate fellow alcoholic idiots up every day, and give them orders to intimidate the media so that the crime magnitude including within your homes do not reach the world at large).

7. Friends and allies are disposable assets (despite the good for nothing parliament rejecting Telar Ring, try all means to keep him round till people forget and find him a position. And keep Musveni very close despite public rejection too).

8. Never embark on projects of long-term benefit (never do anything for public like hospitals, roads and electricity).

9. Stay in power as long as you can (never follow the constitution and be a dictator).

10. Eliminate all enemies and rivals and replace them with those who can intimidate the public like Kuol Manyang in defence, and put in yes men like Mr. SPLA Thoura Bẽta Ana in place of Risk Masochist Taunt Devil, or Riek Machar Teny Durgon.

My good for nothing MPs are under gag order, I pay them 1100 dollars per session and there are four parliamentary sessions weekly, that means that in a month they get paid 17600 dollars. Add that to their monthly pay of 2000 dollars and then judge that for yourself, can they represent you or do nothing for me?

Not representing anyone is very juicy and sweet in chocolate way for these gagged MPs. Now they know they get this overwhelming sum in dollars without out having to work hard. So rhetorically it makes them sometime go like, “Wow…. what a parliament, we are so lucky to get in here!”, Why should we hold on to a stupid questioning at question session for which we can be regarded disturbing and considered useless in this fantastic oligarch bro and girlie club? And they just do nothing for me.

Corruption has thrived so well in our country; recently we were ranked fourth among the world-failed states. We are just three steps away from getting number one.

As a corrupt and failed state, we have made sure that economic suppression of our people is the best technique available to produce social inequality. There is a solution to corruption but I just do not want anybody including myself to do anything.

There is probably a solution straightforward and it should be like this: if a crime is committed, those involved need to be punished. In addition, anyone indulging in inappropriate behavior should face justice.

However, as a head of this country, I have all the power and the resources in my hands, and I am the sole decision make – I am the one who can select and kick out people by decree.

I am the paragon of this perfect system where those that I favor have freedom to loot the national resources, while those that I do not like can get disown at discretion.

I know these results in political instability and the example can be clearly seen in Bentiu, Jonglei and Lake State. In these states morons of all kinds who are not happy with me altogether with other political criminals find a foothold to recruit supporters and sympathizers like Yau Yau to launch attacks and create chaos in the lives of poor citizens.

Nevertheless, this is nonsense and each time I hear it I ignore then just keep on enjoying with girlies, I love it.

In another word, being corrupt is a vision and is important to wealth creation, especially when you are too old. It generally promises rapid change in financial conditions for you and your family. It enables you to enjoy as if you are a teenager at a time when one is close to age care centers.

Look now, despite being close to the so-called age care or next to graveyard home we still look 20s in the eyes of money hungry teenage girls. It is highly advisable that the above commandments be in place at all times to protect the corruption vision.

It is a great vision. Keep on with the vision bros and girlies, SPLM Oyeeeeeeeee!!!

Thank you,
Dr. Salva Kiir Mayardit

By: Shamga B John

Wani Igga, will it still be mediocrity, sycophancy & clownism?


One commentator on this SSN aptly summed it up for me: “Wani Igga will not do anything or change anything in the country to what we expect.”

Let’s go on a little bit more serious, fellow citizens, and sincerely ask ourselves whether anything new or different will transpire with the nomination and confirmation of then Honorable Speaker James Wani Igga as new deputy to the already severely incapacitated President Kiir.

First and foremost, for those who’re now piously jubilating at Vice-president Wani Igga’s ‘promotion,’ especially Wani’s Bari-speaking people and so-called and once ‘Greater’ Equatorians, they need to critically ponder why it’d taken President Kiir exactly one whole month of hesitation, consultation and political horse-trading before finally nominating Wani Igga?

More disturbingly, especially again for those exuberant Wani Igga’s apologists, it’s now been revealed that the ruling SPLM decision-making Mafia first had to force Wani Igga to cede any ambition of ever contesting against president Kiir and then to promise that he’d faithfully abide by the ‘unholy’ rules of the party.

In a nutshell, Wani Igga’s clearly a deflated, lame duck vice-president who’s now politically compromised, and so long as Kiir’s alive, Wani Igga will always be the mediocre and sycophant as vividly attested in his acceptance speech which was depressingly slavish.

Secondly, and more importantly, since the dejection of Machar as vice-president, Wani Igga, as per the SPLM constitution, should’ve automatically become the next person after the president in the SPLM/A hierarchy, and as per precedence and constitutionality, he’d have automatically ascended into the vice-presidential seat without any question.

But, without specifically stereotyping the Dinka and Nuer tribes, believe you me, had Wani Igga being either one of them and the Speaker at the same time and by protocol, the second man in the SPLM hierarchy, Hell would’ve broken loose not only in Juba, if president Kiir had dithered or delayed his ‘automatic’ appointment for the post.

Let’s pause again and get the truth out. Admittedly, it has emerged that despite those mitigating points, Wani Igga was a last choice name on Kiir’s mind, because the top priority was to get a Nuer first, like Machar, as a replacement so as to politically placate the Nuers.

That’s the dilemma President Kiir and his tribal clique of advisers got bogged down with for one long month; seriously, Wani, the Bari and Equatorian who this tribal clique knew well since the bush days, won’t have the stomach to either resign, rebel or reject his “Master’s” decision.

So, in pursuance of the tribal replacement policy, Kiir had persisted on people like John Luk Jok to take up the Vice position, but disappointingly for Kiir, it became apparent that the well-coordinated tribal conspiracy prevailing among the Nuer dissuaded all potential Nuer nominees to tactically reject the vice presidency post.

Nonetheless, after one month of futility, president Kiir and his tribal aides finally revisited Wani Igga’s name and that’s how the political embarrassment was finally averted and resolved as the always easily persuaded and malleable Wani Igga became speedily pasted to the job.

For general information, it’s almost certain that ex-minister of Justice, John Luk Jok is to be the new Speaker, and if we factor in the stereotypical Dinka-Nuer tribal animosity, the Kiir-Wani Igga government must now be prepared for a more questioning parliament than the past stale one of Wani Igga.

In 2002, against serious objections followed by disappointments from these same once ‘Greater’ Equatorian SPLM/A adherents, the same Wani Igga inexplicably surrendered to Machar his top spot in the Movement’s hierarchy.

For those Equatorians now dancing the Bari dance with president Kiir, especially those who aren’t old enough to remember the past, Wani Igga is an aberration, he’s more or less an incarnation of a bygone era that saw better educated and politically astute Bari and Equatorian politicians being thwarted and relegated by imperialist British and the colonizing jellaba North Sudanese and up to Abel Alier dynasty.

Now, although we must admit that Wani Igga historically blundered by surrendering his seat to Machar in 2002 which wasn’t the first for a Bari to commit the same (Late Uncle Luigi Adwok was a beneficiary of another Bari short-sightedness of a long begone era), we might kindly forgive Wani Igga specially now since the ever gracious ‘Ngun lo Bari’ has now interceded favourably for him.

However, despite his elevation now, there are still many people, including the Equatorians, who’re deeply disappointed by Wani Igga’s political naivety and lack of leadership competence by not seriously demonstrating that determination, persistence and quality.

Anyway, back to the current issue, what’s questionable is why did president Kiir have to stoop so low to blackmail and intimidate his SPLM Caucus and other Members of Parliament and force them to approve Wani Igga’s as vice-president instead of spontaneous, overwhelming and unanimous vote for him?

If there was going to be a potential opposition against Wani Igga’s nomination, perhaps one may conjecture that it related to Wani Igga’s appalling record of political subservience to Kiir and utter incompetence as Speaker of the parliament for eight long years.

Inarguably, Wani Igga’s tenure a Speaker saw the so-called ‘august’ House as the ‘graveyard’ of un-passed and stalled democratic legislations for which Wani Igga literally bears the greatest responsibility.

For instance, even with the political assassination of Isaiah Abraham that was unquestionably sanctioned by the State, and despite all the dust that was raised after his funeral, Wani Igga’s parliament just sat on the press legislation till today.

Corruption, absolutely sanctioned by the Kiir’s government and the insignia of the SPLM/A hegemonic rule, continued to eat deeply into the soul of the nation, thanks to the leadership impotence of Wani Igga’s Speakership.

Nowhere in the entire world except South Sudan, where bodies of victims murdered by State security organs have been brought and displayed in the parliament for the Speaker specifically, presumably to seek his sympathy and political support, but what has Wani Igga done in spite of faking tears?

How many commissions of inquiry have been formed to investigate various incidences and supposedly presented back to parliament their findings, has Wani Igga’s parliament ever come out with any results?

The list of failures and failed legislations goes on and on, and as the commentator remarked at the opening of this piece, “Wani Igga will not do anything or change anything in the country to what we expect.”

Finally, if there is only one thing and only one, that most Wani Igga’s supporters could humbly ask their man to immediately desist from and stop it now, is the shameful display of his zany antics in public, that annoyingly borders on psychopathic clownism.

At least for once in your lifetime, Mr. Wani Igga, you’re the nation’s vice-president, and should Kiir die from possible heart attack tonight….walele…Wani, you’ll be the nation’s ‘Matat,’ Mr. PRESIDENT.

And by all rights and protocol, you, Wani Igga, will forever be ‘liberated’ and won’t ever be anybody’s mediocre, sycophant or clown. Just give back the once-great Bari Nation of Pitya Lugor, it’s deserved past honor.

Ajo, my best wishes to you also. I end here, no Oyeeeee from me.