Archive for: June 2013

Will corruption ‘’END’’ in South Sudan under the current leadership?

BY: Both Nguot, JUBA, JUN/30/2013, SSN;

Action speaks louder than words, corruption in south Sudan in the highest echelons of the government has become the order of the day. This is to be expected in a situation where there is no accountability of any sort. It is generated by the absence of the rule of law in the country, complications of causes related to mismanagement of public funds which make it impossible for justice to deal withi It becomes monotonous on the eye of public since accountability is at zero level as we have experienced this kind of action, where action speak louder than word.

On many occasions, Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit, the president of the Republic of south Sudan, in all speeches he had delivered to the people said that his government had no room for corruption adding that there is going to be zero tolerance on corruption.

People were very happy with the president on his promises, hoping that he (Kiir) will bring the suspects to book particularly when he appointed an experienced judge, Justice John Gatwech Lul as the chairman of anti-corruptions commission and about the letters he had sent to 75 government officials who were suspected of looting $4 billion US dollars as discovered in their respective foreign accounts.

People thought that soon there was going to be accountability on the suspected officials. But did it happen as it was expected? Were those culprits brought to book? Or was there a report that no money was stolen? Was there a public notice about the outcomes of the investigation? Why did the president write the letters to these individual who allegedly stole our public funds if he knew that there will be no accountability?

The president would have remained silent in order to maintain his position and to save his image since people were not aware about the money stolen.

On the other hand, there were forms distributed to all government institutions, the aim was to acknowledge their individual assets. What was the result of those forms in which the chairman of anti-corruption commission himself sent to all government officials in order to declare their personal assets? Was there a report about those forms?

Not only that, there were 60 millions south Sudanese pounds which disappear into the air without the suspects being account for, according to the report presented to the parliament by Public Accounting Committee (PCA) in 2011. Was there accountability or the fact was that the issue was too complicated to be handled?

Recently, on the 15/03/2013, a total of about ssp 208,543 and USD 14,000 were stolen from the office of the president on two separate thefts despite the tight security within and around the office of the president. According to the report, the money was stolen on two occasions, but we don’t know whether it was the same thief who also came back for the second time or it was a different thief.

According to the report, the first thief came on 15/03/2013 where they (thieves) dug a very tiny hole and then took the money. And in the morning hours, the issue was not raised to the police for investigation on the next day. The office remains silent.

The second thief came on the 23/03/2013 and according to the report; the money was taken in the iron box through the window, while the case was belatedly reported to the police for investigation on the 29/03/2013 after six days. Why it was not reported on the next day of the incident? Because the public came to realize that there was money stolen after a length of time when reported by the Sudan tribune website.

Did the thieves come from outside or there were some organs within the office of the president who took this money? If it was from outside, how did he/she knew that there was money in the office, then entered till reached the room where the money was kept, despite the facts that there were heavy securities around the office?

In the order, the president directed the committee to investigate his office’s top administrators. These include the chief administrator, executive director in the office of the president, as well as the controller of accounts, and then the committee shall report after 30 days.

On the 14/06/2013, the committee issues a press release on their final investigation as they were mandated by the office of the president to report after 30 days. Although the commission didn’t identify the names of those involved in stealing of money, the public should not merely put the responsibility on this toothless commission as it has no powers and right to prosecute as stipulated in the transitional constitution (TCRSS).

Therefore, to avoid putting this blame on the commission, the following are the functions of anti-corruption commission as:
(a) protect public property;
(b) investigate cases of corruption involving public property and public interest; and it shall submit such investigation to the Ministry of Justice for prosecution;
(c) combat administrative malpractices in public institutions; and
(d) pursuant to the provisions of Article 121 (1) herein, require all persons holding such public offices to make confidential formal declarations of their income, assets and liabilities.
(2) Without prejudice to sub-Article (1) above, the Commission shall not have any power to question the decision of any Justice, Judge or Magistrate where such decision was made in the discharge of the judicial functions of his or her office.

Therefore, the ball is now in front of ministry of justice to either bring these people to book or put it aside as it always use to, because the commission has no right to prosecute or ask why if there is a delay in the ministry of justice according to Transitional constitution of Republic of south Sudan.

In 2008, billions of US dollars worth of contracts was signed by the ministry of finance with some fake companies to deliver the grain to the ten states as a government’s response to the hunger in the then self-autonomous region.

The grain scam, locally known as Dura saga, was meant to be sold to the hunger-stricken millions at cheaper prices and the money remitted to the ministry of finance. However, many individuals secured the contracts with fake documents, claiming to be companies and ended up getting away with hundreds of millions of dollars without any grain delivered to the states.

Although there were some few individuals who had grown up in good background managed to deliver their grains to their respected areas, however the majority didn’t even deliver a single bag of sorghum to the needy but ended up with billions of dollars.

This month, the ministry of justice, called all companies which signed contracts to bring their legal documents to the ministry of justice so that the culprits on Dura Saga are to be identified and to follow the legal procedure before the law, but will there be accountability if the looters are identified?

What is taking the government so long to end the Dura saga? Why is it so secretive about the issue? Do we know the names of the companies involved in the scandal? Who are the shareholders of the companies? Why does the Council of Ministers seem so reluctant to investigate and prosecute these individuals? Who is willing to tell the truth about the issue?

Do you think the government has the will to tackle it? Dear South Sudanese, as per the proof I have, the whole issue is very complicated. The judiciary cannot do anything about it.

This month, the 18/06/2013, Kiir suspended and lifted the immunities of Cabinet Affairs Minister Deng Alor Kuol along with the Finance and Economic Planning Minister Kosti Manibe Ngai for an incident that involves disbursing funds totalling $7,959,400 to Daffy Investments Group Limited which is a private foreign company whose top executive reportedly is related to some officials in Juba.

The presidential order establishes a five-member investigation committee, under the chairperson of anti-corruption commission, Justice John Gatwech Lul, to scrutinize the necessity and legality of the contract endorsed by Alor and Manibe as well as finding out the current whereabouts of the money.

The committee was tasked to investigate and to report the final finding within 60 days. The terms of reference for the investigation will include establishing who authorized the transfer of the money and whether there was a resolution from the cabinet approving the alleged purchase of anti-fire safes.

The committee will also investigate whether there was a contract approved and signed by the government and whether such alleged anti-fire safes were brought into the country as well as the whereabouts of the money and among others. That were the good steps ever taken since the formation of government of southern Sudan on the issue of corruption.

We wish the president to listen to the call of his people and to bring the other 75 officials as well as those who stole money last time in his office before the law so that people re-gain back their confidence in his leadership otherwise, people will definitely lose all hopes.

There is a saying that when a liar is telling you that there is a snake behind you, you will for sure ignore it because he always tell lies. Although president Kiir is trying now to regain his honesty from the public, it will be very hard because people become bored with his promises that he had made while not implementing any at all.

Anyway, although the above message may not bear the exactitude of what is going on but it at least gives you a clue about the impossibilities, complications and complexities surrounding the issue. It is just impossible for the current government of South Sudan to bring to book those who pocketed millions of dollars.

In conclusion, as a citizen who would wish to live in a better South Sudan, a country whose independence was gained through blood, flesh and tears – let us contribute on the possible solutions to this rampant and shameful precedence our leaders are setting, because if we don’t control it now, it will become part of our culture to steal.

Hence, our country will surely loss its vision and mission in which we fought for during 191 years of our struggle started from 1820-2011.

Therefore, since there is no accountability in all crimes that the government officials are committing, we don’t expect that corruption will ever end under the current government, the worst is that it will become our daily activity, as is happening now where we see new and strange events in our country south Sudan.

The writer is the concerned south Sudanese living in Juba and can be reached at

WBGS Fertit unite to unplug Kiir in 2015: Message to Wau people

BY: Peter Utenmando, WAU, Western Bahr el Ghazel, JUN/28/2013, SSN;

Let me start by saluting and the people of Wau city, for always acting peacefully to express their thoughts, and showing the courage against the aggression that they are facing since Salva Kiir`s term begun until now. People of Wau have shown in civilized way that they are capable of dealing with difficulties and challenges in their State with courage and dignity.

Unfortunately, as long as Kiir is in power, the people of Wau will never live in peace, they will remain under pressure from the government and suffer further more.

All may recall the massacre of peaceful demonstrators that took place on December 8th and 9th 2012 in Wau city, where unarmed protesters were killed by the SPLA, which is a clear violation of freedom of peaceful expression.

To cover this crime, Governor Zachariah Rizik, created tension among the WBGS tribes, launched out media campaign against the Fertit accusing them of being robbing banks, looting, and refused to admit that unarmed protesters were killed by the SPLA. The accusation was proven false, when Al Jazeera English news channel showed video of SPLA soldiers shooting peaceful protesters.

The whole story was quickly covered by another accusation from the Governor claiming that the Fertit tribes have killed forty nine (49) Dinka civilians in Farajala, although six (6) bodies has been found died, they are probably brought to this area from Warrap state, where there was fighting going on at the same time.

On 7th June 2013, the Governor continues to cover his crime by putting eleven (11) people to death penalty, after accusing them of participating in the Farajalla events. We believe that the court and the local authorities has been under pressure from the Government of South Sudan GOSS to suppress our people in Wau.

The whole process was politically motivated, and it targeted only specific ethnic group of Fertit, to pressure them to be silent. It is true that this discrimination against the Fertit people has been planning by Salva Kiir and his advisors. The government is targeting and prosecuting only those people from Fertit side.

The court exempted those who shot the peaceful protesters, burned Fertit houses, and killed people in the Wau city, exempted them from the prosecution, and went further to compensate only the Dinka, whom came in large number from Warrap state to kill people in Wau and to destabilize the city.

We fully blame the governor for creating tension between Fertit and Dinkas, and he will be held accountable for his behavior.

We are appealing to the human rights office, especially, in South Sudan to save those who are sentenced to death by the governor and the GOSS. We do not have any place to go to seek justice and help for our innocent people.

We have lost the confidence in Salva Kiir and his government, we do not trust that our people have found or will find the fair justice or protection from the GOSS.

All the action taken by the GOSS in South Sudan is based on tribalism, as the president is from Dinka Twig tribe, he is exempting his own people from the justice and protecting them.

Fifty (50) of the seventy three (73) whom Salva Kiir identified as the most corrupt officers, and the Deputy Interior Minister (Salva Matuk) who has been orchestrated and implemented the kidnapping and killing of the innocent people in South Sudan, are from Dinka Twig, where Salva Kiir is coming, they are protected by Salva Kiir.

South Sudan has been pulling into a dark future by Salva Kiir and his government policies, Salva Kiir’s policies are worst than what Arabs in North have been doing to the South Sudanese people.

The GOSS has no agenda for the country, all they care is only to corrupt and steal the country`s sources, they even do not have any future plan for country, but to beg the government of Sudan to allow oil to flow, so that they can corrupt and steal more money.

I am calling upon the South Sudanese nation to stand up and speak, not to be afraid of being tortured. We need another John Garang to liberate us from Salva Kiir`s corrupt administration, we need a good leaders to lead our beautiful country of South Sudan to prosperity.

I call upon our brothers and sisters to speak loudly with one voice and say no for the killing of our people, no for the shooting of innocent people, no for stealing our resources, no for the kidnapping of our young people to be tortured for only expressing their views.

I call, especially, the people of Fertit to unite with other tribes in South Sudan and unplug Salva Kiir from the power, because Gov. Rizik Zachariah would never kill and torture our people if Salva Kiir was not supporting him. What Zachariah Risik is doing to our people is directly from Salva Kiir.

If we want our country to be peaceful one, if we want to end corruption in South Sudan, if we want to live in peace in our Wau, let us support the right person to stand against Salva Kiir. If we remove Zachariah Risik only, Salva Kiir will bring someone else that’s worst than him to kill us again.

Actually, it is easier to unplug Salva Kiir than Zachariah Risik if we unite with other tribes in South Sudan.

Let us teach Salva Kiir a lesson that what he did and what he said against our people in his last visit to Wau, were mistakes he will regret for encouraging the governor to torture and kill our people.

Whether we pretend that we support him or not, he will never like us. Let us unite with all our brothers and sister in South Sudan to remove Salva Kiir from the power, so that our country will find peace and grow a strong economy.

As long as Salva Kiir is in the power, corruption will never end. Our great late leader John Garang once said, “A Fish starts to stink from its head.”

What do you expect from the GOSS and Salva Kiir is the head of the government, and he is the most corrupted one?

As long as he is in power the killing of our young people will continue, the suppression of our people to be silent will continue. Therefore, let us put all our efforts together and make sure that Salva Kiir is no longer in the power after 2015, and I believe people of South Sudan can do that.

I am optimistic that South Sudan will see the bright future soon, we just need to pick the right guy to lead our country into the right direction, and that right guy is absolutely not Salva Kiir, because he has more than eight years now and we have seen nothing but corruption and killing of our people.

Worrying signs on leadership: South Sudan educational dilemma.

BY: Ireneaus Sindani, Kenya, JUN/28/2013, SSN; The series of South Sudan leadership issue continue. I hope many of you are not tired of the arguments. On the other hand I hope we are educating ourselves. This time around I would like to focus specifically on education in South Sudan. This is because education is a catalyst. It is a catalyst for development and change. Education brings wisdom and honour.

Education broods prosperity for individuals and the society. It brings health for all particularly when the child girl is educated. Education widens our perceptions and aspirations. It urges us to aim high and to ignore the unpalatable concepts. Education teaches us to judge the good and the bad. It brings morality and respect for one another. Education emancipates us from the bondage of inwardness and puts us on the path of forward looking. It gives us the power and intellect to think, challenge and prove. It makes us more wiser so that we can use prove and evidence for our judgement, arguments, discussions, conclusions and decision making.

Education liberates us from what we perhaps might have conceived to be the truth by tradition or upbringing. Education is the key to individual and national development. It is the basis for discovery and scientific advancement. Therefore, all in all education is the panacea of all that we aspire and desire in our world or nation for that matter.

According to Oxford Dictionary, “education is defined as the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university. A course of education is the theory and practice of teaching while colleges of education is a body of knowledge acquired while being educated. This is an encyclopaedic and eclectic information about or training in a particular subject such as health education, engineering, medicine etc”. The free online dictionary defines education as the, “act or process of educating or being educated, the knowledge or skill obtained or developed by a learning process, a program of instruction of a specified kind or level such as college education, the field of study that is concerned with the pedagogy of teaching and learning and an instructive or enlightening experience”.

For the purpose of this article, the keys words in these definitions are body of knowledge or skills acquired, being educated and enlightening experience. This means without education one cannot acquire the knowledge and skills needed to be applied for personal and national development. Lack of education means lack of adeptness, aptitude, manoeuvrability, flexibility, judgement, prediction, selectivity, differentiation, foresight, desirability, logic and perceptions. Lack of education means parting with intelligentsia, rational, abstract and didactic thinking.

Lack of education means the power to balance ego and id is weakened thus creating behavioral disharmony. Enlightening experience is an important agent of change in any society because experiences learnt somewhere can influence change whether positive of negative. Experience has made great men and women to advance in society or create great societal change that have advanced humanity. Experience is the master of behavior and commonality.

Having illustrated the importance or others may call it the evil of education as the Boko Haram say that western education is evil and is non grata in Nigeria, my mind wants to focus on the pathetic educational situation in South Sudan. I would like to focus on this issue for three important reasons. First whether our leaders plainly consider education as important for development of South Sudan. Secondly whether they think all children in South Sudan should have universal access to education and thirdly whether educating the children of the South Sudanese bourgeoisies or elites will lead to development of South Sudan.

However, I would like to look at the educational realities as depicted by the review by Gordon Brown, the former Prime Minister of Great Britain who is keen to revive education in South Sudan. According to the review, South Sudan is anchored to the bottom of international league of the 121 countries in the world for which comparative data on almost any measure of performance is available. South Sudan ranks second lowest for primary education while it is ranked the lowest out of 134 countries for secondary education.

Please allow me to quote all the disturbing data from Brown report. In South Sudan, “fewer than half of primary school age children are in school. The net enrolment rate is just 44 per cent, implying that children in the relevant age range are out of school. Secondary school enrolment is reported at less than 10 per cent. Drop rates are very high. Using 2009 data, the World Bank put the gross enrolment rate at 14.5 per cent for grade one, falling to just 8 per cent at grade eight. Enrolment rates in South Sudan are far below the average levels for sub Africa – and these figures mask the marked disparities across states”.

According to this report, there is high and gender disparity in South Sudan primary schools. It indicated that, “in 2010 there were just under half million children in the first grade of primary school. By the eighth grade that figure had fallen to just over 20,000 with fewer than 7,000 girls”.
As these figures suggest, “many children enter school only to drop out before gaining basic literacy skills. Over one-quarter drop between grades 1 and 2 and just only 16% of students enrolled at grade 1 complete primary education. The rate for girls is 9% , underlining the cumulative effect of gender inequalities”.

Furthermore, the reports says, attrition rates in secondary education are equally marked, as are gender disparities. Only around 400 girls are reported to be enrolled in secondary school. As this data illustrates,” South Sudan’s girls face
a triple disadvantage. In an education system that offers limited opportunities for all children, girls are the last in, the first out and the least likely to make it to secondary school. Taking into account both primary and secondary school, no country in the world ranks lower than South Sudan on measure of gender inequality”.

Having looked at these statistics, it appears the leadership in South Sudan does not consider education as the fundamentals of national development. However, the contrary is true because no nation will ever progress without educated workforce. First and foremost, South Sudan needs literate society that can read and understand our constitution and other legal documents. This is quite important for the people to be informed and to make informed decisions. They must understand their legal and human rights so as to undertake their national obligations properly, effectively and efficiently including their democratic rights. South Sudan needs educated traders, farmers and cattle herders who are able to understand the rules and mechanism of their trade and tools of their trade.

South Sudan needs artisans and other middle class professionals such as builders, masons, carpenters, nurses, midwives, laboratory technicians and technologists, medical assistants or clinical officers, theatre attendants, IT specialists etc. This category of cadre is the one that can build our cities, treat 75% of patients in the villages, connect us to the outside world via the web, introduce basic technology to South Sudan, educate our children before joining the higher education. They construct our roads, bridges and educate our farmers or cattle keepers to adopt new technologists such animal husbandry, crop rotation, introducing high yield crops etc.

The next level of educational production is the what many call professionals but I would like to call them the intelligentsia who plan, research, direct, manage, rule, adjudicate, open up human bodies for purposes of cure, diagnosis or research, lecture in our universities, innovate, discover, design, implant whether human children, plants or diverted sex, initiate aero-engineering and exploration, may be it is called mastering aerodynamics. This cadre is important in order to advance technological and scientific development. They lead and direct the masses, manage development and ensure that the overall development is evidence based planned and managed. Therefore our leaders should evidently know that education is essential for developing the country.

Article 26 of the universal declaration for human rights states the following on the individual right to education. I quote, “(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. (2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. (3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children”.

I believe surely that South Sudan has or about to sign this basic document on human rights and by signing this document, the government commits itself to the principles herein and must demonstrate in action that it upholds these principles and also avails the services promulgated.

According to UNESCO, “education is a fundamental human right and essential for the exercise of all other human rights. It promotes individual freedom and empowerment and yields important development benefits. Yet millions of children and adults remain deprived of educational opportunities, many as a result of poverty”.

United Nation and UNESCO have laid down Normative instruments that proscribe member states to the international legal obligations for the right to education to their citizens. “These instruments promote and develop the right of every person to enjoy access to education of good quality, without discrimination or exclusion. These instruments bear witness to the great importance that Member States and the international community attach to normative action for realizing the right to education. It is for governments to fulfil their obligations both legal and political in regard to providing education for all of good quality and to implement and monitor more effectively education strategies”.

Therefore, education is considered to be a powerful tool by which economically and socially marginalized adults and children can lift themselves out of poverty and participate fully as citizens. In this regard by neglecting education in South Sudan, the government is not only violating the rights of its citizens but actually denying them a powerful tool for individual and communal development.

One of the pervasive policy being pursued by the government is that of sending their children and children of their cronies to neighboring countries for education. It true that most children of South Sudanese politicians and their functionaries are studying in Uganda, Kenya and even in far away countries such as Australia, America, Canada, United Kindgom, Norway Egypt and many other countries. Some of these children are paid directly by the government in Juba while others are being supported by money siphoned from Government coffers.

This underscores the fact that the Government has developed cold feet to improve education in South Sudan because their children already have access to good education in these countries. However, this misplaced policy will not lead to the development of the country but will certainly create classicism: a class of few educated children of the haves and many uneducated children of the have nots. When this happens and I am sure it will happen, a fertile ground would have been created for a peasant revolution.

This revolution will definitely target the educated and the bourgeoisie in South Sudan. The consequence of such peasant revolution will certainly be disastrous to all in South Sudan. I really wonder our current crop of politicians would like to see this pass. For heaven’s sake, our politicians and intelligentsia should wake to prevent this catastrophe.

In conclusion the ball of education is in the court of our Government. The Government can either do the right thing to respect the children’s basic human right to education, ensure equal access to education by all children in South Sudan or risk the future peasant revolution which they will have no means to quell.

Ireneaus Sindani
Nairobi; Kenya.

More rough times ahead for South Sudan!

BY: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, JUN/28/2013, SSN;

Of recent everything and everyday has come to look the same for South Sudan before even celebrating its second Independence anniversary. Under President Salva Kiir’s leadership, the peoples’ hopes for an agrarian society have long evaporated while his Excellency continues to hire and fire and rehires and fires again. Does he really have anything to show for?!!

Eventually a new country is brought to an abrupt halt as a result of incapacity right in the top office. Today neither the country’s internal politics nor its external engagements are any closer to its peoples’ expectations. For in both cases the thermometers have persistently recorded very high reading, especially so lately when scales seem to offer no any assurances.

The strained relationship between Juba and Khartoum continues to dominate the news headlines. And as things are far from being rosy, there are every reason to predict that president Kiir’s administration is yet to face huge challenges ahead, as it struggles to adjust amid all these hiring and the firing drama of senior officials and ministers alike.

First this administration is not doing well to secure the future of the country’s Oil industry which represents over 98% of the revenues. Kiir has been to China last year, and he was referred back to sort out things with al Bashir. Not too long he was also in Japan, and no much was heard, with exception of the old wild talk about a certain Toyota company which accepted to build the pipeline to Lamu. Nothing new!

Secondly this government’s performance in the field of Human Rights will continue to strain relationship with the international community which has for a very long time, carried the burden of filling in the gaps in the weak economy and rudimentary service sectors.

The US administration and the Communist China are all working day and night to deter Al Bashir of Sudan from implementing his declared threats to shut down the oil pipelines. As things stand now, one can say that President Kiir can only pray for the goodwill of these two superpowers to pressure Khartoum into reversing its hostile position on South Sudan’s Oil industry.

With China, it’s of course business and truly business without attaching any of those strings like Human Rights Records or Good Governance, issues often brought to the table when Western governments deal with Sudan and South Sudan and in line with their policies towards most third world countries.

For this reason alone, it can be said that whether the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) enters Khartoum and takes over the seat of power or it is the other way round with the ruling NCP succeeding in putting an end to the country’s many rebellions or /and completely eradicating the indigenous people in the Nuba Mountains, Darfur, or the Blue Nile Region, all these could be Okayed by China as long as they never impact negatively on its multibillion dollar business investments in the country.

While the South Sudan and Sudan relationship are important for the Chinese interests in the region, it cannot be overstressed that they too [Chinese] , like it is case with the above scenarios, see no point in favoring one side over the other after South Sudan has become a sovereign state, run from Juba and not Khartoum any more.

The Chinese need the Oil, which is mainly produced in the South, and can only at the present be transported through the Chinese built pipelines across the North, for export to China and elsewhere. In this case, the best that China can do as a way to safeguard its investments, is to discourage and disapprove any of the very frequent political brinkmanship that characterizes the North Sudan and South Sudan relationship.

It’s in China’s interest if the two Sudans can rather take their historical hostilities away from the Oil industry or other areas where Beijing has, and is planning to invest. If the Sudanese and the South Sudanese fail to see the relevancy of sticking with programs that will alleviate the sufferings of their poor citizens, and rather engage in promoting border warfare and subversive activities to undermine the sovereignty of the other, then China for its own interest will be forced to discipline the two.

On the other hand, the Western governments and especially so, countries like the US, UK, Norway, although all had directly invested heavily in the wake up to South Sudan’s independence, they are all terribly disappointed with this new country’s record on Human Rights and Good Governance.

Reports, year after year from the Human Rights Watch (HRW), the International Crisis Group, the Center for Journalism Studies (CJS), and the US State Department, are all critical of the performance of Salva Kiir Mayardit’s government on Human Rights which has persistently been characterized by gross violations.

As a concerned South Sudanese citizen, it doesn’t in any way take me by any surprise to read the numerous reports about my country’s appalling Human Rights records under President Salva Kiir’s leadership. Nonetheless these reports as written by the international bodies and other foreign countries friendly to South Sudan are to be seen as signs of concern by South Sudan’s friends and all those well-wishers.

It also encourages the people that their plights have really reached the international community, thanks to the development in the ICT; no death in the most remote parts of the world can go unreported. But as the deaths after deaths [e.g. Engineer John Luis Silvino, Isaiah Abraham, and many others] have now been brought to the attention of the world and rightly acknowledged as extra judiciary killings, the next step would be to hold the president and his executives responsible and work hard to bring them to the book.

Did I hear someone mention the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague? Yet the people of South Sudan expect these countries like USA, Britain, Norway and others to do more than just condemning Salva Kiir and his government for running not only a police state, but in fact presiding over slaughter houses being manned by butchers who relate to the president through kinship, and patronage.

It’s true that corruption and graft are ubiquitously practised at all levels of Kiir’s government, and be reminded that these vices were allowed to take root by design. President Kiir and his cronies, planted it, then nurtured it and are now harvesting its fruits. Everything here happens for a reason as designed by His Excellency.

And it can no longer be held as a secret that President Salva Kiir Mayardit had planned to buy loyalties in order to cling to power. This, he has made by many other ways, including handing out millions of dollars of the public money to his associates, kinsmen, loyalists and cronies.

He also had over the past years, been very reluctant to prosecute his ministers and executive officials who were accused of grafts in the millions and billions of dollars. This has been the situation throughout his tenure in office over the past eight years. He was clearly avoiding any attempts that could be seen as stirring the political waters within and without the SPLM party, as his way of buying loyalties, the old fashioned Jallaba style. But this must end, and so must Kiir’s term in office ended as well, come 2015.

No one can be made to accept the president’s latest move to fire two of his most senior ministers- Deng Alor and Kosti Manibe, just like that and without asking even the most basic questions, like why now and not before? Whatever that thing which forced Salva Kiir to part ways with these two senior comrades, has more to do with Kiir’s own survival in power and as a person than it is to do with the good of the Country.

This being the case, whatever the president’s hopes to avoid by sacrificing, both Alor and Manibe must for sure be something very huge and an imminent danger. It must also be so huge, that preventing it can only be by sacrificing Hon. Deng Alor & Hon. Kosti Manibe. In other words only sacrifices of their calibers were necessary to secure the redemption of whoever was (were) to be redeemed. If it is true that everything in politics has a price, then the price being paid by the SPLM rulers through their sacrifice of two of their most senior members is so big that it can never go unnoticed.

However the track records and history of this leadership, past and present, have undoubtedly pushed SPLM’s friends before the enemies to pass a very strong verdict against Salva Kiir and his leadership style, both of which are now beyond human redemption. And completely unredeemable as it is, and by all standards, this government is heading towards a self-inflicted disaster of the implosion type…

As stated somewhere in this article, President Salva Kiir lacks both the political shrewdness and the necessary pragmatism to settle the border demarcation stalemate with Khartoum. Nor is he a visionary leader to guarantee a steady flow of his country’s Oil to the world markets, through Port Sudan, Lamu, Mombasa, Djibouti or otherwise. Talking without taking actions is NOT being visionary!

Whatever that president Kiir is up to in his last days in office, will NEVER buy him the trust he has so far lost. And when you look far on the horizon, you can only see more hard times ahead for a leader who has nothing more to offer! Is it not time that he calls it a day and packs!

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. Secretary General – United South Sudan Party (USSP). He can be reached at:



Kiir needs to leave behind a good legacy

BY: Wal Thok Duoth, JUBA, JUN/26/2013, SSN;

This article is in response to an article published in Juba Monitor Daily Newspaper on June/13/2013, Vol.3 Issue 107, by John Chol Wol, titled and I quote, “President Kiir will not go anywhere until 2020” unquote. This phrase itself was very provocative to the people of the Republic of South Sudan as it uncovers to them the inside of what had been already planned to dictate to them.

To the author, John Chol Wol, you honestly mentioned and I quote “the public are the supreme power of the nation’s leadership.” unquote, people of this nation have learned and they are well aware of the failure of the leadership we are under nowadays, therefore, you can’t deceives them today that what had happened and still happening has been a mistake, as truth and action demonstrate to us that the president is not willing to make a good reputation, after all as he has been preoccupied by wrong advisors.

Because what is very important is when he earns a good legacy, however, due to advises delivered to him by someone like John Chol Wol, as Wol’s response demonstrated his anger because his words tell me that he may be one of the special beneficiary to the president to say the least, which I think he deserves to, but he should also see the frustration of the millions of South Sudanese masses who had run out of their patience as a result of being deliberately made to suffer.

I don’t think he will obtain an honourable legacy because from day to day the image of our country under his leadership is tarnished and he as the Commander-in-Chief is not doing anything to rescue the situation of our people as the country is looking upon him.

To best of my knowledge he is a good guy but with wrong advisors whom he fully adhere to listens to.

Frankly speaking, SPLM as a ruling party has scored a historical failure under his leadership as he is not complying with the norms, principles and culture of democracy within the party and lack of vision and mission implementation.

The clear example is the ongoing wrangling in the party’s leadership concerning the National Convention which was supposed to take place at around May this year, for SPLM to adopt a new constitution based on a redefined vision and mission suiting South Sudan situation today, a manifesto, rules and regulations and possibly democratically elect a new chairperson or confirm him for another term and automatically becoming a flag bearer come 2015 South Sudan’s general elections.

However, due to his fear of losing the party chair to one of the aspiring leaders within the party, he is now dodging the convention based on the advises he absorbs from advisors and the former greater regions activists who successfully managed to reactivate the project back to square one in order to achieve their tribalistic goals.

I am not denying his achievements starting with implementation of comprehensive peace agreement up to the processes that led to the declaration of independence at all, he deserves to be applauded, but he shouldn’t be seen as a group leader than party leader.

The following are the areas of his failure:- security for the people of South Sudan, promoting national unity, development especially the infrastructures, alarming rising level of tribalism, high rate of corruption…etc.

John was saying that president should not be blamed for every shortcoming of the government as this is a sole responsibility of the head of the concerned institution, however, he (John) forgot that the constitution recognize the president most, therefore, he can’t escape from this failure that the citizens of South Sudan are witnessing on daily bases.

Some individuals within us are taking the behaviour of Arabs of Sudan by trying to point fingers at foreign plot against South Sudan. But to me nothing can resemble foreign agenda as they engineer it, it’s absolutely a negligence from his side as a president to be so decisive in issues pertinent to application of constitution of the country.

We as a country also failed in foreign policy through misrepresentation like when Francis Mading Deng Nation’s UN ambassador) voted against the Israel in favor of Palestine, this was obviously a wrong decision to appoint him to be South Sudan permanent representative to UN in New York, because he does not know the real cause of the people of South Sudan from day one.

Fortunately,history can prove me right that even his home town, Abyei, he doesn’t recognize it to be part of South Sudan, he just wants to buy time and resources in order to fulfil his own desire to be in UN and not the desire of the Republic of South Sudan as meant by his appointment.

There was no need to appoint someone who objected the independence of South Sudan in the first place to be our envoy in the league of nations UN, this was by no doubt a failure from Kiir, we couldn’t reject after he made it. Secondly, he shouldn’t vote without directives from Juba, as you all know that Israel had been a strong supporter of South Sudanese people since the beginning of our struggle against oppression from the ruling elites in the North (Sudan).

I want to advise Wol to help in the processes of letting Kiir go home with good and honourable legacy, and by doing so he will never be forgotten in the Republic of South Sudan. As a citizen of this country I appreciate his tireless efforts he made to make us become an independent nation.

The people of this country have never enjoyed peace since we started to be autonomous in 2005 up to now as an independent country. South Sudan has earned the same history that Sudan had under gone before, when declaring independence while there was a rebellion in the Southern Sudan at the time.

This is resulting in the fact of having no clear vision about the country’s direction and now this prompted some SPLM leaders to challenge Cde. Chairman Kiir in order to save the SPLM from drowning as it has become obvious that SPLM is not being consulted in many future determining issues, the advises from the party leaders aren’t considered.

John Wol was saying if Kiir is not the president forget about the future of the people of South Sudan, hence to me I questioned the patriotism of a personality like Wol if he can value one man’s future more than the future of millions of inhabitants of this vast country.

I want to tell Wol that all of us including Kiir will go but this country will still remain for generations to come, we should behave reasonably enough for the betterment of the future of our country, this must be very clear and crystal to all of us who are short-sighted now a day.

South Sudan is very lucky to gain independence in the time of growing sophisticated technology in the world, this should have been utilized by a leader with clear vision of where we are coming from and where we are going, and South Sudan should have been so different since 2005 as a matter of fact.

President is the overall decision maker in the country, democratic transformation can’t be successful because he is so hostile to the processes leading to democratization, for South Sudan to be democratic in some peoples’ mind like Wol’s, South Sudan shouldn’t follow the footsteps of the dictatorial governments in the region like Uganda to mention but few where democratic culture, norms and principles are not functioning or totally crippled.

Unfortunately, in a scenario like this, neither South Sudan nor Wol will benefit from an undemocratic administration in this country even if he is among the good boys of the inner circle, however, these are different environments and situations all together and it’s unexpected and very unfortunate to copy from undemocratic governments in the region because history told us that they lead to wrong paths.

One reason why South Sudan should practice democratic culture now is that we earned our independence with good numbers of educated classes compare to the rest of the countries in the region when they attained theirs and indeed in the whole world who achieved their independence before us.

For that reason we are not illiterate to act in an inhumane and dictatorial style of leadership which is currently turning to be a culture of the past in the African continent. Hence personality like Wol needs to be informed and courageous enough in order to remind Mr. President to preserve good legacy for himself, because his (Wol’s) language tells us that he is a trusted source to the inner circle of the president.

If his (Kiir’s) performance is not up to date in the period of ten years come 2015, what miracle will he deliver in five years time? Rampant corruption can be detected everywhere you go in the governments’ machines namely tax collection points where you find some people collect tax not for the government but just to enrich themselves, employment through nepotism not based on merit and qualification, deployment to the duty stations is also done through tribal relationship not through capability of a citizen, the same in non-governmental institutions.

Therefore, these obstacles need actual transformation by getting to serious business which can be spearheaded by the President. Tribalism can be avoided if we all mean to fight tribalistic ideology among our communities in this country, but the stand of the president here isn’t clear according to me.

As a result, it encourages tribally minded people in our midst to go on doing their segregative business, his position on this matter can swiftly make fundamental change on the tribal setting in this country.

As I put it clear earlier that the president is the one who has the last and final word, he should have taken a radical stand on the tribal behavior which is being practised by the members of his government, because after all he is the one who will be held accountable for any unacceptable image of this administration in history.

What concerns any patriotic South Sudanese is the reputation after he leaves because this day will automatically come as time goes by. How wonderful will it be if power transfer in this country is conducted peacefully. And in this case if he did so, President Kiir will be remembered as the father of the nation and a former rebel commander who meant to respect the democratic ideals in South Sudan.

Hence for South Sudan to reach the top in international arena we needs to value human dignity and elevate our citizens from the untold stories of hunger, insecurity, unemployment and diseases that had distorted the image of the country in every corner of this fertile land of hope.

As said by my Savior, Jesus Christ, in the Holy Bible that, “that there are so many rooms in my fathers’ house and no one will be left out,” there are so many resources in this Republic that no one can go to bed with a hungry stomach, however, due to misappropriation of public wealth, South Sudanese are enduring unexpected agony after their hard won independence.

In conclusion, my concern is the well being of the Republic of South Sudan which will earn us honour in a very short time if taken seriously.\

The author can be reached by E-mail

Political months Ahead: How Kiir manoeuvred his deputy and neutralised his venom

BY: Lueth Bol Dengker, Sydney, Australia, JUN/26/2013;

The South Sudan’s leadership conference will be an interesting episode to watch. It will be an all-out war. However, the most interesting part is when the top two will perhaps go one on one. Whoever wins, will win by a knock-out, not by points. This is the only way you can win a match and embarrass a referee, who is squaring up with your opponent to influence the outcome otherwise.

Political landscape.
The current and future political landscape in the south Sudan is apparently a poisonous one that everybody fears, and a rocky place to ride. In such environment, only the political astute will survive. The SPLM convention will mark a watershed and protest for the politicians who will not make it. But those protests will only add salt to the wound.

Regional conferences have been conducted, with Bhar-el-gazel, endorsing president kiir. Equatoria might have followed a similar note. If that endorsement is anything to go by, then the president will take it all.

With only the Upper Nile region left to endorse a candidate or convene a conference, and from the look of things, Machar’s supporters may outnumber the incumbent’s, and toe the line to endorse him. There are no significant inroads that such a move could alter the overwhelming balance of support for the president, before the election.

On the other side of the coin, you will find out that the opposition parties are climbing a ladder without steps. This means that they have no formidable platform or network that will bring diverse thinking intellectuals together to post a powerful opposition to the government.

I wanted to say that the opposition parties are comprised of a group of “garden boys” who are neither team players nor game changers. Whatever they articulate is a “beer hall talk” and a cosmetic exercise simultaneously.

As I have already stated, in a future to be seen soon, the most primary decisions and policies are made within SPLM party structures and will continue to do so. This is because the SPLM is the most irreversible tsunami of south Sudan’s politics. You must be a 140 pounds political giant, to be able to instigate a wind of change, against such a dominant party.

The outcome of political debates and political battles in the SPLM and its branches will continue to shape the content of the government. The key role modules in this arena are the SPLM and the SPLM-YL and possible alliances.

The SPLM youth league, under its current leader has been a mouth piece since the days of our late leader, and is perpetuating the same nature now, upon which I can assert that there is no leadership in the youth league, because the current leadership has elements factored with selling out the legacy of the youth league and a double agent , abusing the league’s platform to save the master at all costs.

With his sell-out tendencies, his master will be be able to capitalise. He is a traitor who can never be trusted to carry out the mandate of the youth to its logical conclusion.

The league is in disarray, however, current status of the youth wing will not change the outcome of that conference then, or in 2015 general elections, but it will dramatically do thereafter.

The youth feel that they are not represented because the current leadership constitutes the group of “house boys” who were nominated at the backyard, not whom the youth elected, and only represents the interest of the master lest they are fired.

It is highly inconceivable that a house boy can easily be turned against his master unless his master is deposed.

This is why it is crucial to comprehend the style of contest within the SPLM and its youth wing by measuring the roles each will eventually play when the battle is at stake. Who wins the war or who wins the battle, will be determined by the dynamics of such styles across the spectrum.

One of these styles is that patronage rather than ideology is now the key inertia of the SPLM politics and will shape the run up to the convention. It is still inevitable to discern some ideological consistency regarding the factions that coalesced around Dr Machar and President Kiir.

Kiir looks set to defy the political harmony and that is where his problem is because if he doesn’t, he risks losing power. And if he continues defying the SPLM Legacy, it’s not a sin to second Machar’s warning that SPLM will be a “football”.

What makes the president so irritant rather than articulate is that he knows once he loses power, he will never be back to the throne and he would have gone out a failed president. He must have tasted the glory of being in the state house and insists not to buy that luxury of losing it. So, he will do anything in his power to win by hook or crook.

You may label him incompetent at your own peril. But that is not the point. In Africa you don’t have to worry about being a success or a failure, or even abuse human rights. What you need to do is, steal public money, build mansions and buy the poor to vote for you when it comes to elections.

Question is, how long are you going to be stealing? There is no doubt the buyers and the bought are all thieves. The difference is the buyer is the big thief and the one bought is the small thief, all bear the same conviction.

If you still are wondering what simple strategy Mr. “Tiger” is capable of, then you might not have monitored his personality from the angle of incident.

It is simple, smile and laugh in the public, but in reality you behave like a monster, a tyrant who will target perceived enemies without mercy, and because of that fear few dare to speak openly.

That is why in South Sudan, everybody feels irritated even with a closest friend because the majority have become security personnel. In this regard, people fear the army of spies that surround the crown.

Without a code of conduct, not because those codes do not exist, but because they have relentlessly been violated, these spies are fiercely willing to silence discerning voices of reason by detention, brutal attacks or even massacre them, in an effort to instil complete fear in the “opposing and opposition,” in order to take full control of the embattled party and build a faulty consensus, that will pave the way for a long reign of the incumbent and subsequently seal the power struggle.

As I strongly suggested that power should remain in Bhar-el-gazel for some time {I understand it is not a kingdom}, I also believe in the accommodation of those individuals who have the potential.

You can call me silly, stupid and many more, in so much that I would, if you do not agree with me, that we, Bhar-el-gazelese, have been the face of the revolution and had been extremely sidelined in the leadership circles during the struggle.

Power, being in Bhar-el-gazel, is a privilege, the same way as it has been for Upper Nile years ago, and I believe we are not immune to the chance we have now. However, we don’t need to be killers, dictators and tribalists, but rather acting as people holding the keys of authority and perfection.

However, the run-up to the national convention is primarily about access to state resources for the benefit of particular interest groups irrespective of their ideological attributions. It is for this reason that SPLM and its alliances will stand behind Kiir.

It also explains why the president striped his vice of the powers he once was given and why he purged those rumoured to want to topple him, replacing them with his closest allies in order to strengthen his grip on the party.

While there is a group of the discontented fellas, those opposed to the president have not consolidated into a coherent faction, and consists of a spiralling, confused and an often realigning mess, a group of power hungry politicians without an agreed champion.

Indeed, the vice president has put himself in this uncomfortable spot, by availing himself to run for the presidency. Mr Machar needs to calculate his steps well.

First, he must know that he is not going to win. Secondly, if he runs against the incumbent, and doesn’t win, he will most certainly lose his position within the SPLM and in the government. If, by sympathy, he is retained, then he will lose influence because he would have been neutralised.

The author of this article, is a south Sudanese living in Australia
He can be reach at

President Kiir’s pedantic tricks in the SPLM Oyee machine

BY: EJHAG PAUL, South Sudan, JUN/25/2013, SSN;

President Kiir with his pedantic tricks is at it again. This time he picks on those in the inner circle of the SPLM Oyee machine. Do not be carried away by the headline grabbing subject of corruption. This is just part of the trick. Keep your eyes wide open during this interesting period of power struggle in the SPLM.

On 18th June 2013 Sudan Tribune under the title, ‘South Sudan president suspends two ministers for corruption probe’ reported that president Kiir had suspended Ahmed Deng Alor, the minister for cabinet affairs and Kosti Manibe, the minister of finance for involvement in transfer of millions of dollars for personal benefit. In the same order the president further appointed Judge John Gatwech Lul, the head of the anti-corruption commission to investigate the allegation within 60 days with the view of bringing prosecution against the accused.

A good section of the society already appears to approve of the president’s action. This is what is expected in any normal functioning government. However, I am afraid that some citizens may already have had their hopes raised for nothing. The reality could be different.

President Kiir is using the corruption vehicle to get at people he believes have abandoned supporting his leadership in the ongoing struggle between him, his deputy and Pagan Amum. So the suspension of the two ministers has more to do with their views in the current battle for leadership of the SPLM Oyee machine than corruption per se.

President Kiir is trying to prepare the ground by weeding out all those who have either publicly withdrawn their allegiance to him or those who have remained silent without expressing their allegiance to him.

Why is the corruption vehicle a charade? SPLM Oyee itself is a product of corruption and it will not survive without exercise of corruption. Corruption runs deep in its veins and it is what keeps it alive. Please see, ‘Fudging the issue- President Kiir and corruption in RSS.’

We already know that Ahmed Deng Alor is a Don of corruption and there is nothing new about this latest accusation by the president. The vital thing for the public to note is that nothing will come out of this investigation and here the editorial of South Sudan Nation under the heading, ‘Latest mega-corruption: Is Kiir yet again a toothless bulldog?’ published on 19th June 2013 is spot on.

Judge John Gatwech Lul, is a sworn poodle of John Luke, the minister of Justice and president Kiir. He is a fixer of the regime. He runs the launderette of SPLM Oyee. Having been reduced from the prestigious position of a judge to an SPLM laundry man, his main task is washing of Oyee dirt and issuing clean bill of health to the criminals brought to his attention.

For instance, recently the kith and kin of president Kiir hammered their way into the president’s office safe in J1 in Juba and helped themselves to millions of dollars of South Sudanese money. Instead of proper a investigation by the relevant organs, the president referred the matter to Judge Lul and as expected he bathed the thieves with legal detergents and cleared them on grounds that the evidence got contaminated.

Unlike Lul, his predecessor Dr Pauline Riek was a lady of integrity who could not allow her character to be tarnished by SPLM Oyee crimes. While she was leading the Anti-corruption commission she acted professionally and was committed to clean South Sudan of corruption but she was sabotaged and denied the necessary legislation to carry out her duties by none other than president Kiir himself. This remains a shame on South Sudanese. Her removal underscores the fact that the problem in South Sudan is not lack of educated people or professionals but rather it is the pugnacity of Dinkocracy.

Judge Lul in the current case will implement what has already been agreed between president Kiir and the minister of Justice John Luke which is that no SPLM Oyee member will be prosecuted for corruption. Actually the exoneration of the kith and kin of the president referred to above is the result of this policy. John Luke is on record that nobody will be prosecuted for corruption. Please see the following articles, ‘South Sudan: Don Salvatore Allegiance to the Code of Omerta in RSS’ and ‘Sudan: Corruption Saga – the SPLM Five Big Guns or the Quintet Squirrels’

Reacting to president Kiir’s suspension of the Ahmed Alor and Kosti Manibe; John Luke in ‘South Sudan says lifting immunity not automatic indictment of corruption’ subtly reiterates and re-invokes the SPLM Oyee policy of no prosecution for corruption.

Therefore, all those who are hoping for a critical and factual report of the investigation followed by prosecution of the duo in court may be raising their hopes to be dashed. John Luke erected a clear sign post as notice to the public last year when he said, “No Prosecution for Corruption in Republic of South Sudan”.

Now that we have explored the president’s action in light of the information and experiences available to us, let us move on to talk about the proposition of this paper which that the president is using the corruption vehicle as a tool to weed out his opponents in the SPLM Oyee machine and to strengthen his position for the expected leadership contest.

In terms of the leadership contest, president Kiir is in a very awkward position. First, he has practically proved beyond doubt that he is ineffective, weak and a tribal leader. Under his watch South Sudan deteriorated to a failed state because he was focused on enriching the so called ‘born to rule’.

Secondly, he knows that his colleagues in the Oyee machine have lost confidence in his leadership. Thirdly, he is a hostage to the semi illiterate and powerful group of tribalists led by people like Salva Mathok, the deputy minister of interior and Paul Malong, the governor of Northern Bahr El Ghazal. Fourthly and crucially he has tasted power and does not want to lose it.

So if he is to remain in power he must secure re-election to the post of chairman of SPLM Oyee during the coming convention. This requires him to be brutal to knock heads. But knocking heads in an organisation of criminals can be a very dangerous business. It is this very reason that has forced president Kiir to be selective like a predator stalking a herd while looking for the weak and easy prey.

Ahmed Alor and Kosti Manibe happen to be the weakest quarry in the herd to start the game with. To send a strong message to the SPLM Oyee membership to tow the line, president Kiir has decided to sacrifice the duo. Ahmed Alor is sacrificial because he is a foreigner and the overwhelming majority of South Sudanese know that and they would not go out to the streets to protect him. After all, Ahmed’s opportunism disgusts a lot of people. All his life in the then Sudan he did not want to associate with South Sudanese. All his friends were Arabs and he did not want to identify with the South Sudanese cause.

In 1983 as a staunch Arabist and unionist he saw an opening in Dr John Garang’s ideology of New Sudan to become somebody. He grabbed the opportunity and became a close friend of the late. During that period he manipulated the late and enriched himself. When Dr Garang died, he quickly jumped ship abandoning his group of Garang boys and attached himself to president Kiir; again he further enriched himself obscenely.

Now sensing that president Kiir is about to lose, he has began to reposition himself for another leap to place of power. It seems president Kiir has noticed and hence his present predicament.

Although Ahmed Alor has support in the Abyei boys like Luka Biong, Gen. Pieng Deng, Dr Francis Deng and so on, this would not pose any threat on its own to president Kiir. This obviously is a huge draw back for Abyei. Ahmed Alor since Garang days has been the pivotal character distorting South Sudan politics. The power that Ahmed wields in the SPLM Oyee machine via manipulation should not be underestimated especially in absence of ideology and a coherent policy in the party. Ahmed is the one person responsible for the invisibility of the minister of foreign affairs and the forceful assertion of Abyeians as citizen of South Sudan contrary to the provision of the CPA of 2005.

With Ahmed’s fall from grace, it now remains to be seen whether this will result in shift in the unarticulated foreign policy of South Sudan. It is worth remembering that South Sudan lost Panthou to the Sudan due to the machinations of the Abyei boys led by Ahmed and the negligence of Dr Riek Machar.

Unlike Ahmed Alor, Kosti Manibe’s citizenship is unquestionable. He hails from an area deep inside South Sudan. An area that has produced patriots throughout the struggle for secession of South Sudan. Kosti is not only a member of the SPLM Oyee but a committed loyal member whose character has all along been immaculate. He is well educated, well mannered and very calm. Kosti is a force for stability and good but unfortunately a self constructed victim of his very self.

Kosti is very disadvantaged. He has no local support as proved by the general election of 2010. He also has no followers in the SPLA as he is not a military person coupled with the oppression of Equatoria has made him to be disposable. Kosti may have been chosen by president Kiir to make example of because he may not have revealed his political preference and allegiance as to who should be the next leader of South Sudan. Kosti is reported to be notorious for silence and keeping things to himself and this may not have earned him friends among the Warrap cartel.

The dragging of the duo into the mud is also a serious warning to the other contenders. Pagan has made his ambitions clear and it appears he may not be in good book of president Kiir. Pagan being in the same predicament like Kosti without local support from the Chollo people may soon find himself in difficulties. In the general election of 2010 he failed to win a seat in his home area. However, he has advantage over Kosti as he appears to have some support in the SPLA and among the Bor people because he is a ‘Garang boy’. Although this support puts him in a better position, there is no guarantee that he will not be dragged into the mud.

While president Kiir plays this roulette he has seriously compromised his own position and the welfare of the SPLM Oyee machine itself. His advisors seem to be short sighted and they may have miscalculated badly. This game which is supposed to strength president Kiir’s position ironically may be the very one that speeds the demise of his regime. President Kiir enjoys the presidency because of the combined support of his tribe and their control of the SPLM Oyee machine. By targeting Ahmed Alor and Kosti Manibe, he has automatically lost the support of the Abyei group and the Equatoria SPLM Oyee members.

The Abyei group due to marriage alliance may now shift their allegiance to Pagan Amum or even Dr Riek Machar in a trade off possibly for influence on foreign policy in South Sudan. So what is emerging is the disintegration of the unity of greater Jieng which also means the loosening of their grip on power.

In effect, president Kiir’s opponents will now be the potential beneficiaries of his short sighted action. Instead of strengthening his position, he has opened up himself to unnecessary attack weakening his authority and support base. Ahmed Alor and Kosti Manibe are members of the SPLM national liberation council, the highest organ of the SPLM Oyee machine.

As far as it is known there is no mechanism in the organisation which will halt them from participating in the debate on the leadership question. So, Ahmed and Kosti will have their day of revenge when things come to the NLC especially on the dispute over the voting system that decides the leadership of SPLM Oyee.

This drama should be a lesson to all those from the smaller tribes in the SPLM Oyee machine that they have no future in this organisation. This is an organisation that serves one particular ethnic group. It uses members of the other ethnic groups as fodder for its growth and enrichment of the ‘born to rule’. If you swim with them, do not be surprised when they push you away from the deep clear water into the mud.

In all, president Kiir with his pedantic tricks is now stoking the disintegration of the SPLM Oyee. This is good news for the country. He should be encouraged to carry on. We say well done to him and his advisors. The disgruntled abused groups now have to carefully calculate on who to support for leadership in South Sudan because they have no future in it. Wisdom dictates that Equatoria should pick up the mantle and challenge for the position of leadership to rescue the country from total collapse.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

Elhag Paul

The Politics of Hard Times in South Sudan

BY: Dhaal Mapuor Aterdit, SOUTH SUDAN, JUN/24/2013, SSN;

The journey to the land of milk and honey was finally marked by a great jubilee of autonomy in totality which was at last granted to South Sudanese on 9th July 2011. After a result of the landslide vote against the unity of the Sudan, the big regional and international organizations, all in unison tone of voice allowed South Sudan to breakaway from Sudan. It was a trek full of multitudes hazardous odds. It was a thorny and bumpy walk to freedom.

The dream of self-determination has been in the minds of South Sudanese since the early years of World War I. South Sudan was kept in a closed door for many decades without seeing the shining features of the contemporary humankind. Anglo-Egyptian government in the Sudan led by Britain claimed that South Sudan was not ready for the exposure to the modern world. Nevertheless, Southern region of the then Sudan was lugged behind badly by this designed isolation.

Thanks to the veteran freedom combatants, SPLM/A peace-negotiating Team and all my fellow citizens who kept the dream of independence alive and made it a reality in 2011. There is a truth and something to be loved in becoming a self-governing state. Liberty at all spheres squarely was an optimistic truth.

In my own opinion, seeing the huge government seated in Juba and administered by South Sudanese is our great love for independence of our country. We love to be governed by our own selves.

A few months later after independence, wrangles over the oil transit fees emerged between Khartoum and Juba. Khartoum government demanded much of the oil income from South Sudan. It was seen as somewhat unbecoming by President Salva Kiir Mayardit’s administration in Juba. As a result, he ordered for the shut down of the oil production. South Sudan economy suffered a much crises and downturn.

Several government higher education institutions remained dysfunctional indefinitely, health centers faced by lack of medical services, salaries for civil servants started coming late for a month or two months, market prices sky rocketed and food insecurity heightened acutely. Steps for physical infrastructural development remained standstill.

In Jonglei State, tribal conflicts and insurgencies surged. Highway robberies and cattle raiding started to rise to the climax in Lakes, Warrap and Unity States. Inter and intra tribal and clannish fierce feuds widely increased so vigorously across the ten states.

Night burglary becomes a ground breaking model activity each and every night in Juba. They’re referred to as internal national security threats. They all need a political agenda to address every bit of them. Some external bystanders used to ascribe these communal sadistic conflicts as being caused by bush-mentality and high rate of illiteracy.

The country’s thick bushes become homes for tribal militias whose notion for the war is not clear and not reasonable. Surprisingly enough, some contenders for the State Legislative Assemblies who failed election in 2010 crazily took up arms and joined the bush only to deepen the great wound of the society by indiscriminately killing the citizens. Alas! I hate them profoundly.

The longest border line linking South Sudan and Sudan became a battle zone between the SPLA forces and Sudan Armed Forces. On 27th September 2012, an agreement was inked by the governments of Sudan and South Sudan under tight supervision of African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) which answered the question of the borders, security, economic matters (Oil Transport through the soil of Sudan and free trading), and nationals of the two states to move and reside in both countries without intimidation.

Just after months of the signing ceremony held in Addis Ababa, the whole agreement got off-center and the agreement files felt a very stinky smell of the dustbin of history. Mile 14 of the buffer-zone becomes a word of mouth from the Field Marshal Omer Hassan Al Bashir’s arrogant administration in Khartoum. He continued attacking SPLA positions within the vicinity of South Sudan and persisted transgressing the territorial integrity of our country.

This is what the international diplomatic charters refer to as external threat. It thus needs a political agenda to resolve it. The political actors in Juba are required to find a political solution to peripheral dangers which emit waves of fear among the locals.

Although the oil production resumed early this year, Al Bashir once again pointed accusation finger on Juba claiming that the mighty Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) is being armed and given scores of different logistic supplies by Juba. On this footing he ordered for an immediate and irreversible shutdown of an oil pipeline which carries South Sudan oil through Sudan to international market.

Corruption becomes widespread in the public sectors at all levels. Public funds are easily embezzled by individual public figures or senior civil servants. Some individual constitutional post holders and senior civil servants are turning the government into kleptocracy. Nepotism and favoritism become a rule in recruiting members of staffs in government and private sectors.

It is the politics of hard times in South Sudan. There is always prevention or else a panacea for everything in the world. Why is it like this in our beloved country that there is no deterrence and remedy for a few of these ills happening?

It is a hard time in politics that need critical political thinkers and scholars. It’s not the work of the live political performers only but it needs inputs from some of the level-headed academics in the major universities in South Sudan. We all need this political situation change. We need transparency applied in dealing with public funds and lucidity in employments.

We want insecurity subside and food deficiency dip low. We want to see schools made available to the communities in the urban centers and rural villages; and public universities equipped to meet international standards of learning.

We want to see roads network established to ease the movement of the civil population to and fro countryside and towns. We want the government to establish very strong international relations. We want many proficient medical practitioners for therapeutic and health services delivery.

We want a strong prevalence of rule of law and justice for all. We want politics of tribes replaced by politics of interest. En masse, we need to fashion a new paradigm of hope, peace and harmony for all the generations in our country.

Hope is the bedrock of our success. It is our fundamental foundation. We have hope that all these things will one day at a time come to an end.

The First War on Corruption Started With Deng Alor

BY: Deng Mangok Ayuel, AWEIL, South Sudan, JUN/23/2013, SSN;

When a father has some big-hearted sons and daughters, he may sometimes remain in dilemma for whom to blame since everyone is doing bad things in his eyes. President Salva Kiir knows where his cabinet members have gone wrong. As the ruling party’s chairman, he kept encouraging his party members to deliver services to people of South Sudan. He has enough information of what they are doing!

President Kiir in his own words, as I quote, had said, “we fought for freedom, justice and equality, yet once we got to power, we forgot what we fought for and began to enrich ourselves at the expense of our people.” {South Sudan Nation online quotations}.

The war on corruption has started and started, my dear comrades. There are times when a father closes his eyes to beat and chase away his good son who usually milks for him his special cow in the house. I am not declaring that Mr. Kosti Manibe and Deng Alor are sacked or legally probed as corrupt.

Is it too late for president to started suspending ministers? I am happy but fear to say “congratulations” to Mr. President; I shall be quoted as against someone who has wronged the nation because our people are currently fighting with truth.

Finally, thank you Mr. President for your decision!

When money got lost in the president’s office, citizens were truly furious and blamed their own sons for being evil to themselves. By the way, should those who are presidential aides and guards claim that the money was stolen by visitors to the president?

Many South Sudanese, nearly all of us, spent over 20 years without salaries or banked nothing but that shouldn’t cause greed for cash in order to get rich. The president has started sacking individuals after they filched money from his office. Do the high ranked officials think that the president will not remove his hat on his head one day and say one word in many, “you are suspended…?”

The cash adventure and the nature of individuals in the ministry of finance are frustrating the nation. Sometimes back, the internal reshuffling was done in the ministry of finance leaving others out of the system and now the minister has immunity lifted.

Former Finance Minster Mr. Akuein Chol was detained in 2007 but is said to have been removed from detention by his people from Aweil; later he had wrestled with Pagan Amum over millions of dollars allotted to the SPLM party. Later Akuein had hauled Mr. Amum to court until the case evaporated invincibly. He {Akuein} seemingly cleared himself. Today, Akuein may laugh at Alor and Manibe due to huge accountability over millions of dollars.

If the money was not authorized by the president or by another designated senior official, should the ministry of finance have transferred the money to the company’s account without authorization?

And if the money is found authorized by the vice president, for instance, but failed to inform the president, should he also be suspended?

Besides, the governor of the central bank or senior officials in the bank or the bank itself where the transfer was made might have copies of the financial transaction and must be questioned also for transferring money without authorized documents. Yeah, bankers can’t give money without proper financial papers if it wasn’t a deal.

I am confused to why some government officials blame the government they serve than striving for change. I wish President Kiir should keep an eye on the officials who usually criticize the government and get them sacked if they refused doing their work and started blaming the government.

Professor Nyamlel once said that “the system is rotten to the core,” but was sacked after being found criticizing the government. Why criticize the system than making it better?

I don’t mind of what Alor and Manibe were trying to buy with the money, but who signed the financial documents? The reality is, when people have served in the government for quite a long time, they may think of doing something big and better for themselves and their children than the nation.

On the other hand, our leaders should be committed in their doings and willing to work for the welfare of the ordinary citizens. If there is a person who can’t afford a meal in the country that forces him/her to beg on the streets and there are others who are very rich in the same country but still trying to stash the public money, so what will ordinary citizens say about these people?

Is it cleverness, greediness or there are people who wish to own the government and its finances as compensations?

Public money in South Sudanese seems to be like holy water where everyone helps himself with it. I wondered when villagers with their briefcase companies tripped to Juba and after a month, some of them used to come back with new cars and huge amounts of money in 2008.

What did these innocent villagers do to deserve these money and cars? Was it a bloody deal between the ministry concerned and the local companies’ owners?

South Sudanese money is like Ugandan music where everyone in East Africa dances to, to forget of being alive but unable to compose its tunes.

The kostization of millions of dollars into alorization of fire safety business than buying food for the starved families in Jonglei and Torit is the worst exertion done by the ministers if probed guilty of transgression.

Let’s hope it was a dream – and that the money is in the safe hands to be returned to the government very soon after the investigation.

Deng Mangok Ayuel lives in Aweil. He can be reached via