Archive for: January 2013

Is Zechariah Manyok Biar sowing seeds of discord between two Jieng communities?

BY: Mabior W. Makuek, Rumbek, JAN/11/2013, SSN;

On 9th January 2013, Sudan Tribune published an article authored by brother Zechariah Manyok Biar. Mr. Biar hails from Bor Jieng community. He has all rights to express or put across general feeling of late Isaiah Abraham’s family, relatives and Bor community members, but not in the format he used beginning with this article titled: “Is Dinka Bor against Dinka Bahr el Ghazal?” This is like telling all readers that Isaiah Abraham’s murder was organized in form of mob justice to sentence Bahr El Ghazal Jieng as enemies against Bor Jieng!

In his communique, he had this to say; “When I visited Isaiah father’s house today, I saw the anger I have never seen from our people. This means that damage has been done to our loyalty to the system. Whoever did the killing has succeeded in causing suspicions among our people.”

Looking at this phrase critically, one would suggest that Zechariah Manyok is out sowing seeds of discord between two Jieng communities of Bor and Bahr el Ghazal as he chose, rather than putting it plain against the system if there are signs as could be viewed, given events earlier on with threats received by late Isaiah.

This system for that matter is in which Bor community has equal stake and with equal number of officials. Manyok seems to be thoroughly convinced that Jieng community of Bahr el Ghazal is aware and has had consented to Isaiah’s assassination when he put it in this particular sentence: whoever did the killing has succeeded in causing suspicions among our people.

To make my point clear and as to why it is not appropriate for Zechariah Manyok to have been repeatedly writing in such terms and manner about Isaiah’s murder from his article of December 5th 2012 and this other article of 8th January 2013.

I would like explain this with an old adage that goes, ‘one man’s error takes an enormous resource and energy to correct.’ This is true with Zechariah’s relentless articles stressing in the same form and manner about Isaiah’s murder of which he is trying to put it squarely on communities living a vast region with different ethnicities. Mr. Biar wrongly chose a region being inhabited by different groups and people, but not his fellow Dinka as he would have thought to highlight.

I am afraid to insinuate that Ateny Wek Ateny of Northern Bahr El Ghazal said on behalf of his fellow writers of what he might have read from faces, listened to from groups or gathering chats, in offices and from intellectual personalities like Zechariah Manyok Biar, who has written his first article suggesting suspicion that his fellow Bor Jieng community members is harboring against greater Bahr El Ghazal as region to conclude that, “The killing of Isaiah has driven wedges amongst communities; the government was made to shy and bite its tongue in disgrace, for the fact that it has failed to protect writers; the forces of darkness might have clearly celebrated that the Dinka Communities would be dividing along clans– Bor vs Dinka Bahr El Ghazal. The detractors treat government to be synonymous with Bahr El Ghazal as a region. However, for us as opinion writers in South Sudan, this equation is wrong. Our communities command a very brilliant understanding of what is meant of a government.”

However, we shouldn’t be swayed by emotions, hence turn quickly to our communities.

Brother Zechariah Manyok Biar another paragraph of concern is this: he says. “If the above is what we believe, then it means that the loss of trust in the Government means the loss of trust in the community the President comes from. This is not a good way of looking at things but it is a reality we have in South Sudan. We will, however, work hard to change it so that individuals are held responsible for their crimes, not the community they come from. Even failing leaders must be held accountable as individuals, not as part of a community.”

If brother Zechariah Manyok’s convictions are to work hard to change our society’s mindset of judging individuals’ actions as their sole responsibilities and indeed, and not of their communities? Then why did he do the opposite in his articles, holding unknown assassins as Bahr el Ghazal people?

This brings me to another important aspect of Mr. Biar’s writing: He wrote: “People from Bor are often seen as unforgiving, but that is not true. We treat different situations differently. What we hate mostly are the politically-motivated killings and the terrorist-like killings. The killing of Isaiah fits both.”

Does Mr. Biar believe that people from Bor Jieng are unforgiving, thus our Vice President Dr. Riek Machar and other perceived individuals of SPLM/A 1991 Split as wrongdoers who can’t be forgiven, despite Dr. Riek acceptance of crimes he did not participate in as a person not as his community?

Mr. Biar ended his article as this: “I should conclude here that Dinka Bor will never see brothers and sisters from Dinka Bahr el Ghazal as enemies even though the level of trust now damaged will take a very long time to rebuild.”

I would like to say that the damage caused isn’t Bor Jieng alone affected by loss of late Abraham, it is South Sudanese people across the board to whom late Isaiah advocated tirelessly. And which was his interest, not of his own self. If late Isaiah were to return from his grave, may his soul RIP, he would surely disagree with brother Zechariah. I remember reading from one of his articles in 2009, when he concluded, “that Mijirimeen men Bor wa Aramieen men Bahr el Ghazal! (Bor men are criminals while Bhar elghazal men are thieves).”

He was referring to The Dura scandal, which is still holding today as one bad corruption case in South Sudan management history!

Brother Zechariah Manyok Biar articles are full of a lot to be desired, thus, I am contented to write against these few lines I have selected as my areas of this counter. To inform Mr. Biar, the late is my pen friend, to whom we have shared in a lot for the benefit of South Sudanese people against betrayal by our so-called liberators turned oppressors.

From the time of hearing news of his death, I have written two articles under pen-name of Akolde N. Jinub. Today in this article, I declare to my readers that I will cease using Akolde N. Jinub name, and move on to my family given names as: Mabior Wende Makuek. Thanks!

As South Sudanese from Jieng community, I would like to encourage brother Zechariah Manyok Biar to turn his intellectual abilities and energy to disengage our communities across South Sudan from their blanket philosophy of judging personalities based on their backgrounds and communities they hail from while in leadership.

Another self-purported Press Release authored by Mr. Peter Chuol Tut and Mr. Gordon Buay using the respected Nuer Community name in all contents calling for unknown change, and which to my understanding, these two gentlemen are out to instigate, goad and mobilize Nuer people worldwide as they claimed against a system to which they, said community of Naath, holds the second most senior and powerful position. Is this change in such tone not inciting people against themselves? Be the judge!

Who doesn’t know Mr. Gordon Buay? For several years, he has been writing relentlessly against all events whether good or bad. In all his articles, there is no single piece he praised for a good deed or suggest a way forward! I would call him a young cynical politician of South Sudan parroting overseas! I know nothing about Mr. Peter Chuol Tut, thus, wouldn’t say anything for nothing’s sake!

Mabior W. Makuek lives in Rumbek. He can be reached at

Where is ‘Dinkocracy’ in the Constitution of South Sudan?

BY: Deng Mangok Ayuel, South Sudanese, JAN/10/2013, SSN;

I believe and I have to inform you that one tribalist in the country can transform 8 millions of men and women from different tribes to be tribalists. I beg my God and everyone who talks ill about Dinka to hear me because I am in peace with them and their writings. Jieng is not one man but large tribe with good and bad people. When talking about large tribe, it doesn’t mean that Dinka is the biggest in South Sudan neither do I mostly wanted to say that Jieng is targeted by some opinion writers.

I am not a tribal opinion writer, but what is Dinkacracy? Is it the Dinka man in power who’s politically, socially and mentally considered as whole Dinka?

The leadership of South Sudan seems to be hated by individuals who have wished to get hot coins in the government through windows but found themselves nowhere since 2005. That is why many of them have been writing about Dinka because of frustration in their souls. On the other hand, the leadership of South Sudan is supposed to be criticized in isolation of Dinka as there are Dinka members who are still crying for what to fry in the current leadership’s hands. In politics, everyone is regarded as member of party than tribe. Is Dinka a party?

I am not burning a fire or telling story to disappoint anyone but those who keep pointing fingers at Jieng instead of one person (Kiir) as their leader are naturally tribalists and politically confused. Kiir is an SPLM and the president of South Sudan but a Dinka in the village of his own payam in Bahr el-Ghazal. Besides, some of the Dinka opinion writers who may think that they are everything everywhere in South Sudan are kidding. South Sudan is for everyone! I am not in position to list the names of the people who had criticized the Jieng in the name of President Kiir.

Therefore, be informed that there is no anti-Dinka but ‘political tribalists’ in politics with Dinka man in power. God forbid, I am not fighting with myself or rioting by writing! Last week, someone wrote on my Facebook’s wall that ‘Dinkacracy is the government of Dinka by the Dinka and for the Dinka.’

Finally, I recognized this friend as a kid in mind. Why did he define Dinkacracy to me since I am not even working with the government of the Republic of South Sudan to be a Dinkacrat? Is it because I am a Dinka? I didn’t discuss anything connected to tribe with him before. Why are people so wild for nothing?

Wherever you go in this world, there are good and bad people in the society. In humble sense, I shouldn’t stop saying that many Equatorians are kokoratists and Nuer are tribalists if you call me ‘Dinka’ for Dinkacracy. Yes, I am a Dinka but Jieng should not be generalized when talking about one person or few people in Dinka. The Dinka you hate is the Dinka I may hate because of approaches, particularities and leadership styles.

I am not a tribalist but why are social characters mixed with politics in South Sudan? Never ever reflect social aspects of a tribe with political situation in the country – you will get infected with ‘politivirus’ before your Madicracy and Nueracracy because we are not in Rwanda. Our tribes can’t be mistaken. You and I can make mistakes.

The reason for writing this piece is to congratulate Mr. El Hag Paul for deserting his tribalistic ways of addressing affairs through what he calls Dinkacracy and SPLM Oyee. He wrote that he is not against Jieng. So what? Once I googled his pen’s name, it was amusing to find a man talking about Dinka like a movie actor in his writings. I do agree with him in many points in his writings but why should he keep wasting time writing about Jieng. Well, I don’t want him to fiddle while thinking that Rome is burning.

He (El Hag) believes that Jieng has been misleading and misbehaving since 1983. So, were you (EL Hag) in the bush during the civil war where millions of lives were lost? I can’t judge but I mentally guess that you are the Lost Boy of 1980s. In your writings, and in my own analysis, your Western mind of 1980s is the denial and hatred you have in soul. I guess you might be at early 40s to 50s or more in age as my political thermometer reads it.

Mr. El Hag is a real tribalist or kokoratist. According to him, and in his own words as I quoted, “those who do not give any feedback to Jieng about how they behave in power are their real enemies.” The behavior of Jieng in power, especially with abuse of power for 30 years now since 1983 is creating for them serious problems throughout the country, (January 5, 2013 (SSNA).

I realized that El Hag is not anti-Dinka but got something to say about Dinka to promote himself. However, his criticism is the part of a voice as South Sudanese if he has been doing it in plain ways of horsing the nature of what he has been addressing.

Still, he is confused. South Sudan as a country has constitution, the legislature and the cabinet. There are James Wani Igga from Bari, Dr. Riak Machar from Nuer and Pagan Amum from Chollo tribes. Where are Baricracy, Chollocracy and Nueracracy? He (El Hag) might have thoughts that tittle-tattle about Dinka through writing will charm his political football, give him a seat in his own village or make him an elephant in Juba, God knows!

In his reply to Kuir e Garang as I quoted, ‘therefore if I am being called a tribalist for stating the truth, so be it.’ The truth must be spelt out as it is. I do not have to forge friendship with the Jieng people based on burying the abuses and atrocities of the Jieng. Doing this would be tantamount to a lie and appeasement. Sorry I do not do either. I will tell it as it is.

The burden of addressing Jieng tribalism first and foremost is a Jieng problem (04 September 2012, SSNA). At this juncture, I would like to encourage him to hate few people and make friendship with many of them but hatred is bliss.

Surprisingly, in his article titled, ‘Is there anti-Dinka school of thought in South Sudan as claimed by Joseph Deng Garang?,’ he (El Hag) definitely disagreed with Joseph that Dr. John Garang de Mabior is not the father of nation because of being unionist. However, history will judge your thoughts and notations. Dr. Garang is the father of nation.

He (El Hag) ascertained that Mabior Garang de Mabior, the son of Dr. John believes that his father wanted unified country with all ethnic groups equal and an end to marginalization. But the SPLA has failed.

He (El Hag) also added that Mabior Garang de Mabior understands his father as unionist and that nobody can dispute it because Mr. Mabior knows his father than anyone else. So El Hag got it wrongly.

The son of the late Dr. Garang was only a son to his father and that Dr. John had people like Lual Diing Wol, James Wani and Salva Kiir who know him more than his son. If Mr. Mabior Garang de Mabior disputed that he knows his father more than anyone, there is an intention and why should it be? Believe me! If your judgment is based on what’s being said and other failed allegations on Dr. Garang, then let’s call a spade a spade.

I know Dr. Garang was unionist but he had a will for South Sudanese to choose their destiny. I know the whys and the wherefores of Dr. Garang as the father of nation. He (Dr.John) is the father of nation. All in all, El Hag Paul is really a heavyweight but not for writing about Jieng.

Deng Mangok Ayuel lives in Aweil, South Sudan. He can be reached at:

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Ateny Wek Ateny’s arrogance won’t earn him “The Dream Accolade.”

BY: Julius Nyambur, New York, USA, JAN/9/2012, SSN;

The quest for fame is misguiding people into thinking that, perhaps doing everything in order to get anything could earn one a celebratory status. Well, being ambitious and for good reason, applying just means, is acceptable. Unfortunately, self-proclaimed activist like Mr. Ateny Wek is one of those elusively chasing fame by malicious means. His recent propaganda that a “Priest” preached HATRED during the New Year Eve sermon at St. Joseph Parish, Juba, exposed his hypocrisy.

There are egregious reasons why the public should be concerned about such an espionage mole. Here is why. Overtly Mr. Ateny has been yapping as anti-government. He has written and spoken publicly about the essence of freedom. Alas! Don’t be duped. For you could be mesmerized by a covert agent.

During one of WAKE UP JUBA’s live interview, the gent wished how he could have been one of the top Commanders had he joined the movement (SPLA). He rambled about his desire while asking guest, Lual Diing Wol. Compare that with his stance “against” the government.

Secondly and currently, Mr. Ateny projects himself as an authoritative columnist, an advocate, and/or avowed human rights defender. He strives to do this through his habitually and monotonously lengthy, and oftentimes, sloppy writings. It is immaterial here to provide statistical figures on how many folks really do or don’t read his articles in entirety.

However, experience and scholarship have it that unnecessary lengthy writings rarely command readership. His wild allegations about the “Priest” or perhaps no priest at all, but a prank to retain attention in the public eye, contradict his advocacy. Mr. Ateny will opine and rant about anything, sensible or not, as long it bears his NAME: ATENY WEK ATENY, a member of blah blah….

Alarmingly, that title leaves a lot to be pondered about, given that the “champion” of freedom and liberation is also a member of the South Sudan Constitutional Review Commission. Constitutional making are the reserves of legal technocrats. By the virtue of being a Member, Ateny is assumed to be sharp, competent, articulate, and cognizant of what is constituted in the legal document. I beg to differ.

Whereas Mr. Ateny’s right and freedom of expression is warranted and respected, his recent attack on a Catholic Priest of St. Joseph Parish in Juba sounded far-fetched and blackmailing. It is far-fetched because it lacked context about the alleged HATRED; blackmailing because it did not establish the identity or brief description of the priest. It could have been a total make up to impress his “funders”!

Moreover, the claim is overly prejudicial, instigating, and fraught with reckless threats, accusing the “Catholic Priest” of being “a Kokra-man,” (Kokora), and that the “St. Joseph Priest shall soon join his Catholic counterpart who preached the killing of thousands of Tutsis and moderate Hutus in the Rwandan Genocide in 1994.”

It is mind-boggling to grasp the author’s position. Which begs the question: Was he speaking on his official capacity as a “member of the Constitutional Review Commission,” or has the temperamental “columnist” been secretly assigned to initiate and report “malicious charges” without due verification?

There is a dividing or rather defining line between espionage and being a “columnist” or an “advocate” for that matter. Espionage is the act of an oppressive system in the pretext of national security. I am tempted to think that this is not what Mr. Ateny would or could drift into doing. Unfortunately his writing about the “Priest of Hatred” did not reflect his ubiquitous pride of being an “advocate” of “peace and prosperity” as he claims.

Instead his attitude portrayed him as a hypocrite, contrary to his recent posture as champion of freedom during late Isaiah Abraham’s requiem. I say hypocrite because the priest, like any South Sudanese citizen, is entitled to express his frustrations and what is widely viewed as betrayed vision.

Ignorant or not, cognizant of “what is meant of a city and what is the nation all about” or not, the concocted “Priest’s” utterances do not constitute criminal elements, whether viewed from the lenses of a layman or counsel’s. If anything, his critique is socially and politically correct.

What is this crazy influx of all people pouring into, and lingering around, Equatoria as if this was the sole Goal of the Movement?

Point of fact is, anyone against chastising the notion of moving to towns must be guilty of abatement-aiding creates vacuum in those other states, hence insecurity.

Moving to towns is the truest manifest of LAZINESS! It is the unconventional lame excuse of lazy PEOPLE, who un-systematically march to towns in the name of “looking for opportunities.” You are 40 years, uneducated, obsessed with wearing suits on daily basis, and insist you are “looking for opportunities?” Really?!

The fallacy of the preceding argument is self-inconsistent at best. If it were valid as Mr. Ateny wants the defamed Priest believe, the same should be seen or heard applying to all the ten State capitals of the South Sudan ten States. Certainly, it is not the case.

Matter of fact, it is as illogical as Mr. Ateny’s illogical assertion runs below: “If this government is to relocate to Mogadishu, the people of South Sudan would have all gone to live in Mogadishu. As, the Catholic Church’s eyes are on Rome and Pope, South Sudanese’ eyes are on Juba and whoever that govern South Sudan.”

It is the conglomerate failures of recognizing and respecting others’ perspectives (the Priest included), their freedom of expression, coupled with posting and publishing dumbfounded gibberish as the author referenced above that leaves one with no option but to chip in and fill the “gap.”

After all, how does one who claims to be an advocate for freedom justify his portrayal of others’ freedom of association and expression as instigation?

Mr. Ateny Wek Ateny is not what he claims to be. His tone of writing is shrewdly arrogant, indicative of an agenda sparingly different from that he hoodwinks the public to believe. He is basically doing everything to get anything. In five words, he is ambitiously chasing fame.

Julius Nyambur Wani authored this article. He can be reached at:

Diplomacy and Economic Advancement in the Republic of South Sudan

Strengthening South Sudan’s Foreign Relation through Trade Initiatives

BY: Goy Leek, AUSTRALIA, JAN/8/2013, SSN;

As a new nation created in this magnificent techno-age of the 21st century, the Republic of South Sudan is faced with numerous challenges. One such challenge is the need to anchor the nation on a firm economic platform so as to advance the livelihoods of the populace. Being a new nation, she is now a witness to economic growth models of new emerging world economies. The countries with such economies have at times been dubbed as either “developing” countries or new global “economic partners.” These countries have at one stage of their emergence gone through the trails of turmoils currently experienced in South Sudan before gaining their economic stability.

Therefore, in addition to bolstering prosperity, these countries have formed alliances such as the international economic body of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South African (BRICS) in a bid to combating economic dependency on large global financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Besides, there are the continental economic bodies such as Mercosur and the Andean Community of Nations which were later merged to form the Union of South American Nations (UNSAN) with a single objective to establishing an economic platform within South America.

Regionally, there existed the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Southern African Development Community (SADC) and East African Community (EAC) clearly aiming at intensifying economic activities through partnerships and cooperation. These allied countries have adopted a cohesive strategy of unionism through trade economic practices to achieve the goal of economic stability by amalgamating their resident economic sectors.

The cooperative approach identified by the above mentioned states to achieve the economic strength through the shared market and diverse resources utilization is something that has boosted local growth and development within the alliance. At the core of such formations of alliances, there is the existence of a fundamental and an amicable diplomatic protocol and policy agenda that aims to drive the programs of the coalitions forged. The battle waged against economic dependency as branded by most of these nations is a path that has been confirmed by many economists and capitalist nations as a practice of a progressive economic independence.

South Sudan therefore as a nation aspiring to establish its economic status regionally and internationally is not an exception in this scenario and thus requires an ultimate consideration of prioritizing its economic programs alongside its diplomatic discourses so as to create leverage in the world’s industrial and technological market for a profound economic stance.

At this juncture, the RoSS is also an observer to various trade and industrial activities of the already “developed” countries with established strong economic foundations. These countries are continuously strengthening their economies effectively through political and diplomatic leadership. As widely perceptible, most “developed” countries have limited economic resources and less agricultural activities to bolster their manufacturing and industrial sector. Therefore, they profoundly rely on the robust foreign markets for raw materials particularly in Africa. Their demands are being met almost instantaneously by the host ‘green states’ unfortunately at stumpy values.

The resource relation between the west and Africa which is intermittently silhouetted and embedded under an unreciprocated financial relief is indeed a delicate one. It provides the “developed” countries with greater advantage to advance their industrious business practices. On the other hand, the green states are entangled in myriads of debts unable to visualise the effects of the business practice.

So, however much the race is getting steadier and increasingly unrequited, the RoSS is also witnessing the challenges facing these ‘developing’ and ‘developed’ countries. These challenges range from the recent global financial crisis to the euro-zone economic crisis and from the political turmoils of the Arabian countries especially the Middle East, the northern and western Africa to the current second-phase neo-scramble for African resources by the west and the new economic super-power – China. These events though seemingly distant and outside our diplomatic and economic scope do require prominent considerations should South Sudan aspire to be considered globally while satisfying its economic agendas at home.

Comprehensively, the Republic of South Sudan needs a strategized global economic exposure through diplomatic proficiency given the involvement of the international community in most of the Republic’s affairs officially from the Intergovernmental Authority on Development era to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and onto the contemporary issues such as Abyei, the oil saga, internal insecurity and many more.

Our diplomatic participation in economic forums regionally and globally is highly crucial however sensitive the internal state of affairs are. The basic reason is that the policies for the new nation need to be represented accurately and candidly with maximized advantageous outcomes; this will prevent being misconstrued as a nation with a contrary agenda other than that popularized during the CPA under the banner of democratic reforms by means of secular transparent government.

The international community’s involvement in the affairs of South Sudan since its creation through to its infancy is nothing new and thus requires proper projection of the obligations and the fundamental pledges the nation made upon the inception of independence so as to retain the high-spirited jovial atmosphere of independence into the future for future generations. Thus, the best way for the Republic South Sudan to remain intact with local development which is a prime recipe in nation building is to equally brandish it’s foreign and public policy by prioritizing economic diplomacy to assert itself locally and globally.

Our nation’s foreign policy requires a world-class statecraft construction or otherwise refurbishment so that it reflects our need for economic growth as per foreign relation expectations internationally and at home.

During the endorsement of the first South Sudan’s foreign policy by the cabinet ministers three weeks after independence, the preamble of the document read out by the then caretaker minister of Information, Barnaba Marial Benjamin stated that “being the newest nation state vying to carve out a respectful position amongst the world body of nations, South Sudan is keen and resolute in establishing a democratic secular transparent system of government, reflective of established international norms and standards such as the observance of the rule of law and respect for human rights.”

These pledges are indeed appropriate and perhaps flamboyant; however, they can only reach their optimal impact when itemized in accordance with proper resource economic sector, suitable regulatory trade conduct and accommodating legislative programs of resident innovative potentials and skills.

Therefore, as much as we aspire to position ourselves as a nation on the global diplomatic stage, our principle objectives inclusive to the above mentioned obligations needs to also incorporate our readiness and strategic responses to immediate challenges experienced locally since they can gravely influence and overshadow our reputation internationally.

To achieve this, it is vital to encourage members of the public to participate in pioneering projects towards local businesses by primarily emphasizing on the promotion of transparent, free and fair economic practices through indispensable regulations. The promotion of local businesses and renewing the trade systems at home will highly give a recognizable credibility to our intercontinental trade partners that consider engaging in mutual and bilateral relations with the Republic of South Sudan.

With these few items on the list of initiatives that our foreign ministry needs to engage itself in, the nation will be best placed to operate and create a frontier and a market for our natural resources hence providing our societies with renewed sense of economic potency.

Furthermore, it will also be beneficial to engage our diplomatic missions to venture into appropriate representation of the need for economic relations by conducting robust generation of modern economic diplomacy. The frontline staff in the foreign missions should prioritize this task to effectively implement the agendas of the government.

Although it will be a daunting task for the sixty three identified foreign missions, the task to internationally represent and translate our government’s agendas will require reflective presentation though being the first Foreign Service officers from the republic of South Sudan. Their role will be met with intricacy requiring efficacy of their competence and expertise irrespective of acquired prior experiences.

Hence the needs for committing and engaging in the commercialization of our natural resources are far a greater benefit for the nation at large to administer its highly needed primary services such as healthcare, education and security.

As much as our foreign missions take their responsibilities into establishing long lasting relationships with foreign countries, the government of South Sudan should not do so at the expense of the local public. Firm and dignified foreign policies that are coherent will only thrive and prosper under the effective articulation and translation of our public policies that have comprehensive public rating and ultimate benefits to the local populace.

It has now been seventeen months since the endorsement of the first foreign policy document by the council of minister of the government of South Sudan; the intentions have been widely known such as to firstly adjust the nation’s diplomatic relations and concisely delivering on that premise.

Secondly, the platforms on which these ties were to be conducted have been laid out in the structures of embassies, consulate generals and permanent missions. Currently, the stages of establishing the foreign offices have now passed and the firm task of introducing and strengthening mutual bilateral relationships has begun. Therefore, lowering the guard or slacking on the policy could be highly detrimental on grounds of economic development.

The quest to build a knowledge-based foreign policy to foreign publics is highly dependent on how best our missionaries (ambassadors) will educate these foreign public on our economic and financial systems through making available means for free trade, safeguards and protection of prospective investors to embark on transparent market-based economies.

As much as our aim as a republic is to build close links with foreign public, our diplomats and all government officials should be encouraged to make use of this 21st century’s technological capability to reach out to our own home populace to reform and renew the economic sector so as to support our local industrial sector and not just focus on the foreign policy that could be void of substance when it comes to stronger economies.

So that our local economic activities remain to boost our foreign policy, the government of the Republic of South Sudan should consistently encourage our foreign staffers to innovatively create projects and programs that are aimed at enhancing the fiscal objectives of South Sudan’s foreign policy. These programs should include the likes of educational and internship scholarship programs, entrepreneurial empowerment, the enhancement of our social and public policies and even contemporarily on challenges such as the currently pending CPA protocols and various issues contributing to insecurity in South Sudan’s ten states.

Likewise, building and nurturing our young entrepreneurs to gain stability is an aspect of proper economic planning through economic diplomacy to instigate the utilization of local resources. Such an approach will give rise to an economically established society that is capable of supplying its local communities with basic products and services currently supplied by foreign bordering countries.

By doing so, the government of South Sudan is set on the right foot to empowering young people fulfilling some of their talents and potentials and hence strengthening our economy where the nation will be best placed to combat minor resident challenges while getting groomed to be own community problems solvers rather than remaining ardent consumers and a shallow dumping ground for international inadequate aid.

In conclusion, it is worth mentioning that South Sudan’s foreign affairs and international cooperation ministry is in the right direction in respect to its effective establishment of foreign missions and constant engagement in relative issues at regional and international levels.

However, we have to qualify a fact; the recent attempt by the RoSS to be included into the East African Community (EAC) was perhaps hastily presented. The fact that the application for membership was adjourned for further scrutiny and review against the union’s criterion presented a rather grim and an uncomfortable reality. South Sudan for so long and presumably just before the end of the CPA period had had the wild thought that it was going to be automatically amalgamated into the economic union of the Eastern African countries bloc.

The categorization for the acceptance based on the proposal was somewhat allocated into a very worrying basket – together with Somalia (nothing is surprising given the history of instability within the two regions). However, to those who are familiar with Somalia’s state of affairs, you will find it remarkably preposterous for the new nation to be in the same classification with Somalia at least as per the struggle agendas and the legacy of the dispute resolution through the accredited CPA process.

The reality of such a finding does not project a good reflection of South Sudan’s foreign policy especially in the EAC region as the region should have remained to be RoSS’s robust diplomatic stronghold. The Countries of East Africa; Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi are all familiar with the situation of South Sudan, therefore, subjecting RoSS’s application for further scrutiny is grossly either a lengthy conduct inappropriate to the procedures or an outright scepticism and denial of granting entry into the union.

For the government of South Sudan, it is a sign that should have been closely followed with intensive probing and fact finding missions especially when the Government of South Sudan considers itself worthy of the inclusion and has shown admiration to the regional bloc.

Therefore, a stronger foreign relations policy with an enshrined economic aspect will noticeably ensure a stronger South Sudan with a capacity to address its internal issues without external interference pertinent to our sovereign values.

The writer currently resides in Australia. He can be reached through the private e-mail of;

Should Kiir have withdrawn Army (SPLA) or defended against Khartoum’s military incursion?

BY: John Bith Aliap, Adelaide, Australia, JAN/8/2013, SSN;

Khartoum’s aggression on the Republic of South Sudan is well documented and the so-called international community which can be described as nothing less other than a global business organization remains voiceless to condemn Khartoum’s desert guerrillas about international crimes they have been committing against the citizens of a sovereign nation, the Republic of South Sudan. The regime led by the most wanted men on earth has long been yearning to invade the Republic of South Sudan, but events in the past, notably ‘Panthou battle’ have arguably changed rules of the game in the rump city of Khartoum and made things go against Islamists’ long-held ambition of Arab expansionism in Africa.

After the final conclusion of Comprehensive Peace Agreement [CPA] which resulted to the birth of the Republic of South Sudan, Khartoum’s ambitious invasion on this newly formed nation has long been anticipated. Barnaba Marial Benjamin, South Sudan’s minister of Information and Broadcasting had this to say and I quote: “We urge our citizens in Northern Bahr el Ghazal’ northern Upper Nile, in Unity state and we urge our citizens in Western Bahr el Ghazal that they should be alert because the Sudan People’s Liberation Army will protect its territory,” Gurtong 30th December 2012.

In recent weeks, fresh fighting at the border between Sudanese and South Sudanese forces has become a chewing gum phenomenon, and this has forced scores of border communities to flee their homes. On the 26th of December 2012, Sudan Armed Forces [SAF] attacked SPLA positions in Warguet-Northern Bahr el Ghazal state resulting to unconfirmed number of people dead, reported Radio Dabanga 26th December 2012.

Not long even before those killed in Northern Bhar el Ghazal were buried, Khartoum’s fighter bombers and ground troops launched another barbaric attacks in Western Bhar el Ghazal in which several soldiers and civilians were killed and wounded. (Reuters, January 3rd, 2013).

The Republic of South Sudan which recently joined the list of global sovereign nations expects that the international community would condemn Khartoum’s aggressive behavior, but surprisingly, it has neither condemned Khartoum’s aggression nor has it issued a single condolence message to families of those killed by Khartoum’s invading forces. This situation leaves South Sudanese to ask: What’s preventing the international community from seeing the writing on the wall?

However, the people of South Sudan are urging the international community to shun its historical double standards if it’s serious in solving post referendum issues which have been lingering between Juba and Khartoum since the independence of the Republic of South Sudan. The international community, which is seen as Khartoum’s ally should be reminded that South Sudanese are more determined to continue protecting their nation until a logical conclusion is found.

Although the international community takes its own share of blame in Juba and Khartoum’s antagonism, President Kiir also deserves scrutiny. In his highly publicized New Year Eve’s speech, Kiir announced: ‘The Republic of South Sudan will withdraw its troops from border areas to allow for the operation of the proposed demilitarized border zone with Sudan. We are temporarily withdrawing our forces from the immediate boarder areas. This will allow the demilitarized border to be operational. We hope that these arrangements will make sure that peace and stability is maintained along our common border,’ Sudantribune December 31st 2012.

The above statement sounds promising to peace-loving nations, individuals and groups, but Islamists in Khartoum may have differing view to it. Given Khartoum’s border incursion policy, the term ‘withdrawal’ which appeared in Kiir’s speech is too big to digest and South Sudanese seem to be even more allergic to hear this terminology based on their decades-long and back-breaking struggle with Khartoum.

However, although Kiir’s recent announcement of troops withdrawal may have been destined to appease the international community and perhaps to gain political points in the current round of talks in Addis Ababa, this decision has drawn fierce criticisms and a simmering anger among South Sudanese, especially in border communities.

Therefore, unless it’s meant for political purposes, the decision to withdraw troops along the disputed border in the current atmosphere of Khartoum’s military threats remains unpopular and worth abandoning.

In the face of rigorous criticisms, Kiir seems to have taken off his trademark cowboy hat and revised his decision of troops’ withdrawal along the disputed border. In a report entitled, ‘Kiir calls on SPLA to defend South Sudan before leaving for Bashir summit,’ published on the 4th of January 2013 on Sudantribune website, ‘Kiir called on the country citizens to mobilize against the ground and air attacks carried against strategic border territories of Northern and Western Bhar el Ghazal states over the past few weeks.’ Sudantribune January 4th 2013.

This statement has long been overdue and it sends a clear message to Khartoum that Juba is running out of patience, and it will not tolerate any further provocations. In the last few months or so, South Sudanese have been complaining that Kiir is too soft to adequately deal with Khartoum, hence incapable of leading such a conflict-ridden nation, but the above rhetoric which calls for mobilization of citizens against Khartoum’s repeated aggression will likely change rules of the game and restore the nearly lost trust, hope and confidence on SPLM-led government.

According to the Cooperation Agreement signed in Addis Ababa on the 27th of September 2012, Juba and Khartoum should unconditionally withdraw their troops out of disputed areas, but the implementation of this agreement has proven to be an emotional roller coaster, especially on Juba’s side whose historical border areas were intentionally made disputable by Khartoum.

However, despite doubts that surrounded this agreement, the Republic of South Sudan still has a responsibility to implement its share, but such implementation, especially withdraw of troops along the disputed border areas, which will allow the creation of Safe Demilitarized Border Zone [SDBZ] should be conditioned with the full deployment of neutral troops and the establishment of the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mission [JBVMM] prior to withdrawal.

If Kiir agrees to withdraw South Sudanese troops along the disputed areas before the deployment of neutral troops, this will leave border communities in the air; and it would be a moral gigantic failure he has ever done in his life time.

Based on the analysis done in this article, it remains to be seen whether Kiir has ordered South Sudan Army [SPLA] to withdraw or to defend the Republic of South Sudan against Khartoum’s military incursion given his two contradictory statements.

The author is a South Sudanese citizen and can be corresponded at

Nuer Community Worldwide calls for change in South Sudan

For Immediate Release
Nuer community in Canada, Europe, USA, South Sudan, Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda

January, 7, 2013, SSN;

One month after the assassination of South Sudan prominent writer Isaiah Abraham, the Nuer community in Canada, Europe, USA, South Sudan, Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda is appealing to all South Sudanese communities in Western World and South Sudan to unite to bring change in the country. Maj. Diing Chan Awuol (as he is known locally) was assassinated on December, 5th, 2012 by gunmen believed to be part of South Sudan military intelligence (MI). He was assassinated because he was campaigning for freedom, justice, equality, democracy and an end to rampant corruption.

The leadership of Nuer community held an extraordinary meeting on January, 5, 2013 to devise plans to bring to justice the true killers of Maj. Isaiah Abraham who died for the values the people of South Sudan took up arms to fight for in 1983. The Nuer community discovered that the “suspects” the regime in Juba claimed to have detained are not the real killers of Isaiah Abraham. The real assassins of Maj. Diing Chan Awuol are members of MI (Military Intelligence) who were ordered from above to silence him.

The “suspects” the government claimed to have arrested few days ago are innocent young men who do not read the newspapers let alone the articles of Isaiah Abraham. The people who assassinated him are the ones who warned him face to face to stop criticizing President Salva Kiir Mayardit on December, 1st, 2012.

After achieving independence in July, 2011, the people of South Sudan had hoped that there would be an increase of freedom, justice and equality for all. Most South Sudanese believed that the benefits of liberation from the yoke of Khartoum’s oppression should be an increase of freedom and justice for the individuals and the recognition of human dignity for all tribes and peoples of South Sudan.

However, what we are experiencing under the leadership of Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit is exactly the same treatment that led the people of South Sudan to fight against successive Khartoum regimes. Kiir’s regime has redefined the meaning of liberation and distorted the principles in which the people of South Sudan took up arms to die for.

The people of South Sudan who lost 2.5 million people in the course of the liberation struggle believe that real liberation, that is, the application of the principles of freedom, requires that people like Isaiah Abraham should exercise free speech and expression without fear of assassinations. The democracy that the people of South Sudan fought for is a liberation from despotism and totalitarianism because it has its own discipline that guards personal liberty and freedom of expression as much from mob rule as from police oppression.

The assassination of Maj. Diing Chan Awuol because he was exercising a right that was constitutionally guaranteed should be a wake-up call for South Sudan Youth to unite to bring change in the country. Of all the human values, freedom must be considered as the first because it bears the closest relation to the autonomy of the person. Without freedom, the other human values cannot be said to exist.

Maj. Diing Chan Awuol didn’t commit any crime to deserve being lynched by the Military Intelligence (MI). Even somebody who commits a crime cannot be assassinated without due legal process.

Lt. Gen. Kiir’s regime perverted the meaning of freedom in order to impose totalitarianism and ignorance in the country. Kiir and his henchmen say that “freedom consists not in doing what one wants to do, but in doing what is right.”

Four days before his assassination, members of President Kiir’s security guards warned Maj. Diing Chan Awuol to stop writing and any criticism against the regime. They explained that freedom of thought was only possible unless approved by President Salva Kiir and security organs.

The people of South Sudan must unite and liberate their country from assassins who perverted the meaning of freedom and the rule of law. The assassination of Maj. Diing Chan Awuol is an indication of the new totalitarian order that Lt. Gen. Kiir Mayardit wants to impose. However, the people of South Sudan must resist oppression by reminding themselves that without rule of law there is no guarantee of freedom, of justice, of dignity for the individual.

Maj. Diing Chan Awuol was a Nuer, a Dinka, a Bari, a Shilluk and etc… because the values he was promoting were the values each South Sudanese took up arms to fight for. The values of freedom and justice, dignity and equality are the principles of civilized people because they are the rules devised by men to preserve each other’s worth and to respect each other’s persons in their relations with one another. They are the absolute foundation of morality. They are the foundation of human rights, and of the duties which are their counterpart.

The people of South Sudan can be confident of the future only if they affirm, with clear-sighted awareness and unswerving determination, their human values and their social ends.

The South Sudan Youth, civil society organizations, religious leaders and community organizations in Western World need to unite to bring change in South Sudan. If youth in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen could liberate their countries from brutal despots, there is no question that the people of South Sudan who struggled against oppression for fifty years would end the totalitarian rule of Lt.

Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit. South Sudan has no future if people like Maj. Diing Chan Awuol are being assassinated for speaking their minds.

The basic premise of society is the worth of a human being as an individual distinct from, and autonomous of, other human beings, as well as social groups and institutions. The purpose of social order is the good of the individual, by development of his physical, his rational and his emotive capacities, by the exercise of his creativity, his desire for quality and his quest for perfection. These fundamental values shall never be denied or ignored for the interests of Salva Kiir and his henchmen or for the desires of the SPLM party to create a totalitarian state in South Sudan.

Therefore, the Nuer community in Canada, Europe, USA, South Sudan, Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda calls upon Greater Bor Community, Greater Aweil Community, Greater Equatoria Community and Greater Luo Community to join hands together with Nuer to bring change in our country. The assassination of our brother Maj. Diing Chan Awuol must be the rallying point to launch a popular democratic uprising to rescue our country from dictators and assassins who hijacked the liberation struggle of our people.

Signed by,
1. Mr. Peter Chuol Tut
Spokesman of Nuer community in Europe
2. Mr. Gordon Buay
Spokesman of Nuer community in Canada, USA, South Sudan, Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda

Contact addresses:
Tel. (613)710-0777

Appeal to all Concerned Citizens of South Sudan

By: Justin Ambago Ramba, UK, JAN/7/2013, SSN;

Let me start by wishing you all a happy new year although belatedly. Nonetheless a new year is always a thing to be optimistic about. It is thus my wish that the year of 2013 will bring along with it the much needed political will from all the stakeholders in our new country which unfortunately was made to spend its eighteen months of independence in misery, misrule, corruption, lawlessness , insecurity, and impunity. In short we are a failed state right from birth if not from conception as such.

The challenges ahead of us are numerous, but there must be a way out of it. Many of us have unfortunately stayed behind instead of stepping forward to actively play their national duties. It is only the people of South Sudan who can sort out their own mess. Sticking one’s head in the sand and pretending that all is alright when everything around you is degenerating is but a betrayal of your country.

We have all witnessed how our country has rapidly degenerated into the dire socioeconomic and political chaos. Our economy which was in fact “a single item (resource)” economy has now been grounded by political amateurism. The other talk about the diversification of the economy is at its best a political rhetoric, much more so used by the leadership as a form of a political smoke under which much more money from the public coffers went missing. Or simply stolen as put by Salva Kiir the country’s head of state.

The freedom of speech is now a punishable crime in our country. When we differ on policies and views, it is meant to enrich the debate in order to find better and informed choices for solving our national problems. That is the essence of the debate.

As citizens of one country we can differ on opinions and that makes us rivals, but never ever as foes or enemies. The sad facts that marked the past eighteen months where the ruling SPLM-led government openly demonstrated to the world that it is not ready to hear dissent voices not even amongst its ranks and files, speaks volumes.

Incommunicado arrests of activists, intimidation of known SPLM supporters turned critics, of opposition party members and censoring their activities, harassment of civil society members and assassination of opinion writers have all contributed to taint a very nasty and horrible image of our nascent country.

What Hopes do we have in 2013

It is now an open secret that since its inception in 1983, the ruling SPLM party as a result of its gross mismanagement of the new country is currently suffering its ever major unpopularity amongst most sectors of the South Sudanese communities at home and in the Diaspora. It is against this background that the embattled and corruption ridden party is about to hold its convention in 2013. But the million dollar question still is will it come out with changes to the wider community?

Will the SPLM’s 2013 party convention find solutions to the countless and the immense mess that the party has got the new country into as a result of its amateuristic policies and conduct?

For if anything good is ever to come to the country then much change in the attitude of the ruling SPLM towards other political parties and civil societies that exist and operate in the country must be a priority, otherwise the result of failure to do so is everybody’s guess.

However better still we hope that the SPLM can be able to change its “rotten to core” leadership which has practically run out of ideas, otherwise what we are seeing is a country being rushed into a totalitarian rule under a one man dictatorship.

On the other hand the same year of 2013 can be considered a year for the opposition political parties to start preparing for the coming 2014 elections. They will need to start making plans for a strong coalition, strong candidates and start organizing themselves to lead a political campaign of their life time.

The memories of the 2010 Sudan General elections that brought the current corrupt politicians into office is still fresh in every one’s mind. All can still vividly remember how the SPLM internal electoral politics were carried out and the same can as well be reminded of how those who refused to confirm with the ruling party were made to pay the ultimate price.

The Sudan 2010 General Elections were widely fraudulent. All opposition candidates and their supporters were intimidated, harassed and the whole electoral process was terribly manipulated in favour of the SPLM. This must never be allowed to happen again, for despite the fact that all the above mentioned malpractices by the SPLM during that infamous election were tolerated, however those circumstances were different and they have so far changed. Any attempt to repeat any of the countless “politics of bullying” will no doubt have a detrimental effect on what is left of the new nation’s fabric of unity!

The anticipated Political coalition of the South Sudan’s opposition parties must see to it that the country’s new constitution comes into existence through the right process. In other words it has to be approved directly by the people through a popular ballot and never ever by the current SPLM’s rubber stamp parliament.

The Political coalition of South Sudan opposition political parties is the only way out to defeat the corrupt SPLM. There must be an end to what our beloved country is now going through. The inherently corrupt SPLM politicians and party officials have all stolen from the public coffers and many are squarely behind the gross deterioration in the security situation the country wide. To continue under this era is in fact to reverse our sense of independence and freedom.

The international community should still continue to play its vital role in helping this country to embrace democracy. It has to press very hard for the first ever post-independence election to be held on time. It must also start to prepare the platform for free and credible elections. Elections that’s far away from fraud, gerrymandering, vote stuffing and all kinds of political malice if we are to avoid the Kenyan experience of 2007.

To wind it up all, one must stress the importance of a free press and the freedom of speech. This has to start immediately if we are to mark a line between the dark moments that extended throughout the 2012 period. Without these freedoms not only the talk about a new constitution becomes meaningless, but even going for an election becomes an act of ticking the boxes and an outright political hypocrisy.

Hence there is only one conclusion here and that the year 2013 must be a busy year for all those who want to see South Sudan come out of its current man-made misery.

Author: Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba. Secretary General – United South Sudan Party (USSP). Can be reached at: or

WBG State Diaspora petition to Pres. Kiir: Quickly stop atrocities in Wau

This petition will be delivered to:

President of the Republic of South Sudan
H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit
H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan: Act quickly to stop the atrocities in Wau – Western Bahr El Ghazal State
Petition by WBGS Diaspora Community in the US and Canada,
JAN/6/2013, SSN;

Dear President Mayardit, We, the people of Western Bahr Ghazal State (WBGS) in the diaspora have been watching in horror the systematic brutalization of our people in Wau and the surrounding villages leading to their massacre in cold blood on December 8th and 9th 2012 in which nine innocent peaceful protesters were shot dead in broad daylight by SPLA soldiers and police under the watch of Governor Rizik Zakaria Hassan.

We are disturbed that the governor created hatred among the people of the State and fueled tribal tensions between Dinka civilians and other tribes of WBGS particularly the ethnic groups collectively referred to as Fertit. As a result we know that on December 17th and 18th Governor Rizik allowed large number of Dinka civilians from Warrap, Northern Bahr El Ghazal, and Lakes States, armed with pangas, knives, spears, batons, and machetes, to enter Wau and unleash a killing spree in which six civilians were hacked and burned to death in their houses, scores of over fifty people seriously wounded, and over two hundred houses burned down, forcing nearly five thousand people to seek refuge in the United Nations Compound in Wau. In Farajala village, three unarmed civilians were shot to death and their bodies burned by the SPLA soldiers.

When the massacre of peaceful demonstrators took place on December 8th and 9th, Governor Rizik, seconded by SSTV under your watch, launched an all out media campaign against the Fertit accusing them of being rebels, chanting support for President Omar al-Bashir, robbing banks, lootings, and burning flags and denying that unarmed protesters were killed by the SPLA and the police.

When Al Jazeera English news channel showed video of SPLA soldiers shooting unarmed protesters and dead civilians the whole story was quickly covered by reports claiming that Fertit of killed twenty six (26) Dinka civilians in Farajala, even though there was no proof of all the bodies. Six bodies were found but no investigation has been made to verify who killed those individuals. They were probably killed somewhere else and their bodies dumped in Baggari.

On your recent visit to Wau on December 24, 2012, South Sudanese around the world were very disturbed by the message declared in your speech. Instead of calling for an investigation into the massacre of innocent civilians, you declared war against your own people and gave absolute powers to Governor Rizik, the SPLA and the police to arrest and shoot any one with a differing opinion about the transfer of Wau County Headquarters whether they are in Wau, Juba, or anywhere in South Sudan.

Governor Rizik is now misusing these powers to arrest a large number of police officers, prison officers, wildlife officers, former military officers in the Sudan Army, public and civil service officials, and civil society activists.

The State Legislative Assembly has been shut down and some members of the assembly have been arrested, including Deputy Speaker Mr. Edward Ukungeri and Hon. Julio Bensensio. Many civilians are being abducted from their homes at night by security forces and are nowhere to be seen or heard from by family members. Wau is under a complete siege and has virtually become a ghost city.

President Mayardit, we are also saddened by your message in which you stated clearly that you intend to wipe out Wau from the map of WBGS and return the Fertit to Omar al-Bashir in Khartoum or wherever they came from. It is worth noting that when the Dinka had dispute over land with Shuluks in Malakal in 2010, the Shuluks were accused of being rebels supported by the Arab regime in Khartoum and many killed.

We now come to believe that the goal of transferring Wau County to Baggari is not about provision of services, but physical elimination of some ethnic groups from Wau and the rest of the State. We are peace-loving people seeking harmony and stability and really hoped that you would have called for investigation into the murders of the innocent people and consoled their hurting families.

Instead the focus turned into chasing people assumed to have burned the national flag and assuring the Dinka group that those who killed their people will be hunted down. To our despair, you did not mention anything about the non-Dinka victims.

Mr. President, we are very disappointed that you decided to take sides and, instead of quenching the fire, your comments fueled more hatred and gave the ‘green light’ to Governor Rizik to torture his own brothers and sisters.

We are also very disappointed that the SPLA/M philosophy of “taking towns to people” pioneered by the Late Dr. John Garang de Mabior has been distorted, misused, and misinterpreted to fulfill the ambitions of only a few with material power who want to grab people’s lands. We believe that the idea is meant to develop all the rural areas in South Sudan equally and not to uproot cities and towns and plant them in villages.

Since the CPA implementation the government is yet to build a single school, hospital, roads, and/or provide public service to South Sudanese. Today, the dirt roads we drive on, the buildings we occupy, the school buildings we still have standing, and the hospitals we take our sick to, were all built by the British colonial administration in the early twentieth century.

If the government of South Sudan has since 2005 being challenged in providing services to people in Juba as the capital, even though billions of dollars in oil revenues have flown into the country, we do not believe that Governor Rizik will be able to provide such services to people in Baggari or the State in general. Basic services that have been functioning in Wau like water and electricity are no longer functioning under Governor Rizik’s administration.

President Kiir, we are not sure if you will read this letter, listen to our voices, and/or take any action as we believe that our leaders in the government often ignore our pleas. We nonetheless wish to inform you that the massacres of the innocent people in Wau constitute an egregious human rights violations and ethnic cleansing for which we hold Governor Rizik, Major Gen. Chol Thon— SPLA Division Five Commander, Brig. Angelo Taban Biajo— Minister of Local Government and Law Enforcement, and others in WBGS Administration fully responsible for ordering and carrying out the heinous crimes.

We appeal to bring those who committed these crimes to justice and establish rule of law for the rights, freedom, liberty, and protection of civilians. The death of our people has no statute of limitation. We are, therefore, urging you to take the following actions:

1. Remove Governor Rizik Zakaria Hassan from the office immediately according to Article 101, section(r)(s) of the 2011 South Sudan Transitional Constitution. The people of WBGS are upset and lost trust in him and this move will open up doors for fresh beginnings;

2. Rescind Governor Rizik Zakaria Hassan’s decision to transfer Wau County Government Headquarters to Baggari and open dialogue with the locals until an agreement is reached;

3. Call for an independent investigation into the killings of innocent people in Wau and Baggari to determine who was behind them rather than pointing fingers on one tribe falsely;

4. Return all the lands and private properties confiscated fraudulently to their rightful owners;

5. Issue the immediate release of all political prisoners who have been arrested over the past months particularly in December alone including: Hon. Julio Bensensio, Hon. Haroun Abbakar Haroun, John Peter Miskin, John Uyu and his wife Naima Abbas, Anthony Sogone, and many public service officials, retired military, journalists, activists, and many detained in Wau and Mapel on a daily basis;

6. Cease further arbitrary arrests and detentions of officials, intellectuals, youth, women, and men who are simply exercising their rights as free citizens;

7. Investigate the role Governor Rizik, Brig. Angelo Taban, Maj. Gen. Chol Thon, Brig. Albino Uto Mariano, Brig. Stephen Jawar Vuwar, and other senior officials for planning and executing the massacres of the innocent people in December; and

8. Withdraw all the SPLA forces who are now raping women, killing innocent civilians, plundering, and looting from Baggari, Ngodakala, Farajala, Namatina, Deim Zubier, and other villages in the State.

President Mayardit, we believe you have at your fingertips the powers to stop the massacres of the people in WBGS. The constitution gives you that sweeping powers. You now have the opportunity to end the needless manufactured sufferings that have been created for the ethnic communities. Your quick action on these issues will go a long way to deescalate the massacre situations unfolding in Wau and to restore order, security, and normalcy in WBGS.

Thank you in advance for your cooperation on this matter of life and death for the people of Western Bahr El Ghazal State and for all the people of South Sudan.


The Signatories.

One month later Isaiah Abraham is with us: What South Sudan did wish to be?

BY: Akolde N. Jinub, Rumbek, SOUTH SUDAN, SSN;

Today at dawn 5th January 2013, late brother Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol was dragged out of his house in Gudele west of Juba, the capital of South Sudan city. Earlier on, late Isaiah has complained, informed and suggested to his siblings, relatives and colleagues such as Nhial Bol, the Chief Editor of Citizen Newspaper, that he is being threatened with text messages on phone, and a group of plain clothes personnel came to his office with a copy of his opinion article that he wrote on 21st November 2012.

And in his secret discussion with Nhial, late requested Nhial that they should run into exile upon threats to their lives because of their fight for the voiceless, the weak, the disadvantaged, the heroes/heroines’ orphans, widows and for the common cause that our current ruling party, SPLM, took up arms and led Southern masses to fight against. (Quote from Tribute to Isaiah Abraham dated 19th December 2012).

This brings me to unfortunate criticisms from our fellow writers/columnists whose views were condemning late Isaiah on his two opinions published in and online news outlets. In the two pieces, one was hard on late that he shouldn’t temper with business of the ruling clique, like calling for resignation of the president. The other objected to late Isaiah’s hard words for failures in South Sudan leadership and betrayal by the same people who said that they took up arms to liberate this society they are robbing today in broad daylight.

This second critic questioned the name that late Isaiah uses, as if he was disguising for any repercussions. This is where I would like to write and consecrate this piece for and to why late Isaiah and those of us who decided to use our pen-names instead of our given names.

But, first allow me to take you to our Holy book, the Bible where we get these two names that late Diing Chan Wuol names were chosen from. In Old Testament, we find the name Isaiah. He was a great prophet and lived in Jerusalem during eighth century BC. Judah, the southern kingdom was threatened by a powerful neighbor, Assyria, the current Syria in Middle East. Prophet Isaiah saw that the real threat to life of Judah was not simply the might of Assyria, but the nation’s own sin and disobedience to God and their lack of trust in him. Prophet Isaiah called in words and actions on people and their leaders to a life of righteousness and justice.

In this same Old Testament in the Bible, we find Abraham, the father of all nations, who was chosen by God, asked to leave his homeland with family to unknown land that He God will show him. Abraham went faithfully. God once again asked Abraham to sacrifice to Him his only son Isaac. Abraham did as God told him. In the last minutes of sacrificing his son Isaac, God called Abraham not to kill his only Isaac, and shown him a lamb for sacrifice and confirmed that Abraham was then His true faithful.

Reading these two situations, I would rather opine, whether late Diing Chan parents chose this name Isaiah for him, having studied of Prophet in the Bible or just the name was for baptism, and that the other name Abraham as of late father were for a purpose that God had intended for late Diing Chan Awuol’s family or not. I leave it to Awuol’s family and relatives.

From my own analysis of why late Diing Chan chose his two names of Isaiah and Abraham as his pen-name, I assume that he had one main issue in mind. If he were to choose Diing Chan Awuol to criticize South Sudan’s current affairs, and going nip into one of the leaders back, he would have been accused of either Jiengism (Dinkaism) or Borism, his home village in Jonglei. This is evident with views that young people of today including myself do have with their tribal, regional identification and sentiment, like I am being from Rumbek, Bahr el Ghazal, Agaar Jieng (Dinka) all the way to be my Payam and Boma, rather than identifying ourselves as South Sudanese people period!

Late Isaiah too chose his two names to fight for a common interest of South Sudanese people and nation as he did when he let go of his educational achievements as proven by his prowess in hundreds of articles he wrote and were published.

I am among persons who decided to use a pen-name called Akolde Nhiak Jinub. This is not my family given name, but my pen-name that I decided to use to criticize individuals, leadership or groups, locally, regionally and internationally. Numbers of writers or readers have viewed us with these names as being cowardice.

However, I would like to put across of what kind of South Sudan that late Isaiah Abraham had hoped and struggled for it to be. Late Isaiah had wished a South Sudanese nation where ideals, objectives and goals of an independent State and people be put into actions for the benefit of all regardless of ethnicity, creed, religion, status, region or opinion.

He had dreamt for a South Sudan state where equal opportunities are provided to her people. He had hoped for a prosperous, independent and viable state where integrity, honesty, humility and faithfulness would have been characters of our leaders.

Late Isaiah Abraham and I would want this nation that a free and quality primary education is encouraged, nurtured, guided and established for all regardless.

Late Isaiah Abraham and I would want Our President, Gen. Salva Kiir, to monitor and evaluate his several promises such as his April 2006 call for Free and Quality Primary education across South Sudan. This area of our today’s humanity is core, and which is fading away in South Sudan, and most specifically in Greater Bahr El Ghazal and Greater Upper Nile. I love my people of Greater Equatoria, for they are up to their duty call for their people. Go Gov. Louis Lobong. See what he is doing for his people there!

The 2008 Dura scandal in which about 4 billion Sudanese pounds was squandered, and nobody has been brought to book for justice.

In 2009, our President told Governors’ forum that all those who have swallowed what is not theirs will be made to vomit it out. He was referring to corruption that has now crippled our dear nation of South Sudan. Nobody has been made to vomit it out till this little author wrote, but rather a high profile and large scale of this syndrome is being encouraged from the top.

A spate of human violence has gone to an enormity of total destruction without remorse, and has changed its traditional course of cattle stealing and quest to get away with cattle, into total annihilation of all humanity, most notably in Jonglei, and which worsened in December 2011 to early January 2012.

A regulation on tinted vehicles was passed in 2011, but till today it’s not being respected because the very top leaders are the ones violating what they deliberated passed into law. This is being encouraged by immoral decay where married men leave their women in far off states and congest in Juba to hunt for harlots and dangerous prostitutes from other countries.

A thing such as business title of His/her Excellency is needed for addressing even a Boma Administrator. Whether in official letters of work, family tea gathering or chat ceremonies, a Director General in government office would want to be called H.E.

My readers, believe me, if you do not call or write as this, you won’t be served, listened to or you will even be accused of contempt. This attitude streams from total lack of education, ignorance, anarchy or village-manship mentality. In today’s business studies, it would even be enough to call me Miser Akolde, e.g.

As announced on Thursday 3rd January 2013, that some (groups/names undisclosed) have been apprehended in connection with intentional murder of late Isaiah (Diing Chan Awuol), one thing greatly desired is left out. The suspended length of announcement, disposition of investigation and nature of events totally mirror into an extent of what truly is behind willful murder of late Isaiah Abraham.

SPLM, the ruling party of South Sudan, we the citizens need justice to be done on Isaiah’s assassination and for peace to prevail in South Sudan. All sorts of killings must stop in Juba, Jonglei, Lakes, Eastern Upper Nile, Western Upper Nile (Unity), Warrap, Western Bahr el Ghazal and all of South Sudan. We want our mighty SPLA army to be adequately fed, cared for, and paid on time! SPLA Oyeeee!

Let justice prevail. Let peace prevail! Sudan should be told to either opt for Peace or War!
Late brother Isaiah, Good bye to you! May your dear soul Rest In Eternal Peace, till we meet again.

Akolde N.Jinub lives in Rumbek. He is on Tel: 0977919696/0922808080