Archive for: June 2013

Greater Regions are Unconstitutional


In every corners of Juba city you find people busy and bitterly discussing on how this country should be run, some thought it tribally, others think it should be according to any one’s capability (on technical knowhow) regardless of your tribe which is not bad at all, because it recognizes all of us as legitimate stake holders on equal basis in this country.

As we are getting closer to the 2015 South Sudan general elections some people started to group people on the former greater regional basis which does not exist at all in 2011 Interim Transitional Constitution of the Republic.

Regional policy, in my view, is unconstitutional and undemocratic in the Republic of South Sudan according to its transitional constitution; this policy was designed by short-sighted politicians within the SPLM who are desperate and perhaps hopeless in the face of changing political environment in the country and indeed in SPLM.

These guys are wondering of how to attract supporters behind their ill-intended project. Unity in diversity was premised not in dividing South Sudanese into regions and can never be achieved by dividing ourselves once more into three greater regions, to the contrary, because the then reason behind the formation of regions by the late Sudanese President Jaafar Mohamed Neimeri was purposely to make it so easy to divide and rule Southern Sudan by then.

This plan was engineered by some individuals who claimed to be politicians and that they liberated this country and they loved it, but the opposite is true.

A true liberator can’t work for the downfall of this country and movement (SPLM), rather he/she should make every effort to let it attain its glorious mission which can be interpreted through delivery of essential services to our people.

But these foxes forget the vision and the reasons that triggered the liberation struggle which culminated into independence of South Sudan from Sudan. These guys are working for the demise of the liberation party (SPLM) and horribly, the country itself.

SPLM was advocating for a multiparty system in the country, hence it was seen by some ambitious group that regionalism suits them better then the SPLM vision which was spearheaded by the founding father of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, Dr. John Garang De Mabior.

People from former greater Bhar el ghazal and Equatoria convened their conferences which in my view contradicted the formation of our Republic which only dictates and confines our actions to ten states.

We cannot have a National and common interest as South Sudanese if we are still harbouring regional mentality which is centrally driven by tribal, sectional and clannish interests.

Therefore, we must think twice, any miscalculation here will have grave consequences to our progress and prosperity. This hard-won freedom needs men and women of good will in order to sustain it.

When Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic, was chosen after the unexpected demise of the late leader Dr. John Garang De Mabior to lead this glorious party, he did obtain that through the hierarchy within SPLM not regional’s hierarchy and ambitions as some of us now-a-day perceive it and forget the reality of the matter, it’s the same institution which can endorse him today or nominate another and him/her with the implementation of the vision and mission, nothing less than that.

Hence these regional politicians have acted outside the law of our republic and they need to be told that their political destiny is fully defined by ten states and not through former greater regions of the old Sudan.

However, if they don’t want to listen to these calls, they should be informed that it’s a wrong horse they step on. If we are working as regions to me, it’s so meaningless to form national political parties like SPLM and the list is long, because, in the so-called greater regions, there are different national political parties which have different visions and programs on how this country should be administered.

Therefore, it’s so hard to expect them to agree on one presidential nominee brought by one political party otherwise coalition is needed, regions cannot gather taking over the work of political parties.

Regional politics is more of tribal politics as it groups people on tribal, sectional and clannish bases which is destructive to this country because it lacks national agenda, therefore, these guys should be informed that we are in a new republic which constitutionally recognizes ten states only and from now on these seasonal politicians have lost their political virginity in the eyes of fellow concerned South Sudanese.

The wars of independence were fought as one people of one destiny. I have never heard of frontline (war front) being divided according to regions.

I just want to encourage my fellow South Sudanese who hail from former greater Upper Nile to be strong in their position which discouraged regional politics as a thing of the past, which in my view is a patriotic stand, because these regional conferences were designed to help major tribes in that region maintain their dominant position at the expense of the minority tribes.

We can’t claim to be democrats when in actual sense intimidating and forcing ourselves to follow one person.

In conclusion I want to encourage my fellow compatriots not to allow these regional interests to divide us, let us behave as Nationalists.

The author can be reached by Email;
By. Wal Thok Duoth

I’m a South Sudanese: Why deny me Citizenship?

Dialogue with South Sudanese (4)

BY: Wani Tombe Lako, JUN/13/2013, SSN;

As a very informed and concerned citizen of South Sudan, I am sincerely very extremely disturbed as regards the future of my country. I expressed this concern, in a different way, in a letter, dated the 18th October 2012, to His Excellency the President of the Republic of South Sudan, via our Ambassador in Khartoum. I wanted to show the President that, I am not an enemy of my peoples. The expression of my political opinions, about the secession of South Sudan from the rest of the Sudan, does not amount to absolute treason against my peoples.

The meaning of referendum is that, the peoples concerned shall have to make choices. This necessarily entails expression of heterogeneous political opinions. Once that happens, the majority opinion holders do not suddenly become the saints; and the minority opinion holders the devils as it were. This appears to be the case in our country.

I wrote the said letter to the President, to indicate that, I totally and absolutely abide by the choice of the majority in my country with all its legal, constitutional, security, moral, and social implications. However, the response of the government of South Sudan via our Ambassador in Khartoum has been rather surprising to me.

The Ambassador told me that, the National Security Services in South Sudan as well as the Military Intelligence would like to talk to me in Juba. They alleged that I am in active security service of the government of Sudan. This is absolutely untrue. How can I be in the active service of the Republic of Sudan Security Services if all South Sudanese have been dismissed from all types of public and even some private institutions in the Sudan as a result of the secession of South Sudan from the rest of the Sudan?

The fact that I am a retired Infantry Army Colonel, from the hitherto united Sudan Army, does not make me a traitor. There are many more senior, similar, and junior ranks, who were in the same army, and who have since March 2012, been absorbed into the SPLA, after the secession of South Sudan from the rest of the Sudan. These men are not traitors. These are South Sudanese nationals and patriots. This is also true of all those South Sudanese who were working in the civil service in the hitherto united Sudan, and who are now working in Sovereign South Sudan.

The insistence of the Security Organs in South Sudan that I am an enemy is just politicised personal hatred and nothing more. How can I, a single individual, be a threat to the entire South Sudanese nation? How can I be a threat to the nation if I have declared my allegiance to the same nation? How can I be a threat to the whole country as an academic civilian, without an army? How can I fight the whole SPLA army with chalks and ink?

My dear citizens of South Sudan, just because of my political opinions, the government of South Sudan has refused to issue me with my citizenship documents, that is, my passport and nationality documents. That means, the government have subjectively decided that, I am not a South Sudanese citizen, just because I hold different political opinions. Find below the letter I wrote to the President of the Republic of South Sudan:-

18th October 2012
H.E. Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit
The President of the Republic of South Sudan;

Through H.E. Mayen Dut Wol
The Ambassador of the Republic of South Sudan; in the Republic of Sudan

Your Excellency the President of the Republic of South Sudan;

Ref: Allegiance to the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan; and to the President; and the Peoples of the Republic of South Sudan

I am writing to your Excellency; to declare my total and absolute allegiance to the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan; to you my President; and to the entire peoples of the Republic of South Sudan.

With this letter, I am putting my knowledge; skills; experiences; and energies; under the total and absolute disposal of the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan; under your leadership; for the benefits of all the peoples of the Republic of South Sudan.

Now that the entire peoples of the Republic of South Sudan have voted for the establishment of the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan; I honour; respect; and support this noble decision; and I shall not indulge in any acts or omissions; which tantamount to a threat to the life of the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan.

I denounce all acts of violence against the State of South Sudan; against the government of South Sudan; against the person of the President of the Republic of South Sudan; against all officials including the Cabinet of the Republic of South Sudan; and against the peoples of South Sudan; and against the integrity of the Republic of South Sudan.

I support all democratic approaches; to issues of governance in the Republic of South Sudan; including press freedom; for the expression of lawful opinion; in the interest of the Republic of South Sudan, and its entire peoples.

Your Excellency Mr. President;

I am confident that; with my current knowledge; skills; and experiences; I shall be a net positive addition to my brothers and sisters; who are already working very hard, under your leadership; to make the Republic of South Sudan a prosperous and a happy place to live in; for the entire peoples of the Republic of South Sudan. It is time all of us put our energies to the best use in South Sudan; for the benefit of our peoples now; and for our posterities.

I sincerely believe that; politics is not for making personal fortunes and accumulation of wealth for the self. Political offices are for the benefit of the common South Sudanese men; women; and children in the villages and towns of South Sudan. These should be the values that we bring into political offices in South Sudan. I want to play my role in the building of positive South Sudan; within the spirit of these kinds of values; for the total harmony of the entire peoples of South Sudan.

I want to be a net positive addition in the development processes of my country; without very much thinking of my political colour. As a son of South Sudan; my love; allegiance; defense of; and sacrifice for the Republic of South Sudan; is more than my mere declaration of membership of any political party; in the Republic of South Sudan. I am a technocrat who wants to serve the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan; under your leadership.

I am capable of: effectively; efficiently; honestly; and loyally advising the government of the Republic of South Sudan; in all aspects pertaining to socio-economic development; most importantly; general rural development where more than 90% of the peoples in South Sudan live in rural areas; and in general matters of laws (Constitutional Law; Criminal Law; Human Rights Law; Land Law; and all relevant laws in the country) within the remit of State Practice.

In matters of rural development; I have attained international recognition; as an expert and specialist in this field; and I do not see any reason why I should not spent the rest of my life; helping my peoples; through their government in South Sudan; under your leadership; to positively develop.

Thanks in anticipation

Yours Obediently


Professor Dr; LL.B; LL.M.; Wani Tombe Lako Lokitari

Jay Johnson: the anxiety over the general election of 2015

BY: ELHAG PAUL, South Sudan, JUN/07/2013, SSN;

Jay Johnson has thrown the gauntlet down challenging us to prove that we genuinely hold human rights values by not voting for Riek Machar, a known violator of human rights, in the coming general election of 2015. The challenge was delivered through his response to comments on his article, ‘Why Dr Riek Machar is an unacceptable alternative’ published by South Sudan Nation on 4th June 2013.

Here is what Jay said, “And if the Equatorians, the Fertit, the Dinka, the Nuer and the Luo groups people care but human rights. If there is a genuine non-politically motivated strong belief in human rights principles. If Elhag Paul means what he says about human rights violations by SPLM government, then we should not vote for Dr Riek come 2015.

We can send a strong message to human rights violators that there is no second chance in our political discourse. We will have to tell the prospective human rights violators that it is unacceptable to authorise the mass killing of innocent civilians.

This is going to be a litmus test for our commitment to human rights values. It will mean that we mean what we say through our collective actions at the voting boost.” This portrays Jay’s anxiety over the general election of 2015.

I can see Jay’s point and also feel his pain, but all these have to be put within context of the political space of South Sudan.

Our belief in human rights is axiomatic and our position with regards to president Kiir and his deputy Dr Riek Machar is clearly expressed in our various writings. So, there is no question both men are violators of human rights in the then Republic of the Sudan and now in the Republic of South Sudan.

Certainly, because of our values and beliefs neither of these men nor their SPLM Oyee party should get our votes come 2015. Jay Johnson should rest assured on this premise. Unfortunately, things in real life do not operate on clear-cut basis. Under-the-surface issues affect voters and these are the things that shape their thinking and voting decisions. Voters mostly make their minds up on who to vote for based on local issues.

Now, the behaviour of Jay’s people has not been positive or helpful. If anything it created for them more enemies unnecessarily. Jay himself has been a promoter of Jieng land grab in Equatoria through violent means inflicting immense pain on the local people. As some of the audience may recall, Jay recently wrote an article published in the various websites under the title, ‘Equatorians: Stop Land grabbing, occupation and colonization Nonsense’ dismissing land grab in the country and asserting false and illusionary Jieng rights to settle wherever they like.

This in itself is enough evidence that Jay is not a believer in human rights but someone who is motivated by Jieng expansionist beliefs and interested in pursuing his people’s interest at the expense of all others regardless. Jay does not care about the pain he and his people inflict on fellow countrymen.

If Jay now is a convert to the ideals of human rights, we can together do certain things to stop both president Kiir and his deputy Dr Riek Machar from winning the coming general elections of 2015. What this means is that all of us will be winners. For us we will gain from having a change of guards at J1 in Juba and for Jay he will achieve his interest of stopping Dr Riek from becoming president of RSS.

However, first, Jay needs to support a referral of president Kiir and his government to ICC by endorsing the idea and signing the referral/petition under draft and also bring along with him at least 100 other Jiengs for the purpose.

Secondly, Jay needs to order all the squatters and fake IDPs he vigorously supported to settle in Nimule and other parts of the county to repatriate to their original homes in Jonglei, Warrap etc. This operation, he must ensure, should be done by 2014 and before the general election in 2015.

The reason for this is simple. I heard through the grapevine that Dr Riek is one step ahead. It is believed that he has promised the Equatorians recovery of their stolen lands and a truly federated government in South Sudan. Whether this is true or not, I can not vouch for.

But I saw an article in the Sudan Tribune dated 4th June 2013 titled, ‘Vice-president says federal system best for governing South Sudan’ which seems to give credence to the story. In it Dr Riek strongly asserted that ‘Federalism is the best system of governance for South Sudan.’

Now it appears this is turning out to be a big winner for Riek regardless of whether he is human rights violator or not.

This alone pushes Riek’s human rights appalling record down the order of priorities for the local people in South Sudan. Horrible and I do not agree with it, but who am I to question people who want to free themselves from Jieng hegemony? I personally on basis of my principles will not vote for any human rights violator and this includes Riek.

Hurtful as it may be, the policies of expansionism and the atrocious behaviour of the Jieng that Jay has been relentlessly promoting has alienated the other 60 or so tribes of South Sudan to the extent that their votes will be determined by their experience of Jieng oppression in the last 30 years and not conditioned by human rights value per se. The immediate thing to the oppressed Equatorians and others is to recover their stolen lands and get protection from Jieng tyranny.

So, if the devil comes to the people and if that devil is Riek promising salvation it is not difficult to see why people will ignore his past and vote for him.

Crucially, for the voters it is the present that matters. Jieng hegemony currently is toxic and stinky to the 60 or so tribes of South Sudan because within it lies the practice of the worst human rights abuses known in the country. The evidence to this can be found in the various reports of the various human rights organisations including the USA government.

In a sense, Riek’s concerning abuses and the Jieng’s abuses cancels out in the mind of the average voter in the country such that they will dwell on their personal interest. Remember human memory is funny and it can choose to play games when all the options on the table are ugly. It then becomes a case of what are the two known devils running in 2015 general election offering.

Dr Riek, as explained above, is already offering the others a very tantalising carrot which appears delicious, juicy and certainly salivating. What are Jay and his squatters and fake IDPs going to offer the people of South Sudan? This is the crux of the matter and Jay needs to articulate their offer clearly without ifs, buts etc.

Paradoxically, Jay and the Jieng through their atrocious behaviour are the effective campaigners and promoters of Dr Riek’s ticket for presidency in 2015. Nobody wants it, but this is the reality of short sighted policies of the Jieng.

If Jay is serious about stopping Dr Riek from becoming president, the only option left to him is the one stated above. Will he now join the bandwagon of the people to: 1) refer the crooks in Juba to ICC; 2) right the wrong of land grabbing by ordering his people out of stolen lands; 3) support release of political prisoners like Peter Sule; and 4) support the implementation of true federalism in RSS.

May sound painful but that is the price to pay to stop Dr Riek from becoming president. If Jay is ready, then he needs to act quick as time is of the essence. Dr Riek is already ahead and moving at a high speed.

My vote as a true believer and advocate of human rights against the cunning Dr Riek is not going to stop him from the presidency. Real politick is now upon us. Jay and his lot brought it upon themselves. Nobody to blame for the unfolding scenario.

[Truth hurts but is also liberating]

Elhag Paul

Worrying signs: We may have leaders but no leadership– Threat to the country.


In my last article on this topic, I discussed the leadership qualities and gave some few examples on the current state of our health system, educational standards, energy and road infrastructure. Indeed the disposition in that article was to basically prove that if there was leadership in the country, South Sudan would have progressed rapidly and our people would have seen the fruits of our long struggle. However, I would like to take the idea of lack of leadership a notch higher particularly in what I call lack of leadership broods disunity and fragmentation.

The liberation of South Sudan, acknowledging many other liberations struggles such as Anya Anya 1 and 2, was mainly achieved through the gallant struggle of our young men and women under the banner of SPLM/A lead by none other than our able leader and patriot Dr. John Garang De Mabior; Amighty God rest his Soul in Eternal peace.

During the 23 years of the struggle SPLM/A grew from a movement of bare foot soldiers to a formidable fighting machine that was able to take on any regular army in the world thanks to efficient and effective organization engineered by one person, Dr. John Garang. This was real leadership and not just being a leader. Other than the few glitches in the movement such as lack of democracy in the movement, some rogue behaviors by few isolated army units, Garang was able to skilfully unite the diverse army to face the enemy as united people determine to achieve their desired goal.

SPLA was the most difficult army to put together as one fighting force. According to Garang, this was a peasant army fighting the borgousies in Khartoum. The peasant army was composed of the poor, rich, the farmers, students, graduates, politicians who were both communists and secularists, separatists, unionists, cattle keepers; all coming from different tribes with different tribal and ethnic inclinations, thieves, prisoners and women elopers but all united by marginalization.

Despite all these diversities Garang managed to unite and modelled them into a fighting machine. This was incredible. It was a work of a leader with real leadership qualities. One the external front, Garang was also able to galvanize the international community under his concept of United Democratic Secular Sudan. With these rare qualities Garang was able to sustained the struggle and brought the Arabs to the negotiation table where they encapsulated to our legitimate demand for self determination. Eventually South Sudan Republic was born.

Oh God! what has really happened in South Sudan since? Indeed what has happened is that the cruel hand of death robbed the people of South Sudan by taking Garang before he could implement his vision. Of course robbed with him is his leadership. A leader who was leading from front, thinking out of the box, he was managing as well as supervising. He had power to control as well as humility.

Garang showed humility and compassion after the movement split in 1991. He not only accepted those who rebelled against him at the time but also those who plotted against him in Yei. These are the virtuous of a leadership with foresight.

When death took Garang away through the behind door of South Sudan; for no South Sudanese would have allowed him to be taken away through the front door, leaders who lack leadership entered South Sudan through the windows of the well aerated South Sudan. The basic characteristics of these leaders are dictatorship, intolerance, corruption, nepotism, tribalism, bureaucratic, elitists, never care, bullying, intimidation, disregard for law and constitutionalism, disorder, chaos and repugnant to new ideas.

As a result, the first casualty of these new leaders to be pushed out of South Sudan front door is freedom of speech. The second are government cohesion, coordination and collective responsibility. The third is institutional or party democracy. To limit myself to governance issues, the fourth casualty is unity and togetherness. The last casualty here is diversity as a jewel of unity and prosperity.

When freedom of speech exited from South Sudan, journalists and writers have been in the receiving end of either the government or its functionaries. In the last six months, CPJ documented several cases of attacks, intimidation and detention of journalists in South Sudan by security forces yet the government continuous to deny these facts. According to CPJ, this has “led to self-censorship and even exile among the local press corps”. CPJ said among the 12 cases of attack, harassment and detention, 10 of these crimes were committed by the security forces.

In fact there are many cases of intimidation and harassment of journalists known to everybody in South Sudan. The most prominent ones include the detention of Michael Koma; Managing Editor, Juba Monitor, Louis Pasquale and Ashab Khamis of SSTV. The last two were arrested in Wau on the flimsy reason that they failed to cover president Kiir speech in Wau. In fact Kiir was in Wau to condone brutal killing of innocent and defenceless civilians who were mowed down by security forces in glare of cameras. How ironic of leaders who lack leadership.

Another resilient Editor who is in the long list of journalists under constant security harassment and intimidation is none other than Nhial Bol, the Managing Editor of Citizen in Juba. On 31 May 2013, security forces towing with glistering guns at hand threatened to censor Nhial Bol’s private televesion if he dared to broadcast any news about VP Riak Machar’ s activities during the absence of President Kiir.

Journalists who have fled the country because of intimidation and constant harassment include John Penn de Ngong and Zeckariah Manyok among others. Apparently the security forces denied that this was an act sanctioned by the government and yet contradictory enough the same security officer who harassed Nhial accompanied the ministry of information officials to his office the following day. Is this not incoherence and lack of coordination in the government.

Perhaps the opinion writers have seen the worst of this intolerable act with the brutal murder of South Sudanese prolific writer Isaiah Abraham in Juba. Many opinion writers have actually filtered into exile thanks to the repression in South Sudan.

Talking about departure of government coherence, cohesion, coordination and collective responsibility, it is obvious that the case of harassment of Nhial Bol is indeed a manifestation of a government that lacks these qualities. Examples are abound in South Sudan that demonstrate the void of these qualities.

Take the issue of corruption. While President Kiir wrote letters to 72 officers who were identified to be incapable and were responsible for siphoning millions of dollars from South Sudan, the VP Riak Machar goes to Rumkek to announce that there was no money stolen. Where on earth can a President of a country announce to the whole world that corruption took place but his own Vice President contradicts him? Are these issues not discussed in the cabinet and is there no principle of collective responsibility in the government.

Imagine President Kiir goes to Japan leaving Riak Machar as acting President which means the whole government and the entire country was given to him. He became the commander in chief of the SPLA, yet here is a commander of the security forces who comes to sanction the media not to broadcast his activities. Imagine Presidential guards ordered to mount road block without any notice of information or consultation with the minister of interior. So where is really the coordination here?

It is so sad that constitutional or party democracy also exited through the front door of the country leaving behind chaos and dictatorship. The present turmoil in the SPLM party that is threatening to tear the party apart is a result of departure of constitutional democracy.

This has ultimately left behind near warlords or political demagogues who find democracy offensive and intolerable. They would like to remain and die in power because this is their birthright. It is unfortunate that many South Sudanese still subscribe to this obnoxious notion that is creating disunity among the suffering people.

The departure of unity, togetherness and diversity has left South Sudan grappling in darkness with uncertain future. South Sudanese are struggling to find where they can get unity in order to reclaim togetherness but nowhere because the center has collapsed. The government of South Sudan has failed to unite the people thus togetherness has become thing of past.

Since the central government failed to unite South Sudanese, people are beginning to regress to old ways of unity which were propagated by our enemies to divide us. So the phenomenon of organizing regional conferences is nothing but a manifestation of lack of unity at national level. These conferences are nothing other than manifestations of survival tactics. This is unfortunately the crudest way of trying to make a country survive.

What is difficult that these regional groupings will not hastened the complete degeneration of the Republic and lead us into either bantustan states or real threat to existence of South Sudan as a Republic?

Sadly enough our President and our prominent leaders applauded these regional meetings. The other day I was saddened to learn of the whole gubernatorial body in Bahr el Ghazal coming to Juba to brief the President on what I call congress of ‘Cocoon of failed politicians’ who want to survive the wave of change by regressing to their ethnic warmth.

Therefore, our the government has failed to harness the South Sudan rich diversity as a catalyst for solidifying, integrating and showcasing it as the jewel of our country, the richness of the people and the beauty that we always cherish. This the government has betrayed not only us who are the living but also the souls of those who paid the ultimate price of liberation.

Let me end this part of this article by saying that no matter what the current politicians do, South Sudan cannot regress to ethnic chauvinism or what Kenyans call the ‘tyranny of numbers,’ because this theory does not unite the people but in fact breeds disharmony and propagates disunity.

Long live the South Sudan struggle to emancipate itself from the shackles of leaders without leadership. God bless South Sudan.

Ireneaus Sebit Sindani

South Sudan’s Hijacked Development Package

BY: Dikyingwa Walla, JUBA, RSS, JUN/06/2013, SSN;

Development is a concept which is contested both theoretically and politically, and is inherently both complex and ambiguous. Recently it has taken on the limited meaning of the practice of development agencies, especially in aiming at reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals reached at the United Nations summit in Beijing, China in 2000.

Post-modern approaches see poverty and development as a social construct that forms a part of general economic understanding which values some assets over others. By revealing the position of this type of interpretations of economy and poverty, post-modern approaches look for alternative value systems so that the poor are not stigmatized and their spiritual and cultural ‘assets’ are recognized.

It is argued that one of the confusions, common through development literature is between development as immanent and unintentional process and development as an intentional activity.

If development means good change, questions arise about what is good and what sort of change matters. Any development agenda is value-laden. Not to actively pursue one’s own values and interest in a particular development module renders you victim of the values and interest of those who coined the system.

Scholars elsewhere argue that not to consider good things to do is a tacit surrender to fatalism. Perhaps the right course is for each of us to reflect, articulate and share our own ideas while accepting them as provisional and fallible since development depends on values and on alternative conceptions of the good life, there is no uniform or unique answer.

My professor, in one of my school days asked students as to what constitutes development; a colleague shot a blank and contrasted the most affluent suburbs of the city to semi-arid areas which are mostly inhabited by mobile cattle herders. My professor was not done yet when he asked about the constant media reports of rape, defilement of babies as young as two months old and other inhuman acts in urban centre while the semi-naked or naked pastoralists could not or rarely do such in their purportedly undeveloped state of being.

Going by my own lack of personal experience of the whole country I can only draw from other colleagues and friends who come from the other regions. Realistically, it seems without Equatoria the concept of paradise where God resides will be an illusion to the inhabitants of the other seven states in the country. The story is almost the same little infrastructure or nothing at all. And one even whispered to me that some of the states are only represented here in Juba by their registration number plate on the (SUVs) V8 and that even their trees are retarded.

To my colleague’s perception of development the thread seems to be stitching the bear facts together. Thus the only thing we have and must do to achieve a considerable ‘’attractive unity’’ like they said before secession, is to federalise our governance. I know it would sound repulsive to some and gristle too to many. But look here, people who have seen how these South Sudanese politicians at the centre have behaved in the past eight years would think the same way. Federalism is after all not a creation of few as it has mistakenly been perceived as an Equatorian thing.

The Interim Federal Constitution of Republic of South Sudan in its preamble paragraphs six and seven stipulates that: “Committed to establishing a decentralized democratic multi-party system of governance in which power shall be peacefully transferred and to upholding values of human dignity and equal rights and duties of men and women; Conscious of the need to manage our natural resources sustainably and efficiently for the benefit of the present and future generations and to eradicate poverty and attain the Millennium Development Goals; etc…..”

How better could one ever elucidate this then already embedded in the supreme Law of the country? What remains in practice is the implementation of the constitution.

Decentralisation for our case in South Sudan has to mean federalism, because the rotten central government of tribal hegemony is by default replicated in the current states as elements from the centre are appointed even though they are not natural inhabitants of these state. This in turn enables them to control, manipulate, destroy and dominate without any accountability to the local people.

Whereas federalism brings checks to the excesses of the intoxicating influence entrusted to the politicians by social contract to act on behave of the electorates. This enables the local people to drop them when they the citizens think the politicians are useless and are a spent force and to keep if they can deliver on their promises.

When did the old and famous South Sudanese song ‘’take the towns to village’’ fade away? Do songs also go with their singers? Citizens waited for the towns in their villages (services and amenities), made the remixes for the song till their patience wore thin and now what I have in Juba is their own version of the same, ‘’taking the villages to the towns’’.

And the direct impact of this is on the settled people of Equatoria who could not suddenly get into grip with the fact that the only thing they have which is their community land is what their gentle guests think is theirs. Equatorian’s land is looked at as a national land and can be expropriated freely.

If all what is happening here in Equatoria and Juba mostly could be seen and talked about in the other two regional capitals, then it won’t be an Equatorian issue but a national and responses to all the problems would be a unison chorus to address it on national platform.

For once, I decipher a thing; politicians are the same whichever tribe or region they might have come from. And another I have realised, the politicians have failed to explain to the citizens what they will accrue from the economy of scale embedded in federal system of governance (among many are the closeness of service to the people with accountability, reduced cost in provision of basic essentials needed on ground because the local authority will have the last say on what and where they want them cutting out the bureaucracy and red tapes involved).

It’s the politicians fear that the more citizens are enlightened and empowered about their rights, they will instantly demand for their rights including right for the provision of basic and fundamental birth rights.

These leaders, (politicians) want the citizens to eat from their hands, hence the old adage you can’t bite the hand that feeds you. The most vocal and those who are adamant to resist federalism are the ignorant and the politicians who will go to all the extremes of even play tribal and regional cards.

These ‘’leaders’’ are not nationalistic at all and I don’t need to tell you that, they wash their dirt in public with thievery like in The Dura Saga (World Bank has this report), the 75+1 (The President made it public) and was published South Sudanese Billionaires. The latest to be known is the axe in the wall in the office of the president. Who are these thieves?

Why is the system not holding them to account to enable implementation of the millennium development goals? Is this development through crime personal, tribal or state? Who is shielding the criminals? Is it the tribe or the state or combined?

What we call national schools or public national universities would not stand minimal international university accreditation standards, why does the system still remain in this archaic state? Everybody else knows the answer; their children are studying in some of the best schools and universities in the world with public money stolen from public coffers.

Where does this leave you and your sycophantic thinking being?

These are people whose nation is the dollar bill note not South Sudan pound, and they will not allow the ordinary citizens to wrestle that from them.

Looking at the South Sudanese concept of development hitherto is merely renovating old infrastructure. The authorities are unable to spur innovative economic growth to divert its populace away from looking to cattle rustling and land grabbing as the only viable economic activities besides government employment. This makes it even more blurry to see any meaningful development in the nearest future.

The government should steer clear from the pre austerity gangster life style. For instance, the unnecessary expenditure of much needed funds on government’s fledgling priorities which never materialises. The government’s claim to growth technically is a result of economic activities in the neighbouring countries and it is not an output from their economic strategies.

Give the people the services, invest in infrastructure throughout the country, improve on provision of security, and this is not debatable, because the country can for some time rely on external granaries to feed its citizens but it can never import security.

Cardinal to encouraging heavy capital investment in the country, security to the investors and to their capital is first on the list of any prospective business groups or persons.

In conclusion, the limited infrastructure in Equatoria which yet miraculously supports and represents relative semblance of civil community should not be the only entry point to the country. Chinese built an ultra modern state of the art city to accommodate half a million people in Angola with all its amenities for little under $ 2.2 billion dollars. Nova Cidade de Kilamba has 750 eight-storey blocks of apartments.

The government should contract such entities to build at least two modern cities in Wau and Malakal besides the national proposed modern capital Ramciel since they should be built on ‘’oil for cities’’ agreement eliminating the kickbacks and the commissions which have become part of every transaction in South Sudan.

After all the citizens own all the resources and the government only holds them on their behalf.

Dikyingwa Walla
Juba, South Sudan

Singing in the sinking ship: Our failed presidency

BY: Marial Mach Aduot, Australia, JUN/06/2013, SSN;

From the madness in Lakes State, security impasse in Jonglei, to the delusional politics in Juba, South Sudan is a country on a mega-phone shout “May-day! May-day!” Reasons for this cataclysm are attributed to the country’s president that has chosen to rule the state in perpetual carelessness while residing in alternate universe characterised by the fear of accountability.

(Corps-tion), corruption rather and resistance to change became literally ingrained into state’s political arrangement due to Mr. Ciir-Kiir’s inability to provide critical calls and decisions when needed. I am pleading to the apostles of (No to Change) who imply President Kiir’s mediocrity as the best way forward to please tell him that it isn’t saving any ordinary South Sudanese, but your gangs.

The notion of ‘let’s grab what is meant for public uplifting for our own use’ is hurting the nation and the reputation of the ruling party who wages the war to bring prosperity and justice to the people who were peripheral in tyrannical state of Sudan.

Seeing the president, vice and many other senior government’s officials talking of the change they never provide or dream of creating is simply an epitome of hypocrisy from the ship captain and many of his co-skippers that have lost the navigation system.

Despite the current exchange of blames between the president and his vice on who mis-steers the ship and who gives the wrong directions, I would term such open criticism as the result of an abysmal, or immeasurably deep failure from the men who perhaps should not lead the country in the first place.

Unlike others who pre-emptively concluded that Dr. Riek will be an alternative or Kiir’s still the right man for the job, my thoughts would be a little different as I will not be drawn into an endorsement. The failure of presidency to reach or to work consensually on the issues facing the nation, makes the president and his vice in my opinion, as a total wreck, although Dr. Machar has benefited of the doubt.

When it came to who mishandled the state, I believe Salva Kiir has done it, and he doesn’t deserve another term as the president.

Dr. Machar, when it came to why corrupt officials are not arrested or investigated is a minor player in my opinion. The insinuation of “Vice” means he would be in breach of his constitutional mandate should he have decided to order an arrest of top political or military figures implicated in the disappearing of four billion dollars that have wrecked the country’s economy.

This does not mean the vice president is exempted from government’s shortcoming nor is it an endorsement to dethrone the president, but he can face little criticism on the issues of governance unlike Salva, should the former leader of Nasir Faction raises his hand for the presidency.

With the tonality I use in this piece, I assume that it will not go down well with masses who want to see the president retain his seat and those who see his deputy as the alternative choice to rescue the country from political and economic crisis, and even from those who categorize who’s worth for the leadership on the merit of true hero and not so true hero.

Believe it or not, all these assumptions are attributed to the quest of leadership and will appear during the SPLM’s leadership contest should there be one.

But as the history shaped the future, the questions of who did what during the war will have a place in our political history, but allowing them to determine the future will lead to political and social catastrophes capable of ruining what we have achieved or can achieve.

It’s time to refocus and start to look at the potentials rather than an endogenous tribal driven leadership or endorsements. Many people in South Sudan, especially the youth want to see this happening and the search for answers on how to make this dream a reality have led to multiple brainstorming.

One group suggests the destruction of SPLM and other groups like David Yau-Yau seek to overthrow the entire government. All these groups have an argument to make, but I disagreed in the past and still not convinced with their analysis.

SPLM destructions can’t turn South Sudan into a paradise overnight, nor will overthrowing it help the situation either. The viable option is political franchise free from the fear of reprisal.

Apart from stopping the rhetoric used by late Athor Deng Dut and David Yau-Yau, open democracy will inject overwhelming new blood into the current toxic politics and will extinguish the rapidly growing political suppression by the ruling elites.

Whoever will emerge victorious will be bestowed with the people’s mandate and new governing styles and will also emphasise accountability and hoist the responsibility as well as the service delivery mindsets.

Marial Mach Aduot Mach is a South Sudanese residing in Melbourne, Australia. He can be reached for comments at

Regionalism as set to replace party politics in South Sudan!

BY: Justin Ambago Ramba, JUN/05/2013, SSN;

Talking about regionalism, insecurity, corruption, nepotism, cronyism and tribalism in the context of the nascent country of the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) should be a boring topic by now, yet here we are again. The dominance of the political debate on the above mentioned vices if anything, it only demonstrates how far away from perfection is this new country in managing its hard won independence throughout the nearly two years since it became a sovereign state.

What we can’t brush aside is the one fact that at last the many regional conferences so far held in Juba and Wau seemed to have finally succeeded in giving a face to a political practice that is as old as the SPLM itself. Someone may argue that regionalism though never new to RSS wasn’t an open political forum, but to tell the truth neither was it a closet forum.

Take it from this article, and you are safe, for regionalism and tribalism is what South Sudan was and went on to become officially so under the currently SPLM’s totalitarian rule.

If you think that regionalism and tribalism are bad, then you are likely to be more frustrated should the very incumbent faces remain in office, for they can only make things worse.

On the other hand should you consider regionalism and tribalism as good things, and then you have nothing to worry about and just go on with you daily chores. Very soon everything will just be fine and your way – more regionalism and more tribalism, but you must remember to vote for a true tribalistic and a true regionalist politician. Read their manifesto and if it doesn’t clearly mention tribalism and regionalism then you know that you are dealing with a scam politician who doesn’t deserve your precious vote either.

Regional meetings on the sidelines of social gatherings.

Read this quote from the Sudan Tribune as we are about to enter into this wonderful discussion of how South Sudanese tend to perceive and practice tribalism and its begotten child, regionalism:

“ June 2, 2013 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s Vice President, Riek Machar, has warned against regional based politics, saying this can unfortunately take over the role of political parties and promote tribalism in the young nation”.

The above is an extract from the incumbent Vice President and a likely contestant in the 2015 presidential election Dr. Machar’s speech in an occasion organized in memory of the late veteran politician, Dr. Andrew Wiu. And not long ago before that the Vice President was also reported to have given another political speech in a thanksgiving gathering organized by the chairperson of the war disabled, widows and orphans commission, Deng Dau, which later also turned into a political forum as usually is the case with South Sudanese everywhere.

To an outsider this social gathering (Deng Dau’s Thanksgiving) which without the least doubt was deliberately turned into a full blown political rally had all that it takes to deserve being called a mini regional conference, yet those involved chose not to refer to it that way.

But given the political backgrounds of all those who attended the thanksgiving occasion and went on to give political speeches, one can see that denying any regional connotation to this gathering of hundreds of top caliber politician’s largely from a single region is more of a tactic than ideology.

Machar in his deliberations called upon South Sudanese not to be divided on tribal lines by the normal political issues in the country. He also stressed that the South Sudan army (SPLA) should distance itself from the ongoing political debates on transformation process.

Cdr. Pagan Amum, on his side warned any aspiring leadership candidate against the use of the army and money for electioneering. He further stressed that those who will be rejected by the people should just quit and go home.

The SPLM SG’s statement is a living reminder of how his party not only abused the public funds in the 2010 general elections, but it also exploited the SPLA (army) personnel and other national security agents, not even sparing the military intelligence in its record breaking ordeal of intimidating, harassing, and confiscations of campaign materials of those who were either running on non SPLM party tickets, their agents or their supporters.

Mme. Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior was also reported to have stressed the need to bring about change in the country. The minister of Justice, John Luk Jok, minister of Parliamentary Affairs, Michael Makuei Lueth and deputy minister of Defense, Majak D’Agot all delivered their remarks during this wonderful pseudo-political thanksgiving.

In previous writings we had already shed light on the conferences held by the regions of greater Equatoria and greater Bhar el Ghazal. And it will not serve any purpose if we are to deny that these conferences where not meant for political maneuvering in the new dispensation which the SPLM party has finally navigated the country into.

Dr. Riek Machar has every right to say that regionally based politics which is also known to others as regionalism has gone very far and has practically taken over the role of political parties in the country. However regionalism which obviously is the legal child of tribalism shouldn’t be held or viewed the other way round.

In other words in our case in South Sudan it is tribalism that begot regionalism and NOT the other way round. As tribalism existed before regionalism, the latter can only entrench the former but cannot beget it.

Taking the larger picture into consideration, it becomes more apparent how all these things got to do with the game of proximity and numerical size of communities, and how individuals and in some cases groups would want to use it in order to secure an interest.

There is this old adage which operates right in the centre of the so-called tribalism and regionalism, and it explains it all and so vividly:-

“My brother and I, we are against our cousin. We as brothers together with our cousin, we are against our relative, and we and our relatives; we are all against the stranger”.

When interests are strictly sought on blood lines while social and peer relationships take the back seat, as it is the situation of affairs in the SPLM governed RSS, it was a general expectation that it won’t be long before the very architects of this “mess by design” come face to face with the fruits of their own work. And there’s no any doubt in my mind that both the Vice President and you my fellow readers do understand what is being highlighted here.

No party politics without political parties.

Per the transitional constitution, the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) is supposed to be a multi-party democratic state, and that was true until the Political Parties Act 2012 was enacted thus requiring new registrations for both the previously registered parties that existed in the United Sudan and thereafter and any others which were formed after the Independence.

The naked truth is that as you read these lines, South Sudan doesn’t even have a single legally registered political party, even this big mouth ruling SPLM is not a registered party in the sovereign state of the Republic of South Sudan, per its own political party act 2012. Just imagine yourself being ruled by an illegal party which is completely unconstitutional!

The transitional constitution of RSS called for a Political Parties Act which has since come into existence and has been long ago signed by the President of RSS into law since March 2012, yet nobody is following that law and nobody also seems to bother.

You will wonder to know that the sole reason why political parties in South Sudan including the ruling SPLM are unable to register up till now is that the country’s Political Parties Act 2012 is too ideal for our stage of development, leave alone whether it was ever meant to be implemented at all in our life time.

Follow this link:, to read an article written by the author earlier under the heading: A Gloomy Future for South Sudan Under the 2012 Political Parties Act!! By: Justin Ambago Ramba, 31 January 2013.

Regional bloc politics flourish in the absence of mature party politics.

What we are failing to see here is that the much talked about “Regional Forums” are man-made political refuges that only flourished as a consequence of the intentional, calculated and categorical censorship that the SPLM and its police state system has all through exercised in the form of constant harassments, intimidations, and an all-out lack of tolerance towards the other.

Although succeeding in its totalitarian agenda, like the NCP next door, SPLM has further rendered other political parties and itself all impotent. The truth is that regional forums that act as political blocs have existed long even before the much talked about regional conferences, albeit at a low profile.

Now we are talking about Regional Forums which not only held conferences but also have regional parliaments manned by nominated members who are also members of the ruling SPLM party. The greater Equatoria has so far held three regional conferences and one by greater Bahr el Ghazel.

All these regional conferences were fully financed by the public treasury and attended by representatives of H.E. the President of RSS Salva Kiir Mayardit from day one to the closing. And although some people may still accuse these regional blocs for killing the role of the political parties and promoting tribalism, yet it is the very criteria that the SPLM/A has since set forth for itself right from the inception of the movement.

Undoubtedly the average South Sudanese nationalist had had respect for the SPLM in as far as its historical role in the second liberation war, the peace negotiations, the referendum then finally the declaration of independence are concerned and that is almost about it. Whatever followed after that is one long messing spree which is right in the centre of what the country is to day,

Unfortunately most SPLM leaders remain hypnotized by what is now history and instead of taking the expected step in a way of realistically and sincerely carrying out an audit on its performance, it has chosen to dose off in the so-called regional bloc politics. Believe me given what is characteristic of SPLM; even these so-called regional political blocs won’t escape the fatal curse of “Splmaemia cadavarica” …………..corruption, impunity and the list goes on.

Anybody out there can claim to be encouraging the so-called political parties to reflect the national unity of the country by securing membership from all the states and tribes. Theoretically that is fine, but given the lessons learned in the 2010 general elections, certain areas are no go zone for politicians hailing from tribes outside the region.

If you revisit the records of events that occurred during the campaigning period in those elections, nearly all the four states of Bahr el Ghazel took part in this kind of political savagery when government officials went on to compromise their neutrality towards one presidential candidate, in favour of the incumbent. .

And it is utterly brilliant for Dr. Machar to go on preaching that, in a political party politics, it is the individual candidates vision and program that matter, not tribe or region, and that a national party can identify a brilliant leader even from a small tribe to lead in order to direct and implement the party’s vision country-wide.

Having read all the above and approved it, you can still agree with me that in today’s South Sudan these idealistic statements are easily said than implemented. And of course no one is surprised to hear all these wider sense of nationalism coming from an incumbent Vice President under whose very eyes the nation can be seen drifting into an abyss.

Let us face it, for indeed the SPLM is a multi-ethnic political party and yet it is now an open secret that the top leadership are openly retreating into their comfort zones of tribalism and regionalism in order to gain foot in the national duty of leading the whole country.

Regionalism like any other ism has its cons and pros; however I don’t buy Dr. Riek Machar’s argument that with regionalism, it will be the voice of a dominant tribe in that particular region that will thrive. Why don’t we just say what we are seeing?

Is it not the same thing with the second liberation war that we fought or the political party that guided it, in which it is always the dominant tribes that led the party and the army? Pitting region against region or dominant tribe against dominant tribe, well that is not what will happen.

Regionalism even existed in the bush during the liberation war.

In fact it is what is happening not only now, but even before the new order of ‘Regional Blocs’ Politics’ came to dominate the new political scene in the country. If it was because the same regionalism existed even during the liberation war period, then what did the party do to correct it? Obviously nothing and the proof is that everybody is still stuck in it!

As South Sudanese, records have proven that, tribalism and regionalism are what we do best whether we chose to declare it in clearly defined regional political blocs’ conferences or we prefer to meet in the sidelines of “Thanksgiving” gatherings or even funerals for that matter. These regional conferences have only brought to the surface what was long being done behind the doors.

The way forward is outside the SPLM.

Madame Rebecca Nyandeng did well to join the voices of the millions of South Sudanese now calling for change. She might still highly rate the SPLM party and hopes to see it reform, but given the “Redlines” she had once warned about, the possible demise of the party may as well be just a matter of time before its brought forward by the official resort taken by the different leaders to consolidate their regional power bases before a decisive victory.

The other thing is that talking about change from within the SPLM party is just like a fish which cannot survive outside the pond but yet complains of being wet. If you want a multi-party democracy in this country, then you have to quit SPLM because it never had democracy and will NEVER have it in a million years to come, because of an inherent defect that nobody can fix without sacrificing everything they have.

You have to quit and join others to form two or three national parties with true power bases in each and every village the country-wide. If indeed multi-party democracy is what you want, then you have to work to realize it. Anyone preaching against regionalism from the comfort of SPLM guaranteed positions are unlikely to win, for regionalism as it stands has found favour in the eyes of the most ruthless power hunters from within the ruling party itself.

Is it the fear of the unknown that’s holding the people back when they know that as each day passes, SPLM is getting more tribalistic and regional in approach? For unless we all part ways with that fear we will talk and talk, in regional conferences, thanksgiving occasions, christening occasions, weddings, or even funerals – at the end South Sudan will gradually slip off our hands.

If what is set here in this article as the way forward threatens to force some people out of their comfort zones, then lie assured that regionalism is here to stay and replace any damn and unrealistic party politics. The bottom line is that hypocritical politicians will have to either sink or swim.

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. Secretary General United South Sudan Party (USSP). He can be reached at:

Dinka Hegemony in South Sudan is a mere propaganda for hatred and tribalism

BY: Dhaal Mapuor Aterdit, RUMBEK, LAKES STATE, South Sudan, JUN/05/2013, SSN;

The advocates for abhorrence and tribalism have profoundly been making scores of grave campaigns against peace and harmony amongst the civil population across the country. This campaign was purely based on sowing seeds of hatred and tribalism by misinforming the country with falsehoods. One of the best known propaganda in South Sudan is a cock-and-bull story which is always paraphrased shortly as “Dinka domination in South Sudan” by quite a lot of campaigners for extreme dislike of the Dinka community.

This notion has pointlessly fashioned harsh and rigorous detestation against Dinka tribe by many tribes in South Sudan. The activists for such a typical needless perception are wittingly making it to damage the solid societal fabrics which bond the Dinka community to all the other tribes in South Sudan.

Just to make a bit of correction in the minds of my respectable readerships, I would outspokenly articulate that I have symbolically been acting as a campaigner against tribalism and hatred since my extreme formative years until now. It’s not just a word to win your minds and hearts to accept what I am saying. It’s shown by number of the articles I wrote and published by many news agencies in the country.

I LOVE peace, unity in diversity and prosperity; this is my standard dream and I want it happen sooner or later just like what has ensued in other parts of the world where diverse tribes stay in peace harmoniously and allow LOVE amongst ourselves to reign tremendously. Hello there, I don’t mean that you go and find out those articles I wrote because am not sure whether you will have gracious ample time to make research and discover what I preached in there, but if you have time try your luck and you will get them.

It’s at all times on the lips of several Dinka haters that South Sudan is being dominated by Dinka tribe. I personally consider this argument irrational and logically unscrupulous because South Sudan has adopted a Decentralized System of Governance which subsequently resulted into the establishment of ten states.

It’s only the three states of Greater Equatoria wherein there is no any Dinka clannish setup as per ancestral genealogy. The Dinka’s existence is without a shred of doubt in other seven states. Nevertheless, the country’s ruling party, the SPLM has adopted the governing concept of drawing representatives from the diverse tribes in the States based on the Payams and counties.

Up to now there are some other Dinka sections which are freezing from an acidic cold of poverty without a fair representation in both states and national governments. These sections have fought war by the same token similar to those rich and luxurious Dinka tribesmen who are pleasantly enjoying the tasteful flavor of the national cake.

It’s always an absurdity of heavy weight in the ears of the underprivileged Dinka sections to hear the conversation of ‘Dinka being the dominant’ going on around them. Such conversations are needless and shouldn’t be called for, just because they lack substantial grounds.

Once back in 2010, there was a live televised SPLM/A program presented by Malaak Ayuen, the SPLA Spokesman by then which was executed by South Sudan Television (SSTV). The program was wholly about the historical milieu of the armed movement (SPLA) which encompassed the show of the SPLA heroic forces in full combat gears singing revolutionary songs. Those videos were shot early in ‘80s, ‘90s and around 2000 to 2002. This TV program was beautifully anchored and the presenter whom I couldn’t remember his name, invited phone-calls from a few contributors anywhere in the world.

I was dismally dazed by a call from Canada in the voice of a man who questioned why the revolutionary songs are being sung in Dinka language. In his own words he asked, “Why are the SPLA songs being sang in Dinka Language alone? Does it mean other tribes in South Sudan didn’t fight in Sudan civil war since 1983 – 2002?”

I really thanked the caller for having utilized his liberty and taking courage to enquire what he saw was deemed questionable. But if I happened to be in his shoes I would have asked Malaak Ayuen to verify to the world why the work of the Camera person by then was very inadequate to have not shot the scene where other 63 tribes where singing revolutionary songs.

Some other advocates of tribalism and unity of the Sudan like Dr. Wani Tombe, Jwothab Othow, and Gordon Buay were so tight with the business. They talked tough against Dinka tribe. Mostly in some articles of Dr. Wani Tombe in 2007 – 2011 he used to refer SPLM as belonging to Dinka family and ascribe it to as a battering ram for the unity of the country, development and peaceful coexistence of the tribes in South Sudan.

It was a mere propaganda for hatred and tribalism to express displeasure about “Dinka being majority in South Sudan Defence Forces equally refers to as SPLA”. The complaint also goes out about the dominant of Dinka tribe in National Security Service, Police Service, Prison Service, Wildlife and other organized forces. Furthermore, there was much criticism about the formation of Executive, Legislature and Judiciary.

If one envisages determinedly and logically about where the slogan of the “Dinka domination in South Sudan” comes from he/she will end up blaming these advocates of tribalism and hatred based on tribal lines.

First, if we come to imagine how the personnel are enlisted into the SPLA, we must primarily assess whether there is a material prerequisite for joining the SPLA. Since the upsurge of SPLA revolt in 1983 until now, the military authorities have indiscriminately been recruiting soldiers into the system without prior terms and conditions. There has never been a procedure for even checking the physical fitness of the recruits.

The SPLA is an army characterized by a lot of sufferings and high illiteracy rate. They didn’t choose to suffer nor did they choose to remain uneducated. They commonly say stylishly that their AK47s are their degrees. If some other tribes are not many in the army, this does not mean domination because the members of other tribes do not have active will of joining the army.

Up to now the gates at Bilpam SPLA General Command Center are always open to any willing South Sudanese citizen to join without even paying one South Sudanese pound. The same procedure also applies to the organized forces except National Security Service where a recruit is required to produce academic certificates.

There is no Dinka domination in South Sudan. This country belongs to all the peoples inhabiting it right from 1956 up to now. It’s our country. We all sweated for it.

However, when we come to the point of Executive, Judiciary and Legislature being dominated by the Dinka tribe, we will have to see the spheres surrounding their formations. As far as executive formation is concerned, President Kiir use to appoint his cabinet members in a way that reflects the equal presence of peoples’ representatives from the various ten states and mindful of the tribes that inhabit the states not unilaterally but in consultation with a few cliques in the states and latter on passed by National Legislative Assembly.

It’s also a dream that does not have roots that all Dinka tribesmen will always be going for their tribe-mate when elections are at the door step. This is a lie and it has never been in the minds of countless Dinka-tribesmen. We must accept to follow. If we don’t follow why do we accept to be followed? A good leader has to be followed and must accept to follow.

There is no Dinka hegemony in South Sudan and that’s why Dr. Riak Machar is the Vice President and several other cabinet members. The slogan of the “Dinka Domination” was fashioned by the ex-oppressors, the Arabs in Khartoum with intention of denouncing the SPLM/A by describing it as a Dinka Organization. This deterred some people from other different ethnic groups to join the liberation combat.

This unenthusiastic sentiment was not even taken into account by a quantity of patriotic South Sudanese who are non-Dinka. When enemies of peace inherited this sentiment in South Sudan, they even forgot that Dinka tribe is not in one state so that they’re represented equally like other tribes located differently in diverse localities in the country.

From a demographic standpoint, Dinka live in seven States and there is always a necessity for them to be represented by their own people since they happen to constitute permissible constituencies. What does one imagine if he/she thinks critically on this?

The slogan of Dinka domination in South Sudan is not reasonable because there has never been an empirical research conducted to examine this divisive and ruinous doctrine. This philosophy is a mere propaganda for disgust and tribalism.

It’s our time now, all of us, from the smallest tribe to the largest tribe, from the most illiterate tribe to the most educated tribe, from the weakest tribe to the strongest tribe. It’s our work as a people in unison of voice and strength to rebuild this nation. The act of remaking this nation rests upon our shoulders. We must stop beating drums against ourselves. This country belongs to all of us.

It’s independence was brought by all of us. This is a land that has sunk the blood of our loving fathers, mothers, sons, daughters, brothers and sisters. We all feel BIG to have it as OUR OWN treasure. It’s a blessing. It’s a world of paradise, the world of milk and honey. I LOVE my country and I pledge to love it more than I do.

The Author of this piece can be reached at or alternatively on +211 (0) 956400257 for any comment.

Kiir’s corrupted the soul of the nation and the coming Armageddon

JUN/04/2013, SSN;

EDITORIAL ANALYSIS: Infamously known best for his hollow rhetoric, empty promises and meaningless deadlines, South Sudan president Salva Kiir has remorselessly betrayed the people by blatantly corrupting the soul and vision of the nation including all those who sacrificed their dear lives for the freedom of the South Sudan nation.

As a consequence of his already failed leadership, President Kiir has adversely exacerbated the corruption of all facets of our national politics, the economy, education, society and, more importantly, the morality of its people, a situational crisis that is perilously driving the young country into an apocalypse in the not-so-distant future.

Not unsurprisingly therefore, that during the Second Anniversary celebration of Heroes’ Day in 2009, Dr. John Garang’s widow, Rebecca Nyandeng, boldly looked Kiir in the face Kiir in the podium and reminded him that, “Garang’s vision of equality and development in rural areas was lost.” With tears in her eyes, Nyandeng agonizingly lamented that all this is “killing her slowly.”

“How can one imagine dying for a liberation cause only to see one’s family, the widows of dead liberators or their orphans, live today?” Nyandeng arduously bemoaned during that occasion.

Perhaps what the ‘Mother of the Nation’ was referring to, for instance, is the aggregation and pauperization of disabled veterans and widows of ‘martyrs’ in some desert expanse of Juba to etch out a miserable life under the auspices of a well funded Commission for the Disabled and Widows. These guinea pigs could have been better settled in their respective villages in their various states and counties whereby their next of kin and their home environment would have greatly ameliorated their suffering that Mrs. Garang alluded to.

Now, whatever those ruling SPLM/SPLA panjandrums and other international Kiir’s apologists might want us to believe otherwise these days, the prevailing inference among the majority of South Sudanese citizens, given the preponderance of indisputable evidence on the ground, is conclusively that the failed leadership of president Kiir is “fastly” killing the very soul of the nation.

In all those years of war, famine and death, the gallant people of South Sudan, with a strong dose of nationalism, a justified sense of hope and great anticipation, had rightly contemplated a brighter future after the eventual liberation of their own country.

But see who has ostentatiously and unfairly benefitted…. Alas!! our patriotism and struggle were all about filling up the pockets and tummies of the SPLM/SPLA so-called comrades-cum-leaders only.

Nowhere has it happened except of course in South Sudan, that in the shortest time unimaginable, so-called ‘freedom fighters’ have emerged from the bush and instantaneously have become multi-millionaires by sucking up all the resources of the country like those ‘sheikhs’ in Dubai, whilst the majority citizenry wallowed in abject poverty.

Clearly, Kiir has wittingly or unwittingly created a disproportionately huge schism between the rich and the poor, between those who’re now obscenely rich in the SPLM/SPLA top hierarchy and the impoverished bottom supporters of the system.

SPLM/SPLA Economic Gangsterism:
When former deputy foreign minister, Professor Wako, once a staunch supporter of the SPLM/SPLA, finally couldn’t bear the corruption of the soul of the nation by Kiir’s rapacious SPLM/SPLA economic gangsters, he finally assumed the moral high ground and nationalistic bravado by telling the president in the face that he, Kiir inclusive, and his government were irremediably “rotten from the top to the bottom!”

Truly, the predation by Kiir’s Economic Gangsters of the limited national resources, in which Kiir is unapologetically toothless to curtain, is not only shameful but is the antithesis of the objectives of our long struggle for independence.

Recently, when very close tribesmen-cum-presidential aides stole millions of dollars from Kiir’s Presidential J-One (our own ‘White House’), it was one last straw that finally broke our national ‘soul;’ people on the streets of Juba rightly concluded that this daring theft in the most secure abode in the entire nation is the ‘climax of absolute impunity.’

The final report just released by the presidential appointed investigative committee on the grand presidential robbery is embarrassingly inconclusive, which in actuality, wasn’t unexpected, after all, our own ‘Obama’ could never contemplate incarcerating his chosen thieving cousins or family. Pathetic!!!

During the launch of his book on ‘The ideas and vision of Garang’ at the Woodrow Wilson Centre for International Scholars in Washington, in USA, Dr. Lual Deng, an SPLM Big Shot, in response to a question on the prevalence of corruption by the Kiir’s regime, rather bizarrely remarked that it was “culturally inappropriate or unacceptable to tell a Dinka or Nuer elder, for that matter, that he/she is a thief.”

It’s shocking that Dr. Lual Deng would insensitively invoke this tribal and political incorrectness in an international forum, but if that is the prevailing alibi in South Sudan, could it then explain why Kiir persistently baulks at prosecuting all the three former Dinka finance ministers (Akuen, Athian and Athorbei) accused of gross corruption?

Incidentally, one of them ex-finance minister-cum-thief, is allegedly hiding in USA or was an American citizen, and if Kiir had any real guts to fight corruption, the mighty US Justice and the Immigration departments, if asked to, would have willing apprehended and repatriated the alleged criminal and all his stolen millions, but, alas, Kiir is pathetically toothless!

Again, why is Kiir persistently and unreasonably refusing to reveal to the public the names of those 75 known thieves or the names of those among them who have “voluntarily” repatriated any amounts of stolen monies to that so-called secret account at the EQUITY BANK, Nairobi, only beknownst to Kiir himself?

Human Rights Abuses:
Despite the billions of dollars supposedly allocated every year to the Army (SPLA) and the Police and the other nefarious Security Organs (that’s nearly over 60% of the national budget), the security across the nation hasn’t improved very much, instead, as attested to by foreign and national organizations, gross human rights abuses are on the rise.

To many South Sudanese nationals across the country, the sight of an SPLA-uniform wearing man or the approach of those notorious special security personnel, only bitterly and emotively reminds them of the previous terror associated with the jellaba Arab regime.

In the Capital of Juba, one just have to look cautiously at the tribal scars on the foreheads of these security agents in that final moment of your predicament to know whether you’ll arrested ‘dead or alive.’

That’s what happened to Isaiah Abraham, he might have correctly recognized those assassins’ faces and that’s why they mercilessly and forever silenced him, a crime that remains unresolved till now despite Kiir’s hollow and empty promises to apprehend those security murderers even with some fake FBI dummies.

Giving Kiir more years to ruin not rule the nation and he might just beat jellaba Bashir’s record of killing South Sudanese!

Last year’s Christmas Mass at Kator Cathedral, one vividly recalls the young Catholic Bishop Santo of Juba who pointedly sermonized on the on-going human rights abuses being committed under Kiir’s watch and directly addressed an embarrassed-looking president, “how can our own brothers be doing these on us when we’re now an independent nation?”

Poor governance and Bad Leaders in South Sudan:
Apparently, South Sudanese so-called leaders from the ruling SPLM/SPLA have never learnt any lessons from decades of Arab North oppression and marginalization which severely propelled our peoples’ determination and resolution to fight for freedom for more than 50 years.

What’s happening in Jonglei State, for instance, which is needlessly costing innocent citizens their dear lives is basically a consequence of poor and bad governance on the part of those in Bor Town and the Kiir regime which has disappointingly evaded tackling the prevailing marginalization of others in the state by the domineering Mading Bor hegemonists.

If the SPLM/SPLA could so unfairly delineate for the Dinka of Lakes and the smaller Dinka of Warrap a separate state each, why don’t they justly accord the same fairness to the combined population of the Murle, Annuak, Kachipo and others, who truly deserved a separate state of their own?

Indisputably, injustice has been perpetuated on these people which is enigmatic of political marginalization and economic under-development – slowly, wilfully, the Kiirs and Kuol Manyangs are killing the innocent people of Pibor who are now simply fighting for their very survival in their own country.

Through the same cheap bullets, President Kiir, either knowingly or unknowingly, is killing the very soul of the nation; how are the Murle to supposedly have the equanimity to live as equal citizens in the Republic of South Sudan when they are being massacred by fellow citizens?

Since vice president Machar recently publicly expressed his interest, once again (first time in 2007), to vie for the presidency against Kiir and by intent, to usurp the post of SPLM party chairmanship, the relationship between the two has greatly deteriorated.

Rightly, given the traumatic past history of the SPLM/SPLA, and given the lethal rivalry between the Dinka and Nuer, there is palpable apprehension across the nation that a repeat of the 1991 fratricidal war might possible recur with unimaginable consequences.

Between the two and despite his current political posturing as a better president, vice Machar is equally morally complicit in the aggravation of the misrule and failed governance in the country as his boss, Machar can’t possibly so easily and quickly exculpate and exonerate himself from all the bad things egregiously commissioned by their government.

Moreover, like his boss, Machar, at best and all times, hasn’t visibly opposed the rampant exigencies of corruption, be it theft of monies, tribal appointments, over-bloated government expenditures or the vagaries that has tainted the ruling SPLM/SPLA as the most and newest corrupted regime.

Like his undeclared potential rival, again, Machar has knowingly partaken in the slow killing of the soul of the nation as no excuse whatsoever he gives, can be an acceptable reason to make him a lesser demon in the political decapitation of the nation.

Reportedly, the modus vivendi et operandi was that if Kiir requested from the finance minister a million dollars for his office, Machar would likewise request the same for his office; if Kiir anointed his own Bhar el ghazel Dinka as chair of a commission, Machar would duplicate the same by pushing for his own Nuer as deputy to the same or chair of another hastily created commission or whatever is synonymous.

In his own Unity State, Machar hasn’t done much while fantasizing about becoming the president. The Chinese National Petroleum Company continues to be the biggest polluter of the region as the oil exploitation has evidently devastated the environment and the lives and souls of the Nuer and permanently distorted the politics in the area.

Why is Machar’s leadership not felt significantly in his own backyard instead of grabbing Mundari and Bari lands in Terekeka and Komiru, respectively?

Apparently, given the evolving conundrum, the two have now locked horns, and perhaps with deep concern is the predicament of the non-participatory Equatorians and others like the Western Bhar el ghazal Fertit. Will they just quietly acquiesce being the “grass that will suffer” in the coming Armageddon?

There is urgency by the majority of citizens of the new nation to seriously avert the looming Armageddon. The two announced opponents of Kiir for the SPLM chairmanship, that’s Machar and Pagan, each has questionable record which implicitly negates their announced desire to grab the party chairmanship and possibly become next president of South Sudan.

Moreover, neither the party nor the nation have learnt much about what changes are anticipated from each of the aspirants, like what kind of government changes, war against corruption, devolution or federalism as modality for better government, etc….

Perhaps the Nuer Nation is way advanced in some devious plot to crown their own son on the high seat but certainly for Pagan, who doesn’t even command his Shilluk tribe or any particular regional or national group, it’s just a spoiler game for either Kiir or Machar, or conversely, perhaps to preserve his secretary-generalship, a post for which he had been accused of gross incompetence.

Both Pagan and Machar, including their common rival, Kiir, are reportedly and allegedly very rich individuals, with known and undisclosed businesses or co-business interests across the world but to our chagrin and against all moral codes and the laws of the country, each one of them, including current president Kiir, has cleverly and persistently dodged disclosing to the public their financial assets.

When such leadership isn’t premised on civilized norms, on transparency, honesty and morality or accountability, the end result is that we are all complicit in supporting criminality and terrorism in the national government.

If South Sudanese again are therefore coerced and thereby acquiesced to vote for potential or real criminals and murderers into power, then we might as well better write the obituary of our nation, a nation that cost the blood of more than two million martyrs, precious souls who died for our freedom, before the coming Armageddon.

Time to refer president Kiir and the Oyee machine to ICC

BY: ELHAG PAUL, South Sudan, JUN/04/2013, SSN;

We have shouted and shouted and shouted to the authorities in Juba about the state of lawlessness and SPLM Oyee terror in the country only for these cries to fall on deaf ears. The Atenys and Mangoks fully aware of their tribal crimes zipped their mouths initially and hypocritically set out to demonise others as Jieng haters, Nygats etc. What they did not know is that keeping quiet about heinous crimes committed by their tribes-mates make them equally culpable which means they are not different from the perpetrators of these atrocities.

In ‘Dirty Game’ published by Sudan Tribune on 28th May 2013, Zachariah Mangok Biar spills out the beans on SPLM Oyee pre-meditated crimes. People in the country have long suspected that the state of lawlessness in the country may be down to the rulers’ plans to destabilise the other social groups in order for them to establish themselves as the elites in the country. In a sense those who have been shouting are now vindicated. We have time and again asserted that the Oyee party is a tribal organisation serving interest of a particular tribe in South Sudan.

We have also time and again asserted that this party is a criminal organisation similar to the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia and any decent person who values herself/himself has no business mingling with thieves, thugs and murders in membership. Please see ‘SPLM brutality will destroy us all’ and ‘Republic of South Sudan – a rotten society mismanaging itself into self destruction’

Being a member of the SPLM Oyee party eventually taints you beyond cleansing. Take note, once you are tainted, always tainted. Nevertheless if you quit now you may just salvage yourself and also help South Sudan free itself from the yoke of SPLM Oyee.

The lawlessness tearing South Sudan to pieces is unprecedented in its history. South Sudanese people have until 1983 been law abiding and humane. Even during the half a century wars of liberation with the Arabs there was reasonable security in all the government held areas. Seldom did murders take place save occasional politically motivated massacres carried out by Sudan government’s troops usually triggered by defeats in the theatre of operations.

For example, the Juba, Wau and Malakal carnages of 1965 and the Juba massacre of 1992. The police then to a certain extent was a force for good in terms of maintaining law and order. It is important to note that the police force in South Sudan at that time was not under tribal control in its entirety as now.

The current problem of insecurity in South Sudan was sown in 1983 with the inception of SPLM. As I argued elsewhere Dr John Garang introduced a new culture of killing with his tribally dominated organisation. Unfortunately the majority of the people who lost their lives in the hands of SPLA during the war were South Sudanese. Since the perpetrators of this heinous crime are members of the dominant tribe, the leadership deliberately ignored accountability. This tacit unspoken policy became a vehicle for looting, murders, general lawlessness and self enrichment by the tribal thugs in the so called liberated areas.

As theorised in social theory the lack of accountability meant that all the members of SPLM/A were exposed to approved horrendous crimes. The impact of this was that the SPLM membership got socialised via observation and imitation of the actions of the tribal thugs to a culture of violence with impunity. This is the mechanism by which brutality was normalised by SPLM/A in South Sudan.

In ‘The Politics of Liberation in South Sudan: Insider’s View’ Peter Adwok Nyaba illuminates this point by referring to the wrangle within the leadership of the movement at the time by writing, “Much of the movement’s leadership energy was absorbed in ensuring personal survival and hatching of conspiracies to elbow out of the movement those recalcitrant officers like Kerubino and Arok Thon.

The negative impact of such a situation in the leadership on the development of the SPLM/A and the conduct of the war can not be overemphasised. For instance, to have allowed them to commit as many personal mistakes as possible in order to remove them from command was something that weighed down on the morale of the troops and the civil population because the damage was already done.

Some of the senior officers committed outrageous and horrendous crimes with impunity. They looted, raped, murdered without being made answerable for those crimes. These crimes were also emulated by the officers and soldiers at the front for which there was moral obligation on the part of SPLM/A leadership, to punish those junior officers and men.” So the construction of Oyee itself was on a bed rock of crime.

With the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, the normalisation of crime and the impunity in the bush accorded to the tribal thugs got transferred into the newly formed government of South Sudan (GOSS). Hence, the overt milking of the people’s resources with impunity and the persistent insecurity in the country. This SPLM Oyee government of thugs and terror has no intention to address the problem of instability in the country because they know that they are the very people responsible for these ills.

These people (rulers) are fortune hunters. They went to the bush for personal gains as opposed to nationalistic duty. The overwhelming majority of the SPLM Oyee machine was motivated by crimes for personal gain rather than pursuance of a political objective. The project of ‘New Sudan’ belonged to Dr John Garang only. The vast membership did not subscribe to it because they had their own agenda. Some for the independence of the south and others for personal advancement. This second group soon became the majority.

With the death of Dr Garang the ideology of New Sudan perished with him and arguably since then SPLM Oyee has been running on empty ideologically. The vacuum created by lack of political ideology due to the demise of Dr Garang was swiftly taken over fully by criminal values and practice. All the more, the reason why RSS is now a den of criminals from all over Africa.

SPLM Oyee due to its negative indoctrination see power only as emanating from the gun and violence. This is rooted in Dr Garang’s doctrine: Kalasinkob (Kalashinkov) da abuk, wa aumak, wa inta bakul fogu” meaning the AK47 gun is your father, your mother, your source of food etc. This believe is contrary to the democratic norm that true power is derived from the people through consent. Only politically aware leaders with a commitment to the betterment of their people can make a difference. This kind of thinking and reality is wholly absent in SPLM Oyee.

Had RSS had such leaders and not “idiots ……..rotten to the core”, a huge difference would have been achieved in terms of improvement in health, education, housing, food production etc. But what do we have now? Thieves for multimillionaires, unplanned residential areas dotted with villas around Juba, high mortality rate both in infants and adults, zero health service, zero education service, zero food production, zero security, daily unexplained murders. For how long should this tyranny by the few and abuse of state power by tribal criminals be allowed? This is a question that the people of South Sudan must answer for themselves.

As SPLM Oyee’s accession to power in RSS to a large extend was facilitated by the international community especially given the fact that the CPA excluded vital section of South Sudanese with opposing views to SPLM from participating in the process thereby granting Oyee total monopoly, they now have a chance to remedy this situation for a better RSS.

For the international community to be true friends of RSS in light of Zachariah Mangok Biar’s revelations they must look the Oyee terror machine in the eye and tell them their behaviour is unacceptable.

The failure to comply with international Human rights law by president Kiir’s GOSS, calls for Kiir to be held to account for his abject abuse of human rights as the head of state for South Sudan.

The international Community’s refusal to accept their responsibility for this riotous government’s abusive actions also makes the international community complicit in the abuse of the South Sudanese people by GOSS. We, the South Sudanese people need to be alerted to the fact that we are the only ones with a vested interest in seeing the current government go. It is us who need to push for Kiir to be indicted for his grave crimes against humanity. Therefore let us be instruments in our country’s future instead of being passive bystanders and let us call for an international arrest warrant for president Kiir.

Since 2005 these rights have been violated at will by the tribal agents of the state. On the right to life there have been numerous heinous crimes committed in South Sudan without any accountability and this according to Zachariah Mangok Biar is down to the government. For instance, the shooting of police officers in Yambio, the shooting of a doctor in Yei, the assassination of Isaiah Abrahams, the killing of Ethiopian doctor in Malakia, the slaughter of Banyjioth Matoat Tap, the killings at Kemiru, the massacre in Wau, the massacre in Lorema, the disappearance of John Lewis and many many others.

On the right of liberty, there are many people languishing in filthy run down jails on tramped up charges and hear-say for years without being formally charged. For instance, George Tang, Simon Gatwech, Peter Sule etc.

On the right of property, indigenous people of Nimule are being dispossessed of their land by the tribal gangs with support of the government. This is replicated in Chollo land and many areas in the country.

The US Human Rights reports covering South Sudan since 2005 and others show clearly that crimes in South Sudan are not solved. In a nut shell GOSS is run by criminals who are responsible for these crimes and depriving the victims of justice as well as failing to protect the citizens of South Sudan.

Now that we the people of South Sudan are not able to obtain redress to these injustices the only avenue available is through the International Criminal Court as mentioned above. The crimes of SPLM Oyee in the country fall under Article 7, Crimes against Humanity. What is needed to activate investigation by the prosecutor is a referral. The international community can now do that if they are serious about the deteriorating situation in South Sudan.

There is a compelling case for the friends of the South Sudanese people in the international community to refer president Kiir and his acolytes to ICC or at least to pressurise GOSS to initiate a national conference involving all the political parties, armed groups, civil society groups, women groups and youth groups to discuss the deteriorating situation in the country with an objective of forming a credible government.

Or, they should pressure president Kiir to call for elections now for the people of South Sudan to choose the next government. It makes sense for the bleak situation in the country to be addressed now to avert a more serious problem in the not too distant future.

The international community is known to tolerate abusers who advance their interest under the “Strongman Syndrome”. For instance, Gen. Augustine Pinochet of Chile, Gen. Sadam Hussein of Iraq, Mobutu Seseko of Zaire, Gen. Jaafar Nimeri of Sudan etc. It is hoped that the mollycoddling of Juba as evidenced by Ms Hilda Johnson’s indifference to the abuses of GOSS is not based on this short sighted policy. A policy that portrays the international community as friend of the abusive dictators and enemy of the people.

The truth be said the Strongman Syndrome is an imperialistic policy where individual dictators carry out the will of the imperial powers who in turn shield them from accountability.

This policy contradicts the Western claim to promotion of the ideals of the enlightenment enshrined in their constitutions. As believers of the enlightenment ideals they need to support democracy and human rights. Thugs and criminals pretending to be statesmen should not be condoned in this 21st century. However, the onus is upon the African people to reject the abuse of state power by African leaders.

SPLM Oyee is a tribal terror machine as evidenced by Zachariah Mangok Biar’s revelations and it needs to be held to account. The international community should consider pressurising Juba to accept the proposal put forward in this article. If president Kiir refuses then the international community through the UN should make a referral to ICC on the grounds of all the reports of the various domestic and international agencies buttressed by Zachariah Mangok Biar’s revelation.

The impunity in Juba is a government thing and as the citizens can not get redress, the friends of South Sudanese people in the international community need to intervene by making a referral to ICC as soon as possible. As for the people of South Sudan they need to take responsibility by organising straight away and using ‘Article 15 – Prosecutor’ of ICC statute to raise an electronic referral to Madam Fatou Bensouda, the prosecutor of ICC to open an inquiry on all the unsolved crimes in the Republic of South Sudan.

It is time for President Kiir and the Oyee machine to account.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul