Archive for: June 2013

Where SPLM ends, South Sudan’s future is set to begin!

BY: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, JUN/20/2013, SSN,

In the new country of South Sudan politics never seems to satisfy the peoples’ unlimited appetite to know exactly how their country is run. But never be disappointed or be bored when this politics turns to endless talks about corrupt officials right from the office of the president, to the ministers and down to the different levels of the government’s officials, for this is the rebels turn rulers’ style of governance.

The latest development in what seems like an endless drama is the president’s move to suspend two of his most senior federal ministers over corruption. Aware of how long these two have served with president Kiir since the bush days, and throughout the rough era of the partnership in the so-called Government of National Unity (GoNU) with the northern National Congress Party (NCP) of Omer al Bashir, one is tempted to say that the working relationship between the trio must have taken a turn for the worse.

And no one should be fooled into believing that President Salva is any different than his fellow comrades when it comes to corruption, tribalism or nepotism. If not for the persistent pressure from the international community neither Kiir nor any of the SPLM big shots are prepared to give any damn about corruption or money going missing from the government’s coffers since they became the rulers in South Sudan.

Examples are in abundance to support this argument for its now ages since the public learned of the missing $4 billion dollars, and although the culprits – 75 of them [current and former ministers and senior officials], are all known to the president, yet he is unable to bring them to the book.

Not too long ago, an amount of money initially report to be over $6 million dollars went missing from the president’s office in Juba. Those accused in this act of theft turned out to be the president’s own kinsmen whom he had appointed to work in his office, in line with the institutionalized nepotism practiced the nationwide. In short, operations ‘signal left and turn right’!

This theft case which only became of a concern to the president after having been exposed by the media, has now reached a dead end. The anti-corruption committee in its post investigation report, made it clear that the investigation into the case was not any easy nor straight forward as people in power kept interfering with the evidences.

Finally it is now concluded that the theft in the president’s office was a work of an insider, maybe the president himself colluding in it, is what we are yet to be told.

Salva Kiir’s latest fall off with two of his top ministers, has only increased the streets appetite for more probes to be carried out in this corruption infested country. People would like to hear and see people like the deputy minister of interior Lt. General Salva Mathok Gengdit relieved of their positions and immunities as well, and to face questioning in the suspicious murder of a 25 year old traffic policeman, Banyjioth Mathoat Tap from the Bul Nuer community, whose body was found under Mathok’s house on 30 March. [ST]

Besides that there was that infamous CID senior officer by the name of Major General Marial Nour Jok, who was arrested on the order of the president himself over the disappearance of a young survey engineer John Luis Silvino.

All circumstantial evidences pointed to the fact that it was this CID murderer who summoned the missing engineer to his office, before finally going missing. As you read these lines, this ruthless murderer is now on the loose after the president knowingly allowed him to be smuggled out of the country where he is claimed to be receiving treatment in the neighbouring Kenya for over a year now.

My personal take here is in fact to encourage President Cmdr. Kiir Mayardit in his latest campaign even if it means that he will end up losing the SPLM chairmanship in the illusive party convention. For he has for a long time now deafened people by his “much talk but little do” so-called ‘zero tolerance’ or the other equally empty slogan of so-called “no reverse gear”.

As the author of this humble article I have no much to gain by going into the other speculations as to why the president acted differently this time around, nonetheless the street is already saturated with all kinds of stories to justify the his action.

Be reminded that in places like South Sudan where true information is easily rumoured in the market places or drinking joints, whatever is rumoured in “Konyo-Konyo” Market, is nothing but the sole true.

So according to the “Konyo-Konyo” Candour, the president’s action against the finance minister could have resulted from the minister’s recent order in which he reshuffled a number of senior staff within the ministry of finance. The staff in question had threatened the minister and reportedly forwarded their petition to the president asking him to force the minister to reverse his decision.

Another mouth–piece for the unhappy members of staff in the ministry of finance, who are resisting the ministerial orders on internal reshuffle, has already labelled the minister’s action as tribalistic, since the three staff members in the centre of this controversy happen to his kinsmen, and not from the same tribe as the minister.

Of course in a community that wakes on tribalism, spends the whole day in activities meant to promote and entrench tribalism and only go to sleep and wake up to another similar day, every one’s misfortune can be labelled as a tribal motivated incident planned by another rivalry tribe.

In other words, it means for a promotion or demotion, transfer or even internal reshuffles to go down well with South Sudanese officials or workers alike, such authorization must come from one’s own kinsmen; otherwise it is right away considered as an act of tribalism! What a society to live in?

While in the case of Deng Alor Kuol – Minister for Cabinet Affairs, others speculate that he might be a victim of the ongoing SPLM party’s inner fights. Like millions of other people in this unfortunate country, he too is seen to have withdrawn his support from the president, in favour of the more charismatic SPLM Secretary General, Pa’gan Amum Akeich, rumoured to be preparing to challenge the incumbent chairman come the convention.

Whichever way the current scenarios heads to, for the average South Sudanese in the towns, villages, luaks, and those in the diaspora, it has long been concluded that neither President Salva Kiir Mayardit nor his ‘rotten to the core’ SPLM party has any salvation to provide for this fast sinking country.

While we encourage them to finish each other, we look forward to a better South Sudan without any of them.

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. Secretary General –United South Sudan Party (USSP). He can be reached at:

Latest mega-corruption: Is Kiir yet again a toothless bulldog?


In the latest corruption bombshell, the nation’s ever toothless President Kiir has suspended two high profile ministers, of finance and of cabinet affairs, for ‘allegedly’ masterminding another gargantuan financial scandal to the total sum of millions of US dollars.

The nation’s ineffectual leader belatedly issued the decree (as typical like always in previous cases of such massive corruption) withdrawing the immunities on Mr. Kosti Manibe, the finance minister and Deng Alor, the minister of cabinet affairs, so that the impotently ineffective and similarly toothless chairman of the useless money-gulping Anti-Corruption Commission, John Gatwech, may typically start his so-called ‘investigation.’

To most South Sudanese citizens, this latest scandal, yet again, is just a regular recurrence of the blatancy of stealing within the SPLM/A monstrosity, which as always, despite more wastage of more money in bogus ‘investigations’ ends with the total exculpation of those highly placed ‘kleptocrats’ in the nation’s ruling party.

Therefore, there’s really nothing surprising about the latest alleged theft commissioned by Manibe and Alor, as we have helplessly witnessed all three predecessors of Manibe, that’s all past Kiir’s finance ministers, commit more bigger and unfathomable ‘kiir-iminalities,’ while heading this same INFAMOUS MINISTRY OF THIEVES, as every South Sudanese now would surely label this portfolio in the new nation.

Anyway, like those ‘dishonorable’ predecessors who easily got away scot-free and very, very rich, the prevailing pre-conclusion already fixated in minds of millions of the economically suffering citizens is that, whatever the proclaimed seriousness seen in Kiir or the strength of the mitigating circumstances of their alleged ‘crime,’ Manibe and Alor are as sure to emerge unscathed, as the exonerated ‘gang of three’ ex-ministers of finance, Akuein, Athian and Athorbei.

Recapitulating the biogenesis of the alleged ‘crime,’ it was revealed in the president’s decree that the alleged sum was long paid to a certain company supposedly tendered to supply fire extinguishing equipments or materials, and allegedly, proper procedural steps not followed, and that the company reportedly failed to deliver the ‘goods.’

In hindsight, finance minister, Kosti Manibe’s downfall was sinisterly part of a predestined plot which the apparently naive Manibe only aggravated by his so-called ‘holy crusade’ to blindly institute the so-called ‘internal transfers’ within the ministry of finance of some very high-profile grand masters of the pervasive corruption machinery within the finance ministry.

Historically, since the inception of Kiir’s government in 2005, the line-up of the top bureaucracy in the finance ministry has always been a seclusive reserve of the Dinka of Kiir’s Greater Bahr el ghazel, as evidenced by the infamous tenures of all past three ministers of finance and practically all the top bureaucrats.

It was, therefore, this exclusiveness and particularism of the ‘blessed clan’ in this money ‘factory’ that has enabled as well shielded all previous and current ‘looting’ perpetuated by the Kiir Gang with absolute impunity and immunity since President Kiir ascended into the ‘Heavenly throne’ of the new nation.

Let’s be sincere, who has ever heard of a successful prosecution and jailing of any case of so-called ‘corruption’ brought to court of law since the ‘godly’ toothless bulldog created his kingdom?

Similarly, why has the president himself kept lip-tight about the so-called ’75’ thieves who are forgiven by the ‘Holy Father’ himself and just asked to freely ‘repatriate’ nothing or any thing into the heavenly account only accessible by ‘God the Father himself?’

Whatever happens, Kosti Manibe is circumstantially fortunate that nothing will ‘happen’ to him because, first, his co-accused and alleged accomplice, Deng Alor, a top and first-class SPLA man and Kiir’s tribesman, is an ‘untouchable,’ whose very implication in this alleged crime is just a charade.

Furthermore, in his desperation to outwit his professed rival in the coming presidential elections sometime in the future (perhaps), Kiir is advisedly judicious not to antagonize Western Equatorians or Equatorians as a whole, by jailing one of their sons, after all, it should be pointed out that when Kosti Manibe failed the last elections, Kiir himself anointed him a minister of finance…. Manibe will always be a political pawn.

Not long ago, another top character in the form of the Secretary-general of the SPLM itself was inadvertently dragged to court and what the nation shockingly witnessed was outright subversion of justice and due process of the law.

Moreover, to even imagine that Deng Alor would ever be touched by our laws, only fools will wait forever for that impossibility to materialize…..NEVER….NEVER…

Astonishingly, in a recent duplicitous investigation conducted by the same chair of the Anti-corruption commission, John Gatwech, into the theft at the nation’s Presidential Residence (J-One), Mr. Gatwech weirdly found out and concluded that those alleged ‘house-breakers’ who allegedly stole millions of the nation’s money are actually not thieves but “administrative self-helpers,” and he only recommended some administrative measures against these presidential kin and kith appointees.’

With such kind of utterly incompetent jurisprudence and conspiratorial adjudication from the likes of the Anti-corruption commission chair, Gatwech, or likewise, from the nation’s legal pillars of justice like the justices in the nation’s courts of law, the prosecutors and the police, the kiir-iminality in the South Sudan Nation will be inadvertently accentuated and exacerbated to the detriment of all.

Unfortunately, South Sudan, in the predestined and continuous leadership of the SPLM/A, will in the foreseeable future be a retarded and failed nation, just like its neighbours around, or the likes of Nigeria, which in spite of the oil windfall, its people remain impoverished, agitated and restless, while the ruling cliques shamelessly wallow in the obscenities of ill-begotten wealth.

In South Sudan today, where school children have no toilets or food to eat, where roads are utterly unusable, where the few functioning hospitals are completely unequipped to ‘normal’ standards, a heartless president Kiir has now selfishly embarked on building another Presidential Palace in Juba for himself, just within a walking distance of the current majestic J-One.

For those who can still recollect, the current J-One has been repeatedly undergoing expensive and exorbitant renovations, with wall-to-wall big TV screens and all the latest ostentatious paraphernalia that’s the envy of pop and movie stars or the Bill Gates, and apparently, many of these several scam renovations were done by Ethiopian/Eritrean wives or concubines of SPLM/A big shots or contractors from the ‘chosen’ people.

Finally, to all concerned citizens, unless you all unite to push to change things as they stand, where the president and the domineering ruling party arbitrarily and wilfully bypasses the parliament and ignores or even oversteps the constitution, the real danger is that South Sudan is precariously on the downhill path of becoming a one-party state.

Our nation will inevitably, also, become a society of patronage, which in essence it already is, where tribalism visibly supersedes in all aspects of the nation’s functionality and this has obviously made difficult the fight against corruption.

You be the judge….Is it any surprise that the Nigerians, like some Savannah vultures have now jumped into the mess by unashamedly ‘bribing’ the entire government of Kiir with a duplicitous gift of a million dollar worth of exercise books, just to get a good, good share in the nation’s yet under-developed oil industry?

South Sudan will be a good spectator, while its oil follows

BY: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, JUN/17/2013, SSN;

President al Bashir’s outburst at a rally in Khartoum North on 8 June, 2013 was yet one in hundreds of occasions on which he often gets carried away by not exactly a bravado so as to say, but it is one of these things ingrained in his Arabized Nubian [Arabs of Sudan] mentality where a warrior would dance and boast of his knighthood in front of his tribe’s women.

To those who know him well, they know that this is not the man’s first time to use the wrong place and the wrong platform to issue such orders which often has far reaching consequences on his country. He again made it to the news headlines when he told that rally in Khartoum state that he had ordered his oil minister Awad al-Jaz to block the pipeline carrying landlocked South Sudan’s crude to Red Sea coastal city of Port Sudan, accusing Juba of continuing to support to the Sudanese rebels.

This is what al Bashir of Sudan said:

“O’ Awad [oil minister] tomorrow direct oil companies to close the pipeline and after that let them [South Sudan] take it via Kenya or Djibouti or wherever they want to take it”, the Sudanese president said. And you can imagine him shouting, and dancing his stick dance.

“The oil of South Sudan will not pass through Sudan ever again,” Bashir added.

In the early 1970s and 80s it was the Libyan strong man the late Mouamar al Gadhafi who was known to be the crazy man of the continent, for he had demonstrated a completely an unorganized type of diplomacy. Thank God, he is dead now, but of course the scene is still full of his kinds.

The 27th September 2012 cooperation agreement between Juba and Khartoum was an agreement which took the whole of the international community a lot of effort to hammer. It has matrix for implementation as well as channels for complaitfs should one side feel that the other isn’t being faithful.

In spite of all this well written document, it is unfortunate to admit that it failed to prevent president al Bashir of Sudan to revert to the ‘al Jaalein –way’ of doing things, when he turned to a mob of supporters in Khartoum Bahri (North), to not only accuse the Republic of South Sudan of helping the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) rebels, but it was here that he decided to terminate his country’s obligation to the cooperation agreement.

Al Bashir went on and stressed that the oil of south Sudan will not pass through Sudan ever again – read the above quote. This far was al Bashir’s official stand on the issue of relationship with its southern neighbour, and whatever modifications that he came up with in the following few days shouldn’t really be taken seriously if we are to take al Bashir himself seriously.

The sixty days grace period in which the oil of South Sudan will still continue to follow through the Sudan to the Red Sea port of Port Sudan, should better be understood in its true context. These sixty days is the time period allowed for in the agreement, whereby in an event of final decision to scrap the cooperation agreement.

In this period south Sudan continues to enjoy the right to export it oil through Sudan and thereafter for the oil to be shut down in case such a decision has been arrived at by all the stake holders – Sudan –south Sudan – the various oil companies – the African union peace and Security Council (AUPSC).

However since it seems that al Bashir is keen to reverse his negative stand albeit on a condition that South Sudan stops its support to the SRF rebels, then we can say that the oil will continue to follow through the Sudan as it used to until such a time in the future when South Sudan decides otherwise.

This is simple logic and Khartoum knows that it is not concerned about the role of South Sudan as a government here, but rather it seems to be accusing certain individuals in Juba, that they continue to support the rebels.

First it was the RSS government and now it is some individuals or circles in Juba who are believed to be the ones supporting the Sudanese rebel groups. This being the case it can be reasoned out that even the degree of such kind of clandestine support if any does really exist, will obviously not be a thing to upset the balance of power in the Sudanese civil war.

But let us also reason out the issue from a more objective view point, and in this case if it is true that a few individuals’ support to the SRF is capable of sending the entire government insane, then Khartoum is already suffering a serious war fatigue. Because otherwise how would you explain the mental state of such a clique that has fought wars against its own people since 1955 – till today [2013] to remain sound?!

Khartoum however has never hidden its hopes for a return to good relationship between the two countries. Its officials who know the real truth, but are unable to criticize their president over his amateurish reaction that has now brought the two countries at the verge of a diplomatic row and likely to lead to another military confrontations, coupled with the huge negative impacts that these can have on their country’s already ailing economy; have expressed their will to see that the oil of South Sudan continues to flow.

To do this without making al Bashir look foolish in front of the world audience, the NCP officials chose the easiest thing to do and that is to push the whole situation into a corner where repeated meetings between Sudan and south Sudan will appear to have solved the problem.

Those who read the extract of the speech by NCP media secretary Yasir Youssef [ST], who spoke at a regular meeting of the NCP political sector committee, will appreciate that Khartoum is now looking for an exit strategy after realising how detrimental to the country, al Bashir latest rhetoric on closing the RSS oil is.

Youssef who will never dare of course to change the official position of his country, held on to the erroneous argument that Juba’s support to the rebel groups is the main difference between the two countries.

But even if certain circles in Juba were to be supportive of the Sudanese rebels, how does that become the main difference between the two countries, if as you read these lines, many South Sudanese rebels who had been receiving regular support from Khartoum in order to topple the RSS government are currently in Juba seeking integration. So for argument sake, who is now better than whom?

Still it could be a sign that Khartoum is back to its senses and acknowledges that there are mechanisms within the so-called cooperation agreement that needs to be exhausted first, when he [Yasir Youssef] said: “Any mechanism conducive to stop this support is welcome, whether it comes through visits, dialogue or proposals, provided that it leads to stop this support,” .

However President Kiir has repeatedly denied allegations by Bashir that his government backs the Sudanese rebels. “We have repeatedly made clear our disengagement with the SPLM-North and have offered to mediate a peace process between them and Khartoum,’ Kiir said.

“Those grievances [allegations levied by Khartoum on South Sudan] should be brought before the Joint Political Security Mechanism (JPSM). The allegations should then be investigated by the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mechanism (JBVMM) or the Ad hoc Committee,” he said.

On the other hand the SRF through one of its leaders, Yasir Saed Arman has already expressed the group’s position on the new African Union mediation initiative that has been presented by Thabo Mbeki to the two partners as a way forward. Arman confirmed that his party welcomes the proposals made by the AU as it aims to investigate the accusations being traded between Khartoum and Juba over support to rebel groups.

The truth being said, for as long as the SRF rebels operate in the Sudan, the Sudanese confused leadership will always look for someone to blame for its military defeats. The bottom line is that, either al Bashir militarily defeats the SRF (and he knows that better), or he reaches an agreement with them or worse still he runs away and leaves the seat of power to them.

In all these scenarios RSS has the much obliged role of playing a good spectator, while its oil follows.

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. Secretary General – United South Sudan Party (USSP). He can reached at:

11 Death Sentences passed by Kiir’s Kangaroo Wau Court: Press Release

Press Release: Western Bahr el Ghazel Community in Diaspora

For Immediate Release, JUN/17/2013, SSN;

We the people of Western Bahr Ghazal State want to tell the world today that as Mr. Paulino Wanawila, South Sudan’s Deputy Minister of Justice desperately attempts to present South Sudan as the beacon of freedom, justice, human rights, and equality as he formally submits South Sudan’s application to join the United Nations Human Rights Council headquartered in Switzerland, President Salva Kirr Mayardit and his Dinka leadership along with Governor Rizik Zakaria of Western Bahr Ghazal State, are presiding over massive human rights violations in which the people of Western Bahr Ghazal are being systematically massacred, arrested, tortured, imprisoned and driven from Wau and Western Bahr Ghazal State.

As we speak, Governor Rizik and his kangaroo court and judges in Wau, South Sudan have sentenced to death the following eleven people:
1- Mariano Fostino Jore,
2- John Angelo Dimo,
3- Arkangelo Musa Ujang,
4- Erneo Lino Julu,
5- Sebit Marko Martin,
6- Lino Paul Utu,
7- Nicola Pasquale Paulino,
8- Agustino Dominic Ugbede (Ukede),
9- Arkangelo Mangu Ukun,
10- Daniel Paulino Ugali, and
11- Joseph Jokondo Ugele.

Governor Rizik and his cronies have also sentenced Chief Martin Tiyai Vito Farajala of Farajala Village to ten years in prison and Justin Karlo Moi to five years in reformatory prison. This is in addition to Anthony Sogone and many others who are still in jail.

We want to point to the world that the alleged murders for which Governor Rizik and his cronies have sentenced to death the eleven people mentioned above, were actually committed by Dinka themselves in their intra-tribal wars in Tonj and Chuwabet in Warrap and Lakes States, respectively, and their bodies tied up, placed in sacks and dumped by the SPLA in Farajala Village in order to incriminate and frame not just the people now being sentenced to death, but entire Balanda people as being against Dinka.

The Dinka who work in Balanda’s farms in Farajala have themselves said that if the Balanda were to retaliate for the massacres of their brothers and sisters in Wau on December 8 and December 9th 2012, they as the Dinka working in Farajala would have been the first to be killed.

No such killings of Dinka ever took place in Farajala Village. Their statement contradicted the lies President Kirr, Minister of Information Barnaba Marial, and Governor Rizik have been propagating in a relentless media attack that twenty six Dinkas were killed in Farajala. They are yet to produce bodies of the twenty six Dinkas supposedly killed in Farajala.

We, the Western Bahr el ghazel community in diaspora, want to point out to the world once again that there are two systems of Justice in the Republic of South Sudan: One for the Dinka and the other for the rest of us in South Sudan who are not Dinka.

The following few cases serve to illustrate what we mean:

(1) The Dinka officers who shot and killed six unarmed civilian population who were blocking roads to Bussere and Bagari on December 8, 2012 in Wau are yet to be arrested or prosecuted;

(2)the Dinka officers and SPLA soldiers who shot and killed eleven and wounded thirty six unarmed civilian protestors in Wau on December 9, 2012 are yet to be arrested and prosecuted;

(3) the Dinka civilians President Kirr, Governor Rizik Zakaria, Governor Paul Malong Anei of Northern Bahr Ghazal State, Governor Nyandeng of Warrap State, and former Lakes States Governor Chol Tong Mayay brought to Wau on buses from Aweil, Gogirial, Warrap, Tonj, and Rumbek and who on December 18 and 19th, 2012, went on a murderous rampage attacking the people of Wau (Balanda, Ndogo, Golo, Sere, Bongo, Yulu, Bai, Banda, etc), burning three people to death in their homes, spearing one person to death, burning over two hundred houses, and displacing and forcing over four thousand people to seek refuge in the United Nations Mission Compound in Wau are yet to be arrested or prosecuted;

(4) in 2010 Governor Rizik and the Dinka SPLA officers arrested Faud Sawa in Wau, South Sudan. They tortured and eventually shot him to death and then burned his body and buried him in unmarked grave along the road to Aweil in Northern Bahr Ghazal State. Governor Rizik and the Dinka SPLA officers who committed this egregious crime are yet to be arrested or prosecuted;

(5) the Dinka officers and SPLA soldiers who murdered eleven Bari men, women, and children over the issue of land in Juba over a year ago are yet to be arrested or prosecuted;

(6) the Dinka officers and the SPLA soldiers who murdered their supposed Kakwa mother and father-in-laws along with their eleven family members in Yei in 2010 are yet to be arrested or prosecuted;

(7) the Dinka officers and SPLA soldiers who murdered in brought daylight three senior Equatorian police officers in Yambio in 2007 are yet to be arrested or prosecuted;

(8) the Dinka officers and SPLA soldiers who murdered journalist Isaiah Abraham (himself a Dinka from Bor) in his house in December 2012 are yet to be arrested or prosecuted; and finally

(9)Salva Matok, the Deputy Minister of Interior in whose house a young Nuer boy was slaughtered to death like a sheep in a bath tub earlier this year is himself yet to be arrested or prosecuted.

In every single incident listed above, none of the Dinka perpetrators of these crimes have been arrested or prosecuted. They are all walking free among us. In South Sudan, the laws and justice is what President Kirr and the Dinka leadership says they are.

We know for instance that Governor Rizik hosted a lavish state dinner for the judges who sentenced the eleven people to death last week. The question is: Are the judges who sentenced the eleven people to death impartial?

Another case of human rights violation in Dinka-dominated South Sudan involves Tarticio Ucin, the head of the “Arrows Boys”, and his deputy. The “Arrows Boys” is a local community group formed to fight Joseph Kony and the Lord Resistance Army (LRA) presence in Western Equatoria State in order to keep civilians protected from LRA attacks.

They were allegedly arrested and put in undisclosed jail in Juba three weeks ago by President Kirr and SPLA Dinka officers for refusing orders to go into Central African Republic to attack the new Government of Central Africa Republic.

Among the eighty nine “Arrow Boys” who went along with President Kirr and SPLA’s provocation against the new Government of Central Africa Republic and attacked position of the Central Africa Republic Army in Obo, Central Africa Republic three weeks ago, five of them were shot dead and thirty seven others captured and arrested. The rest scattered and the whereabouts of the thirty seven “Arrows Boys” arrested is still unknown. They are believed to be held by the Ugandan Government, which itself presents an interesting question of sovereignty and geopolitics.

Finally, we want to point out to the world that the Dinka and the SPLA are not only the source of destabilization and lawlessness in South Sudan, they are also a source of destabilization and lawlessness in neighboring countries as evidenced by the attack on Central Africa Republic in Obo.

Moreover, Tarticio Ucin and his deputy, Anthony Sogone, Chief Martin Tiyai Vito Farajala, Justin Karlo Moi, and the eleven young men from Farajala Village who Governor Rizik and President Kirr and their cronies judges have sentenced to death for a murder crime they did not commit, are all innocent.

We call upon our brothers and sisters across South Sudan and the world to stand with the people of Western Bahr Ghazal and work to set every single person President Kirr and Governor Rizik have falsely arrested, jailed, tortured, and sentenced to death free.

Thank you very much for your support on this matter of life and death for the people of Western Bahr Ghazal State, South Sudan.

Vakindi Unvu
The Western Bahr Ghazal Community in Diaspora
June 16, 2013

South Sudan: A Tumultuous Mixture of Raw Human Hatreds (1)

BY: Wani Tombe Lako, SUDAN, JUN/16/2013, SSN;

If an objective South Sudanese were to step outside her/his legal, constitutional, socio-cultural, and psychological figurative coat and then look at South Sudan, as an objective neutral bystander, she/he, could see many hitherto invisible realities. One of such realities shall be that South Sudan is but a tumultuous mixture of raw human hatreds. These raw human hatreds have effectively, and dangerously, blinded us South Sudanese to the extent that we are unable to see all comprehensive dangers that are about to annihilate us all.

The raw human hatreds I am on about, include, political, tribal, linguistic, ethno-racial, socio-cultural, religious and moral hatreds. The frightening operationalization of these myriad of hatreds is effected via the agency of herd mentality as well as herd morality.

These phenomena of herd mentality and herd morality have made the majority of us afflicted with truth phobia. Human reason and equanimity are sacrificed at the altar of intellectual anarchy, fuelled by raw human hatreds, and sustained by the said herd mentality and herd morality.

We South Sudanese have become alarmingly frightened of truth. To us, truth seems overwhelming. It also appears that, we in South Sudan, behave as if we do not have the moral, religious, human, physical, psychological and socio-cultural capacities, to bear, know, and withstand the weight of truth; whatever that truth is about ourselves. A cynical, but an objective political bystander may also conclude that we South Sudanese are political masochists.

For example, we pretend everyday that, we live in a democratic society in South Sudan. We pretend everyday that we live in a peaceful society in South Sudan. We pretend everyday that we live in a multicultural loving society in South Sudan.

We pretend everyday that, we live in a secured society, where daughters, sons, sisters, wives, brothers, husbands, fathers, mothers, grandfathers and grandmothers, and such like; can walk freely, without the relative, let alone absolute fear, of being hurt in South Sudan.

We pretend everyday that we have a caring and loving police force and service in South Sudan. We pretend everyday that, we are lovingly united as peoples and tribes in South Sudan, and that, it is only malicious and envious foreigners and outsiders, who want to make us hate ourselves.

All these acts of pretending are because we fear to tell ourselves the truth. For God’s sake, let us be brave enough, and tell nothing, but the naked truth, about our own selves. These orgies of pretending in South Sudan, has led to the systemic demise and deconstruction of all formations of positive human values and moralities in South Sudan.

Keen humane eyes can easily and honestly see the purposive construction of unknown and alien animalistic value systems, and immoralities in South Sudan, to masquerade as liberation and self-determination cultures.

For example, in the village of Gumbo, just five miles from Juba, a group of individuals, have forcibly fenced-off my family’s freehold orchard, along the banks of the Kadoro stream, and stationed armed military guards there. Therefore, announcing the confiscation and land grabbing of a freehold which has been in my family’s possession and ownership, and which we cultivated and farmed, for fifty one (51) years, until the secession of South Sudan from the rest of the Sudan in 2011.

As if for a good measure, some of these individuals went ahead and grabbed our living compound, close to this orchard and in which, my beloved uncle, the late Uncle Albano Wani Lako Lokitari was laid to rest. His eldest son, the late Angelo Jada Wani Lako, married the youngest sister of the Speaker of our Parliament, Honourable James Wani Igga.

These land grabbers immorally desecrated, vandalised and violated this grave and resting place of the late Uncle Albano Wani Lako Lokitari, and they exhumed his remains and threw them away! These land grabbers proceeded to build a pit latrine in the so desecrated grave.

Now, are we supposed to call this liberation and self-determination culture in South Sudan?

This personal tragedy aside, at the national level, the said tumultuous mixture of raw human hatreds, in South Sudan, has led to the entrenchment of: reactive policies and politics, emotional policies and politics, policies and politics of hate and revenge, policies and politics as well as economics of elites, and the quest for military solutions to all minor and major political problems.

On the other hand, because of such dangerously unique comprehensive environments; the making of national policies, strategies, and development programmes on the hoofs, has been normalised.

Issues of reactive policies and politics in South Sudan

Due to ubiquitous deficit, and absence of national think-tanks, the Republic of South Sudan, is run on the bases of reactive primordial tribal, as well as, parochial anthropological initiatives, and folklore anecdotes, masquerading as state of the art statesmanship, and refined comprehensive national strategies. This is the tragedy of South Sudan.

Knowledge, skills, experiences, refined prudent attitudes and such like appear to irritate those in charge of governance in South Sudan. These rulers of South Sudan refuse to appreciate the fact that, governments running various European and American countries, on which South Sudan relies, for comprehensive support, are made more comprehensively agile, by the ubiquitous presence of such think-tanks. These think-tanks are comprehensively proactive and foresighted.

On the other hand, in South Sudan, there is the danger of cordoning off, of the President herein, with circles of misleading and ill-informed advisors, who include relatives, tribesmen and tribeswomen, and others. I can confidently and objectively argue that, 90% of these so-called Presidential Advisors are devoid of relevant skills, knowledge, experiences, initiatives and attitudes for such sensitive constitutional posts in South Sudan.

Die-hard support for the SPLM as the ruling political party in South Sudan is not a good index of qualification for the position of a Presidential Advisor.

Presidential Advisors are supposed to think on their political as well as technocratic knowledge and experience based feet; on behalf of the President, and indeed, on behalf of the nation. Presidential Advisors ought to be foresighted in their respective fields, and not to wait until they are advised by the President to think of something useful to do.

Presidential Advisors ought to be saturated with the confidence of juggling comprehensive positive alternatives and scenarios, for the resolution of challenges and obstacles, without hurting specific and general national interests, within the remit of their short, medium, and long terms paradigms.

For God’s sake, Presidential Advisors do not attack the President through the media in funeral and other places, in order to advance their own political careers and such like.

The culture of political accommodation, and other dubious reasons, for the appointment of such Presidential Advisors, have undermined and weakened, if not, killed, the supposedly comprehensively proactive and constructively productive roles, of Presidential Advisors in South Sudan.

These Presidential Advisors are perched on the highest constitutional and political nests, on the constitutional and political pedestals of South Sudan. They hang high above cabinet ministers, and yet, the majority of them are waste of temporal and spatial resources. They are nothing, but reactive political dummies.

In fact, the majority of them are political busy bodies, on constitutional and political stilts, to flatter the peoples of South Sudan.

It ought to be made clear that, constitutional posts of Presidential Advisors; are not constitutional and political incubators, for maturing and nursing of ambitious tribal young men and young women. They are not also some constitutional and political crucibles, for the purposes of recycling some illiterate and semi-illiterate quasi army generals; nor are they, realms and sites, for the containment of some ill-informed, money and wealth oriented political geriatrics.

In fact, constitutional posts of Presidential Advisors are not also counseling venues, for grieving widows and widowers, as the reaffirmation, and celebration of personality cult culture, and nothing more.

If some of these so-called Presidential Advisors cannot survive, without constitutional posts, let the Presidency create some work for them, even if such jobs include the digging and refilling of political trenches, within the SPLM as a political party, in South Sudan. What else can I say?

All the issues raised above, about our Presidential Advisors, in South Sudan, have exposed the President of South Sudan, to comprehensive risks, of operating in uncertain, unpredictable and dangerously reactive political environment.

The President of South Sudan is akin to a driver, driving along a submerged bridge, with equally submerged sign posts and protective rails. These sign posts and protective rails are supposed to be his advisors. Alas, these advisors have since long gone to deep political sleep; and thus, submerged in political floods. Unfortunately for the President, he is not driving an amphibious vehicle.

Therefore, not only that, but the lack of effective Presidential Advisors, have rendered the President of South Sudan vulnerable to witty and ever plotting others, within the cabinet of the government of South Sudan.

It is extremely naïve, to think that there are no ministers within the government of South Sudan, who are plotting day and night, as to how, to climb higher, to higher rungs of the political ladder, while smearing the lower, or even the higher rungs, of such a political ladder, with political and tribal greases, to fail the political grip, and other grips, of his /her political opponents, including the President.

The herd mentality and herd morality have produced political gangsters within the remit of governance in South Sudan. Unfortunately, some of us who think that, they are opinion makers and leaders operate on the bases of herd mentality and herd morality. It is only within our definition of intellectuality, whereby, a person is allowed, and indeed praised for declaring in a publicly published medium, that, he would like to kill so and so. This, in our version of liberation and self-determination culture, in South Sudan, is considered free speech, and thus, freedom of expression. This is the tragedy of South Sudan.

If David Miliband and Ed Miliband were South Sudanese brothers, the Miliband family would have been destroyed for good. Thanks God, these young men are British nationals, whose society knows the meaning of self-determination and associated freedom of expression. This means that, these Miliband brothers, do not suffer from herd mentality and herd morality. In fact, their supporters did not, and do not suffer from the same problem.

South Sudan can only be saved if we despise raw human hatreds. You cannot want to kill another South Sudanese, just because the way he/she thinks, does not make you happy, or, it is too complicated for you to understand, its various dimensions.

Human societies, that survive on reactive impulses, of tumultuous raw human hatreds, cannot, and shall not be able to, positively move on. On the other hand, such human societies shall also labour under the weight of moral darkness, to the extent that, they shall lack the prerequisite moral and faith capacities and abilities, to constructively cleans themselves of their invariable wrongful past. Such human societies that survive on raw human hatreds, cannot, by all counts, parade themselves, as living faith societies that fear the living God.

The multifaceted benefits of good formal education in disciplines like sociology, theology, philosophy, economics, anthropology and, law are that, they lighten the cumulative weight of centuries of ignorance, mythology, and general state of nature. Not only that, they also shine penetrating living lights, into cognitive tunnels of darkness, as well as on the dangerously sharp and rough edges of hitherto unlit subjectivity, in order to perfect seamless passage, into the realms of humane, positive and constructive human reasons, for positive societal reciprocities. It means that, the brawn cannot, and should not, be allowed to rule the brain, and refined human objectively. We need that in South Sudan.

See you in part two (2).

The author is Professor of Social and Rural Development and Lecturer in Laws and can be reached at wani.lako@ yahoo,com.

Between Sudan and South Sudan: Who suffers economically & politically if diplomacy cut off?

BY: Luka Madhieu Kuot, SOUTH SUDAN, JUN/16/2013, SSN;

Given the present diplomatic status quo between the Republic of South Sudan and Sudan where the two-pronged approaches are very hard, erratic and thorny, always on and off since the independence of South Sudan from Sudan on July the 9th 2011, their diplomatic relations have not been that mutual and consensual because of unresolved numerous post-independence issues, ranging from demarcations of common borders, dispute over oil-rich region of Abyei and many more others that are not limited to citizenship, economic links and trade, oil transit fees and etcetera, just to mentioned few related to this saga.

More over, their bilateral ties did not last longer soon after the independence of the South Sudan because the independence came while both sides were counter-attacking and accusing each other of supporting the rebels against one another’s peace and sovereignty but the allegations are rebutted and unproven from that moment up to date by both sides.

However, the situation became blared up when Sudan confiscated crude oil worth billions of dollars from South Sudan in December 2011 which later forced South Sudan to opt for shutting down the oil production and its exportation in January 2012 through Sudan’s oil pipeline to the international markets.

And it was later followed by the fierce fighting over the dubious Panthou/Heglig area of Unity State in April 2012 where the two sides counter-reacted to each other over the media and other forums.

Although the Cooperation Agreement was signed last year on 27th Sept 2012, the two sides did not commit to it and implement it evenly up to the moment when President Bashir threatened South Sudan of padlocking the oil flow and exports once and for all, saying, if South Sudan will not pause from providing support to the rebels and disengage itself from its former comrades/allies, the SPLM-N and the new SRF rebels, then, he will close the oil conduit and South Sudan will export it oil through Djibouti and Kenya.

This warning did not last long for President Bashir to implement it, when he eventually ordered his Oil Minister Mr. Awad Aljaz to block South Sudan oil pipeline and asked South Sudan to transport/export their oil through Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti as he said when addressing the rally in the Northern Parts of Khartoum.

But before one of the two Countries decided that, who do you think will suffer most economically and politically if the Republic of South Sudan and Sudan decide again to cut-of their diplomatic ties unequivocally like what had happened in April 2012 when the two countries soared up their relationship over the Panthou/Heglig war?

In this case, I know majority of people including political and economic analysts and any other stakeholders in the two Sudans can apparently answer this question by saying that the Republic of South Sudan will suffer most in her political economy if its political and economic ties are put off with the neighboring Republic of Sudan, because most the people think that, the country is new and it cannot stand firm and strong enough alone without support and assistance from Sudan in one way or another.

This is because its economy is still growing both on a national and international scale. Others will say it is not yet stable but still forging her international relations and economic ties with other Countries especially with international and regional bodies like World Bank, IMF and others in the sphere.

Understandably, that was why majority of stakeholders were so worried and nervous when they heard that the Republic of South Sudan had decided to shut down its oil production and flow through neighboring Sudan because of the confiscated or stolen crude oil by Khartoum it claimed for unpaid transit fees since the independence of South Sudan in July 2011. An allegation denied by both sides and remains un-addressed even up to now.

The international communities and the world’s economic and political analysts have been contemplating about the shutdown of oil and visualize it from their casual and professional points of view and understandings, saying that, the government of South Sudan is not firm enough and cannot resist the financial crisis or austerity measures of the world if the oil revenue is not included in its national budget which constitutes 98% of national budget/income per annum.

The Western powers and other stakeholders in the world condemned the decision taken to shut down oil production by the Government South Sudan (GOSS) and embarked reprimanding President Kiir Mayardit and his leadership of taking unstudied and precipitated decision in just a new born nation whose economy is still at infantile and nascent stage in the world.

Because of this, most of the regional blocs and international communities had also joined the whistle blowing policy and denounced the decision taken by the government of South Sudan, calling it as ‘economic and political suicide.’ Some called it as ‘a premature decision’ given the fragility of the economy and political arena in the world.

The whistle blowing policy (advocacy) for oil production did not stop right away from that instant when the oil production was announced to be shutdown in January 2012 for further notice until the oil resumed its production in April 2013, and exported it through neighboring Sudan to the international Market.

But the question is why most of the scholars did and analysts think that way? Comparing the economy outlook in the recent months when the oil production and flow was closed down, when the economics and other diplomatic relations were cut-off completely between the two Sudans, the Republic of South Sudan economy was seemingly looks firm and strong enough to survives the austerity measures and do alone without Khartoum assistance and support in one way or the other.

The indicators that attest the economy outlook and withstand is that, the government of South Sudan did not leant and trims off itself as anticipated during the austerity measures/financial crisis, the civil servants wages and their overhead costs were still running and incur throughout although there are few irregularities and omission in payments and in disbursing.

To equate this and reflect on Khartoum situation, where their politics reached the mountain peak within that short time, when the economy and inflation had/has gone beyond the redemption like when the dollar was/is very high against the local currency/Sudanese Pounds which gave a lot of political and economic commotions that burst out into demonstrations and riots in Khartoum, prompting impromptu public outcry that called for regime change and reforms given the economics and political uproars in the country within that interval.

Followed by the practical example of the current insurgencies in the Country that has been going in the western parts of the Country since 2003 and other once in the Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile State

In this case, it seems and sounds like South Sudan will and shall never suffer most and first economically or politically before the Republic of Sudan suffered more and most or even die. This is because, we have where to depend on while trying to get other means and alternatives of livelihoods or exporting and shipping our oil revenue to the outside world or transnational markets.

This can be through our neighbouring, friendly and sisterly countries resembling Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti as he, Bashir said, whether it is by land or by air to any port of these nations, a good example is the undergoing pipeline project between South Sudan and Kenya is of paramount and permanent alternative solution to solve this problem between Sudan and South Sudan over the oil pipeline in their territory.

However, there will be a time when Sudan needs South Sudan relations but she will not get it because things will turn differently and this would’ve been the time they should be careful and get hold of this relationship. It will be very hard for Sudan later on to get this relation from South Sudan to embrace it again otherwise they will suffer most when South Sudan enjoys and turns away from them.

Giving the two scenarios above means that Sudan cannot survive without South Sudan because it has limited resources and there is nowhere she can export or transport her goods mostly apart from South Sudan where their soft drinks, grains, clothes and other materials are all over South Sudan markets currently but South Sudan can stand alone without Sudan economically and nothing can stab their political back like what happened to Sudan previously.

For example, Sudan cannot take her commodities and stuffs to Egypt, neither Libya nor Chad given the topography between Sudan and these countries and following their political and economic amphitheatre these days.

Secondly, Libya and Egypt has the same goods and productions with Sudan and it is Egypt to supply much goods to Sudan, not Sudan to supply her goods to Egypt or Libya no matter what.

Meanwhile, Chad–Sudan relationship is unfriendly and unchangeable since, although President Idris Deby of Chad had recently married the Daughter of Mr. Ali Kusheb, the then Janjaweed Militia Leader in Darfur and ICC wanted man. The marriage was politically motivated in order to improve bilateral relations between the two nations that have been on hike for quiet long time when both sides claimed unfounded accusations of sponsoring mercenaries with intention to destabilize one other’s peace and tranquillity since early 2000s when the rebels stormed the Capital city, Ndjamena of Chad and insurgency began in Darfur, western Sudan.

In my conclusion, it is up to the reader now to relate the current socio-economic, political views and positions of Sudan and South Sudan in comparison to recent months of oil production and inflow, when all the borders were closed and when the state of emergency was declared by Sudanese’ government at all the border’s corridors to South Sudan, whether it is by land or air space.

Luka Madhieu Kuot is a South Sudanese citizen living in South Sudan and he can be reached at or by dialing +211926030797.

The newborn baby Country of South Sudan is sick

BY: Pastor Paulino Choul Youl, Toronto, CANADA, JUN/16/2013, SSN;

It’s come to my attention that when I was in South Sudan since 2010 before the independence day of July/09/2011 the international community defined that South Sudan became the new nation of 193 Countries in the World.

However, my questions are?

1- Why this Baby of Two years old, doesn’t grow up? Either it’s sick or it’s has got a lack of nutrition.

2- If it is sick why we don’t provide a professional Doctor to identify the baby’s sickness, if it is because a lack of nutrition, from where are we going to get the Food while we don’t even have Food Security storage in the State?

3- Who’s that professional Doctor to treat the Baby’s sickness before it dies?

Your Excellency, Honourables, my Country men and women, Ladies and Gentlemen; that is the day that the Lord has made and given us the new Baby, but the Baby doesn’t have a good health up until now. Are we really capable to raise the baby to be useful in our society?

Some will say yes, and others will say no, and again I guess the baby is affected by Polio and the parents are responsible and accountable to anything happening to that Baby, they should take the baby to the Hospital and get him essential treatment.

My point of view and my experience on the ground in (South Sudan), our Baby is in a bad condition, we have to speed up, otherwise he will die on our hands.

Point (a):
Are we aware that our Country is in a serious sickness in terms of negligent, tribalism, etc… And if it will continues like that, the parents of the Baby will pay the prize (Leaders)…

Furthermore, they are not going to run away with it, the history will repeat itself. I want to tell you something fox, just keep it the back of your mind, there are many things I can say but this one thing I want you to know.

The Bible says in the OT without vision people will perish (means people will die or destroyed). Does the parent have a clear vision?

I myself I spend Three Years and Three Month in Juba City observing the Government system, I didn’t see any one of those members of Parliament raise up the topic of corruption or criticize one of those 75 corruptible in the Government of South Sudan… who’s responsible to account those people and how long the MPs are going to stay idle in the Parliament?

Point (b):
Where we are going to end up? The answer is we are going to end up in a dead end.
Now our Country has become the State of not being respected by other people in the World due to the disgraced leaders.

Point (c):
SPLM. Will the SPLM protect the new baby born Country?
When is this going to happen, is it going to happen in 2015 or before that time? Suppose let’s say if it’s going to be in 2015 I think the baby will die immediately before that time comes, so we need an emergency before he dies… I don’t know who will rescue the baby?

The South Sudan Government is not ensuring the baby’s protection. The implication is apparently in recent case where a baby has been exposed to the place where there is no security, health and food, well, it must be of concern, there is no significant progress for the baby since July 9. 2011. In the least of our expectation, no one wishes to criticize the Government because it’s still a new baby born Country, but that is not the question.

The question is whether or not, the national laws must guarantee the protection, respect the promotion of citizens’ fundamental rights, and freedoms.

Therefore, we need adequate protection mechanism in the whole States of South Sudan and we also need from the Government to provide jobs, equal opportunity to all employees without distinction. And if the Government failed to do so, they have to take off their Jackets and go to the Kitchen, because we need visionary leaders to lead us, not tribalism leaders.

You did mention that South Sudan has only Oil production but I disagreed with that point. We have a tremendous resource in the state more valuable than Oil production.

Why we don’t utilize those resources before the closure of the Oil, but I am not against the closure of Oil? I myself I will say that we don’t have any excuse in terms of development, Roads, Water supply, Electricity and so on…

How many Billions of Dollars (4.2 Blns) has been paid by Donors (US-AID) to the Government of South Sudan for the development, are you aware of that, where is the Money gone?

You don’t know and I don’t know too.

Sir, you mentioned that Tribalism is kind of Disease and we need to cure that, that’s right? Okay here is the point…

Who’s going to bring a good Doctor with a good profession treatment? My friend let me tell you something very important, tribalism will not be treated while our Government System is still based on Tribalism structure.

In April 2013, a friend of mine invited me to the workshop organized by the V/P (Machar) on National reconciliation. So, when we finished from there I had a discussion on the issue with him and I said “that peace will not be implemented by making the workshop and training, but by action because action speak louder than words. Making a change within the Government structure.”

That’s, we need to take the Governor of Lakes State with his commissioner to one of the Equatoria States, take the Governor of Upper Nile State with his commissioner to Western Equatoria State; the Governor of Jonglei State with his commissioner to Eastern EQ State, the Governor of one Equatoria State with his commissioner to Upper Nile State, the Governor of Warrap State with his commissioner to where he cannot find his tribesmen, etc..

These are the real changes, my friends, I get to tell you, where is the clear vision and mission in the Nation?

In order to get rid of Tribalism from the State, the Government needs to do what are mentioned in the above subject; otherwise we are not going anywhere!!! That’s precisely what I mean and what I anticipate to happen for changes, no more or less.

email Address:

It’ll be Statesmanship & Charismatic for President Kiir to leave the Presidency

BY: Dhaal Mapuor Aterdit, JUBA, JUN/14/2013, SSN;

It is something hard to say. It is somewhat even harder to imagine here in Africa. The preacher of this ethical notion is looked on as a battering ram against prosperity, development and the political growth in my Continent. Elsewhere, they called it transfer of power from one statesman to the other. It has nothing to do with violence like what came about in 2007 in Kenya – the so-called election violence. This was a premeditated mess by the superiors who were administering the national affairs of the Republic of Kenya by then.

The President of Equatorial Guinea Mr. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo is Africa’s longest serving ruler. When he overthrew his uncle, Francisco Macías Nguema, in a bloody coup d’état in 1979, he stayed in power until today. Although Equatorial Guinea is one of the Continent’s largest producers of oil and has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, nothing much is said to have been accomplished in terms of development and prosperity for the civil population.

Many African leaders run their governments in a fashion that adversely portrays that the governments are their personal and privately-own saving business enterprises.

There in Zimbabwe, Robert Gabriel Mugabe is a norm. As one of the leaders of the guerilla movements against white-minority rule, he was elected into power in 1980. He has been on the throne for decades. He despotically ruled the country for 32 years. One may not tell clearly what kept Robert in his post for those years, but maybe Morgan Richard Tsvangirai (Mugabe’s toughest challenger in Zimbabwe) may have a vast knowledge about this.

In South Africa, things ran soft gently when self-rule was granted to South Africans in 1994. The freedom struggle, akin to South Sudan’s was characterized by a lot of sufferings enhanced by apartheid policy and mass slaughters. This racial segregation and discrimination nourished hate exceedingly in the hearts of the Black Community members and breed continuous violence protests against the White successive regime in Johannesburg.

Arrest and torture were innumerable and limitless. Robin Island was terrifyingly a den of lions in the ears of Black South Africans then.

Peace in the course of reconciliation was the subject of the year in 1994. As a matter of principled preference, reconciliation rank first on the surface of the national priorities. In 1994, Nelson Mandela becomes the first Black African to hold the office of presidency in a multiracial election. His administration focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by means of embarking upon institutionalized racism, poverty and disparity, and nurturing ethnic reconciliation.

Although, he didn’t do much as president, he left presidency in 1999. It was a brilliant personal magnetism. Many people loved him and chose to call him “the father of the nation.” Mandela earned international honor and recognition because of his democratic ideals.

The same thing also happened in The Republic of Cape Verde where President Pedro Verona Pires stand down after two terms and discarded requests to change the constitution to stay in office, like some African leaders have done. He incorporated presidential term-limit into the national constitution and decided to institute a multi-party democracy in the country.

Here in South Sudan, a cluster of patriots with one heart linked jointly to establish a world renowned revolutionary movement, the SPLM/A in 1983. The revolution was boldly geared towards moving away from the constraints of the Old Sudan of racism, religious bigotry, historical myopia, and the combined economic downturns, insecurity and continuous warfare.

Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit was one of the architects of these chronological events. He has never changed his heart only to see South Sudanese free at last. With great passion, they fought for 21 years; they demanded transformation and self-determination for South Sudan as a panacea for abject suffering of South Sudanese.

On the world’s calendar, 9th July tells us the birth of the Republic of South Sudan. This is a day that all South Sudanese love to witness. I love it and I cherish it too! It stands out visibly as a reminder for all the citizens of South Sudan that every one of us has contributed immensely to the establishment of the new republic. I call it patriotism and a march forward in pursuit of a democratic state.

In my faculty of thought, I believe that having stayed in power for innumerable years cannot count to any development and prosperity. But the principle of democracy counts to growth and success in all spheres. This is what the new country needs to be installed. It’s what the country needs to incorporate genuinely into its system as its core value and guidance.

It is not a political abomination if one tells President Salva Kiir to leave the presidency. It is for his regional and international honor and credit. I therefore, vividly urge Mr. President to buy honor and recognition at a priceless cost. It’s a cost that needs political will.

President Kiir, as egalitarian as he is, I hope he may accept some crucial ideas rather than sticking to harmful ones. There are quite a few reasons that I believe if Kiir leaves presidency, South Sudan will have a very clean and fundamental record in the world’s democratic timeline.

First of all, I am very eager to see Salva Kiir retiring from active national politics and become “a father of the nation and one of the champions of modern democracy in Africa”. If he does this, it will be in the interest of multitude historians of the modern world to insert his name deeply into the pages of history. He will be named as inventor of democracy in South Sudan.

Secondly, South Sudan is a tribes-oriented country which is yearning for a great deal of transformation. This transformation scheme involves peace-building and conflict settlement. This tribal rehabilitation can only go so successful when Kiir has stepped aside and advised the country as an experienced statesman. I hope his love for this nation has led to the birth of the Republic of South Sudan.

As a role model, President Kiir is sympathetically required to inject modification in the government structure without hostilities among the communal groupings in the country. I want him become a paradigm of national harmony by doing what will define his leadership. As a result of this he will discover universal view between humankind’s higher values and the politician’s ambitious desire for power.

If he steps aside, he will cement the national foundation of the hard-won new democracy in Africa.

A Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist theorist, Leon Trotsky once said the subsequent quote, “The end may justify the means as long as there is something that justifies the end”.

In relation to the contextual argument of Leon, all South Sudanese will learn that the means of governance was democracy, so far the end was peaceful and fair transfer of power from Kiir to another popular South Sudanese regardless of tribe, sex, religion and party he/she comes from.

The Author of this article can be reached at for any comment.

The problems that affect the African states and South Sudan as a new country!

By Both Nguot, JUBA, JUN/13/2013, SSN;

The independent African states are locked up in vicious cycle of problems. These include poverty, unemployment, corruption, overpopulation, hunger, coup d’etat, civil wars, diseases, child abuse, nepotism, tribalism, and the list is so long. These and many problems have rendered the independent of the new African states useless. Therefore the following are just some few examples for our public to highlight and compare them to our current situation in the country (south Sudan).

One of the problem is Coup d’etat; it is a sudden military overthrow of the legitimate government in power which is recognized as unconstitutional way of gaining power by removing an elected government. It was started in 1952 Egyptian coup De-tat which was followed by so many African state at difference times, some of these countries include the 1963 coup in Togo, the 1965 coup in Congo, the 1966 coup in Ghana, the 1969 coup in Libya, the 1971 coup in Uganda, the different coups in Sudan, the different coups in Nigeria and the list is so long enough. What were/are the causes of all this coup De-tats in African continent?

 Hurried independence: In some African countries, colonial masters never prepared some of these African countries for an independent, one of this country was Congo, when nationalist in Congo Leopoldville demanded for an independent from Belgian colony, the Belgian hurried up in granting it’s independent in 1960. This led to chain reaction of problems that lead to 1965 coup by Mobutu Seseseko and many others countries in Africa.

 Foreign intervention: Most military coup in African countries happens due to the result of foreign intervention in to the political affairs of the African countries. Example of these countries include 1966 coup in Ghana and 1971 coup in Uganda against Obote I and others.

 The influence of earlier coups: the 1952 coup in Egypt had influenced so many countries in Africa, it influence soldiers in many parts of Africa to overthrow civilian government. E.g. colonel Abdel Nasser of Egypt greatly influenced the 29 years old colonel Muamer Gadaffy to carried out the 1969 coup in Libya against king Idris where he ruled for 42 years till his death in 2011.

 The desire to restore constitutional rule: in some cases, civilian African presidents openly abuse the constitutions of their countries as happened from Obote I of Uganda when he nullified the 1972 independent constitution and imposed it in 1967 which result to 1971 general Ida Amin coup plotter claimed that he had come to restore constitutional rule.

 Military discontent: the poor housing facilities, low or delay of salaries, scarcity of food, and lack of medication, uniform, weapon and ammunition caused tension and discontent in the army. This in turn has led to coup De-tat as it happened in Ivory Coast in 1999 and many others. In this circumstances the coup plotter might claim to come up in order to changes all these problems facing the army.

 The desire to share the national cake: in the circumstance this could happen where the scarce resources are monopolized by a given group of people or a tribe in expense of others and employment are based on tribes that undermine the right of innocent people, soldiers have always intervened and promise to make equitable distribution among the population regardless of race, sex and religion. Example of these was 1974 coup in Ethiopia and 1991 coup in Somalia were the result of the desire to redistribute the national resources.

 Widespread of economic crises: have often resulted in to coups, these involve problems of inflation, unemployment where the youth are just rooming along the streets in the city and most of jobs are being occupied by foreigners, the graduates are just rooming with their documents since employment is done on technical know-who rather than technical know-how, low salaries, scarcity of commodities and the like have all made soldiers to overthrow government in power as it happened in Ghana in 1966 and Sudan in 1989 of AL-Igaz.

 The need to check against tribalism: it happened when the head of state favored only his tribe, and this is where employment are based on tribal line, example of this happened during Obote I’s favoritism to his Langi tribemates and Emperor Silesia’s favors towards his Amharic tribe-mates, this annoyed the others tribes to take rebellion as happened in 1971 and 1974 coups in Uganda and Ethiopia respectively.

 Dictatorial rule and abuse of human rights: this happened when democracy, freedom of expression, abuse of human right are absolutely restricted in the country. Such example happened in Sudan during the reign of General Aboud which led to 1965 coup against him as well as Mahgoup’s dictatorship coup against his government in 1969.

 The need to end corruption: this happened when there is rampant corruption in the country and no accountability, in this circumstances, taxes are collected and put into the individual pocket, non equitable distribution of resources among the citizen, job insecurities or fear of being retrenched or reshuffled, too much greed for wealth or the desire to become rich quickly due to low life expectancy, sectarianism and nepotism where certain tribe or clan gangs up to plunder the nation, meager payment which do not match with standard of living, absent of strong law to punish corrupt official, lack of sense of patriotism, lack of public accountability, poor and weak administrative control i.e. there is no check and balance and tribalism that make soldiers to take over government through coups and claim to have come to liberate the citizens from the hand of corrupts leaders as it happened in 1966 during Nkrumah by General Ankrah in Ghana.

 Failure by the government in power to organize democratic elections on time as stated in the constitution: This force the opposition and others who want to become the presidents of the country to overthrown the legitimate government. Such scenarios happened in most part of the African countries where the president uses absolute monarchy in running the affairs of the country even if the country is a democratic state as in the case of Zimbabwe.

 Overloading the army with wars: As in the case in south Sudan and Sudan where there are too many rebellion in the country due to one reason of another and what so ever the case might be, in this circumstance the soldiers will overthrown the government and make a claim to come up and bring people together in sharing the national cakes.

 Political instability: this reflects itself in form of civil wars, military coup De-tats, urban terrorism which are usually cause by dictatorial rule which is mainly manifested in lack of respect for the constitution, tribalism which breeds tribal fears, tension and suspicion, differences in political philosophy and ideology, the desire of certain tribe or religion to revenge against other as it happened in Rwanda and so on.

In contrast to the above mentioned problems and their negative effects in most of the African countries with our current situation in south Sudan as an independent new country from this continent. One could easily understand that we are all in those situations mentioned above if am not mistaken, without knowing that those are the one that always result to coup De-tats in most of the African countries.

Although there was no such coup happened in south Sudan, but these situations could also encourages coup to happen in the future if there are no clear means of delivering services to the citizen as it’s now in south Sudan where corruption, killing, and many others becomes the normal activities since there is no accountability. But as the democratic country, we would like to do things in a democratic manner.

We don’t support such ways of changing the leadership throw military coup since it could let to violent and destruction of properties in our country. Therefore, it will be will of our people and the leadership of south Sudan to respect their membership in list of the democratic countries registered in the United Nation as democratic nations in order to avoid dictatorship and to allow democracy in the country so as to abandon an illegal ways of becoming to power through military means. Otherwise, prevention will be better than cure.

The writer is a south Sudanese living in Juba and can be reached at

Holding Juba & Khartoum to unconditionally implement agreements

BY: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, JUN/13/2013, SSN;

Whenever one hears about Sudan, you know that some government Antonov planes must have bombed civilian villages in Darfur, the Nuba Mountains or the Blue Nile regions. Or it has displaced its own people, forcing them to take refuge in caves or underground holes. Occasionally it could be about some Islamist security agents heavy handedly cracking down on peaceful demonstrators or opposition figures.

But of recent Sudan is also caught up in a series of military humiliations in the hands of the Sudan Revolutionary Forces (SRF) – an alliance of the different Darfuri rebel groups and the SPLM- North. In between you will hear claims of victories and loses on both sides.

In the South, there is the new republic of South Sudan (RSS), which has filled the world media with its record breaking levels of corruption and senior officials being accused of embezzling no less $4 billion dollars from the public fund and yet the government cannot do anything about it.

When it not corruption, it must be either people killed in dozens in a cattle raid, or one tribe organizing to wipe out another from the surface of the earth, not to talk of the well-known phenomenon of one rebel group joining the government and another attacking government position elsewhere. Or worse still citizens being killed, or made to disappear on daily basis all across the country, but especially so in the capital city of Juba.

But when you hear about Sudan and South Sudan in one and same piece of news, then it must be a fight over how to transport the Oil which happens to be largely in the landlocked RSS and can only at the present be transported to the international markets through the territories of its archenemy the Sudan.

It is in the background of the aforementioned myriad of events that no sensible government in these parts of the world should be overheard, that its cabinet is unable to meeting because they lack an agenda.

Juba finally finds for itself one long agenda.

Although the last paragraph above, should have it that the world can never run out of agenda if president Omer al Bashir of Sudan still rules in Khartoum and Salva Kiir in Juba – yet the new republic of South Sudan, that should have known better, only came to appreciate this fact through the hard way on Saturday June 8, 2013, when Khartoum announced its intentions to immediately close down the oil pipeline and cut off South Sudan’s oil.

Almost as if recovering from a deep coma, Salva Kiir’s cabinet who until Friday June 7, 2013, failed to hold its weekly meeting due to lack of agenda [reported Sudan tribune June 7, 2013 (JUBA)] were to be proven wrong. President Kiir, who was not ready to brief the cabinet on his recent trip to Japan and wanted to continue further relaxing following his long absence, had no choice but to call an emergency meeting on Sunday, June 9, 2013 in response to the al Bashir’s bombshell.

Now that Juba has been reminded that there is going to be no any shortages of agenda any soon, the South Sudanese masses at home and in the Diaspora expect the government to come up with a clear position on how to deal with Khartoum, now, in the immediate future and in the long run.

The real problems only made worst by the UNSC and the AU complacency.

Those who know it will tell you that the real problems in both the Sudans are basically the absence of democracy and the lack basic freedoms. Even the new republic of South Sudan that came into being as a result of years of devastating liberation wars fought against successive governments in Khartoum, which the freedom fighters had accused of being totalitarian, dictatorial and discriminative.

However two years now after independence and those supposed to have been liberated by the ruling SPLM/A are yet to speak freely, in what is now their own country.

Juba may have some moral obligation towards defending the rights of its former comrades in Darfur, Nuba Mountains, and the Blue Nile regions. Unfortunately for it to be taken seriously as a defender of human rights, it must first show that it is better than the NCP regime in Khartoum, by offering these much needed freedoms, first to its own citizens who continue to be oppressed under the SPLM/A in a fashion no less than those marginalized by the NCP in the Arab Islamic Republic of Sudan.

The international community [UNSC & AU] have behaved in a way much marked by continuous change of goal posts whenever presenting solutions in both Sudan and South Sudan. The promised democratic transformation to a true multiparty system of governance is now replaced by some kind of dubious peacekeeping missions which pretend to keep a peace that never existed in the first place.

The AU on the other hand is no more than a talking club or in the words of Mwaulimu Julius Nyerere former president of Tanzania, “it is a trade union of Africa’s dictatorial leaders”. It surprises no one that it [AU] is unable to find everlasting solutions to the Sudanese problems – which are in fact problems shared all across the continent as it lacks democracy, transparency, good governance, and rule of law, accountability and above all the limitation of the term of office for dictators that litter the whole continent.

On January 25, 2013 the AUPSC over saw a communique signed between Juba & Khartoum for the unconditional implementation of the September 27, 2012 cooperation agreement. This maybe the best position ever arrived to by the organisation, however unless it is prepared to enforce the implementation of this communique on the ground the way it was signed, the AU is on its way to become ‘a big toothless mouth’, just like its predecessor the OAU.

For if it turns out that it is entirely depending on the good will of the two leaders, who both happen to be ruling their countries with iron fists, then the AU is being unrealistic in its search for peace across the two Sudans. The good will between the leaders do not exist, because if it does , all these issues at hand would have been long tackled, far away from the spotlights of the AU or the United Nations, given the long history of coexistence shared all across the geopolitical divide.

Reactions, in streets …

Al Bashir’s latest announcement ordering the closure of the oil pipelines came as no surprise to anyone who follows the events of the last couple weeks that kept unfolding in the border regions between the two Sudans. Furthermore, his plan to pull out of the 27th September Cooperation Agreement with Juba is all but the same thing.

To the common South Sudanese citizen, these endless talks on relationship with Khartoum are seen as a mere distraction by people in power while they continue to embezzle whatever is left in the public coffers. An average South Sudanese man and woman is never expecting anything good to come from Khartoum for that being exactly why they chose to have their independent country in the first place.

South Sudan has ever survived long before the oil was discovered, and it will continue to survive long after the oil is gone. Thus far the people know. Also the fact that the Arab north plans to use South Sudan’s dependence on Sudan’s pipelines and sea port for exporting the oil as a means to bring the new country to its knees and force it to fight against its fellow Africans of the Sudan, are all things they known. Khartoum’s policy of recruiting proxy fighters is as old as the Sudan itself, and it’s time the riverine Arabs fight their own wars.

Unfortunately to the leadership in Juba, it all seems complicated and each time something goes wrong with this already known to be unreliable relationship with Khartoum, they pretend to have been taken by surprise. This childish way of handling state affairs is taking us nowhere. SPLM must not underestimate the fact that it was stronger when it had Khartoum as a declared enemy, however in the present situation where it wants Khartoum, both a friend and an enemy, isn’t really working. Khartoum should also avoid doing that.

As for the Sudan Revolutionary Forces (SRF), its relationship with the SPLM in South Sudan is only made to look complex because our leadership in Juba wants to have it both ways. However for most South Sudanese, it is gentlemen’s position and as they deeply and strongly believe in the cause of the people of the Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile regions, they will not waste their time pretending to like Omer al Bashir and his NIF government in Khartoum. This makes their lives easier as they don’t have to deal with contradictions any longer.

South Sudan and its incumbent leaders are by choice making their positions look as if they are the weak side in the Khartoum/Juba political game. This should be the case because when we convinced the entire world of our reasons to secede from Khartoum, they understood it, stood by us and recognised us the very evening we declared our independence. This is our strength on which we should be building all our internal and external policies.

Whether we physically support Sudan’s rebels of the SRF or only sympathize with them, it makes very little difference when it comes to evaluating Juba’s relationship with Khartoum. We quit the unity with Khartoum for a very strong reason. Otherwise people don’t just break up countries for no reason. The unfortunate fact that, two years into our independence and we are still struggling to deal with the same Jallaba – brings our whole claim of sovereignty to question! This needs redress and sooner than later.

Technically Khartoum’s plan to shut down the oil still remains Khartoum’s internal issue the way president Salva Kiir and Dr. Marial Benjamin would have us believe since they haven’t yet received any official notification as a government and practically the oil is still flowing unstopped. Nonetheless this is not a thing to count on given our knowledge of the enemy.

Sudan’s al Bashir is already on record for threatening to close the oil if Juba fails to allow the Sudan Armed Forces [SAF] access into South Sudan territory to flush out the SRF rebels from behind; however it cannot just decide to stop the flow of the oil without involvement of the other stakeholders.

Now again without an official notification to Juba, Khartoum’s minister of information has come out with yet another version of the announcement, changing president al Bashir immediate closure order to a grace period of sixty days in which they expect Juba to avert the closure by complying with Khartoum.

While al Bashir’s latest hysterical behaviors can be traced down to his government’s failure to contain the country’s internal problems of multifaceted rebellions that are quickly growing both in strength and popularity all across the country and no longer confined to the far states of Darfur, Kordofan or the Blue Nile, the truth of the matter is that al Bashir is looking for a foreign enemy in order to rally his people behind his ailing regime.

The AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) will have to remind Khartoum of the communiqué signed between Sudan-South Sudan, which among others, stressed the need for the two countries to unconditional implement the 27 September 2012 agreements. It is either this or the entire agreement off the window with or without a return an all-out war.

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. Secretary General – United South Sudan Party (USSP). He can be reached at: